Data Sheet

TDA8920C
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
Product data sheet
1. General description
The TDA8920C is a high-efficiency class-D audio power amplifier. The typical output
power is 2 × 110 W with a speaker load impedance of 4 Ω.
The TDA8920C is available in both HSOP24 and DBS23P power packages. The amplifier
operates over a wide supply voltage range from ±12.5 V to ±32.5 V and features low
quiescent current consumption.
2. Features
n Pin compatible with TDA8950/20B for both HSOP24 and DBS23P packages
n Symmetrical operating supply voltage range from ±12.5 V to ±32.5 V
n Stereo full differential inputs, can be used as stereo Single-Ended (SE) or mono
Bridge-Tied Load (BTL) amplifier
n High output power in typical applications:
u SE 2 × 110 W, RL = 4 Ω (VP = ±30 V)
u SE 2 × 125 W, RL = 4 Ω (VP = ±32 V)
u SE 2 × 120 W, RL = 3 Ω (VP = ±29 V)
u BTL 1 × 220 W, RL = 8 Ω (VP = ±30 V)
n Low noise
n Smooth pop noise-free start-up and switch off
n Zero dead time switching
n Fixed frequency
n Internal or external clock
n High efficiency
n Low quiescent current
n Advanced protection strategy: voltage protection and output current limiting
n Thermal FoldBack (TFB)
n Fixed gain of 30 dB in SE and 36 dB in BTL applications
n Fully short-circuit proof across load
n BD modulation in BTL configuration
3. Applications
n
n
n
n
DVD
Mini and micro receiver
Home Theater In A Box (HTIAB) system
High-power speaker system
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
4. Quick reference data
Table 1.
Quick reference data
Symbol Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
= ±30 V
General,
VP[1]
VP
supply voltage
VP(ovp)
overvoltage protection supply voltage Standby, Mute modes; VDD − VSS
65
-
70
V
Iq(tot)
total quiescent current
-
50
75
mA
-
110
-
W
-
90
-
W
-
220
-
W
Operating mode
[2]
Operating mode; no load; no filter; no
RC-snubber network connected
±12.5 ±30
±32.5 V
Stereo single-ended configuration
Tj = 85 °C; LLC = 22 µH; CLC = 680 nF
(see Figure 10)
output power
Po
THD + N = 10 %; RL = 4 Ω;
VP = ±30 V
[3]
THD + N = 10 %; RL = 4 Ω;
VP = ±27 V
Mono bridge-tied load configuration
[1]
Tj = 85 °C; LLC = 22 µH; CLC = 680 nF
(see Figure 10); RL = 8 Ω;
THD + N = 10 %; VP = ±30 V
output power
Po
[3]
VP is the supply voltage on pins VDDP1, VDDP2 and VDDA.
[2]
The circuit is DC adjusted at VP = ±12.5 V to ±32.5 V.
[3]
Output power is measured indirectly; based on RDSon measurement; see Section 13.3.
5. Ordering information
Table 2.
Ordering information
Type number
Package
Name
Description
Version
TDA8920CJ
DBS23P
plastic DIL-bent-SIL power package; 23 leads (straight lead length 3.2 mm) SOT411-1
TDA8920CTH
HSOP24
plastic, heatsink small outline package; 24 leads; low stand-off height
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
SOT566-3
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
2 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
6. Block diagram
VDDA
3 (20)
IN1M
IN1P
n.c.
OSC
MODE
SGND
n.c.
10 (4)
VDDP2
STABI PROT
18 (12)
13 (7)
23 (16)
IN2M
14 (8)
15 (9)
BOOT1
9 (3)
PWM
MODULATOR
INPUT
STAGE
8 (2)
11 (5)
SWITCH1
CONTROL
AND
HANDSHAKE
mute
DRIVER
HIGH
16 (10)
OUT1
DRIVER
LOW
STABI
VSSP1
7 (1)
6 (23)
OSCILLATOR
MANAGER
MODE
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
CURRENT PROTECTION
VOLTAGE PROTECTION
TDA8920CTH
(TDA8920CJ)
VDDP2
22 (15)
BOOT2
2 (19)
mute
IN2P
VDDP1
CONTROL
SWITCH2
AND
HANDSHAKE
5 (22)
4 (21)
INPUT
STAGE
1 (18)
VSSA
PWM
MODULATOR
12 (6)
n.c.
24 (17)
VSSD
19 (-)
n.c.
DRIVER
HIGH
21 (14)
OUT2
DRIVER
LOW
17 (11)
VSSP1
20 (13)
001aai852
VSSP2
Pin numbers in brackets refer to type number TDA8920CJ.
Fig 1.
Block diagram
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
3 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
7. Pinning information
7.1 Pinning
OSC
1
IN1P
2
IN1M
3
n.c.
4
n.c.
5
n.c.
6
PROT
7
VDDP1
8
BOOT1
9
OUT1 10
VSSP1 11
VSSD 24
1
VSSA
STABI 12
VDDP2 23
2
SGND
VSSP2 13
BOOT2 22
3
VDDA
OUT2 21
4
IN2M
BOOT2 15
VSSP2 20
5
IN2P
VDDP2 16
n.c. 19
6
MODE
7
OSC
VSSA 18
8
IN1P
SGND 19
9
IN1M
VDDA 20
STABI 18
TDA8920CTH
VSSP1 17
OUT1 16
TDA8920CJ
OUT2 14
VSSD 17
BOOT1 15
10 n.c.
VDDP1 14
11 n.c.
IN2P 22
PROT 13
12 n.c.
MODE 23
IN2M 21
001aai853
Fig 2.
Pin configuration TDA8920CTH
001aai854
Fig 3.
Pin configuration TDA8920CJ
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
4 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
7.2 Pin description
Table 3.
Symbol
VSSA
Pin description
Pin
Description
TDA8920CTH
TDA8920CJ
1
18
negative analog supply voltage
SGND
2
19
signal ground
VDDA
3
20
positive analog supply voltage
IN2M
4
21
channel 2 negative audio input
IN2P
5
22
channel 2 positive audio input
MODE
6
23
mode selection input: Standby, Mute or Operating
mode
OSC
7
1
oscillator frequency adjustment or tracking input
IN1P
8
2
channel 1 positive audio input
IN1M
9
3
channel 1 negative audio input
n.c.
10
4
not connected
n.c.
11
5
not connected
n.c.
12
6
not connected
PROT
13
7
decoupling capacitor for protection (OCP)
VDDP1
14
8
channel 1 positive power supply voltage
BOOT1
15
9
channel 1 bootstrap capacitor
OUT1
16
10
channel 1 PWM output
VSSP1
17
11
channel 1 negative power supply voltage
STABI
18
12
decoupling of internal stabilizer for logic supply
n.c.
19
-
not connected
VSSP2
20
13
channel 2 negative power supply voltage
OUT2
21
14
channel 2 PWM output
BOOT2
22
15
channel 2 bootstrap capacitor
VDDP2
23
16
channel 2 positive power supply voltage
VSSD
24
17
negative digital supply voltage
8. Functional description
8.1 General
The TDA8920C is a two-channel audio power amplifier that uses class-D technology.
