500 mW DO-35 Hermetically Sealed Glass Zener Voltage Regulators

BZX55C2V4RL Series
500 mW DO−35 Hermetically
Sealed Glass Zener Voltage
Regulators
This is a complete series of 500 mW Zener diodes with limits and
excellent operating characteristics that reflect the superior capabilities
of silicon−oxide passivated junctions. All this in an axial−lead
hermetically sealed glass package that offers protection in all common
environmental conditions.
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Cathode
Anode
Specification Features:
• Zener Voltage Range − 2.4 V to 33 V
• ESD Rating of Class 3 (>16 KV) per Human Body Model
• DO−204AH (DO−35) Package − Smaller than Conventional
•
•
DO−204AA Package
Double Slug Type Construction
Metallurgical Bonded Construction
AXIAL LEAD
CASE 299
GLASS
Mechanical Characteristics:
CASE: Double slug type, hermetically sealed glass
FINISH: All external surfaces are corrosion resistant and leads are
MARKING DIAGRAM
readily solderable
L
55C
xxx
YWW
MAXIMUM LEAD TEMPERATURE FOR SOLDERING PURPOSES:
230°C, 1/16″ from the case for 10 seconds
POLARITY: Cathode indicated by polarity band
MOUNTING POSITION: Any
MAXIMUM RATINGS (Note 1)
Rating
Max. Steady State Power Dissipation
@ TL ≤ 75°C, Lead Length = 3/8″
Derate above 75°C
Operating and Storage
Temperature Range
Symbol
Value
Unit
PD
500
mW
4.0
mW/°C
−65 to
+200
°C
TJ, Tstg
1. Some part number series have lower JEDEC registered ratings.
L
= Assembly Location
55Cxxx = Device Code
= (See Table Next Page)
Y
= Year
WW
= Work Week
ORDERING INFORMATION
Device
Package
Shipping
BZX55CxxxRL
Axial Lead
5000/Tape & Reel
BZX55CxxxRL2*
Axial Lead
5000/Tape & Reel
* The “2” suffix refers to 26 mm tape spacing.
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2006
August, 2006 − Rev. 1
1
Publication Order Number:
BZX55C2V4RL/D
BZX55C2V4RL Series
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TL = 30°C unless
I
otherwise noted, VF = 1.5 V Max @ IF = 100 mA for all types)
Symbol
VZ
Reverse Zener Voltage @ IZT
IZT
Reverse Current
ZZT
Maximum Zener Impedance @ IZT
QVBR
IF
Parameter
VZ VR
Temperature Coefficient of VBR (Typical)
IR
Reverse Leakage Current (TA = 25°C) @ VR
VR
Breakdown Voltage
IF
Forward Current
VF
Forward Voltage @ IF
C
Capacitance (Typical)
V
IR VF
IZT
Zener Voltage Regulator
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2
BZX55C2V4RL Series
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TL = 30°C unless otherwise noted, VF = 1.3 V Max, IF = 100 mAdc for all types)
VZT at IZT
(V)
Max Reverse Leakage
Current IR at VR (mA)
Device
Marking
Min
(Note 2)
Max
(Note 2)
Max Zener
Impedance
(Note 4)
ZZT @ IZT
(Ohms) Max
BZX55C2V4RL
BZX55C2V7RL
BZX55C3V0RL
BZX55C3V3RL
BZX55C3V6RL
55C2V4
55C2V7
55C3V0
55C3V3
55C3V6
2.28
2.5
2.8
3.1
3.4
2.56
2.9
3.2
3.5
3.8
85
85
85
85
85
5
5
5
5
5
50
10
4
2
2
100
50
40
40
40
1
1
1
1
1
155
135
125
115
105
BZX55C3V9RL
BZX55C4V3RL
BZX55C4V7RL
BZX55C5V1RL
BZX55C5V6RL
55C3V9
55C4V3
55C4V7
55C5V1
55C5V6
3.7
4
4.4
4.8
5.2
4.1
4.6
5
5.4
6
85
75
60
35
25
5
5
5
5
5
2
1
0.5
0.1
0.1
40
20
10
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
95
90
85
80
70
BZX55C6V2RL
BZX55C6V8RL
BZX55C7V5RL
BZX55C8V2RL
BZX55C9V1RL
55C6V2
55C6V8
55C7V5
55C8V2
55C9V1
5.8
6.4
7
7.7
8.5
6.6
7.2
7.9
8.7
9.6
10
8
7
7
10
5
5
5
5
5
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
5
6
7
64
58
53
47
43
BZX55C10RL
