AN_395 User Guide for LibFT260

Application Note
AN_395
User Guide for LibFT260
Version 1.0
Issue Date: 2016-03-08
The FT260 is a USB device which supports I²C and UART communication
through the standard USB HID interface. This application note is a guide for
LibFT260, which provides high-level and convenient APIs for FT260
application development.
Use of FTDI devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at the user’s risk, and the
user agrees to defend, indemnify and hold FTDI harmless from any and all damages, claims, suits
or expense resulting from such use.
Future Technology Devices International Limited (FTDI)
Unit 1, 2 Seaward Place, Glasgow G41 1HH, United Kingdom
Tel.: +44 (0) 141 429 2777 Fax: + 44 (0) 141 429 2758
Web Site: http://ftdichip.com
Copyright © Future Technology Devices International Limited
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Table of Contents
1 Introduction ............................................................ 5
1.1 Overview.......................................................................... 5
1.2 FT260 HID Interfaces and Endpoints ................................. 6
1.2.1
Interfaces ...................................................................................... 6
1.2.2
Endpoints....................................................................................... 6
1.3 Scope ............................................................................... 7
2 Wiring ..................................................................... 8
2.1 I²C ................................................................................... 8
2.2 UART................................................................................ 8
3 Getting Started........................................................ 9
4 Application Programming Interface (API) .............. 11
4.1 FT260 General Functions................................................. 11
4.1.1
FT260_CreateDeviceList .................................................................. 11
4.1.2
FT260_Get DevicePath ..................................................................... 12
4.1.3
FT260_Open .................................................................................. 12
4.1.4
FT260_OpenByVidPid ...................................................................... 13
4.1.5
FT260_OpenByDevicePath................................................................ 13
4.1.6
FT260_Close .................................................................................. 14
4.1.7
FT260_GetChipVersion .................................................................... 14
4.1.8
FT260_GetLibVersion ...................................................................... 14
4.1.9
FT260_SetClock ............................................................................. 15
4.1.10
FT260_SetWakeupInterrupt ............................................................. 15
4.1.11
FT260_SetInterruptTriggerType ........................................................ 16
4.1.12
FT260_SelectGpio2Function ............................................................. 17
4.1.13
FT260_SelectGpioAFunction ............................................................. 17
4.1.14
FT260_Selec tGpioGF unction ............................................................. 18
4.1.15
FT260_SetSuspendOutPolarity .......................................................... 19
4.1.16
FT260_SetUartToGPIOPin ................................................................ 19
4.1.17
FT260_EnableDcdRiPin .................................................................... 19
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4.2 I2C Master Functions....................................................... 20
4.2.1
FT260_I2CMaster_Init ..................................................................... 21
4.2.2
T260_I2CMaster_Reset ................................................................... 21
4.2.3
FT260_I2CMaster_Write .................................................................. 22
4.2.4
FT260_I2CMaster_Read ................................................................... 23
4.2.5
FT260_I2CMaster_GetStatus ............................................................ 23
4.3 UART Functions .............................................................. 24
4.3.1
FT260_UART_Init ........................................................................... 25
4.3.2
FT260_UART_Reset ........................................................................ 25
4.3.3
FT260_UART_SetBaudRate............................................................... 26
4.3.4
FT260_UART_SetFlowControl............................................................ 26
4.3.5
FT260_UART_SetDataCharacteristics ................................................. 27
4.3.6
FT260_UART_SetBreakOn ................................................................ 27
4.3.7
FT260_UART_SetBrea kOff ................................................................ 28
4.3.8
FT260_UART_SetBreakOff ................................................................ 28
4.3.9
FT260_UART_SetXonXoffChar........................................................... 29
4.3.10
FT260_UART_GetQueueStatus .......................................................... 29
4.3.11
FT260_UART_Write ......................................................................... 30
4.3.12
FT260_UART_Read ......................................................................... 30
4.3.13
FT260_UART_GetDcdRiStatus ........................................................... 31
4.3.14
FT260_UART_EnableRiWakeup .......................................................... 31
4.3.15
FT260_GetInterruptFlag .................................................................. 32
4.3.16
FT260_CleanInterruptFlag ................................................................ 32
4.4 GPIO Functions .............................................................. 33
4.4.1
FT260_GPIO_Set ............................................................................ 33
4.4.2
FT260_GPIO_Get............................................................................ 34
4.4.3
FT260_GPIO_SetDir ........................................................................ 34
4.4.4
FT260_GPIO_Read.......................................................................... 35
4.4.5
FT260_GPIO_Write ......................................................................... 35
5 Contact Information .............................................. 36
Appendix A – References ........................................... 37
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Document References ............................................................ 37
Acronyms and Abbreviations .................................................. 37
Appendix B – List of Tables & Figures ......................... 38
List of Tables ......................................................................... 38
List of Figures ........................................................................ 38
Appendix C – FT260_STATUS ..................................... 39
Appendix D – Revision History ................................... 40
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1 Introduction
1.1 Overview
The FT260 is a full speed USB device which supports I²C and UART communication through
standard USB HID interfaces. The USB HID class is natively supported by most operating systems.
A custom driver is not required to be installed for the FT260. By default, the FT260 has two HID
interfaces:



The first HID interface sends and receives data via the I²C connection.
The second HID interface sends and receives data via the UART connection.
The HID interface can be configured by the DCNF0 and DCNF1 pins.
The USB HID class exchanges data between a host and a device by reports . There are three types
of reports in USB HID:
1. Feature report: Configuration data are exchanged between the host and the HID device
through a control pipe. The feature report is usually used to turn on/off a device function.
2. Input report: Data content that is sent from the HID device to the host.
3. Output report: Data content that is sent from the host to the HID device .
The FT260 device receives output reports from the HID application, decodes the requests, and
passes the data to the connected I²C or UART device. Data received from the I²C or UART device
is sent to the host by input reports.
Figure 1.1 The FT260 System Block Diagram
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1.2 FT260 HID Interfaces and Endpoints
1.2.1 Interfaces
The FT260 interfaces can be configured as:

I²C and UART

I²C only

UART only
The interfaces can be configured by mode pins: DCNF0 and DCNF1.
DCNF1
DCNF0
HID Interfaces
0
0
0
1
The FT260 will create a HID interface which s ends and receives data via the
I²C connection.
1
0
The FT260 will create a HID interface which sends and receives data via the
UART connection.
The default mode. The FT260 will create two HID interfaces: I²C and UART.
This mode is the same as mode (1,1).
The FT260 will create two HID interfaces:
1


1
The first HID interface sends and receives data via the I²C connection.
The second HID interface sends and receives data via the UART
connection.
Table 1.1 FT260 interface configuration
1.2.2 Endpoints
An interface of the FT260 is composed of the following endpoints:
Endpoint
Usage
Control In
Input reports, Feature reports sent to the host with a GET_REPORT request
Control Out
Output reports, Feature reports received from the host with a SET_REPORT
request
Interrupt In
Input reports
Interrupt Out
Output reports
Table 1.2 FT260 endpoints
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1.3 Scope
The guide is intended for developers who are creating applications, extending FTDI provided
applications or implementing FTDI’s applications for the FT260.
The support library, LibFT260, hides the detail of communicating by HID protocol and provides
simple APIs for developers to create their own applications.
The sample source code contained in this application note is provided as an example and is neither
guaranteed nor supported by FTDI.
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2 Wiring
2.1 I²C
The FT260 I²C is open-drain architecture. It requires a suitable pull-high resistor on the I²C bus.
Figure 2.1 The FT260 connects with I²C bus
2.2 UART
The FT260 UART supports 3 flow control modes:

Software flow control (default)

