AT45DB161 - Mature

Features
• Single 2.7V - 3.6V Supply
• Serial Interface Architecture
• Page Program Operation
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
– Single Cycle Reprogram (Erase and Program)
– 4096 Pages (528 Bytes/Page) Main Memory
Optional Page and Block Erase Operations
Two 528-byte SRAM Data Buffers – Allows Receiving of Data
while Reprogramming of Nonvolatile Memory
Internal Program and Control Timer
Fast Page Program Time – 7 ms Typical
120 µs Typical Page to Buffer Transfer Time
Low Power Dissipation
– 4 mA Active Read Current Typical
– 3 µA CMOS Standby Current Typical
13 MHz Max Clock Frequency
Hardware Data Protection Feature
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Compatible – Modes 0 and 3
CMOS and TTL Compatible Inputs and Outputs
Commercial and Industrial Temperature Ranges
16-megabit
2.7-volt Only
Serial
DataFlash®
AT45DB161
Description
The AT45DB161 is a 2.7-volt only, serial interface Flash memory suitable for
in-system reprogramming. Its 17,301,504 bits of memory are organized as 4096
pages of 528 bytes each. In addition to the main memory, the AT45DB161 also contains two SRAM data buffers of 528 bytes each. The buffers allow receiving of data
Recommend using
AT45DB161B for new
designs.
(continued)
Pin Configurations
Pin Name
Function
CS
Chip Select
SCK
Serial Clock
SI
Serial Input
SO
Serial Output
WP
Hardware Page
Write Protect Pin
RESET
Chip Reset
RDY/BUSY
Ready/Busy
SOIC
GND
NC
NC
CS
SCK
SI
SO
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
PLCC
CS
NC
NC
GND
VCC
NC
NC
4
3
2
1
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
VCC
NC
NC
WP
RESET
RDY/BUSY
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
1
2
3
4
5
NC
NC
A
NC
NC
NC
SCK GND VCC
NC
NC
CS RDY/BSY WP
NC
NC
SO
SI RESET NC
NC
NC
NC
B
C
D
E
NC
NC
TSOP Top View
Type 1
WP
RESET
RDY/BUSY
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
DC
DC
NC
NC
NC
SCK
SI
SO
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
CBGA Top View
through Package
RDY/BUSY
RESET
WP
NC
NC
VCC
GND
NC
NC
NC
CS
SCK
SI
SO
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
Rev. 0807E–01/01
Note: PLCC package pins 16
and 17 are DON’T CONNECT
1
while a page in the main memory is being reprogrammed.
Unlike conventional Flash memories that are accessed randomly with multiple address lines and a parallel interface,
the DataFlash uses a serial interface to sequentially access
its data. The simple serial interface facilitates hardware layout, increases system reliability, minimizes switching noise,
and reduces package size and active pin count. The device
is optimized for use in many commercial and industrial
applications where high density, low pin count, low voltage,
and low power are essential. Typical applications for the
DataFlash are digital voice storage, image storage, and
data storage. The device operates at clock frequencies up
to 13 MHz with a typical active read current consumption of
4 mA.
To allow for simple in-system reprogrammability, the
AT45DB161 does not require high-input voltages for programming. The device operates from a single power
supply, 2.7V to 3.6V, for both the program and read operations. The AT45DB161 is enabled through the chip select
pin (CS) and accessed via a three-wire interface consisting
of the Serial Input (SI), Serial Output (SO), and the Serial
Clock (SCK).
All programming cycles are self-timed, and no separate
erase cycle is required before programming.
Block Diagram
FLASH MEMORY ARRAY
WP
PAGE (528 BYTES)
BUFFER 1 (528 BYTES)
SCK
CS
RESET
VCC
GND
RDY/BUSY
BUFFER 2 (528 BYTES)
I/O INTERFACE
SI
SO
Memory Array
To provide optimal flexibility, the memory array of the
AT45DB161 is divided into three levels of granularity comprising of sectors, blocks, and pages. The Memory
Architecture Diagram illustrates the breakdown of each
2
AT45DB161
level and details the number of pages per sector and block.
All program operations to the DataFlash occur on a page
by page basis; however, the optional erase operations can
be performed at the block or page level.
