ATA5780N - Summary

ATA5780N
UHF ASK/FSK Receiver
SUMMARY DATASHEET
Features
● Atmel® ATA5780N UHF receiver is compatible with Atmel ATA5830N transceiver
● Supported frequency ranges
● Low-band 310MHz to 318MHz, 418MHz to 477MHz
● High-band 836MHz to 928MHz
● 315.00MHz/433.92MHz/868.30MHz and 915.00MHz with one 24.305MHz crystal
● Low current consumption
● 9.3mA for RXMode (low-band) 480µA for 50ms cycle 3 channel polling
● Max OFFMode current of 5µA at Vs = 5.5V and T = 105°C)
● Input 1dB compression point
● –35dBm (Full Sensitivity Level)
● –20dBm (15dB reduced Sensitivity)
● Programmable channel frequency with fractional-N PLL
● 93Hz resolution for low-band
● 185Hz resolution for high-band
● FSK deviation ±0.375kHz to ±93kHz
● FSK sensitivity (Manchester coded) at 433.92MHz
●
●
●
●
–106dBm at 20Kbit/s, f = ±20kHz, BWIF = 165kHz
–109dBm at 10Kbit/s, f = ±10kHz, BWIF = 165kHz
–112dBm at 5Kbit/s, f = ±5kHz, BWIF = 165kHz
–121dBm at 0.75Kbit/s, f = ±0.75kHz, BWIF = 25kHz
● ASK Sensitivity (Manchester Coded) at 433.92MHz
● –107dBm at 20Kbit/s, BWIF = 366kHz
● –117dBm at 1Kbit/s, BWIF = 366kHz
● Programmable RX-IF bandwidth 25kHz to 366kHz (approximately 10% steps)
● Blocking (BWIF = 165kHz): 64dBC at frequency offset = 1MHz and 48dBC at
225kHz
● High image rejection 55dB (315MHz/433.92MHz) 47dB (868.3MHz/915MHz)
without calibration
This is a summary document.
The complete document is
available under NDA. For more
information, please contact
your local Atmel sales office.
● Supported buffered data rate 0.5Kbit/s to 20Kbit/s (higher data rates up to 80Kbit/s
Manchester coded and 160Kbit/s NRZ with transparent output)
● Supports pattern based wake-up and start of frame identification
● Digital RSSI with very high relative accuracy of ±1dB due to digitized IF processing
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● Programmable clock output derived from crystal frequency
● 512 byte EEPROM data memory for receiver configuration
● SPI interface for data access and receiver configuration
● Configurable EVENT signal indicates the status of the IC
● Automatic low power channel polling (three RKE channels, TPMS, RS)
● ID scanning up to 18 different IDs with 1..4 byte
● Supply voltage ranges 1.9V to 3.6V and 4.5V to 5.5V
● Temperature range –40°C to +105°C
● ESD protection at all pins (±4kV HBM, ±200V MM, ±750V FCDM)
● Small 5mm  5mm QFN32 package/pitch 0.5mm
● Suitable for applications governed by EN 300 220 and FCC part 15, title 47
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1.
General Product Description
1.1
Overview
The Atmel® ATA5780N is a highly integrated, low power UHF ASK/FSK receiver fully compatible with the Atmel ATA5830N
transceiver, except that it provides no transmit path and no Flash for the AVR® controller. The Atmel ATA5780N is
partitioned into several sections; an RF frontend, a digital baseband, and a low power 8-bit AVR microcontroller with Atmel
ATA5830N compatible ROM firmware for control. The product is designed for the ISM frequency bands in the ranges of
310MHz to 318MHz, 418MHz to 477MHz and 836MHz to 928MHz. External part count is kept to a minimum due to the very
high level of integration in this device. By combining outstanding RF performance with highly sophisticated baseband signal
processing, robust wireless communication can be easily achieved. It uses a low-IF architecture with an integrated double
quadrature receiver and digitized IF processing. This results in high image rejection and excellent blocking performance. In
addition, the highly flexible and configurable baseband signal processing allows the receiver to operate in several scanning,
wake-up and automatic self polling scenarios. For example, during polling the IC can seek certain message content (IDs)
and save valid telegram data in the FIFO buffer for later retrieval. The device possess two receive paths that enable parallel
search for two telegrams with different modulations, data rates, wake-up conditions, etc. The highly configurable and
autonomous scanning capability enables polling of up to five application channels such as 3-channel RKE, TPMS, PEG. The
configuration of the receiver is stored in a 512 byte EEPROM. The SPI allows for external control and reconfiguration of the
devices.
