AC393: SmartFusion2 and IGLOO2 Board Design Guidelines App Note

Application Note AC393
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC
and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Table of Contents
Purpose . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . .
References . . . . .
Designing the Board
Power Supplies . . .
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1
2
2
2
3
Power Supply Decoupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply Sequencing and Power-on Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I/O Behavior During Power-Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unused Pin Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
7
7
8
9
Limiting Surge Current During Device Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Clocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Main Crystal Oscillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Auxiliary (RTC) Crystal Oscillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Reset Circuit . . . .
JTAG . . . . . . . .
Special Pins . . . . .
Device Programming
SerDes . . . . . . .
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PCI Express (PCIe) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SerDes Reference Clock Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PLL Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
17
19
19
19
20
20
21
21
LPDDR, DDR2, and DDR3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
MDDR/FDDR Impedance Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VREF Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VTT Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LPDDR and DDR2 Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DDR3 Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User I/O and Clock Pins
22
23
23
24
25
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Internal Clamp Diode Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Achieving a Two-Rail Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Operating Voltage Rails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Configuring Pins in Open Drain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Brownout Detection (BOD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
List of Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Purpose
This application note provides board-level design guidelines for SmartFusion®2 and IGLOO®2 devices. This document
acts as a companion to AC394: Layout Guidelines for SmartFusion2/IGLOO2-Based Board Design Application Note
which covers the details of PCB design.
May 2016
© 2016 Microsemi Corporation
Revision 10
1
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Introduction
Good board design practices are required to achieve expected performance from both the PCB and
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices. High quality and reliable results depend on minimizing noise levels, preserving signal
integrity, meeting impedance and power requirements, and using appropriate SerDes protocols. These guidelines
should be treated as a supplement to standard board-level design practices.
This document assumes that the reader has a good understanding of the SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 device, is
experienced in digital and analog board design, and knowledgeable in the electrical characteristics of systems.
Background information on the key theories and concepts of board-level design is available in High Speed Digital
Design: A Handbook of Black Magic1, and other industry literature.
References
The following documents are referenced in this application note:
•
AC394: Layout Guidelines for SmartFusion2/IGLOO2-Based Board Design App Note
•
CL0034: SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 Hardware Board Design Checklist
•
DS0120: Military Grade IGLOO2 FPGA and SmartFusion2 SoC FPGA Datasheet
•
DS0115: SmartFusion2 Pin Descriptions Datasheet
•
DS0124: IGLOO2 Pin Descriptions Datasheet
•
UG0445: SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGA Fabric User Guide
•
UG0449: SmartFusion2 and IGLOO2 Clocking Resources User Guide
•
UG0451: IGLOO2 and SmartFusion2 Programming User Guide
•
UG0450: SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGA System Controller User Guide
•
SmartFusion2 FPGA Fabric DDR Controller Configuration Guide
•
SmartFusion2 MSS DDR Controller Configuration Guide
•
AC396: SmartFusion2 and IGLOO2 in Hot Swapping and Cold Sparing App Note
Designing the Board
The SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 device supports various high-speed interfaces using both double data rate input/output
(DDRIO) and SerDes I/O. DDRIO is a multi-standard I/O optimized for low-power DDR, DDR2, and DDR3
performance. SerDes I/O are dedicated to high-speed serial communication protocols. The SerDes I/O supports
protocols such as PCI Express 2.0, 10 Gbps attachment unit interface (XAUI), serial gigabit media independent
interface (SGMII), JESD204B, as well as user-defined high-speed serial protocol implementation in fabric.
Routing high-speed serial data over a PCB is a challenge as losses, dispersion, and crosstalk effects increase with
speed. Channel losses and crosstalk decrease the signal-to-noise ratio and limit the data rate on the channel.
Subsequent sections discuss the following:
•
Power Supplies
•
Limiting Surge Current During Device Reset
•
Clocks
•
Reset Circuit
•
JTAG
•
Special Pins
•
Device Programming
•
SerDes
•
LPDDR, DDR2, and DDR3
•
User I/O and Clock Pins
1.
2
Johnson, Howard, and Martin Graham, High Speed Digital Design: A Handbook of Black Magic. Prentice Hall PTR, 1993.
ISBN-10 0133957241 or ISBN-13: 978-0133957242
Revision 10
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
•
Achieving a Two-Rail Design
•
SerDes
•
Brownout Detection (BOD)
See CL0034: SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 Hardware Board Design Checklist to verify the design.
Power Supplies
Figure 1 illustrates the typical power supply requirements, including PLL RC filter values, for SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
devices. For information on decoupling capacitors associated with individual power supplies, see Table 1 on page 5.
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
1.2 / 1.5 / 1.8 / 2.5 V
I/O Bank Supply
VDDI (MSIOD & DDRIO)
1.2 / 1.5 / 1.8 / 2.5 / 3.3 V
1.2 V
Tx/Rx Analog I/O Supply
SERDES_x_L01_VDDAIO
SERDES_x_L23_VDDAIO
VDDI (MSIO & JTAG)
PCIe/PCS Supply
SERDES_x_VDD
120 Ω
10 μF
SerDes PLL Analog Supply
2.5 / 3.3 V
Charge Pump
VPP*
SERDES_x_VDD
2. 5 V
3.3
SERDES_x_L01_VDDAPLL
0.1 μF
33 μF
SERDES_x_L01_REFRET
1.21kΩ ,1%
SERDES_x_L01_REXT
2.5 V
3.3
2.5 / 3.3 V
eNVM Supply
VPPNVM*
VSSNVM
SERDES_x_L23_VDDAPLL
0.1 μF
33 μF
SERDES_x_L23_REFRET
1.21kΩ ,1%
SERDES_x_L23_REXT
Aux. PLL PCIe Supply
SERDES_x_PLL_VDDA
VDD
Core Supply
VDD
2.5 / 3.3 V
50
0.1 μF
22 μF
SERDES_x_PLL_VSSA
VSS
PLL Analog Supply
1
2.5 / 3.3 V
CCC_xyz_PLL_VDDA
0.1 μF
VDDIx
1 kΩ, 1%
22 μF
CCC_xyz_PLL_VSSA
MDDR/FDDR
VREFx
DDR PLL Supply
1
2.5 / 3.3 V
MSS/HPMS_xDDR_PLL_VDDA
0.1 μF
1 kΩ, 1%
22 μF
MSS/HPMS_xDDR_PLL_VSSA
Figure 1 • Power Supplies
R ev i si o n 1 0
3
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Notes:
•
*For M2S090T(S), M2GL090T(S), M2S150T(S),and M2GL150T(S) devices, the VPP and VPPNVM must be
connected to a +3.3 V supply.
•
For the CCC_xyz_PLL supplies, xy refers to the location of the PLL in the device (NE/ NW/ SW) and z refers to
the number associated with the PLL (0 or 1).
•
The PLL RC values shown in the figure are applicable to all variants of SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices.
For the device to operate successfully, power supplies must be free from unregulated spikes and the associated
grounds must be free from noise. All overshoots and undershoots must be within the absolute maximum ratings
provided in the corresponding datasheet (DS0120: Military Grade IGLOO2 FPGA and SmartFusion2 SoC FPGA
Datasheet).
The various power supplies needed for IGLOO2 and SmartFusion2 FPGAs are as follows:
VDD and VPP: The main power supplies for the device. These must be connected to the appropriate power rail based
upon system requirements.
VDDIx: I/O bank supplies for the device. For recommendations for unused I/O bank supplies, see Table 4 on page 10
and Table 5 on page 12.
VPPNVM: eNVM supply for the device. This pin must be connected to the VPP supply.
VREFx: Reference voltage for MDDR/FDDR signals, which is powered through the corresponding bank supply
(VDDIx).Can be DNC or grounded (VSS) when unused.
SERDES_x_VDD: The PCIe/PCS supply for the device. If the SERDES_x_VDD supply is powered by a separate
LDO, a ferrite bead is not required for noise filtering at this supply. However, if SERDES_x_VDD and the core VDD
supply are sharing the same power source, then a ferrite bead is required for SERDES_x_VDD, as shown in Figure 1
on page 3.
SERDES_x_Lyz_VDDAIO: The +1.2 V SerDes PMA supply for Tx/Rx analog I/O.
