2-Cell Lithium-Ion Secondary Battery Protection IC

Ordering number : ENA1152B
LV51131T
Bi-CMOS IC
2-Cell Lithium-Ion Secondary Battery
Protection IC
http://onsemi.com
Overview
The LV51131T series is a protection IC for 2-cell lithium-ion secondary batteries.
Function
• Monitoring function for each cell:
Detects overcharge and over-discharge conditions and controls the
charging and discharging operation of each cell.
• High detection voltage accuracy
Over-charge detection accuracy
±25mV
Over-discharge detection accuracy ±100mV
• Hysteresis cancel function:
The hysteresis of over-discharge detection voltage is cancelled by
connection of a load after overcharging has been detected.
• Discharge current monitoring function: Detects over-currents, load shorting, and excessively high voltage of a
charger.
• Low current consumption:
Normal operation mode typ. 6.0μA
Stand by mode
max. 0.2μA
• 0V cell charging function:
Charging is enabled even when the cell voltage is 0V by giving a voltage
between the VDD pin and V- pin.
Specifications
Absolute Maximum Ratings at Ta = 25°C
Parameter
Power supply voltage
Symbol
Conditions
Ratings
VDD
V-
Input voltage
Unit
-0.3 to +12
V
VDD-28 to VDD+0.3
V
Charger minus voltage
Output voltage
Cout pin voltage
Vcout
VDD-28 to VDD+0.3
V
Dout pin voltage
Vdout
VSS-0.3 to VDD+0.3
V
Allowable power dissipation
Pd max
Independent IC
170
mW
Operating ambient temperature
Topr
-30 to +85
°C
Storage temperature
Tstg
-40 to +125
°C
Caution 1)Absolute maximum ratings represent the values which cannot be exceeded for any length of time.
Caution 2) Even when the device is used within the range of absolute maximum ratings, as a result of continuous usage under high temperature, high current,
high voltage, or drastic temperature change, the reliability of the IC may be degraded.
Please contact us for the further details.
Stresses exceeding Maximum Ratings may damage the device. Maximum Ratings are stress ratings only. Functional operation above the Recommended Operating
Conditions is not implied. Extended exposure to stresses above the Recommended Operating Conditions may affect device reliability.
Recommendation Operating Conditions at Ta=25°C
Parameter
Symbol
Supply voltage
VDD
Conditions
Ratings
Unit
6.0 to 8.0
V
ORDERING INFORMATION
See detailed ordering and shipping information on page 9 of this data sheet.
Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2013
August, 2013
82113NK 20130806-S00002/81011HKPC/51408MSPC 20080305-S00002 No.A1152-1/10
LV51131T
Electrical Characteristics 1 at Ta = 25°C, unless especially specified.
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Operation input voltage
Vcell
Voltage between VDD and VSS
0V cell charging minimum voltage
Vmin
Voltage between VDD-V- under VDD-VSS =0
Over-charge detection voltage
Vd1
Vr1
typ
Unit
max
1.5
10
V
1.5
V
V
4.325
4.350
4.375
4.315
4.350
4.385
V- ≤ Vd3
4.100
4.150
4.200
V
V- > Vd3
4.250
4.360
V
Ta=0 to 45°C *2
Over-charge release voltage
Ratings
min
Over-charge detection delay time
td1
VDD-Vc=3.5V→4.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.5
1.0
1.5
s
Over-charge release delay time
tr1
VDD-Vc=4.5V→3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
20.0
40.0
60.0
ms
Over-discharge detection voltage
Vd2
2.20
2.30
2.40
V
Over-discharge release hysteresis
Vh2
10.0
20.0
40.0
mV
50
100
150
ms
ms
voltage
Over-discharge detection delay time
Over-discharge release delay time
td2
VDD-Vc=3.5V→2.2V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
tr2
VDD-Vc=2.2V→3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.5
1.0
1.5
Over-current detection voltage
Vd3
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.130
0.150
0.170
V
Over-current release hysteresis voltage
Vh3
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
5.0
10.0
20.0
mV
Over-current detection delay time
td3
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
10.0
20.0
30.0
ms
Over-current release delay time
tr3
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.5
1.0
1.5
ms
Vd4
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
1.0
1.3
1.6
V
Short circuit detection delay time
td4
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.125
0.250
0.500
ms
Excessive charger detection voltage
Vd5
Between VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
Voltage between V- and VSS
-0.60
-0.45
-0.30
V
Excessive charge detection release
Vh5
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
25.0
50.0
100.0
mV
Vstb
VDD-Vc=2.0V, Vc-VSS=2.0V
Voltage between V- and VSS
VDD×0.4
VDD×0.5
VDD×0.6
0.5
1.5
3.0
ms
Short circuit detection voltage
hysteresis voltage
Stand-by release voltage
Excessive charger detection delay time
Excessive charger release delay time
td5
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V *1
tr5
V
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.5
1.5
3.0
ms
Internal resistance (VM-VDD)
RDD
After over-discharge is detected.