1.2
Target Applications
The receiver is designed to be used in the following application areas:
● Remote Keyless Entry System (RKE)
●
●
●
●
●
●
Passive Entry Go System (PEG)
Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPM, TPMS)
Remote Start System (RS)
Remote Control System, e.g., garage door open
Smart RF applications
Telemetering Systems
Three applications with a total of five channels are supported by the Atmel firmware for autonomous self polling.
1.3
Main Extended Features of the Atmel ATA5780N
1.3.1
RF Performance
The Atmel ATA5780N provides high sensitivity, high image rejection and outstanding blocking performance enable a robust
application against interferer with a low cost design. In addition, the programmable channel filter bandwidth provides
flexibility to adapt to various system requirements.
1.3.2
Automatic Self Polling and Multi Channel Capability
The autonomous self polling supports the automatic scanning for three different applications such as Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE), Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) and Remote Start (RS) using one IC. Additionally multi channel systems
with up to three frequencies can be scanned. This means five frequencies can be scanned in the autonomous polling
scheme; three for RKE, one for TPMS and one for RS. The configuration of each application is independent of the others.
This is possible because of the flexibility in the digital baseband and two different baseband receiving paths. The IC can
immediately scan all applications upon power-up without the need for any initial configuration by an external microcontroller.
1.3.3
Wake-up Scenario and ID Scanning
The powerful baseband signal processing is designed to offload these time consuming tasks from the host controller. This
allows the transceiver to discard unwanted telegrams and limit external microcontroller wake-up to valid telegrams only. Up
to seven criteria can be used to determine the telegram validity from carrier check on the lowest level to start of frame ID
pattern match at the highest level.
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1.3.4
Two Parallel Receiving Paths
The receiver’s baseband contains two data paths. The parameters of both paths can be set differently, e.g., the modulation
type or data rate. Generally both paths are working simultaneously but only the first path detecting a valid telegram will be
used for further data reception and filling of the 32 byte buffer. The 32 byte receive data buffer can be accessed using SPI
commands from the external host microcontroller.
1.3.5
ROM Firmware
All the functionality is implemented with 24KB ROM firmware and controlled by SPI commands.
1.3.6
EEPROM Configuration
The configuration of the device e.g., RF-frequency, modulation type, data rate, etc. is stored in 512byte of EEPROM that is
integrated within the Atmel® ATA5780N. This improves the efficiency of the SPI control since most of the configuration
comes from the EEPROM. In most applications, only the received data and short SPI commands are required. The device is
delivered with a standard configuration; only deviations from that need to be configured. Device configuration uses only a
part of the 512byte of EEPROM leaving free space available for additional customer data storage. A modification of the
EEPROM content is only allowed during IDLEMode.
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Pin Diagram and Configuration of Atmel ATA5780N
RFIN_LB
ATEST_IO1
ATEST_IO2
AGND
PB7
PB6
PB5
PB4
PB3
Figure 1-1. Pin Diagram
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
1
exposed die pad
24
PB2
23
PB1
22
PB0
21
DGND
20
DVCC
RFIN_HB
2
SPDT_RX
3
SPDT_ANT
4
NC
5
NC
6
19
PC5
NC
7
18
PC4
VS_SPDT
8
17
PC3
11
12
13
14
15
16
AVCC
VS
PC0
PC1
PC2
10
XTAL2
9
XTAL1
Atmel
ATA5780N
TEST_EN
1.4
Note:
The exposed die pad is connected to the internal die.
Table 1-1.
Pin Configuration
Pin No.
Pin Name
Type
1
RFIN_LB
Analog
RXMode, LNA input for Low-Band frequency range (< 500MHz)
2
RFIN_HB
Analog
RXMode, LNA input for High-Band frequency range (> 500MHz)
3
SPDT_RX
Analog
RXMode output of the SPDT switch (Damped signal output)
Antenna input (RXMode) of the SPDT switch
4
SPDT_ANT
Analog
5-7
NC
-
8
VS_SPDT
Analog
Description
Open in application
SPDT supply
3V application supply voltage input
9
TEST_EN
-
10
XTAL1
Analog
Test enable, connected to GND in application
Crystal oscillator pin1 (Input)
11
XTAL2
Analog
Crystal oscillator pin2 (output)
12
AVCC
Analog
RF frontend supply regulator output
13
VS
Analog
Main supply voltage input
14
PC0
Digital
Main: AVR Port C0
Alternate: PCINT8/NRESET/Debug Wire
15
PC1
Digital
Main: AVR Port C1
Alternate: NPWRON1/PCINT9
16
PC2
Digital
Main: AVR Port C2
Alternate: NPWRON2/PCINT10/TRPA
17
PC3
Digital
Main: AVR Port C3
Alternate:
NPWRON3/PCINT11/TMDO/TxD
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Table 1-1.
