dm00053374

AN4101
Application note
LIN communication with STM8A-DISCOVERY
Introduction
The purpose of this application note is to describe the LIN demonstration that is delivered
with the STM8A-DISCOVERY.
The software running in the STM8AF microcontroller configures the STM8AF board as a
basic LIN master node, while the software in the STM8AL microcontroller sets the STM8AL
board as a basic LIN slave node. Each board is connected through a single wire LIN bus,
thanks to the LIN transceivers embedded in the L99PM62GXP device.
This document is organized as follows:
■
Chapter 2 gives a short introduction to the LIN bus standard.
■
Chapter 3 briefly describes the LIN transceiver of the L99PM62GXP.
■
Chapter 4, Chapter 5 and Chapter 6 describe the different UART implementations found
in the STM8AL and STM8AF microcontroller families, and explain the principle of a basic
software LIN driver in master or slave mode.
■
Chapter 7 describes the demonstration software delivered with the STM8A-DISCOVERY,
which uses some of the basic LIN drivers from Chapter 4 and Chapter 5.
You can also refer to AN4178 for an example of the STM8AF board in slave mode, using the
driver described in Chapter 6.
All these examples can be used as references for understanding how to configure USART
and LINUART, and for implementing your own LIN driver in the STM8AF and STM8AL
microcontrollers.
Note:
A LIN Software Package and a J2602 Software Package are available for free from
STMicroelectronics, as detailed in Chapter 8.
Table 1.
Applicable products
Type
Microcontrollers
December 2012
Part numbers
– STM8AF5xxx, STM8AF6x26/4x/66/68,
STM8AF6x69/7x/8x/9x/Ax
– STM8AL313x, STM8AL314x, STM8AL316x,
STM8AL3L4x, STM8AL3L6x
– STM8A-DISCOVERY
Doc ID 23127 Rev 1
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www.st.com
Contents
AN4101
Contents
1
Related documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2
Introduction to the LIN bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.1
LIN consortium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.2
LIN principle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.3
LIN frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.4
LIN physical layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3
LIN transceiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
4
Implementing a LIN master node with STM8AF board . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5
6
7
2/21
4.1
STM8AF microcontroller LINUART and USART features for LIN master . . 9
4.2
Software algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.2.1
LIN state machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
4.2.2
LINUART interrupt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Implementing a LIN slave node with STM8AF board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5.1
STM8AF microcontroller LINUART features for LIN slave . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5.2
Software algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5.2.1
LIN state machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5.2.2
LINUART interrupt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Implementing a LIN slave node with STM8AL board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
6.1
STM8AL microcontroller USART features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
6.2
Software algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
6.2.1
LIN state machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
6.2.2
LINUART interrupt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
LIN demonstration software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
7.1
Getting started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
7.2
STM8AF software description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
7.2.1
STM8AF peripherals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
7.2.2
Software modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
7.2.3
STM8S/A standard peripheral library modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
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Contents
7.3
7.4
STM8AL software description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
7.3.1
STM8AL peripherals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
7.3.2
Software modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
7.3.3
STM8L15x/16x standard peripheral library modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Debugging with ST visual develop (STVD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
7.4.1
Downloading the software tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
7.4.2
Opening the workspace and selecting the correct project . . . . . . . . . . . 18
7.4.3
Rebuilding and debugging the project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
8
LIN and J2602 software packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
9
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
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Related documents
1
AN4101
Related documents
The following documents are related to this product:
4/21
●
STM8A-DISCOVERY User manual (UM1574)
●
STM8AF5xxx STM8AF6x69/7x/8x/9x/Ax datasheet
●
STM8AL316x STM8AL314x STM8AL3L6x STM8AL3L4x datasheet
●
STM8S and STM8A microcontroller families Reference Manual (RM0016)
●
STM8L05xx, STM8L15xx STM8L162x, STM8AL31xx and STM8AL3Lxx
microcontroller family reference manual (RM0031)
●
L99PM62GXP datasheet
●
LIN communication with two STM8AF boards of STM8A-DISCOVERY (AN4178)
●
CAN communication with two STM8AF boards of STM8A-DISCOVERY (AN4179)
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AN4101
Introduction to the LIN bus
2
Introduction to the LIN bus
2.1
LIN consortium
The LIN consortium was created in 1998 to standardize serial communication in automotive
applications. LIN complements CAN as a cost-effective subnetwork. You can get your LIN
specification version at http://www.lin-subbus.org/.
