Atmel AT42QT1085 Eight-key QTouch® Touch Sensor IC DATASHEET Features QTouch® Sensor Channels Up to eight keys Integrated Haptic Engine Haptic events may be triggered by touch detection or controlled by a host microcontroller over SPI Data Acquisition QTouchADC key measurement/touch detection method Configurable measurement timing and averaging Spread spectrum charge transfer Raw data from channel measurement can be read over the SPI interface GPIO Pins 12 dedicated bi-directional GPIO pins, plus up to 4 additional pins (replacing keys) Configurable as software PWM Drive, digital inputs or outputs Device setup Device configuration may be stored in NVRAM Operation Power-On reset and brown-out detection Internal calibrated oscillator Key Outline Sizes 6 mm × 6 mm or larger (panel thickness dependent); widely different sizes and shapes possible, including solid or ring shapes Key Spacing 7 mm or more, center to center (panel thickness dependent) Layers required One Electrode Materials: Etched copper, silver, carbon, ITO Electrode Substrates: PCB materials; polyamide FPCB; PET films, glass Panel materials: Plastic, glass, composites, painted surfaces (low particle density metallic paints possible) Panel Thickness: Up to 10 mm glass, 5 mm plastic (electrode size dependent) Key Sensitivity: Individually configured over SPI interface Signal Processing: Self-calibration, auto drift compensation, noise filtering Patented Adjacent Key Suppression® (AKS®) technology to ensure accurate key detection Interface: Master/Slave SPI interface, up to 750 kHz Object-based communications protocol Power: 2.0 V to 5.5 V Packages: 32-pin 5 × 5 mm QFN RoHS compliant 32-pin 7 × 7 mm TQFP RoHS compliant 9625D–AT42–05/2013 KEY2 KEY3 KEY4 / GPIO15 KEY5 / GPIO14 RESET Pinout Configuration CHANGE 1.1 GPIO10 Pinout and Schematic GPIO11 1. GPIO0 1 29 28 27 26 25 24 KEY1 GPIO1 2 23 KEY0 GPIO2 3 22 KEY7 / GPIO12 VDD 4 21 VSS VSS 5 20 GPIO9 GPIO3 6 19 KEY6 / GPIO13 GPIO4 7 18 AVDD GPIO5 8 17 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 MOSI SS HAPTIC_PWM HAPTIC_EN GPIO8 GPIO7 GPIO6 AT42QT1085 SCK MISO 32 31 30 AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 2 1.2 Pinout Descriptions Table 1-1. Pin Listing Pin Name Type Comments If Unused, Connect To... 1 GPIO0 I/O General Purpose IO Leave open 2 GPIO1 I/O General Purpose IO Leave open 3 GPIO2 I/O General Purpose IO Leave open 4 VDD P Power – 5 VSS P Ground – 6 GPIO3 I/O General Purpose IO Leave open 7 GPIO4 I/O General Purpose IO Leave open 8 GPIO5 I/O General Purpose IO Leave open 9 GPIO6 I/O General Purpose IO Leave open 10 GPIO7 I/O General Purpose IO Leave open 11 GPIO8 I/O General Purpose IO Leave open 12 HAPTIC_EN O Enable pin for haptic amplifier Leave open 13 HAPTIC_PWM O Drive for haptic effects Leave open 14 SS I SPI Enable Pull up to VDD via a 100 k resistor 15 MOSI I SPI Data In Leave open 16 MISO O SPI Data Out Leave open 17 SCK I SPI Clock Leave open 18 AVDD P Analog Power – 19 KEY6 / GPIO13 I/O Sense pin / General Purpose IO Leave open 20 GPIO 9 I/O General purpose IO Leave open 21 VSS Ground – 22 KEY7 / GPIO12 I/O Sense pin / General Purpose IO Leave open 23 KEY0 I/O Sense pin Leave open 24 KEY1 I/O Sense pin Leave open 25 KEY2 I/O Sense pin Leave open 26 KEY3 I/O Sense pin Leave open 27 KEY4 / GPIO15 I/O Sense pin / General Purpose IO Leave open 28 KEY5 / GPIO14 I/O Sense pin / General Purpose IO Leave open 29 RESET Reset, internal pull-up Leave open P I AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 3 Table 1-1. Pin Listing (Continued) Pin I O Name Type Comments If Unused, Connect To... 30 CHANGE OD Status change indicator Leave open 31 GPIO10 I/O General Purpose IO Leave open 32 GPIO11 I/O General Purpose IO Leave open Input only Output only, push-pull I/O OD Input and output Open drain output P Ground or power AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 4 Schematic Figure 1-1. Typical Circuit Pin 33, which is the pad on the underside of the device, should be connected to Vss. Optional 1.2 W resistor to reduce AVdd noise Regulated VDD 1 µF 100 nF 31 GPIO_11 32 R3 33 VSS 21 5 VSS VSS 18 KEY 4/GPIO 15 Key_4 / GPIO_15 GPIO_9 GPIO_9 KEY 5/GPIO 14 Key_5 / GPIO_14 GPIO_10 GPIO_10 KEY 6/GPIO 13 Key_6 / GPIO_12 GPIO_11 GPIO_11 SPI_SCK GPIO_10 GPIO_8 GPIO_8 SPI_MISO 20 KEY 3 VDD 17 GPIO_9 GPIO_7 GPIO_7 R4 R5 SPI_SCK 11 KEY 2 SPI_MOSI GPIO_8 QT1085 GPIO_6 GPIO_6 16 10 KEY 1 SPI_MISO GPIO_7 GPIO_5 GPIO_5 SPI_SS 9 KEY 0 15 GPIO_6 GPIO_4 GPIO_4 SPI_MOSI GPIO_5 8 HAPTIC PWM 14 7 12 13 HAPTIC EN HAPTIC PWM GPIO_3 GPIO_3 29 GPIO_4 GPIO_2 GPIO_2 SPI_SS 6 RESET GPIO_3 HAPTIC_EN GPIO_1 GPIO_1 30 GPIO_2 