AT45DB161
Memory Architecture Diagram
SECTOR 1
SECTOR 2
SECTOR 3
32 Blocks
(256 Pages)
BLOCK 0
SECTOR 0
SECTOR 0
BLOCK ARCHITECTURE
SECTOR 4
BLOCK 1
BLOCK 30
PAGE ARCHITECTURE
PAGE 0
8 Pages
BLOCK 0
SECTOR ARCHITECTURE
PAGE 1
PAGE 6
BLOCK 31
PAGE 7
BLOCK 32
PAGE 8
BLOCK 33
PAGE 9
SECTOR 7
SECTOR 8
BLOCK 62
BLOCK 1
SECTOR 6
SECTOR 1
SECTOR 5
PAGE 14
BLOCK 63
PAGE 15
BLOCK 64
PAGE 16
SECTOR 10
BLOCK 65
PAGE 17
SECTOR 11
BLOCK 66
PAGE 18
BLOCK 509
PAGE 4093
BLOCK 510
PAGE 4094
SECTOR 9
SECTOR 12
SECTOR 13
SECTOR 14
SECTOR 15
Sector = 135,168 bytes
(128K + 4K)
BLOCK 511
Block = 4224 bytes
(4K + 128)
PAGE 4095
Page = 528 bytes
(512 + 16)
Device Operation
The device operation is controlled by instructions from the
host processor. The list of instructions and their associated
opcodes are contained in Table 1 and Table 2. A valid
instruction starts with the falling edge of CS followed by the
appropriate 8-bit opcode and the desired buffer or main
memory address location. While the CS pin is low, toggling
the SCK pin controls the loading of the opcode and the
desired buffer or main memory address location through
the SI (serial input) pin. All instructions, addresses, and
data are transferred with the most significant bit (MSB) first.
within the page. The 32 don’t care bits which follow the 24
address bits are sent to initialize the read operation. Following the 32 don’t care bits, additional pulses on SCK
result in serial data being output on the SO (serial output)
pin. The CS pin must remain low during the loading of the
opcode, the address bits, and the reading of data. When
the end of a page in main memory is reached during a main
memory page read, the device will continue reading at the
beginning of the same page. A low-to-high transition on the
CS pin will terminate the read operation and tri-state the
SO pin.
Read
BUFFER READ: Data can be read from either one of the
two buffers, using different opcodes to specify which buffer
to read from. An opcode of 54H is used to read data from
buffer 1, and an opcode of 56H is used to read data from
buffer 2. To perform a buffer read, the eight bits of the
opcode must be followed by 14 don’t care bits, 10 address
bits, and eight don’t care bits. Since the buffer size is 528
bytes, 10 address bits (BFA9-BFA0) are required to specify
the first byte of data to be read from the buffer. The CS pin
must remain low during the loading of the opcode, the
address bits, the don’t care bits, and the reading of data.
When the end of a buffer is reached, the device will
continue reading back at the beginning of the buffer. A lowto-high transition on the CS pin will terminate the read
operation and tri-state the SO pin.
By specifying the appropriate opcode, data can be read
from the main memory or from either one of the two data
buffers.
MAIN MEMORY PAGE READ: A main memory read allows
the user to read data directly from any one of the 4096
pages in the main memory, bypassing both of the data buffers and leaving the contents of the buffers unchanged. To
start a page read, the 8-bit opcode, 52H, is followed by 24
address bits and 32 don’t care bits. In the AT45DB161, the
first two address bits are reserved for larger density
devices (see Notes on page 10), the next 12 address bits
(PA11-PA0) specify the page address, and the next 10
address bits (BA9-BA0) specify the starting byte address
3
MAIN MEMORY PAGE TO BUFFER TRANSFER: A page
of data can be transferred from the main memory to either
buffer 1 or buffer 2. An 8-bit opcode, 53H for buffer 1 and
55H for buffer 2, is followed by the two reserved bits, 12
address bits (PA11-PA0) which specify the page in main
memory that is to be transferred, and 10 don’t care bits.
The CS pin must be low while toggling the SCK pin to load
the opcode, the address bits, and the don’t care bits from
the SI pin. The transfer of the page of data from the main
memory to the buffer will begin when the CS pin transitions
from a low to a high state. During the transfer of a page of
data (tXFR ), the status register can be read to determine
whether the transfer has been completed or not.
MAIN MEMORY PAGE TO BUFFER COMPARE: A page
of data in main memory can be compared to the data in
buffer 1 or buffer 2. An 8-bit opcode, 60H for buffer 1 and
61H for buffer 2, is followed by 24 address bits consisting of
the two reserved bits, 12 address bits (PA11-PA0) which
specify the page in the main memory that is to be compared to the buffer, and 10 don’t care bits. The loading of
the opcode and the address bits is the same as described
previously. The CS pin must be low while toggling the SCK
pin to load the opcode, the address bits, and the don’t care
bits from the SI pin. On the low-to-high transition of the CS
pin, the 528 bytes in the selected main memory page will
be compared with the 528 bytes in buffer 1 or buffer 2. During this time (tXFR), the status register will indicate that the
part is busy. On completion of the compare operation, bit 6
of the status register is updated with the result of the
compare.
Program
BUFFER WRITE: Data can be shifted in from the SI pin
into either buffer 1 or buffer 2. To load data into either
buffer, an 8-bit opcode, 84H for buffer 1 or 87H for buffer 2,
is followed by 14 don’t care bits and 10 address bits (BFA9BFA0). The 10 address bits specify the first byte in the
buffer to be written. The data is entered following the
address bits. If the end of the data buffer is reached, the
device will wrap around back to the beginning of the buffer.
Data will continue to be loaded into the buffer until a low-tohigh transition is detected on the CS pin.
