Data Sheet

TDA8920B
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
Product data sheet
1. General description
The TDA8920B is a high efficiency class-D audio power amplifier with very low
dissipation. The typical output power is 2 × 100 W.
The device is available in the HSOP24 power package and in the DBS23P through-hole
power package. The amplifier operates over a wide supply voltage range from
±12.5 V to ±30 V (±32 V non operating) and consumes a very low quiescent current.
2. Features
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Zero dead time switching
Advanced current protection: output current limiting
Smooth start-up: no pop noise due to DC offset
High efficiency
Operating supply voltage from ±12.5 V to ±30 V
Low quiescent current
Usable as a stereo Single-Ended (SE) amplifier or as a mono amplifier in Bridge-Tied
Load (BTL)
Fixed gain of 30 dB in Single-Ended (SE) and 36 dB in Bridge-Tied Load (BTL)
High output power
High supply voltage ripple rejection
Internal switching frequency can be overruled by an external clock
Full short-circuit proof across load and to supply lines
Thermally protected
3. Applications
■
■
■
■
■
Television sets
Home-sound sets
Multimedia systems
All mains fed audio systems
Car audio (boosters)
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
4. Quick reference data
Table 1:
Quick reference data
Symbol Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
±12.5
±27
±30
V
-
50
65
mA
RL = 3 Ω; THD = 10 %; VP = ±27 V
-
110
-
W
RL = 4 Ω; THD = 10 %; VP = ±27 V
-
86
-
W
-
210
-
W
General; VP = ±27 V
VP
supply voltage
Iq(tot)
total quiescent
supply current
no load; no filter; no RC-snubber
network connected
Stereo single-ended configuration
Po
output power
Mono bridge-tied load configuration
Po
output power
RL = 6 Ω; THD = 10 %; VP = ±27 V
5. Ordering information
Table 2:
Ordering information
Type number
Package
Name
Description
Version
TDA8920BTH
HSOP24
plastic, heatsink small outline package; 24 leads; low
stand-off height
SOT566-3
TDA8920BJ
DBS23P
plastic DIL-bent-SIL power package; 23 leads (straight
lead length 3.2 mm)
SOT411-1
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
2 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
6. Block diagram
VDDA2
VDDA1
3 (20)
IN1M
IN1P
SGND1
OSC
MODE
SGND2
10 (4)
18 (12)
13 (7)
IN2M
23 (16)
VDDP1
14 (8)
15 (9)
BOOT1
RELEASE1
9 (3)
PWM
MODULATOR
INPUT
STAGE
8 (2)
11 (5)
SWITCH1
CONTROL
AND
ENABLE1 HANDSHAKE
mute
DRIVER
HIGH
16 (10)
OUT1
DRIVER
LOW
STABI
VSSP1
7 (1)
6 (23)
OSCILLATOR
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
CURRENT PROTECTION
VOLTAGE PROTECTION
MANAGER
MODE
TDA8920BTH
(TDA8920BJ)
VDDP2
22 (15)
BOOT2
2 (19)
ENABLE2
mute
IN2P
VDDP2
STABI PROT
CONTROL
SWITCH2
AND
HANDSHAKE
RELEASE2
5 (22)
4 (21)
INPUT
STAGE
1 (18)
VSSA2
PWM
MODULATOR
12 (6)
VSSA1
24 (17)
VSSD
19 (-)
n.c.
DRIVER
HIGH
21 (14)
OUT2
DRIVER
LOW
17 (11)
VSSP1
20 (13)
coa023
VSSP2
Pin numbers in parenthesis refer to the TDA8920BJ.
Fig 1. Block diagram
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
3 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
7. Pinning information
7.1 Pinning
VSSD 24
1
VSSA2
VDDP2 23
2
SGND2
BOOT2 22
3
VDDA2
OUT2 21
4
IN2M
VSSP2 20
5
IN2P
n.c. 19
6
MODE
7
OSC
STABI 18
TDA8920BTH
VSSP1 17
8
IN1P
OUT1 16
9
IN1M
BOOT1 15
VDDP1 14
10 VDDA1
11 SGND1
PROT 13
12 VSSA1
OSC
1
IN1P
2
IN1M
3
VDDA1
4
SGND1
5
VSSA1
6
PROT
7
VDDP1
8
BOOT1
9
OUT1 10
VSSP1 11
STABI 12
TDA8920BJ
VSSP2 13
OUT2 14
BOOT2 15
VDDP2 16
VSSD 17
VSSA2 18
SGND2 19
001aab217
VDDA2 20
IN2M 21
IN2P 22
MODE 23
001aab218
Fig 2. Pin configuration TDA8920BTH
Fig 3. Pin configuration TDA8920BJ
7.2 Pin description
Table 3:
Pin description
Symbol Pin
Description
TDA8920BTH
TDA8920BJ
VSSA2
1
18
negative analog supply voltage for channel 2
SGND2
2
19
signal ground for channel 2
VDDA2
3
20
positive analog supply voltage for channel 2
IN2M
4
21
negative audio input for channel 2
IN2P
5
22
positive audio input for channel 2
MODE
6
23
mode selection input: Standby, Mute or Operating mode
OSC
7
1
oscillator frequency adjustment or tracking input
IN1P
8
2
positive audio input for channel 1
IN1M
9
3
negative audio input for channel 1
VDDA1
10
4
positive analog supply voltage for channel 1
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
4 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
Table 3:
Pin description …continued
Symbol Pin
Description
TDA8920BTH
TDA8920BJ
SGND1
11
5
signal ground for channel 1
VSSA1
12
6
negative analog supply voltage for channel 1
PROT
13
7
decoupling capacitor for protection (OCP)
VDDP1
14
8
positive power supply voltage for channel 1
BOOT1
15
9
bootstrap capacitor for channel 1
OUT1
16
10
PWM output from channel 1
VSSP1
17
11
negative power supply voltage for channel 1
STABI
18
12
decoupling of internal stabilizer for logic supply
n.c.
19
-
not connected
VSSP2
20
13
negative power supply voltage for channel 2
OUT2
21
14
PWM output from channel 2
BOOT2
22
15
bootstrap capacitor for channel 2
VDDP2
23
16
positive power supply voltage for channel 2
VSSD
24
17
negative digital supply voltage
8. Functional description
8.1 General
The TDA8920B is a two channel audio power amplifier using class-D technology.
The audio input signal is converted into a digital pulse width modulated signal via an
analog input stage and Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) modulator. To enable the output
power transistors to be driven, this digital PWM signal is applied to a control and
handshake block and driver circuits for both the high side and low side. In this way a level
shift is performed from the low power digital PWM signal (at logic levels) to a high power
PWM signal which switches between the main supply lines.
A 2nd-order low-pass filter converts the PWM signal to an analog audio signal across the
loudspeakers.
The TDA8920B one-chip class-D amplifier contains high power D-MOS switches, drivers,
timing and handshaking between the power switches and some control logic. For
protection a temperature sensor and a maximum current detector are built-in.
The two audio channels of the TDA8920B contain two PWM modulators, two analog
feedback loops and two differential input stages. It also contains circuits common to both
channels such as the oscillator, all reference sources, the mode functionality and a digital
timing manager.
