ADP1829 & ADP1821 Reference Design

Preliminary Technical Data
ADP1829 and ADP1821 Reference
Design
FCDC 00081
FEATURES
Five Output Voltages: 1.2 V, 1.8 V, 3.3 V, 5 V, 12 V
Output Current: 1 A to 4.5 A
Input voltage: 15.2-16.8 V
Ripple 50 mV ppk
Transient step ±5%, 50% max load
ADP1829 AND ADP1821 REFERENCE DESIGN DESCRIPTION
This ADP1829 and ADP1821 Reference Design uses 15.2 V to 16.8 V for the input voltage. The output voltages and
currents are as follows:
•
VOUT1 = 1.2 V with a maximum output current of 3.5 A,
•
VOUT2 = 1.8 V with a maximum output current of 1.4 A,
•
VOUT3 = 3.3 V with a maximum output current of 2.2 A,
•
VOUT4 = 5.0 V with a maximum output current of 2.3 A,
•
VOUT5 = 12 V with a maximum output current of 1.2 A.
Design criteria are for coincidental tracking of VOUT1, VOUT2 and VOUT3 with VOUT4 for both turn on and turn off. The ripple
and transient assumptions are 50 mV peak to peak voltage ripple and 5% deviation due to 50% instantaneous load step.
The switching frequency is fixed at 300 kHz for VOUT1, VOUT2, VOUT3 VOUT4 and VOUT5.
Rev. 1
Reference designs are as supplied “as is” and without warranties of any kind, express,
implied, or statutory including, but not limited to, any implied warranty of
merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. No license is granted by implication or
otherwise under any patents or other intellectual property by application or use of
reference designs. Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use.
Analog Devices reserves the right to change devices or specifications at any time without
notice. Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective
owners. Reference designs are not authorized to be used in life support devices or
systems.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700
www.analog.com
Fax: 781.461.3113
©2007 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
Preliminary Technical Data
FCDC 00081
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1
ADP1829 and ADP1821 Reference Design Description..................................................................................................................... 1
Revision History........................................................................................................................................................................................ 2
General Description ................................................................................................................................................................................. 3
ADP1829................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3
ADP1821................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3
Typical Performance Characteristics...................................................................................................................................................... 4
Schematic ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9
Bill of Materials ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 12
TABLE OF FIGURES
Figure 1.
Calculated efficiency of 1.2V output with 2xSi2304BDS high and 3xSi2304BDS low.............................................. 4
Figure 2.
Calculated efficiency of 1.2V output with 1xSP8K3 dual.............................................................................................. 4
Figure 3.
Calculated efficiency of 1.8V output with 1xSi2304BDS high and 2xSi2304BDS low.............................................. 5
Figure 4.
Calculated efficiency of 1.8V output with 1xSP8K3 dual.............................................................................................. 5
Figure 5.
Calculated efficiency of 3.3V output with 2xSi2304BDS high and 2xSi2304BDS low.............................................. 6
Figure 6.
Calculated efficiency of 3.3V output with 1xSP8K3 dual.............................................................................................. 6
Figure 7.
Calculated efficiency of 5.0V output with 2xSi2304BDS high and 2xSi2304BDS low.............................................. 7
Figure 8.
Calculated efficiency of 5.0V output with 1xSP8K3 dual.............................................................................................. 7
Figure 9.
Calculated efficiency of 12.0V output with 1xSi2304BDS high and 1xSi2304BDS low............................................ 8
Figure 10.
Calculated efficiency of 12.0V output with 1xSP8K3 dual ....................................................................................... 8
Figure 11.
Schematic: VOUT1 and VOUT2 ........................................................................................................................................... 9
Figure 12.
Schematic: VOUT3 ,VOUT4 and linear output ................................................................................................................ 10
Figure 13.
Schematic: VOUT5 ........................................................................................................................................................... 11
REVISION HISTORY
10/17/2007—Revision 0: Initial Version
10/19/2007—Revision 1: Updated Efficiency graphs to show comparison of Rohm SP8K3 dual. Added Sgnd to
schematic.
Rev. 1 | Page 2 of 15
Preliminary Technical Data
FCDC 00081
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
ADP1829
The ADP1829 is a versatile, dual output, interleaved, synchronous PWM buck controller that generates two independent
outputs from an input voltage of 3.0 V to 18 V. Each channel can be configured to provide output voltage from 0.6V to 85%
of the input voltage. The two channels operate 180° out of phase, which reduces the current stress on the input capacitor
and allows the use of a smaller and lower cost input capacitor.
The ADP1829 operates at a pin-selectable fixed switching frequency of either 300 kHz or 600 kHz. For some noise sensitive
applications, it can also be synchronized to an external clock to achieve switching frequency between 300 kHz and 1 MHz.
