ACS8522BT Datasheet

ACS8522BT eSETS
Synchronous Equipment Timing Source for
Stratum 3/4E/4, SMC and Ethernet Systems
COMMUNICATIONS
ADVANCED COMMS
& SENSING
About this Datasheet
FINAL
Features
Welcome to the datasheet for the Semtech ACS8522BT
eSETS integrated circuit.
The electronic edition of this datasheet contains
hyperlinks that are colored blue. Click on a link to navigate
directly to the respective topic.
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Description
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The ACS8522BT is a highly integrated, single-chip
solution for the Synchronous Equipment Timing Source
(SETS) function in a SONET or SDH network element. The
device generates SONET or SDH Equipment Clocks (SEC),
frame synchronization clocks and Ethernet clocks. The
ACS8522BT is fully compliant with the required
international specifications and standards.
The device supports free-run, locked and holdover modes,
with mode selection controlled automatically by an
internal state machine, or forced by register
configuration.
The ACS8522BT accepts up to four independent input
SEC reference clock sources from Recovered Line Clock,
PDH network, and Node Synchronization. The device
generates independent SEC and BITS clocks, an 8 kHz
Frame Synchronization clock and a 2 kHz Multi-Frame
Synchronization clock (both with programmable pulse
width and polarity) and four Ethernet clocks.
The ACS8522BT includes a serial port which can be SPI
compatible, providing access to the configuration and
status registers for device setup.
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DATASHEET
Suitable for Stratum 3, 4E, 4 and SONET Minimum
Clock (SMC) or SONET/SDH Equipment Clock (SEC)
and Ethernet applications.
Meets Telcordia 1244-CORE Stratum 3 and GR-253,
and ITU-T G.813 Options and and ITU-T G.8262
(Draft) specifications.
Accepts four individual input reference clocks, all with
robust input clock source quality monitoring.
Simultaneously generates four output clocks, plus two
Sync pulse outputs.
Generates four Ethernet frequencies (25 Mhz,
50 MHz, 62.5 MHz and 125 MHz) on any combination
of four TO outputs.
Absolute holdover accuracy better than 3 x 10-10
(manual), 7.5 x 10-14 (instantaneous); Holdover
stability defined by choice of external XO.
Programmable PLL bandwidth, for wander and jitter
tracking/attenuation, 0.1 Hz to 70 Hz in 10 steps.
Automatic hit-less source switchover on loss of input.
Serial SPI compatible interface.
Output phase adjustment in 6 ps steps up to ±200 ns.
IEEE 1149.1 JTAG Boundary Scan.
Single 3.3 V operation.
Available in LQFP 64-pin package.
Lead (Pb)-free, Halogen free, RoHS and WEEE
compliant.
The ACS8522BT supports IEEE 1149.1 JTAG boundary
scan.
References to Standards
Users can choose between OCXO or TCXO to define the
Stratum and/or holdover performance required.
All standards referred to in this datasheet are listed in
References and Associated Documents.
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
FINAL
DATASHEET
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Figure 1 Block Diagram of the ACS8522BT eSETS
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Table of Contents
PRELIMINARY
DATASHEET
Section
Page
About this Datasheet................................................................................................................................................................................. 1
Description .................................................................................................................................................................................................1
Features .....................................................................................................................................................................................................1
References to Standards ..........................................................................................................................................................................1
Pin Diagram ...............................................................................................................................................................................................5
Pin Description ...........................................................................................................................................................................................6
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................8
Overview ............................................................................................................................................................................................9
General Description ...................................................................................................................................................................................9
Input Reference Clock Ports ......................................................................................................................................................... 10
Locking Frequency Modes .................................................................................................................................................... 10
Clock Quality Monitoring ................................................................................................................................................................ 11
Activity Monitoring ................................................................................................................................................................. 12
Frequency Monitoring ........................................................................................................................................................... 13
Selection of Input Reference Clock Source .................................................................................................................................. 14
Forced Control Selection ....................................................................................................................................................... 14
Automatic Control Selection ................................................................................................................................................. 14
Ultra Fast Switching .............................................................................................................................................................. 14
Fast External Switching Mode-SRCSW pin .......................................................................................................................... 15
Output Clock Phase Continuity on Source Switchover ....................................................................................................... 15
Modes of Operation ....................................................................................................................................................................... 15
Free-run Mode ....................................................................................................................................................................... 15
Pre-locked Mode ................................................................................................................................................................... 16
Locked Mode ......................................................................................................................................................................... 16
Lost-phase Mode ................................................................................................................................................................... 16
Holdover Mode ...................................................................................................................................................................... 16
Pre-locked2 Mode ................................................................................................................................................................. 19
DPLL Architecture and Configuration ........................................................................................................................................... 19
TO DPLL Main Features ........................................................................................................................................................ 20
T4 DPLL Main Features ........................................................................................................................................................ 20
TO DPLL Automatic Bandwidth Controls .............................................................................................................................. 20
Phase Detectors .................................................................................................................................................................... 20
Phase Lock/Loss Detection .................................................................................................................................................. 21
Damping Factor Programmability ......................................................................................................................................... 21
Local Oscillator Clock ............................................................................................................................................................ 22
Output Wander ...................................................................................................................................................................... 22
Jitter and Wander Transfer ................................................................................................................................................... 25
Phase Build-out ..................................................................................................................................................................... 25
Input-to-Output Phase Adjustment ....................................................................................................................................... 26
Input Wander and Jitter Tolerance ....................................................................................................................................... 26
Using the DPLLs for Accurate Frequency and Phase Reporting ........................................................................................ 28
MFrSync and FrSync Alignment-SYNC2K ............................................................................................................................. 29
Output Clock Ports ......................................................................................................................................................................... 29
PECL/LVDS Output Port Selection ....................................................................................................................................... 30
Output Frequency Selection and Configuration .................................................................................................................. 30
Power-On Reset .............................................................................................................................................................................. 42
Serial Interface ............................................................................................................................................................................... 42
Register Map ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 45
Register Organization .................................................................................................................................................................... 45
Multi-word Registers ............................................................................................................................................................. 45
Register Access ..................................................................................................................................................................... 45
Interrupt Enable and Clear ................................................................................................................................................... 45
Defaults .................................................................................................................................................................................. 45
Register Descriptions ............................................................................................................................................................................. 49
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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PRELIMINARY
DATASHEET
Section
Page
Electrical Specifications ....................................................................................................................................................................... 109
JTAG .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 109
Over-voltage Protection ............................................................................................................................................................... 109
ESD Protection ............................................................................................................................................................................. 109
Latchup Protection ....................................................................................................................................................................... 109
Maximum Ratings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 110
Operating Conditions ................................................................................................................................................................... 110
DC Characteristics ....................................................................................................................................................................... 110
Jitter Performance ....................................................................................................................................................................... 113
Input/Output Timing .................................................................................................................................................................... 115
Package Information ............................................................................................................................................................................ 116
Thermal Conditions ...................................................................................................................................................................... 116
Application Information ........................................................................................................................................................................ 118
References and Associated Documents ............................................................................................................................................. 119
Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................................................................................................................................... 119
Trademark Acknowledgements ........................................................................................................................................................... 120
Revision Status/History ....................................................................................................................................................................... 121
Ordering Information ............................................................................................................................................................................ 122
Disclaimers ................................................................................................................................................................................... 122
Contact Information .............................................................................................................................................................................. 122
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Pin Diagram
FINAL
DATASHEET
Figure 2 ACS8522BT Pin Diagram Synchronous Equipment Timing Source for Stratum 3/4E/4, SMC and Ethernet
Systems
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Pin Description
FINAL
DATASHEET
Table 1 Power Pins
Pin Number
Symbol
I/O
Type
Description
8, 9,
12
VD1+, VD2+,
VD3+
P
-
Digital supply to gates in analog section, +3.3 V (±10%).
22
VDD_DIFF
P
-
Digital supply for differential output pins 19 and 20, +3.3 V (±10%).
27
VDD5V
P
-
Digital supply for +5 V tolerance to input pins.
Connect to +5 V (±10%) for clamping to +5 V.
Connect to VDD for clamping to +3.3 V.
Leave floating for no clamping, input pins tolerant up to +5.5 V.
32, 36,
38, 39,
45, 46,
54
VDD1, VDD2,
VDD3, VDD4,
VDD5, VDD6,
VDD7
P
-
Digital supply to logic, +3.3 V (±10%).
4
VA1+
P
-
Analog supply to clock multiplying PLL, +3.3 V (±10%).
14, 57
VA2+, VA3+
P
-
Analog supply to output PLLs APLL2 and APLL1, +3.3 V (±10%).
15, 58
AGND3, AGND4
-
Analog ground for output PLLs APLL2 and APLL1.
7, 10,
11
DGND1, DGND2,
DGND3
P
-
Digital ground for components in PLLs.
31, 40,
53
DGND4, DGND5,
DGND6
P
-
Digital ground for logic.
21
GND_DIFF
P
-
Digital ground for differential output pins 19 and 20.
1, 3
AGND1, AGND2
P
-
Analog grounds.
Note...I = Input, O = Output, P = Power, TTLU = TTL input with pull-up resistor, TTLD = TTL input with pull-down resistor.
Table 2 Internally Connected Pins
Pin Number
Symbol
I/O
Type
2, 16, 23, 24,
25, 26, 35,
60, 61, 62,
63
IC1, IC2, IC3, IC4,
IC5, IC6, IC7,
IC8, IC9, IC10,
IC11
-
-
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Description
Leave to float.
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DATASHEET
Table 3 Other Pins
Pin Number
Symbol
I/O
Type
Description
5
INTREQ
O
TTL/CMOS
6
REFCLK
I
TTL
12.800 MHz reference clock (refer to Local
13
SRCSW
I
TTLD
Force fast source switching on SEC1 and SEC2.
17
FrSync
O
TTL/CMOS
8 kHz Frame Sync reference output.
18
MFrSync
O
TTL/CMOS
2 kHz Multi-Frame Sync reference output.
19, 20
O1POS, O1NEG
O
LVDS/PECL
Output reference, programmable, default 38.88 MHz, LVDS.
28
SYNC2K
I
TTLD
Multi-Frame Sync 2kHz input.
29
SEC1
I
TTLD
Input reference, programmable, default 8 kHz.
30
SEC2
I
TTLD
Input reference, programmable, default 8 kHz.
33
SEC3
I
TTLD
Input reference, programmable, default 19.44 kHz.
34
SEC4
I
TTLD
Input reference, programmable, default 19.44 kHz.
37
TRST
I
TTLD
JTAG control reset Input.
1 = enable JTAG boundary scan mode.
0 = boundary scan standby mode allowing correct device operation.
If not used connect to GND or leave floating.
41
TMS
I
TTLD
JTAG Test Mode Select: Boundary Scan enable. Sampled on rising edge
of TCK. If not used connect to VDD or leave floating.
42
CLKE
I
TTLD
SCLK Edge Select: SCLK active edge select, CLKE = 1, selects falling
edge of SCLK to be active.
43
SDI
I
TTLD
Microprocessor Interface Address: Serial Data Input.
44
CSB
I
TTLU
Chip Select (Active Low): This pin is asserted Low by the microprocessor
to enable the microprocessor interface.
47
SCLK
I
TTLD
Serial Data Clock. When this pin goes High data is latched from SDI pin.
48
PORB
I
TTLU
Power-On Reset: Master reset. If PORB is forced Low, all internal states
are reset back to default values.
49
TCK
I
TTLD
JTAG Clock: Boundary Scan clock input.
50
TDO
O
TTL/CMOS
51
TDI
I
TTLD
JTAG Input: Serial test data Input. Sampled on rising edge of TCK.
52
SDO
O
TTLD
Interface Address: SPI compatible Serial Data Output.
55
O2
O
TTL/CMOS
Output reference 2, programmable, default 38.88 MHz.
56
O3
O
TTL/CMOS
Output reference 3, programmable, default 19.44 MHz.
59
O4
O
TTL/CMOS
Output reference 4, programmable, default 1.544/2.048 MHz (BITS).
64
SONSDHB
I
TTLD
Sets the initial power-up or PORB state of the SONET/SDH frequency
selection registers, Reg. 34 Bit 2, and Reg. 38 Bits 5 and 6. When set
Low, SDH rates are selected (2.048 MHz etc.), and when set High,
SONET rates are selected (1.544 MHz etc.). The register states can be
changed after power-up by software.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Active High/Low software interrupt request output.
Oscillator Clock).
JTAG Output: Serial test data output. Updated on falling edge of TCK.
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Introduction
FINAL
The ACS8522BT is a highly integrated, single-chip
solution for the SETS function in a SONET/SDH/Ethernet
network element, for the generation of SEC and
Frame/MultiFrame sync pulses. Digital phase locked loop
(DPLL) and direct digital synthesis methods are used in
the device so that the overall PLL characteristics are very
stable and consistent compared to traditional analog
PLLs.
In free-run mode, the ACS8522BT generates a stable, lownoise clock signal at a frequency to the same accuracy as
the external oscillator, or it can be made more accurate
via software calibration to within 0.02 ppm
In locked mode, the ACS8522BT selects the most
appropriate input reference source and generates a
stable, low-noise clock signal locked to the selected
reference.
In holdover mode, the ACS8522BT generates a stable,
low-noise clock signal, adjusted to match the last known
good frequency of the last selected reference source. A
high level of phase and frequency accuracy is made
possible by an internal resolution of up to 54 bits and
internal holdover accuracy of 0.0012 ppb (1.2 x 10-12).
In all modes, the frequency accuracy, jitter and drift
performance of the clock meet the requirements of:
DATASHEET
An Analog PLL (APLL) takes the signal from the DPLL
output and provides a lower jitter output. The APLL
bandwidth is set four orders of magnitude higher than the
DPLL bandwidth. This ensures that the overall system
performance still maintains the advantage of consistent
behavior provided by the digital approach.
The DPLLs are clocked by the external Oscillator module
(TCXO or OCXO) so that the Free-run or Holdover
frequency stability is only determined by the stability of
the external oscillator module. This second key advantage
confines all temperature critical components to one well
defined and pre-calibrated module, whose performance
can be chosen to match the application; for example an
TCXO for Stratum 3 applications.
All performance parameters of the DPLLs are
programmable without the need to understand detailed
PLL equations. Bandwidth, damping factor and lock range
can all be set directly, for example. The PLL bandwidth
can be set over a wide range, 0.1 Hz to 70 Hz in 18 steps,
to cover all SONET/SDH clock synchronization
applications.
The ACS8522BT includes a serial port, providing access
to the configuration and status registers for device setup
and monitoring.
ITU G.736
G.742
G783
G.812
G.813
G.823
G.824 and Telcordia GR-253-CORE
GR-1244-CORE
ITU-T G.8262 (Draft).
The ACS8522BT supports all three types of reference
clock source: recovered line clock, PDH network
synchronization timing and node synchronization. The
ACS8522BT generates independent T0 and T4 clocks, an
8 kHz Frame Synchronization clock and a 2 kHz
Multi-Frame Synchronization clock.
A significant architectural advantage of the ACS8522BT
over traditional solutions is the use of DPLL technology for
precise and repeatable performance over temperature or
voltage variations, and between parts. The overall PLL
bandwidth, loop damping, pull-in range and frequency
accuracy are all determined by digital parameters that
provide a consistent level of performance.
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General Description
FINAL
Both paths operate automatic or external source
selection. For automatic input reference selection, the T0
path has a more complex state machine than the T4 path.
Overview
The T0 and T4 PLL paths support the following common
features:
Please refer to Figure 1.
The ACS8522BT SETS device has four SEC clock inputs
(SEC1 to SEC4), and generates four output clocks on
outputs O1 to O4. The device offers a total of 55 possible
output frequencies. There are two independent paths
through the device:
T0 path comprising T0 DPLL and T0 output and feedback APLLs;
T4 path comprising T4 DPLL and T4 output APLL.
The T0 path is a high quality, highly configurable path
designed to provide features necessary for node timing
synchronization within a SONET/SDH network. The T4
path is a simpler and less configurable path designed to
give a totally independent route for internal equipment
synchronization. The device supports use of either or both
paths, locked together or independent.
The four SEC inputs ports are TTL/CMOS, 3 V and 5 V
compatible (with clamping if required by connecting the
VDD5V pin). Refer to Electrical Specifications for more
information on the electrical compatibility and details.
Input frequencies supported range from 2 kHz to
100 MHz.
Common E1, DS1, OC3 and sub-divisions are supported
as spot frequencies to which the DPLLs will directly lock.
Any input frequency, up to 100 MHz, that is a multiple of
8 kHz can also be locked to via an inbuilt programmable
divider.
An input reference monitor is assigned to each of the four
inputs. The monitors operate continuously such that at all
times the status of all of the inputs to the device are
known. Each input can be monitored for both frequency
and activity, activity alone, or the monitors can be
disabled.
The frequency monitors have a “hard” (rejection) alarm
limit and a “soft” (flag only) alarm limit for monitoring
frequency, whilst the reference is still within its allowed
frequency band. Each input reference can be
programmed with a priority number allowing references to
be chosen according to the highest priority valid input. The
two paths (T0 and T4) have independent priorities to allow
completely independent operation of the two paths.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
DATASHEET
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Automatic source selection according to input
priorities and quality level.
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Different quality levels (activity alarm thresholds) for
each input.
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Variable bandwidth, lock range and damping factor.
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Direct PLL locking to common SONET/SDH input
frequencies or any integer multiple of 8 kHz up to
100 MHz.
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Automatic mode switching between free-run, locked
and holdover states.
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Fast detection on input failure and entry into holdover
mode (holds at the last good frequency value).
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Frequency translation between input and output rates
via direct digital synthesis.
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High accuracy digital architecture for stable PLL
dynamics combined with an APLL for low jitter final
output clocks.
A number of features supported by the T0 path are not
supported by the T4 path, although these features can
also all be externally controlled by software. The
additional features of the T0 path are:
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Non-revertive mode.
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Phase build-out on source switch (hit-less source
switching).
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I/O phase offset control.
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Greater programmable bandwidth from 0.1 Hz to
70 Hz in 10 steps (the bandwidth of the T4 path is
programmable in 3 steps: 18 Hz, 35 Hz and 70 Hz).
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Noise rejection on low frequency input.
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Manual holdover frequency control.
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Controllable automatic holdover frequency filtering.
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Frame Sync pulse alignment.
The operation of the DPLL in the T0 path is controlled by
software or an internal state machine. The state machine
for the T4 path is very simple and cannot be
manually/externally controlled, however the overall
operation can be controlled by manual reference source
selection. An additional feature of the T4 path is the ability
to measure a phase difference between two inputs.
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
FINAL
The DPLL of the T0 path always produces an output at
77.76 MHz to feed the APLL, regardless of the frequency
selected at the output pins. The T4 path can be operated
at a number of frequencies. This is to enable the
generation of extra output frequencies, which cannot be
easily related to 77.76 MHz. When the T4 path is selected
to lock to the T0 path, the T4 DPLL locks to the 8 kHz from
the T0 DPLL. This is because all of the frequencies of
operation of the T4 path can be divided to 8 kHz and this
will ensure synchronization of all the frequencies within
the two paths.
The outputs of both DPLLs are connected to multiplying
and filtering APLLs. The outputs of the APLLs are divided,
making a number of frequencies simultaneously available
for selection at the output clock ports. The various
combinations of DPLL, APLL and divider configurations
allow for generation of a comprehensive set of
frequencies as listed in Table 12.
To synchronize the lower output frequencies when the T0
PLL is locked to a high frequency reference input, an
additional input is provided. The SYNC2K pin (pin 28) is
used to reset the dividers that generate the 2 kHz and
8 kHz outputs such that the output 2/8 kHz clocks are
lined up with the input 2 kHz. This synchronization
method could allow for example, a master and a slave
device to be in precise alignment.
The ACS8522BT also supports Sync pulse references of
4 kHz or 8 kHz, although frequencies lower than the Sync
pulse reference may not necessarily be in phase.
Input Reference Clock Ports
Table 4 gives details of the input reference ports, showing
the input technologies and the range of frequencies
supported on each port; the default spot frequencies and
default priorities assigned to each port on power-up or by
reset are also shown.
DATASHEET
On power-up or by reset, the default will be set by the state
of the SONSDHB pin (pin 64). Specific frequencies and
priorities are set by configuration.
The frequency selection is programmed via the
cnfg_ref_source_frequency register (Reg. 22, 22, 27 and
28).
Locking Frequency Modes
There are three locking frequency modes that can be
configured:
Direct Lock
Lock 8k
DivN
Direct Lock Mode
In Direct Lock Mode, the internal DPLL can lock to the
selected input at the spot frequency of the input, for
example 19.44 MHz performs the DPLL phase
comparisons at 19.44 MHz.
In Lock8K and DivN modes an internal divider is used
prior to the DPLL to divide the input frequency before it is
used for phase comparisons in the DPLL.
Lock8K Mode
Lock8K mode automatically sets the divider parameters
to divide the input frequency down to 8 kHz. Lock8K can
only be used on the supported spot frequencies (see
Table 4 Note(i)).
Lock8k mode is enabled by setting the Lock8k bit (Bit 6)
in the appropriate cnfg_ref_source_frequency register
location. Using lower frequencies for phase comparisons
in the DPLL results in a greater tolerance to input jitter. It
is possible to choose which edge of the input reference
clock to lock to, by setting 8K edge polarity (Bit 2 of
Reg. 03, test_register1.
Note that SDH and SONET networks use different default
frequencies; the network type is pin-selectable (using
either the SONSDHB pin or via software). Specific
frequencies and priorities are set by configuration.
The input ports are fully interchangeable.
SDH and SONET networks use different default
frequencies; the network type is selectable using
cnfg_input_mode Reg. 34, Bit 2 ip_sonsdhb.
for SONET, ip_sonsdhb = 1
for SDH, ip_sonsdhb = 0
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DATASHEET
Table 4 Input Reference Source Selection and Priority Table
Input Port
Channel
Number (Bin)
Input Port
Technology
Frequencies Supported
Default
Priority
SEC1
0011
TTL/CMOS
Up to 100 MHz (see Note (i))
Default (SONET): 8 kHz Default (SDH): 8 kHz
2
SEC2
0100
TTL/CMOS
Up to 100 MHz (see Note (i))
Default (SONET): 8 kHz Default (SDH): 8 kHz
3
SEC3
1000
TTL/CMOS
Up to 100 MHz (see Note (i))
Default (SONET): 19.44 MHz Default (SDH): 19.44 MHz
4
SEC4
1001
TTL/CMOS
Up to 100 MHz (see Note (i))
Default (SONET): 19.44 MHz Default (SDH): 19.44 MHz
5
Note:
(i) TTL ports (compatible also with CMOS signals) support clock speeds up to 100 MHz, with the highest spot frequency being
77.76 MHz. The actual spot frequencies are: 2 kHz, 4 kHz, 8 kHz (and N x 8 kHz), 1.544 MHz (SONET)/2.048 MHz (SDH), 6.48 MHz,
19.44 MHz, 25.92 MHz, 38.88 MHz, 51.84 MHz, 77.76 MHz. SONET or SDH input rate is selected via Reg. 34 Bit 2, ip_sonsdhb).
(b) To lock to 10.000 MHz:
DivN Mode
In DivN mode, the divider parameters are set manually by
configuration (Bit 7 of the cnfg_ref_source_frequency
register), but must be set so that the frequency after
division is 8 kHz. The DivN function is defined as:
(i)
DivN = “Divide by N+ 1”, i.e. it is the dividing factor used
for the division of the input frequency, and has a value of
(N+1) where N is an integer from 1 to 12499 inclusive.
Therefore, in DivN mode the input frequency can be
divided by any integer value between 2 to 12500.
Consequently, any input frequency which is a multiple of
8 kHz, between 8 kHz to 100 MHz, can be supported by
using DivN mode.
(ii) To achieve 8 kHz, the 10 MHz input must be
divided by 1250. So, if DivN, = 1250 = (N+1)
then N must be set to 1,249. This is done by
writing 4E1 hex (1,249 decimal) to the DivN
register pair Reg. 46/47.
1. Activity (toggling).
2. Frequency (this monitoring is only performed when
there is no irregular operation of the clock or loss of
clock condition).
DivN Examples
(a) To lock to 2.000 MHz:
Set the cnfg_ref_source_frequency register to
10XX0000 (binary) to enable DivN, and set the
frequency to 8 kHz - the frequency required after
division. (XX = “Leaky Bucket” ID for this input).
(ii) To achieve 8 kHz, the 2 MHz input must be
divided by 250. So, if DivN = 250 = (N + 1)
then N must be set to 249. This is done by writing
F9 hex (249 decimal) to the DivN register pair
Reg. 46/47.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Clock Quality Monitoring
Clock quality is monitored and used to modify the priority
tables. The following parameters are monitored:
Note...Any reference input can be set to use DivN
independently of the frequencies and configurations of the
other inputs. However only one value of N is allowed, so all
inputs with DivN selected must be running at the same
frequency.
(i)
The cnfg_ref_source_frequency register is set to
10XX0000 (binary) to set the DivN and the
frequency to 8 kHz, the post-division frequency.
(XX = “Leaky Bucket” ID for this input).
Any reference source that suffers a loss-of-activity or
clock-out-of-band condition will be declared as
unavailable.
Clock quality monitoring is a continuous process which is
used to identify clock problems. There is a difference in
dynamics between the selected clock and the other
reference clocks. Anomalies occurring on non-selected
reference sources affect only that source's suitability for
selection.
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Anomalies occurring on the selected clock could have a
detrimental impact on the accuracy of the output clock.
Anomalies detected by the activity detector are integrated
in a Leaky Bucket Accumulator. Occasional anomalies do
not cause the Accumulator to cross the alarm setting
threshold, so the selected reference source is retained.
Persistent anomalies cause the alarm setting threshold to
be crossed and result in the selected reference source
being rejected.
Anomalies on the currently locked-to input reference
clock, whether affecting signal purity or signal frequency,
could induce jitter or frequency offsets in the output clock,
leading to anomalous behavior. Anomalies on the
selected clock, therefore, have to be detected as they
occur and the phase locked loop must be temporarily
isolated until the clock is once again pure. The clock
monitoring process cannot be used for this because the
high degree of accuracy required dictates that the
process be slow. To achieve the immediacy required by
the phase locked loop requires an alternative
mechanism.
The phase locked loop itself contains a fast activity
detector such that within approximately two missing input
clock cycles, a no-activity flag is raised and the DPLL is
frozen in holdover mode. This flag can also be read as the
main_ref_failed bit (from Reg. 06, Bit 6) and can be set to
indicate a phase lost state by enabling Reg. 73, Bit 6. With
the DPLL in holdover mode it is isolated from further
disturbances. If the input becomes available again before
the activity or frequency monitor rejection alarms have
been raised, then the DPLL will continue to lock to the
input, with little disturbance. In this scenario, with the
DPLL in the “locked” state, the DPLL uses “nearest edge
locking” mode (±180° capture) avoiding cycle slips or
glitches caused by trying to lock to an edge 360° away, as
would happen with traditional PLLs.
Activity Monitoring
The ACS8522BT has a combined inactivity and irregularity
monitor. The ACS8522BT uses a Leaky Bucket
Accumulator, which is a digital circuit which mimics the
operation of an analog integrator, in which input pulses
increase the output amplitude but die away over time.
Such integrators are used when alarms have to be
triggered either by fairly regular defect events, which
occur sufficiently close together, or by defect events
which occur in bursts. Events which are sufficiently
spread out should not trigger the alarm.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
DATASHEET
By adjusting the alarm setting threshold, the point at
which the alarm is triggered can be controlled. The point
at which the alarm is cleared depends upon the decay
rate and the alarm clearing threshold.
On the alarm setting side, if several events occur close
together, each event adds to the amplitude and the alarm
will be triggered quickly; if events occur further apart, but
still sufficiently close together to overcome the decay, the
alarm will be triggered eventually. If events occur at a rate
which is not sufficient to overcome the decay, the alarm
will not be triggered. On the alarm clearing side, if no
defect events occur for a sufficient time, the amplitude
will decay gradually and the alarm will be cleared when
the amplitude falls below the alarm clearing threshold.
The ability to decay the amplitude over time allows the
importance of defect events to be reduced as time passes
by. This means that, in the case of isolated events, the
alarm will not be set, whereas, once the alarm becomes
set, it will be held on until normal operation has persisted
for a suitable time (but if the operation is still erratic, the
alarm will remain set). See Figure 3.
There is one Leaky Bucket Accumulator per input channel.
Each Leaky Bucket can select from four Configurations
(Leaky Bucket Configuration 0 to 3). Each Leaky Bucket
Configuration is programmable for size, alarm set and
reset thresholds, and decay rate.
Each source is monitored over a 128 ms period. If, within
a 128 ms period, an irregularity occurs that is not deemed
to be due to allowable jitter/wander, then the
Accumulator is incremented.
The Accumulator will continue to increment up to the
point that it reaches the programmed Bucket size. The “fill
rate” of the Leaky Bucket is, therefore, 8 units/second.
The “leak rate” of the Leaky Bucket is programmable to
be in multiples of the fill rate (x 1, x 0.5, x 0.25 and
x 0.125) to give a programmable leak rate from
8 units/sec down to 1 unit/sec. A conflict between trying
to “leak” at the same time as a “fill” is avoided by
preventing a leak when a fill event occurs.
Disqualification of a non-selected reference source is
based on inactivity, or on an out-of-band result from the
frequency monitors. The currently selected reference
source can be disqualified for phase, frequency, inactivity
or if the source is outside the DPLL lock range. If the
currently selected reference source is disqualified, the
next highest priority, qualified reference source is
selected.
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Interrupts for Activity Monitors
The loss of the currently selected reference source will
eventually cause the input to be considered invalid,
triggering an interrupt, if not masked. The time taken to
raise this interrupt is dependent on the Leaky Bucket
Configuration of the activity monitors. The fastest Leaky
Bucket setting will still take up to 128 ms to trigger the
interrupt. The interrupt caused by the brief loss of the
currently selected reference source is provided to
facilitate very fast source failure detection if desired.
DATASHEET
It is triggered after missing just a couple of cycles of the
reference source. Some applications require the facility to
switch downstream devices based on the status of the
reference sources. In order to provide extra flexibility, it is
possible to flag the main_ref_failed interrupt (Reg. 06 Bit
6) on the pin TDO. This is simply a copy of the status bit in
the interrupt register and is independent of the mask
register settings. The bit is reset by writing to the interrupt
status register in the normal way. This feature can be
enabled and disabled by writing to Reg. 48 Bit 6.
Figure 3 Inactivity and Irregularity Monitoring
Inactivities/Irregularities
Reference
Source
bucket_size
Leaky
Bucket
Response
upper_threshold
lower_threshold
Programmable Fall Slopes
(all programmable)
Alarm
Leaky Bucket Timing
The time taken (in seconds) to raise an inactivity alarm on
a reference source that has previously been fully active
(Leaky Bucket empty) will be:
(where n = the number of the relevant Leaky Bucket
Configuration in each case).
The default setting is shown in the following:
[21 x (8 - 4)] /8 = 1.0 secs
(cnfg_upper_threshold_n) / 8
where n is the number of the Leaky Bucket Configuration.
If an input is intermittently inactive then this time can be
longer. The default setting of cnfg_upper_threshold is 6,
therefore the default time is 0.75 s.
The time taken (in seconds) to cancel the activity alarm on
a previously completely inactive reference source is
calculated, for a particular Leaky Bucket, as:
[2 (a) x (b - c)]/ 8
where:
a = cnfg_decay_rate_n
b = cnfg_bucket_size_n
c = cnfg_lower_threshold_n
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Frequency Monitoring
The ACS8522BT performs input frequency monitoring to
identify reference sources which have drifted outside the
acceptable frequency range measured with respect either
to the output clock or to the XO clock.
The sts_reference_sources out-of-band alarm for a
particular reference source is raised when the reference
source is outside the acceptable frequency range. With
the default register settings a soft alarm is raised if the
drift is outside ±11.43 ppm and a hard alarm is raised if
the drift is outside ±15.24 ppm. Both of these limits are
programmable from 3.8 ppm up to 61 ppm.
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The ACS8522BT DPLL has a programmable lock and
capture range frequency limit up to ±80 ppm (default is
±9.2 ppm).
Selection of Input Reference Clock Source
Under normal operation, the input reference sources are
selected automatically by an order of priority. But, for
special circumstances, such as chip or board testing, the
selection may be forced by configuration.
Automatic operation selects a reference source based on
its pre-defined priority and its current availability. A table
is maintained which lists all reference sources in the order
of priority. This is initially defined by the default
configuration and can be changed via the Serial interface
by the Network Manager. In this way, when all the defined
sources are active and valid, the source with the highest
programmed priority is selected but, if this source fails,
the next-highest source is selected, and so on.
Restoration of repaired reference sources is handled
carefully to avoid inadvertent disturbance of the output
clock. For this, the ACS8522BT has two modes of
operation; Revertive and Non-revertive.
In Revertive mode, if a re-validated (or newly validated)
source has a higher priority than the reference source
which is currently selected, a switch over will take place.
Many applications prefer to minimize the clock switching
events and choose Non-revertive mode.
In Non-revertive mode, when a re-validated (or newly
validated) source has a higher priority then the selected
source will be maintained. The re-validation of the
reference source will be flagged in the sts_sources_valid
register (Reg. 0E and 0F) and, if not masked, will generate
an interrupt. Selection of the re-validated source can take
place under software control or if the currently selected
source fails.
To enable software control, the software should briefly
enable Revertive mode to effect a switch-over to the
higher priority source. When there is a reference available
with higher priority than the selected reference, there will
be NO change of reference source as long as the
Non-revertive mode remains on, and the currently
selected source is valid. A failure of the selected
reference will always trigger a switch-over regardless of
whether Revertive or Non-revertive mode has been
chosen.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
DATASHEET
Forced Control Selection
A configuration register, force_select_reference_source
Reg. 33, controls both the choice of automatic or forced
selection and the selection itself (when forced selection is
required). For Automatic choice of source selection, the
four LSB bit value is set to all zeros or all ones (default).
To force a particular input the bit value must be set as
follows: 0011 forces SEC1, 0100 forces SEC2, 1000
forces SEC3 and 1001 forces SEC4. Forced selection is
not the normal mode of operation, and the
force_select_reference_source variable is defaulted to
the all-one value on reset, thereby adopting the automatic
selection of the reference source.
Automatic Control Selection
When an automatic selection is required, the
force_select_reference_source register LSB four bits
must be set to all zeros or all ones. The configuration
registers, cnfg_ref_selection_priority (Reg. 19, 1B and
1C), hold 4-bit values which represents the desired
priority of that particular port. Unused ports should be
given the value 0000 in the relevant register to indicate
they are not to be included in the priority table. On
power-up, or following a reset, the whole of the
configuration file will be defaulted to the values defined
by Table 4. The selection priority values are all relative to
each other, with lower-valued numbers taking higher
priorities. Each reference source should be given a unique
number; the valid values are 1 to 15 (dec). A value of zero
disables the reference source. However if two or more
inputs are given the same priority number those inputs
will be selected on a first in, first out basis. If the first of
two same priority number sources goes invalid the second
will be switched in. If the first then becomes valid again, it
becomes the second source on the first in, first out basis,
and there will not be a switch. If a third source with the
same priority number as the other two becomes valid, it
joins the priority list on the same first in, first out basis.
There is no implied priority based on the channel
numbers. Revertive/Non-revertive mode has no effect on
sources with the same priority value.
Ultra Fast Switching
A reference source is normally disqualified after the Leaky
Bucket monitor thresholds have been crossed. An option
for a faster disqualification has been implemented,
whereby if Reg. 48 Bit 5 (ultra_fast_switch) is set, then a
loss of activity of just a few reference clock cycles will set
the main_ref_failed alarm and cause a reference switch.
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This can be configured (see Reg. 06, Bit 6) to cause an
interrupt to occur instead of, or as well as, causing the
reference switch.
The sts_interrupts register Reg. 06 Bit 6 (main_ref_failed)
is used to flag inactivity on the reference that the device
is locked to much faster than the activity monitors can
support. If Reg. 48 Bit 6 of the cnfg_monitors register
(los_flag_on_TDO) is set, then the state of this bit is driven
onto the TDO pin of the device.
Note...The flagging of the loss of the main reference failure on
TDO is simply allowing the status of the sts_interrupts bit
main_ref_failed (Reg. 06, Bit 6) to be reflected in the state of
the TDO output pin. The pin will, therefore, remain High until
the interrupt is cleared. This functionality is not enabled by
default so the usual JTAG functions can be used. When the
TDO output from the ACS8522BT is connected to the TDI pin of
the next device in the JTAG scan chain, the implementation
should be such that a logic change caused by the action of the
interrupt on the TDI input should not effect the operation when
JTAG is not active.
Fast External Switching Mode-SRCSW pin
Fast External Switching mode allows fast switching
between inputs SEC1 and SEC2 only. The mode must first
be enabled before switching can take place, and then
switching is controlled via the SRCSW pin.
There are two ways to enable Fast External Switching
mode:

Mode enable by register write - by writing to Reg. 48
Bit 4, or

Mode enable by hardware “initialization” - by holding
SRCSW High throughout reset and for at least a
further 251 ms after PORB has gone High (250 ms
allowance for the internal reset to be removed plus
1 ms allowance for APLLs to start-up and become
stable). A simple external circuit to set SCRSW high for
the required period is shown in “Simplified Application
Schematic” on page 118. If SCRSW pin is held Low at
any time during the 251 ms initialization period, this
may result in Fast External Switching mode not being
enabled correctly.
Once Fast External Switching mode is enabled, then the
value of the SRCSW pin directly selects either SEC1
(SRCSW High) or SEC2 (SRCSW Low). If this mode is
enabled by hardware initialization, then it configures the
default frequency tolerance of SEC1 and SEC2 to
± 80 ppm (Reg. 41 and 42). Either of these registers can
be subsequently reconfigured by external software, if
required.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
DATASHEET
When Fast External Switching mode is enabled, the
device operates as a simple switch. All clock monitoring is
disabled and the DPLL will simply be forced to try to lock
on to the indicated reference source. Consequently the
device will always indicate “locked” state in the
sts_operating register (Reg. 09, Bits 2:0).
Output Clock Phase Continuity on Source
Switchover
If either PBO is selected on (default), or, if DPLL frequency
limit is set to less than ±30 ppm or (±9.2 ppm default), the
device will always comply with GR-1244-CORE[19]
specification for Stratum 3 (maximum rate of phase
change of 81 ns/1.326 ms), for all input frequencies.
Modes of Operation
The ACS8522BT has three primary modes of operation
(Free-run, Locked and Holdover) supported by three
secondary, temporary modes (Pre-locked, Lost-phase and
Pre-locked2). These are shown in the State Transition
Diagram, Figure 4.
The ACS8522BT can operate in Forced or Automatic
control. On reset, the ACS8522BT reverts to Automatic
Control, where transitions between states are controlled
completely automatically. Forced Control can be invoked
by configuration, allowing transitions to be performed
under external control. This is not the normal mode of
operation, but is provided for special occasions such as
testing, or where a high degree of hands-on control is
required.
Free-run Mode
The free-run mode is typically used following a power-onreset or a device reset before network synchronization
has been achieved. In the free-run mode, the timing and
synchronization signals generated from the ACS8522BT
are based on the 12.800 MHz clock frequency provided
from the external oscillator and are not synchronized to
an input reference source. By default, the frequency of the
output clock is a fixed multiple of the frequency of the
external oscillator, and the accuracy of the output clock is
equal to the accuracy of the oscillator. However the
external oscillator frequency can be calibrated to improve
its accuracy by a software calibration routine using
register cnfg_nominal_frequency (Reg. 3C and 3D). For
example a 500 ppm offset crystal could be made to look
like one accurate to within ±0.02 ppm.
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The transition from free-run to pre-locked occurs when the
ACS8522BT selects a reference source.
Pre-locked Mode
The ACS8522BT will enter the locked state in a maximum
of 100 seconds, as defined by GR-1244-CORE[19]
specification, if the selected reference source is of good
quality. If the device cannot achieve lock within 100
seconds, it reverts to free-run mode and another
reference source is selected.
Locked Mode
The locked mode is entered from pre-locked, pre-locked2
or phase-lost mode when an input reference source has
been selected and the DPLL has locked. The DPLL is
considered to be locked when the phase loss/lock
detectors indicate that the DPLL has remained in phase
lock continuously for at least one second (see Phase
Lock/Loss Detection). When the ACS8530 is in locked
mode, the output frequency and phase track the selected
input reference source.
In holdover mode, the ACS8522BT provides the timing
and synchronization signals to maintain the Network
Element but is not phase-locked to any input reference
source. Its output frequency is determined by an
averaged version of the DPLL frequency when last in the
locked mode.
Holdover can be configured to operate in:

automatic mode
(Reg. 34 Bit 4, cnfg_input_mode: man_holdover set
Low), or

manual mode
(Reg. 34 Bit 4, cnfg_input_mode: man_holdover set
High).
Automatic Mode
In automatic mode, the device can be configured to
operate using:

averaged - (Reg. 40 Bit 7, cnfg_holdover_modes,
auto_averaging: set High), or

instantaneous - (Reg. 40 Bit 7, cnfg_holdover_modes,
auto_averaging: set Low).
Lost-phase Mode
Lost-phase mode is used whenever the phase loss/lock
detectors indicate that the DPLL has lost phase lock (see
Phase Lock/Loss Detection). The DPLL will still be trying to
lock to the input clock reference, if it exists. If the Leaky
Bucket Accumulator calculates that the anomaly is
serious, the device disqualifies the reference source. If
the device spends more than 100 seconds in lost-phase
mode, the reference is disqualified and a phase alarm is
raised on it. If the reference is disqualified, one of the
following transitions takes place:
1. Go to pre-locked2;
- if a known good stand-by source is available.
2. Go to holdover;
- if no stand-by sources are available.
Averaged
In the averaged mode, the frequency (as reported by
sts_current_DPLL_frequency, see Reg. 0C, 0D and 07) is
filtered internally using an Infinite Impulse Response
filter, which can be set to:

fast - (Reg. 40 Bit 6, cnfg_holdover_modes,
fast_averaging: set High), giving a -3 dB filter
response point corresponding to a period of
approximately eight minutes, or

slow - (Reg. 40 Bit 6, cnfg_holdover_modes,
fast_averaging: set Low) giving a -3 dB filter response
point corresponding to a period of approximately
110 minutes.
Instantaneous
Holdover Mode
Holdover mode is the operating condition the device
enters when its currently selected input source becomes
invalid, and no other valid replacement source is
available. In this mode, the device resorts to using stored
frequency data, acquired when the input reference source
was still valid, to control its output frequency.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
DATASHEET
In instantaneous mode, the DPLL freezes at the frequency
it was operating at the time of entering holdover mode. It
does this by using only its internal DPLL integral path
value (as reported in Reg. 0C, 0D and 07) to determine
output frequency. The DPLL proportional path is not used
so that any recent phase disturbances have a minimal
effect on the holdover frequency. The integral value used
can be viewed as a filtered version of the locked output
frequency over a short period of time. The period being in
inverse proportion to the DPLL bandwidth setting.
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DATASHEET
Manual Mode
(Reg. 34 Bit 4, cnfg_input_mode, man_holdover set
High.) The holdover frequency is determined by the value
in register cnfg_holdover_frequency (Reg. 3E, 3F, and
part of 40). This is a 19-bit signed number, with a LSB
resolution of 0.0003068 ppm, which gives an adjustment
range of ±80 ppm.
The value can be derived from a reading of the register
sts_current_DPLL_frequency (Reg. 0C, 0D and 07), which
gives, in the same format, an indication of the current
output frequency deviation, which would be read when
the device is locked. If required, this value could be read
by external software and averaged over time. The
averaged value could then be fed to the
cnfg_holdover_frequency register, ready for setting the
averaged frequency value when the device enters
holdover mode. The sts_current_DPLL_frequency value is
internally derived from the DPLL integral path, which
represents a short-term average measure of the current
frequency, depending on the locked loop bandwidth
(Reg. 67) selected.
It is also possible to combine the internal averaging filters
with some additional software filtering. For example the
internal fast filter could be used as an anti-aliasing filter
and the software could further filter this before
determining the actual holdover frequency. To support
this feature, a facility to read out the internally averaged
frequency has been provided.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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DATASHEET
Figure 4 Automatic Mode Control State Diagram
(1) Reset
Free-run
select ref
(state 001)
(2) all refs evaluated
&
at least one ref valid
(3) no valid standby ref
&
(main ref invalid
or out of lock > 100s
Reference sources are flagged as valid when
active, in-band and have no phase alarm set.
(4) valid standby ref
&
[main ref invalid or
(higher-priority ref valid
& in revertive mode) or
out of lock > 100s]
All sources are continuously checked for
activity and frequency
Pre-locked
wait for up to 100s
(state 110)
Only the main source is checked for phase.
A phase lock alarm is only raised on a
reference when that reference has lost phase
whilst being used as the main reference. The
micro-processor can reset the phase lock
alarm.
(5) selected ref
phase locked
A source is considered to have phase locked
when it has been continuously in phase lock
for between 1 and 2 seconds.
Locked
keep ref
(state 100)
(6) no valid standby ref
&
main ref invalid
(10) selected source
phase locked
(8) phase
regained
(9) valid standby ref
within 100s
&
[main ref invalid or
(higher priority ref valid
& in revertive mode)]
Pre-locked2
wait for up to 100s
(state 101)
(12) valid standby ref
&
(main ref invalid
or out of lock >100s)
(15) valid standby ref
&
[main ref invalid or
(higher-priority ref valid
& in revertive mode) or
out of lock >100s]
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
(7) phase lost
on main ref
Lost-phase
wait for up to 100s
(state 111)
(11) no valid standby ref
&
(main ref invalid
or out of lock >100s)
Holdover
select ref
(state 010)
(13) no valid standby ref
&
(main ref invalid
or out of lock >100s)
(14) all refs evaluated
&
at least one ref valid
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By setting Reg. 40, Bit 5, cnfg_holdover_modes,
read_average, the value read back from the
cnfg_holdover_frequency register will be the filtered
value. The filtered value is available regardless of what
actual Holdover mode is selected. Clearly this results in
the register not reading back the data that was written to
it.
Example: Software averaging to eliminate temperature drift.
Select manual holdover mode by setting Reg. 34 Bit 4,
cnfg_input_mode, man_holdover High.
Select fast holdover averaging mode by setting Reg. 40
Bit 6, cnfg_holdover_modes, auto_averaging High and
Reg. 40 Bit 7 High.
Select to be able to read back filtered output by setting
Reg. 40 Bit 5, cnfg_holdover_modes, read_average High.
Software periodically reads averaged value from the
cnfg_holdover_frequency register and the temperature
(not supplied from ACS8522BT). Software processed
frequency and temperature and places data in software
look-up table or other algorithm. Software writes back
appropriate averaged value into the
cnfg_holdover_frequency register.
Once holdover mode is entered, software periodically
updates the cnfg_holdover_frequency register using the
temperature information (not supplied from ACS8522BT).
Mini-holdover Mode
Holdover mode so far described refers to a state to which
the internal state machine switches as a result of activity
or frequency alarms, and this state is reported in Reg. 09.
To avoid the DPLL’s frequency being pulled off as a result
of a failed input, then the DPLL has a fast mechanism to
freeze its current frequency within one or two cycles of the
input clock source stopping. Under these circumstances
the DPLL enters Mini-holdover mode; the Mini-holdover
frequency used being determined by Reg. 40, Bits [4:3],
cnfg_holdover_modes, mini_holdover_mode.
Mini-holdover mode only lasts until one of the following
occurs:

a new source has been selected, or

the state machine enters Holdover mode, or

the original fault on the input recovers.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
DATASHEET
External Factors Affecting Holdover Mode
If the external TCXO/OCXO frequency is varying due to
temperature fluctuations in the room, then the
instantaneous value can be different from the average
value, and then it may be possible to exceed the
0.05 ppm limit (depending on how extreme the
temperature fluctuations are). It is advantageous to
shield the TCXO/OCXO to slow down frequency changes
due to drift and external temperature fluctuations.
The frequency accuracy of holdover mode has to meet the
ITU-T, ETSI and Telcordia performance requirements. The
performance of the external oscillator clock is critical in
this mode, although only the frequency stability is
important - the stability of the output clock in Holdover is
directly related to the stability of the external oscillator.
Pre-locked2 Mode
This state is very similar to the pre-locked state. It is
entered from the holdover state when a reference source
has been selected and applied to the phase locked loop.
It is also entered if the device is operating in revertive
mode and a higher-priority reference source is restored.
Upon applying a reference source to the phase locked
loop, the ACS8522BT will enter the locked state in a
maximum of 100 seconds, as defined by GR-1244-CORE
specification, if the selected reference source is of good
quality.
If the device cannot achieve lock within 100 seconds, it
reverts to Holdover mode and another reference source is
selected.
DPLL Architecture and Configuration
A DPLL gives a stable and consistent level of performance
that can be easily programmed for different dynamic
behavior or operating range. It is not affected by operating
conditions or silicon process variations. Digital synthesis
is used to generate all required SONET/SDH output
frequencies. The digital logic operates at 204.8 MHz that
is multiplied up from the external 12.800 MHz oscillator
module. Hence the best resolution of the output signals
from the DPLL is one 204.8 MHz cycle or 4.9 ns.
Additional resolution and lower final output jitter is
provided by a de-jittering APLL that reduces the 4.9 ns
pk-pk jitter from the digital down to 500 ps pk-pk and
60 ps RMS as typical final outputs measured broadband
(from 10 Hz to 1 GHz).
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This arrangement combines the advantages of the
flexibility and repeatability of a DPLL with the low jitter of
an APLL. The DPLLs in the ACS8522BT are uniquely very
programmable for all PLL parameters of bandwidth (from
0.1 Hz up to 70 Hz), damping factor (from 1.2 to 20),
frequency acceptance and output range (from 0 to
80 ppm, typically 9.2 ppm), input frequency (12 common
SONET/SDH spot frequencies) and input-to-output phase
offset (in 6 ps steps up to 200 ns). There is no
requirement to understand the loop filter equations or
detailed gain parameters since all high level factors such
as overall bandwidth can be set directly via registers in
the microprocessor interface. No external critical
components are required for either the internal DPLLs or
APLLs, providing another key advantage over traditional
discrete designs.
The T4 DPLL is similar in structure to the T0 DPLL, but
since the T4 is only providing a clock synthesis and input
to output frequency translation function, with no defined
requirement for jitter attenuation or input phase jump
absorption, then its bandwidth is limited to the high end
and the T4 does not incorporate many of the Phase Buildout and adjustment facilities of the T0 DPLL.
TO DPLL Main Features

Two programmable DPLL bandwidth controls (Locked
and Acquisition bandwidth), each with 10 steps from
0.1 Hz to 70 Hz

Programmable damping factor: For optional faster
locking and peaking control. Factors = 1.2, 2.5, 5, 10
or 20

Multiple phase lock detectors

Input to output phase offset adjustment
(Master/Slave), ±200 ns, 6 ps resolution step size

PBO phase offset on source switching - disturbance
down to ±5 ns

Multi-cycle phase detection and locking,
programmable up to ±8192 UI - improves jitter
tolerance in direct lock mode

Holdover frequency averaging with a choice of:
Average times: 8 minutes or 110 minutes. Value can
also be read out.

Multiple E1 and DS1 outputs supported

Low jitter MFrSync (2 kHz) and FrSync (8 kHz) outputs.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
DATASHEET
T4 DPLL Main Features

Single programmable DPLL bandwidth control: 18 Hz,
35 Hz or 70 Hz

Programmable damping factor: For optional faster
locking and peaking control. Factors = 1.2, 2.5, 5, 10
or 20

Multiple phase lock detectors

Multi-cycle phase detection and locking,
programmable up to ±8192 UI - improves jitter
tolerance in direct lock mode

DS3/E3 support (44.736 MHz / 34.368 MHz) at same
time as OC-N rates from T0 DPLL

Low jitter E1/DS1 options at same time as OC-N rates
from T0 DPLL

Frequencies of n x E1/DS1 including 16 and 12 x E1,
and 16 and 24 x DS1 supported

Low jitter MFrSync (2 kHz) and FrSync (8 kHz) outputs

Can use the T4 DPLL as an Independent FrSync DPLL

Can use the phase detector in T4 DPLL to measure
the input phase difference between two inputs.
The structure of the T0 and T4 PLLs are shown later in
Figure 10 in the section on output clock ports. That
section also details how the DPLLs and particular output
frequencies are configured. The following sections detail
some component parts of the DPLL.
TO DPLL Automatic Bandwidth Controls
In Automatic Bandwidth Selection mode (Reg. 3B), the T0
DPLL bandwidth setting is selected automatically from
the Acquisition Bandwidth or Locked Bandwidth
configurations programmed in cnfg_T0_DPLL_acq_bw
Reg. 69 and cnfg_T0_DPLL_locked_bw Reg. 67
respectively. If this mode is not selected, the DPLL
acquires and locks using only the bandwidth set by
Reg. 67.
Phase Detectors
A Phase and Frequency detector is used to compare input
and feedback clocks. This operates at input frequencies
up to 77.76 MHz. The whole DPLL can operate at spot
frequencies from 2 kHz up to 77.76 MHz. A common
arrangement however is to use Lock8k mode (see Bit 6 of
Reg. 22, 23, 27 and 28) where all input frequencies are
divided down to 8 kHz internally. Marginally better MTIE
figures may be possible in direct lock mode due to more
regular phase updates.
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A patented multi-phase detector is used in order to give
an infinitesimally small input phase resolution combined
with large jitter tolerance. The following phase detectors
are used:

An early/late phase detector for fine resolution

A multi-cycle phase detector for large input jitter
tolerance (up to 8191 UI), which captures and
remembers phase differences of many cycles
between input and feedback clocks.
Phase lock/loss detection is handled in several ways.
Phase loss can be triggered from:
The phase detectors can be configured to be immune to
occasional missing input clock pulses by using nearest
edge detection (±180° capture) or the normal
± 360° phase capture range which gives frequency
locking. The device will automatically switch to nearest
edge locking when the multi-UI phase detector is not
enabled and the other phase detectors have detected
that phase lock has been achieved.
It is possible to disable the selection of nearest edge
locking via Reg. 03 Bit 6 set to 1. In this setting, frequency
locking will always be enabled.
The balance between the first two types of phase detector
employed can be adjusted via registers 6A to 6D. The
default settings should be sufficient for all modes.
Adjustment of these settings affects only small signal
overshoot and bandwidth.
The multi-cycle phase detector is enabled via Reg. 74,
Bit 6 set to 1 and the range is set in exponentially
increasing steps from ±1 UI, 3 UI, 7 UI, 15 UI … up to
8191 UI via Reg. 74, Bits [3:0].

The fine phase lock detector, which measures the
phase between input and feedback clock

The coarse phase lock detector, which monitors whole
cycle slips

Detection that the DPLL is at min. or max. frequency

Detection of no activity on the input.
Each of these sources of phase loss indication is
individually enabled via register bits (see Reg. 73, 74 and
4D). Phase lock or lost is used to determine whether to
switch to nearest edge locking and whether to use
acquisition or Locked bandwidth settings for the DPLL.
Acquisition bandwidth is used for faster pull-in from an
unlocked state.
The coarse phase lock detector detects phase differences
of n cycles between input and feedback clocks, where n is
set by Reg. 74, Bits 3:0; the same register that is used for
the coarse phase detector range, since these functions go
hand in hand. This detector may be used in the case
where it is required that a phase loss indication is not
given for reasonable amounts of input jitter and so the
fine phase loss detector is disabled and the coarse
detector is used instead.
Damping Factor Programmability
When this detector is enabled it keeps a track of the
correct phase position over many cycles of phase
difference to give excellent jitter tolerance. This provides
an alternative to switching to Lock8k mode as a method
of achieving high jitter tolerance.
An additional control (Reg. 74 Bit 5) enables the multiphase detector value to be used in the final phase value
as part of the DPLL loop. When enabled by setting High,
the multi cycle phase value will be used in the loop and
gives faster pull in (but more overshoot). The
characteristics of the loop will be similar to Lock8k mode
where again large input phase differences contribute to
the loop dynamics. Setting the bit Low only uses a max
figure of 360 degrees in the loop and will give slower pullin but gives less overshoot.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
The final phase position that the loop has to pull in to is
still tracked and remembered by the multi-cycle phase
detector in either case.
Phase Lock/Loss Detection
Phase and frequency detector (±360° or ±180°
range)

DATASHEET
The DPLL damping factor is set by default to provide a
maximum wander gain peak of around 0.1 dB. Many of
the specifications (e.g. GR-1244-CORE, G.812 and
G.813) specify a wander transfer gain of less than 0.2 dB.
GR-253 specifies jitter (not wander) transfer of less than
0.1 dB.
To accommodate the required levels of transfer gain, the
ACS8522BT provides a choice of damping factors, with
more choice given as the bandwidth setting increases into
the frequency regions classified as jitter. Table 5 shows
which damping factors are available for selection at the
different bandwidth settings, and what the corresponding
jitter transfer approximate gain peak will be.
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Table 5 Available Damping Factors for different DPLL
Bandwidths, and associated Jitter Peak Values
Bandwidth
Reg. 6B [2:0]
DATASHEET
Table 7 Telcordia GR-1244 CORE Specification
Parameter
Damping
Gain Peak/ dB
Factor selected
Value
Tolerance
±4.6 ppm over 20 year lifetime
Drift
(Frequency Drift
over supply
voltage range of
+2.7 V to +3.3 V)
±0.05 ppm/15 seconds @ constant temp.
0.1 Hz to 4 Hz
1, 2, 3, 4, 5
5
0.1
8 Hz
1
2.5
0.2
2, 3, 4, 5
5
0.1
1
1.2
0.4
2
2.5
0.2
3, 4, 5
5
0.1
1
1.2
0.4
2
2.5
0.2
Crystal Frequency Calibration
3
5
0.1
4, 5
10
0.06
1
1.2
0.4
2
2.5
0.2
3
5
0.1
4
10
0.06
5
20
0.03
The absolute crystal frequency accuracy is less important
than the stability since any frequency offset can be
compensated by adjustment of register values in the IC.
This allows for calibration and compensation of any
crystal frequency variation away from its nominal value.
± 50 ppm adjustment would be sufficient to cope with
most crystals, in fact the range is an order of magnitude
larger due to the use of two 8-bit register locations. The
setting of the cnfg_nominal_frequency register allows for
this adjustment. An increase in the register value
increases the output frequencies by 0.0196229 ppm for
each LSB step.
18 Hz
35 Hz
70 Hz
The Master system clock on the ACS8522BT should be
provided by an external clock oscillator of frequency
12.800 MHz. The clock specification is important for
meeting the ITU/ETSI and Telcordia performance
requirements for Holdover mode. ITU and ETSI
specifications permit a combined drift characteristic, at
constant temperature, of all non-temperature-related
parameters, of up to 10 ppb per day. The same
specifications allow a drift of 1 ppm over a temperature
range of 0 to +70°C.
Parameter
±0.28 ppm/over temp. range 0 to +50°C
Telcordia specifications are somewhat tighter, requiring a
non-temperature-related drift of less than 40 ppb per day
and a drift of 280 ppb over the temperature range 0 to
+50°C. Please contact Semtech for information on crystal
oscillator suppliers
Local Oscillator Clock
Table 6 ITU and ETSI Specification
±0.04 ppm/15 seconds @ constant temp.
Note...The default register value (in decimal) = 39321
(9999 hex) = 0 ppm offset. The minimum to maximum offset
range of the register is 0 to 65535 dec, giving an adjustment
range of -771 ppm to +514 ppm of the output frequencies, in
0.0196229 ppm steps.
Example: If the crystal was oscillating at 12.800 MHz + 5 ppm,
then the calibration value in the register to give a - 5 ppm
adjustment in output frequencies to compensate for the
crystal inaccuracy, would be:
39321 - (5 / 0.0196229) = 39066 (dec) = 989A (hex).
Output Wander
Wander and jitter present on the output clocks are
dependent on:

The magnitudes of wander and jitter on the selected
input reference clock (in Locked mode)

The internal wander and jitter transfer characteristic
(in Locked mode)
±0.01 ppm/day @ constant temp.

