AP8800

AP8800
350mA LED STEP-DOWN CONVERTER
Description
Pin Assignments
The AP8800 is a step-down DC/DC converter designed to drive LEDs
SO-8
with a constant current. The device can drive up to seven LEDs,
( Top View )
depending on the forward voltage of the LEDs, in series from a
voltage source of 8V to 28V. Series connection of the LEDs provides
identical LED currents resulting in uniform brightness and eliminates
the need for ballast resistors. The AP8800 switches at frequency up
to 0.6MHz. This allows the use of small size external components,
hence minimizing the PCB area needed.
Maximum output current of AP8800 is set via an external resistor
CTRL 1
2
RSVD
SW
3
AP8800
GND 4
8
SET
7
NC
6
5
NC
VIN
connected between the VIN and SET input pins. Dimming is achieved
by applying either a DC voltage or a PWM signal at the CTRL input
MSOP-8
pin. An input voltage of 0.2V or lower at CTRL shuts down the output
at SW and puts the device into a low-current standby state.
( Top View )
Features
CTRL 1
•
RSVD
SW
LED driving current up to 350mA
•
Compatible with 12V & 24V standard systems
•
High efficiency up to 92%
•
High switching frequency up to 0.6MHz
•
PWM/DC input for dimming control
•
Built-in soft-start function
•
Built-in output open-circuit protection
•
SO-8, MSOP-8 and U-DFN3030-10: Available in “Green”
Totally Lead-Free & Fully RoHS Compliant (Notes 1 & 2)
ƒ
Halogen and Antimony Free. “Green” Device (Note 3)
Applications
Small LCD Panel Backlight
•
Architecture Detail Lighting
•
Appliances Interior Lighting
Notes:
7
NC
6
5
NC
VIN
( Top View )
ƒ
•
AP8800
U-DFN3030-10
Compliant
Commercial & Industrial Lighting
3
GND 4
Molding Compound (No Br, Sb) with lead Free Finish/ RoHS
•
2
SET
8
CTRL
1
10
SET
RSVD
2
9
NC
NC
3
8
NC
AP8800
SW
4
7
GND
5
6
NC
VIN
1. No purposely added lead. Fully EU Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS) & 2011/65/EU (RoHS 2) compliant.
2. See http://www.diodes.com for more information about Diodes Incorporated’s definitions of Halogen and Antimony free, "Green" and Lead-Free.
3. Halogen and Antimony free "Green” products are defined as those which contain <900ppm bromine, <900ppm chlorine (<1500ppm total Br + Cl)
and <1000ppm antimony compounds.
Typical Applications Circuit
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
1 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
Pin Descriptions
Pin Name
SW
SO-8
3
Pin Number
MSOP-8 U-DFN3030-10
3
4
Function
Switch Pin. Connect inductor/freewheeling diode here. Minimize trace area at this pin to
reduce EMI.
GND
4
4
5
GND Pin
SET
8
8
10
Set Nominal Output Current Pin. To configure the output current of the device.
Dual function dimming control pin.
CTRL
1
1
1
•
Input voltage of 0.2V or lower forces the device into low current standby mode and
shuts off the output.
•
A PWM signal (driven by an open-drain/collector source) allows the output current
to be adjusted over a wide range up to 100%.
•
An analog voltage between 0.3V and 2.5V adjusts the output current between 25%
and 200% of the current set by 0.2V/RS.
The input impedance is about 200kΩ, and if the pin is left open VCTRL = VREF
VIN
5
5
6
Input Supply Pin. Must be locally bypassed.
RSVD
2
2
2
Reserved. Normally connected to Ground
NC
6, 7
6, 7
2, 7, 8, 9
No Connection.
Functional Block Diagram
Absolute Maximum Ratings (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
Symbol
VIN
VSET
VSW
VCTRL
TJ
TLEAD
TST
Caution:
Parameter
VIN Pin Voltage
Set Voltage Relative to VIN
SW Voltage
CTRL Pin Input Voltage
Maximum Junction Temperature
Maximum Lead Temperature
Storage Temperature Range
Rating
-0.3 to +30
VIN -5 to VIN +0.3
-0.3 to +30
-0.3 to +5
125
300
-55 to +125
Unit
V
V
V
V
°C
°C
°C
Stresses greater than the 'Absolute Maximum Ratings' specified above, may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only;
functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions exceeding those indicated in this specification is not implied. Device reliability may be
affected by exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods of time.
