10A/240W

MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Single Output
Half-brick
MILITARY COTS DC/DC CONVERTER
9-70V
Continuous Input
9-100V
Transient Input
24V
Output
10A
Output
[email protected][email protected]
Efficiency
Full Power Operation: -55°C to +100°C
Mil-COTS
The MilQor series of Mil-COTS DC/DC converters brings
SynQor’s field proven high-efficiency synchronous
rectification technology to the Military/Aerospace
industry. SynQor’s ruggedized encased packaging
approach ensures survivability in demanding
environments. Compatible with the industry standard
format, these converters operate at a fixed frequency,
and follow conservative component derating guidelines.
They are designed and manufactured to comply with a
wide range of military standards.
Z-N-M
4-H
-28VE-2
MCOTS-C NVERTER
O
C
C
-D
DC
0A
V @1
28V IN 24 OUT
Safety Features
• 2250V, 30 MΩ input-to-output isolation
• Certified 60950-1 requirement for basic insulation
(see Standards and Qualifications page)
Designed and Manufactured in the USA
Control Features
•
•
•
•
Mechanical Features
• Industry standard half-brick pin-out
• Size:
2.49” x 2.39” x 0.51”
(63.1 x 60.6 x 13.0 mm)
• Total weight: 5.2 oz. (146 g)
• Flanged baseplate version available
Protection Features
•
•
•
•
•
Operational Features
• High efficiency, 91% at full rated load current
• Operating input voltage range: 9-70V
• Fixed frequency switching provides predictable EMI
• No minimum load requirement
MCOTS series converters (with an MCOTS filter) are designed to meet:
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
Input under-voltage lockout
Output current limit and short circuit protection
Active back bias limit
Auto-recovery output over-voltage protection
Thermal shutdown
Screening/Qualification
Specification Compliance
• MIL-HDBK-704 (A-F)
• RTCA/DO-160E Section 16
• MIL-STD-1275 (B,D)
• DEF-STAN 61-5 (Part 6)/(5 or 6)
• MIL-STD-461 (C, D, E, F)
On/Off control referenced to input return
Remote sense for the output voltage
Wide output voltage trim range of +10%, -50%
Optional: Active current share for parallel applications
•
•
•
•
AS9100 and ISO 9001:2008 certified facility
Qualified to MIL-STD-810
Available with S-Grade or M-Grade screening
Temperature cycling per MIL-STD-883, Method 1010,
Condition B, 10 cycles
• Burn-In at 100C baseplate temperature
• Final visual inspection per MIL-STD-2008
• Full component traceability
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 1
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
BLOCK DIAGRAM
REGULATION STAGE
ISOLATION STAGE
CURRENT
SENSE
1
9
Vout(+)
Vin(+)
4
ISOLATION BARRIER
IN RTN
GATE DRIVERS
CURRENT
LIMIT
UVLO
2
5
OUT RTN
GATE CONTROL
7
OPTO-ISOLATION
ON/OFF
PRIMARY
CONTROL
3
TRIM
SECONDARY
CONTROL
8
SENSE(+)
Share (-) (Full Feature Option)
B
6
Share (+) (Full Feature Option)
SENSE(-)
DATA COUPLING
TYPICAL CONNECTION DIAGRAM
Vin(+)
Vin
External
Input
Filter
Electrolytic
Capacitor
Vout(+)
Vsense(+)
ON/OFF
Trim
Vsense(_)
Vin(_)
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
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Rtrim-up
or
Rtrim-down
Cload
Iload
Vout(_)
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 2
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Ta = 25 °C, Vin = 28Vdc unless otherwise noted; full operating temperature range is -55 °C to +100 °C baseplate temperature with appropriate power
derating. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Parameter
Min.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Input Voltage
Non-Operating
Operating
Operating Transient Protection
Isolation Voltage
Input to Output
Input to Base-Plate
Output to Base-Plate
Operating Temperature
Storage Temperature
Voltage at ON/OFF input pin
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Operating Input Voltage Range
Input Under-Voltage Lockout
Turn-On Voltage Threshold
Turn-Off Voltage Threshold
Lockout Voltage Hysteresis
Recommended External Input Capacitance
Input Filter Component Values (C1\Lin\C2)
Maximum Input Current
No-Load Input Current
Disabled Input Current
Response to Input Transient
Input Terminal Ripple Current
Recommended Input Fuse
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Set Point
Output Voltage Regulation
Over Line
Over Load
Over Temperature
Total Output Voltage Range
Output Voltage Ripple and Noise
Peak-to-Peak
RMS
Operating Output Current Range
Output DC Current-Limit Inception
Output DC Current-Limit Shutdown Voltage
Back-Drive Current Limit while Enabled
Back-Drive Current Limit while Disabled
Maximum Output Capacitance
Output Voltage during Load Current Transient
-1
-55
-65
-2
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Max.
