dm00144612

AN4616
Application note
Migrating from STM32F401/411 lines to STM32L4 Series
microcontrollers
Introduction
For designers of STM32 microcontroller applications, it is important to be able to easily
replace one microcontroller type by another one in the same product family. Migrating an
application to a different microcontroller is often needed when product requirements grow by
putting extra demands on memory size or increasing the number of I/Os. On the other hand,
cost reduction objectives are also be an argument to switch to smaller components and
shrink the PCB area.
This application note is written to help analyzing the steps required to migrate an existing
design from STM32F401/411 lines to STM32L4 Series. It groups together the most
important information and lists the vital aspects that need to be addressed.
This document lists the “full set” of features available for the STM32F401/411 lines and the
equivalent features on STM32L4 Series (some products may have less features depending
on their part number).
In order to migrate an application to STM32L4 Series, these three aspects need to be
considered: the hardware migration, the peripheral migration and the firmware migration.
To fully benefit from the information in this application note, the user should be familiar with
the STM32 microcontrollers documentation available on www.st.com, with a particular focus
on:
•
–
RM0368 (STM32F401xB/C and STM32F401xD/E)
–
RM0383 (STM32F411xC/E)
•
STM32F401/411 lines datasheets.
•
STM32L4 Series family reference manual:
•
March 2016
STM32F401/411 lines reference manuals:
–
RM0351 (STM32L4x6)
–
RM0394 (STM32L4x3)
–
RM0393 (STM32L4x2)
STM32L4 Series datasheets.
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www.st.com
1
Contents
AN4616
Contents
1
STM32L4 Series overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2
Hardware migration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3
Boot mode selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4
Peripheral migration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5
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4.1
STM32 product cross-compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
4.2
Memory mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.3
DMA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4.4
Interrupts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
4.5
RCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
4.5.1
Performance versus VCORE ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
4.5.2
Peripheral access configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
4.5.3
Peripheral clock configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
4.6
PWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
4.7
RTC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
4.8
SYSCFG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
4.9
GPIO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
4.10
EXTI source selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
4.11
FLASH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
4.12
U(S)ART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
4.13
I2C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
4.14
SPI/I2S/SAI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
4.15
CRC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
4.16
USB OTG FS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
4.17
ADC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
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List of tables
List of tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Table 7.
Table 8.
Table 9.
Table 10.
Table 11.
Table 12.
Table 13.
Table 14.
Table 15.
Table 16.
Table 17.
Table 18.
Table 19.
Table 20.
Table 21.
Table 22.
Table 23.
Table 24.
Table 25.
Table 26.
Table 27.
Table 28.
Table 29.
Table 30.
Product category overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Packages available on STM32L4xx series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series pinout differences (QFP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Boot modes for STM32L4 Cat. 2 devices and STM32F401/411 lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Boot modes for STM32L4 Cat. 4 devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Bootloader interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
STM32 peripheral compatibility analysis STM32F401/411 lines
versus STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Peripheral address mapping differences between STM32F401/411 lines
and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
DMA differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
DMA request differences migrating
STM32F401/411 lines to STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Interrupt vector differences between STM32F401/411 lines
and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
RCC differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
STM32L4 Series Performance versus VCORE ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Number of wait states according to CPU clock (HCLK) frequency
(STM32F401xB/C and STM32F401xD/E) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Number of wait states according to CPU clock (HCLK) frequency
(STM32F411xC/E) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
RCC registers used for peripheral access configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
PWR differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
RTC differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
SYSCFG differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . 36
EXTI differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
FLASH differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
U(S)ART differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . 40
I2C differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
SPI differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Migrating from I2S to SAI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
CRC differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
USB OTG FS differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . 48
USB FS on STM32L4 Cat. 4 series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
ADC differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Document revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
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List of figures
AN4616
List of figures
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
4/52
LQFP100 compatible board design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
LQFP64 compatible board design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
BGA100 compatible board design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
LQFPN48 compatible board design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
STM32L4 Series generation of clock for SAI master mode (when MCLK is required) . . . . 46
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1
STM32L4 Series overview
STM32L4 Series overview
The STM32L4 Series forms a perfect fit in terms of ultra-low-power, performance, memory
size and peripherals at a cost effective price.
In particular, the STM32L4 Series allows high frequency/performance operation, including a
ARM® Cortex®-M4 @80 MHz and optimized Flash memory access through the adaptive
real-time memory accelerator (ART Accelerator™).
The STM32L4 Series increases low-power efficiency in dynamic mode (μA/MHz) still
reaching very low level of static power consumption on various available low-power modes.
The STM32L4 Series products are divided in categories as per Table 1. This is done in
order to easily refer to each group of products in the rest of the document.
Table 1. Product category overview
Type
Part number
Category 2(1)
Category
4(2)
STM32L476xx, STM32L486xx
STM32L433xx, STM32L443xx, STM32L432xx, STM32L442xx
1. Category 2 devices are referred as “Cat. 2” devices within this document.
2. Category 4 devices are referred as “Cat. 4” devices within this document.
The detailed list of available features and packages for each product can be found in the
respective datasheet. The STM32L4 Series includes a larger set of peripherals with
advanced features compared to the STM32F401/F411 lines.
•
Advanced encryption hardware accelerator (AES)
•
Touch sensing controller (TSC)
•
Controller area network (bxCAN)
•
Single wire protocol interface (SWPMI)
•
Serial audio interface (SAI)
•
Low-power UART (LPUART)
•
Infrared interface (IRTIM)
•
Low-power timer (LPTIM)
•
Liquid crystal display controller (LCD)
•
Digital filter for sigma delta modulators (DFSDM)
•
Operational amplifiers (OPAMP)
•
Voltage reference buffer (VREFBUF)
•
Digital to analog converter with low power Sample and Hold feature (DAC)
•
Quad-SPI interface (QUADSPI)
•
Flexible memory controller (FMC)
•
Firewall (FW)
•
Clock recovery system (CRS) for USB (for Cat. 4 devices)
•
Additional SRAM2 (32 Kbyte for Cat. 2 devices, 16 KB for Cat. 4 devices) with data
preservation in Standby mode
•
Dual bank boot and 8-bit ECC on Flash memory
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STM32L4 Series overview
AN4616
It also provides optimized power consumption and enriched set of low-power mode.
Cat. 4 devices implement a reduce set of features compared to Cat. 2 devices:
•
no FMC (external memory controller for static memory)
•
SRAM1 limited to 48KB instead of 96KB on Cat. 2 devices
•
no Digital filter for sigma delta modulators (DFSDM)
•
USB FS instead of OTG FS
This migration guide is only covering migration from STM32F401/411 to STM32L4 and as a
consequence new features present on STM32L4 Series but not already present on
STM32F401/411 are not covered in this document (please refer to the STM32L4 reference
manuals and datasheets for an exhaustive picture).
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2
Hardware migration
Hardware migration
WLCSP packages in STM32F401/411 lines are not equivalent to WLCSP packages in
STM32L4 Series (different die sizes for both products).The list of available packages in the
STM32L4 Series is listed in below Table 2
Table 2. Packages available on STM32L4xx series
STM32L4xx
Size (mm x mm)
Applicable lines
Cat. 2
Cat. 4
UFQFPN32
-
x
(5x5)
STM32L432xx, STM32L442xx
LQFP48
-
x
(7x7)
STM32L433xx, STM32L443xx
UFQFPN48
-
x
(7x7)
STM32L433xx, STM32L443xx
WLCSP49
-
x
(3.141 x 3.127)
STM32L433xx, STM32L443xx
WLCSP64
-
x
(3.141 x 3.127)
STM32L433xx, STM32L443xx
LQFP64
x
x
(10x10)
STM32L433xx, STM32L443xx
STM32L476xx, STM32L486xx
UFBGA64
-
x
(5x5)
STM32L433xx, STM32L443xx
WLCSP72
x
-
(4.4084 x 3.7594)
STM32L476xx, STM32L486xx
WLCSP81
x
-
(4.4084 x 3.7594)
STM32L476xx
LQFP100
x
x
(14x14)
STM32L433xx, STM32L443xx
STM32L476xx, STM32L486xx
UFBGA100
x
x
(7x7)
STM32L433xx, STM32L443xx
UFBGA132
x
-
(7x7)
STM32L476xx, STM32L486xx
LQFP144
x
-
(20x20)
STM32L476xx, STM32L486xx
Table 3 below shows the difference in pinout for packages available in both families, other
packages in STM32F401/411 lines are not available in STM32L4 Series.
The ultra-low-power STM32L4 Series and the STM32F401/411 lines share high level of pin
compatibility. Most peripherals share the same pins in the two families.
The transition from the STM32F401/411 lines to the STM32L4 Series is simple since only a
few pins are impacted, see Table 3 below:
Table 3. STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series pinout differences (QFP)
STM32F401/411 lines
QFP
64
QFP QFPN BGA
100
48
100(1)
STM32L4 Series
Pinout
QFP
64
QFP
100
QFPN BGA
48(2) 100(2)
Pinout
-
19
-
-
VDD
-
19
-
-
VSSA
30
48
22
L11
VCAP1
30
48
22
L11
PB11
-
73
-
C11
VCAP2
-
73
-
C11
VDDUSB
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Hardware migration
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Table 3. STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series pinout differences (QFP)
STM32F401/411 lines
QFP
64
QFP QFPN BGA
100
48
100(1)
STM32L4 Series
Pinout
QFP
64
QFP
100
QFPN BGA
48(2) 100(2)
Pinout
48
-
36
-
VDD
48
-
36
-
VDDUSB(3)
-
-
-
K9
PB11
-
-
-
K9
PD8
1. Only for STM32F401 devices
2. Only for Cat. 4 devices
3. VDDUSB pin can be connected externally to VDD.
Recommendations to migrate from STM32F401/411 lines board to STM32L4
Series board
The pin VDD (pin 19 on QFP100) is now used as VSSA in STM32L4 Series.
A dedicated VDDUSB supply is used in STM32L4 Series. It should be connected to pin
VDDUSB (pin 48 on QFP64, pin 73 on QFP100, pin 36 on QFPN48 and pin C11 on
BGA100). In STM32F401/411 lines the pin was used for VCAP2 (QFP100, BGA100) (not
needed for STM32L4 Series) or VDD (QFP64, QFPN48).
The pins VCAP1, VCAP2 used in STM32F401/411 lines for regulator stabilization through
external capacitor, are not needed in STM32L4 Series. Those pins are now mapped onto
PB11 and VDDUSB (see Table 3).