CCC_xyz_PLL_VDDA and MSS_xDDR_PLL_VDDA: If the associated PLL is used as a clock multiplier, these
supplies must be connected over the RC filter circuitry between the common PLL supply and the corresponding onboard PLL return path. If the PLL is unused or used as a clock divider, these supplies can be connected directly to
either 2.5 V or 3.3 V without filter circuitry.
SERDES_x_Lyz_REFRET: This pin provides the internal PLL current return path for SERDES_x_Lyz_VDDAPLL. This
pin must be connected to the corresponding SerDes VDDA PLL through an RC filter circuit, as shown in Figure 1 on
page 3. REFRET and digital ground (VSS) are shorted internally in the silicon. Therefore, to filter noise and control
long-term jitter, REFRET must not be connected to an external ground.
SERDES_x_PLL_VSSA: This pin provides the internal PLL current return path for SERDES_x_PLL_VDDA. This pin
must be connected to the corresponding PLL_VDDA through an RC filter circuit, as shown in Figure 1 on page 3.
PLL_VSSA and VSS are shorted internally in the silicon. Therefore, to filter noise and control long-term jitter,
PLL_VSSA must not be connected to an external ground.
CCC_xyz_PLL_VSSA: This pin provides the internal PLL current return path for CCC_xyz_PLL_VDDA. This pin must
be connected to the corresponding PLL_VDDA through an RC filter circuit, as shown in Figure 1 on page 3.
PLL_VSSA and VSS are shorted internally in the silicon. Therefore, to filter noise and control long-term jitter,
PLL_VSSA must not be connected to an external ground.
MSS/HPMS_xDDR_PLL_VSSA:
This
pin
provides
the
internal
PLL
current
return
path
for
MSS/HPMS_xDDR_PLL_VDDA. This pin must be connected to the corresponding PLL_VDDA through an RC filter
circuit, as shown in Figure 1 on page 3. PLL_VSSA and VSS are shorted internally in the silicon. Therefore, to filter
noise and control long-term jitter, PLL_VSSA must not be connected to an external ground.
For detailed pin descriptions, see DS0115: SmartFusion2 Pin Descriptions Datasheet or DS0124: IGLOO2 Pin
Descriptions Datasheet.
4
Revision 10
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Power Supply Decoupling
To reduce any potential fluctuation on the power supply lines, decoupling capacitors, bypass capacitors, and other
power supply filtering techniques must be used.
To save board space, fewer, larger-value bulk capacitors can be used instead of a large number of smaller capacitors.
However, care must be taken to ensure that the electrical characteristics of the consolidated capacitors (ESR and ESL)
match those of the parallel combination of the recommended capacitors.
Ceramic capacitors are preferred for high-frequency noise elimination and tantalum capacitors for low-frequency noise
elimination.
•
For values ranging from 1 nF to 100 µF, use X7R or X5R (dielectric material) type capacitors.
•
For values ranging from 100 µF to 1000 µF, use tantalum capacitors.
Figure 2 shows an impedance versus frequency graph for effective combinations of three values of capacitors. From
the graph it is evident that impedance is less for wider frequency band when different capacitors are in parallel.
Figure 2 • Impedance of Three Capacitors in Parallel
Table 1 lists the recommended number of PCB decoupling capacitors for an M2S050T/M2GL050T-FG896 device:
Table 1 • Power Supply Decoupling Capacitors
Pin Name
No. of
Pins
Ceramic Caps
Tantalum Caps
0.01 µF 0.1 µF 10 µF 33 µF
22 µF
47 µF
100 µF 220 µF3 330 µF
VDD
24
12
12
–
–
–
–
1
3
1
VDDI0
29
14
14
–
–
–
2
–
–
–
VDDI1
4
2
2
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI2
4
2
2
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
Notes:
1. Single ceramic decoupling capacitor is required for both pins at the device.
2. Single ceramic decoupling capacitor is required for four pins at the device.
3. 220 µF is used to limit surge current for the VDD supply.
R ev i si o n 1 0
5
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Table 1 • Power Supply Decoupling Capacitors
Pin Name
No. of
Pins
Ceramic Caps
Tantalum Caps
0.01 µF 0.1 µF 10 µF 33 µF
22 µF
47 µF
100 µF 220 µF3 330 µF
VDDI3
5
2
3
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI4
3
2
1
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI5
29
14
14
–
–
–
2
–
–
–
VDDI6
1
1
–
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI7
6
3
3
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI8
5
2
3
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI9
1
1
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
VPP
4
2
2
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
VREF0
3
2
1
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
VREF5
3
2
1
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
VPPNVM
1
1
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
SERDES_0_VDD
2
1
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
SERDES_1_VDD
2
1
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
SERDES_0_L01_VDDAIO
1
–
–
–
–
–
1
11
–
SERDES_0_L23_VDDAIO
11
–
–
–
–
–
–
SERDES_1_L01_VDDAIO
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
SERDES_1_L23_VDDAIO
1
–
–
–
–
–
–
CCC_NE0_PLL_VDDA
11
12
11
11
1
–
1
–
–
1
–
–
–
–
CCC_NE1_PLL_VDDA
1
–
1
–
–
1
–
–
–
–
CCC_NW0_PLL_VDDA
1
–
1
–
–
1
–
–
–
–
CCC_NW1_PLL_VDDA
1
–
1
–
–
1
–
–
–
–
CCC_SW0_PLL_VDDA
1
–
1
–
–
1
–
–
–
–
CCC_SW1_PLL_VDDA
1
–
1
–
–
1
–
–
–
–
MSS_FDDR_PLL_VDDA
1
–
1
–
–
1
–
–
–
–
MSS_PLL_MDDR_VDDA
1
–
1
–
–
1
–
–
–
–
PLL_SERDES_0_VDDA
1
–
1
–
–
1
–
–
–
–
PLL_SERDES_1_VDDA
1
–
1
–
–
1
–
–
–
–
SERDES_0_L01_VDDAPLL
1
–
1
–
1
–
–
–
–
–
SERDES_0_L23_VDDAPLL
1
–
1
–
1
–
–
–
–
–
SERDES_1_L01_VDDAPLL
1
–
1
–
1
–
–
–
–
SERDES_1_L23_VDDAPLL
1
–
1
–
1
–
–
–
–
Notes:
1. Single ceramic decoupling capacitor is required for both pins at the device.
2. Single ceramic decoupling capacitor is required for four pins at the device.
3. 220 µF is used to limit surge current for the VDD supply.
6
Revision 10
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Decoupling capacitors other than those listed in Table 1 can be used if sized to meet or exceed the performance of the
network given in this example. However, substitution requires analysis of the resulting power distribution system’s
impedance versus frequency to ensure that no resonant impedance spikes result. See Figure 1 on page 3 for power
supply schematics design.
Table 2 lists the recommended decoupling capacitors for the SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices.
For placement and routing details, see AC394: Layout Guidelines for SmartFusion2/IGLOO2-Based Board Design App
Note.
Table 2 • Recommended Capacitors
Part Number
Manufacturer
Description
GRM155R71C103KA01D
Murata
Ceramic 0.01 µF, 16 V, 10%, X7R, 0402
GRM155R71C104KA88D
Murata
Ceramic 0.1 µF, 16 V, 10%, X7R, 0402
GRM188R60J106ME47D
Murata
Ceramic 10 µF, 6.3 V, X5R, 0603
T491B475M016AT
KEMET
Tantalum 4.7 µF, 16 V, 20%, 1411
T491B226M016AT
KEMET
Tantalum 22 µF, 16 V, 20%, 1411
T491B476M010AT
KEMET
Tantalum 47 µF, 10 V, 20%SMD
T520V107M010ATE050
KEMET
Tantalum 100 µF, 10 V, 20%, 2917
AVX
Tantalum 330 µF, 10 V, 10%, 2917
TPSD337K010R0050
Power Supply Sequencing and Power-on Reset
Sophisticated power-up management circuitry is designed into each SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 device. These circuits
ensure easy transition from the power-off to power-up states of the device. The embedded system controller is
responsible for systematic power-on reset whenever the device is powered on or reset. All the I/O are held in a
high-impedance state by the system controller until all power supplies are at their required levels and the system
controller has completed the reset sequence.
