Obsolete Device 93LCS56/66 2K/4K 2.5V Microwire® Serial EEPROM with Software Write Protect FEATURES BLOCK DIAGRAM • Single supply with programming operation down to 2.5V • Low power CMOS technology - 1 mA active current typical - 5 µA standby current (typical) at 3.0V • x16 memory organization - 128x16 (93LCS56) - 256x16 (93LCS66) • Software write protection of user defined memory space • Self timed erase and write cycles • Automatic ERAL before WRAL • Power on/off data protection • Industry standard 3-wire serial I/O • Device status signal during E/W • Sequential READ function • 1,000,000 E/W cycles guaranteed • Data retention > 200 years • 8-pin PDIP/SOIC and 14-pin SOIC packages • Temperature ranges supported - Commercial (C): 0°C to +70°C - Industrial (I): -40°C to +85°C V CC V SS MEMORY ADDRESS ARRAY DECODER ADDRESS COUNTER OUTPUT DATA REGISTER DO BUFFER DI PRE PE MODE DECODE LOGIC CS CLK CLOCK GENERATOR DESCRIPTION The Microchip Technology Inc. 93LCS56/66 are low voltage Serial Electrically Erasable PROMs with memory capacities of 2K bits/4K bits respectively. A write protect register is included in order to provide a user defined region of write protected memory. All memory locations greater than or equal to the address placed in the write protect register will be protected from any attempted write or erase operation. It is also possible to protect the address in the write protect register permanently by using a one time only instruction (PRDS). Any attempt to alter data in a register whose address is equal to or greater than the address stored in the protect register will be aborted. Advanced CMOS technology makes this device ideal for low power non-volatile memory applications. PACKAGE TYPES SOIC DIP SOIC CS 1 8 VCC CLK 2 7 PRE PE DI 3 6 PE VSS DO 4 5 VSS CS 1 8 CLK 2 7 PRE DI 3 6 DO 4 5 93LCS56 93LCS66 VCC 93LCS56 93LCS66 NC 1 14 NC CS 2 13 VCC CLK 3 12 PRE NC 4 11 NC DI 5 10 PE DO 6 9 VSS NC 7 8 NC 93LCS56 93LCS66 Microwire is a registered trademark of National Semiconductor Incorporated. 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. DS11181E-page 1 93LCS56/66 1.0 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS 1.1 Maximum Ratings* TABLE 1-1: Name CS CLK DI DO VSS PE PRE VCC VCC...................................................................................7.0V All inputs and outputs w.r.t. VSS ............... -0.6V to VCC +1.0V Storage temperature .....................................-65°C to +150°C Ambient temp. with power applied ................-65°C to +125°C Soldering temperature of leads (10 seconds) ............. +300°C ESD protection on all pins................................................4 kV *Notice: Stresses above those listed under “Maximum ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at those or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational listings of this specification is not implied. Exposure to maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. TABLE 1-2: PIN FUNCTION TABLE Function Chip Select Serial Data Clock Serial Data Input Serial Data Output Ground Program Enable Protect Register Enable Power Supply DC AND AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS VCC = +2.5V to +6.0V Commercial(C): Tamb = 0°C to +70°C Industrial (I): Tamb = -40°C to +85°C Parameter Symbol High level input voltage Low level input voltage Low level output voltage VIH VIL VOL1 VOL2 High level output voltage VOH1 VOH2 Input leakage current ILI Output leakage current ILO Pin capacitance CIN, COUT (all inputs/outputs) Operating current ICC Write ICC Read Min Max Units 2.0 -0.3 — — 2.4 VCC-0.2 -10 -10 — VCC +1 0.8 0.4 0.2 — — 10 10 7 V V V V V V µA µA pF — — 3 1 500 100 30 mA mA µA µA µA 2 1 — — — — — — — — — — — 400 100 MHz MHz ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns Standby current ICCS — Clock frequency FCLK — Clock high time TCKH 250 250 Clock low time TCKL Chip select setup time TCSS 50 Chip select hold time TCSH 0 Chip select low time TCSL 250 PRE setup time TPRES 100 PE setup time TPES 100 PRE hold time TPREH 0 PE hold time TPEH 500 Data input setup time TDIS 100 Data input hold time TDIH 100 Data output delay time TPD — Data output disable time TCZ — Note 1: This parameter is tested at Tamb = 25°C and FCLK = 1 MHz. 2: This parameter is periodically sampled and not 100% tested. DS11181E-page 2 Conditions VCC ≥ 2.5V VCC ≥ 2.5V IOL = 2.1 mA; VCC = 4.5V IOL = 100 µA; VCC = 2.5V IOH = -400µA; VCC = 4.5V IOH = -100µA; VCC = 2.5V VIN = 0.1V to VCC VOUT = 0.1V to Vcc VIN/VOUT = 0V (Note 1 & 2) Tamb = +25°C; FCLK = 1 MHz FCLK = 2 MHz; VCC = 3.0V (Note 2) FCLK = 2 MHz; VCC = 6.0V FCLK = 1 MHz; VCC = 3.0V CLK = CS = 0V; VCC = 6.0V CLK = CS = 0V; VCC = 3.0V DI = PE = PRE = VSS VCC ≥ 4.5V VCC < 4.5V Relative to CLK Relative to CLK Relative to CLK Relative to CLK Relative to CLK Relative to CLK Relative to CLK Relative to CLK CL=100 pF CL=100 pF (Note 2) 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. 93LCS56/66 DC AND AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Continued) TABLE 1-2: VCC = +2.5V to +6.0V Commercial(C): Tamb = 0°C to +70°C Industrial (I): Tamb = -40°C to +85°C Parameter Symbol Status valid time Program cycle time TSV TWC TEC TWL — Endurance Min Max Units 1M 500 10 15 30 — ns ms ms ms cycles Conditions CL=100 pF ERASE/WRITE mode (Note 3) ERAL mode WRAL mode 25°C, Vcc = 5.0V, Block Mode (Note 4) 3: Typical program cycle time is 4 ms per word. 4: This parameter is not tested but guaranteed by characterization. For endurance estimates in a specific application, please consult the Total Endurance Model which can be obtained on our BBS or website. TABLE 1-3: INSTRUCTION SET FOR 93LCS56*/66 93LCS56/66 (x 16 organization) Instruction SB Opcode Address Data In Data Out PRE PE Comments READ 1 10 A7 - A0 — D15-D0 0 X Reads data stored in memory, starting at specified address (.Note). EWEN 1 00 11XXXXXX — High-Z 0 1 Erase/Write Enable must precede all programming modes. ERASE 1 11 A7 - A0 — (RDY/ BSY) 1 Erase data at specified address location if address is unprotected (Note). ERAL 1 00 10XXXXXX — (RDY/ BSY) 0 1 Erase all registers to “FF”. Valid only when Protect Register is cleared. WRITE 1 01 A7 - A0* D15 - D0 (RDY/ BSY) 0 1 Writes register if address is unprotected. WRAL 1 00 01XXXXXX D15 - D0 (RDY/ BSY) 0 1 Writes all registers. Valid only when Protect Register is cleared. EWDS 1 00 00XXXXXX — High-Z 0 X Erase/Write Disable deactivates all programming instructions. PRREAD 1 10 XXXXXXXX — A7-A0 1 X Reads address stored in Protect Register. PREN 1 00 11XXXXXX — High-Z 1 1 Must immediately precede PRCLEAR, PRWRITE and PRDS instructions. PRCLEAR 1 11 11111111 — (RDY/ BSY) 1 1 Clears the Protect Register such that all data are NOT write-protected. PRWRITE 1 01 A7 - A0* — (RDY/ BSY) 1 1 Programs address into Protect Register. Thereafter, memory addresses greater than or equal to the address in Protect Register are write-protected. PRDS 1 00 00000000 — (RDY/ BSY) 1 1 ONE TIME ONLY instruction after which the address in the Protect Register cannot be altered. Note: Address A7 bit is a “don’t care” on 93LCS56. 