AT28C64E - Mature

Features
• Fast Read Access Time – 120 ns
• Fast Byte Write – 200 µs or 1 ms
• Self-timed Byte Write Cycle
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
– Internal Address and Data Latches
– Internal Control Timer
– Automatic Clear Before Write
Direct Microprocessor Control
– READY/BUSY Open Drain Output
– DATA Polling
Low Power
– 30 mA Active Current
– 100 µA CMOS Standby Current
High Reliability
– Endurance: 104 or 105 Cycles
– Data Retention: 10 Years
5V ± 10% Supply
CMOS and TTL Compatible Inputs and Outputs
JEDEC Approved Byte-wide Pinout
Commercial and Industrial Temperature Ranges
64K (8K x 8)
Parallel
EEPROMs
AT28C64
AT28C64X
Description
The AT28C64 is a low-power, high-performance 8,192 words by 8-bit nonvolatile electrically erasable and programmable read only memory with popular, easy-to-use features. The device is manufactured with Atmel’s reliable nonvolatile technology.
(continued)
Pin Configurations
A0 - A12
Addresses
CE
Chip Enable
OE
Output Enable
WE
Write Enable
I/O0 - I/O7
Data Inputs/Outputs
RDY/BUSY
Ready/Busy Output
NC
No Connect
DC
Don’t Connect
VCC
WE
NC
A8
A9
A11
OE
A10
CE
I/O7
I/O6
I/O5
I/O4
I/O3
A10
CE
I/O7
I/O6
I/O5
I/O4
I/O3
GND
I/O2
I/O1
I/O0
A0
A1
A2
A7
A12
RDY/BUSY (or NC)
DC
VCC
WE
NC
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
NC
I/O0
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
A8
A9
A11
NC
OE
A10
CE
I/O7
I/O6
I/O1
I/O2
VSS
DC
I/O3
I/O4
I/O5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
LCC, PLCC
Top View
TSOP
Top View
OE
A11
A9
A8
NC
WE
VCC
RDY/BUSY (or NC)
A12
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
RDY/BUSY (or NC)
A12
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
I/O0
I/O1
I/O2
GND
4
3
2
1
32
31
30
Function
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Pin Name
PDIP, SOIC
Top View
Rev. 0001H–12/99
Note: PLCC package pins 1 and 17 are
DON’T CONNECT.
1
The AT28C64 is accessed like a Static RAM for the read or
write cycles without the need for external components. During a byte write, the address and data are latched internally, freeing the microprocessor address and data bus for
other operations. Following the initiation of a write cycle,
the device will go to a busy state and automatically clear
and write the latched data using an internal control timer.
The device includes two methods for detecting the end of a
write cycle, level detection of RDY/BUSY (unless pin 1 is
N.C.) and DATA Polling of I/O7 . Once the end of a write
cycle has been detected, a new access for a read or write
can begin.
The CMOS technology offers fast access times of 120 ns at
low power dissipation. When the chip is deselected the
standby current is less than 100 µA.
Atmel’s AT28C64 has additional features to ensure high
quality and manufacturability. The device utilizes error correction internally for extended endurance and for improved
data retention characteristics. An extra 32 bytes of
EEPROM are available for device identification or tracking.
Block Diagram
Absolute Maximum Ratings*
Temperature under Bias ................................ -55°C to +125°C
Storage Temperature ..................................... -65°C to +150°C
All Input Voltages (including NC Pins)
with Respect to Ground ...................................-0.6V to +6.25V
All Output Voltages
with Respect to Ground .............................-0.6V to VCC + 0.6V
Voltage on OE and A9
with Respect to Ground ...................................-0.6V to +13.5V
2
AT28C64(X)
*NOTICE:
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute
Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and
functional operation of the device at these or any
other conditions beyond those indicated in the
operational sections of this specification is not
implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating
conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability
AT28C64(X)
Device Operation
READ: The AT28C64 is accessed like a Static RAM.
When CE and OE are low and WE is high, the data stored
at the memory location determined by the address pins is
asserted on the outputs. The outputs are put in a high
impedance state whenever CE or OE is high. This dual line
control gives designers increased flexibility in preventing
bus contention.
BYTE WRITE: Writing data into the AT28C64 is similar to
writing into a Static RAM. A low pulse on the WE or CE
input with OE high and CE or WE low (respectively) initiates a byte write. The address location is latched on the
falling edge of WE (or CE); the new data is latched on the
rising edge. Internally, the device performs a self-clear
before write. Once a byte write has been started, it will
automatically time itself to completion. Once a programming operation has been initiated and for the duration of
tWC, a read operation will effectively be a polling operation.