The key features of LIN are as follows:
●
low-cost, single-wire implementation based on ISO9141 and VBAT voltage
●
speed up to 20 Kbps, acceptable for many applications (limited for EMI reasons)
●
a single master, multiple slave concept, without need for arbitration
●
low-cost silicon implementation based on UART
●
self-synchronization of slave nodes, allowing low-cost inaccurate clock source usage
●
guaranteed latency times for signal transmission, allowing predictable system design
This low-price serial communication protocol replaces CAN in various non safety-critical
automotive applications (for example, in the body, door, roof or seat). LIN node functionality
mainly involves switches, actuators and sensors.
2.2
LIN principle
The master node decides when and which frame shall be transferred on the bus. Slave
nodes simply react when they detect a Break on the bus.
The master node has control over the whole bus and protocol. It decides which message at
what time is to be transferred over the bus. It also does the error handling.
For this, the master:
●
sends the Header, which consists of a Break, a Synch byte and an Identifier field
●
monitors data bytes and checksum bytes to evaluate them for consistency
●
is the reference for the clock base
The slave node receives or transmits data when an appropriate identifier is sent by the
master.
For this, the slave:
Note:
1.
checks the identifier
2.
depending on the identifier value, determines which of the following to do:
–
receive data
–
transmit data
–
do nothing
When transmitting, the slave sends from 1 to 8 data bytes, and 1 checksum byte.
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Introduction to the LIN bus
2.3
AN4101
LIN frame
LIN is based on the standard UART format, with 1 start bit, 8 data bits (LSB first), and 1 stop
bit.
Figure 1.
LIN frame
Byte field
Start
bit
LSB
(bit 0)
MSB
(bit 7)
Stop
bit
MSv31513V1
The LIN frame is composed of a header and a response.
The header consists of:
●
the Break field
●
the Synch field
●
the Protected Identifier field
The response consists of:
●
from 1 to 8 bytes of data
●
1 checksum byte
Figure 2.
LIN frame header and response
Frame
Header
Response
Response space
Break
field
Sync
field
Protected
identifier
field
Data 1
Inter-byte space
Data 2
Data N
Checksum
Inter-byte spaces
MSv31514V1
The header is always sent by the master node. The response is sent by only one node:
either the master node, or one of the slave nodes.
The node sending a frame response is called the publisher. There is always only one
publisher for each frame.
A node interested in a frame response is called a subscriber. There can be several
subscribers for a frame.
6/21
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2.4
Introduction to the LIN bus
LIN physical layer
The LIN bus is single-wire, and is connected via a pull-up resistor to the battery voltage
VBAT. The LIN transceiver is an enhancement of the ISO 9141 standard.
There are two possible bus states:
●
dominant
●
recessive
The LIN bus does not need to resolve bus collisions, since only one message is allowed on
the bus at a time. This guarantees a deterministic system with known latency times.
The default state is recessive. A dominant state occurs when the transmitter pulls down the
bus line. All LIN transmitters operate as and gates, which means that they must all be in a
recessive state for the bus to be in a recessive state.
In Figure 3, Rx and Tx signals refer to the microcontroller USART or LINUART signals, while
VBUS refers to the LIN bus.
Figure 3.
LIN bus circuit diagram
V Shift_BAT
Master ECU
V BATTERY
D ser_int
Transceiver IC
V BAT
D ser_master
V SUP
V BAT
V BATTERY
30 kΩ
Rx
V GND_BATTERY
V GND_ECU
1kΩ
V BUS
Tx
V SUP : Internal supply for electronics
V Shift_GND
MSv31515V1
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LIN transceiver
3
AN4101
LIN transceiver
A LIN transceiver is embedded in the L99PM62 power management integrated circuit, which
is present on both STM8AF and STM8AL boards. For more information, refer to the
UM1574 STM8A-DISCOVERY user manual, and to the L99PM62GXP datasheet.
Figure 4.
