6.67A/100W

Technical Specification
Quarter
Brick
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
100 Watts, No Heatsink, Isolated DC/DC Converter
The PQ24150QGA07 PowerQor™ Giga quarterbrick converter is a next-generation, board-mountable, isolated, fixed switching frequency dc/dc
converter that uses synchronous rectification to
achieve extremely high conversion efficiency. The
power dissipated by the converter is so low that a
heatsink is not required, which saves cost, weight,
height, and application effort. All of the power and
control components are mounted to the multi-layer
PCB substrate with high-yield surface mount technology. Since the PowerQor converter has no explicit
thermal connections, it is extremely reliable.
PQ24150QGA07 Module
Operational Features
• High efficiency, >87% at full rated load current
• Delivers up to 6.7 amps of output current (100W)
with minimal derating - no heatsink required
• Wide input voltage range: 18V – 36V meets or
exceeds all 24V bus standards
• Fixed frequency switching provides predictable EMI
performance
• No minimum load requirement means no preload
resistors required
Mechanical Features
• Industry standard quarter-brick pin-out configuration
• Industry standard size: 1.45” x 2.3”
• Total height less than 0.40”, permits better airflow
and smaller card pitch
• Total weight: 34 grams (1.2 oz.), lower mass greatly reduces vibration and shock problems
Control Features
• On/Off control referenced to input side (positive
and negative logic options are available)
• Remote sense for the output voltage compensates
for output distribution drops
• Output voltage trim permits custom voltages and
voltage margining
Product # PQ24150QGA07
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Protection Features
• Input under-voltage lockout disables converter at
low input voltage conditions
• Output current limit and short circuit protection
protects converter from excessive load current or
short circuits
• Output over-voltage protection protects load from
damaging voltages
• Thermal shutdown protects converter from abnormal environmental conditions
Safety Features
• 2000V, 10 MΩ input-to-output isolation provides
input/output ground separation
• UL 1950 recognized (US & Canada), basic insulation rating (pending)
• TUV certification to EN60950 (pending)
• Meets 72/23/EEC and 93/68/EEC directives
which facilitates CE Marking in user’s end product
• Board and plastic components meet 94V-0 flammability requirements
• NEBS and ETSI compliant
Doc.# 005-2QG215D_A
3/1/02
Page 1
Technical Specification
Quarter
Brick
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
2.30
(58.4)
0.14
(3.6)
2.00
(50.8)
0.300
0.150 (7.62)
(3.81)
0.43
(10.9)
1.45
(36.8)
0.600
0.450
Top View
(15.24)
(11.43)
0.600
(15.24)
0.300
(7.62)
0.145
0.40
(3.68)
See Note 3
(10.2)
Side View
1) Pins 1-3, 5-7 are 0.040” (1.02mm) dia. with
0.080” (2.03mm) dia. standoff shoulders.
2) Pins 4 and 8 are 0.062” (1.57 mm) dia. with 0.100”
(2.54mm) dia. standoff shoulders.
3) Other pin extension lengths available.
4) Undimensioned components are for visual reference only.
5) Weight: 1.2 oz. (34g) typical
6) All dimensions in inches (mm)
Tolerances: x.xx +/-0.02 in. (x.x +/-0.5mm)
x.xxx +/-0.010 in. (x.xx +/-0.25mm)
7) Workmanship: Meets or exceeds IPC-A-610B Class II
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Input Voltage:
Non-Operating: 50V continuous
Operating:
40V continuous
50V 10µs transients,1% duty cycyle
Input/Output Isolation Voltage: 2000V
Storage Temperature: -55°C to +125°C
Operating Temperature: -40°C to +115°C
Voltage at ON/OFF input pin: +18V / -2V
Shown Actual Size
Pin No.
Name
Function
1
Vin(+)
Positive input voltage (18 - 36V)
2
ON/OFF
TTL input to turn converter
on and off, referenced to
Vin(-), with internal pull up.