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. DS11181E-page 3 93LCS56/66 2.0 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION 2.4 READ The 93LCS56/66 is organized as 128/256 registers by 16 bits. Instructions, addresses and write data are clocked into the DI pin on the rising edge of the clock (CLK). The DO pin is normally held in a high-Z state except when reading data from the device, or when checking the ready/busy status during a programming operation. The ready/busy status can be verified during an Erase/Write operation by polling the DO pin; DO low indicates that programming is still in progress, while DO high indicates the device is ready. The DO will enter the high-Z state on the falling edge of the CS. The READ instruction outputs the serial data of the addressed memory location on the DO pin. A dummy zero bit precedes the 16 bit output string. The output data bits will toggle on the rising edge of the CLK and are stable after the specified time delay (TPD). Sequential read is possible when CS is held high. The memory data will automatically cycle to the next register and output sequentially. 2.1 The 93LCS56/66 powers up in the Erase/Write Disable (EWDS) state. All programming modes must be preceded by an Erase/Write Enable (EWEN) instruction. The PE pin MUST be held “high” while loading the EWEN instruction. Once the EWEN instruction is executed, programming remains enabled until an EWDS instruction is executed or VCC is removed from the device. To protect against accidental data disturb, the EWDS instruction can be used to disable all Erase/ Write functions and should follow all programming operations. Execution of a READ instruction is independent of both the EWEN and EWDS instructions. START Condition The START bit is detected by the device if CS and DI are both HIGH with respect to the positive edge of CLK for the first time. Before a START condition is detected, CS, CLK, and DI may change in any combination (except to that of a START condition), without resulting in any device operation (READ, WRITE, ERASE, EWEN, EWDS, ERAL, WRAL, PRREAD, PREN, PRCLEAR, PRWRITE, and PRDS). As soon as CS is HIGH, the device is no longer in the standby mode. An instruction following a START condition will only be executed if the required amount of opcode, address and data bits for any particular instruction is clocked in. After execution of an instruction (i.e., clock in or out of the last required address or data bit) CLK and DI become don't care bits until a new start condition is detected. 2.2 DI/DO It is possible to connect the Data In and Data Out pins together. However, with this configuration it is possible for a “bus conflict” to occur during the “dummy zero” that precedes the READ operation, if A0 is a logic HIGH level. Under such a condition the voltage level seen at Data Out is undefined and will depend upon the relative impedances of Data Out and the signal source driving A0. The higher the current sourcing capability of A0, the higher the voltage at the Data Out pin. 2.3 Data Protection During power-up, all programming modes of operation are inhibited until VCC has reached a level greater than 1.4V. During power-down, the source data protection circuitry acts to inhibit all programming modes when VCC has fallen below 1.4V. The EWEN and EWDS commands give additional protection against accidentally programming during normal operation. 2.5 2.6 Erase/Write Enable and Disable (EWEN, EWDS) ERASE The ERASE instruction forces all data bits of the specified address to the logical “1” state. CS is brought low following the loading of the last address bit. This falling edge of the CS pin initiates the self-timed programming cycle. The PE pin MUST be latched “high” during loading the ERASE instruction but becomes a “don't care” after loading the instruction. The DO pin indicates the READY/BUSY status of the device if CS is brought high after a minimum of 250 ns low (TCLS). DO at logical “0” indicates that programming is still in progress. DO at logical “1” indicates that the register at the specified address has been erased and the device is ready for another instruction. ERASE instruction is valid if specified address is unprotected. The ERASE cycle takes 4 ms per word typical. 