Units
100
70
100
V
V
V
2250
2250
2250
100
135
18
Vdc
Vdc
Vdc
°C
°C
V
Basic Insulation, Pollution Degree 2
100V transient for 1 s; See Note 5
9
28
70
V
9.4
7.6
10.1
8.3
1.8
470
22\0.34\23
10.8
9.0
40
V
V
V
µF
nF\µH\µF
A
mA
mA
V
A
A
24.34
V
±0.600
24.72
%\mV
%\mV
V
V
370
5
2.8
1.1
23.60
24.00
34
480
8
Notes & Conditions
Continuous
Continuous
1s transient, square wave
Baseplate temperature
See Note 5
Typical ESR 0.1-0.2 Ω
Internal values; see Figure E
At low line, Full load and 10% trim up
0.25V/us input transient; See Figure 12
RMS
Fast acting external fuse recommended
See Note 1
±0.25\60
±0.25\60
±0.200
23.28
75
17
0
10.8
2
0
12.0
9.6
5
3
150
35
10
13.2
8
6
1500
800
3.5
Step Change in Output Current (0.1 A-5 A/µs)
Settling Time
Output Voltage Trim Range
Output Over-Voltage Protection
EFFICIENCY
100% Load
50% Load
Typ.
-50
29.00
#N/A!
Phone 1-888-567-9596
30.20
#N/A!
91
90
10
31.40
#N/A!
www.synqor.com
mV
mV
A
A
V
A
mA
µF
mV
ms
%
V
#N/A!
%
%
Over sample, line, load, temperature & life
20 MHz bandwidth; See Note 2
Full Load
Full Load
Subject to thermal derating
Output Voltage 10% Low
See Note 3
Negative current drawn from output
Negative current drawn from output
Vout nominal at full load (resistive load)
To within 1% VOUT nom
Across Pins 8 & 6; Figure C
Over full temp range
#N/A!
See Figure 1 for efficiency curve
See Figure 1 for efficiency curve
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 3
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Ta = 25 °C, Vin = 28Vdc unless otherwise noted; full operating temperature range is -55 °C to +100 °C baseplate temperature with appropriate power
derating. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
Notes & Conditions
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
Turn-On Transient
Turn-On Time
40
50
55
ms
Full load, Vout=90% nom.
Output Voltage Overshoot
5
%
Maximum Output Capacitance
ISOLATION CHARACTERISTICS
Isolation Voltage (dielectric strength)
2250
V
Isolation Resistance
30
MΩ
Isolation Capacitance (input to output)
1000
pF
See Note 4
TEMPERATURE LIMITS FOR POWER DERATING CURVES
Semiconductor Junction Temperature
125
°C
Package rated to 150 °C
Board Temperature
125
°C
UL rated max operating temp 130 °C
Transformer Temperature
125
°C
Maximum Baseplate Temperature, Tb
100
°C
FEATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Switching Frequency
230
240
250
kHz
Isolation stage switching freq. is half this
ON/OFF Control
Off-State Voltage
2.4
18.0
V
On-State Voltage
-2.0
0.8
V
ON/OFF Control
Pull-Up Voltage
15
18
V
Pull-Up Resistance
50
kΩ
Over-Temperature Shutdown OTP Trip Point
120
°C
Average PCB Temperature
Over-Temperature Shutdown Restart Hysteresis
10
°C
RELIABILITY CHARACTERISTICS
Calculated MTBF per MIL-HDBK-217F (GB)
4.2
106 Hrs. Tb = 70 °C
Calculated MTBF per MIL-HDBK-217F (GM)
0.92
106 Hrs. Tb = 70 °C
Field Demonstrated MTBF
106 Hrs. See our website for details
Note 1: Line and load regulation is limited by duty cycle quantization and does not indicate a shift in the internal voltage reference.
Note 2: For applications requiring reduced output voltage ripple and noise, consult SynQor applications support (e-mail: [email protected]).
Note 3: If the output voltage falls below the Output DC Current Limit Shutdown Voltage for more than 50ms, then the unit will enter into hiccup mode, with a
500ms off-time.
Note 4: Higher values of isolation capacitance can be added external to the module.
Note 5: Startup guaranteed above 10.8V, but will operate down to 9V.
Note 6: Add 25ms to Full-Featured Turn-On Time to allow synchronization.
STANDARDS COMPLIANCE
Parameter
Notes & Conditions
STANDARDS COMPLIANCE
UL 60950-1/R:2011-12
CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1/A1:2011
EN 60950-1/A2:2013
Basic Insulation
Note: An external input fuse must always be used to meet these safety requirements.
Contact SynQor for official safety certificates on new releases or download from the SynQor website.
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 4
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
100
100
95
95
90
90
Efficiency (%)
Efficiency (%)
Technical Specification
85
80
75
85
80
75
70
70
70 Vin
1
2
3
4
5
6
Load Current (A)
7
8
9
10
Figure 1: Efficiency at nominal output voltage vs. load current for
minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25°C.
70 Vin
60
-55ºC
60
0
28 Vin
65
28 Vin
65
25ºC
100ºC
Case Temperature (ºC)
Figure 2: Efficiency at nominal output voltage and 60% rated power vs.
case temperature for minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage.
50
40
45
35
Power Dissipation (W)
40
Power Dissipation (W)
12 Vin
12 Vin
35
30
25
20
15
12 Vin
10
30
25
20
15
10
28 Vin
5
12 Vin
5
28 Vin
70 Vin
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Load Current (A)
7
8
9
10
Figure 3: Power Dissipation at nominal output voltage vs. load current
for minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at TCASE=25°C.