The TDA8920B contains two independent amplifier channels with high output power, high
efficiency, low distortion and a low quiescent current. The amplifier channels can be
connected in the following configurations:
• Mono Bridge-Tied Load (BTL) amplifier
• Stereo Single-Ended (SE) amplifiers
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
5 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
The amplifier system can be switched to one of three operating modes by pin MODE:
• Standby mode; with a very low supply current
• Mute mode; the amplifiers are operational; but the audio signal at the output is
suppressed by disabling the VI-converter input stages
• Operating mode; the amplifiers are fully operational with output signal
To ensure pop noise-free start-up, the DC output offset voltage is applied gradually to the
output at a level between Mute mode and Operating mode levels. The bias current setting
of the VI converters is related to the voltage on the MODE pin; in Mute mode the bias
current setting of the VI converters is zero (VI converters disabled) and in Operating mode
the bias current is at maximum. The time constant required to apply the DC output offset
voltage gradually between Mute and Operating mode levels can be generated via an
RC-network on the MODE pin. An example of a switching circuit for driving pin MODE is
illustrated in Figure 4. If the capacitor C is left out of the application the voltage on the
MODE pin will be applied with a much smaller time-constant, which might result in audible
pop noises during start-up (depending on DC output offset voltage and loudspeaker
used).
In order to fully charge the coupling capacitors at the inputs, the amplifier will remain
automatically in the Mute mode before switching to the Operating mode. A complete
overview of the start-up timing is given in Figure 5.
+5 V
standby/
mute
R
MODE pin
R
C
mute/on
SGND
001aab172
Fig 4. Example of mode selection circuit
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
6 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
audio output
modulated PWM
Vmode
50 %
duty cycle
operating
> 4.2 V
mute
2.2 V < Vmode < 3 V
0 V (SGND)
standby
> 350 ms
100 ms
time
50 ms
audio output
modulated PWM
Vmode
50 %
duty cycle
operating
> 4.2 V
mute
2.2 V < Vmode < 3 V
0 V (SGND)
standby
> 350 ms
100 ms
time
50 ms
coa024
Upper diagram: When switching from standby to mute, there is a delay of 100 ms before the
output starts switching. The audio signal is available after Vmode has been set to operating, but
not earlier than 150 ms after switching to mute. For pop noise-free start-up it is recommended
that the time constant applied to the MODE pin is at least 350 ms for the transition between
mute and operating.
Lower diagram: When switching directly from standby to operating, there is a first delay of
100 ms before the outputs starts switching. The audio signal is available after a second delay
of 50 ms. For pop noise-free start-up it is recommended that the time constant applied to the
MODE pin is at least 500 ms for the transition between standby and operating.
Fig 5. Timing on mode selection input
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
7 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
8.2 Pulse width modulation frequency
The output signal of the amplifier is a PWM signal with a carrier frequency of
approximately 317 kHz. Using a 2nd-order LC demodulation filter in the application results
in an analog audio signal across the loudspeaker. This switching frequency is fixed by an
external resistor ROSC connected between pin OSC and VSSA. An optimal setting for the
carrier frequency is between 300 kHz and 350 kHz.
Using an external resistor of 30 kΩ on the OSC pin, the carrier frequency is set to
317 kHz.
If two or more class-D amplifiers are used in the same audio application, it is advisable to
have all devices operating at the same switching frequency by using an external clock
circuit.
8.3 Protections
The following protections are included in TDA8920B:
•
•
•
•
OverTemperature Protection (OTP)
OverCurrent Protection (OCP)
Window Protection (WP)
Supply voltage protections:
– UnderVoltage Protection (UVP)
– OverVoltage Protection (OVP)
– UnBalance Protection (UBP)
The reaction of the device to the different fault conditions differs per protection.
8.3.1 OverTemperature Protection (OTP)
If the junction temperature Tj > 150 °C, then the power stage will shut-down immediately.
The power stage will start switching again if the temperature drops to approximately
130 °C, thus there is a hysteresis of approximately 20 °C.
8.3.2 OverCurrent Protection (OCP)
When the loudspeaker terminals are short-circuited or if one of the demodulated outputs
of the amplifier is short-circuited to one of the supply lines, this will be detected by the
OverCurrent Protection (OCP). If the output current exceeds the maximum output current
of 8 A, this current will be limited by the amplifier to 8 A while the amplifier outputs remain
switching (the amplifier is NOT shut-down completely).
The amplifier can distinguish between an impedance drop of the loudspeaker and a
low-ohmic short across the load. In the TDA8920B this impedance threshold (Zth)
depends on the supply voltage used.
When a short is made across the load causing the impedance to drop below the threshold
level (< Zth) then the amplifier is switched off completely and after a time of 100 ms it will
try to restart again. If the short circuit condition is still present after this time this cycle will
be repeated. The average dissipation will be low because of this low duty cycle.
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
8 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
In case of an impedance drop (e.g. due to dynamic behavior of the loudspeaker) the same
protection will be activated; the maximum output current is again limited to 8 A, but the
amplifier will NOT switch-off completely (thus preventing audio holes from occurring).
Result will be a clipping output signal without any artefacts.
See also Section 13.6 for more information on this maximum output current limiting
feature.
8.3.3 Window Protection (WP)
During the start-up sequence, when pin MODE is switched from standby to mute, the
conditions at the output terminals of the power stage are checked. In the event of a
short-circuit at one of the output terminals to VDD or VSS the start-up procedure is
interrupted and the system waits for open-circuit outputs. Because the test is done before
enabling the power stages, no large currents will flow in the event of a short-circuit. This
system is called Window Protection (WP) and protects for short-circuits at both sides of
the output filter to both supply lines. When there is a short-circuit from the power PWM
output of the power stage to one of the supply lines (before the demodulation filter) it will
also be detected by the start-up safety test. Practical use of this test feature can be found
in detection of short-circuits on the printed-circuit board.
Remark: This test is operational during (every) start-up sequence at a transition between
Standby and Mute mode. However when the amplifier is completely shut-down due to
activation of the OverCurrent Protection (OCP) because a short to one of the supply lines
occurred, then during restart (after 100 ms) the window protection will be activated. As a
result the amplifier will not start-up until the short to the supply line is removed.
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
9 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
8.3.4 Supply voltage protections
If the supply voltage drops below ±12.5 V, the UnderVoltage Protection (UVP) circuit is
activated and the system will shut-down correctly. If the internal clock is used, this
switch-off will be silent and without pop noise. When the supply voltage rises above the
threshold level, the system is restarted again after 100 ms. If the supply voltage exceeds
±33 V the OverVoltage Protection (OVP) circuit is activated and the power stages will
shut-down. It is re-enabled as soon as the supply voltage drops below the threshold level.
So in this case no timer of 100 ms is started.
An additional UnBalance Protection (UBP) circuit compares the positive analog (VDDA)
and the negative analog (VSSA) supply voltages and is triggered if the voltage difference
between them exceeds a certain level. This level depends on the sum of both supply
voltages. An expression for the unbalanced threshold level is as follows:
Vth(ub) ≈ 0.15 × (VDDA + VSSA).
When the supply voltage difference drops below the threshold level, the system is
restarted again after 100 ms.
