ATmega16/32/64M1 - Summary

8-bit Atmel megaAVR Microcontroller
ATmega16M1 / ATmega32M1 / ATmega64M1
Summary
Features
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High performance, low power Atmel® AVR® 8-bit microcontroller
Advanced RISC architecture
– 131 powerful instructions - most single clock cycle execution
– 32 × 8 general purpose working registers
– Fully static operation
– Up to 1 MIPS throughput per MHz
– On-chip 2-cycle multiplier
Data and non-volatile program memory
– 16/32/64KBytes flash of in-system programmable program memory
– 512B/1K/2KBytes of in-system programmable EEPROM
– 1/2/4KBytes internal SRAM
– Write/erase cycles: 10,000 flash/ 100,000 EEPROM
– Data retention: 20 years at 85°C/ 100 years at 25°C (1)
– Optional boot code section with independent lock bits
In-system programming by on-chip boot program
True read-while-write operation
– Programming lock for flash program and EEPROM data security
On-chip debug interface (debugWIRE)
CAN 2.0A/B with six message objects - ISO 16845 certified
LIN 2.1 and 1.3 controller or 8-bit UART
One 12-bit high speed PSC (power stage controller)
– Non overlapping inverted PWM output pins with flexible dead-time
– Variable PWM duty cycle and frequency
– Synchronous update of all PWM registers
– Auto stop function for emergency event
Peripheral features
– One 8-bit general purpose timer/counter with separate prescaler, compare mode and capture mode
– One 16-bit general purpose timer/counter with separate prescaler, compare mode and capture mode
– One master/slave SPI serial interface
– 10-bit ADC
Up to 11 single ended channels and three fully differential ADC channel pairs
Programmable gain (5×, 10×, 20×, 40×) on differential channels
Internal reference voltage
Direct power supply voltage measurement
– 10-bit DAC for variable voltage reference (comparators, ADC)
– Four analog comparators with variable threshold detection
– 100µA ±2% current source (LIN node identification)
– Interrupt and wake-up on pin change
– Programmable watchdog timer with separate on-chip oscillator
– On-chip temperature sensor
Special microcontroller features
– Low power idle, noise reduction, and power down modes
– Power on reset and programmable brown-out detection
– In-system programmable via SPI port
– High precision crystal oscillator for CAN operations (16MHz)
– Internal calibrated RC oscillator (8MHz)
– On-chip PLL for fast PWM (32MHz, 64MHz) and CPU (16MHz)
Operating voltage: 2.7V - 5.5V
Extended operating temperature:
– -40°C to +85°C
Core speed grade:
– 0 - 8MHz @ 2.7 - 4.5V
– 0 - 16MHz @ 4.5 - 5.5V
8209ES–AVR–11/2012
1. Pin configurations
PB7 (ADC4/PSCOUT0B/SCK/PCINT7)
PB6 (ADC7/PSCOUT1B/PCINT6)
PB5 (ADC6/INT2/ACMPN1/AMP2-/PCINT5)
PC7 (D2A/AMP2+/PCINT15)
PD0 (PCINT16/PSCOUT0A)
PC0(PCINT8/INT3/PSCOUT1A)
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
PE0 (PCINT24/RESET/OCD)
Atmel ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 TQFP32/QFN32 (7mm × 7mm) package.
PD1(PCINT17/PSCIN0/CLKO)
Figure 1-1.
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
PB4 (AMP0+/PCINT4)
PB3 (AMP0-/PCINT3)
PC6 (ADC10/ACMP1/PCINT14)
AREF(ISRC)
AGND
AVCC
PC5 (ADC9/ACMP3/AMP1+/PCINT13)
PC4 (ADC8/ACMPN3/AMP1-/PCINT12)
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
(PCINT1/MOSI/PSCOUT2B) PB1
(PCINT25/OC0B/XTAL1) PE1
(PCINT26/ADC0/XTAL2) PE2
(PCINT20/ADC1/RXD/RXLIN/ICP1A/SCK_A) PD4
(ADC2/ACMP2/PCINT21) PD5
(ADC3/ACMPN2/INT0/PCINT22) PD6
(ACMP0/PCINT23) PD7
(ADC5/INT1/ACMPN0/PCINT2) PB2
(PCINT18/PSCIN2/OC1A/MISO_A) PD2
(PCINT19/TXD/TXLIN/OC0A/SS/MOSI_A) PD3
(PCINT9/PSCIN1/OC1B/SS_A) PC1
VCC
GND
(PCINT10/T0/TXCAN) PC2
(PCINT11/T1/RXCAN/ICP1B) PC3
(PCINT0/MISO/PSCOUT2A) PB0
ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 [DATASHEET]
8209ES–AVR–11/2012
2
1.1
Pin descriptions
Table 1-1.
