AH1892

AH1892
PROGRAMMABLE MICROPOWER OMNIPOLAR
HALL-EFFECT SENSOR SWITCH
Description
Pin Assignments
The AH1892 is a micropower magnetic range selectable (Bop/Brp)
Omnipolar Hall effect switch IC with internal pull up and pull down
capability, designed for consumer equipment ranging from portable
and battery powered cellular phones and portable PCs to home
appliances and industrial applications. To support battery powered
NEW PRODUCT
equipment and low voltage microcontrollers, the AH1892 can operate
over the supply range of 1.6V to 3.6V and uses a hibernating clocking
system to minimize the power consumption. The average supply
current is only 4.3µA typical at 1.80V. Due to the application diversity,
the AH1892 has an 8kV ESD rating on the supply and output pins. To
minimize PCB space the AH1892 is packaged in the small CSP
U-WLB0707-4
package (0.71mm x 0.71mm) or SOT553 leaded package
The output is activated with either a north or south pole of sufficient
magnetic field strength. The user can select one of two magnetic
sensitivity bands via the BSEL pin without the addition of any external
components allowing a flexible but small solution. The band select
can be hardwired or be changed on the fly via a logic source such as
a micro-controller. When the magnetic flux density (B) is larger than
operate point (Bop), the output will be turned on (pulled low) and held
until B is lower than release point (Brp).
SOT553
Features
•
Omnipolar operation (North or South pole)
•
Programmable operate and release points
•
Supply voltage of 1.6V to 3.6V
•
Micropower operation
•
Applications
Chopper stabilized design
ƒ
Superior temperature stability
ƒ
Extremely Low Switch-Point Drift
ƒ
Insensitive to Physical Stress
•
No external pull up resistors required
•
Good RF noise immunity
•
-40°C to +85°C operating temperature
•
8kV ESD on supply and output pins
•
Miniature U-WLB07070-4 (CSP 0.71mm x 0.71mm typical) and
small low profile SOT553
•
•
Totally Lead-Free & Fully RoHS Compliant (Notes 1 & 2)
Halogen and Antimony Free. “Green” Device (Note 3)
Notes:
•
Open and close detect for gaming and cellular phones
•
Holster and dock detect for cellular phones
•
Cover switch in portable and tablet PCs
•
Digital still and video cameras
•
Tray, door and covers position detect for printers and scanners
•
Contact-less switch in consumer and industrial products
1. No purposely added lead. Fully EU Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS) & 2011/65/EU (RoHS 2) compliant.
2. See http://www.diodes.com for more information about Diodes Incorporated’s definitions of Halogen- and Antimony-free, "Green" and Lead-free.
3. Halogen- and Antimony-free "Green” products are defined as those which contain <900ppm bromine, <900ppm chlorine (<1500ppm total Br + Cl)
and <1000ppm antimony compounds.
AH1892
Document number: DS35092 Rev. 1 - 2
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© Diodes Incorporated
AH1892
PROGRAMMABLE MICROPOWER OMNIPOLAR
HALL-EFFECT SENSOR SWITCH
NEW PRODUCT
Typical Application Circuit
Note : CIN is for power stabilization and to strengthen the noise immunity, the recommended capacitance is 100nF typical
Pin Descriptions
Package: U-WLB0707-4
Pin #
Pin Name
A1
GND
Ground
Description
A2
OUTPUT
Output
B1
BSEL
B2
VDD
Band Select
Power Supply Voltage
Package: SOT553
Pin #
Pin Name
1
VDD
Power Supply Voltage
2
NC
No Connection (Note 4)
3
BSEL
Band Select
4
GND
Ground
OUTPUT
Output
5
Notes:
Description
4. NC is “No Connection” pin and is not connected internally. This pin can be left open or connected to ground.
Functional Block Diagram
AH1892
Document number: DS35092 Rev. 1 - 2
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AH1892
PROGRAMMABLE MICROPOWER OMNIPOLAR
HALL-EFFECT SENSOR SWITCH
Absolute Maximum Ratings (TA = +25°C, Note 5)
Symbol
Values
Unit
VDD
Supply Voltage (Note 6)
6
V
VDD REV
Reverse Supply Voltage
-0.3
V
2.5
mA
NEW PRODUCT
IOUTPUT
Characteristics
Output current (source and sink)
B
Magnetic Flux Density
Ts
Storage Temperature Range
PD
Package Power Dissipation
TJ
Maximum Junction Temperature
ESD
Notes:
Human Body Model ESD
Unlimited
-65 to +150
°C
U-WLB0707-4
160
mW
SOT553
230
mW
150
°C
VDD, GND and OUT pins
8
kV
BSEL pin
6
kV
5. Stresses greater than the 'Absolute Maximum Ratings' specified above, may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings
only; functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions exceeding those indicated in this specification is not implied. Device
reliability may be affected by exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods of time
6. The absolute maximum VDD of 6V is a transient stress rating and is not meant as a functional operating condition. It is not recommended to
operate the device at the absolute maximum rated conditions for any period of time.
