Data Sheet

SA58637
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
Product data sheet
1. General description
The SA58637 is a two-channel audio amplifier in an HVQFN20 package. It provides
power output of 2.2 W per channel with an 8 Ω load at 9 V supply. The internal circuit is
comprised of two Bridge-Tied Load (BTL) amplifiers with a complementary PNP-NPN
output stage and standby/mute logic. The SA58637 is housed in a 20-pin HVQFN
package, which has an exposed die attach paddle enabling reduced thermal resistance
and increased power dissipation.
2. Features
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Low junction-to-ambient thermal resistance using exposed die attach paddle
Gain can be fixed with external resistors from 6 dB to 30 dB
Standby mode controlled by CMOS-compatible levels
Low standby current < 10 µA
No switch-on/switch-off plops
High power supply ripple rejection: 50 dB minimum
ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) protection
Output short circuit to ground protection
Thermal shutdown protection
3. Applications
n Professional and amateur mobile radio
n Portable consumer products: toys and games
n Personal computer remote speakers
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
4. Quick reference data
Table 1.
Quick reference data
VCC = 6 V; Tamb = 25 °C; RL = 8 Ω; VMODE = 0 V; measured in test circuit Figure 3; unless otherwise
specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VCC
supply voltage
operating
Iq
quiescent current
RL = ∞ Ω
2.2
9
18
V
-
15
22
mA
Istb
standby current
VMODE = VCC
-
-
10
µA
Po
output power
THD+N = 10 %
1.2
1.5
-
W
THD+N = 0.5 %
0.9
1.1
-
W
THD+N = 10 %;
VCC = 9 V; application
demo board
-
2.2
-
W
-
0.15
0.3
%
[1]
THD+N
total harmonic
distortion-plus-noise
Po = 0.5 W
PSRR
power supply rejection
ratio
1 kHz
[2]
50
-
-
dB
100 Hz to 20 kHz
[3]
40
-
-
dB
[1]
With a load connected at the outputs the quiescent current will increase, the maximum of this increase
being equal to the DC output offset voltage divided by RL.
[2]
Power supply rejection ratio is measured at the output with a source impedance of RS = 0 Ω at the input.
The ripple voltage is a sine wave with a frequency of 1 kHz and an amplitude of 100 mV (RMS), which is
applied to the positive supply rail.
[3]
Power supply rejection ratio is measured at the output, with a source impedance of RS = 0 Ω at the input.
The ripple voltage is a sine wave with a frequency between 100 Hz and 20 kHz and an amplitude of
100 mV (RMS), which is applied to the positive supply rail.
5. Ordering information
Table 2.
Ordering information
Type number Package
SA58637BS
Name
Description
Version
HVQFN20
plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package;
no leads; 20 terminals; body 6 × 5 × 0.85 mm
SOT910-1
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
2 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
6. Block diagram
VCCL VCCR
17
SA58637
INL−
INL+
10
16
15
14
OUTL−
R
VCCL
R
20 kΩ
1
OUTL+
20 kΩ
STANDBY/MUTE LOGIC
INR−
INR+
11
12
13
OUTR−
R
VCCR
R
20 kΩ
SVR
6
OUTR+
3
20 kΩ
MODE
SELECT
2
4
STANDBY/MUTE LOGIC
5
n.c.
8
9
19
18
20
7
GND GND GND GND LGND RGND
002aad577
Fig 1.
Block diagram of SA58637
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
3 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
7. Pinning information
17 VCCL
18 GND
terminal 1
index area
19 GND
20 LGND
7.1 Pinning
OUTL+
1
16 OUTL−
MODE
2
15 INL−
SVR
3
SELECT
4
13 INR+
n.c.
5
12 INR−
OUTR+
6
11 OUTR−
14 INL+
8
9
GND
GND
VCCR 10
7
RGND
SA58637BS
002aad578
Transparent top view
Fig 2.
Pin configuration for HVQFN20
7.2 Pin description
Table 3.
Symbol
Pin description
Pin
Description
OUTL+
1
positive loudspeaker terminal, left channel
MODE
2
operating mode select (standby, mute, operating)
SVR
3
half supply voltage, decoupling ripple rejection
SELECT
4
BTL loudspeaker channel select (left, right, both channels)
n.c.