LIN transceiver embedded in the L99PM62GXP
VS
Temp Prewarning
& Shutdown
Undervoltage –
Overvoltage Shutdown
V1
V2
REL 1
Low Side
100mA
Output Clamp
REL 2
OP1+
OP1OP1_out
VREG 1
5V / 250mA
OP2+
OP2OP2_out
VREG 2
5V / 100mA
NReset
4-channel
PWM Generator
High Side
400mA
OUT_HS
High Side
120mA
OUT1
High Side
120mA
OUT2
High Side
120mA
OUT3 / FSO
High Side
120mA
OUT4
Wake Up In
WU1
Wake Up In
WU2
Wake Up In
WU3
LOGIC
Timer 1
Timer 2
CSN
CLK
DI
DO
Low Side
100mA
Output Clamp
Window
Watchdog
SPI
CAN Supply
CAN_H
LIN
LINPU
LIN 2.1
SAEJ 2602 (1)
RxD_L / NINT
SPLIT
HS CAN
ISO 11898-2/-5
TxD_C
RxD_C
TxD_L
1) LIN 2.1 certified
AGND
CAN_L
PGND
MSv31516V1
8/21
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Implementing a LIN master node with STM8AF board
4
Implementing a LIN master node with STM8AF board
4.1
STM8AF microcontroller LINUART and USART features for
LIN master
The LINUART and USART inside the STM8AF microcontroller implement both generation
and detection of LIN Breaks.
LIN Break generation allows sending of 13-bit Breaks on the TX pin, thanks to the LIN
protocol requirement.
LIN Break detection allows detection of feedback from the LIN transceiver, before the Synch
Field (55h data byte) transmission is requested on the TX pin. There is a dedicated flag,
LBDF, which may or may not trigger the receive interrupt depending on the LBDIE bit
configuration.
4.2
Software algorithm
The software algorithm described below is implemented in the demonstration software of
the STM8A-DISCOVERY (STM8AF microcontroller). Refer to Section 7.2: STM8AF
software description for details.
4.2.1
LIN state machine
The LIN task is called regularly by the main routine. This task is a basic LIN master driver
that implements a state machine with the following states:
4.2.2
●
Idle
●
Break
●
SynchField
●
Identifier
●
DataReception
●
DataTransmission
LINUART interrupt
The LINUART interrupt reads and clears the hardware flags in the LINUART registers, and
sets the appropriate software flags to allow transitions in the basic LIN driver state machine:
●
BreakReceived, which is set if the break detection flag (LBDF) is set in the interrupt
routine
●
DataReceived, which is set if the RXNE flag is set
●
ReceptionError, which is set if the case framing error flag (FE) or the overrun flag (OR)
is set
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Implementing a LIN slave node with STM8AF board
AN4101
5
Implementing a LIN slave node with STM8AF board
5.1
STM8AF microcontroller LINUART features for LIN slave
LINUART supports autonomous handling of LIN headers. The software is notified of header
reception through a dedicated flag, LHDF. This means that a single interrupt occurs only
when the entire header is received, including the Break, the Synch Field and the Identifier
Field.
LINUART implements a mute mode, allowing the software to remain quiet without
generating any interrupts until reception of the next header. This is very useful for filtering
frames for which the STM8AF is neither publisher nor subscriber. All data bytes of the frame
response will thus be ignored by the LINUART, and will not generate any interrupts.
The automatic resynchronization feature allows a LIN slave to be built with the STM8AF
microcontroller, without the need for an external crystal, oscillator or resonator. The
LINUART can synchronize on the Synch Field of each received header, and automatically
adjusts the baudrate prescaler in order to receive and send the rest of the frame with the
right frequency tolerance, whatever the frequency deviation of the embedded internal RC
oscillator (HSI) may be.
If one of the following errors is detected during the header reception, the software is notified
through the LHE flag:
●
resynchronization error, if the deviation is greater than 14%
●
identifier error (framing error or parity error)
●
break delimiter error, if the delimiter is too short
●
header timeout, if the LIN header is longer than the T_HEADER_MAX defined in the
LIN standard
In order to enhance system robustness, the LINUART can detect a Break at any time, even
while receiving a data byte, and resynchronizes upon detecting the Break.
5.2
Software algorithm
The software algorithm described below is NOT implemented in the demonstration software
of the STM8A-DISCOVERY. Refer to AN4178 to use another piece of demonstration
software for the STM8A-DISCOVERY running the STM8AF board as a LIN slave.
Note:
The demonstration described in AN4178 is based on two STM8AF boards connected
together: one a LIN master, and the other a LIN slave.