Semiconductor devices are ESD sensitive and may be damaged by exposure to ESD events.
Suitable ESD precautions should be taken when handling and transporting these devices.
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
2 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
Recommended Operating Conditions (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
Symbol
Min
Max
Operating Input Voltage relative to GND
8.0
28
V
VCTRLDC
Voltage Range for 24% to 200% DC Dimming Relative to GND (Note 2)
0.3
2.5
V
VCTRLL
Voltage Low for PWM Dimming Relative to GND
VIN
fOSC
0
Maximum Switching Frequency
TA
0.2
V
kHz
°C
Ambient Temperature Range
-40
+85
0.1
0.95
VENH
CTRL Input Voltage to Attain 100% LED Current
1.25
VENL
CTRL Input Voltage Below Which Device Turns Off
2.
3.
Unit
500
Using Inductor ≥ 100µH (Note 3)
Duty Cycle
Notes:
Parameter
V
0.2
For 100% brightness either leave floating or connect to 1.25V relative to GND.
For most applications the LED current will be within 8% over the duty cycle range specified. Duty cycle accuracy is also dependent on propagation
delay. Smaller size inductors can be used but LED current accuracy may be greater than 8% at extremes of duty cycle. This is most noticeable at low
duty cycles (less than 0.1) or when the input voltage is high and only one LED is being driven.
Electrical Characteristics (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
Symbol
IOUT
IQ
VTHD
VREF
SET
RDS(on)
Parameter
ISW_Leakage
Continuous Switch Current
Quiescient Current
Internal Current Sense Threshold Voltage
Internal Reference Voltage
SET Pin Input Current
On-Resistance of Internal Switch
Switch Pin Leakage Current
θJA
Thermal Resistance Junction-to-Ambient
θJC
Notes:
Thermal Resistance Junction-to-Case
Conditions
(Note 4)
VIN – VSET
VSET = VIN -0.1
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
—
—
92
—
—
—
—
—
20
100
1.25
1.3
1.7
—
350
30
108
—
—
2.2
5
mA
μA
mV
V
μA
Ω
μA
SO-8 (Note 5)
—
92
—
°C/W
MSOP-8 (Note 5)
—
120
—
°C/W
U-DFN3030-10 (Note 5)
—
46
—
°C/W
SO-8 (Note 5)
—
60
—
°C/W
MSOP-8 (Note 5)
—
98
—
°C/W
U-DFN3030-10 (Note 5)
—
32
—
°C/W
4. Refer to figure 8 for the device derating curve.
5. Test condition for SO-8, MSOP-8 and U-DFN3030-10: Device mounted on FR-4 PCB, 2”x 2”, 2oz copper, minimum recommended pad layout on
top layer and thermal vias to bottom layer ground plane. For better thermal performance, larger copper pad for heat-sink is needed.
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
3 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
Application Information
AP8800 Operation
The AP8800 is a hysteretic LED current switching regulator sometimes known as an equal ripple switching regulator. In normal operation, when
voltage is applied at +VIN (See Figure 1), the AP8800 internal switch is turned on. Current starts to flow through sense resistor R1, inductor L1,
and the LEDs. The current ramps up linearly, and the ramp rate is determined by the input voltage +VIN, and the inductor L1 (See Figure 2).
Figure 2 Typical Switching Waveform
Figure 1 Typical Configuration
This rising current produces a voltage ramp across RSET. The internal circuit of the AP8800 senses the voltage across RSET and applies a
proportional voltage to the input of the internal comparator.
When this voltage reaches an internally set upper threshold, the internal switch is turned off. The inductor current continues to flow through RSET,
L1, the LEDs and the schottky diode D1, and back to the supply rail, but it decays, with the rate of decay determined by the forward voltage drop
of the LEDs and the schottky diode.