Example: With a symmetrical supply of ±30 V, the protection circuit will be triggered if the
unbalance exceeds approximately 9 V; see also Section 13.7.
In Table 4 an overview is given of all protections and the effect on the output signal.
Table 4:
Overview of TDA8920B protections
Protection name
Complete shut-down
Restart directly
Restart every 100 ms
OTP
Y
Y [1]
N [1]
OCP
N [2]
Y [2]
N [2]
WP
Y [3]
Y
N
UVP
Y
N
Y
OVP
Y
Y
N
UBP
Y
N
Y
[1]
Hysteresis of 20 °C will influence restart timing depending on heatsink size.
[2]
Only complete shut-down of amplifier if short-circuit impedance is below threshold of 1 Ω. In all other cases
current limiting: resulting in clipping output signal.
[3]
Fault condition detected during (every) transition between standby-to-mute and during restart after
activation of OCP (short to one of the supply lines).
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
10 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
8.4 Differential audio inputs
For a high common mode rejection ratio and a maximum of flexibility in the application, the
audio inputs are fully differential. By connecting the inputs anti-parallel the phase of one of
the channels can be inverted, so that a load can be connected between the two output
filters. In this case the system operates as a mono BTL amplifier and with the same
loudspeaker impedance an approximately four times higher output power can be
obtained.
The input configuration for a mono BTL application is illustrated in Figure 6.
In the stereo single-ended configuration it is also recommended to connect the two
differential inputs in anti-phase. This has advantages for the current handling of the power
supply at low signal frequencies.
OUT1
IN1P
IN1M
Vin
SGND
IN2P
IN2M
OUT2
power stage
mbl466
Fig 6. Input configuration for mono BTL application
9. Limiting values
Table 5:
Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
VP
supply voltage
Conditions
Max
Unit
-
±30
V
non operating
[1]
-
±32
V
maximum output
current limiting
[2]
8
-
A
operating
IORM
repetitive peak current in
output pin
Tstg
storage temperature
−55
+150
°C
Tamb
ambient temperature
−40
+85
°C
Tj
junction temperature
-
150
°C
[1]
Overvoltage protection might be activated.
[2]
Current limiting concept. See also Section 13.6.
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
Min
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
11 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
10. Thermal characteristics
Table 6:
Symbol
Rth(j-a)
Rth(j-c)
[1]
Thermal characteristics
Parameter
Conditions
Typ
Unit
35
K/W
35
K/W
TDA8920BTH
1.3
K/W
TDA8920BJ
1.3
K/W
[1]
thermal resistance from junction to ambient
TDA8920BTH
in free air
TDA8920BJ
in free air
[1]
thermal resistance from junction to case
See also Section 13.5.
11. Static characteristics
Table 7:
Static characteristics
VP = ±27 V; fosc = 317 kHz; Tamb = 25 °C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Supply
VP
supply voltage
Iq(tot)
total quiescent supply current
Istb
standby supply current
[1]
no load, no filter; no
RC-snubber network
connected
±12.5 ±27
±30
V
-
50
65
mA
-
150
500
µA
0
-
6
V
Mode select input; pin MODE
VI
input voltage
II
input current
[2]
VI = 5.5 V
-
100
300
µA
Vstb
input voltage for Standby mode
[2] [3]
0
-
0.8
V
Vmute
input voltage for Mute mode
[2] [3]
2.2
-
3.0
V
input voltage for Operating mode
[2] [3]
4.2
-
6
V
-
0
-
V
-
-
15
mV
-
-
150
mV
-
-
21
mV
-
-
210
mV
11
12.5
15
V
Von
Audio inputs; pins IN1M, IN1P, IN2P and IN2M
VI
[2]
DC input voltage
Amplifier outputs; pins OUT1 and OUT2
VOO(SE)(mute)
VOO(SE)(on)
mute SE output offset voltage
[4]
operating SE output offset voltage
VOO(BTL)(mute) mute BTL output offset voltage
VOO(BTL)(on)
[4]
operating BTL output offset voltage
Stabilizer output; pin STABI
Vo(stab)
stabilizer output voltage
mute and operating;
with respect to VSSP1
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
12 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
Table 7:
Static characteristics …continued
VP = ±27 V; fosc = 317 kHz; Tamb = 25 °C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Temperature protection
Tprot
temperature protection activation
-
150
-
°C
Thys
hysteresis of temperature protection
-
20
-
°C
[1]
The circuit is DC adjusted at VP = ±12.5 V to ±30 V.
[2]
With respect to SGND (0 V).
[3]
The transition between Standby and Mute mode has hysteresis, while the slope of the transition between Mute and Operating mode is
determined by the time-constant of the RC-network on the MODE pin; see Figure 7.
[4]
DC output offset voltage is applied to the output during the transition between Mute and Operating mode in a gradual way. The slope of
the dV/dt caused by any DC output offset is determined by the time-constant of the RC-network on the MODE pin.
slope is directly related to the time-constant
of the RC-network on the MODE pin
VO (V)
Voo(on)
STBY
MUTE
ON
Voo(mute)
0
0.8
2.2
5.5
4.2
VMODE (V)
3.0
coa021
Fig 7. Behavior of mode selection pin MODE
12. Dynamic characteristics
12.1 Switching characteristics
Table 8:
Switching characteristics
VDD = ±27 V; Tamb = 25 °C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Internal oscillator
fosc
typical internal oscillator frequency
fosc(int)
internal oscillator frequency range
ROSC = 30.0 kΩ
290
317
344
kHz
210
-
600
kHz
SGND + 4.5
SGND + 5
SGND + 6
V
External oscillator or frequency tracking
VOSC
high-level voltage on pin OSC
VOSC(trip)
trip level for tracking on pin OSC
-
SGND + 2.5
-
V
ftrack
frequency range for tracking
210
-
600
kHz
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
13 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
12.2 Stereo and dual SE application
Table 9:
Stereo and dual SE application characteristics
VP = ±27 V; RL = 4 Ω; fi = 1 kHz; fosc = 317 kHz; RsL < 0.1 Ω [1]; Tamb = 25 °C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Po
Parameter
Conditions
output power
RL = 3 Ω; VP = ±27 V
Min
-
87
-
W
-
110
-
W
-
69
-
W
-
86
-
W
-
48
-
W
-
60
-
W
-
36
-
W
-
45
-
W
fi = 1 kHz
-
0.02
0.05
%
fi = 6 kHz
-
0.03
-
%
29
30
31
dB
[2]
THD = 10 %
RL = 6 Ω; VP = ±27 V
[2]
THD = 0.5 %
THD = 10 %
RL = 8 Ω; VP = ±27 V
[2]
THD = 0.5 %
THD = 10 %
Gv(cl)
SVRR
Po = 1 W
[3]
closed loop voltage gain
supply voltage ripple rejection
Zi
input impedance
Vn(o)
noise output voltage
operating
-
55
-
dB
fi = 1 kHz
40
50
-
dB
mute; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
55
-
dB
standby; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
80
-
dB
45
68
-
kΩ
[5]
-
210
-
µV
[6]
-
160
-
µV
operating
mute
channel separation
∆Gv
channel unbalance
Vo(mute)
output signal in mute
CMRR
common mode rejection ratio
[4]
fi = 100 Hz
Rs = 0 Ω
αcs
[7]
[8]
Vi(CM) = 1 V (RMS)
-
70
-
dB
-
-
1
dB
-
100
-
µV
-
75
-
dB
[1]
RsL is the series resistance of inductor of low-pass LC filter in the application.
