ATxmega64A1/128A1 - Preliminary

8/16-bit XMEGA A1 Microcontroller
ATxmega128A1 / ATxmega64A1
Not recommended for new designs -
Preliminary
Use XMEGA A1U series
Features
 High-performance, low-power Atmel® AVR® XMEGA® 8/16-bit Microcontroller
 Nonvolatile program and data memories
 64K - 128KBytes of in-system self-programmable flash
 4K - 8KBytes boot section
 2 KBBytes EEPROM
 4 KB - 8 KBBytes internal SRAM
 External bus interface for up to 16Mbytes SRAM
 External bus interface for up to 128Mbit SDRAM
 Peripheral features
 Four-channel DMA controller
 Eight-channel event system
 Eight 16-bit timer/counters
 Four timer/counters with 4 output compare or input capture channels
 Four timer/counters with 2 output compare or input capture channels
 High resolution extension on all timer/counters
 Advanced waveform extension (AWeX) on two timer/counters
 Eight USARTs with IrDA support for one USART
 Four two-wire interfaces with dual address match (I2C and SMBus compatible)
 Four serial peripheral interfaces (SPIs)
 AES and DES crypto engine
 16-bit real time counter (RTC) with separate oscillator
 Two sixteen channel, 12-bit, 2msps Analog to Digital Converters
 Two two-channel, 12-bit, 1msps Digital to Analog Converters
 Four Analog Comparators (ACs) with window compare function, and current sources
 External interrupts on all general purpose I/O pins
 Programmable watchdog timer with separate on-chip ultra low power oscillator
 QTouch® library support
 Capacitive touch buttons, sliders and wheels
 Special microcontroller features
 Power-on reset and programmable brown-out detection
 Internal and external clock options with PLL and prescaler
 Programmable multilevel interrupt controller
 Five sleep modes
 Programming and debug interfaces
 JTAG (IEEE 1149.1 compliant) interface, including boundary scan
 PDI (Program and Debug Interface)
 I/O and packages
 78 Programmable I/O pins
 100 lead TQFP
 100 ball BGA
 100 ball VFBGA
 Operating voltage
 1.6 – 3.6V
 Operating frequency
 0 – 12MHz from 1.6V
 0 – 32MHz from 2.7V
8067O–AVR–06/2013
Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series
8067O–AVR–06/2013
‘
1.
Ordering Information
Ordering Code
Flash (B)
E2
SRAM
128K + 8K
2 KB
8 KB
Speed (MHz)
Power Supply
Package(1)(2)(3)
Temp
ATxmega128A1-AU
ATxmega128A1-AUR
100A
ATxmega64A1-AU
64K + 4K
2 KB
4 KB
128K + 8K
2 KB
8 KB
ATxmega64A1-AUR
ATxmega128A1-CU
ATxmega128A1CUR
32
1.6 - 3.6V
100C1
-40C - 85C
ATxmega64A1-CU
64K + 4K
2 KB
4 KB
128K + 8K
2 KB
8 KB
ATxmega64A1-CUR
ATxmega128A1-C7U
ATxmega128A1-C7UR
100C2
ATxmega64A1-C7U
64K + 4K
2 KB
4 KB
ATxmega64A1-C7UR
Notes:
1.
This device can also be supplied in wafer form. Please contact your local Atmel sales office for detailed ordering information.
2.
Pb-free packaging, complies to the European Directive for Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS directive). Also Halide free and fully Green.
3.
For packaging information, see “Packaging information” on page 70.
Package Type
100A
100-lead, 14 x 14 x 1.0mm, 0.5mm lead pitch, thin profile plastic quad flat package (TQFP)
100C1
100-ball, 9 x 9 x 1.2mm body, ball pitch 0.88mm, chip ball grid array (CBGA)
100C2
100-ball, 7 x 7 x 1.0mm body, ball pitch 0.65mm, very thin fine-pitch ball grid array (VFBGA)
Typical Applications
Industrial control
Climate control
Low power battery applications
Factory automation
RF and ZigBee®
Power tools
Building control
Sensor control
HVAC
Board control
Optical
Utility metering
White goods
Medical applications
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
2
2.
Pinout/Block Diagram
PA5
PA4
PA3
PA2
PA1
PA0
AVCC
GND
PR1
PR0
RESET/PDI
PDI
PQ3
PQ2
PQ1
PQ0
GND
VCC
PK7
PK6
PK5
PK4
PK3
PK2
PK1
Figure 2-1. Block diagram and pinout
100
99
98
97
96
95
94
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
79
78
77
76
INDEX CORNER
Port Q
Port R
DATA BU S
OSC/CLK
Contro l
DAC A
AC A0
Power
Contro l
AC A1
BOD
VREF
POR
TEMP
RTC
OCD
FLASH
CPU
ADC B
Reset
Contro l
DAC B
RAM
DMA
AC B0
Port K
External Bus Interface
Port A
ADC A
Port B
E 2 PROM
Interrupt Controlle r
Watchdog
AC B1
Event System ctrl
Port J
Port H
DATA BU S
Port C
Port D
Port E
SPI
TWI
T/C0:1
USART0:1
SPI
TWI
T/C0:1
USART0:1
SPI
TWI
T/C0:1
USART0/1
SPI
TWI
T/C0:1
EVENT ROUTING NETWORK
USART0:1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
Port F
75
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
PK0
VCC
GND
PJ7
PJ6
PJ5
PJ4
PJ3
PJ2
PJ1
PJ0
VCC
GND
PH7
PH6
PH5
PH4
PH3
PH2
PH1
PH0
VCC
GND
PF7
PF6
PD1
PD2
PD3
PD4
PD5
PD6
PD7
GND
VCC
PE0
PE1
PE2
PE3
PE4
PE5
PE6
PE7
GND
VCC
PF0
PF1
PF2
PF3
PF4
PF5
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
PA6
PA7
GND
AVCC
PB0
PB1
PB2
PB3
PB4
PB5
PB6
PB7
GND
VCC
PC0
PC1
PC2
PC3
PC4
PC5
PC6
PC7
GND
VCC
PD0
Notes:
1.
For full details on pinout and pin functions refer to “Pinout and Pin Functions” on page 55.
2.
VCC/GND on pin 83/84 are swapped compared to other VCC/GND to allow easier routing of GND to 32kHz crystal.
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
3
Figure 2-2. CBGA-pinout
Top view
1
2
3
4
5
6
Bottom view
7
8
9
10
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
A
A
B
B
C
C
D
D
E
E
F
F
G
G
H
H
J
J
K
K
Table 2-1.
CBGA-pinout.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
A
PK0
VCC
GND
PJ3
VCC
GND
PH1
GND
VCC
PF7
B
PK3
PK2
PK1
PJ4
PH7
PH4
PH2
PH0
PF6
PF5
C
VCC
PK5
PK4
PJ5
PJ0
PH5
PH3
PF2
PF3
VCC
D
GND
PK6
PK7
PJ6
PJ1
PH6
PF0
PF1
PF4
GND
E
PQ0
PQ1
PQ2
PJ7
PJ2
PE7
PE6
PE5
PE4
PE3
F
PR1
PR0
RESET/
PDI
PDI
PQ3
PC2
PE2
PE1
PE0
VCC
G
GND
PA1
PA4
PB3
PB4
PC1
PC6
PD7
PD6
GND
H
AVCC
PA2
PA5
PB2
PB5
PC0
PC5
PD5
PD4
PD3
J
PA0
PA3
PB0
PB1
PB6
PC3
PC4
PC7
PD2
PD1
K
PA6
PA7
GND
AVCC
PB7
VCC
GND
VCC
GND
PD0
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
4
3.
Overview
The Atmel AVR XMEGA is a family of low power, high performance, and peripheral rich 8/16-bit microcontrollers based
on the AVR enhanced RISC architecture. By executing instructions in a single clock cycle, the AVR XMEGA devices
achieve CPU throughput approaching one million instructions per second (MIPS) per megahertz, allowing the system
designer to optimize power consumption versus processing speed.
The Atmel AVR CPU combines a rich instruction set with 32 general purpose working registers. All 32 registers are
directly connected to the arithmetic logic unit (ALU), allowing two independent registers to be accessed in a single
instruction, executed in one clock cycle. The resulting architecture is more code efficient while achieving throughputs
many times faster than conventional single-accumulator or CISC based microcontrollers.
The AVR XMEGA A1 devices provide the following features: in-system programmable flash with read-while-write
capabilities; internal EEPROM and SRAM; four-channel DMA controller, eight-channel event system and programmable
multilevel interrupt controller, 78 general purpose I/O lines, 16-bit real-time counter (RTC); eight flexible, 16-bit
timer/counters with compare and PWM channels, eight USARTs; four two-wire serial interfaces (TWIs); four serial
peripheral interfaces (SPIs); AES and DES cryptographic engine; two 16-channel, 12-bit ADCs with programmable gain;
two 2-channel, 12-bit DACs; four Analog Comparators (ACs) with window mode; programmable watchdog timer with
separate internal oscillator; accurate internal oscillators with PLL and prescaler; and programmable brown-out detection.
The program and debug interface (PDI), a fast, two-pin interface for programming and debugging, is available. The
devices also have an IEEE std. 1149.1 compliant JTAG interface, and this can also be used for boundary scan, on-chip
debug and programming.
The XMEGA A1 devices have five software selectable power saving modes. The idle mode stops the CPU while allowing
the SRAM, DMA controller, event system, interrupt controller, and all peripherals to continue functioning. The powerdown mode saves the SRAM and register contents, but stops the oscillators, disabling all other functions until the next
TWI or pin-change interrupt, or reset. In power-save mode, the asynchronous real-time counter continues to run, allowing
the application to maintain a timer base while the rest of the device is sleeping. In standby mode, the external crystal
oscillator keeps running while the rest of the device is sleeping. This allows very fast startup from the external crystal,
combined with low power consumption. In extended standby mode, both the main oscillator and the asynchronous timer
continue to run. To further reduce power consumption, the peripheral clock to each individual peripheral can optionally be
stopped in active mode and idle sleep mode.
Atmel offers a free QTouch library for embedding capacitive touch buttons, sliders and wheels functionality into AVR
microcontrollers.
The device are manufactured using Atmel high-density, nonvolatile memory technology. The program flash memory can
be reprogrammed in-system through the PDI or JTAG interfaces. A boot loader running in the device can use any
interface to download the application program to the flash memory. The boot loader software in the boot flash section will
continue to run while the application flash section is updated, providing true read-while-write operation. By combining an
8/16-bit RISC CPU with in-system, self-programmable flash, the AVR XMEGA is a powerful microcontroller family that
provides a highly flexible and cost effective solution for many embedded applications.
All Atmel AVR XMEGA devices are supported with a full suite of program and system development tools, including C
compilers, macro assemblers, program debugger/simulators, programmers, and evaluation kits.
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
5
3.1
Block Diagram
Figure 3-1. XMEGA A1 Block Diagram
Oscillator / Crystal / Clock
General Purpose I/O
VBAT
Power
Supervision
32.768 kHz
XOSC
Battery Backup
Controller
Real Time
Counter
PORT Q (8)
EBI
PORT R (2)
Digital function
Analog function
Bus masters / Programming / Debug
Oscillator
Circuits/
Clock
Generation
Watchdog
Oscillator
Real Time
Counter
EVENT ROUTING NETWORK
Watchdog
Timer
DATA BUS
DACA
Event System
Controller
PORT A (8)
Power
Supervision
POR/BOD &
RESET
Oscillator
Control
SRAM
DMA
Controller
ACA
Sleep
Controller
PDI
ADCA
BUS
Matrix
AREFA
Prog/Debug
Controller
JTAG
Int. Refs.
PORT P (8)
Tempref
PORT N (8)
OCD
AES
AREFB
PORT M (8)
Interrupt
Controller
CPU
DES
ADCB
PORT L (8)
ACB
PORT K (8)
NVM Controller
PORT B (8)
PORT J (8)
Flash
E E P RO M
EBI
DACB
PORT H (8)
PORT G (8)
DATA BUS
PORT D (8)
SPIF
TWIF
TCF0:1
USARTF0:1
SPIE
PORT E (8)
TWIE
TCE0:1
USARTE0:1
TWID
SPID
TCD0:1
USARTD0:1
SPIC
PORT C (8)
TWIC
TCC0:1
USARTC0:1
IRCOM
EVENT ROUTING NETWORK
PORT F (8)
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
6
4.
Resources
A comprehensive set of development tools, application notes and datasheets are available for download on
http://www.atmel.com/avr.
4.1
Recommended reading

XMEGA A Manual

XMEGA A Application Notes
This device data sheet only contains part specific information and a short description of each peripheral and module. The
XMEGA A Manual describes the modules and peripherals in depth. The XMEGA A application notes contain example
code and show applied use of the modules and peripherals.
The XMEGA A Manual and Application Notes are available from http://www.atmel.com/avr.
5.
Capacitive touch sensing
The Atmel QTouch library provides a simple to use solution to realize touch sensitive interfaces on most Atmel AVR
microcontrollers. The patented charge-transfer signal acquisition offers robust sensing and includes fully debounced
reporting of touch keys and includes Adjacent Key Suppression® (AKS®) technology for unambiguous detection of key
events. The QTouch library includes support for the QTouch and QMatrix acquisition methods.
Touch sensing can be added to any application by linking the appropriate Atmel QTouch library for the AVR
microcontroller. This is done by using a simple set of APIs to define the touch channels and sensors, and then calling the
touch sensing API’s to retrieve the channel information and determine the touch sensor states.
The QTouch library is FREE and downloadable from the Atmel website at the following location:
www.atmel.com/qtouchlibrary. For implementation details and other information, refer to the QTouch library user guide also available for download from the Atmel website.
6.
Disclaimer
For devices that are not available yet, typical values contained in this datasheet are based on simulations and
characterization of other AVR XMEGA microcontrollers manufactured on the same process technology. Min. and Max
values will be available after the device is characterized.
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
7
7.
AVR CPU
7.1
Features
 8/16-bit high performance AVR RISC Architecture


138 instructions
Hardware multiplier
 32x8-bit registers directly connected to the ALU
 Stack in SRAM
 Stack Pointer accessible in I/O memory space
 Direct addressing of up to 16M Bytes of program and data memory
 True 16/24-bit access to 16/24-bit I/O registers
 Support for 8-, 16- and 32-bit Arithmetic
 Configuration Change Protection of system critical features
7.2
Overview
All Atmel AVR XMEGA devices use the 8/16-bit AVR CPU. The main function of the CPU is to execute the code and
perform all calculations. The CPU is able to access memories, perform calculations, control peripherals, and execute the
program in the flash memory. Interrupt handling is described in a separate section, refer to “Interrupts and Programmable
Multilevel Interrupt Controller” on page 29.
7.3
Architectural Overview
In order to maximize performance and parallelism, the AVR CPU uses a Harvard architecture with separate memories
and buses for program and data. Instructions in the program memory are executed with single-level pipelining. While one
instruction is being executed, the next instruction is pre-fetched from the program memory. This enables instructions to
be executed on every clock cycle. For details of all AVR instructions, refer to http://www.atmel.com/avr.
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
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8
Figure 7-1. Block diagram of the AVR CPU architecture.
The arithmetic logic unit (ALU) supports arithmetic and logic operations between registers or between a constant and a
register. Single-register operations can also be executed in the ALU. After an arithmetic operation, the status register is
updated to reflect information about the result of the operation.
The ALU is directly connected to the fast-access register file. The 32 x 8-bit general purpose working registers all have
single clock cycle access time allowing single-cycle arithmetic logic unit (ALU) operation between registers or between a
register and an immediate. Six of the 32 registers can be used as three 16-bit address pointers for program and data
space addressing, enabling efficient address calculations.
The memory spaces are linear. The data memory space and the program memory space are two different memory
spaces.
The data memory space is divided into I/O registers, SRAM, and external RAM. In addition, the EEPROM can be
memory mapped in the data memory.
All I/O status and control registers reside in the lowest 4KB addresses of the data memory. This is referred to as the I/O
memory space. The lowest 64 addresses can be accessed directly, or as the data space locations from 0x00 to 0x3F.
The rest is the extended I/O memory space, ranging from 0x0040 to 0x0FFF. I/O registers here must be accessed as
data space locations using load (LD/LDS/LDD) and store (ST/STS/STD) instructions.
The SRAM holds data. Code execution from SRAM is not supported. It can easily be accessed through the five different
addressing modes supported in the AVR architecture. The first SRAM address is 0x2000.
Data addresses 0x1000 to 0x1FFF are reserved for memory mapping of EEPROM.
The program memory is divided in two sections, the application program section and the boot program section. Both
sections have dedicated lock bits for write and read/write protection. The SPM instruction that is used for selfprogramming of the application flash memory must reside in the boot program section. The application section contains
an application table section with separate lock bits for write and read/write protection. The application table section can
be used for safe storing of nonvolatile data in the program memory.
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
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7.4
ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit
The arithmetic logic unit (ALU) supports arithmetic and logic operations between registers or between a constant and a
register. Single-register operations can also be executed. The ALU operates in direct connection with all 32 general
purpose registers. In a single clock cycle, arithmetic operations between general purpose registers or between a register
and an immediate are executed and the result is stored in the register file. After an arithmetic or logic operation, the
status register is updated to reflect information about the result of the operation.
ALU operations are divided into three main categories – arithmetic, logical, and bit functions. Both 8- and 16-bit
arithmetic is supported, and the instruction set allows for efficient implementation of 32-bit aritmetic. The hardware
multiplier supports signed and unsigned multiplication and fractional format.
7.4.1
Hardware Multiplier
The multiplier is capable of multiplying two 8-bit numbers into a 16-bit result. The hardware multiplier supports different
variations of signed and unsigned integer and fractional numbers:
 Multiplication of unsigned integers
 Multiplication of signed integers
 Multiplication of a signed integer with an unsigned integer
 Multiplication of unsigned fractional numbers
 Multiplication of signed fractional numbers
 Multiplication of a signed fractional number with an unsigned one
A multiplication takes two CPU clock cycles.
7.5
Program Flow
After reset, the CPU starts to execute instructions from the lowest address in the flash program memory ‘0.’ The program
counter (PC) addresses the next instruction to be fetched.
Program flow is provided by conditional and unconditional jump and call instructions capable of addressing the whole
address space directly. Most AVR instructions use a 16-bit word format, while a limited number use a 32-bit format.
During interrupts and subroutine calls, the return address PC is stored on the stack. The stack is allocated in the general
data SRAM, and consequently the stack size is only limited by the total SRAM size and the usage of the SRAM. After
reset, the stack pointer (SP) points to the highest address in the internal SRAM. The SP is read/write accessible in the
I/O memory space, enabling easy implementation of multiple stacks or stack areas. The data SRAM can easily be
accessed through the five different addressing modes supported in the AVR CPU.
7.6
Status Register
The status register (SREG) contains information about the result of the most recently executed arithmetic or logic
instruction. This information can be used for altering program flow in order to perform conditional operations. Note that
the status register is updated after all ALU operations, as specified in the instruction set reference. This will in many
cases remove the need for using the dedicated compare instructions, resulting in faster and more compact code.
The status register is not automatically stored when entering an interrupt routine nor restored when returning from an
interrupt. This must be handled by software.
The status register is accessible in the I/O memory space.
7.6.1
Stack and Stack Pointer
The stack is used for storing return addresses after interrupts and subroutine calls. It can also be used for storing
temporary data. The stack pointer (SP) register always points to the top of the stack. It is implemented as two 8-bit
registers that are accessible in the I/O memory space. Data are pushed and popped from the stack using the PUSH and
POP instructions. The stack grows from a higher memory location to a lower memory location. This implies that pushing
data onto the stack decreases the SP, and popping data off the stack increases the SP. The SP is automatically loaded
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
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10
after reset, and the initial value is the highest address of the internal SRAM. If the SP is changed, it must be set to point
above address 0x2000, and it must be defined before any subroutine calls are executed or before interrupts are enabled.
During interrupts or subroutine calls, the return address is automatically pushed on the stack. The return address can be
two or three bytes, depending on program memory size of the device. For devices with 128KB or less of program
memory, the return address is two bytes, and hence the stack pointer is decremented/incremented by two. For devices
with more than 128KB of program memory, the return address is three bytes, and hence the SP is
decremented/incremented by three. The return address is popped off the stack when returning from interrupts using the
RETI instruction, and from subroutine calls using the RET instruction.
The SP is decremented by one when data are pushed on the stack with the PUSH instruction, and incremented by one
when data is popped off the stack using the POP instruction.
To prevent corruption when updating the stack pointer from software, a write to SPL will automatically disable interrupts
for up to four instructions or until the next I/O memory write.
After reset the stack pointer is initialized to the highest address of the SRAM. See Table 8-2 on page 15.
7.7
Register File
The register file consists of 32 x 8-bit general purpose working registers with single clock cycle access time. The register
file supports the following input/output schemes:
 One 8-bit output operand and one 8-bit result input
 Two 8-bit output operands and one 8-bit result input
 Two 8-bit output operands and one 16-bit result input
 One 16-bit output operand and one 16-bit result input
Six of the 32 registers can be used as three 16-bit address register pointers for data space addressing, enabling efficient
address calculations. One of these address pointers can also be used as an address pointer for lookup tables in flash
program memory.
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
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8.
Memories
8.1
Features
 Flash Program Memory








One linear address space
In-System Programmable
Self-Programming and Bootloader support
Application Section for application code
Application Table Section for application code or data storage
Boot Section for application code or bootloader code
Separate lock bits and protection for all sections
Built in fast CRC check of a selectable flash program memory section
 Data Memory








One linear address space
Single cycle access from CPU
SRAM
EEPROM
 Byte and page accessible
 Optional memory mapping for direct load and store
I/O Memory
 Configuration and Status registers for all peripherals and modules
 16 bit-accessible General Purpose Register for global variables or flags
External Memory support
 SRAM
 SDRAM
 Memory mapped external hardware
Bus arbitration
 Safe and deterministic handling of CPU and DMA Controller priority
Separate buses for SRAM, EEPROM, I/O Memory and External Memory access
 Simultaneous bus access for CPU and DMA Controller
 Production Signature Row Memory for factory programmed data