The jitter on the local oscillator clock
±1 ppm over temp. range 0 to +70°C

The wander on the local oscillator clock (in Holdover
mode).
Value
Tolerance
±4.6 ppm over 20 year lifetime
Drift
(Frequency Drift
over supply
voltage range of
+2.7 V to +3.3 V)
±0.05 ppm/15 seconds @ constant temp.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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Wander and jitter are treated in different ways to reflect
their differing impacts on network design. Jitter is always
strongly attenuated, whilst wander attenuation can be
varied to suit the application and operating state. Wander
and jitter attenuation is performed using a digital phase
locked loop (DPLL) with a programmable bandwidth. This
gives a transfer characteristic of a low pass filter, with a
programmable pole. It is sometimes necessary to change
the filter dynamics to suit particular circumstances - one
example being when locking to a new source, the filter can
be opened up to reduce locking time and can then be
tightened again to remove wander. A change between
different bandwidths for locking and for acquisition is
handled automatically within the ACS8522BT.
There may be a phase shift across the ACS8522BT
between the selected input reference source and the
output clock over time, mainly caused by frequency
wander in the external oscillator module. Higher stability
XOs will give better performance for MTIE. The oscillator
becomes more critical at DPLL bandwidth near to or below
0.1 Hz since the rate of change of the DPLL may be slow
compared to the rate of change of the oscillator
frequency. Shielding of the OCXO or TCXO can further slow
down the rate of change of temperature and hence
frequency, thus improving output wander performance.
The phase shift may vary over time but will be constrained
to lie within specified limits. The phase shift is
characterized using two parameters, MTIE (Maximum
Time Interval Error) and TDEV (Time Deviation) which,
although being specified in all relevant specifications,
differ in acceptable limits in each one.
Typical measurements for the ACS8522BT are shown in
Figure 5, for locked mode operation. Figure 6 shows a
typical measurement of phase error accumulation in
holdover mode operation.
DATASHEET
The required performance for phase variation during
holdover is specified in several ways and depends on the
relevant specification (See References and Associated
Documents), for example:
1. ETSI ETS-300 462-5, Section 9.1, requires that the
short-term phase error during switchover (i.e. locked
to holdover to locked) be limited to an accumulation
rate no greater than 0.05 ppm during a 15 second
interval.
2. ETSI ETS-300 462-5, Section 9.2, requires that the
long-term phase error in the holdover mode should
not exceed:
{(a1 + a2)S + 0.5bS2 + c}
where
a1 = 50 ns/s (allowance for initial frequency offset)
a2 = 2000 ns/s (allowance for temperature variation)
b = 1.16x10-4 ns/s2 (allowance for ageing)
c = 120 ns (allowance for entry into holdover mode).
S = elapsed time (s) after loss of external ref. input
3. ANSI Tin1.101-1999, Section 8.2.2, requires that the
phase variation be limited so that no more than 255
slips (of 125 µs each) occur during the first day of
holdover. This requires a frequency accuracy better
than:
((24x60x60)+(255x125µs))/(24x60x60) = 0.37 ppm
Temperature variation is not restricted, except to
within the normal bounds of 0°C to 50°C.
4. Telcordia GR-1244-CORE, Section 5.2, shows that an
initial frequency offset of 50 ppb is permitted on
entering holdover, whilst a drift over temperature of
280 ppb is allowed; an allowance of 40 ppb is
permitted for all other effects.
5. ITU G.822, Section 2.6, requires that the slip rate
during category (b) operation (interpreted as being
applicable to holdover mode operation) be limited to
less than 30 slips (of 125 µs each) per hour.
((60 x 60) + (30 x 125 µs))/(60 x 60)) = 1.042 ppm
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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DATASHEET
Figure 5 Maximum Time Interval Error and Time Deviation of T0 PLL Output Port
MTIE for G.813 option 1,
Constant temperature wander limit
TDEV for G.813 option 1,
Constant temperature wander limit
F8530D_027MtieTdevCombF6_01
Figure 6 Phase Error Accumulation of T0 PLL Output Port in Holdover Mode
10000000
Phase Error (ns)
1000000
Permitted Phase Error Limit
100000
10000
1000
100
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Typical measurement, 25°C constant temperature
1000
10000
Page 24
100000
Observation interval (s)
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Jitter and Wander Transfer
The ACS8522BT has a programmable jitter and wander
transfer characteristic. This is set by the DPLL bandwidth.
The -3 dB jitter transfer attenuation point can be set in the
range from 0.1 Hz to 70 Hz in 10 steps. The wander and
jitter transfer characteristic is shown in Figure 7. Wander
on the local oscillator clock will not have a significant
effect on the output clock whilst in Locked mode, provided
that the DPLL bandwidth is set high enough so that the
DPLL can compensate quickly enough for any frequency
changes in the crystal.
DATASHEET
ITU-T G.813 states that the maximum allowable shortterm phase transient response, resulting from a switch
from one clock source to another, with holdover mode
entered in between, should be a maximum of 1 µs over a
15 second interval. The maximum phase transient or
jump should be less than 120 ns at a rate of change of
less than 7.5 ppm and the Holdover performance should
be better than 0.05 ppm. The ACS8522BT performance is
well within this requirement. The typical phase
disturbance on clock reference source switching will be
less than 5 ns on the ACS8522BT.
Phase Build-out
When a PBO event is triggered, the device enters a
temporary holdover state. When in this temporary state,
the phase of the input reference is measured, relative to
the output. The device then automatically accounts for
any measured phase difference and adds the appropriate
phase offset into the DPLL to compensate. Following a
PBO event, whatever the phase difference on change of
input, the output phase transient is minimized to be no
greater than 5 ns.
Phase build-out (PBO) is the function to minimize phase
transients on the output SEC clock during input reference
switching. If the currently selected input reference clock
source is lost (due to a short interruption, out of frequency
detection, or complete loss of reference) the second, next
highest priority reference source will be selected, and a
PBO event triggered.
On the ACS8522BT, PBO can be enabled, disabled or
frozen using the serial interface. By default, it is enabled.
When PBO is enabled, PBO can also be frozen (at the
current offset setting). The device will then ignore any
further PBO events occurring on any subsequent
reference switch, and maintain the current phase offset.
If PBO is disabled
In free-run or holdover mode, wander on the crystal is
more significant. Variation in crystal temperature or
supply voltage and ageing cause drifts in operating
frequency. These effects must be limited by careful
selection of a suitable component for the local oscillator,
as specified in the section See Local Oscillator Clock.
Figure 7 Sample of Wander and Jitter Measured Transfer Characteristics
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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DATASHEET
while the device is in the Locked mode, there may be a
phase shift on the output SEC clocks as the DPLL locks
back to 0 degrees phase error. The rate of phase shift will
depend on the programmed bandwidth. Enabling PBO
whilst in the Locked stated will also trigger a PBO event.
Input Wander and Jitter Tolerance
PBO Phase Offset
All reference clock inputs have a tight frequency tolerance
but a generous jitter tolerance. Pull-in, hold-in and pull-out
ranges are specified in Table 8.
In order to minimize the systematic (average) phase error
for PBO, a PBO Phase Offset can be programmed in
0.101 ns steps in the cnfg_PBO_phase_offset register,
Reg.72. The range of the programmable PBO phase offset
is restricted to ±1.4 ns. This can be used to eliminate an
accumulation of phase shifts in one direction.
Input-to-Output Phase Adjustment
When PBO is off (including Auto-PBO on phase transients),
such that the system always tries to align the outputs to
the inputs at the 0° position, there is a mechanism
provided in the ACS8522BT for precise fine tuning of the
output phase position with respect to the input. This can
be used to compensate for circuit and board wiring
delays. The output phase can be adjusted in 6 ps steps up
to 200 ns in a positive or negative direction. The phase
adjustment actually changes the phase position of the
feedback clock so that the DPLL adjusts the output clock
phases to compensate. The rate of change of phase is
therefore related to the DPLL bandwidth. For the DPLL to
track large instant changes in phase, either Lock8k mode
should be on, or the coarse phase detector should be
enabled. Register cnfg_phase_offset at Reg. 70 and 71
controls the output phase, which is only used when PBO is
off (Reg. 48, Bit 2 = 0 and Reg. 76, Bit 4 = 0).
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
The ACS8522BT is compliant to the requirements of all
relevant standards, principally ITU Recommendation
G.825, ANSI DS1.101-1999, Telcordia GR1244, GR253,
G812, G813 and ETS 300 462-5 (1996).
Minimum jitter tolerance masks are specified in Figure 8
and Figure 9 and Table 8 and Table 10 respectively.
The ACS8522BT will tolerate wander and jitter
components greater than those shown in Figure 8 and
Figure 9, up to a limit determined by a combination of the
apparent long-term frequency offset caused by wander
and the eye-closure caused by jitter (the input source will
be rejected if the offset pushes the frequency outside the
hold-in range for long enough to be detected, whilst the
signal will also be rejected if the eye closes sufficiently to
affect the signal purity). Either the Lock8k mode, or one of
the extended phase capture ranges should be engaged
for high jitter tolerance according to these masks.
All reference clock ports are monitored for quality,
including frequency offset and general activity. Single
short-term interruptions in selected reference clocks may
not cause re- arrangements, whilst longer interruptions,
or multiple, short-term interruptions, will cause rearrangements, as will frequency offsets which are
sufficiently large or sufficiently long to cause loss-of-lock
in the phase-locked loop. The failed reference source will
be removed from the priority table and declared as
unserviceable, until its perceived quality has been
restored to an acceptable level.
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DATASHEET
Table 8 Input Reference Source Jitter Tolerance
Jitter Tolerance
G.703
Frequency
Monitor
Acceptance
Range
Frequency Acceptance Range
(Pull-in)
±16.6 ppm
±4.6 ppm (see Note (i))
±9.2 ppm (see Note (ii))
G.783
Frequency Acceptance Range
(Hold-in)
Frequency Acceptance Range
(Pull-out)
±4.6 ppm (see Note (i))
±9.2 ppm (see Note (ii))
±4.6 ppm (see Note (i))
±9.2 ppm (see Note (ii))
G.823
GR-1244-CORE
Notes: (i) The frequency acceptance and generation range will be ±4.6 ppm around the required frequency when the external crystal
frequency accuracy is within a tolerance of ±4.6 ppm.
(ii) The fundamental acceptance range and generation range is ±9.2 ppm with an exact external crystal frequency of 12.800 MHz. This
is the default DPLL range, the range is also programmable from 0 to 80 ppm in 0.08 ppm steps.
Figure 8 Minimum Input Jitter Tolerance (OC-3/STM-1)
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
Jitter and Wander Frequency (log scale)
f0
f1
f2
f3
f4
f5
f6
f7
f8
f9
F8530_003MINIPJITTOLOC3STM1_02
Note...For inputs supporting G.783 compliant sources.)
Table 9 Amplitude and Frequency Values for Jitter Tolerance (OC-3/STM-1)
STM
level
Peak to peak amplitude (unit
Interval)
A0
STM-1
2800
A1
A2
A3
A4
311 39 1.5 0.15
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Frequency (Hz)
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
12 u 178 u 1.6 m 15.6 m 0.125
Page 27
F5
F6
19.3
500
F7
F8
F9
6.5 k 65 k 1.3
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DATASHEET
Figure 9 Minimum Input Jitter Tolerance (DS1/E1)
Peak-to-peak Jitter and Wander Amplitude
(log scale)
A1
A2
Jitter and Wander Frequency (log scale)
f1
f2
f3
F8530D_004MINIPJITTOLDS1E1_02
f4
Table 10 Amplitude and Frequency Values for Jitter Tolerance (DS1/E1)
Type
Spec.
Amplitude (UI pk-pk)
A1
Frequency (Hz)
A2
F1
F2
F3
F4
DS1
GR-1244-CORE
5
0.1
10
500
8k
40 k
E1
ITU G.823
1.5
0.2
20
2.4 k
18 k
100
Using the DPLLs for Accurate Frequency and Phase
Reporting
The frequency monitors in the ACS8522BT perform
frequency monitoring with a programmable acceptable
limit of up to ±60.96 ppm. The resolution of the
measurement is 3.8 ppm and the measured frequency
can be read back from Reg. 4C, with channel selection at
Reg. 4B. For more accurate measurement of both
frequency and phase, the T0 and T4 DPLLs and their
phase detectors, can be used to monitor both input
frequency and phase. The T0 DPLL is always monitoring
the currently locked to source, but if the T4 path is not
used then the T4 DPLL can be used as a roving phase and
frequency meter. Via software control it could be switched
to monitor each input in turn and both the phase and
frequency can be reported with a very fine resolution.
The registers sts_current_DPLL_frequency (Reg. 0C, 0D
and 07) report the frequency of either the T0 or T4 DPLL
with respect to the external crystal XO frequency (after
calibration via Reg. 3C, Reg. 3D if used). The selection of
T4 or T0 DPLL reporting is made via Reg. 4B, Bit 4. The
value is a 19-bit signed number with one LSB
representing 0.0003068 ppm (range of ±80 ppm).
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
This value is actually the integral path value in the DPLL,
and as such corresponds to an averaged measurement of
the input frequency, with an averaging time inversely
proportional to the DPLL bandwidth setting. Reading this
regularly can show how the currently locked source is
varying in value e.g. due to frequency wander on its input.
The input phase, as seen at the DPLL phase detector, can
be read back from register sts_current_phase, Reg. 77
and 78. T0 or T4 DPLL phase detector reporting is again
controlled by Reg. 4B, Bit 4. One LSB corresponds to
approximately 0.7 degrees phase difference. For the T0
DPLL this will be reporting the phase difference between
the input and the internal feedback clock. The phase
result is internally averaged or filtered with a -3 dB
attenuation point at approximately 100 Hz. For low DPLL
bandwidths, 0.1 Hz for example, this measured phase
information from the T0 DPLL gives input phase wander in
the frequency band from for example 0.1 Hz to 100 Hz.
This could be used to give a crude input MTIE
measurement up to an observation period of
approximately 1000 seconds using external software.
In addition, the T4 DPLL phase detector can be used to
make a phase measurement between two inputs.
Reg. 65, Bit 7 is used to switch one input to the T4 phase
detector over to the current T0 input.
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The other phase detector input remains connected to the
selected T4 input source, the selected source can be
forced via Reg. 35, Bits 3:0, or changed via the T4 priority
(Reg. 19 to 1C, when Reg. 4B, Bit 4 = 1).
Consequently the phase detector from the T4 DPLL could
be used to measure the phase difference between the
currently selected source and the stand-by source, or it
could be used to measure the phase wander of all standby sources with respect to the current source by selecting
each input in sequence. An MTIE and TDEV calculation
could be made for each input via external processing.
MFrSync and FrSync Alignment-SYNC2K
The SYNC2K input will normally be a 2 kHz frequency and
only its falling edge is used. It can however be at a
frequencies of 4 kHz or 8 kHz without any change to the
register setups. Only alignment of the 8 kHz will be
achieved in this case.
Safe sampling of the SYNC2K input is achieved by using
the currently selected clock reference source to do the
input sampling. This is based on the principle that FrSync
alignment is being used on a Slave device that is locked
to the clock reference of a Master device that is also
providing the 2 kHz SYNC2K input. Phase Build-out mode
should be off (Reg. 48, Bit 2 = 0). The 2 kHz MFrSync
output from the Master device has its falling edge aligned
with the falling edge of the other output clocks, hence the
SYNC2K input is normally sampled on the rising edge of
the current input reference clock, in order to provide the
most margin. Some modification of the expected timing of
the SYNC2K with respect to the reference clock can be
achieved via Reg. 7B, Bits [1:0]. This allows for the
SYNC2K input to arrive either half a reference clock cycle
early or up to one and a half cycle late, hence allowing a
safe sampling margin to be maintained.
A different sampling resolution is used depending on the
input reference frequency and the setting of Reg. 7B,
cnfg_sync_phase, Bit 6 indep_FrSync/MFrSync. With this
bit Low, the SYNC2K input sampling has a 6.48 MHz
resolution, this being the preferred reference frequency to
lock to from the Master, in conjunction with the SYNC2K
2 kHz, since it gives the most timing margin on the
sampling and aligns all of the higher rate OC-3 derived
clocks. When Bit 6 is High the SYNC2K can have a
sampling resolution of either 19.44 MHz (when the
current locked to reference is 19.44 MHz) or 38.88 MHz
(all other frequencies).
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
DATASHEET
This would allow for instance a 19.44 MHz and 2 kHz pair
to be used for Slave synchronization or for Line card
synchronization. Reg. 7B Bit 7, indep_FrSync/MFrSync
controls whether the 2 kHz MFrSync and 8 kHz FrSync
outputs keep their precise alignment with the other
output clocks.
When indep_FrSync/MFrSync Reg. 7B Bit 7 is Low the
FrSyncs and the other higher rate clocks are not
independent and their alignment on the falling 8kHz edge
is maintained. This means that when Bit Sync_OC-N_rates
is High, the OC-N rate dividers and clocks are also
synchronized by the SYNC2K input. On a change of phase
position of the SYNC2K, this could result in a shift in
phase of the 6.48 MHz output clock when a 19.44 MHz
precision is used for the SYNC2K input. To avoid
disturbing any of the output clocks and only align the
MFrSync and FrSync outputs, at the chosen level of
precision, then independent Frame Sync mode can be
used (Reg. 7B, bit 7 = 1). Edge alignment of the FrSync
output with other clocks outputs may then change
depending on the SYNC2K sampling precision used. For
example with a 19.44 MHz reference input clock and
Reg. 7B, bits 6 & 7 both High (independent mode and
Sync OC-N rates), then the FrSync output will still align
with the 19.44 MHz output but not with the 6.48 MHz
output clock.
The FrSync and MFrSync outputs always come from the
T0 DPLL path. 2kHz and 8kHz outputs can also be
produced at the O1 to O4 outputs. These can come from
either the T0 DPLL or from the T4 DPLL, controlled by
Reg. 7A, bit 7.
If required, this allows the T4 DPLL to be used as a
separate PLL for the FrSync and MFrSync path with a
2 kHz input and 2 kHz and 8 kHz Frame Sync outputs.
Output Clock Ports
The device supports a set of main output clocks, O1 to O4
and a pair of secondary Sync outputs, FrSync and
MFrSync. The four main output clocks are independent of
each other and are individually selectable. The two
secondary output clocks, FrSync and MFrSync, are
derived from the T0 path only. The frequencies of the
main output clocks are selectable from a range of predefined spot frequencies as defined in Table 11. Output
technologies are TTL/CMOS for all outputs except O1
which can be PECL or LVDS.
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PECL/LVDS Output Port Selection
The choice of PECL or LVDS compatibility for output O1 is
programmed via the cnfg_differential_outputs register,
Reg. 3A.
Output Frequency Selection and Configuration
The output frequency of outputs O1 to O4 is controlled by
a number of interdependent parameters. These
parameters control the selections within the various
blocks shown in Figure 10.
The ACS8522BT contains two main DPLL/APLL paths, T0
and T4. Whilst they are largely independent, there are a
number of ways in which these two structures can
interact. Figure 10 is an expansion of Figure 1 showing
the PLL paths in more detail.
T0 DPLL and APLLs
The T0 DPLL always produces 77.76 MHz regardless of
either the reference frequency (frequency at the input pin
of the device) or the locking frequency (frequency at the
input of the DPLL Phase and Frequency Detector (PFD)).
The input reference is either passed directly to the PFD or
via a pre-divider (not shown) to produce the reference
input. The feedback 77.76 MHz is either divided or
synthesized to generate the locking frequency.
Digital Frequency Synthesis (DFS) is a technique for
generating an output frequency using a higher frequency
system clock (204.8 MHz in the case of the 77.76 MHz
synthesis). However, the edges of the output clock are not
ideally placed in time, since all edges of the output clock
will be aligned to the active edge of the system clock. This
will mean that the generated clock will inherently have
jitter on it equivalent to one period of the system clock.
The T0 77M forward DFS block uses DFS clocked by the
204.8 MHz system clock to synthesize the 77.76 MHz
and, therefore, has an inherent 4.9 ns of pk-pk jitter.
There is an option to use an APLL, the T0 feedback APLL,
to filter out this jitter before the 77.76 MHz is used to
generate the feedback locking frequency in the T0
feedback DFS block. This analog feedback option allows
a lower jitter (<1 ns) feedback signal to give maximum
performance. The digital feedback option is present so
that when the output path is switched to digital feedback
the two paths remain synchronized.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
DATASHEET
The T0 77M forward DFS block is also the block that
handles Phase Build-out and any phase offset
programmed into the device. Hence, the T0 77M forward
DFS and the T0 77M output DFS blocks are locked in
frequency but may be offset in phase.
The T0 77M output DFS block also uses the 204.8 MHz
system clock and always generates 77.76 MHz for the
output clocks (with inherent 4.9 ns of jitter). This is fed to
another DFS block and to the T0 output APLL. The low
frequency T0 LF output DFS block is used to produce
three frequencies; two of them, Digital1 and Digital2, are
available for selection to be produced at outputs O1 to
O4, and the third frequency can produce multiple E1/DS1
rates via the filtering APLLs. The input clock to the T0 LF
output DFS block is either 77.76 MHz from the T0 output
APLL (post jitter filtering) or 77.76 MHz direct from the T0
77M output DFS. Utilizing the clock from the T0 output
APLL will result in lower jitter outputs from the T0 LF
output DFS block. However, when the input to the T0 APLL
is taken from the T0 LF output DFS block, the input to that
block comes directly from the T0 77M output DFS block
so that a “loop” is not created.
The T0 output APLL is for multiplying and filtering. The
input to the T0 output APLL can be either 77.76 MHz from
the T0 77M output DFS block or an alternative frequency
from the T0 LF output DFS block (offering 77.76 MHz,
12E1, 16E1, 24DS1 or 16DS1). The frequency from the
T0 output APLL is four times its input frequency i.e.
311.04 MHz when used with a 77.76 MHz input. The T0
output APLL is subsequently divided by 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12,
16 and 48 and these are available at the O1 to O4
outputs.
T0 Ethernet Modes
The device includes an Ethernet clock generator
synchronized to the 77.76 MHz output DFS of the T0
path. The APLLs and clock dividers associated with this
path are controlled via the cnfg_output_frequency
register (Reg 20).
By default, the Ethernet clock path is enabled and can be
used to generate frequencies of 25 MHz, 50 MHz,
62,5 MHz or 125 MHz, which are available for output via
01 to O4 selected via Reg 60 to Reg 62. For applications
that do not require Ethernet frequencies, to conserve
power it is recommended that the Ethernet clock path is
disabled.
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T4 DPLL & APLL
The T4 path is much simpler than the T0 path. This path
offers no phase build-out or phase offset. The T4 input
can be used to either lock to a reference clock input
independent of the T0 path, or lock to the T0 path. Unlike
the T0 path, the T4 forward DFS block does not always
generate 77.76 MHz. The possible frequencies are listed
in the table.
DATASHEET
Similar to the T0 path, the output of the T4 forward DFS
block is generated using DFS clocked by the 204.8 MHz
system clock and will have an inherent jitter of 4.9 ns.
The T4 feedback DFS also has the facility to be able to use
the post T4 APLL (jitter-filtered) clock to generate the
feedback locking frequency. Again, this will give the
maximum performance by using a low jitter feedback.
Figure 10 PLL Block Diagram
The T4 output APLL is also for multiplying and filtering.
The input to the block can come from the T4 forward DFS
block or from the T0 path. The input to the T4 output APLL
can be programmed to be one of the following:
(a) Output from the T4 forward DFS block (12E1, 24DS1,
16E1, 16DS1, E3, DS3, OC-N),
(b) 12E1 from T0,
(c) 16E1 from T0,
(d) 24DS1 from T0,
The frequency generated from the T4 output APLL block is
four times its input frequency i.e. 311.04 MHz when used
with a 77.76 MHz input. The T4 output APLL is
subsequently divided by 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 48 and 64 and
these are available at the O1 to O4 outputs.
The outputs O1 to O4 are driven from either the T4 or the
T0 path. The FrSync and MFrSync outputs are always
generated from the T0 path. Reg.7A bit 7 selects whether
the source of the 2 kHz and 8 kHz outputs available from
O1 to O4 is derived from either the T0 or the T4 paths.
(e) 16DS1 from T0.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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DATASHEET
frequencies can be generated simultaneously from
each path.
Output Frequency Configuration Steps
The output frequency selection is performed in the
following steps:
3. Refer to Table 13 to determine the required APLL
frequency to support the frequency set.
1. Does the application require the use of the T4 path as
an independent PLL path or not. If not, then the T4
path can be utilized to produce extra frequencies
locked to the T0 path.
2. Refer to Table 13 to choose a set of output
frequencies - one for each path. Only one set of
4. Refer to Table 14 and Table 15 to determine the
mode in which the T0 and T4 paths are to be
configured, considering the output jitter level.
5. Refer to Table 16 and the column headings in
Table 13 to select the appropriate frequency from
either of the APLLs on each output as required.
Table 11 Output Reference Source Selection Table
Port
Name
Output Port
Technology
O1
LVDS/PECL
(LVDS default)
O2
TTL/CMOS
O3
TTL/CMOS
O4
TTL/CMOS
FrSync
TTL/CMOS
MFrSync TTL/CMOS
Frequencies Supported
Frequency selection as per Table 12 and Table 16
FrSync, 8 kHz programmable pulse width and polarity, see Reg. 7A.
MFrSync, 2 kHz programmable pulse width and polarity, see Reg. 7A.
Note...1.544 MHz/2.048 MHz are shown for SONET/SDH respectively. Pin SONSDHB controls default, when High SONET is default.
Table 12 Output Frequency Selection
Frequency (MHz, unless stated otherwise)
T0 DPLL Mode
T4 DPLL Mode
T4 APLL Input Mux
Jitter Level (typ)
rms
(ps)
pk-pk
(ns)
2 kHz
77.76 MHz Analog
-
-
60
0.6
2 kHz
Any digital feedback
mode
-
-
1400
5
8 kHz
77.76 MHz Analog
-
-
60
0.6
8 kHz
Any digital feedback
mode
-
-
1400
5
Select T4 DPLL
500
2.3
Select T0 DPLL 12E1
250
1.5
Select T4 DPLL
200
1.2
Select T0 DPLL
16DS1
150
1.0
3800
13
1.536
(not O4)
-
12E1 mode
1.536
(not O4)
-
-
1.544
(not O4)
-
1.544
(not O4)
-
1.544
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
16DS1 mode
-
77.76 MHz Analog
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Table 12 Output Frequency Selection (cont...)
Frequency (MHz, unless stated otherwise)
T0 DPLL Mode
T4 DPLL Mode
T4 APLL Input Mux
Jitter Level (typ)
rms
(ps)
1.544
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
Any digital feedback
mode
-
-
pk-pk
(ns)
3800
18
2.048
-
12E1 mode
Select T4 DPLL
500
2.3
2.048
-
-
Select T0 DPLL 12E1
250
1.5
Select T4 DPLL
400
2.0
2.048
(not O4)
-
16E1 mode
2.048
(not O4)
-
-
Select T0 DPLL 16E1
220
1.2
2.048
(not O1)
12E1 mode
-
-
900
4.5
2.048
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
77.76 MHz Analog
-
-
3800
13
2.048
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
Any digital feedback
mode
-
-
3800
18
Select T4 DPLL
200
1.2
Select T0 DPLL
16DS1
150
1.0
760
2.6
Select T4 DPLL
110
0.75
2.059
-
2.059
-
16DS1 mode
-
2.059
(not O1)
16DS1 mode
-
2.316
(not O4)
-
2.316
(not O4)
-
-
Select T0 DPLL
24DS1
110
0.75
2.731
-
16E1 mode
Select T4 DPLL
400
1.5
2.731
-
-
Select T0 DPLL 16E1
220
1.2
-
-
250
1.6
24DS1 mode
-
2.731
(not O1)
16E1 mode
2.796
(not O4)
-
DS3 mode
Select T4 DPLL
110
1.0
3.088
-
24DS1 mode
Select T4 DPLL
110
0.75
3.088
-
Select T0 DPLL
24DS1
110
0.75
-
3.088
(not O1)
24DS1 mode
-
-
110
0.75
3.088
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
77.76 MHz Analog
-
-
3800
13
3.088
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
Any digital feedback
mode
-
-
3800
18
110
1.0
3.728
-
DS3 mode
Select T4 DPLL
4.096
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
77.76 MHz Analog
-
-
3800
13
4.096
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
Any digital feedback
mode
-
-
3800
18
4.296
(not O4)
-
E3 mode
Select T4 DPLL
120
1.0
4.86
(not O4)
-
77.76 MHz mode
Select T4 DPLL
60
0.6
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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DATASHEET
Table 12 Output Frequency Selection (cont...)
Frequency (MHz, unless stated otherwise)
T0 DPLL Mode
T4 DPLL Mode
Jitter Level (typ)
rms
(ps)
pk-pk
(ns)
120
1.0
900
4.5
Select T4 DPLL
500
2.3
5.728
-
6.144
12E1 mode
-
6.144
-
12E1 mode
6.144
-
-
Select T0 DPLL 12E1
250
1.5
-
-
760
2.6
Select T4 DPLL
200
1.2
Select T0 DPLL
16DS1
150
1.0
6.176
E3 mode
T4 APLL Input Mux
16DS1 mode
6.176
-
6.176
-
Select T4 DPLL
16DS1 mode
-
-
6.176
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
77.76 MHz Analog
-
-
3800
13
6.176
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
Any digital feedback
mode
-
-
3800
18
60
0.6
6.48
-
77.76 MHz mode
Select T4 DPLL
6.48
(not O1)
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
60
0.6
6.48
(not O1)
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
60
0.6
8.192
12E1 mode
-
-
900
4.5
8.192
16E1 mode
-
-
250
1.6
8.192
-
16E1 mode
Select T4 DPLL
400
2.0
8.192
-
-
Select T0 DPLL 16E1
220
1.2
8.192
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
77.76 MHz Analog
-
-
3800
13
8.192
via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
Any digital feedback
mode
-
-
3800
18
8.235
16DS1 mode
-
-
760
2.6
9.264
24DS1 mode
-
-
110
0.75
Select T4 DPLL
110
0.75
Select T0 DPLL
24DS1
110
0.75
250
1.6
110
1.0
900
4.5
Select T4 DPLL
500
2.3
9.264
-
9.264
-
-
10.923
16E1 mode
-
11.184
-
12.288
12E1 mode
-
12.288
-
12E1 mode
12.288
-
-
Select T0 DPLL 12E1
250
1.5
-
-
110
0.75
12.352
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
24DS1 mode
DS3 mode
24DS1 mode
Page 34
Select T4 DPLL
-
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Table 12 Output Frequency Selection (cont...)
Frequency (MHz, unless stated otherwise)
12.352
T0 DPLL Mode
T4 DPLL Mode
16DS1 mode
12.352
-
12.352
-
T4 APLL Input Mux
rms
(ps)
pk-pk
(ns)
760
2.6
Select T4 DPLL
200
1.2
Select T0 DPLL
16DS1
150
1.0
16DS1 mode
-
Jitter Level (typ)
-
12.352 via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
77.76 MHz Analog
-
-
3800
13
12.352 via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
Any digital feedback
mode
-
-
3800
18
16.384
12E1 mode
-
-
900
4.5
16.384
16E1 mode
-
-
250
1.6
16.384
-
16E1 mode
Select T4 DPLL
400
2.0
16.384
-
-
Select T0 DPLL 16E1
220
1.2
16.384 via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
77.76 MHz Analog
-
-
3800
13
16.384 via Digital1, or Digital2 (not O1)
Any digital feedback
mode
-
-
3800
18
16.469
16DS1 mode
-
-
760
2.6
17.184
18.528
24DS1 mode
18.528
-
18.528
-
E3 mode
Select T4 DPLL
120
1.0
-
-
110
0.75
24DS1 mode
Select T4 DPLL
110
0.75
Select T0 DPLL
24DS1
110
0.75
-
19.44
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
60
0.6
19.44
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
60
0.6
60
0.6
250
1.6
110
1.0
900
4.5
Select T4 DPLL
500
2.3
19.44
-
77.76MHz mode
-
Select T4 DPLL
21.845
16E1 mode
22.368
-
24.576
12E1 mode
-
24.576
-
12E1 mode
24.576
-
-
Select T0 DPLL 12E1
250
1.5
DS3 mode
Select T4 DPLL
-
24.704
24DS1 mode
-
-
110
0.75
24.704
16DS1 mode
-
-
760
2.6
Select T4 DPLL
200
1.2
Select T0 DPLL
16DS1
150
1.0
24.704
-
24.704
-
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
16DS1 mode
-
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DATASHEET
Table 12 Output Frequency Selection (cont...)
Frequency (MHz, unless stated otherwise)
T0 DPLL Mode
T4 DPLL Mode
T4 APLL Input Mux
Jitter Level (typ)
rms
(ps)
pk-pk
(ns)
25.0
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
90.2
0.76
25.0
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
83.5
0.65
25.92
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
60
0.6
25.92
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
60
0.6
32.768
16E1 mode
-
-
250
1.6
32.768
-
16E1 mode
Select T4 DPLL
400
2.0
32.768
-
-
Select T0 DPLL 16E1
220
1.2
34.368
-
Select T4 DPLL
120
1.0
110
0.75
Select T4 DPLL
110
0.75
Select T0 DPLL
24DS1
110
0.75
37.056
E3 mode
24DS1 mode
37.056
-
37.056
-
24DS1 mode
-
-
38.88
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
60
0.6
38.88
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
60
0.6
38.88
-
77.76 MHz mode
Select T4 DPLL
60
0.6
44.736
-
DS3 mode
Select T4 DPLL
110
1.0
49.152 (O4 only)
-
12E1 mode
Select T4 DPLL
500
2.3
49.152 (O4 only)
-
-
Select T0 DPLL 12E1
250
1.5
49.152 (O1 only)
12E1 mode
-
-
900
4.5
49.408 (O4 only)
-
Select T4 DPLL
200
1.2
49.408 (O4 only)
-
Select T0 DPLL
16DS1
150
1.0
16DS1 mode
-
49.408 (O1 only)
16DS1 mode
-
-
760
2.6
50.0
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
76.9
0.73
50.0
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
61.6
0.6
51.84
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
60
0.6
51.84
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
60
0.6
62.5
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
68.2
0.56
62.5
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
70.0
0.58
Select T4 DPLL
400
2.0
Select T0 DPLL 16E1
220
1.2
65.536 (O4 only)
-
16E1 mode
65.536 (O4 only)
-
-
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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Table 12 Output Frequency Selection (cont...)
Frequency (MHz, unless stated otherwise)
65.536 (O1 only)
T0 DPLL Mode
T4 DPLL Mode
16E1 mode
-
T4 APLL Input Mux
-
Jitter Level (typ)
rms
(ps)
pk-pk
(ns)
250
1.6
68.736
-
E3 mode
Select T4 DPLL
120
1.0
74.112 (O4 only)
-
24DS1 mode
Select T4 DPLL
110
0.75
74.112 (O4 only)
-
Select T0 DPLL
24DS1
110
0.75
-
74.112 (O1 only)
24DS1 mode
-
-
110
0.75
77.76
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
60
0.6
77.76
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
60
0.6
77.76
-
77.76 MHz mode
Select T4 DPLL
60
0.6
89.472 (O4 only)
-
DS3 mode
Select T4 DPLL
110
1.0
98.304 (O1 only)
12E1 mode
-
-
900
4.5
98.816 (O1 only)
16DS1 mode
-
-
760
2.6
125.0
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
76.8
0.57
125.0
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
66.42
0.53
131.07 (O1 only)