BUFFER TO MAIN MEMORY PAGE PROGRAM WITH
BUILT-IN ERASE: Data written into either buffer 1 or buffer
2 can be programmed into the main memory. An 8-bit
opcode, 83H for buffer 1 or 86H for buffer 2, is followed by
the two reserved bits, 12 address bits (PA11-PA0) that
specify the page in the main memory to be written, and 10
additional don’t care bits. When a low-to-high transition
4
AT45DB161
occurs on the CS pin, the part will first erase the selected
page in main memory to all 1s and then program the data
stored in the buffer into the specified page in the main
memory. Both the erase and the programming of the page
are internally self-timed and should take place in a maximum time of tEP. During this time, the status register will
indicate that the part is busy.
BUFFER TO MAIN MEMORY PAGE PROGRAM WITHOUT BUILT-IN ERASE: A previously erased page within
main memory can be programmed with the contents of
either buffer 1 or buffer 2. An 8-bit opcode, 88H for buffer 1
or 89H for buffer 2, is followed by the two reserved bits, 12
address bits (PA11-PA0) that specify the page in the main
memory to be written, and 10 additional don’t care bits.
When a low-to-high transition occurs on the CS pin, the
part will program the data stored in the buffer into the specified page in the main memory. It is necessary that the
page in main memory that is being programmed has been
previously erased. The programming of the page is internally self-timed and should take place in a maximum time
of tP. During this time, the status register will indicate that
the part is busy.
PAGE ERASE: The optional Page Erase command can be
used to individually erase any page in the main memory
array allowing the Buffer to Main Memory Page Program
without Built-in Erase command to be utilized at a later
time. To perform a Page Erase, an opcode of 81H must be
loaded into the device, followed by two reserved bits, 12
address bits (PA11-PA0), and 10 don’t care bits. The 12
address bits are used to specify which page of the memory
array is to be erased. When a low-to-high transition occurs
on the CS pin, the part will erase the selected page to 1s.
The erase operation is internally self-timed and should take
place in a maximum time of tPE. During this time, the status
register will indicate that the part is busy.
BLOCK ERASE: A block of eight pages can be erased at
one time allowing the Buffer to Main Memory Page Program without Built-in Erase command to be utilized to
reduce programming times when writing large amounts of
data to the device. To perform a Block Erase, an opcode of
50H must be loaded into the device, followed by two
reserved bits, nine address bits (PA11-PA3), and 13 don’t
care bits. The nine address bits are used to specify which
block of eight pages is to be erased. When a low-to-high
transition occurs on the CS pin, the part will erase the
selected block of eight pages to 1s. The erase operation is
internally self-timed and should take place in a maximum
time of tBE. During this time, the status register will indicate
that the part is busy.
AT45DB161
Block Erase Addressing
PA11
PA10
PA9
PA8
PA7
PA6
PA5
PA4
PA3
PA2
PA1
PA0
Block
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
X
X
X
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
X
X
X
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
X
X
X
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
X
X
X
3
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
X
X
X
508
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
X
X
X
509
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
X
X
X
510
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
X
X
X
511
MAIN MEMORY PAGE PROGRAM: This operation is a
combination of the Buffer Write and Buffer to Main Memory
Page Program with Built-in Erase operations. Data is first
shifted into buffer 1 or buffer 2 from the SI pin and then programmed into a specified page in the main memory. An
8-bit opcode, 82H for buffer 1 or 85H for buffer 2, is followed by the two reserved bits and 22 address bits. The 12
most significant address bits (PA11-PA0) select the page in
the main memory where data is to be written, and the next
10 address bits (BFA9-BFA0) select the first byte in the
buffer to be written. After all address bits are shifted in, the
part will take data from the SI pin and store it in one of the
data buffers. If the end of the buffer is reached, the device
will wrap around back to the beginning of the buffer. When
there is a low-to-high transition on the CS pin, the part will
first erase the selected page in main memory to all 1s and
then program the data stored in the buffer into the specified
page in the main memory. Both the erase and the programming of the page are internally self-timed and should take
place in a maximum of time tEP. During this time, the status
register will indicate that the part is busy.
AUTO PAGE REWRITE: This mode is only needed if multiple bytes within a page or multiple pages of data are
modified in a random fashion. This mode is a combination
of two operations: Main Memory Page to Buffer Transfer
and Buffer to Main Memory Page Program with Built-in
Erase. A page of data is first transferred from the main
memory to buffer 1 or buffer 2, and then the same data
(from buffer 1 or buffer 2) is programmed back into its original page of main memory. An 8-bit opcode, 58H for buffer 1
or 59H for buffer 2, is followed by the two reserved bits, 12
address bits (PA11-PA0) that specify the page in main
memory to be rewritten, and 10 additional don’t care bits.
When a low-to-high transition occurs on the CS pin, the
part will first transfer data from the page in main memory to
a buffer and then program the data from the buffer back
into same page of main memory. The operation is internally
self-timed and should take place in a maximum time of tEP.
During this time, the status register will indicate that the
part is busy.
If a sector is programmed or reprogrammed sequentially
page by page, then the programming algorithm shown in
Figure 1 on page 17 is recommended. Otherwise, if multiple bytes in a page or several pages are programmed
randomly in a sector, then the programming algorithm
shown in Figure 2 on page 18 is recommended.