70 Vin
0
-55ºC
0
25ºC
100ºC
Case Temperature (ºC)
Figure 4: Power Dissipation at nominal output voltage and 60% rated power
vs. case temperature for minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage.
12
30
27
10
24
Output Voltage (V)
Iout (A)
8
6
4
21
18
15
12
9
12 Vin
6
2
28 Vin
3
0
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
0
Base Plate Temperature (°C)
Figure 5: Thermal Derating (maximum output current vs. base plate
temperature) at nominal input voltage.
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
70 Vin
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Load Current (A)
9
10
11
12
13
14
Figure 6: Output I-V Characteristics (output voltage vs. load current)
showing typical current limit curves. See Current Limit section in the
Application Notes.
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 5
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
Figure 7: Typical Startup Waveform, input voltage pre-applied, ON/OFF Pin
on Ch 2.
Figure 8: Turn-On Transient at full resistive load and zero output capacitance
initiated by Vin. Ch 1: Vout (10V/div). Ch 2: Vin (20V/div).
Figure 9: Input Terminal Current Ripple, iC, at full rated output current and
nominal input voltage with SynQor MCOTS filter module (2 A/div). Bandwidth:
20MHz. See Figure 13.
Figure 10: Output Voltage Ripple, Vout, at nominal input voltage and rated
load current (50 mV/div). Load capacitance: 1µF ceramic capacitor and 100µF
electrolytic capacitor. Bandwidth: 20 MHz. See Figure 13.
Figure 11: Output Voltage Response to Step-Change in Load Current (50%75%-50% of Iout(max); dI/dt = 0.1 A/µs). Load cap: 1 µF ceramic and 100 µF
electrolytic capacitors. Ch 1: Vout (1V/div), Ch 2: Iout (5A/div).
Figure 12: Output Voltage Response to Step-Change in Input Voltage (250V/
ms). Load cap: 330 µF electrolytic output capacitance. Ch 1: Vout (10V/div), Ch
2: Vin (50V/div).
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
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Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 6
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
1 µF
ceramic capacitor
3.3 µH
source impedance
i
VSOURCE
DC-DC
Converter
C
470 µF,
0.2Ω ESR
electrolytic capacitor
VOUT
100 µF,
180mΩ ESR
electrolytic capacitor
Figure 13: Test Set-up Diagram showing measurement points for Input
Terminal Ripple Current (Figure 9) and Output Voltage Ripple (Figure 10).
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
Figure 14: Output Short Load Current (10A/div) as a function of time (20ms/
div) when the converter attempts to turn on into a 1 mΩ short circuit.
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 7
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
BASIC OPERATION AND FEATURES
CONTROL FEATURES
This converter series uses a two-stage power conversion topology.
The first stage keeps the output voltage constant over variations in
line, load, and temperature. The second stage uses a transformer
to provide the functions of input/output isolation and voltage stepdown to achieve the low output voltage required.
REMOTE ON/OFF (Pin 2): The ON/OFF input, Pin 2, permits
the user to control when the converter is on or off. This input is
referenced to the return terminal of the input bus, Vin(-).
In the negative logic version, the ON/OFF signal is active low
(meaning that a low voltage turns the converter on). Figure A
details possible circuits for driving the ON/OFF pin. Figure B is a
detailed look of the internal ON/OFF circuitry.
REMOTE SENSE Pins 8(+) and 6(-): The SENSE(+) and
SENSE(-) inputs correct for voltage drops along the conductors
that connect the converter’s output pins to the load.
Pin 8 should be connected to Vout(+) and Pin 6 should be
connected to Vout(-) at the point on the board where regulation
is desired. If these connections are not made, the converter will
deliver an output voltage that is slightly higher than its specified
value.
Note: The Output Over-Voltage Protection circuit senses the
voltage across the output (Pins 9 and 5) to determine when it
should trigger, not the voltage across the converter’s sense leads
(Pins 8 and 6). Therefore, the resistive drop on the board should
be small enough so that output OVP does not trigger, even during
load transients.
Both the first stage and the second stage switch at a fixed frequency
for predictable EMI performance. Rectification of the transformer’s
output is accomplished with synchronous rectifiers. These devices,
which are MOSFETs with a very low on-state resistance, dissipate
significantly less energy than Schottky diodes, enabling the
converter to achieve high efficiency.
Dissipation throughout the converter is so low that it does not
require a heatsink for operation in many applications; however,
adding a heatsink provides improved thermal derating performance
in extreme situations. To further withstand harsh environments
and thermally demanding applications, the converter is available
totally encased. See Ordering Information page for available
thermal design options.
SynQor half-brick converters use the industry standard footprint
and pin-out.
ON/OFF
ON/OFF
Vin(_)
Vin(_)
Remote Enable Circuit
OUTPUT VOLTAGE TRIM (Pin 7): The TRIM input permits
the user to adjust the output voltage across the sense leads up
or down according to the trim range specifications. SynQor uses
industry standard trim equations.