16E1 mode
-
-
250
1.6
137.47 (O4 only)
-
120
1.0
110
0.75
60
0.6
148.22 (O1 only)
155.52 (O4 only)
E3 mode
24DS1 mode
-
Select T4 DPLL
-
77.76 MHz mode
Select T4 DPLL
155.52 (O1 only)
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
60
0.6
155.52 (O1 only)
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
60
0.6
311.04 (O1 only)
77.76 MHz analog
-
-
60
0.6
311.04 (O1 only)
77.76 MHz digital
-
-
60
0.6
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
FINAL
DATASHEET
Table 13 Frequency Divider Look-up
APLL
Frequency
APLL/2
APLL/4
APLL/6
51.84
APLL/8
311.04
155.52
77.76
38.88
274.944
137.472
68.376
-
34.368
178.944
89.472
44.736
-
148.224
74.112
37.056
131.072
65.536
98.816
98.304
APLL/12
25.92
APLL/16
APLL/48
APLL/64
19.44
6.48
4.86
-
17.184
5.728
4.296
22.368
-
11.184
3.728
2.796
24,704
18.528
12.352
9.264
3.088
2.316
32.768
21.84533
16.384
10.92267
8.192
2.730667
2.048
49.408
24.704
16.46933
12.352
8.234667
6.176
2.058667
1.544
49.152
24.576
16.384
12.288
8.192
6.144
2.048
1.536
Note...All frequencies in MHz
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FINAL
DATASHEET
Table 14 T0 APLL Frequencies
T0 APLL Frequency
T0 Mode
T0 DPLL Frequency Control Register Bits
Reg. 65 Bits[2:0]
Output Jitter Level
ns (pk-pk)
311.04 MHz
Normal (digital feedback)
000
<0.5
311.04 MHz
Normal (analog feedback)
001
<0.5
98.304 MHz
12E1 (digital feedback)
010
<2
131.072 MHz
16E1 (digital feedback)
011
<2
148.224 MHz
24DS1 (digital feedback)
100
<2
98.816 MHz
16DS1 (digital feedback)
101
<2
-
Do not use
110
-
-
Do not use
111
-
Table 15 T4 APLL Frequencies
T4 APLL
Frequency
T4 Mode
T4 Forward DFS T4 DPLL Freq. Control
Frequency
Register Bits
(MHz)
Reg. 64 Bits [2:0]
T4 APLL for T0
Enable Register Bit
Reg. 65 Bit 6
T0 Freq. to T4 APLL
Register Bits
Reg. 65 Bits [5:4]
Output Jitter Level
ns (pk-pk)
311.04 MHz
Squelched
77.76
000
0
XX
<0.5
311.04 MHz
Normal
77.76
001
0
XX
<0.5
98.304 MHz
12E1
24.576
010
0
XX
<0.5
131.072 MHz
16E1
32.768
011
0
XX
<0.5
148.224 MHz
24DS1
37.056
(2*18.528)
100
0
XX
<0.5
98.816 MHz
16DS1
24.704
101
0
XX
<0.5
274.944 MHz
E3
68.736
(2*34.368)
110
0
XX
<0.5
178.944 MHz
DS3
44.736
111
0
XX
<0.5
98.304 MHz
T0-12E1
-
XXX
1
00
<2
131.072 MHz
T0-16E1
-
XXX
1
01
<2
148.224 MHz
T0-24DS1
-
XXX
1
10
<2
98.816 MHz
T0-16DS1
-
XXX
1
11
<2
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DATASHEET
Table 16 O1 to O4 Sonet Output Frequency Selection
Output Frequency for given Value in Register for each Output Port’s cnfg_output_frequency Register
Value in Register
Reg. 20[5] = 0
O1, Reg. 62 Bits [7:4]
Reg. 20[1] = 0
O2, Reg. 60 Bits [7:4]
Reg. 20[2] = 0
O3, Reg. 61 Bits [3:0]
Reg. 20[4] = 0
O4, Reg. 62 Bits [3:0]
0000
Off
Off
Off
Off
0001
2 kHz
2 kHz
2 kHz
2 kHz
0010
8 kHz
8 kHz
8 kHz
8 kHz
0011
T0 APLL/2
Digital2
Digital2
Digital2
0100
Digital1
Digital1
Digital1
Digital1
0101
T0 APLL/1
T0 APLL/48
T0 APLL/48
T0 APLL/48
0110
T0 APLL/16
T0 APLL/16
T0 APLL/16
T0 APLL/16
0111
T0 APLL/12
T0 APLL/12
T0 APLL/12
T0 APLL/12
1000
T0 APLL/8
T0 APLL/8
T0 APLL/8
T0 APLL/8
1001
T0 APLL/6
T0 APLL/6
T0 APLL/6
T0 APLL/6
1010
T0 APLL/4
T0 APLL/4
T0 APLL/4
T0 APLL/4
1011
T4 APLL/64
T4 APLL/64
T4 APLL/64
T4 APLL/2
1100
T4 APLL/48
T4 APLL/48
T4 APLL/48
T4 APLL/48
1101
T4 APLL/16
T4 APLL/16
T4 APLL/16
T4 APLL/16
1110
T4 APLL/8
T4 APLL/8
T4 APLL/8
T4 APLL/8
1111
T4 APLL/4
T4 APLL/4
T4 APLL/4
T4 APLL/4
Table 17 O1 to O4 Ethernet Output Frequency Selection
Output Frequency for given Value in Register for each Output Port’s cnfg_output_frequency Register
Value in Register
Reg. 20[5] = 1
O1, Reg. 62 Bits [7:4]
Reg. 20[1] = 1
O2, Reg. 60 Bits [7:4]
Reg. 20[2] = 1
O3, Reg. 61 Bits [3:0]
Reg. 20[4] = 1
O4, Reg. 62 Bits [3:0]
XX00
25 MHz
25 MHz
25 MHz
25 MHz
XX01
50 MHz
50 MHz
50 MHz
50 MHz
XX10
62.5 MHz
62.5 MHz
62.5 MHz
62.5 MHz
XX11
125 MHz
125 MHz
125 MHz
125 MHz
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Digital Frequencies
DATASHEET
FrSync, MFrSync, 2 kHz and 8 kHz Clock Outputs
It can be seen in Table 16 that frequencies listed as
Digital1 and Digital2 can be selected. Digital1 is a single
frequency selected from the range shown in Table 18.
Digital2 is another single frequency selected from the
same range. The T0 LF output DFS block shown in the
diagram and clocked either by the T0 77M output DFS
block or via the T0 output APLL, generates these two
frequencies. The input clock frequency of the DFS is
always 77.76 MHz and as such has a period of
approximately 12 ns. The jitter generated on the Digital
outputs is relatively high, due to the fact that they do not
pass through an APLL for jitter filtering. The minimum
level of jitter is when the T0 path is in analog feedback
mode, when the pk-pk jitter will be approximately 12 ns
(equivalent to a period of the DFS clock). The maximum
jitter is generated when in digital feedback mode, when
the total is approximately 17 ns.
It can be seen from Table 16 that frequencies listed as
2 kHz and 8 kHz can be selected. Whilst the FrSync and
MFrSync outputs are always supplied from the T0 path,
the 2 kHz and 8 kHz options available from the O1 to O4
outputs are all supplied from either the T0 or T4 path
(Reg. 7A bit 7).
The outputs can be clocks (50:50 mark-space) or pulses
and can be inverted. When pulses are configured on the
output, the pulse width will be one cycle of the output of
O3 (O3 must be configured to generate at least 1544 kHz
to ensure that pulses are generated correctly). Figure 11
shows the various options with the 8 kHz controls in
Reg. 7A. There is an identical arrangement with Reg. 7A
bits [1:0] and the 2 kHz/MFrSync outputs. Outputs FrSync
and MFrSync can be disabled via Reg. 63 bits [7:6].
Figure 11 Control of 8k Options.
03 output
03 output
FrSync/8kHz output
FrSync/8kHz output
a) Clock non-inverted, Reg.7A[3:2] = 00
c) Clock inverted, Reg.7A[3:2] = 10
03 output
03 output
FrSync/8kHz output
FrSync/8kHz output
b) Pulse non-inverted, Reg.7A[3:2] = 01
d) Pulse inverted, Reg.7A[3:2] = 11
F8522_016outputoptions8k_01
Table 18 Digital Frequency Selections
Digital1 Control
Reg.39 Bits [5:4]
Digital1 SONET/
SDH Reg. 38 Bit5
Digital1 Freq. (MHz)
Digital2 Control
Reg. 39 Bits[7:6]
Digital2 SONET/SDH
Reg.38 Bit6
Digital2 Freq. (MHz)
00
0
2.048
00
0
2.048
01
0
4.096
01
0
4.096
10
0
8.192
10
0
8.192
11
0
16.384
11
0
16.384
00
1
1.544
00
1
1.544
01
1
3.088
01
1
3.088
10
1
6.176
10
1
6.176
11
1
12.352
11
1
12.352
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Power-On Reset
FINAL
The Power-On Reset (PORB) pin resets the device if forced
Low. The reset is asynchronous, the minimum Low pulse
width is 5 ns. Reset is needed to initialize all of the
register values to their defaults. Reset must be asserted
at power on, and may be re-asserted at any time to restore
defaults. This is implemented simply using an external
capacitor to GND along with the internal pull-up resistor.
The ACS8522BT is held in a reset state for 250 ms after
the PORB pin has been pulled High. In normal operation
PORB should be held High.
Serial Interface
The ACS8522BT device has a serial interface which can
be SPI compatible. The Motorola SPI convention is that
address and data are transmitted and received MSB first.
On the ACS8522BT, address and data are transmitted
and received LSB first.
DATASHEET
Address, read/write control and data on the SDI pin are
latched into the device on the rising edge of the SCLK.
During a read operation, serial data output on the SDO pin
can be read out of the device on either the rising or falling
edge of the SCLK depending on the logic level of CLKE.
For standard Motorola SPI compliance, data should be
clocked out of the SDO pin on the rising edge of the SCLK
so that it may be latched into the microprocessor on the
falling edge of the SCLK. Figure 12 and Figure 13 show
the timing diagrams of write and read accesses for this
interface.
During read access, the output data SDO is clocked out on
the rising edge of SCLK when the active edge selection
control bit CLKE is 0 and on the falling edge when CLKE
is 1.
The serial interface clock (SCLK) is not required to run
between accesses (i.e., when CSB = 1).
Figure 12 and Figure 13 show the timing diagrams of read and write accesses for this mode.
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DATASHEET
Figure 12 Read Access Timing for SERIAL Interface
CLKE = 0; SDO data is clocked out on the rising edge of SCLK
CSB
tsu2
tpw2
th2
SCLK
th1
tsu1
_
R/W
SDI
tpw1
A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6
td1
Output not driven, pulled low by internal resistor
SDO
td2
D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7
CLKE = 1; SDO data is clocked out on the falling edge of SCLK
CSB
th2
SCLK
_
SDI
R/W
A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6
td1
SDO
Output not driven, pulled low by internal resistor
td2
D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7
F8526D_013ReadAccSerial_01
Table 19 Read Access Timing for SERIAL Interface (see Figure 12)
Symbol
Parameter
MIN
TYP
MAX
tsu1
Setup SDI valid to SCLKrising edge
4 ns
-
-
tsu2
Setup CSBfalling edge to SCLKrising edge
14 ns
-
-
td1
Delay SCLKrising edge (SCLKfalling edge for CLKE = 1) to SDO valid
-
-
18 ns
td2
Delay CSBrising edge to SDO high-Z
-
-
16 ns
tpw1
SCLK Low time
22 ns
-
-
tpw2
SCLK High time
22 ns
-
-
th1
Hold SDI valid after SCLKrising edge
6 ns
-
-
th2
Hold CSB Low after SCLKrising edge, for CLKE = 0
Hold CSB Low after SCLKfalling edge, for CLKE = 1
5 ns
-
-
tp
Time between consecutive accesses (CSBrising edge to CSBfalling edge)
10 ns
-
-
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DATASHEET
Figure 13 Write Access Timing for SERIAL Interface
CSB
tsu2
tpw2
th2
SCLK
th1
tsu1
_
SDI
SDO
R/W
tpw1
A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7
Output not driven, pulled low by internal resistor
F8525D_014WriteAccSerial_01
Table 20 Write Access Timing for SERIAL Interface (see Figure 13)
Symbol
Parameter
MIN
TYP
MAX
tsu1
Setup SDI valid to SCLKrising edge
4 ns
-
-
tsu2
Setup CSBfalling edge to SCLKrising edge
14 ns
-
-
tpw1
SCLK Low time
22 ns
-
-
tpw2
SCLK High time
22 ns
-
-
th1
Hold SDI valid after SCLKrising edge
6 ns
-
-
th2
Hold CSB Low after SCLKrising edge
5 ns
-
-
tp
Time between consecutive accesses (CSBrising edge to CSBfalling edge)
10 ns
-
-
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Register Map
FINAL
Each register, or register group, is described in the
register map (Table 21) and the subsequent description
tables.
Register Organization
The registers of the ACS8522B are identified by name and
corresponding hexadecimal address. They are presented
here in ascending order of address, and each register is
organized with the most-significant bit in the left-most
position, and bit significance decreasing towards the
right-most bit. Some registers carry separate data fields of
various sizes, from single-bit values (e.g. flags) upwards.
Several data fields occupy multiple registers, as shown in
Table 21. Shaded areas in the map are “don’t care,” and
writing to them will not affect any function of the device.
Bits labelled “Set to 0” or “Set to 1” must be set as stated
during initialization of the device following power- up or
power-on reset. Failure to correctly set these bits may
cause the device to operate in an unexpected way.
CAUTION! Do not write to any undefined register
addresses as this may cause the device to operate in a
test mode. If an undefined register has been
inadvertently addressed, the device should be reset to
ensure the undefined registers are at default values.
Any individual data field can be cleared by writing a 1 into
each bit of the field (writing a 0 does not affect the value
of the bit).
Configuration Registers
Each configuration register reverts to a default value on
power-up or following a reset. Most default values are
fixed, but some can be pin-set. All configuration registers
can be read out over the serial port.
Status Registers
The Status Registers contain readable registers. They may
all be read from outside the chip but are not writeable
from outside the chip (except for a clearing operation). All
status registers are read via shadow registers to avoid
data hits due to dynamic operation.
Interrupt Enable and Clear
Interrupt requests are flagged on pin INTREQ; the active
state (High or Low) is programmable and the pin can
either be driven, or set to high impedance when nonactive (Reg 7D refers).
Bits in the interrupt status register are set (High) by the
following conditions;
1. Any reference source becoming valid or going invalid.
2. A change in the operating state (e.g. Locked, Holdover
3. A brief loss of the currently selected reference source.
Multi-word Registers
For multi-word registers (e.g. Reg. 70 and 71), all the
words must be written to their separate addresses,
without any other access taking place, before their
combined value can take effect. If the sequence is
interrupted, the sequence of writes will be ignored.
Reading a multi-word address freezes the other address
words of a multi-word address so that the bytes all
correspond to the same complete word.
Register Access
Most registers are of one of two types, configuration
registers or status registers, the exceptions being the
chip_id and chip_revision registers. Configuration
registers may be written to or read from at any time (the
complete 8-bit register must be written, even if only one
bit is being modified). All status registers may be read at
any time and, in some status registers (such as the
sts_interrupts register).
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
DATASHEET
All interrupt sources, see Reg. 05, Reg. 06 and Reg. 08,
are maskable via the mask register, each one being
enabled by writing a 1 to the appropriate bit. Any
unmasked bit set in the interrupt status register will cause
the interrupt request pin to be asserted.All interrupts are
cleared by writing a 1 to the bit(s) to be cleared in the
status register. When all pending unmasked interrupts
are cleared the interrupt pin will go inactive.
Defaults
Each Register is given a defined default value at reset and
these are listed in the Map and Description Tables.
However, some read-only status registers may not
necessarily show the same default values after reset as
those given in the tables. This is because they reflect the
status of the device which may have changed in the time
it takes to carry out the read, or through reasons of
configuration. In the same way, the default values given
for shaded areas could also take different values to those
stated.
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
FINAL
DATASHEET
Table 21 Register Map
Address
(hex)
Default
(hex)
Register Name
RO = Read Only
R/W = Read/Write
Data Bit
7 (MSB)
chip_id (RO)
00
chip_revision (RO)
test_register1 (R/W, Bit 7 RO)
03
14
phase_alarm
sts_interrupts (R/W)
05
FF
SEC3 valid
change
06
3F
operating_
mode
07
00
sts_current_DPLL_frequency, see
OC/OD
6
5
3
2
1
Device part number [7:0] 8 least significant bits of the chip ID
01
21
Device part number [15:8] 8 most significant bits of the chip ID
02
00
0 (LSB)
Chip revision number [7:0]
resync_
analog
disable_180
Set to zero
8K edge
polarity
SEC2 valid
change
SEC1 valid
change
Set to zero
main_ref_
failed
Bits [18:16] of current DPLL frequency
08
50
T4_status
sts_operating (RO)
09
41
T4_DPLL_Lock T0_DPLL_freq
_soft_alarm
T4_DPLL_freq
_soft_alarm
T0_DPLL_operating_mode
0A
00
Highest priority validated source
Currently selected source
0B
00
3rd highest priority validated source
2nd highest priority validated source
sts_current_DPLL_frequency [7:0] 0C
00
Bits [7:0] of current DPLL frequency
[15:8] 0D 00
Bits [15:8] of current DPLL frequency
(RO)
[18:16] 07
00
0E
00
0F
00
sts_sources_valid (RO)
sts_reference_sources (RO)
Status of inputs:
Bits [18:16] of current DPLL frequency
SEC3
SEC2
SEC1
Out-of-band
alarm (soft)
Out-of band
alarm (hard)
SEC4
Out-of-band
alarm (soft)
Out-of-band
alarm (hard)
No activity
alarm
Inputs SEC1 & SEC2 11
66
Status of SEC2 Input
SEC3 13
66
Status of SEC3 Input
SEC4 14
66
Phase lock
alarm
No activity
alarm
32
programmed_priority <SEC2>
(SEC3) 1B
40
programmed_priority <SEC3>
Status of SEC1 Input
programmed_priority <SEC1>
(SEC4) 1C
05
20
00
enet_2k_
enable
enet_PLL_
enable
cnfg_ref_source_frequency
(R/W)
(SEC1) 22
00
divn_SEC1
lock8k_SEC1
bucket_id_SEC1
reference_source_frequency_SEC1
(SEC2) 23
00
divn_SEC2
lock8k_SEC2
bucket_id_SEC2
reference_source_frequency_SEC2
(SEC3) 27
03
divn_SEC3
lock8k_SEC3
bucket_id_SEC3
reference_source_frequency_SEC3
(SEC4) 28
03
divn_SEC4
lock8k_SEC4
bucket_id_SEC4
programmed_priority <SEC4>
reference_source_frequency_SEC4
32
00
force_select_reference_source
(R/W)
33
0F
cnfg_input_mode (R/W)
34
CA
Set to zero
phalarm_
timeout
cnfg_T4_path (R/W)
35
40
lock_T4_to T0
T4_dig_
feedback
cnfg_dig_outputs_sonsdh (R/W)
38
0D
39
08
cnfg_differential_outputs (R/W)
3A
C2
cnfg_auto_bw_sel
3B
FD
[7:0] 3C
99
cnfg_nominal_frequency
(R/W)
03_enet
04_enet
dig2_sonsdh
digital2_frequency
XO_ edge
man_holdover
extsync_en
dig1_sonsdh
digital1_frequency
O1_LVDS_PECL
T0_lim_int
auto_BW_sel
Nominal frequency [7:0]
Nominal frequency [15:8]
[7:0] 3E
00
Holdover frequency [7:0]
00
Holdover frequency [15:8]
40
88
cnfg_DPLL_freq_limit (R/W) [7:0] 41
76
[9:8] 42
00
cnfg_interrupt_mask (R/W) [7:0] 43
00
reversion_
mode
ip_sonsdhb
T4_forced_reference_source
[15:8] 3F
cnfg_holdover_modes (R/W)
02_enet
forced_reference_source
[15:8] 3D 99
cnfg_holdover_frequency
(R/W)
01_enet
TO_DPLL_operating_mode
cnfg_operating_mode (R/W)
cnfg_digtial_frequencies (R/W)
Phase lock
alarm
Status of SEC4 Input
cnfg_ref_selection_priority (R/W)
(SEC2 & SEC1) 19
cnfg_enet_freq (R/W)
Set to zero
SEC4 valid
change
sts_interrupts (R/W)
sts_priority_table (RO)
4
4A
auto_
averaging
fast_averaging read_average
mini_holdover_mode
Holdover frequency [18:16]
(with Registers 3E and 3F above)
DPLL frequency offset limit [7:0]
DPLL frequency offset limit [9:8]
SEC2 interrupt
not masked
SEC3 interrupt
not masked
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SEC1 interrupt
not masked
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DATASHEET
Table 21 Register Map (cont...)
Address
(hex)
Default
(hex)
Register Name
RO = Read Only
R/W = Read/Write
[15:8] 44
00
cnfg_interrupt_mask cont.[23:16] 45
00
cnfg_freq_divn (R/W)
Data Bit
7 (MSB)
6
operating_
mode interrupt
not masked
main_ref_
failed interrupt
not masked
5
4
3
2
1
0 (LSB)
SEC4 interrupt
not masked
T4_status
interrupt not
masked
[7:0] 46
FF
[13:8] 47
3F
divn_value [7:0]
cnfg_monitors (R/W)
48
05
cnfg_freq_mon_threshold (R/W)
49
23
soft_frequency_alarm_threshold [3:0]
hard_frequency_alarm_threshold [3:0]
cnfg_current_freq_mon_
threshold (R/W)
4A
23
current_soft_frequency_alarm_threshold [3:0]
current_hard_frequency_alarm_threshold [3:0]
cnfg_registers_source_select
(R/W)
4B
00
sts_freq_measurement (RO)
4C
00
cnfg_DPLL_soft_limit (R/W)
4D 8E
divn_value [13:8]
freq_mon_clk
los_flag_
on_ TDO
ultra_fast_
switch
ext_switch
T4_T0_select
PBO_freeze
PBO_en
freq_monitor_
soft_enable
frequency_measurement_channel_select [3:0]
freq_measurement_value [7:0]
Freq limit
Phase loss
enable
DPLL Frequency Soft Alarm Limit [6:0] Resolution = 0.628 ppm
cnfg_upper_threshold_0 (R/W)
50
06
Leaky Bucket Configuration 0: Activity alarm set threshold [7:0]
cnfg_lower_threshold_0 (R/W)
51
04
Leaky Bucket Configuration 0: Activity alarm reset threshold [7:0]
Leaky Bucket Configuration 0: Activity alarm bucket size [7:0]
cnfg_bucket_size_0 (R/W)
52
08
cnfg_decay_rate_0 (R/W)
53
01
Leaky Bucket Cfg 0:
decay_rate [1:0]
cnfg_upper_threshold_1 (R/W)
54
06
Leaky Bucket Configuration 1: Activity alarm set threshold [7:0]
cnfg_lower_threshold_1 (R/W)
55
04
Leaky Bucket Configuration 1: Activity alarm reset threshold [7:0]
Leaky Bucket Configuration 1: Activity alarm bucket size [7:0]
cnfg_bucket_size_1 (R/W)
56
08
cnfg_decay_rate_1 (R/W)
57
01
Leaky Bucket Cfg 1:
decay_rate [1:0]
cnfg_upper_threshold_2 (R/W)
58
06
Leaky Bucket Configuration 2: Activity alarm set threshold [7:0]
cnfg_lower_threshold_2 (R/W)
59
04
Leaky Bucket Configuration 2: Activity alarm reset threshold [7:0]
Leaky Bucket Configuration 2: Activity alarm bucket size [7:0]
cnfg_bucket_size_2 (R/W)
5A
08
cnfg_decay_rate_2 (R/W)
5B
01
cnfg_upper_threshold_3 (R/W)
5C
06
cnfg_lower_threshold_3 (R/W)
5D 04
cnfg_bucket_size_3 (R/W)
5E
08
cnfg_decay_rate_3 (R/W)
5F
01
cnfg_output_frequency (01 & 02)
(R/W)
60
80
(O3) 61
06
(04) 62
84
(MFrSync) 63
C0
cnfg_T4_DPLL_frequency (R/W)
64
05
cnfg_T0_DPLL_frequency (R/W)
65
01
cnfg_T4_DPLL_bw (R/W)
66
00
cnfg_T0_DPLL_locked_bw (R/W)
67
0D
freq_monitor_
hard_enable
Leaky Bucket Cfg 2:
decay_rate [1:0]
Leaky Bucket Configuration 3: Activity alarm set threshold [7:0]
Leaky Bucket Configuration 3: Activity alarm reset threshold [7:0]
Leaky Bucket Configuration 3: Activity alarm bucket size [7:0]
Leaky Bucket Cfg 3:
decay_rate [1:0]
output_freq_02
output_freq_O3
output_freq_01
MFrSync_en
FrSync_en
T4 for
measuring T0
phase
T4 APLL for T0
E1/DS1
output_freq_O4
T4_DPLL_frequency
T0_DPLL_frequency
T0 Freq to T4 APLL
T4_DPLL_bandwidth [1:0]
T0_DPLL_locked_bandwidth [4:0]
T0_acquisition_bandwidth [4:0]
cnfg_T0_DPLL_acq_bw (R/W)
69
0F
cnfg_T4_DPLL_damping (R/W)
6A
13
T4_PD2_gain_alog_8K [6:4]
cnfg_T0_DPLL_damping (R/W)
6B
13
T0_PD2_gain_alog_8K [6:4]
T0_damping [2:0]
cnfg_T4_DPLL_PD2_gain (R/W)
6C
C2
T4_PD2_gain_
enable
T4_PD2_gain_alog [6:4]
T4_PD2_gain_digital [2:0]
cnfg_T0_DPLL_PD2_gain (R/W)
6D C2
T0_PD2_gain_
enable
T0_PD2_gain_alog [6:4]
T0_PD2_gain_digital [2:0]
cnfg_phase_offset (R/W)
T4_damping [2:0]
[7:0] 70
00
phase_offset_value[7:0]
[15:8] 71
00
phase_offset_value[15:8]
cnfg_PBO_phase_offset (R/W)
72
00
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
PBO_phase_offset [5:0]
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
FINAL
DATASHEET
Table 21 Register Map (cont...)
Address
(hex)
Default
(hex)
Register Name
RO = Read Only
R/W = Read/Write
Data Bit
7 (MSB)
6
5
4
3
cnfg_phase_loss_fine_limit (R/W) 73
A2
Fine limit
Phase loss
enable (1)
No activity for
phase loss
Test bit
Set to 1
cnfg_phase_loss_coarse_limit
(R/W)
74
85
Coarse limit
Phase loss
enable (2)
Wide range
enable
Enable Multi
Phase resp.
cnfg_phasemon (R/W)
76
06
Input noise
window enable
[7:0] 77
00
current_phase[7:0]
[15:8] 78
00
current_phase[15:8]
sts_current_phase (RO)
2
1
0 (LSB)
phase_loss_fine_limit [2:0]
Phase loss coarse limit in UI pk-pk [3:0]
Timeout value in 2s intervals [5:0]
cnfg_phase_alarm_timeout (RO)
79
32
cnfg_sync_pulses (R/W)
7A
00
2k_8k_from_
T4
cnfg_sync_phase (R/W)
7B
00
indep_FrSync/
MFrSync
cnfg_sync_monitor (R/W)
7C
2B
ph_offset_
ramp
cnfg_interrupt (R/W)
7D 02
cnfg_protection(R/W)
7E
8k_invert
2k_invert
Sync_OC-N_
rates
2k_pulse
Sync_phase
GPO interrupt
enable
85
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
8k_pulse
Interrupt
tristate
enable
Interrupt
polarity
enable
protection_value
Page 48
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Register Descriptions
FINAL
DATASHEET
Address (hex): 00
Register Name
chip_id
Bit 7
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(RO) 8 least significant bits of the Default Value
chip ID.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
0100 1010
Bit 0
chip_id[7:0]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
chip_id
Least significant byte of the 2-byte device ID
4A (hex)
Value Description
Address (hex): 01
Register Name
chip_id
Bit 7
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(RO) 8 most significant bits of the Default Value
chip ID.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
0010 0001
Bit 0
chip_id[15:8]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
chip_id
Most significant byte of the 2-byte device ID
21 (hex)
Value Description
Address (hex): 02
Register Name
Bit 7
chip_revision
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(RO) Silicon revision of the device. Default Value
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
chip_revision[7:0]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
chip_revision
Silicon revision of the device
00 (hex)
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 49
Value Description
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 03
Register Name
Bit 7
phase_alarm
Bit No.
test_register1
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
disable_180
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register containing various Default Value
test controls (not normally used).
Bit 4
Bit 3
resync_analog
Set to zero
Description
Bit Value
Bit 2
0001 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
8k Edge Polarity Set to zero
Set to zero
Value Description
7
phase_alarm (phase alarm (R/O))
Instantaneous result from T0 DPLL
0
1
T0 DPLL reporting phase locked.
T0 DPLL reporting phase lost.
6
disable_180
Normally the DPLL will try to lock to the nearest
edge (±180) for the first 2 seconds when locking to
a new reference. If the DPLL does not determine
that it is phase locked after this time, then the
capture range reverts to ±360, which corresponds
to frequency and phase locking. Forcing the DPLL
into frequency locking mode may reduce the time to
frequency lock to a new reference by up to 2
seconds. However, this may cause an unnecessary
phase shift of up to 360 when the new and old
references are very close in frequency and phase.
0
1
T0 DPLL automatically determines frequency lock
enable.
T0 DPLL forced to always frequency and phase lock.
5
Not used.
-
-
4
resync_analog (analog dividers re-synchronization)
The analog output dividers include a
synchronization mechanism to ensure phase lock at
low frequencies between the input and the output.
0
Analog divider only synchronized during first 2
seconds after power-up.
Analog dividers always synchronized.This keeps the
clocks divided down from the APLL output, in sync
with equivalent frequency digital clocks in the DPLL.
Hence ensuring that 6.48 MHz output clocks, and
above, are in sync with the DPLL even though only a
77.76 MHz clock drives the APLL.
3
Test Control
Leave unchanged or set to 0
0
-
2
8k Edge Polarity
When lock 8k mode is selected for the current input
reference source, this bit allows the system to lock
on either the rising or the falling edge of the input
clock.
0
1
Lock to falling clock edge.
Lock to rising clock edge.
1
Test Control
Leave unchanged or set to zero
0
-
0
Test Control
Leave unchanged or set to zero
0
-
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 05
Register Name
sts_interrupts
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Bits [7:0] of the interrupt
status register.
Bit 4
SEC3 valid
change
Bit No.
7
DATASHEET
Bit 3
Bit 2
SEC2 valid
change
SEC1 valid
change
Description
Bit Value
Default Value
1111 1111
Bit 1
Bit 0
Value Description
SEC3 valid change
Interrupt indicating that input SEC3 has become
valid (if it was invalid), or invalid (if it was valid).
Latched until reset by software writing a 1 to this bit.
0
1
Not used.
-
3
SEC2 valid change
Interrupt indicating that input SEC2 has become
valid (if it was invalid), or invalid (if it was valid).
Latched until reset by software writing a 1 to this bit.
0
1
Input SEC2 has not changed status (valid/invalid).
Input SEC2 has changed status (valid/invalid).
Writing 1 resets the input to 0.
2
SEC1 valid change
Interrupt indicating that input SEC1 has become
valid (if it was invalid), or invalid (if it was valid).
Latched until reset by software writing a 1 to this bit.
0
1
Input SEC1 has not changed status (valid/invalid).
Input SEC1 has changed status (valid/invalid).
Writing 1 resets the input to 0.
Not used.
-
[6:4]
[1:0]
Input SEC3 has not changed status (valid/invalid).
Input SEC3 has changed status (valid/invalid).
Writing 1 resets the input to 0.
-
-
Address (hex): 06
Register Name
Bit 7
operating_
mode
Bit No.
sts_interrupts
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) bits [15:8] of the interrupt
status register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
0111 1111
Bit 1
Bit 0
main_ref_failed
SEC4 valid
change
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
7
operating_mode
Interrupt indicating that the operating mode has
changed. Latched until reset by software writing a 1
to this bit.
0
1
Operating mode has not changed.
Operating mode has changed.
Writing 1 resets the input to 0.
6
main_ref_failed
Interrupt indicating that input to the T0 DPLL has
failed. This interrupt will be raised after 2 missing
input cycles. This is much quicker than waiting for
the input to become invalid. This input is not
generated in Free-run or Holdover modes. Latched
until reset by software writing a 1 to this bit.
0
1
Input to the T0 DPLL is valid.
Input to the T0 DPLL has failed.
Writing 1 resets the input to 0.
Not used.
-
[5:1]
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 06 (cont...)
Register Name
sts_interrupts
Bit 7
operating_
mode
Bit No.
0
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) bits [15:8] of the interrupt
status register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
main_ref_failed
0111 1111
Bit 0
SEC4 valid
change
Description
Bit Value
SEC4 valid change
Interrupt indicating that input SEC4 has become
valid (if it was invalid), or invalid (if it was valid).
Latched until reset by software writing a 1 to this bit.
0
1
Value Description
Input SEC4 has not changed status (valid/invalid).
Input SEC4 has changed status (valid/invalid).
Writing 1 resets the input to 0.
Address (hex): 07
Register Name
sts_current_DPLL_frequency
[18:16]
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Description
(RO) Bits [18:16] of the current
DPLL frequency.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
sts_current_DPLL_frequency[18:16]
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:3]
Not used.
-
[2:0]
sts_current_DPLL_frequency[18:16]
When Bit 4 (T4_T0_select) of Reg. 4B
(cnfg_registers_source_select) = 0 the frequency
for the T0 path is reported.
When this Bit 4 = 1 the frequency for the T4 path is
reported.
-
Value Description
See register description of
sts_current_DPLL_frequency at address 0D hex.
Address (hex): 08
Register Name
Bit 7
sts_interrupts
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Bits [23:16] of the interrupt Default Value
status register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
0101 0000
Bit 0
T4_status
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
7
Not used.
-
6
T4_status
Interrupt indicating that the T4 DPLL has lost lock (if
it was locked) or gained lock (if it was not locked).
Latched until reset by software writing a 1 to this bit.
0
1
Not used.
-
[5:0]
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 52
Value Description
Input to the T4 DPLL has not changed.
Input to the T4 DPLL has lost/gained lock.
Writing 1 resets the input to 0.
-
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 09
Register Name
Bit 7
Bit No.
sts_operating
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(RO) Current operating state of
the device’s internal state
machine.
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
T4_DPLL_Lock
T0_DPLL_freq_
soft_alarm
T4_DPLL_freq_
soft_alarm
Description
Default Value
Bit 2
0100 0001
Bit 1
Bit 0
T0_DPLL_operating_mode
Bit Value
7
Not used.
-
6
T4_DPLL_Lock
Reports current phase lock status of the T4 DPLL.
The T4 DPLL does not have the same state machine
as the T0 DPLL, as it does not support all the
features of the TO DPLL. It can only report its state
as locked or unlocked.
0
1
Value Description
T4 DPLL not phase locked to reference source.
T4 DPLL phase locked to reference source.
The bit indicates that the T4 DPLL is locked by
monitoring the T4 DPLL phase loss indicators, which
potentially come from four sources. The four phase
loss indicators are enabled by the same registers
that enable them for the T0 DPLL, as follows: the
fine phase loss detector enabled by Reg. 73 Bit 7,
the coarse phase loss detector enabled by Reg. 74
Bit 7, the phase loss indication from no activity on
the input enabled by Reg. 73 Bit 6 and phase loss
from the DPLL being at its minimum or maximum
frequency limits enabled by Reg. 4D Bit 7. For the
T4 DPLL lock indicator (at Reg. 09 Bit 6) the bit will
latch an indication of phase lost from the coarse
phase lock detector such that when an indication of
phase lost (or not locked) is set it stays in that
phase lost or not locked state (so Reg. 09 Bit 6 =0).
For this bit to give a correct current reading of the
T4 DPLL locked state, then the coarse phase loss
detector should be temporarily disabled (set
Reg. 74 Bit 7 = 0), then the T4 locked bit can be
read (Reg. 09 Bit 6), then the coarse phase loss
detector should be re-enabled again (set
Reg. 74 Bit 7 = 1).
Once the bit is indicating “locked” (Reg. 09 Bit 6=1),
it is always a correct indication and no change to
the coarse phase loss detector enable is required. If
at any time any cycle slips occur that trigger the
coarse phase loss detector (which monitors cycle
slips) then this information is latched so that the
lock bit (Reg. 09 Bit 6) will go low and stay low,
indicating that a problem has occurred. It is then a
requirement that the coarse phase loss detector's
disable/re-enable sequence is performed during a
read of the T4 locked bit, in order to get a current
indication of whether the T4 DPLL is locked.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 09 (cont...)
Register Name
Bit 7
Bit No.
5
4
3
[2:0]
sts_operating
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(RO) Current operating state of
the device’s internal state
machine.
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
T4_DPLL_Lock
T0_DPLL_freq_
soft_alarm
T4_DPLL_freq_
soft_alarm
Description
T0_DPLL_freq_soft_alarm
The T0 DPLL has a programmable frequency limit
and “soft” alarm limit. The frequency limit is the
extent to which it will track a reference before
limiting. The “soft” limit is the point beyond which
the DPLL tracking a reference will cause an alarm.
This bit reports the status of the “soft” alarm.
0
T4_DPLL_freq_soft_alarm
The T4 DPLL has a programmable frequency limit
and “soft” alarm limit. The frequency limit is the
extent to which it will track a reference before
limiting. The “soft” limit is the point beyond which
the DPLL tracking a reference will cause an alarm.
This bit reports the status of the “soft” alarm.
0
Not used.
-
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 54
Bit 2
0100 0001
Bit 1
Bit 0
T0_DPLL_operating_mode
Bit Value
T0_DPLL_operating_mode
This field is used to report the state of the internal
finite state machine controlling the T0 DPLL.
Default Value
1
1
000
001
010
011
100
101
110
111
Value Description
T0 DPLL tracking its reference within the limits of
the programmed “soft” alarm.
T0 DPLL tracking its reference beyond the limits of
the programmed “soft” alarm.
T4 DPLL tracking its reference within the limits of
the programmed “soft” alarm.
T4 DPLL tracking its reference beyond the limits of
the programmed “soft” alarm.
Not used.
Free Run.
Holdover.
Not used.
Locked.
Pre-locked2.
Pre-locked.
Phase Lost.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 0A
Register Name
sts_priority_table
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(RO) Bits [7:0] of the validated
priority table.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Highest priority validated source
Bit No.
[7:4]
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
Currently selected source
Description
Bit Value
Highest priority validated source
Reports the input channel number of the highest
priority validated source.
0000
0011
0100
1000
1001
When Bit 4 (T4_T0_select) of Reg. 4B
(cnfg_registers_source_select) = 0 the highest
priority validated source for the T0 path is reported.
When this Bit 4 = 1 the highest priority validated
source for the T4 path is reported.
[3:0]
Default Value
Currently selected source
Reports the input channel number of the currently
selected source. When in Non-revertive mode, this
is not necessarily the same as the highest priority
validated source.
0000
0011
0100
1000
1001
All other values
Value Description
No valid source available.
Input SEC1 is the highest priority valid source.
Input SEC2 is the highest priority valid source.
Input SEC3 is the highest priority valid source.