3
Vin(-)
Negative input voltage
4
Vout(-)
Negative output voltage
5
SENSE(-)
Negative remote sense1
6
TRIM
Output voltage trim2
7
SENSE(+)
Positive remote sense3
8
Vout(+)
Positive output voltage
Notes:
1. Pin 5 should be connected to Vout(-) at load.
2. Leave Pin 6 open for nominal output voltage.
3. Pin 7 should be connected to Vout(+) at load.
OPTIONS
SAFETY
• Logic sense - Negative (N); converter is on when the
ON/OFF signal is low. Positive (P); converter is on
when the ON/OFF signal is high. Logic input is TTL
compatible with an internal pull up. Use N or P as
13th letter in part number to indicate logic.
• Pin Length - a variety of pin lengths are available for
all modules (see last page). The14th letter in the part
number indicates pin length.
• Feature Set - Quarter-bricks are available with
Standard (S) feature options only. Use S as 15th letter
in part number to indicate feature set.
• UL 1950 - All modules are UL 1950 recognized (US &
Canada) with basic insulation rating.
• EN60950 - All modules are TUV certified to EN60950
requirements.
• 72/23/EEC - All modules meet 72/23/EEC directives.
• 93/68/EEC - All modules meet 93/68/EEC directives.
• 94V-0 - All modules meet 94V-0 flammability requirements for board and plastic components.
• NEBS - All modules meet NEBS compatibility.
• An external input fuse must always be used to meet
these safety requirements.
Product # PQ24150QGA07
Phone 1-888-567-9596
Doc.# 005-2QG215D_A
3/1/02
Page 2
Technical Specification
Quarter
Brick
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
PQ24150QGA07 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
TA=25°C, airflow rate=300 LFM, Vin=24Vdc, nominal Vout unless otherwise noted; full operating temperature range is -40°C to
+115°C ambient temperature with appropriate power derating. Specifications subject to change without notice.
PARAMETER
NOTES and CONDITIONS
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Operating Input Voltage Range
Input Under-Voltage Lockout
Turn-On Voltage Threshold
Turn-Off Voltage Threshold
Lockout Hysteresis Voltage
Maximum Input Current
No-Load Input Current
Off Converter Input Current
Input Reflected-Ripple Current
100% Load, 18Vin
Typ.
Max.
Units
18
24
36
V
15.5
14.0
1.0
16.0
14.5
1.5
16.5
15.0
2.0
6.4
300
3
V
V
V
A
mA
mA
mA
150
1.6
10
P-P thru 3.3µH inductor; Figures 13 & 15
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Set Point
Output Voltage Regulation
Over Line
Over Load
Over Temperature
Total Output Voltage Range
Output Voltage Ripple and Noise
Peak-to-Peak
RMS
Operating Output Current Range
Output DC Current-Limit Inception
Short-Circuit Protection (redundant shutdown)
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
Input Voltage Ripple Rejection
Output Voltage Current Transient
Positive Step Change in Output Current
Negative Step Change in Output Current
Settling Time to within 1% Vout nominal
Turn-On Transient
Turn-On Time
Start-Up Inhibit Period
Maximum Output Capacitance
14.77
over sample line, load and temperature
20MHz bandwidth; Figures 13 & 16
Full Load, 1µF ceramic, 10µF tantalum
Full Load, 1µF ceramic, 10µF tantalum
Output Voltage 10% Low; Fig. 17 & 18
14.47
0
7
14
120 Hz; Figure 20
470µF load cap, 5A/µs; Figure 12
50% Io to 75% Io
75% Io to 50% Io
