AL8812

AL8812
BOOST/BUCK DC-DC CONVERTER FOR DIMMABLE MR16 LED LAMPS
Description
Pin Assignments
The AL8812 is a monolithic control circuit containing the primary
functions required for DC-to-DC converters with MOSFET in one
package.
These
devices
consist
of
an
internal
NC
1
12
DRAIN
GATE
2
11
SOURCE
INPUT
3
10
TIMING
VCC
4
9
GND
SENSE
5
8
SW/E
DRIVE
6
7
SW/C
temperature
compensated reference, comparator, controlled duty cycle oscillator
with an active current limit circuit, driver and high current output
switch. Additionally a 60V, 3.6A MOSFET is integrated for reduced
BOM cost and size. This series is specifically designed for buck and
boost applications with a minimum number of external components.
U-DFN6040-12
Applications
Features
•
Operation from 3.0V to 20V Input
• Low Voltage LED Lighting such as MR-16
•
Integrated 60V, 3.6A MOSFET
• General Purpose DC-DC Converter
•
Low Standby Current
•
Current Limiting
•
Output Voltage Adjustable
•
Frequency Operation to 100 kHz
•
Precision 2% Reference
•
Totally Lead-Free & Fully RoHS Compliant (Notes 1 & 2)
•
Halogen and Antimony Free. “Green” Device (Note 3)
Notes:
1. No purposely added lead. Fully EU Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS) & 2011/65/EU (RoHS 2) compliant.
2. See http://www.diodes.com/quality/lead_free.html for more information about Diodes Incorporated’s definitions of Halogen- and Antimony-free, "Green"
and Lead-free.
3. Halogen- and Antimony-free "Green” products are defined as those which contain <900ppm bromine, <900ppm chlorine (<1500ppm total Br + Cl) and
<1000ppm antimony compounds.
Typical Applications Circuit
Dimmable MR-16 LED Driver System Diagram
(For detailed schematic please contact your Diodes Sales Representative)
AL8812
Document number: DS37099 Rev. 1 - 2
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AL8812
Pin Descriptions
NC
GATE
INPUT
VCC
SENSE
Pin
Number
(U-DFN6040-12)
1
2
3
4
5
DRIVE
6
SW/C
SW/E
GND
TIMING
SOURCE
DRAIN
Exposed PAD1
Exposed PAD2
7
8
9
10
11
12
Pin
Name
Function
No Connection
Gate connection of internal MOSFET.
Feedback pin for inverting input of internal comparator
Supply voltage pin
No Connection.
Current drive collector:
Normally connected to VCC directly or via a resistor.
Internal switch transistor collector
Internal switch transistor emitter
Ground Connection
Timing Capacitor to control the switching frequency.
Source connecton of internal MOSFET
Drain connection of internal MOSFET
Exposed Pad of MOSFET Drain
Exposed Pad of AL8812 and connect to PCB ground
Functional Diagram
DRIVE
6
7
SW/C
S Q
Q2
Q1
R
SENSE
100
5
SW/E
Ipk
Oscillator
4
VCC
CT
10
Comparator
TIMING
1.25V
Reference
Regulator
+
_
INPUT
8
9
3
GND
12
DRAIN
2
GATE
11
SOURCE
AL8812
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AL8812
Absolute Maximum Ratings (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
Symbol
Parameter
VCC
Power Supply Voltage
VIR
Comparator Input Voltage Range
Value
20
Unit
V
-0.3 to +36
V
SW/C
Switch Collector Voltage
36
V
SW/E
Switch Emitter Voltage (VPin 1 = 40V)
36
V
Switch Collector to Emitter Voltage
36
V
Driver Collector Voltage
Driver Collector Current (Note 4)
36
100
V
mA
VCE (switch)
DRIVE
IC (driver)
ISW
Switch Current
1.6
A
VDS
Maximum MOSFET Drain-Source voltage
60
V
VGS
Maximum MOSFET Gate-Source voltage
+/-20
V
3.7
A
PD
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +25°C)
(U-DFN6040-12 (derate 10mW/°C above +25°C)
1000
mW
ISOURCE
Maximum Continuous Source (Body Diode) Current
θJA
Junction-to-Ambient Thermal Resistance
47.31
°C/W
θJC
Junction-to-Case Thermal Resistance
6.42
°C/W
+150
°C
0 to +105
°C
-65 to +150
°C
250
100
V
V
TMJ
Maximum Junction Temperature
TOP
Operating Junction Temperature Range
Tstg
Storage Temperature Range
ESD HBM
ESD MM
Note:
Human Body Model ESD Protection
Machine Model ESD Protection
4. Maximum package power dissipation limits must be observed.
Electrical Characteristics (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
Symbol
OSCILLATOR
Characteristics
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
fosc
Frequency (VPIN 5 = 0V, CT = 1.0nF, TA = +25°C)
24
33
42
kHz
Ichg
Charge Current (VCC = 5.0V to 40V, TA = +25°C)
24
30
42
μA
Discharge Current (VCC = 5.0V to 40V, TA = +25°C)
140
200
260
μA
Discharge to Charge Current Ratio (Pin 7 to VCC, TA = +25°C)
5.2
6.5
7.5
—
300
400
450
mV
—
1.0
1.3
V
—
0.45
0.7
V
Idischg
Idischg / Ichg
Vipk (sense)
Current Limit Sense Voltage (Ichg = Idischg, TA = +25°C)
OUTPUT SWITCH (Note 5)
Saturation Voltage, Darlington Connection
VCE (sat)
(ISW = 1.0A, Pins 1,8 connected)
Saturation Voltage, Darlington Connection
VCE (sat)
(ISW = 1.0A, ID = 50mA, Forced ß ≈ 20)
hFE
DC Current Gain (ISW = 1.0A, VCE = 5.0V, TA = +25°C)
IC (off)
Collector Off-State Current (VCE = 40V)
OUTPUT MOSFET
50
75
—
—
-
0.01
100
μA
V
VGS(th)
MOSFET Gate Threshold voltage
1
—
2.2
VFD
MOSFET Diodes forward voltage
—
.85
.95
V
—
120
180
mΩ
mΩ
RDS(ON)
Drain-source on-resistance (VGS = 10V, ID = 2.5A)
Drain-source on-resistance (VGS = 4.5V, ID = 2A)
—
COMPARATOR
Vth
—
—
Threshold Voltage
TA = +25°C
o
o
TA = 0 C to +70 C
Regline
Threshold Voltage Line Regulation (VCC = 3.0V to 40V)
TOTAL DEVICE
ICC
Note:
Supply Current (VCC = 5.0V to 40V, CT =1.0nF, Pin 7 = VCC, VPin 5 > Vth Pin 2
= Gnd, remaining pins open)
—
—
—
V
1.225
1.21
—
1.25
—
1.4
1.275
1.29
6.0
—
—
mV
—
—
3.5
mA
5. Low duty cycle pulse techniques are used during test to maintain junction temperature as close to ambient temperature as possible.
AL8812
Document number: DS37099 Rev. 1 - 2
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AL8812
Performance Characteristics
Figure 1. Vce(sat) versus le
Figure 2. Reference Voltage versus Temp.