Input SEC4 is the highest priority valid source.
No source currently selected.
Input SEC1 is the currently selected source.
Input SEC2 is the currently selected source.
Input SEC3 is the currently selected source.
Input SEC4 is the currently selected source.
Not used.
When Bit 4 (T4_T0_select) of Reg. 4B
(cnfg_registers_source_select) = 0 the currently
selected source for the T0 path is reported.
When this Bit 4 = 1 the currently selected source for
the T4 path is reported. The T4 path does not have
a Non-revertive mode so this will always be the
same as the highest priority validated source.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 0B
Register Name
sts_priority_table
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(RO) Bits [15:8] of the validated
priority table.
Bit 4
Bit 3
3rd highest priority validated source
Bit No.
[7:4]
Bit 2
0000 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
2nd highest priority validated source
Description
Bit Value
3rd highest priority validated source
Reports the input channel number of the 3rd highest
priority validated source.
When Bit 4 (T4_T0_select) of Reg. 4B
(cnfg_registers_source_select) = 0 the 3rd highest
priority validated source for the T0 path is reported.
When this Bit 4 = 1 the value will always be zero as
the T4 path does not maintain the 3rd highest
priority validated source.
[3:0]
Default Value
2nd highest priority validated
Reports the input channel number of the 2nd
highest priority validated source.
When Bit 4 (T4_T0_select) of Reg. 4B
(cnfg_registers_source_select) = 0 the 2nd highest
priority validated source for the T0 path is reported.
When this Bit 4 = 1 the 2nd highest priority validated
source for the T4 path is reported.
Value Description
0000
0011
0100
1000
1001
All other values
No source currently selected.
Input SEC1 is the currently selected source.
Input SEC2 is the currently selected source.
Input SEC3 is the currently selected source.
Input SEC4 is the currently selected source.
Not used.
0000
0011
0100
1000
1001
All other values
No source currently selected.
Input SEC1 is the currently selected source.
Input SEC2 is the currently selected source.
Input SEC3 is the currently selected source.
Input SEC4 is the currently selected source.
Not used.
Address (hex): 0C
Register Name
Bit 7
sts_current_DPLL_frequency
[7:0]
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(RO) Bits [7:0] of the current DPLL Default Value
frequency.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
Bits [7:0] of sts_current_DPLL_frequency
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
Bits [7:0] of sts_current_DPLL_frequency
-
Value Description
See register description of
sts_current_DPLL_frequency at address 0D hex.
When Bit 4 (T4_T0_select) of Reg. 4B
(cnfg_registers_source_select) = 0 the frequency
for the T0 path is reported.
When this Bit 4 = 1 the frequency for the T4 path is
reported.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 0D
Register Name
sts_current_DPLL_frequency
[15:8]
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(RO) Bits [15:8] of the current
DPLL frequency.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
sts_current_DPLL_frequency[15:8]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
sts_current_DPLL_frequency[15:8]
This value in this register is combined with the value
in Reg. 0C and Reg. 07 to represent the current
frequency offset of the DPLL.
-
When Bit 4 (T4_T0_select) of Reg. 4B
(cnfg_registers_source_select) = 0 the frequency
for the T0 path is reported.
When this Bit 4 = 1 the frequency for the T4 path is
reported.
Value Description
In order to calculate the ppm offset of the DPLL with
respect to the crystal oscillator frequency, the value
in Reg. 07, Reg. 0D and Reg. 0C must be
concatenated. This value is a 2’s complement
signed integer. The value multiplied by 0.0003068
dec. will give the value in ppm offset with respect to
the XO frequency, allowing for any crystal calibration
that has been performed, via
cnfg_nominal_frequency, Reg. 3C and 3D. The
value is actually the DPLL integral path value so it
can be viewed as an average frequency, where the
rate of change is related to the DPLL bandwidth. If
bit 3 of Reg. 3B is High then this value will freeze if
the DPLL has been pulled to its min. or max.
frequency.
Address (hex): 0E
Register Name
Bit 7
sts_sources_valid
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(RO) 8 least significant bits of the Default Value
sts_sources_valid register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
SEC3
SEC2
Bit No.
7
Description
Bit 2
Bit Value
Value Description
0
1
Not used.
-
3
SEC2
Bit indicating if SEC2 is valid. The input is valid if
either it has no outstanding alarms, or it only has a
soft frequency alarm.
0
1
Input SEC2 is invalid.
Input SEC2 is valid.
2
SEC1
Bit indicating if SEC1 is valid. The input is valid if
either it has no outstanding alarms, or it only has a
soft frequency alarm.
0
1
Input SEC1 is invalid.
Input SEC1 is valid.
Not used.
-
[1:0]
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 57
Bit 0
SEC1
SEC3
Bit indicating if SEC3 is valid. The input is valid if
either it has no outstanding alarms, or it only has a
soft frequency alarm.
[6:4]
Bit 1
0000 0000
Input SEC3 is invalid.
Input SEC3 is valid.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 0F
Register Name
sts_sources_valid
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(RO) 8 most significant bits of the Default Value
sts_sources_valid register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
0000 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
SEC4
Bit No.
[7:1]
0
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
Not used.
-
-
SEC4
Bit indicating if SEC4 is valid. The input is valid if
either it has no outstanding alarms, or it only has a
soft frequency alarm.
0
1
Input SEC4 is invalid.
Input SEC4 is valid.
Address (hex): 11
Register Name
sts_reference_sources
Inputs SEC1 & SEC2
Bit 7
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(RO except for test when R/W)
Reports any alarms active on
inputs.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Address 11: Status of SEC2 Input
Address 13: Status of SEC3 Input
Out-of-band
alarm (soft)
Out-of-band
alarm (hard)
No activity
alarm
Default Value
Bit 2
0110 0110
Bit 1
Bit 0
Address 11: Status of SEC1 Input
Address 14: Status of SEC4 Input
Phase lock
alarm
Out-of-band
alarm (soft)
Bit Value
Out-of band
alarm (hard)
No activity
alarm
Phase lock
alarm
Bit No.
Description
Value Description
7&3
Out-of-band alarm (soft)
Soft out-of-band alarm bit for input. A “soft” alarm
will not invalidate an input.
0
1
No alarm.
Alarm armed. Alarm thresholds set by Reg. 49 bits
[7:4], or by Reg. 4A bits 7:4 if the input is currently
selected.
6&2
Out-of-band alarm (hard)
Hard out-of-band alarm bit for input. A “hard” alarm
will invalidate an input.
0
1
No alarm.
Alarm armed. Alarm thresholds set by Reg. 49 bits
[3:0], or by Reg. 4A bits [3:0] if the input is currently
selected.
5&1
No activity alarm
Alarm indication from the activity monitors.
0
1
No alarm.
Input has an active no activity alarm.
4&0
Phase lock alarm
If the DPLL can not indicate that it is phase locked
onto the current source within 100 seconds this
alarm will be raised.
0
1
No alarm.
Phase lock alarm.
Address (hex): 13
As Reg. 11, but for sts_reference_sources, Input SEC3
Default Value: 0110 0110
Address (hex): 14
As Reg. 11, but for sts_reference_sources, Input SEC4
Default Value: 0110 0110
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 19
Register Name
cnfg_ref_selection_priority
(SEC2 & SEC1)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(R/W) Configures the relative
Default Value
priority of input sources SEC2 and
*(TO) 0011 0010
SEC1.
*(T4) 0011 0010
Bit 4
Bit 3
cnfg_ref_selection_priority_SEC2
Bit No.
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
cnfg_ref_selection_priority_SEC1
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
[7:4]
cnfg_ref_selection_priority_SEC2
This 4-bit value represents the relative priority of
input SEC2. The smaller the number, the higher the
priority; zero disables the input.
*When Bit 4 (T4_T0_select) of Reg. 4B
(cnfg_registers_source_select) = 0 the priority for
the T0 path is configured.
When this Bit 4 = 1 the priority for the T4 path is
configured.
0000
0001-1111
Input SEC2 unavailable for automatic selection.
Input SEC2 priority value.
[3:0]
cnfg_ref_selection_priority_SEC1
This 4-bit value represents the relative priority of
input SEC1. The smaller the number, the higher the
priority; zero disables the input.
*When Bit 4 (T4_T0_select) of Reg. 4B
(cnfg_registers_source_select) = 0 the priority for
the T0 path is configured.
When this Bit 4 = 1 the priority for the T4 path is
configured.
0000
0001-1111
Input SEC1 unavailable for automatic selection.
Input SEC1 priority value.
Address (hex): 1B
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_ref_selection_priority
(SEC3)
Bit 6
Bit 5
Description
(R/W) Configures the relative
priority of input source SEC3.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
*(T0) 0100 0000
*(T4) 0101 0100
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
cnfg_ref_selection_priority_SEC3
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:4]
cnfg_ref_selection_priority_SEC3
This 4-bit value represents the relative priority of
input SEC3. The smaller the number, the higher the
priority; zero disables the input.
*When Bit 4 (T4_T0_select) of Reg. 4B
(cnfg_registers_source_select) = 0 the priority for
the T0 path is configured.
When this Bit 4 = 1 the priority for the T4 path is
configured.
[3:0]
Not used.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
0000
0001-1111
-
Page 59
Value Description
Input SEC3 unavailable for automatic selection.
Input SEC3 priority value.
-
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 1C
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_ref_selection_priority
(SEC4)
Bit 6
Bit 5
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(R/W) Configures the relative
priority of input source SEC4.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
*(T0) 0000 0101
*(T4) 0000 0000
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
cnfg_ref_selection_priority_SEC4
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:4]
Not used.
[3:0]
cnfg_ref_selection_priority_SEC4
This 4 bit value represents the relative priority of
input SEC4. The smaller the number, the higher the
priority; zero disables the input.
*When Bit 4 (T4_T0_select) of Reg. 4B
(cnfg_registers_source_select) = 0 the priority for
the T0 path is configured.
When this Bit 4 = 1 the priority for the T4 path is
configured.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
0000
0001-1111
Page 60
Value Description
Input SEC4 unavailable for automatic selection.
Input SEC4 priority value.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
FINAL
DATASHEET
Address (hex): 20
Register Name
cnfg_enet_freq
Bit 7
Bit 6
enet_2k_
enable
Bit No.
7
6
5
4
enet_PLL_
enable
Description
Bit 5
Bit 4
O1_enet
O4_enet
(R/W) Register to enable Ethernet Default Value
frequencies on to outputs 01
through 04.
Bit 3
Description
Bit Value
enet_2k_enable
enet_PLL_enable
01_enet
04_enet
Bit 2
Bit 1
O3_enet
O2_enet
0000 0000
Bit 0
Value Description
0
Disable sync2k alignment of Ethernet clocks
1
Enable sync2k alignment of Ethernet clocks
0
Ethernet frequencies APLL enabled
1
Ethernet frequencies APLL disabled
0
01 output is non-Ethernet frequency as described in
Reg. 62.
1
01 output is Ethernet derived as described in
Reg. 62.
0
04 output is non-Ethernet frequency as described in
Reg. 62.
1
04 output is Ethernet derived as described in
Reg. 62.
3
Not used
-
-
2
O3_enet
0
03 output is non-Ethernet frequency as described in
Reg. 61.
1
03 output is Ethernet derived as described in
Reg. 61.
0
02 output is non-Ethernet frequency as described in
Reg. 60.
1
02 output is Ethernet derived as described in
Reg. 60.
1
0
O2_enet
Not used
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 22
FINAL
DATASHEET
Use <n> = 1
Register Name
cnfg_ref_source_frequency
Description
SEC<n>, where for Reg 22, <n> =
1
Bit 7
divn_SEC<n>
Bit No.
Bit 6
Bit 5
lock8k_SEC<n>
(R/W) Configuration of the
frequency and input monitoring
for input SEC<n>.
Bit 4
Bit 3
bucket_id_SEC<n>
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
reference_source_frequency_SEC<n>
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
7
divn_SEC<n>
This bit selects whether or not input SEC<n> is
divided in the programmable pre-divider prior to
being input to the DPLL and frequency monitor- see
Reg. 46 and Reg. 47 (cnfg_freq_divn).
0
1
Input SEC<n> fed directly to DPLL and monitor.
Input SEC<n> fed to DPLL and monitor via predivider.
6
lock8k_SEC<n>
This bit selects whether or not input SEC<n> is
divided in the preset pre-divider prior to being input
to the DPLL. This results in the DPLL locking to the
reference after it has been divided to 8 kHz. This bit
is ignored when divn_SEC<n> is set (bit =1).
0
1
Input SEC<n> fed directly to DPLL.
Input SEC<n> fed to DPLL via preset pre-divider.
[5:4]
bucket_id_SEC<n>
Every input has its own Leaky Bucket used for
activity monitoring. There are four possible
configurations for each Leaky Bucket- see Reg. 50
to Reg. 5F. This 2-bit field selects the configuration
used for input SEC<n>.
00
Input SEC<n> activity monitor uses Leaky Bucket
Configuration 0.
Input SEC<n> activity monitor uses Leaky Bucket
Configuration 1.
Input SEC<n> activity monitor uses Leaky Bucket
Configuration 2.
Input SEC<n> activity monitor uses Leaky Bucket
Configuration 3.
01
10
11
[3:0]
reference_source_frequency_SEC<n>
Programs the frequency of the reference source
connected to input SEC<n>. If divn_SEC<n> is set,
then this value should be set to 0000 (8 kHz).
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011-1111
8 kHz.
1544/2048 kHz (dependant on Bit 2 (ip_sonsdhb)
in Reg. 34).
6.48 MHz.
19.44 MHz.
25.92 MHz.
38.88 MHz.
51.84 MHz.
77.76 MHz.
Not used.
2 kHz.
4 kHz.
Not used.
Address (hex): 23
Use description for Reg. 22, but use <n> = 2
Default Value: 0000 0000
Address (hex): 27
Use description for Reg. 22, but use <n> = 3
Default Value: 0000 0011
Address (hex): 28
Use description for Reg. 22, but use <n> = 4
Default Value: 0000 0011
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ACS8522BT eSETS
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Address (hex): 32
Register Name
cnfg_operating_mode
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to force the state
of the TO DPLL controlling state
machine.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
T0_DPLL_operating_mode
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:3]
Not used.
[2:0]
T0_DPLL_operating_mode
This field is used to control the state of the internal
finite state machine controlling the T0 DPLL. A value
of zero is used to allow the finite state machine to
control itself. Any other value will force the state
machine to jump into that state. Care should be
taken when forcing the state machine. Whilst it is
forced, the internal monitoring functions cannot
affect the internal state machine, therefore, the
user is responsible for all monitoring and control
functions required to achieve the desired
functionality.
Value Description
000
001
010
011
100
101
110
111
Automatic (internal state machine controlled).
Free Run.
Holdover.
Not used.
Locked.
Pre-locked2.
Pre-locked.
Phase Lost.
Address (hex): 33
Register Name
Bit 7
force_select_reference_source
Bit 6
Bit 5
Description
(R/W) Register used to force the Default Value
selection of a particular reference
source for the T0 DPLL.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 1111
Bit 0
forced_reference_source
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:4]
Not used.
[3:0]
forced_reference_source
Value representing the source to be selected by the
T0 DPLL. Value of 0 hex will leave the selection to
the automatic control mechanism within the device.
Using this mechanism will bypass all the monitoring
functions assuming the selected input to be valid. If
the device is not in state “Locked” then it will
progress to state locked in the usual manner. If the
input fails, the device will not change state to
Holdover, as it is not allowed to disqualify the
source.
The effect of this register is simply to raise the
priority of the selected input reference to “1”
(highest). To ensure selection of the programmed
input reference under all circumstances, Revertive
mode should be enabled (Reg. 34 Bit 0 set to “1”).
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
0000
0011
0100
1000
1001
1111
All other values
Page 63
Value Description
Automatic state machine source selection
T0 DPLL forced to select input SEC1.
T0 DPLL forced to select input SEC2.
T0 DPLL forced to select input SEC3.
T0 DPLL forced to select input SEC4.
Automatic.
Not used.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 34
Register Name
cnfg_input_mode
Bit 7
Bit 6
Set to 0
Bit No.
phalarm_timeout
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
XO_edge
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register controlling various Default Value
input modes of the device.
Bit 4
Bit 3
man_holdover
extsync_en
Description
Bit Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
ip_sonsdhb
1100 1010
Bit 0
reversion_mode
Value Description
7
Set to 0.
0
Set to 0.
6
phalarm_timeout
Bit to enable the automatic timeout facility on phase
alarms. When enabled, any source with a phase
alarm set will have its phase alarm cancelled after
128 seconds.
0
Phase alarms on sources only cancelled by
software.
Phase alarms on sources automatically time out.
XO_edge
If the 12.800 MHz oscillator module connected to
REFCLK has one edge faster than the other, then for
jitter performance reasons, the faster edge should
be selected. This bit allows either the rising edge or
the falling edge to be selected.
0
4
man_holdover
Bit to select whether or not the Holdover frequency
is taken directly from Reg. 3E/Reg. 3F/Reg. 40
(cnfg_holdover_frequency). If this bit is set then it
overrides any other Holdover control bits.
0
1
Holdover frequency is determined automatically.
Holdover frequency is taken from
cnfg_holdover_frequency register.
3
extsync_en
Bit to select whether or not the T0 DPLL will look for
a reference Sync pulse on the SYNC2K input pin.
Even though this bit may enable the external Sync
reference, it may be disabled according to
auto_extsync_en.
0
1
No external Sync signal- SYNC2K pin ignored.
External Sync derived from SYNC2K pin according to
auto_extsync_en.
2
ip_sonsdhb
Bit to configure input frequencies to be either
SONET or SDH derived. This applies only to
selections of 0001 (bin) in the
cnfg_ref_source_frequency registers when the
input frequency is either 1544 kHz or 2048 kHz.
0
1
SDH- inputs set to 0001 expected to be 2048 kHz.
SONET- inputs set to 0001 expected to be
1544 kHz.
1
Not used.
-
-
0
reversion_mode
Bit to select Revertive/Non-revertive mode. When in
Non-revertive mode, the device will not
automatically switch to a higher priority source,
unless the current source fails. When in Revertive
mode the device will always select the highest
priority source.
0
1
5
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 64
1
1
Device uses the rising edge of the external
oscillator.
Device uses the falling edge of the external
oscillator.
Non-revertive mode.
Revertive mode.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 35
Register Name
cnfg_T4_path
Bit 7
lock_T4_to_T0
Bit No.
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
Register to configure the inputs
Default Value
and other features in the T4 path.
Bit 4
Bit 3
T4_dig_feedback
Bit 2
0100 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
T4_forced_reference_source
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
7
lock_T4_to_T0
Bit selects either the T4 direct inputs, or T0 DPLL as
the input of the T4 path. This allows the T4 DPLL to
be used to produce different sets of frequencies to
the T0 DPLL but still maintain lock.
0
1
T4 path locks independently from the T0 path.
T4 DPLL locks to the output of the T0 DPLL.
6
T4_dig_feedback
Bit to select digital feedback mode for the T4 DPLL.
0
1
T4 DPLL in analog feedback mode.
T4 DPLL in digital feedback mode.
[5:4]
Not used.
-
[3:0]
T4_forced_reference_source
This field can be used to force the T4 DPLL to select
a particular input. A value of zero in this field allows
the T4 input to be selected automatically via the
priority and input monitoring functions.
0000
0011
0100
1000
1001
All other values
T4 DPLL automatic source selection.
T4 DPLL forced to select input SEC1.
T4 DPLL forced to select input SEC2.
T4 DPLL forced to select input SEC3.
T4 DPLL forced to select input SEC4.
Not used.
Address (hex): 38
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_dig_outputs_sonsdh
Bit 6
dig2_sonsdh
Bit No.
Bit 5
Description
Configures Digital1 and Digital2
output frequencies to be SONET
or SDH compatible frequencies.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Description
Bit Value
Not used.
-
6
dig2_sonsdh
Selects whether the frequencies generated by the
Digital2 frequency generator are SONET derived or
SDH.
*Default value of this bit is set by the SONSDHB pin
at power-up.
1
dig1_sonsdh
Selects whether the frequencies generated by the
Digital1 frequency generator are SONET derived or
SDH.
*Default value of this bit is set by the SONSDHB pin
at power-up.
1
Not used.
-
[4:0]
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 1101*
Bit 0
dig1_sonsdh
7
5
Default Value
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 65
0
0
Value Description
Digital2 can be selected from 1544/3088/6176/
12352 kHz.
Digital2 can be selected from 2048/4096/8192/
16384 kHz.
Digital1 can be selected from 1544/3088/6176/
12352 kHz.
Digital1 can be selected from 2048/4096/8192/
16384 kHz.
-
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ACS8522BT eSETS
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Address (hex): 39
Register Name
cnfg_digtial_frequencies
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit No.
Description
Bit 5
digital2_frequency
FINAL
DATASHEET
(R/W) Configures the actual
Default Value
frequencies of Digital1 & Digital2.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
0000 1000
Bit 1
Bit 0
digital1_frequency
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
[7:6]
digital2_frequency
Configures the frequency of Digital2. Whether this is
SONET or SDH based is configured by Bit 6
(dig2_sonsdh) of Reg. 38.
00
01
10
11
Digital2 set to 1544 kHz or 2048 kHz.
Digital2 set to 3088 kHz or 4096 kHz.
Digital2 set to 6176 kHz or 8192 kHz.
Digital2 set to 12353 kHz or 16384 kHz.
[5:4]
digital1_frequency
Configures the frequency of Digital1. Whether this is
SONET or SDH based is configured by Bit 5
(dig1_sonsdh) of Reg. 38.
00
01
10
11
Digital1 set to 1544 kHz or 2048 kHz.
Digital1 set to 3088 kHz or 4096 kHz.
Digital1 set to 6176 kHz or 8192 kHz.
Digital1 set to 12353 kHz or 16384 kHz.
[3:0]
Not used.
-
-
Address (hex): 3A
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_differential_outputs
Bit 6
Bit 5
Description
(R/W) Configures the electrical
Default Value
compatibility of the differential
output driver O1 to be 3 V PECL or
3 V LVDS.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
1100 0010
Bit 0
O1_LVDS_PECL
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:2]
Not used.
[1:0]
O1_LVDS_PECL
Selection of the electrical compatibility of Output O1
between 3 V PECL and 3 V LVDS.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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Page 66
00
01
10
11
Value Description
Output O1 disabled.
Output O1 3 V PECL compatible.
Output O1 3 V LVDS compatible.
Not used.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 3B
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_auto_bw_sel
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to select
Default Value
automatic bandwidth selection for
the T0 DPLL path
Bit 4
Bit 3
auto_BW_sel
Bit No.
7
[6:4]
3
[2:0]
DATASHEET
Bit 2
Bit 1
1111 1101
Bit 0
T0_lim_int
Description
Bit Value
auto_BW_sel
Bit to select locked bandwidth (Reg. 67) or
acquisition bandwidth (Reg. 69) for the T0 DPLL.
1
Not used.
-
T0_lim_int
When set to 1 the integral path value of the DPLL is
limited or frozen when the DPLL reaches either min.
or max. frequency. This can be used to minimize
subsequent overshoot when the DPLL is pulling in.
Note that when this happens, the reported
frequency value via current_DPLL_freq (Reg. 0C, 0D
and 07) is also frozen.
1
0
Not used.
-
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 67
0
Value Description
Automatically selects either locked or acquisition
bandwidth as appropriate.
Always selects locked bandwidth.
DPLL value frozen.
DPLL not frozen.
-
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 3C
Register Name
cnfg_nominal_frequency
[7:0]
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Bits [7:0] of the register
used to calibrate the crystal
oscillator used to clock the
device.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
1001 1001
Bit 1
Bit 0
cnfg_nominal_frequency_value[7:0]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
cnfg_nominal_frequency_value[7:0]
-
Value Description
See register description of Reg. 3D
(cnfg_nominal_frequency_value[15:8]).
Address (hex): 3D
Register Name
cnfg_nominal_frequency
[15:8]
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Description
(R/W) Bits [15:8] of the register
used to calibrate the crystal
oscillator used to clock the
device.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
1001 1001
Bit 0
cnfg_nominal_frequency_value[15:8]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
cnfg_nominal_frequency_value[15:8]
This register is used in conjunction with Reg. 3C
(cnfg_nominal_frequency_value[7:0]) to be able to
offset the frequency of the crystal oscillator by up to
+514 ppm and –771 ppm. The default value
represents 0 ppm offset from 12.800 MHz.
This value is an unsigned integer.
-
Value Description
In order to program the ppm offset of the crystal
oscillator frequency, the value in Reg. 3C and
Reg. 3D hex need to be concatenated. This value is
an unsigned integer. The value multiplied by
0.0196229 dec. will give the value in ppm. To
calculate the absolute value, the default 39321
(9999 hex) needs to be subtracted.
Address (hex): 3E
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_holdover_frequency
[7:0]
Bit 6
Bit 5
Description
(R/W) Bits [7:0] of the manual
Holdover frequency register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
holdover_frequency_value[7:0]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
holdover_frequency_value[7:0]
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
-
Page 68
Value Description
See Reg. 3F (cnfg_holdover_frequency) for details.
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Address (hex): 3F
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_holdover_frequency
[15:8]
Bit 6
Bit 5
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(R/W) Bits [15:8] of the manual
Holdover frequency register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
holdover_frequency_value[15:8]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
holdover_frequency_value[15:8]
This value in this register is combined with the value
in Reg. 3E and Bits [2:0] of Reg. 40 to represent the
programmed Holdover frequency of the T0 DPLL.
This register is designed such that software can
read the sts_current_DPLL_frequency register
(Reg. 0C, Reg. 0D and Reg. 07) and filter the value.
The result will then be in a suitable format to simply
write back to the cnfg_holdover_frequency register.
-
Value Description
In order to calculate the Holdover ppm offset of the
DPLL with respect to the crystal oscillator frequency,
the value in Reg. 3E and the value in Bits [2:0] of
Reg. 40 need to be concatenated. This value is a
2’s complement signed integer. The value
multiplied by 0.0003068 dec. will give the value in
ppm.
This register can be programmed to read back the
internally averaged Holdover frequency rather than
the programmed value, see Bit 5 of Reg. 40
cnfg_holdover_modes.
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Address (hex): 40
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_holdover_modes
Bit 6
auto_averaging fast_averaging
Bit No.
7
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
read_average
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to control the
Holdover modes of the T0 DPLL.
Bit 4
Bit 3
mini_holdover_mode
Description
Bit Value
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
1000 1000
Bit 0
holdover_frequency_value [18:16]
Value Description
auto_averaging
Bit to enable the use of the averaged frequency
value during Holdover. This bit is overridden by the
manual Holdover control (Bit 4, man_holdover, in
Reg. 34).
0
6
fast_averaging
Bit to control the rate of averaging of the Holdover
frequency. Fast averaging gives a -3db response
point of approximately 8 minutes. Slow averaging
give a -3db response point of approximately 110
minutes.
0
1
Slow Holdover frequency averaging enabled.
Fast Holdover frequency averaging enabled.
5
read_average
Bit to control whether the value read from the
holdover_frequency_value register is the value
written to that register, or the averaged Holdover
frequency. This allows software to use the internal
averager as part of the Holdover algorithm, but use
manual Holdover mode plus software to enhance
the performance.
0
Value read from holdover_frequency_value is the
value written to it.
Value read from a holdover_frequency_value is
either the fast or slow averaged frequency as
determined by fast_averaging.
mini_holdover_mode
Mini-holdover is a term used to describe the state of
the DPLL when it is in locked mode, but it has
temporarily lost its input. This may be a temporary
state, or last for many seconds whilst an input is
checked for inactivity. The DPLL behaves exactly as
in Holdover, and the frequency can be determined
in the same selection of ways (instantaneously, fast
averaged or slow averaged).
00
[4:3]
[2:0]
holdover_frequency_value [18:16]
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1
1
Averaged frequency not used, Holdover frequency
either manual or instantaneously frozen.
Averaged frequency used, providing manual
Holdover mode is not engaged.
01
10
11
Mini-holdover frequency determined in the same
way as for full Holdover mode.
Mini-holdover frequency frozen instantaneously.
Mini-holdover frequency taken from fast averager.
Mini-holdover frequency taken from slow averager.
-
See Reg. 3F (cnfg_holdover_frequency) for details.
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Address (hex): 41
Register Name
cnfg_DPLL_freq_limit
[7:0]
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Bits [7:0] of the DPLL
frequency limit register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0111 0110
Bit 0
DPLL_freq_limit_value[7:0]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
DPLL_freq_limit_value[7:0]
This register defines the extent of frequency offset
to which either the T0 or the T4 DPLL will track a
source before limiting- i.e. it represents the pull-in
range of the DPLLs. The offset of the device is
determined by the frequency offset of the DPLL
when compared to the offset of the external crystal
oscillator clocking the device. If the oscillator is
calibrated using cnfg_nominal_frequency Reg. 3C
and 3D, then this calibration is automatically taken
into account. The DPLL frequency limit limits the
offset of the DPLL when compared to the calibrated
oscillator frequency.
-
Value Description
In order to calculate the frequency limit in ppm,
Bits [1:0] of Reg. 42 and Bits [7:0] of Reg. 41 need
to be concatenated. This value is a unsigned integer
and represents limit both positive and negative in
ppm. The value multiplied by 0.078 will give the
value in ppm.
Address (hex): 42
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_DPLL_freq_limit
[9:8]
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Bits [9:8] of the DPLL
frequency limit register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
DPLL_freq_limit_value[9:8]
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:2]
Not used.
-
[1:0]
DPLL_freq_limit_value[9:8]
-
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 71
Value Description
See Reg. 41 (cnfg_DPLL_freq_limit) for details.
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Address (hex): 43
Register Name
cnfg_interrupt_mask
[7:0]
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
Bit No.
7
(R/W) Bits [7:0] of the interrupt
mask register.
Bit 4
SEC3 interrupt
not masked
DATASHEET
Bit 3
SEC2 interrupt
not masked
Description
Bit Value
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
SEC1 interrupt
not masked
Value Description
SEC3 interrupt not masked
Mask bit for input SEC3 interrupt.
0
1
Not used.
-
3
SEC2 interrupt not masked
Mask bit for input SEC2 interrupt.
0
1
Input SEC2 cannot generate interrupts.
Input SEC2 can generate interrupts.
2
SEC1 interrupt not masked
Mask bit for input SEC1 interrupt.
0
1
Input SEC1 cannot generate interrupts.
Input SEC1 can generate interrupts.
Not used.
-
[7:2]
[1:0]
Input SEC3 cannot generate interrupts.
Input SEC3 can generate interrupts.
-
-
Address (hex): 44
Register Name
cnfg_interrupt_mask
[15:8]
Bit 7
Bit 6
operating_
mode interrupt
not masked
main_ref_failed
interrupt not
masked
Bit No.
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Bits [15:8] of the interrupt
mask register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
SEC4 interrupt
not masked
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
7
operating_mode interrupt not masked
Mask bit for operating_mode interrupt.
0
1
Operating mode cannot generate interrupts.
Operating mode can generate interrupts.
6
main_ref_failed interrupt not masked
Mask bit for main_ref_failed interrupt.
0
1
Main reference failure cannot generate interrupts.
Main reference failure can generate interrupts.
Not used.
-
SEC4 interrupt not masked
Mask bit for input SEC4 interrupt.
0
1
[5:1]
0
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Input SEC4 cannot generate interrupts.
Input SEC4 can generate interrupts.
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Address (hex): 45
Register Name
cnfg_interrupt_mask
[23:16]
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Bits [23:16] of the interrupt Default Value
mask register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
0000 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
T4_status
interrupt not
masked
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
7
Not used.
-
6
T4_status
Mask bit for T4_status interrupt.
0
1
Not used.
-
[5:0]
Value Description
Change in T4 status cannot generate interrupts.
Change in T4 status can generate interrupts.
-
Address (hex): 46
Register Name
cnfg_freq_divn
[7:0]
Bit 7
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Bits [7:0] of the division
factor for inputs using the DivN
feature.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
1111 1111
Bit 1
Bit 0
divn_value[7:0]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
divn_value[7:0]
-
Value Description
See Reg. 47 (cnfg_freq_divn) for details.
Address (hex): 47
Register Name
cnfg_freq_divn
[13:8]
Bit 7
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Bits [13:8] of the division
factor for inputs using the DivN
feature.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0011 1111
Bit 0
divn_value[13:8]
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:6]
Not used.
-
[5:0]
divn_value[13:8]
This register, in conjunction with Reg. 46
(cnfg_freq_divn) represents the integer value by
which to divide inputs that use the DivN pre-divider.
The divn feature supports input frequencies up to a
maximum of 100 MHz; therefore, the maximum
value that should be written to this register is
30D3 hex (12499 dec.). Use of higher DivN values
may result in unreliable behavior.
-