5
not connected
OUTR+
6
positive loudspeaker terminal, right channel
RGND
7
ground, right channel
GND
8, 9, 18, 19
ground[1]
VCCR
10
supply voltage; right channel
OUTR−
11
negative loudspeaker terminal, right channel
INR−
12
negative input, right channel
INR+
13
positive input, right channel
INL+
14
positive input, left channel
INL−
15
negative input, left channel
OUTL−
16
negative output terminal, left channel
VCCL
17
supply voltage, left channel
LGND
20
ground, left channel
[1]
Pins 8, 9, 18 and 19 are connected to the lead frame and also to the substrate. They may be kept floating.
When connected to the ground plane, the PCB can be used as heatsink.
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
4 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
8. Functional description
The SA58637 is a two-channel BTL audio amplifier capable of delivering 2 × 1.5 W output
power to an 8 Ω load at THD+N = 10 % using a 6 V power supply. It is also capable of
delivering 2 × 2.2 W output power to an 8 Ω load at THD+N = 10 % using a 9 V power
supply. Using the MODE pin, the device can be switched to standby and mute condition.
The device is protected by an internal thermal shutdown protection mechanism. The gain
can be set within a range of 6 dB to 30 dB by external feedback resistors.
8.1 Power amplifier
The power amplifier is a Bridge-Tied Load (BTL) amplifier with a complementary
PNP-NPN output stage. The voltage loss on the positive supply line is the saturation
voltage of a PNP power transistor and on the negative side the saturation voltage of an
NPN power transistor. The total voltage loss is < 1 V.
8.2 Mode select pin (MODE)
The device is in Standby mode (with a very low current consumption) if the voltage at the
MODE pin is greater than VCC − 0.5 V, or if this pin is floating. At a MODE voltage in the
range between 1.5 V and VCC − 1.5 V the amplifier is in a mute condition. The mute
condition is useful to suppress plop noise at the output, caused by charging of the input
capacitor. The device is in Active mode if the MODE pin is grounded or less than 0.5 V
(see Figure 6).
8.3 SELECT output configuration
The outputs differentially drives the speakers, so there is no need for coupling capacitors
(see Figure 3). If the voltage at the SELECT pin is in the range between 1.5 V and
VCC − 1.5 V, or if it is kept floating, then both channels are operational. If the SELECT pin
is set to a logic LOW or grounded, then only the right channel is operational and the left
channel is in Standby mode. If the SELECT pin is set to logic HIGH or connected to VCC,
then only the left channel is operational and right channel is in Standby mode. Setting the
SELECT pin to logic LOW or a logic HIGH voltage results in a reduction of quiescent
current consumption by a factor of approximately 2. Switching the SELECT pin during
operation is not plop-free, because the input capacitor of the channel which is coming out
of standby needs to be charged first. For plop-free channel selecting the device has first to
be set in mute condition with the MODE pin (between 1.5 V and VCC − 1.5 V). The
SELECT pin is then set to the new level and after a delay the MODE pin is set to a LOW
level. The delay needed depends on the values of the input capacitors and the feedback
resistors. Time needed is approximately 10 × C1 × (R1 + R2), so approximately
0.6 seconds for the values shown in Figure 3.
Table 4.
Control pins MODE and SELECT versus status of output channels
Voltage levels at control pins at VCC = 5 V; for other voltage levels see Figure 6 and Figure 7.
Control pin
Status of output channel
MODE
SELECT
Left channel
Right channel
HIGH[1]/n.c.[2]
X[3]
standby
standby
0
HVCC[4]
HVCC[4]/n.c.[2]
mute
mute
15
LOW[5]
HVCC[4]/n.c.[2]
on
on
15
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
Typical Iq (mA)
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
5 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
Table 4.
Control pins MODE and SELECT versus status of output channels …continued
Voltage levels at control pins at VCC = 5 V; for other voltage levels see Figure 6 and Figure 7.
Control pin
Status of output channel
Typical Iq (mA)
MODE
SELECT
Left channel
Right channel
HVCC[4]/LOW[5]
HIGH[1]
mute/on
standby
HVCC[4]/LOW[5]
HVCC[4]/n.c.[2]
mute/on
mute/on
15
HVCC[4]/LOW[5]
LOW[5]
standby
mute/on
8
[1]
HIGH = VSELECT > VCC − 0.5 V.
[2]
n.c. = not connected or floating.
[3]
X = don’t care.
[4]
HVCC = 1.5 V < VSELECT < VCC − 1.5 V.
[5]
LOW = VSELECT < 0.5 V.
8
9. Limiting values
Table 5.
Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
VCC
supply voltage
operating
−0.3
+18
V
VI
input voltage
−0.3
VCC + 0.3
V
IORM
repetitive peak output current
-
1
A
Tstg
storage temperature
non-operating
−55
+150
°C
Tamb
ambient temperature
operating
−40
+85
°C
VCC(sc)
supply voltage (short circuit)
-
10
V
Ptot
total power dissipation
-
2.2
W
10. Thermal characteristics
Table 6.
Thermal characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Rth(j-a)
thermal resistance from
junction to ambient
in free air
Rth(j-sp)
[1]
[1]
with heat spreader
thermal resistance from
junction to solder point
Typ
Unit
80
K/W
22
K/W
3
K/W
Thermal resistance is 22 K/W with DAP soldered to 64.5 mm2 (10 in2), 28.3 g (1 oz) copper heat spreader.
11. Static characteristics
Table 7.
Static characteristics
VCC = 6 V; Tamb = 25 °C; RL = 8 Ω; VMODE = 0 V; measured in test circuit Figure 3; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
VCC
supply voltage
operating
Iq
quiescent current
RL = ∞ Ω
Istb
standby current
VMODE = VCC
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
[1]
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
2.2
9
18
V
-
15
22
mA
-
-
10
µA
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
6 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
Table 7.
Static characteristics …continued
VCC = 6 V; Tamb = 25 °C; RL = 8 Ω; VMODE = 0 V; measured in test circuit Figure 3; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
VO
output voltage
∆VO(offset)
differential output voltage offset
IIB
input bias current
VMODE
voltage on pin MODE
Conditions
[2]
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
-
2.2
-
V
-
-
50
mV
pins INL+, INR+
-
-
500
nA
pins INL−, INR−
-
-
500
nA
operating
0
-
0.5
V
mute
1.5
-
VCC − 1.5
V
standby
VCC − 0.5
-
VCC
V
IMODE
current on pin MODE
0 V < VMODE < VCC
-
-
20
µA
VSELECT
voltage on pin SELECT
both channels on
1.5
-
VCC − 1.5
V
left channel on
VCC − 0.5
-
VCC
V
II(SELECT)
input current on pin SELECT
right channel on
GND
-
0.5
V
VSELECT = 0 V
-
-
100
µA
[1]
With a load connected at the outputs the quiescent current will increase, the maximum of this increase being equal to the DC output
offset voltage divided by RL.
[2]
The DC output voltage with respect to ground is approximately 0.5 × VCC.
12. Dynamic characteristics
Table 8.
Dynamic characteristics
VCC = 6 V; Tamb = 25 °C; RL = 8 Ω; f = 1 kHz; VMODE = 0 V; measured in test circuit Figure 3; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Po
output power
THD+N = 10 %
1.2
1.5
-
W
THD+N = 0.5 %
0.9
1.1
-
W
THD+N = 10 %; VCC = 9 V;
application demo board
-
2.2
-
W
Po = 0.5 W
-
0.15
0.3
%
6
-
30
dB
THD+N
total harmonic
distortion-plus-noise
Gv(cl)
closed-loop voltage gain
∆Zi
differential input impedance
Vn(o)
PSRR
[1]
-
100
-
kΩ
output noise voltage
[2]
-
-
100
µV
power supply rejection ratio
1 kHz
[3]
−50
-
-
dB
100 Hz to 20 kHz
[4]
−40
-
-
dB
mute condition
[5]
-
-
200
µV
−40
-
-
dB
VO(mute)
mute output voltage
αcs
channel separation
[1]
Gain of the amplifier is 2 × (R2 / R1) in test circuit of Figure 3.
[2]
The noise output voltage is measured at the output in a frequency range from 20 Hz to 20 kHz (unweighted), with a source impedance
of RS = 0 Ω at the input.
[3]
Power supply rejection ratio is measured at the output with a source impedance of RS = 0 Ω at the input. The ripple voltage is a
sine wave with a frequency of 1 kHz and an amplitude of 100 mV (RMS), which is applied to the positive supply rail.
[4]
Power supply rejection ratio is measured at the output, with a source impedance of RS = 0 Ω at the input. The ripple voltage is a
sine wave with a frequency between 100 Hz and 20 kHz and an amplitude of 100 mV (RMS), which is applied to the positive supply rail.
[5]
Output voltage in mute position is measured with an input voltage of 1 V (RMS) in a bandwidth of 20 kHz, which includes noise.