Full load, Vout=90% nom.; Figs 9 & 10
-40°C to +125°C; Figure F
Full load; 5% overshoot of Vout at startup
EFFICIENCY
100% Load
50% Load
4
180
Figure 1
TEMPERATURE LIMITS FOR POWER DERATING CURVES
Semiconductor Junction Temperature
Board Temperature
Transformer Temperature
15.00
15.23
V
+0.04 (6)
+0.04 (6)
+112
+0.2 (30)
+0.2 (30)
+300
15.54
% (mV)
% (mV)
mV
V
75
15
150
30
6.67
9
18
mV
mV
A
A
A
8
16
55
dB
700
700
700
mV
mV
µs
8
200
Isolation Voltage
Isolation Resistance
Isolation Capacitance
280
See circuit diagram; Figure B
Pull up to Vin/3
Across Pins 8 & 4; Figures C & D
Over full temp range; % of nominal Vout
Average PCB Temperature
°C
°C
°C
V
MΩ
pF
470
320
kHz
-2
2.4
0.8
18
V
V
2.4
-2
18
0.8
V
V
9.6
V
kΩ
%
%
°C
-20
117
300
ms
ms
µF
%
%
125
125
125
2000
10
FEATURE CHARACTERISTICS
12
215
2,000
87
88
Plastic Package rated to 150°C
Board rated to 165°C
Figures 5 - 8
ISOLATION CHARACTERISTICS
Switching Frequency
ON/OFF Control (Option P)
Off-State Voltage
On-State Voltage
ON/OFF Control (Option N)
Off-State Voltage
On-State Voltage
ON/OFF Control (Either Option)
Pull-Up Voltage
Pull-Up Resistance
Output Voltage Trim Range
Output Over-Voltage Protection
Over-Temperature Shutdown
PQ24150QGA07
Min.
Vin/3
33
122
125
+10
127
Patents: SynQor is protected under various patents, including but not limited to U.S. Patent # 5,999,417.
Product # PQ24150QGA07
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Doc.# 005-2QG215D_A
3/1/02
Page 3
Performance Curves
Quarter
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
Brick
95
90
90
89
88
Efficiency (%)
Efficiency (%)
85
80
75
70
0.7
1.3
2.0
2.7
3.3
4.0
4.7
5.3
85
25 C
40 C
55 C
83
82
60
0.0
86
84
18Vin
24Vin
36Vin
65
87
6.0
0
6.7
100
200
Load Current (A)
Figure 1: Efficiency at nominal output voltage vs. load current for minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25°C.
400
18
10.0
16
9.5
14
9.0
12
10
8
6
18Vin
4
24Vin
2
8.5
8.0
7.5
7.0
25 C
40 C
6.5
36Vin
0
55 C
6.0
0.0
0.7
1.3
2.0
2.7
3.3
4.0
500
Figure 2: Efficiency at nominal output voltage and 60% rated power vs.
airflow rate for ambient air temperatures of 25°C, 40°C, and 55°C
(nominal input voltage).
Power Dissipation (W)
Power Dissipation (W)
300
Air Flow (LFM)
4.7
5.3
6.0
6.7
0
100
200
Load Current (A)
300
400
500
Air Flow (LFM)
Figure 3: Power dissipation at nominal output voltage vs. load current
for minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at 25°C.
7
Figure 4: Power dissipation at nominal output voltage and 60% rated
power vs. airflow rate for ambient air temperatures of 25°C, 40°C, and
55°C (nominal input voltage).
Semiconductor junction temperature is
within 1°C of surface temperature
6
Iout (A)
5
4
3
400 LFM (2.0 m/s)
2
300 LFM (1.5 m/s)
200 LFM (1.0 m/s)
1
100 LFM (0.5 m/s)
0 LFM (0 m/s)
0
0
Vin = 24V
25
40
55
70
85
Ambient Air Temperature (oC)
Figure 5: Maximum output power derating curves vs. ambient air temperature for airflow rates of 0 LFM through 400 LFM with air flowing
from input to output (nominal input voltage).
Product # PQ24150QGA07
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Figure 6: Thermal plot of converter at 4.5 amp load current with 55°C
air flowing at the rate of 200 LFM. Air is flowing across the converter
from input to output (nominal input voltage).