The switching frequency chosen is 300 kHz to get good efficiency over a wide range of input and output conditions.
The ADP1829 includes an adjustable soft start to limit input inrush current, voltage tracking for sequencing or DDR
termination, independent power-good output, and a power enable pin. It also provides current-limit and short-circuit
protection by sensing the voltage on the synchronous MOSFET.
ADP1821
The ADP1821 is a versatile and inexpensive, synchronous, pulse width-modulated (PWM), voltage-mode, step-down
controller. It drives an all N-channel power stage to regulate an output voltage as low as 0.6 V. The ADP1821 can be
configured to provide output voltages from 0.6 V to 85% of the input voltage and is sized to handle large MOSFETs for
point-of-load regulators. The ADP1821 is well suited for a wide range of high power applications, such as DSP and
processor core power in telecom, medical imaging, high performance servers, and industrial applications. It operates from
a 3.0 V to 5.5 V supply with a power input voltage ranging from 1.0 V to 24 V. The ADP1821 operates at a pin-selectable,
fixed switching frequency of either 300 kHz or 600 kHz, minimizing external component size and cost. For noise-sensitive
applications, it can be synchronized to an external clock to achieve switching frequencies between 300 kHz and 1.2 MHz.
The ADP1821 includes soft start protection to limit the inrush current from the input supply during startup, reverse
current protection during soft start for precharged outputs, as well as a unique adjustable lossless current-limit scheme
utilizing external MOSFET sensing. The ADP1821 operates over the –40°C to +85°C temperature range and is available in
a 16-lead QSOP.
Rev. 1 | Page 3 of 15
Preliminary Technical Data
FCDC 00081
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
Figure 1.
Calculated efficiency of 1.2V output with 2xSi2304BDS high and 3xSi2304BDS low
Figure 2.
Calculated efficiency of 1.2V output with 1xSP8K3 dual
Rev. 1 | Page 4 of 15
Preliminary Technical Data
Figure 3.
FCDC 00081
Calculated efficiency of 1.8V output with 1xSi2304BDS high and 2xSi2304BDS low
Figure 4.
Calculated efficiency of 1.8V output with 1xSP8K3 dual
Rev. 1 | Page 5 of 15
Preliminary Technical Data
Figure 5.
FCDC 00081
Calculated efficiency of 3.3V output with 2xSi2304BDS high and 2xSi2304BDS low
Figure 6.
Calculated efficiency of 3.3V output with 1xSP8K3 dual
Rev. 1 | Page 6 of 15
Preliminary Technical Data
Figure 7.
FCDC 00081
Calculated efficiency of 5.0V output with 2xSi2304BDS high and 2xSi2304BDS low
Figure 8.
Calculated efficiency of 5.0V output with 1xSP8K3 dual
Rev. 1 | Page 7 of 15
Preliminary Technical Data
Figure 9.
FCDC 00081
Calculated efficiency of 12.0V output with 1xSi2304BDS high and 1xSi2304BDS low
Figure 10. Calculated efficiency of 12.0V output with 1xSP8K3 dual
Rev. 1 | Page 8 of 15
Preliminary Technical Data
FCDC 00081
SCHEMATIC
Figure 11. Schematic: VOUT1 and VOUT2
Rev. 1 | Page 9 of 15
Preliminary Technical Data
FCDC 00081
Figure 12. Schematic: VOUT3 ,VOUT4 and linear output
3.3V at 2.2A, 5.0V at 2.3A and 1.5V at 0.1A
S
Vo5V0
Rc12
S
Cc12
Rf11
Reh
S
S
Rt1lb
Cvcc
Rt1h
Rt1la
Css1
Cc10
Vin
Rel
Rin
Cbias
S
Cc11
Din
32
31
30
29
CMP1 TRK1 SS1 VREG
Rc11
1
2
S
Rf12a
3
S
4
S
Rf12b
5
6
S
7
8
28
27
26
25
IN LDO EN2 EN1
SD
POK1
FB1
SYNC
U1
BST1
FREQ
ADP1829ACPZ
DH1
GND
SW1
UV2
CSL1
FB2
PGND1
CMP2
DL1
TRK2
PV
Cc20
Rpg1
24
10
11
12
13
14
15
Cin11
Rb1
23
22
QH1
Cb1
21
20
Co11 Co12
Rlim1
Clim1
Db1
L1
Rpv
18
Rsn1
QL1
17
Cpv
QL2
16
Rsn2
Csn2
Clim2
Rf22
Rc21 Cc21
Vo3V3
Csn1
19
SS2 POK2 BST2 DH2 SW2 CSL2 PGND2 DL2
9
S
POK3V3
Css2
Vo5V0
Db2 Rlim2
Rpg2
L2
Co21 Co22
S
S
POK5V0
Rf23
Rc22
Cb2
QH2
Rf21
Cin21
Rb2
Cc22
POK3V3
1
GND
EN
Vo3V3
8
U2
IN
GND
ADP1715ARMZ-1.5-R7
OUT
GND
Cin31
Vo1V5
Co31
4
SS
Css3
Rev. 1 | Page 10 of 15
GND
5
Cin22
Preliminary Technical Data
FCDC 00081
Figure 13. Schematic: VOUT5
12.0V at 1.2A
Vin
5V0
Db
Rpv
BST
QH1
Cb
DH
Cin1
Rin
PVCC
Cpv
DL
U1
SW
PGND
L1
Rlim
Vo12V0
SYNC
Co2
Co1
Clim
ADP1821ARQZ
S
Csn
CSL
FREQ
VCC
SHDN
COMP
PWGD
FB
GND
SS
S
QL1
Cvcc
S
Rsn
Reh
Cc1
Rpg
S
Css
Rc1
Cc0
S
Cc2
Rc2
Rf2a