Device ID for each microcontroller device type
Serial number for each device
 Oscillator calibration bytes
 ADC, DAC and temperature sensor calibration data

 User Signature Row

One flash page in size
Can be read and written from software
 Content is kept after chip erase

8.2
Overview
The Atmel AVR architecture has two main memory spaces, the program memory and the data memory. Executable code
can reside only in the program memory, while data can be stored in the program memory and the data memory. The data
memory includes the internal SRAM, and EEPROM for nonvolatile data storage. All memory spaces are linear and
require no memory bank switching. Nonvolatile memory (NVM) spaces can be locked for further write and read/write
operations. This prevents unrestricted access to the application software.
A separate memory section contains the fuse bytes. These are used for configuring important system functions, and can
only be written by an external programmer.
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The available memory size configurations are shown in “Ordering Information” on page 2. In addition each device has a
flash memory signature rows for calibration data, device identification, serial number etc.
8.3
In-System Programmable Flash Program Memory
he Atmel AVR XMEGA devices contain on-chip, in-system reprogrammable flash memory for program storage. The flash
memory can be accessed for read and write from an external programmer through the PDI or from application software
running in the device.
All AVR CPU instructions are 16 or 32 bits wide, and each flash location is 16 bits wide. The flash memory is organized
in two main sections, the application section and the boot loader section. The sizes of the different sections are fixed, but
device-dependent. These two sections have separate lock bits, and can have different levels of protection. The store
program memory (SPM) instruction, which is used to write to the flash from the application software, will only operate
when executed from the boot loader section.
The application section contains an application table section with separate lock settings. This enables safe storage of
nonvolatile data in the program memory.
Figure 8-1. Flash Program Memory (Hexadecimal address)
Word Address
ATxega128A1
ATxmega64A1
0
0
Application Section (Bytes)
(128K/64K)
...
8.3.1
EFFF
/
77FF
F000
/
7800
Application Table Section (Bytes)
FFFF
/
7FFF
(8K/4K)
10000
/
8000
Boot Section (Bytes)
10FFF
/
87FF
(8K/4K)
Application Section
The Application section is the section of the flash that is used for storing the executable application code. The protection
level for the application section can be selected by the boot lock bits for this section. The application section can not store
any boot loader code since the SPM instruction cannot be executed from the application section.
8.3.2
Application Table Section
The application table section is a part of the application section of the flash memory that can be used for storing data.
The size is identical to the boot loader section. The protection level for the application table section can be selected by
the boot lock bits for this section. The possibilities for different protection levels on the application section and the
application table section enable safe parameter storage in the program memory. If this section is not used for data,
application code can reside here.
8.3.3
Boot Loader Section
While the application section is used for storing the application code, the boot loader software must be located in the boot
loader section because the SPM instruction can only initiate programming when executing from this section. The SPM
instruction can access the entire flash, including the boot loader section itself. The protection level for the boot loader
section can be selected by the boot loader lock bits. If this section is not used for boot loader software, application code
can be stored here.
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8.3.4
Production Signature Row
The production signature row is a separate memory section for factory programmed data. It contains calibration data for
functions such as oscillators and analog modules. Some of the calibration values will be automatically loaded to the
corresponding module or peripheral unit during reset. Other values must be loaded from the signature row and written to
the corresponding peripheral registers from software. For details on calibration conditions, refer to “Electrical
Characteristics” on page 76.
The production signature row also contains an ID that identifies each microcontroller device type and a serial number for
each manufactured device. The serial number consists of the production lot number, wafer number, and wafer
coordinates for the device. The device ID for the available devices is shown in Table 8-1.
The production signature row cannot be written or erased, but it can be read from application software and external
programmers.
Table 8-1.
Device ID bytes.
Device
8.3.5
Device ID bytes
Byte 2
Byte 1
Byte 0
ATxmega64A1
4E
96
1E
ATxmega128A1
4C
97
1E
User Signature Row
The user signature row is a separate memory section that is fully accessible (read and write) from application software
and external programmers. It is one flash page in size, and is meant for static user parameter storage, such as calibration
data, custom serial number, identification numbers, random number seeds, etc. This section is not erased by chip erase
commands that erase the flash, and requires a dedicated erase command. This ensures parameter storage during
multiple program/erase operations and on-chip debug sessions.
8.4
Fuses and Lock bits
The fuses are used to configure important system functions, and can only be written from an external programmer. The
application software can read the fuses. The fuses are used to configure reset sources such as brownout detector and
watchdog, startup configuration, JTAG enable, and JTAG user ID.
The lock bits are used to set protection levels for the different flash sections (that is, if read and/or write access should be
blocked). Lock bits can be written by external programmers and application software, but only to stricter protection levels.
Chip erase is the only way to erase the lock bits. To ensure that flash contents are protected even during chip erase, the
lock bits are erased after the rest of the flash memory has been erased.
An unprogrammed fuse or lock bit will have the value one, while a programmed fuse or lock bit will have the value zero.
Both fuses and lock bits are reprogrammable like the flash program memory.
8.5
Data Memory
The data memory contains the I/O memory, internal SRAM, optionally memory mapped EEPROM, and external memory
if available. The data memory is organized as one continuous memory section, see Figure 8-2 on page 15. To simplify
development, I/O Memory, EEPROM and SRAM will always have the same start addresses for all Atmel AVR XMEGA
devices. The address space for External Memory will always start at the end of Internal SRAM and end at address
0xFFFFFF.
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Figure 8-2. Data Memory Map (Hexadecimal address)
Byte Address
ATxmega128A1
0
I/O Registers
Byte Address
0
I/O Registers
FFF
(4 KB)
FFF
(4 KB)
1000
EEPROM
1000
EEPROM
17FF
(2 KB)
17FF
(2 KB)
RESERVED
RESERVED
2000
Internal SRAM
2000
Internal SRAM
3FFF
(8 KB)
2FFF
(4 KB)
4000
External Memory
3000
External Memory
FFFFFF
8.6
ATxmega64A1
(0 to 16 MB)
FFFFFF
(0 to 16 MB)
EEPROM
XMEGA AU devices have EEPROM for nonvolatile data storage. It is either addressable in a separate data space
(default) or memory mapped and accessed in normal data space. The EEPROM supports both byte and page access.
Memory mapped EEPROM allows highly efficient EEPROM reading and EEPROM buffer loading. When doing this,
EEPROM is accessible using load and store instructions. Memory mapped EEPROM will always start at hexadecimal
address 0x1000.
8.7
I/O Memory
The status and configuration registers for peripherals and modules, including the CPU, are addressable through I/O
memory locations. All I/O locations can be accessed by the load (LD/LDS/LDD) and store (ST/STS/STD) instructions,
which is used to transfer data between the 32 registers in the register file and the I/O memory. The IN and OUT
instructions can address I/O memory locations in the range 0x00 - 0x3F directly. In the address range 0x00 - 0x1F,
single- cycle instructions for manipulation and checking of individual bits are available.
The I/O memory address for all peripherals and modules in XMEGA A1U is shown in the “Peripheral Module Address
Map” on page 62.
8.7.1
General Purpose I/O Registers
The lowest 16 I/O memory addresses are reserved as general purpose I/O registers. These registers can be used for
storing global variables and flags, as they are directly bit-accessible using the SBI, CBI, SBIS, and SBIC instructions.
8.8
External Memory
Four ports can be used for external memory, supporting external SRAM, SDRAM, and memory mapped peripherals such
as LCD displays. Refer to “EBI – External Bus Interface” on page 47. The external memory address space will always
start at the end of internal SRAM.
8.9
Data Memory and Bus Arbitration
Since the data memory is organized as four separate sets of memories, the different bus masters (CPU, DMA controller
read and DMA controller write, etc.) can access different memory sections at the same time.
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8.10
Memory Timing
Read and write access to the I/O memory takes one CPU clock cycle. A write to SRAM takes one cycle, and a read from
SRAM takes two cycles. For burst read (DMA), new data are available every cycle. EEPROM page load (write) takes one
cycle, and three cycles are required for read. For burst read, new data are available every second cycle. External
memory has multi-cycle read and write. The number of cycles depends on the type of memory and configuration of the
external bus interface. Refer to the instruction summary for more details on instructions and instruction timing.
8.11
Device ID and Revision
Each device has a three-byte device ID. This ID identifies Atmel as the manufacturer of the device and the device type. A
separate register contains the revision number of the device.
8.12
I/O Memory Protection
Some features in the device are regarded as critical for safety in some applications. Due to this, it is possible to lock the
I/O register related to the clock system, the event system, and the advanced waveform extensions. As long as the lock is
enabled, all related I/O registers are locked and they can not be written from the application software. The lock registers
themselves are protected by the configuration change protection mechanism.
8.13
JTAG Disable
It is possible to disable the JTAG interface from the application software. This will prevent all external JTAG access to the
device until the next device reset or until JTAG is enabled again from the application software. As long as JTAG is
disabled, the I/O pins required for JTAG can be used as normal I/O pins.
8.14
Flash and EEPROM Page Size
The flash program memory and EEPROM data memory are organized in pages. The pages are word accessible for the
flash and byte accessible for the EEPROM.
Table 8-2 shows the Flash Program Memory organization. Flash write and erase operations are performed on one page
at a time, while reading the Flash is done one byte at a time. For Flash access the Z-pointer (Z[m:n]) is used for
addressing. The most significant bits in the address (FPAGE) gives the page number and the least significant address
bits (FWORD) gives the word in the page.
Table 8-2.
Number of words and Pages in the Flash.
PC size
Flash
Page
Size
bits
bytes
words
ATxmega64A1
16
64K + 4K
128
Z[7:1]
ATxmega128A1
17
128K+ 8K
256
Z[8:1]
Device
FWORD
FPAGE
Application
Boot
Size
No of
pages
Size
No of
pages
Z[16:8]
64K
256
4K
16
Z[17:9]
128K
256
8K
16
Table 8-3 shows EEPROM memory organization for the Atmel AVR XMEGA A1U devices. EEPROM write and erase
operations can be performed one page or one byte at a time, while reading the EEPROM is done one byte at a time. For
EEPROM access the NVM Address Register (ADDR[m:n]) is used for addressing. The most significant bits in the
address (E2PAGE) give the page number and the least significant address bits (E2BYTE) give the byte in the page.
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Table 8-3.
Number of Bytes and Pages in the EEPROM.
Device
EEPROM
Page Size
E2BYTE
E2PAGE
No of pages
Size
bytes
ATxmega64A1
2 KB
32
ADDR[4:0]
ADDR[10:5]
64
ATxmega128A1
2 KB
32
ADDR[4:0
ADDR[10:5]
64
8.14.1 I/O Memory
All peripherals and modules are addressable through I/O memory locations in the data memory space. All I/O memory
locations can be accessed by the Load (LD/LDS/LDD) and Store (ST/STS/STD) instructions, transferring data between
the 32 general purpose registers in the CPU and the I/O Memory.
The IN and OUT instructions can address I/O memory locations in the range 0x00 - 0x3F directly.
I/O registers within the address range 0x00 - 0x1F are directly bit-accessible using the SBI and CBI instructions. The
value of single bits can be checked by using the SBIS and SBIC instructions on these registers.
The I/O memory address for all peripherals and modules in XMEGA A1 is shown in the “Peripheral Module Address Map”
on page 62.
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9.
DMAC - Direct Memory Access Controller
9.1
Features
 Allows High-speed data transfer

From memory to peripheral
From memory to memory
 From peripheral to memory
 From peripheral to peripheral

 4 Channels
 From 1 byte and up to 16M bytes transfers in a single transaction
 Multiple addressing modes for source and destination address

Increment
Decrement
 Static

 1, 2, 4, or 8 byte Burst Transfers
 Programmable priority between channels
9.2
Overview
The four-channel direct memory access (DMA) controller can transfer data between memories and peripherals, and thus
offload these tasks from the CPU. It enables high data transfer rates with minimum CPU intervention, and frees up CPU
time. The four DMA channels enable up to four independent and parallel transfers.
The DMA controller can move data between SRAM and peripherals, between SRAM locations and directly between
peripheral registers. With access to all peripherals, the DMA controller can handle automatic transfer of data to/from
communication modules. The DMA controller can also read from memory mapped EEPROM.
Data transfers are done in continuous bursts of 1, 2, 4, or 8 bytes. They build block transfers of configurable size from 1
byte to 64KB. A repeat counter can be used to repeat each block transfer for single transactions up to 16MB. Source and
destination addressing can be static, incremental or decremental. Automatic reload of source and/or destination
addresses can be done after each burst or block transfer, or when a transaction is complete. Application software,
peripherals, and events can trigger DMA transfers.
The four DMA channels have individual configuration and control settings. This include source, destination, transfer
triggers, and transaction sizes. They have individual interrupt settings. Interrupt requests can be generated when a
transaction is complete or when the DMA controller detects an error on a DMA channel.
To allow for continuous transfers, two channels can be interlinked so that the second takes over the transfer when the
first is finished, and vice versa.
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10.
Event System
10.1
Features
 Inter-peripheral communication and signalling with minimum latency
 CPU and DMA independent operation
 8 Event Channels allows for up to 8 signals to be routed at the same time
 Events can be generated by







Timer/Counters (TCxn)
Real Time Counter (RTC)
Analog to Digital Converters (ADCx)
Analog Comparators (ACx)
Ports (PORTx)
System Clock (ClkSYS)
Software (CPU)
 Events can be used by






Timer/Counters (TCxn)
Analog to Digital Converters (ADCx)
Digital to Analog Converters (DACx)
Ports (PORTx)
DMA Controller (DMAC)
IR Communication Module (IRCOM)
 The same event can be used by multiple peripherals for synchronized timing
 Advanced Features

Manual Event Generation from software (CPU)
Quadrature Decoding
 Digital Filtering

 Functions in Active and Idle mode
10.2
Overview
The Event System is a set of features for inter-peripheral communication. It enables the possibility for a change of state
in one peripheral to automatically trigger actions in one or more peripherals. These changes in a peripheral that will
trigger actions in other peripherals are configurable by software. It is a simple, but powerful system as it allows for
autonomous control of peripherals without any use of interrupts, CPU or DMA resources.
The indication of a change in a peripheral is referred to as an event, and is usually the same as the interrupt conditions
for that peripheral. Events are passed between peripherals using a dedicated routing network called the Event Routing
Network. Figure 10-1 on page 20 shows a basic block diagram of the Event System with the Event Routing Network and
the peripherals to which it is connected. This highly flexible system can be used for simple routing of signals, pin
functions or for sequencing of events.
The maximum latency is two CPU clock cycles from when an event is generated in one peripheral, until the actions are
triggered in one or more other peripherals.
The Event System is functional in both Active and Idle modes.
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Figure 10-1. Event system block diagram.
CPU /
Software
DMA
Controller
Event Routing Network
clkPER
Prescaler
ADC
AC
Event
System
Controller
Real Time
Counter
Timer /
Counters
DAC
Port pins
IRCOM
he event routing network consists of eight software-configurable multiplexers that control how events are routed and
used. These are called event channels, and allow for up to eight parallel event routing configurations. The maximum
routing latency is two peripheral clock cycles. The event system works in both active mode and idle sleep mode.
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11.
System Clock and Clock options
11.1
Features
 Fast start-up time
 Safe run-time clock switching
 Internal Oscillators:

32 MHz run-time calibrated RC oscillator
2 MHz run-time calibrated RC oscillator
 32.768 kHz calibrated RC oscillator
 32 kHz Ultra Low Power (ULP) oscillator with 1 kHz ouput

 External clock options

0.4 - 16 MHz Crystal Oscillator
32 kHz Crystal Oscillator
 External clock

 PLL with internal and external clock options with 1 to 31x multiplication
 Clock Prescalers with 1x to 2048x division
 Fast peripheral clock running at two and four times the CPU clock speed
 Automatic Run-Time Calibration of internal oscillators
 Crystal Oscillator failure detection
11.2
Overview
Atmel AVR XMEGA devices have a flexible clock system supporting a large number of clock sources. It incorporates
both accurate internal oscillators and external crystal oscillator and resonator support. A high-frequency phase locked
loop (PLL) and clock prescalers can be used to generate a wide range of clock frequencies. An oscillator failure monitor
can be enabled to issue a non-maskable interrupt and switch to the internal oscillator if the external oscillator or PLL fails.
When a reset occurs, all clock sources except the 32kHz ultra low power oscillator are disabled. After reset, the device
will always start up running from the 2MHz internal oscillator. During normal operation, the system clock source and
prescalers can be changed from software at any time.
Figure 11-1 on page 22 presents the principal clock system in the XMEGA A1U family devices. Not all of the clocks need
to be active at a given time. The clocks for the CPU and peripherals can be stopped using sleep modes and power
reduction registers as described in “Power Management and Sleep Modes” on page 24.
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Figure 11-1. The clock system, clock sources and clock distribution
Real Time
Counter
Peripherals
RAM
AVR CPU
Non-Volatile
Memory
clkPER
clkCPU
clkPER2
clkPER4
Brown-out
Detector
System Clock Prescalers
Watchdog
Timer
clkSYS
clkRTC
System Clock Multiplexer
(SCLKSEL)
RTCSRC
DIV32
DIV32
DIV32
PLL
PLLSRC
DIV4
XOSCSEL
32 kHz
Int. ULP
32.768 kHz
Int. OSC
32.768 kHz
TOSC
32 MHz
Int. Osc
2 MHz
Int. Osc
XTAL2
XTAL1
TOSC2
TOSC1
11.3
0.4 – 16 MHz
XTAL
Clock Options
The clock sources are divided in two main groups: internal oscillators and external clock sources. Most of the clock
sources can be directly enabled and disabled from software, while others are automatically enabled or disabled,
depending on peripheral settings. After reset, the device starts up running from the 2MHz internal oscillator. The other
clock sources and PLL are turned off by default.
The internal oscillators do not require any external components to run. For details on characteristics and accuracy of the
internal oscillators, refer to the device datasheet.
11.3.1 32 kHz Ultra Low Power Internal Oscillator
This oscillator provides an approximate 32kHz clock. The 32kHz ultra low power (ULP) internal oscillator is a very low
power clock source, and it is not designed for high accuracy. The oscillator employs a built-in prescaler that provides a
1kHz output. The oscillator is automatically enabled/disabled when it is used as clock source for any part of the device.
This oscillator can be selected as the clock source for the RTC.
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11.3.2 32.768 kHz Calibrated Internal Oscillator
This oscillator provides an approximate 32.768kHz clock. It is calibrated during production to provide a default frequency
close to its nominal frequency. The calibration register can also be written from software for run-time calibration of the
oscillator frequency. The oscillator employs a built-in prescaler, which provides both a 32.768kHz output and a 1.024kHz
output.
11.3.3 32.768 kHz Crystal Oscillator
A 32.768kHz crystal oscillator can be connected between the 1 and 2 pins and enables a dedicated low frequency
oscillator input circuit. A low power mode with reduced voltage swing on 2 is available. This oscillator can be used as a
clock source for the system clock and RTC.
11.3.4 0.4 - 16 MHz Crystal Oscillator
This oscillator can operate in four different modes optimized for different frequency ranges, all within 0.4 - 16MHz.
11.3.5 2 MHz Run-time Calibrated Internal Oscillator
The 2MHz Run-time Calibrated Internal Oscillator is a high frequency oscillator. It is calibrated during production to
provide a default frequency which is close to its nominal frequency. The oscillator can use the 32kHz Calibrated Internal
Oscillator or the 32kHz Crystal Oscillator as a source for calibrating the frequency run-time to compensate for
temperature and voltage drift hereby optimizing the accuracy of the oscillator.
11.3.6 32 MHz Run-time Calibrated Internal Oscillator
The 32MHz Run-time Calibrated Internal Oscillator is a high frequency oscillator. It is calibrated during production to
provide a default frequency which is close to its nominal frequency. The oscillator can use the 32kHz Calibrated Internal
Oscillator or the 32kHz Crystal Oscillator as a source for calibrating the frequency run-time to compensate for
temperature and voltage drift hereby optimizing the accuracy of the oscillator.
11.3.7 External Clock input
The XTAL1 and XTAL2 pins can be used to drive an external oscillator, either a quartz crystal or a ceramic resonator.
XTAL1 can be used as input for an external clock signal. The 1 and 2 pins is dedicated to driving a 32.768kHz crystal
oscillator.
11.3.8 PLL with Multiplication factor 1 - 31x
The built-in phase locked loop (PLL) can be used to generate a high-frequency system clock. The PLL has a userselectable multiplication factor of from 1 to 31. In combination with the prescalers, this gives a wide range of output
frequencies from all clock sources.
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12.
Power Management and Sleep Modes
12.1
Features
 Power management for adjusting power consumption and functions
 5 sleep modes