BZX55C11RL
BZX55C12RL
BZX55C13RL
BZX55C15RL
55C10
55C11
55C12
55C13
55C15
9.4
10.4
11.4
12.4
13.8
10.6
11.6
12.7
14.1
15.6
15
20
20
26
30
5
5
5
5
5
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
2
2
2
2
2
7.5
8.5
9
10
11
40
36
32
29
27
BZX55C16RL
BZX55C18RL
BZX55C20RL
BZX55C22RL
BZX55C24RL
55C16
55C18
55C20
55C22
55C24
15.3
16.8
18.8
20.8
22.8
17.1
19.1
21.1
23.3
25.6
40
50
55
55
80
5
5
5
5
5
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
2
2
2
2
2
12
14
15
17
18
24
21
20
18
16
BZX55C27RL
BZX55C30RL
BZX55C33RL
BZX55C36RL
BZX55C39RL
55C27
55C30
55C33
55C36
55C39
25.1
28
31
34
37
28.9
32
35
38
41
80
80
80
80
90
5
5
5
5
2.5
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
2
2
2
2
5
20
22
24
27
28
14
13
12
11
10
BZX55C43RL
BZX55C47RL
BZX55C51RL
BZX55C56RL
BZX55C62RL
55C43
55C47
55C51
55C56
55C62
40
44
48
52
58
46
50
54
60
66
90
110
125
135
150
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
5
5
10
10
10
32
35
38
42
47
9.2
8.5
7.8
7
6.4
BZX55C68RL
BZX55C75RL
BZX55C82RL
BZX55C91RL
55C68
55C75
55C82
55C91
64
70
77
85
72
80
87
96
160
170
200
250
2.5
2.5
2.5
1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
10
10
10
10
51
56
62
69
5.9
5.3
4.8
4.3
Device
IZT
(mA)
Tamb
255C
Max
Tamb
1255C
Max
VR
(V)
IZM
(mA)
(Note 3)
2. TOLERANCE AND VOLTAGE DESIGNATION
Tolerance designation − the type numbers listed have zener voltage min/max limits as shown. Device tolerance of ±2% are indicated by a
“B” instead of a “C”. Zener voltage is measured with the device junction in thermal equilibrium at the lead temperature of 30°C ±1°C and 3/8″
lead length.
3. This data was calculated using nominal voltages. The maximum current handling capability on a worst case basis is limited by the actual
zener voltage at the operating point and the powered derating curve.
4. ZZT and ZZK are measured by dividing the ac voltage drop across the device by the ac current applied. The specified limits are for IZ(ac) =
0.1 IZ(dc) with the ac frequency = 1.0 kHz.
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BZX55C2V4RL Series
PD, STEADY STATE
POWER DISSIPATION (WATTS)
0.7
HEAT
SINKS
0.6
0.5
0.4
3/8"
3/8"
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
TL, LEAD TEMPERATURE (°C)
Figure 1. Steady State Power Derating
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4
180
200
BZX55C2V4RL Series
θ JL , JUNCTION-TO-LEAD THERMAL RESISTANCE (°C/W)
APPLICATION NOTE — ZENER VOLTAGE
Since the actual voltage available from a given zener
diode is temperature dependent, it is necessary to determine
junction temperature under any set of operating conditions
in order to calculate its value. The following procedure is
recommended:
Lead Temperature, TL, should be determined from:
TL = θLAPD + TA.
θLA is the lead-to-ambient thermal resistance (°C/W) and PD
is the power dissipation. The value for θLA will vary and
depends on the device mounting method. θLA is generally 30
to 40°C/W for the various clips and tie points in common use
and for printed circuit board wiring.
The temperature of the lead can also be measured using a
thermocouple placed on the lead as close as possible to the
tie point. The thermal mass connected to the tie point is
normally large enough so that it will not significantly
respond to heat surges generated in the diode as a result of
pulsed operation once steady-state conditions are achieved.
