1.5A, 3.3V Fixed Linear Regulator

CS52015−3
1.5 A, 3.3 V Fixed Linear
Regulator
The CS52015−3 linear regulator provides 1.5 A @ 3.3 V reference
at 1.0 A with an output voltage accuracy of ±1.5%.
The regulator is intended for use as a post regulator and
microprocessor supply. The fast loop response and low dropout
voltage make this regulator ideal for applications where low voltage
operation and good transient response are important.
The circuit is designed to operate with dropout voltages less than 1.4 V
at 1.5 A output current. The maximum quiescent current is only 10 mA
at full load. Device protection includes over−current and thermal
shutdown.
The CS52015−3 is pin compatible with the LT1086 family of linear
regulators but has lower dropout voltage.
The regulator is available in TO−220−3, surface mount D2PAK−3,
and SOT−223 packages.
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TO−220−3
T SUFFIX
CASE 221A
1
2
3
D2PAK−3
DP SUFFIX
CASE 418AB
Features
•
•
•
•
•
Output Current to 1.5 A
Output Accuracy to ±1.5% Over Temperature
Dropout Voltage (typical) 1.05 V @ 1.5 A
Fast Transient Response
Fault Protection
− Current Limit
− Thermal Shutdown
12
Tab = VOUT
Pin 1. GND
2. VOUT
3. VIN
3
1
23
SOT−223
ST SUFFIX
CASE 318E
ORDERING INFORMATION
See detailed ordering and shipping information in the package
dimensions section on page 6 of this data sheet.
VOUT
VIN
CS52015−3
DEVICE MARKING INFORMATION
3.3 V @ 1.5 A
See general marking information in the device marking
section on page 6 of this data sheet.
GND
10 mF
5.0 V
22 mF
5.0 V
Figure 1. Applications Diagram
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2006
September, 2006 − Rev. 8
1
Publication Order Number:
CS52015−3/D
CS52015−3
MAXIMUM RATINGS*
Parameter
Supply Voltage, VIN
Operating Temperature Range
Junction Temperature
Storage Temperature Range
Lead Temperature Soldering:
Wave Solder (through hole styles only) Note 1
Reflow (SMD styles only) Note 2
ESD Damage Threshold
Value
Unit
7.0
V
−40 to +70
°C
150
°C
−60 to +150
°C
260 Peak
230 Peak
°C
°C
2.0
kV
1. 10 second maximum.
2. 60 second maximum above 183°C
*The maximum package power dissipation must be observed.
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (CIN = 10 mF, COUT = 22 mF Tantalum, VOUT + VDROPOUT < VIN < 7.0 V, 0°C ≤ TA ≤ 70°C,
TJ ≤ +150°C, unless otherwise specified, Ifull load = 1.5 A)
Characteristic
Test Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
3.250
(−1.5%)
3.300
3.350
(+1.5%)
V
Fixed Output Voltage
Output Voltage (Notes 3 and 4)
VIN − VOUT = 1.5 V;
0 ≤ IOUT ≤ 1.5 A
Line Regulation
2.0 V ≤ VIN − VOUT ≤ 3.7 V; IOUT = 10 mA
−
0.02
0.20
%
Load Regulation (Notes 3 and 4)
VIN − VOUT = 2.0 V; 10 mA ≤ IOUT ≤ 1.5 A
−
0.04
0.4
%
Dropout Voltage (Note 5)
IOUT = 1.5 A
−
1.05
1.4
V
Current Limit
VIN − VOUT = 3.0 V
1.6
3.1
−
A
Quiescent Current
IOUT = 10 mA
−
5.0
10
mA
Thermal Regulation (Note 6)
30 ms Pulse, TA = 25°C
−
0.002
0.020
%/W
Ripple Rejection (Note 6)
f = 120 Hz; IOUT = 1.5 A; VIN − VOUT = 3.0 V;
VRIPPLE = 1.0 VPP
−
80
−
dB
Thermal Shutdown (Note 7)
−
150
180
210
°C
Thermal Shutdown Hysteresis (Note 7)
−
−
25
−
°C
3. Load regulation and output voltage are measured at a constant junction temperature by low duty cycle pulse testing. Changes in output
voltage due to temperature changes must be taken into account separately.