For each channel, the audio input signal is converted into a digital PWM signal using an
analog input stage and a PWM modulator; see Figure 1. To drive the output power
transistors, the digital PWM signal is fed to a control and handshake block and to highand low-side driver circuits. This level-shifts the low-power digital PWM signal from a logic
level to a high-power PWM signal switching between the main supply lines.
A 2nd-order low-pass filter converts the PWM signal to an analog audio signal that can be
used to drive a loudspeaker.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
5 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
The TDA8920C single-chip class-D amplifier contains high-power switches, drivers, timing
and handshaking between the power switches, along with some control logic. To ensure
maximum system robustness, an advanced protection strategy has been implemented to
provide overvoltage, overtemperature and overcurrent protection.
Each of the two audio channels contains a PWM modulator, an analog feedback loop and
a differential input stage. The TDA8920C also contains circuits common to both channels
such as the oscillator, all reference sources, the mode interface and a digital timing
manager.
The two independent amplifier channels feature high output power, high efficiency, low
distortion and low quiescent currents, and can be connected in the following
configurations:
• Stereo Single-Ended (SE)
• Mono Bridge-Tied Load (BTL)
The amplifier system can be switched to one of three operating modes using pin MODE:
• Standby mode: featuring very low quiescent current
• Mute mode: the amplifier is operational but the audio signal at the output is
suppressed by disabling the voltage-to-current (VI) converter input stages
• Operating mode: the amplifier is fully operational, de-muted and can deliver an output
signal
A slowly rising voltage should be applied (e.g. via an RC network) to pin MODE to ensure
pop noise-free start-up. The bias-current setting of the (VI converter) input stages is
related to the voltage on the MODE pin.
In Mute mode, the bias-current setting of the VI converters is zero (VI converters are
disabled). In Operating mode, the bias current is at a maximum. The time constant
required to apply the DC output offset voltage gradually between Mute and Operating
mode levels can be generated using an RC network connected to pin MODE. An example
of a switching circuit for driving pin MODE is illustrated in Figure 4. If the capacitor was
omitted, the very short switching time constant could result in audible pop noises being
generated at start-up (depending on the DC output offset voltage and loudspeaker used).
+5 V
5.6 kΩ
470 Ω
mode control
5.6 kΩ
10 µF
mute/
operating
S1
standby/
operating
S2
SGND
010aaa552
Fig 4.
Example of mode selection circuit
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
6 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
To ensure the coupling capacitors at the inputs (CIN in Figure 10) are fully charged before
the outputs start switching, a delay is inserted during the transition from Mute to Operating
mode. An overview of the start-up timing is provided in Figure 5. For proper switch-off, the
MODE pin should be forced LOW at least 100 ms before the supply lines (VDDA and VSSA)
drop below 12.5 V.
audio output
(1)
modulated PWM
VMODE
50 %
duty cycle
operating
> 4.2 V
mute
2.2 V < VMODE < 3 V
0 V (SGND)
standby
> 350 ms
100 ms
time
50 ms
audio output
(1)
modulated PWM
VMODE
50 %
duty cycle
operating
> 4.2 V
mute
2.2 V < VMODE < 3 V
0 V (SGND)
standby
> 350 ms
100 ms
50 ms
time
001aah657
(1) First 1⁄4 pulse down.
Upper diagram: When switching from Standby to Mute, there is a delay of approximately 100 ms
before the output starts switching. The audio signal will become available once VMODE reaches the
Operating mode level (see Table 8), but not earlier than 150 ms after switching to Mute. To start-up
pop noise-free, it is recommended that the time constant applied to pin MODE be at least 350 ms
for the transition between Mute and Operating modes.
Lower diagram: When switching directly from Standby to Operating mode, there is a delay of
100 ms before the outputs start switching. The audio signal becomes available after a second
delay of 50 ms. To start-up pop noise-free, it is recommended that the time-constant applied to pin
MODE be at least 500 ms for the transition between Standby and Operating modes.
Fig 5.
Timing on mode selection input pin MODE
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
7 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
8.2 Pulse-width modulation frequency
The amplifier output signal is a PWM signal with a typical carrier frequency of between
250 kHz and 450 kHz. A 2nd-order LC demodulation filter on the output is used to convert
the PWM signal into an analog audio signal. The carrier frequency is determined by an
external resistor, ROSC, connected between pins OSC and VSSA. The optimal carrier
frequency setting is between 250 kHz and 450 kHz.
The carrier frequency is set to 345 kHz by connecting an external 30 kΩ resistor between
pins OSC and VSSA. See Table 9 on page 14 for more details.
If two or more class-D amplifiers are used in the same audio application, it is
recommended that an external clock circuit be used with all devices (see Section 13.4).
This will ensure that they operate at the same switching frequency, thus avoiding beat
tones (if the switching frequencies are different, audible interference known as ‘beat tones’
can be generated)
8.3 Protection
The following protection circuits are incorporated into the TDA8920C:
• Thermal protection:
– Thermal FoldBack (TFB)
– OverTemperature Protection (OTP)
• OverCurrent Protection (OCP)
• Window Protection (WP)
• Supply voltage protection:
– UnderVoltage Protection (UVP)
– OverVoltage Protection (OVP)
– UnBalance Protection (UBP)
How the device reacts to a fault conditions depends on which protection circuit has been
activated.
8.3.1 Thermal protection
The TDA8920C employes an advanced thermal protection strategy. A TFB function
gradually reduces the output power within a defined temperature range. If the temperature
continues to rise, OTP is activated to shut down the device completely.
8.3.1.1
Thermal FoldBack (TFB)
If the junction temperature (Tj) exceeds the thermal foldback activation threshold, the gain
is gradually reduced. This reduces the output signal amplitude and the power dissipation,
eventually stabilizing the temperature.
TFB is specified at the thermal foldback activation temperature Tact(th_fold) where the
closed-loop voltage gain is reduced by 6 dB. The TFB range is:
Tact(th_fold) − 5 °C < Tact(th_fold) < Tact(th_prot)
The value of Tact(th_fold) for the TDA8920C is approximately 153 °C; see Table 8 for more
details.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
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TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
8.3.1.2
OverTemperature Protection (OTP)
If TFB fails to stabilize the temperature and the junction temperature continues to rise, the
amplifier will shut down as soon as the temperature reaches the thermal protection
activation threshold, Tact(th_prot). The amplifier will resume switching approximately 100 ms
after the temperature drops below Tact(th_prot).
The thermal behavior is illustrated in Figure 6.
Gain
(dB)
30 dB
24 dB
0 dB
(Tact(th_fold) − 5°C)
1
Tact(th_prot)
Tact(th_fold)
2
Tj (°C)
3
001aah656
(1) Duty cycle of PWM output modulated according to the audio input signal.
(2) Duty cycle of PWM output reduced due to TFB.
(3) Amplifier is switched off due to OTP.
Fig 6.
