AT91SAM7A3 - Preliminary Summary

Features
• Incorporates the ARM7TDMI ® ARM® Thumb® Processor
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– High-performance 32-bit RISC Architecture
– High-density 16-bit Instruction Set
– Leader in MIPS/Watt
EmbeddedICE™ In-circuit Emulation, Debug Communication Channel Support
256 Kbytes of Internal High-speed Flash, Organized in 1024 Pages of 256 Bytes
– Single Cycle Access at Up to 30 MHz in Worst Case Conditions
– Prefetch Buffer Optimizing Thumb Instruction Execution at Maximum Speed
– Page Programming Time: 6 ms, Including Page Auto-erase, Full Erase Time: 15 ms
– 10,000 Write Cycles, 10-year Data Retention Capability, Sector Lock Capabilities
32K Bytes of Internal High-speed SRAM, Single-cycle Access at Maximum Speed
Memory Controller (MC)
– Embedded Flash Controller, Abort Status and Misalignment Detection
– Memory Protection Unit
Reset Controller (RSTC)
– Based on Three Power-on Reset Cells
– Provides External Reset Signal Shaping and Reset Sources Status
Clock Generator (CKGR)
– Low-power RC Oscillator, 3 to 20 MHz On-chip Oscillator and One PLL
Power Management Controller (PMC)
– Power Optimization Capabilities, including Slow Clock Mode (Down to 500 Hz), Idle
Mode, Standby Mode and Backup Mode
– Four Programmable External Clock Signals
Advanced Interrupt Controller (AIC)
– Individually Maskable, Eight-level Priority, Vectored Interrupt Sources
– Four External Interrupt Sources and One Fast Interrupt Source, Spurious Interrupt
Protected
Debug Unit (DBGU)
– 2-wire UART and Support for Debug Communication Channel interrupt
Periodic Interval Timer (PIT)
– 20-bit Programmable Counter plus 12-bit Interval Counter
Windowed Watchdog (WDT)
– 12-bit key-protected Programmable Counter
– Provides Reset or Interrupt Signal to the System
– Counter May Be Stopped While the Processor is in Debug Mode or in Idle State
Real-time Timer (RTT)
– 32-bit Free-running Counter with Alarm
– Runs Off the Internal RC Oscillator
Two Parallel Input/Output Controllers (PIO)
– Sixty-two Programmable I/O Lines Multiplexed with up to Two Peripheral I/Os
– Input Change Interrupt Capability on Each I/O Line
– Individually Programmable Open-drain, Pull-up resistor and Synchronous Output
Shutdown Controller (SHDWC)
– Programmable Shutdown Pin and Wake-up Circuitry
Two 32-bit Battery Backup Registers for a Total of 8 Bytes
One 8-channel 20-bit PWM Controller (PWMC)
One USB 2.0 Full Speed (12 Mbits per Second) Device Port
– On-chip Transceiver, 2376-byte Configurable Integrated FIFOs
Product
Description
AT91SAM7A3
Preliminary
Summary
NOTE: This is a summary document.
The complete document is available on
the Atmel website at www.atmel.com.
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
• Nineteen Peripheral DMA Controller (PDC) Channels
• Two CAN 2.0B Active Controllers, Supporting 11-bit Standard and 29-bit Extended Identifiers
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– 16 Fully Programmable Message Object Mailboxes, 16-bit Time Stamp Counter
Two 8-channel 10-bit Analog-to-Digital Converter
Three Universal Synchronous/Asynchronous Receiver Transmitters (USART)
– Individual Baud Rate Generator, IrDA® Infrared Modulation/Demodulation
– Support for ISO7816 T0/T1 Smart Card, Hardware Handshaking, RS485 Support
Two Master/Slave Serial Peripheral Interfaces (SPI)
– 8- to 16-bit Programmable Data Length, Four External Peripheral Chip Selects
Three 3-channel 16-bit Timer/Counters (TC)
– Three External Clock Inputs, Two Multi-purpose I/O Pins per Channel
– Double PWM Generation, Capture/Waveform Mode, Up/Down Capability
Two Synchronous Serial Controllers (SSC)
– Independent Clock and Frame Sync Signals for Each Receiver and Transmitter
– I²S Analog Interface Support, Time Division Multiplex Support
– High-speed Continuous Data Stream Capabilities with 32-bit Data Transfer
One Two-wire Interface (TWI)
– Master Mode Support Only, All Two-wire Atmel EEPROM’s Supported
Multimedia Card Interface (MCI)
– Compliant with Multimedia Cards and SD Cards
– Automatic Protocol Control and Fast Automatic Data Transfers with PDC, MMC and SDCard Compliant
IEEE® 1149.1 JTAG Boundary Scan on All Digital Pins
Required Power Supplies
– Embedded 1.8V Regulator, Drawing up to 130 mA for the Core and the External Components, Enables 3.3V Single Supply
Mode
– 3.3V VDD3V3 Regulator, I/O Lines and Flash Power Supply
– 1.8V VDD1V8 Output of the Voltage Regulator and Core Power Supply
– 3V to 3.6V VDDANA ADC Power Supply
– 3V to 3.6V VDDBU Backup Power Supply
5V-tolerant I/Os
Fully Static Operation: Up to 60 MHz at 1.65V and 85°C Worst Case Conditions
Available in a 100-lead LQFP Green Package
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
1. Description
The AT91SAM7A3 is a member of a series of 32-bit ARM7™ microcontrollers with an integrated
CAN controller. It features a 256-Kbyte high-speed Flash and 32-Kbyte SRAM, a large set of
peripherals, including two 2.0B full CAN controllers, and a complete set of system functions minimizing the number of external components. The device is an ideal migration path for 8-bit
microcontroller users looking for additional performance and extended memory.
The embedded Flash memory can be programmed in-system via the JTAG-ICE interface. Builtin lock bits protect the firmware from accidental overwrite.
The AT91SAM7A3 integrates a complete set of features facilitating debug, including a JTAG
Embedded ICE interface, misalignment detector, interrupt driven debug communication channel
for user configurable trace on a console, and JTAG boundary scan for board level debug and
test.
By combining a high-performance 32-bit RISC processor with a high-density 16-bit instruction
set, Flash and SRAM memory, a wide range of peripherals including CAN controllers, 10-bit
ADC, Timers and serial communication channels, on a monolithic chip, the AT91SAM7A3 is
ideal for many compute-intensive embedded control applications.
3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
2. Block Diagram
Figure 2-1.