Pinout description.
QFN32 pin
number
Mnemonic
Type
5
GND
Power
Ground: 0V reference
20
AGND
Power
Analog ground: 0V reference for analog part
4
VCC
Power
Power supply
19
AVCC
Power
Analog power supply: This is the power supply voltage for analog
part
Name, function, and alternate function
For a normal use this pin must be connected
21
AREF
Power
Analog reference: reference for analog converter . This is the
reference voltage of the A/D converter. As output, can be used by
external analog
ISRC (Current Source Output)
MISO (SPI Master In Slave Out)
8
PB0
I/O
PSCOUT2A (1) (PSC Module 2 Output A)
PCINT0 (Pin Change Interrupt 0)
MOSI (SPI Master Out Slave In)
9
PB1
I/O
PSCOUT2B (1) (PSC Module 2 Output B)
PCINT1 (Pin Change Interrupt 1)
ADC5 (Analog Input Channel 5)
16
PB2
I/O
INT1 (External Interrupt 1 Input)
ACMPN0 (Analog Comparator 0 Negative Input)
PCINT2 (Pin Change Interrupt 2)
23
PB3
I/O
24
PB4
I/O
AMP0- (Analog Differential Amplifier 0 Negative Input)
PCINT3 (Pin Change Interrupt 3)
AMP0+ (Analog Differential Amplifier 0 Positive Input)
PCINT4 (Pin Change Interrupt 4)
ADC6 (Analog Input Channel 6)
INT2 (External Interrupt 2 Input)
26
PB5
I/O
ACMPN1 (Analog Comparator 1 Negative Input)
AMP2- (Analog Differential Amplifier 2 Negative Input)
PCINT5 (Pin Change Interrupt 5)
ADC7 (Analog Input Channel 7)
27
PB6
I/O
PSCOUT1B (1) (PSC Module 1 Output A)
PCINT6 (Pin Change Interrupt 6)
ADC4 (Analog Input Channel 4)
28
PB7
I/O
PSCOUT0B (1) (PSC Module 0 Output B)
SCK (SPI Clock)
PCINT7 (Pin Change Interrupt 7)
PSCOUT1A (1) (PSC Module 1 Output A)
30
PC0
I/O
INT3 (External Interrupt 3 Input)
PCINT8 (Pin Change Interrupt 8)
ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 [DATASHEET]
8209ES–AVR–11/2012
3
Table 1-1.
Pinout description. (Continued)
QFN32 pin
number
Mnemonic
Type
Name, function, and alternate function
PSCIN1 (PSC Digital Input 1)
3
PC1
I/O
OC1B (Timer 1 Output Compare B)
SS_A (Alternate SPI Slave Select)
PCINT9 (Pin Change Interrupt 9)
T0 (Timer 0 clock input)
6
PC2
I/O
TXCAN (CAN Transmit Output)
PCINT10 (Pin Change Interrupt 10)
T1 (Timer 1 clock input)
7
PC3
I/O
RXCAN (CAN Receive Input)
ICP1B (Timer 1 input capture alternate B input)
PCINT11 (Pin Change Interrupt 11)
ADC8 (Analog Input Channel 8)
17
PC4
I/O
AMP1- (Analog Differential Amplifier 1 Negative Input)
ACMPN3 (Analog Comparator 3 Negative Input )
PCINT12 (Pin Change Interrupt 12)
ADC9 (Analog Input Channel 9)
18
PC5
I/O
AMP1+ (Analog Differential Amplifier 1 Positive Input)
ACMP3 (Analog Comparator 3 Positive Input)
PCINT13 (Pin Change Interrupt 13)
ADC10 (Analog Input Channel 10)
22
PC6
I/O
ACMP1 (Analog Comparator 1 Positive Input)
PCINT14 (Pin Change Interrupt 14)
D2A (DAC output)
25
PC7
I/O
AMP2+ (Analog Differential Amplifier 2 Positive Input)
PCINT15 (Pin Change Interrupt 15)
29
PD0
I/O
32
PD1
I/O
PSCOUT0A (1) (PSC Module 0 Output A)
PCINT16 (Pin Change Interrupt 16)
PSCIN0 (PSC Digital Input 0)
CLKO (System Clock Output)
PCINT17 (Pin Change Interrupt 17)
OC1A (Timer 1 Output Compare A)
1
PD2
I/O
PSCIN2 (PSC Digital Input 2)
MISO_A (Programming & alternate SPI Master In Slave Out)
PCINT18 (Pin Change Interrupt 18)
TXD (UART Tx data)
TXLIN (LIN Transmit Output)
2
PD3
I/O
OC0A (Timer 0 Output Compare A)
SS (SPI Slave Select)
MOSI_A (Programming & alternate Master Out SPI Slave In)
PCINT19 (Pin Change Interrupt 19)
ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 [DATASHEET]
8209ES–AVR–11/2012
4
Table 1-1.