5.2.1
LIN state machine
The LIN task is called regularly by the main routine. This task is a basic LIN slave driver that
implements a state machine with the following states:
10/21
●
Idle
●
Identifier
●
DataReception
●
DataTransmission
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AN4101
5.2.2
Implementing a LIN slave node with STM8AF board
LINUART interrupt
The LINUART interrupt reads and clears the hardware flags in the LINUART registers, and
sets the appropriate software flags to allow transitions in the basic LIN driver state machine:
●
HeaderReceived, which is set if the header detection flag (LHDF) is set in the interrupt
routine
●
DataReceived, which is set if the RXNE flag is set
●
IdentifierParityError, which might be set if the header detection flag is set, after first
checking the parity flag
●
ReceptionError, which is set if the case framing error flag (FE), the overrun flag (OR),
or the LIN synchro flag (LSF) is set
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Implementing a LIN slave node with STM8AL board
AN4101
6
Implementing a LIN slave node with STM8AL board
6.1
STM8AL microcontroller USART features
USART does not embed any particular LIN features. A LIN slave node can be implemented
by building a break detection based on a 00h data reception with a framing error (FE flag).
An external resonator or crystal is required in order to meet the ±1.5% maximum clock
deviation allowed by the LIN standard.
6.2
Software algorithm
The software algorithm described below is implemented in the demonstration software of
the STM8A-DISCOVERY (STM8AL microcontroller).
6.2.1
LIN state machine
The LIN task is called regularly by the main routine. This task is a basic LIN slave driver that
implements a state machine with the following states:
6.2.2
●
Idle
●
Break
●
SynchField
●
Identifier
●
DataReception
●
DataTransmission
LINUART interrupt
The LINUART interrupt reads and clears the hardware flags in the LINUART registers, and
sets the appropriate software flags to allow transitions in the basic LIN driver state machine:
●
12/21
BreakReceived, which is set if both of the following conditions are met:
–
a data byte with the value 00h is in the data register (DR)
–
the framing error flag (FE) is set
●
DataReceived, which is set if the RXNE flag is set
●
ReceptionError, which is set if the framing error flag (FE) or the overrun flag (OR) is
set
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AN4101
7
LIN demonstration software
LIN demonstration software
STM8A-DISCOVERY contains all you need to start a basic LIN communication:
●
●
●
STM8AF board with the following:
–
a STM8AF5288 microcontroller
–
a LIN transceiver
–
push buttons
–
LEDs
–
a ST-LINK/V2 for debugging and programming
STM8AL board with the following:
–
a STM8AL3L68 microcontroller
–
a LIN transceiver
–
push buttons
–
LEDs
–
a LCD display
–
a ST-LINK/V2 for debugging and programming
Dual type A to mini-B USB cable to connect the boards to your PC
The following sections introduce the demonstration software running in the STM8AL and
STM8AF boards.
This application does not require any additional hardware. Once the STM8A-DISCOVERY is
powered up through the dual type A to mini-B USB cable connected to the host PC, the
application is ready to start LIN communication, and updates the LEDs and LCD display
according to the user’s action with the push buttons and the trimmer.
This software example comes preloaded with your STM8A-DISCOVERY, and is readily
accessible at application power-up.
Note:
There are hidden test modes in this demonstration software. Consequently, the software
source code contains additional modules not described in this application note.
7.1
Getting started
1.
Connect CN3 and CN4 on the STM8AF board to CN3 and CN4 on the STM8AL board.
2.
Connect both type A connectors of the USB cable to a PC.
3.
Connect the mini-B connector of the USB cable to the STM8AF board. All LEDs should
blink once on the STM8AF board and twice on the STM8AL board, and then the LIN
communication starts between both boards.
4.
Turn the RV1 trimmer on the STM8AF board to adjust the value from 0 to 100 on the
STM8AL board LCD through the LIN bus.
5.
Push button USER1 on the STM8AF board in order to sequentially display the LCD
bars on the STM8AL board through the LIN bus. Push button USER2 on the STM8AF
board to sequentially switch them off one by one.
6.
Push button USER1 on the STM8AL board to sequentially switch on green LEDs LD4,
LD5, LD6 and LD7 on the STM8AF board through the LIN bus. Push button USER2 on
the STM8AL board to sequentially switch them off one by one.
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LIN demonstration software
AN4101
7.2
STM8AF software description
7.2.1
STM8AF peripherals
The following STM8AF peripherals are used by the application:
7.2.2
●
SPI, which is used in master mode at 250 kHz to initialize the L99PM62GPX and
refresh its watchdog.
●
ADC, which is used to read the RV1 trimmer value
●
TIM4, which allows generation of a 1 ms timebase
●
HSE, the High Speed External Clock, which when enabled allows the use of the
external 16 MHz crystal oscillator
●
LINUART, which is used to perform LIN communication in master mode
●
GPIO
–
PA3, PD3, PD0, PE3 and PC3 ports are used for LED display.