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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Value Description
The input frequency will be divided by the value in
this register plus 1. i.e. to divide by 8, program a
value of 7.
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FINAL
DATASHEET
Address (hex): 48
Register Name
Bit 7
freq_mon_clk
Bit No.
cnfg_monitors
Bit 6
los_flag_on_
TDO
Description
Bit 5
Bit 4
ultra_fast_
switch
ext_switch
(R/W) Configuration register
Default Value
controlling several input
monitoring and switching options.
Bit 3
PBO_freeze
Description
Bit Value
Bit 2
PBO_en
Bit 1
freq_monitor_
soft_enable
0000 0101*
Bit 0
freq_monitor_
hard_enable
Value Description
7
freq_mon_clk
Bit to select the source of the clock to the frequency
monitors to be either from the output clock or
directly from the crystal oscillator.
0
1
Frequency monitors clocked by output of TO DPLL.
Frequency monitors clocked by crystal oscillator
frequency.
6
los_flag_on_TDO
Bit to select whether the main_ref_fail interrupt
from the T0 DPLL is flagged on the TDO pin. If
enabled this will not strictly conform to the IEEE
1149.1 JTAG standard for the function of the TDO
pin. When enabled the TDO pin will simply mimic the
state of the main_ref_fail interrupt status bit.
0
1
Normal mode, TDO complies with IEEE 1149.1.
TDO pin used to indicate the state of the
main_ref_fail interrupt status. This allows a system
to have a hardware indication of a source failure
very rapidly.
5
ultra_fast_switch
Bit to enable ultra-fast switching mode. When in this
mode, the device will disqualify a locked-to source
as soon as it detects a few missing input cycles.
0
Currently selected source only disqualified by Leaky
Bucket or frequency monitors.
Currently selected source disqualified after less
than 3 missing input cycles.
4
ext_switch
Bit to enable external switching mode. When in
external switching mode, the device is only allowed
to lock to a pair of sources. If the SRCSW pin is High,
the device will be forced to lock to input SEC1
regardless of the signal present on that input. If the
SRCSW pin is Low, the device will be forced to lock
to input SEC2 regardless of the signal present on
that input.
* The default value of this bit is dependent on the
value of the SRCSW pin at power-up.
0
1
Normal operation mode.
External source switching mode enabled. Operating
mode of the device is always forced to be “locked”
when in this mode.
3
PBO_freeze
Bit to control the freezing of Phase Build-out
operation. If Phase Build-out has been enabled and
there have been some source switches, then the
input-output phase relationship of the T0 DPLL is
unknown. If Phase Build-out is no longer required,
then it can be frozen. This will maintain the current
input-output phase relationship, but not allow
further Phase Build-out events to take place. Simply
disabling Phase Build-out could cause a phase shift
in the output, as the T0 DPLL re-locks the phase to
zero degrees.
0
1
Phase Build-out not frozen.
Phase Build-out frozen, no further Phase Build-out
events will occur.
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Address (hex): 48 (cont...)
Register Name
Bit 7
freq_mon_clk
Bit No.
2
cnfg_monitors
Bit 6
los_flag_on_
TDO
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
Bit 4
ultra_fast_
switch
ext_switch
DATASHEET
(R/W) Configuration register
Default Value
controlling several input
monitoring and switching options.
Bit 3
PBO_freeze
Description
Bit Value
Bit 2
PBO_en
0000 0101*
Bit 1
freq_monitor_
soft_enable
Bit 0
freq_monitor_
hard_enable
Value Description
PBO_en
Bit to enable Phase Build-out events on source
switching. When enabled a Phase Build-out event is
triggered every time the T0 DPLL selects a new
source- this includes exiting the Holdover or Freerun states.
0
1
Phase Build-out not enabled. T0 DPLL locks to zero
degrees phase.
Phase Build-out enabled on source switching.
1
freq_monitor_soft_enable
Control to enable frequency monitoring of input
reference sources using soft frequency alarms.
0
1
Soft frequency monitor alarms disabled.
Soft frequency monitor alarms enabled.
0
freq_monitor_hard_enable
Control to enable frequency monitoring of input
reference sources using hard frequency alarms.
0
1
Hard frequency monitor alarms disabled.
Hard frequency monitor alarms enabled.
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Address (hex): 49
Register Name
cnfg_freq_mon_threshold
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to set both the
hard and soft frequency alarm
limits for the monitors on the
input reference sources.
Bit 4
Bit 3
soft_frequency_alarm_threshold
Bit No.
Default Value
Bit 2
0010 0011
Bit 1
Bit 0
hard_frequency_alarm_threshold
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
[7:4]
soft_frequency_alarm_threshold
Threshold to trigger the soft frequency alarms in the
sts_reference_sources registers.
This is only used for monitoring.
-
To calculate the limit in ppm, add one to the 4-bit
value in the register, and multiply by 3.81 ppm. The
limit is symmetrical about zero. A value of 0010 bin
corresponds to an alarm limit of ±11.43 ppm.
[3:0]
hard_frequency_alarm_threshold
Threshold to trigger the hard frequency alarms in
the sts_reference_sources registers, which can
cause a reference source rejection.
-
To calculate the limit in ppm, add one to the 4-bit
value in the register, and multiply by 3.81 ppm. The
limit is symmetrical about zero. A value of 0011 bin
corresponds to an alarm limit of ±15.24 ppm.
Address (hex): 4A
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_current_freq_mon_
threshold
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to set both the
hard and soft frequency alarm
limits for the monitors on the
currently selected reference
source.
Bit 4
Bit 3
current_soft_frequency_alarm_threshold
Bit No.
Default Value
Bit 2
0010 0011
Bit 1
Bit 0
current_hard_frequency_alarm_threshold
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
[7:4]
current_soft_frequency_alarm_threshold
Threshold to trigger the soft frequency alarm in the
sts_reference_sources register applying to the
currently selected source.The currently selected
source can be monitored for frequency using
different limits to all other sources.
-
To calculate the limit in ppm, add one to the 4-bit
value in the register, and multiply by 3.81 ppm. The
limit is symmetrical about zero. A value of 0010 bin
corresponds to an alarm limit of ±11.43 ppm.
[3:0]
current_hard_frequency_alarm_threshold
Threshold to trigger the hard frequency alarm in the
sts_reference_sources register applying to the
currently selected source.
-
To calculate the limit in ppm, add one to the 4-bit
value in the register, and multiply by 3.81 ppm. The
limit is symmetrical about zero. A value of 0011 bin
corresponds to an alarm limit of ±15.24 ppm.
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Address (hex): 4B
Register Name
cnfg_registers_source_select
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to select the
source of many of the registers.
Bit 4
Bit 3
T4_T0_select
Bit No.
[7:5]
4
[3:0]
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
frequency_measurement_channel_select
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
Not used.
-
-
T4_T0_select
Bit to select between the T0 and T4 path for:
Reg. 0A, 0B (sts_priority_table)
Reg. 0C, 0D and 07 (sts_current_DPLL_frequency)
Reg. 77, 78 (sts_current_phase)
0
1
T0 path registers selected.
T4 path registers selected.
0011
0111
1000
1001
All other values
frequency_measurement_channel_select
Register to select which input channel the
frequency measurement result in Reg. 4C
(sts_freq_measurement) is taken from.
0000 0000
Frequency measurement taken from input SEC1.
Frequency measurement taken from input SEC2.
Frequency measurement taken from input SEC3.
Frequency measurement taken from input SEC4.
Not used- refers to no input channel.
Address (hex): 4C
Register Name
Bit 7
sts_freq_measurement
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(RO) Register from which the
frequency measurement result
can be read.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
freq_measurement_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
freq_measurement_value
This represents the value of the frequency
measurement on the channel number selected in
Reg. 4B (cnfg_registers_source_select). This value
will represent the offset in frequency from the clock
to the frequency monitors. This can be either the
crystal oscillator to the device, or the output of the
T0 DPLL as selected in Reg. 48 Bit 7 cnfg_monitors.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 77
-
Value Description
This is an 8-bit 2’s complement signed integer. To
calculate the offset in ppm of the selected input
channel, this value should be multiplied by
3.81 ppm.
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Address (hex): 4D
Register Name
cnfg_DPLL_soft_limit
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to program the
Default Value
soft frequency limit of the two
DPLLs. Exceeding this limit will
have no effect beyond triggering a
flag.
Bit 4
Bit 3
freq_lim_ph_
loss
Bit No.
DATASHEET
Bit 2
Bit 1
1000 1110
Bit 0
DPLL_soft_limit_value
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
7
freq_lim_ph_loss
Bit to enable the phase lost indication when the
DPLL hits its hard frequency limit as programmed in
Reg. 41 and Reg. 42 (cnfg_DPLL_freq_limit). This
results in the DPLL entering the phase lost state any
time the DPLL tracks to the extent of its hard limit.
0
1
Phase lost/locked determined normally.
Phase lost forced when DPLL tracks to hard limit.
[6:0]
DPLL_soft_limit_value
Register to program to what extent either of the
DPLLs tracks a source before raising its soft
frequency alarm flag (Bits 5 and 4 of Reg. 09,
sts_operating). This offset is compared to the
crystal oscillator frequency taking into account any
programmed calibration.
-
To calculate the ppm offset multiply this 7-bit value
by 0.628 ppm. The limit is symmetrical about zero.
A value of 0001110 bin is equivalent to ±8.79 ppm.
Address (hex): 50
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_upper_threshold_0
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to program the
activity alarm setting limit for
Leaky Bucket Configuration 0.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0110
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration upper_threshold_0_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
upper_threshold_0_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 53 (cnfg_decay_rate_0), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will raise an
inactivity alarm.
When the accumulator count reaches the value
programmed as the upper_threshold_0_value, the
Leaky Bucket raises an input inactivity alarm.
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Address (hex): 51
Register Name
cnfg_lower_threshold_0
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to program the
activity alarm resetting limit for
Leaky Bucket Configuration 0.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0100
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration lower_threshold_0_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
lower_threshold_0_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 53 (cnfg_decay_rate_0), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will reset an
inactivity alarm.
The lower_threshold_0_value is the value at which
the Leaky Bucket will reset an inactivity alarm.
Address (hex): 52
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_bucket_size_0
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to program the
maximum size limit for Leaky
Bucket Configuration 0.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 1000
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration bucket_size_0_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
bucket_size_0_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 53 (cnfg_decay_rate_0), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will stop
incrementing, even with further inactive periods.
The number in the Bucket cannot exceed the value
programmed into this register.
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Address (hex): 53
Register Name
cnfg_decay_rate_0
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to program the
“decay” or “leak” rate for Leaky
Bucket Configuration 0.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 0001
Bit 1
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration
decay_rate_0_value
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:2]
Not used.
[1:0]
decay_rate_0_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in this register, in which this does not
occur, the accumulator is decremented by 1.
Value Description
00
01
10
11
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 128 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 256 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 512 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 1024 ms.
The Leaky Bucket can be programmed to “leak” or
“decay” at the same rate as the “fill” cycle, or
effectively at one half, one quarter, or one eighth of
the fill rate.
Address (hex): 54
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_upper_threshold_1
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to program the
activity alarm setting limit for
Leaky Bucket Configuration 1.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0110
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration upper_threshold_1_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
upper_threshold_1_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 57 (cnfg_decay_rate_1), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will raise an
inactivity alarm.
When the accumulator count reaches the value
programmed as the upper_threshold_1_value, the
Leaky Bucket raises an input inactivity alarm.
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Address (hex): 55
Register Name
cnfg_lower_threshold_1
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to program the
activity alarm resetting limit for
Leaky Bucket Configuration 1.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0100
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration lower_threshold_1_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
lower_threshold_1_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 57 (cnfg_decay_rate_1), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will reset an
inactivity alarm.
The lower_threshold_1_value is the value at which
the Leaky Bucket will reset an inactivity alarm.
Address (hex): 56
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_bucket_size_1
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to program the
maximum size limit for Leaky
Bucket Configuration 1.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 1000
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration bucket_size_1_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
bucket_size_1_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 57 (cnfg_decay_rate_1), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will stop
incrementing, even with further inactive periods.
The number in the Bucket cannot exceed the value
programmed into this register.
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Address (hex): 57
Register Name
cnfg_decay_rate_1
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to program the
“decay” or “leak” rate for Leaky
Bucket Configuration 1.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 0001
Bit 1
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration
decay_rate_1_value
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:2]
Not used.
[1:0]
decay_rate_1_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in this register, in which this does not
occur, the accumulator is decremented by 1.
Value Description
00
01
10
11
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 128 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 256 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 512 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 1024 ms.
The Leaky Bucket can be programmed to “leak” or
“decay” at the same rate as the “fill” cycle, or
effectively at one half, one quarter, or one eighth of
the fill rate.
Address (hex): 58
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_upper_threshold_2
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to program the
activity alarm setting limit for
Leaky Bucket Configuration 2.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0110
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration upper_threshold_2_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
upper_threshold_2_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 5B (cnfg_decay_rate_2), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will raise an
inactivity alarm.
When the accumulator count reaches the value
programmed as the upper_threshold_2_value, the
Leaky Bucket raises an input inactivity alarm.
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Address (hex): 59
Register Name
cnfg_lower_threshold_2
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to program the
activity alarm resetting limit for
Leaky Bucket Configuration 2.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0100
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration lower_threshold_2_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
lower_threshold_2_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 5B (cnfg_decay_rate_2), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will reset an
inactivity alarm.
The lower_threshold_2_value is the value at which
the Leaky Bucket will reset an inactivity alarm.
Address (hex): 5A
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_bucket_size_2
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to program the
maximum size limit for Leaky
Bucket Configuration 2.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 1000
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration bucket_size_2_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
bucket_size_2_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 5B (cnfg_decay_rate_2), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will stop
incrementing, even with further inactive periods.
The number in the Bucket cannot exceed the value
programmed into this register.
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Address (hex): 5B
Register Name
cnfg_decay_rate_2
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to program the
“decay” or “leak” rate for Leaky
Bucket Configuration 2.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 0001
Bit 1
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration
decay_rate_2_value
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:2]
Not used.
[1:0]
decay_rate_2_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in this register, in which this does not
occur, the accumulator is decremented by 1.
Value Description
00
01
10
11
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 128 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 256 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 512 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 1024 ms.
The Leaky Bucket can be programmed to “leak” or
“decay” at the same rate as the “fill” cycle, or
effectively at one half, one quarter, or one eighth of
the fill rate.
Address (hex): 5C
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_upper_threshold_3
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to program the
activity alarm setting limit for
Leaky Bucket Configuration 3.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0110
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration upper_threshold_3_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
upper_threshold_3_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 5F (cnfg_decay_rate_3), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will raise an
inactivity alarm.
When the accumulator count reaches the value
programmed as the upper_threshold_3_value, the
Leaky Bucket raises an input inactivity alarm.
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Address (hex): 5D
Register Name
cnfg_lower_threshold_3
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to program the
activity alarm resetting limit for
Leaky Bucket Configuration 3.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0100
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration lower_threshold_3_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
lower_threshold_3_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 5F (cnfg_decay_rate_3), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will reset an
inactivity alarm.
The lower_threshold_3_value is the value at which
the Leaky Bucket will reset an inactivity alarm.
Address (hex): 5E
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_bucket_size_3
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to program the
maximum size limit for Leaky
Bucket Configuration 3.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 1000
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration bucket_size_3_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
bucket_size_3_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in Reg. 5F (cnfg_decay_rate_3), in
which this does not occur, the accumulator is
decremented by 1.
-
Value Description
Value at which the Leaky Bucket will stop
incrementing, even with further inactive periods.
The number in the Bucket cannot exceed the value
programmed into this register.
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Address (hex): 5F
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_decay_rate_3
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to program the
“decay” or “leak” rate for Leaky
Bucket Configuration 3.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 0001
Bit 1
Bit 0
Leaky Bucket Configuration
decay_rate_3_value
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:2]
Not used.
-
[1:0]
decay_rate_3_value
The Leaky Bucket operates on a 128 ms cycle. If,
during a cycle, it detects that an input has either
failed or has been erratic, then for each cycle in
which this occurs, the accumulator is incremented
by 1, and for each period of 1, 2, 4, or 8 cycles, as
programmed in this register, in which this does not
occur, the accumulator is decremented by 1.
00
01
10
11
Value Description
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 128 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 256 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 512 ms.
Bucket decay rate of 1 every 1024 ms.
The Leaky Bucket can be programmed to “leak” or
“decay” at the same rate as the “fill” cycle, or
effectively at one half, one quarter, or one eighth of
the fill rate.
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Address (hex): 60
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_output_frequency
(O2)
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure and
enable the frequencies available
on output O2.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
1000 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
output_freq_02
Bit No.
[7:4]
[3:0]
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
output_freq_02
Configuration of the output frequency available at
output O2. Many of the frequencies available are
dependent on the frequencies of the T0 APLL and
the T4 APLL. These are configured in Reg. 64 and
Reg. 65. For more detail see the section on
configuring the output frequencies.
0000
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = output disabled.
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
0001
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = 2 kHz.
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
0010
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = 8 kHz
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
Additionally, for the Ethernet frequencies 25 MHz,
50 MHz, 62.5 MHz and 125 MHz, Ethernet
configuration register cnfg_enet_freq (Reg. 20)
must be appropriately programmed.
0011
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = Digital2 (Reg. 39)
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
0100
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = Digital1 (Reg. 39)
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
Bit [6] of Reg. 20 enables (1) or disables (0) the
Ethernet APLL.
0101
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/48
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
Bit [1] of Reg. 20 selects (1) or disables (0) the
Ethernet frequency output at 02.
0110
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/16
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
0111
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/12
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
1000
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/8
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
1001
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/6
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
1010
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/4
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
1011
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/64
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
1100
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/48
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
1101
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/16
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
1110
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/8
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
1111
Reg. 20[1] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/4
Reg. 20[1] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
Not used.
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Address (hex): 61
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_output_frequency
(O3)
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure and
enable the frequencies available
on output O3.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 0110
Bit 1
Bit 0
output_freq_O3
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:4]
Not used.
[3:0]
output_freq_O3
Configuration of the output frequency available at
output O3. Many of the frequencies available are
dependent on the frequencies of the T0 APLL and
the T4 APLL. These are configured in Reg. 64 and
Reg. 65. For more detail see the detailed section on
configuring the output frequencies.
0000
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = output disabled.
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
0001
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = 2 kHz.
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
0010
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = 8 kHz
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
Additionally, for the Ethernet frequencies 25 MHz,
50 MHz, 62.5 MHz and 125 MHz, Ethernet
configuration register cnfg_enet_freq (Reg. 20)
must be appropriately programmed.
0011
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = Digital2 (Reg. 39)
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
0100
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = Digital1 (Reg. 39)
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
Bit [6] of Reg. 20 enables (1) or disables (0) the
Ethernet APLL.
0101
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/48
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
Bit [2] of Reg. 20 selects (1) or disables (0) the
Ethernet frequency output at 03.
0110
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/16
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
0111
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/12
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
1000
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/8
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
1001
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/6
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
1010
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/4
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
1011
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/64
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
1100
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/48
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
1101
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/16
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
1110
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/8
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
1111
Reg. 20[2] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/4
Reg. 20[2] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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Value Description
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Address (hex): 62
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_output_frequency
(01 & O4)
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure and
enable the frequencies available
on outputs 01 and O4.
Bit 4
Bit 3
output_freq_O1
Bit No.
[7:4]
Default Value
Bit 2
1000 0100
Bit 1
Bit 0
output_freq_O4
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
output_freq_01
Configuration of the output frequency available at
output O1. Many of the frequencies available are
dependent on the frequencies of the T0 APLL and
the T4 APLL. These are configured in Reg. 64 and
Reg. 65. For more detail see the section on
configuring the output frequencies.
0000
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = output disabled.
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
0001
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = 2 kHz.
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
0010
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = 8 kHz
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
Additionally, for the Ethernet frequencies 25 MHz,
50 MHz, 62.5 MHz and 125 MHz, Ethernet
configuration register cnfg_enet_freq (Reg. 20)
must be appropriately programmed.
0011
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T0 APLL/2
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
0100
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = Digital1 (Reg. 39)
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
Bit [6] of Reg. 20 enables (1) or disables (0) the
Ethernet APLL.
0101
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/48
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
Bit [5] of Reg. 20 selects (1) or disables (0) the
Ethernet frequency output at 01.
0110
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/16
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
0111
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/12
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
1000
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/8
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
1001
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/6
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
1010
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/4
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
1011
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/64
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
1100
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/48
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
1101
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/16
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
1110
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/8
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
1111
Reg. 20[5] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/4
Reg. 20[5] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
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Address (hex): 62 (cont...)
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_output_frequency
(01 & O4)
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure and
enable the frequencies available
on outputs 01 and O4.
Bit 4
Bit 3
output_freq_O1
Bit No.
[3:0]
Default Value
Bit 2
1000 0100
Bit 1
Bit 0
output_freq_O4
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
output_freq_O4
Configuration of the output frequency available at
output O4. Many of the frequencies available are
dependent on the frequencies of the T0 APLL and
the T4 APLL. These are configured in Reg. 64 and
Reg. 65. For more detail see the detailed section on
configuring the output frequencies.
0000
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = output disabled.
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
0001
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = 2 kHz.
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
0010
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = 8 kHz
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
Additionally, for the Ethernet frequencies 25 MHz,
50 MHz, 62.5 MHz and 125 MHz, Ethernet
configuration register cnfg_enet_freq (Reg. 20)
must be appropriately programmed.
0011
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = Digital2 (Reg. 39)
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
0100
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = Digital1 (Reg. 39)
Reg. 20[43] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
Bit [6] of Reg. 20 enables (1) or disables (0) the
Ethernet APLL.
0101
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/48
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
Bit [4] of Reg. 20 selects (1) or disables (0) the
Ethernet frequency output at 04.
0110
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/16
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
0111
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/12
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
1000
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/8
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
1001
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/6
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
1010
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = T0 APLL frequency/4
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
1011
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/2
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
1100
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/48
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 25 MHz (Ethernet)
1101
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/16
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 50 MHz (Ethernet)
1110
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/8
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 62.5 MHz (Ethernet)
1111
Reg. 20[4] at 0 = T4 APLL frequency/4
Reg. 20[4] at 1 = 125 MHz (Ethernet)
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 63
Register Name
cnfg_output_frequency
(MFrSync)
Bit 7
MFrSync_en
Bit No.
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure and
enable the frequencies available
on MFrSync output.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
FrSync_en
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
7
MFrSync_en
Register bit to enable the 2 kHz Sync output
(MFrSync).
0
1
Output MFrSync disabled.
Output MFrSync enabled.
6
FrSync_en
Register bit to enable the 8 kHz Sync output
(FrSync).
0
1
Output FrSync disabled.
Output FrSync enabled.
Not used.
-
[5:0]
1100 0000
-
Address (hex): 64
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_T4_DPLL_frequency
Bit 6
Bit 5
Description
(R/W) Register to configure the T4 Default Value
DPLL and several other
parameters for the T4 path.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
0000 0101
Bit 1
Bit 0
T4_DPLL_frequency
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:3]
Not used.
[2:0]
T4_DPLL_frequency
Register to configure the frequency of operation of
the DPLL in the T4 path. The frequency of the DPLL
will also affect the frequency of the T4 APLL which,
in turn, affects the frequencies available at outputs
O1 - O4 see Reg. 60 - Reg. 62. It is also possible to