The power-on reset circuitry requires the VDD and VPP supplies to ramp monotonically from 0 V to the minimum
recommended operating voltage within a predefined time. There is no mandatory sequencing requirement for VDD,
VDDI, and VPP. Four power-on reset delay options are available in the Libero® SoC software during design
generation: 50 µs, 1 ms, 10 ms, and 100 ms.
I/O Behavior During Power-Down
Device reset (DEVRST_N) is an asynchronous signal powered through VPP. If a device gets reset during normal
operation or if VPP is powered down while the other supplies are still up, glitch is observed on fabric I/O only if the
fabric I/O is driven low or is tristated (configured as output).
Table 3 • Glitch Occurrence During Various Power-Down Scenarios
Scenario
Fabric I/O output driving low
Fabric I/O output driving high
Device Reset Condition
Power Supply Condition
Glitch Occurs on I/O
(Yes/No)
VPP and DEVRST_N are VDD and VDDI are stable.
ramped down.
Yes
VPP and DEVRST_N are VDD and VDDI are ramped
stable.
down.
No
DEVRST_N is ramped down. VPP, VDD, VDDI are stable.
Yes
DEVRST_N is ramped down. VPP, VDD, VDDI are stable.
No
DEVRST_N is ramped up.
No
VPP, VDD, VDDI are stable.
R ev i si o n 1 0
7
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Table 3 • Glitch Occurrence During Various Power-Down Scenarios (continued)
Scenario
Fabric I/O tristated
Power Supply Condition
Glitch Occurs on I/O
(Yes/No)
VPP, VDD, VDDI are stable.
No
DEVRST_N is ramped down. VPP, VDD, VDDI are stable.
Yes
Device Reset Condition
DEVRST_N is ramped up.
To minimize glitch on fabric I/O during power-down, any one of the following solutions can be used:
•
The device should enter Flash*Freeze mode before a device reset is asserted.
•
In the power-down sequence, VDDI should be powered down first, followed by DEVRST_N assertion.
•
An external pull-down resistor (for example, a 1K resistor) should be used for the fabric I/O.
•
Critical outputs should be driven high before DEVRST_N assertion.
Power Supply Flow
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 FPGA devices require multiple power supplies. Figure 3 illustrates one topology for generating
the required power supplies from a single 12 V source. This example power supply topology is based on SmartFusion2
M2S050T-FG896 device with two SerDes channels (SERDES0 and SERDES1) and a DDR3 interface.
+12 V
VDD
SERDES_x_VDD
SERDES_x_L01VDDAIO
SERDES_x_L23VDDAIO
+1.2 V
PTH08T230WAZ
Texas Instruments
+5 V
NX7102
Microsemi
+3.3 V
MIC37102YM
Micrel
+2.5 V
MIC37102YM
Micrel
+2.5 V
PLL_SERDES_x_VDDA
PLL_xDDR_VDDA
PLLMDDRVDDA
CCC_Sxy_PLL_VDDA
VPPNVM
VPP
VDDIO6_2P5
VDDIO9_2P5
SERDES_x_L01_VDDAPLL
SERDES_x_L23_VDDAPLL
VDDIO5_2P5
MIC69502WR
Micrel
+3.3 V
NX9415CMTR
Microsemi
VDDIO1_3P3
VDDIO2_3P3
VDDIO3_3P3
VDDIO4_3P3
VDDIO8_3P3
DDR3_1P5
MIC69502WR
Micrel
+1.8 V
MIC69502WR
Micrel
Figure 3 • Example Power Supply Topology
8
VDDIO0_1P5
Revision 10
VDDIO7_1P8
TPS51200
Texas
Instruments
DDR3_VTT
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Unused Pin Configurations
In cases where certain interfaces are not used, the associated pins need to be configured properly. For example, the
pins of an unused crystal oscillator can be left floating (DNC) and should not be grounded. If a PLL is not used or
bypassed, and only the divider circuitry is used, then the PLL’s pins can be powered without RC filter circuitry.
For SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices with multiple SerDes blocks, designers should tie off unused SerDes blocks, as
shown in Figure 4 on page 9.
For banks configured as LPDDR or single-ended I/O (and MDDR or FDDR functionalities are not being used), VREFx
can be left floating (DNC) even though the corresponding bank supply is still powered.
To allow a SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 device to exit from reset, some of the bank supplies (VDDIx) must always be
powered, even if associated bank I/O are unused (as shown in Table 4 on page 10 and Table 5 on page 12).
For details on bank locations for all the devices, see DS0115: SmartFusion2 Pin Descriptions Datasheet or DS0124:
IGLOO2 Pin Descriptions Datasheet.
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
1.2 V
VDD
SERDES_x_VDD
1.2 V
SERDES_x_L01_VDDAIO
VDD
2.5/3.3 V
SERDES_x_L23_VDDAIO
1
VPP
1.2 V/2.5 V
SERDES_x_L01_VDDAPLL
1
SERDES_x_L 23_VDDAPLL
VPPNVM
2.5 V/3.3 V
1.2 / 1.5 / 1.8 / 2.5 / 3.3 V
SERDES_x_PLL_VDDA
VDDIx
2
SERDES_x_L01_REFRET
SERDES_x_L23_REFRET
SERDES_x_RXD[3:0]_P
SERDES_x_RXD[3:0]_N
SERDES_x_PLL_VSSA
2.5 V/3.3 V
CCC_xyz_PLL _VDDA
SERDES_x_TXD[3:0]_P
MSS/HPMS_xDDR_PLL_VDDA
CCC_ xyz_PLL _ VSSA
MSS/HPMS_xDDR_PLL_VSSA
SERDES_x_TXD[3:0]_N
SERDES_x_L01_REXT
SERDES_x_L23_REXT
DNC or VSS
VREFx
VDDI(JTAG)
1 kΩ
JTAGSEL
1 kΩ
JTAGTCK
DNC
XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_EXTAL
DNC
XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_XTAL
MSIO
MSIOD
Libero Defined * DNC
3
DDRIO
VSS
VSSNVM
Figure 4 • Recommendations for Unused Pin Configurations
Notes:
1. For M2S090T(S), M2GL090T(S), M2S150T(S), and M2GL150T(S) devices, the VPP and VPPNVM must be
connected to a +3.3 V supply.
2. For recommendations on unused VDDI supplies, see Table 4 on page 10 and Table 5 on page 12.
3. For details on Libero Defined * DNC, see the device pinout spreadsheets.
R ev i si o n 1 0
9
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices have multiple bank supplies. In cases where specific banks are not used, Microsemi recommends connecting them as listed in Table 4 and
Table 5.
Table 4 • Recommendation for Bank Supplies for Packages FC1152, FG896, FG676, FCS536, FCV484, and FG484
FC1152
FG896
FCS536
FCV484
M2S150T/
M2GL050T
M2S050T/
M2GL050T
M2S090T/
M2GL090T
M2S060T/
M2GL060T
M2S150T/
M2GL150T
M2S150T/
M2GL150
M2S090T/
M2GL090T
M2S060T
M2GL060T
M2S050T/
M2GL050T
M2S025T/
M2GL025T
M2S010T/
M2GL010T
M2S005/
M2GL005
VDDI0
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
VDDI1
Can be left
floating
Must
connect to
VDDI1
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Must connect
to VDDI1
Must connect
to VDDI1
Must connect
to VDDI1
Must connect to
VDDI1
VDDI2
Can be left
floating
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Must connect
to VDDI2
Must connect
to VDDI2
Must connect
to VDDI2
Must connect
to VDDI2
Must connect
to VDDI2
Must connect to
VDDI2
VDDI3
Can be left
floating
Must
connect to
VDDI3
Must
connect to
VDDI3
Must
connect to
VDDI3
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Must connect
to VDDI3
–
Must connect
to VDDI3
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
VDDI4
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Must
connect to
VDDI4
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Must connect
to VDDI4
Can be left
floating
Must connect
to VDDI4
Must connect
to VDDI4
Must connect to
VDDI4
VDDI5
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
VDDI6
Must
connect to
VDDI6
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Must
connect to
VDDI6
Must
connect to
VDDI6
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
VDDI7
Must
connect to
VDDI7
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Must
connect to
VDDI7
Must
connect to
VDDI7
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
VDDI8
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
VDDI9
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
VDDI10
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI11
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
–
Bank
Supply
Names
10
FG676
FG484
Re vis i o n 10
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Table 4 • Recommendation for Bank Supplies for Packages FC1152, FG896, FG676, FCS536, FCV484, and FG484 (continued)
FC1152
FG896
FCS536
FCV484
M2S150T/
M2GL050T
M2S050T/
M2GL050T
M2S090T/
M2GL090T
M2S060T/
M2GL060T
M2S150T/
M2GL150T
M2S150T/
M2GL150
M2S090T/
M2GL090T
M2S060T
M2GL060T
M2S050T/
M2GL050T
M2S025T/
M2GL025T
M2S010T/
M2GL010T
M2S005/
M2GL005
VDDI12
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI13
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI14
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI15
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI16
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI17
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI18
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Bank
Supply
Names
FG676
FG484
Note: If there is no recommendation provided for a device-bank supply combination, it means the bank is not pinned out.