STATUS REGISTER: The status register can be used to
determine the device’s ready/busy status, the result of a
Main Memory Page to Buffer Compare operation, or the
device density. To read the status register, an opcode of
57H must be loaded into the device. After the last bit of the
opcode is shifted in, the eight bits of the status register,
starting with the MSB (bit 7), will be shifted out on the SO
pin during the next eight clock cycles. The five most significant bits of the status register will contain device
information, while the remaining three least significant bits
are reserved for future use and will have undefined values.
After bit 0 of the status register has been shifted out, the
sequence will repeat itself (as long as CS remains low and
SCK is being toggled) starting again with bit 7. The data in
the status register is constantly updated, so each repeating
sequence will output new data.
Ready/Busy status is indicated using bit 7 of the status register. If bit 7 is a 1, then the device is not busy and is ready
to accept the next command. If bit 7 is a 0, then the device
is in a busy state. The user can continuously poll bit 7 of the
status register by stopping SCK once bit 7 has been output.
The status of bit 7 will continue to be output on the SO pin,
and once the device is no longer busy, the state of SO will
change from 0 to 1. There are eight operations which can
5
cause the device to be in a busy state: Main Memory Page
to Buffer Transfer, Main Memory Page to Buffer Compare,
Buffer to Main Memory Page Program with Built-in Erase,
Buffer to Main Memory Page Program without Built-in
Erase, Page Erase, Block Erase, Main Memory Page Program, and Auto Page Rewrite.
This gives the serial DataFlash the ability to virtually
accommodate a continuous data stream. While data is
being programmed into main memory from buffer 1, data
can be loaded into buffer 2 (or vice versa). See application
note AN-4 (“Using Atmel’s Serial DataFlash”) for more
details.
The result of the most recent Main Memory Page to Buffer
Compare operation is indicated using bit 6 of the status
register. If bit 6 is a 0, then the data in the main memory
page matches the data in the buffer. If bit 6 is a 1, then at
least one bit of the data in the main memory page does not
match the data in the buffer.
HARDWARE PAGE WRITE PROTECT: If the WP pin is
held low, the first 256 pages of the main memory cannot be
reprogrammed. The only way to reprogram the first 256
pages is to first drive the protect pin high and then use the
program commands previously mentioned. The WP pin is
internally pulled high; therefore, connection of the WP pin is
not necessary if this pin and feature will not be utilized.
However, it is recommended that the WP pin be driven high
externally whenever possible.
The device density is indicated using bits 5, 4, and 3 of the
status register. For the AT45DB161, the three bits are 1, 0,
and 1. The decimal value of these three binary bits does
not equate to the device density; the three bits represent a
combinational code relating to differing densities of Serial
DataFlash devices, allowing a total of eight different density
configurations.
Read/Program Mode Summary
The modes listed above can be separated into two groups
— modes which make use of the Flash memory array
(Group A) and modes which do not make use of the flash
memory array (Group B).
Group A modes consist of:
1. Main Memory Page Read
2. Main Memory Page to Buffer 1 (or 2) Transfer
RESET: A low state on the reset pin (RESET) will terminate
the operation in progress and reset the internal state
machine to an idle state. The device will remain in the reset
condition as long as a low level is present on the RESET
pin. Normal operation can resume once the RESET pin is
brought back to a high level.
The device incorporates an internal power-on reset circuit,
so there are no restrictions on the RESET pin during
power-on sequences. The RESET pin is also internally
pulled high; therefore, connection of the RESET pin is not
necessary if this pin and feature will not be utilized. However, it is recommended that the RESET pin be driven high
externally whenever possible.
READY/BUSY: This open drain output pin will be driven
low when the device is busy in an internally self-timed operation. This pin, which is normally in a high state (through an
external pull-up resistor), will be pulled low during programming operations, compare operations, and during page-tobuffer transfers.
3. Main Memory Page to Buffer 1 (or 2) Compare
4. Buffer 1 (or 2) to Main Memory Page Program with
Built-in Erase
5. Buffer 1 (or 2) to Main Memory Page Program
without Built-in Erase
The busy status indicates that the Flash memory array and
one of the buffers cannot be accessed; read and write
operations to the other buffer can still be performed.
6. Page Erase
7. Block Erase
8. Main Memory Page Program
9. Auto Page Rewrite
Power-on/Reset State
Group B modes consist of:
1. Buffer 1 (or 2) Read
2. Buffer 1 (or 2) Write
3. Status Register Read
If a Group A mode is in progress (not fully completed) then
another mode in Group A should not be started. However,
during this time in which a Group A mode is in progress,
modes in Group B can be started.
When power is first applied to the device, or when recovering from a reset condition, the device will default to SPI
Mode 3. In addition, the SO pin will be in a high-impedance
state, and a high-to-low transition on the CS pin will be
required to start a valid instruction. The SPI mode will be
automatically selected on every falling edge of CS by sampling the inactive clock state.