2.7 WRITE The WRITE instruction is followed by 16 bits of data which are written into the specified address. After the last data bit is put on the DI pin, CS must be brought low before the next rising edge of the CLK clock. Both CS and CLK must be low to initiate the self-timed autoerase and programming cycle. The PE pin MUST be latched “high” while loading the WRITE instruction but becomes a “don't care” thereafter. After power-up, the device is automatically in the EWDS mode. Therefore, an EWEN instruction must be performed before any ERASE or WRITE instruction can be executed. DS11181E-page 4 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. 93LCS56/66 The DO pin indicates the READY/BUSY status of the device if CS is brought high after a minimum of 250 ns (TCSL) and before the entire write cycle is complete. DO at logical “0” indicates that programming is still in progress. DO at logical “1” indicates that the register at the specified address has been written with the data specified and the device is ready for another instruction. WRITE instruction is valid only if specified address is unprotected. The WRITE cycle takes 4 ms per word typical. 2.8 Erase All (ERAL) The ERAL instruction will erase the entire memory array to the logical “1”. The ERAL cycle is identical to the ERASE cycle except for the different opcode. The ERAL cycle is completely self-timed and commences at the falling edge of the CS. PE pin MUST be held “high” while loading the instruction but becomes “don't care” thereafter. Clocking of the CLK pin is not necessary after the device has entered the self clocking mode. The ERAL instruction is guaranteed at VCC = 4.5 to 6V and valid only when Protect Register is cleared. The DO pin indicates the READY/BUSY status of the device if CS is brought high after a minimum of 250 ns low (TCSL) and before the entire write cycle is complete. The ERAL cycle takes 15 ms maximum (8 ms typical). 2.9 Write All (WRAL) The WRAL instruction will write the entire memory array with the data specified in the command. The WRAL cycle is completely self-timed and commences at the falling edge of the CS. PE pin MUST be held “high” while loading the instruction but becomes “don't care” thereafter. Clocking of the CLK pin is not necessary after the device has entered the self clocking mode. The WRAL command does include an automatic ERAL cycle for the device. Therefore, the WRAL instruction does not require an ERAL instruction but the chip must be in the EWEN status. The WRAL instruction is guaranteed at VCC = 4.5 to 6V and valid only when Protect Register is cleared. The DO pin indicates the READY/BUSY status of the device if CS is brought high after a minimum of 250 ns low (TCSL). The WRAL cycle takes 30 ms maximum (16 ms typical). Note: In order to execute either READ, EWEN, ERAL, WRITE, WRAL, or EWDS instructions, the Protect Register Enable (PRE) pin must be held LOW. 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. 2.10 Protect Register Read (PRREAD) The Protect Register Read (PRREAD) instruction outputs the address stored in the Protect Register on the DO pin. The PRE pin MUST be held HIGH when loading the instruction and remains HIGH until CS goes LOW. A dummy zero bit precedes the 8-bit output string. The output data bits in the memory Protect Register will toggle on the rising edge of the CLK as in the READ mode. 2.11 Protect Register Enable (PREN) The Protect Register Enable (PREN) instruction is used to enable the PRCLEAR, PRWRITE, and PRDS modes. Before the PREN mode can be entered, the device must be in the EWEN mode. Both PRE and PE pins MUST be held “high” while loading the instruction. The PREN instruction MUST immediately precede a PRCLEAR, PRWRITE, or PRDS instruction. 