6
Pin Configuration (Continued)
Pin No.
Pin Name
Type
Description
18
PC4
Digital
Main: AVR Port C4
Alternate: NPWRON4/PCINT12/INT0/ TMDI/RxD
19
PC5
Digital
Main: AVR Port C5
Alternate: NPWRON5/PCINT13/TRPB/ TMDO_CLK
20
DVCC
-
Digital supply voltage regulator output
21
DGND
-
Digital ground
22
PB0
Digital
Main: AVR Port B0
Alternate: PCINT0/CLK_OUT
23
PB1
Digital
Main: AVR Port B1
Alternate: PCINT1 / SCK
24
PB2
Digital
Main: AVR Port B2
Alternate: PCINT2/MOSI (Master Out Slave In)
25
PB3
Digital
Main: AVR Port B3
Alternate: PCINT3/MISO (Master In Slave Out)
26
PB4
Digital
Main: AVR Port B4
Alternate: PWRON/PCINT4/LED1 (strong high side driver)
27
PB5
Digital
Main: AVR Port B5
Alternate: PCINT5/NSS
28
PB6
Digital
Main: AVR Port B6
Alternate: PCINT6/EVENT (firmware controlled external
microcontroller event flag)
29
PB7
Digital
Main: AVR Port B7
Alternate: NPWRON6/PCINT7/ RX_ACTIVE (strong high side
driver)/ LED0 (strong low side driver)
30
AGND
-
Analog ground
31
ATEST_IO2
-
RF frontend test input/output 2, connected to GND in application
32
ATEST_IO1
-
RF frontend test input/output 1, connected to GND in application
GND
-
Ground/Backplane on exposed die pad
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Typical Application Circuits
Figure 1-2. Typical 5V Application Circuit
IRQ
NSS
VS
RFIN_LB
26
MISO
25
PB3
27
PB4
28
PB5
ATEST ATEST
_IO1 _IO2
29
PB6
30
PB7
1
31
AGND
32
24
PB2
2
23
RFIN_HB
PB1
3
22
SPDT_RX
SAW
PB0
4
5
NC
20
DVCC
NC
PC5
19
NC
PC4
18
PC3
17
9
10
11
12
13
14
CLK_IN
15
Microcontroller
PC2
PC1
PC0
VS
AVCC
TEST
_EN
XTAL2
7
VS_SPDT
SCK
DGND
6
8
MOSI
21
Atmel
ATA5780N
SPDT_ANT
XTAL1
1.5
16
VS = 5V
VDD
Figure 1-2 shows the typical application circuit with an external host microcontroller running from a 5V supply. For a 3V
application VS and VS_SDPT have to be shorted. The pin PB4 (PWRON) is directly connected to VS and the Atmel®
ATA5780N enters the IDLEMode after power-on. The Atmel ATA5780N can work autonomously while the microcontroller
stays powered down to achieve low current consumption while being sensitive to RF telegrams.
To achieve low current in IDLEMode the Atmel ATA5780N can be configured in the EEPROM to work with the 125kHz RC
oscillator (this mode is named IDLEMode(RC)). The Atmel ATA5780N can also be configured for autonomous multi channel
and multi application PollingMode(RC). The external microcontroller is notified with IRQ if an appropriate RF message is
received. Until that takes place, the Atmel ATA5780N periodically switches to RXMode, checks the different channels and
applications configured in the EEPROM and returns to the IDLEMode(RC) all the while with the external host AVR®
microcontroller in a deep sleep mode to achieve a low average current while being polling for valid RF messages. Once a
valid RF message is detected, it can be buffered within the Atmel ATA5780N to allow the microcontroller time to wake-up
and retrieve the buffered data.