Idle
Power-down
 Power-save
 Standby
 Extended standby

 Power reduction register to disable clock and turn off unused peripherals in active and idle modes
12.2
Overview
Various sleep modes and clock gating are provided in order to tailor power consumption to application requirements.
This enables the Atmel AVR XMEGA microcontroller to stop unused modules to save power.
All sleep modes are available and can be entered from active mode. In active mode, the CPU is executing application
code. When the device enters sleep mode, program execution is stopped and interrupts or a reset is used to wake the
device again. The application code decides which sleep mode to enter and when. Interrupts from enabled peripherals
and all enabled reset sources can restore the microcontroller from sleep to active mode.
In addition, power reduction registers provide a method to stop the clock to individual peripherals from software. When
this is done, the current state of the peripheral is frozen, and there is no power consumption from that peripheral. This
reduces the power consumption in active mode and idle sleep modes and enables much more fine-tuned power
management than sleep modes alone.
12.3
Sleep Modes
Sleep modes are used to shut down modules and clock domains in the microcontroller in order to save power. XMEGA
microcontrollers have five different sleep modes tuned to match the typical functional stages during application
execution. A dedicated sleep instruction (SLEEP) is available to enter sleep mode. Interrupts are used to wake the
device from sleep, and the available interrupt wake-up sources are dependent on the configured sleep mode. When an
enabled interrupt occurs, the device will wake up and execute the interrupt service routine before continuing normal
program execution from the first instruction after the SLEEP instruction. If other, higher priority interrupts are pending
when the wake-up occurs, their interrupt service routines will be executed according to their priority before the interrupt
service routine for the wake-up interrupt is executed. After wake-up, the CPU is halted for four cycles before execution
starts.
The content of the register file, SRAM and registers are kept during sleep. If a reset occurs during sleep, the device will
reset, start up, and execute from the reset vector.
12.3.1 Idle Mode
In idle mode the CPU and nonvolatile memory are stopped (note that any ongoing programming will be completed), but
all peripherals, including the interrupt controller, event system and DMA controller are kept running. Any enabled
interrupt will wake the device.
12.3.2 Power-down Mode
In power-down mode, all clocks, including the real-time counter clock source, are stopped. This allows operation only of
asynchronous modules that do not require a running clock. The only interrupts that can wake up the MCU are the twowire interface address match interrupt and asynchronous port interrupts, e.g pin change.
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12.3.3 Power-save Mode
Power-save mode is identical to power down, with one exception. If the real-time counter (RTC) is enabled, it will keep
running during sleep, and the device can also wake up from either an RTC overflow or compare match interrupt.
12.3.4 Standby Mode
Standby mode is identical to power down, with the exception that the enabled system clock sources are kept running
while the CPU, peripheral, and RTC clocks are stopped. This reduces the wake-up time.
12.3.5 Extended Standby Mode
Extended standby mode is identical to power-save mode, with the exception that the enabled system clock sources are
kept running while the CPU and peripheral clocks are stopped. This reduces the wake-up time.
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13.
System Control and Reset
13.1
Features
 Multiple reset sources for safe operation and device reset






Power-On Reset
External Reset
Watchdog Reset
Brown-Out Reset
PDI reset
Software reset
 Asynchronous reset

No running clock in the device is required for reset
 Reset status register
13.2
Overview
The reset system issues a microcontroller reset and sets the device to its initial state. This is for situations where
operation should not start or continue, such as when the microcontroller operates below its power supply rating. If a reset
source goes active, the device enters and is kept in reset until all reset sources have released their reset. The I/O pins
are immediately tri-stated. The program counter is set to the reset vector location, and all I/O registers are set to their
initial values. The SRAM content is kept. However, if the device accesses the SRAM when a reset occurs, the content of
the accessed location can not be guaranteed.
After reset is released from all reset sources, the default oscillator is started and calibrated before the device starts
running from the reset vector address. By default, this is the lowest program memory address, 0, but it is possible to
move the reset vector to the lowest address in the boot section.
The reset functionality is asynchronous, and so no running system clock is required to reset the device. The software
reset feature makes it possible to issue a controlled system reset from the user software.
The reset status register has individual status flags for each reset source. It is cleared at power-on reset, and shows
which sources have issued a reset since the last power-on.
13.3
Reset Sequence
A reset request from any reset source will immediately reset the device and keep it in reset as long as the request is
active. When all reset requests are released, the device will go through three stages before the device starts running
again:
 Reset counter delay
 Oscillator startup
 Oscillator calibration
If another reset requests occurs during this process, the reset sequence will start over again.
13.4
Reset Sources
13.4.1 Power-On Reset
TA power-on reset (POR) is generated by an on-chip detection circuit. The POR is activated when the VCC rises and
reaches the POR threshold voltage (VPOT), and this will start the reset sequence.
The POR is also activated to power down the device properly when the VCC falls and drops below the VPOT level.
The VPOT level is higher for falling VCC than for rising VCC. Consult the datasheet for POR characteristics data.
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13.4.2 Brownout Detection
The on-chip brownout detection (BOD) circuit monitors the VCC level during operation by comparing it to a fixed,
programmable level that is selected by the BODLEVEL fuses. If disabled, BOD is forced on at the lowest level during chip
erase and when the PDI is enabled.
13.4.3 External Reset
The external reset circuit is connected to the external RESET pin. The external reset will trigger when the RESET pin is
driven below the RESET pin threshold voltage, VRST, for longer than the minimum pulse period, tEXT. The reset will be
held as long as the pin is kept low. The RESET pin includes an internal pull-up resistor.
13.4.4 Watchdog Reset
The watchdog timer (WDT) is a system function for monitoring correct program operation. If the WDT is not reset from
the software within a programmable timeout period, a watchdog reset will be given. The watchdog reset is active for one
to two clock cycles of the 2MHz internal oscillator. For more details see “WDT - Watchdog Timer” on page 28.
13.4.5 Software reset
The software reset makes it possible to issue a system reset from software by writing to the software reset bit in the reset
control register.The reset will be issued within two CPU clock cycles after writing the bit. It is not possible to execute any
instruction from when a software reset is requested until it is issued.
13.4.6 Program and Debug Interface Reset
The program and debug interface reset contains a separate reset source that is used to reset the device during external
programming and debugging. This reset source is accessible only from external debuggers and programmers.
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13.5
WDT - Watchdog Timer
13.5.1 Features
 Issues a device reset if the timer is not reset before its timeout period
 Asynchronous operation from dedicated oscillator
 1kHz output of the 32kHz ultra low power oscillator
 11 selectable timeout periods, from 8ms to 8s
 Two operation modes:


Normal mode
Window mode
 Configuration lock to prevent unwanted changes
13.6
Overview
The watchdog timer (WDT) is a system function for monitoring correct program operation. It makes it possible to recover
from error situations such as runaway or deadlocked code. The WDT is a timer, configured to a predefined timeout
period, and is constantly running when enabled. If the WDT is not reset within the timeout period, it will issue a
microcontroller reset. The WDT is reset by executing the WDR (watchdog timer reset) instruction from the application
code.
The window mode makes it possible to define a time slot or window inside the total timeout period during which WDT
must be reset. If the WDT is reset outside this window, either too early or too late, a system reset will be issued.
Compared to the normal mode, this can also catch situations where a code error causes constant WDR execution.
The WDT will run in active mode and all sleep modes, if enabled. It is asynchronous, runs from a CPU-independent clock
source, and will continue to operate to issue a system reset even if the main clocks fail.
The configuration change protection mechanism ensures that the WDT settings cannot be changed by accident. For
increased safety, a fuse for locking the WDT settings is also available.
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14.
Interrupts and Programmable Multilevel Interrupt Controller
14.1
Features
 Short and predictable interrupt response time
 Separate interrupt configuration and vector address for each interrupt
 Programmable multilevel interrupt controller

Interrupt prioritizing according to level and vector address
Three selectable interrupt levels for all interrupts: low, medium and high
 Selectable, round-robin priority scheme within low-level interrupts
 Non-maskable interrupts for critical functions

 Interrupt vectors optionally placed in the application section or the boot loader section
14.2
Overview
Interrupts signal a change of state in peripherals, and this can be used to alter program execution. Peripherals can have
one or more interrupts, and all are individually enabled and configured. When an interrupt is enabled and configured, it
will generate an interrupt request when the interrupt condition is present. The programmable multilevel interrupt
controller (PMIC) controls the handling and prioritizing of interrupt requests. When an interrupt request is acknowledged
by the PMIC, the program counter is set to point to the interrupt vector, and the interrupt handler can be executed.
All peripherals can select between three different priority levels for their interrupts: low, medium, and high. Interrupts are
prioritized according to their level and their interrupt vector address. Medium-level interrupts will interrupt low-level
interrupt handlers. High-level interrupts will interrupt both medium- and low-level interrupt handlers. Within each level, the
interrupt priority is decided from the interrupt vector address, where the lowest interrupt vector address has the highest
interrupt priority. Low-level interrupts have an optional round-robin scheduling scheme to ensure that all interrupts are
serviced within a certain amount of time.
Non-maskable interrupts (NMI) are also supported, and can be used for system critical functions.
14.3
Interrupt vectors
The interrupt vector is the sum of the peripheral’s base interrupt address and the offset address for specific interrupts in
each peripheral. The base addresses for the Atmel AVR XMEGA A1U devices are shown in Table 14-1. Offset
addresses for each interrupt available in the peripheral are described for each peripheral in the XMEGA AU manual. For
peripherals or modules that have only one interrupt, the interrupt vector is shown in Table 14-1. The program address is
the word address.
Table 14-1. Reset and Interrupt vectors
Program Address
(Base Address)
Source
0x000
RESET
0x002
OSCF_INT_vect
Crystal Oscillator Failure Interrupt vector (NMI)
0x004
PORTC_INT_base
Port C Interrupt base
0x008
PORTR_INT_base
Port R Interrupt base
0x00C
DMA_INT_base
DMA Controller Interrupt base
0x014
RTC_INT_base
Real Time Counter Interrupt base
0x018
TWIC_INT_base
Two-Wire Interface on Port C Interrupt base
Interrupt Description
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Program Address
(Base Address)
Source
Interrupt Description
0x01C
TCC0_INT_base
Timer/Counter 0 on port C Interrupt base
0x028
TCC1_INT_base
Timer/Counter 1 on port C Interrupt base
0x030
SPIC_INT_vect
SPI on port C Interrupt vector
0x032
USARTC0_INT_base
USART 0 on port C Interrupt base
0x038
USARTC1_INT_base
USART 1 on port C Interrupt base
0x03E
AES_INT_vect
AES Interrupt vector
0x040
NVM_INT_base
Non-Volatile Memory Interrupt base
0x044
PORTB_INT_base
Port B Interrupt base
0x048
ACB_INT_base
Analog Comparator on Port B Interrupt base
0x04E
ADCB_INT_base
Analog to Digital Converter on Port B Interrupt base
0x056
PORTE_INT_base
Port E Interrupt base
0x05A
TWIE_INT_base
Two-Wire Interface on Port E Interrupt base
0x05E
TCE0_INT_base
Timer/Counter 0 on port E Interrupt base
0x06A
TCE1_INT_base
Timer/Counter 1 on port E Interrupt base
0x072
SPIE_INT_vect
SPI on port E Interrupt vector
0x074
USARTE0_INT_base
USART 0 on port E Interrupt base
0x07A
USARTE1_INT_base
USART 1 on port E Interrupt base
0x080
PORTD_INT_base
Port D Interrupt base
0x084
PORTA_INT_base
Port A Interrupt base
0x088
ACA_INT_base
Analog Comparator on Port A Interrupt base
0x08E
ADCA_INT_base
Analog to Digital Converter on Port A Interrupt base
0x096
TWID_INT_base
Two-Wire Interface on Port D Interrupt base
0x09A
TCD0_INT_base
Timer/Counter 0 on port D Interrupt base
0x0A6
TCD1_INT_base
Timer/Counter 1 on port D Interrupt base
0x0AE
SPID_INT_vector
SPI on port D Interrupt vector
0x0B0
USARTD0_INT_base
USART 0 on port D Interrupt base
0x0B6
USARTD1_INT_base
USART 1 on port D Interrupt base
0x0BC
PORTQ_INT_base
Port Q INT base
0x0C0
PORTH_INT_base
Port H INT base
0x0C4
PORTJ_INT_base
Port J INT base
0x0C8
PORTK_INT_base
Port K INT base
0x0D0
PORTF_INT_base
Port F INT base
0x0D4
TWIF_INT_base
Two-Wire Interface on Port F INT base
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Program Address
(Base Address)
Source
Interrupt Description
0x0D8
TCF0_INT_base
Timer/Counter 0 on port F Interrupt base
0x0E4
TCF1_INT_base
Timer/Counter 1 on port F Interrupt base
0x0EC
SPIF_INT_vector
SPI ion port F Interrupt base
0x0EE
USARTF0_INT_base
USART 0 on port F Interrupt base
0x0F4
USARTF1_INT_base
USART 1 on port F Interrupt base
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15.
I/O Ports
15.1
Features
 78 General purpose input and output pins with individual configuration
 Output driver with configurable driver and pull settings:

Totem-pole
Wired-AND
 Wired-OR
 Bus-keeper
 Inverted I/O

 Input with synchronous and/or asynchronous sensing with interrupts and events

Sense both edges
Sense rising edges
 Sense falling edges
 Sense low level

 Optional pull-up and pull-down resistor on input and Wired-OR/AND configurations
 Optional slew rate control
 Asynchronous pin change sensing that can wake the device from all sleep modes
 Two port interrupts with pin masking per I/O port
 Efficient and safe access to port pins

Hardware read-modify-write through dedicated toggle/clear/set registers
Configuration of multiple pins in a single operation
 Mapping of port registers into bit-accessible I/O memory space

 Peripheral clocks output on port pin
 Real-time counter clock output to port pin
 Event channels can be output on port pin
 Remapping of digital peripheral pin functions

15.2
Selectable USART, SPI, and timer/counter input/output pin locations
Overview
One port consists of up to eight port pins: pin 0 to 7. Each port pin can be configured as input or output with configurable
driver and pull settings. They also implement synchronous and asynchronous input sensing with interrupts and events for
selectable pin change conditions. Asynchronous pin-change sensing means that a pin change can wake the device from
all sleep modes, included the modes where no clocks are running.
All functions are individual and configurable per pin, but several pins can be configured in a single operation. The pins
have hardware read-modify-write (RMW) functionality for safe and correct change of drive value and/or pull resistor
configuration. The direction of one port pin can be changed without unintentionally changing the direction of any other
pin.
The port pin configuration also controls input and output selection of other device functions. It is possible to have both the
peripheral clock and the real-time clock output to a port pin, and available for external use. The same applies to events
from the event system that can be used to synchronize and control external functions. Other digital peripherals, such as
USART, SPI, and timer/counters, can be remapped to selectable pin locations in order to optimize pin-out versus
application needs.
The notation of these ports are PORTA, PORTB, PORTC, PORTD, PORTE, PORTF, PORTH, PORTJ, PORTK, PORTQ
and PORTR.
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15.3
Output Driver
All port pins (Pn) have programmable output configuration. The port pins also have configurable slew rate limitation to
reduce electromagnetic emission.
15.3.1 Push-pull
Figure 15-1. I/O configuration - Totem-pole
DIRn
OUTn
Pn
INn
15.3.2 Pull-down
Figure 15-2. I/O configuration - Totem-pole with pull-down (on input)
DIRn
OUTn
Pn
INn
15.3.3 Pull-up
Figure 15-3. I/O configuration - Totem-pole with pull-up (on input)
DIRn
OUTn
Pn
INn
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15.3.4 Bus-keeper
The bus-keeper’s weak output produces the same logical level as the last output level. It acts as a pull-up if the last level
was ‘1’, and pull-down if the last level was ‘0’.
Figure 15-4. I/O configuration - Totem-pole with bus-keeper
DIRn
OUTn
Pn
INn
15.3.5 Others
Figure 15-5. Output configuration - Wired-OR with optional pull-down
OUTn
Pn
INn
Figure 15-6. I/O configuration - Wired-AND with optional pull-up
INn
Pn
OUTn
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15.4
Input sensing
Input sensing is synchronous or asynchronous depending on the enabled clock for the ports, and the configuration is
shown in Figure 15-7 on page 35.
Figure 15-7. Input sensing system overview
Asynchronous sensing
EDGE
DETECT
Interrupt
Control
IREQ
Synchronous sensing
Pn
Synchronizer
INn
D Q D Q
INVERTED I/O
R
EDGE
DETECT
Event
R
When a pin is configured with inverted I/O the pin value is inverted before the input sensing.
15.5
Port Interrupt
Each ports have two interrupts with seperate priority and interrupt vector. All pins on the port can be individually selected
as source for each of the interrupts. The interrupts are then triggered according to the input sense configuration for each
pin configured as source for the interrupt.
15.6
Alternate Port Functions
In addition to the input/output functions on all port pins, most pins have alternate functions. This means that other
modules or peripherals connected to the port can use the port pins for their functions, such as communication or pulsewidth modulation. “Pinout and Pin Functions” on page 55 shows which modules on peripherals that enables alternate
functions on a pin, and what alternate functions that is available on a pin.
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16.
T/C - 16-bit Timer/Counter
16.1
Features
 Eight 16-bit Timer/Counters


Four Timer/Counters of type 0
Four Timer/Counters of type 1
 Four Compare or Capture (CC) Channels in Timer/Counter 0
 Two Compare or Capture (CC) Channels in Timer/Counter 1
 Double Buffered Timer Period Setting
 Double Buffered Compare or Capture Channels
 Waveform Generation:

Single Slope Pulse Width Modulation
Dual Slope Pulse Width Modulation
 Frequency Generation

 Input Capture:

Input Capture with Noise Cancelling
Frequency capture
 Pulse width capture
 32-bit input capture

 Event Counter with Direction Control
 Timer Overflow and Timer Error Interrupts and Events
 One Compare Match or Capture Interrupt and Event per CC Channel
 Supports DMA Operation
 Hi-Resolution Extension (Hi-Res)
 Advanced Waveform Extension (AWEX)
16.2
Overview
Atmel AVR XMEGA devices have a set of eight flexible 16-bit timer/counters (TC). Their capabilities include accurate
program execution timing, frequency and waveform generation, and input capture with time and frequency measurement
of digital signals. Two timer/counters can be cascaded to create a 32-bit timer/counter with optional 32-bit capture.
A timer/counter consists of a base counter and a set of compare or capture (CC) channels. The base counter can be
used to count clock cycles or events. It has direction control and period setting that can be used for timing. The CC
channels can be used together with the base counter to do compare match control, frequency generation, and pulse
width waveform modulation, as well as various input capture operations. A timer/counter can be configured for either
capture or compare functions, but cannot perform both at the same time.
A timer/counter can be clocked and timed from the peripheral clock with optional prescaling or from the event system.
The event system can also be used for direction control and capture trigger or to synchronize operations.
There are two differences between timer/counter type 0 and type 1. Timer/counter 0 has four CC channels, and
timer/counter 1 has two CC channels. All information related to CC channels 3 and 4 is valid only for timer/counter 0.
Only Timer/Counter 0 has the split mode feature that split it into 2 8-bit Timer/Counters with four compare channels each.
Some timer/counters have extensions to enable more specialized waveform and frequency generation. The advanced
waveform extension (AWeX) is intended for motor control and other power control applications. It enables low- and highside output with dead-time insertion, as well as fault protection for disabling and shutting down external drivers. It can
also generate a synchronized bit pattern across the port pins.
The advanced waveform extension can be enabled to provide extra and more advanced features for the Timer/Counter.
This is only available for Timer/Counter 0. See “AWeX - Advanced Waveform Extension” on page 38 for more details.
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The high-resolution (hi-res) extension can be used to increase the waveform output resolution by four or eight times by
using an internal clock source running up to four times faster than the peripheral clock. See “Hi-Res - High Resolution
Extension” on page 39 for more details.
Figure 16-1. Overview of a Timer/Counter and closely related peripherals
Timer/Counter
Base Counter
Prescaler
clkPER
Timer Period
Control Logic
Counter
Event
System
clkPER4
Buffer
Capture
Control
Waveform
Generation
DTI
Dead-Time
Insertion
Pattern
Generation
Fault
Protection
PORT
Comparator
AWeX
Hi-Res
Compare/Capture Channel D
Compare/Capture Channel C
Compare/Capture Channel B
Compare/Capture Channel A
PORTC, PORTD, PORTE and PORTF each has one Timer/Counter 0 and one Timer/Counter1. Notation of these
Timer/Counters are TCC0 (Time/Counter C0), TCC1, TCD0, TCD1, TCE0, TCE1, TCF0, and TCF1, respectively.
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17.
AWeX - Advanced Waveform Extension
17.1
Features
 Output with complementary output from each Capture channel
 Four Dead Time Insertion (DTI) Units, one for each Capture channel
 8-bit DTI Resolution
 Separate High and Low Side Dead-Time Setting
 Double Buffered Dead-Time
 Event Controlled Fault Protection
 Single Channel Multiple Output Operation (for BLDC motor control)
 Double Buffered Pattern Generation
17.2
Overview
The advanced waveform extension (AWeX) provides extra functions to the timer/counter in waveform generation (WG)
modes. It is primarily intended for use with different types of motor control and other power control applications. It
enables low- and high side output with dead-time insertion and fault protection for disabling and shutting down external
drivers. It can also generate a synchronized bit pattern across the port pins.
Each of the waveform generator outputs from the Timer/Counter 0 are split into a complimentary pair of outputs when
any AWeX features are enabled. These output pairs go through a dead-time insertion (DTI) unit that generates the noninverted low side (LS) and inverted high side (HS) of the WG output with dead-time insertion between LS and HS
switching. The DTI output will override the normal port value according to the port override setting.
The pattern generation unit can be used to generate a synchronized bit pattern on the port it is connected to. In addition,
the WG output from compare channel A can be distributed to and override all the port pins. When the pattern generator
unit is enabled, the DTI unit is bypassed.
The fault protection unit is connected to the event system, enabling any event to trigger a fault condition that will disable
the AWeX output. The event system ensures predictable and instant fault reaction, and gives great flexibility in the
selection of fault triggers.
The AWeX is available for TCC0 and TCE0. The notation of these are AWEXC and AWEXE.
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18.
Hi-Res - High Resolution Extension
18.1
Features
 Increases Waveform Generator resolution by 2-bits (4x)
 Supports Frequency, single- and dual-slope PWM operation
 Supports the AWeX when this is enabled and used for the same Timer/Counter
18.2
Overview
TThe high-resolution (hi-res) extension can be used to increase the resolution of the waveform generation output from a
timer/counter by four or eight. It can be used for a timer/counter doing frequency, single-slope PWM, or dual-slope PWM
generation. It can also be used with the AWeX if this is used for the same timer/counter.
The hi-res extension uses the peripheral 4x clock (ClkPER4). The system clock prescalers must be configured so the
peripheral 4x clock frequency is four times higher than the peripheral and CPU clock frequency when the hi-res extension
is enabled.
There are four hi-res extensions that each can be enabled for each timer/counters pair on PORTC, PORTD, PORTE and
PORTF. The notation of these peripherals are HIRESC, HIRESD, HIRESE and HIRESF, respectively.
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19.
RTC - 16-bit Real-Time Counter
19.1
Features
 16-bit resolution
 Selectable clock source