3 GPIO_0 GPIO_0 RESET 2 AVDD 4 GPIO_1 VDD 1 CHANGE GPIO_0 For haptics information refer to the Application Note QTAN0085, Haptics Design Guide VSS VSS CHANGE 1.3 KEY 7/GPIO 12 Key_7 / GPIO_12 23 24 Rs0 K0 Rs1 K1 25 Rs2 26 Rs3 27 Rs4 28 Rs5 19 Rs6 22 Rs7 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 Check the following sections for component values: Section 3.2 on page 8: Series resistors (Rs0 – Rs7) Section 3.3 on page 8: Power Supply AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 5 2. Overview 2.1 Introduction The AT42QT1085 (QT1085) is an easy to use QTouchADC mode sensor IC based on Atmel principles for robust operation and ease of design. It is intended for any touch-key application. There are four dedicated channels configured as keys (Key 0 – Key 3). There are 12 dedicated GPIO channels (GPIO_0 – GPIO_11). Another four channels can be configured as keys or GPIO channels (Key 4 – Key 7 or GPIO 12 – GPIO 15). The QT1085 is capable of detecting proximity or touch on the channels configured as keys. The keys can be constructed in different shapes and sizes. Refer to the Touch Sensors Design Guide and Application Note QTAN0079, Buttons, Sliders and Wheels Sensor Design Guide, for more information on construction and design methods (both downloadable from the Atmel website). Each GPIO channel may be configured as a digital input or output. In output mode, a GPIO pin may be set to output a PWM signal at any of 16 duty cycles (4-bit PWM). The QT1085 allows electrodes to project sense fields through any dielectric such as glass or plastic. This device has many advanced features which provide for reliable, trouble-free operation over the life of the product. In particular the QT1085 features advanced self-calibration, drift compensation, and fast thermal tracking. The QT1085 can tolerate some fluctuations in the power supply, and in many applications will not require a dedicated voltage regulator. A full haptics engine is integrated into the device, allowing feedback effects to be triggered on key detection or directly activated by a host microcontroller. The QT1085 includes all signal processing functions necessary to provide stable sensing under a wide variety of changing conditions. Only a few external parts are required for operation and no external Cs capacitors are required. The QT1085 modulates its acquisition pulses in a spread-spectrum fashion in order to heavily suppress the effects of external noise, and to suppress RF emissions. This provides greater noise immunity and eliminates the need for external sampling capacitors, allowing touch sensing using a single pin. 2.2 Resources The following document provides essential information on configuring the QT1085: AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide Other documents that may also be useful (available by contacting the Atmel Touch Technology division) are listed in “Associated Documents” on page 28. 2.3 User Interface Layout and Options 2.3.1 Keys There are eight keys available. Each can be individually enabled or disabled by setting a bit in the Key T13 object (one for each key). 2.3.2 GPIO Ports There are 12 dedicated configurable General Purpose Input Output (GPIO) pins. Up to four additional GPIO pins can be achieved by replacing four of the keys. The GPIO pins can be enabled or disabled by setting a bit in the GPIO Configuration T29 object. AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 6 2.3.3 Guard Channel A guard channel may be used to prevent accidental touch detection on other keys which share the same Adjacent Key Suppression (AKS) group. The guard channel is made more sensitive than the others in the AKS group through a larger touch electrode area combined with higher gain / lower threshold. The QT1085 remains in Idle mode while a guard channel is in detect, and Touch Automatic Calibration will not occur for a guard key detection. 2.4 Proximity Effect Any channel can function as a proximity sensor, based on hand or body proximity to a product. This is achieved by using a relatively large electrode and tuning the QTouchADC and Threshold configuration options. Refer to QTAN0087, Proximity Design Guide, for more information. 2.5 SPI Interface The QT1085 is an SPI slave-mode device, utilizing a four-wire full-duplex SPI interface. There are four standard SPI signals: SS, SCK, MOSI and MISO. The QT1085 also provides a CHANGE signal to indicate when there is a message waiting to be read. This removes the need for the host to poll the QT1085 continuously. Communications are performed through Read and Write operations on the Object Protocol memory map. 2.6 Operating Modes Cycle times, Free-run and Sleep modes are controlled by the Power Configuration T7 object settings. 