FAST BYTE WRITE: The AT28C64E offers a byte write
time of 200 µs maximum. This feature allows the entire
device to be rewritten in 1.6 seconds.
READY/BUSY: Pin 1 is an open drain RDY/BUSY output
that can be used to detect the end of a write cycle.
RDY/BUSY is actively pulled low during the write cycle and
is released at the completion of the write. The open drain
connection allows for OR-tying of several devices to the
same RDY/BUSY line. The RDY/BUSY pin is not connected for the AT28C64X.
DATA POLLING: The AT28C64 provides DATA Polling to
signal the completion of a write cycle. During a write cycle,
an attempted read of the data being written results in the
complement of that data for I/O 7 (the other outputs are
indeterminate). When the write cycle is finished, true data
appears on all outputs.
WRITE PROTECTION: Inadvertent writes to the device
are protected against in the following ways: (a) VCC sense –
if VCC is below 3.8V (typical) the write function is inhibited;
(b) VCC power on delay – once VCC has reached 3.8V the
device will automatically time out 5 ms (typical) before
allowing a byte write; and (c) write inhibit – holding any one
of OE low, CE high or WE high inhibits byte write cycles.
CHIP CLEAR: The contents of the entire memory of the
AT28C64 may be set to the high state by the CHIP CLEAR
operation. By setting CE low and OE to 12 volts, the chip is
cleared when a 10 msec low pulse is applied to WE.
D E V I C E I DE NT I FI C A TI O N : A n e x t r a 3 2 b y t e s o f
EEPROM memory are available to the user for device identification. By raising A9 to 12 ± 0.5V and using address
locations 1FE0H to 1FFFH the additional bytes may be
written to or read from in the same manner as the regular
memory array.
3
DC and AC Operating Range
AT28C64-12
AT28C64-15
AT28C64-20
AT28C64-25
0°C - 70°C
0°C - 70°C
0°C - 70°C
0°C - 70°C
-40°C - 85°C
-40°C - 85°C
-40°C - 85°C
-40°C - 85°C
5V ± 10%
5V ± 10%
5V ± 10%
5V ± 10%
Mode
CE
OE
WE
I/O
Read
VIL
VIL
VIH
DOUT
VIL
VIH
VIL
DIN
VIH
(1)
X
High Z
Com.
Operating
Temperature (Case)
Ind.
VCC Power Supply
Operating Modes
Write
(2)
Standby/Write Inhibit
X
Write Inhibit
X
X
VIH
Write Inhibit
X
VIL
X
Output Disable
X
VIH
X
High Z
VIL
High Z
Chip Erase
Notes:
VIL
VH
(3)
1. X can be VIL or VIH.
2. Refer to AC programming waveforms.
3. VH = 12.0V ± 0.5V.
DC Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
ILI
Input Load Current
ILO
Max
Units
VIN = 0V to VCC + 1V
10
µA
Output Leakage Current
VI/O = 0V to VCC
10
µA
ISB1
VCC Standby Current CMOS
CE = VCC - 0.3V to VCC + 1.0V
100
µA
Com.
2
mA
ISB2
VCC Standby Current TTL
CE = 2.0V to VCC + 1.0V
Ind.
3
mA
30
mA
VCC Active Current AC
f = 5 MHz; IOUT = 0 mA
CE = VIL
Com.
ICC
Ind.
45
mA
VIL
Input Low Voltage
0.8
V
VIH
Input High Voltage
VOL
Output Low Voltage
IOL = 2.1 mA
= 4.0 mA for RDY/BUSY
VOH
Output High Voltage
IOH = -400 µA
4
Min
2.0
AT28C64(X)
V
0.45
2.4
V
V
AT28C64(X)
AC Read Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
tACC
AT28C64-12
AT28C64-15
AT28C64-20
AT28C64-25
Min
Min
Min
Min
Max
Max
Max
Max
Units
Address to Output Delay
120
150
200
250
ns
(1)
CE to Output Delay
120
150
200
250
ns
(2)
OE to Output Delay
10
60
10
70
10
80
10
100
ns
tDF(3)(4)
CE or OE High to Output Float
0
45
0
50
0
55
0
60
ns
tOH
Output Hold from OE, CE or
Address, whichever occurred first
0
tCE
tOE
0
0
0
ns
AC Read Waveforms(1)(2)(3)(4)
Notes:
1. CE may be delayed up to tACC - tCE after the address transition without impact on tACC.
2. OE may be delayed up to tCE - tOE after the falling edge of CE without impact on tCE or by tACC - tOE after an address change
without impact on tACC.
3. tDF is specified from OE or CE whichever occurs first (CL = 5 pF).