32.768kHz external crystal
External clock
 32.768kHz internal oscillator
 32kHz internal ULP oscillator

 Programmable 10-bit clock prescaling
 One compare register
 One period register
 Clear counter on period overflow
 Optional interrupt/event on overflow and compare match
19.2
Overview
The 16-bit real-time counter (RTC) is a counter that typically runs continuously, including in low-power sleep modes, to
keep track of time. It can wake up the device from sleep modes and/or interrupt the device at regular intervals.
The reference clock is typically the 1.024kHz output from a high-accuracy crystal of 32.768kHz, and this is the
configuration most optimized for low power consumption. The faster 32.768kHz output can be selected if the RTC needs
a resolution higher than 1ms. The RTC can also be clocked from an external clock signal, the 32.768kHz internal
oscillator or the 32kHz internal ULP oscillator.
The RTC includes a 10-bit programmable prescaler that can scale down the reference clock before it reaches the
counter. A wide range of resolutions and time-out periods can be configured. With a 32.768kHz clock source, the
maximum resolution is 30.5µs, and time-out periods can range up to 2000 seconds. With a resolution of 1s, the
maximum timeout period is more than18 hours (65536 seconds). The RTC can give a compare interrupt and/or event
when the counter equals the compare register value, and an overflow interrupt and/or event when it equals the period
register value.
Figure 19-1. Real Time Counter overview
External Clock
TOSC1
TOSC2
32.768kHz Crystal Osc
32.768kHz Int. Osc
DIV32
DIV32
32kHz int ULP (DIV32)
PER
RTCSRC
clkRTC
10-bit
prescaler
=
TOP/
Overflow
=
”match”/
Compare
CNT
COMP
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20.
TWI - Two-Wire Interface
20.1
Features
 Four identical two-wire interface peripherals
 Bidirectional two-wire communication interface


Phillips I2C compatible
System Management Bus (SMBus) compatible
 Bus master and slave operation supported

Slave operation
Single bus master operation
 Bus master in multi-master bus environment
 Multi-master arbitration

 Flexible slave address match functions

7-bit and general call address recognition in hardware
10-bit addressing supported
 Address mask register for dual address match or address range masking
 Optional software address recognition for unlimited number of addresses

 Slave can operate in all sleep modes, including power-down
 Slave address match can wake device from all sleep modes, including power-down
 100kHz and 400kHz bus frequency support
 Slew-rate limited output drivers
 Input filter for bus noise and spike suppression
 Support arbitration between start repeated start and data bit (SMBus)
 Slave arbitration allows support for address resolve protocol (ARP) (SMBus)
20.2
Overview
The two-wire interface (TWI) is a bidirectional, two-wire communication interface. It is I2C and System Management Bus
(SMBus) compatible. The only external hardware needed to implement the bus is one pull-up resistor on each bus line.
A device connected to the bus must act as a master or a slave. The master initiates a data transaction by addressing a
slave on the bus and telling whether it wants to transmit or receive data. One bus can have many slaves and one or
several masters that can take control of the bus. An arbitration process handles priority if more than one master tries to
transmit data at the same time. Mechanisms for resolving bus contention are inherent in the protocol.
The TWI module supports master and slave functionality. The master and slave functionality are separated from each
other, and can be enabled and configured separately. The master module supports multi-master bus operation and
arbitration. It contains the baud rate generator. Both 100kHz and 400kHz bus frequency is supported. Quick command
and smart mode can be enabled to auto-trigger operations and reduce software complexity.
The slave module implements 7-bit address match and general address call recognition in hardware. 10-bit addressing is
also supported. A dedicated address mask register can act as a second address match register or as a register for
address range masking. The slave continues to operate in all sleep modes, including power-down mode. This enables
the slave to wake up the device from all sleep modes on TWI address match. It is possible to disable the address
matching to let this be handled in software instead.
The TWI module will detect START and STOP conditions, bus collisions, and bus errors. Arbitration lost, errors, collision,
and clock hold on the bus are also detected and indicated in separate status flags available in both master and slave
modes.
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It is possible to disable the TWI drivers in the device, and enable a four-wire digital interface for connecting to an external
TWI bus driver. This can be used for applications where the device operates from a different VCC voltage than used by
the TWI bus.
PORTC, PORTD, PORTE, and PORTF each has one TWI. Notation of these peripherals are TWIC, TWID, TWIE, and
TWIF.
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21.
SPI - Serial Peripheral Interface
21.1
Features
 Four identical SPI peripherals
 Full-duplex, three-wire synchronous data transfer
 Master or slave operation
 Lsb first or msb first data transfer
 Eight programmable bit rates
 Interrupt flag at the end of transmission
 Write collision flag to indicate data collision
 Wake up from idle sleep mode
 Double speed master mode
21.2
Overview
The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) is a high-speed synchronous data transfer interface using three or four pins. It
allows fast communication between an Atmel AVR XMEGA device and peripheral devices or between several
microcontrollers. The SPI supports full-duplex communication.
A device connected to the bus must act as a master or slave. The master initiates and controls all data transactions.
PORTC, PORTD, PORTE, and PORTF each has one SPI. Notation of these peripherals are SPIC, SPID, SPIE, and
SPIF.
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22.
USART
22.1
Features
 Eight identical USART peripherals
 Full-duplex operation
 Asynchronous or synchronous operation


Synchronous clock rates up to 1/2 of the device clock frequency
Asynchronous clock rates up to 1/8 of the device clock frequency
 Supports serial frames with 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9 data bits and 1 or 2 stop bits
 Fractional baud rate generator


Can generate desired baud rate from any system clock frequency
No need for external oscillator with certain frequencies
 Built-in error detection and correction schemes

Odd or even parity generation and parity check
Data overrun and framing error detection
 Noise filtering includes false start bit detection and digital low-pass filter

 Separate interrupts for

Transmit complete
Transmit data register empty
 Receive complete

 Multiprocessor communication mode


Addressing scheme to address a specific devices on a multidevice bus
Enable unaddressed devices to automatically ignore all frames
 Master SPI mode


Double buffered operation
Operation up to 1/2 of the peripheral clock frequency
 IRCOM module for IrDA compliant pulse modulation/demodulation
22.2
Overview
The universal synchronous and asynchronous serial receiver and transmitter (USART) is a fast and flexible serial
communication module. The USART supports full-duplex communication and asynchronous and synchronous operation.
The USART can be configured to operate in SPI master mode and used for SPI communication.
Communication is frame based, and the frame format can be customized to support a wide range of standards. The
USART is buffered in both directions, enabling continued data transmission without any delay between frames. Separate
interrupts for receive and transmit complete enable fully interrupt driven communication. Frame error and buffer overflow
are detected in hardware and indicated with separate status flags. Even or odd parity generation and parity check can
also be enabled.
The clock generator includes a fractional baud rate generator that is able to generate a wide range of USART baud rates
from any system clock frequencies. This removes the need to use an external crystal oscillator with a specific frequency
to achieve a required baud rate. It also supports external clock input in synchronous slave operation.
When the USART is set in master SPI mode, all USART-specific logic is disabled, leaving the transmit and receive
buffers, shift registers, and baud rate generator enabled. Pin control and interrupt generation are identical in both modes.
The registers are used in both modes, but their functionality differs for some control settings.
An IRCOM module can be enabled for one USART to support IrDA 1.4 physical compliant pulse modulation and
demodulation for baud rates up to 115.2Kbps.
PORTC, PORTD, PORTE, and PORTF each has two USARTs. Notation of these peripherals are USARTC0, USARTC1,
USARTD0, USARTD1, USARTE0, USARTE1, USARTF0 and USARTF1.
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23.
IRCOM - IR Communication Module
23.1
Features
 Pulse modulation/demodulation for infrared communication
 IrDA compatible for baud rates up to 115.2Kbps
 Selectable pulse modulation scheme

3/16 of the baud rate period
Fixed pulse period, 8-bit programmable
 Pulse modulation disabled

 Built-in filtering
 Can be connected to and used by any USART
23.2
Overview
Atmel AVR XMEGA devices contain an infrared communication module (IRCOM) that is IrDA compatible for baud rates
up to 115.2Kbps. It can be connected to any USART to enable infrared pulse encoding/decoding for that USART.
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
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24.
AES and DES Crypto Engine
24.1
Features
 Data Encryption Standard (DES) CPU instruction
 Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) crypto module
 DES Instruction

Encryption and decryption
DES supported
 Encryption/decryption in 16 CPU clock cycles per 8-byte block

 AES crypto module

Encryption and decryption
Supports 128-bit keys
 Supports XOR data load mode to the state memory
 Encryption/decryption in 375 clock cycles per 16-byte block

24.2
Overview
The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) and Data Encryption Standard (DES) are two commonly used standards for
cryptography. These are supported through an AES peripheral module and a DES CPU instruction, and the
communication interfaces and the CPU can use these for fast, encrypted communication and secure data storage.
DES is supported by an instruction in the AVR CPU. The 8-byte key and 8-byte data blocks must be loaded into the
register file, and then the DES instruction must be executed 16 times to encrypt/decrypt the data block.
The AES crypto module encrypts and decrypts 128-bit data blocks with the use of a 128-bit key. The key and data must
be loaded into the key and state memory in the module before encryption/decryption is started. It takes 375 peripheral
clock cycles before the encryption/decryption is done. The encrypted/encrypted data can then be read out, and an
optional interrupt can be generated. The AES crypto module also has DMA support with transfer triggers when
encryption/decryption is done and optional auto-start of encryption/decryption when the state memory is fully loaded.
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25.
EBI – External Bus Interface
25.1
Features
 Supports SRAM up to:


512KB using 3-port EBI configuration
16MB using 3-port EBI configuration
 Supports SDRAM up to:

128Mb using 3-port EBI configuration
 Four software configurable chip selects
 Software configurable wait state insertion
 Can run from the 2x peripheral clock frequency for fast access
25.2
Overview
The External Bus Interface (EBI) is used to connect external peripherals and memory for access through the data
memory space. When the EBI is enabled, data address space outside the internal SRAM becomes available using
dedicated EBI pins.
The EBI can interface external SRAM, SDRAM, and peripherals, such as LCD displays and other memory mapped
devices.
The address space for the external memory is selectable from 256 bytes (8-bit) up to 16MB (24-bit). Various multiplexing
modes for address and data lines can be selected for optimal use of pins when more or fewer pins are available for the
EBI. The complete memory will be mapped into one linear data address space continuing from the end of the internal
SRAM.
The EBI has four chip selects, each with separate configuration. Each can be configured for SRAM, SRAM low pin count
(LPC), or SDRAM.
The EBI is clocked from the fast, 2x peripheral clock, running up to two times faster than the CPU.
Four-bit and eight-bit SDRAM are supported, and SDRAM configurations, such as CAS latency and refresh rate, are
configurable in software.
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26.
ADC - 12-bit Analog to Digital Converter
26.1
Features
 Two ADCs with 12-bit resolution
 2Msps sample rate for each ADC
 Signed and unsigned conversions
 4 result registers with individual input channel control for each ADC
 8 single ended inputs for each ADC
 8x4 differential inputs for each ADC
 4 internal inputs:




Integrated Temperature Sensor
DAC Output
VCC voltage divided by 10
Bandgap voltage
 Software selectable gain of 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 or 64
 Software selectable resolution of 8- or 12-bit.
 Internal or External Reference selection
 Event triggered conversion for accurate timing
 DMA transfer of conversion results
 Interrupt/Event on compare result
26.2
Overview
XMEGA A1 devices have two Analog to Digital Converters (ADC), see Figure 26-1 on page 49. The two ADC modules
can be operated simultaneously, individually or synchronized.
The ADC converts analog voltages to digital values. The ADC has 12-bit resolution and is capable of converting up to 2
million samples per second. The input selection is flexible, and both single-ended and differential measurements can be
done. For differential measurements an optional gain stage is available to increase the dynamic range. In addition
several internal signal inputs are available. The ADC can provide both signed and unsigned results.
This is a pipeline ADC. A pipeline ADC consists of several consecutive stages, where each stage convert one part of the
result. The pipeline design enables high sample rate at low clock speeds, and remove limitations on samples speed
versus propagation delay. This also means that a new analog voltage can be sampled and a new ADC measurement
started while other ADC measurements are ongoing.
ADC measurements can either be started by application software or an incoming event from another peripheral in the
device. Four different result registers with individual input selection (MUX selection) are provided to make it easier for the
application to keep track of the data. Each result register and MUX selection pair is referred to as an ADC Channel. It is
possible to use DMA to move ADC results directly to memory or peripherals when conversions are done.
Both internal and external analog reference voltages can be used. An accurate internal 1.0V reference is available.
An integrated temperature sensor is available and the output from this can be measured with the ADC. The output from
the DAC, VCC/10 and the Bandgap voltage can also be measured by the ADC.
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Figure 26-1. ADC overview
ADC0
Compare
•
••
ADC7
ADC0
Internal
signals
VINP
CH0 Result
••
•
ADC7
ADC4
CH1 Result
Threshold
(Int Req)
1x - 64x
CH2 Result
•
••
ADC7
Int. signals
<
>
Internal
signals
CH3 Result
VINN
ADC0
•
••
ADC3
Int. signals
Internal 1.00V
Internal VCC/1.6V
Reference
Voltage
AREFA
AREFB
Each ADC has four MUX selection registers with a corresponding result register. This means that four channels can be
sampled within 1.5 µs without any intervention by the application other than starting the conversion. The results will be
available in the result registers.
The ADC may be configured for 8- or 12-bit result, reducing the minimum conversion time (propagation delay) from 3.5
µs for 12-bit to 2.5 µs for 8-bit result.
ADC conversion results are provided left- or right adjusted with optional ‘1’ or ‘0’ padding. This eases calculation when
the result is represented as a signed integer (signed 16-bit number).
PORTA and PORTB each has one ADC. Notation of these peripherals are ADCA and ADCB, respectively.
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27.
DAC - 12-bit Digital to Analog Converter
27.1
Features
 12-bit resolution
 Two independent, continuous-drive output channels
 Up to one million samples per second conversion rate
 Built-in calibration that removes:


Offset error
Gain error
 Multiple conversion trigger sources


On new available data
Events from the event system
 High drive capabilities and support for

Resistive loads
Capacitive loads
 Combined resistive and capacitive loads

 Internal and external reference options
 DAC output available as input to analog comparator and ADC
 Low-power mode, with reduced drive strength
 Optional DMA transfer of data
27.2
Overview
The XMEGA A1 devices features two 12-bit, 1 Msps DACs with built-in offset and gain calibration, see Figure 27-1 on
page 50.
A DAC converts a digital value into an analog signal. The DAC may use an internal 1.0 voltage as the upper limit for
conversion, but it is also possible to use the supply voltage or any applied voltage in-between. The external reference
input is shared with the ADC reference input.
Figure 27-1. DAC overview
REFSEL
AVCC
Internal 1.00V
AREFA
AREFB
CH0DATA
CH1DATA
12
12
D
A
T
A
Output
Control and Driver
Trigger
Enable
DAC CH0
DAC CH1
ADC
DAC
DAC CTRL
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Each DAC has one continuous output with high drive capabilities for both resistive and capacitive loads. It is also
possible to split the continuous time channel into two Sample and Hold (S/H) channels, each with separate data
conversion registers.
A DAC conversion may be started from the application software by writing the data conversion registers. The DAC can
also be configured to do conversions triggered by the Event System to have regular timing, independent of the
application software. DMA may be used for transferring data from memory locations to DAC data registers.
The DAC has a built-in calibration system to reduce offset and gain error when loading with a calibration value from
software.
PORTA and PORTB each has one DAC. Notation of these peripherals are DACA and DACB. respectively.
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28.
AC - Analog Comparator
28.1
Features
 Four Analog Comparators
 Selectable propagation delay versus current consumption
 Selectable hysteresis

No
Small
 Large

 Analog comparator output available on pin
 Flexible input selection

All pins on the port
Output from the DAC
 Bandgap reference voltage
 A 64-level programmable voltage scaler of the internal VCC voltage

 Interrupt and event generation on:

Rising edge
Falling edge
 Toggle

 Window function interrupt and event generation on:

Signal above window
Signal inside window
 Signal below window

 Constant current source with configurable output pin selection
28.2
Overview
The analog comparator (AC) compares the voltage levels on two inputs and gives a digital output based on this
comparison. The analog comparator may be configured to generate interrupt requests and/or events upon several
different combinations of input change.
Two important properties of the analog comparator’s dynamic behavior are: hysteresis and propagation delay. Both of
these parameters may be adjusted in order to achieve the optimal operation for each application.
The input selection includes analog port pins, several internal signals, and a 64-level programmable voltage scaler. The
analog comparator output state can also be output on a pin for use by external devices.
A constant current source can be enabled and output on a selectable pin. This can be used to replace, for example,
external resistors used to charge capacitors in capacitive touch sensing applications.
The analog comparators are always grouped in pairs on each port. These are called analog comparator 0 (AC0) and
analog comparator 1 (AC1). They have identical behavior, but separate control registers. Used as pair, they can be set in
window mode to compare a signal to a voltage range instead of a voltage level.
PORTA and PORTB each has one AC pair. Notations are ACA and ACB, respectively.
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Figure 28-1. Analog comparator overview
Pin Input
+
AC0OUT
Pin Input
Hysteresis
DAC
Voltage
Scaler
Enable
ACnMUXCTRL
ACnCTRL
Interrupt
Mode
Enable
Bandgap
WINCTRL
Interrupt
Sensititivity
Control
&
Window
Function
Interrupts
Events
Hysteresis
Pin Input
+
AC1OUT
Pin Input
The window function is realized by connecting the external inputs of the two analog comparators in a pair as shown in
Figure 28-2.
Figure 28-2. Analog comparator window function
+
AC0
Upper limit of window
Interrupt
sensitivity
control
Input signal
Interrupts
Events
+
AC1
Lower limit of window
-
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29.
Programming and Debugging
29.1
Features
 Programming

External programming through PDI or JTAG interfaces
 Minimal protocol overhead for fast operation
 Built-in error detection and handling for reliable operation
 Boot loader support for programming through any communication interface
 Debugging






Nonintrusive, real-time, on-chip debug system
No software or hardware resources required from device except pin connection
Program flow control
 Go, Stop, Reset, Step Into, Step Over, Step Out, Run-to-Cursor
Unlimited number of user program breakpoints
Unlimited number of user data breakpoints, break on:
 Data location read, write, or both read and write
 Data location content equal or not equal to a value
 Data location content is greater or smaller than a value
 Data location content is within or outside a range
No limitation on device clock frequency
 Program and Debug Interface (PDI)

Two-pin interface for external programming and debugging
Uses the Reset pin and a dedicated pin
 No I/O pins required during programming or debugging

