Bluetooth Smart Software API Reference Manual for BLE Version 1.3

BLUEGIGA BLUETOOTH SMART SOFTWARE
V.1.3 API DOCUMENTATION
Tuesday, 7 July 2015
Version 3.5
Copyright © Silicon Labs
All rights reserved.
Silicon Labs assumes no liability or responsibility for any errors, mistakes or inaccuracies in content. Silicon
Labs reserves the right to change products or specifications without notice, and does not make any commitment
to update the information herein.
Silicon Labs’ products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems.
The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are registered trademarks owned by the Bluetooth® SIG, Inc. USA.
All other trademarks and trade names listed herein belong to their respective owners.
Information is subject to change without notice.
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Table of Contents
1 Version History ________________________________________________________________________ 5
2 Introduction to Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart Software _____________________________________________ 7
2.1 The Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart Stack ___________________________________________________ 7
2.2 The Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart SDK ____________________________________________________ 8
2.3 The BGAPI TM Protocol _____________________________________________________________ 9
2.4 The BGLIB TM Host Library _________________________________________________________ 10
2.5 The BGScript TM Scripting Language _________________________________________________ 11
2.6 The Profile Toolkit TM _____________________________________________________________ 12
3 Introduction to Bluetooth Smart Technology _________________________________________________ 13
3.1 Physical layer ____________________________________________________________________ 13
3.2 Packet format ____________________________________________________________________ 14
3.2.1
Generic packet format _______________________________________________________ 14
3.2.2
Advertisement packet format __________________________________________________ 14
3.2.3
Data packet format _________________________________________________________ 14
3.3 Link layer state machine ____________________________________________________________ 16
3.4 Link layer operations ______________________________________________________________ 17
3.4.1
Passive scanning __________________________________________________________ 17
3.4.2
Active scanning ____________________________________________________________ 18
3.4.3
Connection establishment ____________________________________________________ 18
3.5 Topologies ______________________________________________________________________ 19
3.6 Connections and packet timings ______________________________________________________ 20
3.7 Encryption _______________________________________________________________________ 22
3.8 L2CAP _________________________________________________________________________ 23
3.9 Security Manager _________________________________________________________________ 24
3.9.1
I/O capabilities and Man-in-the-Middle (MITM) protection ___________________________ 24
3.10 Attribute Protocol (ATT) ___________________________________________________________ 25
3.11 Generic Attribute Profile (GATT) ____________________________________________________ 28
3.12 Generic Access Profile (GAP) ______________________________________________________ 31
4 API definition _________________________________________________________________________ 32
4.1 The BGAPI protocol definition _______________________________________________________ 32
4.1.1
Message types ____________________________________________________________ 32
4.1.2
Command Class IDs ________________________________________________________ 34
4.1.3
Packet Exchange __________________________________________________________ 34
4.2 The BGLIB functions definition _______________________________________________________ 38
4.3 The BGScript API definition _________________________________________________________ 39
4.4 Data Types ______________________________________________________________________ 40
5 API Reference ________________________________________________________________________ 41
5.1 Attribute Client ___________________________________________________________________ 42
5.1.1
Commands _______________________________________________________________ 42
5.1.2
Enumerations _____________________________________________________________ 63
5.1.3
Events ___________________________________________________________________ 64
5.2 Attribute Database ________________________________________________________________ 70
5.2.1
Commands _______________________________________________________________ 70
5.2.2
Enumerations _____________________________________________________________ 78
5.2.3
Events ___________________________________________________________________ 80
5.3 Connection ______________________________________________________________________ 83
5.3.1
Commands _______________________________________________________________ 83
5.3.2
Enumerations _____________________________________________________________ 90
5.3.3
Events ___________________________________________________________________ 91
5.4 Generic Access Profile _____________________________________________________________ 95
5.4.1
Commands _______________________________________________________________ 95
5.4.2
Enumerations ____________________________________________________________ 113
5.4.3
Events __________________________________________________________________ 122
5.5 Hardware ______________________________________________________________________ 123
5.5.1
Commands ______________________________________________________________ 123
5.5.2
Events __________________________________________________________________ 151
5.6 Persistent Store _________________________________________________________________ 156
5.6.1
Commands ______________________________________________________________ 156
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5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.6.2
Events __________________________________________________________________ 165
Security Manager ________________________________________________________________ 166
5.7.1
Commands ______________________________________________________________ 166
5.7.2
Enumerations ____________________________________________________________ 175
5.7.3
Events __________________________________________________________________ 178
System ________________________________________________________________________ 182
5.8.1
Commands ______________________________________________________________ 182
5.8.2
Enumerations ____________________________________________________________ 197
5.8.3
Events __________________________________________________________________ 198
Testing ________________________________________________________________________ 204
5.9.1
Commands ______________________________________________________________ 204
Device Firmware Upgrade ________________________________________________________ 209
5.10.1
Commands _____________________________________________________________ 209
5.10.2
Events _________________________________________________________________ 215
Error Codes ___________________________________________________________________ 216
5.11.1
BGAPI Errors ____________________________________________________________ 216
5.11.2
Bluetooth Errors _________________________________________________________ 217
5.11.3
Security Manager Protocol Errors ____________________________________________ 219
5.11.4
Attribute Protocol Errors ___________________________________________________ 220
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1 Version History
,
Version
1.3
API documentation for SW version v.1.0.3 (Build 43)
2.0
API documentation for v.1.1.0 beta (Build 46)
2.1
API documentation for v.1.1.0 beta (Build 55)
Note: API changes history is now included here (not separate)
Changed APIs:
* Attribute Database – User Read Response (function implemented for Beta 2)
* Connection – Connection Status Flags (fixed)
Doc improved for following APIs:
* Attribute Client – Attribute Value, Indicated, Procedure Completed, Group Found
* Attribute Database – User Read Request
* Generic Access Profile – Discover, Set Adv Parameters
* Hardware – I2c Read, I2c Write, Set Soft Timer, Set Txpower
* Security Manager – Delete Bonding, Get Bonds
* System – Whitelist Append
Other sections (outside API reference) has also been updated to improve the document
2.2
Added documentation how to use BGAPI protocol without UART flow control.
Section updated: BGAPI protocol definition
2.3
API documentation for v1.1.0 (Build 71+)
* Various typos and wording corrected.
3.0
Documentation updates for SW v1.2 compatibility
Changed APIs:
Channel quality testing commands added: Get Channel Map and Channel mode
Out of Bonds and Command Too Long error code added
Protocol error event added for indicating the invalid command or wrong length
GAP Discoverable Mode is updated to support the Enhanced Broadcasting.
Doc improved for following APIs/referenses:
Updated ADC internal reference to 1.24V (was 1.15V),
GAP - Set Scan Paremeters, Connect Selective, Connect Direct
3.1
Documentation updates for SW v1.2.2 compatibility
Added APIs:
Added API's for reading (Read Data), writing (Write Data), and erasing (Erase Page)
the user area data on the internal flash memory
Added API's for handling I/O port interrupts (Io Port Irq Enable) and setting the
directions (Io Port Irq Direction)
Added testing API's for sending and receiving data (Phy Tx, Phy Rx, Phy End)
Added API's for handling the comparator functionality under HW commands and
events.
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Version
3.2
Documentation updates for SW v1.3.0 compatibility
Added APIs:
Added Set RXGain API for controlling RX Gain for lowering the sensitivity (Hardware
commands)
Added Usb Enable API for controlling whether USB interface is on or off (Hardware
commands)
Added AES API’s for using AES engine for de-/encryptions (System commands)
3.3
Documentation updates for SW v1.3.1 compatibility
Added APIs:
Added Send Attributes (attributes_send) command for controlling sending of
notifications and indications (Attributes commands)
Added Whitelist Bonds (sm_whitelist_bonds) command for adding all the
bonded devices to the whitelist (Security Manager commands).
3.4
Editorial changes and improvements and enhancements to command, response and event
descriptions.
3.5
Editorial changes and improvements and enhancements to command, response and event
descriptions.
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2 Introduction to Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart Software
The Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart Software enables developers to quickly and easily develop Bluetooth Smart
applications without in-depth knowledge of the Bluetooth Smart technology. The Bluetooth Smart Software
consists of two main parts:
The Bluetooth Smart Stack
The Bluetooth Smart Software Development Kit (SDK)
2.1 The Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart Stack
The Bluetooth Smart stack is a fully Bluetooth 4.0 single mode compatible software stack implementing slave
and master modes, all the protocol layers such as L2CAP, Attribute Protocol (ATT), Generic Attribute Profile
(GATT), Generic Access Profile (GAP) and security manager (SM). The Bluetooth Smart stack also implements
various other features such as interface APIs to SPI, UART, GPIO, ADC, flash etc. and other features like the
Device Firmware Update (DFU) API.
The Bluetooth Smart is meant for the Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart products such as BLE112, BLE113 BLE121LR
and BLED112.
Figure: The Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart Stack
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2.2 The Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart SDK
The Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart SDK is a software development kit, which enables the device and software
vendors to develop products on top of the Bluegiga’s Bluetooth Smart hardware and software.
The Bluetooth Smart SDK supports multiple development models and the software developers can decide
whether the device’s application software runs on a separate host (for example a MCU) or whether they want to
make fully standalone devices and execute their application on-board the Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart modules.
The SDK also contains documentation, tools for compiling the firmware, installing it into the hardware and lot of
example application speeding up the development process.
The Bluetooth Smart SDK contains the following components:
The BGAPITM protocol is a binary based commend and response protocol that allows the Bluetooth
Smart stack to be controller form an external host and an application over for example UART or USB
interface.
The BGScriptTM scripting language is a simple BASIC like scripting language that allows the software
developers to embed applications on-board the Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart modules. The BGScript
applications are executed in the BGScript Virtual Machine (VM) and the benefit of this is that no external
host MCU is required.
The BGLIBTM host library is a lightweight parser for the BGAPI host protocol and it implements C
functions and callback handlers for all the BGAPI commands, responses and events. The benefit of the
BGLIB library is that speeds up the application development for the external host processors.
The Profile ToolkitTM is a simple XML based description language that enables quick and easy
development of GATT Bluetooth Smart services and characteristics on a device.
Each of these components are described in more detail in the following chapters.
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2.3 The BGAPI TM Protocol
For applications where a separate host is used to implement the end user application, a transport protocol is
needed between the host and the Bluetooth Smart stack. The transport protocol is used to communicate with
the Bluetooth stack as well to transmit and receive data packets. This protocol is called BGAPI and it's a
lightweight binary based communication protocol designed specifically for ease of implementation within host
devices with limited resources.
The BGAPI protocol is a simple command, response and event based protocol and it can be used over UART
or USB physical interfaces.
Figure: BGAPI message exchange
The BGAPI provides access for example to the following layers in the Bluetooth Smart Stack:
Generic Access Profile - GAP allows the management of discoverability and connetability modes and
open connections
Security manager - Provides access the Bluetooth low energy security functions
Attribute database - An class to access the local attribute database
Attribute client - Provides an interface to discover, read and write remote attributes
Connection - Provides an interface to manage Bluetooth low energy connections
Hardware - An interface to access the various hardware layers such as timers, ADC and other hardware
interfaces
Persistent Store - User to access the parameters of the radio hardware and read/write data to nonvolatile memory
System - Various system functions, such as querying the hardware status or reset it
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2.4 The BGLIB TM Host Library
For easy implementation of BGAPI protocol an ANSI C host library is available. The library is easily portable
ANSI C code delivered within the Bluetooth Smart SDK. The purpose is to simplify the application development
to various host environments.
Figure: The BGLIB host library
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2.5 The BGScript TM Scripting Language
The Bluetooth Smart SDK Also allows the application developers to create fully standalone devices without a
separate host MCU and run all the application code on the Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart modules. The Bluetooth
Smart modules can run simple applications along the Bluetooth Smart stack and this provides a benefit when
one needs to minimize the end product’s size, cost and current consumption. For developing standalone
Bluetooth Smart applications the SDK includes a BGScript VM, compiler and other BGScript development tools.
BGScript provides access to the same software and hardware interfaces as the BGAPI protocol and the
BGScript code can be developed and compiled with free-of-charge tools provided by Bluegiga.
Typical BGScript applications are only few tens to hundreds lines of code, so they are really quick and easy to
develop and lots of readymade examples are provides with the SDK.
Figure: BGScript application model
Figure: BGScript code example
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2.6 The Profile Toolkit TM
The Bluetooth Smart profile toolkit is a simple set of tools, which can used to describe GATT based Bluetooth
Smart services and characteristics. The profile toolkit consists of a simple XML based description language and
templates, which can be used to describe the devices GATT database. The profile toolkit also contains a
compiler, which converts the XML to binary format and generates API to access the characteristic values.
Figure: A profile toolkit example of GAP service
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3 Introduction to Bluetooth Smart Technology
This section gives a quick introduction to the Bluetooth Smart technology and its most important features. The
chapter does not contain complete detailed technology walkthrough but gives developers more insight into the
technology and to help them develop Bluetooth Smart applications.
3.1 Physical layer
The features of physical the layer in Bluetooth low energy are:
Feature
Value
Frequency band
2.4GHz (2402Mhz - 2480MHz
Modulation
GFSK, 1 Mbps
Modulation index
0.5
Channel spacing
2 MHz
Advertising channels
3
Data channels
37
Frequency hopping
Adaptive FHSS
The requirements for the Bluetooth low energy radio are:
Feature
Value
Minimum TX power
0.01mW (-20 dBm)
Maximum TX power
10 mW (10 dBm)
Minimum RX sensitivity
-70 dBm (BER 0.1%)
The typical range for Bluetooth low energy radios is:
TX power
RX sensitivity
Range
0 dBm
-70 dBm
~30 meters
10 dBm
-90 dBm
100+ meters
The figure below illustrates the link layer channels. There are 37 data channels and 3 advertisement channels.
Figure: Link layer channels
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3.2 Packet format
3.2.1 Generic packet format
Bluetooth Smart technology uses one generic packet format used for both advertisement and data packets.
Figure: Generic packet format
Preamble: either 010101010 or 101010101
Access address: advertisement packets use a fixed access address of 0x8E89BED6. Data packets use
a random access address depending on the connection.
PDU: protocol data unit depends on the packet type.
CRC: a 24-bit CRC checksum is used to protect the PDU.
3.2.2 Advertisement packet format
The advertisement packets use the following structure and can contain 0 to 31 bytes of advertisement data.
Figure: Advertisement packet structure
3.2.3 Data packet format
The data packets on the other hand use the following structure. An unencrypted data packet can have 0 to 27
bytes of payload.
Figure: Unencrypted data packet
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An encrypted data packet can have 0 to 31 bytes of payload length, but MIC (Message Integrity Check) is part
of it.
Figure: Encrypted data packet
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3.3 Link layer state machine
The Bluetooth low energy link layer state machine and state transitions are illustrated in the figure below.
Figure: Link layer state machine and state transitions
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3.4 Link layer operations
This section describes the Bluetooth low energy link layer operations.
3.4.1 Passive scanning
In passive scanning mode the advertiser simply broadcasts advertisement packets on the advertising channels
and a scanner simply listens to incoming advertisements.
Typically in passive scanning scenario:
Advertiser sends three advertisement packet one on each advertisement channel separated by 150us.
Scanner only listens to one advertisement channel at a time, but keeps switching between the three
advertisement channels.
The advertisement events are separated by a time called advertisement interval, which can vary from 20ms to
10240ms. In addition a random delay is added to the advertisement interval to avoid interference with other
devices.
Figure: Passive scanning
The advertisement packets typically contains information like:
Discoverability and connectability modes
The address of advertiser
TX power level
Supported services
Application data
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3.4.2 Active scanning
In active scanning mode the scanner will request more information from the Advertiser after it has received an
advertisement packet. The scanner will send a scan request packet to the advertiser and, which the advertiser
can respond by sending back scan response packet and scan response data.
Figure: Active scanning
The scan response packets typically contains information like:
Device friendly name
Supported services (profiles)
Application data
3.4.3 Connection establishment
The figure below illustrates how the connection establishment happens at the link layer level.
Figure: Bluetooth low energy connection establisment
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3.5 Topologies
Bluetooth 4.0 specification defines four device roles: advertiser, scanner, master and slave. The 4.0 version of
the specification supports point-to-point and start topologies. The figure below illustrates the device roles, and
topologies.
Advetiser : Broadcasts advertisement packets, but is not able to receive them
Scanner : Listens for advertisement packets sent out by advertisers. Can try to connect an advertiser.
Master : A device that is connected to one or several slaves
Slave : A deivce that is connected to a master. Can only be connected to one master at a time
Figure: Bluetooth low energy topologies
Devices can change roles and topologies as illustrated below.
Figure: Topology and role change
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3.6 Connections and packet timings
Connections allow application data to be transmitted reliably and robustly. The data sent in a connection can be
acknowledged, integrity is protected by CRC and to protect privacy the data can also be encrypted. On addition
the Adaptive Frequency Hopping (AFH) guarantees reliable data transmission even in noisy environments.
In Bluetooth Smart technology the connection procedures are very simple and connections are always starts
when master sends a connection request packet to the slave. The connection request packet can only be sent
right after a successful reception of an advertisement packet. The connection request packet contains the
following information:
Parameter
Description
Conn_Interval_Min
Minimum value for the connection event interval
Range: 7.5 ms to 4000ms
Conn_Interval_Max
Maximum value for the connection event interval
Range: 7.5 ms to 4000ms
Shall be greater then Conn_Interval_Min
Conn_Latency
Slave latency for the connection in number of connection events.