Behavior of TFB and OTP
8.3.2 OverCurrent Protection (OCP)
In order to guarantee the robustness of the TDA8920C, the maximum output current that
can be delivered at the output stages is limited. OCP is built in for each output power
switch.
OCP is activated when the current in one of the power transistors exceeds the OCP
threshold (IORM = 9.2 A) due, for example, to a short-circuit to a supply line or across the
load.
The TDA8920C amplifier distinguishes between low-ohmic short-circuit conditions and
other overcurrent conditions such as a dynamic impedance drop at the loudspeaker. The
impedance threshold (Zth) depends on the supply voltage.
How the amplifier reacts to a short circuit depends on the short-circuit impedance:
• Short-circuit impedance > Zth: the amplifier limits the maximum output current to IORM
but the amplifier does not shut down the PWM outputs. Effectively, this results in a
clipped output signal across the load (behavior very similar to voltage clipping).
• Short-circuit impedance < Zth: the amplifier limits the maximum output current to IORM
and at the same time discharges the capacitor on pin PROT. When CPROT is fully
discharged, the amplifier shuts down completely and an internal timer is started.
The value of the protection capacitor (CPROT) connected to pin PROT can be between
10 pF and 220 pF (typically 47 pF). While OCP is activated, an internal current source is
enabled that will discharge CPROT.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
9 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
When OCP is activated, the power transistors are turned off. They are turned on again
during the next switching cycle. If the output current is still greater than the OCP threshold,
they will be immediately switched off again. This switching will continue until CPROT is fully
discharged. The amplifier will then be switched off completely and a restart sequence
initiated.
After a fixed period of 100 ms, the amplifier will attempt to switch on again, but will fail if
the output current still exceeds the OCP threshold. The amplifier will continue trying to
switch on every 100 ms. The average power dissipation will be low in this situation
because the duty cycle is low.
Switching the amplifier on and off in this way will generate unwanted ‘audio holes’. This
can be avoided by increasing the value of CPROT (up to 220 pF) to delay amplifier
switch-off. CPROT will also prevent the amplifier switching off due to transient
frequency-dependent impedance drops at the speakers.
The amplifier will switch on, and remain in Operating mode, once the overcurrent
condition has been removed. OCP ensures the TDA8920C amplifier is fully protected
against short-circuit conditions while avoiding audio holes.
Table 4.
Type
TDA8920C
[1]
Current limiting behavior during low output impedance conditions at different
values of CPROT
VP
(V)
VI (mV, p-p) f (Hz) CPROT PWM output stops
(pF)
Short
Short
(Zth = 0 Ω) (Zth = 0.5 Ω)
29.5 500
Short
(Zth = 1 Ω)
20
10
yes
yes
OVP[1]
1000
10
yes
yes
no
20
15
yes
yes
OVP[1]
1000
15
yes
no
no
1000
220
no
no
no
OVP can be triggered by supply pumping; see Section 13.6.
8.3.3 Window Protection (WP)
Window Protection (WP) checks the conditions at the output terminals of the power stage
and is activated:
• During the start-up sequence, when the TDA8920C is switching from Standby to
Mute.
Start-up will be interrupted If a short-circuit is detected between one of the output
terminals and pin VDDP1/VDDP2 or VSSP1/VSSP2. The TDA8920C will wait until the
short-circuit to the supply lines has been removed before resuming start-up. The short
circuit will not generate large currents because the short-circuit check is carried out
before the power stages are enabled.
• When the amplifier is shut down completely because the OCP circuit has detected a
short circuit to one of the supply lines.
WP will be activated when the amplifier attempts to restart after 100 ms (see
Section 8.3.2). The amplifier will not start-up again until the short circuit to the supply
lines has been removed.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
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TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
8.3.4 Supply voltage protection
If the supply voltage drops below the minimum supply voltage threshold, VP(uvp), the UVP
circuit will be activated and the system will shut down. Once the supply voltage rises
above VP(uvp) again, the system will restart after a delay of 100 ms.
If the supply voltage exceeds the maximum supply voltage threshold, VP(ovp), the OVP
circuit will be activated and the power stages will be shut down. When the supply voltage
drops below VP(ovp) again, the system will restart after a delay of 100 ms.
An additional UnBalance Protection (UBP) circuit compares the positive analog supply
voltage (on pin VDDA) with the negative analog supply voltage (on pin VSSA) and is
triggered if the voltage difference exceeds a factor of two (VDDA > 2 × |VSSA| OR |VSSA| >
2 × VDDA). When the supply voltage difference drops below the unbalance threshold,
VP(ubp), the system restarts after 100 ms.
An overview of all protection circuits and their respective effects on the output signal is
provided in Table 5.
Table 5.
Overview of TDA8920C protection circuits
Protection name Complete
shutdown
Restart directly
Restart after
100 ms
Pin PROT
detection
TFB[1]
N
N
N
N
OTP
Y
N
Y
N
OCP
Y[2]
N[2]
Y[2]
Y
WP
N[3]
Y
N
N
UVP
Y
N
Y
N
OVP
Y
N
Y
N
UBP
Y
N
Y
N
[1]
Amplifier gain depends on the junction temperature and heatsink size.
[2]
The amplifier shuts down completely only if the short-circuit impedance is below the impedance threshold
(Zth; see Section 8.3.2). In all other cases, current limiting results in a clipped output signal.
[3]
Fault condition detected during any Standby-to-Mute transition or during a restart after OCP has been
activated (short-circuit to one of the supply lines).
8.4 Differential audio inputs
The audio inputs are fully differential ensuring a high common mode rejection ratio and
maximum flexibility in the application.
• Stereo operation: to avoid acoustical phase differences, the inputs should be in
antiphase and the speakers should be connected in antiphase. This configuration:
– minimizes power supply peak current
– minimizes supply pumping effects, especially at low audio frequencies
• Mono BTL operation: the inputs must be connected in anti-parallel. The output of one
channel is inverted and the speaker load is connected between the two outputs of the
TDA8920C. In practice (because of the OCP threshold) the output power can be
boosted to twice the output power that can be achieved with the single-ended
configuration.
The input configuration for a mono BTL application is illustrated in Figure 7.
TDA8920C_2
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Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
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TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
OUT1
IN1P
IN1M
Vin
SGND
IN2P
IN2M
OUT2
power stage
mbl466
Fig 7.
Input configuration for mono BTL application
9. Limiting values
Table 6.
Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
VP[1]
supply voltage
Standby, Mute modes; VDD − VSS
-
65
V
IORM
repetitive peak output current
maximum output current limiting
9.2
-
A
Tstg
storage temperature
−55
+150
°C
Tamb
ambient temperature
−40
+85
°C
Tj
junction temperature
-
150
°C
VMODE
voltage on pin MODE
VOSC
voltage on pin OSC
VI
input voltage
referenced to SGND; pin IN1P; IN1M;
IN2P and IN2M
VPROT
voltage on pin PROT
referenced to voltage on pin VSSD
0
12
V
VESD
electrostatic discharge voltage
Human Body Model (HBM)
−2000
+2000
V
Charged Device Model (CDM)
−500
+500
V
referenced to SGND
0
6
V
0
SGND + 6
V
−5
+5
V
Iq(tot)
total quiescent current
Operating mode; no load; no filter; no
RC-snubber network connected
-
75
mA
VPWM(p-p)
peak-to-peak PWM voltage
on pins OUT1 and OUT2
-
120
V
[1]
VP is the supply voltage on pins VDDP1, VDDP2 and VDDA.
