Data Sheet

TFA9815
Stereo full-bridge audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
Preliminary data sheet
1. General description
The TFA9815 is a 2-channel power comparator for high-efficiency class D audio amplifier
systems. It contains two full-bridge Bridge-Tied Load (BTL) power stages, drive logic,
protection control logic and full differential input comparators. By using this power
comparator a compact closed-loop self-oscillating digital audio amplifier system or
open-loop system can be built. The continuous output power is 2 ×17 W in a full-bridge
BTL application. The TFA9815 does not require a heat sink and operates using an
asymmetrical supply voltage.
2. Features
n
n
n
n
n
n
Stereo full-bridge audio amplifier for class D applications
No external heat sink required
Operating voltage range: asymmetrical from 8 V to 20 V
Thermally protected
Zero dead-time switching
Current-limiting (no audible interruptions)
3. Applications
n
n
n
n
n
n
Self-oscillating or open-loop class D audio amplifier applications
Flat-panel television sets
Flat-panel monitors
Multimedia systems
Wireless speakers
High-end CRT television sets
4. Quick reference data
Table 1.
Quick reference data
VP = 12 V; fosc = 550 kHz; Tamb = 25 °C; typical application diagram Figure 12, unless otherwise
specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VP
supply voltage
single, asymmetrical
supply (VDD - VSS)
8
12
20
V
IP
supply current
Sleep mode
-
110
200
µA
General
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
Table 1.
Quick reference data …continued
VP = 12 V; fosc = 550 kHz; Tamb = 25 °C; typical application diagram Figure 12, unless otherwise
specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Iq(tot)
total quiescent
current
Operating mode; no
load; no snubbers; no
filter connected
-
40
50
mA
ηpo
output power
efficiency
output power;
2 × 10 W into 8 Ω
89
91
-
%
Po(RMS)
RMS output
power
VP = 15 V; RL = 8 Ω;
THD = 10 %
15
16
-
W
VP = 12 V; RL = 8 Ω;
THD = 10 %
9
10
-
W
VP = 12 V; RL = 6 Ω;
THD = 10 %
12
13
-
W
VP = 12 V; RL = 4 Ω;
THD = 10 %
17
18
-
W
5. Ordering information
Table 2.
Ordering information
Type number
TFA9815T
Package
Name
Description
Version
SO32
plastic small outline package; 32 leads; body width 7.5 mm
SOT287-1
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
2 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
6. Block diagram
TFA9815
27
BOOT1P
25
VDDP1
DRIVER
HIGH
26 OUT1P
CONTROL
LOGIC
VDDA1 4
DRIVER
LOW
30 VSSP1
IN1P 2
COMPARATOR 1
IN1N 3
STAB1
VSSA1 5
29 BOOT1N
VDDP1
DRIVER
HIGH
DIAG 10
PROTECTION
OVP
UVP
OCP
OTP
ODP
WP
28 OUT1N
CONTROL
LOGIC
DRIVER
LOW
VSSP1
31 STAB1
CDELAY 8
SO/OL 6
22 BOOT2P
TEST 11
MANAGER
24 VDDP2
ENABLE 7
STAB1
DRIVER
HIGH
REFERENCE
STAB2
23 OUT2P
CONTROL
LOGIC
DRIVER
LOW
VDDA2 13
19 VSSP2
IN2P 15
IN2N 14
STAB2
COMPARATOR 2
20 BOOT2N
VDDP2
VSSA2 12
DRIVER
HIGH
21 OUT2N
CONTROL
LOGIC
DRIVER
LOW
VSSP2
18
STAB2
HEATSPREADER
1
16
17
32
VSSD(HW)
Fig 1.
9
n.c.
010aaa211
TFA9815 block diagram
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
3 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
7. Pinning information
7.1 Pinning
VSSD(HW)
1
IN1P
2
32 VSSD(HW)
31 STAB1
IN1N
3
VDDA1
4
30 VSSP1
29 BOOT1N
VSSA1
5
28 OUT1N
SO/OL
6
27 BOOT1P
ENABLE
7
26 OUT1P
CDELAY
8
NC
9
TFA9815
SO32
25 VDDP1
24 VDDP2
DIAG 10
23 OUT2P
TEST 11
22 BOOT2P
VSSA2 12
21 OUT2N
VDDA2 13
20 BOOT2N
IN2N 14
19 VSSP2
18 STAB2
IN2P 15
17 VSSD(HW)
VSSD(HW) 16
010aaa212
Fig 2.