This decaying current produces a falling voltage at RSET, which is sensed by the AP8800. A voltage proportional to the sense voltage across
RSET is applied at the input of the internal comparator. When this voltage falls to the internally set lower threshold, the internal switch is turned on
again. This switch-on-and-off cycle continues to provide the average LED current set by the sense resistor RSET, with a switching current
determined by the input voltage and LED chain voltage.
In normal operation the off time is relatively constant (determined mainly by the LED chain voltage) with only the on-time varying as the input
voltage changes. At duty cycles up to around 80% the ramp of the LED/switch current is very linear; however, as the duty cycle approaches 95%
the LED current ramp starts to become more exponential. This has two effects:
1.
The overall on time starts to increase lowering the overall switching frequency.
2.
The average LED current starts to increase – which may impact accuracy.
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
4 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
Application Information (cont.)
Inductor Selection
A 100μH inductor is recommended for most AP8800 applications with input voltage at 24V.
Figure 3 displays the resulting switching frequency varying the main circuit parameters: Supply voltage, Inductor value and number of LEDs to be
driven.
Switching Frequency
700
600
100
47
Frequency [kHz]
500
150
400
12V - 1LED
68
24V - 3 LEDs
220
300
28V - 4LEDs
100
200
150
470
220
100
470
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
Inductor Value [uH]
Figure 3 Switching Frequency vs. Supply Voltage, Inductor, and Number of LEDs
Capacitor Selection
The small size of ceramic capacitors makes them ideal for AP8800 applications. X5R and X7R types are recommended because they retain their
capacitance over wider voltage and temperature ranges than other types such as Z5U. A 1μF input capacitor is sufficient for most intended
applications of AP8800.
Diode Selection
Schottky diode, e.g. B140, with their low forward voltage drop and fast reverse recovery, is the ideal choice for AP8800 applications.
Miscellaneous
To ensure optimal performance, RSVD pin should be connected to the GND pin with the shortest trace length.
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
5 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
Application Information (cont.)
LED Current Dimming
The LED current can be dimmed in two ways;
1.
Analog Dimming: Where a dc voltage is applied to the CTRL pin
or
2.
PWM Dimming: Where a Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) signal is applied to the CTRL pin.
Analog Dimming
If the CTRL pin is driven by an external voltage (lower than 2.5V), the average LED current in this case is:
V
V
ILED = CTRL × TH
VREF R SET
A DC signal from 0.3V to 2.5V applied to the CTRL pin will vary the LED current from 24% to 200% of nominal LED current. This gives an
approximate 8:1 dimming range; care, should be exercised when overdriving the CTRL pin to 200% of nominal LED current not to exceed the
power dissipation of the package.
The graph in Figure 4 shows values of nominal average output current for 3 values of current setting resistor (RSET) in the typical application
circuit shown on Figure 1, for different voltages applied on the CTRL pin.
LED current Versus RSET and VCTRL
400
0.56
350
0.3
LED Current [mA]
300
0.33
0.39
250
0.47
200
0.3
150
50
LED current @
VCTRL = 2.5V
1
0.56
0.68
0.39
0.47
0.56
100
LED current @
VCTRL = 1.25V
0.68
0.75
0.82
1.2
0.82
0.68
1
1.2
0.82
LED current @
VCTRL = 0.625V
1.5
1
1.2
2
1.5
1.5
2
3
2
3
3
0
0
0.15 0.3 0.45 0.6 0.75 0.9 1.05 1.2 1.35 1.5 1.65 1.8 1.95 2.1 2.25 2.4 2.55 2.7 2.85
3
RSET value [Ohms]
Figure 4 LED Current Setting vs. RSET and VCTRL
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
6 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
Application Information (cont.)
PWM Dimming
A PWM signal with a max resolution of 8bit can be applied to CTRL regulate the output current to a value below the nominal average value set
by resistor RSET. PWM dimming gives a wider average LED current variation and is more accurate at lower average LED currents than by
applying DC voltage to the CTRL pin to achieve average LED current dimming.
Figure 5 shows the typical PWM response of the AP8800A. An internal filter produces a rump.
Figure 5 Typical PWM Dimming Waveform
The recommended method of driving the CTRL pin and controlling the amplitude of the PWM waveform is to use a small NPN switching
transistor as shown below:
Figure 6 Open Collector PWM Dimming Circuit
This scheme uses the 200k resistor between the ADJ pin and the internal voltage reference as a pull-up resistor for the external transistor eg
MMBT3904.