Rf1
Rf2b
S
Rev. 1 | Page 11 of 15
Preliminary Technical Data
FCDC 00081
BILL OF MATERIALS
Table 1. Vout1, and Vout2 Bill of Materials (1.2 V and 1.8 V)
Description
Designator
Quantity
Manufacturer
MFR#
Capacitor Ceramic COG 680p 0603 50V
Cc12, Cc22
2
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic COG 100p 0603 50V
Cc10, Cc20
2
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 1.5n 0603 50V
Cc11
1
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 1u 0603 16V
Cbias, Cpv
2
Murata
GRM188R71C105KA12D
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 1u 0603 25V
Cvcc
1
Murata
GRM188R71E105KA12D
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 15n 0603 16V
Css1, Css2
2
Vishay
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 10u 1210 25V
Cin11, Cin21
2
Kyocera
CM32X7R106K25AT
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 100n 0603 16V
Cb1, Cb2
2
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic COG 33p 0603 50V
Clim1, Clim2
2
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 1.8n 0603 50V
1
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X5R 22u 1210 6.3V
Cc21
Co11, Co12, Co13,
Co21
4
Taiyo-Yuden
JMK316BJ226KL-T
Diode Schottky 200mA SOD-323 30V
Db1, Db2
2
Diodes inc
BAT54WS
No Pop Zener 200mW SOD-323 18V
Din
0
Diodes inc
MMSZ5248BS
Inductor Ferrite 2.7uH 10.4mm x 10.4mm
L1
1
Toko
B966AS-2R7N
Inductor Ferrite 10uH 7.6mm x 7.6mm
L2
1
Toko
B1047AS-100M
Single N-Channel MOSFET SOT-23 30V
QL1a, QL1b, QL1c,
QH1a, QH1b, QH2a,
QL2a, QL2b
8
Vishay
Si2304BDS
1A Thick Film 0 Ohm jumper 0603
Rf23, Rb1, Rb2
3
Vishay
Generic
5% Thick Film 10 Ohms 0603
Rpv
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 200 Ohms 0603
Rin
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 10.0k 0603
Rpg1, Rpg2, Rf22, Rt2l
4
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 20.0k 0603
Rf11, Rf21, Rt1h, Rt2h,
Rf12, Rt1l
6
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 82.0 Ohms 0603
Rc22
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 5.10k 0603
Rlim1
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 3.00k 0603
Rlim2
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 100 Ohms 0603
Rc12
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 8.20k 0603
Rc11, Rc21
2
Generic
2 chan 300k to 600k PWM LFCSP-32
U1
1
Vishay
Analog
Devices
Rev. 1 | Page 12 of 15
ADP1829ACPZ
Preliminary Technical Data
FCDC 00081
Table 2. Vout3 and Vout4 Bill of Materials (3.3 V and 5.0 V)
Description
Designator
Quantity
Manufacturer
MFR#
Capacitor Ceramic COG 680p 0603 50V
Cc12
1
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 1u 0603 16V
Cbias, Cpv
2
Murata
GRM188R71C105KA12D
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 1u 0603 25V
Cvcc
1
Murata
GRM188R71E105KA12D
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 47n 0603 16V
Css1
1
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 220n 0603 16V
Css2
1
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic COG 120p 0603 50V
Cc10, Cc20
2
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 100n 0603 16V
Cb1, Cb2
2
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic COG 33p 0603 50V
Clim1, Clim2
2
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 2.7n 0603 50V
Cc11, Cc21
2
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic COG 560p 0603 50V
Cc22
1
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 10u 1210 25V
Cin11, Cin21
2
Kyocera
CM32X7R106K25AT
Capacitor Ceramic X5R 22u 1210 6.3V
Co11, Co21
2
Taiyo-Yuden
JMK316BJ226KL-T
Diode Schottky 200mA SOD-323 30V
Db1, Db2
2
Diodes inc
BAT54WS
No Pop Zener 200mW SOD-323 18V
Din
0
Diodes inc
MMSZ5248BS
Inductor Ferrite 10uH 10.4mm x 10.4mm
L1, L2
2
Toko
B966AS-100M
Single N-Channel MOSFET SOT-23 30V
QL1a, QL1b, QH1a,
QH1b, QH2a,
QH2b, QL2a, QL2b
8
Vishay
Si2304BDS
1A Thick Film 0 Ohm jumper 0603
Rf23, Rb1, Rb2
3
Vishay
Generic
5% Thick Film 10 Ohms 0603
Rpv
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 200 Ohms 0603
Rin
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 10.0k 0603
2
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 22.0k 0603
Rpg1, Rpg2
Rf11, Rf21, Rt1h,
Rel
4