Pin configuration
The SO32 package has four corner leads. These leads (1, 16, 17 and 32) are internally
connected to the die pad and must be connected to VSSA. Together with the applied
copper area on the PCB these leads determine the ambient temperature, which affects
the thermal resistance of the junction.
7.2 Pin description
Table 3.
Pin description
Symbol
Pin
Description
VSSD(HW)
1
negative digital supply voltage and handle-wafer connection
IN1P
2
positive input comparator channel 1
IN1N
3
negative input comparator channel 1
VDDA1
4
positive analog supply voltage channel 1
VSSA1
5
negative analog supply voltage channel 1
SO/OL
6
self-oscillating / open-loop configuration enable
ENABLE
7
enable input to switch between Sleep and Operating mode
CDELAY
8
switch on/off timing control
n.c.
9
not connected
DIAG
10
diagnostic output; open-drain
TEST
11
test signal input; for testing purposes only
VSSA2
12
negative analog supply voltage channel 2
VDDA2
13
positive analog supply voltage channel 2
IN2N
14
negative input comparator channel 2
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
4 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
Table 3.
Pin description …continued
Symbol
Pin
Description
IN2P
15
positive input comparator channel 2
VSSD(HW)
16
negative digital supply voltage and handle-wafer connection
VSSD(HW)
17
negative digital supply voltage and handle-wafer connection
STAB2
18
decoupling of internal 11 V regulator for channel 2 drivers
VSSP2
19
negative power supply voltage channel 2
BOOT2N
20
bootstrap high-side driver negative output channel 2
OUT2N
21
negative output channel 2
BOOT2P
22
bootstrap high-side driver positive output channel 2
OUT2P
23
positive output channel 2
VDDP2
24
positive power supply voltage channel 2
VDDP1
25
positive power supply voltage channel 1
OUT1P
26
positive output channel 1
BOOT1P
27
bootstrap high-side driver positive output channel 1
OUT1N
28
negative output channel 1
BOOT1N
29
bootstrap high-side driver negative output channel 1
VSSP1
30
negative power supply voltage channel 1
STAB1
31
decoupling of internal 11 V regulator for channel 1 drivers
VSSD(HW)
32
negative digital supply voltage and handle-wafer connection
8. Functional description
8.1 General
The TFA9815 is a dual-switching power comparator. It is the main building block for a
stereo high-efficiency Class D audio power amplifier system. It contains two full-bridge
BTL power stages, drive logic, protection control logic and full differential input
comparators and references (see Figure 1). By using this power comparator a compact
closed-loop self-oscillating digital amplifier system or open-loop system can be built. A
second-order low-pass filter converts the PWM output signal into an analog audio signal
across the speaker.
8.2 Interfacing
The pins ENABLE and SO/OL control the Operating mode of the TFA9815. Both the
ENABLE and the SO/OL pins are referenced to VSSD(HW).
When the SO/OL pin is connected to VSSD(HW) the TFA9815 is in self-oscillating
configuration: when the SO/OL pin is floating the TFA9815 is in open-loop configuration.
Under this latter condition the open-pin voltage is typically 4 V applied internally. The
TEST pin needs to be connected to ground in both situations.
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
5 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
Table 4.
SO/OL connections
Interfacing
SO/OL connected to:
Configuration
VSSD(HW)
Self-oscillating
Open
Open-loop
The device has two modes: Sleep and Operating.
In Sleep mode the TFA9815 is not biased and has a very low supply current. Sleep mode
can also be used to quickly mute the device.
When the TFA9815 is set into Operating mode the device is started via the start-up
sequence, which provides a pop-free start-up behavior. After start-up the STABn
reference voltages are present and the outputs start switching.
Table 5.
Start-up
Interfacing
ENABLE (V)
Mode
ENABLE < 0.8 V
Sleep mode
ENABLE > 3 V
Operating mode
8.3 Input comparators
The input stages have a differential input and are optimized for low noise and offset. This
results in maximum flexibility in the application.