Doc.# 005-2QG215D_A
3/1/02
Page 4
Performance Curves
Quarter
Brick
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
7
Semiconductor junction temperature is
within 1°C of surface temperature
6
Iout (A)
5
4
3
400 LFM (2.0 m/s)
2
300 LFM (1.5 m/s)
200 LFM (1.0 m/s)
1
100 LFM (0.5 m/s)
0 LFM (0 m/s)
0
0
Vin = 24V
25
40
55
70
85
Ambient Air Temperature (oC)
Figure 7: Maximum output power derating curves vs. ambient air temperature for airflow rates of 0 LFM through 400 LFM with air flowing
from pin 1 to pin 3 (nominal input voltage).
Figure 8: Thermal plot of converter at 4.4 amp load current with 55°C
air flowing at the rate of 200 LFM. Air is flowing across the converter
from pin 1 to pin 3 (nominal input voltage).
Figure 9: Turn-on transient at full load (resistive load) (2 ms/div).
Ch1: Vout (5V/div)
Ch2: ON/OFF input (5V/div)
Figure 10: Turn-on transient at zero load (2 ms/div).
Ch1: Vout (5V/div)
Ch2: ON/OFF input (5V/div)
Figure 11: Output voltage response to step-change in load current (50%-75%-50%
Figure 12: Output voltage response to step-change in load current (50%-75%50% of Iout(max): dI/dt = 5A/µs). Load cap: 470µF, 30 mΩ ESR tantalum capacitor and 1µF ceramic capacitor. Ch1: Vout (500mV/div), Ch2: Iout (5A/div).
of Iout(max); dI/dt = 0.1A/µs). Load cap: 10µF, 100 mΩ ESR tantalum capacitor
and 1µF ceramic capacitor. Ch1: Vout (500mV/div), Ch2: Iout (5A/div).
Product # PQ24150QGA07
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Doc.# 005-2QG215D_A
3/1/02
Page 5
Performance Curves
Quarter
Brick
Figure 15
3.3 µH
source
impedance
Figure 14
Figure 16
iS
VSOURCE
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
iC
100 µF,
≅0.33Ω ESR
electrolytic
capacitor
DC/DC
Converter
VOUT
1 µF
10 µF,
ceramic 100mΩ ESR
capacitor
tantalum
capacitor
Figure 13: Test set-up diagram showing measurement points for Input
Terminal Ripple Current (Figure 14), Input Reflected Ripple Current
(Figure 15) and Output Voltage Ripple (Figure 16).
Figure 14: Input Terminal Ripple Current, ic, at full rated output current and nominal input voltage with 3.3µH source impedance and
100µF electrolytic capacitor (500 mA/div). See Figure 13.
Figure 15: Input reflected ripple current, is, through a 3.3µH source
inductor at nominal input voltage and rated load current (20 mA/div).
See Figure 13.
Figure 16: Output voltage ripple at nominal input voltage and rated
load current (50 mV/div). Load capacitance: 1µF ceramic capacitor
and 10µF tantalum capacitor. Bandwidth: 20 MHz. See Figure 13.
To be provided in future revision
Figure 17: Output voltage vs. load current showing typical current limit
curves and converter shutdown points.
Product # PQ24150QGA07
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Figure 18: Load current (10A/div) as a function of time when the converter attempts to turn on into a 10 mΩ short circuit. Top trace
(2.5ms/div) is an expansion of the on-time portion of the bottom trace.
Doc.# 005-2QG215D_A
3/1/02
Page 6
Performance Curves
Quarter
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
Brick
10
0
1
18 Vin
24 Vin
36 Vin
0.1
Forward Transmission (dB)
Output Impedance (Ω )
-10
-20
-30
18 Vin
24 Vin
-40
36 Vin
-50
-60
0.01
10
100
1,000
10,000
-70
100,000
10
100
Hz
1,000
10,000
100,000
Hz
Figure 19: Magnitude of incremental output impedance (Zout =
vout/iout) for minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at full
rated power.