Slave latency allows the slave devices to skip a number of connection events in case
it does not have any data to send.
Range: 0 to 500
Supervision_Timeout
Supervision timeout
Range: 100ms to 32 seconds
Shall be greater than Connection Interval
The connection parameters can be updated during the connection.
The connection timeline and events are illustrated below.
Figure: Bluetooth LE connection
The connection event starts, when master sends a packet to the slave at the defined connection interval. The
slave can respond 150us after it has received a packet from the master. However if the slave has no data to
send it can skip a certain number of connection events defined by the slave latency parameter. If no packets
are received by the master or slave within the time defined by the supervision timeout, the connection is
terminated.
If the slave has more data to send than what can be fitted into a single packet, the connection event will
automatically extend and the slave can send as many packets as there is time until the beginning of next
connection interval. This however can only be used with attribute protocol operations, that do not require an
acknowledgement.
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Figure: Slave latency in function (latency=3)
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3.7 Encryption
Bluetooth low energy uses AES-128 link layer encryption block with Counter Mode CBC MAC (defined in RFC
3610).
The data packets are encrypted as show below.
Figure: Encrypted data packet
The full AES encryption procedure is illustrated below.
Figure: AES encryption procedure
Limitations of link layer encryption
Maximum 2^39 packets per Long Term Key (LTK)
13.7 TB of data / connection
~12 years at maximum data rate
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3.8 L2CAP
L2CAP stands for Logical Link Control and Adaptation Protocol and it is acts as a protocol multiplexer and
handles segmentation and reassembly of packets. It also provides logical channels, which are multiplexed over
a or more logical links.
All application data is sent over L2CAP packets and the L2CAP structure is illustrated below.
Figure: L2CAP packet format
The following CIDs are defined:
CID
Description
Notes
0x0000
Null identifier
Not used
0x0001
L2CAP Signaling Channel
BR/EDR only
0x0002
Connectionless Channel
BR/EDR only
0x0003
AMP Manager Protocol
BR/EDR only
0x0004
Attribute Protocol
LE only
0x0005
LE L2CAP Signaling Channel
LE only
0x0006
Security Manager Protocol
LE only
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3.9 Security Manager
The security manager protocol is responsible of:
Pairing
Key distribution
Generating hashes and short term keys
The security manager uses asymmetric model and more responsibility is given to the master device, so the
memory and processing requirements on the slaves can be kept to minimum.
The basic security manager concepts include:
Distributing key model
Slave generates and distributes key information to master
Master can use this key information when reconnecting
Pairing
Authentication of devices based on their capabilities and security requirements
Signing Data
Signing allows authentication of sender without encryption
Bonding
GAP concept – device save keys for bonded devices
Three pairing methods are supported:
Just works pairing, similar to Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR
Man-in-the-Middle pairing using a passkey entry or comparison, similar to Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR
Out-of-band pairing, where security keys are exchanged over an other medium like NFC
3.9.1 I/O capabilities and Man-in-the-Middle (MITM) protection
Same I/O capabilities and MITM features are supported as in Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR.
Figure: I/O capabilities
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3.10 Attribute Protocol (ATT)
Bluetooth low energy profiles expose a state of a device. The state is exposed as one or several values called
attributes and the protocol to access these attributes is called the Attribute protocol (ATT).
The attribute protocol uses a client server architecture and has two roles:
Server
Service is the device that exposes the information as one or several attributes
Client
Client device that collects the information for one or more servers
Figure: Device roles
Attribute types:
Attributes are values:
Arrays of octets
From 0 to 512 octets
Can be fixed or variable length
Example:
Value
0x0000
0x426c75656769676120546563686e6f6c6f67696573
Attribute have handles, which are used to address an individual attribute. The client accesses the server's
attributes using this handle.
Example:
Handle
Value
0x0001
0x0000
0x0002
0x426c75656769676120546563686e6f6c6f6769657
Attributes also have a type, described by a UUID. UUID determines what the attribute value means.
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Two types of UUIDs are used:
Globally unique 16-bit UUID defined in the characteristics specifications (http://developer.bluetooth.org/)
Manufacturer specific 128-bit UUIDs, which can for example be generated online. (http://www.
uuidgenerator.com/)
Example:
Handle
UUID
Value
Description
0x0001
0x1804
0x0000
TX power as dBm
0x0002
0x2a00
0x426c75656769676120546563686e6f6c6f6769657
Device name, UTF-8
Attribute permissions:
Attributes also have permissions, which can be:
Readable / Not readable
Writable / Not writable
Readable and writable / Not readable and not writable
The attributes may also require:
Authentication to read or write
Authorization to read or write
Encryption and pairing to read or write
The attribute types and handles are public information, but the permissions are not. Therefore and read or write
request may result an error Read/Write Not Permitted or Insufficient authentication.
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Attribute protocol methods:
The attribute protocol is a stateless sequential protocol, meaning that no state is stored in the protocol and only
one operation can be performed at a time.
The available Attribute Protocol methods are described in the table below:
Method
Description
Direction
Find Information (starting handle,
ending handle)
Used to discover attribute handles and their types
(UUIDs)
Client ->
Server
Find By Type Value (starting handle,
ending handle, type, value)
Returns the handles of all attributes matching the type
and value
Client ->
Server
Read By Group Type (starting handle,
ending handle, type)
Reads the value of each attribute of a given type in a
range
Client ->
Server
Read By Type (starting handle, ending
handle, type)
Reads the value of each attribute of a given type in a
range
Client ->
Server
Read (handle)
Reads the value of given handle
Maximum payload : 22 bytes
Client ->
Server
Read Blob (handle, offset)
Can be used to read long attributes larger than 22
bytes.
Maximum payload: 64 kBytes
Client ->
Server
Read Multiple ([Handle]*)
Used to read multiple values at the same time
Client ->
Server
Write (handle, value)
Writes the value to the given handle, with no response
Maximum payload: 20 bytes
Client ->
Server
Prepare Write (handle, offset, value)
and
Execute (exec/cancel)
Prepares a write procedure, which is queued in server
until the write is executed.
Client ->
Server
Handle Value Notification (handle,
value)
Server notifies client of an attribute with a new value
Maximum payload: 20 bytes
Server ->
Client
Handle Value Indication (handle, value)
Server indicates to client an attribute with a new value.
Client must confirm reception.
Maximum payload: 20 bytes
Server ->
Client
Error response
Any request can cause an error and error response
contains information about the error
Server ->
Client
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3.11 Generic Attribute Profile (GATT)
The Generic ATTribute profile (GATT) has similar client server structure as Attribute Protocol. However the
GATT encapsulates data (attributes) into services and the data is exposed as characteristics.
Figure: GATT architecture
GATT defines concepts of:
Service Group
Characteristic Group
Declarations
Descriptors
It's important also to understand that GATT does not does not define rules for their use.
Characteristics
Characteristic is a value, with a known type, and a known format. They characteristics are defined in
"Characteristic Specification" available at http://developer.bluetooth.org.
Characteristics consist of:
Characteristic Declaration
Describes the properties of characteristic value (read, write, indicate etc.), characteristic value handle
and characteristic value type (UUID)
Characteristic Value
Contains the value of the characteristic.
Characteristic Descriptor(s)
Provide additional information about the characteristic (characteristic user description, characteristic
client configuration, vendor specific information etc.)
Figure: Characteristic format
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Service
A service is:
defined in a service specification (http://developer.bluetooth.org)
collection of characteristics
references to other services
There are two types of service:
Primary services
A primary service exposes primary functionality of a device. It can be included by an other service.
Secondary services
Secondary service is a subservient of another primary or a secondary service. It's only relevant in the
context of an other service.
Attributes alone are just flat:
Figure: List of attributes
Grouping attributes into services gives structure:
Figure: Attributes grouped into services
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GATT procedures
The available Attribute Protocol methods are described in the table below:
Procedure
Sub-Procedures
Server Configuration
Exchange MTU
Primary Service Discovery
Discovery All Primary Service
Discover Primary Service by Service UUID.
Relationship Discovery
Find Included Services
Characteristic Discovery
Discover All Characteristics of a Service
Discover Characteristics by UUID
Characteristic Descriptor Discovery
Discover All Characteristic Descriptors
Characteristic Value Read
Characteristic Value Read Read Characteristic Value
Read Using Characteristic UUID
Read Long Characteristic Values
Read Multiple Characteristic Values
Characteristic Value Write
Write Without Response
Write Without Response With Authentication
Write Characteristic Value
Write Long Characteristic Values
Reliable Writes
Characteristic Value Notifications
Notifications
Characteristic Value Indications
Indications
Characteristic Descriptors
Read Characteristic Descriptors
Read Long Characteristic Descriptors
Write Characteristic Descriptors
Write Long Characteristic Descriptors
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3.12 Generic Access Profile (GAP)
GAP defines device roles:
Broadcaster : Sends advertising events, including characteristics, including service data (does not need
RX)
Observer : Receives advertising events, listens for characteristics, listens for service data (does not
need TX)
Peripheral : Has RX and TX, is always slave, is connectable and advertising
Central : Has RX and TX, is always master, never advertises
GAP also defines modes and procedures for
Discovery
Connections
Bonding
Privacy
Non-Resolvable and Resolvable Private Addresses
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4 API definition
This section of the document contains the generic Bluetooth Smart Stack API definition. The definition consist of
three parts:
The BGAPITM host protocol API definition
The BGLIBTM host library API description
The BGScriptTM scripting language API description
This section of the document only provides the generic definition and description of the API. The actual
commands, responses and events are described in detail in the API reference section.
4.1 The BGAPI protocol definition
The BGAPI protocol is a command, response and event protocol that can be used to communicate with the
Bluetooth Smart stack over one of the physical interfaces like UART or USB. The BGAPI protocol can be used
to instruct the Bluetooth Smart stack to do something like advertise, discover and connect other Bluetooth
devices or access the physical interfaces like SPI or I2C of the Bluetooth Smart module.
The BGAPI commands, responses and events use a binary format and the generic protocol format is described
in this section.
BGAPI Packet format
The generic BGAPI protocol format is described in the table below. The BGAPI protocol uses a four (4) byte
header and data payload.
Packets in either direction use the following format.
Table: BGAPI packet format
Octet
Octet bits
Length
Description
Notes
Octet 0
7
1 bit
Message Type (MT)
0: Command/Response
1: Event
...
6:3
4 bits
Technology Type (TT)
0000: Bluetooth Smart
0001: Wi-Fi
...
2:0
3 bits
Length High (LH)
Payload length (high bits)
Octet 1
7:0
8 bits
Length Low (LL)
Payload length (low bits)
Octet 2
7:0
8 bits
Class ID (CID)
Command class ID
Octet 3
7:0
8 bits
Command ID (CMD)
Command ID
Octet 4-n
-
0 - 2048 Bytes
Payload (PL)
Up to 2048 bytes of payload
With the Bluegiga Bluetooth Smart products the maximum allowed BGAPI packet size is 64 bytes and
longer packet sizes cannot be used. Four (4) bytes will be used for the BGAPI protocol header so the
maximum payload size is 60 bytes.
4.1.1 Message types
The following message types exist in the BGAPI protocol.
Table: BGAPI message types
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Message type
Message Type (MT)
Value
Description
Command
0x00
Command from host to the stack
Response
0x00
Response from stack to the host
Event
0x80
Event from stack to the host
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4.1.2 Command Class IDs
The following command classes exist.
Table: BGAPI command classes
Class ID
Description
Explanation
0x00
System
Provides access to system functions
0x01
Persistent Store
Provides access the persistence store (parameters)
0x02
Attribute database
Provides access to local GATT database
0x03
Connection
Provides access to connection management functions
0x04
Attribute client
Functions to access remote devices GATT database
0x05
Security Manager
Bluetooth low energy security functions
0x06
Generic Access Profile
GAP functions
0x07
Hardware
Provides access to hardware such as timers and ADC
4.1.3 Packet Exchange
The BGAPI protocol is a simple command / response protocol and the BGAPI messages are exchanged as
show in the picture below.
The command messages are transmitted from the Application to the Stack and the Stack provides a response
to every successfully received command.
Some commands may generate events, which are transmitted from the Stack to the Application.
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The Application should always wait for the response to a command before issuing another command.
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Using BGAPI protocol without UART flow control
By default the BGAPI protocol assumes that UART flow control (RTS/CTS) is used to ensure reliable data
transmission and to prevent lost data because of buffer overflows. It is however possible to use the BGAPI
protocol without UART flow control.
When using the BGAPI protocol without UART flow control over a simple 2-wire (TX and RX) UART interface
and additional length byte needs to be added to the BGAPI packets, which tells the total length of the BGAPI
packet excluding the length byte itself. This is used by the BGAPI protocol parser to identify the length of
incoming commands and data and make sure they are fully received.
In this case the BGAPI protocol uses the following format:
Table: BGAPI packet format
Octet
Octet
bits
Length
Description
Notes
Octet
0
7:0
8 bits
BGAPI command
length
Tells the length of the BGAPI command excluding the
length byte itself
Range of this octet is 4 - 62
Octet
1
7
1 bit
Message Type
(MT)
0: Command/Response
1: Event
...
6:3
4 bits
Technology Type
(TT)
0000: Bluetooth Smart
0001: Wi-Fi
...
2:0
3 bits
Length High (LH)
Payload length (high bits)
Octet
2
7:0
8 bits
Length Low (LL)
Payload length (low bits)
Octet
3
7:0
8 bits
Class ID (CID)
Command class ID
Octet
4
7:0
8 bits
Command ID
(CMD)
Command ID
Octet
5-n
-
0 - 2048
Bytes
Payload (PL)
Up to 64 bytes of payload
This operational mode needs to be especially enabled in devices hardware configuration file (typically
hardware.xml) and is not used by default. The default operational mode assumes a UART with flow
control is used.
Below is a simple example which shows how a System Get Info command (Raw: 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x08) is sent
using the BGAPI packet format.
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4.2 The BGLIB functions definition
Bluegiga provides a reference parser for the BGAPI protocol called the BGLIB. The BGLIB is an ANSI C
implementation of BGAPI packet parser and it's provided in source code format with the Bluegiga Bluetooth
Smart SDK. The purpose of the BGLIB is to simplify and speed up the development process and also to provide
higher level, easier to use C functions and callbacks so the developers do not need to fully learn the raw BGAPI
protocol.
In BGLIB all of the BGAPI commands are available as C functions and for the BGAPI responses and events
there are callback handlers.
The BGLIB functions and callbacks are documented as show below:
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_connect_direct(
bd_addr address ,
uint8 addr_type ,
uint16 conn_interval_min ,
uint16 conn_interval_max ,
uint16 timeout
);
/* Callback */
void ble_rsp_gap_connect_direct(
uint16 result ,
uint8 conn
);
The command parameters and return values are the same as used in the BGAPI protocol and they are not
documented separately in the API reference section.
Callback programming
Callback programming is a style of computer programming, which allows lower layer of software to call functions
defined on a higher layer. Callback is piece of code or a reference to a piece of code that is passed as an
argument. The figure below illustrates the callback architecture used with BGLIB.
Figure: Callback arhitecture
If you are not familiar with callback programming a basic tutorial can for example be found from here:
http://www.codeguru.com/cpp/cpp/cpp_mfc/callbacks/article.php/c10557
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4.3 The BGScript API definition
The BGScript functions are also documented in the API reference section. The format of the commands varies
slightly from the BGLIB functions and instead of using callbacks the BGScript functions take the return values
as parameters.
BGScript commands are documented as follows:
BGScript Functions
CALL gap_connect_direct(address ,addr_type ,conn_interval_min ,conn_interval_max ,timeout )(result
,conn )
The BGScript command parameters and return values are the same as used in the BGAPI binary protocol and
they are not documented separately.
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4.4 Data Types
The following data types are used in this documentation.
Table: Used data types
Type
Description
Example: Human
readable
Example Packet data in
hex
int8
signed integer stored in 1 byte twos
complement form
-42
0xd6
uint8
unsigned integer stored in 1 byte
42
0x2a
uint16
unsigned integer stored in 2 bytes little
endian format
1701
0xa5 0x06
uint32
unsigned integer stored in 4 bytes little
endian format
1000000
0x40 0x42 0x0f 0x00
"Hello"
0x05 0x68 0x65 0x6c
0x6c 0x6f
00:07:80:c0:ff:ee
0xee 0xff 0xc0 0x80 0x07
0x00
uint8array byte array, first byte is array size
bd_addr
Bluetooth address in little endian format
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5 API Reference
This section of the document contains the actual API description, so the description of commands, responses,
events and enumerations and their possible parameters and values. The high level categorization is made
based on the command classes, which are:
Description
Explanation
Attribute database
Provides access to local GATT database and allows data to be written there for remote
devices to access it.
Attribute client
Provides access to ATT protocol operationsa and allows a remote devices data to be
accessed.
Connection
Provides access to Bluetooth connection and status management
Generic Access
Profile
Provides access to Bluetooth GAP functions which allows one to control the local
devices discoverability and connectability
Hardware
Provides access to hardware interfaces such as SPI, I2C, timers and ADC
Persistent Store
Provides access to the local persistence store, which allows data to be written and read
to the devices flash.