Operating in self-oscillating configuration the inputs (IN1P, IN1N, IN2P, IN2N) of the
comparators are internally set to a voltage level of VP, but only during the start-up
sequence. In Operating mode the inputs are high-ohmic.
Operating in open-loop configuration, no internal voltages are applied to the inputs. The
input pins (IN1P, IN1N, IN2P, IN2N) are pulled down to VSSA1 and VSSA2 level by internal
resistors.
8.4 Diagnostic
The DIAG output is an open-drain output. The maximum current is 2 mA. When one of the
protections is activated the DIAG output is set LOW. The DIAG output refers to VSSD.
Protection
Active
t
DIAG
High
Amplifier
restart
LOW
t
5 µs
Fig 3.
Timing diagram
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
010aaa377
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
6 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
8.5 Protections
The TFA9815 has the following protections:
•
•
•
•
•
•
OverTemperature Protection (OTP)
OverCurrent Protection (OCP)
OverVoltage Protection (OVP)
UnderVoltage Protection (UVP)
OverDissipation Protection (ODP)
Window Protection (WP)
When either the OTP or the OCP are activated the output power stage is switched off and
all the outputs (OUT1N, OUT1P, OUT2N and OUT2P) become floating. The power stage
will switch back on after 5 µs or as soon as the fault condition is removed.
When any other protection is activated (OVP, UVP, ODP, or WP) all the outputs become
floating and the device shuts down. The TFA9815 will resume operating after the fault
condition has been removed, going through the restart sequence shown in Figure 3.
Restarting will typically take 500 ms, depending on the power-supply voltage level.
• Overtemperature protection
If the junction temperature (Tj) exceeds a threshold level of about 150 °C the outputs
become floating. The device will start switching again after 5 ms and when the
temperature is below 150 °C. This thermal limitation is without audible interruptions.
• Overcurrent protection
If the output current exceeds the maximum output-current threshold level the outputs
become floating. The device will start switching again after 5 µs. This current limitation
is without audible interruptions.
• Overvoltage protection
If the supply voltage applied to the TFA9815 exceeds the maximum supply-voltage
threshold level the device shuts down. The device will resume operating when the
supply is within the operating range, going through the restart sequence.
• Undervoltage protection
If the supply voltage applied to the TFA9815 falls below the minimum supply-voltage
threshold level the device shuts down. The device will resume operating when the
supply is within the operating range, going through the restart sequence.
• Overdissipation protection
If the junction temperature (Tj) exceeds 135 °C an internal OverTemperature Warning
(OTW) signal is generated. If the overcurrent protection is generated while the OTW is
active the device will shut down and resume operating automatically, going through
the restart sequence.
• Window protection
During start-up, if one of the outputs is shorted to VSS or VDD the device will interrupt
the start-up sequence and wait until the short is removed. This is an effective
measure to protect the device against shorts between the outputs (before the filter)
and the ground or supply lines. The WP protects the device against errors made
during board assembly.
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
7 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
Table 6.
Overview protections
Protections
Symbol
Condition
Diag.
Outputs
Recovering
OTP
Tj > 150 °C
LOW
Floating
Automatic, after 5 µs and Tj < 150 °C
OCP
IO > IORM
LOW
Floating
Automatic, after 5 µs
OVP
VP > 20 V
LOW
Floating
Switch-off to restart when VP < 20 V
UVP
VP < 8 V
LOW
Floating
Switch-off to restart when VP > 8 V
ODP
Tj > 135 °C and IO > IORM
LOW
Floating
WP
OUTX > VDDA − 1 V or OUTX < VSSA + 1 V
LOW
Switch-off to restart
Start-up after removing fault condition
8.6 Timing diagram
VP
ENABLE
STAB1
CDELAY
V IN x
FLOATING
FLOATING
PWM
PWM
AUDIO
AUDIO
OUT x
AUDIO
DIAG
SLEEP
START-UP
OPERATING
FAULT
RESTART
OPERATING
SHUT-DOWN
SLEEP
010aaa378
Fig 4.