2.7 Haptics Engine The QT1085 can be configured to play a selected haptic effect in response to a touch detection, a state change on a GPIO pin or on demand by the host microcontroller. A selection of haptic effects is available on the device from the Haptic Event T31 object. The effects include: Strong Click Strong Click 60% strength Strong Click 30% strength Sharp Click Sharp Click 60% strength Sharp Click 30% strength Soft Bump Soft Bump 60% strength Soft Bump 30% strength Double Click Double Click 60% strength Triple Click Soft Buzz Strong Buzz Effects may be assigned to events, such as a key touch or GPIO state change. Refer to the QTAN0085 Haptics Design Guide Application Note and the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide for more information on this object. AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 7 3. Wiring and Parts 3.1 Bypass Capacitors One 100 nF bypass capacitor and one 1 µF bypass capacitor must be used on the Vdd digital supply and a 100 nF capacitor on AVDD. The 100 nF capacitors should be mounted close to the device, within 10 mm if possible. 3.2 Rs Series Resistors Series Rs resistors (Rs0 – RS7) are in-line with the electrode connections and are used to limit electrostatic discharge (ESD) currents and to suppress radio frequency interference (RFI). For most applications the Rs resistors will be in the range 4.7 k – 33 k each. For maximum noise rejection the value may be up to 100 k. Although these resistors may be omitted, the device may become susceptible to external noise or RFI. For details of how to select these resistors refer to Application Note QTAN0002, Secrets of a Successful QTouch Design. 3.3 Power Supply See Section 7. on page 19 for the power supply range. If this fluctuates slowly with temperature, the device tracks and compensates for these changes automatically with only minor changes in sensitivity. If the supply voltage drifts or shifts quickly, the drift compensation mechanism will not be able to keep up, causing sensitivity anomalies or false detections. In this situation a dedicated voltage regulator should be included in the circuit. The QT1085 power supply should be locally regulated using a three-terminal device. If the supply is shared with another electronic system, care should be taken to ensure that the supply is free of digital spikes, sags, and surges, all of which can cause adverse effects. 3.4 QFN Package Restrictions The central pad on the underside of the QFN chip should be connected to ground. Do not run any tracks underneath the body of the chip, only ground. Figure 3-1 on page 8 shows an example of good/bad tracking. Figure 3-1. Examples of Good and Bad Tracking Example of GOOD tracking Example of BAD tracking AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 8 3.5 Oscillator The device has an internal oscillator. No external oscillator or clock input is required. 3.6 PCB Layout and Construction Refer to Application Note QTAN0079 – Buttons, Sliders and Wheels Sensor Design Guide and the Touch Sensors Design Guide (both downloadable from the Atmel website), for more information on construction and design methods. The sensing channels used for the individual keys can be implemented as per the Touch Sensors Design Guide. 3.7 PCB Cleanliness Modern no-clean flux is generally compatible with capacitive sensing circuits. CAUTION: If a PCB is reworked in any way, it is highly likely that the behavior of the no-clean flux changes. This can mean that the flux changes from an inert material to one that can absorb moisture and dramatically affect capacitive measurements due to additional leakage currents. If so, the circuit can become erratic and exhibit poor environmental stability. If a PCB is reworked in any way, clean it thoroughly to remove all traces of the flux residue around the capacitive sensor components. Dry it thoroughly before any further testing is conducted. 3.8 Spread-spectrum Circuit The QT1085 spectrally spreads its frequency of operation to heavily reduce susceptibility to external noise sources and to limit RF emissions. Bursts operate over a spread of frequencies, so that external fields will have a minimal effect on key operation and emissions are very weak. Spread-spectrum operation works together with the Detect Integrator (DI) mechanism to dramatically reduce the probability of false detection due to noise. Spread spectrum is hardwired in the chip and is automatically enabled. AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 9 4. Detailed Operation 4.1 Reset 4.1.1 Introduction When starting from power-up or RESET reset there are a few additional factors to be aware of. In most applications the host will not need to take special action. During a reset all outputs are disabled. To define the levels of CHANGE during reset this pin should pulled up to VDD with a 10 k to 1M resistor. When the initial reset phase ends the CHANGE output is enabled. CHANGE drives low. A software reset may be requested via the Command Processor T6 object. 