To decrease the output voltage, the user should connect a resistor
between Pin 7 (TRIM) and Pin 6 (SENSE(-) input). For a desired
decrease of the nominal output voltage, the value of the resistor
should be:
Negative Logic
(Permanently Enabled)
5V
ON/OFF
Vin(_)
Direct Logic Drive
Figure A: Various Circuits for Driving the ON/OFF Pin
Δ% =
|
Vnominal – Vdesired
) kΩ
|
× 100%
Vnominal
To increase the output voltage, the user should connect a resistor
between Pin 7 (TRIM) and Pin 8 (SENSE(+) input). For a desired
increase of the nominal output voltage, the value of the resistor
should be:
5V
Rtrim-up =
50k
ON/OFF
100%
–2
Δ%
ON/OFF
Vin(_ )
18V(max)
(
where
TTL/
CMOS
Open Collector Enable Circuit
Rtrim-down =
(
)
Vnominal
– 2 × Vdesired + Vnominal
1.225
Vdesired – Vnominal
kΩ
10k
TTL
Vin(_)
Figure B: Internal ON/OFF Pin Circuitry
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 8
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
The Trim Graph in Figure C shows the relationship between the
trim resistor value and Rtrim-up and Rtrim-down, showing the
total range the output voltage can be trimmed up or down.
Note: The TRIM feature does not affect the voltage at which the
output over-voltage protection circuit is triggered. Trimming the
output voltage too high may cause the over-voltage protection
circuit to engage, particularly during transients.
It is not necessary for the user to add capacitance at the TRIM pin.
The node is internally filtered to eliminate noise.
Total DC Variation of Vout: For the converter to meet its full
specifications, the maximum variation of the DC value of Vout, due
to both trimming and remote load voltage drops, should not be
greater than that specified for the output voltage trim range.
100,000.0
Trim Resistance (kOhms)
10,000.0
1,000.0
100.0
10.0
1.0
0.1
0.0
0
5
10
15
20
25
% Increase in Vout
30
35
40
% Decrease in Vout
Figure C: Trim Graph
45
50
Protection Features
Input Under-Voltage Lockout (UVLO): The converter is
designed to turn off when the input voltage is too low, helping to
avoid an input system instability problem, which is described in
more detail in the application note titled “Input System Instability”
on the SynQor website. The lockout circuitry is a comparator with
DC hysteresis. When the input voltage is rising, it must exceed the
typical “Turn-On Voltage Threshold” value* before the converter
will turn on. Once the converter is on, the input voltage must
fall below the typical Turn-Off Voltage Threshold value before the
converter will turn off.
Output Current Limit (OCP): If the output current exceeds
the “Output DC Current Limit Inception” value*, then a fast linear
current limit controller will reduce the output voltage to maintain
a constant output current. If as a result, the output voltage falls
below the “Output DC Current Limit Shutdown Voltage”* for more
than 50 ms**, then the unit will enter into hiccup mode, with
a 500 ms off-time. The unit will then automatically attempt to
restart.
Back-Drive Current Limit: If there is negative output current
of a magnitude larger than the “Back-Drive Current Limit while
Enabled” specification*, then a fast back-drive limit controller will
increase the output voltage to maintain a constant output current.
If this results in the output voltage exceeding the “Output OverVoltage Protection” threshold*, then the unit will shut down.
Output Over-Voltage Limit (OVP): If the voltage across the
output pins exceeds the Output Over-Voltage Protection threshold,
the converter will immediately stop switching. This prevents
damage to the load circuit due to 1) excessive series resistance in
output current path from converter output pins to sense point, 2)
a release of a short-circuit condition, or 3) a release of a current
limit condition. Load capacitance determines exactly how high the
output voltage will rise in response to these conditions. After 500
ms the converter will automatically restart.
Over-Temperature Shutdown (OTP): A temperature sensor
on the converter senses the average temperature of the module.
The thermal shutdown circuit is designed to turn the converter off
when the temperature at the sensed location reaches the “OverTemperature Shutdown” value*. It will allow the converter to turn
on again when the temperature of the sensed location falls by the
amount of the “Over-Temperature Shutdown Restart Hysteresis”
value*.
Startup Inhibit Period: The Startup Inhibit Period ensures that
the converter will remain off for approximately 500 ms when it is
shut down due to a fault. This generates a 2 Hz “hiccup mode,”
which prevents the converter from overheating. In all, there
are three ways that the converter can be shut down, initiating a
Startup Inhibit Period:
• Output Over-Voltage Protection
• Current Limit
• Short Circuit Protection
* See Electrical Characteristics section.
** Certain models may have an extended on-time, longer than 50 ms.
See Electrical Characteristics section.
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 9
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
APPLICATION CONSIDERATIONS
Thermal Considerations: For baseplated and encased versions,
the max operating baseplate temperature, TB, is 100ºC. Refer to
the Thermal Derating Curves in the Technical Figures section to
see the available output current at baseplate temperatures below
100ºC.
Input System Instability: This condition can occur because any
DC-DC converter appears incrementally as a negative resistance
load. A detailed application note titled “Input System Instability” is
available on the SynQor website which provides an understanding
of why this instability arises, and shows the preferred solution for
correcting it.
A power derating curve can be calculated for any heatsink that is
attached to the base-plate of the converter. It is only necessary to
determine the thermal resistance, RTHBA, of the chosen heatsink
between the baseplate and the ambient air for a given airflow rate.