4. Specifications apply for an external Kelvin sense connection at a point on the output pin 1/4” from the bottom of the package.
5. Dropout voltage is a measurement of the minimum input/output differential at full load.
6. Guaranteed by design, not 100% tested in production.
7. Thermal shutdown is 100% functionally tested in production.
PACKAGE PIN DESCRIPTION
Package Pin Number
TO−220−3
D2PAK−3
SOT−223
Pin Symbol
1
1
1
GND
Ground connection.
2
2
2
VOUT
Regulated output voltage (case).
3
3
3
VIN
Function
Input voltage.
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2
CS52015−3
VOUT
VIN
Output
Current
Limit
Thermal
Shutdown
− +
Error
Amplifier
Bandgap
GND
Figure 2. Block Diagram
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
0.10
1.05
VDROPOUT (V)
Output Voltage Deviation (%)
0.08
1.00
TCASE = 0°C
0.95
TCASE = 25°C
0.90
0.85
TCASE = 125°C
0.80
0.06
0.04
0.02
0.00
−0.02
−0.04
−0.06
−0.08
−0.10
0.75
0
300
600
900
1200
−0.12
1500
Figure 3. Dropout Voltage vs. Output
Current
Figure 4. Output Voltage vs. Temperature
3.5
3.3
3.1
65
35
2.9
ISC (A)
Ripple Rejection (dB)
75
45
TCASE = 25°C
IOUT = 1.5 A
(VIN − VOUT) = 3.0 V
VRIPPLE = 1.0 VPP
101
2.7
2.5
2.3
2.1
1.9
25
15
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130
TJ (°C)
85
55
0
IOUT (mA)
1.7
102
103
104
105
1.5
106
1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0
Frequency (Hz)
VIN − VOUT (V)
Figure 5. Ripple Rejection vs. Frequency
Figure 6. Short Circuit Current vs.
VIN − VOUT
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3
0.100
300
200
Output Voltage Deviation (%)
Load Step (mA)
Voltage Deviation (mV)
CS52015−3
100
0
COUT = CIN = 22 mF Tantalum
−100
−200
1500
750
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0.075
0.050
TCASE = 25°C
0.025
TCASE = 125°C
0.000
10
TCASE = 0°C
0
1
2
Time (mS)
Output Current (A)
Figure 7. Transient Response
Figure 8. Load Regulation vs. Output
Current
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
The CS52015−3 linear regulator provides a 3.3 V output
voltage at currents up to 1.5 A. The regulator is protected
against overcurrent conditions and includes thermal
shutdown.
The CS52015−3 has a composite PNP−NPN output
transistor and requires an output capacitor for stability. A
detailed procedure for selecting this capacitor is included in
the Stability Considerations section.
For microprocessor applications it is customary to use an
output capacitor network consisting of several tantalum and
ceramic capacitors in parallel. This reduces the overall ESR
and reduces the instantaneous output voltage drop under
transient load conditions. The output capacitor network
should be as close to the load as possible for the best results.
Protection Diodes
When large external capacitors are used with a linear
regulator it is sometimes necessary to add protection diodes.
If the input voltage of the regulator gets shorted, the output
capacitor will discharge into the output of the regulator. The
discharge current depends on the value of the capacitor, the
output voltage and the rate at which VIN drops. In the
CS52015−3 linear regulator, the discharge path is through a
large junction and protection diodes are not usually needed.
If the regulator is used with large values of output
capacitance and the input voltage is instantaneously shorted
to ground, damage can occur. In this case, a diode connected
as shown in Figure 9 is recommended.
Stability Considerations
The output compensation capacitor helps determine three
main characteristics of a linear regulator: start−up delay,
load transient response, and loop stability.