4. This parameter is characterized and is not 100% tested.
Input Test Waveforms and
Measurement Level
Output Test Load
tR, tF < 20 ns
Pin Capacitance
f = 1 MHz, T = 25°C(1)
Symbol
Typ
Max
Units
Conditions
CIN
4
6
pF
VIN = 0V
COUT
8
12
pF
VOUT = 0V
Note:
1. This parameter is characterized and is not 100% tested.
5
AC Write Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Min
tAS, tOES
Address, OE Setup Time
10
ns
tAH
Address Hold Time
50
ns
tWP
Write Pulse Width (WE or CE)
100
tDS
Data Setup Time
50
ns
tDH, tOEH
Data, OE Hold Time
10
ns
tCS, tCH
CE to WE and WE to CE Setup and Hold Time
0
ns
tDB
Time to Device Busy
tWC
Write Cycle Time (option available)
AT28C64
AT28C64E
AC Write Waveforms
WE Controlled
CE Controlled
6
AT28C64(X)
Max
1000
Units
ns
50
ns
1
ms
200
µs
AT28C64(X)
Data Polling Characteristics(1)
Symbol
Parameter
tDH
Data Hold Time
tOEH
OE Hold Time
Min
OE to Output Delay
tWR
Write Recovery Time
Notes:
Max
Units
10
ns
10
ns
(2)
tOE
Typ
ns
0
ns
1. These parameters are characterized and not 100% tested.
2. See “AC Read Characteristics”.
Data Polling Waveforms
Chip Erase Waveforms
tS = tH = 1 µsec (min.)
tW = 10 msec (min.)
VH = 12.0 ± 0.5V
7
8
AT28C64(X)
AT28C64(X)
AT28C64 Ordering Information
ICC (mA)
tACC
(ns)
Active
Standby
Ordering Code
Package
120
30
0.1
AT28C64(E)-12JC
AT28C64(E)-12PC
AT28C64(E)-12SC
AT28C64(E)-12TC
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Commercial
(0°C to 70°C)
45
0.1
AT28C64(E)-12JI
AT28C64(E)-12PI
AT28C64(E)-12SI
AT28C64(E)-12TI
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Industrial
(-40°C to 85°C)
30
0.1
AT28C64(E)-15JC
AT28C64(E)-15PC
AT28C64(E)-15SC
AT28C64(E)-15TC
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Commercial
(0°C to 70°C)
45
0.1
AT28C64(E)-15JI
AT28C64(E)-15PI
AT28C64(E)-15SI
AT28C64(E)-15TI
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Industrial
(-40°C to 85°C)
30
0.1
AT28C64(E)-20JC
AT28C64(E)-20PC
AT28C64(E)-20SC
AT28C64(E)-20TC
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Commercial
(0°C to 70°C)
45
0.1
AT28C64(E)-20JI
AT28C64(E)-20PI
AT28C64(E)-20SI
AT28C64(E)-20TI
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Industrial
(-40°C to 85°C)
30
0.1
AT28C64(E)-25JC
AT28C64(E)-25PC
AT28C64(E)-25SC
AT28C64(E)-25TC
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Commercial
(0°C to 70°C)
45
0.1
AT28C64(E)-25JI
AT28C64(E)-25PI
AT28C64(E)-25SI
AT28C64(E)-25TI
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Industrial
(-40°C to 85°C)
150
200
250
Operation Range
Package Type
32J
32-lead, Plastic J-leaded Chip Carrier (PLCC)
28P6
28-lead, 0.600" Wide, Plastic Dull Inline Package (PDIP)
28S
28-lead, 0.300" Wide, Plastic Gull Wing, Small Outline (SOIC)
28T
28-lead, Plastic Thin Small Outline Package (TSOP)
Options
Blank
Standard Device: Endurance = 10K Write Cycles; Write Time = 1 ms
E
High Endurance Option: Endurance = 100K Write Cycles; Write Time = 200 µs
9
AT28C64X Ordering Information
ICC (mA)
tACC
(ns)
Active
Standby
Ordering Code
Package
150
30
0.1
AT28C64X-15JC
AT28C64X-15PC
AT28C64X-15SC
AT28C64X-15TC
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Commercial
(0°C to 70°C)
45
0.1
AT28C64X-15JI
AT28C64X-15PI
AT28C64X-15SI
AT28C64X-15TI
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Industrial
(-40°C to 85°C)
30
0.1
AT28C64X-20JC
AT28C64X-20PC
AT28C64X-20SC
AT28C64X-20TC
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Commercial
(0°C to 70°C)
45
0.1
AT28C64X-20JI
AT28C64X-20PI
AT28C64X-20SI
AT28C64X-20TI
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Industrial
(-40°C to 85°C)
30
0.1
AT28C64X-25JC
AT28C64X-25PC
AT28C64X-25SC
AT28C64X-25TC
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Commercial
(0°C to 70°C)
45
0.1
AT28C64X-25JI
AT28C64X-25PI
AT28C64X-25SI
AT28C64X-25TI
32J
28P6
28S
28T
Industrial
(-40°C to 85°C)
200
250
Valid Part Numbers
The following table lists standard Atmel products that can be ordered.