The PB11 GPIO is present on BGA100 ball K9 on STM32F401 (it is not available on other
F401/411 packages). The ball K9 is mapped onto PD8 for STM32L4x3 BGA100 devices and
PD8 is not available for F401 BGA100 devices.
The figures below show examples of board designs migrating from STM32F4 lines to
STM32L4 Series.
Figure 1. LQFP100 compatible board design
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Hardware migration
Figure 2. LQFP64 compatible board design
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Figure 4. LQFPN48 compatible board design
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Boot mode selection
3
AN4616
Boot mode selection
Both STM32F401/411 and STM32L4 Series can select boot modes between three options:
boot from main Flash memory, boot from SRAM or boot from system memory.
However, the way to select the boot mode differs between the products.
In the STM32F401/411 lines, the boot mode is selected with two pins BOOT0 and BOOT1.
In the STM32L4 Cat. 2 devices, the boot mode is selected with 1 pin BOOT0 and the
nBOOT1 option bit located in the user option bytes at memory address 0x1FFF7800.
In the STM32L4 Cat. 4 devices, the boot mode is selected with nBOOT1 option bit and pin
BOOT0 or nBOOT0 option bit depending on the value of the nSWBOOT0 option bit in the
FLASH_OPTR register as shown in table below.
Table 4 and Table 5 summarize the different configurations available for selecting the boot
mode
Table 4. Boot modes for STM32L4 Cat. 2 devices and STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series / STM32F401/411 lines
boot mode selection
Boot mode
Aliasing
0
Main Flash memory
Main Flash memory is
selected as boot space
0
1
System memory
System memory is
selected as boot space
1
1
Embedded SRAM1
Embedded SRAM1 is
selected as boot space
BOOT1(1)
BOOT0
x
1. The BOOT1 value is the opposite of the nBOOT1 option bit for STM32L4 Cat. 2 devices.
Table 5. Boot modes for STM32L4 Cat. 4 devices
nBOOT1
nBOOT0
FLASH_OPTR FLASH_OPTR
[23]
[27]
x
x
x
10/52
x
x
1
BOOT0 pin
PH3
nSWBOOT0
FLASH_OPTR
[26]
0
0
x
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1
1
0
Main Flash
empty(1)
Boot Memory
Space Alias
0
Main Flash
memory is
selected as
boot area
1
System
memory is
selected as
boot area
x
Main Flash
memory is
selected as
boot area
AN4616
Boot mode selection
Table 5. Boot modes for STM32L4 Cat. 4 devices (continued)
nBOOT1
nBOOT0
FLASH_OPTR FLASH_OPTR
[23]
[27]
0
0
1
1
BOOT0 pin
PH3
x
nSWBOOT0
FLASH_OPTR
[26]
1
0
x
x
1
0
x
1
0
1
0
Main Flash
empty(1)
Boot Memory
Space Alias
x
Embedded
SRAM1 is
selected as
boot area
x
Embedded
SRAM1 is
selected as
boot area
x
System
memory is
selected as
boot area
x
System
memory is
selected as
boot area
1. A Flash empty check mechanism is implemented to force the boot from system Flash if the first Flash
memory location is not programmed (0xFFFF FFFF) and if the boot selection was configured to boot from
the main Flash.
Embedded boot loader
The embedded boot loader is located in the system memory, programmed by ST during
production. It is used to reprogram the Flash memory using one of the following serial
interfaces (for more details please refer to AN2606):
Table 6. Bootloader interfaces
Peripheral
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
USB_DM (PA11)
USB_DP (PA12)
X
X
USART1_TX (PA9)
USART1_RX (PA10)
X
X
USART2_TX (PD5)
USART2_RX (PD6)
X
-
USART2_TX (PA2)
USART2_RX (PA3)
-
X
USART3
USART3_TX (PB10)
USART3_RX (PB11)
X
-
USART3
USART3_TX (PC10)
USART3_RX (PC11)
X
X
I2C1_SCL (PB6)
I2C1_SDA (PB7)
X
X
DFU
USART1
USART2
I2C1
Pin
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Boot mode selection
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Table 6. Bootloader interfaces (continued)
Peripheral
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
I2C2_SCL (PB10)
I2C2_SDA (PB11)
X
X
I2C3_SCL (PA8)
I2C3_SDA (PB4)
X
-
I2C3_SCL (PC0)
I2C3_SDA (PC1)
-
X
SPI1
SPI1_NSS (PA4)
SPI1_SCK (PA5)
SPI1_MISO (PA6)
SPI1_MOSI (PA7)
X
X
SPI2
SPI2_NSS (PB12)
SPI2_SCK (PB13)
SPI2_MISO (PB14)
SPI2_MOSI (PB15)
X
X
SPI3
SPI3_NSS (PA15)
SPI3_SCK (PC10)
SPI3_MISO (PC11)
SPI3_MOSI (PC12)
X
X
CAN1
CAN1_RX (PB8)
CAN1_TX (PB9)
-
X
I2C2
I2C3
Pin
Please refer to AN2606 for more details on the bootloader.
For smaller packages please verify pin and peripheral availability.
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Peripheral migration
4
Peripheral migration
4.1
STM32 product cross-compatibility
The STM32 series embeds a set of peripherals which can be classified in three categories:
•
The first category is for the peripherals that are common to all products. Those
peripherals are identical on all products, so they have the same structure, registers and
control bits. There is no need to perform any firmware change to keep the same
functionality at the application level after migration. All the features and behavior
remain the same.
•
The second category is for the peripherals that present minor differences from one
product to another (usually differences due to the support of new features). Migrating
from one product to another is very easy and does not require any significant new
development effort.
•
The third category is for peripherals which have been considerably modified from one
product to another (new architecture, new features...). For this category of peripherals,
migration will require new development at application level.
Table 7 gives a general overview of this classification.
The “software compatibility” mentioned in the table below only refers to the register
description for “low level” drivers.
The STMCube™ hardware abstraction layer (HAL) between STM32F401/411 lines and
STM32L4 Series is compatible.
Table 7. STM32 peripheral compatibility analysis STM32F401/411 lines
versus STM32L4 Series
Nb
inst.
in
F401/
F411
Nb
inst.
in L4
SPI
I2S (full
duplex)
4/5
3
2
0
WWDG
1
IWDG
Peripheral
Cat.
2/4
Compatibility
(migrating from STM32F401/411 lines to STM32L4 Series)
Pinout
Comments
Partial compatibility
Partial compatibility
I2S is no more supported by SPI but
replaced by dedicated Serial Audio
Interface (SAI) in STM32L4 Series.
Some alternate function not mapped
on same GPIO for SPI2/SPI3.
1
Full Compatibility
NA
-
1
1
Full Compatibility
NA
-
DBGMCU
1
1
Full Compatibility
NA
-
CRC
1
1
Partial compatibility
NA
Additional features in STM32L4
Series.
EXTI
1
1
Partial compatibility
Full compatibility
Only PH2 GPIO not available as
EXTI input in STM32L4 Series.
USB OTG FS
1
1/0
Software
Partial compatibility
Partial compatibility
DocID027151 Rev 3
More endpoints in L4.
A few register control are different.
VDDUSB merged with VDD in
STM32F401/411 lines.
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Table 7. STM32 peripheral compatibility analysis STM32F401/411 lines
versus STM32L4 Series (continued)
Nb
inst.
in
F401/
F411
Nb
inst.
in L4
Cat.
2/4
Software
Pinout
USB FS
0
0/1
NA
NA
Only USB device FS on
STM32L4 Cat. 4 devices
DMA
2
2
No compatibility
NA
Different features and DMA
mapping requests differ (see
Section 4.3: DMA).
TIM
8
Peripheral
Basic
General P.
Advanced
Low-power
Compatibility
(migrating from STM32F401/411 lines to STM32L4 Series)
13
0
7
1
0
2
7/3
2/1
2
Comments
Full Compatibility
Partial compatibility
Some pins not mapped on same
GPIO.
Timer instance name may differ.
Internal connections may differ.
SDIO/
SDMMC
1
1
Full Compatibility
Full Compatibility
Some pins not mapped on same
GPIO.
PWR
1
1
Partial compatibility
NA
-
RCC
1
1
Partial compatibility
NA
-
USART
UART
LPUART
3
0
3
2/0
1
Partial compatibility
Full Compatibility
Additional features in L4.
Pinout fully compatible for
USART1/2/3.
I2C
3
3
No compatibility
Partial compatibility
Pinout fully compatible for I2C1/2.
I2C3 mapped on different GPIOs.
Additional features in L4.
ADC
1
3/1
No compatibility
Partial compatibility
Additional features in L4.
Some pins mapped on different
GPIOs.
RTC
1
1
Partial compatibility
Full Compatibility
FLASH
1
1
No compatibility
NA
Full compatibility
Full compatibility
At reset, STM32F401/411 lines
configured in input floating mode,
L4 in analog mode.
Partial compatibility
NA
-
GPIO
SYSCFG
Up to
Up to
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82 IOs
IOs
1
1
Color key:
= No compatibility (new feature or new architecture)
= Partial compatibility (minor changes)
= Full Compatibility (from STM32F401/411 lines to L4)
= not applicable
14/52
DocID027151 Rev 3
Additional features in L4.
New peripheral.
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4.2
Peripheral migration
Memory mapping
The peripheral address mapping has been changed in the STM32L4 Series versus the
STM32F401/411 lines.
The table below provides the peripheral address mapping correspondence between
STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series.
Table 8. Peripheral address mapping differences between STM32F401/411 lines
and STM32L4 Series
STM32F4 lines
STM32L4 Series
Peripheral
USB OTG FS
Bus
Base address
Bus
Base address
AHB2
0x50000000
AHB2
0x50000000(1)
DMA2
0x40026400
0x40020400
DMA1
0x40026000
0x40020000
Flash Interface Reg.