[2]
Output power is measured indirectly; based on RDSon measurement. See also Section 13.3.
[3]
Total harmonic distortion is measured in a bandwidth of 22 Hz to 20 kHz, using AES17 20 kHz brickwall filter. Maximum limit is
guaranteed but may not be 100 % tested.
[4]
Vripple = Vripple(max) = 2 V (p-p); Rs = 0 Ω.
[5]
B = 22 Hz to 20 kHz, using AES17 20 kHz brickwall filter.
[6]
B = 22 Hz to 22 kHz, using AES17 20 kHz brickwall filter; independent of Rs.
[7]
Po = 1 W; Rs = 0 Ω; fi = 1 kHz.
[8]
Vi = Vi(max) = 1 V (RMS); fi = 1 kHz.
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
Unit
THD = 10 %
THD = 0.5 %
total harmonic distortion
Max
THD = 0.5 %
RL = 4 Ω; VP = ±27 V
THD
Typ
[2]
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
14 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
12.3 Mono BTL application
Table 10: Mono BTL application characteristics
VP = ±27 V; RL = 8 Ω; fi = 1 kHz; fosc = 317 kHz; RsL < 0.1 Ω
Symbol
Po
[1];
Tamb = 25 °C; unless otherwise specified.
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
output power
RL = 6 Ω; VP = ±27 V
THD = 0.5 %
-
174
-
W
THD = 10 %
-
210
-
W
-
138
-
W
-
173
-
W
fi = 1 kHz
-
0.02
0.05
%
fi = 6 kHz
-
0.03
-
%
35
36
37
dB
-
80
-
dB
RL = 8 Ω; VP = ±27 V
[2]
[2]
THD = 0.5 %
THD = 10 %
THD
total harmonic distortion
Gv(cl)
closed loop voltage gain
SVRR
supply voltage ripple rejection
Po = 1 W
operating
[3]
[4]
fi = 100 Hz
fi = 1 kHz
Zi
input impedance
Vn(o)
noise output voltage
70
80
-
dB
mute; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
80
-
dB
standby; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
80
-
dB
22
34
-
kΩ
[5]
-
300
-
µV
[6]
-
220
-
µV
[7]
-
200
-
µV
-
75
-
dB
operating
Rs = 0 Ω
mute
Vo(mute)
output signal in mute
CMRR
common mode rejection ratio
Vi(CM) = 1 V (RMS)
[1]
RsL is the series resistance of inductor of low-pass LC filter in the application.
[2]
Output power is measured indirectly; based on RDSon measurement. See also Section 13.3.
[3]
Total harmonic distortion is measured in a bandwidth of 22 Hz to 20 kHz, using an AES17 20 kHz brickwall filter. Maximum limit is
guaranteed but may not be 100 % tested.
[4]
Vripple = Vripple(max) = 2 V (p-p); Rs = 0 Ω.
[5]
B = 22 Hz to 20 kHz, using an AES17 20 kHz brickwall filter.
[6]
B = 22 Hz to 20 kHz, using an AES17 20 kHz brickwall filter; independent of Rs.
[7]
Vi = Vi(max) = 1 V (RMS); fi = 1 kHz.
13. Application information
13.1 BTL application
When using the power amplifier in a mono BTL application the inputs of both channels
must be connected in parallel and the phase of one of the inputs must be inverted (see
Figure 6). In principle the loudspeaker can be connected between the outputs of the two
single-ended demodulation filters.
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
15 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
13.2 MODE pin
For pop noise-free start-up an RC time-constant must be applied on the MODE pin. The
bias-current setting of the VI-converter input is directly related to the voltage on the MODE
pin. In turn the bias-current setting of the VI converters is directly related to the DC output
offset voltage. Thus a slow dV/dt on the MODE pin results in a slow dV/dt for the DC
output offset voltage, resulting in pop noise-free start-up. A time-constant of 500 ms is
sufficient to guarantee pop noise-free start-up (see also Figure 4, 5 and 7).
13.3 Output power estimation
The achievable output powers in several applications (SE and BTL) can be estimated
using the following expressions:
SE:
P o ( 1% )
2
RL
-------------------- × V P × ( 1 – t min × f osc )
R L + 0.4
= ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 × RL
(1)
Maximum current (internally limited to 8 A):
V P × ( 1 – t min × f osc )
I o ( peak ) = -----------------------------------------------------R L + 0.4
(2)
BTL:
P o ( 1% )
2
RL
-------------------- × 2V P × ( 1 – t min × f osc )
R L + 0.8
= --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 × RL
(3)
Maximum current (internally limited to 8 A):
2V P × ( 1 – t min × f osc )
I o ( peak ) = --------------------------------------------------------R L + 0.8
(4)
Variables:
RL = load impedance
fosc = oscillator frequency
tmin = minimum pulse width (typically 150 ns)
VP = single-sided supply voltage (so, if supply is ±30 V symmetrical, then VP = 30 V)
Po(1%) = output power just at clipping
Po(10%) = output power at THD = 10 %
Po(10%) = 1.24 × Po(1%).
13.4 External clock
When using an external clock the following accuracy of the duty cycle of the external clock
has to be taken into account: 47.5 % < δ < 52.5 %.
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
16 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
If two or more class-D amplifiers are used in the same audio application, it is strongly
recommended that all devices run at the same switching frequency. This can be realized
by connecting all OSC pins together and feed them from an external central oscillator.
Using an external oscillator it is necessary to force pin OSC to a DC-level above SGND for
switching from the internal to an external oscillator. In this case the internal oscillator is
disabled and the PWM modulator will be switched on the external frequency. The
frequency range of the external oscillator must be in the range as specified in the
switching characteristics; see Section 12.1.
In an application circuit:
• Internal oscillator: ROSC connected between pin OSC and VSSA
• External oscillator: connect the oscillator signal between pins OSC and SGND; ROSC
and COSC removed
13.5 Heatsink requirements
In some applications it may be necessary to connect an external heatsink to the
TDA8920B. Limiting factor is the 150 °C maximum junction temperature Tj(max) which
cannot be exceeded. The expression below shows the relationship between the maximum
allowable power dissipation and the total thermal resistance from junction to ambient:
T j ( max ) – T amb
R th ( j – a ) = ----------------------------------P diss
(5)
Pdiss is determined by the efficiency (η) of the TDA8920B. The efficiency measured in the
TDA8920B as a function of output power is given in Figure 21. The power dissipation can
be derived as a function of output power (see Figure 20).
The derating curves (given for several values of Rth(j-a)) are illustrated in Figure 8.
A maximum junction temperature Tj = 150 °C is taken into account. From Figure 8 the
maximum allowable power dissipation for a given heatsink size can be derived or the
required heatsink size can be determined at a required dissipation level.
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
17 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
mbl469
30
Pdiss
(W)
(1)
20
(2)
10
(3)
(4)
(5)
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
Tamb (°C)
(1) Rth(j-a) = 5 K/W.