Start-up sequence
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
8 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
9. Internal circuitry
Table 7.
Internal circuitry
Pin
Symbol
1
VSSD(HW)
16
VSSD(HW)
17
VSSD(HW)
32
VSSD(HW)
Equivalent circuit
1,16, 17, 32
VDDA
22 V
VSSA
010aaa384
2
IN1P
3
IN1N
14
IN2N
15
IN2P
VDDA1, VDDA2
2, 14
5.5 V
135 kΩ
hvp
VSSA
5.5 V
135 kΩ
3, 15
VSSA1, VSSA2
010aaa385
4
VDDA1
5
VSSA1
12
VSSA2
13
VDDA2
4, 12
22 V
5, 13
010aaa386
6
SO/OL
VDDA1
VDDA1
50 µA
110 kΩ
6
VSSA1
VSSA
010aaa381
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
9 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
Table 7.
Internal circuitry …continued
Pin
Symbol
7
ENABLE
Equivalent circuit
VDDA1
3 kΩ
7
250 nA
VSSA
010aaa387
8
CDELAY
VDDA1
2.8 µA
8
200 nA
2.8 kΩ
DISCHARGE
VSSA1
010aaa379
10
DIAG
VDDA1
10
VSSA1
VSSD
010aaa030
11
TEST
VDDA1
11
13 kΩ
9V
VSSA1
010aaa031
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
10 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
Table 7.
Internal circuitry …continued
Pin
Symbol
18
STAB2
31
STAB1
Equivalent circuit
VDDA1, VDDA2
50 mA
18, 31
12 V
VSSD
010aaa445
19
VSSP2
24
VDDP2
25
VDDP1
30
VSSP1
24, 25
23.5 V
19, 30
010aaa446
20
BOOT2N
29
BOOT1N
20, 29
12 V
OUT2N, OUT1N
010aaa447
21
OUT2N
23
OUT2P
26
OUT1P
28
OUT1N
VDDP1, VDDP2
21, 23, 26, 28
VSSP1, VSSP2
010aaa380
22
BOOT2P
27
BOOT1P
22, 27
12 V
OUT2P
010aaa448
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
11 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
10. Limiting values
Table 8.
Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
VP
supply voltage
Asymmetrical
−0.3
+23.1
V
IORM
repetitive peak output
current
-
3
-
A
Tj
junction temperature
-
-
180
°C
Tstg
storage temperature
-
−55
+150
°C
Tamb
ambient temperature
-
−40
+85
°C
Pmax
maximum power
dissipation
-
-
5
W
Vx
voltage on pin x
DIAG
VSS − 0.3 12
V
IN1P - IN1N
−6
+6
V
IN2P - IN2N
−6
+6
V
VSS − 0.3 VDD + 0.3 V
all other pins
Vesd
electrostatic discharge
voltage
HBM
[1]
−2000
+2000
V
MM
[2]
−200
+200
V
[1]
Human-body model (HBM): RS = 1500 Ω; C = 100 pF; for pins 2, 3, 14, and 15: Vesd = ±1500 V.
[2]
Machine model (MM): RS = 0 Ω; C = 200 pF; L = 0.75 µH.
11. Thermal characteristics
Table 9.
Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Rth(j-a)
thermal resistance from junction
to ambient
JEDEC test board
[1]
-
39
42
K/W
Two-layer application
board
[2]
-
42
-
K/W
-
-
30
K/W
-
-
8
K/W
Ψj-lead
thermal characterization
parameter from junction to lead
-
Ψj-top
thermal characterization
parameter from junction to top of
package
-
[3]
[1]
Measured in a JEDEC high K-factor test board (standard EIA/JESD 51-7) in free air with natural convection.
[2]
Two-layer application board (70 mm x 57 mm), 35 µm copper, FR4 base material in free air with natural convection.
[3]
Strongly depends on where the measurement is taken on the package.