0x40023C00
RCC
0x40023800
0x40021000
CRC
0x40023000
0x40023000
0x40021C00
0x48001C00
GPIOE
0x40021000
0x48001000
GPIOD
0x40020C00
GPIOC
0x40020800
GPIOB
0x40020400
0x48000400
GPIOA
0x40020000
0x48000000
SPI5
0x4001 5000
TIM11
0x40014800
TIM10
0x40014400
TIM9
0x40014000
EXTI
0x40013C00
SYSCFG
0x40013800
GPIOH
SPI4
AHB1
APB2
0x40013000
SDIO/SDMMC
0x40012C00
ADC1 - ADC2 - ADC3
0x40012000
USART6
0x40011400
USART1
0x40011000
TIM1
0x40010000
PWR
0x40007000
I2C2
APB1
AHB2
0x40005C00
0x40005800
DocID027151 Rev 3
0x40022000
0x48000C00
0x48000800
NA
APB2
0x40013400
SPI1
I2C3
AHB1
0x40010400
0x40010000
NA
APB2
AHB2
0x40013000
0x40012800
0x50040000
NA
APB2
0x40013800
0x40012C00
0x40007000
APB1
0x40005C00
0x40005800
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Table 8. Peripheral address mapping differences between STM32F401/411 lines
and STM32L4 Series (continued)
STM32F4 lines
STM32L4 Series
Peripheral
Bus
Base address
I2C1
0x40005400
USART2
0x40004400
I2S3ext
0x40004000
SPI3 / I2S3
0x40003C00
SPI2 / I2S2
0x40003800
I2S2ext
0x40003400
IWDG
Bus
APB1
Base address
0x40005400
0x40004400
NA
APB1
0x40003C00
0x40003800
NA
0x40003000
0x40003000
WWDG
0x40002C00
0x40002C00
RTC
(inc. BKP registers)
0x40002800
0x40002800
TIM5
0x40000C00
TIM4
0x40000800
0x40000800(1)
TIM3
0x40000400
0x40000400(1)
TIM2
0x40000000
0x40000000
APB1
APB1
0x40000C00(1)
Peripherals in STM32L4 Series not available in STM32F401/411 lines
QUADSPI
AHB3
FMC
RNG
AHB2
AES
AHB1
GPIOF
TSC
SAI2
0x50060800
0x50060000
0x48001400(1)
0x40024000
0x40016000(1)
NA
0x40015800(1)
SAI1
0x40015400
TIM17
0x40014800(1)
TIM16
16/52
0xA0000000
0x48001800(1)
GPIOG
DFSDM
0xA0001000
APB2
0x40014400
TIM15
0x40014000
TIM8
0x40013400(1)
FIREWALL
0x40011C00
COMP
0x40010200
DocID027151 Rev 3
AN4616
Peripheral migration
Table 8. Peripheral address mapping differences between STM32F401/411 lines
and STM32L4 Series (continued)
STM32F4 lines
STM32L4 Series
Peripheral
Bus
Base address
VREF
Bus
Base address
APB2
0x40010030
LPTIM2
0x40009400
SWPMI1
0x40008800
LPUART1
0x40008000
LPTIM1
0x40007C00
OPAMP
0x40007800
DAC
0x40007400
APB1
CAN1
UART5
0x40006400
0x40005000(1)
NA
UART4
0x40004C00(1)
USART3
0x40004800
LCD
0x40002400
TIM7
0x40001400
TIM6
0x40001000
USB SRAM
APB1
0x40006C00(2)
USB FS
APB1
0x40006800(2)
CRS
APB1
0x40006000(2)
Color key:
= base address or bus change
= not applicable
1. Not Applicable for Cat. 4 devices
2. Only on Cat. 4 devices
The system memory mapping has been updated between STM32F401/411 lines and
STM32L4 Series, please refer to reference manuals or datasheets for more details.
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While in STM32F401/411 lines only one SRAM1 is available, in STM32L4 Series two
SRAMs are implemented (SRAM1, SRAM2) and the SRAM2 (32 Kbyte on Cat. 2 devices,
16 Kbyte on Cat. 4 devices) includes additional features listed below:
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•
Maximum performance through ICode bus access without physical remap
•
Parity check option (32-bit + 4-bit parity check)
•
Write protection with 1 Kbyte granularity
•
Read protection (RDP)
•
Erase by system reset (option byte) or by software
•
Content is preserved in Low-power run, Low-power sleep, Stop 0, Stop 1, Stop 2 mode
•
Content can be preserved (RRS bit set in PWR_CR3 register) in Standby mode (not
the case for SRAM1).
DocID027151 Rev 3
AN4616
4.3
Peripheral migration
DMA
The STM32F401/411 lines implements an “enhanced” DMA compared to STM32L4 Series.
The table below shows main differences.
Table 9. DMA differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
DMA
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
Architecture
Dual AHB master.
– 1 DMA controller for memory accesses Both DMA controllers can access
memory and peripherals.
– 1 DMA controller for peripheral
accesses
Streams
8 streams per controller
8 channels per stream
Data
Management
Four-word depth 32 first-in, first-out
memory buffers (FIFOs) per stream, that
can be used in FIFO mode or direct
mode.
7 channels per controller (“streams” in
STM32F401/411 lines).
8 requests per channel (“channels” in
STM32F401/411 lines).
NA
Color key:
= Feature not available (NA)
= Difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series highlight
The table below presents the correspondence between the peripheral DMA requests in the
STM32F401/411 lines and in the STM32L4 Series.
(1)
Table 10. DMA request differences migrating
STM32F401/411 lines to STM32L4 Series
Peripheral
ADC1
DMA request
ADC1
STM32F401/411 lines
DMA2_Stream0
DMA2_Stream4
DMA1_Channel1
DMA2_Channel3
NA
DMA1_Channel3
DMA2_Channel4
DMA1_Channel4
DMA2_Channel5
DMA2_Stream0
DMA2_Stream2
DMA2_Stream3
DMA2_Stream5
DMA1_Channel2
DMA2_Channel3
DMA1_Channel3
DMA2_Channel4
DMA1_Stream3
DMA1_Stream4
DMA1_Channel4
DMA1_Channel5
DAC1
DAC
DAC2
SPI1_Rx
SPI1
SPI1_Tx
SPI2
SPI2_Rx
SPI2_Tx
STM32L4 Series
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Table 10. DMA request differences migrating
STM32F401/411 lines to STM32L4 Series (continued)
Peripheral
DMA request
SPI3_Rx
SPI3
SPI3_Tx
DMA1_Stream0
DMA1_Stream2
DMA1_Stream5
DMA1_Stream7
STM32L4 Series
DMA2_Channel1
DMA2_Channel2
DMA2_Stream0
DMA2_Stream3
DMA2_Stream1
DMA2_Stream4
NA
SPI5_Rx
SPI5_Tx
DMA2_Stream5(1)
DMA2_Stream6(1)
NA
USART1_Rx
USART1_Tx
DMA2_Stream2
DMA2_Steam5
DMA2_ Stream7
DMA1_Channel5
DMA2_Channel7
DMA1_Channel4
DMA2_Channel6
USART2
USART2_Rx
USART2_Tx
DMA1_Stream5
DMA1_Stream6
DMA1_Channel6
DMA1_Channel7
USART3
USART3_Rx
USART3_Tx
NA
DMA1_Channel3
DMA1_Channel2
NA
UART4
UART4_Rx
UART4_Tx
NA
DMA2_Channel5(2)
DMA2_Channel3(2)
UART5
UART5_Rx
UART5_Tx
NA
DMA2_Channel2(2)
DMA2_Channel1(2)
SPI4_Rx
SPI4
SPI4_Tx
SPI5
USART1
USART6_Rx
USART6
USART6_Tx
I2C1_Rx
I2C1
I2C1_Tx
I2C2_Rx
I2C2
I2C2_Tx
I2C3_Rx
I2C3
I2C3_Tx
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STM32F401/411 lines
DMA2_Stream1
DMA2_Stream2
DMA2_Stream6
DMA2_Stream7
NA
DMA1_Stream0
DMA1_Stream5
DMA1_Stream6
DMA1_Stream7
DMA1_Channel7
DMA2_Channel6
DMA1_Channel6
DMA2_Channel7
DMA1_Stream2
DMA1_Stream3
DMA1_Stream7
DMA1_Channel5
DMA1_Stream1
DMA1_Stream2
DMA1_Stream4
DMA1_Stream5
DocID027151 Rev 3
DMA1_Channel4
DMA1_Channel3
DMA1_Channel2
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Peripheral migration
Table 10. DMA request differences migrating
STM32F401/411 lines to STM32L4 Series (continued)
Peripheral
SDIO
SDMMC
DMA request
SDIO
SDMMC
TIM1_UP
TIM1_TRIG
STM32F401/411 lines
DMA2_Stream3
DMA2_Stream6
NA
NA
STM32L4 Series
NA
NA
DMA2_Channel4
DMA2_Channel5
DMA2_Stream5
DMA2_Stream0
DMA2_Stream4
DMA2_Stream4
TIM1_COM
TIM1_CH1
TIM1
TIM1_CH2
DMA2_Stream1
DMA2_Stream3
DMA2_Stream6
NA
DMA2_Stream2
DMA2_Stream6
TIM1_CH3
DMA2_Stream6
TIM1_CH4
DMA2_Stream4
TIM2_UP
TIM2
TIM2_CH1
TIM2_CH2
TIM2_CH3
TIM2_CH4
DMA1_Stream1
DMA1_Stream7
DMA1_Stream5
DMA1_Stream6
DMA1_Stream1
DMA1_Stream6
DMA1_Stream7
DMA1_Channel2
DMA1_Channel5
DMA1_Channel7
DMA1_Channel1
DMA1_Channel7
TIM3
TIM3_UP
TIM3_TRIG
TIM3_CH1
TIM3_CH2
TIM3_CH3
TIM3_CH4
DMA1_Stream2
DMA1_Stream4
DMA1_Stream4
DMA1_Stream5
DMA1_Stream7
DMA1_Stream2
DMA1_Channel3(2)
DMA1_Channel6(2)
DMA1_Channel6(2)
NA
DMA1_Channel2(2)
DMA1_Channel3(2)
TIM4
TIM4_UP
TIM4_CH1
TIM4_CH2
TIM4_CH3
DMA1_Stream6
DMA1_Stream0
DMA1_Stream3
DMA1_Stream7
DMA1_Channel7(2)
DMA1_Channel1(2)
DMA1_Channel4(2)
DMA1_Channel5(2)
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Table 10. DMA request differences migrating
STM32F401/411 lines to STM32L4 Series (continued)
Peripheral
DMA request
TIM5_UP
TIM5
STM32F401/411 lines
DMA1_Stream0
DMA1_Stream6
DMA1_Stream2
DMA1_Stream4
DMA1_Stream0
DMA1_Stream1
DMA1_Stream3
TIM5_CH1
TIM5_CH2
TIM5_CH3
TIM5_CH4
TIM5_TRIG
DMA1_Stream1
DMA1_Stream3
NA
TIM5_COM
STM32L4 Series
DMA2_Channel2(2)
DMA2_Channel5(2)
DMA2_Channel4(2)
DMA2_Channel2(2)
DMA2_Channel1(2)
DMA2_Channel1(2)
DMA2_Channel1(2)
TIM6
TIM6_UP
NA
DMA1_Channel3
DMA2_Channel4
TIM7
TIM7_UP
NA
DMA1_Channel4
DMA2_Channel5
AES
CRYP_OUT
CRYP_IN
AES_OUT
NA
NA
NA
DMA2_Channel3
DMA2_Channel2
DMA2_Channel5
DMA2_Channel1
DMA1_Stream3
DMA1_Stream4
DMA1_Stream0
DMA1_Stream2
DMA1_Stream5
NA
AES_IN
I2S2_EXT_Rx
I2S2_EXT_Tx
I2S3_EXT_Rx
I2S
I2S3_EXT_Tx
Color key:
= Feature not available (NA)
= Difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series highlight
1. Not applicable for STM32F401 lines.
2.