1.26
Reference Voltage (V)
Vce(sat), Saturation Voltage (V)
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
1.255
1.25
1.245
0.6
1.24
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
0
10
20
30
Ie, Emitter Current (A)
Figure 3. Current Limit Sense Voltage
versus Temperature
Icc, Supply Current (mA)
Current Sense Voltage (mV)
400
380
360
340
100
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Vcc, Supply Voltage (V)
Figure 6.Output Switch On-Off Time versus
Oscillator Timing Capacitor
1000
ton-off, Output Switch On-Off Time(us)
VCE ( sat), (V)
90
0.5
1.8
Vcc=2~10V
Pin1,7,8=Vcc
Pin3,5=GND
TA=25oC
Pin2=5 ≤10W
1.6
1.55
1.5
1.45
1.4
100
80
3.0
Figure 5. Emitter Follower Configuration
Output Saturation Voltage vs. Emitter Current
1.65
70
3.5
Temperature (oC)
1.7
60
4.0
420
1.75
50
Figure 4. Standby Supply Current
versus Supply Voltage
440
320
0
40
Temperature (oC)
300
500
AL8812
Document number: DS37099 Rev. 1 - 2
700
900
IE(mA)
1100
1300
1500
100
VCC = 5.0V
Pin 7 = VCC
Pin 5 = GND
TA = 25oC
ton
10
t off
1
0.1
0.01
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0.1
1
CT, Oscillator Timing Capacitor ( nF)
10
March 2014
© Diodes Incorporated
AL8812
10 V
T = 150°C
5V
ID Drain Current (A)
ID Drain Current (A)
T = 2 5°C
10
4V
3.5V
1
3V
VGS
0.1
2.5V
0. 1
1
4V
3.5V
3V
1
2.5V
V GS
0 .1
2V
10
0 .1
V D S D rain-Source Voltage (V)
1
T = 25 °C
0.1
4
5
V G S Gate-Source Voltage (V)
Normalised RDS (on) and VGS(th)
ID Drain Current (A)
T = 150°C
3
1 .8
4.5V
4V
V GS
5V
1 0V
0.1
T = 2 5°C
1
I D Dr ain Cu rrent (A)
10
On-Resistance v Drain Cur rent
500
C Capacitance (pF)
V GS = 0V
400
f = 1MHz
300
CI SS
200
COSS
CRSS
100
0
1
10
VDS - Drain - Source Voltage (V)
Capacitance v Drain-Source Voltage
AL8812
Document number: DS37099 Rev. 1 - 2
R DS (on )
1 .2
1 .0
VGS ( th)
0 .8
V GS = V DS
0 .6
0 .4
-5 0
I D = 250uA
0
50
10 0
Tj Junctio n Tem pe ra tu re ( °C)
150
Norm alised Curves v Tem perature
IS D Reverse Drain Current (A)
3.5V
I D = 2.5A
1 .4
10
1
T = 150°C
T = 25°C
0.1
0.4
0 .6
0.8
1.0
V SD Sou rce- Drain Voltage ( V)
1.2
Source-Drain Diode Forw ard Voltage
VGS Gate-Source Voltage (V)
RDS(on) Drain-Source On-Resistance (W)
1
V GS = 10V
1 .6
Typ ical Transfer Characte ristics
3V
10
Outp ut Char acteris tics
V DS = 10V
2
1
V DS Dr ain- Sourc e Voltage ( V)
Output Characteristics
10
5V
10V
10
10
ID = 2.5A
8
6
VD S = 30V
4
2
00
1
2
3
4
Q - Charge (nC)
5
6
Gate-Source Voltage v Gate Charge
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AL8812
Typical Application Circuits
Circuits shown below represent connections employed for different topologies. To use the integrated MOSFET the typical configuration below
can be used.
DRIVE
SW/C
SW/E
GATE
DRAIN
SOURCE
AL8812
AL8812
Document number: DS37099 Rev. 1 - 2
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AL8812
Typical Application Circuits (cont.)
Boost Converter
Test
Conditions
Results
Line Regulation
Vin = 9V to 12V, IO = 200mA
20mV = ±0.035%
Load Regulation
Vin = 12V, IO = 50mA to 200mA
15mV = ±0.035%
Output Ripple
Vin = 12V, IO = 200mA
500mVPP
Efficiency
Vin = 12V, IO = 200mA
80%
AL8812
Document number: DS37099 Rev. 1 - 2
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AL8812
Typical Application Circuits (cont.)