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
12 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
12. Characteristics
12.1 Static characteristics
Table 10. Characteristics
VP= 12 V;Tamb = 25 ˚C; fosc = 550 kHz; typical application diagram Figure 12, unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Supply voltage
VP
supply voltage
single asymmetrical supply
(VDD − VSS)
8
12
20
V
IP
supply current
Sleep mode
-
110
200
µA
Iq(tot)
total quiescent current
Operating mode; no load, no
snubbers and no filter connected
-
40
50
mA
Tj = 25 °C
-
150
220
mΩ
Series resistance output power switches
RDSon
drain-source on-state resistance
Enable input: pin
ENABLE[1]
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
Sleep mode
-
-
0.8
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
Operating mode
3
-
VP
V
II
input current
VI = 5 V
-
1
20
µA
SO/OL input: pin
SO/OL[1]
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
self-oscillating configuration
0
-
0.4
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
open-loop configuration
3
4
5
V
10.2
11
11.7
V
Stabilizer output pins STAB1 and STAB2
VO
output voltage
Operating mode
[1]
Comparator full-differential input stage
Voffset(i)(eq)
equivalent input offset voltage
-
-
-
1
mV
Vn(i)(eq)
equivalent input noise voltage
20 Hz < f < 20 kHz
-
-
15
µV
Vi(cm)
common-mode input voltage
-
VSSA + 3 -
VDDA V
−1
IIB
input bias current
-
-
-
1
µA
-
150
-
180
°C
level internal fixed
20.1
21.5
23
V
level internal fixed
7
7.5
7.9
V
3
3.5
-
A
Overtemperature protection
Tact(th_prot)
thermal protection activation
temperature
Overvoltage protection
Vth(ovp)
overvoltage protection threshold
voltage
Undervoltage protection
VP(uvp)
undervoltage protection supply
voltage
Overcurrent protection
IO(ocp)
overcurrent protection output
current
-
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
[2]
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
13 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
Table 10. Characteristics …continued
VP= 12 V;Tamb = 25 ˚C; fosc = 550 kHz; typical application diagram Figure 12, unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
HIGH-level
-
VDDA − 1
-
V
LOW-level
-
VSSA + 1
-
V
Window Protection (WP)
output voltage
VO
[1]
Measured with respect to VSSD.
[2]
Current limiting concept: in overcurrent condition no interruption of the audio signal in case of impedance drop.
12.2 Dynamic characteristics
Table 11. Switching characteristics
VP= 12 V;Tamb = 25 ˚C; fosc = 550 kHz unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Timing PWM output: pins OUT1 and OUT2
tr
rise time
IO = 0 A
-
10
-
ns
tf
fall time
IO = 0 A
-
10
-
ns
tw(min)
minimum pulse width
IO = 0 A
-
60
-
ns
12.3 AC characteristics measured in typical application
Table 12.
AC characteristics measured in typical application
Symbol Parameter
Po(RMS)
RMS output power
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VP = 15 V; RL = 8 Ω; THD = 10 %
15
16
-
W
VP = 12 V; RL = 8 Ω; THD = 10 %
9
10
-
W
VP = 12 V; RL = 6 Ω; THD = 10 %
12
13
-
W
17
18
-
W
-
0.05
0.1
%
VP = 12 V; RL = 4 Ω; THD = 10 %
[1]
THD+N
total harmonic
distortion-plus-noise
Po = 1 W; fi = 1 kHz
ηpo
output power efficiency
Po = 2 × 10 W at 8 Ω
89
91
-
%
Po = 2 × 18 W at 4 Ω
88
90
-
%
Gv(cl)
closed-loop voltage gain
Vi = 100 mV (RMS); fi = 1 kHz
18.6
19.3
21
dB
Vn(o)
output noise voltage
inputs shorted; AES17 brick-wall
-
150
-
µV
S/N
signal-to-noise ratio
Vo = 10 V (RMS); Gv(cl) = 20 dB
94
96
-
dB
34
45
-
dB
55
70
-
dB
SVRR
supply voltage ripple rejection
Operating mode; fi = 1 kHz
αcs
channel separation
Po = 1 W; fi = 1 kHz
[2]
[1]
THD+N is measured in a bandwidth of 20 Hz to 20 kHz, AES17, brick-wall.
[2]
Minimum value determined by R5, R10, R17, R22 equalling +1 % and R7, R14, R18, R20 equalling −1 %.