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Not applicable for cat. 4 devices
DocID027151 Rev 3
AN4616
4.4
Peripheral migration
Interrupts
The table below presents the interrupt vectors in the STM32F401/411 lines versus the
STM32L4 Series.
Table 11. Interrupt vector differences between STM32F401/411 lines
and STM32L4 Series
Position
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
0
WWDG
WWDG
1
PVD
PVD / PVM
2
TAMP_ STAMP
TAMPER / CSS
3
RTC_WKUP
RTC_WKUP
4
FLASH
FLASH
5
RCC
RCC
6
EXTI0
EXTI0
7
EXTI1
EXTI1
8
EXTI2
EXTI2
9
EXTI3
EXTI3
10
EXTI4
EXTI4
11
DMA1_Stream0
DMA1_Channel1
12
DMA1_Stream1
DMA1_Channel2
13
DMA1_Stream2
DMA1_Channel3
14
DMA1_Stream3
DMA1_Channel4
15
DMA1_Stream4
DMA1_Channel5
16
DMA1_Stream5
DMA1_Channel6
17
DMA1_Stream6
DMA1_Channel7
18
ADC
ADC1_2
19
NA
CAN1_TX
20
NA
CAN1_RX0
21
NA
CAN1_RX1
22
NA
CAN1_SCE
23
EXTI9_5
EXTI9_5
24
TIM1_BRK / TIM9
TIM1_BRK / TIM15
25
TIM1_UP / TIM10
TIM1_UP / TIM16
26
TIM1_TRG_COM /
TIM11
TIM1_TRG_COM /
TIM17
27
TIM1_CC
TIM1_CC
28
TIM2
TIM2
29
TIM3
TIM3(1)
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Table 11. Interrupt vector differences between STM32F401/411 lines
and STM32L4 Series (continued)
24/52
Position
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
30
TIM4
TIM4(1)
31
I2C1_EV
I2C1_EV
32
I2C1_ER
I2C1_ER
33
I2C2_EV
I2C2_EV
34
I2C2_ER
I2C2_ER
35
SPI1
SPI1
36
SPI2
SPI2
37
USART1
USART1
38
USART2
USART2
39
NA
USART3
40
EXTI15_10
EXTI15_10
41
RTC_Alarm
RTC_Alarm
42
USB_FS_WKUP
DFSDM(1)
43
NA
TIM8_BRK(1)
44
NA
TIM8_UP(1)
45
NA
TIM8_TRG_COM(1)
46
NA
TIM8_CC(1)
47
DMA1_Stream7
ADC3(1)
48
NA
FMC(1)
49
SDIO
SDMMC
50
TIM5
TIM5(1)
51
SPI3
SPI3
52
NA
UART4(1)
53
NA
UART5(1)
54
NA
TIM6_DACUNDER
55
NA
TIM7
56
DMA2_Stream0
DMA2_Channel1
57
DMA2_Stream1
DMA2_Channel2
58
DMA2_Stream2
DMA2_Channel3
59
DMA2_Stream3
DMA2_Channel4
60
DMA2_Stream4
DMA2_Channel5
61
NA
DFSDM1(1)
62
NA
DFSDM2(1)
63
NA
DFSDM3(1)
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Peripheral migration
Table 11. Interrupt vector differences between STM32F401/411 lines
and STM32L4 Series (continued)
Position
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
64
NA
COMP
65
NA
LPTIM1
66
NA
LPTIM2
67
OTG_FS
OTG_FS (Cat. 2 devices)
USB_FS (Cat. 4 devices)
68
DMA2_Stream5
DMA2_CH6
69
DMA2_Stream6
DMA2_CH7
70
DMA2_Stream7
LPUART1
71
USART6
QUADSPI
72
I2C3_EV
I2C3_EV
73
I2C3_ER
I2C3_ER
74
NA
SAI1
75
NA
SAI2(1)
76
NA
SWPMI1
77
NA
TSC
78
NA
LCD
79
NA
AES
80
NA
RNG
81
FPU
FPU
82
NA
CRS(2)
Color key:
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
= Feature not available (NA)
= Difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series highlight
1. Reserved for cat. 4 devices
2. Cat. 4 devices only
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RCC
The main differences related to the RCC (reset and clock controller), between the STM32L4
Series and the STM32F401/411 lines, are presented in the table below.
Table 12. RCC differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
RCC
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
MSI is a low power oscillator with
programmable frequency up to 48 MHz.
It can replace PPLs as system clock (faster
wakeup, lower consumption).
It can be used as USB device clock (no need for
external high speed crystal oscillator).
MSI
NA
Multi Speed RC factory and user trimmed
(100 kHz, 200 kHz, 400 kHz, 800 kHz, 1 MHz,
2 MHz, 4 MHz (default value), 8 MHz, 16 MHz,
24 MHz, 32 MHz and 48 MHz)
Auto calibration from LSE
HSI
16 MHz RC factory and user trimmed
LSI
32 kHz
32 kHz RC
Lower consumption, higher accuracy (refer to
product datasheet)
HSE
4 - 26 MHz
4 - 48 MHz
32.768 kHz.
Configurable drive/consumption (not in STM32F401 lines).
Available in backup domain (VBAT).
LSE
48 MHz RC (only for Cat. 4 devices)
Can drive USB Full Speed, SDMMC and RNG
NA
HSI48
– Main PLL for system
– 2 PLLs for SAI1/2, ADC, RNG, SDMMC and
OTG FS clock. (for Cat. 2 devices)
– 1 PLL for SAI1, ADC, RNG, SDMMC, USB FS
clock (for Cat. 4 devices)
– Main PLL for system
– 1 PLL (PLLI2S) for I2S
PLL
The PLL sources are HSI, HSE.
Each PLL can provide up to 3 independent
outputs.
The PLL multiplication/division factors are
different from STM32F401/411 lines.
PLL clock sources: MSI, HSI16, HSE.
System clock
source
HSI, HSE or PLL
MSI, HSI16, HSE or PLL
System clock
frequency
Up to 84 MHz (STM32F401 lines), 100 MHz
(STM32F411 lines)
16 MHz after reset using HSI
Up to 80 MHz
4 MHz after reset using MSI
AHB frequency
Up to 84 MHz (STM32F401 lines), 100 MHz
(STM32F411 lines)
Up to 80 MHz
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Peripheral migration
Table 12. RCC differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series (continued)
RCC
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
APB1
frequency
Up to 42 MHz (STM32F401 lines), 50 MHz
(STM32F411 lines)
Up to 80 MHz
APB2
frequency
Up to 84 MHz (STM32F401 lines), 100 MHz
(STM32F411 lines)
Up to 80 MHz
RTC clock
source
LSI, LSE or HSE (1 MHz) using 1/2, 1/3, ¼
clock pre-divider
LSI, LSE or HSE/32
MCO clock
source
– MCO1 pin (PA8): HSI, LSE, HSE, PLLCLK
– MCO2 pin (PC9): HSE, PLLCLK, SYSCLK,
PLLI2S
With configurable prescaler, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 for
each output.
– MCO pin (PA8): SYSCLK, HSI16, HSE,
PLLCLK, MSI, LSE, LSI or HSI48 (for Cat. 4
devices)
With configurable prescaler, 1, 2, 4, 8 or 16 for
each output.
CSS
CSS (Clock Security System) and CSS on LSE
Internal
oscillator
measurement
/ calibration
(mainly replacing TIM5/TIM11 in
STM32F401/411 lines by TIM15/16/17 in
STM32L4 Series)
– LSE connected to TIM15 or TIM16 CH1 IC:
– LSE connected to TIM5 CH4 IC: can
can measure HSI16 or MSI with respect to
measure HSI with respect to LSE clock high
LSE clock high precision
precision
– LSI connected to TIM16 CH1 IC: can
– LSI connected to TIM5 CH4 IC: can measure
measure LSI with respect to HSI16 or HSE
clock precision
LSI with respect to HSI or HSE clock
precision
– HSE/32 connected to TIM17 CH1 IC: can
– HSE connected to TIM11 CH1 IC: can
measure HSE with respect to LSE/HSI16
measure HSE with respect to LSE/HSI clock
clock
– MSI connected to TIM17 CH1 IC: can
measure MSI with respect to HSI16/HSE
clock (on Cat. 4 devices HSE/32 and MSI
connect to TIM16 CH1 IC)
Interrupt
– CSS (linked to NMI IRQ)
– LSIRDY, LSERDY, HSIRDY, HSERDY,
PLLRDY, PLLI2SRDY
(linked to RCC global IRQ)
– CSS (linked to NMI IRQ)
– LSECSS, LSIRDY, LSERDY, HSIRDY,
MSIRDY, HSERDY, PLLRDY, PLLSAI1RDY,
PLLSAI2RDY (only on Cat. 2 devices) (linked
to RCC global IRQ)
Color key:
= New feature or new architecture (difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series)
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
= Feature not available (NA)
= Difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series highlight
In addition to the differences described in the table above, the following additional
adaptation steps may be needed for the migration.
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4.5.1
AN4616
Performance versus VCORE ranges
In STM32L4 Series the maximum system clock frequency and number of Flash memory
wait state depend on the selected voltage range VCORE.
Table 13. STM32L4 Series Performance versus VCORE ranges
Max frequency
CPU
performance
Power
performance
VCORE
Range
Typical
Value (V)
(MHz)
4 WS
3 WS
2 WS
1 WS
0 WS
High
Medium
1
1.2
80
64
48
32
16
Medium
High
2
1.0
26
26
18
12
6
In STM32F401/411 lines the maximum system clock frequency and number of Flash
memory wait state depend on the selected voltage range VDD.