Status Register Format
6
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
RDY/BUSY
COMP
1
0
1
X
X
X
AT45DB161
AT45DB161
Absolute Maximum Ratings*
Temperature under Bias ................................ -55°C to +125°C
Storage Temperature ..................................... -65°C to +150°C
All Input Voltages
(including NC Pins)
with Respect to Ground ...................................-0.6V to +6.25V
All Output Voltages
with Respect to Ground .............................-0.6V to VCC + 0.6V
*NOTICE:
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute
Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and
functional operation of the device at these or any
other conditions beyond those indicated in the
operational sections of this specification is not
implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating
conditions for extended periods may affect device
reliability.
DC and AC Operating Range
AT45DB161
Operating Temperature
(Case)
Com.
Ind.
0°C to 70°C
-40°C to 85°C
(1)
VCC Power Supply
2.7V to 3.6V
Note:
1. After power is applied and VCC is at the minimum specified datasheet value, the system should wait 20 ms before an operational mode is started.
7
DC Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
ISB
Standby Current
ICC1
Min
Typ
Max
Units
CS, RESET, WP = VIH, all inputs at
CMOS levels
3
10
µA
Active Current, Read Operation
f = 13 MHz; IOUT = 0 mA; VCC = 3.6V
4
10
mA
ICC2
Active Current, Program/Erase
Operation
VCC = 3.6V
15
35
mA
ILI
Input Load Current
VIN = CMOS levels
1
µA
ILO
Output Leakage Current
VI/O = CMOS levels
1
µA
VIL
Input Low Voltage
0.6
V
VIH
Input High Voltage
VOL
Output Low Voltage
IOL = 1.6 mA; VCC = 2.7V
VOH
Output High Voltage
IOH = -100 µA
2.0
V
0.4
VCC - 0.2V
V
V
AC Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Min
fSCK
SCK Frequency
tWH
SCK High Time
35
ns
tWL
SCK Low Time
35
ns
tCS
Minimum CS High Time
250
ns
tCSS
CS Setup Time
250
ns
tCSH
CS Hold Time
250
ns
tCSB
CS High to RDY/BUSY Low
tSU
Data In Setup Time
10
ns
tH
Data In Hold Time
20
ns
tHO
Output Hold Time
0
ns
tDIS
Output Disable Time
25
ns
tV
Output Valid
30
ns
tXFR
Page to Buffer Transfer/Compare Time
250
350
µs
tEP
Page Erase and Programming Time
10
20
ms
tP
Page Programming Time
7
15
ms
tPE
Page Erase Time
6
10
ms
tBE
Block Erase Time
7
15
ms
tRST
RESET Pulse Width
tREC
RESET Recovery Time
AC
DRIVING
LEVELS
0.45V
Units
13
MHz
10
2.0
0.8
AC
MEASUREMENT
LEVEL
AT45DB161
ns
µs
1
tR, tF < 5 ns (10% to 90%)
8
Max
200
Input Test Waveforms and Measurement Levels
2.4V
Typ
µs
Output Test Load
DEVICE
UNDER
TEST
30 pF
AT45DB161
AC Waveforms
Two different timing diagrams are shown below. Waveform
1 shows the SCK signal being low when CS makes a highto-low transition, and Waveform 2 shows the SCK signal
being high when CS makes a high-to-low transition. Both
waveforms show valid timing diagrams. The setup and hold
times for the SI signal are referenced to the low-to-high
transition on the SCK signal.
Waveform 1 shows timing that is also compatible with SPI
Mode 0, and Waveform 2 shows timing that is compatible
with SPI Mode 3
Waveform 1 – Inactive Clock Polarity Low
tCS
CS
tWH
tCSS
tWL
tCSH
SCK
tHO
tV
SO
HIGH IMPEDANCE
VALID OUT
tSU
tDIS
HIGH IMPEDANCE
tH
VALID IN
SI
Waveform 2 – Inactive Clock Polarity High
tCS
CS
tCSS
tWL
tWH
tCSH
SCK
tV
SO
HIGH Z
tHO
VALID OUT
tSU
SI
tDIS
HIGH IMPEDANCE
tH
VALID IN
9
Reset Timing (Inactive Clock Polarity Low Shown)
CS
tREC
tCSS
SCK
tRST
RESET
HIGH IMPEDANCE
HIGH IMPEDANCE
SO
SI
Command Sequence for Read/Write Operations (except Status Register Read)
SI
MSB
r r X X XXXX
Reserved for
larger densities
Notes:
CMD
8 bits
8 bits
XXXX XXXX
Page Address
(PA11-PA0)
8 bits
XXXX XXXX
LSB
Byte/Buffer Address
(BA9-BA0/BFA9-BFA0)
1. “r” designates bits reserved for larger densities.
2. It is recommended that “r” be a logical “0” for densities of 16M bits or smaller.
3. For densities larger than 16M bits, the “r” bits become the most significant Page Address bit for the appropriate density.
10
AT45DB161
AT45DB161
Write Operations
The following block diagram and waveforms illustrate the various write sequences available.