Pinout description. (Continued)
QFN32 pin
number
Mnemonic
Type
Name, function, and alternate function
ADC1 (Analog Input Channel 1)
RXD (UART Rx data)
12
PD4
I/O
RXLIN (LIN Receive Input)
ICP1A (Timer 1 input capture alternate A input)
SCK_A (Programming & alternate SPI Clock)
PCINT20 (Pin Change Interrupt 20)
ADC2 (Analog Input Channel 2)
13
PD5
I/O
ACMP2 (Analog Comparator 2 Positive Input)
PCINT21 (Pin Change Interrupt 21)
ADC3 (Analog Input Channel 3)
14
PD6
I/O
ACMPN2 (Analog Comparator 2 Negative Input)
INT0 (External Interrupt 0 Input)
PCINT22 (Pin Change Interrupt 22)
15
PD7
I/O
31
PE0
I/O or I
ACMP0 (Analog Comparator 0 Positive Input)
PCINT23 (Pin Change Interrupt 23)
RESET (Reset Input)
OCD (On Chip Debug I/O)
PCINT24 (Pin Change Interrupt 24)
XTAL1 (XTAL Input)
10
PE1
I/O
OC0B (Timer 0 Output Compare B)
PCINT25 (Pin Change Interrupt 25)
XTAL2 (XTAL Output)
11
PE2
I/O
ADC0 (Analog Input Channel 0)
PCINT26 (Pin Change Interrupt 26)
Note:
1. Only for Atmel Atmega32M1/64M1.
2. On the engineering samples, the ACMPN3 alternate function is not located on PC4. It is located on PE2.
2. Overview
The Atmel ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 is a low-power CMOS 8-bit microcontroller based on the AVR enhanced
RISC architecture. By executing powerful instructions in a single clock cycle, the ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1
achieves throughputs approaching 1 MIPS per MHz allowing the system designer to optimize power consumption
versus processing speed.
ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 [DATASHEET]
8209ES–AVR–11/2012
5
Block diagram
Figure 2-1.
Block diagram.
Data bus 8-bit
Flash program
memory
Program
counter
Status
and control
Interrupt
unit
SPI
unit
32 x 8
general
purpose
registrers
Instruction
register
Indirect addressing
Control lines
Watchdog
timer
Four analog
comparators
Instruction
decoder
Direct addressing
2.1
ALU
HW LIN/UART
Timer 0
Timer 1
Data
SRAM
ADC
EEPROM
DAC
I/O lines
MPSC
Current source
CAN
The AVR core combines a rich instruction set with 32 general purpose working registers. All the 32 registers are
directly connected to the Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU), allowing two independent registers to be accessed in one
single instruction executed in one clock cycle. The resulting architecture is more code efficient while achieving
throughputs up to ten times faster than conventional CISC microcontrollers.
The Atmel ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 provides the following features: 16/32/64Kbytes of In-System Programmable
Flash with Read-While-Write capabilities, 512B/1K/2Kbytes EEPROM, 1/2/4Kbytes SRAM, 27 general purpose I/O
lines, 32 general purpose working registers, one Motor Power Stage Controller, two flexible Timer/Counters with
compare modes and PWM, one UART with HW LIN, an 11-channel 10-bit ADC with two differential input stages
with programmable gain, a 10-bit DAC, a programmable Watchdog Timer with Internal Individual Oscillator, an SPI
serial port, an On-chip Debug system and four software selectable power saving modes.