Security Manager
Provides to Bluetooth security functions
System
Provides access to various system functions
Testing
Functions needed for Bluetooth conformance testing
Device Firmware
Upgrade
Provides access to functions required for field firmware upgrades
Final section of the API reference contains description of the error codes categorized as follows:
Description
BGAPI errors
Bluetooth errors
Security manager errors
Attribute protocols errors
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5.1 Attribute Client
The Attribute Client class implements the Bluetooth Smart Attribute Protocol (ATT) and provides access to the
ATT protocol methods. The Attribute Client class can be used to discover services and characteristics from the
ATT server, read and write values and manage indications and notifications.
5.1.1 Commands
Attribute Client commands
Attribute Write
This command can be used to write an attributes value on a remote device. In order to write the value of an
attribute a Bluetooth connection must exists and you need to know the handle of the attribute you want to write.
A successful attribute write will be acknowledged by the remote device and this will generate an event
attclient_procedure_completed. The acknowledgement should happen within a 30 second window or otherwise
the Bluetooth connection will be dropped.
The data payload for the Attribute Write command can be up to 20 bytes.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
atthandle
Attribute handle to write to
7
uint8array
data
Attribute value
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
result
0 : write was successful
Otherwise error occurred
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
attclient
procedure_completed
This event is generated when the write operation has been acknowledged by
remote device.
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_attribute_write(
uint8 connection,
uint16 atthandle,
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_attribute_write_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_attribute_write(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_attribute_write_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attclient_attribute_write(connection, atthandle, data_len, data_data)(connection, result)
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Execute Write
This command can be used to execute or cancel a previously queued prepare_write command on a remote
device.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x0A
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
5
uint8
commit
1: commits queued writes
0: cancels queued writes
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x0A
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
5-6
uint16
result
Command result
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
attclient procedure_completed
Write operation has been acknowledged by remote end
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_execute_write(
uint8 connection,
uint8 commit
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_execute_write_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_execute_write(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_execute_write_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attclient_execute_write(connection, commit)(connection, result)
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Find By Type Value
This command can be used to find specific attributes on a remote device based on their 16-bit UUID value and
value. The search can be limited by a starting and ending handle values.
The command returns the handles of all attributes matching the type (UUID) and value.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x08
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
start
First requested handle number
7-8
uint16
end
Last requested handle number
9 - 10
uint16
uuid
2 octet UUID to find
11
uint8array
value
Attribute value to find
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
result
0 : the operation was successful
Otherwise error occurred
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
attclient group_found
Attributes found
attclient
procedure_completed
Procedure has completed and new procedure can be started on GATT server
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_find_by_type_value(
uint8 connection,
uint16 start,
uint16 end,
uint16 uuid,
uint8 value_len,
const uint8* value_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_find_by_type_value_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_find_by_type_value(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_find_by_type_value_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attclient_find_by_type_value(connection, start, end, uuid, value_len, value_data)(connection,
result)
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Find Information
This command is used to discover attribute handles and their types (UUIDs) in a given handle range.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
start
First attribute handle
7-8
uint16
end
Last attribute handle
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
result
0: if the command was successful
Otherwise error occurred
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
attclient find_information_found
Handle, type - mapping found
attclient procedure_completed
Find information procedure has completed
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_find_information(
uint8 connection,
uint16 start,
uint16 end
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_find_information_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_find_information(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_find_information_rsp_t * msg
)
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BGScript Functions
call attclient_find_information(connection, start, end)(connection, result)
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Indicate Confirm
This command can be used to send a acknowledge a received indication from a remote device. This function
allows the application to manually confirm the indicated values instead of the Bluetooth smart stack
automatically doing it. The benefit of this is extra reliability since the application can for example store the
received value on the flash memory before confirming the indication to the remote device.
In order to use this feature the manual indication acknowledgements must be enabled to the
application configuration file (config.xml).
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x07
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x07
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_indicate_confirm(
uint8 connection
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_indicate_confirm_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_indicate_confirm(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_indicate_confirm_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attclient_indicate_confirm(connection)(result)
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Prepare Write
This command will send a prepare write request to a remote device for queued writes. Queued writes can for
example be used to write large attribute values by transmitting the data in chunks using prepare write
command.
Once the data has been transmitted with multiple prepare write commands the write must then be executed or
canceled with Execute Write command, which if acknowledged by the remote device triggers a Procedure
Completed event.
The example below shows how this approach can be used to write a 30-byte characteristic value:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
attclient_prepare_write(...., partial data)
wait for rsp_attclient_prepare_write
wait for evt_attclient_procedure_completed
attclient_prepare_write(...., partial data)
wait for rsp_attclient_prepare_write
wait for evt_attclient_procedure_completed
attclient_execute_write(1)
wait for rsp_attclient_execute_write
wait for evt_attclient_procedure_completed
It is not mandatory for an ATT server to support this command. It is only recommended to use this
command to write long-attributes which do not fit in single ATT packet.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x06
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x09
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection Connection Handle
5-6
uint16
atthandle
Attribute handle
7-8
uint16
offset
Offset to write to
9
uint8array data
Data to write
Maximum amount of data that can be sent in single command is 18 bytes.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x09
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
5-6
uint16
result
Command result
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Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
attclient procedure_completed
Write operation has been acknowledged by remote end
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_prepare_write(
uint8 connection,
uint16 atthandle,
uint16 offset,
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_prepare_write_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_prepare_write(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_prepare_write_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attclient_prepare_write(connection, atthandle, offset, data_len, data_data)(connection,
result)
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Read By Group Type
This command reads the value of each attribute of a given type and in a given handle range.
The command is typically used for primary (UUID: 0x2800) and secondary (UUID: 0x2801) service discovery.
Discovered services are reported by Group Found event.
Finally when the procedure is completed a Procedure Completed event is generated.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x06
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
5-6
uint16
start
First requested handle number
7-8
uint16
end
Last requested handle number
9
uint8array
uuid
Group UUID to find
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
5-6
uint16
result
Command result
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
attclient group_found
Attributes found
attclient
procedure_completed
Procedure has completed and new procedure can be started on GATT server
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_read_by_group_type(
uint8 connection,
uint16 start,
uint16 end,
uint8 uuid_len,
const uint8* uuid_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_read_by_group_type_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_read_by_group_type(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_read_by_group_type_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attclient_read_by_group_type(connection, start, end, uuid_len, uuid_data)(connection, result)
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Read By Handle
This command reads a remote attribute's value with the given handle. Read by handle can be used to read
attributes up to 22 bytes long.
For longer attributes Read Long command must be used.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
5-6
uint16
chrhandle
Attribute handle
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
result
0 : the command was successful
Otherwise an error occurred
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
attclient attribute_value
Only this event is received if the attribute value is successfully received
attclient
procedure_completed
If the attribute value is not successfully received, then this event is received
instead
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_read_by_handle(
uint8 connection,
uint16 chrhandle
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_read_by_handle_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_read_by_handle(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_read_by_handle_rsp_t * msg
)
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BGScript Functions
call attclient_read_by_handle(connection, chrhandle)(connection, result)
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Read By Type
The command reads the value of each attribute of a given type (UUID) and in a given attribute handle range.
The command can for example be used to discover the characteristic declarations (UUID: 0x2803) within a
service.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x06
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
start
First attribute handle
7-8
uint16
end
Last attribute handle
9
uint8array
uuid
Attribute type (UUID)
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
5-6
uint16
result
0: the command was successful
Otherwise an error occurred
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
attclient attribute_value
Attribute value read from GATT server
attclient procedure_completed
Returned if error occurred
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_read_by_type(
uint8 connection,
uint16 start,
uint16 end,
uint8 uuid_len,
const uint8* uuid_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_read_by_type_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_read_by_type(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_read_by_type_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attclient_read_by_type(connection, start, end, uuid_len, uuid_data)(connection, result)
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Read Long
This command can be used to read long attribute values, which are longer than 22 bytes and cannot be read
with a simple Read by Handle command.
The command starts a procedure, where the client first sends a normal read command to the server and if the
returned attribute value length is equal to MTU, the client will send further read long read requests until rest of
the attribute is read.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x08
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
5-6
uint16
chrhandle
Attribute handle
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x08
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
5-6
uint16
result
0: Command executed successfully
Non-zero : An error occurred
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
attclient attribute_value
Data received from remote end
attclient procedure_completed
Full attribute has read, or error occurred
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_read_long(
uint8 connection,
uint16 chrhandle
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_read_long_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_read_long(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_read_long_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attclient_read_long(connection, chrhandle)(connection, result)
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Read Multiple
This command can be used to read multiple attributes from a server.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x0B
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5
uint8array
handles
List of attribute handles to read from the remote device
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x0B
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
5-6
uint16
result
Command result
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
attclient read_multiple_response
Attribute data if command was succesful
attclient procedure_completed
Operation has failed
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_read_multiple(
uint8 connection,
uint8 handles_len,
const uint8* handles_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_read_multiple_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_read_multiple(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_read_multiple_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attclient_read_multiple(connection, handles_len, handles_data)(connection, result)
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Write Command
Writes the value of a remote devices attribute. The handle and the new value of the attribute are gives as
parameters.
Write command will not be acknowledged by the remote device unlike Attribute Write.
The maximum data payload for Write Command is 20 bytes.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
atthandle
Attribute handle to write
7
uint8array
data
Value for the attribute
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection Handle
5-6
uint16
result
0: Command executed successfully
Non-zero: An error occurred
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attclient_write_command(
uint8 connection,
uint16 atthandle,
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_write_command_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attclient_write_command(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_write_command_rsp_t * msg
)
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BGScript Functions
call attclient_write_command(connection, atthandle, data_len, data_data)(connection, result)
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5.1.2 Enumerations
Attribute Client enumerations
Attribute Value Types
These enumerations are in the Attribute Client class
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
attclient_attribute_value_type_read
Value was read
1
attclient_attribute_value_type_notify
Value was notified
2
attclient_attribute_value_type_indicate
Value was indicated
3
attclient_attribute_value_type_read_by_type
Value was read
4
attclient_attribute_value_type_read_blob
Value was part of a long attribute
5
attclient_attribute_value_type_indicate_rsp_req
Value was indicated and the remote device is
waiting for a confirmation.
Indicate Confirm command can be used to send a
confirmation.
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5.1.3 Events
Attribute Client events
Attribute Value
This event is produced at the GATT client side when an attribute value is passed from the GATT server to the
GATT client. This event is for example produced after a successful Read by Handle operation or when an
attribute is indicated or notified by the remote device.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
atthandle
Attribute handle
7
uint8
type
Attribute type
8
uint8array
value
Attribute value (data)
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_attribute_value_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 atthandle,
uint8 type,
uint8 value_len,
const uint8* value_data
}
void ble_evt_attclient_attribute_value(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_attribute_value_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event attclient_attribute_value(connection, atthandle, type, value_len, value_data)
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Find Information Found
This event is generated when characteristics type mappings are found. This happens yypically after Find
Information command has been issued to discover all attributes of a service.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
chrhandle
Characteristics handle
7
uint8array
uuid
Characteristics type (UUID)
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_find_information_found_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 chrhandle,
uint8 uuid_len,
const uint8* uuid_data
}
void ble_evt_attclient_find_information_found(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_find_information_found_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event attclient_find_information_found(connection, chrhandle, uuid_len, uuid_data)
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Group Found
This event is produced when an attribute group (a service) is found. Typically this event is produced after Read
by Group Type command.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x06
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection Connection handle
5-6
uint16
start
Starting handle
7-8
uint16
end
Ending handle
Note: "end" is a reserved word and in BGScript so "end" cannot be used as
such.
9
uint8array uuid
UUID of a service
Length is 0 if no services are found.
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_group_found_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 start,
uint16 end,
uint8 uuid_len,
const uint8* uuid_data
}
void ble_evt_attclient_group_found(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_group_found_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event attclient_group_found(connection, start, end, uuid_len, uuid_data)
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Indicated
This event is produced at the GATT server side when an attribute is successfully indicated to the GATT client.
This means the event is only produced at the GATT server if the indication is acknowledged by the GATT client
(the remote device).
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
attrhandle
Attribute handle
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_indicated_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 attrhandle
}
void ble_evt_attclient_indicated(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_indicated_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event attclient_indicated(connection, attrhandle)
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Procedure Completed
This event is produced at the GATT client when an attribute protocol event is completed a and new operation
can be issued.
This event is for example produced after an Attribute Write command is successfully used to write a value to a
remote device.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Object Handle
5-6
uint16
result
0: The operation was successful
Otherwise: attribute protocol error code returned by remote device
7-8
uint16
chrhandle
Characteristic handle at which the event ended
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_procedure_completed_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result,
uint16 chrhandle
}
void ble_evt_attclient_procedure_completed(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_procedure_completed_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event attclient_procedure_completed(connection, result, chrhandle)
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Read Multiple Response
This event is a response to a Read Multiple request.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x04
class
Message class: Attribute Client
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection Connection handle
5
uint8array handles
This array contains the concatenated data from the multiple attributes that
have been read, up to 22 bytes.
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attclient_read_multiple_response_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint8 handles_len,
const uint8* handles_data
}
void ble_evt_attclient_read_multiple_response(
const struct ble_msg_attclient_read_multiple_response_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event attclient_read_multiple_response(connection, handles_len, handles_data)
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5.2 Attribute Database
The Attribute Database class provides methods to read and write attributes to the local devices attribute
database. This class is usually only needed on sensor devices (Attribute server) for example to update attribute
values to the local database based on the sensor readings. A remote device then can access the GATT
database and these values over a Bluetooth connection.
5.2.1 Commands
Attribute database commands
Read
The command reads the given attribute's value from the local database. There is a 32-byte limit in the amount
of data that can be read at a time. In order to read larger values multiple read commands must be used with the
offset properly used.
For example to read a 64 bytes attribute:
1. Read first 32 bytes using offset 0
2. Read second 32 bytes using offset 32
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
handle
Handle of the attribute to read
6-7
uint16
offset
Offset to read from.
Maximum of 32 bytes can be read at a time.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x07
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
handle
Handle of the attribute which was read
6-7
uint16
offset
Offset read from
8-9
uint16
result
0 : the read was successful
Non-zero: An error occurred
10
uint8array
value
Value of the attribute
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attributes_read(
uint16 handle,
uint16 offset
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attributes_read_rsp_t{
uint16 handle,
uint16 offset,
uint16 result,
uint8 value_len,
const uint8* value_data
}
void ble_rsp_attributes_read(
const struct ble_msg_attributes_read_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attributes_read(handle, offset)(handle, offset, result, value_len, value_data)
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Read Type
This command reads the given attribute's type (UUID) from the local database.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
handle
Handle of the attribute to read
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
handle
Handle of the attribute which was read
6-7
uint16
result
0: if the read was successful
Non-zero: An error occurred
8
uint8array
value
Value of the attribute type (UUID)
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attributes_read_type(
uint16 handle
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attributes_read_type_rsp_t{
uint16 handle,
uint16 result,
uint8 value_len,
const uint8* value_data
}
void ble_rsp_attributes_read_type(
const struct ble_msg_attributes_read_type_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attributes_read_type(handle)(handle, result, value_len, value_data)
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Send--attributes
This command will send an attribute value, identified by handle, via a notification or an indication to a remote
device, but does not modify the current corresponding value in the local GATT database.
If this attribute, identified by handle, does not have notification or indication property, or no remote device has
registered for notifications or indications of this attribute, then an error will be returned.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection Connection handle to send to.
Use 0xFF to send to all connected clients which have subscribed to
receive the notifications or indications.
An error is returned as soon as the first failed transmission occurs.
5-6
uint16
7
uint8array value
handle
Attribute handle to send.
Data to send.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
0: notification or indication was successfully sent
Otherwise: An error occurred
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attributes_send(
uint8 connection,
uint16 handle,
uint8 value_len,
const uint8* value_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attributes_send_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attributes_send(
const struct ble_msg_attributes_send_rsp_t * msg
)
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BGScript Functions
call attributes_send(connection, handle, value_len, value_data)(result)
User Read Response
This command is used to respond to an attribute Read request by a remote device, but only for attributes which
have been configured with the user property. Attributes which have the user property enabled allow the attribute
value to be requested from the application instead of the Bluetooth Smart stack automatically responding with
the data in it's local GATT database.
This command is normally used in response to a User Read Request event, which is generated when a remote
device tries to read an attribute with a user property enabled.
The response to User Read Request events must happen within 30 seconds or otherwise a timeout will occur.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle to respond to
5
uint8
att_error
0: User Read Request is responded with data.
In case of an error an application specific error code can be sent.
6
uint8array
value
Data to send
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x03
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attributes_user_read_response(
uint8 connection,
uint8 att_error,
uint8 value_len,
const uint8* value_data
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_attributes_user_read_response(
const void *nul
)
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BGScript Functions
call attributes_user_read_response(connection, att_error, value_len, value_data)
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User Write Response
This command is used by the GATT server to acknowledge to the remote device that the attribute's value was
written. This feature again allows the user application to acknowledged the attribute write operations instead of
the Bluetooth Smart stack doing it automatically.