2.12 Protect Register Clear (PRCLEAR) The Protect Register Clear (PRCLEAR) instruction clears the address stored in the Protect Register and, therefore, enables all registers for programming instructions such as ERASE, ERAL, WRITE, and WRAL. The PRE and PE pin MUST be held HIGH when loading the instruction. Thereafter, PRE and PE pins become “don't care”. A PREN instruction must immediately precede a PRCLEAR instruction. 2.13 Protect Register Write (PRWRITE) The Protect Register Write (PRWRITE) instruction writes into the Protect Register the address of the first register to be protected. After this instruction is executed, all registers whose memory addresses are greater than or equal to the address pointer specified in the Protect register are protected from any programming instructions. Note that a PREN instruction must be executed before a PRWRITE instruction and, the Protect Register must be cleared (by a PRCLEAR instruction) before executing the PRWRITE instruction. The PRE and PE pins MUST be held HIGH while loading PRWRITE instruction. After the instruction is loaded, they become “don't care”. 2.14 Protect Register Disable (PRDS) The Protect Register Disable (PRDS) instruction is a ONE TIME ONLY instruction to permanently set the address specified in the Protect Register. Any attempts to change the address pointer will be aborted. The PRE and PE pins MUST be held HIGH while loading PRDS instruction. After the instruction is loaded, they become “don't care”. Note that a PREN instruction must be executed before a PRDS instruction. DS11181E-page 5 93LCS56/66 FIGURE 2-1: SYNCHRONOUS DATA TIMING V IH PRE V IL T PRES PE T PREH V IH V IL T PEH T PES V IH CS T CKH T CSS V IL T CKL T CSH V IH CLK V IL T DIH T DIS V IH DI V IL T PD DO (READ) DO (PROGRAM) T CZ T PD V OH T CZ V OL V OH T SV STATUS VALID V OL FIGURE 2-2: READ TIMING TCSL CS CLK DI DO 1 1 0 A2 ••• A0 TRI-STATE 0 D15 ••• D0 D15* ••• D0 D15* ••• PRE = 0 PE = X * The memory automatically cycles to the next register. Tri-State is a registered trademark of National Semiconductor. FIGURE 2-3: DS11181E-page 6 EWEN TIMING 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. 93LCS56/66 FIGURE 2-4: EWDS TIMING T CSL CS CLK DI 1 0 0 0 0 † † † X X PRE = 0 PE = X 6 DON'T CARE BITS FIGURE 2-5: DO = TRI-STATE WRITE TIMING PE T CSL CS CLK 1 DI 0 1 A7 ††† A0 D15 ††† D0 BUSY TRI-STATE DO † Address bit A7 becomes a "don't care" for 93LCS56. FIGURE 2-6: PRE = 0 READY T WC WRAL TIMING PE T CSL CS CLK DI 1 0 0 0 1 X ••• X D15 ••• D0 6 DON'T CARE BITS DO TRI-STATE Guaranteed at VCC = 4.5V to 6.0V Protect Register must be cleared 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. BUSY PRE = 0 READY TRISTATE TWL DS11181E-page 7 93LCS56/66 FIGURE 2-7: ERASE TIMING PE T CSL CS STANDBY CHECK STATUS CLK 1 DI 1 A7 1 ††† A0 T CZ T SV TRI-STATE TRI-STATE † Address bit A7 is a "don't care" for 93LCS56. FIGURE 2-8: READY BUSY DO T WC PRE = 0 ERAL TIMING PE T CSL CS STANDBY CHECK STATUS CLK 1 DI 0 0 1 0 ††† X X T CZ T SV 6 DON'T CARE BITS TRI-STATE TRI-STATE READY BUSY DO T EC Guarantee at V FIGURE 2-9: CC = 4.5V to 6.0V Protect Register must be cleared PRE = 0 PRREAD TIMING PRE T CSL CS CLK DI 1 1 0 X ††† X 8 DON'T CARE BITS 0 DO † Address bit A7 is a "don't care" for 93LCS56. DS11181E-page 8 A7 A6 ††† A0 †X† PE = X 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. 93LCS56/66 FIGURE 2-10: PREN TIMING PRE PE CS T CSL CLK 1 DI 0 0 1 1 X DO = TRI-STATE ††† X 6 DON'T CARE BITS A EWEN cycle must precede a PREN cycle. FIGURE 2-11: PRCLEAR TIMING PRE PE TCSL CS CLK 1 DI 1 1 1 ••• 1 1 1 1 8 BITS OF "1" DO TRI-STATE BUSY READY A PREN cycle must immediately precede a PRCLEAR cycle. TWC FIGURE 2-12: PRWRITE TIMING PRE PE TCSL CS CLK DI 1 0 1 A7 ••• A0 BUSY DO READY TWC Protect Register MUST be cleared before a PRWRITE cycle. A PREN cycle must immediately precede a PRWRITE cycle. Address bit A7 is a "don't care" for 93LCS56. 