10. Thermal characteristics
Table 7.
Thermal characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Typ
Unit
Rth(j-a)
thermal resistance from junction to ambient
in free air
40
K/W
Rth(j-c)
thermal resistance from junction to case
1.1
K/W
TDA8920C_2
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Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
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TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
11. Static characteristics
Table 8.
Static characteristics
VP[1] = ±30 V; fosc = 345 kHz; Tamb = 25 °C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
VP
supply voltage
Operating mode
VP(ovp)
overvoltage protection supply voltage
Standby, Mute modes;
VDD − VSS
VP(uvp)
undervoltage protection supply voltage VDD − VSS
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Supply
[2]
[3]
±12.5
±30
±32.5
V
65
-
70
V
20
-
25
V
VP(ubp)
unbalance protection supply voltage
-
33
-
%
Iq(tot)
total quiescent current
Operating mode; no load; no
filter; no RC-snubber network
connected
-
50
75
mA
Istb
standby current
measured at 30 V
-
480
650
µA
[4]
0
-
6
V
Standby mode
[4][5]
0
-
0.8
V
Mute mode
[4][5]
2.2
-
3.0
V
Operating mode
[4][5]
4.2
-
6
V
-
110
150
µA
-
0
-
V
Mode select input; pin MODE
VMODE
voltage on pin MODE
referenced to SGND
input current
II
VI = 5.5 V
Audio inputs; pins IN1M, IN1P, IN2P and IN2M
input voltage
VI
DC input
[4]
Amplifier outputs; pins OUT1 and OUT2
VO(offset)
output offset voltage
-
-
±25
mV
[6]
-
-
±150
mV
-
-
±30
mV
[6]
-
-
±210
mV
9.3
9.8
10.3
V
-
154
-
°C
-
153
-
°C
SE; Mute mode
SE; Operating mode
BTL; Mute mode
BTL; Operating mode
Stabilizer output; pin STABI
VO(STABI)
output voltage on pin STABI
Mute and Operating modes;
with respect to VSSD
Temperature protection
Tact(th_prot)
thermal protection activation
temperature
Tact(th_fold)
thermal foldback activation
temperature
[1]
closed loop SE voltage gain
reduced with 6 dB
[7]
VP is the supply voltage on pins VDDP1, VDDP2 and VDDA.
[2]
The circuit is DC adjusted at VP = ±12.5 V to ±32.5 V.
[3]
Unbalance protection activated when VDDA > 2 × |VSSA| OR |VSSA| > 2 × VDDA.
[4]
With respect to SGND (0 V).
[5]
The transition between Standby and Mute modes has hysteresis, while the slope of the transition between Mute and Operating modes is
determined by the time-constant of the RC network on pin MODE; see Figure 8.
[6]
DC output offset voltage is gradually applied to the output during the transition between Mute and Operating modes. The slope caused
by any DC output offset is determined by the time-constant of the RC network on pin MODE.
[7]
At a junction temperature of approximately Tact(th_fold) − 5 °C, gain reduction commences and at a junction temperature of approximately
Tact(th_prot), the amplifier switches off.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
13 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
slope is directly related to the time-constant
of the RC network on the MODE pin
VO (V)
VO(offset)(on)
Standby
Mute
On
VO(offset)(mute)
0
0.8
2.2
3.0
4.2
5.5
VMODE (V)
coa021
Fig 8.
Behavior of mode selection pin MODE
12. Dynamic characteristics
12.1 Switching characteristics
Table 9.
Dynamic characteristics
VP[1] = ±30 V; Tamb = 25 °C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Internal oscillator
fosc(typ)
typical oscillator frequency ROSC = 30.0 kΩ
290
345
365
kHz
fosc
oscillator frequency
250
-
450
kHz
SGND + 4.5
SGND + 5
SGND + 6
V
-
SGND + 2.5
-
V
500
-
900
kHz
External oscillator input or frequency tracking; pin OSC
VOSC
voltage on pin OSC
Vtrip
trip voltage
HIGH-level
[2]
ftrack
tracking frequency
Zi
input impedance
1
-
-
MΩ
Ci
input capacitance
-
-
15
pF
-
-
100
ns
input rise time
tr(i)
from SGND + 0 V to
SGND + 5 V
[3]
[1]
VP is the supply voltage on pins VDDP1, VDDP2 and VDDA.
[2]
When using an external oscillator, the frequency ftrack (500 kHz minimum, 900 kHz maximum) will result in a PWM frequency fosc
(250 kHz minimum, 450 kHz maximum) due to the internal clock divider; see Section 8.2.
[3]
When tr(i) > 100 ns, the output noise floor will increase.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
14 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
12.2 Stereo SE configuration characteristics
Table 10. Dynamic characteristics
VP = ±30 V; RL = 4 Ω; fi = 1 kHz; fosc = 345 kHz; RsL[1] < 0.1 Ω; Tamb = 25 °C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Po
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max Unit
output power
L = 22 µH; CLC = 680 nF; Tj = 85 °C
THD = 0.5 %; RL = 4 Ω
-
90
-
W
THD = 10 %; RL = 4 Ω
-
110
-
W
[2]
THD = 10 %; VP = ±27 V
THD
total harmonic distortion
Gv(cl)
closed-loop voltage gain
SVRR
supply voltage ripple rejection
-
90
-
W
Po = 1 W; fi = 1 kHz
[3]
-
0.05 -
%
Po = 1 W; fi = 6 kHz
[3]
-
0.05 -
%
29
30
31
dB
between pins VDDPn and SGND
Operating mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
90
-
dB
Operating mode; fi = 1 kHz
[4]
-
70
-
dB
Mute mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
75
-
dB
Standby mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
120
-
dB
Operating mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
80
-
dB
Operating mode; fi = 1 kHz
[4]
-
60
-
dB
Mute mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
80
-
dB
Standby mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
115
-
dB
45
63
-
kΩ
between pins VSSPn and SGND
Zi
input impedance
between one of the input pins and
SGND
Vn(o)
output noise voltage
Operating mode; Rs = 0 Ω
[5]
-
160
-
µV
Mute mode
[6]
-
85
-
µV
[7]
-
70
-
dB
-
-
1
dB
-
75
-
dB
αcs
channel separation
|∆Gv|
voltage gain difference
αmute
mute attenuation
fi = 1 kHz; Vi = 2 V (RMS)
CMRR
common mode rejection ratio
Vi(CM) = 1 V (RMS)
-
75
-
dB
ηpo
output power efficiency
SE, RL = 4 Ω
-
88
-
%
SE, RL = 6 Ω
-
90
-
%
[8]
BTL, RL = 8 Ω
RDSon(hs)
RDSon(ls)
-
88
-
%
high-side drain-source on-state resistance
[9]
-
200
-
mΩ
low-side drain-source on-state resistance
[9]
-
190
-
mΩ
[1]
RsL is the series resistance of the low-pass LC filter inductor used in the application.