(2) Rth(j-a) = 10 K/W.
(3) Rth(j-a) = 15 K/W.
(4) Rth(j-a) = 20 K/W.
(5) Rth(j-a) = 35 K/W.
Fig 8. Derating curves for power dissipation as a function of maximum ambient
temperature
13.6 Output current limiting
To guarantee the robustness of the class-D amplifier the maximum output current which
can be delivered by the output stage is limited. An advanced OverCurrent Protection
(OCP) is included for each output power switch.
When the current flowing through any of the power switches exceeds the defined internal
threshold of 8 A (e.g. in case of a short-circuit to the supply lines or a short-circuit across
the load) the maximum output current of the amplifier will be regulated to 8 A.
The TDA8920B amplifier can distinguish between a low-ohmic short circuit condition and
other overcurrent conditions like dynamic impedance drops of the loudspeakers used. The
impedance threshold (Zth) depends on the supply voltage used.
Depending on the impedance of the short circuit the amplifier will react as follows:
1. Short-circuit impedance > Zth:
the maximum output current of the amplifier is regulated to 8 A, but the amplifier will
not shut-down its PWM outputs. Effectively this results in a clipping output signal
across the load (behavior is very similar to voltage clipping).
2. Short-circuit impedance < Zth:
the amplifier will limit the maximum output current to 8 A and at the same time the
capacitor on the PROT pin is discharged. When the voltage across this capacitor
drops below an internal threshold voltage the amplifier will shut-down completely and
an internal timer will be started.
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
18 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
A typical value for the capacitor on the PROT pin is 220 pF. After a fixed time of
100 ms the amplifier is switched on again. If the requested output current is still too
high the amplifier will switch-off again. Thus the amplifier will try to switch to the
Operating mode every 100 ms. The average dissipation will be low in this situation
because of this low duty cycle. If the overcurrent condition is removed the amplifier will
remain in Operating mode once restarted.
In this way the TDA8920B amplifier is fully robust against short circuit conditions while at
the same time so-called audio holes as a result of loudspeaker impedance drops are
eliminated.
13.7 Pumping effects
In a typical stereo half-bridge SE application the TDA8920B class-D amplifier is supplied
by a symmetrical voltage (e.g VDD = +27 V and VSS = −27 V). When the amplifier is used
in a SE configuration, a so-called ‘pumping effect’ can occur. During one switching
interval, energy is taken from one supply (e.g. VDD), while a part of that energy is
delivered back to the other supply line (e.g. VSS) and visa versa. When the voltage supply
source cannot sink energy, the voltage across the output capacitors of that voltage supply
source will increase: the supply voltage is pumped to higher levels. The voltage increase
caused by the pumping effect depends on:
•
•
•
•
•
Speaker impedance
Supply voltage
Audio signal frequency
Value of decoupling capacitors on supply lines
Source and sink currents of other channels
The pumping effect should not cause a malfunction of either the audio amplifier and/or the
voltage supply source. For instance, this malfunction can be caused by triggering of the
undervoltage or overvoltage protection or unbalance protection of the amplifier.
Best remedy for pumping effects is to use the TDA8920B in a mono full-bridge application
or in case of stereo half-bridge application adapt the power supply (e.g. increase supply
decoupling capacitors).
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
19 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
13.8 Application schematic
Notes for the application schematic:
• A solid ground plane around the switching amplifier is necessary to prevent emission
• 100 nF capacitors must be placed as close as possible to the power supply pins of the
TDA8920BTH
• The internal heat spreader of the TDA8920BTH is internally connected to VSS
• The external heatsink must be connected to the ground plane
• Use a thermal conductive electrically non-conductive Sil-Pad between the backside of
the TDA8920BTH and a small external heatsink
• The differential inputs enable the best system level audio performance with
unbalanced signal sources. In case of hum due to floating inputs, connect the
shielding or source ground to the amplifier ground. Jumpers J1 and J2 are open on
set level and are closed on the stand-alone demo board
• Minimum total required capacitance per power supply line is 3300 µF
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
20 of 34
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx x x x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx
xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x x
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx
VDDA
10 Ω
L1 BEAD
R1
5.6 kΩ
VDDP
CON1
+25 V VDD
1
GND
2
3
−25 V VSS
C1
100 nF
C2
47 µF/35 V
C3
470 µF/35 V
C7
100 nF
C5
47 µF/35 V
C6
470 µF/35 V
R8
C18
5.6 kΩ
470 nF
R10
C20
5.6 kΩ
470 nF
ON/OFF
IN1P 10
8
C8
FB GND
OSC
12
R12
C29
7
IN1M
100 nF
100 nF
100 nF
6
14
OUT1
22
10 µH
22 µH
33 µH
47 µH
1 µF
680 nF
470 nF
330 nF
OUT1P
L3
R9
22 Ω
BOOT1 C21
15 nF
C22
FB
GND
BOOT2 C27
5
OUT1M
C24
100
nF
15 nF
C28
220 pF
21
IN2M
2Ω
4Ω
6Ω
8Ω
LS1
U1
2
SINGLE ENDED
OUTPUT FILTER VALUES
LS1/LS2 L3/L4 C22/C31
C11
220 pF
TDA8920BTH
IN2P
LS2
4
R13
10 Ω
100 nF
100 nF
Fig 9. TDA8920BTH application schematic
VSSA
FB GND
23
C33
220 pF
C36
100 nF
VSSA
VSSP
C31
C37
C38
C39
100 nF
100 nF
100 nF
VDDP
OUT2P
20
VSSP2
18
VDDP2
PROT
C35
24
R14
22 Ω
VSSP
C40
220 pF
C41
220 pF
FB
GND
C32
100
nF
001aab224
VDDP
VSSP
TDA8920B
C34
VDDA
19
STABI
13
VSSD
1
n.c.
3
OUT2M
L4
OUT2
470 nF
FB GND
VSSP
R7
10 Ω
15
11
C10
220 pF
17
9
SGND1
VSSA2
5.6 kΩ
C16
16
VDDA2
C30
1 nF
470 nF
C15
VDDP
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
21 of 34
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
IN2
5.6 kΩ
C14
C19
220 pF
SGND2
C26
47 µF/
63 V
R6
30 kΩ
C9
100 nF
FB GND
R11
VSSP
VSSP1
100 nF
VDDP
VDDP1
100 nF
100 µF/10 V
OPERATE/MUTE
VSSA
VSSA
VSSA1
C13
S2
MODE
VSSA
C12
VDDA1
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
FB GND
C25
1 nF
R4
5.6 kΩ
S1
VSSP
VDDA
C23
1 nF
5.6 kΩ
DZ1
5V6
R5
10 Ω
C17
1 nF
R3
C4
L2 BEAD
IN1
Philips Semiconductors
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
VDDP
R2
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
13.9 Curves measured in reference design
001aab225
102
(THD + N)/S
(%)
001aab226
102
(THD + N)/S
(%)
10
10
1
1
(1)
10−1
(1)
10−1
(2)
(2)
(3)
10−2
10−3
10−2
10−1
1
10
10−2
102
103
Po (W)
VP = ±27 V; 2 × 3 Ω SE configuration.