Table 14. Number of wait states according to CPU clock (HCLK) frequency
(STM32F401xB/C and STM32F401xD/E)
HCLK (MHz)
Wait states (WS)
Voltage range
Voltage range
Voltage range
Voltage range
2.7 V - 3.6 V
2.4 V - 2.7 V
2.1 V - 2.4 V
1.71 V - 2.1 V
0 WS (1 CPU cycle)
0 < HCLK ≤ 30
0 < HCLK ≤ 24
0 < HCLK ≤ 18
0 < HCLK ≤ 16
1 WS (2 CPU cycles)
30 < HCLK ≤ 60
24 < HCLK ≤ 48
18 < HCLK ≤ 36
16 < HCLK ≤ 32
2 WS (3 CPU cycles)
60 < HCLK ≤ 84
48 < HCLK ≤ 72
36 < HCLK ≤ 54
32 < HCLK ≤ 48
3 WS (4 CPU cycles)
-
72 < HCLK ≤ 84
54 < HCLK ≤ 72
48 < HCLK ≤ 64
4 WS (5 CPU cycles)
-
-
72 < HCLK ≤ 84
64 < HCLK ≤ 80
5 WS (6 CPU cycles)
-
-
-
80 < HCLK ≤ 84
(LATENCY)
Table 15. Number of wait states according to CPU clock (HCLK) frequency
(STM32F411xC/E)
HCLK (MHz)
Wait states (WS)
Voltage range
Voltage range
Voltage range
Voltage range
2.7 V - 3.6 V
2.4 V - 2.7 V
2.1 V - 2.4 V
1.71 V - 2.1 V
0 WS (1 CPU cycle)
0 < HCLK ≤ 30
0 < HCLK ≤ 24
0 < HCLK ≤ 18
0 < HCLK ≤ 16
1 WS (2 CPU cycles)
30 < HCLK ≤ 64
24 < HCLK ≤ 48
18 < HCLK ≤ 36
16 <HCLK ≤ 32
2 WS (3 CPU cycles)
64 < HCLK ≤ 90
48 < HCLK ≤ 72
36 < HCLK ≤ 54
32 < HCLK ≤ 48
3 WS (4 CPU cycles)
90 < HCLK ≤ 100
72 < HCLK ≤ 96
54 < HCLK ≤ 72
48 < HCLK ≤ 64
4 WS (5 CPU cycles)
-
96 < HCLK ≤ 100
72 < HCLK ≤ 90
64 < HCLK ≤ 80
5 WS (6 CPU cycles)
-
-
90 < HCLK ≤ 100
80 < HCLK ≤ 96
6 WS (7 CPU cycles)
-
-
-
96 < HCLK ≤ 100
(LATENCY)
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On top of VDD voltage range specified in above tables, the maximum frequency is limited by
the power scale value indicated by software in VOS[1:0] bits of PWR_CR register.
Those bits are modifying the internal digital logic voltage from the power regulator.
This voltage scaling allows optimizing the power consumption when the device is clocked
below the maximum system frequency.
4.5.2
Peripheral access configuration
Since the address mapping of some peripherals has been changed in STM32L4 Series
versus STM32F401/411 lines, different registers need to be used to [enable/disable] or
[enter/exit] the peripheral [clock] or [from reset mode].
Table 16. RCC registers used for peripheral access configuration
Bus
Register
Register
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
AHB
APB1
APB2
Comments
RCC_AHB1RSTR (AHB1)
RCC_AHB2RSTR (AHB2)
Used to [enter/exit] the AHB peripheral from
reset
RCC_AHB1ENR (AHB1)
RCC_AHB2ENR (AHB2)
Used to [enable/disable] the AHB peripheral
clock
RCC_AHB1LPENR
RCC_AHB2LPENR
RCC_AHB1SMENR (AHB1)
RCC_AHB2SMENR (AHB2)
RCC_AHB3SMENR (AHB3)
Used to [enable/disable] the AHB peripheral
clock in Sleep mode
RCC_APB1RSTR
RCC_APB1RSTR1
RCC_APB1RSTR2(1)
Used to [enter/exit] the APB1 peripheral from
reset
RCC_APB1ENR
RCC_APB1ENR1
RCC_APB1ENR2(1)
Used to [enable/disable] the APB1 peripheral
clock
RCC_APB1LPENR
RCC_APB1SMENR1
RCC_APB1SMENR2(1)
Used to [enable/disable] the APB1 peripheral
clock in Sleep mode
RCC_APB2RSTR
RCC_APB2RSTR
Used to [enter/exit] the APB2 peripheral from
reset
RCC_APB2ENR
RCC_APB2ENR
Used to [enable/disable] the APB2 peripheral
clock
RCC_APB2LPENR
RCC_APB2SMENR
Used to [enable/disable] the APB2 peripheral
clock in Sleep mode
1. Register configuring peripherals not present in STM32F401/411 lines, so it should not be needed from a migration-only
stand point.
The configuration to access a given peripheral involves:
•
identifying the bus to which the peripheral is connected, refer to Table 8 on page 15
•
selecting the right register according the needed action, refer to Table 16 above.
For example, USART1 is connected to APB2 bus. In order to enable the USART1 clock, the
RCC_APB2ENR register needs to be configured as follows:
__HAL_RCC_USART1_CLK_ENABLE();
with STM32Cube HAL driver RCC API.
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In order to disable USART1 clock during Sleep mode (to reduce power consumption) the
RCC_APB2SMENR register needs to be configured as follows:
__HAL_RCC_USART1_CLK_SLEEP_ENABLE();
with STM32Cube HAL driver RCC API.
4.5.3
Peripheral clock configuration
Some peripherals have a dedicated clock source independent from the system clock that is
used to generate the clock required for their operation.
•
USB:
In STM32F401/411 lines: the USB 48 MHz clock is derived from the PLL48CLK main
PLL “Q” output.
In STM32L4 Series: the USB 48 MHz clock is derived from one of the following
sources: main PLL VCO (PLLUSB1CLK), PLLSAI1 VCO (PLLUSB2CLK), MSI clock
(when the MSI clock is auto-trimmed with the LSE, it can be used by the USB OTG FS
device, or HSI48 internal oscillator (only on Cat. 4 devices).
•
SDIO/SDMMC:
In STM32F401/411 lines: the SDIO clock (SDIOCLK) is derived from the PLL48CLK
main PLL “Q” output and should be less than 48 MHz.
In STM32L4 Series: the SDMMC clock is derived from one of the following sources:
main PLL VCO (PLLUSB1CLK), PLLSAI1 VCO (PLLUSB2CLK) MSI clock, or HSI48
internal oscillator (only for Cat. 4 devices).
•
RTC:
In STM32F401/411 lines: the RTC clock is derived from one of the three following
sources: LSE, LSI or HSE divided by prescaler (1 to 31) and should be equal to 1 MHz
In STM32L4 Series: the RTC (and LCD Glass clock) is derived from one of the three
following sources: LSE clock, LSI clock or HSE clock divided by 32 (PCLK frequency
should always be greater than or equal to RTC Clock frequency).
•
ADC:
In STM32F401/411 lines, the ADC clock is the PCLK2 clock divided by a
programmable factor (2, 4, 6, 8).
In STM32L4 Series, the input clock of the two ADCs (master and slave) can be
selected between two different clock sources:
•
–
The ADCs clock can be derived (selected by software) from one of the following
sources: system clock (SYSCLK), PLLSAI1 VCO (PLLADC1CLK) or PLLSAI2
VCO (PLLADC2CLK) (only on Cat. 2 devices). In this mode, a programmable
divider factor can be selected (1, 2, …, 256 according to bits PREC[3:0]).
–
The ADC clock can be derived from the AHB clock of the ADC bus interface,
divided by a programmable factor (1, 2 or 4). In this mode, a programmable divider
factor can be selected (1, 2 or 4 according to bits CKMODE[1:0])(please refer to
the STM32L4 Series reference manual for more details).
DAC:
In STM32L4 Series, in addition to the PCLK1 clock, LSI clock is used for the sample
and hold operation.
•
U(S)ARTs:
In STM32F401/411 lines, the U(S)ART clock is APB1 or APB2 clock (depending on
which APB bus is mapped the U(S)ART).
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In STM32L4 Series, the U(S)ART clock is derived from one of the four following
sources: system clock (SYSCLK), HSI16, LSE, APB1 or APB2 clock (depending on
which APB bus the U(S)ART is mapped).
Using a source clock independent from the system clock (example: HSI16) allows to
change the system clock on the fly without need to reconfigure U(S)ART peripheral
baud rate prescalers.
•
I2Cs:
In STM32F401/411 lines, the I2C clock is APB1 clock (PCLK1).
In STM32L4 Series, the I2C clock is derived from one of the three following sources:
system clock (SYSCLK), HSI16 or APB1 (PCLK1).
Using a source clock independent from the system clock (example: HSI16) allows to
change the system clock on the fly without need to reconfigure I2C peripheral timing
register.
•
I2S/SAI:
In STM32F401/411 series, the I2S clocks are derived from one of the two following
sources:
–
an external clock I2S_CKIN
–
PLLI2SCLK
In STM32L4 Series, the I2S peripherals are not available and replaced by SAIs.
The SAI clocks are derived from one of the four following sources.
For Cat. 2 devices:
–
an external clock mapped on SAI1_EXTCLK or SAI2_EXTCLK
–
PLLSAI1 VCO (PLLSAI1CLK)
–
PLLSAI2 VCO (PLLSAI2CLK)
–
main PLL VCO (PLLSAI3CLK)
For Cat. 4 devices:
–
an external clock mapped on SAI1_EXTCLK for SAI1
–
PLLSAI1 (P) divider output (PLLSAI1CLK)
–
main PLL (P) divider output (PLLSAI2CLK)
–
HSI clock
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PWR
In STM32L4 Series the PWR controller presents some differences versus STM32F401/411
lines, these differences are summarized in Table 17.
Table 17. PWR differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
PWR
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
VDD = 1.7 to 3.6 V (when internal voltage
regulator is disabled)
VDD = 1.8 to 3.6 V (when internal voltage
regulator is enabled)
External power supply for I/Os, Flash memory
and internal regulator.
It is provided externally through VDD pins.
VDD = 1.71 to 3.6 V: external power supply for I/Os, Flash
memory and internal regulator. It is provided externally
through VDD pins.