–
PE2 and PE1 are used for USER1 and USER2 push buttons.
–
PC7, PC6, PC5 and PE5 are used respectively for the SPI MISO, MOSI, SCK and
NSS.
–
PD5 and PD6 are used for LINART TX and RX.
Software modules
main
This module contains the initialization routines and the main loop.
appli
This module contains the application’s main tasks:
●
reading the status of the USER1 and USER2 buttons, and updating the corresponding
signals in the LIN frame that will be sent to the STM8AL board
●
reading the value of the RV1 trimmer (thanks to the ADC peripheral), and updating the
corresponding signal in the LIN frame that will be sent to the STM8AL board
●
updating the status of the LEDs according to the signals read in the LIN frame received
from the STM8AL board
If the LIN communication is broken, the application will switch on the red LD3 LED.
l99pm62drv
This module contains the driver for the L99PM62GXP device, which is controlled by the
STM8AF microcontroller through SPI.
If the L99PM62GXP device reports an error to the STM8AF through SPI, the software will
switch on the red LD3 LED. The other LEDs will give additional information as follows:
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●
LD4 on: SPI error
●
LD5 on: VS out of range
●
LD6 on: thermal shutdown
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AN4101
LIN demonstration software
lin
This module contains the LIN driver state machine described in Section 4.2.1: LIN state
machine.
adc
This module contains the ADC initialization routine, and the function for reading a converted
value on the ADC channel 8, mapped on the PE7 port.
can
This module contains the CAN communication functions which are used only by a hidden
test mode, and are not used in this demonstration software.
stm8s_it
This module contains the following interrupt routines:
7.2.3
●
External interrupt of the port E routine, and update of the UserButton1/UserButton2
software flag, when a falling edge is detected on the PE2/PE1 ports
●
CAN receive interrupt routine, which is not activated in the demonstration software (test
mode only)
●
LINUART receive/error interrupt routine, which implements the algorithm described in
Section 4.2.2: LINUART interrupt
●
ADC2 interrupt routine, which reads the converted value and stores it in the
Conversion_Value variable
●
TIM4 interrupt routine, which sets timebase ticks for LIN, CAN (not used in the
demonstration software), application, and L99PM62GXP watchdog refresh
STM8S/A standard peripheral library modules
The demonstration software is based on the STM8S/A standard peripheral library version
2.1.0, dated November 2011.
The following driver modules are used:
Note:
●
stm8s_exti.c, for the external interrupts on port E (USER1 and USER2 buttons)
●
stm8s_adc2.c, for converting the RV1 trimmer value
●
stm8s_can.c, for the CAN test mode (not used in the demonstration software)
●
stm8s_clk.c, for configuring clocks and enabling HSE
●
stm8s_gpio.c, for initializing, reading and updating all ports
●
stm8s_spi.c, for SPI communication with the L99PM62GXP device
●
stm8s_tim4.c, for generating a 1 ms timebase
●
stm8s_uart3.c, for initializing LINUART
LINUART is described as UART3 in the RM0016 STM8S and STM8A reference manual.
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LIN demonstration software
AN4101
7.3
STM8AL software description
7.3.1
STM8AL peripherals
The following STM8AL peripherals are used by the application:
7.3.2
●
SPI, which is used in master mode at 250 kHz to initialize the L99PM62GPX and
refresh its watchdog
●
TIM4, which allows generation of a 1 ms timebase
●
HSE, the High Speed External Clock, which when enabled allows the use of the
external 16 MHz crystal oscillator
●
USART, which is used to perform LIN communication in slave mode
●
GPIO
–
PE7 and PC7 ports are used for LED display.
–
PE1 and PE2 are used for the USER1 and USER2 push buttons.
–
PB7, PB6, PB5 and PB4 are used respectively for the SPI MISO, MOSI, SCK and
NSS.
–
PC3 and PC2 are used for USART TX and RX.
Software modules
main
This module contains the initialization routines and the main loop.
appli
This module contains the application’s main tasks:
●
reading the status of the USER1 and USER2 buttons, and updating the corresponding
signals in the LIN frame that will be sent to the STM8AF board
●
updating the status of the LEDs according to the signals read in the LIN frame received
from the STM8AF board
If the LIN communication is broken, the application will switch on the red LD3 LED and
display “ERR2” on the LCD screen.
l99pm62drv
This module contains the driver for the L99PM62GXP device, which is controlled by the
STM8AF microcontroller through SPI.