Using the measured value of TL, the junction temperature
may be determined by:
500
400
L
L
300
2.4−60V
200
62−200V
100
0
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
L, LEAD LENGTH TO HEAT SINK (INCH)
Figure 2. Typical Thermal Resistance
1000
7000
5000
TYPICAL LEAKAGE CURRENT
AT 80% OF NOMINAL
BREAKDOWN VOLTAGE
2000
TJ = TL + ΔTJL.
1000
700
500
ΔTJL is the increase in junction temperature above the lead
temperature and may be found from Figure 2 for dc power:
200
ΔTJL = θJLPD.
100
70
50
I R , LEAKAGE CURRENT ( μ A)
For worst-case design, using expected limits of IZ, limits
of PD and the extremes of TJ(ΔTJ) may be estimated.
Changes in voltage, VZ, can then be found from:
ΔV = θVZTJ.
θVZ, the zener voltage temperature coefficient, is found
from Figures 4 and 5.
Under high power-pulse operation, the zener voltage will
vary with time and may also be affected significantly by the
zener resistance. For best regulation, keep current
excursions as low as possible.
Surge limitations are given in Figure 7. They are lower
than would be expected by considering only junction
temperature, as current crowding effects cause temperatures
to be extremely high in small spots, resulting in device
degradation should the limits of Figure 7 be exceeded.
20
10
7
5
2
1
0.7
0.5
+125°C
0.2
0.1
0.07
0.05
0.02
0.01
0.007
0.005
+25°C
0.002
0.001
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
VZ, NOMINAL ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
Figure 3. Typical Leakage Current
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5
14
15
BZX55C2V4RL Series
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENTS
θVZ , TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (mV/ °C)
θVZ , TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (mV/ °C)
(−55°C to +150°C temperature range; 90% of the units are in the ranges indicated.)
+12
+10
+8
+6
+4
+2
RANGE
[email protected]
(NOTE 2)
0
−2
−4
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
10
11
12
100
70
50
30
20
3
2
1
10
200
180
160
140
[email protected]
(NOTE 2)
100
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
20
+2
20mA
0
0.01mA
1mA
NOTE: BELOW 3 VOLTS AND ABOVE 8 VOLTS
NOTE: CHANGES IN ZENER CURRENT DO NOT
NOTE: AFFECT TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENTS
−2
−4
3
200
4
C, CAPACITANCE (pF)
C, CAPACITANCE (pF)
100
70
50
200
1V BIAS
20
10
50% OF
VZBIAS
5
7
8
TA=25°C
0 BIAS
30
20
1VOLTBIAS
10
7
5
50% OF VZBIAS
3
2
2
1
6
Figure 5. Effect of Zener Current
0V BIAS
50
5
VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
TA=25°C
100
100
[email protected]
TA=25°C
+4
Figure 4c. Range for Units 120 to 200 Volts
500
70
+6
VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
1000
30
50
VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
Figure 4b. Range for Units 12 to 100 Volts
θVZ , TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (mV/ °C)
θVZ , TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (mV/ °C)
Figure 4a. Range for Units to 12 Volts
120
[email protected](NOTE 2)
RANGE
10
7
5
1
1
2
5
10
20
50
100
120
VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
140
160
180
190
200
220
VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
Figure 6a. Typical Capacitance 2.4−100 Volts
Figure 6b. Typical Capacitance 120−200 Volts
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Ppk , PEAK SURGE POWER (WATTS)
BZX55C2V4RL Series
100
70
50
RECTANGULAR
WAVEFORM
TJ=25°C PRIOR TO
INITIAL PULSE
11V−91V NONREPETITIVE
5% DUTY CYCLE
30
1.8V−10V NONREPETITIVE
20
10
7
5
10% DUTY CYCLE
20% DUTY CYCLE
3
2
1
0.01
0.02
0.05
0.1
0.2
0.5
1
2
5
10
20
50
100
200
500
1000
PW, PULSE WIDTH (ms)
Figure 7a. Maximum Surge Power 1.8−91 Volts
1000
500
RECTANGULAR
WAVEFORM, TJ=25°C
ZZ , DYNAMIC IMPEDANCE (OHMS)
Ppk , PEAK SURGE POWER (WATTS)
1000
700
500
300
200
200
47V
100
100
70
50
30
20
100−200VOLTS NONREPETITIVE
10
7
5
3
2
1
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