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
7 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
13. Application information
13.1 BTL application
Tamb = 25 °C, VCC = 9 V, f = 1 kHz, RL = 8 Ω, Gv = 20 dB, audio band-pass 22 Hz to
22 kHz. The single-ended input and BTL differential output diagram is shown in Figure 3.
1 µF
VCC
R2
50 kΩ
R1
INL−
15
17
100 nF
10
10 kΩ
INL+
VI
16
14
OUTL−
C3
47 µF
RL
1
1 µF
OUTL+
SA58637
R3
INR−
10 kΩ
VI
100 µF
R4
50 kΩ
INR+
SVR
MODE
SELECT
12
11
13
OUTR−
3
RL
2
4
6
20
OUTR+
7
GND
001aah746
R2
Gain left = 2 × ------R1
R4
Gain right = 2 × ------R3
Pins 8, 9, 18 and 19 connected to ground.
Fig 3.
Application diagram of SA58637 single-ended input and BTL differential output
configuration
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
8 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
14. Test information
14.1 Static characterization
The quiescent current has been measured without any load impedance (Figure 4).
Figure 6 shows three areas: operating, mute and standby. It shows that the DC switching
levels of the mute and standby respectively depends on the supply voltage level.
002aac081
30
002aac089
10
VO (V)
1
Iq
(mA)
10−1
20
10−2
(1)
10−3
10
(2)
(3)
10−4
10−5
10−6
10−1
0
0
4
8
12
16
20
VCC (V)
1
102
10
VMODE (V)
RL = ∞ Ω
Band-pass = 22 Hz to 22 kHz.
(1) VCC = 3 V.
(2) VCC = 5 V.
(3) VCC = 12 V.
Fig 4.
Quiescent current as a function of supply
voltage
Fig 5.
Output voltage as a function of voltage on pin
MODE
002aac090
16
VMODE
(V)
12
standby
8
mute
4
operating
0
0
4
8
12
16
VCC (V)
Fig 6.
Voltage on pin MODE as a function of supply voltage
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
9 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
002aad579
20
VSELECT
(V)
16
(4)
12
(5)
VCC
8
(3)
(1)
4
(2)
0
0
4
8
12
16
20
VCC (V)
(1) Left channel on
(2) Left channel standby
(3) Right channel on
(4) Right channel standby
(5) Left channel + right channel on
Fig 7.
Voltage on pin SELECT as a function of supply voltage
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
10 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
14.2 BTL dynamic characterization
The total harmonic distortion-plus-noise (THD+N) as a function of frequency (Figure 8)
was measured with a low-pass filter of 80 kHz. The value of capacitor C3 influences the
behavior of PSRR at low frequencies; increasing the value of C3 increases the
performance of PSRR.
002aac083
10
002aac084
−60
αcs
(dB)
THD+N
(%)
(1)
−70
1
(2)
(1)
−80
(3)
(2)
10−1
−90
10−2
10
102
103
104
−100
105
102
10
103
f (Hz)
104
105
f (Hz)
VCC = 6 V; VO = 2 V; RL = 8 Ω.
Po = 0.5 W; Gv = 20 dB.
(1) VCC = 6 V; RL = 8 Ω.
(1) Gv = 30 dB.
(2) VCC = 7.5 V; RL = 16 Ω.
(2) Gv = 20 dB.
(3) Gv = 6 dB.
Fig 8.
Total harmonic distortion-plus-noise as a
function of frequency
Fig 9.
Channel separation as a function of frequency
002aac085
−20
PSRR
(dB)
(1)
−40
(2)
−60
(3)
−80
10
102
103
104
105
f (Hz)
VCC = 6 V; RS = 0 Ω; Vripple = 100 mV.
(1) Gv = 30 dB.
(2) Gv = 20 dB.
(3) Gv = 6 dB.
Fig 10. Power supply rejection ratio as a function of frequency
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
11 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
14.3 Thermal behavior
The measured thermal performance of the HVQFN20 package is highly dependent on the
configuration and size of the heat spreader on the application demo board. Data may not
be comparable between different semiconductor manufacturers because the application
demo boards and test methods are not standardized. The thermal performance of a
package for a specific application may also differ from those presented here because the
configuration of the application boards copper heat spreader may be significantly different.
NXP Semiconductors uses FR-4 type application boards with 28.3 g (1 oz) copper traces
with solder coating.