AT91SAM7A3 Block Diagram
TDI
TDO
TMS
TCK
JTAG
SCAN
ARM7TDMI
Processor
ICE
1.8 V
Voltage
Regulator
JTAGSEL
TST
FIQ
System Controller
VDD3V3
GND
VDD1V8
AIC
IRQ0-IRQ3
PDC
PIO
Embedded
Flash
Controller
FLASH
256K Bytes
DBGU
PDC
Memory
Protection
Unit
PCK0-PCK3
PLLRC
PLL
XIN
XOUT
OSC
GND
VDDBU
Memory
Controller
PMC
SRAM
32K Bytes
Address
Decoder
Peripheral Bridge
Abort
Status
Peripheral Data
Controller
19 channels
Misalignment
Detection
GPBR
RCOSC
FWKUP
WKUP0
WKUP1
SHDW
RTT
Shutdown
Controller
VDDBU
POR
VDD3V3
POR
Reset
Controller
APB
FIFO
USB Device
VDD1V8 POR
NRST
Transceiver
DRXD
DTXD
PIT
TWI
WDT
PIOA
4
CAN1
PDC
PWMC
USART0
PDC
PDC
USART1
SSC0
PDC
PDC
PDC
USART2
PDC
PDC
SPI0
SSC1
PDC
Timer Counter
PDC
PDC
SPI1
TC0
TC1
PDC
PDC
MCI
PDC
TC2
Timer Counter
TC3
TC4
ADC0
TC5
PDC
Timer Counter
TC6
ADC1
TC7
TC8
PIO
PDC
PDC
PIO
RXD0
TXD0
SCK0
RTS0
CTS0
RXD1
TXD1
SCK1
RTS1
CTS1
RXD2
TXD2
SCK2
RTS2
CTS2
SPI0_NPCS0
SPI0_NPCS1
SPI0_NPCS2
SPI0_NPCS3
SPI0_MISO
SPI0_MOSI
SPI0_SPCK
SPI1_NPCS0
SPI1_NPCS1
SPI1_NPCS2
SPI1_NPCS3
SPI1_MISO
SPI1_MOSI
SPI1_SPCK
MCCK
MCCDA
MCDA0-MCDA3
ADC0_AD0
ADC0_AD1
ADC0_AD2
ADC0_AD3
ADC0_AD4
ADC0_AD5
ADC0_AD6
ADC0_AD7
ADC0_ADTRG
ADVREFP
VDDANA
GND
ADC1_AD0
ADC1_AD1
ADC1_AD2
ADC1_AD3
ADC1_AD4
ADC1_AD5
ADC1_AD6
ADC1_AD7
ADC1_ADTRG
CAN0
PIOB
DDM
DDP
TWD
TWCK
CANRX0
CANTX0
CANRX1
CANTX1
PWM0
PWM1
PWM2
PWM3
PWM4
PWM5
PWM6
PWM7
TF0
TK0
TD0
RD0
RK0
RF0
TF1
TK1
TD1
RD1
RK1
RF1
TCLK0
TCLK1
TCLK2
TIOA0
TIOB0
TIOA1
TIOB1
TIOA2
TIOB2
TCLK3
TCLK4
TCLK5
TIOA3
TIOB3
TIOA4
TIOB4
TIOA5
TIOB5
TCLK6
TCLK7
TCLK8
TIOA6
TIOB6
TIOA7
TIOB7
TIOA8
TIOB8
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
3. Signal Description
Table 3-1.
Signal Description
Signal Name
Function
Type
Active
Level
Comments
Power
VDD3V3
1.8V Voltage Regulator, I/O Lines and
Flash Power Supply
Power
3.0V to 3.6V
VDDBU
Backup I/O Lines Power Supply
Power
3V to 3.6V
VDDANA
Analog Power Supply
Power
3V to 3.6V
VDD1V8
1.8V Voltage Regulator Output and Core
Power Supply
Power
1.85V typical
VDDPLL
1.8V PLL Power Supply
Power
1.65V to 1.95V
GND
Ground
Ground
Clocks, Oscillators and PLLs
XIN
Main Oscillator Input
Input
XOUT
Main Oscillator Output
PLLRC
PLL Filter
PCK0 - PCK3
Programmable Clock Output
Output
SHDW
Shut-Down Control
Output
WKUP0 - WKUP1
Wake-Up Inputs
Input
Accept between 0V and VDDBU
FWKUP
Force Wake Up
Input
Accept between 0V and VDDBU
External pull-up resistor needed.
Output
Input
Open Drain.
ICE and JTAG
TCK
Test Clock
Input
No pull-up resistor
TDI
Test Data In
Input
No pull-up resistor
TDO
Test Data Out
TMS
Test Mode Select
Input
No pull-up resistor
JTAGSEL
JTAG Selection
Input
Pull-down resistor
Output
Reset/Test
NRST
Microcontroller Reset
TST
Test Mode Select
I/O
Low
Input
High
Pull-down resistor
Debug Unit
DRXD
Debug Receive Data
Input
DTXD
Debug Transmit Data
Output
5
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
Table 3-1.
Signal Description (Continued)
Signal Name
Function
Type
Active
Level
Comments
AIC
IRQ0 - IRQ3
External Interrupt Inputs
Input
FIQ
Fast Interrupt Input
Input
PIO
PA0 - PA31
Parallel IO Controller A
I/O
Pulled-up input at reset
PB0 - PB29
Parallel IO Controller B
I/O
Pulled-up input at reset
Multimedia Card Interface
MCCK
Multimedia Card Clock
Output
MCCDA
Multimedia Card A Command
I/O
MCDA0 - MCDA3
Multimedia Card A Data
I/O
USB Device Port
DDM
USB Device Port Data -
Analog
DDP
USB Device Port Data +
Analog
USART
SCK0 - SCK1 - SCK2
Serial Clock
I/O
TXD0 - TXD1 - TXD2
Transmit Data
I/O
RXD0 - RXD1 - RXD2
Receive Data
Input
RTS0 - RTS1 - RTS2
Request To Send
CTS0 - CTS1 - CTS2
Clear To Send
Output
Input
Synchronous Serial Controller
TD0 - TD1
Transmit Data
Output
RD0 - RD1
Receive Data
Input
TK0 - TK1
Transmit Clock
I/O
RK0 - RK1
Receive Clock
I/O
TF0 - TF1
Transmit Frame Sync
I/O
RF0 - RF1
Receive Frame Sync
I/O
Timer/Counter
TCLK0 - TCLK8
External Clock Input
Input
TIOA0 - TIOA8
I/O Line A
I/O
TIOB0 - TIOB8
I/O Line B
I/O
PWM Controller
PWM0 - PWM7
6
PWM Channels
Output
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
Table 3-1.
Signal Description (Continued)
Signal Name
Function
Type
Active
Level
Comments
SPI
SPI0_MISO
SPI1_MISO
Master In Slave Out
I/O
SPI0_MOSI
SPI1_MOSI
Master Out Slave In
I/O
SPI0_SPCK
SPI1_SPCK
SPI Serial Clock
I/O
SPI0_NPCS0
SPI1_NPCS0
SPI Peripheral Chip Select 0
I/O
Low
SPI0_NPCS1 - SPI0_NPCS3
SPI1_NPCS1 - SPI1_NPCS3
SPI Peripheral Chip Select
Output
Low
Two-wire Interface
TWD
Two-wire Serial Data
I/O
TWCK
Two-wire Serial Clock
I/O
Analog-to-Digital Converter
ADC0_AD0 - ADC0_AD7
ADC1_AD0 - ADC1_AD7
Analog Inputs
Analog
ADVREFP
Analog Positive Reference
Analog
ADC0_ADTRG
ADC1_ADTRG
ADC Trigger
Digital pulled-up inputs at reset
Input
CAN Controller
CANRX0-CANRX1
CAN Inputs
CANTX0-CANTX1
CAN Outputs
Input
Output
7
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
4. Package
4.1
100-lead LQFP Package Outline
Figure 4-1 shows the orientation of the 100-lead LQFP package. A detailed mechanical description is given in the Mechanical Characteristics section of the full datasheet.