This information is usually available from the heatsink vendor. The
following formula can the be used to determine the maximum
power the converter can dissipate for a given thermal condition if
its base-plate is to be no higher than 100ºC.
Application Circuits: A typical circuit diagram, Figure D below
details the input filtering and voltage trimming.
Input Filtering and External Input Capacitance: Figure
E below shows the internal input filter components. This filter
dramatically reduces input terminal ripple current, which otherwise
could exceed the rating of an external electrolytic input capacitor.
The recommended external input capacitance is specified in the
Input Characteristics section of the Electrical Specifications. More
detailed information is available in the application note titled “EMI
Characteristics” on the SynQor website.
max
Pdiss
RTHBA
For convenience, Thermal Derating Curves are provided in the
Technical Figures section.
Vin(+)
Vout(+)
Vsense(+)
Electrolytic
Capacitor
External
Input
Filter
100ºC - TA
This value of maximum power dissipation can then be used in
conjunction with the data shown in the Power Dissipation Curves
in the Technical Figures section to determine the maximum load
current (and power) that the converter can deliver in the given
thermal condition.
Output Filtering and External Output Capacitance: The
internal output filter components are shown in Figure E below. This
filter dramatically reduces output voltage ripple. Some minimum
external output capacitance is required, as specified in the Output
Characteristics area of the Electrical Characteristics section. No
damage will occur without this capacitor connected, but peak
output voltage ripple will be much higher.
Vin
=
ON/OFF
Trim
Vsense(_)
Vin(_)
Rtrim-up
or
Rtrim-down
Cload
Iload
Vout(_)
Figure D: Typical Application Circuit (negative logic unit, permanently enabled)
Lin
Vin(+)
Vout(+)
C1
C2
Regulation
Stage
Current
Sense
Isolation
Stage
Vin(_)
Vout(-)
Figure E: Internal Input and Output Filter Diagram (component values listed in Electrical Characteristics section)
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
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Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 10
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
Active Current Share Application Section
Overview: The full-featured option, which is specified by an “F” as
the last character of the part number, supports current sharing by
adding two additional pins: SHARE(+) and SHARE(-)
Connection of Paralleled Units: Up to 100 units can be placed
in parallel. In this current share architecture, one unit is dynamically
chosen to act as a master, controlling all other units. It cannot be
predicted which unit will become the master at any given time, so
units should be wired symmetrically (see Figures F & G).
• Input power pins and output power pins should be tied
together between units, preferably with wide overlapping
copper planes, after any input common-mode choke.
• The SHARE(+) and SHARE(-) pins should be routed between all
paralleled units as a differential pair.
• The ON/OFF pins should be connected in parallel, and rise/fall
times should be kept below 2ms.
• The SENSE(+) and SENSE(-) pins should be connected either
locally at each unit or separately to a common sense point. If
an output common-mode choke is used, sense lines should be
connected on the module-side of the choke.
• If the TRIM pin is used, then each unit should have its own trim
resistor connected locally between TRIM and SENSE(+)
or SENSE(-).
Vin(+)
Sense(+)
On/Off
≥1 nF
Elec.
Cap.
A
A
Share(+)
Trim
≥10 μF
Share(-)
Sense(-)
Vin(-)
Vout(-)
Vin(+)
Vout(+)
Sense(+)
On/Off
Electrolytic
Capacitor
470 nH (nom)
Vout(+)
Share(+)
Load
B
B
470 nH (nom)
A
Trim
≥10 μF
Share(-)
Sense(-)
Vin(-)
B
Vout(-)
Up to 100 Units
Vin(+)
On/Off
Electrolytic
Capacitor
Share(+)
470 nH (nom)
Vout(+)
Sense(+)
A
Trim
≥10 μF
Share(-)
Sense(-)
Vin(-)
B
Vout(-)
Figure F: Typical Application Circuit for Paralleling of Full-Featured Units with an Input Common-Mode Choke. If an input common-mode choke is used, Vin(-)
MUST be tied together AFTER the choke for all units. 470 nH (nominal) inductor or an output common-mode choke is required for outputs >18 V. See Figure G for
output common-mode choke configuration.
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 11
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
Automatic Configuration: The micro-controller inside each power
converter unit is programmed at the factory with a unique chip number.
In every other respect, each shared unit is identical and has the same
orderable part number.
On initial startup (or after the master is disabled or shuts down),
each unit determines the chip number of every other unit currently
connected to the shared serial bus formed by the SHARE(+) and
SHARE(-) pins. The unit with the highest chip number dynamically
reconfigures itself from slave to master. The rest of the units (that do
not have the highest chip number) become slaves.
The master unit then broadcasts its control state over the shared serial
bus on a cycle-by-cycle basis. The slave units interpret and implement
the control commands sent by the master, mirroring every action of
the master unit.
If the master is disabled or encounters a fault condition, all units will
immediately shut down, and if the master unit is unable to restart,
then the unit with the next highest chip number will become master. If
a slave unit is disabled or encounters a fault condition, all other units
continue to run, and the slave unit can restart seamlessly.
Automatic Interleaving: The slave units automatically lock
frequency with the master, and interleave the phase of their switching
transitions for improved EMI performance. To obtain the phase angle
relative to the master, each slave divides 360 degrees by the total
number of connected units, and multiples the result by its rank among
chip numbers of connected units.