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
14 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
13. Application information
13.1 Output power estimation
For BTL configuration the output power can be estimated using Equation 1:
P o 1%
2
RL
------------------------------------------------------ × V P
R L + 2 × ( R DSon + R S )
= --------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 × RL
(1)
Where,
•
•
•
•
VP = supply voltage [V]
RL = load impedance [Ω]
RDSon = on resistance power switch [Ω]
RS = series resistance output inductor [Ω]
The output power at 10% THD can be estimated by using Equation 2
(2)
Po 10% = 1.25 × P o 0.5%
Figure 5 and Figure 6 below show the estimated output power at THD = 0.5 % and
THD = 10 % as a function of the BLT supply voltage for different load impedances.
010aaa449
40
Po
(W)
30
2
20
3
1
10
0
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
VP (V)
THD+N = 0.5 %
f = 1 kHz
(1) 4 Ω
(2) 6 Ω
(3) 8 Ω
Fig 5.
BTL output power as function of supply voltage: THD = 1 %
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
15 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
010aaa450
40
Po
(W)
30
20
1
10
2
3
0
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
VP (V)
THD+N = 10 %
f = 1 kHz
(1) RL = 4 Ω
(2) RL = 6 Ω
(3) RL = 8 Ω
Fig 6.
BTL output power as function of supply voltage: THD = 10 %
13.2 Output current limiting
The maximum peak output current is limited by the level of the overcurrent protection
threshold. During normal operation the output current should not exceed this threshold
level of 3 A otherwise the OCP will be triggered and the device will stop switching for 5 µs.
The peak output current in BTL can be estimated using the following equation:
VP
I O max ≤ ------------------------------------------------------ ≤ 3 A
R L + 2 × ( R DSon + R S )
Where:
•
•
•
•
VP = supply voltage [V]
RL = load impedance [Ω]
RDSon = on resistance power switch [Ω]
RS = series resistance output inductor [Ω]
13.3 Speaker configuration and impedance
For a flat-frequency response (second-order Butterworth filter) it is necessary to change
the low-pass filter components LLC and CLC according to the speaker configuration and
impedance. Table 13 shows the practical required values:
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
16 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
Table 13.
Filter component values
Configuration
Impedance (Ω)
LLC (µH)
CLC (nF)
BTL
4
10
1500
6
15
1000
8
22
680
13.4 Differential input
For a high common-mode rejection ratio and a maximum of flexibility in the application,
the audio inputs of the application are fully differential.
The input configuration for a differential-input application is illustrated in Figure 7.
OUT1P
+
AUDIO
DSP
−
IN1
+
VSS −
OUT1N
010aaa382
Fig 7.
Input configuration for a differential input
13.5 Single-ended input
When using an audio source with a single-ended ‘out’, it is important to connect the IN1N
from the application board to the VSS of the audio source (e.g. Audio Digital Signal
Processing (Audio DSP)).
The input configuration for a single-ended ‘in’ application is illustrated in Figure 8.
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
17 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
OUT1P
+
IN1P
AUDIO
DSP
IN1N
−
VSS
OUT1N
010aaa383
Fig 8.
Input configuration for a single-ended input
13.6 Curves measured in a typical application
010aaa451
26
Gv
(dB)
22
18
14
10
10
102
103
104
105
fi (Hz)
VP = 12 V; RL = 4 Ω; VI = 300 mV (RMS)
Fig 9.
Gain as a function of frequency
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
18 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
010aaa452
102
THD+N
(%)
10
1
1
10−1
2
10−2
10−3
102
10
103
104
105
fi (Hz)
VP = 12 V; RL = 4 Ω
(1) Po = 1 W
(2) Po = 10 W
Fig 10. Total harmonic distortion + noise as a function of frequency
010aaa453
102
THD+N
(%)
10
1
1
2
10−1
10−2
10−3
10−2
3
10−1
1
102
10
Po (W)
VP = 12 V; RL = 4 Ω; f = 1 kHz
(1) 6 kHz
(2) 1 kHz
(3) 100 Hz
Fig 11. Total harmonic distortion as a function of output power
13.7 Typical application diagram TFA9815
A typical application diagram with the TFA9815 supplied from an asymmetrical supply is
shown in Figure 12.