The demo board (see Figure 16) has a 28.3 g (1 oz) copper heat spreader that runs under
the IC and provides a mounting pad to solder to the die attach paddle of the HVQFN20
package. The heat spreader is symmetrical and provides a heat spreader on both top and
bottom of the PCB. The heat spreader on top and bottom side of the demo board is
connected through 2 mm diameter plated through holes. Directly under the DAP (Die
Attach Paddle), the top and bottom side of the PCB are connected by four vias. The total
top and bottom heat spreader area is 64.5 mm2 (10 in2).
The junction to ambient thermal resistance, Rth(j-a) = 22 K/W for the HVQFN20 package
when the exposed die attach paddle is soldered to a 32.3 mm2 (5 in2) area of 28.3 g (1 oz)
copper heat spreader on the demo PCB. The maximum sine wave power dissipation for
Tamb = 25 °C is:
150 – 25
--------------------- = 5.7 W
22
Thus, for Tamb = 60 °C the maximum total power dissipation is:
150 – 60
--------------------- = 4.1 W
22
The power dissipation as a function of ambient temperature curve (Figure 11) shows the
power derating profiles with ambient temperature for three sizes of heat spreaders. For a
more modest heat spreader using a 32.3 mm2 (5 in2) area on the top or bottom side of the
PCB, the Rth(j-a) is 31 K/W. When the package is not soldered to a heat spreader, the
Rth(j-a) increases to 60 K/W.
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
12 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
002aac283
6
(1)
P
(W)
(2)
4
2
(3)
0
0
40
80
120
160
Tamb (°C)
(1) 64.5 mm2 (10 in2) heat spreader top and bottom, 28.3 g (1 oz copper).
(2) 32.3 mm2 (5 in2) heat spreader top or bottom, 28.3 g (1 oz copper).
(3) No heat spreader.
Fig 11. Power dissipation as a function of ambient temperature
The characteristics curves (Figure 12a and Figure 12b, Figure 13, Figure 14, and
Figure 15a and Figure 15b) show the room temperature performance for SA58637 using
the demo PCB shown in Figure 16. For example, Figure 12 “Power dissipation as a
function of output power” (a and b) show the performance as a function of load resistance
and supply voltage. Worst case power dissipation is shown in Figure 13. Figure 15a
shows that the part delivers typically 2.8 W per channel for THD+N = 10 % using 8 Ω load
at 9 V supply, while Figure 15b shows that the part delivers 3.3 W per channel at 12 V
supply and 16 Ω load, THD+N = 10 %.
002aac288
3
002aac289
3
(4)
P
(W)
P
(W)
(3)
2
2
(2)
(3)
(2)
1
1
(1)
(1)
0
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
Po (W)
4
Po (W)
(1) VCC = 6 V.
(1) VCC = 6 V.
(2) VCC = 7.5 V.
(2) VCC = 7.5 V.
(3) VCC = 9 V.
(3) VCC = 9 V.
(4) VCC = 12 V.
a. RL = 8 Ω; f = 1 kHz; Gv = 20 dB
b. RL = 16 Ω; f = 1 kHz; Gv = 20 dB
Fig 12. Power dissipation as a function of output power
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
13 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
001aah747
4
P
(W)
002aac286
4
Po
(W)
3
(3)
3
2
(1)
(2)
(2)
2
(3)
1
1
(1)
0
0
0
4
8
12
0
4
8
VCC (V)
12
VCC (V)
(1) RL = 4 Ω.
THD+N = 10 %; f = 1 kHz; Gv = 20 dB.
(2) RL = 8 Ω.
(1) RL = 4 Ω.
(3) RL = 16 Ω.
(2) RL = 8 Ω.
(3) RL = 16 Ω.
Fig 13. Worst case power dissipation as a function of
supply voltage
002aac284
102
THD+N
(%)
10
(1)
(2)
Fig 14. Output power as a function of supply voltage
1
10−2
10−2
1
(1) (2) (3) (4)
10
(3)
1
10−3
10−2
002aac285
102
THD+N
(%)
10
10−3
10−3
10−2
1
10
Po (W)
Po (W)
(1) VCC = 6 V.
(1) VCC = 6 V.
(2) VCC = 7.5 V.
(2) VCC = 7.5 V.
(3) VCC = 9 V.
(3) VCC = 9 V.
(4) VCC = 12 V.
a. RL = 8 Ω; f = 1 kHz; Gv = 20 dB
b. RL = 16 Ω; f = 1 kHz; Gv = 20 dB
Fig 15. Total harmonic distortion-plus-noise as a function of output power
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
14 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
14.4 General remarks
The frequency characteristics can be adapted by connecting a small capacitor across the
feedback resistor. To improve the immunity of HF radiation in radio circuit applications, a
small capacitor can be connected in parallel with the feedback resistor (56 kΩ); this
creates a low-pass filter.