Figure 4-1.
100-lead LQFP Outline (Top View)
75
51
76
50
100
26
1
8
25
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
4.2
Pinout
Table 4-1.
Pinout in 100-lead LQFP Package
1
GND
26
VDDBU
51
PA20
76
PLLRC
2
NRST
27
FWKUP
52
PA21
77
VDDANA
3
TST
28
WKUP0
53
PA22
78
ADVREFP
4
PB13
29
WKUP1
54
PA23
79
GND
5
PB12
30
SHDW
55
PA24
80
PB14/ADC0_AD0
6
PB11
31
GND
56
PA25
81
PB15/ADC0_AD1
7
PB10
32
PA4
57
PA26
82
PB16/ADC0_AD2
8
PB9
33
PA5
58
PA27
83
PB17/ADC0_AD3
9
PB8
34
PA6
59
VDD1V8
84
PB18/ADC0_AD4
10
PB7
35
PA7
60
GND
85
PB19/ADC0_AD5
11
PB6
36
PA8
61
VDD3V3
86
PB20/ADC0_AD6
12
PB5
37
PA9
62
PA28
87
PB21/ADC0_AD7
13
PB4
38
VDD3V3
63
PA29
88
VDD3V3
14
PB3
39
GND
64
PA30
89
PB22/ADC1_AD0
15
VDD3V3
40
VDD1V8
65
PA31
90
PB23/ADC1_AD1
16
GND
41
PA10
66
JTAGSEL
91
PB24/ADC1_AD2
17
VDD1V8
42
PA11
67
TDI
92
PB25/ADC1_AD3
18
PB2
43
PA12
68
TMS
93
PB26/ADC1_AD4
19
PB1
44
PA13
69
TCK
94
PB27/ADC1_AD5
20
PB0
45
PA14
70
TDO
95
PB28/ADC1_AD6
21
PA0
46
PA15
71
GND
96
PB29/ADC1_AD7
22
PA1
47
PA16
72
VDDPLL
97
DDM
23
PA2
48
PA17
73
XOUT
98
DDP
24
PA3
49
PA18
74
XIN
99
VDD1V8
25
GND
50
PA19
75
GND
100
VDD3V3
9
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
5. Power Considerations
5.1
Power Supplies
The AT91SAM7A3 has five types of power supply pins:
• VDD3V3 pins. They power the voltage regulator, the I/O lines, the Flash and the USB
transceivers; voltage ranges from 3.0V to 3.6V, 3.3V nominal.
• VDD1V8 pins. They are the outputs of the 1.8V voltage regulator and they power the logic of
the device.
• VDDPLL pin. It powers the PLL; voltage ranges from 1.65V to 1.95V, 1.8V typical. They can
be connected to the VDD1V8 pin with decoupling capacitor.
• VDDBU pin. It powers the Slow Clock oscillator and the Real Time Clock, as well as a part of
the System Controller; ranges from 3.0V and 3.6V, 3.3V nominal.
• VDDANA pin. It powers the ADC; ranges from 3.0V and 3.6V, 3.3V nominal.
No separate ground pins are provided for the different power supplies. Only GND pins are provided and should be connected as shortly as possible to the system ground plane.
5.2
Voltage Regulator
The AT91SAM7A3 embeds a voltage regulator that consumes less than 120 µA static current
and draws up to 130 mA of output current.
Adequate output supply decoupling is mandatory for VDD1V8 (pin 99)to reduce ripple and avoid
oscillations. The best way to achieve this is to use two capacitors in parallel: one external 470 pF
(or 1 nF) NPO capacitor must be connected between VDD1V8 and GND as close to the chip as
possible. One external 3.3 µF (or 4.7 µF) X7R capacitor must be connected between VDD1V8
and GND.
All other VDD1V8 pins must be externally connected and have a proper decoupling capacitor (at
least 100 nF).
Adequate input supply decoupling is mandatory for VDD3V3 (pin 100) in order to improve startup stability and reduce source voltage drop. The input decoupling capacitor should be placed
close to the chip. For example, two capacitors can be used in parallel: 100 nF NPO and 4.7 µF
X7R.
All other VDD3V3 pins must be externally connected and have a proper decoupling capacitor (at
least 100 nF).
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AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
5.3
5.3.1
Typical Powering Schematics
3.3V Single Supply
The AT91SAM7A3 supports a 3.3V single supply mode. The internal regulator is connected to
the 3.3V source and its output feeds VDDPLL. Figure 5-1 shows the power schematics to be
used for USB bus-powered systems.
Figure 5-1.
3.3V System Single Power Supply Schematics
VDDBU
DC/DC Converter
USB Connector
up to 5.5V
VDDANA
VDD3V3
Voltage
Regulator
3.3V
VDD1V8
VDDPLL
11
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
6. I/O Lines Considerations
6.1
JTAG Port Pins
TMS, TDI and TCK are schmitt trigger inputs. TMS and TCK are 5V-tolerant, TDI is not. TMS,
TDI and TCK do not integrate any resistors and have to be pulled-up externally.
TDO is an output, driven at up to VDD3V3.
The JTAGSEL pin is used to select the JTAG boundary scan when asserted at a high level.
The JTAGSEL pin integrates a permanent pull-down resistor so that it can be left unconnected
for normal operations.
6.2
Test Pin
The TST pin is used for manufacturing tests and integrates a pull-down resistor so that it can be
left unconnected for normal operations. Driving this line at a high level leads to unpredictable
results.
6.3
Reset Pin
The NRST pin is bidirectional. It is handled by the on-chip reset controller and can be driven low
to provide a reset signal to the external components or asserted low externally to reset the
microcontroller. There is no constraint on the length of the reset pulse, and the reset controller
can guarantee a minimum pulse length. This allows connection of a simple push-button on the
NRST pin as system user reset, and the use of the NRST signal to reset all the components of
the system.
6.4
PIO Controller A and B Lines
All the I/O lines PA0 to PA31 and PB0 to PB29 are 5V-tolerant and all integrate a programmable
pull-up resistor. Programming of this pull-up resistor is performed independently for each I/O line
through the PIO Controllers.
5V-tolerant means that the I/O lines can drive voltage level according to VDD3V3, but can be
driven with a voltage at up to 5.5V. However, driving an I/O line with a voltage over VDD3V3
while the programmable pull-up resistor is enabled creates a current path through the pull-up
resistor from the I/O line to VDDIO. Care should be taken, especially at reset, as all the I/O lines
default as inputs with pull-up resistor enabled at reset.
6.5
Shutdown Logic Pins
The SHDW pin is an open drain output. It can be tied to VDDBU with an external pull-up resistor.
The FWUP, WKUP0 and WKUP1 pins are input-only. They can accept voltages only between
0V and VDDBU. It is recommended to tie these pins either to GND or to VDDBU with an external
resistor.
6.6
I/O Line Drive Levels
All the I/O lines can draw up to 2 mA.