[2]
Output power is measured indirectly; based on RDSon measurement; see Section 13.3.
[3]
THD measured between 22 Hz and 20 kHz, using AES17 20 kHz brick wall filter; max. limit is guaranteed but may not be 100 % tested.
[4]
Vripple = Vripple(max) = 2 V (p-p); measured independently between VDDPn and SGND and between VSSPn and SGND.
[5]
22 Hz to 20 kHz, using AES17 20 kHz brick wall filter.
[6]
22 Hz to 20 kHz, using AES17 20 kHz brick wall filter.
[7]
Po = 1 W; fi = 1 kHz.
[8]
Vi = Vi(max) = 1 V (RMS); fi = 1 kHz.
[9]
Leads and bond wires included.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
15 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
12.3 Mono BTL application characteristics
Table 11. Dynamic characteristics
VP = ±30 V; RL = 8 Ω; fi = 1 kHz; fosc = 345 kHz; RsL[1] < 0.1 Ω ; Tamb = 25 °C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Po
Parameter
Conditions
output power
Tj = 85 °C; LLC = 22 µH; CLC = 680 nF
(see Figure 10)
THD = 0.5 %; RL = 8 Ω
THD = 10 %; RL = 8 Ω
THD
total harmonic distortion
Gv(cl)
closed-loop voltage gain
SVRR
supply voltage ripple rejection
Min
Typ
Max Unit
-
170
-
W
[2]
-
220
-
W
Po = 1 W; fi = 1 kHz
[3]
-
0.05 -
%
Po = 1 W; fi = 6 kHz
[3]
-
0.05 -
%
-
36
-
dB
between pin VDDPn and SGND
Operating mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
80
-
dB
Operating mode; fi = 1 kHz
[4]
-
80
-
dB
Mute mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
95
-
dB
Standby mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
120
-
dB
Operating mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
75
-
dB
Operating mode; fi = 1 kHz
[4]
-
75
-
dB
Mute mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
90
-
dB
Standby mode; fi = 100 Hz
[4]
-
130
-
dB
45
63
-
kΩ
between pin VSSPn and SGND
Zi
input impedance
measured between one of the input
pins and SGND
Vn(o)
output noise voltage
Operating mode; Rs = 0 Ω
[5]
-
190
-
µV
Mute mode
[6]
-
45
-
µV
[7]
αmute
mute attenuation
fi = 1 kHz; Vi = 2 V (RMS)
CMRR
common mode rejection ratio
Vi(CM) = 1 V (RMS)
-
75
-
dB
-
75
-
dB
[1]
RsL is the series resistance of the low-pass LC filter inductor used in the application.
[2]
Output power is measured indirectly; based on RDSon measurement; see Section 13.3.
[3]
THD measured between 22 Hz and 20 kHz, using AES17 20 kHz brick wall filter; max. limit is guaranteed but may not be 100 % tested.
[4]
Vripple = Vripple(max) = 2 V (p-p).
[5]
22 Hz to 20 kHz, using an AES17 20 kHz brick wall filter; low noise due to BD modulation.
[6]
22 Hz to 20 kHz, using an AES17 20 kHz brick wall filter.
[7]
Vi = Vi(max) = 1 V (RMS); fi = 1 kHz.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
16 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
13. Application information
13.1 Mono BTL application
When using the power amplifier in a mono BTL application, the inputs of the two channels
must be connected in parallel and the phase of one of the inputs must be inverted; see
Figure 7. In principle, the loudspeaker can be connected between the outputs of the two
single-ended demodulation filters.
13.2 Pin MODE
To ensure a pop noise-free start-up, an RC time-constant must be applied to pin MODE.
The bias-current setting of the VI converter input is directly related to the voltage on pin
MODE. In turn the bias-current setting of the VI converters is directly related to the DC
output offset voltage. A slow dV/dt on pin MODE results in a slow dV/dt for the DC output
offset voltage, ensuring a pop noise-free transition between Mute and Operating modes. A
time-constant of 500 ms is sufficient to guarantee pop noise-free start-up; see Figure 4,
Figure 5 and Figure 8 for more information.
13.3 Estimating the output power
13.3.1 Single-Ended (SE)
Maximum output power:
P o ( 0.5% )
2
RL
----------------------------------------------------- × V P × ( 1 – t w ( min ) × 0.5 f osc )
R L + R DSon ( hs ) + R sL
= ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2R L
(1)
Maximum output current is internally limited to 9.2 A:
V P × ( 1 – t w ( min ) × 0.5 f osc )
I o ( peak ) = --------------------------------------------------------------------R L + R DSon ( hs ) + R sL
(2)
Where:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Po(0.5 %): output power at the onset of clipping
RL: load impedance
RDSon(hs): high-side RDSon of power stage output DMOS (temperature dependent)
RsL: series impedance of the filter coil
VP: single-sided supply voltage or 0.5 × (VDD + |VSS|)
tw(min): minimum pulse width (typical 150 ns, temperature dependent)
fosc: oscillator frequency
Remark: Note that Io(peak) should be less than 9.2 A (Section 8.3.2). Io(peak) is the sum of
the current through the load and the ripple current. The value of the ripple current is
dependent on the coil inductance and the voltage drop across the coil.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
17 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
13.3.2 Bridge-Tied Load (BTL)
Maximum output power:
P o ( 0.5% )
2
RL
------------------------------------------------------------------- × 2V P × ( 1 – t w ( min ) × 0.5 f osc )
R L + R DSon ( hs ) + R DSon ( ls )
= ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2R L
(3)
Maximum output current internally limited to 9.2 A:
2V P × ( 1 – t w ( min ) × 0.5 f osc )
I o ( peak ) = ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------R L + ( R DSon ( hs ) + R DSon ( ls ) ) + 2R sL
(4)
Where:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Po(0.5 %): output power at the onset of clipping
RL: load impedance
RDSon(hs): high-side RDSon of power stage output DMOS (temperature dependent)
RDSon(ls): low-side RDSson of power stage output DMOS (temperature dependent)
RsL: series impedance of the filter coil
VP: single-sided supply voltage or 0.5 × (VDD + |VSS|)
tw(min): minimum pulse width (typical 150 ns, temperature dependent)
fosc: oscillator frequency
Remark: Note that Io(peak) should be less than 9.2 A; see Section 8.3.2. Io(peak) is the sum
of the current through the load and the ripple current. The value of the ripple current is
dependent on the coil inductance and the voltage drop across the coil.
13.4 External clock
To ensure duty cycle-independent operation, the external clock frequency is divided by
two internally. The external clock frequency is therefore twice the internal clock frequency
(typically 2 × 350 kHz = 700 kHz).
If several class-D amplifiers are used in a single application, it is recommended that all the
devices run at the same switching frequency. This can be achieved by connecting the
OSC pins together and feeding them from an external oscillator. When using an external
oscillator, it is necessary to force pin OSC to a DC level above SGND. This disables the
internal oscillator and causes the PWM to switch at half the external clock frequency.