The command should be used when a Value event is received where the reason why value has changed
corresponds to attributes_attribute_change_reason_write_request_user.
This response must be sent within 30 seconds or otherwise a timeout will occur.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle to respond to
5
uint8
att_error
Attribute error code to send if an error occurs.
0x0: Write was accepted
0x80-0x9F: Reserved for user defined error codes
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x04
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attributes_user_write_response(
uint8 connection,
uint8 att_error
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_attributes_user_write_response(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call attributes_user_write_response(connection, att_error)
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Write
This command writes an attribute's value to the local database.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
handle
Handle of the attribute to write
6
uint8
offset
Attribute offset to write data
7
uint8array
value
Value of the attribute to write
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: the write was successful
Non-zero: An error occured
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_attributes_write(
uint16 handle,
uint8 offset,
uint8 value_len,
const uint8* value_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attributes_write_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_attributes_write(
const struct ble_msg_attributes_write_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call attributes_write(handle, offset, value_len, value_data)(result)
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5.2.2 Enumerations
Attribute Database enumerations
Attribute Change Reason
This enumeration contains the reason for an attribute value change.
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
attributes_attribute_change_reason_write_request
Value was written by remote device using
write request
1
attributes_attribute_change_reason_write_command
Value was written by remote device using
write command
2
attributes_attribute_change_reason_write_request_user
Local attribute value was written by the
remote device, but the Bluetooth Smart
stack is waiting for the write to be
confirmed by the application.
User Write Response command should
be used to send the confirmation.
For this reason to appear the attribute in
the GATT database must have the user
property enabled.
See Profile Toolkit Developer Guide for
more information how to enable the user
property for an attribute.
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Attribute Status Flags
Attribute status flags
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
1
attributes_attribute_status_flag_notify
Notifications are enabled
2
attributes_attribute_status_flag_indicate
Indications are enabled
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5.2.3 Events
Attribute Database events
Status
This event indicates attribute status flags have changed. For example, this even is generated at the module
acting as the GATT Server whenever the remote GATT Client changes the Client Characteristic Configuration
to start or stop notification or indications from the Server.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
handle
Attribute handle
6
uint8
flags
Attribute status flags
See: Attribute Status Flags
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attributes_status_evt_t{
uint16 handle,
uint8 flags
}
void ble_evt_attributes_status(
const struct ble_msg_attributes_status_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event attributes_status(handle, flags)
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User Read Request
This event is generated when a remote device tries to read an attribute which has the user property enabled.
This event should be responded within 30 seconds with User Read Response command either containing the
data or an error code.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x06
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection Connection ID which requested attribute
5-6
uint16 handle
Attribute handle requested
7-8
uint16 offset
Attribute offset to send data from
9
uint8
Maximum data size to respond with
maxsize
If more data is sent than indicated by this parameter, the extra bytes will be
ignored.
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attributes_user_read_request_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 handle,
uint16 offset,
uint8 maxsize
}
void ble_evt_attributes_user_read_request(
const struct ble_msg_attributes_user_read_request_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event attributes_user_read_request(connection, handle, offset, maxsize)
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Value
This event is produced at the GATT server when a local attribute value was written by a remote device.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x07
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x02
class
Message class: Attribute Database
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5
uint8
reason
Reason why value has changed see: enum Attribute Change Reason
6-7
uint16
handle
Attribute handle, which was changed
8-9
uint16
offset
Offset into attribute value where data starts
10
uint8array
value
Attribute value
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_attributes_value_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint8 reason,
uint16 handle,
uint16 offset,
uint8 value_len,
const uint8* value_data
}
void ble_evt_attributes_value(
const struct ble_msg_attributes_value_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event attributes_value(connection, reason, handle, offset, value_len, value_data)
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5.3 Connection
The Connection class provides methods to manage Bluetooth connections and query their statuses.
5.3.1 Commands
Connection class commands
Disconnect
This command disconnects an active Bluetooth connection.
When link is disconnected a Disconnected event is produced.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle to close
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
result
0: disconnection procedure successfully started
Non-zero: An error occurred
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
connection disconnected
Sent after connection has disconnected
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_connection_disconnect(
uint8 connection
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_connection_disconnect_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_connection_disconnect(
const struct ble_msg_connection_disconnect_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call connection_disconnect(connection)(connection, result)
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Get Rssi
This command returns the Receiver Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) related to the connection referred to by
the connection handle parameter. If the connection is not open, then the RSSI value returned in the response
packet will be 0x00, while if the connection is active, then it will be some negative value (2's complement form
between 0x80 and 0xFF and never 0x00). Note that this command also returns an RSSI of 0x7F if you request
RSSI on an invalid/unsupported handle.
At -38 dBm the BLE112 receiver is saturated. The measurement value may depend on the used
hardware and design.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5
int8
rssi
RSSI value of the connection in dBm.
Range: -103 to -38
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_connection_get_rssi(
uint8 connection
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_connection_get_rssi_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
int8 rssi
}
void ble_rsp_connection_get_rssi(
const struct ble_msg_connection_get_rssi_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call connection_get_rssi(connection)(connection, rssi)
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Get Status
This command returns the status of the given connection.
Status is returned in a Status event.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x07
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x07
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
connection status
Reports the status of a connection
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_connection_get_status(
uint8 connection
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_connection_get_status_rsp_t{
uint8 connection
}
void ble_rsp_connection_get_status(
const struct ble_msg_connection_get_status_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call connection_get_status(connection)(connection)
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Update
This command updates the connection parameters of a given connection. The parameters have the same
meaning and follow the same rules as for the GAP class command: Connect Direct.
If this command is issued at a master device, it will send parameter update request to the Bluetooth link layer.
On the other hand if this command is issued at a slave device, it will send L2CAP connection parameter update
request to the master, which may either accept or reject it.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x09
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16 interval_min
7-8
uint16 interval_max Maximum connection interval (units of 1.25ms)
9 - 10
uint16 latency
Slave latency which defines how many connections intervals a slave may
skip.
11 - 12
uint16 timeout
Supervision timeout (units of 10ms)
Minimum connection interval (units of 1.25ms)
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
result
0 : the update was successful
Non-zero: An error occurred.
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_connection_update(
uint8 connection,
uint16 interval_min,
uint16 interval_max,
uint16 latency,
uint16 timeout
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_connection_update_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_connection_update(
const struct ble_msg_connection_update_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call connection_update(connection, interval_min, interval_max, latency, timeout)(connection,
result)
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Version Update
This command requests a version exchange of a given connection.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
result
0 : the request was successful
Non-zero: An error occurred
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
connection version_ind
Sent after receiving version indication from other end
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_connection_version_update(
uint8 connection
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_connection_version_update_rsp_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_connection_version_update(
const struct ble_msg_connection_version_update_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call connection_version_update(connection)(connection, result)
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5.3.2 Enumerations
Connection class enumerations
Connection Status Flags
The possible connection status flags are described in the table below. The flags field is a bit mask, so multiple
flags can be set at a time. If the bit is 1 the flag is active and if the bit is 0 the flag is inactive.
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
bit 0
connection_connected
This status flag tells the connection exists to a remote device.
bit 1
connection_encrypted
This flag tells the connection is encrypted.
bit 2
connection_completed
Connection completed flag, which is used to tell a new connection
has been created.
bit 3
connection_parameters_change
This flag tells that connection parameters have changed and. It is
set when connection parameters have changed due to a link layer
operation.
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5.3.3 Events
Connection class events
Disconnected
This event is produced when a Bluetooth connection is disconnected.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
reason
Disconnection reason code
0 : disconnected by local user
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_connection_disconnected_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint16 reason
}
void ble_evt_connection_disconnected(
const struct ble_msg_connection_disconnected_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event connection_disconnected(connection, reason)
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Feature Ind
This event indicates the remote devices features.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5
uint8array
features
CtrData field from LL_FEATURE_RSP - packet
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_connection_feature_ind_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint8 features_len,
const uint8* features_data
}
void ble_evt_connection_feature_ind(
const struct ble_msg_connection_feature_ind_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event connection_feature_ind(connection, features_len, features_data)
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Status
This event indicates the connection status and parameters.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x10
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5
uint8
flags
Connection status flags use connstatus-enumerator
6 - 11
bd_addr address
12
uint8
address_type Remote address type see: Bluetooth Address Types--gap
13 - 14
uint16
conn_interval Current connection interval (units of 1.25ms)
15 - 16
uint16
timeout
Current supervision timeout (units of 10ms)
17 - 18
uint16
latency
Slave latency which tells how many connection intervals the slave may
skip.
19
uint8
bonding
Bonding handle if the device has been bonded with.
Remote devices Bluetooth address
Otherwise: 0xFF
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_connection_status_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint8 flags,
bd_addr address,
uint8 address_type,
uint16 conn_interval,
uint16 timeout,
uint16 latency,
uint8 bonding
}
void ble_evt_connection_status(
const struct ble_msg_connection_status_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event connection_status(connection, flags, address, address_type, conn_interval, timeout, latency,
bonding)
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Version Ind
This event indicates the remote devices version.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x06
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x03
class
Message class: Connection
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
connection
Connection handle
5
uint8
vers_nr
Bluetooth controller specification version
6-7
uint16
comp_id
Manufacturer of the Bluetooth controller
8-9
uint16
sub_vers_nr
Bluetooth controller version
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_connection_version_ind_evt_t{
uint8 connection,
uint8 vers_nr,
uint16 comp_id,
uint16 sub_vers_nr
}
void ble_evt_connection_version_ind(
const struct ble_msg_connection_version_ind_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event connection_version_ind(connection, vers_nr, comp_id, sub_vers_nr)
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5.4 Generic Access Profile
The Generic Access Profile (GAP) class provides methods to control the Bluetooth GAP level functionality of
the local device. The GAP call for example allows remote device discovery, connection establishment and local
devices connection and discovery modes. The GAP class also allows the control of local devices privacy
modes.
5.4.1 Commands
Generic Access Profile class commands
Connect Direct
This command will start the GAP direct connection establishment procedure to a dedicated Bluetooth Smart
device.
The Bluetooth module will enter a state where it continuously scans for the connectable advertisement packets
from the remote device which matches the Bluetooth address gives as a parameter. Upon receiving the
advertisement packet, the module will send a connection request packet to the target device to imitate a
Bluetooth connection. A successful connection will bi indicated by a Status event.
If the device is configured to support more than one connection, the smallest connection interval which is
divisible by maximum_connections * 2.5ms will be selected. Thus, it is important to provide minimum and
maximum connection intervals so that such a connection interval is available within the range.
The connection establishment procedure can be cancelled with End Procedure command.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x0F
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4-9
bd_addr address
Bluetooth address of the target device
10
uint8
addr_type
see: Bluetooth Address Types
11 12
uint16
conn_interval_min
Minimum connection interval (in units of 1.25ms).
Range: 6 - 3200
The lowest possible connection interval is 7.50ms and the largest is
4000ms.
13 14
uint16
conn_interval_max Maximum connection interval (in units of 1.25ms).
Range: 6 - 3200
Must be equal or bigger than minimum connection interval.
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Byte
Type
Name
Description
15 16
uint16
timeout
Supervision timeout (in units of 10ms). The supervision timeout
defines how long the devices can be out of range before the
connection is closed.
Range: 10 - 3200
Minimum time for the supervision timeout is 100ms and maximum
value: 32000ms. Supervision timeout must also be equal or greater
than maximum connection interval.
17 18
uint16
This parameter configures the slave latency. Slave latency defines
how many connection intervals a slave device can skip.
Increasing slave latency will decrease the energy consumption of
the slave in scenarios where slave does not have data to send at
every connection interval.
latency
Range: 0 - 500
0 : Slave latency is disabled.
Example:
Connection interval is 10ms and slave latency is 9: this means that
the slave is allowed to communicate every 100ms, but it can
communicate every 10ms if needed.
Note:
(Slave Latency + 1) x Connection interval can NOT be higher than
supervision timeout.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0 : procedure was successfully started
Non-zero: An error occurred
6
uint8
connection_handle
Connection handle that is reserved for new connection
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
connection status
Sent after connection is established
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_connect_direct(
bd_addr address,
uint8 addr_type,
uint16 conn_interval_min,
uint16 conn_interval_max,
uint16 timeout,
uint16 latency
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_gap_connect_direct_rsp_t{
uint16 result,
uint8 connection_handle
}
void ble_rsp_gap_connect_direct(
const struct ble_msg_gap_connect_direct_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call gap_connect_direct(address, addr_type, conn_interval_min, conn_interval_max, timeout, latency)
(result, connection_handle)
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Connect Selective
This command will start the GAP direct connection establishment procedure to a set of dedicated Bluetooth
Smart devices.
When this command is issued the the Bluetooth module will enter a state where it scans connectable
advertisement packets from the remote devices which are registered in the local white list. Upon receiving an
advertisement packet from one of the registered devices, the module will send a connection request to this
device, and a successful connection will produce a connection status event.
The connect selective command can be cancelled with End Procedure command.
When in Initiating State there are no scan response events.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x08
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16 conn_interval_min
Minimum connection interval (in units of 1.25ms).
Range: 6 - 3200
The lowest possible connection interval is 7.50ms and the largest is
4000ms.
When more then one connection is supported the connection interval
values (minimum and maximum) used in all connection commands
must be divisible by connection count * 2.5ms
6-7
uint16 conn_interval_max Maximum connection interval (in units of 1.25ms).
Range: 6 - 3200
Must be equal or bigger than minimum connection interval.
8-9
uint16 timeout
Supervision timeout (in units of 10ms). The supervision timeout defines
how long the devices can be out of range before the connection is
closed.
Range: 10 - 3200
Minimum time for the supervision timeout is 100ms and maximum
value: 32000ms. Supervision timeout must also be equal or grater than
maximum connection interval.
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Byte
Type
Name
10 11
uint16 latency
Description
This parameter configures the slave latency. Slave latency defines
how many connection intervals a slave device can skip.
Increasing slave latency will decrease the energy consumption of the
slave in scenarios where slave does not have data to send at every
connection interval.
Range: 0 - 500
0 : Slave latency is disabled.
Example:
Connection interval is 10ms and slave latency is 9: this means that the
slave is allowed to communicate every 100ms, but it can communicate
every 10ms if needed.
Note:
Slave Latency x Connection interval can NOT be higher than
supervision timeout.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: Command was executed successfully
Non-zero: An error occurred
6
uint8
connection_handle
Connection handle reserved for connection
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
connection status
Sent after connected to any whitelisted device
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_connect_selective(
uint16 conn_interval_min,
uint16 conn_interval_max,
uint16 timeout,
uint16 latency
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_gap_connect_selective_rsp_t{
uint16 result,
uint8 connection_handle
}
void ble_rsp_gap_connect_selective(
const struct ble_msg_gap_connect_selective_rsp_t * msg
)
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BGScript Functions
call gap_connect_selective(conn_interval_min, conn_interval_max, timeout, latency)(result,
connection_handle)
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Discover
This command starts the GAP discovery procedure to scan for advertising devices i.e. to perform a device
discovery.
Scanning parameters can be configured with the Set Scan Parameters command before issuing this command.
To cancel on an ongoing discovery process use the End Procedure command.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
mode
see:GAP Discover Mode
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: Scan procedure was successfully started
Non-zero: An error occurred
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
gap scan_response
Discovered device scan response
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_discover(
uint8 mode
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_gap_discover_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_gap_discover(
const struct ble_msg_gap_discover_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call gap_discover(mode)(result)
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End Procedure
This command ends the current GAP discovery procedure and stop the scanning of advertising devices.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x04
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: the command was successful
Non-zero: An error occurred
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_end_procedure(
void
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_gap_end_procedure_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_gap_end_procedure(
const struct ble_msg_gap_end_procedure_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call gap_end_procedure()(result)
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Set Adv Data
This commands set advertisement or scan response data used in the advertisement and scan response
packets. The command allows application specific data to be broadcasts either in advertisement or scan
response packets.
The data set with this command is only used when the GAP discoverable mode is set to gap_user_data.
Notice that advertisement or scan response data must be formatted in accordance to the Bluetooth Core
Specification. See BLUETOOTH SPECIFICATION Version 4.0 [Vol 3 - Part C - Chapter 11].
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x09
method
Message ID
4
uint8
set_scanrsp
Advertisement data type
0 : sets advertisement data
1 : sets scan response data
5
uint8array
adv_data
Advertisement data to send
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x09
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_set_adv_data(
uint8 set_scanrsp,
uint8 adv_data_len,
const uint8* adv_data_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_gap_set_adv_data_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_gap_set_adv_data(
const struct ble_msg_gap_set_adv_data_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call gap_set_adv_data(set_scanrsp, adv_data_len, adv_data_data)(result)
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Set Adv Parameters
This command is used to set the advertising parameters.
Example: If the minimum advertisement interval is 40ms and the maximum advertisement interval is 100ms
then the real advertisement interval will be mostly the middle value (70ms) plus a randomly added 20ms delay,
which needs to be added according to the Bluetooth specification.
If you are currently advertising, then any changes set using this command will not take effect until you
stop and re-start advertising.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x08
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
adv_interval_min
Minimum advertisement interval in units of 625us
Range: 0x20 to 0x4000
Default: 0x200 (320ms)
Explanation:
0x200 = 512
512 * 625us = 320000us = 320ms
6-7
uint16
adv_interval_max Maximum advertisement interval in units of 625us.