4.1.2 Delay to SPI Functionality The QT1085 SPI interface is not operational while the device is being reset. However, SPI is made operational early in the start-up procedure. After any reset (either via the RESET pin or via power-up), SPI typically becomes operational within 50 ms of RESET going high or power-up. CHANGE is pulled low, and held low until the message server is read by the host microcontroller, to indicate completion of the initialization sequence after power-on or reset. 4.1.3 Reset Delay to Touch Detection After power up or reset, the QT1085 calibrates all electrodes. During this time, touch detection cannot be reported. Calibration completes after 15 burst cycles, which takes approximately 150 ms, with typical QTouchADC settings. In total, 200 ms are required from reset or power-up for the device to be fully functional. 4.1.4 Mode Setting After Reset After a reset the device loads configuration settings from nonvolatile memory, either previously stored or default settings. 4.2 Calibration Calibration is the process by which the sensor chip assesses the background capacitance on each channel. Channels are only calibrated on power-up and when: The channel is enabled (that is, activated). OR The channel is already enabled and one of the following applies: Note: The channel is held in detect for longer than the Touch Automatic Calibration setting (refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide for more information on TCHAUTOCAL setting in the Touch Configuration T16 object). This does not apply to a guard channel. The signal delta on a channel is at least the anti-touch threshold (ATCHCALTHR) in the anti-touch direction (refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide for more information on the ATCHCALTHR in the PROCG_TOUCHCONFIG_T16 object (Touch Configuration T16 object). The user issues a recalibrate command. A status message is generated on the start and completion of a calibration. Note that the device performs a global calibration; that is, all the channels are calibrated together for power-on or user-requested calibration. Only the individual channel is calibrated for an ATCHCALTHR recalibration. AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 10 4.3 Communications 4.3.1 Introduction The QT1085 communicates as a slave device over a full-duplex 4-wire (MISO, MOSI, SCK, SS) SPI interface. In addition there is a CHANGE pin which is asserted when a message is waiting to be read: Low = Message waiting High = No Message waiting See Section 7.3 on page 19 for details of the SPI Configuration and Timing Parameters. Figure 7-1 and Figure 7-2 on page 20 show the basic timing for SPI operation. The host does the clocking and controls the timing of the transfers from the QT1085. After the host asserts SS low, it should wait >22 µs in low-power mode before starting SCK; in Free run mode, a delay of 2 µs is sufficient. The QT1085 reads the MOSI pin with each rising edge of SCK, and shifts data out on the MISO pin on falling edges. The host should do the same to ensure proper operation. SS must be held low for the duration of a communications exchange (a Read or Write operation). To begin a new communications exchange, SS must be pulled high for at least 2 ms after a Read or 10 ms after a Write and then pulled low. SS should be held high when not communicating; if SS is low this is taken as an indication of impending communications. In this case, extra current is drawn, as the QT1085 does not enter its lowest power Sleep mode. All timings not mentioned above should be as in Figure 7-2 on page 20. 4.3.2 CHANGE Pin The QT1085 has an open-drain CHANGE pin which notifies the host when a message is waiting to be read. CHANGE is released after each message has been read through an SPI transfer. If further messages are pending, the QT1085 loads the next one into the Message Handler and then reasserts (pulls low) the CHANGE pin. 4.4 Signal Processing 4.4.1 Power-up Self-calibration On power-up, or after reset, all channels are typically calibrated and operational within 200 ms. 4.4.2 Drift Compensation This operates to correct the reference level of each key automatically over time; it suppresses false detections caused by changes in temperature, humidity, dirt and other environmental effects. The QT1085 drifts as configured in the Touch Configuration T16 object (refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide for more information). 