Device Numbers
Speed
Package and Temperature Combinations
AT28C64 X
12
JC, JI, PC, PI, SC, SI, TC, TI
AT28C64 X
15
JC, JI, PC, PI, SC, SI, TC, TI
AT28C64 X
20
JC, JI, PC, PI, SC, SI, TC, TI
AT28C64 X
25
JC, JI, PC, PI, SC, SI, TC, TI
Die Products
Reference Section: Parallel EEPROM Die Products
Package Type
32J
32-lead, Plastic J-leaded Chip Carrier (PLCC)
28P6
28-lead, 0.600" Wide, Plastic Dull Inline Package (PDIP)
28S
28-lead, 0.300" Wide, Plastic Gull Wing, Small Outline (SOIC)
28T
28-lead, Plastic Thin Small Outline Package (TSOP)
10
AT28C64(X)
Operation Range
AT28C64(X)
Packaging Information
32J, 32-lead, Plastic J-leaded Chip Carrier (PLCC)
Dimensions in Inches and (Millimeters)
JEDEC STANDARD MS-016 AE
28P6, 28-lead, 0.600" Wide, Plastic Dual Inline
Package (PDIP)
Dimensions in Inches and (Millimeters)
JEDEC STANDARD MS-011 AB
.045(1.14) X 45˚
PIN NO. 1
IDENTIFY
.553(14.0)
.547(13.9)
.595(15.1)
.585(14.9)
.032(.813)
.026(.660)
1.47(37.3)
1.44(36.6)
.025(.635) X 30˚ - 45˚
.012(.305)
.008(.203)
PIN
1
.530(13.5)
.490(12.4)
.566(14.4)
.530(13.5)
.021(.533)
.013(.330)
.090(2.29)
MAX
1.300(33.02) REF
.050(1.27) TYP
.300(7.62) REF
.430(10.9)
.390(9.90)
AT CONTACT
POINTS
.030(.762)
.015(.381)
.095(2.41)
.060(1.52)
.140(3.56)
.120(3.05)
.022(.559) X 45˚ MAX (3X)
.453(11.5)
.447(11.4)
.495(12.6)
.485(12.3)
28S, 28-lead, 0.300" Wide, Plastic Gull Wing Small
Outline (SOIC)
Dimensions in Inches and (Millimeters)
.220(5.59)
MAX
.005(.127)
MIN
SEATING
PLANE
.065(1.65)
.015(.381)
.022(.559)
.014(.356)
.161(4.09)
.125(3.18)
.110(2.79)
.090(2.29)
.012(.305)
.008(.203)
.065(1.65)
.041(1.04)
.630(16.0)
.590(15.0)
0 REF
15
.690(17.5)
.610(15.5)
28T, 28-lead, Plastic Thin Small Outline Package
(TSOP)
Dimensions in Millimeters and (Inches)*
INDEX
MARK
AREA
11.9 (0.469)
11.7 (0.461)
13.7 (0.539)
13.1 (0.516)
0.27 (0.011)
0.18 (0.007)
0.55 (0.022)
BSC
7.15 (0.281)
REF
8.10 (0.319)
7.90 (0.311)
1.25 (0.049)
1.05 (0.041)
0.20 (0.008)
0.10 (0.004)
0
5 REF
0.20 (0.008)
0.15 (0.006)
0.70 (0.028)
0.30 (0.012)
*Controlling dimension: millimeters
11
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© Atmel Corporation 1999.
Atmel Corporation makes no warranty for the use of its products, other than those expressly contained in the Company’s standard warranty which is detailed in Atmel’s Terms and Conditions located on the Company’s web site. The Company assumes no responsibility for
any errors which may appear in this document, reserves the right to change devices or specifications detailed herein at any time without
notice, and does not make any commitment to update the information contained herein. No licenses to patents or other intellectual property of Atmel are granted by the Company in connection with the sale of Atmel products, expressly or by implication. Atmel’s products are
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®
and/or
™
are registered trademarks and trademarks of Atmel Corporation.
Terms and product names in this document may be trademarks of others.
Printed on recycled paper.
0001H–12/99/xM
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