Range: 0x20 to 0x4000
Default: 0x200 (320ms)
8
uint8
adv_channels
A bit mask to identify which of the three advertisement channels are
used.
Examples:
0x07: All three channels are used
0x03: Advertisement channels 37 and 38 are used.
0x04: Only advertisement channel 39 is used
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x08
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: Command was successfully executed
Non-zero: An error occurred
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_set_adv_parameters(
uint16 adv_interval_min,
uint16 adv_interval_max,
uint8 adv_channels
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_gap_set_adv_parameters_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_gap_set_adv_parameters(
const struct ble_msg_gap_set_adv_parameters_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call gap_set_adv_parameters(adv_interval_min, adv_interval_max, adv_channels)(result)
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Set Directed Connectable Mode
This command sets device to Directed Connectable mode.
In this mode the device uses fast advertisement procedure for the first 1.28 seconds, after which the device
enters a non-connectable mode. If the device implements the Peripheral Preferred Connection Parameters
characteristic in its GAP service the parameters defined by this characteristic will be used for the connection.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x07
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x0A
method
Message ID
4-9
bd_addr
address
Bluetooth address to connect to
10
uint8
addr_type
Address type to connect see:enum gap_address_type
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x0A
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
connection status
Sent after connection is established
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_set_directed_connectable_mode(
bd_addr address,
uint8 addr_type
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_gap_set_directed_connectable_mode_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_gap_set_directed_connectable_mode(
const struct ble_msg_gap_set_directed_connectable_mode_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call gap_set_directed_connectable_mode(address, addr_type)(result)
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Page 106 of 222
Set Filtering
This command can be used to set scan, connection, and advertising filtering parameters based on the local
devices white list. See also Whitelist Append command.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4
uint8
scan_policy
see: enum gap_scan_policy
5
uint8
adv_policy
see: enum gap_advertising_policy
6
uint8
scan_duplicate_filtering
0: Do not filter duplicate advertisers
1: Filter duplicates
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: The command was successfully executed
Non-zero: An error occurred
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_set_filtering(
uint8 scan_policy,
uint8 adv_policy,
uint8 scan_duplicate_filtering
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_gap_set_filtering_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_gap_set_filtering(
const struct ble_msg_gap_set_filtering_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call gap_set_filtering(scan_policy, adv_policy, scan_duplicate_filtering)(result)
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Page 107 of 222
Set Mode
This command configures the current GAP discoverability and connectability mode. It can be used to enable
advertisements and/or allow connection. The command can also be used used to stop advertising.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
discover
see:GAP Discoverable Mode
5
uint8
connect
see:GAP Connectable Mode
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: the command was executed successfully
Non-zero: An error occurred
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
connection status
Sent if device was connectable and master connected to device
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_set_mode(
uint8 discover,
uint8 connect
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_gap_set_mode_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_gap_set_mode(
const struct ble_msg_gap_set_mode_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call gap_set_mode(discover, connect)(result)
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Set Privacy Flags
This command sets GAP central/peripheral privacy flags.
By setting for example peripheral_privacy to 1, the Bluetooth stack will automatically generate a resolvable
random private address for the advertising packets every time the Set Mode command is used to enter
advertising mode.
It is not recommended to adjust peripheral privacy unless mandatory by the application, because not
all Bluetooth implementations can decode resolvable private addresses.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
peripheral_privacy
1: enable peripheral privacy
0: disable peripheral privacy
Any other value will have no effect on flag
5
uint8
central_privacy
1: enable central privacy
0: disable central privacy
Any other value will have no effect on flag
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x00
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_set_privacy_flags(
uint8 peripheral_privacy,
uint8 central_privacy
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_gap_set_privacy_flags(
const void *nul
)
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BGScript Functions
call gap_set_privacy_flags(peripheral_privacy, central_privacy)
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Page 110 of 222
Set Scan Parameters
This command sets the scan parameters which affect how other Bluetooth Smart devices are discovered.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x07
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16 scan_interval
Scan interval defines the interval when scanning is re-started in units of
625us
Range: 0x4 - 0x4000
Default: 0x4B (75ms)
After every scan interval the scanner will change the frequency it operates at
at it will cycle through all the three advertisements channels in a round robin
fashion. According to the Bluetooth specification all three channels must be
used by a scanner.
6-7
uint16 scan_window Scan Window defines how long time the scanner will listen on a certain
frequency and try to pick up advertisement packets. Scan window is defined
as units of 625us
Range: 0x4 - 0x4000
Default: 0x32 (50 ms)
Scan windows must be equal or smaller than scan interval
If scan window is equal to the scan interval value, then the Bluetooth module
will be scanning at a 100% duty cycle.
If scan window is half of the scan interval value, then the Bluetooth module
will be scanning at a 50% duty cycle.
8
uint8
active
1: Active scanning is used. When an advertisement packet is received the
Bluetooth stack will send a scan request packet to the advertiser to try and
read the scan response data.
0: Passive scanning is used. No scan request is made.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x07
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: The command was executed successfully
Non-zero: An error occurred
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_gap_set_scan_parameters(
uint16 scan_interval,
uint16 scan_window,
uint8 active
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_gap_set_scan_parameters_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_gap_set_scan_parameters(
const struct ble_msg_gap_set_scan_parameters_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call gap_set_scan_parameters(scan_interval, scan_window, active)(result)
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5.4.2 Enumerations
Generic Access Profile class enumerations
AD_FLAGS
Scan header flags
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0x01
GAP_AD_FLAG_LIMITED_DISCOVERABLE
Limited discoverability
0x02
GAP_AD_FLAG_GENERAL_DISCOVERABLE
General discoverability
0x04
GAP_AD_FLAG_BREDR_NOT_SUPPORTED
BR/EDR not supported
0x10
GAP_AD_FLAG_SIMULTANEOUS_LEBREDR_CTRL
BR/EDR controller
0x20
GAP_AD_FLAG_SIMULTANEOUS_LEBREDR_HOST
BE/EDR host
0x1f
GAP_AD_FLAG_MASK
-
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AD Type Flags
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
gap_ad_type_none
1
gap_ad_type_flags
2
gap_ad_type_services_16bit_more
3
gap_ad_type_services_16bit_all
4
gap_ad_type_services_32bit_more
5
gap_ad_type_services_32bit_all
6
gap_ad_type_services_128bit_more
7
gap_ad_type_services_128bit_all
8
gap_ad_type_localname_short
9
gap_ad_type_localname_complete
10
gap_ad_type_txpower
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Advertising policy
Advertising policy
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
gap_adv_policy_all
Respond to scan requests from any master, allow connection
from any master (default)
1
gap_adv_policy_whitelist_scan
Respond to scan requests from whitelist only, allow connection
from any
2
gap_adv_policy_whitelist_connect
Respond to scan requests from any, allow connection from
whitelist only
3
gap_adv_policy_whitelist_all
Respond to scan requests from whitelist only, allow connection
from whitelist only
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Bluetooth Address Types
Bluetooth address types
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
gap_address_type_public
Public Address
1
gap_address_type_random
Random Address
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GAP Connectable Mode
GAP connectable modes
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
gap_non_connectable
Not connectable
1
gap_directed_connectable
Directed Connectable
2
gap_undirected_connectable
Undirected connectable
3
gap_scannable_non_connectable
Same as non-connectable, but also supports ADV_SCAN_IND
packets. Device accepts scan requests (active scanning) but is
not connectable.
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GAP Discoverable Mode
GAP discoverable modes
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
gap_non_discoverable
Non-discoverable mode: the LE Limited Discoverable Mode and the
LE General Discoverable Mode bits are NOT set in the Flags AD
type. A master can still connect to the advertising slave in this mode.
1
gap_limited_discoverable
Discoverable using limited scanning mode: the advertisement
packets will carry the LE Limited Discoverable Mode bit set in the
Flags AD type.
2
gap_general_discoverable
Discoverable using general scanning mode: the advertisement
packets will carry the LE General Discoverable Mode bit set in the
Flags AD type.
3
gap_broadcast
Same as gap_non_discoverable above.
4
gap_user_data
In this advertisement the advertisement and scan response data
defined by user will be used. The user is responsible of building the
advertisement data so that it also contains the appropriate desired
Flags AD type.
0x80
gap_enhanced_broadcasting
When turning the most highest bit on in GAP discoverable mode, the
remote devices that send scan request packets to the advertiser are
reported back to the application through Scan Response event.
This is so called Enhanced Broadcasting mode.
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GAP Discover Mode
GAP Discoverable modes
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
gap_discover_limited
Discover only limited discoverable devices, that is, Slaves which have
the LE Limited Discoverable Mode bit set in the Flags AD type of their
advertisement packets.
1
gap_discover_generic
Discover limited and generic discoverable devices, that is, Slaves which
have the LE Limited Discoverable Mode or the LE General
Discoverable Mode bit set in the Flags AD type of their advertisement
packets.
2
gap_discover_observation
Discover all devices regardless of the Flags AD type, so also devices in
non-discoverable mode will be reported to host.
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SCAN_HEADER_FLAGS
Scan header flags
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
GAP_SCAN_HEADER_ADV_IND
Connectable undirected advertising event
1
GAP_SCAN_HEADER_ADV_DIRECT_IND
Connectable directed advertising event
2
GAP_SCAN_HEADER_ADV_NONCONN_IND
Non-connectable undirected advertising event
3
GAP_SCAN_HEADER_SCAN_REQ
Scanner wants information from Advertiser
4
GAP_SCAN_HEADER_SCAN_RSP
Advertiser gives more information to Scanner
5
GAP_SCAN_HEADER_CONNECT_REQ
Initiator wants to connect to Advertiser
6
GAP_SCAN_HEADER_ADV_DISCOVER_IND
Non-connectable undirected advertising event
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Scan Policy
Scan Policy
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
gap_scan_policy_all
Accept All advertisement Packets (default)
1
gap_scan_policy_whitelist
Ignore advertisement packets from remote slaves not in the running
whitelist
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5.4.3 Events
Generic Access Profile class events
Scan Response
This is a scan response event. This event is normally received by a Master which is scanning for advertisement
and scan response packets from Slaves.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x0B
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x06
class
Message class: Generic Access Profile
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
int8
rssi
RSSI value (dBm)
Range: -103 to -38
5
uint8
Scan response header
packet_type
0: Connectable Advertisement packet
2: Non Connectable Advertisement packet
4: Scan response packet
6: Discoverable advertisement packet
6 - 11
bd_addr
sender
Advertisers Bluetooth address
12
uint8
address_type
Advertiser address type
1: random address
0: public address
13
uint8
bond
Bond handle if there is known bond for this device, 0xff otherwise
14
uint8array
data
Scan response data
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_gap_scan_response_evt_t{
int8 rssi,
uint8 packet_type,
bd_addr sender,
uint8 address_type,
uint8 bond,
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
}
void ble_evt_gap_scan_response(
const struct ble_msg_gap_scan_response_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event gap_scan_response(rssi, packet_type, sender, address_type, bond, data_len, data_data)
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5.5 Hardware
The Hardware class provides methods to access the local devices hardware interfaces such as : A/D
converters, IO and timers, I2C interface etc.
5.5.1 Commands
Hardware class commands
ADC Read
This command reads the devices local A/D converter. Only a single channel may be read at a time, and each
conversion must complete before another one is requested. The completion of each conversion is indicated by
the hardware_adc_result event.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
input
Selects the ADC input.
0x0: AIN0 (pin 0 of port P0, denoted as A0 in the ADC row of
datasheet's table 3)
0x1: AIN1
0x2: AIN2
0x3: AIN3
0x4: AIN4
0x5: AIN5
0x6: AIN6
0x7: AIN7
0x8: AIN0--AIN1 differential
0x9: AIN2--AIN3 differential
0xa: AIN4--AIN5 differential
0xb: AIN6--AIN7 differential
0xc: GND
0xd: Reserved
0xe: Temperature sensor
0xf: VDD/3
5
uint8
decimation
Select resolution and conversion rate for conversion, result is always
stored in MSB bits.
0: 7 effective bits
1: 9 effective bits
2: 10 effective bits
3: 12 effective bits
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Byte
Type
Name
Description
6
uint8
reference_selection Selects the reference for the ADC. Reference corresponds to the
maximum allowed input value.
0: Internal reference (1.24V)
1: External reference on AIN7 pin
2: AVDD pin
3: External reference on AIN6--AIN7 differential input
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: Command was executed successfully
Non-zero: An error occurred
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
hardare adc result
ADC read operation has completed
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_adc_read(
uint8 input,
uint8 decimation,
uint8 reference_selection
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_adc_read_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_adc_read(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_adc_read_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_adc_read(input, decimation, reference_selection)(result)
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Analog Comparator Config IRQ
This command configures analog comparator interrupts. Before enabling this interrupt, analog comparator has
to be first enabled with Analog Comparator Enable command.
Analog comparator interrupts are generated by default on rising edge, i.e. when condition V + > V- becomes
true. It is also possible to configure the opposite functionality, i.e. interrupts are generated on falling edge when
V+ < V- becomes true. The interrupt direction may be configured with Io Port Irq Direction command, by setting I
/O-port 0 direction. Please note that this configuration affects both analog comparator interrupt direction and all I
/O-port 0 pin interrupt directions.
Analog comparator interrupts are automatically disabled once triggered , so that a high frequency signal doesn't
cause unintended consequences. Continuous operation may be achieved by re-enabling the interrupt as soon
as the Analog Comparator Status event has been received.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x12
method
Message ID
4
uint8
enabled
1: enable interrupts
0: disable interrupts
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x12
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
Zero on success, error code otherwise
Table: EVENTS
event
Description
hardware_analog_comparator_status
Sent after comparator output changes in the configured direction
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_analog_comparator_config_irq(
uint8 enabled
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_analog_comparator_config_irq_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_analog_comparator_config_irq(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_analog_comparator_config_irq_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_analog_comparator_config_irq(enabled)(result)
Analog Comparator Enable
Enables or disables the analog comparator. Analog comparator has to be enabled prior using any other analog
comparator commands.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x10
method
Message ID
4
uint8
enable
1: enable
0: disable
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x10
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_analog_comparator_enable(
uint8 enable
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_hardware_analog_comparator_enable(
const void *nul
)
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BGScript Functions
call hardware_analog_comparator_enable(enable)
Analog Comparator Read
The command reads analog comparator output. Before using this command, analog comparator has to be
enabled with Analog Comparator Enable command.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x11
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x11
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
Zero on success, error code otherwise
6
uint8
output
Analog comparator output
1: if V+ > V0: if V+ < V-
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_analog_comparator_read(
void
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_analog_comparator_read_rsp_t{
uint16 result,
uint8 output
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_analog_comparator_read(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_analog_comparator_read_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_analog_comparator_read()(result, output)
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I2C Read
The command reads data from I2C bus.
BLE112 module: uses bit-bang method and only master-mode is supported in current firmwares, I2C CLK is
fixed to P1_7 and I2C DATA to P1_6 (pull-up must be enabled on both pins), the clock rate is approximately 2025 kHz and it does vary slightly because other functionality has higher interrupt priority, such as the BLE radio.
BLE113/BLE121LR modules: only master-mode is supported in current firmwares, I2C pins are 14/24 (I2C CLK)
and 15/25 (I2C DATA) as seen in the datasheet, operates at 267kHz.
To convert a 7-bit I2C address to an 8-bit one, shift left by one bit. For example, a 7-bit address of
0x40 (dec 64) would be used as 0x80 (dec 128).
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0A
method
Message ID
4
uint8
address I2C's 8-bit slave address according to the note above. Keep read/write bit (LSB) set
to zero, as the firmware will set it automatically.
5
uint8
stop
If nonzero Send I2C stop condition after transmission
6
uint8
length
Number of bytes to read
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0A
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
6
uint8array
data
Data read
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_i2c_read(
uint8 address,
uint8 stop,
uint8 length
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_i2c_read_rsp_t{
uint16 result,
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_i2c_read(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_i2c_read_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_i2c_read(address, stop, length)(result, data_len, data_data)
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I2C Write
Write data to I2C bus.
BLE112: uses bit-bang method, only master-mode is supported in current firmwares, I2C CLK is fixed to P1_7
and I2C DATA to P1_6 (pull-up must be enabled on both pins), the clock rate is approximately 20-25 kHz and it
does vary slightly because other functionality has higher interrupt priority, such as the BLE radio.
BLE113/BLE121LR: only master-mode is supported in current firmwares, I2C pins are 14/24 (I2C CLK) and 15
/25 (I2C DATA) as seen in the datasheet, operates at 267kHz.
To convert a 7-bit address to an 8-bit one, shift left by one bit. For example, a 7-bit address of 0x40
(dec 64) would be used as 0x80 (dec 128).
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0B
method
Message ID
4
uint8
address I2C's 8-bit slave address according to the note above. Keep read/write bit
(LSB) set to zero, as the firmware will set it automatically.