Hardware flow control by CTS and RTS

Hardware flow control by DTR and DSR
Software flow control mode is the default flow control mode of the FT260 and it has the simplest
wiring. It only requires connecting TXD, RXD and GND. CTS, RTS, and DTR, DSR are optional for
hardware flow control.
Figure 2.2 The FT260 connects to an UART device
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3 Getting Started
This is an example which shows how to open the device with the LibFT260 support library. After
opening the device, developers need to initialize the FT260 device as either an I2C master or a
UART. Different device types require different configurations. For more details refer to chapter 4.
Example
#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "LibFT260.h"
#define MASK_1 0x0f
void ListAllDevicePaths()
{
DWORD devNum = 0;
WCHAR pathBuf[128];
FT260_CreateDeviceList(&devNum);
for(int i = 0; i < devNum; i++)
{
FT260_GetDevicePath(pathBuf, 128, i);
wprintf(L"Index:%d\nPath:%s\n\n", i, pathBuf);
}
}
int main(int argc, char const* argv[])
{
FT260_STATUS ftStatus = FT260_OTHER_ERROR;
FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
DWORD devNum = 0;
// Show all HID device path
ListAllDevicePaths();
FT260_GetNumberOfHIDDevice(&devNum);
if(devNum < 1) {
return 0;
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}
// Open device by index
ftStatus = FT260_Open(0, &handle);
if (FT260_OK != ftStatus) {
printf("Open device Failed, status: %d\n", ftStatus);
return 0;
}
else {
printf("Open device OK\n");
}
// Show version information
DWORD dwChipVersion = 0;
ftStatus = FT260_GetChipVersion(handle, &dwChipVersion);
if (FT260_OK != ftStatus)
{
printf("Get chip version Failed, status: %d\n", ftStatus);
}
else
{
printf("Get chip version OK\n");
printf("Chip version : %d.%d.%d.%d\n",
((dwChipVersion >> 24) & MASK_1),
((dwChipVersion >> 16) & MASK_1),
((dwChipVersion >> 8) & MASK_1),
(dwChipVersion & MASK_1) );
}
//
Initialize as an I2C master, and read/write data to an I2C slave
//
FT260_I2CMaster_Init
//
FT260_I2CMaster_Read
//
FT260_I2CMaster_Write
// Close device
FT260_Close(handle);
return 0;
}
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4 Application Programming Interface (API)
LibFT260 supports I2C, UART and GPIO communication by using high-level APIs. In addition, it
provides chip configuration APIs, such as FT260_SetClock.
After opening the FT260 device, the FT260 could be initialized by one of the following initial
functions:

FT260_I2CMaster_Init

FT260_UART_Init
The initialization functions set up the FT260 for the subsequent operations.
Refer to “Appendix C – FT260_STATUS” for the definitions of the error code of following functions.
4.1 FT260 General Functions
The functions listed in this section are configuration functions for the FT260.
4.1.1 FT260_CreateDeviceList
FT260_STATUS FT260_CreateDeviceList (LPDWORD lpdwNumDevs)
Summary:
Create device list and get the number of HID devices.
Note: The call creates a list for all HID devices, not only FT260 devices.
Parameters:
lpdwNumDevs
Pointer to a variable for retrieving the number of HID devices.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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4.1.2 FT260_GetDevicePath
FT260_STATUS FT260_GetDevicePath(WCHAR* pDevicePath, DWORD bufferLength, DWORD
deviceIndex)
Summary:
Get device path by index.
The device path data would be of a format such as shown below:
\\?\hid#vid_0403&pid_6030&mi_00#8&1d5b3f5a&0&0000#{4d1e55b2 -f16f-11cf88cb-001111000030}
Parameters:
pDevicePath
Pointer to the buffer for getting data.
bufferLength
The maximum number of characters to store . Note that the device path is
WCHAR.
deviceIndex
The index of the device, which is 0 based.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.1.3 FT260_Open
FT260_STATUS FT260_Open(int iDevice, FT260_HANDLE* pFt260Handle)
Summary:
Open device by index.
Parameters:
iDevice
The index of the device, which is 0 based.
pFt260Handle
Pointer to a variable of type FT260_HANDLE where the handle will be stored. This
handle must be used to access the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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4.1.4 FT260_OpenByVidPid
FT260_STATUS FT260_OpenByVidPid(WORD
FT260_HANDLE* pFt260Handle)
vid,
WORD
pid,
DWORD
deviceIndex,
Summary:
Open device by the given VID, PID and index.
For example, call this function with VID, PID and index:0, 1 and 2 when there are three devices
with the same VID and PID.
Parameters:
vid
USB vendor ID.
pid
USB product ID
deviceIndex
The index of the device, which is 0 based.
There might be several devices with the same VID/PID. Use the index to select
the device.
pHandle
Pointer to a variable of type FT260_HANDLEwhere the handle will be stored. This
handle must be used to access the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.1.5 FT260_OpenByDevicePath
FT260_STATUS FT260_OpenByDevicePath(WCHAR* pDevicePath, FT260_HANDLE*
pFt260Handle)
Summary:
Open device by path.
Parameters:
pDevicePath
the device path to be opened
pFt260Handle
Pointer to a variable of type FT260_HANDLEwhere the handle will be stored. This
handle must be used to access the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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4.1.6 FT260_Close
FT260_STATUS FT260_Close(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle)
Summary:
Close the device.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.1.7 FT260_GetChipVersion
FT260_STATUS FT260_GetChipVersion(FT260_HANDLEft260Handle, LPDWORD
lpdwChipVersion )
Summary:
Get the chip version of the FT260 device.
Version 1.0.0.0 is shows as 16777216 in decimal.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
lpdwChipVersion
Handle of the device.
Pointer to a variable for retrieving the chip version.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.1.8 FT260_GetLibVersion
FT260_STATUS FT260_GetLibVersion(LPDWORD lpdwLibVersion)
Summary:
Get the library version of the FT260 support library.
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Parameters:
lpdwLibVersion
Pointer to a variable for retrieving the library version.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.1.9 FT260_SetClock
FT260_STATUS FT260_SetClock FT260_SetClock(FT260_HANDLEft260Handle, FT260_Clock_Rate
clk)
Summary:
Set system clock rate. The default clock rate of the FT260 is 48 MHz.
A lower system clock rate will have lower power consumption, and it may also affect maximum
transfer rates.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
Clk
System clock rate:

FT260_SYS_CLK_12M

FT260_SYS_CLK_24M

FT260_SYS_CLK_48M
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.1.10
FT260_SetWakeupInterrupt
FT260_STATUS FT260_SetWakeupInterrupt(FT260_HANDLEft260Handle, BOOL enable)
Summary:
Enable/Disable wakeup interrupt.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
enable
TRUE to enable and switch the pin mode to wakeup/interrupt
FALSE to disable and switch the pin mode to GPIO3
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Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.1.11
FT260_SetInterruptTriggerType
FT260_STATUS FT260_SetInterruptTriggerType(FT260_HANDLEft260Handle,
FT260_Interrupt_Trigger_Type type, FT260_Interrupt_Level_Time_Delay delay)
Summary:
Specify edge, level and duration of signals to generate interrupt.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
type
Trigger type:
delay

FT260_INTR_RISING_EDGE

FT260_INTR_LEVEL_HIGH

FT260_INTR_FALLING_EDGE

FT260_INTR_LEVEL_LOW
Specifies the minimum pulse width for level-based interrupts.
When the voltage at the interrupt pin exceeds the level for the specified duration ,
the interrupt signal will be generated. This setting only affects trigger types that
are level high or level low.

FT260_INTR_DELAY_1MS

FT260_INTR_DELAY_5MS

FT260_INTR_DELAY_30MS
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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FT260_SelectGpio2Function
FT260_STATUS FT260_SelectGpio2Function(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, FT260_GPIO2_Pin
gpio2Function)
Summary:
Select the function of GPIO 2.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
gpio2Function
Set the active function of the pin GPIO2:

FT260_GPIO2_GPIO
GPIO 2, General Purpose I/O.

FT260_GPIO2_SUSPOUT
SUSPOUT_N is the default functions to indicate entering the USB suspend state.
Active Low. It can be configured as active high.

FT260_GPIO2_PWREN
PWREN_N is as the power enable indicator when the FT260 is USB enumerated.
Active Low.

FT260_GPIO2_TX_LED
TX_LED is the LED driving source when data is transmitted on the UART TX port.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.1.13
FT260_SelectGpioAFunction
FT260_STATUS FT260_SelectGpioAFunction(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, FT260_GPIOA_Pin
gpioAFunction)
Summary:
Select the function of GPIO A.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
gpioAFunction
Set the active function of the pin GPIOA:

FT260_GPIOA_GPIO
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GPIO A, General Purpose I/O.

FT260_GPIOA_TX_ACTIVE
TX_ACTIVE is the default function to indicate the UART transmitting is active.

FT260_GPIOA_TX_LED
TX_LED is the LED driving source when data is transmitted on the UART TX port.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.1.14
FT260_SelectGpioGFunction
FT260_STATUS FT260_SelectGpioGFunction(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, FT260_GPIOG_Pin
gpioGFunction)
Summary:
Select the function of GPIO G.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
gpioGFunction
Set the active function of the pin GPIOG:

FT260_GPIOG_GPIO
GPIO G, General Purpose I/O.

FT260_GPIOG_PWREN
PWREN_N is the power enable indicator when the FT260 is USB enumerated.
Active low.

FT260_GPIOG_RX_LED
RX_LED is the LED driving source when data is received on the UART RX port.