ORing Diodes placed in series with the converter outputs must also
have a resistor smaller than 500 Ω placed in parallel. This resistor
keeps the output voltage of a temporarily disabled slave unit consistent
with the active master unit. If the output voltage of the slave unit
were allowed to totally discharge, and the slave unit tried to restart, it
would fail because the slave reproduces the duty cycle of the master
unit, which is running in steady state and cannot repeat an output
voltage soft-start.
Common-Mode Filtering must be either a single primary side choke
handling the inputs from all the paralleled units, or multiple chokes
placed on the secondary side. This ensures that a solid Vin(-) plane
is maintained between units. Adding a common-mode choke at the
output eliminates the need for the 470 nH indcutor at the output of
shared units when Vout > 18 V. If an output common-mode choke
is used, sense connections must be made on the module-side of the
choke.
Resonance Between Output Capacitors is Possible: When
multiple higher-voltage modules are paralleled, it is possible to
excite a series resonance between the output capacitors internal to
the module and the parasitic inductance of the module output pins.
This is especially likely at higher output voltages where the module
internal capacitance is relatively small. This problem is independent
of external output capacitance. For modules with an output voltage
greater than 18 V, to ensure that this resonant frequency is below the
switching frequency it is recommended to add a nominal 470 nH of
inductance, located close to the module, in series with each converter
output. There must be at least 10 μF of capacitance per converter,
located on the load-side of that inductor. The inductance could be from
the leakage inductance of a secondary-side common-mode choke; in
which case the output capacitor should be appropriately sized for the
chosen choke. When using an output common-mode choke, the Sense
lines must be connected on the module-side of the common-mode
choke (see Figure G).
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
RS-485 Physical Layer: The internal RS-485 transceiver includes many
advanced protection features for enhanced reliability:
• Current Limiting and Thermal Shutdown for
Driver Overload Protection
• IEC61000 ESD Protection to +/- 16.5 kV
• Hot Plug Circuitry – SHARE(+) and SHARE(-)
Outputs Remain Tri-State During Power-up/Power-down
Internal Schottky Diode Termination: Despite signaling at high
speed with fast edges, external termination resistors are not necessary.
Each receiver has four Schottky diodes built in, two for each line in the
differential pair. These diodes clamp any ringing caused by transmission line
reflections, preventing the voltage from going above about 5.5 V or below
about -0.5 V. Any subsequent ringing then inherently takes place between
4.5 and 5.5 V or between -0.5 and 0.5 V. Since each receiver on the bus
contains a set of clamping diodes to clamp any possible transmission line
reflection, the bus does not necessarily need to be routed as a daisy-chain.
Pins SHARE(+) and SHARE(-) are referenced to Vin(-), and therefore should
be routed as a differential pair near the Vin(-) plane for optimal signal
integrity. The maximum difference in voltage between Vin(-) pins of all
units on the share-bus should be kept within 0.3 V to prevent steady-state
conduction of the termination diodes. Therefore, the Vin(-) connections to
each unit must be common, preferably connected by a single copper plane.
Share Accuracy: Inside each converter micro-controller, the duty cycle
is generated digitally, making for excellent duty cycle matching between
connected units. Some small duty cycle mismatch is caused by (well
controlled) process variations in the MOSFET gate drivers. However, the
voltage difference induced by this duty cycle mismatch appears across the
impedance of the entire power converter, from input to output, multiplied
by two, since the differential current flows out of one converter and into
another. So, a small duty cycle mismatch yields very small differential
currents, which remain small even when 100 units are placed in parallel.
In other current-sharing schemes, it is common to have a current-sharing
control loop in each unit. However, due to the limited bandwidth of this
loop, units do not necessarily share current on startup or during transients
before this loop has a chance to respond. In contrast, the current-sharing
scheme used in this product has no control dynamics: control signals are
transmitted fast enough that the slave units can mirror the control state
of the master unit on a cycle-by-cycle basis, and the current simply shares
properly, from the first switching cycle to the last.
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 12
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
Vin(+)
Vout(+)
Sense(+)
On/Off
≥1 nF
Elec.
Cap.
Share(+)
Trim
Load
Share(-)
Sense(-)
Vin(-)
Vout(-)
Vin(+)
Vout(+)
Sense(+)
On/Off
Electrolytic
Capacitor
Trim
Share(+)
Share(-)
Sense(-)
Vin(-)
Vout(-)
Up to 100 Units
Vin(+)
Vout(+)
On/Off
Electrolytic
Capacitor
Sense(+)
Share(+)
Trim
Share(-)
Sense(-)
Vin(-)
Vout(-)
Figure G: Typical Application Circuit for Paralleling of Full-Featured Units with an Output Common-Mode Choke. When using an output common-mode choke,
SENSE lines must be connected on the module-side of the choke. See Figure F for configuration with an input common-mode choke.