 JTAG interface


29.2
Four-pin, IEEE Std. 1149.1 compliant interface for programming and debugging
Boundary scan capabilities according to IEEE Std. 1149.1 (JTAG)
Overview
The Program and Debug Interface (PDI) is an Atmel proprietary interface for external programming and on-chip
debugging of a device.
The PDI supports fast programming of nonvolatile memory (NVM) spaces; flash, EEPOM, fuses, lock bits, and the user
signature row.
Debug is supported through an on-chip debug system that offers nonintrusive, real-time debug. It does not require any
software or hardware resources except for the device pin connection. Using the Atmel tool chain, it offers complete
program flow control and support for an unlimited number of program and complex data breakpoints. Application debug
can be done from a C or other high-level language source code level, as well as from an assembler and disassembler
level.
Programming and debugging can be done through two physical interfaces. The primary one is the PDI physical layer,
which is available on all devices. This is a two-pin interface that uses the Reset pin for the clock input (PDI_CLK) and one
other dedicated pin for data input and output (PDI_DATA). A JTAG interface is also available on most devices, and this
can be used for programming and debugging through the four-pin JTAG interface. The JTAG interface is IEEE Std.
1149.1 compliant, and supports boundary scan. Any external programmer or on-chip debugger/emulator can be directly
connected to either of these interfaces. Unless otherwise stated, all references to the PDI assume access through the
PDI physical layer.
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30.
Pinout and Pin Functions
The pinout of XMEGA A1 is shown in “Pinout/Block Diagram” on page 3. In addition to general I/O functionality, each pin
may have several functions. This will depend on which peripheral is enabled and connected to the actual pin. Only one of
the alternate pin functions can be used at time.
30.1
Alternate Pin Function Description
The tables below shows the notation for all pin functions available and describes its function.
30.1.1 Operation/Power Supply
VCC
Digital supply voltage
AVCC
Analog supply voltage
GND
Ground
30.1.2 Port Interrupt functions
SYNC
Port pin with full synchronous and limited asynchronous interrupt function
ASYNC
Port pin with full synchronous and full asynchronous interrupt function
30.1.3 Analog functions
ACn
Analog Comparator input pin n
AC0OUT
Analog Comparator 0 Output
ADCn
Analog to Digital Converter input pin n
DACn
Digital to Analog Converter output pin n
AREF
Analog Reference input pin
30.1.4 EBI functions
An
Address line n
Dn
Data line n
CSn
Chip Select n
ALEn
Address Latch Enable pin n
(SRAM)
RE
Read Enable
(SRAM)
WE
External Data Memory Write
(SRAM /SDRAM)
BAn
Bank Address
(SDRAM)
CAS
Column Access Strobe
(SDRAM)
CKE
SDRAM Clock Enable
(SDRAM)
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CLK
SDRAM Clock
(SDRAM)
DQM
Data Mask Signal/Output Enable
(SDRAM)
RAS
Row Access Strobe
(SDRAM)
2P
2 Port Interface
3P
3 Port Interface
30.1.5 Timer/Counter and AWEX functions
OCnx
Output Compare Channel x for Timer/Counter n
OCnx
Inverted Output Compare Channel x for Timer/Counter n
OCnxLS
Output Compare Channel x Low Side for Timer/Counter n
OCnxHS
Output Compare Channel x High Side for Timer/Counter n
30.1.6 Communication functions
SCL
Serial Clock for TWI
SDA
Serial Data for TWI
SCLIN
Serial Clock In for TWI when external driver interface is enabled
SCLOUT
Serial Clock Out for TWI when external driver interface is enabled
SDAIN
Serial Data In for TWI when external driver interface is enabled
SDAOUT
Serial Data Out for TWI when external driver interface is enabled
XCKn
Transfer Clock for USART n
RXDn
Receiver Data for USART n
TXDn
Transmitter Data for USART n
SS
Slave Select for SPI
MOSI
Master Out Slave In for SPI
MISO
Master In Slave Out for SPI
SCK
Serial Clock for SPI
30.1.7 Oscillators, Clock and Event
n
Timer Oscillator pin n
XTALn
Input/Output for inverting Oscillator pin n
CLKOUT
Peripheral Clock Output
EVOUT
Event Channel 0 Output
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30.1.8 Debug/System functions
RESET
Reset pin
PDI_CLK
Program and Debug Interface Clock pin
PDI_DATA
Program and Debug Interface Data pin
TCK
JTAG Test Clock
TDI
JTAG Test Data In
TDO
JTAG Test Data Out
TMS
JTAG Test Mode Select
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30.2
Alternate Pin Functions
The tables below show the primary/default function for each pin on a port in the first column, the pin number in the
second column, and then all alternate pin functions in the remaining columns. The head row shows what peripheral that
enable and use the alternate pin functions.
Table 30-1. Port A - Alternate functions.
PORT A
PIN #
INTERRUPT
ADCA
POS
ADCA
NEG
ADCA
GAINPOS
ADCA
GAINNEG
ACA
POS
ACA
NEG
GND
93
AVCC
94
PA0
95
SYNC
ADC0
ADC0
ADC0
AC0
AC0
PA1
96
SYNC
ADC1
ADC1
ADC1
AC1
AC1
PA2
97
SYNC/ASYNC
ADC2
ADC2
ADC2
AC2
PA3
98
SYNC
ADC3
ADC3
ADC3
AC3
PA4
99
SYNC
ADC4
ADC4
ADC4
AC4
PA5
100
SYNC
ADC5
ADC5
ADC5
AC5
PA6
1
SYNC
ADC6
ADC6
ADC6
AC6
PA7
2
SYNC
ADC7
ADC7
ADC7
ACA
OUT
DACA
REFA
AREF
DAC0
AC3
DAC1
AC5
AC7
AC0OUT
Table 30-2. Port B - Alternate functions.
PORT B
PIN #
INTERRUPT
ADCB
POS
ADCB
NEG
ADCB
GAINPOS
ADCB
GAINNEG
ACB
POS
ACB
NEG
GND
3
AVCC
4
PB0
5
SYNC
ADC0
ADC0
ADC0
AC0
AC0
PB1
6
SYNC
ADC1
ADC1
ADC1
AC1
AC1
PB2
7
SYNC/ASYNC
ADC2
ADC2
ADC2
AC2
PB3
8
SYNC
ADC3
ADC3
ADC3
AC3
PB4
9
SYNC
ADC4
ADC4
ADC4
AC4
PB5
10
SYNC
ADC5
ADC5
ADC5
AC5
PB6
11
SYNC
ADC6
ADC6
ADC6
AC6
PB7
12
SYNC
ADC7
ADC7
ADC7
ACB
OUT
DACB
REFB
JTAG
AREF
DAC0
AC3
DAC1
TMS
AC5
TDI
TCK
AC7
AC0OUT
TDO
Table 30-3. Port C - Alternate functions.
PORT C
PIN #
INTERRUPT
TCC0
AWEXC
TCC1
USARTC0
GND
13
VCC
14
PC0
15
SYNC
OC0A
OC0ALS
PC1
16
SYNC
OC0B
OC0AHS
XCK0
PC2
17
SYNC/ASYNC
OC0C
OC0BLS
RXD0
USARTC1
SPIC
TWIC
CLOCKOUT
EVENTOUT
SDA
SCL
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PORT C
PIN #
INTERRUPT
TCC0
AWEXC
TCC1
PC3
18
SYNC
OC0D
OC0BHS
PC4
19
SYNC
OC0CLS
OC1A
PC5
20
SYNC
OC0CHS
OC1B
PC6
21
SYNC
PC7
22
SYNC
USARTC0
USARTC1
SPIC
TWIC
CLOCKOUT
EVENTOUT
CLKOUT
EVOUT
TXD0
SS
XCK1
MOSI
OC0DLS
RXD1
MISO
OC0DHS
TXD1
SCK
Table 30-4. Port D - Alternate functions.
PORT D
PIN #
INTERRUPT
TCD0
TCD1
USARTD0
GND
23
VCC
24
PD0
25
SYNC
OC0A
PD1
26
SYNC
OC0B
XCK0
PD2
27
SYNC/ASYNC
OC0C
RXD0
PD3
28
SYNC
OC0D
TXD0
PD4
29
SYNC
OC1A
PD5
30
SYNC
OC1B
PD6
31
PD7
32
USARTD1
SPID
TWID
CLOCKOUT
EVENTOUT
CLKOUT
EVOUT
SDA
SCL
SS
XCK1
MOSI
SYNC
RXD1
MISO
SYNC
TXD1
SCK
Table 30-5. Port E - Alternate functions.
PORT E
PIN #
INTERRUPT
TCE0
AWEXE
TCE1
USARTE0
GND
33
VCC
34
PE0
35
SYNC
OC0A
OC0ALS
PE1
36
SYNC
OC0B
OC0AHS
XCK0
PE2
37
SYNC/ASYNC
OC0C
OC0BLS
RXD0
PE3
38
SYNC
OC0D
OC0BHS
TXD0
PE4
39
SYNC
OC0CLS
OC1A
PE5
40
SYNC
OC0CHS
OC1B
PE6
41
SYNC
PE7
42
SYNC
USARTE1
SPIE
TWIE
CLOCKOUT
EVENTOUT
CLKOUT
EVOUT
SDA
SCL
SS
XCK1
MOSI
OC0DLS
RXD1
MISO
OC0DHS
TXD1
SCK
Table 30-6. Port F - Alternate functions.
PORT F
PIN #
GND
43
VCC
44
PF0
45
INTERRUPT
TCF0
SYNC
OC0A
TCF1
USARTF0
USARTF1
SPIF
TWIF
SDA
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PORT F
PIN #
INTERRUPT
TCF0
TCF1
USARTF0
PF1
46
SYNC
OC0B
XCK0
PF2
47
SYNC/ASYNC
OC0C
RXD0
PF3
48
SYNC
OC0D
TXD0
PF4
49
SYNC
OC1A
PF5
50
SYNC
OC1B
PF6
51
PF7
52
USARTF1
SPIF
TWIF
SCL
SS
XCK1
MOSI
SYNC
RXD1
MISO
SYNC
TXD1
SCK
Table 30-7. Port H - Alternate functions.
PORT H
PIN #
INTERRUPT
SDRAM 3P
SRAM ALE1 3P
SRAM ALE12 3P
LPC ALE1 3P
LPC ALE1 2P
LPC ALE12 2P
GND
53
VCC
54
PH0
55
SYNC
WE
WE
WE
WE
WE
WE
PH1
56
SYNC
CAS
RE
RE
RE
RE
RE
PH2
57
SYNC/ASYNC
RAS
ALE1
ALE1
ALE1
ALE1
ALE1
PH3
58
SYNC
DQM
PH4
59
SYNC
BA0
CS0/A16
CS0
CS0/A16
CS0
CS0/A16
PH5
60
SYNC
BA1
CS1/A17
CS1
CS1/A17
CS1
CS1/A17
PH6
61
SYNC
CKE
CS2/A18
CS2
CS2/A18
CS2
CS2/A18
PH7
62
SYNC
CLK
CS3/A19
CS3
CS3/A19
CS3
CS3/A19
ALE2
ALE2
Table 30-8. Port J - Alternate functions.
PORT J
PIN #
INTERRUPT
SDRAM 3P
SRAM ALE1 3P
SRAM ALE12 3P
LPC ALE1 3P
LPC ALE1 2P
LPC ALE12 2P
GND
63
VCC
64
PJ0
65
SYNC
D0
D0
D0
D0/A0
D0/A0
D0/A0/A8
PJ1
66
SYNC
D1
D1
D1
D1/A1
D1/A1
D1/A1/A9
PJ2
67
SYNC/ASYNC
D2
D2
D2
D2/A2
D2/A2
D2/A2/A10
PJ3
68
SYNC
D3
D3
D3
D3/A3
D3/A3
D3/A3/A11
PJ4
69
SYNC
A8
D4
D4
D4/A4
D4/A4
D4/A4/A12
PJ5
70
SYNC
A9
D5
D5
D5/A5
D5/A5
D5/A5/A13
PJ6
71
SYNC
A10
D6
D6
D6/A6
D6/A6
D6/A6/A14
PJ7
72
SYNC
A11
D7
D7
D7/A7
D7/A7
D7/A7/A15
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Table 30-9. Port K - Alternate functions.
PORT K
PIN #
INTERRUPT
SDRAM 3P
SRAM ALE1 3P
SRAM ALE12 3P
LPC ALE1 3P
GND
73
VCC
74
PK0
75
SYNC
A0
A0/A8
A0/A8/A16
A8
PK1
76
SYNC
A1
A1/A9
A1/A9/A17
A9
PK2
77
SYNC/ASYNC
A2
A2/A10
A2/A10/A18
A10
PK3
78
SYNC
A3
A3/A11
A3/A11/A19
A11
PK4
79
SYNC
A4
A4/A12
A4/A12/A20
A12
PK5
80
SYNC
A5
A5/A13
A5/A13/A21
A13
PK6
81
SYNC
A6
A6/A14
A6/A14/A22
A14
PK7
82
SYNC
A7
A7/A15
A7/A15/A23
A15
LPC ALE1 2P
LPC ALE12 2P
Table 30-10. Port Q - Alternate functions.
PORT Q
PIN #
INTERRUPT
VCC
83
GND
84
PQ0
85
SYNC
TOSC1 (Input)
PQ1
86
SYNC
TOSC2 (Output)
PQ2
87
SYNC/ASYNC
PQ3
88
SYNC
Table 30-11. Port R - Alternate functions.
PORT R
PIN #
INTERRUPT
PDI
XTAL
PDI
89
PDI_DATA
RESET
90
PDI_CLOCK
PRO
91
SYNC
XTAL2
PR1
92
SYNC
XTAL1
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31.
Peripheral Module Address Map
The address maps show the base address for each peripheral and module in XMEGA A1. For complete register
description and summary for each peripheral module, refer to the XMEGA A Manual.
Table 31-1. Peripheral Module Address Map
Base Address
Name
Description
0x0000
GPIO
General Purpose IO Registers
0x0010
VPORT0
Virtual Port 0
0x0014
VPORT1
Virtual Port 1
0x0018
VPORT2
Virtual Port 2
0x001C
VPORT3
Virtual Port 3
0x0030
CPU
CPU
0x0040
CLK
Clock Control
0x0048
SLEEP
Sleep Controller
0x0050
OSC
Oscillator Control
0x0060
DFLLRC32M
DFLL for the 32 MHz Internal RC Oscillator
0x0068
DFLLRC2M
DFLL for the 2 MHz RC Oscillator
0x0070
PR
Power Reduction
0x0078
RST
Reset Controller
0x0080
WDT
Watch-Dog Timer
0x0090
MCU
MCU Control
0x00A0
PMIC
Programmable Multilevel Interrupt Controller
0x00B0
PORTCFG
Port Configuration
0x00C0
AES
AES Module
0x0100
DMA
DMA Controller
0x0180
EVSYS
Event System
0x01C0
NVM
Non Volatile Memory (NVM) Controller
0x0200
ADCA
Analog to Digital Converter on port A
0x0240
ADCB
Analog to Digital Converter on port B
0x0300
DACA
Digital to Analog Converter on port A
0x0320
DACB
Digital to Analog Converter on port B
0x0380
ACA
Analog Comparator pair on port A
0x0390
ACB
Analog Comparator pair on port B
0x0400
RTC
Real Time Counter
0x0440
EBI
External Bus Interface
0x0480
TWIC
Two Wire Interface on port C
0x0490
TWID
Two Wire Interface on port D
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Base Address
Name
Description
0x04A0
TWIE
Two Wire Interface on port E
0x04B0
TWIF
Two Wire Interface on port F
0x0600
PORTA
Port A
0x0620
PORTB
Port B
0x0640
PORTC
Port C
0x0660
PORTD
Port D
0x0680
PORTE
Port E
0x06A0
PORTF
Port F
0x06E0
PORTH
Port H
0x0700
PORTJ
Port J
0x0720
PORTK
Port K
0x07C0
PORTQ
Port Q
0x07E0
PORTR
Port R
0x0800
TCC0
Timer/Counter 0 on port C
0x0840
TCC1
Timer/Counter 1 on port C
0x0880
AWEXC
Advanced Waveform Extension on port C
0x0890
HIRESC
High Resolution Extension on port C
0x08A0
USARTC0
USART 0 on port C
0x08B0
USARTC1
USART 1 on port C
0x08C0
SPIC
Serial Peripheral Interface on port C
0x08F8
IRCOM
Infrared Communication Module
0x0900
TCD0
Timer/Counter 0 on port D
0x0940
TCD1
Timer/Counter 1 on port D
0x0990
HIRESD
High Resolution Extension on port D
0x09A0
USARTD0
USART 0 on port D
0x09B0
USARTD1
USART 1 on port D
0x09C0
SPID
Serial Peripheral Interface on port D
0x0A00
TCE0
Timer/Counter 0 on port E
0x0A40
TCE1
Timer/Counter 1 on port E
0x0A80
AWEXE
Advanced Waveform Extension on port E
0x0A90
HIRESE
High Resolution Extension on port E
0x0AA0
USARTE0
USART 0 on port E
0x0AB0
USARTE1
USART 1 on port E
0x0AC0
SPIE
Serial Peripheral Interface on port E
0x0B00
TCF0
Timer/Counter 0 on port F
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Base Address
Name
Description
0x0B40
TCF1
Timer/Counter 1 on port F
0x0B90
HIRESF
High Resolution Extension on port F
0x0BA0
USARTF0
USART 0 on port F
0x0BB0
USARTF1
USART 1 on port F
0x0BC0
SPIF
Serial Peripheral Interface on port F
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32.
Instruction Set Summary
Mnemonics
Operands
Description
Operation
Flags
#Clocks
Arithmetic and Logic Instructions
ADD
Rd, Rr
Add without Carry
Rd

Rd + Rr
Z,C,N,V,S,H
1
ADC
Rd, Rr
Add with Carry
Rd

Rd + Rr + C
Z,C,N,V,S,H
1
ADIW
Rd, K
Add Immediate to Word
Rd

Rd + 1:Rd + K
Z,C,N,V,S
2
SUB
Rd, Rr
Subtract without Carry
Rd

Rd - Rr
Z,C,N,V,S,H
1
SUBI
Rd, K
Subtract Immediate
Rd

Rd - K
Z,C,N,V,S,H
1
SBC
Rd, Rr
Subtract with Carry
Rd

Rd - Rr - C
Z,C,N,V,S,H
1
SBCI
Rd, K
Subtract Immediate with Carry
Rd

Rd - K - C
Z,C,N,V,S,H
1
SBIW
Rd, K
Subtract Immediate from Word
Rd + 1:Rd

Rd + 1:Rd - K
Z,C,N,V,S
2
AND
Rd, Rr
Logical AND
Rd

Rd  Rr
Z,N,V,S
1
ANDI
Rd, K
Logical AND with Immediate
Rd

Rd  K
Z,N,V,S
1
OR
Rd, Rr
Logical OR
Rd

Rd v Rr
Z,N,V,S
1
ORI
Rd, K
Logical OR with Immediate
Rd

Rd v K
Z,N,V,S
1
EOR
Rd, Rr
Exclusive OR
Rd

Rd  Rr
Z,N,V,S
1
COM
Rd
One’s Complement
Rd

$FF - Rd
Z,C,N,V,S
1
NEG
Rd
Two’s Complement
Rd

$00 - Rd
Z,C,N,V,S,H
1
SBR
Rd,K
Set Bit(s) in Register
Rd

Rd v K
Z,N,V,S
1
CBR
Rd,K
Clear Bit(s) in Register
Rd

Rd  ($FFh - K)
Z,N,V,S
1
INC
Rd
Increment
Rd

Rd + 1
Z,N,V,S
1
DEC
Rd
Decrement
Rd

Rd - 1
Z,N,V,S
1
TST
Rd
Test for Zero or Minus
Rd

Rd  Rd
Z,N,V,S
1
CLR
Rd
Clear Register
Rd

Rd  Rd
Z,N,V,S
1
SER
Rd
Set Register
Rd

$FF
None
1
MUL
Rd,Rr
Multiply Unsigned
R1:R0

Rd x Rr (UU)
Z,C
2
MULS
Rd,Rr
Multiply Signed
R1:R0

Rd x Rr (SS)
Z,C
2
MULSU
Rd,Rr
Multiply Signed with Unsigned
R1:R0

Rd x Rr (SU)
Z,C
2
FMUL
Rd,Rr
Fractional Multiply Unsigned
R1:R0

Rd x Rr<<1 (UU)
Z,C
2
FMULS
Rd,Rr
Fractional Multiply Signed
R1:R0

Rd x Rr<<1 (SS)
Z,C
2
FMULSU
Rd,Rr
Fractional Multiply Signed with Unsigned
R1:R0

Rd x Rr<<1 (SU)
Z,C
2
DES
K
Data Encryption
if (H = 0) then R15:R0
else if (H = 1) then R15:R0


Encrypt(R15:R0, K)
Decrypt(R15:R0, K)
PC

PC + k + 1
None
2
1/2
Branch Instructions
RJMP
k
Relative Jump
IJMP
Indirect Jump to (Z)
PC(15:0)
PC(21:16)


Z,
0
None
2
EIJMP
Extended Indirect Jump to (Z)
PC(15:0)
PC(21:16)


Z,
EIND
None
2
PC

k
None
3
JMP
k
Jump
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Mnemonics
Operands
Description
RCALL
k
Relative Call Subroutine
Operation
Flags
#Clocks
PC

PC + k + 1
None
2 / 3(1)
ICALL
Indirect Call to (Z)
PC(15:0)
PC(21:16)


Z,
0
None
2 / 3(1)
EICALL
Extended Indirect Call to (Z)
PC(15:0)
PC(21:16)


Z,
EIND
None
3(1)
call Subroutine
PC

k
None
3 / 4(1)
RET
Subroutine Return
PC

STACK
None
4 / 5(1)
RETI
Interrupt Return
PC

STACK
I
4 / 5(1)
if (Rd = Rr) PC

PC + 2 or 3
None
1/2/3
CALL
k
CPSE
Rd,Rr
Compare, Skip if Equal
CP
Rd,Rr
Compare
CPC
Rd,Rr
Compare with Carry
CPI
Rd,K
Compare with Immediate
SBRC
Rr, b
Skip if Bit in Register Cleared
if (Rr(b) = 0) PC

PC + 2 or 3
None
1/2/3
SBRS
Rr, b
Skip if Bit in Register Set
if (Rr(b) = 1) PC

PC + 2 or 3
None
1/2/3
SBIC
A, b
Skip if Bit in I/O Register Cleared
if (I/O(A,b) = 0) PC

PC + 2 or 3
None
2/3/4
SBIS
A, b
Skip if Bit in I/O Register Set
If (I/O(A,b) =1) PC

PC + 2 or 3
None
2/3/4
BRBS
s, k
Branch if Status Flag Set
if (SREG(s) = 1) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRBC
s, k
Branch if Status Flag Cleared
if (SREG(s) = 0) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BREQ
k
Branch if Equal
if (Z = 1) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRNE
k
Branch if Not Equal
if (Z = 0) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRCS
k
Branch if Carry Set
if (C = 1) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRCC
k
Branch if Carry Cleared
if (C = 0) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRSH
k
Branch if Same or Higher
if (C = 0) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRLO
k
Branch if Lower
if (C = 1) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRMI
k
Branch if Minus
if (N = 1) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRPL
k
Branch if Plus
if (N = 0) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRGE
k
Branch if Greater or Equal, Signed
if (N  V= 0) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRLT
k
Branch if Less Than, Signed
if (N  V= 1) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRHS
k
Branch if Half Carry Flag Set
if (H = 1) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRHC
k
Branch if Half Carry Flag Cleared
if (H = 0) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRTS
k
Branch if T Flag Set
if (T = 1) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRTC
k
Branch if T Flag Cleared
if (T = 0) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRVS
k
Branch if Overflow Flag is Set
if (V = 1) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRVC
k
Branch if Overflow Flag is Cleared
if (V = 0) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRIE
k
Branch if Interrupt Enabled
if (I = 1) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
BRID
k
Branch if Interrupt Disabled
if (I = 0) then PC

PC + k + 1
None
1/2
Rd

Rr
None
1
Rd+1:Rd

Rr+1:Rr
None
1
Rd - Rr
Z,C,N,V,S,H
1
Rd - Rr - C
Z,C,N,V,S,H
1
Rd - K
Z,C,N,V,S,H
1
Data Transfer Instructions
MOV
Rd, Rr
Copy Register
MOVW
Rd, Rr
Copy Register Pair
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Mnemonics
Operands
Description
LDI
Rd, K
Load Immediate
Operation
Flags
Rd