RF_IN is matched to SPDT_RX by absorbing the parasitics of the SPDT switch into the matching network, hence the
SPDT_ANT is a 50 port. The impedance of the SAW filter is transformed with LC matching circuits to the SPDT_ANT port
and also to the antenna to the SAW. An external crystal, together with the fractional-N PLL within the Atmel® ATA5780N is
used to fix the RX frequency. Accurate load capacitors for this crystal are integrated, to reduce system part count and cost.
Only four supply blocking capacitors are needed to decouple the different supply voltages AVCC, DVCC, VS_SPDT and VS
of the Atmel ATA5780N. The exposed die pad is the RF and analog ground of the Atmel ATA5780N. It is directly connected
to AGND via a fused lead. For applications operating in the 868.3MHz or 915MHz frequency bands, a High-Band RF input is
supplied, RFIN_HB, and must be used instead of RFIN_LB.
The Atmel ATA5780N is controlled using specific SPI commands via the SPI interface and an internal EEPROM for
application specific configuration.
This application is compatible to the Atmel ATA5830N, therefore, the same application board can be used for both devices,
just the population of the TX path is not populated for Atmel ATA5780N.
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1.6
System Overview
Figure 1-3. Circuit Overview
AVCC VS DVCC
SRC, FRC
Oscillators
AVR
Perepherals
AVR CPU
Rx DSP
EEPROM
ROM
RF
Frontend
SRAM
RFIN
Supply
Reset
DATA BUS
XTO
XTAL
Port B (8)
Port C (6)
PB (0 to 7)
(SPI)
PC (0 to 5)
Figure 1-3 on page 8 shows an overview of the main functional blocks of the Atmel® ATA5780N. The control of the Atmel
ATA5780N is performed through the SPI pins SCK, MOSI, MISO and NSS found on port B. The configuration of the Atmel
ATA5780N is stored in the EEPROM and a large part of the functionality is defined with the firmware located in the ROM and
processed using the AVR®. A SPI command like “Start RXMode” uses the information located in the EEPROM, configures all
hardware registers of the different blocks according to this information, starts then the RXMode and directs the received data
to the Rx Buffer located in the SRAM. An EVENT on port PB6 is signaled to the external microcontroller when the expected
number of bytes is received.
Part of the EEPROM content is copied to the SRAM during start-up of the Atmel ATA5780N for faster access. Care should
be taken to limit EEPROM R/W cycles so that the device’s maximum rating is not exceeded. Alternatively, the user should
consider modifying the parameters in the SRAM. It is important to note that PWRON and NPWRON pins are active in
OFFMode. This means that even if the ATA5780N is in OFFMode and the DVCC voltage is switched off, power
management circuitry within the Atmel ATA5780N will bias these pins with VS.
AVR ports can be used as external LNA supply voltage (RX_ACTIVE), LED driver, event pins, switching control for
additional SPDT switches, general purpose digital inputs and outputs, wake-up inputs etc. Some functionality of these ports
is already implemented in the firmware and can be activated with EEPROM configuration. Other functionality is possible
through the “Write/Read SRAM/Registers” SPI command.
1.7
Compatibility to the Atmel UHF Transceiver ATA5830N
The Atmel® receiver ATA5780N is pin compatible to the Atmel transceiver ATA5830N. The receiver has the identical RX
performance of the transceivers RX path. The difference exists in the digital block only. While extremely flexible, the receiver
operates as a ROM programmed statemachine. Its functionality is limited to user selectable EEPROM configuration options.
As a result, the receiver is fully compatible with the transceiver, but without the flexibility of 6KB Flash program space for
custom applications.
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2.
System Operation Modes
The scope of this section is to give an overview of the Atmel® ATA5780N supported operation modes, shown in Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-1. Operation Modes Overview
OFFMode
Power-on
WDR
EXTR
System Initialization
pureRXMode
TCMode
Init done
IDLEMode
PollingMode
RXMode
After connecting the supply voltage to the VS pin, the Atmel ATA5780N always starts in OFFMode. All internal circuits are
disconnected from the power supply. Therefore, no SPI communication is supported. The Atmel ATA5780N can be woken
up by activating the PWRON pin or one of the NPWRONx pins. This triggers the power-on sequence. After firmware
initialization the Atmel ATA5780N reaches the IDLEMode.