The internal oscillator requires an external resistor ROSC, connected between pin OSC
and pin VSSA. ROSC must be removed when using an external oscillator.
The noise generated by the internal oscillator is supply voltage dependent. An external
low-noise oscillator is recommended for low-noise applications running at high supply
voltages.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
18 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
13.5 Heatsink requirements
An external heatsink must be connected to the TDA8920C.
Equation 5 defines the relationship between maximum power dissipation before activation
of TFB and total thermal resistance from junction to ambient.
T j – T amb
Rth ( j – a ) = ----------------------P
(5)
Power dissipation (P) is determined by the efficiency of the TDA8920C. Efficiency
measured as a function of output power is given in Figure 20. Power dissipation can be
derived as a function of output power as shown in Figure 19.
mbl469
30
P
(W)
(1)
20
(2)
10
(3)
(4)
(5)
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
Tamb (°C)
(1) Rth(j-a) = 5 K/W.
(2) Rth(j-a) = 10 K/W.
(3) Rth(j-a) = 15 K/W.
(4) Rth(j-a) = 20 K/W.
(5) Rth(j-a) = 35 K/W.
Fig 9.
Derating curves for power dissipation as a function of maximum ambient
temperature
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
19 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
In the following example, a heatsink calculation is made for an 8 Ω BTL application with a
±30 V supply:
The audio signal has a crest factor of 10 (the ratio between peak power and average
power (20 dB)); this means that the average output power is 1⁄10 of the peak power.
Thus, the peak RMS output power level is the 0.5 % THD level, i.e. 170 W.
The average power is then 1⁄10 × 170 W = 17 W.
The dissipated power at an output power of 17 W is approximately 7 W.
When the maximum expected ambient temperature is 50 °C, the total Rth(j-a) becomes
( 148 – 50 )
------------------------- = 14 K/W
7
Rth(j-a) = Rth(j-c) + Rth(c-h) + Rth(h-a)
Rth(j-c) (thermal resistance from junction to case) = 1.1 K/W
Rth(c-h) (thermal resistance from case to heatsink) = 0.5 K/W to 1 K/W (dependent on
mounting)
So the thermal resistance between heatsink and ambient temperature is:
Rth(h-a) (thermal resistance from heatsink to ambient) = 14 − (1.1 + 1) = 11.9 K/W
The derating curves for power dissipation (for several Rth(j-a) values) are illustrated in
Figure 9. A maximum junction temperature Tj = 150 °C is taken into account. The
maximum allowable power dissipation for a given heatsink size can be derived, or the
required heatsink size can be determined, at a required power dissipation level; see
Figure 9.
13.6 Pumping effects
In a typical stereo single-ended configuration, the TDA8920C is supplied by a symmetrical
supply voltage (e.g. VDD = 30 V and VSS = −30 V). When the amplifier is used in an SE
configuration, a ‘pumping effect’ can occur. During one switching interval, energy is taken
from one supply (e.g. VDD), while a part of that energy is returned to the other supply line
(e.g. VSS) and vice versa. When the voltage supply source cannot sink energy, the voltage
across the output capacitors of that voltage supply source increases and the supply
voltage is pumped to higher levels. The voltage increase caused by the pumping effect
depends on:
•
•
•
•
•
Speaker impedance
Supply voltage
Audio signal frequency
Value of supply line decoupling capacitors
Source and sink currents of other channels
Pumping effects should be minimized to prevent the malfunctioning of the audio amplifier
and/or the voltage supply source. Amplifier malfunction due to the pumping effect can
trigger UVP, OVP or UBP.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
20 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
The most effective way to avoid pumping effects is to connect the TDA8920C in a mono
full-bridge configuration. In the case of stereo single-ended applications, it is advised to
connect the inputs in anti-phase (see Section 8.4 on page 11). The power supply can also
be adapted; for example, by increasing the values of the supply line decoupling
capacitors.
13.7 Application schematic
Notes on the application schematic:
•
•
•
•
Connect a solid ground plane around the switching amplifier to avoid emissions
Place 100 nF capacitors as close as possible to the TDA8920C power supply pins
Connect the heatsink to the ground plane or to VSSPn using a 100 nF capacitor
Use a thermally conductive, electrically non-conductive, Sil-Pad between the
TDA8920C heat spreader and the external heatsink
• The heat spreader of the TDA8920C is internally connected to VSSD
• Use differential inputs for the most effective system level audio performance with
unbalanced signal sources. In case of hum due to floating inputs, connect the
shielding or source ground to the amplifier ground.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
21 of 39
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NXP Semiconductors
TDA8920C_2
RVDDA
5.6 kΩ
VDDA
10 Ω
470 Ω
mode control
VDDP
VDDP
CVDDP
470 µF
GND
CVSSP
470 µF
CVP
22 µF
470 kΩ
VSSP
VSSP
mute/
operating
RVSSA
VSSA
10 Ω
10 kΩ
10 kΩ
mode
control
VDDP
4
CVSSP
100 nF
100 nF
100 nF
VDDP1
OSC
6
5
CVP
MODE
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
−
CIN
1
23
VDDP
RSN
8
10 Ω
CSN
220 pF
CSN
220 pF
11
VSSP
10
3
9
470 nF
OUT1
BOOT1
LLC
CBO
CLC
15 nF
SGND
−
CIN
19
TDA8920C
15
IN2P
LLC
OUT2
VDDP
21
VDDA
CVSSA
220 nF
VSSA
CSTAB
470 nF
VSSP
RSN
10 Ω
CVDDP
CVP
CVSSP
100 nF
100 nF
100 nF
CPROT(1)
VSSA
(1) The value of CPROT can be in the range 10 pF to 220 pF (see Section 8.3.2)
Fig 10. Typical application diagram
13
VSSP2
16
VSSD
PROT
17
VDDP2
7
STABI
VSSA
VDDA
220 nF
12
18
VDDP
VSSP
CSN
220 pF
CLC
RZO
22 Ω
−
CZO
+
100 nF
CSN
220 pF
VSSP
010aaa555
TDA8920C
22 of 39
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
CVDDA
−
CZO
100 nF
CBO
470 nF
20
+
15 nF
14
IN2M
RZO
22 Ω
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
+
CIN
BOOT2
22
470 nF
IN2
680 nF
470 nF
T2
HFE > 80
2
IN1M
15 µH
22 µH
VSSP
CVDDP
470 nF
IN1
3 Ω to 6 Ω
4 Ω to 8 Ω
SGND
n.c. n.c. n.c.
IN1P
470 kΩ
standby/
operating
T1
HFE > 80
ROSC
30 kΩ
CIN
10 µF
5.6 kΩ
VSSA
+
SINGLE-ENDED
OUTPUT FILTER VALUES
LOAD
LLC
CLC
+5 V
VSSP1
Product data sheet
+5 V
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
13.8 Curves measured in reference design
010aaa532
10
THD
(%)
1
10−1
(1)
(2)
10−2
(3)
10−3
10−2
10−1
1
102
10
103
Po (W)
VP = ±30 V, fosc = 350 kHz, 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
(1) fi = 6 kHz.