Soft-Start
An external capacitor from the CTRL pin to ground will provide soft-start delay, by increasing the time taken for the voltage on this pin to rise to
the turn-on threshold and by slowing down the rate of rise of the control voltage at the input of the comparator.
The soft-start time is 0.5ms/nF.
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
7 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
Application Information (cont.)
Fault conditions
The AP8800 is inherently protected against open-LED conditions. If one LED becomes open circuit the device automatically stops switching and
will only retart if the open-LED fault is removed.
If one or more LEDs should become shorted together then the switching frequency and duty cycle will change. If one or more LEDs get shorted
together, the ramp-up time of LED current will become shorter due to there being a larger voltage across the inductor. However, the ramp-down
time of the LED current will increase due to the voltage across the inductor becoming smaller.
Figure 7 below shows the AP8800 driving 3 LEDs when all 3 LEDs become shorted together. Due to the large voltage change across the
inductor during both LED current ramp-up and ramp-down we see a large difference in switching frequency.
Figure 7 LED Short Fault Condition
Thermal Considerations
The graph below in Figure 8, gives details for power derating. This assumes the device to be mounted on a 25 x 25mm PCB with 1oz copper
standing in still air.
2
1.8
1.6
DFN3030-10
POWER (W)
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
SO-8
0.6
0.4
MSOP-8
0.2
0
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
Figure 8 Power Dissipation Derating Curve
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
8 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
Ordering Information
AP 8800 XX G - X
Package
S : SO-8
M8 : MSOP-8
FN : U-DFN3030-10
Part Number
Package Code
Packaging
AP8800SG-13
AP8800M8G-13
AP8800FNG-7
S
M8
FN
SO-8
MSOP-8
U-DFN3030-10
Green
Packing
G : Green
7/ 13 : Tape & Reel
7”/13” Tape and Reel
Quantity
Part Number Suffix
2500/Tape & Reel
-13
2500/Tape & Reel
-13
3000/Tape & Reel
-7
Marking Information
SO-8
( Top View )
5
8
Logo
Part Number
G : Green
YY : Year : 08, 09,10~
WW : Week : 01~52; 52
represents 52 and 53 week
X : Internal Code
AP8800
YY WW X X
1
4
MSOP-8
( Top View )
8
7
Logo
6
5
YWX
Part Number
AP8800
1
2
3
A~Z : Green
Y : Year : 0~9
W : Week : A~Z : 1~26 week;
a~z : 27~52 week; z represents
52 and 53 week
4
U-DFN3030-10
( Top View )
XX
YW X
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
XX : Identification Code
Y : Year : 0~9
W : Week : A~Z : 1~26 week;
a~z : 27~52 week; z represents
52 and 53 week
X : A~Z : Green
Part Number
Package
Identification Code
AP8800FNG-7
U-DFN3030-10
A4
9 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
Package Outline Dimensions (All dimensions in mm.)
Please see AP02002 at http://www.diodes.com/datasheets/ap02002.pdf for latest version.
0.254
Package Type: SO-8
E1 E
A1
L
Gauge Plane
Seating Plane
Detail ‘A’
7°~9°
h
45°
Detail ‘A’
A2 A A3
b
e
SO-8
Dim
Min
Max
A
1.75
A1
0.10
0.20
A2
1.30
1.50
A3
0.15
0.25
b
0.3
0.5
D
4.85
4.95
E
5.90
6.10
E1
3.85
3.95
e
1.27 Typ
h
0.35
L
0.62
0.82
0°
8°
θ
All Dimensions in mm
D
Package Type: MSOP-8
D
4x
10
°
0.25
E Gauge Plane
x
Seating Plane
a
y
4x10°
L
Detail C
1
b
E3
A3
A2
A
e
E1
A1
c
See Detail C
MSOP-8
Dim Min Max Typ
A
1.10
A1 0.05 0.15 0.10
A2 0.75 0.95 0.86
A3 0.29 0.49 0.39
b 0.22 0.38 0.30
c 0.08 0.23 0.15
D 2.90 3.10 3.00
E 4.70 5.10 4.90
E1 2.90 3.10 3.00
E3 2.85 3.05 2.95
e
0.65
L 0.40 0.80 0.60
a
0°
8°
4°
x
0.750
y
0.750
All Dimensions in mm
Package Type: U-DFN3030-10
A3
A
SEATING PLANE
A1
D
D2
Pin#1 ID
E E2
L
z
e
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
U-DFN3030-10
Dim Min Max Typ
A
0.57 0.63 0.60
A1
0
0.05 0.02
A3
0.15
⎯
⎯
b
0.20 0.30 0.25
D
2.90 3.10 3.00
D2 2.30 2.50 2.40
e
0.50
⎯
⎯
E
2.90 3.10 3.00
E2
1.50 1.70 1.60
L
0.25 0.55 0.40
z
⎯
⎯ 0.375
All Dimensions in mm
b
10 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
Suggested Pad Layout
Please see AP02001 at http://www.diodes.com/datasheets/ap02001.pdf for the latest version.