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
19 of 26
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12 V
12 V
C32
220 µF
12 V
L1
BEAD
R3
10 Ω
C33
100 nF
C3
100 nF
1
2 IN1
ENABLE
C4
100 nF
GND
VDDA1
R5
100 kΩ
4
R7
R6
10 kΩ
10 kΩ
R31 IN1P
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
R10 GND
C10
220 pF
10 kΩ
R11
9
25
2
GND
VDDP2
24
26
27
R32 IN1N
3
29
R35
200 kΩ
28
CDELAY
SO/OL
31
GND
1
R18
10
VDDA2
11
R33 IN2P
R19
10 kΩ
C21
220 pF
J5
R22 GND
C24
220 pF
R23
GND
C13 GND
680 nF
1
OUT1
L4
22 µH
STAB1
C16
1µF
Snubber network
(Optional)
GND
STAB2
OUT2+
23
22
15
GND
L5
22 µH
OUT2P
C19
220 nF
BOOT2P
2
J6
R29
10 Ω
C29
470 pF
R30
10 Ω
C30
470 pF
C20
680 nF
10 kΩ
20
C22
68 pF
BOOT2N
C25
220 nF
R34 IN2N
21
OUT2N
GND
OUT2+
Fig 12. Typical application diagram TFA9815
5
12
1
16
17
32
30 19
C23 GND
680 nF
1
10 kΩ
R26
100 kΩ
GND
OUT2−
L6
22 µH
OUT2
R100
22 Ω
VSSA1 VSSA2 VSSD VSSD VSSD VSSDVSSP1 VSSP2
GND
010aaa454
TFA9815
20 of 26
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
J7
C28
470 pF
C17
1µF
14
10 kΩ
10 kΩ
R28
10 Ω
C12
680 nF
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
C26
1 µF
DIAG
R17
100 kΩ
10 kΩ
2 IN2
18
7
ENABLE
C27
470 pF
OUT1N
6
TFA9815
OUT2−
R27
10 Ω
OUT1−
8
2
J3
BOOT1N
C14
220 nF
OUT1+
C18
1 µF
C9
220 nF
BOOT1P
10 kΩ
C15
4.7 µF
L3
22 µH
OUT1+
OUT1P
STAB1
R14
100 kΩ
GND
13
GND
n.c VDDP1
C11
47 pF
10 kΩ
J4
VDDA2
C5
100 nF
10 kΩ
C8
220 pF
J2
C7
1 µF
SW1
C31
100 nF
GND
OUT1−
C6
1 µF
L2
BEAD
C2
220 µF
C1
220 µF
2
GND
NXP Semiconductors
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
1
VP J1
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
13.8 Typical application: bill of materials
Table 14.
Typical application: bill of materials
Item
Quantity Reference
Part
Footprint
1
2
C1, C2.
220 mF/35 V
CE09-02R
2
5
C3, C4, C5, C31,
C33.
100 nF/50 V
SMD 0805 X7R
3
2
C16, C17.
1 mF/50 V
SMD 1206 X7R
4
4
C6, C7, C18, C26
1 mF/25 V
MKT
5
4
C8, C10, C21, C24.
220 pF/25 V
SMD 0402 NP0
6
4
C9, C14, C19, C25.
220 nF/25 V
SMD 0805 X7R
7
1
C11
47 pF/25 V
SMD 0402 NP0
8
4
C12, C13, C20,
C23.
680 nF/25 V
MKT
9
1
C22.
68 pF/25 V
SMD 0402 NP0
10
3
J1, J3, J6.
CON2
2 pins terminal
11
2
J2, J5.
CINCH
CINCH
12
2
J4, J7
Jumper
Closed on demo board only
13
2
L1, L2
BEAD
SMD 1206 Würth Elektronik DC < 0.5 Ω
10 MHz > 80 Ω
14
1
R35
200 kΩ /
0.1 W / 5 %
SMD 0603
15
1
C15
4.7 µF / 16 V
16
4
L3, L4, L5, L6.
22 µH
8RDY TOKO A7040HN-220M,
11RHBP TOKO A7503CY-220M or
Sagami 7311NA-220M
17
5
R3
10 / 0.25 W /
5%
SMD 1206
18
4
R5, R14, R17, R26.