Figure 20: Magnitude of incremental forward transmission (FT =
vout/vin) for minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at full
rated power.
20
100
0
-10
18 Vin
24 Vin
36 Vin
-20
-30
Input Impedance (Ω )
Reverse Transmission (dB)
10
10
18 Vin
24 Vin
36 Vin
1
-40
-50
0.1
10
100
1,000
10,000
100,000
10
100
Figure 21: Magnitude of incremental reverse transmission (RT =
iin/iout) for minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at full rated
power.
Product # PQ24150QGA07
1,000
10,000
100,000
Hz
Hz
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Figure 22: Magnitude of incremental input impedance (Zin = vin/iin)
for minimum, nominal, and maximum input voltage at full rated power.
Doc.# 005-2QG215D_A
3/1/02
Page 7
Technical Specification
Quarter
Brick
BASIC OPERATION AND
FEATURES
The PowerQor series converter uses a two-stage power circuit topology. The first stage is a buck-converter that keeps
the output voltage constant over variations in line, load, and
temperature. The second stage uses a transformer to provide
the functions of input/output isolation and voltage stepdown to achieve the low output voltage required.
Both the first stage and the second stage switch at a fixed
frequency for predictable EMI performance. Rectification of
the transformer’s output is accomplished with synchronous
rectifiers. These devices, which are MOSFETs with a very
low on-state resistance, dissipate far less energy than
Schottky diodes used in conventional dc/dc converters. This
is the primary reason that the PowerQor converter has such
high efficiency—even at very low output voltages and very
high output currents.
Dissipation throughout the converter is so low that the
PowerQor converter requires no heatsink to deliver
a greater level of power than can be delivered by a conventional, Schottky-diode-based dc/dc converter with a
0.5” high heatsink. At equivalent ambient air temperature,
airflow rate, and output power level, the hottest semiconductor junction temperature and the hottest PCB temperature
within the PowerQor converter are cooler than those found
in conventional dc/dc converters with a 0.5” high heatsink
attached.
Since a heatsink is not required, the PowerQor converter
does not need a metal baseplate or potting material to help
conduct the dissipated energy to the heatsink. The
PowerQor converter can thus be built more simply using
high yield surface mount techniques on a PCB substrate.
Unlike conventional dc/dc converters, which have critical
thermal connections between the power components and the
baseplate, and between the baseplate and the heatsink, the
PowerQor converter has no explicit, failure-prone thermal
connections.
Compared to a conventional Schottky-diode-based dc/dc
converter with a 0.5” high heatsink, the PowerQor converter is more efficient and therefore it dissipates less than half
the energy. Additionally, because the PowerQor converter is
thinner (0.4” vs. 1.0”), the board-to-board pitch in a rack
can be much smaller, and cooling airflow is less impeded by
Product # PQ24150QGA07
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24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
the converter. Because the PowerQor converter is much
lighter, vibration and shock-induced problems are greatly
reduced. Moreover, due to the lack of failure-prone explicit
thermal connections and the lack of potting material the
PowerQor converter is more reliable than conventional
dc/dc converters.
The PowerQor series converter uses the industry standard
pin-out configuration used by other vendors of comparably
sized and rated dc/dc converters. The unit is pin for pin
compatible with the Lucent QW series.
The PowerQor converter has many standard control and
protection features. All shutdown features are non-latching,
meaning that the converter shuts off for 200ms before
restarting (see Figure F).
• An ON/OFF input permits the user to control when the
converter is on and off in order to properly sequence different power supplies and to reduce power consumption
during a standby condition.
• Remote sense inputs permit the user to maintain an
accurate voltage at the load despite distribution voltage
drops between the converter’s output and the load.