FLASH MEMORY ARRAY
PAGE (528 BYTES)
BUFFER 1 TO
MAIN MEMORY
PAGE PROGRAM
MAIN MEMORY
PAGE PROGRAM
THROUGH BUFFER 2
BUFFER 1 (528 BYTES)
BUFFER 2 TO
MAIN MEMORY
PAGE PROGRAM
BUFFER 2 (528 BYTES)
MAIN MEMORY PAGE
PROGRAM THROUGH
BUFFER 1
BUFFER 1
WRITE
BUFFER 2
WRITE
I/O INTERFACE
SI
Main Memory Page Program through Buffers
· Completes writing into selected buffer
· Starts self-timed erase/program operation
CS
SI
r r , PA11-6
CMD
PA5-0, BFA9-8
BFA7-0
n
n+1
Last Byte
Buffer Write
· Completes writing into selected buffer
CS
SI
CMD
X
X···X, BFA9-8
BFA7-0
n
Last Byte
n+1
Buffer to Main Memory Page Program
(Data from Buffer Programmed into Flash Page)
Starts self-timed erase/program operation
CS
SI
Each transition represents
8 bits and 8 clock cycles
CMD
r r , PA11-6
PA5-0, XX
X
n = 1st byte written
n+1 = 2nd byte written
11
Read Operations
The following block diagram and waveforms illustrate the various read sequences available.
FLASH MEMORY ARRAY
PAGE (528 BYTES)
MAIN MEMORY
PAGE TO
BUFFER 2
MAIN MEMORY
PAGE TO
BUFFER 1
BUFFER 1 (528 BYTES)
BUFFER 2 (528 BYTES)
BUFFER 1
READ
MAIN MEMORY
PAGE READ
BUFFER 2
READ
I/O INTERFACE
SO
Main Memory Page Read
CS
SI
CMD
r r , PA11-6
BA7-0
PA5-0, BA9-8
X
X
X
X
SO
n
n+1
Main Memory Page to Buffer Transfer (Data from Flash Page Read into Buffer)
Starts reading page data into buffer
CS
SI
CMD
r r , PA11-6
PA5-0, XX
X
SO
Buffer Read
CS
SI
CMD
SO
X···X, BFA9-8
BFA7-0
X
n
Each transition represents
8 bits and 8 clock cycles
12
X
AT45DB161
n+1
n = 1st byte read
n+1 = 2nd byte read
AT45DB161
Detailed Bit-level Read Timing – Inactive Clock Polarity Low
Main Memory Page Read
CS
SCK
1
2
3
4
5
60
61
62
63
64
0
X
X
X
X
X
65
66
67
tSU
COMMAND OPCODE
SI
1
0
1
0
tV
DATA OUT
HIGH-IMPEDANCE
SO
D7
MSB
D6
42
43
D5
Buffer Read
CS
SCK
1
2
3
4
5
36
37
38
39
40
0
X
X
X
X
X
41
tSU
COMMAND OPCODE
SI
1
0
1
0
tV
HIGH-IMPEDANCE
SO
DATA OUT
D7
MSB
D6
D5
Status Register Read
CS
SCK
1
2
0
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
1
9
10
11
12
16
17
tSU
COMMAND OPCODE
SI
0
1
0
1
tV
SO
HIGH-IMPEDANCE
STATUS REGISTER OUTPUT
D7
MSB
D6
D5
D1
D0
LSB
D7
MSB
13
Detailed Bit-level Read Timing – Inactive Clock Polarity High
Main Memory Page Read
CS
SCK
1
2
3
4
5
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
tSU
COMMAND OPCODE
SI
1
0
1
0
0
X
X
X
X
X
tV
DATA OUT
HIGH-IMPEDANCE
SO
D7
MSB
D6
D5
D4
Buffer Read
CS
SCK
1
2
3
4
5
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
tSU
COMMAND OPCODE
SI
1
0
1
0
0
X
X
X
X
X
tV
DATA OUT
HIGH-IMPEDANCE
SO
D7
MSB
D6
D5
D4
Status Register Read
CS
SCK
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
17
18
tSU
COMMAND OPCODE
SI
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
tV
SO
14
HIGH-IMPEDANCE
AT45DB161
STATUS REGISTER OUTPUT
D7
MSB
D6
D5
D4
D0
LSB
D7
MSB
D6
AT45DB161
Table 1.