100
200
400
kΩ
Internal resistance (VM-VSS)
RSS
After over-current or short-circuit is detected.
15
30
60
kΩ
Cout Nch ON voltage
VOL1
IOL=50μA, VDD-Vc=4.4V, Vc-VSS=4.4V
Cout Pch ON voltage
VOH1
IOL=50μA, VDD-Vc=3.9V, Vc-VSS=3.9V
Dout Nch ON voltage
VOL2
IOL=50μA, VDD-Vc=2.2V, Vc-VSS=2.2V
Dout Pch ON voltage
VOH2
IOL=50μA, VDD-Vc=3.9V, Vc-VSS=3.9V
0.5
VDD-0.5
V
V
0.5
V
VDD-0.5
V
Vc input current
Ivc
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.0
1.0
μA
Current consumption
IDD
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
6.0
13.0
μA
0.2
μA
VDD×0.5
VDD×0.6
V
Stand-by current
T-terminal input ON voltage
Istb
VDD-Vc=2.2V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
Vtest
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
VDD×0.4
*1 Under over-discharge state, delay operation starts after release of over-discharge.
*2 The Ratings of the table above is a design targets and are not measured.
No.A1152-2/10
LV51131T
Electrical Characteristics 2 at Ta = -20-60°C , unless especially specified.
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Operation input voltage
Vcell
Voltage between VDD and VSS
0V cell charging minimum voltage
Vmin
Voltage between VDD-V- under VDD-VSS =0
Over-charge detection voltage
Vd1
Over-charge release voltage
Vr1
Ratings
min
typ
Unit
max
1.65
10
V
1.65
V
4.305
4.350
4.390
V
V- ≤ Vd3
4.080
4.150
4.215
V
V- > Vd3
4.235
4.375
V
Over-charge detection delay time
td1
VDD-Vc=3.5V→4.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.35
1.0
2.40
s
Over-charge release delay time
tr1
VDD-Vc=4.5V→3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
14.0
40.0
96.0
ms
Over-discharge detection voltage
Vd2
2.18
2.30
2.42
V
Over-discharge release hysteresis
Vh2
8.0
20.0
42.0
mV
35
100
240
ms
ms
voltage
Over-discharge detection delay time
Over-discharge release delay time
td2
VDD-Vc=3.5V→2.2V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
tr2
VDD-Vc=2.2V→3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.35
1.0
2.4
Over-current detection voltage
Vd3
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.120
0.150
0.180
V
Over-current release hysteresis voltage
Vh3
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
3.5
10.0
23.0
mV
Over-current detection delay time
td3
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
7.0
20.0
48.0
ms
Over-current release delay time
tr3
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.35
1.0
2.40
ms
Vd4
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.9
1.3
1.7
V
Short circuit detection delay time
td4
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.049
0.250
0.800
ms
Excessive charger detection voltage
Vd5
-0.70
-0.45
-0.20
V
Excessive charge detection release
Vh5
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
Voltage between V- and VSS
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
21.0
50.0
112.0
mV
VDD×0.4
VDD×0.5
VDD×0.6
0.35
1.5
4.8
ms
Short circuit detection voltage
hysteresis voltage
Stand-by release voltage
Excessive charger detection delay time
Excessive charger release delay time
Internal resistance (VM-VDD)
td5
VDD-Vc=2.0V, Vc-VSS=2.0V
Voltage between V- and VSS
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V *1
tr5
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
RDD
After over-discharge is detected.
Internal resistance (VM-VSS)
RSS
After over-current or short-circuit is detected.