12
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
7. Processor and Architecture
7.1
ARM7TDMI Processor
• RISC Processor Based on ARMv4T Von Neumann Architecture
– Runs at up to 60 MHz, providing 0.9 MIPS/MHz
• Two instruction sets
– ARM high-performance 32-bit Instruction Set
– Thumb high code density 16-bit Instruction Set
• Three-stage pipeline architecture
– Instruction Fetch (F)
– Instruction Decode (D)
– Execute (E)
7.2
Debug and Test Features
• Integrated EmbeddedICE™ (embedded in-circuit emulator)
– Two watchpoint units
– Test access port accessible through a JTAG protocol
– Debug communication channel
• Debug Unit
– Two-pin UART
– Debug communication channel interrupt handling
– Chip ID Register
• IEEE1149.1 JTAG Boundary-scan on all digital pins
7.3
Memory Controller
• Bus Arbiter
– Handles requests from the ARM7TDMI and the Peripheral Data Controller
• Address Decoder Provides Selection Signals for
– Three internal 1Mbyte memory areas
– One 256 Mbyte embedded peripheral area
• Abort Status Registers
– Source, Type and all parameters of the access leading to an abort are saved
– Facilitates debug by detection of bad pointers
• Misalignment Detector
– Alignment checking of all data accesses
– Abort generation in case of misalignment
• Remap Command
– Remaps the Internal SRAM in place of the embedded non-volatile memory
– Allows handling of dynamic exception vectors
• 16-area Memory Protection Unit
– Individually programmable size between 1K Bytes and 1M Bytes
13
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
– Individually programmable protection against write and/or user access
– Peripheral protection against write and/or user access
• Embedded Flash Controller
– Embedded Flash interface, up to three programmable wait states
– Read-optimized interface, buffering and anticipating the 16-bit requests, reducing
the required wait states
– Password-protected program, erase and lock/unlock sequencer
– Automatic consecutive programming, erasing and locking operations
– Interrupt generation in case of forbidden operation
7.4
Peripheral DMA Controller
• Handles data transfer between peripherals and memories
• Nineteen Channels
– Two for each USART
– Two for the Debug Unit
– Two for each Serial Synchronous Controller
– Two for each Serial Peripheral Interface
– One for the Multimedia Card Interface
– One for each Analog-to-Digital Converter
• Low bus arbitration overhead
– One Master Clock cycle needed for a transfer from memory to peripheral
– Two Master Clock cycles needed for a transfer from peripheral to memory
• Next Pointer management for reducing interrupt latency requirements
14
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
8. Memory
8.1
Embedded Memories
• 256 Kbytes of Flash Memory
– 1024 pages of 256 bytes.
– Fast access time, 30 MHz single cycle access in worst case conditions.
– Page programming time: 6 ms, including page auto-erase
– Full erase time: 15 ms
– 10,000 write cycles, 10-year data retention capability
– 16 lock bits, each protecting 16 pages
• 32 Kbytes of Fast SRAM
– Single-cycle access at full speed
15
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
Figure 8-1.
AT91SAM7A3 Memory Mapping
Internal Memory Mapping
0x0000 0000
Flash before Remap
SRAM after Remap
1 MBytes
0x000F FFF
0x0010 0000
Internal Flash
1 MBytes
Internal SRAM
1 MBytes
0x001F FFF
0x0020 0000
0x002F FFF
0x0030 0000
Reserved
252 MBytes
0x0FFF FFFF
Address Memory Space
0x0000 0000
Internal Memories
256 MBytes
Peripheral Mapping
0x0FFF FFFF
System Controller Mapping
0xF000 0000
0xFFF7 FFFF
0xFFF8 0000
0x1000 0000
0xFFF8 3FFF
0xFFF8 4000
0xFFF8 7FFF
0xFFF8 8000
0xFFF9 FFFF
0xFFFA 0000
0xFFFA 3FFF
0xFFFA 4000
Undefined
(Abort)
14 x 256 MBytes
3,584 MBytes
0xFFFA 7FFF
0xFFFA 8000
0xFFFA BFFF
0xFFFA C000
0xFFFA FFFF
0xFFFB 0000
Reserved
0xFFFF F000
CAN0
16 Kbytes
CAN1
16 Kbytes
Reserved
TC0, TC1, TC2
16 Kbytes
TC3, TC4, TC5
16 Kbytes
TC6, TC7, TC8
16 Kbytes
MCI
16 Kbytes
UDP
16 Kbytes
0xEFFF FFFF
0xFFFB FFFF
0xFFFC 0000
0xF000 0000
0xFFFC 3FFF
0xFFFC 4000
Internal Peripherals
256 MBytes
0xFFFC 7FFF
0xFFFC 8000
0xFFFC BFFF
0xFFFC C000
0xFFFF FFFF
0xFFFC FFFF
0xFFFD 0000
0xFFFD 3FFF
0xFFFD 4000
0xFFFD 7FFF
0xFFFD 8000
0xFFFD BFFF
0xFFFD C000
0xFFFD FFFF
0xFFFE 0000
0xFFFE 3FFF
0xFFFE 4000
0xFFFE 7FFF
0xFFFE 8000
0xFFFF EFFF
0xFFFF F000
TWI
16 Kbytes
DBGU
512 Bytes/128 registers
PIOA
512 Bytes/128 registers
PIOB
512 Bytes/128 registers
0xFFFF F3FF
0xFFFF F400
0xFFFF F5FF
0xFFFF F600
Reserved
0xFFFB BFFF
0xFFFB C000
512 Bytes/128 registers
0xFFFF F1FF
0xFFFF F200
0xFFFB 3FFF
0xFFFB 4000
0xFFFB 7FFF
0xFFFB 8000
AIC
0xFFFF F7FF
0xFFFF F800
Reserved
Reserved
USART0
16 Kbytes
USART1
16 Kbytes
USART2
16 Kbytes
PWMC
16 Kbytes
SSC0
16 Kbytes
SSC1
16 Kbytes
ADC0
16 Kbytes
ADC1
16 Kbytes
SPI0
16 Kbytes
SPI1
16 Kbytes
0xFFFF FBFF
0xFFFF FC00
0xFFFF FCFF
0xFFFF FD00
0xFFFF FD0F
0xFFFF FD10
0xFFFF FD1F
0xFFFF FD20
0xFFFF FC2F
0xFFFF FD30
0xFFFF FC3F
0xFFFF FD40
0xFFFF FD4F
0xFFFF FD50
0xFFFF FC58
0xFFFF FD59
0xFFFF FEFF
0xFFFF FF00
PMC
256 Bytes/64 registers
RSTC
16 Bytes/4 registers
SHDWC
RTT
16 Bytes/4 registers
PIT
16 Bytes/4 registers
WDT
16 Bytes/4 registers
GPBR
8 Bytes/2 registers
general purpose backup registers
Reserved
MC
256 Bytes/64 registers
Reserved
SYSC
0xFFFF FFFF
0xFFFF FFFF
16
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
8.2
8.2.1
Memory Mapping
Internal SRAM
The AT91SAM7A3 embeds a high-speed 32-Kbyte SRAM bank. After reset and until the Remap
Command is performed, the SRAM is only accessible at address 0x0020 0000. After Remap,
the SRAM also becomes available at address 0x0.