The IDLEMode is the basic system mode supporting SPI communication and transitions to all other operation modes. There
are two options of the IDLEMode to be configured in the EEPROM settings:
● IDLEMode(RC) with low power consumption using the Fast RC (FRC) oscillator for processing
●
IDLEMode(XTO) with active crystal oscillator for high accuracy clock output or timing measurements
The receive mode (RXMode) provides data reception on one of the preconfigured channels. The precondition for data
reception is a valid preamble. The receiver is continuously searching for a valid telegram and receives the data if all
preconfigured checks are successfully passed. The RXMode is usually enabled by SPI command, or directly after power-on,
when selected in the EEPROM setting.
In PollingMode the receiver is activated for a short period of time to check for a valid telegram on the selected channels. The
receiver will be deactivated if no valid telegram is found and a sleep period with very low power consumption elapses. This
process is repeated periodically according to the EEPROM configuration. Up to five channels and a wide range of sleep
times are supported by the Atmel firmware. This mode is activated via an SPI command, or directly after power-on, when
selected in the EEPROM setting.
The tune and check mode (TCMode) offers a calibration and self-checking functionality for the VCO and FRC oscillators as
well as for the polling cycle accuracy. This mode is activated via an SPI command. When selected in the EEPROM settings
the TCMode is used during system initialization after power-on. Furthermore, the TCMode can be activated periodically
during PollingMode.
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Table 2-1 shows the relations between the operation modes and its corresponding power supplies, clock sources and sleep
mode settings.
Table 2-1.
Operation Modes versus Supplies and Oscillators
Operation Mode
AVR Sleep Mode
DVCC
AVCC
VS_SPDT
XTO
SRC
FRC
OFFMode
-
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
on
on
off
off
off
on
off
IDLEMode(RC)
IDLEMode(XTO)
RXMode
Active mode
Power-down
(1)
Active mode
on
off
on
on
off
Power-down(1)
on
off
on
on
off
Active mode
on
off
on
on
off
PollingMode(RC)
on
- Active Period
Active mode
on
off
on
on
on
- Sleep Period
Power-down(1)
off
off
off
on
off
Active mode
on
off
on
on
off
PollingMode(XTO)
- Active Period
(1)
Notes:
Power-down
on
off
on
on
off
- Sleep Period
1. During IDLEMode(RC) and IDLEMode(XTO) the AVR microcontroller will enter a sleep mode to reduce the
current consumption. The sleep mode of the microcontroller section can be defined in the EEPROM. To
achieve the optimum current consumption the power-down mode is recommended.
2.
10
Only activated at 5V applications. This is selectable in the EEPROM setting.
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3.
Hardware Description
3.1
Overview
Figure 3-1. System Block Diagram
AVCC
SRC, FRC
Oscillators
VS
DVCC
Power
Management
RF Frontend
RFIN_LB
Watchdog
Timer
LNA, Mixer
ADC
Clock
Man.
Debug
Wire
Rx DSP
RFIN_HB
SPDT_RX
SPDT_ANT
Temp (ϑ)
8-bit
Timer
2x
RF Frontend
Control
16-bit
Timer
NVM Controller
SPDT
Damping
AVR CPU
SSI
Modulator
ROM EEPROM
IRQ
SRAM
Fractional
N-PLL
DATA BUS
XTO
XTAL1
XTAL2
Port B (8)
PB[0..7]
SPI
Port C (6)
PC[0..5]
Figure 3-1 shows the system block diagram of Atmel® ATA5780N.
In RXMode the crystal oscillator (XTO) together with the fractional-N PLL generates the local oscillator (LO) signal. The RF
signal coming either from the Low-Band input (RFIN_LB) or High Band input (RFIN_HB) is amplified by the Low Noise
Amplifier (LNA) and down converted by the mixer to the Intermediate Frequency (IF) using the LO signal. Afterwards the IF
signal is sampled using a high resolution a Analog to Digital Converter (ADC).
Within the RX Digital Signal Processing (RxDSP) the received signal from the ADC is filtered by a digital channel filter and
demodulated. Two data receive paths are included into the RxDSP after the digital channel filter. The receive path can also
be configured to provide the digital output of an internal temperature sensor (Temp( )).
The Single Pole Double Throw (SPDT) switch is used together with Atmel ATA5780N to have a ATA5830N compatible PCB
layout and to use the integrated damping in the case of strong blockers.
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The system is controlled by an AVR® CPU with 24KB ROM, 512 byte EEPROM, 768 byte SRAM and other peripherals
supporting the receiver handling. Two ports PB[0..7] and PC[0..5] are available for external digital connections, e.g., the SPI
interface is connected to port B. The Atmel® ATA5780N is controlled by EEPROM configuration and SPI commands. The
functional behavior is mainly determined by the firmware in the ROM. It can be configured to a high degree by modifying the
EEPROM settings. The firmware running on the AVR gives access to the hardware functionality of the Atmel ATA5780N.