VCORE = 1.2 V (scalable).
VCORE is the power supply for digital peripherals,
SRAM and Flash memory. It is generated by an
internal voltage regulator.
The voltage regulator requires one or two external
capacitors connected to dedicated pins VCAP_1,
VCAP_2.
In application Run mode, the voltage regulator
output voltage can be scaled by software
(lowered) to save power consumption when the
device is clocked below the maximum frequency.
VCORE = 1.0 to 1.2 V.
VCORE is the power supply for digital peripherals, SRAM
and Flash memory. It is generated by an internal voltage
regulator. Two VCORE ranges can be selected by software
depending on target frequency.
VBAT = 1.65 to 3.6 V: power supply for RTC,
external clock 32 kHz oscillator and backup
registers (through power switch) when VDD is not
present.
VBAT = 1.55 to 3.6 V: power supply for RTC, external clock
32 kHz oscillator and backup registers (through power
switch) when VDD is not present.
Power supplies V and V
DD
DDA must be at the same voltage value. Independent power supplies (VDDA, VDDUSB, VDDIO2)
allow to improve power consumption by running MCU at
lower supply voltage than analog and USB.
VSSA, VDDA: 1.8 V to 3.6 V
(1.7V with external power-supply supervisor).
VDDA is the external analog power supply for A/D
and D/A converters. VDDA and VSSA must be
connected to VDD and VSS respectively.
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1.62 V (ADCs/COMPs) to 3.6 V
1.8 V (DACs/OPAMPs) to 3.6 V
2.4 V (VREFBUF) to 3.6 V.
VDDA is the external analog power supply for A/D and D/A
converters, voltage reference buffer, operational amplifiers
and comparators. The VDDA voltage level is independent
from the VDD voltage.
VLCD = 2.5 to 3.6 V.
The LCD controller can be powered either externally
through the VLCD pin, or internally from an internal
voltage generated by the embedded step-up converter.
NA
Battery backup
domain
VSSA, VDDA =
N/A
USB OTG FS powered by VDD.
VDD should be > 3.0 V (or degraded electrical
characteristic between 2.7 V to 3V).
VDDUSB = 3.0 to 3.6 V.
VDDUSB is the external independent power supply for USB
transceivers. The VDDUSB voltage level is independent
from the VDD voltage.
N/A
No VDDIO2 supply in STM32F401/411 lines.
VDDIO2 = 1.08 V to 3.6 V
V DDIO2 is the external power supply for 14 I/Os (Port
G[15:2]). The V DDIO2 voltage level is independent from
the VDD voltage.(not applicable for Cat. 4 devices)
– RTC with backup registers (80 bytes)
– LSE
– PC13 to PC15 I/Os
– RTC with backup registers (128 bytes)
– LSE
– PC13 to PC15 I/Os
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Peripheral migration
Table 17. PWR differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series (continued)
PWR
Power supply
supervisor
STM32F401/411 lines
Integrated POR / PDR circuitry
Programmable voltage detector (PVD)
Integrated POR / PDR circuitry
Programmable Voltage Detector (PVD)
Brownout reset (BOR)
BOR can be disabled after power-on
Brownout reset (BOR)
BOR is always enabled, except in Shutdown mode
4 Peripheral Voltage Monitoring (PVM)
– PVM1 for VDDUSB
– PVM2 for VDDIO2 (for Cat. 2 devices only)
– PVM3/PVM4 for VDDA (~1.65 V/ ~2.2 V)
NA
Sleep mode
Low-power
modes
STM32L4 Series
Sleep mode
NA
Low Power Run mode
System clock is limited to 2 MHz.
I2C and U(S)ART/LPUART can be clocked with HSI16 at
16 MHz.
Consumption is reduced at lower frequency thanks to LP
regulator usage.
NA
Low power Sleep mode
System clock is limited to 2 MHz.
I2C and U(S)ART/LPUART can be clocked with HSI16 at
16 MHz.
Consumption is reduced at lower frequency thanks to LP
regulator usage.
Stop mode (all clocks are stopped)
Standby mode (VCORE domain powered off)
Stop 0, Stop1 and Stop2 mode
Some additional functional peripherals (cf wakeup source)
Standby mode (VCORE domain powered off)
– Optional SRAM2 retention
– Optional I/O pull-up or pull-down configuration
Shutdown mode (VCORE domain powered off and power
monitoring off)
NA
Sleep mode
– Any peripheral interrupt/wakeup event
Sleep mode
– Any peripheral interrupt/wakeup event
Stop mode
– Any EXTI line event/interrupt
– PVD, RTC
Stop 0, Stop 1 and Stop 2 mode
– Any EXTI line event/interrupt
– BOR, PVD, PVM, COMP, RTC, USB, IWDG,
– U(S)ART, LPUART, I2C, SWP, LPTIM, LCD
Standby mode
Wake-up sources – WKUP pin (PA0) rising edge
– RTC event
– External reset in NRST pin
– IWDG reset
NA
Standby mode
– Up to 5 WKUP pins rising or falling edge
– RTC event
– External reset in NRST pin
– IWDG reset
Shutdown mode
– Up to 5 WKUP pins rising or falling edge
– RTC event
– External reset in NRST pin
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Table 17. PWR differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series (continued)
PWR
Wake-up clocks
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
Wake-up from Stop
– HSI 16 MHz
Wake-up from Stop
– HSI16 16 MHz or MSI (all ranges up to 48 MHz)
allowing 5 μs wakeup at high speed without waiting for
PLL startup time.
Wake-up from Standby
– HSI 16 MHz
Wake-up from Standby
– MSI (ranges from 1 to 8 MHz)
Wake-up from Shutdown
– MSI 4 MHz
NA
Configuration
In STM32L4 Series the registers are different:
From 2 registers in STM32F401/411 lines to 23 registers
in STM32L4 Series
– 4 control registers
– 2 status registers
– 1 status clear register
– 2 registers per GPIO port (A,B,.H) for controlling pull-up
and pull-down (16registers).
-
Most configuration bits from STM32F401/411 lines can be
found in STM32L4 Series (but sometime may have
different programming mode).
Color key:
= New feature or new architecture (difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series)
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
= Feature not available (NA)
= Difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series highlight
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4.7
RTC
The STM32L4 Series and STM32F401/411 lines implement almost the same features on
the RTC.
The table below shows the differences.
Table 18. RTC differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
RTC
Features
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
Coarse digital calibration.
(kept for compatibility only, new developments
should only use smooth calibration).
Only smooth calibration available
1 tamper pin (available in VBAT)
3 tamper pin (available in VBAT
80 bytes backup registers
128 bytes backup registers
Configuration
Coarse digital calibration not available in
STM32L4 Series:
– RTC_CR/DCE not available
– RTC_CALIBR register not available
– RTC_TAFCR (F4) → RTC_TAMPCR (L4)
Except a few bits
-
Color key:
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
= Feature not available (NA)
For more information about STM32L4 Series RTC features, please refer to RTC chapter of
STM32L4 Series reference manuals.
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SYSCFG
The STM32L4 Series SYSCFG implements additional features compared to
STM32F401/411 lines.
The table below shows the differences.
Table 19. SYSCFG differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
SYSCFG
STM32F401/411 lines
– Remapping memory areas.
– Managing the external interrupt line
connection to the GPIOs.
STM32L4 Series
– Remapping memory areas.
– Managing the external interrupt line connection to the
GPIOs.
–
–
–
–
–
Features
Configuration
Managing robustness feature.
Setting SRAM2 write protection and software erase.
Configuring FPU interrupts.
Enabling the firewall.
Enabling /disabling I2C Fast-mode Plus driving capability
on some I/Os and voltage booster for I/Os analog
switches.
Most registers from STM32F401/411 lines are identical in
STM32L4 Series.
A few bits are different and EXTI configuration may differ
(number of GPIO is different depending on product).
-
Color key:
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
4.9
GPIO
The STM32L4 Series GPIO peripheral embeds identical features compared to
STM32F401/411 lines.
The GPIO code written for the STM32F401/411 lines may require minor adaptations for
STM32L4 Series. This is due to the mapping of particular functions on different GPIOs (refer
to pinout differences in Section 2, and to product datasheet for detailed alternate function
mapping differences).
Below are the main GPIO features:
•
GPIO mapped on AHB bus for better performance
•
I/O pin multiplexer and mapping: pins are connected to on-chip peripherals/modules
through a multiplexer that allows only one peripheral alternate function (AF) connected
to an I/O pin at a time. In this way, there cannot be any conflict between peripherals
sharing the same I/O pin.
At reset, STM32F401/411 lines GPIOs are configured in input floating mode while STM32L4
Series GPIOs are configured in analog mode (to avoid consumption through the IO Schmitt
trigger).
For more information about STM32L4 Series GPIO programming and usage, please refer to
the "I/O pin multiplexer and mapping” section in the GPIO chapter of the STM32L4 Series
reference manuals and to the product datasheet for detailed description of the pinout and
alternate function mapping.
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4.10
EXTI source selection
The external interrupt/event controller (EXTI) is very similar on the STM32F401/411 lines
and the STM32L4 Series. The table below shows the main differences.
Table 20. EXTI differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
EXTI
Nb of event/interrupt lines
STM32F401/411 lines
Up to 23 configurable lines
Configuration
-
STM32L4 Series
Up to 40 lines
14 direct, 26 configurable on Cat. 2
devices
12 direct, 25 configurable on Cat. 4
devices
Registers are slightly different to cope
with different number of interrupts.
Color key:
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
4.11
FLASH
The table below presents the difference between the FLASH interface of STM32F401/411
lines and STM32L4 Series.
The STM32L4 Series instantiates a different FLASH module both in terms of
architecture/technology and interface, consequently the STM32L4 Series FLASH
programming procedures and registers are different from the STM32F401/411 lines, and
any code written for the FLASH interface in the STM32F401/411 lines needs to be rewritten
to run in STM32L4 Series.