(3)
10−3
10−2
10−1
VP = ±27 V; 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
(1) f = 6 kHz.
(2) f = 1 kHz.
(2) f = 1 kHz.
(3) f = 100 Hz.
(3) f = 100 Hz.
Fig 10. (THD + N)/S as a function of output power; SE
configuration with 2 × 3 Ω load
001aab227
(THD + N)/S
(%)
Fig 11. (THD + N)/S as a function of output power; SE
configuration with 2 × 4 Ω load
001aab228
102
(THD + N)/S
(%)
10
10
1
1
10−1
(1)
10−1
(1)
(2)
(2)
10−2
10−3
10−2
102
10
Po (W)
(1) f = 6 kHz.
102
1
10−2
(3)
10−1
1
10
(3)
102
103
Po (W)
VP = ±27 V; 1 × 6 Ω BTL configuration.
10−3
10−2
10−1
10
102
103
Po (W)
VP = ±27 V; 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
(1) f = 6 kHz.
(1) f = 6 kHz.
(2) f = 1 kHz.
(2) f = 1 kHz.
(3) f = 100 Hz.
(3) f = 100 Hz.
Fig 12. (THD + N)/S as a function of output power; BTL
configuration with 1 × 6 Ω load
Fig 13. (THD + N)/S as a function of output power; BTL
configuration with 1 × 8 Ω load
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
1
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
22 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
001aab229
102
001aab230
102
(THD + N)/S
(%)
(THD + N)/S
(%)
10
10
1
1
10−1
10−1
(1)
(1)
10−2
10−2
(2)
10−3
10
102
103
104
105
(2)
10−3
10
102
103
104
105
f (Hz)
f (Hz)
VP = ±27 V; 2 × 3 Ω SE configuration.
VP = ±27 V; 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
(1) Pout = 1 W.
(1) Pout = 1 W.
(2) Pout = 10 W.
(2) Pout = 10 W.
Fig 14. (THD + N)/S as a function of frequency; SE
configuration with 2 × 3 Ω load
001aab231
102
(THD + N)/S
(%)
Fig 15. (THD + N)/S as a function of frequency; SE
configuration with 2 × 4 Ω load
001aab232
102
(THD + N)/S
(%)
10
10
1
1
10−1
10−1
(1)
(1)
10−2
10−2
(2)
10−3
10
102
(2)
103
104
105
10−3
10
102
103
104
f (Hz)
VP = ±27 V; 1 × 6 Ω BTL configuration.
VP = ±27 V; 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
(1) Pout = 1 W.
(1) Pout = 1 W.
(2) Pout = 10 W.
(2) Pout = 10 W.
Fig 16. (THD + N)/S as a function of frequency; BTL
configuration with 1 × 6 Ω load
Fig 17. (THD + N)/S as a function of frequency; BTL
configuration with 1 × 8 Ω load
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
105
f (Hz)
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
23 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
001aab233
0
001aab234
0
αcs
(dB)
−20
αcs
(dB)
−20
−40
−40
−60
−60
(1)
−80
(1)
−80
(2)
−100
102
10
103
104
105
(2)
−100
10
102
103
104
f (Hz)
VP = ±27 V; 2 × 3 Ω SE configuration.
VP = ±27 V; 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
(1) Pout = 10 W.
(1) Pout = 10 W.
(2) Pout = 1 W.
(2) Pout = 1 W.
Fig 18. Channel separation as a function of frequency;
SE configuration with 2 × 3 Ω load
001aab235
32
(3)
Fig 19. Channel separation as a function of frequency;
SE configuration with 2 × 4 Ω load
001aab236
100
η
(%)
Pdiss
(W)
80
24
105
f (Hz)
(2)
(1)
(4)
(3)
(1)
60
(4)
16
(2)
40
8
20
0
10−2
10−1
1
10
102
103
Po (W)
VP = ±27 V; f = 1 kHz.
0
0
80
160
VP = ±27 V; f = 1 kHz.
(1) 2 × 3 Ω SE configuration.
(1) 2 × 3 Ω SE configuration.
(2) 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
(2) 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
(3) 1 × 6 Ω BTL configuration.
(3) 1 × 6 Ω BTL configuration.
(4) 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
(4) 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
Fig 20. Power dissipation as a function of total output
power
Fig 21. Efficiency as a function of total output power
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
240
Po (W)
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
24 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
001aab237
200
Po
(W)
160
001aab238
240
(1)
Po
(W)
(1)
(2)
(2)
160
120
(3)
(3)
80
(4)
(4)
80
40
0
0
10
15
20
25
30
35
10
15
20
25
30
VP (V)
35
VP (V)
f = 1 kHz.
f = 1 kHz.
(1) 1 × 6 Ω BTL configuration.
(1) 1 × 6 Ω BTL configuration.
(2) 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
(2) 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
(3) 2 × 3 Ω SE configuration.
(3) 2 × 3 Ω SE configuration.
(4) 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
(4) 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
Fig 22. Output power as a function of supply voltage;
THD + N = 0.5 %
001aab239
45
G
(dB)
Fig 23. Output power as a function of supply voltage;
THD + N = 10 %
001aab240
45
G
(dB)
40
40
(1)
(1)
35
35
(2)
(2)
30
(3)
30
(3)
(4)
(4)
25
25
20
10
102
103
104
105
20
10
102
103
f (Hz)
105
f (Hz)
Vi = 100 mV; Rs = 5.6 kΩ; Ci = 330 pF; VP = ±27 V.
Vi = 100 mV; Rs = 0 Ω; Ci = 330 pF; VP = ±27 V.
(1) 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
(1) 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
(2) 1 × 6 Ω BTL configuration.
(2) 1 × 6 Ω BTL configuration.
(3) 2 × 4 Ω BTL configuration.
(3) 2 × 4 Ω BTL configuration.
(4) 2 × 3 Ω BTL configuration.
(4) 2 × 3 Ω BTL configuration.
Fig 24. Gain as a function of frequency; Rs = 5.6 kΩ and
Ci = 330 pF
Fig 25. Gain as a function of frequency; Rs = 0 Ω and
Ci = 330 pF
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
104
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
25 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
001aab241
0
Vo
(V)
SVRR
(dB)
−20
001aab242
10
1
10−1
−40
10−2
(1)
10−3
−60
(2)
10−4
−80
10−5
−100
102
10
103
104
10−6
105
0
2
4
f (Hz)
6
Vmode (V)
VP = ±27 V; Vripple = 2 V (p-p).
Vi = 100 mV; f = 1 kHz.
(1) Both supply lines rippled.
(2) One supply line rippled.
Fig 26. SVRR as a function of frequency
Fig 27. Output voltage as a function of mode voltage
001aab243
120
S/N
(dB)
(1)
80
(2)
40
0
10−2
10−1
1
10
102
103
Po (W)
VP = ±27 V; Rs = 5.6 kΩ; 20 kHz AES17 filter.
(1) 2 × 3 Ω SE configuration and 1 × 6 Ω BTL configuration.
(2) 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration and 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
Fig 28. S/N ratio as a function of output power
14. Test information
14.1 Quality information
The General Quality Specification for Integrated Circuits, SNW-FQ-611 is applicable.