R ev i si o n 1 0
11
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Table 5 • Recommendation for Bank Supplies for Packages VF400, FCS325, VF256, and TQ144
Bank
Supply
Names
VF400
M2S060T/ M2S050T/
M2GL060T M2GL050T
FCS325
VF256
TQ144
M2S025T/
M2GL025T
M2S010T/
M2GL010T
M2S005/
M2GL005
M2S090T/
M2GL090T
M2S060T/
M2GL060T
M2S050T/
M2GL050T
M2S025T/
M2GL025T
M2S025T/ M2S010T/
M2GL025T M2GL010T
M2S005S/
M2GL005S
M2S010T/
M2GL010T
M2S005S/
M2GL005S
VDDI0
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be
left
floating
–
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
VDDI1
Can be left
floating
Must
connect to
VDDI1
Must connect
to VDDI1
Must
connect to
VDDI1
Must
connect to
VDDI1
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Must
connect to
VDDI1
Must
connect to
VDDI1
Must
connect to
VDDI1
Must
connect to
VDDI1
Must
connect to
VDDI1
Must
connect to
VDDI1
–
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must connect
to VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
Must
connect to
VDDI2
VDDI3
Must
connect to
VDDI3
Must
connect to
VDDI3
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be
left
floating
Must
connect to
VDDI3
Must
connect to
VDDI3
Must
connect to
VDDI3
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
VDDI4
Must
connect to
VDDI4
Can be left
floating
Must connect
to VDDI4
Must
connect to
VDDI4
Must
connect to
VDDI4
Can be left
floating
Must
connect to
VDDI4
Can be left
floating
Must
connect to
VDDI4
Must
connect to
VDDI4
Must
connect to
VDDI4
Must
connect to
VDDI4
Must
connect to
VDDI4
Must
connect to
VDDI4
VDDI5
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be
left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
Can be left
floating
VDDI6
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be
left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
VDDI7
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
Can be left
floating
–
VDDI8
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
–
VDDI9
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
Can be left
floating
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
12
Re vis i o n 10
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Limiting Surge Current During Device Reset
After device power-up, if the application asserts the DEVRST_N pin and there are no decoupling capacitors on the
board, additional surge current on VDD may be observed during assertion of DEVRST_N or during a digest check
operation. This section describes how to minimize additional surge current during SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 device reset
operation. Note that this additional surge current does not occur during device power-up; it is applicable only when
DEVRST_N is asserted.
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 device reset can be activated either directly through an external DEVRST_N pin or indirectly
through the tamper macro IP. When the device reset is asserted, the system controller immediately puts the FPGA
core in inactive state. During this operation, depending on the board design layout and decoupling capacitors used,
there may be additional surge current on the VDD power rail. The additional surge current has no effect on device
reliability. This surge current is for a very short duration and is normally handled by bulk decoupling capacitors on the
power plane in a typical system. In cases where Microsemi-recommended board design guidelines cannot be
implemented for decoupling capacitors for VDD (due to limited board spacing or other reasons), higher-than-expected
surge current may occur during device reset.
Table 6 provides characterized surge current data for VDD during DEVRST_N assertion. This data represents the
worst-case condition with no decoupling capacitors on the board.
Table 6 • Surge Current on VDD during DEVRST_N Assertion (No Decoupling Capacitors on Board)
Surge Current on VDD
Device
Width of Surge at
50% of Pulse (µS)
0°C to 85°C
-40°C to 100°C
-55°C to 125°C
Units
M2S005/M2GL005
2
0.5
0.6
0.6
A
M2S010/M2GL010
3
0.9
0.9
0.9
A
M2S025/M2GL025
6
1.7
1.7
1.7
A
M2S050/M2GL050
12
3.2
3.2
3.2
A
M2S060/M2GL060
12
3.2
3.2
3.2
A
M2S090/M2GL090
22
4.4
4.6
4.6
A
M2S150/M2GL150
42
7.0
7.3
7.3
A
However, the surge current data in Table 6 does not represent a typical system. To illustrate this, surge current during
device reset was measured at room temperature separately for the M2S090 security evaluation kit and the M2S150
advanced development kit. These kits have decoupling capacitors as per Microsemi-recommended board design
guidelines. Table 7 shows the surge currents observed on the M2S090 security evaluation kit and the M2S150
advanced development kit. The surge current values were found to be within acceptable limits.
Table 7 • M2S090 and M2S150 Surge Current During DEVRST_N Assertion (With Recommended Decoupling
Capacitors on Board)
Width of Surge at 50%
of Pulse
Surge Current
M2S090 Security Evaluation Kit
5 µs
150 mA
M2S150 Advanced Development Kit
40 µs
1.5 A
Kit
•
The digest check system service performs on-chip NVM data integrity check on SmartFusion2 devices. The
use of system services by digest check may cause additional surge current on VDD. For more information on
digest check service, see UG0450: SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGA System Controller User Guide.
R ev i si o n 1 0
13
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Table 8 provides surge current data recorded for VDD when system services were being used by the digest check
service. To limit surge current during digest check, follow the Microsemi-recommended board design guidelines.
Table 8 • Surge Current on VDD During Digest Check using System Services (No Decoupling Capacitors on
Board)
Width of Surge at
50% of Pulse (µS)
Device
Surge Current on VDD
0°C to 85°C
-40°C to 100°C
-55°C to 125°C
Units
M2S005/M2GL005
12
0.2
0.2
0.2
A
M2S010/M2GL010
12
0.5
0.5
0.5
A
M2S025/M2GL025
13
0.6
0.6
0.6
A
M2S050/M2GL050
13
0.9
0.9
0.9
A
M2S060/M2GL060
13
0.9
0.9
0.9
A
M2S090/M2GL090
20
1.0
1.0
1.0
A
M2S150/M2GL150
26
1.0
1.0
1.0
A
Clocks
SmartFusion2 devices have two on-chip RC oscillators and up to two crystal oscillators for generating clocks for the
on-chip resources and logic in the FPGA fabric (Table 9).
RC Oscillators:
•
1-MHz RC oscillator
•
50-MHz RC oscillator
Crystal Oscillators:
•
Main crystal oscillator
•
Auxiliary (RTC) crystal oscillator.
Table 9 • Clock Circuit
M2S025
M2S050*
M2S150
M2GL005
M2GL010
M2GL025
M2GL050*
M2GL150
IGLOO2 Part Number
M2S010
On-Chip
Oscillators
SmartFusion2 SoC Part Number
M2S005
Resource
RC
Oscillators
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Crystal
Oscillators
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
Note: *All IGLOO2 devices and the M2S050 SmartFusion2 device only have a main crystal oscillator; they do not
have an auxiliary (RTC) crystal oscillator.
Main Crystal Oscillator
The main crystal oscillator works with an external crystal, ceramic resonator, or a resistor-capacitor network to
generate a high-precision clock in the range of 32 kHz to 20 MHz and is connected via the pins
XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_EXTAL and XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_XTAL.
14
R ev i sio n 1 0
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Table 10 lists the output frequency range of the main crystal oscillator with different possible sources.