The capacitor value and type is based on cost, availability,
size and temperature constraints. A tantalum or aluminum
electrolytic capacitor is best, since a film or ceramic
capacitor with almost zero ESR can cause instability. The
aluminum electrolytic capacitor is the least expensive
solution. However, when the circuit operates at low
temperatures, both the value and ESR of the capacitor will
vary considerably. The capacitor manufacturer’s data sheet
provides this information.
A 22 mF tantalum capacitor will work for most
applications, but with high current regulators such as the
CS52015−3 the transient response and stability improve
with higher values of capacitance. The majority of
applications for this regulator involve large changes in load
current so the output capacitor must supply the
instantaneous load current. The ESR of the output capacitor
causes an immediate drop in output voltage given by:
DV + DI
IN4002 (Optional)
VIN
VIN
C1
ESR
VOUT
CS52015−3
GND
VOUT
C2
Figure 9. Protection Diode Scheme for Large
Output Capacitors
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4
CS52015−3
Output Voltage Sensing
The maximum power dissipation for a regulator is:
Since the CS52015−3 is a three terminal regulator, it is not
possible to provide true remote load sensing. Load
regulation is limited by the resistance of the conductors
connecting the regulator to the load. For best results the
regulator should be connected as shown in Figure 10.
VIN
VIN
VOUT
RC
PD(max) + {VIN(max) * VOUT(min)}IOUT(max) ) VIN(max)IQ
(2)
where:
VIN(max) is the maximum input voltage,
VOUT(min) is the minimum output voltage,
IOUT(max) is the maximum output current, for the
application
IQ is the maximum quiescent current at IOUT(max).
Conductor Parasitic
Resistance
CS52015−3
RLOAD
A heat sink effectively increases the surface area of the
package to improve the flow of heat away from the IC and
into the surrounding air.
Each material in the heat flow path between the IC and the
outside environment has a thermal resistance. Like series
electrical resistances, these resistances are summed to
determine RqJA, the total thermal resistance between the
junction and the surrounding air.
1. Thermal Resistance of the junction to case, RqJC
(°C/W)
2. Thermal Resistance of the case to Heat Sink, RqCS
(°C/W)
3. Thermal Resistance of the Heat Sink to the ambient
air, RqSA (°C/W)
These are connected by the equation:
Figure 10. Conductor Parasitic Resistance Effects
Can Be Minimized With the Above Grounding
Scheme For Fixed Output Regulators
Calculating Power Dissipation and Heat Sink
Requirements
The CS52015−3 linear regulator includes thermal
shutdown and current limit circuitry to protect the device.
High power regulators such as these usually operate at high
junction temperatures so it is important to calculate the
power dissipation and junction temperatures accurately to
ensure that an adequate heat sink is used.
The case is connected to VOUT on the CS52015−3,
electrical isolation may be required for some applications.
Thermal compound should always be used with high current
regulators such as these.
The thermal characteristics of an IC depend on the
following four factors:
1.
2.
3.
4.
RQJA + RQJC ) RQCS ) RQSA
The value for RqJA is calculated using equation (3) and the
result can be substituted in equation (1).
The value for RqJC is 3.5°C/W for a given package type
based on an average die size. For a high current regulator
such as the CS52015−3 the majority of the heat is generated
in the power transistor section. The value for RqSA depends
on the heat sink type, while RqCS depends on factors such as
package type, heat sink interface (is an insulator and thermal
grease used?), and the contact area between the heat sink and
the package. Once these calculations are complete, the
maximum permissible value of RqJA can be calculated and
the proper heat sink selected. For further discussion on heat
sink selection, see application note “Thermal
Management,” document number AND8036/D, available
through the Literature Distribution Center or via our website
at http://onsemi.com.
Maximum Ambient Temperature TA (°C)
Power dissipation PD (Watts)
Maximum junction temperature TJ (°C)
Thermal resistance junction to ambient RqJA (°C/W)
These four are related by the equation
TJ + TA ) PD
RQJA
(3)
(1)
The maximum ambient temperature and the power
dissipation are determined by the design while the
maximum junction temperature and the thermal resistance
depend on the manufacturer and the package type.