Buck Converter
Test
Conditions
Results
Line Regulation
Vin = 12V to 24V, IO = 500mA
20mV = ±0.2%
Load Regulation
Vin = 24V, IO = 50mA to 500mA
5mV = ±0.05%
Output Ripple
Vin = 24V, IO = 500mA
160mVPP
Efficiency
Vin = 24V, IO = 500mA
82%
AL8812
Document number: DS37099 Rev. 1 - 2
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AL8812
Design Formula Table
Calculation
Boost
VOUT + VF -VIN (min)
VIN (min) - Vsat
1/f
tON + tOFF
tON / toff
( tON + toff )
toff
tON
+1
tOFF
( tON +tOFF ) - tOFF
tON
CT
Ipk (switch)
Rsc
L (min)
CO
Buck
VOUT + vF
VIN (min) - VSAT - VOUT
1/f
tON + tOFF
tON
+1
tOFF
( tON +tOFF) - tOFF
-5
4.0×10 tON
2IOUT (max) (tON / toff +1)
0.3 / Ipk (switch)
( VIN (min) – Vsat )
ton (max)
Ipk (switch)
IOUT tON
9
Vripple (pp)
-5
4.0×10 tON
2IOUT (max)
0.3 / Ipk (switch)
( VIN (min) – VSAT -VOUT )
ON (max)
Ipk (switch)
Ipk (switch) ( tOFF + tON )
8Vripple (pp)
Vsat = Saturation voltage of the output switch.
VF = Forward voltage drop of the output rectifier.
The following power supply characteristics must be chosen:
VIN - Nominal input voltage.
VOUT - Desired output voltage, |VOUT| = 1.25 (1+R2/R1)
IOUT - Desired output current.
fmin - Minimum desired output switching frequency at the selected values of Vin and Io.
Vripple(pp) - Desired peak-to-peak output ripple voltage. In practice, the calculated capacitor value will need to be increased due to its
equivalent series resistance and board layout. The ripple voltage should be kept to a low value since it will directly affect the line and
load regulation.
AL8812
Document number: DS37099 Rev. 1 - 2
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AL8812
Ordering Information
Part Number
Package Code
Packaging
AL8812FDF-13
FDF
U-DFN6040-12
Tube
Part Number
Quantity
Suffix
NA
NA
13” Tape and Reel
Part Number
Quantity
Suffix
3000/Tape & Reel
-13
Marking Information
(1)
U-DFN6040-12
Package Outline Dimensions (All dimensions in mm.)
Please see AP02002 at http://www.diodes.com/datasheets/ap02002.pdf for latest version.
A1
A3
A
Seating Plane
D
e
D1
E
D2
E2
E1
L
Z
AL8812
Document number: DS37099 Rev. 1 - 2
b
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U-DFN6040-12
Dim Min Max Typ
A 0.55 0.65 0.60
A1
0
0.05 0.02
A3
0.15
b 0.35 0.45 0.40
D 5.95 6.05 6.00
D1 1.95 2.15 2.05
D2 2.35 2.55 2.45
e
1.00
E 3.95 4.05 4.00
E1 2.10 2.30 2.20
E2 1.80 2.00 1.90
L 0.35 0.45 0.40
Z
0.30
All Dimensions in mm
March 2014
© Diodes Incorporated
AL8812
Suggested Pad Layout
Please see AP02001 at http://www.diodes.com/datasheets/ap02001.pdf for the latest version.
X3
Dimensions
Y
C
G
Y1
X1
X2
G1
Y2
Y3
C
G
G1
X
X1
X2
X3
Y
Y1
Y2
Y3
Value
(in mm)
0.500
0.650
0.350
0.250
1.075
1.275
2.750
0.400
1.150
1.000
2.300
Pin1
X
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INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
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written approval of the Chief Executive Officer of Diodes Incorporated. As used herein:
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Copyright © 2014, Diodes Incorporated
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AL8812
Document number: DS37099 Rev. 1 - 2
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© Diodes Incorporated
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