Table 10 • Crystal Oscillator Output Frequency Range
Source
Output Frequency Range
Crystal
32 kHz to 20 MHz
Ceramic Resonator
500 kHz to 4 MHz
RC Circuit
32 kHz to 4 MHz
The main crystal oscillator is operated in medium gain mode when a ceramic resonator is connected between the
XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_EXTAL and XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_XTAL pins.
When a crystal is used (Figure 5), the load capacitance is determined by the external capacitors C1 and C2, internal
capacitance, and stray capacitance (CS).
XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_EXTAL
Crystal
Oscillator
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_XTAL
C2
C1
Figure 5 • Crystal Oscillator
Typically, designers choose the values of capacitors C1 and C2 to match the crystal’s capacitance CL using the
following equation:
C 1  C 2C L = --------------------+ Cs
C1 + C2
EQ 1
where:
CL is the load capacitance provided in manufacturer datasheet.
CS is stray capacitance on the PCB; this can be assumed to be in the range of 2 to 5 pF.
Usually C1 and C2 are selected such that they are equal.
Note: Equation (EQ 1) is only a guideline, and selection of capacitors depends on design requirements such as cost,
availability, frequency accuracy, PPM, and type of application.
Large values of C1 and C2 increase the frequency stability but decrease the loop gain and may cause oscillator startup
problems. The basic rule of thumb is the values of C1 and C2 should be twice as that of CL.
Table 11 • Suggested Crystal Oscillator
CRYSTAL 32.768 kHz 12.5 pF SMD
Citizen
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
The frequency generated by an RC network is determined by the RC time constant of the selected components
(Figure 7). The R and C components are connected to the XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_EXTAL pin, with the
XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_XTAL pin connected to the power pin VPP (Figure 6).
VPP VPP
XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_XTAL
R
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
XTLOSC_[MAIN/AUX]_EXTAL
C
Figure 6 • RC Oscillator
Figure 7 • RC Time Constant
The operating mode of the main crystal oscillator is configured by the oscillator's macro available in the Libero
System-on-Chip (SoC) design software.
Auxiliary (RTC) Crystal Oscillator
The SmartFusion2 devices, except M2S050, have an auxiliary crystal oscillator dedicated to real-time clocking as an
alternative source for the 32 kHz clock. The RTC can take its 32 kHz clock source from the auxiliary crystal oscillator
when the main crystal oscillator is being used.
Similar to the main crystal oscillator, the auxiliary crystal oscillator can work with an external crystal, ceramic resonator,
or an RC circuit to generate a high-precision clock in the range of 32 kHz to 20 MHz. There are two I/O pads for
connecting the external frequency source to the auxiliary crystal oscillator: XTLOSC_AUX_EXTAL and
XTLOSC_AUX_XTAL. The output frequency range, operating modes, and characteristics for the auxiliary crystal
oscillator are the same as those for the main crystal oscillator.
Note: Auxiliary (RTC) crystal oscillator is not available in the IGLOO2 device.
For detailed information, see UG0449: SmartFusion2 and IGLOO2 Clocking Resources User Guide.
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Reset Circuit
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices have a dedicated asynchronous Schmitt-trigger reset input pin (DEVRST_N) with a
maximum slew rate not exceeding 1 µs. This active-low signal should be asserted only when the device is
unresponsive due to some unforeseen circumstances. It is not recommended to assert this pin during a programming
(including eNVM) operation as it may cause severe consequences including corruption of the device configuration.
Asserting this signal tristates all user I/O and resets the system. De-asserting DEVRST_N enables the system
controller to begin its startup sequence.
Figure 8 shows an example of a reset circuit using the Maxim DS1818 reset device, which maintains reset for 150 ms
after the 3.3 V supply returns to an in-tolerance condition.
If unused, DEVRST_N must be pulled up to VPP through 10 k resistor. Adding a capacitor to ground on DEVRST_N
avoids high-frequency noise and unwanted glitches that could reset the device.
VPP
10 kΩ
DS1818
Reset
DEVRST_N
1 μF
SmartFusion2/
IGLOO2
Push-Button
Switch
Figure 8 • Reset Circuit
If the user logic needs to be reset, any FPGA I/O can be used as an asynchronous reset for the user logic, as shown in
Figure 9.
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 Fabric
Fabric Logic
CLKINT
A
Fabric I/O
Y
Reset
Figure 9 • Fabric Logic Reset
JTAG
The JTAG interface (Table 12) is used for device programming and testing or for debugging Cortex-M3 firmware.
These functions are enabled depending on the state of the JTAGSEL input. When the device reset is asserted, JTAG
I/O are still enabled but cannot be used as the TAP controller is in reset. JTAG I/O are powered by VDDI in the I/O
bank where they reside. JTAG pins should be connected as shown in Figure 10 on page 18.
Table 12 • JTAG Pins
Pin Names
Direction
Weak Pull-up
Description
JTAG_TMS
Input
Yes
JTAG test mode select.
JTAG_TRSTB
Input
Yes
JTAG test reset. Must be held low during device operation.
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Table 12 • JTAG Pins (continued)
Pin Names
Direction
Weak Pull-up
JTAG_TDI
Input
Yes
JTAG test data in.
JTAG_TCK
Input
No
JTAG test clock. Microsemi recommends that TCK be tied
to VSS or VDDI through a resistor on the board when
unused per IEEE 1532 requirements. This prevents totempole current on the input buffer.
JTAG_TDO
Output
No
JTAG test data out.
Input
Connect the JTAGSEL pin
to an external pull-up
resistor. The default
configuration should
enable the FPGA fabric
TAP.
JTAGSEL
Description
JTAG controller selection. Depending on the state of the
JTAGSEL pin, an external JTAG controller connects to
either the FPGA fabric TAP (high) or the Cortex-M3 JTAG
debug interface (low).
For SmartFusion2-based designs, this signal should be
held high or low through jumper settings.
For IGLOO2-based designs, this signal should be held high
through a pull-up resistor.
VDDI (JTAG)
1k
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
VDDI (JTAG)
VDDI (JTAG)
1
JTAGSEL
2
3
1k
JTAG_TCK
FP4
Header
JTAG_TDO
3
JTAG_TMS
5
6
7
8
9
10
JTAG_TDI
JTAG_TRSTB
1 kΩ
1 kΩ
Figure 10 • JTAG Programming
18
2
1
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Special Pins
The SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices have dedicated pins for programming the device and probing the fabric I/O
(Table 13).
The embedded system controller contains a dedicated SPI block for programming which can operate in master or
slave mode. In master mode, the SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 device interfaces with external SPI flash, from which
programming data is downloaded. In slave mode, the SPI block communicates with a remote device that initiates
download of programming data to the device.
Table 13 • Special Pins
Special Pins
Description
SC_SPI_SS
SPI slave select
SC_SPI_SDO
SPI data output
SC_SPI_SDI
SPI data input
SC_SPI_CLK
SPI clock
FLASH_GOLDEN_N*
If pulled low, indicates that the device is to be re-programmed from an image contained in
the external SPI flash. If pulled high, the SPI is placed into slave mode. Requires an external
pull-up resistor value of 10 k to VDDIx.
NC
No connect. Indicates the pin is not connected to circuitry within the device. NC pins can be
driven to any voltage or can be left floating with no effect on the operation of the device.
DNC
Do not connect. Should not be connected to any signals on the PCB. DNC pins should be
left unconnected.
PROBE_A
The two live probe I/O pins are dual-purpose:
PROBE_B
•
Live probe functionality
•
User I/O
If unused, it must be connected to GND via a 10 kΩ resistor.
Note: *This pin may not be available on certain low pin count packages. For more information, see
DS0115: SmartFusion2 Pin Descriptions Datasheet and DS0124: IGLOO2 Pin Descriptions Datasheet.
Device Programming
The SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 device can be programmed via one of two dedicated interfaces: JTAG or SPI. These two
interfaces support the following programming modes:
•
Auto-programming (master) mode
•
In-system programming:
•
–
JTAG programming mode
–
SPI Slave programming mode
In-application update:
–
Cortex-M3 update mode (only for SmartFusion2 devices)
–
Auto update mode
For detailed information on hardware connections for each programming mode, see UG0451: IGLOO2 and
SmartFusion2 Programming User Guide.