Main Memory
Page Read
Buffer 1
Read
Buffer 2
Read
Main Memory
Page to Buffer 1
Transfer
Main Memory
Page to Buffer 2
Transfer
Opcode
Main Memory
Page to Buffer 1
Compare
Main Memory
Page to Buffer 2
Compare
Buffer 1
Write
Buffer 2
Write
52H
54H
56H
53H
55H
60H
61H
84H
87H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
r
X
X
r
r
r
r
X
X
r
X
X
r
r
r
r
X
X
PA11
X
X
PA11
PA11
PA11
PA11
X
X
PA10
X
X
PA10
PA10
PA10
PA10
X
X
PA9
X
X
PA9
PA9
PA9
PA9
X
X
PA8
X
X
PA8
PA8
PA8
PA8
X
X
PA7
X
X
PA7
PA7
PA7
PA7
X
X
PA6
X
X
PA6
PA6
PA6
PA6
X
X
PA5
X
X
PA5
PA5
PA5
PA5
X
X
PA4
X
X
PA4
PA4
PA4
PA4
X
X
PA3
X
X
PA3
PA3
PA3
PA3
X
X
PA2
X
X
PA2
PA2
PA2
PA2
X
X
PA1
X
X
PA1
PA1
PA1
PA1
X
X
PA0
X
X
PA0
PA0
PA0
PA0
X
X
BA9
BFA9
BFA9
X
X
X
X
BFA9
BFA9
BA8
BFA8
BFA8
X
X
X
X
BFA8
BFA8
BA7
BFA7
BFA7
X
X
X
X
BFA7
BFA7
BA6
BFA6
BFA6
X
X
X
X
BFA6
BFA6
BA5
BFA5
BFA5
X
X
X
X
BFA5
BFA5
BA4
BFA4
BFA4
X
X
X
X
BFA4
BFA4
BA3
BFA3
BFA3
X
X
X
X
BFA3
BFA3
BA2
BFA2
BFA2
X
X
X
X
BFA2
BFA2
BA1
BFA1
BFA1
X
X
X
X
BFA1
BFA1
BA0
BFA0
BFA0
X
X
X
X
BFA0
BFA0
X
X
X
X (Don’t Care)
X
X
X
r (reserved bits)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
•
•
•
X (64th bit)
15
Table 2.
Buffer 1 to
Main
Memory
Page
Program
with
Built-in
Erase
Buffer 2 to
Main
Memory
Page
Program
with
Built-in
Erase
Buffer 1 to
Main
Memory
Page
Program
without
Built-in
Erase
Buffer 2 to Main
Memory Page
Program without
Built-in Erase
Page
Erase
Block
Erase
Main
Memory
Page
Program
through
Buffer 1
Main
Memory
Page
Program
through
Buffer 2
Auto
Page
Rewrite
through
Buffer 1
Auto
Page
Rewrite
through
Buffer 2
Status
Register
Opcode
83H
86H
88H
89H
81H
50H
82H
85H
58H
59H
57H
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
PA11
PA11
PA11
PA11
PA11
PA11
PA11
PA11
PA11
PA11
PA10
PA10
PA10
PA10
PA10
PA10
PA10
PA10
PA10
PA10
PA9
PA9
PA9
PA9
PA9
PA9
PA9
PA9
PA9
PA9
PA8
PA8
PA8
PA8
PA8
PA8
PA8
PA8
PA8
PA8
PA7
PA7
PA7
PA7
PA7
PA7
PA7
PA7
PA7
PA7
PA6
PA6
PA6
PA6
PA6
PA6
PA6
PA6
PA6
PA6
PA5
PA5
PA5
PA5
PA5
PA5
PA5
PA5
PA5
PA5
PA4
PA4
PA4
PA4
PA4
PA4
PA4
PA4
PA4
PA4
PA3
PA3
PA3
PA3
PA3
PA3
PA3
PA3
PA3
PA3
PA2
PA2
PA2
PA2
PA2
X
PA2
PA2
PA2
PA2
PA1
PA1
PA1
PA1
PA1
X
PA1
PA1
PA1
PA1
PA0
PA0
PA0
PA0
PA0
X
PA0
PA0
PA0
PA0
X
X
X
X
X
X
BFA9
BFA9
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
BFA8
BFA8
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
BFA7
BFA7
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
BFA6
BFA6
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
BFA5
BFA5
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
BFA4
BFA4
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
BFA3
BFA3
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
BFA2
BFA2
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
BFA1
BFA1
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
BFA0
BFA0
X
X
X (Don’t Care)
r (reserved bits)
16
AT45DB161
AT45DB161
Figure 1. Algorithm for Sequentially Programming or Reprogramming an Entire Sector
START
provide address
and data
BUFFER WRITE
(84H, 87H)
MAIN MEMORY PAGE PROGRAM
(82H, 85H)
BUFFER to MAIN
MEMORY PAGE PROGRAM
(83H, 86H)
END
Notes:
1. This type of algorithm is used for applications in which an entire sector is programmed sequentially, filling the sector pageby-page.
2. A page can be written using either a Main Memory Page Program operation or a Buffer Write operation followed by a Buffer
to Main Memory Page Program operation.
3. The algorithm above shows the programming of a single page. The algorithm will be repeated sequentially for each page
within the entire sector.
17
Figure 2. Algorithm for Randomly Modifying Data
START
provide address of
page to modify
MAIN MEMORY PAGE
to BUFFER TRANSFER
(53H, 55H)
If planning to modify multiple
bytes currently stored within
a page of the Flash array
BUFFER WRITE
(84H, 87H)
MAIN MEMORY PAGE PROGRAM
(82H, 85H)
BUFFER to MAIN
MEMORY PAGE PROGRAM
(83H, 86H)
(2)
Auto Page Rewrite
(58H, 59H)
INCREMENT PAGE
(2)
ADDRESS POINTER
END
Notes:
1. To preserve data integrity, each page of a DataFlash sector (256 pages per sector) must be updated/rewritten at least once
within every 10,000 cumulative page erase/program operations within that sector.