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 13
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
2.486 [63.14]
SEATING PLANE HEIGHT
0.512 0.005
[ 13.00 0.12]
2.000 [50.80]
PIN EXTENSION
0.163
[4.14]
0.700 [17.78]
5
TOP VIEW
6
7
8
9
0.004 [0.10]
1.900 2.386
[48.26] [60.60]
1.900
[48.26]
0.01
[0.3]
4
3
B
1
0.30
[7.6]
1
0.400 [10.16]
THRU HOLE STANDOFFS
SEE NOTE 1
(4 PLCS)
0.800 [20.32]
1.000 [25.40]
1.400 [35.56]
PIN DESIGNATIONS
NOTES
1) THREADED: APPLIED TORQUE PER M3 SCREW 4in-lb
RECOMMENDED (5in-lb LIMIT).
NONTHREADED: DIA 0.125” (3.18mm)
2) BASEPLATE FLATNESS TOLERANCE IS 0.004”(.10mm)
TIR FOR SURFACE.
3) PINS 1-4, B AND 6-8 ARE 0.040” (1.02mm) DIA. WITH 0.080”
(2.03mm) DIA. STANDOFFS.
4) PINS 5 AND 9 ARE 0.080” (2.03mm) DIA. WITH 0.125” (3.18mm)
DIA STANDOFFS
5) ALL PINS: MATERIAL: COPPER ALLOY
FINISH: MATTE TIN OVER NICKEL PLATE
6) WEIGHT: 5.2 oz. (146 g)
7) ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES(mm)
TOLERANCES: X.XXIN +/-0.02 (X.Xmm +/-0.5mm)
X.XXXIN +/-0.010 (X.XXmm +/-0.25mm)
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
2
Phone 1-888-567-9596
Pin
1
2
Name
Vin(+)
ON/OFF
B
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
SHARE(+)
SHARE(-)
IN RTN
OUT RTN
SENSE(–)
TRIM
SENSE(+)
Vout(+)
Function
Positive input voltage
TTL input to turn converter on and off,
referenced to Vin(–), with internal pull up.
Active current share differential pair (see FullFeature Application Notes) (Note 4)
Input Return
Ouput Return
Negative remote sense1
Output voltage trim2
Positive remote sense3
Positive output voltage
Notes:
1)
SENSE(–) should be connected to Vout(–) either remotely or
at the converter.
2)
Leave TRIM pin open for nominal output voltage.
3)
SENSE(+) should be connected to Vout(+) either remotely or
at the converter.
4)
On standard product, Pin B & Pin 3 are absent
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 14
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
3.150 [80.01]
SEATING
PLANE
HEIGHT
0.495±0.025
[ 12.57±0.63 ]
2.950 [74.93]
2.486 [63.14]
PIN
EXTENSION
0.180
[4.57]
0.700 [17.78]
5
7
6
8
9
TOP VIEW
1.300
[33.02]
0.010 [0.25]
1.866
[47.40]
0.31
[7.9]
1.900
[48.26]
2.386
[60.60]
4
1
0.775±0.020
[ 19.69±0.50 ]
3
B
2
1
0.400 [10.16]
.130 [3.30]
SEE NOTE 1
(6 PLCS)
0.800 [20.32]
1.000 [25.40]
1.400 [35.56]
PIN DESIGNATIONS
NOTES
1) APPLIED TORQUE PER M3 OR 4-40 SCREW 4in-lb
RECOMMENDED (5in-lb LIMIT)
2) BASEPLATE FLATNESS TOLERANCE IS 0.010”
(.25mm) TIR FOR SURFACE.
3) PINS 1-4, 6-8 AND B ARE 0.040” (1.02mm) DIA. WITH
0.080” (2.03mm) DIA. STANDOFFS.
4) PINS 5 AND 9 ARE 0.080” (2.03mm) DIA. WITH 0.125”
(3.18mm) DIA STANDOFFS
5) ALL PINS: MATERIAL: COPPER ALLOY
FINISH: MATTE TIN OVER NICKEL PLATE
6) WEIGHT: 5.4 oz. (152 g)
7) ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES(mm)
TOLERANCES: X.XXIN +/-0.02 (X.Xmm +/-0.5mm)
X.XXXIN +/-0.010 (X.XXmm +/-0.25mm)
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
Pin
1
2
Name
Vin(+)
ON/OFF
B
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
SHARE(+)
SHARE(-)
IN RTN
OUT RTN
SENSE(–)
TRIM
SENSE(+)
Vout(+)
Function
Positive input voltage
TTL input to turn converter on and off,
referenced to Vin(–), with internal pull up.
Active current share differential pair (see FullFeature Application Notes) (Note 4)
Input Return
Ouput Return
Negative remote sense1
Output voltage trim2
Positive remote sense3
Positive output voltage
Notes:
1)
SENSE(–) should be connected to Vout(–) either remotely or
at the converter.
2)
Leave TRIM pin open for nominal output voltage.
3)
SENSE(+) should be connected to Vout(+) either remotely or
at the converter.