For more information on programming, erasing and protection of the STM32L4 Series Flash
memory, please refer to the STM32L4 Series reference manuals
Table 21. FLASH differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
FLASH
STM32F401/411 lines
0x0800 0000 – (up to) 0x081F FFFF
Up to 512 Kbyte
Main/Program memory
4 sectors of 16 Kbyte
1 sector of 64 Kbyte
1 or 3 sectors of 128 Kbyte
Programming granularity:
8, 16, 32, 64-bit
Read granularity: 128-bit
STM32L4 Series
0x0800 0000 - up to 0x080F FFFF
Cat. 2 devices:
– Up to 1 Mbyte
– Split in 2 banks
– Each bank: 256 pages of 2 Kbyte
– Each page: 8 rows of 256 Byte
Cat. 4 devices:
– Up to 256Kbytes
– 1 bank
– 128 pages of 2 Kbytes
– Each page: 8 rows of 256 Byte
Programming and read granularity:
72-bit (incl 8 ECC bits)
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Table 21. FLASH differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series (continued)
FLASH
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
NA
Read while write (RWW)
Dual bank boot (only for Cat. 2
devices)
NA
ECC
Flash Empty check (only for Cat. 4
devices)
Features
Wait state
up to 6 (depending on the supply voltage
and frequency)
up to 4 (depending on the core
voltage and frequency)
ART Accelerator™
Allowing 0 wait state when executing from
the cache.
Allowing 0 wait state when executing
from the cache.
One time programmable
(OTP)
512 OTP bytes
1 KB OTP bytes (bank1)
NA
Flash interface
Different from STM32F401/411 lines
Sector and mass erase
Page erase (2 Kbyte), bank erase and
mass erase (all banks)
Level 0 no protection
RDP = 0xAA
Level 0 no protection
RDP = 0xAA
Level 1 memory protection
RDP ≠ {0xAA, 0xCC}
Level 1 memory protection
RDP ≠ {0xAA, 0xCC}
Level 2 RDP = 0xCC(1)
Level 2 RDP = 0xCC(1)
Proprietary code readout
Protection (PCROP)
Granularity: 1 sector
2 PCROP areas (1 per bank)
Granularity: 64-bit
PCROP_RDP option: PCROP area
preserved when RDP level
decreased.
Write protection (WRP)
Granularity: 1 sector
2 write protection area per bank
Granularity: 2 Kbyte
Erase granularity
Read protection (RDP)
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Table 21. FLASH differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series (continued)
FLASH
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
nRST_STOP
nRST_STOP
nRST_STDBY
nRST_STDBY
NA
WDG_SW
IWDG_SW
NA
IWDG_STOP, IWDG_STDBY
NA
WWDG_SW
BOR_LEV[2:0]
BOR_LEV[1:0]
User Option bytes
nRST_SHDW
NA
BFB2 (except for Cat. 4 devices)
NA
nBOOT1
NA
SRAM2_RST, SRAM2_PE
NA
DUAL BANK (except for Cat. 4
devices)
SPRMOD
NA
NA
nBOOT0 (only for Cat. 4 devices)
NA
nSWBOOT0 (only for Cat. 4 devices)
Color key:
= New feature or new architecture (difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series)
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
= Feature not available (NA)
= Difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series highlight
1. Memory read protection level 2 is an irreversible operation. When level 2 is activated, the level of protection cannot be
decreased to level 0 or level 1.
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U(S)ART
The STM32L4 Series implement several new features on the U(S)ART compared to
STM32F401/411 lines.
The table below shows the differences.
Table 22. U(S)ART differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
U(S)ART
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
3 x USART
2 x UART (Cat. 2 devices only)
1 x LPUART
Instances
3 x USART
Baud rate
up to 2 x 10.5 Mbit/s + 1 x 5.25 Mb/s (F401)
up to 2 x 12.5 Mbit/s + 1 x 6.25 Mb/s (F411)
up to 10 Mbit/s
(when the clock frequency is 80 MHz and
oversampling is by 8)
Single clock domain
Dual clock domain allowing:
– UART functionality and wakeup from Stop
mode
– Convenient baud rate programming
independent from the PCLK reprogramming
Word length: programmable (8 or 9 bits)
Word length: programmable (7, 8 or 9 bits)
Programmable data order with MSB-first or
LSB-first shifting
10 interrupt sources with flags
14 interrupt sources with flags
Clock
Data
interrupt
Features
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Hardware flow control (CTS/RTS)
Continuous communication using DMA
Multiprocessor communication
Single-wire half-duplex communication
IrDA SIR ENDEC block
LIN mode
SPI master
Smartcard mode T = 0 and T = 1 is to be
implemented by software
Smartcard mode T = 0 and T = 1 supported
(features are added to support T = 1 such as
receiver timeout, block length, end of block
detection, binary data inversion, etc…)
Number of stop bits: 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2
Number of stop bits: 1, 1.5, 2
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Table 22. U(S)ART differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series (continued)
U(S)ART
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
– Wakeup from Stop mode
(Start bit, received byte, address match)
– Support for ModBus communication
Timeout feature
CR/LF character recognition
– Receiver timeout interrupt
– Auto baud rate detection
– Driver Enable
– Swappable Tx/Rx pin configuration
NA
Features
(continued)
LPUART does not support synchronous mode
(SPI Master), smartcard mode, IrDA, LIN,
ModBus, receiver timeout interrupt, auto baud
rate detection.
STM32F401/411 lines registers and associated
bits are not identical in STM32L4 Series.
Please refer to STM32L4 Series reference
manuals for details
NA
Color key:
= New feature or new architecture (difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series)
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
= Feature not available (NA)
= Difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series highlight
4.13
I2C
The STM32L4 Series implements a different I2C peripheral allowing easy software
management.
The table below shows the differences.
Table 23. I2C differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
I2C
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
Instances
x3 (I2C1, I2C2, I2C3)
Features
7-bit and 10-bit addressing mode
SMBus
Standard mode (Sm, up to 100 kHz)
Fast mode (Fm, up to 400 kHz)
NA
Fast mode Plus (Fm+, up to 1 MHz)
Independent clock
Wakeup from STOP on address match
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Table 23. I2C differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series (continued)
I2C
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
-
Register configuration is very different in
STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series.
Please refer to STM32L4 Series reference
manuals for details.
Configuration
Color key:
= New feature or new architecture (difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series)
= Feature not available (NA)
= Difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series highlight
4.14
SPI/I2S/SAI
The STM32L4 Series and STM32F401/411 lines implement almost the same feature on the
SPI (apart from I2S).
The table below shows the differences.
Table 24. SPI differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
SPI
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
x4 (F401)
x5 (F411)
x3
Features
SPI + I2S
I2S feature is not supported by SPI in
STM32L4 Series
SAI interfaces are available instead
(2 for Cat. 2 devices)
(1 for cat. 4 devices)
Data size
Fixed, configurable to 8 or 16 bits
Programmable from 4 to 16-bit
Data buffer
Tx & Rx 16-bit buffers
(single data frame)
32-bit Tx & Rx FIFOs
(up to 4 data frames)
No
(16-bit access only)
Yes
(8-bit, 16-bit or 32-bit data access,
programmable FIFOs data thresholds)
Instances
Data packing
SPI TI
SPI Motorola mode
NSSP mode
Mode
SPI TI mode
SPI Motorola mode
Speed
up to 42 Mbit/s (core at 84 MHz) (F401)
up to 50 Mbit/s (core at 100 MHz) (F411)
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up to 40Mbits/s (APB at 80MHz)
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Table 24. SPI differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series (continued)
SPI
STM32F401/411 lines
Configuration
STM32L4 Series
The data size and Tx/Rx flow handling are
different in STM32F401/411 lines and
STM32L4 Series hence requiring different
software sequence.
-
Color key:
= New feature or new architecture (difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series)
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
= Difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series highlight
Migrating from I2S to SAI:
The STM32L4 Series does not include I2S interface part of the SPI peripheral, instead it
includes serial audio interfaces.
The table below shows main differences between I2S and SAI. We only consider here the
full duplex I2S instances.
Table 25. Migrating from I2S to SAI
I2S/SAI
Instances
Full duplex I2S
STM32F401/411 lines (I2S)
x2
STM32L4 Series (SAI)
x2 (SAI1, SAI2) (Cat. 2 devices)
x1 (SAI1) (Cat. 4 devices)
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Table 25. Migrating from I2S to SAI (continued)
I2S/SAI
STM32F401/411 lines (I2S)
STM32L4 Series (SAI)
Full-duplex communication
Two independent audio sub-blocks (per SAI)
which can be transmitters or receivers with
their respective FIFO.
Master or slave operations
Synchronous or asynchronous mode between
the audio sub-blocks.
Possible synchronization between multiple
SAIs.
Master or slave configuration independent for
both audio sub-blocks.
Clock generator for each audio block to target
8-bit programmable linear prescaler to reach
independent audio frequency sampling when
accurate audio sample frequencies (from8 kHz
both audio sub-blocks are configured in master
to 192 kHz)
mode.
Features
Data format may be 16-bit, 24-bit or 32-bit.
Data direction is always MSB first.
Data size configurable: 8-, 10-, 16-, 20-, 24-,
32-bit.
First active bit position in the slot is
configurable.
LSB first or MSB first for data transfer.
Channel length is fixed to 16-bit (16-bit data
size) or 32-bit (16-bit, 24-bit, 32-bit data size)
by audio channel.
Up to 16 slots available with configurable size.
Number of bits by frame can be configurable.
Frame synchronization active level
configurable (offset, bit length, level).
Stereo/Mono audio frame capability.
Programmable clock polarity (steady state).
Communication clock strobing edge
configurable (SCK).
16-bit register for transmission and reception
with one data register for both channel sides.
8-word integrated FIFOs for each audio subblock (facilitating interrupt mode).
Supported I2S protocols:
– I2S Philips standard
– MSB-justified standard (left-justified)
– LSB-justified standard (right-justified)
– PCM standard (with short and long frame
synchronization on 16-bit channel frame or
16-bit data frame extended to 32-bit channel
frame).
Audio protocols:
– I2S, LSB or MSB-justified, PCM/DSP, TDM
(up to 16 channels), AC’97
– SPDIF output
DMA capability for transmission and reception
(16-bit wide).
2-channel DMA per SAI.
Master clock may be output to drive an external audio component. Ratio is fixed at 256 × FS
(where FS is the audio sampling frequency).
Interruption sources when enabled:
– Errors,
– Tx Buffer Empty, Rx Buffer not Empty.
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Interruption sources when enabled:
– Errors,
– FIFO requests.
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Table 25. Migrating from I2S to SAI (continued)
I2S/SAI
STM32F401/411 lines (I2S)
Features
(continued)
STM32L4 Series (SAI)
Error flags with associated interrupts if enabled
respectively.
Idem STM32F401/411 lines
– Overrun and underrun detection,
+ protection against misalignment in case of
– Anticipated frame synchronization signal
underrun and overrun.
detection in slave mode,
– Late frame synchronization signal detection
in slave mode.