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. DS11181E-page 9 93LCS56/66 FIGURE 2-13: PRDS TIMING PRE PE TCSL CS CLK DI 1 0 0 0 ••• 0 0 0 0 8 BITS OF "0" READY BUSY DO TWC ONE TIME ONLY instruction. A PREN cycle must immediately precede a PRDS cycle. 3.0 PIN DESCRIPTION 3.1 Chip Select (CS) A HIGH level selects the device. A LOW level deselects the device and forces it into standby mode. However, a programming cycle which is already initiated and/or in progress will be completed, regardless of the CS input signal. If CS is brought LOW during a program cycle, the device will go into standby mode as soon as the programming cycle is completed. CS must be LOW for 250 ns minimum (TCSL) between consecutive instructions. If CS is LOW, the internal control logic is held in a RESET status. 3.2 Serial Clock (CLK) data bits before an instruction is executed (see instruction set truth table). CLK and DI then become don't care inputs waiting for a new start condition to be detected. Note: 3.3 CS must go LOW between consecutive instructions. Data In (DI) Data In is used to clock in a START bit, opcode, address, and data synchronously with the CLK input. 3.4 Data Out (DO) Data Out is used in the READ and PRREAD mode to output data synchronously with the CLK input (TPD after the positive edge of CLK). The Serial Clock is used to synchronize the communication between a master device and the 93LCS56/66. Opcode, address, and data bits are clocked in on the positive edge of CLK. Data bits are also clocked out on the positive edge of CLK. This pin also provides READY/BUSY status information during ERASE and WRITE cycles. READY/BUSY status information is available on the DO pin if CS is brought HIGH after held LOW for minimum chip select low time (TCSL) and an ERASE or WRITE operation has been initiated. CLK can be stopped anywhere in the transmission sequence (at HIGH or LOW level) and can be continued anytime with respect to clock HIGH time (TCDD) and clock LOW time (TCKL). This gives the controlling master freedom in preparing opcode, address, and data. The status signal is not available on DO, if CS is held LOW or HIGH during the entire WRITE or ERASE cycle. In all other cases DO is in the HIGH-Z mode. If status is checked after the WRITE/ERASE cycle, a pull-up resistor on DO is required to read the READY signal. CLK is a “Don't Care” if CS is LOW (device deselected). If CS is HIGH, but START condition has not been detected, any number of clock cycles can be received by the device without changing its status (i.e., waiting for START condition). CLK cycles are not required during the self-timed WRITE (i.e., auto ERASE/WRITE) cycle. After detection of a start condition the specified number of clock cycles (respectively LOW to HIGH transitions of CLK) must be provided. These clock cycles are required to clock in all required opcode, address, and DS11181E-page 10 3.5 Program Enable (PE) This pin should be held HIGH in the programming mode or when executing the Protect Register programming instructions. 3.6 Protect Register Enable (PRE) This pin should be held HIGH when executing all Protect Register instructions. Otherwise, it must be held LOW for normal operations. 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. 93LCS56/66 93LCS56/66 Product Identification System To order or to obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, please use the listed part numbers, and refer to the factory or the listed sales offices. 