8.2.2
Internal Flash
The AT91SAM7A3 features one bank of 256 Kbytes of Flash. The Flash is mapped to address
0x0010 0000. It is also accessible at address 0x0 after the reset and before the Remap
Command.
Figure 8-2.
Internal Memory Mapping
0x0000 0000
0x000F FFFF
Flash Before Remap
SRAM After Remap
1M Bytes
0x0010 0000
Internal Flash
1M Bytes
Internal SRAM
1M Bytes
0x001F FFFF
0x0020 0000
256M Bytes
0x002F FFFF
0x0030 0000
Undefined Areas
(Abort)
253M Bytes
0x0FFF FFFF
8.3
8.3.1
Embedded Flash
Flash Overview
The Flash block of the AT91SAM7A3 is organized in 1024 pages of 256 bytes. It reads as
65,536 32-bit words.
The Flash block contains a 256-byte write buffer, accessible through a 32-bit interface.
When Flash is not used (read or write access), it is automatically put into standby mode.
8.3.2
Embedded Flash Controller
The Embedded Flash Controller (EFC) manages accesses performed by the masters of the system. It enables reading the Flash and writing the write buffer. It also contains a User Interface
mapped within the Memory Controller on the APB. The User Interface allows:
• programming of the access parameters of the Flash (number of wait states, timings, etc.)
• starting commands such as full erase, page erase, page program, NVM bit set, NVM bit
clear, etc.
• getting the end status of the last command
• getting error status
• programming interrupts on the end of the last commands or on errors
17
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
The Embedded Flash Controller also provides a dual 32-bit Prefetch Buffer that optimizes 16-bit
access to the Flash. This is particularly efficient when the processor is running in Thumb mode.
8.3.3
Lock Regions
The Embedded Flash Controller manages 16 lock bits to protect 16 regions of the Flash against
inadvertent Flash erasing or programming commands.
The AT91SAM7A3 has 16 lock regions. Each lock region contains 16 pages of 256 bytes. Each
lock region has a size of 4 Kbytes, thus only the first 64 Kbytes can be locked.
The 16 NVM bits are software programmable through the EFC User Interface. The command
“Set Lock Bit” activates the protection. The command “Clear Lock Bit” unlocks the lock region.
18
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
9. System Controller
The System Controller manages all vital blocks of the microcontroller: interrupts, clocks, power,
time, debug and reset.
The System Controller peripherals are all mapped to the highest 4K bytes of address space,
between addresses 0xFFFF F000 and 0xFFFF FFFF. Each peripheral has an address space of
up to 512 Bytes, representing up to 128 registers.
Figure 9-1 on page 20 shows the System Controller Block Diagram.
Figure 8-1 on page 16 shows the mapping of the User Interface of the System Controller peripherals. Note that the Memory Controller configuration user interface is also mapped within this
address space.
19
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
Figure 9-1.
System Controller Block Diagram
jtag_nreset
System Controller
Boundary Scan
TAP Controller
nirq
irq0-irq1-irq2-irq3
nfiq
fiq
Advanced
Interrupt
Controller
periph_irq[2..27]
pit_irq
rtt_irq
wdt_irq
dbgu_irq
pmc_irq
rstc_irq
proc_nreset
PCK
int
debug
ARM7TDMI
dbgu_irq
MCK
periph_nreset
Debug
Unit
ice_nreset
dbgu_txd
dbgu_rxd
wdt_fault
WDRPROC
VDD3V3
POR
periph_nreset
ice_nreset
jtag_nreset
VDD1V8
POR
flash_poe
proc_nreset
Reset
Controller
proc_nreset
Embedded Flash
rstc_irq
NRST
SLCK
VDDBU
POR
VDD1V8 Powered
Real-Time
Timer
SLCK
periph_nreset
rtt_irq
MCK
FWKUP
proc_nreset
WKUP0
Memory
Controller
Shutdown
Controller
WKUP1
SHDW
VDDBU Powered
XIN
XOUT
PLLRC
MAIN
OSC
4 General-Purpose
Backup Regs
SLCK
RCOSC
MAINCK
periph_clk[2..27]
pck[0-3]
PLL
PLLCK
Power
Management
Controller
PCK
UDPCK
MCK
pmc_irq
int
periph_nreset
UDPCK
periph_clk[27]
periph_nreset
USB Device
Port
periph_irq[27]
idle
MCK
debug
periph_nreset
SLCK
debug
idle
proc_nreset
wdt_irq
wdt_fault
WDRPROC
periph_nreset
periph_irq{2..3]
irq0-irq1-irq2-irq3
PA0-PA31
PB0-PB29
20
Watchdog
Timer
pit_irq
periph_clk[2..3]
dbgu_rxd
9.1
Periodic
Interval
Timer
PIOs
Controller
periph_clk[4..26]
periph_nreset
periph_irq[4..26]
Embedded
Peripherals
fiq
dbgu_txd
in
out
enable
System Controller Mapping
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
9.2
Reset Controller
The Reset Controller is based on three power-on reset cells. It gives the status of the last reset,
indicating whether it is a general reset, a wake-up reset, a software reset, a user reset or a
watchdog reset. In addition, it controls the internal resets and the NRST pin output. It shapes a
signal on the NRST line, guaranteeing that the length of the pulse meets any requirement.
9.3
Clock Generator
The Clock Generator embeds one low-power RC Oscillator, one Main Oscillator and one PLL
with the following characteristics:
– RC Oscillator ranges between 22 KHz and 42 KHz
– Main Oscillator frequency ranges between 3 and 20 MHz
– Main Oscillator can be bypassed
– PLL output ranges between 80 and 220 MHz
It provides SLCK, MAINCK and PLLCK.
Figure 9-2.
Clock Generator Block Diagram
Clock Generator
XIN
Embedded
RC
Oscillator
Slow Clock
SLCK
Main
Oscillator
Main Clock
MAINCK
PLL and
Divider
PLL Clock
PLLCK
XOUT
PLLRC
Status
Control
Power
Management
Controller
9.4
Power Management Controller
The Power Management Controller uses the Clock Generator outputs to provide:
– the Processor Clock PCK
– the Master Clock MCK
– the USB Clock UDPCK
– all the peripheral clocks, independently controllable
– four programmable clock outputs
The Master Clock (MCK) is programmable from a few hundred Hz to the maximum operating frequency of the device.
The Processor Clock (PCK) switches off when entering processor idle mode, thereby reducing
power consumption while waiting an interrupt.
21
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
Figure 9-3.
Power Management Controller Block Diagram
Processor
Clock
Controller
Master Clock Controller
SLCK
MAINCK
PLLCK
PCK
int
Idle Mode
Prescaler
/1,/2,/4,...,/64
MCK
Peripherals
Clock Controller
periph_clk[2..26]
ON/OFF
Programmable Clock Controller
SLCK
MAINCK
PLLCK
Prescaler
/1,/2,/4,...,/64
pck[0..3]
USB Clock Controller
ON/OFF
PLLCK
9.5
Divider
/1,/2,/4
UDPCK
Advanced Interrupt Controller
• Controls the interrupt lines (nIRQ and nFIQ) of the ARM Processor
• Individually maskable and vectored interrupt sources
– Source 0 is reserved for the Fast Interrupt Input (FIQ)
– Source 1 is reserved for system peripherals (ST, PMC, DBGU, etc.)