• An output voltage trim input permits the user to trim
the output voltage up or down to achieve a custom voltage level or to do voltage margining.
• An input under-voltage lockout avoids input system
instability problems while the input voltage is rising.
• The output current limit protects both the converter
and the board on which it is mounted against a short circuit condition. (see Figure 18)
• An output over-voltage limit circuit shuts the unit
down if the output voltage at the output pins gets too
high.
• A sensor located in a central spot of the PCB provides a
PCB temperature limit. If, due to an abnormal condition, this spot gets too hot, the converter will turn off.
Once the converter has cooled, it will automatically turn
on again without the need to recycle the input power.
CONTROL PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Pin 2 (ON/OFF): The ON/OFF input, Pin 2, permits the
user to control when the converter is on or off. This input is
Doc.# 005-2QG215D_A
3/1/02
Page 8
Technical Specification
Quarter
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
Brick
referenced to the return terminal of the 24V input bus. There
are two versions of the PowerQor series converter that differ
by the sense of the logic used for the ON/OFF input. In the
PQxxyyyQGAzzPxx version, the ON/OFF input is active
high (meaning that a high turns the converter on). In the
PQxxyyyQGAzzNxx version, the ON/OFF signal is active
low (meaning that a low turns the converter on). Figure A
details five possible circuits for driving the ON/OFF pin.
Figure B shows detail of the internal ON/OFF circuitry.
voltage across the output (pins 8 and 4) to determine when
it should trigger, not the voltage across the converter’s sense
pins (pins 7 and 5). Therefore, the resistive drop on the
board should be small enough so that output OVP does not
trigger, even during load transients.
Pin 6 (TRIM): The TRIM input permits the user to adjust the
output voltage across the sense leads up or down. To lower
the output voltage, the user should connect a resistor
between Pin 6 and Pin 5, which is the SENSE(-) input. To
raise the output voltage, the user should connect a resistor
between Pin 6 and Pin 7, which is the SENSE(+) input.
Pins 7 and 5 (SENSE(+)): The SENSE(+) inputs correct
for voltage drops along the conductors that connect the converter’s output pins to the load.
A resistor connected between Pin 6 and Pin 5 will decrease
the output voltage. For a desired decrease of ∆ percent of
the nominal output voltage, the value of this resistor should
be
Pin 7 should be connected to Vout(+) and Pin 5 should be
connected to Vout(-) at the point on the board where regulation is desired. That is,
[Vout(+) - Vout(-)] – [SENSE(+) - SENSE (-)]
< 10%Vout
Pins 7 and 5 must be connected for proper regulation of the
output voltage. However, if these connections are not made,
nothing catastrophic will happen to the converter under normal operating conditions—the converter will simply deliver
an output voltage that is slightly higher than its specified
value.
Vin(_)
Remote Enable Circuit
)
and
VNOM – VDES
VNOM
Positive Logic
100k
(Permanently Enabled)
5V
5V
Vin(+)
50k
ON/OFF
TTL
ON/OFF
50k
Vin(_)
Vin(_)
Direct Logic Drive
Figure A: Various circuits for driving the ON/OFF pin.
Product # PQ24150QGA07
x 100%
VNOM = Nominal Voltage
VDES = Desired Voltage
Vin(_)
TTL/
CMOS
Open Collector Enable Circuit
(kΩ)
ON/OFF
Vin(_)
Negative Logic
ON/OFF
(
∆=
ON/OFF
(Permanently Enabled)
(511
∆% ) - 10.22
where
Note: the output over-voltage protection circuit senses the
ON/OFF
Rtrim-down =
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100pF
Vin(_)
Figure B: Internal ON/OFF pin circuitry (detail)
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3/1/02
Page 9
Technical Specification
Quarter
Brick
Figure C graphs this relationship between Rtrim-down and ∆.
The output voltage can be trimmed down as much as 20%.
Trim Resistance (kOhms)
10,000
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
Note: The TRIM feature does not affect the voltage at which
the output over-voltage protection circuit is triggered.