FT260_GPIOG_BCD_DET
BCD_DET is the default function. A battery charger detection indicator output
when the device is connected to a dedicated battery charger port. Polarity can be
defined.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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FT260_SetSuspendOutPolarity
FT260_STATUS
FT260_SetSuspendOutPolarity(FT260_HANDLE
FT260_Suspend_Out_Polarity polarity)
ft260Handle,
Summary:
Set suspend out polarity.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
polarity
Suspend out level:

FT260_SUSPEND_OUT_LEVEL_HIGH

FT260_SUSPEND_OUT_LEVEL_LOW
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.1.16
FT260_SetUartToGPIOPin
FT260_STATUS FT260_SetUartToGPIOPin(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle)
Summary:
Disable UART mode and switch pins to GPIO B, GPIO C, GPIO D, GPIO E, GPIO F and GPIO H.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.1.17
FT260_EnableDcdRiPin
FT260_STATUS FT260_EnableDcdRiPin(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, BOOL enable)
Summary:
Set UART DCD, RI function and switch pin function.
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Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
enable
FALSE to disable UART DCD, UART RI, and switch the pins modes to GPIO4,
GPIO5
TRUE to enable and switch the pins modes to UART DCD, UART RI
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.2 I2C Master Functions
I2C (Inter Integrated Circuit) is a multi-master serial bus invented by Philips. I 2C uses two bidirectional open-drain wires called serial data (SDA) and serial clock (SCL). Common I²C bus
speeds are the 100 kbit/s standard mode (SM), 400 kbit/s fast mode (FM), 1 Mbit/s Fast mode
plus (FM+), and 3.4 Mbit/s High Speed mode (HS).
I²C transaction
All I²C transactions begin with a START condition, a slave address, a single bit representing write
(0) or read (1), and are terminated by a STOP condition. All of them are always generated by the
master.
STOP
8 bit data
ACK
8 bit data
ACK
8 bit data
ACK
ACK
Read/
Write
Start
7 bit slave
address
I²C defines three basic types of message:

Single message where a master writes data to a slave;

Single message where a master reads data from a slave;

Combined messages, where a master issues at least two reads and/or writes to one or
more slaves
For more information on the protocol, refer to the I²C specification.
The FT260 provides flexibility to allow users to decide when to send START and STOP conditions.
Here are some examples. The following scenarios are supported by the FT260.
Send data with START_AND_STOP conditions
ACK
8 bit data
STOP
8 bit data
ACK
8 bit data
ACK
ACK
write
Start
7 bit slave
address
Send the first packet with a START condition, and then send remaining data in the other packet
with a STOP condition.
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ACK
8 bit data
ACK
STOP
8 bit data
ACK
8 bit data
ACK
8 bit data
ACK
8 bit data
ACK
ACK
write
Start
7 bit slave
address
C learance N o.: FT DI# 4 8 9
Separate data into three packets.
8 bit
data
STOP
8 bit data
ACK
ACK
write
Start
7 bit slave
address
I²C combined message
In a combined message, each read or write begins with a START and the slave address. After the
first START, these are called repeated START bits; repeated START bits are not preceded by STOP
bits, which is how slaves know the next transfer is part of the same message.
STOP
8 bit
data
ACK
8 bit data
ACK
ACK
7 bit
slave
address
read
SR
8 bit data
ACK
ACK
write
Start
7 bit slave
address
SR = repeated START condition
4.2.1 FT260_I2CMaster_Init
FT260_STATUS FT260_I2CMaster_Init(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, uint32 kbps)
Summary:
Initialize the FT260 as an I2C master with the requested I2C clock speed.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
kbps
The speed of the I2C clock, whose range is from 100K bps to 4000K bps.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.2.2 T260_I2CMaster_Reset
FT260_STATUS T260_I2CMaster_Reset(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle)
Summary:
Reset the FT260 I2C Master controller.
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Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.2.3 FT260_I2CMaster_Write
FT260_STATUS FT260_I2CMaster_Write(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, uint8 deviceAddress,
FT260_I2C_FLAG flag, LPVOID lpBuffer, DWORD dwBytesToWrite, LPDWORD lpdwBytesWritten);
Summary:
Write data to the specified I2C slave device with the given I2C condition.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
deviceAddress
Address of the target I2C slave.
flag
I2C condition:

FT260_I2C_NONE

FT260_I2C_START

FT260_I2C_REPEATED_START

FT260_I2C_STOP

FT260_I2C_START_AND_STOP
lpBuffer
Pointer to the buffer that contains the data to be written to the device .
dwBytesToRead
Number of bytes to write to the device.
lpdwBytesReturned
Pointer to a variable of type DWORD which receives the number of bytes
read and written to the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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4.2.4 FT260_I2CMaster_Read
FT260_STATUS FT260_I2CMaster_Read(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, uint8 deviceAddress,
FT260_I2C_FLAG flag, LPVOID lpBuffer, DWORD dwBytesToRead, LPDWORD lpdwByt esReturned)
Summary:
Read data from the specified I2C slave device with the given I2C condition.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
deviceAddress
Address of the target I2C slave device.
Flag
I2C condition:

FT260_I2C_NONE

FT260_I2C_START

FT260_I2C_REPEATED_START

FT260_I2C_STOP

FT260_I2C_START_AND_STOP
lpBuffer
Pointer to the buffer that receives the data from the device.
dwBytesToRead
Number of bytes to read from the device.
lpdwBytesReturned
Pointer to a variable of type DWORD which receives the number of bytes
read from the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.2.5 FT260_I2CMaster_GetStatus
FT260_STATUS FT260_I2CMaster_GetStatus(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, uint8* status)
Summary:
Read the status of the I2C master controller.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
status
Point to a variable of type uint8 which saves the status value.
Status:

bit 0 = controller busy: all other status bits invalid

bit 1 = error condition

bit 2 = slave address was not acknowledged during last operation
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
bit 3 = data not acknowledged during last operation

bit 4 = arbitration lost during last operation

bit 5 = controller idle

bit 6 = bus busy
C learance N o.: FT DI# 4 8 9
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.3 UART Functions
UART (Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter) is a commonly used interface to transfer
serial data. Being asynchronous there is no clock signal but the structure of the transmitted data
provides for a start and an end to a message. It is also important that both ends of the link decide
to operate with the same pulse width defined as the baud rate. The UART of a micro -controller will
normally operate at 3V3 or 5V TTL levels. The UART will only connect to one other device in the
chain.
The FT260 device can be initialized as a UART. Here is a brief overview of FT260 UART features:

The UART can support baud rates from 1.2KBaud to 12MBaud.

UART data signals: TxD, RxD, RTS, CTS, DSR, DTR, DCD, RI, GND

Serial Communication Parameters
o
Parity: None, Odd, Even, Mark, Space
o
Data bits: 7, 8
o
Flow control: RTS/CTS , DSR/DTR, X-ON/X-OFF, None
o
Stop bits 1,2
Please refer to DS_FT260 for more information.
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4.3.1 FT260_UART_Init
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_Init(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle);
Summary:
Initialize the FT260 as a UART device.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.3.2 FT260_UART_Reset
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_Reset(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle)
Summary:
Reset UART controller.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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4.3.3 FT260_UART_SetBaudRate
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_SetBaudRate(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, ULONG baudRate)
Summary:
Set the baud rate for the device .
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
baudRate
The speed of UART transmission. It ranges from 1,200 to 12,000,000 bps.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.3.4 FT260_UART_SetFlowControl
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_SetFlowControl(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, FT260_UART_Mode
flowControl)
Summary:
Set UART flow control for the device.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
flowControl
Flow control:

FT260_UART_OFF: Disable UART and switch UART pins to GPIO.

FT260_UART_RTS_CTS_MODE

FT260_UART_DTR_DSR_MODE

FT260_UART_XON_XOFF_MODE

FT260_UART_NO_FLOW_CTRL_MODE
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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4.3.5 FT260_UART_SetDataCharacteristics
FT260_STATUS
FT260_UART_SetDataCharacteristics (FT260_HANDLE
FT260_Data_Bit dataBits, FT260_Stop_Bit stopBits, FT260_Parity parity);
ft260Handle,
Summary:
Set UART data characteristics for the device.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
dataBits
Data bits:
stopBits
parity

FT260_DATA_BIT_7

FT260_DATA_BIT_8
Stop bits:

FT260_STOP_BITS_1

FT260_STOP_BITS_2
Parity:

FT260_PARITY_NONE

FT260_PARITY_ODD

FT260_PARITY_EVEN

FT260_PARITY_MARK

FT260_PARITY_SPACE
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.3.6 FT260_UART_SetBreakOn
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_SetBreakOn(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle)
Summary:
Set the BREAK condition ON for the device.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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4.3.7 FT260_UART_SetBreakOff
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_SetBreakOff(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle)
Summary:
Reset the BREAK condition OFF for the device.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.3.8 FT260_UART_SetBreakOff
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_GetConfig(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, UartConfig* pUartConfig)
Summary:
UART get configuration which includes baud rate, data characteristics and break condition.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
pUartConfig
Pointer to a variable of type UartConfig where the value will be stored. Type
UartConfig is defined as following:
struct UartConfig
{
u8 flow_ctrl;
u32 baud_rate;
u8 data_bit;
u8 parity;
u8 stop_bit;
u8 breaking;
}
Please refer to the previous UART setting functions for a description of the fields.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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4.3.9 FT260_UART_SetXonXoffChar
FT260_STATUS
UCHAR Xoff)
FT260_UART_SetXonXoffChar(FT260_HANDLE
ft260Handle,
UCHAR
Xon,
Summary:
Set Xon/Xoff characters for software flow control.
Software flow control (XON_XOFF)
This setting uses special characters to start and stop data flow. These are termed XON and XOFF
(from "transmit on" and "transmit off", respectively). The XON character tells the downstream
device to start sending data. The XOFF character tells the downstream device to stop sending data.
Usually it is possible to define these characters in an application. Typical default for XON is 0x11
and for XOFF is 0x13.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
Xon
Setting character for transmit on.
Xoff
Setting character for transmit off.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.3.10
FT260_UART_GetQueueStatus
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_GetQueueStatus(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle,
LPDWORD lpdwAmountInRxQueue)
Summary:
Gets the number of bytes in the receive queue.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
lpdwAmountInRxQueue
Pointer to a variable of type DWORD which save the amount of data.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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4.3.11
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FT260_UART_Write
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_Write(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, LPVOID lpBuffer, DWORD
dwBufferLength, DWORD dwBytesToWrite, LPDWORD lpdwBytesWritten)
Summary:
UART write data to the device.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
lpBuffer
Pointer to the buffer that contains the data to be written.
dwBufferLength
The length of the buffer.
dwBytesToWrite
Number of bytes to write.
lpdwBytesWritten
Pointer to a variable of type DWORD which receives the number of bytes
written.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.3.12
FT260_UART_Read
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_Read(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, LPVOID lpBuffer, DWORD
dwBufferLength, DWORD dwBytesToRead, LPDWORD lpdwBytesReturned)
Summary:
UART read data from the device.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
lpBuffer
Pointer to the buffer that contains the data to be read.
dwBufferLength
The length of the buffer.
dwBytesToWrite
Number of bytes to read.
lpdwBytesWritten
Pointer to a variable of type DWORD which receives the number of bytes
read.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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4.3.13
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FT260_UART_GetDcdRiStatus
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_GetDcdRiStatus(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, uint8* value)
Summary:
Get DCD, RI status.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
Value
Pointer to a variable of type uint8 which saves the status value.

BIT 0: DCD status

BIT 1: RI status
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.3.14
FT260_UART_EnableRiWakeup
FT260_STATUS FT260_UART_EnableRiWakeup(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, BOOL enable)
Summary:
UART enable RI wakeup.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
Enable
FALSE to disable.
TRUE to enable.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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FT260_GetInterruptFlag
FT260_STATUS FT260_GetInterruptFlag(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, BOOL* pbFlag);
Summary:
Get interrupt flag.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
pbFlag
Pointer to a variable of type BOOL which saves the flag value.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.3.16
FT260_CleanInterruptFlag
FT260_STATUS FT260_CleanInterruptFlag(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, BOOL* pbFlag);
Summary:
Clean the interrupt flag.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
pbFlag
Pointer to a variable of type BOOL which saves the flag value.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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4.4 GPIO Functions
The FT260 contains 14 GPIO pins. Each GPIO pin is multiplexed with other functions as listed
below:

GPIO0 / SCL

GPIO1 / SDA

GPIO2 / SUSPEND OUT / TX_LED / PWREN

GPIO3 / WAKEUP / INTR

GPIO4 / UART DCD

GPIO5 / UART RI

GPIOA / TX_ACTIVE / TX_LED / PWREN

GPIOB / UART_RTS_N

GPIOC / UART_RXD

GPIOD / UART_TXD

GPIOE / UART_CTS_N

GPIOF / UART_DTR_N

GPIOG / BCD_DET / RX_LED

GPIOH / UART_DST_N
The LibFT260 support library provides several APIs to set the function of these GPIOs and the
GPIO example application shows how to use them.
Please refer to DS_FT260 for more information.
4.4.1 FT260_GPIO_Set
FT260_STATUS FT260_GPIO_Set(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, FT260_GPIO_Report report)
Summary:
Set directions and values for all GPIO pins with the FT260_GPIO_Report parameter.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
report
The setting values which is a variable of type FT260_GPIO_Report. Type
FT260_GPIO_Report is defined as follows:
struct FT260_GPIO_Report
{
WORD value;
// bit0~5: GPIO0~5 values
WORD dir;
// bit0~5: GPIO0~5 directions
WORD gpioN_value; // bit0~7: GPIOA~H values
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WORD gpioN_dir;
C learance N o.: FT DI# 4 8 9
// bit0~7: GPIOA~H directions
}
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.4.2 FT260_GPIO_Get
FT260_STATUS FT260_GPIO_Get(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, FT260_GPIO_Report *report)
Summary:
Get directions and values for all GPIO pins with the FT260_GPIO_Report parameter.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
report
Pointer to a variable of type FT260_GPIO_Report where the value will be stored.
Type FT260_GPIO_Report is defined as follows:
struct FT260_GPIO_Report
{
WORD value;
// bit0~5: GPIO0~5 values
WORD dir;
// bit0~5: GPIO0~5 directions
WORD gpioN_value; // bit0~7: GPIOA~H values
WORD gpioN_dir;
// bit0~7: GPIOA~H directions
}
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.4.3 FT260_GPIO_SetDir
FT260_STATUS FT260_GPIO_SetDir(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, WORD pinNum, BYTE dir)
Summary:
Set direction for the specified GPIO pin.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
pinNum
Target GPIO pin number.
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dir
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0 for input.
1 for output.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.4.4 FT260_GPIO_Read
FT260_STATUS FT260_GPIO_Read(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, WORD pinNum, BYTE* pValue)
Summary:
Read the value from the specified GPIO pin.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
pinNum
Target GPIO pin number.
pValue
Pointer to a variable of BYTE which receives the value of the GPIO pin.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
4.4.5 FT260_GPIO_Write
FT260_STATUS FT260_GPIO_Write(FT260_HANDLE ft260Handle, WORD pinNum, BYTE value)
Summary:
Write value to the specified GPIO pin.
Parameters:
ft260Handle
Handle of the device.
pinNum
Target GPIO pin number.
value
The output value.
Return Value:
FT260_OK if successful, otherwise the return value is an error code.
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5 Contact Information
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Distributor and Sales Representatives
Please visit the Sales Network page of the FTDI Web site for the contact details of our distributor(s) and sales
representative(s) in your country.
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Appendix A – References
Document References
DS_FT260
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Terms
GPIO
Description
General-purpose input/output
HID
Humber Interface Device
I2C
Inter-Integrated Circuit
UART
USB
USB-IF
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Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
Universal Serial Bus
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Application Note
AN_395 User Guide for LibFT260
V ers ion 1 .0
D oc ument Reference N o.: FT _001280
C learance N o.: FT DI# 4 8 9
Appendix B – List of Tables & Figures
List of Tables
Table 1.1 FT260 interface configuration ........................................................................................ 6
Table 1.2 FT260 endpoints ........................................................................................................... 6
List of Figures
Figure 1.1 The FT260 System Block Diagram ................................................................................ 5
Figure 2.1 The FT260 connects with I²C bus ................................................................................. 8
Figure 2.2 The FT260 connects to an UART device ........................................................................ 8
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Application Note
AN_395 User Guide for LibFT260
V ers ion 1 .0
D oc ument Reference N o.: FT _001280
C learance N o.: FT DI# 4 8 9
Appendix C – FT260_STATUS
FT260_STATUS
FT260_OK = 0
FT260_INVALID_HANDLE = 1
FT260_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND = 2
FT260_DEVICE_NOT_OPENED = 3
FT260_DEVICE_OPEN_FAIL = 4
FT260_DEVICE_CLOSE_FAIL = 5
FT260_INCORRECT_INTERFACE = 6
FT260_INCORRECT_CHIP_MODE = 7
FT260_DEVICE_MANAGER_ERROR = 8
FT260_IO_ERROR = 9
FT260_INVALID_PARAMETER = 10
FT260_NULL_BUFFER_POINTER = 11
FT260_BUFFER_SIZE_ERROR = 12
FT260_UART_SET_FAIL = 13
FT260_RX_NO_DATA = 14
FT260_GPIO_WRONG_DIRECTION = 15
FT260_INVALID_DEVICE = 16
FT260_OTHER_ERROR = 17
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Application Note
AN_395 User Guide for LibFT260
V ers ion 1 .0
D oc ument Reference N o.: FT _001280
C learance N o.: FT DI# 4 8 9
Appendix D – Revision History
Document Title:
AN_395 User Guide for LibFT260
Document Reference No.:
FT_001280
Clearance No.:
FTDI# 489
Product Page:
http://www.ftdichip.com/FTProducts.htm
Document Feedback:
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Revision
1.0
Changes
Initial Release
Date
2016-03-08
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