– Other sources control the peripheral interrupts or external interrupts
– Programmable edge-triggered or level-sensitive internal sources
– Programmable positive/negative edge-triggered or high/low level-sensitive external
sources (FIQ, IRQ)
• 8-level Priority Controller
– Drives the normal interrupt nIRQ of the processor
– Handles priority of the interrupt sources
– Higher priority interrupts can be served during service of a lower priority interrupt
• Vectoring
– Optimizes interrupt service routine branch and execution
– One 32-bit vector register per interrupt source
– Interrupt vector register reads the corresponding current interrupt vector
• Protect Mode
– Easy debugging by preventing automatic operations
• Fast Forcing
– Permits redirecting any interrupt source on the fast interrupt
• General Interrupt Mask
– Provides processor synchronization on events without triggering an interrupt
22
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
9.6
Debug Unit
• Comprises
– One two-pin UART
– One interface for the Debug Communication Channel (DCC) support
– One set of chip ID registers
– One interface allowing ICE access prevention
• Two-pin UART
– USART-compatible user interface
– Programmable baud rate generator
– Parity, framing and overrun error
– Automatic Echo, Local Loopback and Remote Loopback Channel Modes
• Debug Communication Channel Support
– Offers visibility of COMMRX and COMMTX signals from the ARM Processor
• Chip ID Registers
– Identification of the device revision, sizes of the embedded memories, set of
peripherals
– Chip ID is 0x260A0941 (Version 1)
9.7
Period Interval Timer
• 20-bit programmable counter plus 12-bit interval counter
9.8
Watchdog Timer
• 12-bit key-protected Programmable Counter running on prescaled SLCK
• Provides reset or interrupt signals to the system
• Counter may be stopped while the processor is in debug state or in idle mode
9.9
Real-time Timer
• 32-bit free-running counter with alarm
• Programmable 16-bit prescaler for SCLK accuracy compensation
9.10
Shutdown Controller
• Software programmable assertion of the SHDW open-drain pin
• De-assertion programmable with the pins WKUP0, WKUP1 and FWKUP
9.11
PIO Controllers A and B
• The PIO Controllers A and B respectively control 32 and 30 programmable I/O Lines
• Fully programmable through Set/Clear Registers
• Multiplexing of two peripheral functions per I/O Line
• For each I/O Line (whether assigned to a peripheral or used as general purpose I/O)
– Input change interrupt
– Half a clock period Glitch filter
– Multi-drive option enables driving in open drain
23
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
– Programmable pull up on each I/O line
– Pin data status register, supplies visibility of the level on the pin at any time
• Synchronous output, provides Set and Clear of several I/O lines in a single write
24
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
25
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
10. Peripherals
10.1
Peripheral Mapping
Each User Peripheral is allocated 16K bytes of address space.
Figure 10-1. User Peripherals Mapping
Address
Peripheral Name
Size
CAN0
CAN Controller 0
16K Bytes
CAN1
CAN Controller 1
16K Bytes
TC0, TC1, TC2
Timer/Counter 0, 1 and 2
16K Bytes
TC3, TC4, TC5
Timer/Counter 3, 4 and 5
16K Bytes
TC6, TC7, TC8
Timer/Counter 6, 7 and 8
16K Bytes
MCI
Multimedia Card Interface
16K Bytes
UDP
USB Device Port
16K Bytes
Two-Wire Interface
16K Bytes
USART0
Universal Synchronous Asynchronous
Receiver Transmitter 0
16K Bytes
USART1
Universal Synchronous Asynchronous
Receiver Transmitter 1
16K Bytes
USART2
Universal Synchronous Asynchronous
Receiver Transmitter 1
16K Bytes
PWMC
PWM Controller
16K Bytes
SSC0
Serial Synchronous Controller 0
16K Bytes
SSC1
Serial Synchronous Controller 1
16K Bytes
ADC0
Analog-to-Digital Converter 0
16K Bytes
ADC1
Analog-to-Digital Converter 1
16K Bytes
SPI0
Serial Peripheral Interface 0
SPI1
Serial Peripheral Interface 1
Peripheral
0xF000 0000
Reserved
0xFFF7 FFFF
0xFFF8 0000
0xFFF8 3FFF
0xFFF8 4000
0xFFF8 7FFF
0xFFF8 8000
Reserved
0xFFF9 FFFF
0xFFFA 0000
0xFFFA 3FFF
0xFFFA 4000
0xFFFA 7FFF
0xFFFA 8000
0xFFFA BFFF
0xFFFA C000
0xFFFA FFFF
0xFFFB 0000
0xFFFB 3FFF
0xFFFB 4000
Reserved
0xFFFB 7FFF
0xFFFB 8000
TWI
0xFFFB BFFF
0xFFFB C000
Reserved
0xFFFB FFFF
0xFFFC 0000
0xFFFC 3FFF
0xFFFC 4000
0xFFFC 7FFF
0xFFFC 8000
0xFFFC BFFF
0xFFFC C000
0xFFFC FFFF
0xFFFD 0000
0xFFFD 3FFF
0xFFFD 4000
0xFFFD 7FFF
0xFFFD 8000
0xFFFD BFFF
0xFFFD C000
0xFFFD FFFF
0xFFFE 0000
16K Bytes
0xFFFE 3FFF
0xFFFE 4000
16K Bytes
0xFFFE 7FFF
0xFFFE 8000
Reserved
0xFFFE FFFF
26
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
10.2
Peripheral Multiplexing on PIO Lines
The AT91SAM7A3 features two PIO controllers, PIOA and PIOB, which multiplex the I/O lines of
the peripheral set.
PIO Controllers A and B control respectively 32 and 30 lines. Each line can be assigned to one
of two peripheral functions, A or B. Some of them can also be multiplexed with Analog Input of
both ADC Controllers.
Table 10-1 on page 28 and Table 10-2 on page 29 define how the I/O lines of the peripherals A,
B or Analog Input are multiplexed on the PIO Controllers A and B. The two columns “Function”
and “Comments” have been inserted for the user’s own comments; they may be used to track
how pins are defined in an application.
Note that some peripheral functions that are output only may be duplicated within both tables.
At reset, all I/O lines are automatically configured as input with the programmable pull-up
enabled, so that the device is maintained in a static state as soon as a reset occurs.
27
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
10.3
PIO Controller A Multiplexing
Table 10-1.