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5
CS52015−3
ADDITIONAL ORDERING INFORMATION
Type*
Package
Shipping†
1.5 A, 3.3 V Output
TO−220−3, STRAIGHT
50 Units / Rail
CS52015−3GDP3
1.5 A, 3.3 V Output
D2PAK−3
50 Units / Rail
CS52015−3GDPR3
1.5 A, 3.3 V Output
D2PAK−3
750 / Tape & Reel
CS52015−3GST3
1.5 A, 3.3 V Output
SOT−223
80 Units / Rail
CS52015−3GSTR3
1.5 A, 3.3 V Output
SOT−223
2500 / Tape & Reel
Orderable Part Number
CS52015−3GT3
*Consult your local sales representative for other fixed output voltage versions.
†For information on tape and reel specifications, including part orientation and tape sizes, please refer to our Tape and Reel Packaging
Specifications Brochure, BRD8011/D.
MARKING DIAGRAMS
TO−220−3
T SUFFIX
CASE 221A
D2PAK−3
DP SUFFIX
CASE 418AB
SOT−223
ST SUFFIX
CASE 318E
CS
52015−3
AWLYWW
AYW
52015
CS52015−3
AWLYWW
1
1
1
A
WL, L
YY, Y
WW, W
= Assembly Location
= Wafer Lot
= Year
= Work Week
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6
CS52015−3
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
TO−220−3
T SUFFIX
CASE 221A−08
ISSUE AA
−T−
F
−B−
4
Q
C
T
S
A
U
1 2 3
−Y−
SEATING
PLANE
H
K
L
R
V
G
J
N
D 3 PL
0.25 (0.010)
M
B
M
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI
Y14.5M, 1982.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: INCH.
DIM
A
B
C
D
F
G
H
J
K
L
N
Q
R
S
T
U
V
INCHES
MIN
MAX
0.560
0.625
0.380
0.420
0.140
0.190
0.025
0.035
0.139
0.155
0.100 BSC
−−−
0.280
0.012
0.045
0.500
0.580
0.045
0.060
0.200 BSC
0.100
0.135
0.080
0.115
0.020
0.055
0.235
0.255
0.000
0.050
0.045
−−−
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
14.23
15.87
9.66
10.66
3.56
4.82
0.64
0.89
3.53
3.93
2.54 BSC
−−−
7.11
0.31
1.14
12.70
14.73
1.15
1.52
5.08 BSC
2.54
3.42
2.04
2.92
0.51
1.39
5.97
6.47
0.00
1.27
1.15
−−−
Y
D2PAK−3
DP SUFFIX
CASE 418AB−01
ISSUE O
For D2PAK Outline and
Dimensions − Contact Factory
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7
CS52015−3
SOT−223
ST SUFFIX
CASE 318E−04
ISSUE K
A
F
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI
Y14.5M, 1982.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: INCH.
4
S
1
2
INCHES
DIM MIN
MAX
A
0.249
0.263
B
0.130
0.145
C
0.060
0.068
D
0.024
0.035
F
0.115
0.126
G
0.087
0.094
H 0.0008 0.0040
J
0.009
0.014
K
0.060
0.078
L
0.033
0.041
M
0_
10 _
S
0.264
0.287
B
3
D
L
G
J
C
0.08 (0003)
M
H
K
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
6.30
6.70
3.30
3.70
1.50
1.75
0.60
0.89
2.90
3.20
2.20
2.40
0.020
0.100
0.24
0.35
1.50
2.00
0.85
1.05
0_
10 _
6.70
7.30
PACKAGE THERMAL DATA
Parameter
TO−220−3
D2PAK−3
SOT−223
Unit
RqJC
Typical
3.5
3.5
15
°C/W
RqJA
Typical
50
10−50*
156
°C/W
* Depending on thermal properties of substrate. RqJA = RqJC + RqCA
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are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC). SCILLC reserves the right to make changes without further notice
to any products herein. SCILLC makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does SCILLC assume any liability
arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation special, consequential or incidental damages.
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operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights
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CS52015−3/D
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