Cout Nch ON voltage
VOL1
IOL=50μA, VDD-Vc=4.4V, Vc-VSS=4.4V
Cout Pch ON voltage
VOH1
IOL=50μA, VDD-Vc=3.9V, Vc-VSS=3.9V
Dout Nch ON voltage
VOL2
IOL=50μA, VDD-Vc=2.2V, Vc-VSS=2.2V
Dout Pch ON voltage
VOH2
IOL=50μA, VDD-Vc=3.9V, Vc-VSS=3.9V
V
0.35
1.5
4.8
ms
70
200
520
kΩ
10.5
30
78
kΩ
0.5
VDD-0.5
V
V
0.5
VDD-0.5
V
V
Vc input current
Ivc
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.0
1.0
μA
Current consumption
IDD
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
6.0
16.9
μA
Stand-by current
Istb
VDD-Vc=2.2V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
0.2
μA
Vtest
VDD-Vc=3.5V, Vc-VSS=3.5V
VDD×0.6
V
T-terminal input ON voltage
*
Vstb
VDD×0.4
VDD×0.5
The Ratings of the table above is a design targets and are not measured.
*1 Under over-discharge state, delay operation starts after release of over-discharge.
No.A1152-3/10
LV51131T
Package Dimensions
unit : mm (typ)
3245B
Pd max -- Ta
Allowable power dissipation, Pd max -- mW
200
3.0
0.5
3.0
4.9
8
1 2
(0.53)
0.65
0.125
1.1MAX
(0.85)
0.25
170
Independent IC
150
100
68
50
0
-30 -20
0
20
40
60
80
100
0.08
Ambient temperature, Ta -- °C
MSOP8(150mil)
Pin Assignment
Dout
T
8
7
1
2
VDD Cout
Vc Sense
6
3
V-
5
4
Top view
VSS
Pin Functions
Pin No.
Symbol
Description
1
VDD
2
Cout
VDD pin
Overcharge detection output pin
3
V-
Charger minus voltage input pin
4
VSS
VSS pin
5
Sense
Sense pin
6
Vc
Intermediate between both cell voltage input pin
7
T
Pin to shorten detection time (“H”:Shortening mode, “L” or “Open”:Normal mode)
8
Dout
Overdischarge detection output pin
No.A1152-4/10
LV51131T
Block Diagram
Sence
5
VDD
1
Level shift
+
-
+
+
-
Vc 6
td5,tr5
2 Cout
td1,tr1
Delay
control
logic
+
-
td2,tr2
8 Dout
+
+
-
td3,tr3
+
-
4
VSS
3
V-
td4
7
T
No.A1152-5/10
LV51131T
Functional Description
Over-charge detection
If either of the cell voltage is equal to or more than the over-charge detection voltage, stop further charging by turning
“L” the Cout pin and turning off external Nch MOS FET after the over-charge detection delay time.
This delay time is set by the internal counter.
The over-charge detection comparator has the hysteresis function. Note that this hysteresis can be cancelled by
connecting the load after detection of over-charge detection. and it becomes small hysteresis comparator has its own.
Once over-charge detection is made, over-current detection is not made to prevent incorrect operations. Note that
short-circuit can be detected.
Over-charge release
If both cell voltages become equal to or less than the over-charge release voltage when VM voltage is equal to or less
than Vd3, or when VM voltage is more than Vd3 with load connected, the Cout pin returns to “H” after the over-charge
release delay time set by the internal counter.
When VM voltage is more than Vd3 with load connected and either cell or both cell voltages are equal to or more than
the over-charge release voltage, the Cout pin does not return to “H”. But the load current flows through the parasitic
diode of external Nch MOS FET on Cout, consequently each cell voltage becomes equal to or less than over-charge
release voltage, the Cout pin returns to “H.” after the over-charge release delay time.
However, excessive voltage charger is connected as mentioned below, Cout pin does not return to “H” because
excessive charger detection starts after over-charge release operation.
Over-discharge detection
When either cell voltage is equal to or less than over-discharge voltage, the IC stops further discharging by turning the
Dout pin “L” and turning off external Nch MOS FET after the over-charge detection delay time.
The IC goes into stand-by mode after detecting over-discharge and its consumption current is kept at about 0A. After
over-discharge detection, the V- pin will be connected to VDD pin via internal resistor (typ 200kΩ).