100 kΩ /
0.1 W / 1 %
for 20 dB
SMD 0603
200 k /
0.1 W / 1 %
for 26 dB
19
12
R6, R7, R10, R11,
R18, R19, R22,
R23, R31, R32,
R33, R34.
10 kΩ
/ 0.1 W / 1 %
SMD 0603
20
1
R100
22 Ω / 5 % /
0.1 W
SMD 0603
21
1
SW1
SC 1X1
Secme 090320901
22
1
U1
TFA9815T
SOT287-1 (SO32) NXP Semiconductors
Remark: The power supply requires at least a 1000 µF capacitor.
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
21 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
Table 15.
Snubber network: bill of materials
Item
Quantity Reference
Part
1
4
C27, C28, C29, C30 470 pF, 25 V
SMD 0805 X7R
2
4
R27, R28, R29, R30 10 / 0.25 W /
5%
SMD 1206
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
Footprint
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
22 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
14. Package outline
SO32: plastic small outline package; 32 leads; body width 7.5 mm
SOT287-1
D
E
A
X
c
y
HE
v M A
Z
17
32
Q
A2
A
(A 3)
A1
pin 1 index
θ
Lp
L
16
1
0
detail X
w M
bp
e
5
10 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (inch dimensions are derived from the original mm dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (1)
e
HE
L
Lp
Q
v
w
y
Z (1)
mm
2.65
0.3
0.1
2.45
2.25
0.25
0.49
0.36
0.27
0.18
20.7
20.3
7.6
7.4
1.27
10.65
10.00
1.4
1.1
0.4
1.2
1.0
0.25
0.25
0.1
0.95
0.55
0.01
0.02
0.01
0.011
0.007
0.81
0.80
0.30
0.29
0.05
0.419
0.394
inches
0.1
0.012 0.096
0.004 0.089
0.043
0.055
0.016
0.047
0.039
0.01
0.01
0.037
0.004
0.022
θ
8o
o
0
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm (0.006 inch) maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
SOT287-1
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
MO-119
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
00-08-17
03-02-19
Fig 13. Package outline SOT287-1 (SO32)
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
23 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
15. Revision history
Table 16.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
TFA9815_1
20081216
Preliminary data sheet
-
-
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
24 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
16. Legal information
16.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
16.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
16.3 Disclaimers
General — Information in this document is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any representations or
warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of such
information and shall have no liability for the consequences of use of such
information.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in medical, military, aircraft,
space or life support equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or applications and
therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Quick reference data — The Quick reference data is an extract of the
product data given in the Limiting values and Characteristics sections of this
document, and as such is not complete, exhaustive or legally binding.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) may cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and operation of
the device at these or any other conditions above those given in the
Characteristics sections of this document is not implied. Exposure to limiting
values for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Terms and conditions of sale — NXP Semiconductors products are sold
subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial sale, as published
at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, including those pertaining to warranty,
intellectual property rights infringement and limitation of liability, unless
explicitly otherwise agreed to in writing by NXP Semiconductors. In case of
any inconsistency or conflict between information in this document and such
terms and conditions, the latter will prevail.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted
or construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the
grant, conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents
or other industrial or intellectual property rights.
16.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
17. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
TFA9815_1
Preliminary data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2008. All rights reserved.
Rev. 01 — 16 December 2008
25 of 26
TFA9815
NXP Semiconductors
Audio amplifier 2 x 17 W
18. Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7.1
7.2
8
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
9
10
11
12
12.1
12.2
12.3
13
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6
13.7
13.8
14
15
16
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
17
18
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Quick reference data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Interfacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Input comparators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Diagnostic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Protections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Timing diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Internal circuitry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Thermal characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Static characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
AC characteristics measured in typical
application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Application information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Output power estimation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Output current limiting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Speaker configuration and impedance . . . . . . 16
Differential input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Single-ended input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Curves measured in a typical application . . . . 18
Typical application diagram TFA9815 . . . . . . . 19
Typical application: bill of materials. . . . . . . . . 21
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Legal information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Contact information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2008.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 16 December 2008
Document identifier: TFA9815_1
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