Recommended Operating Conditions
Symbol
Characteristics
Conditions
Rating
Unit
VDD
Supply Voltage
Operating
1.6 to 3.6
V
TA
Operating Temperature Range
Operating
-40 to +85
°C
Electrical Characteristics (TA = +25°C, VDD = 1.8V, unless otherwise specified.)
Symbol
Characteristics
Conditions
VOL
Output low voltage (on)
IOUT = 1mA
VOH
Output high voltage (off)
IOUT = -1mA
BLsel
Band select low band
BHsel
Band select high band
RU_BSEL
IDD(awake)
IDD(sleep)
IDD(avg)
IDD(avg)
BSEL pin internal pull-up resistor
Supply current
Average cupply current
Max
0.1
0.2
VDD -0.2
VDD -0.1
V
kΩ
During ‘awake’ period
2.1
mA
During ‘sleep’ period
2.5
µA
VDD = 1.8V
4.3
8.0
µA
VDD = 3.6V
7.2
13.0
µA
50
100
µs
50
100
ms
Tperiod
Awake period
(Note 8)
Duty cycle
Band transition time
3.6
V
50
(Note 8)
TBand
V
V
0.5
1.4
Unit
(Note 7)
Awake active pulse width
Notes:
Typ
0
Tawake
D.C.
Min
0.1
( Note 9)
100.0
%
200.1
ms
7. BSEL pin internal pull-up resistor is only active during AWAKE time.
8. When power is initially on, the operating VDD (1.6V to 3.6V) must be applied to guarantee the output sampling.
The output state is valid after the second operating phase (typical 100ms).
9. Transition time varies dependant on the timing of BSEL activation during the sleep and awake phases.
AH1892
Document number: DS35092 Rev. 1 - 2
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© Diodes Incorporated
AH1892
PROGRAMMABLE MICROPOWER OMNIPOLAR
HALL-EFFECT SENSOR SWITCH
Electrical Characteristics (cont.)
Tperiod
Tawake
IDD(awake)
NEW PRODUCT
Tsleep
Sample and output
latched
IDD(sleep)
0
Magnetic Characteristics (TA = +25°C, VDD = 1.6V to 3.6V, Note 10)
(1mT=10 Gauss)
BSEL
Symbol
Low
BopsLB(south pole to brand side)
Low
BopnLB (north pole to brand side)
Low
BrpsLB (south pole to brand side)
Low
BrpnLB (north pole to brand side)
High
BopsHB(south pole to brand side)
High
BopnHB (north pole to brand side)
High
BrpsHB (south pole to brand side)
High
BrpnHB (north pole to brand side)
Notes:
Bhy (|Bopx|-|Brpx|)
Characteristics
Low Band - Operation Point
Low Band - Release Point
High Band - Operation Point
High Band - Release Point
Hysteresis
Min
Typ
Max
18
35
55
-55
-35
-18
12
25
45
-45
-25
-12
43
60
80
-80
-60
-43
35
50
70
-70
-50
-35
-
10
-
Unit
Gauss
10. Magnetic characteristics may vary with operating temperature and after soldering.
The AH1892 includes a band select pin (BSEL) so that the operate (Bops and Bopn) and release (Brps and Brpn) points can be adjusted
between two pre-defined ranges. The BSEL can be hard wired within the application circuit or the band can be selected on the fly by using
the BSEL pin as a logic input. This feature allows the AH1892 sensitivity to be changed by firmware within the application without the addition
of any external components. If the BSEL pin is left open circuit the AH1892 defaults to high band.
AH1892
Document number: DS35092 Rev. 1 - 2
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AH1892
PROGRAMMABLE MICROPOWER OMNIPOLAR
HALL-EFFECT SENSOR SWITCH
Application Note
Applications Circuit One – Low Band
NEW PRODUCT
Connecting the BSEL pin to ground permanently configures the AH1892 into its high sensitivity mode, requiring a reduced magnetic flux
density to activate its output (Low Band).
Applications Circuit Two – High Band
Connecting the BSEL pin to Vdd or to a voltage greater than 1.4V or leaving the BSEL pin unconnected configures the AH1892 into its low
sensitivity mode, requiring a higher magnetic flux density to activate its output (High Band).
Applications Circuit Three – Adjustable Sensitivity
To enhance flexibility within the application, the sensitivity can be adjusted with a standard logic signal allowing it to be controlled by a microcontroller or a logic source. This allows the sensitivity to be changed within the application without a hardware change. Whenever the
sensitivity band selection is changed, the band selection changeover should be allowed to complete for the output to be valid.
AH1892
Document number: DS35092 Rev. 1 - 2
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AH1892
PROGRAMMABLE MICROPOWER OMNIPOLAR
HALL-EFFECT SENSOR SWITCH
Application Note (cont.)