Over-discharge release
Release from over-discharge is made by only connecting charger. If the V- pin voltage becomes equal to or lower than
the stand-by release voltage by connecting charger after detecting over-discharge, The IC is released from the stand-by
state to start cell voltage monitoring. If both cell voltages become equal to or more than the over-discharge detection
voltage by charging, the Dout pin returns to “H” after the over-discharge release delay time set by the internal counter.
Over-current detection
When excessive current flows through the battery, the V- pin voltage rises by the ON resister of external MOS FET and
becomes equal to or more than the over-current detection voltage, the Dout pin turns to “L” after the over-current
detection delay time and the external Nch MOS FET is turned off to prevent excessive current in the circuit. The
detection delay time is set by the internal counter. After detection, the V- pin will be connected to VSS via internal
resistor (typ. 30kΩ). It will not go into stand-by mode after detecting over-current.
Short circuit detection
If greater discharging current flows through the battery and the V- pin voltage becomes equal to or more than the
short-circuit detection voltage, it will go into short-circuit detection state after the short circuit delay time shorter than
the over-current detection delay time. When short-circuit is detected, just like the time of over-current detection, the
Dout pin turns to “L” and external Nch MOS FET is turned off to prevent high current in the circuit. The V- pin will be
connected to VSS after detection via internal resistor (typ. 30kΩ). It will not go into stand-by mode after detecting short
circuit.
Over-current/short-detection release
After detecting over-current or short circuit, the internal resistor (typ. 30kΩ) between V- pin and VSS pin becomes
effective. If the load resistor is removed, the V- pin voltage will be pulled down to the VSS level. Thereafter, the IC will
be released from the over-current/short-circuit detection state when the V- pin voltage becomes equal to or less than the
over-current detection voltage, and the Dout pin returns to “H” after over-current release delay time set by the internal
counter.
No.A1152-6/10
LV51131T
Excessive charger detection/release
If the voltage between V- pin and VSS pin becomes equal to or less than the excessive charger detection voltage by
connecting a charger, no charging can be made by turning the Cout pin “L” after delay time and turning off the external
Nch MOS FET. If that voltage returns to equal to or more than the excessive charger detection voltage during detection
delay time, the excessive charger detection will be stopped. If the voltage between V- pin and VSS pin becomes equal
to or more than the excessive charger detection voltage after excessive charger detection, the Cout returns to “H” after
delay time. The detection/return delay time is set internally.
If Dout pin is “L”, charging will be made through the parasitic diode of external Nch FET on Dout pin. In that case, the
voltage between V- pin and VSS pin is nearly -Vf which is less than the excessive-charger detection voltage, therefore
no excessive charger detection will be made during over-discharge, over-current and short-circuit detection.
Furthermore, if excessive voltage charger is connected to the over-discharged battery, no excessive charger detection is
made while the Dout pin is “L”. But the battery is continued charging through the parasitic diode. If the battery voltage
rises to the over-discharge detection voltage and the voltage between V- pin and VSS pin remains equal to or less than
the excessive charger detection voltage, the delay operation will be started after Dout pin turns to “H.”
0V cell charging operation
If voltage between VDD and V becomes equal to or more than the 0V cell charging lowest operation voltage when the
cell voltage is 0V, the Cout pin turns to “H” and charging is enabled.
Shorten the test time
By turning T pin to the VDD , the delay times set by the internal counter can be cut. If T pin is “open”, “L” the delay
times are normal. Delay time not set by the counter just like as short circuit detection delay cannot be controlled by this
pin.
In some circuit-board layout, an excessive current at the load short might cause this IC be in miss operation like as in
standby mode due to VSS line impedance. Therefore we recommend that the T pin is connected to the VSS pin.
Operation in case of detection overlap
Operation in case of
detection overlap
Overlap state
State after detection
During over-charge
Over-discharge
Over-charge detection is prioritized. If over-
When over-charge state is made first, V- is
detection
detection is made
discharge state continues even after over-charge
released. When over-discharge is detected after
detection, over-discharge detection is resumed.
over-charge state is made, the IC does not go
into the stand-by mode. Note that V- is connected
to VDD via 200kΩ.
Over-current detection
(*1) Both detections’ can be made in parallel.