K
#Clocks
None
1
LDS
Rd, k
Load Direct from data space
Rd

(k)
None
2
LD
Rd, X
Load Indirect
Rd

(X)
None
1(1)(2)
LD
Rd, X+
Load Indirect and Post-Increment
Rd
X


(X)
X+1
None
1(1)(2)
LD
Rd, -X
Load Indirect and Pre-Decrement
X  X - 1,
Rd  (X)


X-1
(X)
None
2(1)(2)
LD
Rd, Y
Load Indirect
Rd  (Y)

(Y)
None
1(1)(2)
LD
Rd, Y+
Load Indirect and Post-Increment
Rd
Y


(Y)
Y+1
None
1(1)(2)
LD
Rd, -Y
Load Indirect and Pre-Decrement
Y
Rd


Y-1
(Y)
None
2(1)(2)
LDD
Rd, Y+q
Load Indirect with Displacement
Rd

(Y + q)
None
2(1)(2)
LD
Rd, Z
Load Indirect
Rd

(Z)
None
1(1)(2)
LD
Rd, Z+
Load Indirect and Post-Increment
Rd
Z


(Z),
Z+1
None
1(1)(2)
LD
Rd, -Z
Load Indirect and Pre-Decrement
Z
Rd


Z - 1,
(Z)
None
2(1)(2)
LDD
Rd, Z+q
Load Indirect with Displacement
Rd

(Z + q)
None
2(1)(2)
STS
k, Rr
Store Direct to Data Space
(k)

Rd
None
2(1)
ST
X, Rr
Store Indirect
(X)

Rr
None
1(1)
ST
X+, Rr
Store Indirect and Post-Increment
(X)
X


Rr,
X+1
None
1(1)
ST
-X, Rr
Store Indirect and Pre-Decrement
X
(X)


X - 1,
Rr
None
2(1)
ST
Y, Rr
Store Indirect
(Y)

Rr
None
1(1)
ST
Y+, Rr
Store Indirect and Post-Increment
(Y)
Y


Rr,
Y+1
None
1(1)
ST
-Y, Rr
Store Indirect and Pre-Decrement
Y
(Y)


Y - 1,
Rr
None
2(1)
STD
Y+q, Rr
Store Indirect with Displacement
(Y + q)

Rr
None
2(1)
ST
Z, Rr
Store Indirect
(Z)

Rr
None
1(1)
ST
Z+, Rr
Store Indirect and Post-Increment
(Z)
Z


Rr
Z+1
None
1(1)
ST
-Z, Rr
Store Indirect and Pre-Decrement
Z

Z-1
None
2(1)
STD
Z+q,Rr
Store Indirect with Displacement
(Z + q)

Rr
None
2(1)
Load Program Memory
R0

(Z)
None
3
LPM
(1)(2)
LPM
Rd, Z
Load Program Memory
Rd

(Z)
None
3
LPM
Rd, Z+
Load Program Memory and Post-Increment
Rd
Z


(Z),
Z+1
None
3
Extended Load Program Memory
R0

(RAMPZ:Z)
None
3
ELPM
ELPM
Rd, Z
Extended Load Program Memory
Rd

(RAMPZ:Z)
None
3
ELPM
Rd, Z+
Extended Load Program Memory and PostIncrement
Rd
Z


(RAMPZ:Z),
Z+1
None
3
(RAMPZ:Z)

R1:R0
None
-
SPM
Store Program Memory
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
67
Mnemonics
Operands
Description
Operation
SPM
Z+
Store Program Memory and Post-Increment
by 2
IN
Rd, A
In From I/O Location
OUT
A, Rr
Out To I/O Location
PUSH
Rr
Push Register on Stack
POP
Rd
Pop Register from Stack
Flags
#Clocks
(RAMPZ:Z)
Z


R1:R0,
Z+2
None
-
Rd

I/O(A)
None
1
I/O(A)

Rr
None
1
STACK

Rr
None
1(1)
Rd

STACK
None
2(1)
Rd(n+1)
Rd(0)
C



Rd(n),
0,
Rd(7)
Z,C,N,V,H
1
Rd(n)
Rd(7)
C



Rd(n+1),
0,
Rd(0)
Z,C,N,V
1
Rd(0)
Rd(n+1)
C



C,
Rd(n),
Rd(7)
Z,C,N,V,H
1
Bit and Bit-test Instructions
LSL
Rd
Logical Shift Left
LSR
Rd
Logical Shift Right
ROL
Rd
Rotate Left Through Carry
ROR
Rd
Rotate Right Through Carry
Rd(7)
Rd(n)
C



C,
Rd(n+1),
Rd(0)
Z,C,N,V
1
ASR
Rd
Arithmetic Shift Right
Rd(n)

Rd(n+1), n=0..6
Z,C,N,V
1
SWAP
Rd
Swap Nibbles
Rd(3..0)

Rd(7..4)
None
1
BSET
s
Flag Set
SREG(s)

1
SREG(s)
1
BCLR
s
Flag Clear
SREG(s)

0
SREG(s)
1
SBI
A, b
Set Bit in I/O Register
I/O(A, b)

1
None
1
CBI
A, b
Clear Bit in I/O Register
I/O(A, b)

0
None
1
BST
Rr, b
Bit Store from Register to T
T

Rr(b)
T
1
BLD
Rd, b
Bit load from T to Register
Rd(b)

T
None
1
SEC
Set Carry
C

1
C
1
CLC
Clear Carry
C

0
C
1
SEN
Set Negative Flag
N

1
N
1
CLN
Clear Negative Flag
N

0
N
1
SEZ
Set Zero Flag
Z

1
Z
1
CLZ
Clear Zero Flag
Z

0
Z
1
SEI
Global Interrupt Enable
I

1
I
1
CLI
Global Interrupt Disable
I

0
I
1
SES
Set Signed Test Flag
S

1
S
1
CLS
Clear Signed Test Flag
S

0
S
1
SEV
Set Two’s Complement Overflow
V

1
V
1
CLV
Clear Two’s Complement Overflow
V

0
V
1
SET
Set T in SREG
T

1
T
1
CLT
Clear T in SREG
T

0
T
1
SEH
Set Half Carry Flag in SREG
H

1
H
1
CLH
Clear Half Carry Flag in SREG
H

0
H
1
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
68
Mnemonics
Operands
Description
Operation
Flags
#Clocks
None
1
None
1
MCU Control Instructions
BREAK
Break
NOP
No Operation
SLEEP
Sleep
(see specific descr. for Sleep)
None
1
WDR
Watchdog Reset
(see specific descr. for WDR)
None
1
Notes:
1.
2.
(See specific descr. for BREAK)
Cycle times for Data memory accesses assume internal memory accesses, and are not valid for accesses via the external RAM interface.
One extra cycle must be added when accessing Internal SRAM.
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
69
33.
Packaging information
33.1
100A
PIN 1
B
PIN 1 IDENTIFIER
E1
e
E
D1
D
C
0°~7°
A1
A2
A
L
COMMON DIMENSIONS
(Unit of Measure = mm)
Notes:
1. This package conforms to JEDEC reference MS-026, Variation AED.
2. Dimensions D1 and E1 do not include mold protrusion. Allowable
protrusion is 0.25 mm per side. Dimensions D1 and E1 are maximum
plastic body size dimensions including mold mismatch.
3. Lead coplanarity is 0.08 mm maximum.
SYMBOL
MIN
NOM
MAX
A
–
–
1.20
A1
0.05
–
0.15
A2
0.95
1.00
1.05
D
15.75
16.00
16.25
D1
13.90
14.00
14.10
E
15.75
16.00
16.25
E1
13.90
14.00
14.10
B
0.17
–
0.27
C
0.09
–
0.20
L
0.45
–
0.75
e
NOTE
Note 2
Note 2
0.50 TYP
2010-10-20
R
2325 Orchard Parkway
San Jose, CA 95131
TITLE
100A, 100-lead, 14 x 14 mm Body Size, 1.0 mm Body Thickness,
0.5 mm Lead Pitch, Thin Profile Plastic Quad Flat Package (TQFP)
DRAWING NO.
100A
REV.
D
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
70
33.2
100C1
0.12 Z
E
Marked A1 Identifier
SIDE VIEW
D
A
TOP VIEW
A1
Øb
e
A1 Corner
0.90 TYP
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
A
0.90 TYP
B
C
D
COMMON DIMENSIONS
(Unit of Measure = mm)
E
D1
F
e
SYMBOL
MIN
H
A
1.10
–
1.20
I
A1
0.30
0.35
0.40
D
8.90
9.00
9.10
G
J
E1
BOTTOM VIEW
NOM
MAX
E
8.90
9.00
9.10
D1
7.10
7.20
7.30
E1
7.10
7.20
7.30
Øb
0.35
0.40
0.45
e
NOTE
0.80 TYP
5/25/06
R
2325 Orchard Parkway
San Jose, CA 95131
TITLE
100C1, 100-ball, 9 x 9 x 1.2 mm Body, Ball Pitch 0.80 mm
Chip Array BGA Package (CBGA)
DRAWING NO.
100C1
REV.
A
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8067O–AVR–06/2013
71
33.3
100C2
E
A1 BALL ID
0.10
D
A1
TOP VIEW
A
A2
E1
SIDE VIEW
100 - Ø0.35 ± 0.05
J
I
H
G
e
COMMON DIMENSIONS
(Unit of Measure = mm)
F
D1
E
SYMBOL
MIN
NOM
MAX
D
A
–
–
1.00
C
A1
0.20
–
–
B
A2
0.65
–
–
D
6.90
7.00
7.10
A
D1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
b
e
BOTTOM VIEW
5.85 BSC
10
E
A1 BALL CORNER
NOTE
6.90
7.00
E1
b
7.10
5.85 BSC
0.30
0.35
e
0.40
0.65 BSC
12/23/08
Package Drawing Contact:
[email protected]
TITLE
100C2, 100-ball (10 x 10 Array), 0.65 mm Pitch,
7.0 x 7.0 x 1.0 mm, Very Thin, Fine-Pitch
Ball Grid Array Package (VFBGA)
GPC
CIF
DRAWING NO.
REV.
100C2
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
A
72
34.
Electrical Characteristics
34.1
Absolute Maximum Ratings*
Operating Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . -55C to +125C
*NOTICE:
Storage Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . -65C to +150°C
Voltage on any Pin with respect to Ground-0.5V to VCC+0.5V
Maximum Operating Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6V
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute
Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only
and functional operation of the device at these
or other conditions beyond those indicated in
the operational sections of this specification is
not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
DC Current per I/O Pin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.0 mA
DC Current VCC and GND Pins . . . . . . . . . . 200.0 mA
34.2
DC Characteristics
Table 34-1. Current consumption.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Typ
Max
VCC = 1.8V
365
VCC = 3.0V
790
VCC = 1.8V
690
800
VCC = 3.0V
1400
1600
VCC = 3.0V
18.35
20
VCC = 1.8V
135
VCC = 3.0V
255
VCC = 1.8V
270
380
VCC = 3.0V
510
650
32 MHz, Ext. Clk
VCC = 3.0V
8.15
9.2
All Functions Disabled
VCC = 3.0V
0.1
All Functions Disabled, T = 85°C
VCC = 3.0V
2
VCC = 1.8V
0.5
VCC = 3.0V
0.6
VCC = 3.0V
3
VCC = 1.8V
0.52
VCC = 3.0V
0.55
VCC = 3.0V
1.16
1 MHz, Ext. Clk
Active mode(1)
2 MHz, Ext. Clk
32 MHz, Ext. Clk
1 MHz, Ext. Clk
Idle mode(1)
2 MHz, Ext. Clk
ICC
Min
Power-down mode
ULP, WDT, Sampled BOD
ULP, WDT, Sampled BOD, T=85°C
RTC 1 kHz from Low Power 32 kHz
Power-save mode
RTC from Low Power 32 kHz
Units
µA
mA
µA
mA
5
µA
10
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8067O–AVR–06/2013
µA
73
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Units
(2)
Module current consumption
RC32M
395
RC32M w/DFLL
Internal 32.768 kHz oscillator as DFLL source
RC2M
120
RC2M w/DFLL
Internal 32.768 kHz oscillator as DFLL source
RC32K
155
30
PLL
ICC
TBD
Multiplication factor = 10x
195
Watchdog normal mode
TBD
BOD Continuous mode
120
BOD Sampled mode
1
Internal 1.00 V ref
85
Temperature reference
80
RTC with int. 32 kHz RC as
source
No prescaling
30
RTC with ULP as source
No prescaling
1
ADC
250 kS/s - Int. 1V Ref
3.6
DAC Normal Mode
1000 kS/s, Single channel, Int. 1V Ref
1.8
DAC Low-Power Mode
1000 KS/s, Single channel, Int. 1V Ref
1
AC High-speed
220
AC Low-power
110
USART
Rx and Tx enabled, 9600 BAUD
µA
mA
7.5
µA
DMA
180
Timer/Counter
Prescaler DIV1
AES
195
Flash/EEPROM
Programming
Note:
1.
2.
18
Vcc = 2V
20
Vcc = 3V
30
mA
All Power Reduction Registers set. Typical numbers measured at T = 25°C if nothing else is specified.
with no prescaling
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8067O–AVR–06/2013
74
34.3
Speed
Table 34-2. Operating voltage and frequency.
Symbol
Parameter
ClkCPU
Condition
CPU clock frequency
Min
Typ
Max
VCC = 1.6V
0
12
VCC = 1.8V
0
12
VCC = 2.7V
0
32
VCC = 3.6V
0
32
Units
MHz
The maximum CPU clock frequency of the XMEGA A1 devices is depending on VCC. As shown in Figure 34-1 on page
75 the Frequency vs. VCC curve is linear between 1.8V < VCC < 2.7V.
Figure 34-1. Maximum Frequency vs. Vcc
MHz
32
Safe Operating Area
12
1.6
1.8
2.7
3.6
V
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8067O–AVR–06/2013
75
34.4
Flash and EEPROM Memory Characteristics
Table 34-3. Endurance and data retention.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
25°C
10K
85°C
10K
25°C
100
55°C
25
25°C
80K
85°C
30K
25°C
100
55°C
25
Typ
Max
Write/Erase cycles
Units
Cycle
Flash
Data retention
Year
Write/Erase cycles
Cycle
EEPROM
Data retention
Year
Table 34-4. Programming time.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Chip Erase
(2)
Flash, EEPROM
Flash
EEPROM
Notes:
1.
2.
34.5
ADC Characteristics
Min
and SRAM Erase
Typ(1)
Max
Units
40
Page Erase
4
Page Write
6
Page WriteAutomatic Page Erase and Write
12
Page Erase
4
Page Write
6
Page Write Automatic Page Erase and Write
12
ms
Programming is timed from the internal 2 MHz oscillator.
EEPROM is not erased if the EESAVE fuse is programmed.
Table 34-5. ADC characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
RES
Resolution
INL
DNL
ADCclk
Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Programmable: 8/12
8
12
12
Bits
Integral Non-Linearity
500 kS/s
-5
<±1
5
LSB
Differential Non-Linearity
500 kS/s
< ±0.75
LSB
Gain Error
±10
mV
Offset Error
±2
mV
ADC Clock frequency
Max is 1/4 of
Peripheral Clock
VCC2.0V
2000
VCC<2.0V
500
kHz
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8067O–AVR–06/2013
76
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Conversion rate
VCC<2.0V
500
RES = 8 or 12, GAIN = 0 or 1
Sampling Time
1/2 ADCclk cycle
Input bandwidth
INT1V
5
7
8
0.25
Conversion range
Reference voltage
Units
ksps
(propagation delay)
VREF
Max
2000
(RES+2)/2+GAIN
Analog Supply Voltage
Typ
VCC2.0V
Conversion time
AVCC
Min
ADCclk
cycles
µS
0
VREF
V
Vcc-0.3
Vcc+0.3
V
1.0
Vcc-0.6
V
VCC2.0V
2000
VCC<2.0V
500
kHz
Internal 1.00V reference
1.00
V
INTVCC
Internal VCC/1.6
VCC/1.6
V
SCALEDVCC
Scaled internal VCC/10 input
VCC/10
V
Reference input resistance
>10
M
Start-up time
12
RAREF
Internal input sampling speed
24
100
Temp. sensor, VCC/10, Bandgap
ADCclk
cycles
ksps
Table 34-6. ADC gain stage characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Gain error
1 to 64 gain
Offset error
Vrms
Noise level at input
Clock rate
Min
Typ
Max
< ±1
%
< ±1
mV
VREF = Int. 1V
0.12
VREF = Ext. 2V
0.06
64x gain
Same as ADC
Units
mV
1000
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8067O–AVR–06/2013
kHz
77
34.6
DAC Characteristics
Table 34-7. DAC characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
INL
Integral Non-Linearity
VCC = 1.6-3.6V
DNL
Differential Non-Linearity
VCC = 1.6-3.6V
Fclk
Min
VREF = Ext. ref
5
VREF = Ext. ref
0.6
VREF= AVCC
0.6
Max
Units
LSB
<±1
LSB
Conversion rate
AREF
External reference voltage
1.1
Reference input impedance
34.7
Typ
1000
ksps
AVCC-0.6
V
>10
M
Max output voltage
Rload=100k
AVCC*0.98
V
Min output voltage
Rload=100k
0.01
V
Analog Comparator Characteristics
Table 34-8. Analog Comparator characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Input Offset Voltage
VCC = 1.6 - 3.6V
<±5
mV
Input Leakage Current
VCC = 1.6 - 3.6V
< 1000
pA
Vhys1
Hysteresis, No
VCC = 1.6 - 3.6V
0
mV
Vhys2
Hysteresis, Small
VCC = 1.6 - 3.6V
mode = HS
25
mV
Vhys3
Hysteresis, Large
VCC = 1.6 - 3.6V
mode = HS
50
mV
VCC = 3.0V, T= 85°C
mode = HS
VCC = 1.6 - 3.6V
mode = HS
70
VCC = 1.6 - 3.6V
mode = LP
140
Voff
Ilk
tdelay
34.8
Propagation delay
Min
Typ
Max
Units
100
ns
Bandgap Characteristics
Table 34-9. Bandgap voltage characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Bandgap startup time
Bandgap voltage
As reference for ADC or DAC
Min
Typ
Max
Units
1 Clk_PER + 2.5µs
µs
1.1
V
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8067O–AVR–06/2013
78
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
T= 85°C, After calibration
Typ
Max
0.99
Units
1.01
ADC/DAC ref
V
1
Variation over voltage and temperature
34.9
VCC = 1.6 - 3.6V, T = -40C to 85C
±5
%
Brownout Detection Characteristics
Table 34-10. Brownout Detection characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
Typ
BOD level 0 falling Vcc
1.6
BOD level 1 falling Vcc
1.9
BOD level 2 falling Vcc
2.1
BOD level 3 falling Vcc
2.4
BOD level 4 falling Vcc
2.6
BOD level 5 falling Vcc
2.9
BOD level 6 falling Vcc
3.2
BOD level 7 falling Vcc
3.4
Max
Units
V
Hysteresis
Note:
BOD level 0-5
2
%
1. BOD is calibrated to BOD level 0 at 85°C, and BOD level 0 is the default level.
34.10 PAD Characteristics
Table 34-11. PAD characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
VIH
Input High Voltage
VIL
Input Low Voltage
VOL
Output Low Voltage GPIO
Min
Typ
Max
VCC = 2.4 - 3.6V
0.7*VCC
VCC+0.5
VCC = 1.6 - 2.4V
0.8*VCC
VCC+0.5
VCC = 2.4 - 3.6V
-0.5
0.3*VCC
VCC = 1.6 - 2.4V
-0.5
0.2*VCC
IOL = 15 mA, VCC = 3.3V
0.45
0.76
IOL = 10 mA, VCC = 3.0V
0.3
0.64
IOL= 5 mA, VCC = 1.8V
0.2
0.46
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8067O–AVR–06/2013
Units
V
V
V
79
Symbol
VOH
Parameter
Output High Voltage GPIO
Condition
Min
Typ
IOH = -8 mA, VCC = 3.3V
2.6
3
IOH = -6 mA, VCC = 3.0V
2.1
2.2
IOH = -2 mA, VCC = 1.8V
1.4
1.6
Max
Units
V
IIL
Input Leakage Current I/O pin
<0.001
1
µA
IIH
Input Leakage Current I/O pin
<0.001
1
µA
RP
I/O pin Pull/Buss keeper Resistor
20
k
Reset pin Pull-up Resistor
20
k
Input hysteresis
0.5
V
RRST
34.11 POR Characteristics
Table 34-12. Power-on Reset characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Units
VPOT-
POR threshold voltage falling Vcc
1
V
VPOT+
POR threshold voltage rising Vcc
1.4
V
34.12 Reset Characteristics
Table 34-13. Reset characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
Minimum reset pulse width
Reset threshold voltage
Typ
Max
90
Units
ns
VCC = 2.7 - 3.6V
0.45*VCC
VCC = 1.6 - 2.7V
0.42*VCC
V
34.13 Oscillator Characteristics
Table 34-14. Internal 32.768kHz oscillator characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Accuracy
Condition
T = 85C, VCC = 3V,
After production calibration
Min
-0.5
Typ
Max
Units
0.5
%
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8067O–AVR–06/2013
80
Table 34-15. Internal 2MHz oscillator characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Accuracy
T = 85C, VCC = 3V,
After production calibration
DFLL Calibration step size
T = 25C, VCC = 3V
Min
Typ
-1.5
Max
Units
1.5
%
0.175
%
Table 34-16. Internal 32MHz oscillator characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Accuracy
T = 85C, VCC = 3V,
After production calibration
DFLL Calibration stepsize
T = 25C, VCC = 3V
Min
Typ
-1.5
Max
Units
1.5
%
0.2
%
Table 34-17. Internal 32kHz, ULP oscillator characteristics.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Output frequency 32 kHz ULP OSC
Min
Typ
T = 85C, VCC = 3.0V
Max
26
Units
kHz
Table 34-18. Maximum load capacitance (CL) and ESR recommendation for 32.768kHz crystal.
Crystal CL [pF]
Max ESR [k]
6.5
60
9
35
Table 34-19. Device wake-up time from sleep.
Symbol
Condition(1)
Parameter
Int. 32.768 kHz RC
Idle Sleep, Standby and Extended
Standby sleep mode
Min
Typ(2)
Max
Units
130
Int. 2 MHz RC
2
Ext. 2 MHz Clock
2
Int. 32 MHz RC
0.17
Int. 32.768 kHz RC
320
Int. 2 MHz RC
10.3
Ext. 2 MHz Clock
4.5
Int. 32 MHz RC
5.8
µS
Power-save and Power-down
Sleep mode
Notes:
1.
2.
Non-prescaled System Clock source.
Time from pin change on external interrupt pin to first available clock cycle. Additional interrupt response time is minimum 5 system clock source cycles.
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35.
Typical Characteristics
35.1
Active Supply Current
Figure 35-1. Active Supply Current vs. Frequency
fSYS = 1 - 32 MHz, T = 25°C
25
3.3V
20
Icc [mA]
3.0V
2.7V
15
10
2.2V
5
1.8V
0
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
Frequency [MHz]
Figure 35-2. Active Supply Current vs. VCC
fSYS = 1.0 MHz
1200
85°C
-40°C
25°C
1000
Icc [uA]
800
600
400
200
0
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6
Vcc [V]
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Idle Supply Current
Figure 35-3. Idle Supply Current vs. Frequency
fSYS = 1 - 32 MHz, T = 25°C
,
10
3.3V
9
8
3.0V
7
2.7V
Icc [mA]
6
5
4
3
2.2V
2
1.8V
1
0
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
Frequency [MHz]
Figure 35-4. Active Supply Current vs. VCC
fSYS = 1.0 MHz
400
85°C
25°C
-40°C
350
300
250
Icc [uA]
35.2
200
150
100
50
0
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6
Vcc [V]
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35.3
Power-down Supply Current
Figure 35-5. Power-down Supply Current vs. Temperature
2.5
3.3V
3.0V
2.7V
2.2V
1.8V
2
Icc [uA]
1.5
1
0.5
0
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Temperature [°C]
Power-save Supply Current
Figure 35-6. Power-save Supply Current vs. Temperature
Sampled BOD, WDT, RTC from ULP enabled
3.5
3.3V
2.7V
3
2.2V
1.8V
2.5
Icc [uA]
35.4
2
1.5
1
0.5
0
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Temperature [°C]
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Pin Pull-up
Figure 35-7. I/O Reset Pull-up Resistor Current vs. Reset Pin Voltage
VCC = 1.8V
100
Ireset [uA]
80
60
-40 °C
40
85 °C
25 °C
20
0
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
vreset [V]
Figure 35-8. I/O Reset Pull-up Resistor Current vs. Reset Pin Voltage
VCC = 3.0V
180
160
140
120
Ireset [uA]
35.5
100
80
60
-40 °C
85 °C
40
25 °C
20
0
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
vreset [V]
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Figure 35-9. I/O Reset Pull-up Resistor Current vs. Reset Pin Voltage
VCC = 3.3V
180
160
140
Ireset [uA]
120
100
80
-40 °C
85 °C
60
40
20
25 °C
0
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
vreset [V]
Pin Thresholds and Hysteresis
Figure 35-10.I/O Pin Input Threshold Voltage vs. VCC
VIH - I/O Pin Read as “1”
2.5
-40 °C
25 °C
85 °C
2
Vthreshold [V]
35.6
1.5
1
0.5
0
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6
Vcc [V]
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Figure 35-11.I/O Pin Input Threshold Voltage vs. VCC
VIL - I/O Pin Read as “0”
1.8
85 °C
25 °C
-40 °C
1.6
1.4
Vthreshold [V]
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6
Vcc [V]
Figure 35-12.I/O Pin Input Hysteresis vs. VCC.
0.8
Vthreshold [V]
0.6
85 °C
25 °C
-40 °C
0.4
0.2
0
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6
Vcc [V]
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Figure 35-13.Reset Input Threshold Voltage vs. VCC
VIH - I/O Pin Read as “1”
1.8
-40 °C
25 °C
85 °C
1.6
1.4
Vthreshold [V]
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6
Vcc [V]
Figure 35-14.Reset Input Threshold Voltage vs. VCC
VIL - I/O Pin Read as “0”
1.8
-40 °C
25 °C
85 °C
1.6
1.4
Vthreshold [V]
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6
Vcc [V]
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Bod Thresholds
Figure 35-15.BOD Thresholds vs. Temperature
BOD Level = 1.6V
1.638
1.632
Rising Vcc
VBOT [V]
1.626
1.62
1.614
Falling Vcc
1.608
1.602
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
40
50
60
70
80
90
Temperature [°C]
Figure 35-16.BOD Thresholds vs. Temperature
BOD Level = 2.9V
3.01
Rising Vcc
2.995
2.98
VBOT [V]
35.7
2.965
2.95
2.935
Falling Vcc
2.92
2.905
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
Temperature [°C]
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35.8
Bandgap
Figure 35-17.Internal 1.00V Reference vs. Temperature.
1.004
1.0035
1.003
VREF [V]
1.0025
1.002
1.0015
1.001
1.0005
1
3.0V
1.8V
0.9995
0.999
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Temperature [°C]
Analog Comparator
Figure 35-18.Analog Comparator Hysteresis vs. VCC
High-speed, Small hysteresis
30
25
Hysteresis [mV]
35.9
25°C
20
15
10
5
0
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6
Vcc [V]
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Figure 35-19.Analog Comparator Hysteresis vs. VCC, High-speed
Large hysteresis
60
50
Hysteresis [mV]
25°C
40
30
20
10
0
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6
Vcc [V]
Figure 35-20.Analog Comparator Propagation Delay vs. VCC
High-speed
120
Propagation Delay [ns]
100
80
60
25°C
40
20
0
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6
Vcc [V]
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35.10 Oscillators and Wake-up Time
Figure 35-21.Internal 32.768 kHz Oscillator Frequency vs. Temperature
1.024 kHz output
p
1.03
1.025
1.8 V
1.02
3.0 V
f [kHz]
1.015
1.01
1.005
1
0.995
0.99
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
T [°C]
Figure 35-22.Ultra Low-Power (ULP) Oscillator Frequency vs. Temperature
1 kHz output
p
0.93
0.92
f1kHz output [kHz]
0.91
0.9
3.0 V
0.89
1.8 V
0.88
0.87
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
T [°C]
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Figure 35-23.Internal 2 MHz Oscillator CalA Calibration Step Size
T = -40 to 85C, VCC = 3V
0.006
Step size: f [MHz]
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.001
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
60
70
CALA [LSB]
Figure 35-24.Internal 2 MHz Oscillator CalB Calibration Step Size
T = -40 to 85C, VCC = 3V
0.04
0.035
Step size: f [MHz]
0.03
0.025
0.02
0.015
0.01
0.005
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
CALB [LSB]
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Figure 35-25.Internal 32 MHz Oscillator CalA Calibration Step Size
T = -40 to 85C, VCC = 3V
0.09
0.08
Step size: f [MHz]
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
60
70
CALA
Figure 35-26.Internal 32 MHz Oscillator CalB Calibration Step Size
T = -40 to 85C, VCC = 3V
0.7
0.6
Step size: f [MHz]
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
CALB
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35.11 PDI Speed
Figure 35-27.PDI Speed vs. VCC
35
25 °C
30
fMAX [MHz]
25
20
15
10
5
0
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3
3.2
3.4
3.6
VCC [V]
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36.
Errata
36.1
ATxmega64A1and ATxmega128A1 rev. H
 Bandgap voltage input for the ACs can not be changed when used for both ACs simultaneously
 VCC voltage scaler for AC is non-linear
 The ADC has up to ±2 LSB inaccuracy
 ADC gain stage output range is limited to 2.4 V
 Sampling speed limited to 500 ksps for supply voltage below 2.0V
 ADC Event on compare match non-functional
 Bandgap measurement with the ADC is non-functional when VCC is below 2.7V
 Accuracy lost on first three samples after switching input to ADC gain stage
 The input difference between two succeeding ADC samples is limited by VREF
 Increased noise when using internal 1.0V reference at low temperature
 Configuration of PGM and CWCM not as described in XMEGA A Manual
 PWM is not restarted properly after a fault in cycle-by-cycle mode
 BOD will be enabled at any reset
 BODACT fuse location is not correct
 Sampled BOD in Active mode will cause noise when bandgap is used as reference
 DAC has up to ±10 LSB noise in Sampled Mode
 DAC is nonlinear and inaccurate when reference is above 2.4V or VCC - 0.6V
 DAC refresh may be blocked in S/H mode
 Conversion lost on DAC channel B in event triggered mode
 Both DFLLs and both oscillators have to be enabled for one to work
 Access error when multiple bus masters are accessing SDRAM
 EEPROM page buffer always written when NVM DATA0 is written
 Pending full asynchronous pin change interrupts will not wake the device
 Pin configuration does not affect Analog Comparator Output
 Low level interrupt triggered when pin input is disabled
 JTAG enable does not override Analog Comparator B output
 NMI Flag for Crystal Oscillator Failure automatically cleared
 Flash Power Reduction Mode can not be enabled when entering sleep
 Some NVM Commands are non-functional
 Crystal start-up time required after power-save even if crystal is source for RTC
 Setting PRHIRES bit makes PWM output unavailable
 Accessing EBI address space with PREBI set will lock Bus Master
 RTC Counter value not correctly read after sleep
 Pending asynchronous RTC-interrupts will not wake up device
 TWI, the minimum I2C SCL low time could be violated in Master Read mode
 TWI address-mask feature is non-functional
 TWI, a general address call will match independent of the R/W-bit value
 TWI Transmit collision flag not cleared on repeated start
 Clearing TWI Stop Interrupt Flag may lock the bus
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 TWI START condition at bus timeout will cause transaction to be dropped
 TWI Data Interrupt Flag erroneously read as set
 WDR instruction inside closed window will not issue reset
1. Bandgap voltage input for the ACs cannot be changed when used for both ACs simultaneously
If the Bandgap voltage is selected as input for one Analog Comparator (AC) and then selected/deselected as input
for another AC, the first comparator will be affected for up to 1 µs and could potentially give a wrong comparison
result.
Problem fix/Workaround
If the Bandgap is required for both ACs simultaneously, configure the input selection for both ACs before enabling
any of them.
2. VCC voltage scaler for AC is non-linear
The 6-bit VCC voltage scaler in the Analog Comparators is non-linear.
Figure 36-1. Analog Comparator Voltage Scaler vs. Scalefac
T = 25°C
3.5
3.3 V
3
2.7 V
VSCALE [V]
2.5
2
1.8 V
1.5
1
0.5
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
SCALEFAC
Problem fix/Workaround
Use external voltage input for the analog comparator if accurate voltage levels are needed
3. The ADC has up to ±2 LSB inaccuracy
The ADC will have up to ±2 LSB inaccuracy, visible as a saw-tooth pattern on the input voltage/ output value transfer function of the ADC. The inaccuracy increases with increasing voltage reference reaching ±2 LSB with 3V
reference.
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Problem fix/Workaround
None, the actual ADC resolution will be reduced with up to ±2 LSB.
4. ADC gain stage output range is limited to 2.4 V
The amplified output of the ADC gain stage will never go above 2.4 V, hence the differential input will only give correct output when below 2.4 V/gain. For the available gain settings, this gives a differential input range of:
–
1x
gain:
2.4
V
–
2x
gain:
1.2
V
–
4x
gain:
0.6
V
–
8x
gain:
300
mV
–
16x
gain:
150
mV
–
32x
gain:
75
mV
–
64x
gain:
38
mV
Problem fix/Workaround
Keep the amplified voltage output from the ADC gain stage below 2.4 V in order to get a correct result, or keep
ADC voltage reference below 2.4 V.
5. Sampling speed limited to 500 ksps for supply voltage below 2.0V
The sampling frequency is limited to 500 ksps for supply voltage below 2.0V. At higher sampling rate the INL error
will be several hundred LSB.
Problem fix/Workaround
None.
6. ADC Event on compare match non-functional
ADC signalling event will be given at every conversion complete even if Interrupt mode (INTMODE) is set to
BELOW or ABOVE.
Problem fix/Workaround
Enable and use interrupt on compare match when using the compare function.
7. Bandgap measurement with the ADC is non-functional when VCC is below 2.7V
The ADC can not be used to do bandgap measurements when VCC is below 2.7V.
Problem fix/Workaround
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None.
8. Accuracy lost on first three samples after switching input to ADC gain stage
Due to memory effect in the ADC gain stage, the first three samples after changing input channel must be disregarded to achieve 12-bit accuracy.
Problem fix/Workaround
Run three ADC conversions and discard these results after changing input channels to ADC gain stage.
9. The input difference between two succeeding ADC samples is limited by VREF
If the difference in input between two samples changes more than the size of the reference, the ADC will not be
able to convert the data correctly. Two conversions will be required before the conversion is correct.
Problem fix/Workaround
Discard the first conversion if input is changed more than VREF, or ensure that the input never changes more then
VREF.
10. Increased noise when using internal 1.0V reference at low temperature
When operating at below 0C and using internal 1.0V reference the RMS noise will be up 4 LSB, Peak-to-peak
noise up to 25 LSB.
Problem fix/Workaround
Use averaging to remove noise.
11. Configuration of PGM and CWCM not as described in XMEGA A Manual
Enabling Common Waveform Channel Mode will enable Pattern generation mode (PGM), but not Common Waveform Channel Mode.
Enabling Pattern Generation Mode (PGM) and not Common Waveform Channel Mode (CWCM) will enable both
Pattern Generation Mode and Common Waveform Channel Mode.
Problem fix/Workaround
PGM
CWCM
Description
0
0
PGM and CWCM disabled
0
1
PGM enabled
1
0
PGM and CWCM enabled
1
1
PGM enabled
12 PWM is not restarted properly after a fault in cycle-by-cycle mode
When the AWeX fault restore mode is set to cycle-by-cycle, the waveform output will not return to normal operation
at first update after fault condition is no longer present.
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Problem fix/Workaround
Do a write to any AWeX I/O register to re-enable the output.
13. BOD will be enabled after any reset
If any reset source goes active, the BOD will be enabled and keep the device in reset if the VCC voltage is below
the programmed BOD level. During Power-On Reset, reset will not be released until VCC is above the programmed BOD level even if the BOD is disabled.
Problem fix/Workaround
Do not set the BOD level higher than VCC even if the BOD is not used.
14. BODACT fuse location is not correct
The fuses for enabling BOD in active mode (BODACT) are located at FUSEBYTE2, bit 2 and 3 and not in FUSEBYTE 5 as described in the XMEGA A Manual.
Problem fix/Workaround
Access the fuses in FUSEBYTE2.
15. Sampled BOD in Active mode will cause noise when bandgap is used as reference
Using the BOD in sampled mode when the device is running in Active or Idle mode will add noise on the bandgap
reference for ADC, DAC and Analog Comparator.
Problem fix/Workaround
If the bandgap is used as reference for either the ADC, DAC or Analog Comparator, the BOD must not be set in
sampled mode.
16. DAC has up to ±10 LSB noise in Sampled Mode
The DAC has noise of up to ±10 LSB in Sampled Mode for entire operation range.
Problem fix/Workaround
Use the DAC in continuous mode.
17. DAC is nonlinear and inaccurate when reference is above 2.4V or VCC - 0.6V
Using the DAC with a reference voltage above 2.4V or VCC - 0.6V will give inaccurate output when converting
codes that give below 0.75V output:

±10 LSB for continuous mode

±200 LSB for Sample and Hold mode
Problem fix/Workaround
None.
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18. DAC has up to ±10 LSB noise in Sampled Mode
If the DAC is running in Sample and Hold (S/H) mode and conversion for one channel is done at maximum rate
(i.e. the DAC is always busy doing conversion for this channel), this will block refresh signals to the second channel.
Problem fix/Workaround
When using the DAC in S/H mode, ensure that none of the channels is running at maximum conversion rate, or
ensure that the conversion rate of both channels is high enough to not require refresh.
19. Conversion lost on DAC channel B in event triggered mode
If during dual channel operation channel 1 is set in auto trigged conversion mode, channel 1 conversions are occasionally lost. This means that not all data-values written to the Channel 1 data register are converted.
Problem fix/Workaround
Keep the DAC conversion interval in the range 000-001 (1 and 3 CLK), and limit the Peripheral clock frequency so
the conversion internal never is shorter than 1.5 µs.
20. Both DFLLs and both oscillators have to be enabled for one to work
In order to use the automatic runtime calibration for the 2 MHz or the 32 MHz internal oscillators, the DFLL for both
oscillators and both oscillators have to be enabled for one to work.
Problem fix/Workaround
Enable both DFLLs and both oscillators when using automatic runtime calibration for either of the internal
oscillators.
21. Access error when multiple bus masters are accessing SDRAM
If one bus master (CPU and DMA channels) is using the EBI to access an SDRAM in burst mode and another bus
master is accessing the same row number in a different BANK of the SDRAM in the cycle directly after the burst
access is complete, the access for the second bus master will fail.
Problem fix/Workaround
Do not put stack pointer in SDRAM and use DMA Controller in 1 byte burst mode if CPU and DMA Controller are
required to access SDRAM at the same time.
22. EEPROM page buffer always written when NVM DATA0 is written
If the EEPROM is memory mapped, writing to NVM DATA0 will corrupt data in the EEPROM page buffer.
Problem fix/Workaround
Before writing to NVM DATA0, for example when doing software CRC or flash page buffer write, check if EEPROM
page buffer active loading flag (EELOAD) is set. Do not write NVM DATA0 when EELOAD is set.
23. Pending full asynchronous pin change interrupts will not wake the device
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Any full asynchronous pin-change Interrupt from pin 2, on any port, that is pending when the sleep instruction is
executed, will be ignored until the device is woken from another source or the source triggers again. This applies
when entering all sleep modes where the System Clock is stopped.
Problem fix/Workaround
None.
24. Pin configuration does not affect Analog Comparator Output
The Output/Pull and inverted pin configuration does not affect the Analog Comparator output function.
Problem fix/Workaround
None for Output/Pull configuration.
For inverted I/O, configure the Analog Comparator to give an inverted result (i.e. connect positive input to the negative AC input and vice versa), or use and external inverter to change polarity of Analog Comparator output.
25. Low level interrupt triggered when pin input is disabled
If a pin input is disabled, but pin is configured to trigger on low level, interrupt request will be sent.
Problem fix/Workaround
Ensure that Interrupt mask for the disabled pin is cleared.
26. JTAG enable does not override Analog Comparator B output
When JTAG is enabled this will not override the Analog Comparator B (ACB) output, AC0OUT on pin 7 if this is
enabled.
Problem fix/Workaround
Use Analog Comparator output for ACA when JTAG is used, or use the PDI as debug interface.
27. NMI Flag for Crystal Oscillator Failure automatically cleared
NMI flag for Crystal Oscillator Failure (XOSCFDIF) will be automatically cleared when executing the NMI interrupt
handler.
Problem fix/Workaround
This device revision has only one NMI interrupt source, so checking the interrupt source in software is not
required.
28. Flash Power Reduction Mode can not be enabled when entering sleep
If Flash Power Reduction Mode is enabled when entering Power-save or Extended Standby sleep mode, the
device will only wake up on every fourth wake-up request. If Flash Power Reduction Mode is enabled when entering Idle sleep mode, the wake-up time will vary with up to 16 CPU clock cycles.
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Problem fix/Workaround
Disable Flash Power Reduction mode before entering sleep mode.
29. Some NVM Commands are non-functional
The following NVM commands are non-functional:
–
0x2B
Erase Flash Page
–
0x2E
Write Flash Page
–
0x2F
Erase & Write Flash Page
–
0x3A
Flash Range CRC
Problem fix/Workaround
None for Flash Range CRC
Use separate programming commands for accessing application and boot section.
–
0x22
Erase Application Section Page
–
0x24
Write Application Section Page
–
0x25
Erase & Write Application Section Page
–
0x2A
Erase Boot Loader Section Page
–
0x2C
Write Boot Loader Section Page
–
0x2D
Erase & Write Boot Loader Section Page
30. Crystal start-up time required after power-save even if crystal is source for RTC
Even if 32.768 kHz crystal is used for RTC during sleep, the clock from the crystal will not be ready for the system
before the specified start-up time. See "XOSCSEL[3:0]: Crystal Oscillator Selection" in XMEGA A Manual. If BOD
is used in active mode, the BOD will be on during this period (0.5s).
Problem fix/Workaround
If faster start-up is required, go to sleep with internal oscillator as system clock.
31. Setting PRHIRES bit makes PWM output unavailable
Setting the HIRES Power Reduction (PR) bit for PORTx will make any Frequency or PWM output for the corresponding Timer/Counters (TCx0 and TCx1) unavailable on the pin even if the Hi-Res is not used.
Problem fix/Workaround
Do not write the HIRES PR bit on PORTx when frequency or PWM output from TCx0/1 is used.
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32. Accessing EBI address space with PREBI set will lock Bus Master
If EBI Power Reduction Bit is set while EBI is enabled, accessing external memory could result in bus hang-up,
blocking all further access to all data memory.
Problem fix/Workaround
Ensure that EBI is disabled before setting EBI Power Reduction bit.
33. RTC Counter value not correctly read after sleep
If the RTC is set to wake up the device on RTC Overflow and bit 0 of RTC CNT is identical to bit 0 of RTC PER as
the device is entering sleep, the value in the RTC count register can not be read correctly within the first prescaled
RTC clock cycle after wakeup. The value read will be the same as the value in the register when entering sleep.
The same applies if RTC Compare Match is used as wake-up source.
Problem fix/Workaround
Wait at least one prescaled RTC clock cycle before reading the RTC CNT value.
34. Pending asynchronous RTC-interrupts will not wake up device
Asynchronous Interrupts from the Real-Time-Counter that is pending when the sleep instruction is executed, will
be ignored until the device is woken from another source or the source triggers again.
Problem fix/Workaround
None.
35. TWI, the minimum I2C SCL low time could be violated in Master Read mode
If the TWI is in Master Read mode and issues a Repeated Start on the bus, this will immediately release the SCL
line even if one complete SCL low period has not passed. This means that the minimum SCL low time in the I2C
specification could be violated.
Problem fix/Workaround
If this is a problem in the application, ensure in software that the Repeated Start is never issued before one SCL
low time has passed.
36. TWI address-mask feature is non-functional
The address-mask feature is non-functional, so the TWI can not perform hardware address match on more than
one address.
Problem fix/Workaround
If the TWI must respond to multiple addresses, enable Promiscuous Mode for the TWI to respond to all address
and implement the address-mask function in software.
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37. TWI, a general address call will match independent of the R/W-bit value
When the TWI is in Slave mode and a general address call is issued on the bus, the TWI Slave will get an address
match regardless of the received R/W bit.
Problem fix/Workaround
Use software to check the R/W-bit on general call address match.
38. TWI Transmit collision flag not cleared on repeated start
The TWI transmit collision flag should be automatically cleared on start and repeated start, but is only cleared on
start.
Problem fix/Workaround
Clear the flag in software after address interrupt.
39. Clearing TWI Stop Interrupt Flag may lock the bus
If software clears the STOP Interrupt Flag (APIF) on the same Peripheral Clock cycle as the hardware sets this
flag due to a new address received, CLKHOLD is not cleared and the SCL line is not released. This will lock the
bus.
Problem fix/Workaround
Check if the bus state is IDLE. If this is the case, it is safe to clear APIF. If the bus state is not IDLE, wait for the
SCL pin to be low before clearing APIF.
Code:
/* Only clear the interrupt flag if within a "safe zone". */
while ( /* Bus not IDLE: */
((COMMS_TWI.MASTER.STATUS & TWI_MASTER_BUSSTATE_gm) !=
TWI_MASTER_BUSSTATE_IDLE_gc)) &&
/* SCL not held by slave: */
!(COMMS_TWI.SLAVE.STATUS & TWI_SLAVE_CLKHOLD_bm)
)
{
/* Ensure that the SCL line is low */
if ( !(COMMS_PORT.IN & PIN1_bm) )
if ( !(COMMS_PORT.IN & PIN1_bm) )
break;
}
/* Check for an pending address match interrupt */
if ( !(COMMS_TWI.SLAVE.STATUS & TWI_SLAVE_CLKHOLD_bm) )
{
/* Safely clear interrupt flag */
COMMS_TWI.SLAVE.STATUS |= (uint8_t)TWI_SLAVE_APIF_bm;
}
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40. TWI START condition at bus timeout will cause transaction to be dropped
If Bus Timeout is enabled and a timeout occurs on the same Peripheral Clock cycle as a START is detected, the
transaction will be dropped.
Problem fix/Workaround
None.
41. TWI Data Interrupt Flag erroneously read as set
When issuing the TWI slave response command CMD=0b11, it takes 1 Peripheral Clock cycle to clear the data
interrupt flag (DIF). A read of DIF directly after issuing the command will show the DIF still set.
Problem fix/Workaround
Add one NOP instruction before checking DIF.
42. WDR instruction inside closed window will not issue reset
When a WDR instruction is execute within one ULP clock cycle after updating the window control register, the
counter can be cleared without giving a system reset.
Problem fix/Workaround
Wait at least one ULP clock cycle before executing a WDR instruction.
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36.2
ATxmega64A1 and ATxmega128A1 rev. G
 Bootloader Section in Flash is non-functional
 Bandgap voltage input for the ACs cannot be changed when used for both ACs simultaneously
 DAC is nonlinear and inaccurate when reference is above 2.4V
 ADC gain stage output range is limited to 2.4 V
 The ADC has up to ±2 LSB inaccuracy
 TWI, a general address call will match independent of the R/W-bit value
 TWI, the minimum I2C SCL low time could be violated in Master Read mode
 Setting HIRES PR bit makes PWM output unavailable
 EEPROM erase and write does not work with all System Clock sources
 BOD will be enabled after any reset
 Propagation delay analog Comparator increasing to 2 ms at -40C
 Sampled BOD in Active mode will cause noise when bandgap is used as reference
 Default setting for SDRAM refresh period too low
 Flash Power Reduction Mode can not be enabled when entering sleep mode
 Enabling Analog Comparator B output will cause JTAG failure
 JTAG enable does not override Analog Comparator B output
 Bandgap measurement with the ADC is non-functional when VCC is below 2.7V
 DAC refresh may be blocked in S/H mode
 Inverted I/O enable does not affect Analog Comparator Output
 Both DFLLs and both oscillators has to be enabled for one to work
1. Bootloader Section in Flash is non-functional
The Bootloader Section is non-functional, and bootloader or application code cannot reside in this part of the
Flash.
Problem fix/Workaround
None, do not use the Bootloader Section.
2. Bandgap voltage input for the ACs cannot be changed when used for both ACs simultaneously
If the Bandgap voltage is selected as input for one Analog Comparator (AC) and then selected/deselected as input
for the another AC, the first comparator will be affected for up to 1 us and could potentially give a wrong comparison result.
Problem fix/Workaround
If the Bandgap is required for both ACs simultaneously, configure the input selection for both ACs before enabling
any of them.
3. DAC is nonlinear and inaccurate when reference is above 2.4V
Using the DAC with a reference voltage above 2.4V give inaccurate output when converting codes that give below
0.75V output:

±20 LSB for continuous mode
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
±200 LSB for Sample and Hold mode
Problem fix/Workaround
None, avoid using a voltage reference above 2.4V.
4. ADC gain stage output range is limited to 2.4 V
The amplified output of the ADC gain stage will never go above 2.4 V, hence the differential input will only give correct output when below 2.4 V/gain. For the available gain settings, this gives a differential input range of:
–
1x
gain:
2.4
V
–
2x
gain:
1.2
V
–
4x
gain:
0.6
V
–
8x
gain:
300
mV
–
16x
gain:
150
mV
–
32x
gain:
75
mV
–
64x
gain:
38
mV
Problem fix/Workaround
Keep the amplified voltage output from the ADC gain stage below 2.4 V in order to get a correct result, or keep
ADC voltage reference below 2.4 V.
5. The ADC has up to ±2 LSB inaccuracy
The ADC will have up to ±2 LSB inaccuracy, visible as a saw-tooth pattern on the input voltage/ output value transfer function of the ADC. The inaccuracy increases with increasing voltage reference reaching ±2 LSB with 3V
reference.
Problem fix/Workaround
None, the actual ADC resolution will be reduced with up to ±2 LSB.
6. TWI, a general address call will match independent of the R/W-bit value
When the TWI is in Slave mode and a general address call is issued on the bus, the TWI Slave will get an address
match regardless of the R/W-bit (ADDR[0] bit) value in the Slave Address Register.
Problem fix/Workaround
Use software to check the R/W-bit on general call address match.
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7. TWI, the minimum I2C SCL low time could be violated in Master Read mode
When the TWI is in Master Read mode and issuing a Repeated Start on the bus, this will immediately release the
SCL line even if one complete SCL low period has not passed. This means that the minimum SCL low time in the
I2C specification could be violated.
Problem fix/Workaround
If this causes a potential problem in the application, software must ensure that the Repeated Start is never issued
before one SCL low time has passed.
8. Setting HIRES PR bit makes PWM output unavailable
Setting the HIRES Power Reduction (PR) bit for PORTx will make any Frequency or PWM output for the corresponding Timer/Counters (TCx0 and TCx1) unavailable on the pin.
Problem fix/Workaround
Do not write the HIRES PR bit on PORTx when frequency or PWM output from TCx0/1 is used.
9. EEPROM erase and write does not work with all System Clock sources
When doing EEPROM erase or Write operations with other clock sources than the 2 MHz RCOSC, Flash will be
read wrongly for one or two clock cycles at the end of the EEPROM operation.
Problem fix/Workaround
Alt 1: Use the internal 2 MHz RCOSC when doing erase or write operations on EEPROM.
Alt 2: Ensure to be in sleep mode while completing erase or write on EEPROM. After starting erase or write operations on EEPROM, other interrupts should be disabled and the device put to sleep.
10. BOD will be enabled after any reset
If any reset source goes active, the BOD will be enabled and keep the device in reset if the VCC voltage is below
the programmed BOD level. During Power-On Reset, reset will not be released until VCC is above the programmed BOD level even if the BOD is disabled.
Problem fix/Workaround
Do not set the BOD level higher than VCC even if the BOD is not used.
11. Propagation delay analog Comparator increasing to 2 ms at -40 °C
When the analog comparator is used at temperatures reaching down to -40 °C, the propagation delay will increase
to ~2 ms.
Problem fix/Workaround
None
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12. Sampled BOD in Active mode will cause noise when bandgap is used as reference
Using the BOD in sampled mode when the device is running in Active or Idle mode will add noise on the bandgap
reference for ADC and DAC.
Problem fix/Workaround
If the bandgap is used as reference for either the ADC or the DAC, the BOD must not be set in sampled mode.
13. Default setting for SDRAM refresh period too low
If the SDRAM refresh period is set to a value less then 0x20, the SDRAM content may be corrupted when accessing through On-Chip Debug sessions.
Problem fix/Workaround
The SDRAM refresh period (REFRESHH/L) should not be set to a value less then 0x20.
14. Flash Power Reduction Mode can not be enabled when entering sleep mode
If Flash Power Reduction Mode is enabled when entering Power-save or Extended Standby sleep mode, the
device will only wake up on every fourth wake-up request.
If Flash Power Reduction Mode is enabled when entering Idle sleep mode, the wake-up time will vary with up to 16
CPU clock cycles.
Problem fix/Workaround
Disable Flash Power Reduction mode before entering sleep mode.
15. JTAG enable does not override Analog Comparator B output
When JTAG is enabled this will not override the Anlog Comparator B (ACB)ouput, AC0OUT on pin 7 if this is
enabled.
Problem fix/Workaround
AC0OUT for ACB should not be enabled when JTAG is used. Use only analog comparator output for ACA when
JTAG is used, or use the PDI as debug interface.
16. Bandgap measurement with the ADC is non-functional when VCC is below 2.7V
The ADC cannot be used to do bandgap measurements when VCC is below 2.7V.
Problem fix/Workaround
If internal voltages must be measured when VCC is below 2.7V, measure the internal 1.00V reference instead of
the bandgap.
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17. DAC refresh may be blocked in S/H mode
If the DAC is running in Sample and Hold (S/H) mode and conversion for one channel is done at maximum rate
(i.e. the DAC is always busy doing conversion for this channel), this will block refresh signals to the second channel.
Problem fix/Workarund
When using the DAC in S/H mode, ensure that none of the channels is running at maximum conversion rate, or
ensure that the conversion rate of both channels is high enough to not require refresh.
18. Inverted I/O enable does not affect Analog Comparator Output
The inverted I/O pin function does not affect the Analog Comparator output function.
Problem fix/Workarund
Configure the analog comparator setup to give a inverted result (i.e. connect positive input to the negative AC input
and vice versa), or use and externel inverter to change polarity of Analog Comparator Output.
19. Both DFLLs and both oscillators has to be enabled for one to work
In order to use the automatic runtime calibration for the 2 MHz or the 32 MHz internal oscilla-tors, the DFLL for
both oscillators and both oscillators has to be enabled for one to work.
Problem fix/Workarund
Enabled both DFLLs and oscillators when using automatic runtime calibration for one of the internal oscillators.
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37.
Datasheet Revision History
Please note that the referring page numbers in this section are referred to this document. The referring revision in this
section are referring to the document revision.
37.1
8067O – 06/2013
1.
37.2
37.3
8067N – 03/2013
1.
Removed all references to ATxmega192A1, ATxmega256A1 and ATxmega384A1.
2.
Updated module description. Based on the XMEGA A1U device datasheet.
3.
Updated analog comparator (AC) overview, Figure 28-1 on page 53.
4.
Updated “ADC Characteristics” on page 76.
5
Updated page erase time in “Flash and EEPROM Memory Characteristics” on page 76.
6
Updated Output low voltage conditions from IOH to IOL in “PAD Characteristics” on page 79.
7.
Removed TBDs from:
“DC Characteristics” on page 73.
“DAC Characteristics” on page 78.
“Bandgap Characteristics” on page 78.
8.
Updated “Errata” on page 96 to be valid for both ATxmega64A1 and ATxmega128A1.
9.
Removed Boundary Scan Order table.
8067M – 09/2010
1.
37.4
Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series.
Updated Errata “ATxmega64A1and ATxmega128A1 rev. H” on page 96
8067L – 08/2010
1.
Removed Footnote 3 of Figure 2-1 on page 3
2.
Updated “Features” on page 32. Event Channel 0 output on port pin 7
3.
Updated “DC Characteristics” on page 73, by adding ICC for Flash/EEPROM Programming.
4.
Added AVCC in “ADC Characteristics” on page 76.
5.
Updated Start up time in “ADC Characteristics” on page 76.
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37.5
6.
Updated “DAC Characteristics” on page 78. Removed DC output impedance.
7.
Fixed typo in “Packaging information” section.
8.
Fixed typo in “Errata” section.
8067K – 02/2010
1.
37.6
37.7
37.8
Added “PDI Speed vs. VCC” on page 95.
8067J – 02/2010
1.
Removed JTAG Reset from the datasheet.
2.
Updated “Timer/Counter and AWEX functions” on page 56.
3.
Updated “Alternate Pin Functions” on page 58.
3.
Updated all “Electrical Characteristics” on page 73.
4.
Updated “PAD Characteristics” on page 79.
5.
Changed Internal Oscillator Speed to “Oscillators and Wake-up Time” on page 92.
6.
Updated “Errata” on page 96
8067I – 04/2009
1.
Updated “Ordering Information” on page 2.
2.
Updated “PAD Characteristics” on page 79.
8067H – 04/2009
1.
Editorial updates.
2.
Updated “Overview” on page 54.
3.
Updated Table 29-9 on page 54.
4.
Updated “Peripheral Module Address Map” on page 62. IRCOM has address map: 0x08F8.
5.
Updated “Electrical Characteristics” on page 73.
6.
Updated “PAD Characteristics” on page 79.
7.
Updated “Typical Characteristics” on page 82.
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37.9
8067G – 11/2008
1.
Updated “Block Diagram” on page 6.
2.
Updated feature list in “Memories” on page 12.
3.
Updated “Programming and Debugging” on page 54.
4.
Updated “Peripheral Module Address Map” on page 62. IRCOM has address 0x8F0.
5.
Added “Electrical Characteristics” on page 73.
6.
Added “Typical Characteristics” on page 82.
7.
Added “ATxmega64A1and ATxmega128A1 rev. H” on page 96.
8.
Updated “ATxmega64A1 and ATxmega128A1 rev. G” on page 107.
37.10 8067F – 09/2008
1.
Updated “Features” on page 1
2.
Updated “Ordering Information” on page 2
3.
Updated Figure 7-1 on page 11 and Figure 7-2 on page 11.
4.
Updated Table 7-2 on page 15.
5.
Updated “Features” on page 48 and “Overview” on page 48.
6.
Removed “Interrupt Vector Summary” section from datasheet.
37.11 8067E – 08/2008
1.
Changed Figure 2-1’s title to “Block diagram and pinout” on page 3.
2.
Updated Figure 2-2 on page 4.
3.
Updated Table 29-2 on page 51 and Table 29-3 on page 52.
37.12 8067D – 07/2008
1.
Updated “Ordering Information” on page 2.
2.
Updated “Peripheral Module Address Map” on page 62.
3.
Inserted “Interrupt Vector Summary” on page 56.
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37.13 8067C – 06/2008
1.
Updated the Front page and “Features” on page 1.
2.
Updated the “DC Characteristics” on page 73.
3.
Updated Figure 3-1 on page 6.
4.
Added “Flash and EEPROM Page Size” on page 15.
5.
Updated Table 33-6 on page 72 with new data: Gain Error, Offset Error and Signal -to-Noise
Ratio (SNR).
6.
Updated Errata “ATxmega64A1 and ATxmega128A1 rev. G” on page 107.
37.14 8067B – 05/2008
1.
Updated “Pinout/Block Diagram” on page 3 and “Pinout and Pin Functions” on page 55.
2.
Added XMEGA A1 Block Diagram, Figure 3-1 on page 6.
3.
Updated “Overview” on page 5 included the XMEGA A1 explanation text on page 6.
4.
Updated AVR CPU “Features” on page 8.
5.
Updated Event System block diagram, Figure 10-1 on page 20.
6.
Updated “Interrupts and Programmable Multilevel Interrupt Controller” on page 29.
7.
Updated “AC - Analog Comparator” on page 52.
8.
Updated “Alternate Pin Function Description” on page 55.
9.
Updated “Alternate Pin Functions” on page 58.
10.
Updated “Typical Characteristics” on page 82.
11.
Updated “Ordering Information” on page 2.
12.
Updated “Overview” on page 5.
13.
Updated Figure 6-1 on page 8.
14.
Inserted a new Figure 16-1 on page 37.
15.
Updated Speed grades in “Speed” on page 75.
16.
Added a new ATxmega384A1 device in “Features” on page 1, updated “Ordering Information” on
page 2 and “Memories” on page 12.
17.
Replaced the Figure 3-1 on page 6 by a new XMEGA A1 detailed block diagram.
18.
Inserted Errata “ATxmega64A1 and ATxmega128A1 rev. G” on page 107.
37.15 8067A – 02/2008
1.
Initial revision.
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Table of Contents
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1. Ordering Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
2. Pinout/Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.1
Block Diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4. Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
4.1
Recommended reading. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5. Capacitive touch sensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
6. Disclaimer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
7. AVR CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Architectural Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Program Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Status Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Register File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
8. Memories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.10
8.11
8.12
8.13
8.14
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
In-System Programmable Flash Program Memory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuses and Lock bits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EEPROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I/O Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Memory and Bus Arbitration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Device ID and Revision. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I/O Memory Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
JTAG Disable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flash and EEPROM Page Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
12
13
14
14
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
16
16
9. DMAC - Direct Memory Access Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
9.1
9.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
10. Event System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
10.1
10.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
11. System Clock and Clock options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
11.1
11.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
1
11.3
Clock Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
12. Power Management and Sleep Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
12.1
12.2
12.3
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Sleep Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
13. System Control and Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reset Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reset Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WDT - Watchdog Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
26
26
26
28
28
14. Interrupts and Programmable Multilevel Interrupt Controller . . . . . . 29
14.1
14.2
14.3
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Interrupt vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
15. I/O Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
15.5
15.6
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Output Driver. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input sensing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Port Interrupt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alternate Port Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32
32
33
35
35
35
16. T/C - 16-bit Timer/Counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
16.1
16.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
17. AWeX - Advanced Waveform Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
17.1
17.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
18. Hi-Res - High Resolution Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
18.1
18.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
19. RTC - 16-bit Real-Time Counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
19.1
19.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
20. TWI - Two-Wire Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
20.1
20.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
21. SPI - Serial Peripheral Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
21.1
21.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
22. USART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
2
22.1
22.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
23. IRCOM - IR Communication Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
23.1
23.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
24. AES and DES Crypto Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
24.1
24.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
25. EBI – External Bus Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
25.1
25.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
26. ADC - 12-bit Analog to Digital Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
26.1
26.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
27. DAC - 12-bit Digital to Analog Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
27.1
27.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
28. AC - Analog Comparator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
28.1
28.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
29. Programming and Debugging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
29.1
29.2
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
30. Pinout and Pin Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
30.1
30.2
Alternate Pin Function Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Alternate Pin Functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
31. Peripheral Module Address Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
32. Instruction Set Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
33. Packaging information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
33.1
33.2
33.3
100A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
100C1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
100C2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
34. Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
34.1
34.2
34.3
34.4
34.5
34.6
34.7
34.8
34.9
Absolute Maximum Ratings*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flash and EEPROM Memory Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ADC Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DAC Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analog Comparator Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bandgap Characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brownout Detection Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
73
73
75
76
76
78
78
78
79
3
34.10
34.11
34.12
34.13
PAD Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POR Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reset Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oscillator Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
79
80
80
80
35. Typical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
35.1
35.2
35.3
35.4
35.5
35.6
35.7
35.8
35.9
35.10
35.11
Active Supply Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Idle Supply Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power-down Supply Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power-save Supply Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pin Pull-up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pin Thresholds and Hysteresis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bod Thresholds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bandgap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analog Comparator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oscillators and Wake-up Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PDI Speed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
82
83
84
84
85
86
89
90
90
92
95
36. Errata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
36.1
36.2
ATxmega64A1and ATxmega128A1 rev. H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
ATxmega64A1 and ATxmega128A1 rev. G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
37. Datasheet Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
37.1
37.2
37.3
37.4
37.5
37.6
37.7
37.8
37.9
37.10
37.11
37.12
37.13
37.14
37.15
8067O – 06/2013 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067N – 03/2013 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067M – 09/2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067L – 08/2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067K – 02/2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067J – 02/2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067I – 04/2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067H – 04/2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067G – 11/2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067F – 09/2008. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067E – 08/2008. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067D – 07/2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067C – 06/2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067B – 05/2008. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8067A – 02/2008. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
112
112
112
112
113
113
113
113
114
114
114
114
115
115
115
Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
4
[Not recommended for new designs - Use XMEGA A1U series] XMEGA A1 [DATASHEET]
8067O–AVR–06/2013
5
Atmel Corporation
1600 Technology Drive
Atmel Asia Limited
Unit 01-5 & 16, 19F
Atmel Munich GmbH
Business Campus
Atmel Japan G.K.
16F Shin-Osaki Kangyo Bldg
San Jose, CA 95110
BEA Tower, Millennium City 5
Parkring 4
1-6-4 Osaki, Shinagawa-ku
USA
418 Kwun Tong Roa
D-85748 Garching b. Munich
Tokyo 141-0032
Tel: (+1) (408) 441-0311
Kwun Tong, Kowloon
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