5
uint8
stop
6
uint8array data
If nonzero Send I2C stop condition after transmission
Data to write
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0B
method
Message ID
4
uint8
written
Bytes written
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_i2c_write(
uint8 address,
uint8 stop,
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_i2c_write_rsp_t{
uint8 written
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_i2c_write(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_i2c_write_rsp_t * msg
)
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Page 130 of 222
BGScript Functions
call hardware_i2c_write(address, stop, data_len, data_data)(written)
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Page 131 of 222
IO Port Config Direction
The command configiures I/O-port directions
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4
uint8
port
I/0 PORT index: 0, 1 or 2
5
uint8
direction
Bitmask for each individual pin direction
bit0 means input (default)
bit1 means output
Example:
To configure ll port's pins as output use 0xff
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: Command was executed successfully
Non-zero: An error occurred
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_io_port_config_direction(
uint8 port,
uint8 direction
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_config_direction_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_io_port_config_direction(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_config_direction_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_io_port_config_direction(port, direction)(result)
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Page 132 of 222
IO Port Config Function
This command configures the I/O-ports function.
If bit is set in function parameter then the corresponding I/O port is set to peripheral function, otherwise it is
general purpose I/O pin.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4
uint8
port
I/O port: 0,1 or 2
5
uint8
function
peripheral selection bit for pins
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: Command was executed successfully
Non-zero: An error occurred
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_io_port_config_function(
uint8 port,
uint8 function
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_config_function_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_io_port_config_function(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_config_function_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_io_port_config_function(port, function)(result)
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Page 133 of 222
IO Port Config IRQ
Deprecation warning
This command is deprecated in and Io Port Irq Enable and Io Port Irq Direction commands should be
used instead.
This command configures the locals I/O-port interrupts.
Currently interrupts can not be enabled on I/O-port 2.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
port
I/O port selection
Values: 0 or 1
5
uint8
enable_bits
A bit mask which tells which I/O generate an interrupt
bit 0: Interrupt is enabled
bit 1: Interrupt is disabled
6
uint8
falling_edge
Interrupt sense for port.
0 : rising edge
1 : falling edge
Note: affects all IRQ enabled pins on the port
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
error code, 0-success
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
hardware io_port_status
Sent after pin change edge detected, and pin irq is enabled
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Page 134 of 222
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_io_port_config_irq(
uint8 port,
uint8 enable_bits,
uint8 falling_edge
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_config_irq_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_io_port_config_irq(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_config_irq_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_io_port_config_irq(port, enable_bits, falling_edge)(result)
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Page 135 of 222
IO Port Config Pull
Configure I/O-port pull-up/pull-down
Pins P1_0 and P1_1 do not have pull-up/pull-down.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4
uint8
port
I/O port select: 0, 1 or 2
5
uint8
tristate_mask
If this bit is set, disabled pull on pin
6
uint8
pull_up
1: pull all port's pins up
0: pull all port's pins down
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: Command was successful
Otherwise: An error occurred
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_io_port_config_pull(
uint8 port,
uint8 tristate_mask,
uint8 pull_up
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_config_pull_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_io_port_config_pull(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_config_pull_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_io_port_config_pull(port, tristate_mask, pull_up)(result)
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Page 136 of 222
IO Port IRQ Direction
Set I/O-port interrupt direction. The direction applies for every pin in the given I/O-port.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0F
method
Message ID
4
uint8
port
I/O Port
Values: 0 or 1
5
uint8
falling_edge
Interrupt edge direction for port
0: rising edge
1: falling edge
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0F
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
Zero on success, error code otherwise
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_io_port_irq_direction(
uint8 port,
uint8 falling_edge
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_irq_direction_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_io_port_irq_direction(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_irq_direction_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_io_port_irq_direction(port, falling_edge)(result)
IO Port Irq Enable
Enable I/O-port interrupts. When enabled, I/O-port interrupts are triggered on either rising or falling edge. The
direction when the interrupt occurs may be configured with IO Port Irq Direction command.
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Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0E
method
Message ID
4
uint8
port
I/O Port
Value: 0 or 1
5
uint8
enable_bits
Interrupt enable mask for pins
bit0 means interrupt is disabled
bit1 means interrupt is enabled
Example:
To enable interrupts an all pins use 0xFF
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0E
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
Zero on success, error code otherwise
Table: EVENTS
event
Description
hardware_io_port_status
Sent after pin change edge is detected and pin IRQ is enabled
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_io_port_irq_enable(
uint8 port,
uint8 enable_bits
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_irq_enable_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_io_port_irq_enable(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_irq_enable_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_io_port_irq_enable(port, enable_bits)(result)
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Page 138 of 222
IO Port Read
Read I/O-port
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x07
method
Message ID
4
uint8
port
I/O port to read
Values: 0,1 or 2
5
uint8
mask
Bit mask to tell which I/O pins to read
Example:
To read the status of all IO pins use 0xFF
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x07
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
error code, 0-success
6
uint8
port
I/O port read
7
uint8
data
I/O port pin state
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_io_port_read(
uint8 port,
uint8 mask
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_read_rsp_t{
uint16 result,
uint8 port,
uint8 data
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_io_port_read(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_read_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_io_port_read(port, mask)(result, port, data)
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Page 139 of 222
IO Port Write
Write I/O-port statuses
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4
uint8
port
I/O port to write to
Values: 0,1 or 2
5
uint8
mask
Bit mask to tell which I/O pins to write
Example:
To write the status of all IO pins use 0xFF
6
uint8
data
Bit mask to tell which state to write
bit0: I/O is disabled
bit1: I/O is enabled
Example:
To enable all IO pins use 0xFF
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
error code, 0-success
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_io_port_write(
uint8 port,
uint8 mask,
uint8 data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_write_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_io_port_write(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_write_rsp_t * msg
)
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Page 140 of 222
BGScript Functions
call hardware_io_port_write(port, mask, data)(result)
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Page 141 of 222
Set RXgain
This command sets the radio receiver (RX) sensitivity to either high (default) or standard. The exact sensitivity
value is dependent on the used hardware (refer to the appropriate data sheet).
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x13
method
Message ID
4
uint8
gain
0: standard gain
1: high gain (default)
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x13
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_set_rxgain(
uint8 gain
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_hardware_set_rxgain(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_set_rxgain(gain)
Set Soft Timer
This command configures the local software timer. The timer is 22 bits so the maximum value with BLE112 is
2^22 = 4194304/32768Hz = 128 seconds. With BLED112 USB dongle the maximum value is 2^22 = 4194304
/32000Hz = 131 seconds.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x06
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
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Page 142 of 222
Byte
Type
Name
Description
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4-7
uint32 time
Timer interrupt period in units of local crystal frequency.
time : 1/32768 seconds for modules where the external sleep oscillator must
be enabled.
time : 1/32000 seconds for the dongle where internal RC oscillator is used.
If time is 0, scheduled timer is removed.
8
uint8
handle
Handle that is sent back within triggered event at timeout
9
uint8
single_shot Timer mode.
0 : Repeating timeout: the timer event is triggered at intervals defined with time
. The stack only supports one repeating timer at a time for reliability purposes.
Starting a repeating soft timer removes the current one if any.
1 : Single timeout: the timer event is triggered only once after a period defined
with time. There can be up to 8 non-repeating software timers running at the
same time (max number actually depends on the current activities of the stack,
so it might be lower than 8 at times.)
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
hardware soft_timer
Sent after specified interval
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_set_soft_timer(
uint32 time,
uint8 handle,
uint8 single_shot
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_set_soft_timer_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_set_soft_timer(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_set_soft_timer_rsp_t * msg
)
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Page 143 of 222
BGScript Functions
call hardware_set_soft_timer(time, handle, single_shot)(result)
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Page 144 of 222
Set TXpower
Re-configure TX output power.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0C
method
Message ID
4
uint8
power
TX output power level to use
Range:
0 to 15 with the BLE112 and the BLED112
0 to 14 with the BLE113
0 to 9 with the BLE121LR
For more information, refer to the <txpower> tag in the hardware.xml configuration
file.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0C
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_set_txpower(
uint8 power
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_hardware_set_txpower(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_set_txpower(power)
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Page 145 of 222
SPI Config
The command configures the SPI interface
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x06
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x08
method
Message ID
4
uint8
channel
USART channel
Values: 0 or 1
5
uint8
polarity
Clock polarity
Values: 0 or 1
6
uint8
phase
Clock phase
Values: 0 or 1
7
uint8
bit_order
Endianness
0: LSB
1: MSB
8
uint8
baud_e
baud rate exponent value
9
uint8
baud_m
baud rate mantissa value
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x08
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
error code, 0-success
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_spi_config(
uint8 channel,
uint8 polarity,
uint8 phase,
uint8 bit_order,
uint8 baud_e,
uint8 baud_m
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_spi_config_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_spi_config(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_spi_config_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_spi_config(channel, polarity, phase, bit_order, baud_e, baud_m)(result)
Bluegiga – A Silicon Labs Company
Page 147 of 222
SPI Transfer
This command is used to transfer SPI data when in master mode. Maximum of 64 bytes can be transferred at a
time.
Slave select pin is not controlled automatically when transferring data while in SPI master mode, so it
must be controlled by the application using normal GPIO control commands like IO Port Write
command.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x09
method
Message ID
4
uint8
channel
SPI channel
Value: 0 or 1
5
uint8array
data
Data to transmit
Maximum length is 64 bytes
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x09
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
error code
0: Success
Otherwise: an error occurred
6
uint8
channel
SPI channel used
Value: 0 or 1
7
uint8array
data
data received from SPI
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_spi_transfer(
uint8 channel,
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_spi_transfer_rsp_t{
uint16 result,
uint8 channel,
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_spi_transfer(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_spi_transfer_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_spi_transfer(channel, data_len, data_data)(result, channel, data_len, data_data)
Bluegiga – A Silicon Labs Company
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Timer Comparator
Set comparator for timer channel.
This command may be used to generate e.g. PWM signals with hardware timer. More information on different
comparator modes and their usage may be found from Texas Instruments CC2540 User's Guide (SWRU191B),
section 9.8 Output Compare Mode.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0D
method
Message ID
4
uint8
timer
Timer
5
uint8
channel
Timer channel
6
uint8
mode
Comparator mode
7-8
uint16
comparator_value
Comparator value
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x0D
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_timer_comparator(
uint8 timer,
uint8 channel,
uint8 mode,
uint16 comparator_value
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_timer_comparator_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_timer_comparator(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_timer_comparator_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_timer_comparator(timer, channel, mode, comparator_value)(result)
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USB Enable
This command activates (enable) or deactivates USB controller on the BLE112 Bluetooth Smart module. The
USB controller is activated by default when USB is set on in the hardware configuration. On the other hand, the
USB controller cannot be activated if the USB is not set on in the hardware configuration.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x14
method
Message ID
4
uint8
enable
1: enable USB
0: disable USB
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x14
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
0: command executed succesfully
Otherwise: an error occurred
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_hardware_usb_enable(
uint8 enable
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_usb_enable_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_hardware_usb_enable(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_usb_enable_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call hardware_usb_enable(enable)(result)
5.5.2 Events
Hardware class events
ADC Result
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Page 151 of 222
This events is produced when an A/D converter result is received.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
input
A/D input from which value is received from
0x0: AIN0 (pin 0 of port P0, denoted as A0 in the ADC row of datasheet's table 3)
0x1: AIN1
0x2: AIN2
0x3: AIN3
0x4: AIN4
0x5: AIN5
0x6: AIN6
0x7: AIN7
0x8: AIN0--AIN1 differential
0x9: AIN2--AIN3 differential
0xa: AIN4--AIN5 differential
0xb: AIN6--AIN7 differential
0xc: GND
0xd: Reserved
0xe: Temperature sensor
0xf: VDD/3
5-6
int16
value
A/D value.
In the example case of 12 effective bits decimation, you will need to read the leftmost 12 bits of the value to interpret it. It is a 12-bit 2's complement value leftaligned to the MSB of the 16-bit container, which means that negative values (which
are uncommon but not impossible) are 0x8000 or higher, and positive values are
0x7FF0 or lower. Since it is only 12 bits, the last nibble will always be 0 (0xnnn0).
You can divide the value by 16 (that is, bit-shift 4 bits to the right) to obtain the
expected 12-bit value.
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_adc_result_evt_t{
uint8 input,
int16 value
}
void ble_evt_hardware_adc_result(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_adc_result_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event hardware_adc_result(input, value)
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Analog Comparator Status
This event is produced when analog comparator output changes in the configured direction.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4-7
uint32
timestamp
Value of internal timer
Range: 0 to 2^24-1
8
uint8
output
Analog comparator output
1: if V+ > V0: if V+ < V-
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_analog_comparator_status_evt_t{
uint32 timestamp,
uint8 output
}
void ble_evt_hardware_analog_comparator_status(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_analog_comparator_status_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event hardware_analog_comparator_status(timestamp, output)
IO Port Status
This event is produced when I/O port status changes.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x07
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4-7
uint32
timestamp
Value of internal timer
Range : 0 to 2^24-1
8
uint8
port
I/O port
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Byte
Type
Name
Description
9
uint8
irq
I/O flags
Tells which port caused interrupt
(bitmask).
10
uint8
state
Current status of all I/Os in port
(bitmask).
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_status_evt_t{
uint32 timestamp,
uint8 port,
uint8 irq,
uint8 state
}
void ble_evt_hardware_io_port_status(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_io_port_status_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event hardware_io_port_status(timestamp, port, irq, state)
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Soft Timer
This event is produced when software timer interrupt is generated.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x07
class
Message class: Hardware
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
handle
The software timer handle
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_hardware_soft_timer_evt_t{
uint8 handle
}
void ble_evt_hardware_soft_timer(
const struct ble_msg_hardware_soft_timer_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event hardware_soft_timer(handle)
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5.6 Persistent Store
The Persistent Store (PS) class provides methods to read write and dump the local devices parameters (PS
keys). The persistent store is an abstract data storage on the local devices flash where an application can store
data for future use.
5.6.1 Commands
Persistent Store class commands
Erase Page
The command erases a flash page which is allocated for user-data. Every page on the flash is 2kB in size
starting from the first page indexed as 0.
When flash page is erased all bytes inside that page are set to 0xFF.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4
uint8
page
Index of memory page to erase
0: First 2kB flash page
1: Next 2kB flash page
etc.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_flash_erase_page(
uint8 page
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_flash_erase_page_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_flash_erase_page(
const struct ble_msg_flash_erase_page_rsp_t * msg
)
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BGScript Functions
call flash_erase_page(page)(result)
PS Defrag
This command defragments the Persistent Store.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x00
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x00
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_flash_ps_defrag(
void
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_flash_ps_defrag(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call flash_ps_defrag()
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PS Dump
This command dumps all Persistent Store keys.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x01
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x01
method
Message ID
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
flash ps_key
PS Key contents
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_flash_ps_dump(
void
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_flash_ps_dump(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call flash_ps_dump()
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PS Erase All
This command erases all Persistent Store keys.
The software needs to be restarted after using this command. During the reset the device will generate
missing encryption keys and update bonding cache.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x02
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x02
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_flash_ps_erase_all(
void
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_flash_ps_erase_all(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call flash_ps_erase_all()
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PS Erase
This command erases a Persistent Store key given as parameter.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
key
Key to erase
Values: 0x8000 to 0x807F
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x05
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_flash_ps_erase(
uint16 key
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_flash_ps_erase(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call flash_ps_erase(key)
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PS Load
This command reads a Persistent Store key from the local device.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
key
Key to load
Values: 0x8000 to 0x807F
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: the read was successful
Any other value than 0 would indicate that an error occurred, like 0x0180 which
would indicate that the PSKey does not exist, so it cannot be read.
6
uint8array value
Key's value
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_flash_ps_load(
uint16 key
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_flash_ps_load_rsp_t{
uint16 result,
uint8 value_len,
const uint8* value_data
}
void ble_rsp_flash_ps_load(
const struct ble_msg_flash_ps_load_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call flash_ps_load(key)(result, value_len, value_data)
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PS Save
This command saves a Persistent Store (PS) key to the local device. The maximum size of a single PS-key is
32 bytes and a total of 128 keys are available.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
key
Key to save.
Values: 0x8000 to 0x807F can be used
for persistent storage of user data.
6
uint8array
value
Value of the key
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0 : the write was successful
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_flash_ps_save(
uint16 key,
uint8 value_len,
const uint8* value_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_flash_ps_save_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_flash_ps_save(
const struct ble_msg_flash_ps_save_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call flash_ps_save(key, value_len, value_data)(result)
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Read Data
This command can be used to read data from user data area.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x08
method
Message ID
4-7
uint32
address
Offset in the user data space to start reading from in bytes.
0: 1st byte
8
uint8
length
Length to read in bytes
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x08
method
Message ID
4
uint8array
data
Data read from flash.
length is set to 0 if read address was invalid
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_flash_read_data(
uint32 address,
uint8 length
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_flash_read_data_rsp_t{
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
}
void ble_rsp_flash_read_data(
const struct ble_msg_flash_read_data_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call flash_read_data(address, length)(data_len, data_data)
Write Data
This command can be used to write data to user data area.
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Bits on the flash can only be turned from 1 to 0. To turn the bits from 0 to 1 the Erase Page command
must be used. Notice that the erase page will erase the full 2kB flash page.
The amount of flash reserved for the user data needs to be defined in the application configuration file
(config.xml).