27V
50
20
6.2V
10
5
2
1
1000
0.1
0.2
0.5
PW, PULSE WIDTH (ms)
5mA
20
20mA
1000
50
100
50
20
75°C
10
25°C
5 150°C
0°C
2
2
20
100
2
1
10
200
10
7
5
1
5
MAXIMUM
MINIMUM
500
I F , FORWARD CURRENT (mA)
ZZ , DYNAMIC IMPEDANCE (OHMS)
100
70
50
2
Figure 8. Effect of Zener Current on
Zener Impedance
TJ=25°C
iZ(rms)=0.1 IZ(dc)
f=60Hz
IZ=1mA
200
1
IZ, ZENER CURRENT (mA)
Figure 7b. Maximum Surge Power DO-204AH
100−200 Volts
1000
700
500
TJ=25°C
iZ(rms)=0.1 IZ(dc)
f=60Hz
VZ=2.7V
3
5
7
10
20
30
50
70 100
1
0.4
VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
VF, FORWARD VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
Figure 9. Effect of Zener Voltage on Zener Impedance
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7
Figure 10. Typical Forward Characteristics
1.1
BZX55C2V4RL Series
20
10
I Z , ZENER CURRENT (mA)
TA=25°
1
0.1
0.01
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
29
30
VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
Figure 11. Zener Voltage versus Zener Current — VZ = 1 thru 16 Volts
10
I Z , ZENER CURRENT (mA)
TA=25°
1
0.1
0.01
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
Figure 12. Zener Voltage versus Zener Current — VZ = 15 thru 30 Volts
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8
BZX55C2V4RL Series
I Z , ZENER CURRENT (mA)
10
TA=25°
1
0.1
0.01
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
250
260
VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
Figure 13. Zener Voltage versus Zener Current — VZ = 30 thru 105 Volts
I Z , ZENER CURRENT (mA)
10
1
0.1
0.01
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
VZ, ZENER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
Figure 14. Zener Voltage versus Zener Current — VZ = 110 thru 220 Volts
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BZX55C2V4RL Series
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
Zener Voltage Regulators − Axial Leaded
500 mW DO−35 Glass
GLASS DO−35/D0−204AH
CASE 299−02
ISSUE A
NOTES:
1. PACKAGE CONTOUR OPTIONAL WITHIN A AND B
HEAT SLUGS, IF ANY, SHALL BE INCLUDED
WITHIN THIS CYLINDER, BUT NOT SUBJECT TO
THE MINIMUM LIMIT OF B.
2. LEAD DIAMETER NOT CONTROLLED IN ZONE F
TO ALLOW FOR FLASH, LEAD FINISH BUILDUP
AND MINOR IRREGULARITIES OTHER THAN
HEAT SLUGS.
3. POLARITY DENOTED BY CATHODE BAND.
4. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI
Y14.5M, 1982.
B
D
K
F
A
DIM
A
B
D
F
K
F
K
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
3.05
5.08
1.52
2.29
0.46
0.56
−−−
1.27
25.40
38.10
INCHES
MIN
MAX
0.120
0.200
0.060
0.090
0.018
0.022
−−−
0.050
1.000
1.500
All JEDEC dimensions and notes apply.
ON Semiconductor and
are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC). SCILLC reserves the right to make changes without further notice
to any products herein. SCILLC makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does SCILLC assume any liability
arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation special, consequential or incidental damages.
“Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. All
operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights
nor the rights of others. SCILLC products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body, or other applications
intended to support or sustain life, or for any other application in which the failure of the SCILLC product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. Should
Buyer purchase or use SCILLC products for any such unintended or unauthorized application, Buyer shall indemnify and hold SCILLC and its officers, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates,
and distributors harmless against all claims, costs, damages, and expenses, and reasonable attorney fees arising out of, directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death
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BZX55C2V4RL/D
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