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
26 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
15. Package outline
HSOP24: plastic, heatsink small outline package; 24 leads; low stand-off height
SOT566-3
E
D
A
x
X
c
E2
y
HE
v M A
D1
D2
12
1
pin 1 index
Q
A
A2
E1
(A3)
A4
θ
Lp
detail X
24
13
Z
w M
bp
e
0
5
10 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
mm
A
A2
max.
3.5
3.5
3.2
A3
0.35
A4(1)
D1
D2
E(2)
E1
E2
e
HE
Lp
Q
+0.08 0.53 0.32 16.0 13.0
−0.04 0.40 0.23 15.8 12.6
1.1
0.9
11.1
10.9
6.2
5.8
2.9
2.5
1
14.5
13.9
1.1
0.8
1.7
1.5
bp
c
D(2)
v
w
x
y
0.25 0.25 0.03 0.07
Z
θ
2.7
2.2
8°
0°
Notes
1. Limits per individual lead.
2. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
03-02-18
03-07-23
SOT566-3
Fig 29. Package outline SOT566-3 (HSOP24)
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
27 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
DBS23P: plastic DIL-bent-SIL power package; 23 leads (straight lead length 3.2 mm)
SOT411-1
non-concave
Dh
x
D
Eh
view B: mounting base side
A2
d
A5
A4
β
E2
B
j
E
E1
L2
L3
L1
L
1
e1
Z
e
0
5
v M
e2
m
w M
bp
c
Q
23
10 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT A 2
mm
A4
A5
bp
c
D (1)
d
D h E (1)
e
e1
e2
12.2
4.6 1.15 1.65 0.75 0.55 30.4 28.0
12
2.54 1.27 5.08
11.8
4.3 0.85 1.35 0.60 0.35 29.9 27.5
Eh
E1
E2
j
L
6 10.15 6.2 1.85 3.6
9.85 5.8 1.65 2.8
L1
L2
L3
m
Q
v
w
x
β
Z (1)
14 10.7 2.4
1.43
2.1
4.3
0.6 0.25 0.03 45°
13 9.9 1.6
0.78
1.8
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
98-02-20
02-04-24
SOT411-1
Fig 30. Package outline SOT411-1 (DBS23P)
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
28 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
16. Soldering
16.1 Introduction
This text gives a very brief insight to a complex technology. A more in-depth account of
soldering ICs can be found in our Data Handbook IC26; Integrated Circuit Packages
(document order number 9398 652 90011).
There is no soldering method that is ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often
preferred when through-hole and surface mount components are mixed on one
printed-circuit board. Wave soldering can still be used for certain surface mount ICs, but it
is not suitable for fine pitch SMDs. In these situations reflow soldering is recommended.
Driven by legislation and environmental forces the worldwide use of lead-free solder
pastes is increasing.
16.2 Through-hole mount packages
16.2.1 Soldering by dipping or by solder wave
Typical dwell time of the leads in the wave ranges from 3 seconds to 4 seconds at 250 °C
or 265 °C, depending on solder material applied, SnPb or Pb-free respectively.
The total contact time of successive solder waves must not exceed 5 seconds.
The device may be mounted up to the seating plane, but the temperature of the plastic
body must not exceed the specified maximum storage temperature (Tstg(max)). If the
printed-circuit board has been pre-heated, forced cooling may be necessary immediately
after soldering to keep the temperature within the permissible limit.
16.2.2 Manual soldering
Apply the soldering iron (24 V or less) to the lead(s) of the package, either below the
seating plane or not more than 2 mm above it. If the temperature of the soldering iron bit is
less than 300 °C it may remain in contact for up to 10 seconds. If the bit temperature is
between 300 °C and 400 °C, contact may be up to 5 seconds.
16.3 Surface mount packages
16.3.1 Reflow soldering
Reflow soldering requires solder paste (a suspension of fine solder particles, flux and
binding agent) to be applied to the printed-circuit board by screen printing, stencilling or
pressure-syringe dispensing before package placement.
Several methods exist for reflowing; for example, convection or convection/infrared
heating in a conveyor type oven. Throughput times (preheating, soldering and cooling)
vary between 100 seconds and 200 seconds depending on heating method.
Typical reflow peak temperatures range from 215 °C to 270 °C depending on solder paste
material. The top-surface temperature of the packages should preferably be kept:
• below 225 °C (SnPb process) or below 245 °C (Pb-free process)
– for all BGA, HTSSON..T and SSOP..T packages
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
29 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
– for packages with a thickness ≥ 2.5 mm
– for packages with a thickness < 2.5 mm and a volume ≥ 350 mm3 so called
thick/large packages.
• below 240 °C (SnPb process) or below 260 °C (Pb-free process) for packages with a
thickness < 2.5 mm and a volume < 350 mm3 so called small/thin packages.
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on packing, must be respected at all times.
16.3.2 Wave soldering
Conventional single wave soldering is not recommended for surface mount devices
(SMDs) or printed-circuit boards with a high component density, as solder bridging and
non-wetting can present major problems.
To overcome these problems the double-wave soldering method was specifically
developed.
If wave soldering is used the following conditions must be observed for optimal results:
• Use a double-wave soldering method comprising a turbulent wave with high upward
pressure followed by a smooth laminar wave.
• For packages with leads on two sides and a pitch (e):
– larger than or equal to 1.27 mm, the footprint longitudinal axis is preferred to be
parallel to the transport direction of the printed-circuit board;
– smaller than 1.27 mm, the footprint longitudinal axis must be parallel to the
transport direction of the printed-circuit board.
The footprint must incorporate solder thieves at the downstream end.
• For packages with leads on four sides, the footprint must be placed at a 45° angle to
the transport direction of the printed-circuit board. The footprint must incorporate
solder thieves downstream and at the side corners.
During placement and before soldering, the package must be fixed with a droplet of
adhesive. The adhesive can be applied by screen printing, pin transfer or syringe
dispensing. The package can be soldered after the adhesive is cured.
Typical dwell time of the leads in the wave ranges from 3 seconds to 4 seconds at 250 °C
or 265 °C, depending on solder material applied, SnPb or Pb-free respectively.
A mildly-activated flux will eliminate the need for removal of corrosive residues in most
applications.
16.3.3 Manual soldering
Fix the component by first soldering two diagonally-opposite end leads. Use a low voltage
(24 V or less) soldering iron applied to the flat part of the lead. Contact time must be
limited to 10 seconds at up to 300 °C.
When using a dedicated tool, all other leads can be soldered in one operation within
2 seconds to 5 seconds between 270 °C and 320 °C.
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
30 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
16.4 Package related soldering information
Table 11:
Suitability of IC packages for wave, reflow and dipping soldering methods
Mounting
Through-hole mount
Package [1]
Soldering method
Wave
Reflow [2]
Dipping
CPGA, HCPGA
suitable
−
−
DBS, DIP, HDIP, RDBS, SDIP, SIL
suitable [3]
−
suitable
Through-hole-surface
mount
PMFP [4]
not suitable
not suitable
−
Surface mount
BGA, HTSSON..T [5], LBGA,
LFBGA, SQFP, SSOP..T [5],
TFBGA, VFBGA, XSON
not suitable
suitable
−
DHVQFN, HBCC, HBGA, HLQFP,
HSO, HSOP, HSQFP, HSSON,
HTQFP, HTSSOP, HVQFN,
HVSON, SMS
not suitable [6]
suitable
−
PLCC [7], SO, SOJ
suitable
suitable
−
not
recommended [7] [8]
suitable
−
SSOP, TSSOP, VSO, VSSOP
not
recommended [9]
suitable
−
CWQCCN..L [10], WQCCN..L [10]
not suitable
not suitable
−
LQFP, QFP, TQFP
[1]
For more detailed information on the BGA packages refer to the (LF)BGA Application Note (AN01026); order a copy from your Philips
Semiconductors sales office.