The amount of available user flash depends on the hardware version and whether it has 128kbB or
256kB flash and also how much flash is left after the Bluetooth Smart stack, BGScript application and
the GATT database. The BGBuild xompiler will show the flash consumption in it's output.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x07
method
Message ID
4-7
uint32
address
Offset in the user data space to write in bytes
0: 1st byte
8
uint8array
data
Data to write
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x07
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_flash_write_data(
uint32 address,
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_flash_write_data_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_flash_write_data(
const struct ble_msg_flash_write_data_rsp_t * msg
)
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BGScript Functions
call flash_write_data(address, data_len, data_data)(result)
5.6.2 Events
Persistent Store class events
PS Key
This event is produced during a Persistent Store key dump which in launched with command PS Dump.
The event reporting a PS Key with address of 0xFFFF and empty value is always sent: it is meant to indicate
that all existing PS Keys have been read.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x01
class
Message class: Persistent Store
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
key
Persistent Store key ID
Values: 0x8000 to 0x807F
0xFFFF: All keys have been dumped
6
uint8array
value
Key value
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_flash_ps_key_evt_t{
uint16 key,
uint8 value_len,
const uint8* value_data
}
void ble_evt_flash_ps_key(
const struct ble_msg_flash_ps_key_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event flash_ps_key(key, value_len, value_data)
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5.7 Security Manager
The Security Manager (SM) class provides access to the Bluetooth low energy Security Manager and methods
such as : bonding management and modes and encryption control.
5.7.1 Commands
Security Manager class commands
Delete Bonding
This command deletes a bonding from the local security database. There can be a maximum of 8 bonded
devices stored at the same time, and one of them must be deleted if you need bonding with a 9th device.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
handle
Bonding handle of a device.
This handle can be obtained for example from events like:
Scan Response
Status
If handle is 0xFF, all bondings will be deleted
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_sm_delete_bonding(
uint8 handle
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_sm_delete_bonding_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_sm_delete_bonding(
const struct ble_msg_sm_delete_bonding_rsp_t * msg
)
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BGScript Functions
call sm_delete_bonding(handle)(result)
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Encrypt Start
This command starts the encryption for a given connection.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
handle
Connection handle
5
uint8
bonding
Create bonding if devices are not already bonded
0: Do not create bonding
1: Creating bonding
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
handle
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
result
0 : the encryption was started successfully
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
sm_bonding_fail
Sent if encryption or bonding fails
connection_status
Sent when connectino is encrypted
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_sm_encrypt_start(
uint8 handle,
uint8 bonding
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_sm_encrypt_start_rsp_t{
uint8 handle,
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_sm_encrypt_start(
const struct ble_msg_sm_encrypt_start_rsp_t * msg
)
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BGScript Functions
call sm_encrypt_start(handle, bonding)(handle, result)
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Get Bonds
This command lists all bonded devices. There can be a maximum of 8 bonded devices. The information related
to the bonded devices is stored in the Flash memory, so it is persistent across resets and power-cycles.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x05
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4
uint8
bonds
Num of currently bonded devices
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
sm bond_status
Bond status for each bonded device
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_sm_get_bonds(
void
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_sm_get_bonds_rsp_t{
uint8 bonds
}
void ble_rsp_sm_get_bonds(
const struct ble_msg_sm_get_bonds_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call sm_get_bonds()(bonds)
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Passkey Entry
This command is used to enter a passkey required for Man-in-the-Middle pairing. It should be sent as a
response to Passkey Request event.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4
uint8
handle
Connection Handle
5-8
uint32
passkey
Passkey
Range: 000000-999999
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
'0
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_sm_passkey_entry(
uint8 handle,
uint32 passkey
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_sm_passkey_entry_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_sm_passkey_entry(
const struct ble_msg_sm_passkey_entry_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call sm_passkey_entry(handle, passkey)(result)
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Set Bondable Mode
Set device to bondable mode
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
bondable
Enables or disables bonding mode
0 : the device is not bondable
1 : the device is bondable
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x01
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_sm_set_bondable_mode(
uint8 bondable
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_sm_set_bondable_mode(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call sm_set_bondable_mode(bondable)
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Set OoB Data
This commands sets the Out-of-Band encryption data for a device.
Device does not allow any other kind of pairing except OoB if the OoB data is set.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4
uint8array
oob
The OoB data to set, which must be 16 or 0 octets long.
If the data is empty it clears the previous OoB data.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x06
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_sm_set_oob_data(
uint8 oob_len,
const uint8* oob_data
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_sm_set_oob_data(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call sm_set_oob_data(oob_len, oob_data)
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Set Parameters
This command is used to configure the local Security Manager and its features.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4
uint8
mitm
1: Man-in-the-middle protection required
0: No Man-in-the-middle protection
Default: 0
5
uint8
min_key_size
Minimum key size in Bytes
Range: 7-16
Default: 7 (56bits)
6
uint8
io_capabilities
Configures the local devices I/O capabilities.
See: SMP IO Capabilities for options.
Default: No Input and No Output
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x03
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_sm_set_parameters(
uint8 mitm,
uint8 min_key_size,
uint8 io_capabilities
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_sm_set_parameters(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call sm_set_parameters(mitm, min_key_size, io_capabilities)
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Whitelist Bonds--sm
This command will add all bonded devices with a known public or static address to the local devices white list.
Previous entries in the white list will be first cleared.
This command can't be used while advertising, scanning or being connected.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x07
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x07
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
6
uint8
count
Number of whitelisted bonds
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_sm_whitelist_bonds(
void
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_sm_whitelist_bonds_rsp_t{
uint16 result,
uint8 count
}
void ble_rsp_sm_whitelist_bonds(
const struct ble_msg_sm_whitelist_bonds_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call sm_whitelist_bonds()(result, count)
5.7.2 Enumerations
Security Manager commands
Bonding Keys
Bonding information stored
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Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0x01
sm_bonding_key_ltk
LTK saved in master
0x02
sm_bonding_key_addr_public
Public Address
0x04
sm_bonding_key_addr_static
Static Address
0x08
sm_bonding_key_irk
Identity resolving key for resolvable private addresses
0x10
sm_bonding_key_edivrand
EDIV+RAND received from slave
0x20
sm_bonding_key_csrk
Connection signature resolving key
0x40
sm_bonding_key_masterid
EDIV+RAND sent to master
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Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
1
sm_bonding_key_ltk
LTK saved in master
2
sm_bonding_key_addr_public
Public Address
4
sm_bonding_key_addr_static
Static Address
8
sm_bonding_key_irk
Identity resolving key for resolvable private addresses
16
sm_bonding_key_edivrand
EDIV+RAND received from slave
32
sm_bonding_key_csrk
Connection signature resolving key
64
sm_bonding_key_masterid
EDIV+RAND sent to master
SMP IO Capabilities
Security Manager I/O Capabilities
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
sm_io_capability_displayonly
Display Only
1
sm_io_capability_displayyesno
Display with Yes/No-buttons
2
sm_io_capability_keyboardonly
Keyboard Only
3
sm_io_capability_noinputnooutput
No Input and No Output
4
sm_io_capability_keyboarddisplay
Display with Keyboard
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5.7.3 Events
Security Manager class events
Bonding Fail
This event indicates the bonding has failed for a connection.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
handle
Connection handle
5-6
uint16
result
Encryption status, describes error that occurred during bonding
See: Security Manager Protocol Errors
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_sm_bonding_fail_evt_t{
uint8 handle,
uint16 result
}
void ble_evt_sm_bonding_fail(
const struct ble_msg_sm_bonding_fail_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event sm_bonding_fail(handle, result)
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Bond Status
This event outputs bonding status information.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4
uint8
bond
Bonding handle
5
uint8
keysize
Encryption key size used in long-term key
6
uint8
mitm
Was Man-in-the-Middle mode was used in pairing
0: No MITM used
1: MITM was used
7
uint8
keys
Keys stored for bonding
See: Bonding Keys
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_sm_bond_status_evt_t{
uint8 bond,
uint8 keysize,
uint8 mitm,
uint8 keys
}
void ble_evt_sm_bond_status(
const struct ble_msg_sm_bond_status_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event sm_bond_status(bond, keysize, mitm, keys)
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Passkey Display
This event tells a passkey should be printed to the user for bonding. This passkey must be entered in the
remote device for bonding to be successful.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
handle
Bluetooth connection handle
5-8
uint32
passkey
Passkey range: 000000-999999
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_sm_passkey_display_evt_t{
uint8 handle,
uint32 passkey
}
void ble_evt_sm_passkey_display(
const struct ble_msg_sm_passkey_display_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event sm_passkey_display(handle, passkey)
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Passkey Request
This event indicates the Security Manager requests the user to enter passkey. The passkey the user needs to
enter is displayed by the remote device.
Use Passkey Entry command to respond to request
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x05
class
Message class: Security Manager
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4
uint8
handle
Connection handle
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_sm_passkey_request_evt_t{
uint8 handle
}
void ble_evt_sm_passkey_request(
const struct ble_msg_sm_passkey_request_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event sm_passkey_request(handle)
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5.8 System
The System class provides access to the local device and contains functions for example to query the local
Bluetooth address, read firmware version, read radio packet counters etc.
5.8.1 Commands
System class commands
Address Get
This command reads the local device's public Bluetooth address.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x02
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x06
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4-9
bd_addr
address
Bluetooth address of the local device
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_address_get(
void
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_address_get_rsp_t{
bd_addr address
}
void ble_rsp_system_address_get(
const struct ble_msg_system_address_get_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call system_address_get()(address)
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AES Decrypt
This command decrypts the given data using the AES algorithm with the predefined key set with command Aes
Setkey.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x11
method
Message ID
4
uint8array
data
Data to be decrypted
Maximum size is 16 bytes, will be zero padded if less.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x11
method
Message ID
4
uint8array
data
Decrypted data
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_aes_decrypt(
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_aes_decrypt_rsp_t{
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
}
void ble_rsp_system_aes_decrypt(
const struct ble_msg_system_aes_decrypt_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call system_aes_decrypt(data_len, data_data)(data_len, data_data)
AES Encrypt
This command encrypts the given data using the AES algorithm with the predefined with command Aes Setkey.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
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Byte
Type
Name
Description
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x10
method
Message ID
4
uint8array
data
Data to be encrypted
Maximum size is 16 bytes, will be zero padded if less.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x10
method
Message ID
4
uint8array
data
Encrypted data
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_aes_encrypt(
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_aes_encrypt_rsp_t{
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
}
void ble_rsp_system_aes_encrypt(
const struct ble_msg_system_aes_encrypt_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call system_aes_encrypt(data_len, data_data)(data_len, data_data)
AES Setkey
This command defines the encryption key that will be used with the AES encrypt and decrypt commands.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0F
method
Message ID
4
uint8array
key
Encryption key
Key size is 16 bytes, will be zero padded if less.
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Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0F
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_aes_setkey(
uint8 key_len,
const uint8* key_data
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_system_aes_setkey(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call system_aes_setkey(key_len, key_data)
Endpoint RX
Read data from an endpoint (i.e., data souce, e.g., UART), error is returned if endpoint does not have enough
data.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0D
method
Message ID
4
uint8
endpoint
Endpoint index to read data from
5
uint8
size
Size of data to read
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0D
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
6
uint8array
data
Data read from endpoint
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_endpoint_rx(
uint8 endpoint,
uint8 size
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_endpoint_rx_rsp_t{
uint16 result,
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
}
void ble_rsp_system_endpoint_rx(
const struct ble_msg_system_endpoint_rx_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call system_endpoint_rx(endpoint, size)(result, data_len, data_data)
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Endpoint Set Watermarks
Set watermarks on both input and output sides of an endpoint. This is used to enable and disable the following
events: Endpoint Watermark Tx and Endpoint Watermark Rx.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0E
method
Message ID
4
uint8
endpoint
Endpoint index to set watermarks.
5
uint8
rx
Watermark position on receive buffer
0xFF : watermark is not modified
0x00 : disables watermark
1-63 : sets watermark position
6
uint8
Watermark position on transmit buffer
tx
0xFF : watermark is not modified
0x00 : disables watermark
1-63 : sets watermark position
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0E
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_endpoint_set_watermarks(
uint8 endpoint,
uint8 rx,
uint8 tx
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_endpoint_set_watermarks_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_system_endpoint_set_watermarks(
const struct ble_msg_system_endpoint_set_watermarks_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call system_endpoint_set_watermarks(endpoint, rx, tx)(result)
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Endpoint TX
Send data to endpoint, error is returned if endpoint does not have enough space
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x09
method
Message ID
4
uint8
endpoint
Endpoint index to send data to
5
uint8array
data
data to send
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x09
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
Command result
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_endpoint_tx(
uint8 endpoint,
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_endpoint_tx_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_system_endpoint_tx(
const struct ble_msg_system_endpoint_tx_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call system_endpoint_tx(endpoint, data_len, data_data)(result)
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Get Connections
This command reads the number of supported connections from the local device.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x06
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4
uint8
maxconn
Max supported connections
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
connection status
Connection status for each connection handle
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_get_connections(
void
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_get_connections_rsp_t{
uint8 maxconn
}
void ble_rsp_system_get_connections(
const struct ble_msg_system_get_connections_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call system_get_connections()(maxconn)
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Get Counters
Read packet counters and resets them, also returns available packet buffers.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x05
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x05
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x05
method
Message ID
4
uint8
txok
Number of transmitted packets
5
uint8
txretry
Number of retransmitted packets
6
uint8
rxok
Number of received packets where CRC was OK
7
uint8
rxfail
Number of received packets with CRC error
8
uint8
mbuf
Number of available packet buffers
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_get_counters(
void
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_get_counters_rsp_t{
uint8 txok,
uint8 txretry,
uint8 rxok,
uint8 rxfail,
uint8 mbuf
}
void ble_rsp_system_get_counters(
const struct ble_msg_system_get_counters_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call system_get_counters()(txok, txretry, rxok, rxfail, mbuf)
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Get Info
This command reads the local devices software and hardware versions.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x08
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x0C
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x08
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
major
Major software version
6-7
uint16
minor
Minor software version
8-9
uint16
patch
Patch ID
10 - 11
uint16
build
Build version
12 - 13
uint16
ll_version
Link layer version
14
uint8
protocol_version
BGAPI protocol version
15
uint8
hw
Hardware version
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_get_info(
void
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_get_info_rsp_t{
uint16 major,
uint16 minor,
uint16 patch,
uint16 build,
uint16 ll_version,
uint8 protocol_version,
uint8 hw
}
void ble_rsp_system_get_info(
const struct ble_msg_system_get_info_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call system_get_info()(major, minor, patch, build, ll_version, protocol_version, hw)
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Hello
This command can be used to test if the local device is functional. Similar to a typical "AT" -> "OK" test.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x01
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x01
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_hello(
void
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_system_hello(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call system_hello()
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Reset
This command resets the local device immediately. The command does not have a response.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
boot_in_dfu
Selects the boot mode
0 : boot to main program
1 : boot to DFU
Table: EVENTS
Event
Description
system boot
Sent when device has completed reset
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_reset(
uint8 boot_in_dfu
);
BGScript Functions
call system_reset(boot_in_dfu)
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Whitelist Append
Add an entry to the running white list. By the white list you can define for example the remote devices which are
allowed to establish a connection. See also Set Filtering and Connect Selective (if the white list is empty they
will not be active). Do not use this command while advertising, scanning, or while being connected. The current
list is discarded upon reset or power-cycle.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x07
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0A
method
Message ID
4-9
bd_addr
address
Bluetooth device address to add to the running white list
Maximum of 8 can be stored before you must clear or remove entires
10
uint8
address_type
Bluetooth address type
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0A
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_whitelist_append(
bd_addr address,
uint8 address_type
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_whitelist_append_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_system_whitelist_append(
const struct ble_msg_system_whitelist_append_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call system_whitelist_append(address, address_type)(result)
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Whitelist Clear
Delete all entries on the white list at once.
Do not use this command while advertising or while being connected.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0C
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0C
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_whitelist_clear(
void
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_system_whitelist_clear(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call system_whitelist_clear()
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Whitelist Remove
Remove an entry from the running white list.