Bands Select Change Timing and Valid Output
NEW PRODUCT
Whenever band selection BSEL pin input is changed, allow for band selection changeover to complete and stabilize. The output is valid only
after the second complete operating ‘awake’ phase. Time taken for the output to be valid, after the BSEL change, depends on timing of
BSEL change during the sleep and awake phase; this time can range from 100ms typical and 200.1ms maximum.
AH1892
Document number: DS35092 Rev. 1 - 2
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AH1892
PROGRAMMABLE MICROPOWER OMNIPOLAR
HALL-EFFECT SENSOR SWITCH
Typical Operating Characteristics
Brpn
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-50
Bopn
-25
0
25
50
75
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Switch Points vs. Temperature
100
70
70
60
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
1.5
1.8
2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
Switch Points vs. Supply Voltage
AVERAGE SUPPLY CURRENT, IDD (avg) (µA)
VDD = 1.8V and 3.6V
8
3.6V
7
6
5
1.8V
4
3
2
1
0
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Average Supply Current vs. Temperature
AH1892
Document number: DS35092 Rev. 1 - 2
Bhys
Brpn
Bopn
-25
0
25
50
75
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Switch Points vs. Temperature
100
Bops
Brps
Bhys
-10
-20
TA = +25°C,
Brpn
Bopn
-30 BSEL
= High (VDD)
-40
-50
-60
-70
1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
Switch Points vs. Supply Voltage
Average Supply Current IDD(avg)
10
9
Brps
-10
GAUSS (G)
GAUSS (G)
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-50
Bhys
Bops
50
40
30
20
10
0
Brps
GAUSS (G)
GAUSS (G)
Bops
50
40
30
20
10
0
AVERAGE SUPPLY CURRENT, IDD (avg)d (µA)
NEW PRODUCT
Typical switch points characterisitics in low band (BSEL = Low) and high band (BSEL = High)
70 V = 1.80V, BSEL = High (V )
70
DD
DD
VDD = 1.80V, BSEL = Low (GND)
60
60
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10
9
T A = +25°C
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
1.5
1.8
2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
Average Supply Current vs. Supply Voltage
May 2012
© Diodes Incorporated
AH1892
PROGRAMMABLE MICROPOWER OMNIPOLAR
HALL-EFFECT SENSOR SWITCH
NEW PRODUCT
Ordering Information
Device
Package Code
AH1892-CD4-7
AH1892-Z-7
Notes:
7” Tape and Reel
Packaging
(Note 11)
Quantity
Part Number Suffix
CD4
U-WLB0707-4
3000/Tape & Reel
-7
Z
SOT553
3000/Tape & Reel
-7
11. Pad layout as shown on Diodes Inc. suggested pad layout document AP02001, which can be found on our website at
http://www.diodes.com/datasheets/ap02001.pdf.
Marking Information
(1) Package type: U-WLB0707-4
Part Number
Package
Identification Code
AH1892-CD4-7
U-WLB0707-4
B2
Part Number
Package
Identification Code
AH1892-Z-7
SOT553
B2
(2) Package type: SOT553
AH1892
Document number: DS35092 Rev. 1 - 2
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AH1892
PROGRAMMABLE MICROPOWER OMNIPOLAR
HALL-EFFECT SENSOR SWITCH
Package Outline Dimensions (All Dimensions in mm)
NEW PRODUCT
(1) Package type: U-WLB0707-4
AH1892
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AH1892
PROGRAMMABLE MICROPOWER OMNIPOLAR
HALL-EFFECT SENSOR SWITCH
Package Outline Dimensions (cont.)
(2) Package type: SOT553
0.30 C D
CL
6°~8
°
2.2
C
L
1.2
Die
C
L
1.7
0.1
0.45/0.67
CL
0.30±0.08
A
1.0Typ.
0.10/0.18
5x-0.5
0.30 C D
1.0Typ.
Hall Sensor
Pin1
0.5Typ.
0.30 C
1.55/1.70
D
1.10/1.25
NEW PRODUCT
1.50/1.70
0.15/0.30(5x)
0.10 M C A-B D
B
0.55/0.62
6°~8°
6°~
Pin1
0.5Typ.
0.3
Land Pattern Recommendation
(Unit:mm)
Top View
8°
AH1892
Document number: DS35092 Rev. 1 - 2
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AH1892
PROGRAMMABLE MICROPOWER OMNIPOLAR
HALL-EFFECT SENSOR SWITCH
IMPORTANT NOTICE
NEW PRODUCT
DIODES INCORPORATED MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARDS TO THIS
DOCUMENT, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
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LIFE SUPPORT
Diodes Incorporated products are specifically not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without
the express written approval of the Chief Executive Officer of Diodes Incorporated. As used herein:
A. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which:
1. are intended to implant into the body, or
2. support or sustain life and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided
in the labeling can be reasonably expected to result in significant injury to the user.
B.
A critical component is any component in a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected
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Customers represent that they have all necessary expertise in the safety and regulatory ramifications of their life support devices or
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Copyright © 2012, Diodes Incorporated
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