14.5 SA58637BS PCB demo
The application demo board may be used for evaluation single-ended input, BTL
differential output configuration as shown in the schematic in Figure 3. The demo PCB
(Figure 16) is laid out for a 64.5 mm2 (10 in2) heat spreader (total of top and bottom heat
spreader area).
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
15 of 22
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NXP Semiconductors
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
top layer
bottom layer
SA58637BS Rev5
Audio Amplifier
VCC
100 µF
GND
OUTL−
OUTL+
10 kΩ
10 kΩ
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
INL−
GND VCC/2 VCC
56 kΩ
1 µF
1 µF
11 kΩ
11 kΩ
MODE
GND
SEL
VCC
GND
1 µF
47 µF
56 kΩ
INR−
1 µF
SELECT
OUTR+
OUTR−
SA58637
16 of 22
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Fig 16. SA58637BS PCB demo
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
001aah667
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
15. Package outline
HVQFN20: plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads;
20 terminals; body 6 x 5 x 0.85 mm
B
D
SOT910-1
A
terminal 1
index area
E
A
A1
c
detail X
e1
1/2 e
v
w
b
e
7
10
C
C A B
C
M
M
y1 C
y
L
6
11
e
e2
Eh
1/2 e
1
16
terminal 1
index area
20
17
X
Dh
2.5
0
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A
max
A1
b
c
D
Dh
E
Eh
e
e1
e2
L
v
w
y
y1
mm
1
0.05
0.00
0.4
0.3
0.2
5.1
4.9
3.15
2.85
6.1
5.9
4.15
3.85
0.8
2.4
4
0.65
0.40
0.1
0.05
0.05
0.1
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
SOT910-1
---
MO-220
---
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
05-10-11
Fig 17. Package outline SOT910-1 (HVQFN20)
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
17 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
16. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
16.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
16.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
16.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
18 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
16.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 18) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 9 and 10
Table 9.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
≥ 350
< 2.5
235
220
≥ 2.5
220
220
Table 10.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 18.
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
19 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
temperature
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 18. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
17. Abbreviations
Table 11.
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
BTL
Bridge-Tied Load
CMOS
Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
DAP
Die Attach Paddle
ESD
ElectroStatic Discharge
HF
High-Frequency
NPN
Negative-Positive-Negative
PCB
Printed-Circuit Board
PNP
Positive-Negative-Positive
RMS
Root Mean Squared
SE
Single-Ended
THD
Total Harmonic Distortion
18. Revision history
Table 12.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
SA58637_1
20080225
Product data sheet
-
-
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
20 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
19. Legal information
19.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
19.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
19.3 Disclaimers
General — Information in this document is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any representations or
warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of such
information and shall have no liability for the consequences of use of such
information.
damage. NXP Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or applications and
therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) may cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and operation of
the device at these or any other conditions above those given in the
Characteristics sections of this document is not implied. Exposure to limiting
values for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Terms and conditions of sale — NXP Semiconductors products are sold
subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial sale, as published
at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, including those pertaining to warranty,
intellectual property rights infringement and limitation of liability, unless
explicitly otherwise agreed to in writing by NXP Semiconductors. In case of
any inconsistency or conflict between information in this document and such
terms and conditions, the latter will prevail.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted
or construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the
grant, conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents
or other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
Quick reference data — The Quick reference data is an extract of
the product data given in the Limiting values and Characteristics sections of
this document, and as such is not complete, exhaustive or legally binding.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not
19.4 Trademarks
designed, authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in medical, military,
aircraft, space or life support equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
20. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
SA58637_1
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 25 February 2008
21 of 22
SA58637
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 2.2 W BTL audio amplifier
21. Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7.1
7.2
8
8.1
8.2
8.3
9
10
11
12
13
13.1
14
14.1
14.2
14.3
14.4
14.5
15
16
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
17
18
19
19.1
19.2
19.3
19.4
20
21
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Quick reference data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Power amplifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Mode select pin (MODE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
SELECT output configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Thermal characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Static characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Application information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
BTL application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Test information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Static characterization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
BTL dynamic characterization . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Thermal behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
General remarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
SA58637BS PCB demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Introduction to soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Wave and reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Legal information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Contact information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2008.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 25 February 2008
Document identifier: SA58637_1
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