(2) fi = 1 kHz.
(3) fi = 100 Hz.
Fig 11. THD + N as a function of output power, SE configuration with 2 × 4 Ω load
010aaa533
10
THD
(%)
1
10−1
(1)
(2)
10−2
(3)
10−3
10−2
10−1
1
10
102
103
Po (W)
VP = ±30 V, fosc = 350 kHz, 2 × 6 Ω SE configuration.
(1) fi = 6 kHz.
(2) fi = 1 kHz.
(3) fi = 100 Hz.
Fig 12. THD + N as a function of output power, SE configuration with 2 × 6 Ω load
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
23 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
010aaa534
10
THD
(%)
1
10−1
(1)
(2)
10−2
10−3
10−2
(3)
10−1
1
102
10
103
Po (W)
VP = ±30 V, fosc = 350 kHz, 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
(1) fi = 6 kHz.
(2) fi = 1 kHz.
(3) fi = 100 Hz.
Fig 13. THD + N as a function of output power, BTL configuration with 1 × 8 Ω load
010aaa535
10
THD
(%)
1
10−1
(1)
10−2
10−3
10
(2)
102
103
104
fi (Hz)
105
VP = ±30 V, fosc = 350 kHz, 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
(1) Po = 1 W.
(2) Po = 10 W.
Fig 14. THD + N as a function of frequency, SE configuration with 2 × 4 Ω load
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
24 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
010aaa536
10
THD
(%)
1
10−1
(1)
10−2
10−3
10
(2)
102
103
104
fi (Hz)
105
VP = ±30 V, fosc = 350 kHz, 2 × 6 Ω SE configuration.
(1) Po = 1 W.
(2) Po = 10 W.
Fig 15. THD + N as a function of frequency, SE configuration with 2 × 6 Ω load
010aaa537
10
THD
(%)
1
10−1
(1)
10−2
10−3
10
(2)
102
103
104
fi (Hz)
105
VP = ±30 V, fosc = 350 kHz, 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
(1) Po = 1 W.
(2) Po = 10 W.
Fig 16. THD + N as a function of frequency, BTL configuration with 1 × 8 Ω load
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
25 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
001aai703
0
αcs
(dB)
−20
−40
−60
−80
−100
10
102
103
104
105
fi (Hz)
VP = ±30 V, fosc = 350 kHz, 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
1 W and 10 W respectively.
Fig 17. Channel separation as a function of frequency, SE configuration with 2 × 4 Ω load
001aai704
0
αcs
(dB)
−20
−40
−60
−80
−100
10
102
103
104
105
fi (Hz)
VP = ±30 V, fosc = 350 kHz, 2 × 6 Ω SE configuration.
1 W and 10 W respectively.
Fig 18. Channel separation as a function of frequency, SE configuration with 2 × 6 Ω load
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
26 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
P
(W)
010aaa538
40
35
30
25
(1)
20
(2)
15
10
(3)
5
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Po (W)
VP = ±30 V, fi = 1 kHz; fosc = 350 kHz
(1) 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
(2) 2 × 6 Ω SE configuration.
(3) 2 × 8 Ω SE configuration.
Fig 19. Power dissipation as a function of output power per channel, SE configuration
010aaa539
100
(1)
η
(%)
(2)
(3)
80
60
40
20
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Po (W)
VP = ±30 V, fi = 1 kHz, fosc = 350 kHz
(1) 2 × 8 Ω SE configuration.
(2) 2 × 6 Ω SE configuration.
(3) 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
Fig 20. Efficiency as a function of output power per channel, SE configuration
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
27 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
001aai859
140
Po
(W)
120
(1)
100
(2)
80
(3)
60
(4)
40
20
0
12.5
17.5
22.5
27.5
32.5
VP (V)
Infinite heat sink used.
fi = 1 kHz, fosc = 350 kHz.
(1) THD + N = 10 %, 4 Ω.
(2) THD + N = 0.5 %, 4 Ω; THD + N = 10 %, 6 Ω.
(3) THD + N = 10 %, 8 Ω; THD + N = 0.5 %, 6 Ω
(4) THD + N = 0.5 %, 8 Ω.
Fig 21. Output power as a function of supply voltage, SE configuration
001aai860
300
Po
(W)
(1)
200
(2)
(3)
100
0
12.5
(4)
17.5
22.5
27.5
32.5
VP (V)
Infinite heat sink used.
fi = 1 kHz, fosc = 350 kHz.
(1) THD + N = 10 %, 8 Ω.
(2) THD + N = 0.5 %, 8 Ω.
(3) THD + N = 10 %, 16 Ω.
(4) THD + N = 0.5 %, 16 Ω.
Fig 22. Output power as a function of supply voltage, BTL configuration
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
28 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
010aaa540
40
(1)
Gv(cl)
(dB)
(2)
(3)
30
(4)
20
10
102
10
103
104
105
fi (Hz)
VP = ±30 V, fosc = 350 kHz, Vi = 100 mV, Ci = 330 pF, LLC = 15 µH, CLC = 680 nF.
(1) 1 × 8 Ω BTL configuration.
(2) 2 × 4 Ω SE configuration.
(3) 2 × 6 Ω SE configuration.
(4) 2 × 8 Ω SE configuration.
Fig 23. Closed-loop voltage gain as a function of frequency
001aai710
−20
SVRR
(dB)
−40
−60
(1)
−80
(2)
−100
−120
(3)
−140
10
102
103
104
105
fripple (Hz)
Ripple on VDD, short on input pins.
VP = ±30 V, RL = 4 Ω, Vripple = 2 V (p-p).
(1) Mute mode.
(2) Operating mode.
(3) Standby mode.
Fig 24. SVRR as a function of ripple frequency, ripple on VDD
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
29 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
001aai711
−20
SVRR
(dB)
−40
−60
−80
(2)
(1)
−100
−120
(3)
−140
102
10
103
104
106
fripple (Hz)
Ripple on VSS, short on input pins.
VP = ±30 V, RL = 4 Ω, Vripple = 2 V (p-p).
(1) Mute mode.
(2) Operating mode.
(3) Standby mode.
Fig 25. SVRR as a function of ripple frequency, ripple on VSS
001aai712
10
Vo
(V)
1
10−1
10−2
10−3
10−4
(1)
(2)
10−5
10−6
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
VMODE (V)
VP = ±30 V, fosc = 350 kHz; Vi = 100 mV
(1) Mode voltage down.
(2) Mode voltage up.
Fig 26. Output voltage as a function of mode voltage
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
30 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
010aaa541
−50
αmute
(dB)
−60
−70
(1)
−80
(2)
(3)
−90
10
102
103
104
105
fi (Hz)
VP = ±30 V, fosc = 325 kHz, Vi = 2 V (RMS).
(1) 8 Ω.
(2) 6 Ω.
(3) 4 Ω.