Configuration
There is no compatibility between
STM32F401/411 lines I2S and STM32L4
Series SAI. User will have to configure the SAI
interface for the target protocol. Please refer to
the STM32L4 Series reference manuals for
details.
-
Color key:
= New feature or new architecture (difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series)
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
= Difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series highlight
The SAI peripheral improves robustness of communication in slave mode compared to I2S
peripheral (in case of data clock glitch for example)
In master mode, while migrating an application from STM32F401/411 lines to STM32L4
Series, the user should review the possible master clock (MCLK), data bit clock (SCK) and
frame synchronization (FS) frequency reachable using STM32L4 Series PLL multiplication
factors and SAI internal clock divider for a given external oscillator which can be different
than with STM32F401/411 lines I2S.
In STM32L4 Series, the SAI1 and SAI2 input clocks are derived (selected by software) from
one of the following sources.
For Cat. 2 devices:
•
an external clock mapped on SAI1_EXTCLK for SAI1 and SAI2_EXTCLK for SAI2.
•
PLLSAI1 (P) divider output (PLLSAI1CLK)
•
PLLSAI2 (P) divider output (PLLSAI2CLK)
•
main PLL (P) divider output (PLLSAI3CLK)
For Cat. 4 devices:
•
an external clock mapped on SAI1_EXTCLK for SAI1
•
PLLSAI1 (P) divider output (PLLSAI1CLK)
•
main PLL (P) divider output (PLLSAI2CLK)
•
HSI clock
When the clock is derived from one of the internal PLLs, the three PLL inputs are either
HSI16, HSE or MSI (between 4 and 8 MHz) divided by a programmable factor PLLM (from 1
to 8). This input is then multiplied by PLLN (from 8 to 86) to reach PLL VCO frequency
(should be between 64 and 344 MHz). It is finally divided by PLLP (7 or 17 on Cat. 2
devices, [2...31] on Cat. 4 devices) to provide the input clock of the SAI (max 80 MHz)
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When the master clock MCLK is used by the external slave audio peripheral, the PLL output
is divided by the SAI internal master clock divider factor (1, 2, 4, 6, 8,..., 30) to provide the
master clock (MCLK). The data bit clock is then derived from MCLK with the following
formula:
SCK = MCLK × ( FRL + 1 ) ⁄ 256 = ( MCLK ) ⁄ ( 256 ⁄ ( FRL + 1 ) )
With:
•
FRL is the number of bit clock cycles - 1 in the audio frame (0 to 255).
•
(FRL+ 1) should be a power of 2 higher or equal to 8
–
(FRL + 1) = 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256
SCK can also be directly connected to the input clock of the SAI when MCLK output is not
needed.
The frame synchronization (FS) frequency is always MCLK/256.
Below is shown the clock generation scheme in STM32L4 Series. Please refer to the
STM32L4 Series reference manuals for more details.
Figure 5. STM32L4 Series generation of clock for SAI master mode (when MCLK is
required)
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4.15
CRC
The cyclic redundancy check (CRC) calculation unit is very similar in STM32F401/411 lines
and STM32L4 Series.
The table below shows the differences.
Table 26. CRC differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
CRC
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
Single input/output 32-bit data register.
CRC computation done in 4 AHB clock cycles (HCLK) for the 32-bit data size.
General-purpose 8-bit register (can be used for temporary storage).
Features
Configuration
Use CRC-32 (Ethernet) polynomial:
0x4C11DB7.
Fully programmable polynomial with
programmable size (7, 8, 16, 32-bit).
Handles 32-bit data size.
Handles 8-,16-, 32-bit data size.
Programmable CRC initial value.
Input buffer to avoid bus stall during calculation.
Reversibility option on input and output.
-
Configuration registers in STM32F401/411
lines are identical in STM32L4 Series. The
STM32L4 Series includes additional registers
for new features.
Please refer to the STM32L4 Series reference
manuals for details.
Color key:
= New feature or new architecture (difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series)
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USB OTG FS
The STM32L4 Series for Cat. 2 devices and STM32F401/411 lines implement very similar
USB OTG FS peripherals.
The key differences are listed below.
Table 27. USB OTG FS differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
USB
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series (Cat. 2 devices)
Universal serial bus revision 2.0
Full support for the USB on-the-go (USB OTG).
FS mode:
1 bidirectional control endpoint
3 IN endpoints (bulk, interrupt, isochronous)
3 OUT endpoints (bulk, interrupt, isochronous)
Features
USB internal connect/disconnect feature with an internal pull-up resistor on the USB D +
(USB_DP) line.
NA
Attach detection protocol (ADP)
Battery charging detection (BCD)
NA
Independent VDDUSB power supply allowing
lower VDDCORE while using USB.
Mapping
AHB2
Buffer memory
Low-power
modes
FS mode:
1 bidirectional control endpoint
5 IN endpoints (bulk, interrupt, isochronous)
5 OUT endpoints (bulk, interrupt, isochronous)
1.25 Kbyte data FIFOs.
1.25 Kbyte data FIFOs.
Management of up to 4 Tx FIFOs (1 for each IN Management of up to 6 Tx FIFOs (1 for each IN
end point) + 1 Rx FIFO.
end point) + 1 Rx FIFO.
USB suspend and resume
Link power management (LPM) support
USB suspend and resume.
Configuration
In STM32L4 Series the registers are different.
Please refer to the STM32L4 Series reference
manuals for details.
-
Color key:
= New feature or new architecture (difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series)
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
= Feature not available (NA)
= Difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series highlight
On STM32L4 Cat. 4 devices, the USB is Full Speed device only. The main features are
listed in Table 28 below.
On STM32L4 Cat. 4 devices, a Clock Recovery System (CRS) block is included that can
provide a precise clock to the USB peripheral.
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Table 28. USB FS on STM32L4 Cat. 4 series
USB
STM32L4 Cat. 4 series
Universal serial bus revision 2.0, including link power management
(LPM) support
– Configurable number of endpoints from 1 to 8
– Cyclic redundancy check (CRC) generation/checking, Non-return-tozero Inverted
(NRZI) encoding/decoding and bit-stuffing
– Isochronous transfers support
– Double-buffered bulk/isochronous endpoint support
– USB Suspend/Resume operations
– Frame locked clock pulse generation
Features
Attach detection protocol (ADP)
Battery charging detection (BCD)
USB connect / disconnect capability (controllable embedded pull-up
resistor on USB_DP line)
Independent VDDUSB power supply allowing lower VDDCORE while using
USB.
Mapping
APB1
Buffer memory
1024 bytes of dedicated packet buffer memory SRAM
Low-power modes
USB suspend and resume
Link power management (LPM) support
Configuration
In L4 the registers are different.
Please refer to the STM32L4 reference manuals for details.
Color key:
= New feature or new architecture (difference between F1 and L4)
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
= Feature not available (NA)
= Difference between F1 and L4 highlight
4.17
ADC
The table below presents the differences between the STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4
Series ADC peripherals. These differences are the following:
•
New digital interface
•
New architecture and new features
Table 29. ADC differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series
ADC
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
ADC Type
SAR structure
SAR structure
Instances
1 instance
3 instances (Cat. 2 devices)
1 instance (Cat. 4 devices)
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Table 29. ADC differences between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series (continued)
ADC
Max Sampling freq
STM32F401/411 lines
STM32L4 Series
5.1 Msps (Fast channels)
4.8 Msps (Slow channels)
2.4 Msps
Number of channels Up to 16 channels
Up to 19 channels per ADC
Resolution
12-bit
12-bit + digital oversampling up to 16-bit
Conversion Modes
Single / continuous / scan / discontinuous Single / continuous / scan / discontinuous
Dual Mode
DMA
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
External Trigger
External event for
regular group:
TIM1 CC1
TIM1 CC2
TIM1 CC3
TIM2 CC2
TIM2 CC3
TIM2 CC4
TIM2_TRGO
TIM3_CH1
TIM3 TRGO
TIM4 CC4
TIM5_CC1
TIM5_CC2
TIM5_CC3
EXTI line 11
Supply requirement
1.8 V to 3.6 V
(1.7 V with external power-supply
supervisor)
1.62 V to 3.6 V
Independent power supply (VDDA)
Reference Voltage
External
VDDA - VREF+ < 1.2 V
Reference voltage for STM32L4 Series external
(1.8 V to VDDA) or internal (2.048 V or 2.5 V)
Electrical
Parameters
300 μA (Typ.) on VREF DC current
1.8 mA (Typ.) on VDDA DC current
Consumption proportional to conversion speed:
200 μA/Msps
Input range
VREF- ≤ VIN ≤ VREF+
VREF- ≤ VIN ≤ VREF+
External event for
injected group:
TIM1_CH4
TIM1_TRGO
TIM2_CH1
TIM2_TRGO
TIM3_CH2
TIM3_CH4
TIM4_CH1
TIM4_CH2
TIM4_CH3
TIM4_TRGO
TIM5_CH4
TIM5_TRGO
EXTI line 15
External event for
regular group:
TIM1 CC1
TIM1 CC2
TIM1 CC3
TIM2 CC2
TIM3 TRGO
TIM4 CC4(1)
EXTI line 11
TIM8_TRGO(1)
TIM8_TRGO2(1)
TIM1_TRGO
TIM1_TRGO2
TIM2_TRGO
TIM4_TRGO(1)
TIM6_TRGO
TIM15_TRGO
TIM3_CC4(1)
External event for injected
group:
TIM1 TRGO
TIM1 CC4
TIM2 TRGO
TIM2 CC1
TIM3 CC4(1)
TIM4 TRGO(1)
EXTI line15
TIM8_CC4(1)
TIM1_TRGO2
TIM8_TRGO(1)
TIM8_TRGO2(1)
TIM3_CC3(1)
TIM3_TRGO(1)
TIM3_CC1(1)
TIM6_TRGO
TIM15_TRGO
Color key:
= New feature or new architecture (difference between STM32F401/411 lines and STM32L4 Series)
= Same feature, but specification change or enhancement
1. Except for Cat. 4 devices
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Revision history
Revision history
Table 30. Document revision history
Date
Revision
Changes
21-Jul-2015
1
Initial release.
23-Nov-2015
2
Section 4.2: Memory mapping updated: Stop 0 mode
added when content is preserved
Table 17: PWR differences between STM32F401/411
lines and STM32L4 Series updated: Stop 0 mode added
10-Mar-2016
3
Section 1: STM32L4 Series overview; added category 2
and 4 for STLM32L4.
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