If the L99PM62GXP device reports an error to the STM8AL through SPI, the software will
display “ERR1” on the LCD screen. The LCD bars will give additional information as follows:
●
BAR0 on: SPI error
●
BAR1 on: VS out of range
●
BAR2 on: thermal shutdown
lin
This module contains the LIN driver state machine described in Section 6.2.1: LIN state
machine.
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LIN demonstration software
lcd
This module contains functions to drive the LCD display.
delay, icc_measure, lowpower
These modules are used for low-power modes. They are used by a hidden test mode, and
are not used in this demonstration software. Please refer to AN4102 for a description of
these modules.
stm8l15x_it
This module contains the following interrupt routines:
7.3.3
●
External interrupt of the pin1 routine, and update of the UserButton1 software flag,
when a falling edge is detected on the PE1 port
●
External interrupt of the pin2 routine, and update of the UserButton2 software flag,
when a falling edge is detected on the PE2 port
●
External interrupt of the pin6 routine, which is not activated in the demonstration
software (test mode only)
●
TIM4 interrupt routine, which sets timebase ticks for LIN, CAN (not used in the
demonstration software), application, and L99PM62GXP watchdog refresh
●
USART receive/error interrupt routine, which implements the algorithm described in
Section 6.2.2: LINUART interrupt
STM8L15x/16x standard peripheral library modules
The demonstration software is based on the STM8L15x/16x standard peripheral library
version 1.5.0, dated May 2011.
The following driver modules are used:
●
stm8l15x_flash.c, used for test mode only
●
stm8s_adc.c, used for test mode only
●
stm8l15x_exti.c, for the external interrupts on pin1 and 2 (USER1 and USER2
buttons)
●
stm8s_clk.c, for configuring clocks and enabling HSE
●
stm8s_gpio.c, for initializing, reading and updating all ports
●
stm8s_spi.c, for SPI communication with the L99PM62GXP device
●
stm8s_lcd.c, for SPI communication with the L99PM62GXP device
●
stm8s_tim4.c, for generating a 1 ms timebase
●
stm8s_usart.c, for initializing USART
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LIN demonstration software
AN4101
7.4
Debugging with ST visual develop (STVD)
7.4.1
Downloading the software tools
1.
2.
7.4.2
Download your free software environment (IDE). Choose between:
–
ST’s MCU toolset, composed of ST Visual Develop (STVD) and ST Visual
Programmer (STVP), available at http://www.st.com
–
IAR Embedded Workbench for STM8 30-day time-limited edition, available at
http://www.iar.com under the “Software Download” tab
Download your free compilers if you chose STVD. While IAR Embedded Workbench for
STM8 includes its own compiler, STVD must be used together with one of the following:
–
Cosmic 32 K 1-year time-limited edition, available at
http://www.cosmicsoftware.com/download_stm8_32k.php
–
Raisonance 32 K, available at http://www.mcu-raisonance.com
Opening the workspace and selecting the correct project
Before opening the workspace, first unzip the zip file delivered with this application note.
1.
In ST Visual Develop, click File / Open Workspace...
2.
Select the stm8a_discover_workspace.stw file in either the “Projects\STVD\cosmic”
folder or the “Projects\STVD\raisonance” folder, depending on the compiler you want to
use.
The workspace contains the following projects:
3.
7.4.3
–
stm8af_discover
–
stm8al_discover
Choose a project by selecting it in the workspace window and right-clicking it with the
mouse. Choose “Set as Active Project”.
Rebuilding and debugging the project
You can rebuild the project, download the code and debug. Make sure to connect the USB
cable to the appropriate board.
Refer to the UM1574 STM8A-DISCOVERY User manual for more information on debugging.
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8
LIN and J2602 software packages
LIN and J2602 software packages
This application note and the attached project show how to use the STM8AF and STM8AL
features to implement a LIN driver.
A complete LIN Software Package solution is available for free from STMicroelectronics for
STM8AF and STM8AL microcontroller families. This software package is compliant with the
LIN 1.3, LIN 2.0 and LIN 2.1 standards.
A J2602 software package is also available for the STM8AF family.
A LIN 2.1 conformance test and J2602 conformance test have been run by a test house
accredited by the LIN consortium. Certificates are available at www.st.com.
Please refer to UM0941 and UM1583 for more details, and contact your STMicroelectronics
sales office to get one of these packages.
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Revision history
9
AN4101
Revision history
Table 2.
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Document revision history
Date
Revision
03-Dec-2012
1
Changes
Initial release.
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