not use the T4 DPLL at all, but use the T4 APLL to
run directly from the T0 DPLL output, see Reg. 65
(cnfg_TO_DPLL_frequency). If any frequencies are
required from the T4 APLL then the T4 DPLL should
not be squelched, as the T4 APLL input is squelched
and the T4 APLL will free run.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
-
Page 91
000
001
010
011
100
101
110
111
Value Description
T4 DPLL squelched (clock off).
77.76 MHz (OC-N rates),
T4 APLL frequency = 311.04 MHz.
12E1, T4 APLL frequency = 98.304 MHz.
16E1, T4 APLL frequency = 131.072 MHz.
24DS1, T4 APLL frequency = 148.224 MHz.
16DS1, T4 APLL frequency = 98.816 MHz.
E3, T4 APLL frequency = 274.944 MHz.
DS3, T4 APLL frequency = 178.944 MHz.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
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Address (hex): 65
Register Name
Bit 7
T4_meas_T0_
ph
Bit No.
cnfg_T0_DPLL_frequency
Bit 6
Bit 5
T4_APLL_for_
T0
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure the T0 Default Value
DPLL and several other
parameters for the T0 path.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
T0_freq_to_T4_APLL
0000 0001
Bit 1
Bit 0
T0_DPLL_frequency
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
7
T4_meas_T0_ph
Register bit to control the feature to use the T4 path
to measure phase offset from the T0 path. When
enabled the T4 path is disabled and the phase
detector is used to measure the phase between the
input to the T0 DPLL and the selected T4 input.
0
1
Normal- T4 Path normal operation.
T4 DPLL disabled, T4 phase detector used to
measure phase between selected T0 input and
selected T4 input.
6
T4_APLL_for_T0
Register bit to select whether the T4 APLL takes its
input from the T4 DPLL or the T0 DPLL. If the T0
DPLL is selected then the frequency is controlled by
Bits [5:4], T0_freq_to_T4_APLL.
0
1
T4 APLL takes its input from the T4 DPLL.
T4 APLL takes its input from the T0 DPLL.
[5:4]
T0_freq_to_T4_APLL
Register to select the T0 frequency driven to the T4
APLL when selected by Bit 6, T4_APLL_for_T0.
00
01
10
11
12E1, T4 APLL frequency = 98.304 MHz.
16E1, T4 APLL frequency = 131.072 MHz.
24DS1, T4 APLL frequency = 148.224 MHz.
16DS1, T4 APLL frequency = 98.816 MHz.
3
[2:0]
Not used.
-
T0_DPLL_frequency
Register to configure the frequency of operation of
the DPLL/APLL in the T0 path. This register affects
the frequencies available at outputs O1 to O4, see
Reg. 60 - Reg. 63.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 92
000
001
010
011
100
101
110
111
77.76 MHz, digital feedback,
T0 APLL frequency = 311.04 MHz.
77.76 MHz, analog feedback,
T0 APLL frequency = 311.04 MHz.
12E1, T0 APLL frequency = 98.304 MHz.
16E1, T0 APLL frequency = 131.072 MHz.
24DS1, T0 APLL frequency = 148.224 MHz.
16DS1, T0 APLL frequency = 98.816 MHz.
Not used.
Not used.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 66
Register Name
cnfg_T4_DPLL_bw
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure the
bandwidth of the T4 DPLL.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
T4_DPLL_bandwidth
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:2]
Not used.
[1:0]
T4_DPLL_bandwidth
Register to configure the bandwidth of the T4 DPLL.
Value Description
00
01
10
11
T4 DPLL 18 Hz bandwidth.
T4 DPLL 35 Hz bandwidth.
T4 DPLL 70 Hz bandwidth.
Not used.
Address (hex): 67
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_T0_DPLL_locked_bw
Bit 6
Bit 5
Description
(R/W) Register to configure the
bandwidth of the T0 DPLL, when
phase locked to an input.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 1101
Bit 1
Bit 0
T0_DPLL_locked_bandwidth
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:4]
Not used.
[3:0]
T0_DPLL_locked_bandwidth
Register to configure the bandwidth of the T0 DPLL
when locked to an input reference. Reg. 3B Bit 7 is
used to control whether this bandwidth is used all of
the time or automatically switched to when phase
locked.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
0000
0001
All other values
Page 93
Value Description
T0 DPLL 0.1 Hz locked bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 0.3 Hz locked bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 0.6 Hz locked bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 1.2 Hz locked bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 2.5 Hz locked bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 4 Hz locked bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 8 Hz locked bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 18 Hz locked bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 35 Hz locked bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 70 Hz locked bandwidth.
Not used.
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Address (hex): 69
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_T0_DPLL_acq_bw
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure the
bandwidth of the T0 DPLL, when
not phase locked to an input.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
0000 1111
Bit 1
Bit 0
T0_DPLL_acquisition_bandwidth
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
[7:4]
Not used.
[3:0]
T0_DPLL_acquisition_bandwidth
Register to configure the bandwidth of the T0 DPLL
when acquiring phase lock on an input reference.
Reg. 3B Bit 7 is used to control whether this
bandwidth is not used or automatically switched to
when not phase locked.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
0000
0001
All other values
Page 94
Value Description
T0 DPLL 0.1 Hz acquisition bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 0.3 Hz acquisition bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 0.6 Hz acquisition bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 1.2 Hz acquisition bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 2.5 Hz acquisition bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 4 Hz acquisition bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 8 Hz acquisition bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 18 Hz acquisition bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 35 Hz acquisition bandwidth.
T0 DPLL 70 Hz acquisition bandwidth.
Not used.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
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Address (hex): 6A
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_T4_DPLL_damping
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure the
damping factor of the T4 DPLL,
along with the gain of Phase
Detector 2 in some modes.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
T4_PD2_gain_alog_8k
Bit No.
7
[6:4]
3
[2:0]
Bit 1
0001 0011
Bit 0
T4_damping
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
Not used.
-
-
T4_PD2_gain_alog_8k
Register to control the gain of the Phase Detector 2
when locking to a reference of 8 kHz or less in
analog feedback mode. This setting is only used if
automatic gain selection is enabled in Reg. 6C Bit 7,
cnfg_T4_DPLL_PD2_gain.
-
Gain value of the Phase Detector 2 when locking to
an 8 kHz reference in analog feedback mode.
Not used.
-
-
001
010
011
100
101
T4 DPLL damping factor at the following bandwidths
frequency selections:
18 Hz
35 Hz
70 Hz
1.2
1.2
1.2
2.5
2.5
2.5
5
5
5
5
10
10
5
10
20
000
110
111
Not used.
Not used.
Not used.
T4_damping
Register to configure the damping factor of the T4
DPLL. The bit values corresponds to different
damping factors, depending on the bandwidth
selected. Damping factor of 5 being the default
(011).
The Gain Peak for the Damping Factors given in the
Value Description (right) are tabulated below.
Damping Factor
1.2
2.5
5
10
20
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Gain Peak
0.4 dB
0.2 dB
0.1 dB
0.06 dB
0.03 dB
Page 95
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 6B
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_T0_DPLL_damping
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure the
damping factor of the T0 DPLL,
along with the gain of the Phase
Detector 2 in some modes.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
T0_PD2_gain_alog_8k
Bit No.
7
[6:4]
3
[2:0]
Bit 1
0001 0011
Bit 0
T0_damping
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
Not used.
-
-
T0_PD2_gain_alog_8k
Register to control the gain of the Phase Detector 2
when locking to a reference of 8 kHz or less in
analog feedback mode. This setting is only used if
automatic gain selection is enabled in Reg. 6D Bit 7,
cnfg_T0_DPLL_PD2_gain.
-
Gain value of the Phase Detector 2 when locking to
an 8 kHz reference in analog feedback mode.
Not used.
-
-
001
010
011
100
101
T0 DPLL damping factor at the following bandwidths
frequency selections:
8 Hz
18 Hz
35 Hz
70 Hz
<4 Hz
5
2.5
1.2
1.2
1.2
5
5
2.5
2.5
2.5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
10
10
5
5
5
10
20
000
110
111
Not used.
Not used.
Not used.
T0_damping
Register to configure the damping factor of the T0
DPLL. The bit values corresponds to different
damping factors, depending on the bandwidth
selected. Damping factor of 5 being the default
(011).
The Gain Peak for the Damping Factors given in the
Value Description (right) are tabulated below.
Damping Factor
1.2
2.5
5
10
20
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Gain Peak
0.4 dB
0.2 dB
0.1 dB
0.06 dB
0.03 dB
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 6C
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_T4_DPLL_PD2_gain
Bit 6
T4_PD2_gain_
enable
Bit No.
7
[6:4]
3
[2:0]
Bit 5
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure the
Default Value
gain of Phase Detector 2 in some
modes for the T4 DPLL.
Bit 4
Bit 3
T4_PD2_gain_alog
Bit 2
1100 0010
Bit 1
Bit 0
T4_PD2_gain_digital
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
T4_PD2_gain_enable
0
1
T4 DPLL Phase Detector 2 not used.
T4 DPLL Phase Detector 2 gain enabled and choice
of gain determined according to the locking mode:
- digital feedback mode
- analog feedback mode
- analog feedback at 8 kHz.
T4_PD2_gain_alog
Register to control the gain of Phase Detector 2
when locking to a reference, higher than 8 kHz, in
analog feedback mode. This setting is not used if
automatic gain selection is disabled in Bit 7,
T4_PD2_gain_enable.
-
Gain value of Phase Detector 2 when locking to a
high frequency reference in analog feedback mode.
Not used.
-
-
T4_PD2_gain_digital
Register to control the gain of Phase Detector 2
when locking to a reference in digital feedback
mode. This setting is always used if automatic gain
selection is disabled in Bit 7, T4_PD2_gain_enable.
-
Gain value of Phase Detector 2 when locking to any
reference in digital feedback mode.
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Address (hex): 6D
Register Name
cnfg_T0_DPLL_PD2_gain
Bit 7
Bit 6
T0_PD2_gain_
enable
Bit No.
7
[6:4]
3
[2:0]
Bit 5
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure the
Default Value
gain of Phase Detector 2 in some
modes for the T0 DPLL.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
T0_PD2_gain_alog
1100 0010
Bit 1
Bit 0
T0_PD2_gain_digital
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
T0_PD2_gain_enable
0
1
T0 DPLL Phase Detector 2 not used.
T0 DPLL Phase Detector 2 gain enabled and choice
of gain determined according to the locking mode:
- digital feedback mode
- analog feedback mode
- analog feedback at 8 kHz.
T0_PD2_gain_alog
Register to control the gain of Phase Detector 2
when locking to a reference, higher than 8 kHz, in
analog feedback mode. This setting is not used if
automatic gain selection is disabled in Bit 7,
T0_PD2_gain_enable.
-
Gain value of Phase Detector 2 when locking to a
high frequency reference in analog feedback mode.
Not used.
-
-
T0_PD2_gain_digital
Register to control the gain of Phase Detector 2
when locking to a reference in digital feedback
mode. This setting is always used if automatic gain
selection is disabled in Bit 7, T0_PD2_gain_enable.
-
Gain value of Phase Detector 2 when locking to any
reference in digital feedback mode.
Address (hex): 70
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_phase_offset
[7:0]
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Bits [7:0] of the phase
offset control register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
phase_offset_value[7:0]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
phase_offset_value[7:0]
Register forming part of the phase offset control.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 98
-
Value Description
See Reg. 71, cnfg_phase_offset[15:8] for more
details.
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Address (hex): 71
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_phase_offset
[15:8]
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Bits [15:8] of the phase
offset control register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
phase_offset_value[15:8]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
phase_offset_value[15:8]
Register forming part of the phase offset control. If
the phase offset register is written to when the DPLL
is locked to an input, then it is possible that some
internal signals become out of synchronization. In
order to avoid this, the phase offset is automatically
“ramped” to the new value. If the phase offset is
only ever adjusted when the device is in Holdover,
then this is not necessary, and this automatic
“ramping” can be disabled, see Reg. 7C,
cnfg_sync_monitor.
This register is ignored and has no affect when
Phase Build-out is enabled in either Reg. 48 or
Reg. 76.
-
Value Description
The value in this register is to be concatenated with
the contents of Reg. 70 cnfg_phase_offset[7:0].
This value is a 16-bit 2’s complement signed
number. The value multiplied by 6.279 represents
the extent of the applied phase offset in
picoseconds.
The phase offset register is not a control to a
“traditional” delay line. This number 6.279 actually
represents a fractional portion of the period of an
internal 77.76 MHz cycle and can, therefore, be
represented more accurately as follows. Each bit
value of the register represents the period of the
internal 77.76 MHz clock divided by 211.
If, for example, the DPLL is locked to a reference
that is +1 ppm in frequency with respect to a perfect
oscillator, then the period, and hence the phase
offset, will be decreased by 1 ppm. Programming a
value of 1024 into the phase offset register will
produce a complete inversion of the 77.76 MHz
output clock.
Note...The exact period of the internal 77.76 MHz
clock is determined by the current state of the DPLL
i.e. in Locked mode its accuracy depends on that of
the locked to input, in Holdover or Free-run it
depends on the accuracy of the external oscillator.
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Address (hex): 72
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_PBO_phase_offset
Bit 6
Bit 5
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to offset the mean Default Value
time error of Phase Build-out
events.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
PBO_phase_offset
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
[7:6]
Not used.
-
-
[5:0]
PBO_phase_offset
Each time a Phase Build-out event is triggered,
there is an uncertainty of up to 5 ns introduced
which translates to a phase hit on the output. The
mean error over a large number of events is
designed to be zero. This register can be used to
introduce a fixed offset into each PBO event. This
will have the effect of moving the mean error
positive or negative in time.
-
The value in this register is a 6-bit 2’s complement
number. The value multiplied by 0.101 gives the
programmed offset in nanoseconds. Values greater
than +1.4 ns or less than -1.4 ns should NOT be
used as they may cause internal mathematical
errors.
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 73
Register Name
Bit 7
fine_limit_en
Bit No.
cnfg_phase_loss_fine_limit
Bit 6
noact_ph_loss
Bit 5
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure some Default Value
of the parameters of the T0 DPLL
phase detector.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
narrow_en
1010 0010
Bit 1
Bit 0
phase_loss_fine_limit
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
7
fine_limit_en
Register bit to enable the phase_loss_fine_limit
Bits [2:0]. When disabled, phase lock/loss is
determined by the other means within the device.
This must be disabled when multi-UI jitter tolerance
is required, see Reg. 74,
cnfg_phase_loss_course_limit.
0
1
Phase loss indication only triggered by other means.
Phase loss triggered when phase error exceeds the
limit programmed in phase_loss_fine_limit,
Bits [2:0].
6
noact_ph_loss
The DPLL detects that an input has failed very
rapidly. Normally, when the DPLL detects this
condition, it does not consider phase lock to be lost
and will phase lock to the nearest edge (±180º)
when a source becomes available again, hence
giving tolerance to missing cycles. If phase loss is
indicated, then frequency and phase locking is
instigated (±360º locking). This bit can be used to
force the DPLL to indicate phase loss immediately
when no activity is detected.
0
1
No activity on reference does not trigger phase lost
indication.
No activity triggers phase lost indication.
narrow_en (test control bit)
Set to 1 (default value)
0
1
Set to 1
[4:3]
Not used.
-
[2:0]
phase_loss_fine_limit
When enabled by Bit 7, this register coarsely sets
the phase limit at which the device indicates phase
lost or locked. The default value of 2 (010) gives a
window size of around ±90 - 180º. The phase
position of the inputs to the DPLL has to be within
the window limit for 1 – 2 seconds before the device
indicates phase lock. If it is outside the window for
any time then phase loss is immediately indicated.
For most cases the default value of 2 (010) is
satisfactory. The window size changes in proportion
to the value, so a value of 1 (001) will give a narrow
phase acceptance or lock window of approximately
±45 - 90º.
5
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 101
000
001
010
011
100
101
110
111
Do not use. Indicates phase loss continuously.
Small phase window for phase lock indication.
Recommended value.
)
)
) Larger phase window for phase lock indication.
)
)
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Address (hex): 74
Register Name
Bit 7
coarse_lim_
phaseloss_en
Bit No.
7
cnfg_phase_loss_coarse_limit
Bit 6
wide_range_en
Bit 5
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure some Default Value
of the parameters of the T0 DPLL
phase detector.
Bit 4
Bit 3
multi_ph_resp
Bit 2
Bit 1
1000 0101
Bit 0
phase_loss_coarse_limit
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
coarse_lim_phaseloss_en
Register bit to enable the coarse phase detector,
whose range is determined by
phase_loss_coarse_limit Bits [3:0]. This register
sets the limit in the number of input clock cycles (UI)
that the input phase can move by before the DPLL
indicates phase lost.
0
1
Phase loss not triggered by the coarse phase lock
detector.
Phase loss triggered when phase error exceeds the
limit programmed in phase_loss_coarse_limit,
Bits [3:0].
6
wide_range_en
To enable the device to be tolerant to large amounts
of applied jitter and still do direct phase locking at
the input frequency rate (up to 77.76 MHz), a wide
range phase detector and phase lock detector is
employed. This bit enables the wide range phase
detector. This allows the device to be tolerant to,
and therefore keep track of, drifts in input phase of
many cycles (UI). The range of the phase detector
is set by the same register used for the phase loss
coarse limit (Bits [3:0]).
0
1
Wide range phase detector off.
Wide range phase detector on.
5
multi_ph_resp
Enables the phase result from the coarse phase
detector to be used in the DPLL algorithm. Bit 6
should also be set when this is activated. The
coarse phase detector can measure and keep track
over many thousands of input cycles, thus allowing
excellent jitter and wander tolerance. This bit
enables that phase result to be used in the DPLL
algorithm, so that a large phase measurement gives
a faster pull-in of the DPLL. If this bit is not set then
the phase measurement is limited to ±360º which
can give a slower pull-in rate at higher input
frequencies, but could also be used to give less
overshoot.
Setting this bit in direct locking mode, for example
with a 19.44 MHz input, would give the same
dynamic response as a 19.44 MHz input used with
8 k locking mode, where the input is divided down
internally to 8 kHz first.
0
DPLL phase detector limited to ±360º (±1 UI).
However it will still remember its original phase
position over many thousands of UI if Bit 6 is set.
1
DPLL phase detector also uses the full coarse
phase detector result. It can now measure up to:
±360º x 8191 UI = ±2,948,760º.
Not used.
-
4
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 74 (cont...)
Register Name
cnfg_phase_loss_coarse_limit
Bit 7
coarse_lim_
phaseloss_en
Bit No.
[3:0]
Bit 6
wide_range_en
Bit 5
FINAL
Description
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure some Default Value
of the parameters of the T0 DPLL
phase detector.
Bit 4
Bit 3
multi_ph_resp
Bit 2
1000 0101
Bit 1
Bit 0
phase_loss_coarse_limit
Description
Bit Value
phase_loss_coarse_limit
Sets the range of the coarse phase loss detector
and the coarse phase detector.
When locking to a high frequency signal, and jitter
tolerance greater than 0.5 UI is required, then the
DPLL can be configured to track phase errors over
many input clock periods. This is particularly useful
with very low bandwidths. This register configures
how many UI over which the input phase can be
tracked. It also sets the range of the coarse phase
loss detector, which can be used with or without the
multi-UI phase capture range capability.
This register value is used by Bits 6 and 7.
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100-1111
Value Description
Input phase error tracked over ±1 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±3 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±7 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±15 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±31 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±63 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±127 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±255 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±511 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±1023 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±2047 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±4095 UI.
Input phase error tracked over ±8191 UI.
Address (hex): 76
Register Name
cnfg_phasemon
Bit 7
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to configure the
noise rejection function for low
frequency inputs.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0110
Bit 0
ip_noise_
window
Bit No.
7
[6:0]
Description
Bit Value
ip_noise_window
Register bit to enable a window of 5% tolerance
around low-frequency inputs (2, 4 and 8 kHz). This
feature ensures that any edge caused by noise
outside the 5% window where the edge is expected
will not be considered within the DPLL. This reduces
any possible phase hit when a low-frequency
connection is removed and contact bounce is
possible.
0
1
Not used.
-
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 103
Value Description
DPLL considers all edges for phase locking.
DPLL ignores input edges outside a 95% to 105%
window.
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 77
Register Name
sts_current_phase
[7:0]
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(RO) Bits [7:0] of the current
phase register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
current_phase[7:0]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
current_phase
Bits [7:0] of the current phase register. See Reg. 78
sts_current_phase [15:8] for details.
-
Value Description
See Reg. 78 sts_current_phase [15:8] for details.
Address (hex): 78
Register Name
sts_current_phase
[15:8]
Bit 7
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(RO) Bits [15:8] of the current
phase register.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
current_phase[15:8]
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
current_phase
Bits [15:8] of the current phase register. This
register is used to read either from the phase
detector of either the T0 DPLL or the T4 DPLL,
according to Reg. 4B Bit 4 T4_T0_select. The value
is averaged in the phase averager (filter with
approx. 100 Hz bandwidth) before being made
available.
-
Value Description
The value in this register should be concatenated
with the value in Reg. 77 sts_current_phase [7:0].
This 16-bit value is a 2’s complement signed
integer. The value multiplied by 0.707 is the
averaged value of the current phase error, in
degrees, as measured at the DPLL’s phase
detector.
Address (hex): 79
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_phase_alarm_timeout
Bit 6
Bit 5
Description
(RO) Register to configure how
long before a phase alarm is
raised on an input
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0011 0010
Bit 0
timeout_value
Bit No.
Description
Bit Value
Value Description
[7:6]
Not used.
-
-
[5:0]
timeout_value
Phase alarms can only be raised on an input when
the T0 DPLL is attempting to lock to it. Once an
input has been rejected due to a phase alarm, there
is no way to measure whether it is good again,
because it is no longer selected by the DPLL. The
phase alarms can either remain until reset by
software, or timeout after 128 second, as selected
in Reg. 34 Bit 6, phalarm_timeout
-
This 6-bit unsigned integer represents the length of
time before a phase alarm will be raised on an
input. The value multiplied by 2 gives the time in
seconds. This time value is the time that the
controlling state machine will spend in Pre-locked,
Pre-locked2 or Phase-lost modes before setting the
phase alarm on the selected input.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 7A
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_sync_pulses
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to configure the
Sync outputs, and select the
source for the 2 kHz and 8 kHz
outputs from O1 to O4.
Bit 4
Bit 3
2k_8k_from_T4
Bit No.
7
DATASHEET
8k_invert
Description
Bit Value
Default Value
Bit 2
8k_pulse
0000 0000
Bit 1
Bit 0
2k_invert
2k_pulse
Value Description
2k_8k_from_T4
Register to select the source (T0 or T4) for the 2 kHz
and 8 kHz outputs available from O1 to O4.
0
1
Not used.
-
3
8k_invert
Register bit to invert the 8 kHz output from FrSync.
0
1
8 kHz FrSync output not inverted.
8 kHz FrSync output inverted.
2
8k_pulse
Register bit to enable the 8 kHz output from FrSync
to be either pulsed or 50:50 duty cycle. Output 03
must be enabled to use “pulsed output” mode on
the FrSync output, and then the pulse width on the
FrSync output will be equal to the period of the
output programmed on O3.
0
1
8 kHz FrSync output not pulsed.
8 kHz FrSync output pulsed.
1
2k_invert
Register bit to invert the 2 kHz output from
MFrSync.
0
1
2 kHz MFrSync output not inverted.
2 kHz MFrSync output inverted.
0
2k_pulse
Register bit to enable the 2 kHz output from
MFrSync to be either pulsed or 50:50 duty cycle.
Output 03 must be enabled to use “pulsed output”
mode on the MFrSync output, and then the pulse
width on the MFrSync output will be equal to the
period of the output programmed on O3.
0
1
2 kHz MFrSync output not pulsed.
2 kHz MFrSync output pulsed.
[6:4]
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 105
2/8 kHz on O1 to O4 generated from the T0 DPLL.
2/8 kHz on O1 to O4 generated from the T4 DPLL.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 7B
Register Name
cnfg_sync_phase
Bit 7
Bit 6
indep_FrSync/
MFrSync
Sync_OC-N_
rates
Bit No.
7
6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to configure the
behavior of the synchronization
for the external frame reference.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
0000 0000
Bit 0
Sync_phase
Description
Bit Value
indep_FrSync/MFrSync
This allows the option of either maintaining
alignment of FrSync and other clock outputs during
synchronization from the SYNC2K input, or whether
to not maintain alignment to all clocks and so not
disturb any of the output clocks
0
Sync_OC-N_rates
This allows the SYNC2K input to synchronize the
OC-3 derived clocks in order to maintain alignment
between the FrSync output and output clocks and
allow a finer sampling precision of the SYNC2K
input of either 19.44 MHz or 38.88 MHz.
0
[5:2]
Not used.
[1:0]
Sync_phase
Register to control the sampling of the external Sync
input. Nominally the falling edge of the input is
aligned with the falling edge of the reference clock.
The margin is ±0.5 U.I. (Unit Interval).
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Default Value
1
1
Value Description
MFrSync & FrSync outputs are always aligned with
other output clocks.
MFrSync & FrSync outputs are independent of other
output clocks.
The OC-N rate clocks are not affected by the
SYNC2K input. The SYNC2K input is sampled with a
6.48 MHz precision. 6.48MHz should be provided
as the input reference clock.
Allows the SYNC2K to operate with a 19.44 MHz or
38.88 MHz input clock reference. Input sampling
and output alignment to 19.44 MHz is used when
the current clock input is 19.44 MHz, otherwise
38.88 MHz sampling precision is used.
-
Page 106
00
01
10
11
On target.
0.5 U.I. early
1 U.I. late
0.5 U.I. late.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 7C
Register Name
cnfg_sync_monitor
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Register to control the
phase offset automatic ramping
feature.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
0010 1011
Bit 0
ph_offset_ramp
Bit No.
7
[6:0]
Description
Bit Value
ph_offset_ramp
Register bit to force an internal phase offset
calibration, see Reg. 71, Cnfg_Phase_Offset.
The calibration routine is transparent to the User
and puts the device in holdover while it internally
ramps the phase offset to zero, resets all internal
output and feedback dividers and then ramps the
phase offset to the current programmed value from
Reg. 70 or 71., holdover is then turned off.
Throughout this procedure, no change in output
phase offset is visible.
0
Not used.
-
1
Value Description
Phase offset automatically ramped from the old
value to the new value when there is a change in
Reg. 70 or 71.
Start phase offset internal calibration routine. This
bit is reset to 0 when this is complete.
-
Address (hex): 7D
Register Name
Bit 7
cnfg_interrupt
Bit 6
Description
Bit 5
(R/W) Register to configure
interrupt output.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
GPO_en
Bit No.
[7:3]
Description
Bit Value
Default Value
0000 0010
Bit 1
Bit 0
tristate_en
int_polarity
Value Description
Not used.
-
2
GPO_en
(Interrupt General Purpose Output). If the interrupt
output pin is not required, then setting this bit will
allow the pin to be used as a general purpose
output. The pin will be driven to the state of the
polarity control bit, int_polarity.
0
1
Interrupt output pin used for interrupts.
Interrupt output pin used for GPO purpose.
1
tristate_en
The interrupt can be configured to be either
connected directly to a processor, or wired together
with other sources.
0
1
Interrupt pin always driven when inactive.
Interrupt pin only driven when active, highimpedance when inactive.
0
int_polarity
The interrupt pin can be configured to be active
High or Low.
0
Active Low - pin driven Low to indicate active
interrupt.
Active High - pin driven High to indicate active
interrupt.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
1
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Address (hex): 7E
Register Name
cnfg_protection
Bit 7
Bit 6
FINAL
Description
Bit 5
DATASHEET
(R/W) Protection register to
protect against erroneous
software writes.
Bit 4
Bit 3
Default Value
Bit 2
Bit 1
1000 0101
Bit 0
protection_value
Bit No.
[7:0]
Description
Bit Value
protection_value
This register can be used to ensure that the
software writes a specific value to this register,
before being able to modify any other register in the
device. Three modes of protection are offered,
(i) protected
(ii) fully unprotected
(iii) single unprotected.
When protected, no other register in the device can
be written to. When fully unprotected, any writeable
register in the device can be written to. When single
unprotected, only one register can be written before
the device automatically re-protects itself.
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Value Description
0000 0000 –
1000 0100
Protected mode.
1000 0101
Fully unprotected.
1000 0110
Single unprotected.
1000 0111 –
1111 1111
Protected mode.
Page 108
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Electrical Specifications
FINAL
DATASHEET
JTAG
Over-voltage Protection
The JTAG connections on the ACS8522BT allow a full
boundary scan to be made. The JTAG implementation is
fully compliant to IEEE 1149.1, with the following minor
exceptions, and the user should refer to the standard for
further information.
The ACS8522BT may require Over-Voltage Protection on
input reference clock ports according to ITU
recommendation K.41. Semtech protection devices are
recommended for this purpose (see separate Semtech
data book).
1. The output boundary scan cells do not capture data
from the core, and so do not support INTEST. However
this does not affect board testing.
ESD Protection
2. In common with some other manufacturers, pin TRST
is internally pulled Low to disable JTAG by default. The
standard is to pull High. The polarity of TRST is as the
standard: TRST High to enable JTAG boundary scan
mode, TRST Low for normal operation.
The JTAG timing diagram is shown in Figure 14.
Suitable precautions should be taken to protect against
electrostatic damage during handling and assembly. This
device incorporates ESD protection structures that
protect the device against ESD damage at ESD input
levels up to at least +/- 1kV using the Human Body Model
(HBD) MIL-STD-883D Method 3015.7, for all pins.
Latchup Protection
This device is protected against latchup for input current
pulses of magnitude up to at least ±100 mA to JEDEC
Standard No. 78 August 1997.
Figure 14 JTAG Timing
tCYC
TCK
tSUR
tHT
TMS
TDI
tDOD
TDO
F8110D_022JTAGTiming_01
Table 22 JTAG Timing (see Figure 14)
Parameter
Symbol
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Cycle Time
tCYC
50
-
-
ns
TMS/TDI to TCK rising edge time
tSUR
3
-
-
ns
TCK rising to TMS/TDI hold time
tHT
23
-
-
ns
tDOD
-
-
5
ns
TCK falling to TDO valid
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Maximum Ratings
FINAL
DATASHEET
Important Note: The absolute maximum ratings (Table 23) are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the
device at conditions other than those indicated in Table 24 and elsewhere are not implied. Exposure to the absolute
maximum ratings for an extended period may reduce the reliability or useful lifetime of the product.
Table 23 Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Symbol
Minimum
Maximum
Units
Supply Voltage VDD1, VDD2, VDD3, VDD4,
VDD5, VDD6, VDD7, VD1+, VD2+,VD3+,
VA1+, VA2+, VA3+, VDD_DIFF
VDD
-0.5
3.7
V
Input Voltage (non-supply pins)
VIN
-
5.5
V
VOUT
-
5.5
V
TA
-40
+85
o
TSTOR
-50
+150
Output Voltage (non-supply pins)
Ambient Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature
C
oC
Operating Conditions
Table 24 Operating Conditions
Parameter
Symbol
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Power Supply (dc voltage) VDD1, VDD2,
VDD3, VDD4, VDD5, VDD6, VDD7, VD1+,
VD2+,VD3+, VA1+, VA2+, VA3+,
VDD_DIFF
VDD
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
VDD5V
3.0
3.3/5.0
5.5
V
Ambient Temperature Range
TA
-40
-
+85
oC
Supply Current (1)
(Typical - one 19 MHz output)
IDD
-
120
212
mA
Supply Current
(Typical - one 25 MHz output)
IDD
-
137
240
mA
Total Power Dissipation
PTOT
-
452
864
mW
Power Supply (DC voltage) VDD5V
1. Measured with Ethernet PLL disabled.
DC Characteristics
Table 25 DC Characteristics: TTL Input Port
Across all operating conditions, unless otherwise stated
Parameter
Symbol
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
VIN High
VIH
2
-
-
V
VIN Low
VIL
-
-
0.8
V
Input Current
IIN
-
-
10

Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
FINAL
DATASHEET
Table 26 DC Characteristics: TTL Input Port with Internal Pull-up
Across all operating conditions, unless otherwise stated
Parameter
Symbol
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
VIN High
VIH
2
-
-
V
VIN Low
VIL
-
-
0.8
V
Pull-up Resistor
PU
25
-
95
k
Input Current
IIN
-
-
120

Table 27 DC Characteristics: TTL Input Port with Internal Pull-down
Across all operating conditions, unless otherwise stated
Parameter
Symbol
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
VIN High
VIH
2
-
-
V
VIN Low
VIL
-
-
0.8
V
Pull-down Resistor (except TCK input)
PD
25
-
95
k
Pull-down Resistor (TCK input only)
PD
12.5
-
47.5
k
Input Current
IIN
-
-
120

Symbol
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
VOUT Low (lOL = 4 mA)
VOL
0
-
0.4
V
VOUT High (lOL = 4 mA)
VOH
2.4
-
-
V
ID
-
-
4
mA
Symbol
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
PECL Output Low Voltage (Note (i))
VOLPECL
VDD-2.10
-
VDD-1.62
V
PECL Output High Voltage (Note (i))
VOHPECL
VDD-1.25
-
VDD-0.88
V
PECL Output Differential Voltage (Note (i))
VODPECL
580
-
900
mV
Table 28 DC Characteristics: TTL Output Port
Across all operating conditions, unless otherwise stated
Parameter
Drive Current
Table 29 DC Characteristics: PECL Output Port
Across all operating conditions, unless otherwise stated
Parameter
Note:
(i) With 50  load on each pin to VDD-2 V, i.e. 82  to GND and 130  to VDD.
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FINAL
DATASHEET
Figure 15 Recommended Line Termination for PECL Output Ports
V DD
130Ω
Z0 = 50Ω
O1POS
Z0 = 50Ω
82Ω
Fully
130Ω Programmable
Output Frequencies
O1NEG
82Ω
GND
VDD = +3.3 V
Z0 = Transmission Line Impedance
F8522D_024PECL_02
Table 30 DC Characteristics: LVDS Output Port
Across all operating conditions, unless otherwise stated
Parameter
Symbol
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
LVDS Output High Voltage
(Note (i))
VOHLVDS
-
-
1.585
V
LVDS Output Low Voltage
(Note (i))
VOLLVDS
0.885
-
-
V
LVDS Differential Output Voltage
VODLVDS
250
-
450
mV
LVDS Change in Magnitude of Differential
Output Voltage for complementary States
(Note (i))
VDOSLVDS
-
-
25
mV
LVDS Output Offset Voltage
Temperature = 25oC (Note (i))
VOSLVDS
1.125
-
1.275
V
Note:
(i) With 100 load between the differential outputs.
Figure 16 Recommended Line Termination for LVDS Output Port
O1POS
O1NEG
Z0 = 50
Z0 = 50
100
Z0 = Transmission Line Impedance
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 112
Fully
Programmable
Output Frequencies
F8522D_025LVDS_02
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Jitter Performance
FINAL
DATASHEET
Output jitter generation measured over 60 second interval, UI pk-pk max measured using C-MAC E2747 12.800 MHz
TCXO on ICT Flexacom tester.
Table 31 Output Jitter Generation
Test Definition
Specification
G813 for 155 MHz o/p option 1
Conditions
Filter
Bandwidth
65 kHz - 1.3 MHz
4 Hz
I/P Freq
19 MHz
Lock Mode
Direct lock
Jitter Spec
ACS8522BT
Jitter
UI
UI (TYP)
0.1 pk-pk
8k lock
0.067 pk-pk
0.065 pk-pk
G813 & G812 for 2.048 MHz option 1
20 Hz - 100 kHz
4 Hz
2.048 MHz 8k lock
G813 for 155 MHz o/p option 2
12 kHz - 1.3 MHz
18 Hz
19 MHz
Direct lock/ 0.1 pk-pk
8k lock
0.072 pk-pk
12 kHz - 1.3 MHz
8 Hz
19 MHz
Direct lock/ 0.1 pk-pk
8k lock
0.072 pk-pk
12 kHz - 1.3 MHz
4 Hz
19 MHz
Direct lock/ 0.1 pk-pk
8k lock
0.078 pk-pk
12 kHz - 1.3 MHz
2.5 Hz
19 MHz
Direct lock/ 0.1 pk-pk
8k lock
0.078 pk-pk
12 kHz - 1.3 MHz
1.2 Hz
19 MHz
Direct lock/ 0.1 pk-pk
8k lock
0.078 pk-pk
12 kHz - 1.3 MHz
0.6 Hz
19 MHz
Direct lock/ 0.1 pk-pk
8k lock
0.076 pk-pk
G812 for 1.544 MHz o/p
10 Hz - 40 kHz
4 Hz
1.544 MHz 8k lock
0.05 pk-pk
0.006 pk-pk
G812 for 155 MHz electrical
500 Hz - 1.3 MHz
4 Hz
19 MHz
8k lock
0.5 pk-pk
0.118 pk-pk
G812 for 155 MHz electrical
65 kHz - 1.3 MHz
4 Hz
19 MHz
8k lock
0.075 pk-pk
0.065 pk-pk
ETS-300-462-3 for 2.048 MHz SEC o/p
20 Hz - 100 kHz
4 Hz
2.048 MHz 8k lock
0.5 pk-pk
0.012 pk-pk
ETS-300-462-3 for 2.048 MHz SEC o/p
49 Hz - 100 kHz
4 Hz
2.048 MHz 8k lock
0.2 pk-pk
0.012 pk-pk
ETS-300-462-3 for 2.048 MHz SSU o/p
20 Hz - 100 kHz
4 Hz
2.048 MHz 8k lock
0.05 pk-pk
0.012 pk-pk
ETS-300-462-5 for 155 MHz o/p
500 Hz - 1.3 MHz
4 Hz
19 MHz
8k lock
0.5 pk-pk
0.118 pk-pk
ETS-300-462-5 for 155 MHz o/p
65 kHz - 1.3 MHz
4 Hz
19 MHz
8k lock
0.1 pk-pk
0.067 pk-pk
GR-253-CORE net i/f, 51.84 MHz o/p
100 Hz - 0.4 MHz
4 Hz
19 MHz
8k lock
1.5 pk-pk
0.027 pk-pk
GR-253-CORE net i/f, 51.84 MHz o/p
20 kHz to 0.4 MHz 4 Hz
19 MHz
8k lock
0.15 pk-pk
0.017 pk-pk
GR-253-CORE net i/f, 155 MHz o/p
500 Hz - 1.3 MHz
4 Hz
19 MHz
8k lock
1.5 pk-pk
0.118 pk-pk
GR-253-CORE net i/f, 155 MHz o/p
65 kHz - 1.3 MHz
4 Hz
19 MHz
8k lock
0.15 pk-pk
0.067 pk-pk
GR-253-CORE cat II elect i/f, 155 MHz
12 kHz - 1.3 MHz
4 Hz
19 MHz
8k lock
0.1 pk-pk
0.076 pk-pk
0.01 rms
0.006 rms
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Page 113
0.05 pk-pk
0.012 pk-pk
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FINAL
DATASHEET
Table 31 Output Jitter Generation
Test Definition
Specification
GR-253-CORE cat II elect i/f, 51.84 MHz
GR-253-CORE DS1 i/f, 1.544 MHz
Conditions
Filter
Bandwidth
12 kHz - 400 kHz
10 Hz - 40 kHz
4 Hz
4 Hz
I/P Freq
19 MHz
Jitter Spec
ACS8522BT
Jitter
UI
UI (TYP)
Lock Mode
8k lock
1.544 MHz 8k lock
0.1 pk-pk
0.018 pk-pk
0.01 rms
0.003 rms
0.1 pk-pk
0.001 pk-pk
0.01 rms
<0.001 rms
AT&T 62411 for 1.544 MHz
10 Hz - 8 kHz
4 Hz
1.544 MHz 8k lock
0.02 rms
<0.001 rms
AT&T 62411 for 1.544 MHz
8 Hz - 40 kHz
4 Hz
1.544 MHz 8k lock
0.025 rms
<0.001 rms
AT&T 62411 for 1.544 MHz
10 Hz - 40 kHz
4 Hz
1.544 MHz 8k lock
0.025 rms
<0.001 rms
AT&T 62411 for 1.544 MHz
Broadband
4 Hz
1.544 MHz 8k lock
0.05 rms
<0.001 rms
G-742 for 2.048 MHz
DC - 100 kHz
4 Hz
2.048 MHz 8k lock
0.25 rms
0.012 rms
G-742 for 2.048MHz
18 kHz - 100 kHz
4 Hz
2.048 MHz 8k lock
0.05 pk-pk
0.012 pk-pk
G-736 for 2.048MHz
20 Hz - 100 kHz
4 Hz
2.048 MHz 8k lock
0.05 pk-pk
0.012 pk-pk
GR-499-CORE & G824 for 1.544 MHz
10 Hz - 40kHz
4 Hz
1.544 MHz 8k lock
5.0 pk-pk
0.006 pk-pk
GR-499-CORE & G824 for 1.544 MHz
8 kHz - 40kHz
4 Hz
1.544 MHz 8k lock
0.1 pk-pk
0.006 pk-pk
GR-1244-CORE for 1.544 MHz
> 10 Hz
4 Hz
1.544 MHz 8k lock
0.05 pk-pk
0.006 pk-pk
25 MHz
12KHz to 1.3MHz
8KHz
19MHz
Direct
See[20]
0.021 p-p
[20]
50 MHz
12KHz to 1.3MHz
8KHz
19MHz
Direct
See
0.025 p-p
62.5 MHz
12KHz to 1.3MHz
8KHz
19MHz
Direct
See[20]
0.035 p-p
125 MHz
12KHz to 1.3MHz
8KHz
19MHz
Direct
See[20]
0.066 p-p
Note...This table is only for comparing the ACS8522BT output jitter performance against values and quoted in various specifications for given
conditions. It should not be used to infer compliance to any other aspects of these specifications.
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Input/Output Timing
FINAL
DATASHEET
Figure 17 Input/Output Timing with Phase Build-out Off
Input/Output
Delay
8 kHz input
Output
Min/Max Phase Alignment
(FrSync Alignment switched on)
MFrSync (2 kHz)
+8.2 ± 1.5 ns
8 kHz output
FrSync (8 kHz)
-1.2 ± 0.5 ns
6.48 MHz input
+4.7 ± 1.5 ns
8 kHz
6.48 MHz output
19.44 MHz input
-0.4 ± 0.5 ns
2 kHz
-0.0 ± 0.5 ns
DS1 (1.544 MHz)
-1.2 ± 1.25 ns
E1 (2.048 MHz)
-1.2 ± 1.25 ns
DS3 (44.736 MHz)
-3.75 ± 1.25 ns
E3 (34.368 MHz)
-3.75 ± 1.25 ns
6.48 MHz
-3.75 ± 1.25 ns
19.44 MHz
-3.75 ± 1.25 ns
25.92 MHz
-3.75 ± 1.25 ns
38.88 MHz
-3.75 ± 1.25 ns
51.84 MHz
-3.75 ± 1.25 ns
77.76 MHz
-3.75 ± 1.25 ns
155.52 MHz
-3.75 ± 1.25 ns
311.04 MHz
-3.75 ± 1.25 ns
+4.3 ± 1.5 ns
19.44 MHz output
25.92 MHz input
+4.7 ± 1.5 ns
25.92 MHz output
38.88 MHz input
+4.6 ± 1.5 ns
38.88 MHz output
51.84 MHz input
+3.0 ± 1.5 ns
51.84 MHz output
77.76 MHz input
+5.3 ± 1.5 ns
77.76 MHz output
F8523D_021IP_OPTiming_02
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Package Information
FINAL
DATASHEET
Figure 18 LQFP Package
Thermal Conditions
The device is rated for full temperature range when this package is used with a PCB of four layers or more. Copper
coverage must exceed 50%. All pins must be soldered to the PCB. Maximum operating temperature must be reduced
when the device is used with a PCB with less than these requirements.
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ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
FINAL
DATASHEET
Figure 19 Typical 64 Pin LQFP Footprint
Notes: (i) Solderable to this limit.
(ii) Square package - dimensions apply in both X and Y directions.
(iii) Typical example. The user is responsible for ensuring compatibility with PCB manufacturing process, etc.
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Application Information
FINAL
DATASHEET
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Figure 20 Simplified Application Schematic
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Acronyms and Abbreviations
APLL
BITS
DFS
DPLL
DS1
DTO
E1
I/O
LOS
LQFP
LVDS
MTIE
NE
OCXO
PBO
PDH
PECL
PFD
PLL
POR
ppb
ppm
pk-pk
rms
RO
R/W
SDH
SEC
SETS
SONET
SSU
STM
TDEV
TCXO
UI
XO
FINAL
DATASHEET
References and Associated Documents
Analogue Phase Locked Loop
Building Integrated Timing Supply
Digital Frequency Synthesis
Digital Phase Locked Loop
1544 kbit/s interface rate
Discrete Time Oscillator
2048 kbit/s interface rate
Input - Output
Loss Of Signal
Low profile Quad Flat Pack
Low Voltage Differential Signal
Maximum Time Interval Error
Network Element
Oven Controlled Crystal Oscillator
Phase Build-out
Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
Positive Emitter Coupled Logic
Phase and Frequency Detector
Phase Locked Loop
Power-On Reset
parts per billion
parts per million
peak-to-peak
root-mean-square
Read Only
Read/Write
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SDH/SONET Equipment Clock
Synchronous Equipment Timing source
Synchronous Optical Network
Synchronization Supply Unit
Synchronous Transport Module
Time Deviation
Temperature Compensated Crystal
Oscillator
Unit Interval
Crystal Oscillator
[1] ANSI T1.101-1999 (1999)
Synchronization Interface Standard.
[2] AT & T 62411 (12/1990)
ACCUNET® T1.5 Service description and Interface
Specification.
[3] ETSI ETS 300 462-3, (01/1997)
Transmission and Multiplexing (TM); Generic
requirements for synchronization networks; Part 3: The
control of jitter and wander within synchronization
networks.
[4] ETSI ETS 300 462-5 (09/1996)
Transmission and Multiplexing (TM); Generic
requirements for synchronization networks; Part 5: Timing
characteristics of slave clocks suitable for operation in
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) equipment.
[5] IEEE 1149.1 (1990)
Standard Test Access Port and Boundary-Scan
Architecture.
[6] ITU-T G.703 (10/1998)
Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital
interfaces.
[7] ITU-T G.736 (03/1993)
Characteristics of a synchronous digital multiplex
equipment operating at 2048 kbit/s.
[8] ITU-T G.742 (1988)
Second order digital multiplex equipment operating at
8448 kbit/s, and using positive justification.
[9] ITU-T G.783 (10/2000)
Characteristics of synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH)
equipment functional blocks.
[10] ITU-T G.812 (06/1998)
Timing requirements of slave clocks suitable for use as
node clocks in synchronization networks.
[11] ITU-T G.813 (08/1996)
Timing characteristics of SDH equipment slave clocks
(SEC).
[12] ITU-T G.822 (11/1988)
Controlled slip rate objectives on an international digital
connection.
[13] ITU-T G.823 (03/2000)
The control of jitter and wander within digital networks
which are based on the 2048 kbit/s hierarchy.
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FINAL
DATASHEET
Trademark Acknowledgements
[14] ITU-T G.824 (03/2000)
The control of jitter and wander within digital networks
which are based on the 1544 kbit/s hierarchy.
[15] ITU-T G.825 (03/2000)
The control of jitter and wander within digital networks
which are based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
(SDH).
[16] ITU-T K.41 (05/1998)
Resistability of internal interfaces of telecommunication
centres to surge overvoltages.
[17] Telcordia GR-253-CORE, Issue 3 (09/ 2000)
Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) Transport
Systems: Common Generic Criteria.
Semtech and the Semtech S logo are registered
trademarks of Semtech Corporation.
ACCUNET® is a registered trademark of AT & T.
C-MAC is a registered trademark of C-MAC
MicroTechnology - a division of Solectron Corporation.
ICT Flexacom is a registered trademark of ICT Electronics.
Motorola is a registered trademark of Motorola, Inc.
Telcordia is a registered trademark of Telcordia
Technologies.
[18] Telcordia GR-499-CORE, Issue 2 (12/1998)
Transport Systems Generic Requirements (TSGR)
Common requirements.
[19] Telcordia GR-1244-CORE, Issue 2 (12/2000)
Clocks for the Synchronized Network: Common Generic
Criteria.
[20] ITU-T G.8262 (Draft) Timing Characteristics of
Synchronous Ethernet Equipment Slave Clock (EEC).
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Revision Status/History
FINAL
The revision status of the datasheet, as shown in the
center of the datasheet header bar, may be DRAFT,
PRELIMINARY or FINAL, and refers to the status of the
Device (not the datasheet) within the design cycle. DRAFT
status is used when the design is being realized but is not
yet physically available, and the datasheet content
reflects the intention of the design.
The datasheet is raised to PRELIMINARY status when
initial prototype devices are physically available, and the
datasheet content more accurately represents the
realization of the design.
DATASHEET
The datasheet is only raised to FINAL status after the
device has been fully characterized, and the datasheet
content updated with measured, rather than simulated
parameter values.
This is a FINAL release (Revision 1.00) of the ACS8522BT
datasheet. Changes made for this document revision are
given in Table 32, together with a summary of previous
revisions. For specific changes between earlier revisions,
refer (where available) to those earlier revisions. Always
use the current version of the datasheet.
Table 32 Revision History
Revision
1.00/April 2010
Reference
All pages
Revision 1.00/April 2010© Semtech Corp.
Description of Changes
First release of PRELIMINARY datasheet.
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ACS8522BT eSETS
ADVANCED COMMS & SENSING
Ordering Information
FINAL
DATASHEET
Table 33 Parts List
Part Number
ACS8522BT
Description
eSETS Synchronous Equipment Timing Source for Stratum 3/4E/4, SMC and Ethernet Systems.
Lead (Pb)-free, Halogen free, RoHS and WEEE compliant.
Disclaimers
Life support - This product is not designed or intended for use in life support equipment, devices or systems, or other critical
applications, and is not authorized or warranted for such use.
Right to change - Changes may be made to this product without notice. Customers are advised to obtain the latest version of the
relevant information before placing orders.
Compliance to relevant standards - Operation of this device is subject to the user’s implementation and design practices. It is the
responsibility of the user to ensure equipment using this device is compliant to any relevant standards.
Contact Information
Semtech Corporation Advanced Communications & Sensing Products
E-mail: [email protected]
[email protected]
Internet: http://www.semtech.com
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Tel: +886 2 2748 3380 Fax: +886 2 2748 3390
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Tel: +44 (0)1794 527 600 Fax: +44 (0)1794 527 601
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