93LCS56/66 – /P Package: Temperature Range: Device: P = Plastic DIP (300 mil Body), 8-lead SN = Plastic SOIC (150 mil Body), 8-lead SM = Plastic SOIC (207 mil Body), 8-lead SL = Plastic SOIC (150 mil Body), 14-lead Blank = 0°C to +70°C I = -40°C to +85°C 93LCS56/66 93LCS56T/66T Microwire Serial EEPROM Microwire Serial EEPROM (Tape and Reel) Sales and Support Data Sheets Products supported by a preliminary Data Sheet may have an errata sheet describing minor operational differences and recommended workarounds. To determine if an errata sheet exists for a particular device, please contact one of the following: 1. Your local Microchip sales office 2. The Microchip Corporate Literature Center U.S. FAX: (602) 786-7277 3. The Microchip Worldwide Web Site (www.microchip.com) 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. DS11181E-page 11 93LCS56/66 NOTES: DS11181E-page 12 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices: • Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet. • Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the intended manner and under normal conditions. • There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property. • Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code. • Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.” Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act. Information contained in this publication regarding device applications and the like is intended through suggestion only and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to ensure that your application meets with your specifications. No representation or warranty is given and no liability is assumed by Microchip Technology Incorporated with respect to the accuracy or use of such information, or infringement of patents or other intellectual property rights arising from such use or otherwise. Use of Microchip’s products as critical components in life support systems is not authorized except with express written approval by Microchip. No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any intellectual property rights. Trademarks The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, Accuron, dsPIC, KEELOQ, microID, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro, PICSTART, PRO MATE, PowerSmart, rfPIC, and SmartShunt are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. AmpLab, FilterLab, MXDEV, MXLAB, PICMASTER, SEEVAL, SmartSensor and The Embedded Control Solutions Company are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, dsPICDEM, dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, ECAN, ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, FlexROM, fuzzyLAB, In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, ICEPIC, Migratable Memory, MPASM, MPLIB, MPLINK, MPSIM, PICkit, PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICLAB, PICtail, PowerCal, PowerInfo, PowerMate, PowerTool, rfLAB, rfPICDEM, Select Mode, Smart Serial, SmartTel and Total Endurance are trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their respective companies. © 2004, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the U.S.A., All Rights Reserved. Printed on recycled paper. Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 quality system certification for its worldwide headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and Tempe, Arizona and Mountain View, California in October 2003. The Company’s quality system processes and procedures are for its PICmicro® 8-bit MCUs, KEELOQ® code hopping devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified. 