26 29 23 DRIVES MM420

SECTION [26 29 23] [16269]
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES
PART 1 - GENERAL
1.1
SCOPE
A.
1.2
RELATED DOCUMENTS
A.
1.3
Project motor list to contain application description, environmental descriptions for variable
frequency drive and motor information (if available). Drawings for the project are provided if
applicable.
SUBMITTALS
A.
1.4
This section covers ac voltage source, pulse width modulated (PWM) type variable frequency
drives for general variable speed control applications up to 15HP as shown on the project
drawings or list in project motor list.
1.
General. Equipment provided under this section shall be fabricated, assembled, erected
and placed in proper operating condition in full conformity with the drawings,
specifications, engineering data, instructions and recommendations of the equipment
manufacturer, unless the engineer notes exceptions.
2.
Governing Standards. Each variable frequency drive shall be designed, constructed and
tested in accordance with the applicable standards of NEMA, ANSI, UL and IEEE and
shall be designed for installation in accordance with the NEC. The drives shall be UL
listed.
The shop drawing submittals shall include the following information for each size and type of
drive being furnished:
1.
Drawings
a.
Name of manufacturer.
b.
Types and model numbers.
c.
Rated drive power.
d.
Percent efficiency at 100 percent speed and 100 percent load.
e.
Front and side views with overall dimensions and weights shown; and nameplate
legends.
f.
Schematics, including interlocks.
g.
Wiring diagrams, including all internal and external devices and terminal blocks.
h.
List of diagnostic indicators.
i.
List of spare drives and/or parts to be furnished.
2.
Test Reports. Drives supplier to provide typical factory test description with the project
bid. Drives are to be 100% tested at the factory prior to shipment. All drives are to be
powered with a motor load.
3.
Manufacturer’s field reports. Drives commissioned in the field by the manufacturer are to
include start-up report.
The report will include installation overview, application
description, drive wiring description and parameter settings as programmed for the
application. Comments on drive performance as commissioned shall be also noted in the
field report.
4.
Operation and maintenance data. Provide CD ROM to include, but not limited to, the
following items. Printed manuals, if required, are to be specified in the motor project list.
a.
Operation & maintenance manual
b.
Start-up software
c.
Option descriptions and drawings
d.
Harmonics software
RELATED STANDARDS
July 2, 2016
Variable Frequency Drives
[Project Name]
[26 29 23] [16269]-1
A.
The VFD shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the requirements of the IEEE
and NEMA standards. (The VFD shall be rated for compatibility with NEMA design B premium
efficiency motors.)
B.
The VFD shall be UL and cUL listed for power conversion equipment 5B33 for use in pollution
degree 2 environments and labeled accordingly.
C.
The VFD shall comply with the requirements of the Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC as
amended by Directive 98/68/EEC and shall be CE marked accordingly.
1.5
QUALITY ASSURANCE
A.
1.6
The VFD shall be designed and manufactured to a quality management system in according
with ISO 9001. The VFD shall be supplied by a manufacturer who has considerable experience
in the design and manufacturing of VFD of the ratings specified for a period of at least ten (10)
years.
DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING
A.
The construction/installation manager is to protect the inverter against physical shocks and
vibration during transport or storage. The equipment shall also be protected against water
(rainfall) and excessive temperatures. Installation after a prolonged period of storage may
require reform of the capacitors in the inverter. Consult manufacturer for details.
PART 2 - PRODUCTS
2.1
[MANUFACTURERS.
A.
2.2
MM420
or
pre-approved
equal.
Approved
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
A.
2.3
Provide variable frequency controllers suitable for operating the indicated loads. Controllers
shall meet or exceed the ratings listed below:
1.
Rated input voltage: [200 – 240 volts] [400-500 volts] plus or minus 10 percent, threephase. Rated frequency: 50 or 60 hertz plus or minus 2 percent.
2.
Motor nameplate voltage: [230] [460] volts, three phase 60 hertz (as specified on motor
list).
3.
Displacement power factor: between 1.0 and 0.95, lagging, over entire range of operating
speed and load.
4.
Operating ambient: 32 to 122 degrees F or 0 to 50 degrees C.
5.
Minimum efficiency at full load: 97 percent.
PRODUCT SPECIFICS
A.
2.4
Provide Siemens MICROMASTER
manufacturers are as follows:
1.
Siemens
2.
.]
The Variable speed drive is to have these characteristics:
1.
Variable frequency drive shall have modular construction to allow for maximum
configuration flexibility.
2.
Inputs and outputs for the VFD to include three fully programmable isolated digital inputs
with the option for a fourth, One scalable analog input can also be used as a 4th digital
input, One fully programmable analog output and One fully programmable relay output.
3.
Silent motor operation is possible when using high switching frequencies.
4.
Complete inverter and motor protection.
5.
Product to provide simple commissioning macro to program the VFD for the application,
motor data and control information. In addition, the drive to provide automatic calibrate
routine to optimize motor electrical characteristics within the VFD.
FEATURES & PERFORMANCE.
July 2, 2016
Variable Frequency Drives
[Project Name]
[26 29 23] [16269]-2
A.
The VFD is to include these inverter features as a minimum:
1.
Latest IGBT technology and Digital microprocessor control.
2.
Flux Current Control (FCC) for improved dynamic response and optimized motor control.
In addition, programmable multi-point V/Hz curve, Linear V/Hz control, Quadratic V/Hz
control shall be provided.
3.
Binary Connector (BiCo) technology for customizing signals as required by the
application.
4.
PI control loop for simple process control.