SerDes
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 SerDes I/O reside in dedicated I/O banks. The number of SerDes I/O depends on the device
size and pin count. For example, the M2S050T/M2GL050T device has two SerDes blocks (SERDES0 and SERDES1),
which reside in bank 6 and bank 9 out of 10 I/O banks. The M2S010T/M2GL010T device has a single SerDes block
(SERDES0), which resides in I/O bank 5.
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
PCI Express (PCIe)
PCIe is a point-to-point serial differential low-voltage interconnect supporting up to four channels. Each lane consists of
two pairs of differential signals: a transmit pair, TXP/TXN, and receive pair, RXP/RXN. Figure 11 illustrates the
connectivity between the SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 SerDes interface and the PCIe edge connector.
SmartFusion2/ IGLOO2
0.1 μF
SerDes Lane0 / TXD
Tx
SerDes Lane1 / TXD
Tx
SerDes Lane2 / TXD
Tx
SerDes Lane3 / TXD
Tx
0.1 μF
PCIe Edge
Connector
+12 V
Rx
+3.3 V
0.1 μF
0.1 μF
Rx
0.1 μF
0.1 μF
Rx
0.1 μF
0.1 μF
Rx
SerDes Lane0 / RXD
Rx
Tx
SerDes Lane1 / RXD
Rx
Tx
SerDes Lane2 / RXD
Rx
Tx
SerDes Lane3 / RXD
Rx
Tx
SerDes REFCLK0
Rx
Tx
Reset #
Fabric I/O
SerDes REFCLK1
Rx
Tx
On-board
100 MHz
Differential
Clock
Source
Figure 11 • SerDes Schematics
AC Coupling
Each transmit channel of a PCIe lane must be AC coupled to allow link detection. Capacitors used for AC coupling
must be external to the device and large enough to avoid excessive low-frequency drops when the data signal contains
a long string of consecutive identical bits.
For non-PCIe applications, the SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 device requires the receive inputs to be AC coupled to prevent
common-mode mismatches between devices. Suitable values (for example, 0.1 µF) for AC-coupling capacitors must
be used to maximize link signal quality and must conform to DS0120: Military Grade IGLOO2 FPGA and SmartFusion2
SoC FPGA Datasheet electrical specifications.
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
SerDes Reference Clock Requirements
The selection of the reference clock source or clock oscillator is driven by many parameters such as frequency range,
output voltage swing, jitter (deterministic, random, and peak-to-peak), rise and fall times, supply voltage and current,
noise specification, duty cycle and duty cycle tolerance, and frequency stability.
For SerDes reference clock pins, the internal ODT option should be enabled, and therefore, external termination is not
required.
Following are the requirements for the SerDes reference clock:
•
Must be within the range of 100 MHz to 160 MHz.
•
Must be within the tolerance range of the I/O standard.
•
The input clock for PCIe is typically a 100 MHz reference clock provided by the host slot for an end point device
through the PCIe connector of the motherboard. If two components connected through the PCIe bus use the
same 100 MHz clock source, it is called common clock mode. In any other case, the PCIe device is in
separated clock mode where one component either does not use a 100 MHz reference clock or uses a 100
MHz reference clock that does not have the same source and phase as the one used by the connected
component.
See the PCI Express Base specification Rev 2.1 for detailed PHY specifications. Also see the PCIe Add-in Card
Electro-Mechanical (CEM) specifications.
PLL Filter
To achieve a reasonable level of long-term jitter, it is vital to supply the PLL with analog-grade power. Typically, an RC
or RLC filter is used, where C is composed of multiple devices to achieve a wide spectrum of noise absorption.
Although the circuit is simple, its effectiveness depends on specific board layout requirements. See Figure 1 on page 3
for an illustration of a typical power supply connection.
•
The DC series resistance of this filter should be limited. Microsemi recommends limiting the voltage drop
across this device to less than 5% under worst-case conditions.
•
Place a main ceramic or tantalum capacitor (see Figure 1 on page 3), in the filter design to achieve good lowfrequency cut-off. At least one low equivalent series inductance (ESL) and low ESR capacitor in parallel (~0.1
µF ceramic capacitor in 0402 package) enables the filter to maintain its attenuation through moderately high
frequencies.
•
The package ball grid array (BGA) pattern allows the placement of 0402 or 0201 components across the
SERDES_x_Lyz_VDDAPLL and SERDES_x_Lyz_REFRET pins on the backside of the board.
•
For the SerDes block, SERDES_x_Lyz_REFRET serves as the local on-chip ground return path for
SERDES_x_Lyz_VDDAPLL. Therefore, the external board ground must not short with
SERDES_x_Lyz_REFRET under any circumstances.
•
High-quality series inductors should not be used without a series resistor when there is a high-gain series
resonator. In general, avoid using inductive chokes in any supply path unless care is taken to manage
resonance.
See Figure 1 on page 3 for SerDes analog power connections. A high-precision 1.21K_1%  resistor in either a 0402
or 0201 package is required for the external reference resistor connected between SERDES_x_Lyz_REXT and
SERDES_x_Lyz_REFRET.
LPDDR, DDR2, and DDR3
DDRIO is a multi-standard I/O buffer optimized for LPDDR, DDR2, and DDR3 performance. The
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices include two DDR subsystems: the fabric DDR controllers (FDDR) and microcontroller
subsystem (MSS) DDR (MDDR) controllers. All DDRIO can be configured as differential I/O or two single-ended I/O.
DDRIO can be connected to the respective DDR sub-system PHYs or can be used as user I/O.
•
For more information on FDDR and MDDR, see the SmartFusion2 FPGA Fabric DDR Controller Configuration
Guide and SmartFusion2 MSS DDR Controller Configuration Guide.
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Table 14 lists the differences between LPDDR, DDR2, and DDR3.
Table 14 • LPDDR/DDR2/DDR3 Parameters
Parameter
LPDDR
DDR2
DDR3
1.8 V
1.8 V
1.5 V
–
0.9 V
0.75 V
Asymmetrical tree branch
Symmetrical tree
branch
Daisy chained (fly-by)
Single-ended
Differential
Differential
None
Static
Dynamic
Match Addr/CMD/Ctrl to clock
tightly
Yes
Yes
Yes
Match DQ/DM/DQS tightly
Yes
Yes
Yes
Match DQS to clock loosely
Yes
Yes
Not required
LVCMOS_18
SSTL_18
SSTL_15
LVCMOS18 - Not required
150_1%
240_1%
VDDQ
VTT, VREF
Clock, address, and command
(CAC) layout
Data strobe
ODT
Interface
Impedance Calibration
One major difference between DDR2 and DDR3 SDRAM is the use of data leveling. To improve signal integrity and
support higher frequency operations, a fly-by termination scheme is used with the clocks, command, and address bus
signals. Fly-by termination reduces simultaneous switching noise by deliberately causing flight-time skew between the
data strobes at every DDR3 chip. Fly-by termination requires controllers to compensate for this skew by adjusting the
timing per byte lane. To achieve length matching, short TMATCH_OUT to TMATCH_IN with shortest loop.
For more information on DDR memories, refer to the following documents:
•
JESD209B-JEDEC STANDARD—Low Power Double Data Rate (LPDDR) SDRAM Standard
•
JESD79-2F-JEDEC STANDARD—DDR2 SDRAM Specification
•
JESD79-3F-JEDEC STANDARD—DDR3 SDRAM Standard
MDDR/FDDR Impedance Calibration
The MDDR and FDDR have a DDRIO calibration block. DDRIO can use fixed impedance calibration for different drive
strengths, and these values can be programmed using the Libero SoC software for the selected I/O standard.
Before initiating DDRIO impedance calibration, either of the following must be done:
22
•
Power sequencing where the DDRIO bank VDDIx supply should be up and stable before VDD core supply
•
DDRIO re-calibration through the APB interface after DDRIO- VDDIx and VDD are up and stable
•
For more information on impedance calibration, see UG0445: SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGA Fabric
User Guide.
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
VREF Power
VREF is a low-power reference voltage equal to half of VDDQ. It must also be equal to VTT ± 40 mV.
Following are the guidelines for connecting VREF power:
•
For light loads (less than four DDR components), connect VDDQ to VSSQ through a simple resistor divider
composed of two equivalent 1% 1 k resistors (Figure 12).