Trimming the output voltage too high may cause the overvoltage protection circuit to trip, particularly during transients.
TOTAL DC VARIATION OF Vout: For the converter to
meet its full specifications, the maximum variation of the dc
value of Vout, due to both trimming and remote load voltage
drops, should not be greater than +10%/-20%
1,000
100
PROTECTION FEATURES
10
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
% Decrease in Output Voltage
Figure C: Trim Down Graph for 15.0Vout
A resistor connected between Pin 6 and Pin 7 will increase
the output voltage. For a desired increase of ∆ percent of the
nominal output voltage, the value of this resistor should be
Rtrim-up =
(
5.11VOUT(100+∆%) _ 511 _
10.22
1.225∆%
∆%
)
(kΩ)
where
VOUT = Nominal Output Voltage
Figure D graphs this relationship between Rtrim-up and ∆.
The output voltage can be trimmed up as much as 10%.
Output Current Limit: The current limit does not change
appreciably as the output voltage drops. However, once the
impedance of the short across the output is small enough to
make the output voltage drop below approximately 60% of
its nominal value, the converter turns off.
The converter then enters a mode where it repeatedly turns
on and off at a 5 Hz (nominal) frequency with a 5% duty
cycle until the short circuit condition is removed. This prevents excessive heating of the converter or the load board.
Output Over-Voltage Limit: If the voltage across the
output pins exceeds the O.V. threshold, the converter will
immediately stop switching. This prevents damage to the
load circuit due to 1) a sudden unloading of the converter,
2) a release of a short-circuit condition, or 3) a release of a
current limit condition. Load capacitance determines exactly
how high the output voltage will rise in response to these
conditions. After 200 ms the converter will automatically
restart.
100,000
Trim Resistance (kOhms)
Input Under-Voltage Lockout: The converter is
designed to turn off when the input voltage is too low, helping avoid an input system instability problem, described in
more detail below. The lockout circuitry is a comparator with
dc hysteresis. When the input voltage is rising, it must
exceed a typical value of 16V before the converter will turn
on. Once the converter is on, the input voltage must fall
below a typical value of 14.5V before the converter will turn
off.
10,000
1,000
100
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
% Increase in Output Voltage
Figure D: Trim Up Graph for 15.0Vout
Product # PQ24150QGA07
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Thermal Shutdown: The PowerQor series has a temperature sensor located such that it senses the average temperature of the converter. The thermal shutdown circuit is
designed to turn the converter off when the temperature at
the sensed location reaches 125°C. It will allow the conDoc.# 005-2QG215D_A
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Technical Specification
Quarter
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
Brick
verter to turn on again when the temperature of the sensed
location falls below 115°C.
APPLICATION CONSIDERATIONS
Input System Instability: This condition can occur
because a dc/dc converter appears incrementally as a
negative resistance load. A detailed application note titled
“Input System Instability” is available on the SynQor web
site (www.synqor.com) which provides an understanding
of why this instability arises, and shows the preferred solution for correcting it.
Application Circuits: Figure E below provides a typical
circuit diagram which is useful when using input filtering
and voltage trimming.
Input Filtering
3.3µH
Electrolytic
Capacitor
100µF
ESR ≅0.33Ω
Vin(+ )
Vout(+ )
Vsense(+ )
ON/OFF
18V < Vin < 36V
Vin(_)
Trim
Vsense(_)
Vout(_)
Rtrim-up
or
Rtrim-down
Cload
Iload
Figure E: Typical application circuit (negative logic unit, permanently enabled).