(*2) When over-current state is made first, V- is
is made
Over-charge detection continues even when the
connected to VSS via 30kΩ. When over-charge
state is made first, V- is released.
over-current state is made first. If the over-charge
state is made first, over-current detection is
interrupted.
During over-discharge
Over-charge detection
Over-discharge detection is interrupted and
The IC does not go into the stand-by mode when
detection
is made
over-charge detection is preferred. When
over-discharge state is made after over-charge
detection. Note that V- is connected to VDD via
200kΩ.
over-discharge state continues even after
over-charge state is made, over-discharge
detection is resumed.
Over-current detection
(*3) Both detections can be made in parallel.
(*4) If over-current state is made first, V- will be
is made
Over-discharge detection continues even when
connected to VSS via 30kΩ. If over-discharge
detection is made next, V- will be disconnected
the over-current state is made first. But
(*1)
from VSS and connected to VDD via 200kΩ to
get into stand-by mode. If over-discharge state is
made first, V- will be connected to VDD via
200kΩ to get into standby modw.
(*2)
(*3)
(*4)
over-current detection is interrupted when the
over-discharge state is made first.
During over-current
detection
Over-charge detection
is made
Over-discharge
detection is made
(Note) Short-circuit detection can be made independently.
Excessive charger detection cannot be made during over-discharge, over-current and short-circuit detection.
And its delay time starts after the Dout pin returns to “H”.
No.A1152-7/10
LV51131T
Timing Chart
[Cout Output System]
Charger
connection
Hysteresis cancellation
by load connection
Load
connection
Charger
connection
Load
connection
Over-charger
connection
Charger
connection
Load
connection
Vd1
Vr1
Charging recovery
depends on charger voltage
when connecting charger.
VDD Vd2
VDD
Discharging via FETparasite Di
Vd4
V-
Discharging via FETparasite Di
Vd3
VSS
Vd5
VDD
Cout
td1
tr1
td1
tr1
td5
tr5
VOver-charge detection state
Over-charge detection state
Over-charger detection state
[Dout Output System]
Load
connection
Charger
connection
Load
connection
Load
connection
Over-current
occurrence
Load
connection
Over-charger
connection
Load short-circuit
occurrence
Vd1
Vr1
VDD Vd2
To standby
To standby
VDD
Vd4
V-
Vd3
VSS
Vd5
Charging via FETparasite Di
VDD
Dout
td2
tr2
td3
tr3
td4
tr3
td2
tr2
VSS
Over-discharge detection state
Over-current detection state
Short-circuit detection state
VDD
Cout
V-
Over-charger detection
upon charging over-discharged
battery is activated after return
from over-charge.
td5
No.A1152-8/10
LV51131T
Application Circuit Example
+
R4
R1
C1
R2
C2
VDD
Sense
C3
T
Vc
VSS
LV51131T
V-
VSS
Dout
Cout
R3
−
Components
Recommended value
max
unit
R1, R2
100
500
Ω
R3
2k
4k
Ω
R4
100
500
Ω
C1, C2, C3
0.1μ
1μ
F
* These numbers don't mean to guarantee the characteristic of the IC.
* In addition to the components in the upper diagram, it is necessary to insert a capacitor with enough capacity between
VDD and VSS of the IC as near as possible to stabilize the power supply voltage to the IC.
* It is advisable to connect the T pin with the VSS pin. There is no problem even if the T pin is left open.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Device
LV51131T-TLM-E
Package
MSOP8 (150mil)
(Pb-Free / Halogen Free)
LV51131T-TRM-E
MSOP8 (150mil)
(Pb-Free / Halogen Free)
Shipping (Qty / Packing)
2000 / Tape & Reel
2000 / Tape & Reel
No.A1152-9/10
LV51131T
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which the failure of the SCILLC product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. Should Buyer purchase or use SCILLC products for
any such unintended or unauthorized application, Buyer shall indemnify and hold SCILLC and its officers, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates, and distributors
harmless against all claims, costs, damages, and expenses, and reasonable attorney fees arising out of, directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or
death associated with such unintended or unauthorized use, even if such claim alleges that SCILLC was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the
part. SCILLC is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. This literature is subject to all applicable copyright laws and is not for resale in any manner.
PS No.A1152-10/10
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