Package Type: SO-8
X
C1
C2
Dimensions
X
Y
C1
C2
Value (in mm)
0.60
1.55
5.4
1.27
Y
Package Type: MSOP-8
X
C
Y
Dimensions Value (in mm)
C
0.650
X
0.450
Y
1.350
Y1
5.300
Y1
Package Type: U-DFN3030-10
Y
C
X1
G
X
G
Dimensions Value (in mm)
Z
2.60
G
0.15
X
1.80
X1
0.60
Y
0.30
C
0.50
Z
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
11 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
Tape Orientation (Note 6)
For U-DFN3030-10
Notes:
6. The taping orientation of the other package type can be found on our website at http://www.diodes.com/datasheets/ap02007.pdf.
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
12 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AP8800
IMPORTANT NOTICE
DIODES INCORPORATED MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARDS TO THIS DOCUMENT,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
(AND THEIR EQUIVALENTS UNDER THE LAWS OF ANY JURISDICTION).
Diodes Incorporated and its subsidiaries reserve the right to make modifications, enhancements, improvements, corrections or other changes
without further notice to this document and any product described herein. Diodes Incorporated does not assume any liability arising out of the
application or use of this document or any product described herein; neither does Diodes Incorporated convey any license under its patent or
trademark rights, nor the rights of others. Any Customer or user of this document or products described herein in such applications shall assume
all risks of such use and will agree to hold Diodes Incorporated and all the companies whose products are represented on Diodes Incorporated
website, harmless against all damages.
Diodes Incorporated does not warrant or accept any liability whatsoever in respect of any products purchased through unauthorized sales channel.
Should Customers purchase or use Diodes Incorporated products for any unintended or unauthorized application, Customers shall indemnify and
hold Diodes Incorporated and its representatives harmless against all claims, damages, expenses, and attorney fees arising out of, directly or
indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death associated with such unintended or unauthorized application.
Products described herein may be covered by one or more United States, international or foreign patents pending. Product names and markings
noted herein may also be covered by one or more United States, international or foreign trademarks.
LIFE SUPPORT
Diodes Incorporated products are specifically not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without the express
written approval of the Chief Executive Officer of Diodes Incorporated. As used herein:
A. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which:
1. are intended to implant into the body, or
2. support or sustain life and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the
labeling can be reasonably expected to result in significant injury to the user.
B. A critical component is any component in a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the
failure of the life support device or to affect its safety or effectiveness.
Customers represent that they have all necessary expertise in the safety and regulatory ramifications of their life support devices or systems, and
acknowledge and agree that they are solely responsible for all legal, regulatory and safety-related requirements concerning their products and any
use of Diodes Incorporated products in such safety-critical, life support devices or systems, notwithstanding any devices- or systems-related
information or support that may be provided by Diodes Incorporated. Further, Customers must fully indemnify Diodes Incorporated and its
representatives against any damages arising out of the use of Diodes Incorporated products in such safety-critical, life support devices or systems.
Copyright © 2012, Diodes Incorporated
www.diodes.com
AP8800
Document number: DS31764 Rev. 7 - 2
13 of 13
www.diodes.com
August 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
Similar pages