•
Generate a local VREF at every device, rather than generating a single VREF with one divider and routing it
from the controller to the memory devices.
•
Decouple at each device or connector to minimize noise.
Note: Use discrete resistors, not a resistor pack, to generate VREF.
VDDQ
1 kΩ, 1%
VREF
1 kΩ, 1%
0.1 μF
VSSQ
Figure 12 • VREF Generation
VTT Power
VTT is memory bus termination voltage. To maintain noise margins, VTT must be equal to VDDQ/2, with an accuracy
of ± 3%. VTT terminates command and address signals to VDDQ/2 using a parallel resistor (RT) tied to a low
impedance source.
VTT is not used to terminate any DDR clock pairs. Rather, the xDDR_CLK and xDDR_CLK_N termination consists of
a parallel 100-121  resistor between the two lines.
•
VTT islands require at least two additional decoupling capacitors (4.7 µF) and two bulk capacitors (100 µF) at
each end.
•
Since each data line is connected to VTT with relatively low impedance, this supply must be extremely stable.
Any noise on this supply directly affects the data lines.
•
Sufficient bulk and bypass capacitance must be provided to keep this supply at VDDQ/2. VREF power should
not be derived from VTT, but must be derived from VDDQ with a 1% or better resistor divider.
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
LPDDR and DDR2 Design
This document assumes that the designer is familiar with the specification and the basic electrical operation of the
LPDDR/DDR2 interface. Data bus, data strobe, and data mask (byte enable) signals are point-to-point, whereas all
other address, control, and clock signals are not point-to-point. Figure 13 shows the connectivity of
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 LPDDR interface and Figure 14 on page 25 shows a 32-bit DDR2 interface.
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
xDDR_DQS [1:0]
xDDR_DM_RDQS [1:0]
xDDR_DQ [15:0]
xDDR_BA [2:0]
xDDR_ADDR [14:0]
x16 LPDDR SDRAM
Control lines
CKE, CS, WE, RAS, CAS
100Ω
xDDR_CLK
xDDR_CLK_N
x16 LPDDR SDRAM
xDDR_DQS [3:2]
xDDR_DM_RDQS [3:2]
xDDR_DQ [31:16]
xDDR_TMATCH_OUT
xDDR_TMATCH_IN
xDDR_TMATCH_ECC_OUT
xDDR_TMATCH_ECC_IN
150_1%
xDDR_IMP_CALIB_ECC
Figure 13 • LPDDR Interface
Note: Impedance calibration is optional for LPDDR operating in LVCMOS mode.
24
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SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
xDDR_DQS [1:0]
xDDR_DQS [1:0]_N
xDDR_DM_RDQS [1:0]
xDDR_DQ [15:0]
DDR 2 SDRAM
x16-bit
xDDR_CLK
100
xDDR_CLK_N
Rt
Address lines [13:0]
VTT
Bank address [2:0]
Control lines
CKE, CS, WE, RAS, CAS
xDDR_DQS [3:2]
DDR2 SDRAM
x16-bit
xDDR_DQS [3:2]_N
xDDR_DM_RDQS [3:2]
xDDR_DQ [31:16]
xDDR_TMATCH_OUT
xDDR_TMATCH_IN
xDDR_TMATCH_ECC_OUT
xDDR_TMATCH_ECC_IN
150_1%
xDDR_IMP_CALIB_ECC
Figure 14 • DDR2 Interface
With short traces, the address, control, and command signals may not require both parallel (RT) and series (RS)
termination. In a worst-case scenario, a small series resistor (RS) of about 10  or less is required. This series
termination is not used for impedance matching, but for dampening the signals.
Note: To get length matching, short the TMATCH_OUT to TMATCH_IN with shortest loop.
DDR3 Guidelines
Following are the guidelines for connecting to DDR3 memory:
•
DDR3 data nets have dynamic on-die termination (ODT) built into the controller and SDRAM. The
configurations are 40, 60, and 140 . VTT pull-up is not necessary.
•
Characteristic impedance: Zo is typically 50  and Zdiff (differential) is 100 .
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
DDR3 interfacing with SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices is shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16 for 8-bit and 16-bit
interfaces respectively.
VTT
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
Clock
DDR3
SDRAM
Address and
Command
DDR3
SDRAM
DDR3
SDRAM
DDR3
SDRAM
DQ group 0
DQ group1
DQ group 2
DQ group 3
DDR_TMATCH_OUT
DDR_TMATCH_IN
DDR_TMATCH_ECC_OUT
DDR_TMATCH_ECC_IN
240_1%
DDR_IMP_CALIB_ECC
Figure 15 • 8-Bit DDR3 Interface
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
x16
xDDR_DQS [1:0]
xDDR_DQS [1:0]_N
xDDR_DM_RDQS [1:0]
xDDR_DQ [15:0]
DDR3 SDRAM
x16
xDDR_BA [2:0]
VTT
49.9 Ω
100 Ω
VDD
xDDR_CLK
xDDR_CLK_N
240 Ω
ZQ
xDDR_DQS [3:2]
xDDR_DQS [3:2]_N
xDDR_DM_RDQS [3:2]
xDDR_DQ [31:16]
240 Ω
ZQ
xDDR_TMATCH_OUT
xDDR_TMATCH_IN
xDDR_TMATCH_ECC_OUT
xDDR_TMATCH_ECC_IN
240_1%
xDDR_IMP_CALIB_ECC
Figure 16 • 16-Bit DDR3 Interface
26
49.9 Ω
49.9 Ω
xDDR_ADDR [13:0]
Control lines
CKE, CS, WE, RAS, CAS, ODT
DDR3 SDRAM
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
User I/O and Clock Pins
Table 15 lists recommendations for unused I/O and clock pins in a SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 device.
Table 15 • Recommendations for Unused I/O and Clock Pins
I/O
Unused Condition
Remarks
MSIO
MSIOD
Libero-Defined DNC*
Internal weak pull-up is available
DDRIO
Programming SPI pins
Crystal oscillator pins
Must be left floating and should not
connect to ground (VSS)
Internal weak nominal 50 k pull-up to VPP
Note: *Libero configures unused user I/O (MSIO, MSIOD, DDRIO) as: Input Buffer Disabled, Output Buffer
tristated with weak pull-up.
Internal Clamp Diode Circuitry
All user I/O have an internal clamp diode control circuitry. A pull-up clamp diode must not be present in the I/O circuitry
if the hot-swap feature is used. The 3.3 V PCI standard requires a pull-up clamp diode and, therefore, cannot be
selected if hot-swap capability is required.
VDDI
Pull‐Up Clamp diode presents in 3.3V PCI,MSIOD and DDRIOs
Buffer
Pad
Pull‐Down Clamp diode presents in all user IO standards
Figure 17 • Internal Clamp Diode Control Circuitry
For more information on hot swapping and cold sparing applications, see AC396: SmartFusion2 and IGLOO2 in Hot
Swapping and Cold Sparing App Note.
Achieving a Two-Rail Design
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices require multiple power supplies for functional operation, programming, and high-speed
serial interfaces. It is possible to design an application with only two voltage rails using SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
devices.
I/O banks in SmartFusion2 and IGLOO2 devices support a wide range of I/O standards. I/O bank supplies can operate
at +1.2 V, +1.5 V, +1.8 V, +2.5 V, or +3.3 V. To achieve a two-voltage-rail design, the core voltage should be connected
to +1.2 V, and the mandatory I/O bank supplies and VPP supplies can be connected to +2.5 V or +3.3 V.
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Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Operating Voltage Rails
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices require +1.2 V for the core supply and either +2.5 V or +3.3 V for I/O and analog
supplies. Table 16 lists operating voltage requirements for the devices.
Table 16 • Operating Voltage Rails
Pin Name
Description
Operating Voltage
VDD
DC core supply voltage.
+1.2 V
VDDIx
I/O bank supply.
SERDES_x_VDD
PCIe/PCS supply.
+1.2 V
SERDES_x_L[01/23]_VDDAIO
Tx/Rx analog I/O voltage. Low-voltage power for
lanes 0, 1, 2 and 3 of the SerDes interface.