4.4.3 Detection Integrator Filter The device features a touch detection integration mechanism. This acts to confirm a detection in a robust fashion. A counter is incremented each time a touch has exceeded its threshold and has remained above the threshold for the current acquisition. When this counter reaches a preset limit the sensor is finally declared to be touched. If, on any acquisition, the signal is not seen to exceed the threshold level, the counter is cleared and the process has to start from the beginning. The detection integrator is configured using the touch object Key T13. Refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide for more information. AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 11 4.4.4 Adjacent Key Suppression (AKS) Technology Adjacent Key Suppression (AKS) technology is a patented method used to detect which touch object is touched when objects are located close together. A touch in a group of AKS objects is only indicated on the object with the strongest touch delta. This is assumed to be the intended object. Once an object in an AKS group is in detect, there can be no further detections within that group until the object is released. AKS is configured using the Key T13 object (refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide for more information). Note: If a touch is in detect and then AKS is enabled, that touch will not be forced out of detect. It will not go out of detect until the touch is released. AKS will then operate normally. 4.5 Operating Modes 4.5.1 Introduction The basic operating modes are: Active, Idle and Sleep. Cycle time for Idle and Active is set by the Power Configuration T7 object, with special cases of 255 for free run and 0 for Sleep. If a touch is detected, the device switches to free run mode and attempts to perform the detect integrator noise filter (DI) function to completion; if the DI filter fails to confirm a detection the device goes back to Idle mode. If a key is found to be in detection the part switches to Active mode. If the key is enabled for reporting, a message is generated and CHANGE is asserted (pulled low). MISO in LP Mode: During the sleep portion of LP mode, MISO floats. Command During LP Mode: Once set to Sleep (cycle time = 0), the device carries out no acquisitions until the cycle time is changed to >0. Note: 4.5.2 The SS pin must be pulled high in order for the device to enter its lowest power sleep mode. If SS is held low, the device enters a higher power Sleep mode to enable SPI communications. Sleep Mode Sleep mode offers the lowest possible current drain, in the low microamp region. In this mode no acquisitions are performed. In Sleep mode Output GPIOs are held in their final state before going to sleep: With a 0% PWM the GPIO is Off during sleep With a 100% PWM the GPIO is On during sleep. If any other PWM is applied then the state is indeterminate (could be On or Off). If a haptic effect is playing at the time when Sleep mode is entered, the effect is paused and resumed upon exiting Sleep mode if the trigger condition remains true. 4.5.3 Supply Sequencing Vdd and AVdd should be powered by a single supply. Make sure that any lines connected to the device are below or equal to Vdd during power-up. For example, if RESET is supplied from a different power domain to the QT1085 Vdd pin, make sure that it is held low when Vdd is off. If this is not done, the RESET signal could parasitically couple power via the QT1085 RESET pin into the Vdd supply. 4.6 Debugging The QT1085 provides a mechanism for obtaining raw data for development and testing purposes by reading data from the Debug Signals T4 object. Refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide for more information on this object. AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 12 4.7 Configuring the QT1085 The QT1085 has an object-based protocol that organizes the features of the device into objects that can be controlled individually. This is configured using the Object Protocol common to many Atmel touch sensor devices. For more information on the Object Protocol and its implementation on the QT1085, refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide. See also Section 6. on page 17. AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 