Multiplexing on PIO Controller A
PIO Controller A
I/O Line
Peripheral A
Peripheral B
PA0
TWD
ADC0_ADTRG
PA1
TWCK
ADC1_ADTRG
PA2
RXD0
PA3
TXD0
PA4
SCK0
SPI1_NPSC0
PA5
RTS0
SPI1_NPCS1
PA6
CTS0
SPI1_NPCS2
PA7
RXD1
SPI1_NPCS3
PA8
TXD1
SPI1_MISO
PA9
RXD2
SPI1_MOSI
PA10
TXD2
SPI1_SPCK
PA11
SPI0_NPCS0
PA12
SPI0_NPCS1
MCDA1
PA13
SPI0_NPCS2
MCDA2
PA14
SPI0_NPCS3
MCDA3
PA15
SPI0_MISO
MCDA0
PA16
SPI0_MOSI
MCCDA
PA17
SPI0_SPCK
MCCK
PA18
PWM0
PCK0
PA19
PWM1
PCK1
PA20
PWM2
PCK2
PA21
PWM3
PCK3
PA22
PWM4
IRQ0
PA23
PWM5
IRQ1
PA24
PWM6
TCLK4
PA25
PWM7
TCLK5
PA26
CANRX0
PA27
CANTX0
PA28
CANRX1
TCLK3
PA29
CANTX1
TCLK6
PA30
DRXD
TCLK7
PA31
DTXD
TCLK8
28
Application Usage
Comment
Function
Comments
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
10.4
PIO Controller B Multiplexing
Table 10-2.
Multiplexing on PIO Controller B
PIO Controller B
Application Usage
I/O Line
Peripheral A
Peripheral B
Comment
PB0
IRQ2
PWM5
PB1
IRQ3
PWM6
PB2
TF0
PWM7
PB3
TK0
PCK0
PB4
TD0
PCK1
PB5
RD0
PCK2
PB6
RK0
PCK3
PB7
RF0
CANTX1
PB8
FIQ
TF1
PB9
TCLK0
TK1
PB10
TCLK1
RK1
PB11
TCLK2
RF1
PB12
TIOA0
TD1
PB13
TIOB0
RD1
PB14
TIOA1
PWM0
ADC0_AD0
PB15
TIOB1
PWM1
ADC0_AD1
PB16
TIOA2
PWM2
ADC0_AD2
PB17
TIOB2
PWM3
ADC0_AD3
PB18
TIOA3
PWM4
ADC0_AD4
PB19
TIOB3
SPI1_NPCS1
ADC0_AD5
PB20
TIOA4
SPI1_NPCS2
ADC0_AD6
PB21
TIOB4
SPI1_NPCS3
ADC0_AD7
PB22
TIOA5
ADC1_AD0
PB23
TIOB5
ADC1_AD1
PB24
TIOA6
RTS1
ADC1_AD2
PB25
TIOB6
CTS1
ADC1_AD3
PB26
TIOA7
SCK1
ADC1_AD4
PB27
TIOB7
RTS2
ADC1_AD5
PB28
TIOA8
CTS2
ADC1_AD6
PB29
TIOB8
SCK2
ADC1_AD7
Function
Comments
29
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
11. Peripheral Identifiers
The AT91SAM7A3 embeds a wide range of peripherals. Table 11-1 defines the Peripheral Identifiers of the AT91SAM7A3. Unique peripheral identifiers are defined for both the AIC and the
PMC.
Table 11-1.
Peripheral
Peripheral
Peripheral
External
ID
Mnemonic
Name
Interrupt
0
AIC
Advanced Interrupt Controller
FIQ
(1)
1
SYSC
2
PIOA
Parallel I/O Controller A
3
PIOB
Parallel I/O Controller B
4
CAN0
CAN Controller 0
5
CAN1
CAN Controller 1
6
US0
USART 0
7
US1
USART 1
8
US2
USART 2
9
MCI
Multimedia Card Interface
10
TWI
Two-wire Interface
11
SPI0
Serial Peripheral Interface 0
12
SPI1
Serial Peripheral Interface 1
13
SSC0
Synchronous Serial Controller 0
14
SSC1
Synchronous Serial Controller 1
15
TC0
Timer/Counter 0
16
TC1
Timer/Counter 1
17
TC2
Timer/Counter 2
18
TC3
Timer/Counter 3
19
TC4
Timer/Counter 4
20
TC5
Timer/Counter 5
21
TC6
Timer/Counter 6
22
TC7
Timer/Counter 7
23
TC8
Timer/Counter 8
ADC0
(1)
Analog-to Digital Converter 0
25
ADC1
(1)
Analog-to Digital Converter 1
26
PWMC
PWM Controller
27
UDP
USB Device Port
28
AIC
Advanced Interrupt Controller
IRQ0
29
AIC
Advanced Interrupt Controller
IRQ1
30
AIC
Advanced Interrupt Controller
IRQ2
31
AIC
Advanced Interrupt Controller
IRQ3
24
Note:
30
Peripheral Identifiers
1. Setting SYSC and ADC bits in the clock set/clear registers of the PMC has no effect. The System Controller and ADC are continuously clocked.
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
11.1
Serial Peripheral Interface
• Supports communication with external serial devices
– Four chip selects with external decoder allow communication with up to 15
peripherals
– Serial memories, such as DataFlash® and 3-wire EEPROMs
– Serial peripherals, such as ADCs, DACs, LCD Controllers, CAN Controllers and
Sensors
– External co-processors
• Master or slave serial peripheral bus interface
– 8- to 16-bit programmable data length per chip select
– Programmable phase and polarity per chip select
– Programmable transfer delays per chip select between consecutive transfers and
between clock and data
– Programmable delay between consecutive transfers
– Selectable mode fault detection
– Maximum frequency at up to Master Clock
11.2
Two-wire Interface
• Master Mode only
• Compatibility with standard two-wire serial memories
• One, two or three bytes for slave address
• Sequential read/write operations
11.3
USART
• Programmable Baud Rate Generator
• 5- to 9-bit full-duplex synchronous or asynchronous serial communications
– 1, 1.5 or 2 stop bits in Asynchronous Mode or 1 or 2 stop bits in Synchronous Mode
– Parity generation and error detection
– Framing error detection, overrun error detection
– MSB- or LSB-first
– Optional break generation and detection
– By 8 or by 16 over-sampling receiver frequency
– Hardware handshaking RTS-CTS
– Receiver time-out and transmitter timeguard
– Optional Multi-drop Mode with address generation and detection
• RS485 with driver control signal
• ISO7816, T = 0 or T = 1 Protocols for interfacing with smart cards
– NACK handling, error counter with repetition and iteration limit
• IrDA modulation and demodulation
– Communication at up to 115.2 Kbps
• Test Modes
31
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
– Remote Loopback, Local Loopback, Automatic Echo
11.4
Serial Synchronous Controller
• Provides serial synchronous communication links used in audio and telecom applications
• Contains an independent receiver and transmitter and a common clock divider
• Offers a configurable frame sync and data length
• Receiver and transmitter can be programmed to start automatically or on detection of
different event on the frame sync signal
• Receiver and transmitter include a data signal, a clock signal and a frame synchronization
signal
11.5
Timer Counter
• Three 16-bit Timer Counter Channels
• Wide range of functions including:
– Frequency Measurement
– Event Counting
– Interval Measurement
– Pulse Generation
– Delay Timing
– Pulse Width Modulation
– Up/down Capabilities
• Each channel is user-configurable and contains:
– Three external clock inputs
– Five internal clock inputs as defined in Table 11-2.
Table 11-2.