The Idle mode stops the CPU while allowing the SRAM, Timer/Counters, SPI ports, CAN, LIN/UART and interrupt
system to continue functioning. The Power-down mode saves the register contents but freezes the Oscillator, disabling all other chip functions until the next interrupt or Hardware Reset. The ADC Noise Reduction mode stops the
ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 [DATASHEET]
8209ES–AVR–11/2012
6
CPU and all I/O modules except ADC, to minimize switching noise during ADC conversions. In Standby mode, the
Crystal/Resonator Oscillator is running while the rest of the device is sleeping. This allows very fast start-up combined with low power consumption.
The device is manufactured using the Atmel high-density nonvolatile memory technology. The On-chip ISP Flash
allows the program memory to be reprogrammed in-system through an SPI serial interface, by a conventional nonvolatile memory programmer, or by an On-chip Boot program running on the AVR core. The boot program can use
any interface to download the application program in the application Flash memory. Software in the Boot Flash
section will continue to run while the Application Flash section is updated, providing true Read-While-Write operation. By combining an 8-bit RISC CPU with In-System Self-Programmable Flash on a monolithic chip, the Atmel
ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 is a powerful microcontroller that provides a highly flexible and cost effective solution to
many embedded control applications.
The Atmel ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 AVR is supported with a full suite of program and system development tools
including: C compilers, macro assemblers, program debugger/simulators, in-circuit emulators, and evaluation kits.
ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 [DATASHEET]
8209ES–AVR–11/2012
7
3. Ordering information
3.1
3.2
3.3
Note:
Atmel ATmega16M1
Speed
Power supply
16MHz
2.7V - 5.5V
Ordering code
Package
ATmega16M1 - AU
32A
ATmega16M1 - MU
PV
Ordering code
Package
Operation range
Industrial
(-40C to 85C)
Atmel ATmega32M1
Speed
Power supply
16MHz
2.7V - 5.5V
ATmega32M1 - AU
32A
ATmega32M1 - MU
PV
Ordering code
Package
Operation range
Industrial
(-40C to 85C)
Atmel ATmega64M1
Speed
Power supply
16MHz
2.7V - 5.5V
ATmega64M1 - AU
32A
ATmega64M1 - MU
PV
Operation range
Industrial
(-40C to 85C)
All packages are Pb free, fully LHF.
Package type
32A
32-lead, thin (1.0mm) plastic quad flat package (TQFP)
PV
PV, 32-lead, 7.0mm × 7.0mm body, 0.65mm pitch quad flat no lead package (QFN)
ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 [DATASHEET]
8209ES–AVR–11/2012
8
4. Packaging information
4.1
32A
PIN 1 IDENTIFIER
PIN 1
e
B
E1
E
D1
D
C
0°~7°
A1
A2
A
L
COMMON DIMENSIONS
(Unit of measure = mm)
MIN
NOM
MAX
A
–
–
1.20
A1
0.05
–
0.15
A2
0.95
1.00
1.05
D
8.75
9.00
9.25
D1
6.90
7.00
7.10
E
8.75
9.00
9.25
E1
6.90
7.00
7.10
B
0.30
–
0.45
C
0.09
–
0.20
L
0.45
–
0.75
SYMBOL
Notes:
1. This package conforms to JEDEC reference MS-026, Variation ABA.
2. Dimensions D1 and E1 do not include mold protrusion. Allowable
protrusion is 0.25mm per side. Dimensions D1 and E1 are maximum
plastic body size dimensions including mold mismatch.
3. Lead coplanarity is 0.10mm maximum.
e
NOTE
Note 2
Note 2
0.80 TYP
2010-10-20
R
2325 Orchard Parkway
San Jose, CA 95131
TITLE
32A, 32-lead, 7 x 7mm body size, 1.0mm body thickness,
0.8mm lead pitch, thin profile plastic quad flat package (TQFP)
DRAWING NO.
REV.
32A
C
ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 [DATASHEET]
8209ES–AVR–11/2012
9
4.2
PV
PV, 32 - lead 7.0mm x 7.0mm body, 0.65mm pitch
quad flat no lead package (QFN)
ATmega16M1/32M1/64M1 [DATASHEET]
8209ES–AVR–11/2012
10
Atmel Corporation
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