[2]
All surface mount (SMD) packages are moisture sensitive. Depending upon the moisture content, the maximum temperature (with
respect to time) and body size of the package, there is a risk that internal or external package cracks may occur due to vaporization of
the moisture in them (the so called popcorn effect). For details, refer to the Drypack information in the Data Handbook IC26; Integrated
Circuit Packages; Section: Packing Methods.
[3]
For SDIP packages, the longitudinal axis must be parallel to the transport direction of the printed-circuit board.
[4]
Hot bar soldering or manual soldering is suitable for PMFP packages.
[5]
These transparent plastic packages are extremely sensitive to reflow soldering conditions and must on no account be processed
through more than one soldering cycle or subjected to infrared reflow soldering with peak temperature exceeding 217 °C ± 10 °C
measured in the atmosphere of the reflow oven. The package body peak temperature must be kept as low as possible.
[6]
These packages are not suitable for wave soldering. On versions with the heatsink on the bottom side, the solder cannot penetrate
between the printed-circuit board and the heatsink. On versions with the heatsink on the top side, the solder might be deposited on the
heatsink surface.
[7]
If wave soldering is considered, then the package must be placed at a 45° angle to the solder wave direction. The package footprint
must incorporate solder thieves downstream and at the side corners.
[8]
Wave soldering is suitable for LQFP, QFP and TQFP packages with a pitch (e) larger than 0.8 mm; it is definitely not suitable for
packages with a pitch (e) equal to or smaller than 0.65 mm.
[9]
Wave soldering is suitable for SSOP, TSSOP, VSO and VSSOP packages with a pitch (e) equal to or larger than 0.65 mm; it is definitely
not suitable for packages with a pitch (e) equal to or smaller than 0.5 mm.
[10] Image sensor packages in principle should not be soldered. They are mounted in sockets or delivered pre-mounted on flex foil.
However, the image sensor package can be mounted by the client on a flex foil by using a hot bar soldering process. The appropriate
soldering profile can be provided on request.
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
31 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
17. Revision history
Table 12:
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Doc. number
Supersedes
TDA8920B_2
20051107
Product data sheet
-
-
TDA8920B_1
Modifications:
TDA8920B_1
•
In Section 9 “Limiting values” the maximum value for the supply voltage is given for both
operating and non operating conditions (see Table 5)
20041001
Preliminary data sheet
-
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
9397 750 13356
-
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
32 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
18. Data sheet status
Level
Data sheet status [1]
Product status [2] [3]
Definition
I
Objective data
Development
This data sheet contains data from the objective specification for product development. Philips
Semiconductors reserves the right to change the specification in any manner without notice.
II
Preliminary data
Qualification
This data sheet contains data from the preliminary specification. Supplementary data will be published
at a later date. Philips Semiconductors reserves the right to change the specification without notice, in
order to improve the design and supply the best possible product.
III
Product data
Production
This data sheet contains data from the product specification. Philips Semiconductors reserves the
right to make changes at any time in order to improve the design, manufacturing and supply. Relevant
changes will be communicated via a Customer Product/Process Change Notification (CPCN).
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued data sheet before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The product status of the device(s) described in this data sheet may have changed since this data sheet was published. The latest information is available on the Internet at
URL http://www.semiconductors.philips.com.
[3]
For data sheets describing multiple type numbers, the highest-level product status determines the data sheet status.
19. Definitions
customers using or selling these products for use in such applications do so
at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Philips Semiconductors for any
damages resulting from such application.
Short-form specification — The data in a short-form specification is
extracted from a full data sheet with the same type number and title. For
detailed information see the relevant data sheet or data handbook.
Right to make changes — Philips Semiconductors reserves the right to
make changes in the products - including circuits, standard cells, and/or
software - described or contained herein in order to improve design and/or
performance. When the product is in full production (status ‘Production’),
relevant changes will be communicated via a Customer Product/Process
Change Notification (CPCN). Philips Semiconductors assumes no
responsibility or liability for the use of any of these products, conveys no
license or title under any patent, copyright, or mask work right to these
products, and makes no representations or warranties that these products are
free from patent, copyright, or mask work right infringement, unless otherwise
specified.
Limiting values definition — Limiting values given are in accordance with
the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134). Stress above one or
more of the limiting values may cause permanent damage to the device.
These are stress ratings only and operation of the device at these or at any
other conditions above those given in the Characteristics sections of the
specification is not implied. Exposure to limiting values for extended periods
may affect device reliability.
Application information — Applications that are described herein for any
of these products are for illustrative purposes only. Philips Semiconductors
make no representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for
the specified use without further testing or modification.
21. Trademarks
20. Disclaimers
Notice — All referenced brands, product names, service names and
trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Life support — These products are not designed for use in life support
appliances, devices, or systems where malfunction of these products can
reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. Philips Semiconductors
22. Contact information
For additional information, please visit: http://www.semiconductors.philips.com
For sales office addresses, send an email to: [email protected]
TDA8920B_2
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 07 November 2005
33 of 34
TDA8920B
Philips Semiconductors
2 × 100 W class-D power amplifier
23. Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7.1
7.2
8
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.3.1
8.3.2
8.3.3
8.3.4
8.4
9
10
11
12
12.1
12.2
12.3
13
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6
13.7
13.8
13.9
14
14.1
15
16
16.1
16.2
16.2.1
16.2.2
16.3
16.3.1
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Quick reference data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pulse width modulation frequency . . . . . . . . . . 8
Protections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
OverTemperature Protection (OTP) . . . . . . . . . 8
OverCurrent Protection (OCP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Window Protection (WP). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Supply voltage protections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Differential audio inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Thermal characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Static characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Switching characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Stereo and dual SE application . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Mono BTL application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Application information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
BTL application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
MODE pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Output power estimation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
External clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Heatsink requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Output current limiting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Pumping effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Application schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Curves measured in reference design . . . . . . 22
Test information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Quality information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Through-hole mount packages . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Soldering by dipping or by solder wave . . . . . 29
Manual soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Surface mount packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
16.3.2
16.3.3
16.4
17
18
19
20
21
22
Wave soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manual soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package related soldering information . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
30
31
32
33
33
33
33
33
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005
All rights are reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior
written consent of the copyright owner. The information presented in this document does
not form part of any quotation or contract, is believed to be accurate and reliable and may
be changed without notice. No liability will be accepted by the publisher for any
consequence of its use. Publication thereof does not convey nor imply any license under
patent- or other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Date of release: 07 November 2005
Document number: TDA8920B_2
Published in The Netherlands
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