The RXDSP registers are directly accessible from the AVR since these DSP’s are directly connected to the AVR data bus.
The RF frontend registers are programmed with an on chip serial interface (SSI) accessing the RF frontend control.
The power management contains low-dropout (LDO) regulators and reset circuits for the supply voltages VS, AVCC and
DVCC of the Atmel ATA5780N. In OFFMode all the supply voltages AVCC and DVCC are switched off to achieve a very low
current consumption. The Atmel ATA5780N can be powered up by activating the PWRON pin or one of the NPWRON1..6
pins since they are still active in OFFMode.
The RF frontend circuits and the XTO are connected to AVCC, the AVCC domain can be switched on and off independently
from DVCC.
The Atmel ATA5780N provides two idle modes. In IDLEMode(RC) only the DVCC voltage regulator, the FRC- and SRCoscillators are active and the AVR uses a power down mode to achieve a low current consumption. The same power-down
mode can be used during the inactive phases of the PollingMode. In IDLEMode(XTO) the AVCC voltage domain as well as
the XTO are activated additionally.
An integrated watchdog timer is available to restart the Atmel ATA5780N.
3.2
Receive Path
3.2.1
Overview
The receive path consists of a Low Noise Amplifier (LNA), mixer, Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) and a Rx Digital Signal
Processor (DSP) as shown in Figure 3-1 on page 11. The fractional-N phase locked loop (PLL) and the quartz oscillator
(XTO) described above delivers the local oscillator frequency fLO in RXMode. The receive path is controlled wit the RF
frontend registers.
Two separate LNA inputs, one for Low-Band and one for High-Band, are provided to obtain optimum performance matching
for each frequency range and to allow multi band applications. A Radio Frequency (RF) level detector at the LNA output and
a switchable damping included into Single-Pole Double-Trough (SPDT) switch is used in the presence of large blockers to
achieve better system blocking performance.
The mixer converts the received RF signal to a low Intermediate Frequency (IF) of about 250kHz. A double quadrature
architecture is used for the mixer to achieve high image rejection. Additionally, the 3rd order suppression of Local Oscillator
(LO) harmonic receiving will make receiving without a frontend SAW filter, for example in a car keyfob application, less
critical.
The ADC converts the IF signal into the digital domain. Due to the high effective resolution (14 bit) of the used ADC the
channel filter and RSSI can be realized in the digital signal domain and no Analog Gain Control (AGC) which can lead to
critical timing issues or analog filtering is required in front of the ADC. This leads to a receiver frontend with good blocking
performance up to the 1dB compression point of the LNA and mixer, and a steep digital channel filter can be used.
The Rx DSP performs channel filtering and converts the digital output signals of the ADC to the baseband for demodulation.
Due to the digital realization of these functions the Rx DSP can be adapted to the needs of many different applications since
channel bandwidth, data rate, modulation type, wake-up criteria, signal checks, clock recovery and many other properties
are configurable. See Rx DSP description in Section 3.2.2 “RX Digital Signal Processing (Rx DSP)” on page 13.
A Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) value is built within the Rx DSP completely in the digital signal domain allowing
for a high relative RSSI accuracy and a good absolute accuracy, which is only deteriorated by the gain errors of LNA, mixer
and ADC.
Two independent receive paths A and B are integrated in the Rx DSP after the channel filter see Section 3.2.2 “RX Digital
Signal Processing (Rx DSP)” on page 13 and allow the use of different data rate, modulation type and protocol without the
need to power-up the receive path more than once to decide which signal should be received. This allows a much lower
polling current in several applications.
The integration of Remote Keyless Entry (RKE), Passive Entry Go (PEG) and Tire Pressure Monitoring systems (TPM) into
one module is simplified since completely different protocols can be supported and a low polling current is achieved. It is
even possible using different receive RF bands for different applications by using the two LNA inputs. For example a TPM
receiver can be realized at 433.92MHz while a PEG system uses the 868MHz ISM band.