4)
On standard product, Pin B & Pin 3 are absent
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 15
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
Mil-COTS Qualification
Test Name
# Tested Consistent with MIL(# Failed)
STD-883F Method
Details
Life Testing
Shock-Vibration
Visual, mechanical and electrical testing before, during
and after 1000 hour burn-in @ full load
Visual, mechanical and electrical testing before, during
and after shock and vibration tests
Humidity
+85˚C, 95% RH, 1000 hours, 2 minutes on / 6 hours off
Temperature
Cycling
500 cycles of -55˚C to +100˚C
(30 minute dwell at each temperature)
Solderability
15 pins
DMT
-65˚C to +110˚C across full line and load specifications
in 5˚C steps
Altitude
70,000 feet (21 km), see Note
15
(0)
5
(0)
8
(0)
10
(0)
15
(0)
7
(0)
2
(0)
Consistent with MIL-STD883F Method 5005
Method 1005.8
MIL-STD-202,
Methods 201A & 213B
Method 1004.7
Method 1010.8
Condition A
Method 2003
Note: A conductive cooling design is generally needed for high altitude applications because of naturally poor convective cooling at rare atmospheres.
Mil-COTS DC-DC Converter and Filter Screening
Screening
Process Description
S-Grade
M-Grade
Baseplate Operating Temperature
-55˚C to +100˚C
-55˚C to +100˚C
Storage Temperature
-65˚C to +135˚C
-65˚C to +135˚C
●
●
Pre-Cap Inspection
IPC-610, Class III
Temperature Cycling
Method 1010, Condition B, 10 Cycles
Burn-In
●
100˚C Baseplate
12 Hours
96 Hours
100%
25˚C
-55˚C, +25˚C, +100˚C
MIL-STD-2008
●
●
Final Electrical Test
Final Visual Inspection
Mil-COTS MIL-STD-810G Qualification Testing
MIL-STD-810G Test
Method
Description
Fungus
508.6
Table 508.6-I
500.5 - Procedure I
Storage: 70,000ft. / 2 Hr. duration
Altitude
500.5 - Procedure II
Operating; 70,000ft. / 2 Hr. duration; Ambient Temperature
Rapid Decompression
500.5 - Procedure III
Storage: 8,000ft. to 40,000ft.
Acceleration
513.6 - Procedure II
Operating - 15g's
Salt Fog
509.5
Storage
501.5 - Procedure I
Storage: 135°C / 3 hrs
501.5 - Procedure II
Operating: 100°C / 3 hrs
502.5 - Procedure I
Storage: -65C / 4 hrs
502.5 - Procedure II
Operating: -55C / 3 hrs
Temperature Shock
503.5 - Procedure I - C
Storage: -65C to 135C; 12 cycles
Rain
506.5 - Procedure I
Wind Blown Rain
Immersion
512.5 - Procedure I
Non-Operating
Humidity
507.5 - Procedure II
Aggravated cycle @ 95% RH (Figure 507.5-7 aggravated temp - humidity cycle, 15 cycles)
Random Vibration
514.6 - Procedure I
10-2000 Hz, PSD level of 1.5 g2/Hz(54.6grms), duration = 1 hr/axis
516.6 - Procedure I
20g's peak, 11ms, Functional Shock (Operating no load) (saw tooth)
516.6 - Procedure VI
514.6 - Category 14
510.5 - Procedure I
Bench Handling Shock
Rotary wing aircraft - helicopter, 4hrs/axis, 20g's (sine sweep from 10 - 500HZ)
Blowing Dust
510.5 - Procedure II
Blowing Sand
High Temperature
Low Temperature
Shock
Sinusoidal vibration
Sand and Dust
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 16
MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
Output: 24V
Current: 10A
Technical Specification
Ordering Information/ Part Numbering
Example MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ-N-S
Not all combinations make valid part numbers, please contact SynQor for availability. See product summary page for details.
Family
MCOTS
Product
C: Converter
Input Voltage
Output
Voltage
28: 16-40V
28E: 16-70V
28V: 9-40V
28VE: 9-70V
48: 34-75V
05: 5V
9R6: 9.6V
12: 12V
15: 15V
24: 24V
28: 28V
40: 40V
50: 50V
135:135V
Heatsink
Option
Package
HZ: Half Brick Zeta
N: Normal
Threaded
D: Normal NonThreaded
F: Flanged
Screening
Level
Options
S: S-Grade
M: M-Grade
[ ]: Standard
Feature
F: Full Feature
APPLICATION NOTES
PATENTS
A variety of application notes and technical white papers can be downloaded
in pdf format from our website.
SynQor holds the following U.S. patents, one or more of which apply to
each product listed in this document. Additional patent applications may
be pending or filed in the future.
5,999,417
6,222,742
6,545,890
6,577,109
6,594,159
6,731,520
6,894,468
6,896,526
6,927,987
7,050,309
7,072,190
7,085,146
7,119,524
7,269,034
7,272,021
7,272,023
7,558,083
7,564,702
7,765,687
7,787,261
8,023,290
8,149,597
8,493,751
8,644,027
Contact SynQor for further information:
Phone:
Toll Free:
Fax:
E-mail:
Web:
Address:
Product # MCOTS-C-28VE-24-HZ
978-849-0600
888-567-9596
978-849-0602
[email protected]
www.synqor.com
155 Swanson Road
Boxborough, MA 01719
USA
Phone 1-888-567-9596
Warranty
SynQor offers a two (2) year limited warranty. Complete warranty
information is listed on our website or is available upon request from
SynQor.
Information furnished by SynQor is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed by SynQor for its use, nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any
patent or patent rights of SynQor.
www.synqor.com
Doc.# 005-0006241 Rev. C
12/02/2014
Page 17
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