Do not use this command while advertising or while being connected.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x07
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0B
method
Message ID
4-9
bd_addr
address
Bluetooth device address to remove from the running white list
10
uint8
address_type
Bluetooth address type
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x0B
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_system_whitelist_remove(
bd_addr address,
uint8 address_type
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_whitelist_remove_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_system_whitelist_remove(
const struct ble_msg_system_whitelist_remove_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call system_whitelist_remove(address, address_type)(result)
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5.8.2 Enumerations
System class enumerations
Endpoints
Data Endpoints used in data routing and interface configuration
Table: VALUES
Value
Name
Description
0
system_endpoint_api
Command Parser
1
system_endpoint_test
Radio Test
2
system_endpoint_script
BGScript (not used)
3
system_endpoint_usb
USB Interface
4
system_endpoint_uart0
USART 0
5
system_endpoint_uart1
USART 1
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5.8.3 Events
System class events
Boot
This event is produced when the device boots up and is ready to receive commands
This event is not sent over USB interface.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x0C
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
major
Major software version
6-7
uint16
minor
Minor software version
8-9
uint16
patch
Patch ID
10 - 11
uint16
build
Build version
12 - 13
uint16
ll_version
Link layer version
14
uint8
protocol_version
BGAPI protocol version
15
uint8
hw
Hardware version
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_boot_evt_t{
uint16 major,
uint16 minor,
uint16 patch,
uint16 build,
uint16 ll_version,
uint8 protocol_version,
uint8 hw
}
void ble_evt_system_boot(
const struct ble_msg_system_boot_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event system_boot(major, minor, patch, build, ll_version, protocol_version, hw)
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Endpoint Watermark RX
This event is generated if the receive (incoming) buffer of the endpoint has been filled with a number of bytes
equal or higher than the value defined by the command Endpoint Set Watermarks. Data from the receive buffer
can then be read (and consequently cleared) with the command Endpoint Rx.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8
endpoint
Endpoint index where data was received
5
uint8
data
Received data size
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_endpoint_watermark_rx_evt_t{
uint8 endpoint,
uint8 data
}
void ble_evt_system_endpoint_watermark_rx(
const struct ble_msg_system_endpoint_watermark_rx_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event system_endpoint_watermark_rx(endpoint, data)
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Endpoint Watermark TX
This event is generated when the transmit (outgoing) buffer of the endpoint has free space for a number of
bytes equal or higher than the value defined by the command Endpoint Set Watermarks. When there is enough
free space, data can be sent out of the endpoint by the command Endpoint Tx.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4
uint8
endpoint
Endpoint index where data was sent
5
uint8
data
Space available
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_endpoint_watermark_tx_evt_t{
uint8 endpoint,
uint8 data
}
void ble_evt_system_endpoint_watermark_tx(
const struct ble_msg_system_endpoint_watermark_tx_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event system_endpoint_watermark_tx(endpoint, data)
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No License Key
This error is produced when no valid license key found form the Bluetooth Smart hardware. When there is no
valid license key the Bluetooth radio will not be operational.
A new license key can be requested from the Bluegiga Technical Support.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x05
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Callback *
void ble_evt_system_no_license_key(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
event system_no_license_ke)
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Protocol Error
A protocol error was detected in BGAPI command parser. This event is triggered if a BGAPI command from the
host contains syntax error(s), or if a command is only partially sent. Then the BGAPI parser has a 1 second
command timeout and if a valid command is not transmitted within this timeout an error is raised and the partial
or wrong command will be ignored.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
reason
Reason for failure
See: BGAPI Errors
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_protocol_error_evt_t{
uint16 reason
}
void ble_evt_system_protocol_error(
const struct ble_msg_system_protocol_error_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event system_protocol_error(reason)
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Script Failure
A BGScript failure has been detected and this event is raised.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x00
class
Message class: System
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
address
Address where failure was detected
6-7
uint16
reason
Reason for failure
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_system_script_failure_evt_t{
uint16 address,
uint16 reason
}
void ble_evt_system_script_failure(
const struct ble_msg_system_script_failure_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event system_script_failure(address, reason)
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5.9 Testing
The Testing API provides access to functions which can be used to put the local device into a test mode
required for Bluetooth conformance testing.
5.9.1 Commands
Channel Mode
Set channel quality measurement mode. This command defines the kind of information reported by the
response to the command Get Channel Map.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x08
class
Message class: Testing
3
0x06
method
Message ID
4
uint8
mode
0: RSSI of next packet sent on channel after Get Channel Map is issued
When this mode is selected, the command Get Channel Map must be issued while
a connection exists. Response will be ready when packets have been sent on all
the 37 channels. Returned value minus an offset of 103 will give the approximate
RSSI in dBm.
1: Accumulate error counter
When this mode is selected, the command Get Channel Map must be issued while
a connection exists. After the command is issued the counter will be reset.
2: Fast channel Sweep
When this mode is selected, the command Get Channel Map must be issued while
no connection exists. Returned value is of the same kind as in mode 0, but refers to
the measured background noise.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x08
class
Message class: Testing
3
0x06
method
Message ID
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C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_test_channel_mode(
uint8 mode
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_test_channel_mode(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call test_channel_mode(mode)
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Get Channel Map
This command can be used to read the Channel Quality Map. Channel Quality Map is cleared after the
response to this command is sent. Measurements are entered into the Channel Quality Map as packets are
received over the different channels during a normal connection.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x08
class
Message class: Testing
3
0x04
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: response
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x08
class
Message class: Testing
3
0x04
method
Message ID
4
uint8array channel_map Channel quality map measurements.
The 37 bytes reported by this response, one per each channel, carry the
information defined via the Channel Mode configuration command.
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_test_get_channel_map(
void
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_test_get_channel_map_rsp_t{
uint8 channel_map_len,
const uint8* channel_map_data
}
void ble_rsp_test_get_channel_map(
const struct ble_msg_test_get_channel_map_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call test_get_channel_map()(channel_map_len, channel_map_data)
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Phy End
This command ends a PHY test and report received packets.
PHY - testing commands implement Direct test mode from Bluetooth Core Specification, Volume 6, Part F.
These commands are meant to be used when testing against separate Bluetooth tester.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x08
class
Message class: Testing
3
0x02
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x08
class
Message class: Testing
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
counter
Received packet counter
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_test_phy_end(
void
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_test_phy_end_rsp_t{
uint16 counter
}
void ble_rsp_test_phy_end(
const struct ble_msg_test_phy_end_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call test_phy_end()(counter)
Phy Rx
This commands starts a PHY receive test. Valid packets received can be read by Phy End command.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
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Byte
Type
Name
Description
2
0x08
class
Message class: Testing
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4
uint8
channel
Bluetooth channel to use
Values: 0x00 - 0x27
Channel is (Frequency-2402)/2
Frequency Range 2402 MHz to 2480 MHz
Examples:
0x0 : 2402MHz
0x13: 2441MHz
0x27: 2480MHz
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x08
class
Message class: Testing
3
0x01
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_test_phy_rx(
uint8 channel
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_test_phy_rx(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call test_phy_rx(channel)
Phy Tx
This command start PHY packet transmission and the radio starts to send one packet at every 625us. If a
carrier wave is specified as type then the radio just broadcasts continuous carrier wave.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x03
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x08
class
Message class: Testing
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Byte
Type
Name
Description
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
channel
RF channel to use
Values: 0x00 - 0x27
channel is (Frequency-2402)/2
Frequency Range 2402 MHz to 2480 MHz
5
uint8
Payload data length as octetes
length
Values: 0x00 - 0x25
6
uint8
Packet Payload data contents
type
0: PRBS9 pseudo-random data
1: 11110000 sequence
2: 10101010 sequence
3: broadcast carrier wave
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x08
class
Message class: Testing
3
0x00
method
Message ID
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_test_phy_tx(
uint8 channel,
uint8 length,
uint8 type
);
/* Callback *
void ble_rsp_test_phy_tx(
const void *nul
)
BGScript Functions
call test_phy_tx(channel, length, type)
5.10 Device Firmware Upgrade
The commands and events in the DFU (Device firmware upgrade) can be used to perform a firmware upgrade
to the local device for example over the UART interface.
T commands in this class are only available when the module has been booted into DFU mode with the reset
command.
5.10.1 Commands
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Device Firmware Upgrade commands
Flash Set Address
After the device has been boot into DFU mode, and if the UART bootloader is used (defined in project
configuration file), this command can be used to start the DFU firmware upgrade.
The UART DFU process:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Boot device to DFU mode with : Reset command.
Wait for DFU Boot event
Send command Flash Set Address to start the firmware update.
Upload the firmware with Flash Upload commands until all the data has been uploaded. Use data
contained in the firmware image .hex file starting from byte offset 0x1000: everything before this offset is
bootloader data which cannot be written using DFU; also, the last 2kB are skipped because they contain
the hardware page and other configuration data that cannot be changed over DFU.
5. Send Flash Upload Finish to when all the data has been uploaded.
6. Finalize the DFU firmware update with command: Reset.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x09
class
Message class: Device Firmware Upgrade
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4-7
uint32
address
The offset in the flash where to start flashing.
Always use: 0x1000
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x09
class
Message class: Device Firmware Upgrade
3
0x01
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: Command was successful
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_dfu_flash_set_address(
uint32 address
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_dfu_flash_set_address_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_dfu_flash_set_address(
const struct ble_msg_dfu_flash_set_address_rsp_t * msg
)
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BGScript Functions
call dfu_flash_set_address(address)(result)
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Flash Upload
This command is used repeatedly to upload the new binary firmware image to module over the UART interface.
The address on the flash will be updated automatically.
When all data is uploaded finalize the upload with command: Flash Upload Finish.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x09
class
Message class: Device Firmware Upgrade
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4
uint8array data
An array of data which will be written into the flash.
The amount of data in the array MUST be 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 or 64 bytes or
otherwise the firmware update will fail.
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x09
class
Message class: Device Firmware Upgrade
3
0x02
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: Command was successful
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_dfu_flash_upload(
uint8 data_len,
const uint8* data_data
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_dfu_flash_upload_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_dfu_flash_upload(
const struct ble_msg_dfu_flash_upload_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call dfu_flash_upload(data_len, data_data)(result)
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Flash Upload Finish
This command tells to the device that the uploading of DFU data has finished. After this command the issue still
Reset command to restart the Bluetooth module in normal mode.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x00
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x09
class
Message class: Device Firmware Upgrade
3
0x03
method
Message ID
Table: RESPONSE
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x02
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x09
class
Message class: Device Firmware Upgrade
3
0x03
method
Message ID
4-5
uint16
result
0: Command was successful
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_dfu_flash_upload_finish(
void
);
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_dfu_flash_upload_finish_rsp_t{
uint16 result
}
void ble_rsp_dfu_flash_upload_finish(
const struct ble_msg_dfu_flash_upload_finish_rsp_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
call dfu_flash_upload_finish()(result)
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Reset
This command resets the Bluetooth module or the dongle. This command does not have a response, but the
consequent following event will be the normal boot event (system_boot) or the DFU boot event (dfu_boot) if
the DFU option is used and UART boot loader is installed.
There are three available boot loaders: USB for DFU upgrades using the USB-DFU protocol over the USB
interface, UART for DFU upgrades using the BGAPI protocol over the UART interface, and OTA for the Overthe-Air upgrades.
Table: COMMAND
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x00
hilen
Message type: command
1
0x01
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x09
class
Message class: Device Firmware Upgrade
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4
uint8
dfu
Whether or not to boot into DFU mode:
0: Reboot normally
1: Reboot into DFU mode for communication with the currently installed boot loader
(UART, USB or OTA)
C Functions
/* Function */
void ble_cmd_dfu_reset(
uint8 dfu
);
BGScript Functions
call dfu_reset(dfu)
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5.10.2 Events
Device Firmware Upgrade events
Boot
Device has booted up in DFU mode and is ready to receive commands.
Table: EVENT
Byte
Type
Name
Description
0
0x80
hilen
Message type: event
1
0x04
lolen
Minimum payload length
2
0x09
class
Message class: Device Firmware Upgrade
3
0x00
method
Message ID
4-7
uint32
version
DFU protocol version
1: DFUv1 protocol
C Functions
/* Callback */
struct ble_msg_dfu_boot_evt_t{
uint32 version
}
void ble_evt_dfu_boot(
const struct ble_msg_dfu_boot_evt_t * msg
)
BGScript Functions
event dfu_boot(version)
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5.11 Error Codes
This section describes the error codes the API commands may produce.
5.11.1 BGAPI Errors
Errors related to BGAPI protocol
Invalid Parameter (0x0180)
Command contained invalid parameter
Device in Wrong State (0x0181)
Device is in wrong state to receive command
Out Of Memory (0x0182)
Device has run out of memory
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Feature Not Implemented (0x0183)
Feature is not implemented
Command Not Recognized (0x0184)
Command was not recognized
Timeout (0x0185)
Command or Procedure failed due to timeout
Not Connected (0x0186)
Connection handle passed is to command is not a valid handle
flow (0x0187)
Command would cause either underflow or overflow error
User Attribute (0x0188)
User attribute was accessed through API which is not supported
Invalid License Key (0x0189)
No valid license key found
Command Too Long (0x018A)
Command maximum length exceeded
Out of Bonds (0x018B)
Bonding procedure can't be started because device has no space left for bond.
5.11.2 Bluetooth Errors
Bluetooth errors
Authentication Failure (0x0205)
Pairing or authentication failed due to incorrect results in the pairing or authentication procedure. This could be
due to an incorrect PIN or Link Key
Pin or Key Missing (0x0206)
Pairing failed because of missing PIN, or authentication failed because of missing Key.
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Memory Capacity Exceeded (0x0207)
Controller is out of memory.
Connection Timeout (0x0208)
Link supervision timeout has expired.
Connection Limit Exceeded (0x0209)
Controller is at limit of connections it can support.
Command Disallowed (0x020C)
Command requested cannot be executed because the Controller is in a state where it cannot process this
command at this time.
Invalid Command Parameters (0x0212)
Command contained invalid parameters.
Remote User Terminated Connection (0x0213)
User on the remote device terminated the connection.
Connection Terminated by Local Host (0x0216)
Local device terminated the connection.
LL Response Timeout (0x0222)
Connection terminated due to link-layer procedure timeout.
LL Instant Passed (0x0228)
Received link-layer control packet where instant was in the past.
Controller Busy (0x023A)
Operation was rejected because the controller is busy and unable to process the request.
Unacceptable Connection Interval (0x023B)
The Unacceptable Connection Interval error code indicates that the remote device terminated the connection
because of an unacceptable connection interval.
Directed Advertising Timeout (0x023C)
Directed advertising completed without a connection being created.
MIC Failure (0x023D)
Connection was terminated because the Message Integrity Check (MIC) failed on a received packet.
Connection Failed to be Established (0x023E)
LL initiated a connection but the connection has failed to be established. Controller did not receive any packets
from remote end.
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More in detail, an attempt to open a connection is made by the master by sending only one CONNECT_REQ ,
after which the master immediately transitions to connected state (BT4.1 Vol 6 Part B 4.4.4). If the advertiser for
any reason (like interference) does not catch the packet it will just continue advertising, while the master
remains in a fast termination mode, where it will only send 6 packets before failing, independent of supervision
timeout (in fact, a master starts using normal supervision timeout only after it has received at least one packet
from slave.) If the master does not receive anything by the time its 6 packets are sent, connection establishment
will be considered failed and this error will be reported to the host or to the BGScript. In a busy environment it is
normal to see roughly 1-2% error rate when opening connections.
5.11.3 Security Manager Protocol Errors
Errors from Security Manager Protocol
Passkey Entry Failed (0x0301)
The user input of passkey failed, for example, the user cancelled the operation
OOB Data is not available (0x0302)
Out of Band data is not available for authentication
Authentication Requirements (0x0303)
The pairing procedure cannot be performed as authentication requirements cannot be met due to IO capabilities
of one or both devices
Confirm Value Failed (0x0304)
The confirm value does not match the calculated compare value
Pairing Not Supported (0x0305)
Pairing is not supported by the device
Encryption Key Size (0x0306)
The resultant encryption key size is insufficient for the security requirements of this device
Command Not Supported (0x0307)
The SMP command received is not supported on this device
Unspecified Reason (0x0308)
Pairing failed due to an unspecified reason
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Repeated Attempts (0x0309)
Pairing or authentication procedure is disallowed because too little time has elapsed since last pairing request
or security request
Invalid Parameters (0x030A)
The Invalid Parameters error code indicates: the command length is invalid or a parameter is outside of the
specified range.
5.11.4 Attribute Protocol Errors
Errors from Attribute Protocol
Invalid Handle (0x0401)
The attribute handle given was not valid on this server
Read Not Permitted (0x0402)
The attribute cannot be read
Write Not Permitted (0x0403)
The attribute cannot be written
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Invalid PDU (0x0404)
The attribute PDU was invalid
Insufficient Authentication (0x0405)
The attribute requires authentication before it can be read or written.
Request Not Supported (0x0406)
Attribute Server does not support the request received from the client.
Invalid Offset (0x0407)
Offset specified was past the end of the attribute
Insufficient Authorization (0x0408)
The attribute requires authorization before it can be read or written.
Prepare Queue Full (0x0409)
Too many prepare writes have been queueud
Attribute Not Found (0x040A)
No attribute found within the given attribute handle range.
Attribute Not Long (0x040B)
The attribute cannot be read or written using the Read Blob Request
Insufficient Encryption Key Size (0x040C)
The Encryption Key Size used for encrypting this link is insufficient.
Invalid Attribute Value Length (0x040D)
The attribute value length is invalid for the operation
Unlikely Error (0x040E)
The attribute request that was requested has encountered an error that was unlikely, and therefore could not be
completed as requested.
Insufficient Encryption (0x040F)
The attribute requires encryption before it can be read or written.
Unsupported Group Type (0x0410)
The attribute type is not a supported grouping attribute as defined by a higher layer specification.
Insufficient Resources (0x0411)
Insufficient Resources to complete the request
Application Error Codes (0x0480)
Application error code defined by a higher layer specification.
Bluegiga – A Silicon Labs Company
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Contact information
Sales:
www.bluegiga.com
Technical support:
http://www.bluegiga.com/support/
Orders:
[email protected]
WWW:
http://www.bluegiga.com
SILICON LABS
Phone: +1 877.444.3032
400 West Cesar Chavez
Austin, TX 78701 USA
FINLAND OFFICE
Phone: +358 9 435 5060
Fax: +358 9 435 50660
Sinikalliontie 5A, 5th floor
02630 Espoo, Finland
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