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Technical Specification
Quarter
Brick
STARTUP INHIBIT PERIOD
The Startup Inhibit Period ensures that the converter will
remain off for at least 200ms when it is shut down for any
reason. When an output short is present, this generates a
5Hz "hiccup mode," which prevents the converter from overheating. In all, there are seven ways that the converter can
be shut down, initiating a Startup Inhibit Period:
• Input Under-Voltage Lockout
• Input Over-Voltage Shutdown (not present in Quarterbrick)
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
Figure F shows three turn-on scenarios, where a Startup
Inhibit Period is initiated at t0, t1, and t2:
Before time t0, when the input voltage is below 16V (typ.),
the unit is disabled by the Input Under-Voltage Lockout feature. When the input voltage rises above 16V, the Input
Under-Voltage Lockout is released, and a Startup Inhibit
Period is initiated. At the end of this delay, the ON/OFF pin
is evaluated, and since it is active, the unit turns on.
At time t1, the unit is disabled by the ON/OFF pin, and it
cannot be enabled again until the Startup Inhibit Period has
elapsed.
• Output Over-Voltage Protection
• Over Temperature Shutdown
When the ON/OFF pin goes high after t2, the Startup Inhibit
Period has elapsed, and the output turns on within the 4ms
(typ.) "Turn On Time."
• Current Limit
• Short Circuit Protection
• Turned off by the ON/OFF input
Vin
Under-Voltage
Lockout Turn-On
Threshold
ON/OFF
(pos logic)
ON
OFF ON
OFF
ON
Vout
4ms (typical
turn on time)
200ms
(typical start-up
inhibit period)
t0
200ms
200ms
t1
t
t2
Figure F: Startup Inhibit Period (turn-on time not to scale)
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Doc.# 005-2QG215D_A
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Technical Specification
Quarter
24Vin 15Vout 6.7A
Brick
PART NUMBERING SYSTEM
ORDERING INFORMATION
The part numbering system for SynQor’s PowerQor DC/DC
converters follows the format shown in the example below.
The tables below show the valid model numbers and ordering options for converters in this product family. When
ordering SynQor converters, please ensure that you use the
complete 15 character part number consisting of the 12
character base part number and the additional 3 characters
for options.
PQ 48 033 H T A 50 N K S
Options (see
Ordering Information)
Output Current
Thermal Design
Performance Level
Package Size
Output Voltage
Input Voltage
Product Family
Model Number
Input Voltage
PQ24018QGA25xyz
PQ24033QGA25xyz
PQ24050QGA20xyz
PQ24120QGA08xyz
PQ24150QGA07xyz
18 - 36 V
18 - 36 V
18 - 36 V
18 - 36 V
18 - 36 V
Output Max Output Full Load
Voltage Current Efficiency
1.8 V
25 A
84%
3.3 V
25 A
87%
5.0 V
20 A
87%
12 V
8.3 A
88%
15 V
6.7 A
87%
The following option choices must be included in place of
the x y z spaces in the model numbers listed above.
The first 12 characters comprise the base part number and
the last 3 characters indicate available options. Although
there are no default values for enable logic and pin length,
the most common options are negative logic and 0.145”
pins. These part numbers are more likely to be readily available in stock for evaluation and prototype quantities.
Options Description: x y z
Enable
Logic
Pin
Length
Feature
Set
K - 0.110"
P - Positive N - 0.145"
S - Standard
N - Negative R - 0.180"
Y - 0.250"
Application Notes Available
• Current Sharing for Full Feature Modules
• EMI Characteristics
• Thermal Relief Vias
• Input System Instability
All application notes and technical white papers can
be downloaded in pdf format at www.synqor.com.
Contact SynQor for further information:
Phone:
Toll Free:
Fax:
E-mail:
Web:
Address:
Product # PQ24150QGA07
508-485-8434
888-567-9596
508-485-8414
[email protected]
www.synqor.com
188 Central Street
Hudson, MA 01749
Phone 1-888-567-9596
Warranty
SynQor offers a three (3) year limited warranty. Complete warranty
information is listed on our web site or is available upon request from
SynQor.
Information furnished by SynQor is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed by SynQor for its use, nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any
patent or patent rights of SynQor.
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