Fig 27. Mute attenuation as a function of frequency
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
31 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
14. Package outline
DBS23P: plastic DIL-bent-SIL power package; 23 leads (straight lead length 3.2 mm)
SOT411-1
non-concave
Dh
x
D
Eh
view B: mounting base side
A2
d
A5
A4
β
E2
B
j
E
E1
L2
L3
L1
L
1
e1
Z
e
0
5
v M
e2
m
w M
bp
c
Q
23
10 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT A 2
mm
A4
A5
bp
c
D (1)
d
D h E (1)
e
e1
e2
12.2
4.6 1.15 1.65 0.75 0.55 30.4 28.0
12
2.54 1.27 5.08
11.8
4.3 0.85 1.35 0.60 0.35 29.9 27.5
Eh
E1
E2
j
L
6 10.15 6.2 1.85 3.6
9.85 5.8 1.65 2.8
L1
L2
L3
m
Q
v
w
x
β
Z (1)
14 10.7 2.4
1.43
2.1
4.3
0.6 0.25 0.03 45°
13 9.9 1.6
0.78
1.8
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
98-02-20
02-04-24
SOT411-1
Fig 28. Package outline SOT411-1 (DBS23P)
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
32 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
HSOP24: plastic, heatsink small outline package; 24 leads; low stand-off height
SOT566-3
E
D
A
x
X
c
E2
y
HE
v M A
D1
D2
12
1
pin 1 index
Q
A
A2
E1
(A3)
A4
θ
Lp
detail X
24
13
Z
w M
bp
e
0
5
10 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
mm
A
A2
max.
3.5
3.5
3.2
A3
0.35
A4(1)
D1
D2
E(2)
E1
E2
e
HE
Lp
Q
+0.08 0.53 0.32 16.0 13.0
−0.04 0.40 0.23 15.8 12.6
1.1
0.9
11.1
10.9
6.2
5.8
2.9
2.5
1
14.5
13.9
1.1
0.8
1.7
1.5
bp
c
D(2)
v
w
x
y
0.25 0.25 0.03 0.07
Z
θ
2.7
2.2
8°
0°
Notes
1. Limits per individual lead.
2. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
03-02-18
03-07-23
SOT566-3
Fig 29. Package outline SOT566-3 (HSOP24)
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
33 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
15. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
15.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
15.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
15.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
34 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
15.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 30) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 12 and 13
Table 12.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
≥ 350
< 2.5
235
220
≥ 2.5
220
220
Table 13.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 30.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
35 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
temperature
maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 30. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
16. Soldering of through-hole mount packages
16.1 Introduction to soldering through-hole mount packages
This text gives a very brief insight into wave, dip and manual soldering.
Wave soldering is the preferred method for mounting of through-hole mount IC packages
on a printed-circuit board.
16.2 Soldering by dipping or by solder wave
Driven by legislation and environmental forces the worldwide use of lead-free solder
pastes is increasing. Typical dwell time of the leads in the wave ranges from
3 seconds to 4 seconds at 250 °C or 265 °C, depending on solder material applied, SnPb
or Pb-free respectively.
The total contact time of successive solder waves must not exceed 5 seconds.
The device may be mounted up to the seating plane, but the temperature of the plastic
body must not exceed the specified maximum storage temperature (Tstg(max)). If the
printed-circuit board has been pre-heated, forced cooling may be necessary immediately
after soldering to keep the temperature within the permissible limit.
16.3 Manual soldering
Apply the soldering iron (24 V or less) to the lead(s) of the package, either below the
seating plane or not more than 2 mm above it. If the temperature of the soldering iron bit is
less than 300 °C it may remain in contact for up to 10 seconds. If the bit temperature is
between 300 °C and 400 °C, contact may be up to 5 seconds.
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
36 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
16.4 Package related soldering information
Table 14.
Suitability of through-hole mount IC packages for dipping and wave soldering
Package
Soldering method
Dipping
Wave
CPGA, HCPGA
-
suitable
DBS, DIP, HDIP, RDBS, SDIP, SIL
suitable
suitable[1]
PMFP[2]
-
not suitable
[1]
For SDIP packages, the longitudinal axis must be parallel to the transport direction of the printed-circuit
board.
[2]
For PMFP packages hot bar soldering or manual soldering is suitable.
17. Revision history
Table 15.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
TDA8920C_2
20090611
Product data sheet
Modifications
TDA8920C_1
•
•
•
•
Supersedes
TDA8920C_1
Parameter values revised throughout.
Revised Figure 4 and Figure 10.
Graphs updated (Figure 11 to Figure 27)
Some minor additions/corrections to text
20080929
Preliminary data sheet
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
Change notice
-
-
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
37 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
18. Legal information
18.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
18.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
18.3 Disclaimers
General — Information in this document is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any representations or
warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of such
information and shall have no liability for the consequences of use of such
information.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in medical, military, aircraft,
space or life support equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or applications and
therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) may cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and operation of
the device at these or any other conditions above those given in the
Characteristics sections of this document is not implied. Exposure to limiting
values for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Terms and conditions of sale — NXP Semiconductors products are sold
subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial sale, as published
at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, including those pertaining to warranty,
intellectual property rights infringement and limitation of liability, unless
explicitly otherwise agreed to in writing by NXP Semiconductors. In case of
any inconsistency or conflict between information in this document and such
terms and conditions, the latter will prevail.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted
or construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the
grant, conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents
or other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Quick reference data — The Quick reference data is an extract of the
product data given in the Limiting values and Characteristics sections of this
document, and as such is not complete, exhaustive or legally binding.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from national authorities.
18.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
19. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
TDA8920C_2
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 11 June 2009
38 of 39
TDA8920C
NXP Semiconductors
2 × 110 W class-D power amplifier
20. Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7.1
7.2
8
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.3.1
8.3.1.1
8.3.1.2
8.3.2
8.3.3
8.3.4
8.4
9
10
11
12
12.1
12.2
12.3
13
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.3.1
13.3.2
13.4
13.5
13.6
13.7
13.8
14
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
16
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Quick reference data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pulse-width modulation frequency . . . . . . . . . . 8
Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Thermal protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Thermal FoldBack (TFB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
OverTemperature Protection (OTP) . . . . . . . . . 9
OverCurrent Protection (OCP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Window Protection (WP). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Supply voltage protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Differential audio inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Thermal characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Static characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Switching characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Stereo SE configuration characteristics . . . . . 15
Mono BTL application characteristics . . . . . . . 16
Application information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Mono BTL application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Pin MODE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Estimating the output power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Single-Ended (SE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Bridge-Tied Load (BTL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
External clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Heatsink requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Pumping effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Application schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Curves measured in reference design . . . . . . 23
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Introduction to soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Wave and reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Soldering of through-hole mount packages . 36
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
17
18
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
19
20
Introduction to soldering through-hole mount
packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soldering by dipping or by solder wave . . . . .
Manual soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package related soldering information . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
36
36
37
37
38
38
38
38
38
38
39
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2009.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: salesaddress[email protected]
Date of release: 11 June 2009
Document identifier: TDA8920C_2