2. A Page Address Pointer must be maintained to indicate which page is to be rewritten. The Auto Page Rewrite command
must use the address specified by the Page Address Pointer.
3. Other algorithms can be used to rewrite portions of the Flash array. Low power applications may choose to wait until 10,000
cumulative page erase/program operations have accumulated before rewriting all 256 pages of the sector. See application
note AN-4 (“Using Atmel’s Serial DataFlash”) for more details.
Sector Addressing
18
PA11
PA10
PA9
PA8
Sector
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
2
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1
1
0
1
13
1
1
1
0
14
1
1
1
1
15
AT45DB161
AT45DB161
Ordering Information
ICC (mA)
fSCK
(MHz)
Active
Standby
Ordering Code
Package
13
10
0.01
AT45DB161-JC
AT45DB161-RC
AT45DB161-TC
AT45DB161-CC
32J
28R
28T
24C2
Commercial
(0°C to 70°C)
13
10
0.01
AT45DB161-JI
AT45DB161-RI
AT45DB161-TI
AT45DB161-CI
32J
28R
28T
24C2
Industrial
(-40°C to 85°C)
Operation Range
Package Type
32J
32-lead, Plastic J-leaded Chip Carrier (PLCC)
28R
28-lead, 0.330" Wide, Plastic Gull Wing Small Outline (SOIC)
28T
28-lead, Plastic Thin Small Outline Package (TSOP)
24C2
24-ball, 5 x 5 Array Plastic Chip-Scale Ball Grid Array (CBGA)
19
Packaging Information
24C2, 24-ball (5 x 5 Array), 1.0 mm Pitch, 7 x 9.5 mm
Plastic Chip-scale Ball Grid Array (CBGA)
Dimensions in Millimeters and (Inches)*
7.2 (0.283)
6.8 (0.268)
32J, 32-lead, Plastic J-leaded Chip Carrier (PLCC)
Dimensions in Inches and (Millimeters)
JEDEC STANDARD MS-016 AE
.045(1.14) X 45˚
9.7 (0.381)
9.3 (0.366)
.553(14.0)
.547(13.9)
.595(15.1)
.585(14.9)
.032(.813)
.026(.660)
0.30 (0.012)
.050(1.27) TYP
.300(7.62) REF
.430(10.9)
.390(9.90)
AT CONTACT
POINTS
1.40 (0.055) MAX
1.62 (0.064)
1.36 (0.054)
4.0 (0.157)
5
4
3
2
1
.025(.635) X 30˚ - 45˚
.012(.305)
.008(.203)
PIN NO. 1
IDENTIFY
2.87 (0.113)
2.61 (0.103)
.530(13.5)
.490(12.4)
.021(.533)
.013(.330)
.030(.762)
.015(.381)
.095(2.41)
.060(1.52)
.140(3.56)
.120(3.05)
A
B
C
.022(.559) X 45˚ MAX (3X)
4.0 (0.157)
D
E
.453(11.5)
.447(11.4)
.495(12.6)
.485(12.3)
0.46 (0.018)
DIA BALL TYP
1.00 (0,039) BSC
NON-ACCUMULATIVE
*Controlling dimension: millimeters
28R, 28-lead, 0.330" Wide, Plastic Gull Wing Small
Outline (SOIC)
Dimensions in Inches and (Millimeters)
28T, 28-lead, Plastic Thin Small Outline Package
(TSOP)
Dimensions in Millimeters and (Inches)*
INDEX
MARK
AREA
11.9 (0.469)
11.7 (0.461)
13.7 (0.539)
13.1 (0.516)
0.27 (0.011)
0.18 (0.007)
0.55 (0.022)
BSC
7.15 (0.281)
REF
8.10 (0.319)
7.90 (0.311)
1.25 (0.049)
1.05 (0.041)
0.20 (0.008)
0.10 (0.004)
0
REF
5
0.20 (0.008)
0.15 (0.006)
0.70 (0.028)
0.30 (0.012)
*Controlling dimension: millimeters
20
AT45DB161
Atmel Headquarters
Atmel Operations
Corporate Headquarters
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© Atmel Corporation 2001.
Atmel Corporation makes no warranty for the use of its products, other than those expressly contained in the Company’s standard warranty which is detailed in Atmel’s Terms and Conditions located on the Company’s web site. The Company assumes no responsibility for
any errors which may appear in this document, reserves the right to change devices or specifications detailed herein at any time without
notice, and does not make any commitment to update the information contained herein. No licenses to patents or other intellectual property of Atmel are granted by the Company in connection with the sale of Atmel products, expressly or by implication. Atmel’s products are
not authorized for use as critical components in life suppor t devices or systems.
Marks bearing
®
and/or
™
are registered trademarks and trademarks of Atmel Corporation.
Terms and product names in this document may be trademarks of others.
Printed on recycled paper.
0807E–01/01//xM
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