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 3.00k 0603
Rf22
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 82.0 Ohms 0603
Rc22
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 5.10k 0603
Rlim2
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 4.70k 0603
Rlim1
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 110k 0603
Reh
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 1.00k 0603
Rf12a, Rt1la
2
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 3.90k 0603
Rf12b, Rt1lb
2
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 100 Ohms 0603
Rc12
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 5.60k 0603
Rc11
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 4.70k 0603
Rc21
1
Generic
2 chan 300k to 600k PWM LFCSP-32
U1
1
Vishay
Analog
Devices
ADP1829ACPZ
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 10n 0603 16V
Css3
1
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 2.2u 0805 16V
Cin31, Co31
2
GRM21BR71C225KA12L
500mA 1.5V Linear Reg MSOP-8
U2
1
Murata
Analog
Devices
Rev. 1 | Page 13 of 15
ADP1715ARMZ-1.5-R7
Preliminary Technical Data
FCDC 00081
Table 3. Vout6 (12.0 V)
Description
Designator
Quantity
Manufacturer
MFR#
Capacitor Ceramic COG 100p 0603 50V
Cc0
1
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 3.3n 0603 50V
Cc1
1
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 1.0n 0603 50V
Cc2
1
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 1.0u 0603 16V
Cpv
1
Murata
GRM188R71C105KA12D
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 100n 0603 16V
Cvcc, Cb, Css
3
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic COG 33p 0603 50V
Clim
1
Vishay
Generic
Capacitor Ceramic X5R 10u 1210 25V
Cin1
1
Taiyo-Yuden
TMK325BJ106MN-T
Capacitor Ceramic X7R 22u 1210 16V
Co1
1
TDK
C3225X7R1C226M
No pop 6.3mm 16V SMT
Co2
0
Nippon
APXE160ARA101MF80G
Diode Schottky 200mA SOD-323 30V
Db
1
Diodes inc
BAT54WS
Inductor Ferrite 22uH 7.6mmx7.6mm
L1
1
Toko
B1047AS-220M
Single N-Channel MOSFET SOT-23 30V
QL1,QH1
2
Vishay
Si2304BDS
5% Thick Film 10 Ohms 0603
Rin, Rpv
2
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 20.0k 0603
Rf1
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 1.00k 0603
Rf2a
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 56 Ohms 0603
Rf2b, Rc2
2
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 4.70k Ohms 0603
Rlim
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 6.80k 0603
Rc1
1
Vishay
Generic
1% Thick Film 10.0k 0603
Rpg, Reh
2
Generic
1 chan 300k to 600k PWM QSOP-16
U1
1
Vishay
Analog
Devices
Rev. 1 | Page 14 of 15
ADP1821ARQZ
Preliminary Technical Data
FCDC 00081
NOTES
Reference designators shown on the schematic but not listed on the Bill of Materials are place holders for possible design
adjustments (snubbers, additional decoupling capacitors and clamp diodes). These components should be put in the
layout, but not populated unless after testing it is deemed necessary.
If a different number, or different type of output capacitors are used on the switching outputs the loop compensation
components may need adjustment.
Efficiency calculations are estimates and are not verified in actual hardware. Any shoot-through caused by dV/dt induced
turn on of the lowside FET is not included in efficiency (likely present in Rohm low side FETs).
FETs with reference designators ending in a letter (i.e. a, b, or c) are connected in parallel with the other FETs of the same
reference designator prefix. These FETs should be placed physically close together and have large power planes connecting
all the drains together and large power planes connecting all the sources together. Gate drive resistors may be used if there
is concern about possible paralleling issues.
Ground symbols with an S designator should be connected together with one small plane and tied to the power ground
plane at one point near the IC. Each IC should have its own S ground pour.
©2007 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
Trademarks and registered trademarks are the
property of their respective owners.
EB
Rev. 1 | Page 15 of 15
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