5.
Fast, repeatable digital input response time with NPN/PNP Source-Sink control
adaptability. As a minimum, the drive shall provide at least three programmable digital
inputs for control of these typical inverter functions:
a.
On Fwd
b.
Fault reset
c.
External trip
d.
External MOP set point frequency control.
e.
Fixed frequency presets up to (7) different settings.
6.
As a minimum, the drive shall provide one digital output for signal indication of any one of
these functions:
a.
Inverter running
b.
Inverter frequency 0.0 hertz.
c.
Motor direction in reverse
d.
Fault indication
e.
Warning active
f.
Output current greater than or equal to programmable set point.
g.
Output frequency greater than or equal to programmable set point.
7.
RS-485 Serial Port with optional RS232 with Drive Monitor & Starter Software
Commissioning Tool.
8.
Programmable acceleration/ deceleration, 0 s to 650s with Multi-curve, adjustable ramp
smoothing.
9.
Flying restart.
10.
Slip compensation for good speed control.
11.
Automatic restart following power failure or fault.
12.
Fast current limit (FCL) for trip free operation.
13.
Fine speed adjustment using a high-resolution 10-bit analog input.
14.
Injection or Compound braking for rapid controlled braking.
15.
Four skip frequencies.
16.
The manufacturer of the VFD to provide digital keypad/display capable of controlling the
drive and setting the drive parameters. The digital display will have a 4 line by 16character LCD panel that is backlit for easy readability. The LCD device for the VFD will
be capable of bus master operation with multiple AC drives of the same family.
Broadcast messages shall be possible. The operator panel shall have the capability to
store up to 10 different parameter sets. A minimum of 5 languages will be available in
the device. The panel can normally display:
a.
Frequency in hertz.
b.
Drive status
c.
Output voltage.
d.
Output current.
17.
The digital keypad shall allow operators to enter exact numerical settings in English
engineering units. These parameters shall be adjustable for specific project application
requirements on site. All setup operations and adjustments will be digital, stored in nonvolatile (EEPROM) memory. No analog or potentiometer adjustments will be allowed.
As a standard feature, these variables shall be protected from unauthorized tampering,
revision, or adjustment by password code. The digital keyboard shall have six keys to
provide easy programming of the drive. These keys shall include:
a.
Up and down arrow keys to increase or decrease output frequency or data values.
b.
Run and stop keys for starting and stopping in the manual mode.
July 2, 2016
Variable Frequency Drives
[Project Name]
[26 29 23] [16269]-3
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
c.
Program key to enter the program mode and adjust parameters.
Provide the following short circuit and input protective features:
a.
Solid-state instantaneous overcurrent trip set at 275 percent.
b.
Under voltage protection.
c.
Transient surge protection.
d.
Transistor over temperature and over current protection.
e.
Current limit circuit to automatically phase back output current and frequency to
prevent excessive currents from damaging motor insulation (frequency output
rollback).
f.
Microprocessor fault/memory chip error.
g.
DC bus over voltage trip.
Provide the following output protective features:
a.
Inverse time motor overloads protection, UL approved for motor protection, (I
squared T trip).
b.
Thermal sensor detection, thermistor or thermostat for motor over temperature.
c.
Protection against opening or shorting of motor leads.
d.
Critical frequency avoidance circuit. Four (4) set points selective from 0 to
maximum frequency. Bandwidth of set points to be adjustable.
RS485 communications interface is to provide monitoring and setting of all operating and
fault parameters within the VFD. In addition, the RS485 interface shall be capable of
monitoring digital input status of the VFD while providing direct access to the relay
outputs and the analog outputs of the drive.
The following conditions shall cause an orderly drive shutdown and lockout:
a.
Overcurrent at start-up
b.
Instantaneous over current
c.
Over temperature of VFD or external fault
d.
Motor over temperature
e.
Ground fault in motor output circuit
f.
Over voltage during shut down
g.
Motor I squared T trip
The drive shall record and display the last four (4) faults that occurred in the drive. The
drive shall also display the last warning message experienced by the inverter.
The drive shall provide 0 to 20 milliamp analog output signal proportional to the output
frequency, output current, frequency set point, motor RPM, bus voltage, or inverter heat
sink temperature.
The drive shall have the capability to perform an automatic motor calibration test and
adjust its internal settings automatically without any special tools or instruments.
The drive shall have the capability to be reset to factory conditions via parameter change.
PART 3 - EXECUTION
3.1
INSTALLATION.
A.
Verify that mounting surface is suitable for controller installation.
B.
Do not install controller until building environment can be maintained within the service
conditions required by the manufacturer.
C.
Inspect completed installation for physical damage, proper alignment, anchorage and
grounding.
D.
The manufacturer shall have the capability and personnel to assist in the start-up, training,
service and maintenance of the equipment.
3.2
ADJUSTMENTS AND CLEANING
A.
3.3
Remove debris from drives and wipe dust and dirt from all components.
TESTING
July 2, 2016
Variable Frequency Drives
[Project Name]
[26 29 23] [16269]-4
A.
Check tightness of all accessible mechanical and electrical connections to assure they are
torqued to the minimum acceptable manufacture’s recommendations.
B.
Check all installed panels for proper grounding, fastening and alignment.
3.4
WARRANTY
A.
Equipment manufacturer warrants that all goods supplied are free of non-conformities in
workmanship and materials for one year from date of initial operation, but not more than
eighteen months from date of shipment.
END OF SECTION
July 2, 2016
Variable Frequency Drives
[Project Name]
[26 29 23] [16269]-5
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