13 5. SPI Protocol for Object Protocol Memory Map Access 5.1 SPI Signals The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) allows high-speed synchronous data transfer between the host and the QT1085. All communication with the device is carried out over the SPI. This is a synchronous serial data link that operates in full-duplex mode. The host communicates with the QT1085 over the SPI using a master-slave relationship, with the QT1085 acting in slave mode. The SPI uses four logic signals: Serial Clock (SCK) – output from the host. Master Output, Slave Input (MOSI) – output from the host, input to the QT1085. Used by the host to send data to the QT1085. Master Input, Slave Output (MISO) – input to the host, output from the QT1085. Used by the QT1085 to send data to the host. Slave Select (SS) – active low output from the host. The SPI signals operate in the following way: SCK Idles high. MISO and MOSI are set up on falling edges, read on rising edges. SS must be held low throughout the exchange. SS must be pulled high for at least 2 ms after a Read or 10 ms after a Write before another exchange can be initiated. Figure 5-1. SPI Signals SCK SAMPLE MOSI/MISO CHANGE MOSI PIN CHANGE MISO PIN SS MSB 5.2 Communications Protocol 5.2.1 MOSI Data Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 LSB A 3-byte command sequence is transmitted by the host on MOSI, setting the memory map address pointer, a Read / Write indication, and the number of bytes which will be read or written. Read / Write direction is set in Byte 0 Bit 0, where '0' = Write, '1' = Read. Memory map is addressed in 15 bits, where the lower 7 bits are transmitted at Byte 0, Bits 6 – 1 and the upper 8 bits at Byte 1. AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 14 5.2.2 MISO Data Default: 0x55 Returned at each byte on the MISO pin while the 3-byte command sequence is being transmitted on MOSI. Writing: 0xAA Returned at each byte on the MISO pin while data is being written by the host on the MOSI pin. Error: 0xEE Returned at each byte on the MISO pin in the case where the requested number of bytes has been read or written but an SS high event has not been detected to begin a new exchange. Or, an attempt has been made to Write to a read-only part of the memory map, in which case the data written for the remainder of the exchange is ignored. 5.2.3 Write Operation Table 5-1. MOSI Data Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Byte 0 Memory Map Address, Lower 7 Bits (Bits 6 – 0) Byte 1 Memory Map Address, Upper 8 Bits (Bits 14 – 7) Byte 2 Number of Data bytes to follow = n Byte 3 Data 0, Written to Memory Map Address Byte 4 Data 1, Written to Memory Map Address + 1 Byte n+3 Data n, Written to Memory Map Address + n Table 5-2. Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Byte 0 0x55 Byte 1 0x55 Byte 2 0x55 Byte 3 0xAA Byte 4 0xAA Byte n+3 Bit 1 Bit 0 0=W MISO Data Bit 7 Bit 2 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 0xAA AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 15 5.2.4 Read Operation Table 5-3. MOSI Data Bit 7 Byte 0 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Memory Map Address, Lower 7 Bits (Bits 6 – 0) 1=R Byte 1 Memory Map Address, Upper 8 Bits (Bits 14 – 7) Byte 2 Number of Data bytes to follow = n Byte 3 N/A Byte 4 N/A Byte n+3 Table 5-4. N/A MISO Data Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Byte 0 0x55 Byte 1 0x55 Byte 2 0x55 Byte 3 Data 0, Read From Memory Map Address Byte 4 Data 1, Read From Memory Map Address + 1 Byte n+3 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 0 Data n, Read From Memory Map Address + n AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 16 6. Getting Started With the QT1085 6.1 Communication with the Host The QT1085 uses an SPI bus to communicate with the host. See Section 5. on page 14 for more information. 6.2 Establishing Contact The host should attempt to read the Information Block information to establish that the device is present and running following power-up or a reset. The host should also check that there are no configuration errors reported. 6.3 Using the Object Protocol The QT1085 has an object-based protocol that is used to communicate with the device. Typical communication includes configuring the device, sending commands to the device, and receiving messages from the device. Refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide. The host must perform the following initialization so that it can communicate with the QT1085: 6.4 1. Read the start positions and sizes of all the objects in the QT1085 from the Object Table and build up a list of these addresses. 