+1.2 V
VPP*
Power supply for charge pump.
+2.5 V or +3.3 V
VPPNVM*
Analog sense-circuit supply for the embedded
non-volatile memory (eNVM).
+2.5 V or +3.3 V
CCC_xyz_PLL_VDDA
Analog power pad for CCC PLL.
+2.5 V or +3.3 V
+1.2 V, +1.5 V, +1.8 V, +2.5 V,
or +3.3 V
MSS/HPMS_xDDR_PLL_VDDA Analog power pad for xDDR PLL.
+2.5 V or +3.3 V
SERDES_x_PLL_VDDA
+2.5 V or +3.3 V
High supply voltage for SerDes PLL.
SERDES_x_L[01/23]_VDDAPLL Analog power for SerDes PLL of lanes 0, 1, 2,
and 3.
+1.2 V or +2.5 V
Note: *For M2S090T(S), M2S150T(S) devices, VPP and VPPNVM must be connected to +3.3 V.
Configuring Pins in Open Drain
To configure fabric pins in open-drain mode, the input port of the tristate buffer must be tied low, and the enable port of
the buffer must be driven from the user logic via the fabric port (Figure 18).
VDDIx
10 k:
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2
IN
OUT
EN
Fabric Port
Figure 18 • Configuring Pins in Open Drain
28
R ev i sio n 1 0
I/O Pin
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Table 17 provides the truth table for configuring pins in open-drain mode.
Table 17 • Truth Table
Buffer Enable Port
Buffer In Port
Buffer Out Port
0 (low)
0 (low)
0 (low)
1 (high)
0 (low)
VDDIX
Brownout Detection (BOD)
SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 functionality is guaranteed only if VDD is above the recommended level specified in the
datasheet. Brownout occurs when VDD drops below the minimum recommended operating voltage. As a result, it is
not possible to ensure proper or predictable device operation. The design might continue to malfunction even after the
supply is brought back to the recommended values as parts of the device might have lost functionality during
brownout. The VDD supply must be protected by a brownout detection circuit.
To recover from VDD brownout, the device must either be power-cycled, or an external brownout detection circuit must
be used to reset the device for correct operation. The recommended guideline for the threshold voltage of brownout
detection is a minimum of 1 V. The brownout detection circuit should be designed such that if the VDD falls below 1 V,
the device should be held in power-down mode via the DEVRST_N pin.
Note: Brownout detection must be implemented through a standalone or included as part of power management
circuitry.
The SmartFusion2/IGLOO2 devices do not have a built-in brownout detection circuitry, but an external brownout
detection circuitry can be implemented as shown in Figure 19.
Supply
VDD
Sense
+1.2 V
Supply
Brownout Reset
Device
10 kΩ
Reset#
SmartFusion2/
IGLOO2
DEVRST_n
GND
Figure 19 • BOD Circuit Implementation
The BOD device should have an open-drain output to connect to VPP through 10 k resistor externally. During poweron, the brownout reset keeps the device powered down until the supply voltage reaches the threshold value.
Thereafter, the brownout reset device monitors VDD and keeps RESET# output active as long as VDD remains below
the threshold voltage. An internal timer delays the return of the output to the inactive state (high) to ensure proper
system reset.
The delay time is in milliseconds and starts after VDD has risen above the threshold voltage. When the supply voltage
drops below the threshold voltage, the output becomes active (low) again.
R ev i si o n 1 0
29
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
List of Changes
The following table shows the important changes made in this document for each revision.
Revision
Changes
Page
Revision 10
Updated "Power Supplies" section (SAR 77745 and SAR 79670).
3
(May 2016)
Updated Table 4 (SAR 78887).
10
Updated "Special Pins" section (SAR 75910).
19
Updated "SerDes" section (SAR 78504).
19
Updated "User I/O and Clock Pins" section (SAR 61314).
27
Updated Figure 1 (SAR 72533).
3
Added CCC_PLL_VDDA and MSS_xDDR_PLL_VDDA details under "Power
Supplies" on page 3 (SAR 72533).
3
Revision 9
(December 2015)
Revision 8
(August 2015)
Revision 7
(April 2015)
Deleted the RC Values for Filter Circuitry table (SAR 72533).
NA
Added the M2S060T/M2GL060T device column in Table 5 (SAR 70484).
12
Updated Figure 1 (SAR 66682).
3
Updated the RC Values for Filter Circuitry table (SAR 66682 and SAR 65367).
5
Updated Table 4 (SAR 70545).
10
Updated Table 5 (SAR 67599).
12
Updated Table 13 to replace pin SC_SPI_SS with SC_SPI_SDO.
19
Updated "PLL Filter" section (SAR 60798).
21
Updated Figure 13 (SAR 65438, SAR 69743 and SAR 69580).
24
Updated Figure 14 (SAR 65438).
25
Updated Figure 16 (SAR 65438).
26
Added Figure 17 (SAR 64377).
27
Updated Figure 1 and Figure 4 (SAR 62858).
Updated "Power Supply Sequencing and Power-on Reset" section (SAR 64117).
7
Updated "To minimize glitch on fabric I/O during power-down, any one of the
following solutions can be used:" section.
8
Added Table 5.
12
Updated Table 4, Table 16, and Table 9 (SAR 62858).
10, 28, 14
Updated "Reset Circuit" section.
17
Updated "AC Coupling" section.
20
Updated Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15, and Figure 16 (SAR 65438).
24, 25, 26
Replaced all instances of VQ144 with TQ144 Package.
NA
Removed all instances of and references to M2S100 and M2GL100 device
(SAR 62858).
NA
Revision 6
Updated "Designing the Board" section (SAR 58055).
(September 2014)
Updated "Power Supplies" section and Figure 1 (SAR 52580).
30
3 and 9
R ev i sio n 1 0
2
3
Board Design Guidelines for SmartFusion2 SoC and IGLOO2 FPGAs
Revision
Revision 5
(March 2014)
Changes
Page
Updated "Power Supply Sequencing and Power-on Reset" section (SAR 59593
and SAR 57004).
7
Updated Figure 4 (SAR 52580).
9
Added M2S090T/M2GL090T-FCS325 information for power supplies in Table 4
(SAR 58241).
10
Updated Figure 2 (SAR 56291).
5
Added a foot note to Table 13 (SAR 59563).
19
Updated "SerDes Reference Clock Requirements" section (SAR 60213).
21
Updated Table 14 (SAR 58085).
N/A
Updated "Brownout Detection (BOD)" section and Figure 19 (SAR 56598).
29
Updates made to maintain the style and consistency of the document.
N/A
Updated "Power Supply Sequencing and Power-on Reset" section, Figure 1,
Figure 4, and Table 4 (SAR 52580).
Updated main crystal oscillator pins naming convention (SAR 53177).
Updated Figure 1 (SAR 54177).
7, 3, 9, 10
NA
3
Updated Figure 1, Figure 4, and Table 16 (SAR 55659).
Updated Figure 1, and Figure 4 (SAR 55705).
Updated Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15, and Figure 16 (SAR 53161).
3, 9, 28
3, 9
24, 25, 26
Updated Table 13 (SAR 53348).
19
Corrected the Ramp Rate description to 50 us in the "Power Supply Sequencing
and Power-on Reset" section (SAR 50245) (SAR 50844).
7
Updated Figure 10. (SAR 50725)
18
Added Section “Configuring Pins in Open Drain".
19
Revision 3
(June 2013)
Updated the content for IGLOO2 devices (SAR 48630).
N/A
Revision 2
(May 2013)
Modified the "SmartFusion2 Unused Pin Configurations" section (SAR 47904).
5
Updated Table 15 (SAR 47548).
27
Updated the "Brownout Detection (BOD)" section (SAR 47904).
29
Added Figure 19 (SAR 47904).
29
Added "Power Supply Sequencing and Power-on Reset" section (SAR 47223).
7
Revision 4
(November 2013)
Revision 1
(April 2013)
Updated Figure 4 (previously Figure 2) and added Figure 4 (SAR 47223).
Updated Table 4 and Table 15, and added Table 16 (SAR 47223).
Revision 0
(March 2013)
Initial Release.
9, N/A
10, 27, and
28
N/A
R ev i si o n 1 0
31
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