2004 Microchip Technology Inc. DS11181E-page 13 WORLDWIDE SALES AND SERVICE AMERICAS China - Beijing Singapore Corporate Office Unit 706B Wan Tai Bei Hai Bldg. No. 6 Chaoyangmen Bei Str. Beijing, 100027, China Tel: 86-10-85282100 Fax: 86-10-85282104 200 Middle Road #07-02 Prime Centre Singapore, 188980 Tel: 65-6334-8870 Fax: 65-6334-8850 2355 West Chandler Blvd. Chandler, AZ 85224-6199 Tel: 480-792-7200 Fax: 480-792-7277 Technical Support: 480-792-7627 Web Address: www.microchip.com China - Chengdu 3780 Mansell Road, Suite 130 Alpharetta, GA 30022 Tel: 770-640-0034 Fax: 770-640-0307 Rm. 2401-2402, 24th Floor, Ming Xing Financial Tower No. 88 TIDU Street Chengdu 610016, China Tel: 86-28-86766200 Fax: 86-28-86766599 Boston China - Fuzhou 2 Lan Drive, Suite 120 Westford, MA 01886 Tel: 978-692-3848 Fax: 978-692-3821 Unit 28F, World Trade Plaza No. 71 Wusi Road Fuzhou 350001, China Tel: 86-591-7503506 Fax: 86-591-7503521 Atlanta Chicago 333 Pierce Road, Suite 180 Itasca, IL 60143 Tel: 630-285-0071 Fax: 630-285-0075 Dallas 16200 Addison Road, Suite 255 Addison Plaza Addison, TX 75001 Tel: 972-818-7423 Fax: 972-818-2924 Detroit Tri-Atria Office Building 32255 Northwestern Highway, Suite 190 Farmington Hills, MI 48334 Tel: 248-538-2250 Fax: 248-538-2260 Kokomo 2767 S. Albright Road Kokomo, IN 46902 Tel: 765-864-8360 Fax: 765-864-8387 Los Angeles 25950 Acero St., Suite 200 Mission Viejo, CA 92691 Tel: 949-462-9523 Fax: 949-462-9608 San Jose 1300 Terra Bella Avenue Mountain View, CA 94043 Tel: 650-215-1444 Fax: 650-961-0286 Toronto 6285 Northam Drive, Suite 108 Mississauga, Ontario L4V 1X5, Canada Tel: 905-673-0699 Fax: 905-673-6509 China - Hong Kong SAR Unit 901-6, Tower 2, Metroplaza 223 Hing Fong Road Kwai Fong, N.T., Hong Kong Tel: 852-2401-1200 Fax: 852-2401-3431 Taiwan Kaohsiung Branch 30F - 1 No. 8 Min Chuan 2nd Road Kaohsiung 806, Taiwan Tel: 886-7-536-4816 Fax: 886-7-536-4817 Taiwan Taiwan Branch 11F-3, No. 207 Tung Hua North Road Taipei, 105, Taiwan Tel: 886-2-2717-7175 Fax: 886-2-2545-0139 Taiwan Taiwan Branch 13F-3, No. 295, Sec. 2, Kung Fu Road Hsinchu City 300, Taiwan Tel: 886-3-572-9526 Fax: 886-3-572-6459 EUROPE China - Shanghai Austria Room 701, Bldg. B Far East International Plaza No. 317 Xian Xia Road Shanghai, 200051 Tel: 86-21-6275-5700 Fax: 86-21-6275-5060 Durisolstrasse 2 A-4600 Wels Austria Tel: 43-7242-2244-399 Fax: 43-7242-2244-393 China - Shenzhen Regus Business Centre Lautrup hoj 1-3 Ballerup DK-2750 Denmark Tel: 45-4420-9895 Fax: 45-4420-9910 Rm. 1812, 18/F, Building A, United Plaza No. 5022 Binhe Road, Futian District Shenzhen 518033, China Tel: 86-755-82901380 Fax: 86-755-8295-1393 China - Shunde Room 401, Hongjian Building, No. 2 Fengxiangnan Road, Ronggui Town, Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong 528303, China Tel: 86-757-28395507 Fax: 86-757-28395571 China - Qingdao Rm. B505A, Fullhope Plaza, No. 12 Hong Kong Central Rd. Qingdao 266071, China Tel: 86-532-5027355 Fax: 86-532-5027205 India Divyasree Chambers 1 Floor, Wing A (A3/A4) No. 11, O’Shaugnessey Road Bangalore, 560 025, India Tel: 91-80-22290061 Fax: 91-80-22290062 Japan ASIA/PACIFIC Yusen Shin Yokohama Building 10F 3-17-2, Shin Yokohama, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 222-0033, Japan Tel: 81-45-471- 6166 Fax: 81-45-471-6122 Australia Korea Microchip Technology Australia Pty Ltd Unit 32 41 Rawson Street Epping 2121, NSW Sydney, Australia Tel: 61-2-9868-6733 Fax: 61-2-9868-6755 168-1, Youngbo Bldg. 3 Floor Samsung-Dong, Kangnam-Ku Seoul, Korea 135-882 Tel: 82-2-554-7200 Fax: 82-2-558-5932 or 82-2-558-5934 Denmark France Parc d’Activite du Moulin de Massy 43 Rue du Saule Trapu Batiment A - ler Etage 91300 Massy, France Tel: 33-1-69-53-63-20 Fax: 33-1-69-30-90-79 Germany Steinheilstrasse 10 D-85737 Ismaning, Germany Tel: 49-89-627-144-0 Fax: 49-89-627-144-44 Italy Via Salvatore Quasimodo, 12 20025 Legnano (MI) Milan, Italy Tel: 39-0331-742611 Fax: 39-0331-466781 Netherlands Waegenburghtplein 4 NL-5152 JR, Drunen, Netherlands Tel: 31-416-690399 Fax: 31-416-690340 United Kingdom 505 Eskdale Road Winnersh Triangle Wokingham Berkshire, England RG41 5TU Tel: 44-118-921-5869 Fax: 44-118-921-5820 07/12/04 2004 Microchip Technology Inc.