Timer Counter Clock Assignment
TC Clock input
Clock
TIMER_CLOCK1
MCK/2
TIMER_CLOCK2
MCK/8
TIMER_CLOCK3
MCK/32
TIMER_CLOCK4
MCK/128
TIMER_CLOCK5
MCK/1024
– Two multi-purpose input/output signals
– Two global registers that act on all three TC Channels
11.6
PWM Controller
• Eight channels, one 20-bit counter per channel
• Common clock generator, providing thirteen different clocks
– A Modulo n counter providing eleven clocks
– Two independent linear dividers working on modulo n counter outputs
• Independent channel programming
32
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
– Independent enable/disable commands
– Independent clock selection
– Independent period and duty cycle, with double buffering
– Programmable selection of the output waveform polarity
– Programmable center or left aligned output waveform
11.7
USB Device Port
• USB V2.0 full-speed compliant,12 Mbits per second.
• Embedded USB V2.0 full-speed transceiver
• Six endpoints
– Endpoint 0: 8 bytes
– Endpoint 1 and 2: 64 bytes ping-pong
– Endpoint 3: 64 bytes
– Endpoint 4 and 5: 512 bytes ping-pong
• Embedded 2,376-byte dual-port RAM for endpoints
– Ping-pong Mode (two memory banks) for bulk endpoints
• Suspend/resume logic
11.8
Multimedia Card Interface
• Compatibility with MultiMedia card specification version 2.2
• Compatibility with SD Memory card specification version 1.0
• Cards clock rate up to Master Clock divided by 2
• Embeds power management to slow down clock rate when not used
• Supports up to sixteen slots (through multiplexing)
– One slot for one MultiMedia card bus (up to 30 cards) or one SD memory card
• Supports stream, block and multi-block data read and write
• Supports connection to Peripheral Data Controller
– Minimizes processor intervention for large buffer transfers
11.9
CAN Controller
• Fully compliant with CAN 2.0B active controllers
• Bit rates up to 1Mbit/s
• 16 object-oriented mailboxes, each with the following properties:
– CAN specification 2.0 Part A or 2.0 Part B programmable for each message
– Object-configurable as receive (with overwrite or not) or transmit
– Local tag and mask filters up to 29-bit identifier/channel
– 32-bit access to data registers for each mailbox data object
– Uses a 16-bit time stamp on receive and transmit messages
– Hardware concatenation of ID unmasked bit fields to speed up family ID processing
– 16-bit internal timer for Time Stamping and Network synchronization
– Programmable reception buffer length up to 16 mailbox object
33
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
– Priority management between transmission mailboxes
– Autobaud and listening mode
– Low power mode and programmable wake-up on bus activity or by the application
– Data, remote, error and overload frame handling
11.10 Analog-to-Digital Converter
• 8-channel ADC
• 10-bit 384K, or 8-bit 533K, samples/sec Successive Approximation Register ADC
• -3/+3 LSB Integral Non Linearity, -2/+2 LSB Differential Non Linearity
• Integrated 8-to-1 multiplexer, offering eight independent 3.3V analog inputs
• Individual enable and disable of each channel
• External voltage reference for better accuracy on low-voltage inputs
• Multiple trigger sources
– Hardware or software trigger
– External pins: ADTRG0 and ADTRG1
– Timer Counter 0 to 5 outputs: TIOA0 to TIOA5
• Sleep Mode and conversion sequencer
– Automatic wakeup on trigger and back to sleep mode after conversions of all
enabled channels
• All analog inputs are shared with digital signals
34
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
12. Package Drawing
Figure 12-1. 100-lead LQFP Package Drawing
35
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
Table 12-1.
100-lead LQFP Package Dimensions
Millimeter
Symbol
Min
Nom
Inch
Max
A
Min
Nom
1.60
A1
0.05
A2
1.35
1.40
0.63
0.15
0.002
1.45
0.053
0.006
0.055
D
16.00 BSC
0.630 BSC
D1
14.00 BSC
0.551 BSC
E
16.00 BSC
0.630 BSC
E1
14.00 BSC
0.551 BSC
R2
0.08
R1
0.08
Q
0°
Θ1
0°
Θ2
11°
12°
13°
Θ3
11°
12°
c
0.09
L
0.45
L1
0.20
0.003
0.20
b
0.17
e
0.057
0.008
0.003
3.5°
7°
0°
3.5°
7°
11°
12°
13°
13°
11°
12°
13°
0.20
0.004
0.75
0.018
0°
0.60
1.00 REF
S
Max
0.008
0.024
0.030
0.039 REF
0.008
0.20
0.27
0.007
0.008
0.50 BSC
0.020 BSC
D2
12.00
0.472
E2
12.00
0.472
0.011
Tolerances of form and position
aaa
0.20
0.008
bbb
0.20
0.008
ccc
0.08
0.003
ddd
0.08
0.003
36
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
AT91SAM7A3
13. Ordering Information
Table 13-1.
Ordering Information
Ordering Code
Package
Package Type
AT91SAM7A3-AU
LQFP100
Green
Temperature
Operating Range
Industrial
(-40°C to 85°C)
37
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
Revision History
Version AS
23-Dec-04
Version BS
30-Sep-05
Version CS
21-Nov-05
Version
Comments
6042AS
First issue
Change
Request
Ref.
6042BS
In Features, corrected number of battery backup registers.
Updated Page Programming Time.
05-232
Changed information on static operation.
Changed signal names VDDIN and VDDIO to VDD3V3 and VDDOUT and VDDCORE to VDD1V8. Removed
signal names GNDANA, GNDBU and GNDPLL in Figure 2-1, “AT91SAM7A3 Block Diagram” , Table 3-1,
“Signal Description” and Table 4-1, “Pinout in 100-lead LQFP Package” .
Changed SPI and ADC signal names.
Updated Section 5.1 on page 10 with new signal names and new information.
Updated Figure 5-1, “3.3V System Single Power Supply Schematics” with new signal names.
Updated Section 8.1 ”Embedded Memories” on page 15 with correct lock region size.
05-440
Updated Section 8.3 on page 17 with information on standby mode for Flash.
Updated Figure 9-1, “System Controller Block Diagram” with new signal names. Corrected addresses.
Corrected start and end addresses of GPBR in Figure 9-2, System Controller Mapping., .
05-234
Updated chip ID reference in “Debug Unit” .
Updated Table 13-1, “Ordering Information” with new ordering information.
6042CS
In Features, and global “EmbeddedICE™ In-circuit Emulation, Debug Communication Channel Support”
Embedded ICE to replace usage of “embedded in-circuit emulation”.
SJO
Legal
Section 4.1, ”100-lead LQFP Package Outline” replaces Mechanical Overview,
Figure 4-1, ”100-lead LQFP Outline (Top View)” replaced.
Figure 8-1, ”AT91SAM7A3 Memory Mapping”, Peripheral and System Controller Memory Maps consolidated.
Figure 12., ”Package Drawing”, Figure 12-1 on page 35, Table 12-1 on page 36 added
Table 3-1, “Signal Description,” on page 5, SHDW and FWUP, comments updated
Table 11-1, “Peripheral Identifiers,” on page 30, SYSIRQ changed to SYSC.
Figure 8-2, ”Internal Memory Mapping” reference to boot memory removed.
3179
6042DS
38
rfo
AT91SAM7A3
6042DS–ATARM–14-Dec-06
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