2. Use the Object Table to calculate the report IDs so that messages from the device can be correctly interpreted. Writing to the Device See Section 5.2.3 on page 15 for information on the format of the SPI Write operation. To communicate with the QT1085, write to the appropriate object: To send a command to the device, write the appropriate command to the Command Processor T6 object (for example, to send a reset, backup or calibrate command). Refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide for the full list of available commands. To configure the device, write to an object. For example, to configure the device power consumption write to the global Power Configuration T7 object. Some objects are optional and need to be enabled before use. Refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide for more information on the objects. 6.5 Reading from the Device See Section 5.2.4 on page 16 for information on the format of the SPI Read operation. AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 17 6.6 Configuring the Device The objects are designed such that a default value of zero in their fields is a safe value that typically disables functionality. The objects must be configured before use and the settings written to the nonvolatile memory using the Command Processor T6 object. Refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide for more information. The following objects must be configured before use: General Objects Power Configuration T7 QTouchADC Configuration T49 Touch Objects Key T13 (8 instances) Signal Processing Objects Support Objects Touch Configuration T16 GPIO Configuration T29 (16 instances) Haptic Event T31 (8 instances) Refer to the AT42QT1085 Protocol Guide for information on configuring the objects. The following objects are also used but require no setting up: Debug Objects Debug Deltas T2 Debug References T3 Debug Signals T4 General Objects Message Processor T5 Command Processor T6 Support Objects Self Test T25 AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 18 7. Specifications 7.1 Absolute Maximum Specifications Vdd 2 V – 5.5 V Max continuous pin current, any control or drive pin 20 mA Voltage forced onto any pin –0.5 V to (Vdd or AVdd +0.5) V Configuration parameters maximum Writes 10,000 CAUTION: Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Specifications may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum specification conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability 7.2 Recommended Operating Conditions Operating temp –40°C to +85°C Storage temp –65°C to +150°C Vdd 2 V – 5.5 V Supply ripple + noise ±20 mV Cx transverse load capacitance per channel 1 pF to 30 pF GPO current <5 mA Temperature slew rate 10°C per minute 7.3 SPI Bus Specifications See also Figure 5-1 on page 14. Parameter Specification Data bits 8 data bits Data transmission Shift out on falling edge Shift in on rising edge Clock idle High Maximum clock rate 750 kHz Minimum time between bytes 100 µs Minimum low clock period 666 ns Minimum high clock period 666 ns Delay between communications exchanges 2 ms after Read operation 10 ms after Write operation AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 19 Figure 7-1. Data Byte Exchange – Signals SCK SAMPLE MOSI/MISO CHANGE MOSI PIN CHANGE MISO PIN SS MSB Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 LSB Figure 7-2. Data Byte Exchange – Timings SS must be held low between bytes of an exchange. Period Min Max Unit General Min Max Unit SS Low to SCK – Free-run mode 2 – µs Rise/Fall Time – 1600 ns SS Low to SCK – LP mode 22 – µs Setup 10 – ns S2 SCK to SS High 20 – µs Hold 333 – ns S3 SCK Low Pulse 666 – ns S4 SCK High Pulse 666 – ns S5 SCK Period 1332 – ns S6 Between Bytes 100 – µs – 20 ns S1 S7 SS High to Tristate AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 20 7.4 Reset Timings Parameter Min Typ Max Units Power on to CHANGE line low – 50 – ms Hardware reset to CHANGE line low – 50 – ms Software reset to CHANGE line low – 75 – ms 7.5 Config Notes Current Measurements Keys enabled DP Config 1: 8 2–1 Output 60% PWM Config 2: 8 16 – 8 Output 60% PWM Config 3: 8 2–1 Input Config 4: 8 2–1 Off Cycle 5V 3.3 V GPIOs 0 to 7 2V Current measurements µA 1a Free run (Actual: 9.1ms) 5380 1890 1025 1b 50 ms 3930 960 585 1c 100 ms 3735 840 500 1d 150 ms 3660 810 473 1e 200 ms 3615 790 455 1f 250 ms 3535 778 448 Config Cycle 5V 3.3 V 2V Current measurements µA 2a Free run (Actual: 20.3 ms) 5405 1896 1050 2b 50 ms 4250 1205 730 2c 100 ms 3760 950 545 2d 150 ms 3690 890 521 2e 200 ms 3710 855 486 2f 250 ms 3685 832 476 AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 21 Config Cycle 5V 3.3 V 2V Current measurements µA 3a Free run (Actual: 8.6 ms) 6985 1871 1014 3b 50 ms 2280 490 326 3c 100 ms 1380 265 188 3d 150 ms 995 208 142 3e 200 ms 575 150 105 3f 250 ms 421 129 84 Config Cycle 5V 3.3 V 2V Current measurements µA 4a Free run (Actual: 7.9 ms) 6992 1881 1039 4b 50 ms 2240 450 280 4c 100 ms 1360 268 180 4d 150 ms 1060 204 140 4e 200 ms 568 126 80 4f 250 ms 442 122 78 Config Cycle 5V 3.3 V 2V Current measurements µA <0> 21 18 16 AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 22 7.6 Mechanical Dimensions 7.6.1 32-pin 5 × 5 mm QFN 1 & '1& 1&C & %$ 1&C $ B )")6 $$#1&#'1$#' ,23.4 / D#E ,)");/ & B < @ ?$%%$ 1&C #$%&' (&&'$)*+,-!'.!/* 00" '[email protected] 1# #$ 5 )"6) )"67 ")) )")) )") )")7 8 )"97 )":) )");&+ < )"6 )" )") >"=) 7")) 7") >":) >":7 >"6) "=7 ") "7 & >"=) 7")) 7") & >":) >":7 >"6) & "=7 ") "7 )"7)?' @ )") )">) )"7) )"9) 8 8 8 8 B )") 8 #$%& A 8 !" **7F7F") ?G*@E )"7) *") &F* G%E* +EH.+!#@, H+#/ AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 23 7.6.2 32-pin 7 × 7mm TQFP & & < ?$%%$ 1&C %$ 1&C )AJ:A @ $$#1&#'1$#' ,23.4 / '1& 1&C # "%E3 (&&3')9* ?" " &!. !."!!<! .)"7 " & F . !<GI !. ! E" "@!G)") F . " '[email protected] 1# #$ 5 8 8 ") )")7 8 )"7 )"=7 ")) ")7 6":7 =")) ="7 9"=) :")) :") & 6":7 =")) ="7 & 9"=) :")) :") <)") 8 )">7 )")= 8 )") @ )">7 8 )":7 )"6)% #$%& # # !" *!:")F:")F") ?G*)"6) @E*%E3!!H.+! ,%H+/ 2% AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 24 7.7 Marking 7.7.1 32-pin 5 × 5 mm QFN 32 Pin 1 ID 1 Abbreviation of part number AT42QT1085-MU Date Code Code revision 1.0.AA, released Date Code Description W=Week code W week code number 1-52 where: A=1 B=2 .... Z=26 then using the underscore A=27...Z=52 32 Pin 1 ID 1 Abbreviated part number Code revision 1.0.AA, released Chip assembly datecode AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 25 7.7.2 32-pin 7 × 7mm TQFP 32 Pin 1 ID 1 QT1085 AU 1R0 Abbreviation of part number AT42QT1085-AU Code revision 1.0.AA, released Date Code Date Code Description YWW= Date programmed WW week code number 1-52 Y year code letter 1-26 where: A=2001...J=2010 ...Z=2026 Pin 1 ID 32 1 Abbreviation of part number AT42QT1085-AU Code revision 1.0.AA, released Chip assembly datecode AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 26 7.8 Part Numbers Part Number QS Number Description AT42QT1085-MU QS588 32-pin 5 × 5 mm QFN RoHS compliant AT42QT1085-MUR QS588 32-pin 5 × 5 mm QFN RoHS compliant – Tape and reel AT42QT1085-AU QS588 32-pin 7 × 7mm TQFP RoHS compliant AT42QT1085-AUR QS588 32-pin 7 × 7mm TQFP RoHS compliant – Tape and reel The part number comprises: AT = Atmel 42 = Touch Business Unit QT = Charge-transfer technology 1085= (1) Keys (08) number of channels (5) variant number AU = TQFP chip MU = QFN chip R = Tape and reel 7.9 Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL) 0 MSL Rating MSL3 Peak Body Temperature o 260 C Specifications IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020 AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 27 Associated Documents Design layout guidelines: Haptics guidelines: Miscellaneous: Application Note: QTAN0079 – Buttons, Sliders and Wheels Sensor Design Guide Application Note: QTAN0085 – Haptics Design Guide Application Note: QTAN0015 – Power Supply Considerations for QT ICs Application Note: Atmel AVR3000: QTouch Conducted Immunity Design Guide: QTAN0087 – Proximity Design Guide Revision History Revision Number History Revision AX – May 2011 Initial release for firmware version 0.4 Revision BX – August 2011 Revision C – December 2011 Firmware version 0.5 Amendments and clarifications to text. Firmware version 1.0.AA Amendments and clarifications to text. Amendments and clarifications to text Revision D – May 2013 New template and package mechanical drawings Changed package designation from MLF to QFN AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 28 AT42QT1085 [DATASHEET] 9625D–AT42–05/2013 29 Atmel Corporation 1600 Technology Drive Atmel Asia Limited Unit 01-5 & 16, 19F Atmel München GmbH Business Campus Atmel Japan G.K. 16F Shin-Osaki Kangyo Bldg San Jose, CA 95110 BEA Tower, Millennium City 5 Parkring 4 1-6-4 Osaki, Shinagawa-ku USA 418 Kwun Tong Roa D-85748 Garching bei München Tokyo 141-0032 Tel: (+1) (408) 441-0311 Kwun Tong, Kowloon GERMANY JAPAN Fax: (+1) (408) 487-2600 HONG KONG Tel: (+49) 89-31970-0 Tel: (+81) (3) 6417-0300 www.atmel.com Tel: (+852) 2245-6100 Fax: (+49) 89-3194621 Fax: (+81) (3) 6417-0370 Fax: (+852) 2722-1369 © 2010 – 2013 Atmel Corporation. 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