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3.2.2
RX Digital Signal Processing (Rx DSP)
The Rx DSP block performs the digital signal processing, decoding and checking of the Rx samples from the ADC. It delivers
the raw data at the TRPA/B pins, the decoded data at the TMDO output and the buffered data bytes (Rx byte A/B) from the
Rx buffer. It also provides auxiliary information about the signal like the Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) and the
frequency offset of the received signal versus the selected center frequency (RXFOA/B).
Figure 3-2. Rx DSP Overview
RSSI
RXFOA
TRPA
Demod &
Check A
TMDO_CLK_A
TMDO_A
Frame
Sync A
Rx
Buffer A
Rx Byte A
Rx
Buffer B
Rx Byte B
=
ADC
Data
Channel
Filter
Demod &
Check B
Frame
Sync B
=
RXFOB
TRPB
TMDO_B
TMDO_CLK_B
The channel filter determines the receiver bandwidth. Its output is used for both receiving paths A and B. Therefore, it has to
be configured to be suitable for both. The receiving paths A and B are identical and consist of an ASK/FSK demodulator with
attached signal checks, a frame synchronizer supporting pattern based search for the telegram start and a 1 byte hardware
buffer for received data.
The receiver architecture with parallel receiving paths A and B allows for a simultaneous search for two different
transmitters. The simultaneous search is supported only when the flexible telegram support is enabled (see EEPROM
description).
E.g., path A can be configured for an ASK telegram with high data rate and path B can be configured for an FSK telegram
with low data rate. During PollingMode both settings are applied and the check occurs simultaneously. This results in a
shorter active time during polling.
ATA5780N [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9207ES–RKE–06/13
13
3.3
Power Management
3.3.1
Overview
The IC has three power domains:
● VS – The unregulated battery voltage input.
●
●
●
DVCC – The internally regulated digital supply voltage. Typical value is 1.35V.
AVCC – The internally regulated RF frontend and XTO supply. Typical value is 1.85V.
VS_SPDT – This is used to achieve full PCB and RF application compatibility with ATA5830N, in ATA5780N this
supply is always switched off and connected externally to the battery in 3V applications.
The ATA5780N can be operated from VS = 1.9V to 3.6V (3V application) and from VS= 4.5V to 5.5V (5V application).
Figure 3-3. Power Supply Management
2.2µF
220nF
22nF
AVCC
VS
DVCC
Power Management (common reference, Voltage Monitor)
DVCC regulator
AVCC regulator
Data Bus
RFIN_LB
RFIN_HB
AVR CPU, AVR peripherals,
Memories, RxDSP and FRC/SRC
SPDT_RX
SPDT_ANT
RF frontend
and XTO
Port B
SPI
Port C
VS_SPDT
(only 3V operation)
68nF
PB7
XTAL1
... Level shifter
14
ATA5780N [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9207ES–RKE–06/13
PB4
XTAL2
VS
PC5
...
PC1
...
4.
Ordering Information
Extended Type Number
Package
Remarks
QFN32
5mm 5mm PB free
ATA5780N-WNQW
Package Information
Top View
D
32
1
E
technical drawings
according to DIN
specifications
PIN 1 ID
Dimensions in mm
8
A
Side View
A3
A1
Two Step Singulation process
Partially Plated Surface
Bottom View
D2
9
16
17
8
COMMON DIMENSIONS
E2
(Unit of Measure = mm)
1
SYMBOL
MIN
24
32
Z
25
e
Z 10:1
L
5.
NOM
MAX
A
0.8
0.9
1
A1
A3
0.0
0.15
0.02
0.2
0.05
0.25
D
4.9
5
5.1
D2
3.45
3.6
3.75
E
4.9
5
5.1
E2
3.45
3.6
3.75
L
0.35
0.4
0.45
b
0.16
0.23
0.3
e
NOTE
0.5 BSC
b
11/30/11
TITLE
Package Drawing Contact:
[email protected]
Package: VQFN_5x5_32L
Exposed pad 3.6x3.6
GPC
DRAWING NO.
REV.
6.543-5124.02-4
2
ATA5780N [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9207ES–RKE–06/13
15
6.
Revision History
Please note that the following page numbers referred to in this section refer to the specific revision mentioned, not to this
document.
16
Revision No.
History
9207ES-RKE-06/13
Section 4 “Ordering Information” on page 15 updated
9207DS-RKE-09/12
Section 1.3.6 “EEPROM Configuration” on page 4 updated
9207CS-RKE-09/11
Document completely redesigned
ATA5780N [SUMMARY DATASHEET]
9207ES–RKE–06/13
XXXXXX
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