ESD and EMI Protection Solutions for Portable Electronics Design Guide

SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
Protection Design Guide for Portable
Electronics
ESD and EMI Protection Solutions
1
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
Table of Contents
ESD & EMI Protection Solutions
Introduction - ESD Testing - IEC 61000-4-2 3
ESD Protection - Board Layout Guidelines 5
SIM and microSD Ports
6
R-C Filters for LCD Displays (0.4mm pitch)
8
5-Pole L-C Filters for LCD Displays 9
MDDI / MIPI Ports
10
3.3V ESD Protection Multi-line Arrays
11
Flow Through ESD Protection Arrays
12
5V ESD Protection Multi-line Arrays
13
3.3V, 5V, 12V Single Line ESD Protection 14
Low Capacitance (0.5pF) Single Line ESD Protection 15
5V Dual Line ESD Protection 15
Single Port USB 1.1, 2.0, OTG ESD Protection 16
ESD Protection for USB Interfaces with Battery Charging 17
Audio Port Protection 18
Selection Matrix
19
Revision 2/2009
2
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
Introduction
ESD Testing - IEC 61000-4-2
The Need for Robust ESD Protection
Designers of portable systems are constantly challenged
to make smaller devices with increased functionality. To
do so, semiconductors have to become more complex,
requiring sub-micron processes and very fine line widths.
In turn, they become increasingly more sensitive to
the effects of electrostatic discharge (ESD). Making
matters worse, in the race to provide more and faster
functionality, on-chip ESD protection is by necessity
being sacrificed in favor of chip performance. It is
expected that the integrated circuits of tomorrow will not
sustain the current levels of on-chip ESD protection. As
on-chip protection is reduced, ICs will become even more
sensitive to the effects of electrostatic discharge (ESD).
With increased ESD sensitivity of digital ICs, the need
to protect systems with more robust off-chip transient
voltage suppression will be greater than ever. Portable
systems are constantly exposed to the damaging effects
of electrostatic discharge (ESD). An unsuspecting user
can inject a hazardous charge during normal device
operation. The consumer usually perceives system
failures as poor quality by the consumer. Increased
device sensitivity coupled with increasingly miniaturized
form factors have increased the challenge of designing
adequate ESD protection. It requires a combination
of good board layout and state-of-the-art protection
components to properly complete the task.
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
Introduction
ESD Testing - IEC 61000-4-2
ESD Compliance Standard - IEC 61000-4-2
Several models exist to simulate the ESD event. Each
is designed to describe the threat in a real world
environment. The discharge model is typically a
voltage source feeding a resistor/capacitor network.
Resistor and capacitor values vary depending upon the
standard. Today the most internationally recognized
ESD standard is IEC 61000-4-2. IEC 61000-4-2 is
a system level standard used by manufacturers to
model ESD events from human contact. The test is
performed by discharging a 150pF capacitor through
a 330 ohm resistor. The peak current achieved is
approximately 5 times greater than that of component
level ESD tests such as JEDEC STD 883, Method 3015.
This is one reason why devices may fail at the system
level even though they pass the component level test.
Discharge into the equipment may be through direct
contact (contact discharge) or just prior to contact (air
discharge). IEC 61000-4-2 divides the ESD into four
threat levels. Test voltages at the threat levels range
from 2kV to 15kV with peak discharge currents as
high as 30A. Most manufacturers adhere to the most
stringent level, level 4, which defines a +/-15kV air
discharge test and a +/-8kV contact discharge test.
However, many manufacturers test their equipment
beyond these levels. The ESD waveform as defined
by IEC 61000-4-2 reaches peak magnitude in 700ps
to 1ns and has a total duration of only 60ns. While
the ESD pulse contains little energy, the resulting
effect can be devastating to sensitive semiconductor
devices. Sensitive points of the equipment are to be
tested with a combination of positive and negative
discharges. Sensitive areas of a cell phone for example
would include I/O ports, audio ports, battery contacts,
LED displays, antenna, external memory ports, and the
keypad.
Level
Test
Voltage
Air Discharge
(kV)
Test
Voltage
Contact
Discharge
(kV)
First
Peak
Current
(A)
Peak
Current
at 30ns
(A)
Peak
Current
at 60ns
(A)
1
2
2
7.5
4
2
2
4
4
15
8
4
3
8
6
22.5
12
6
4
15
8
30
16
8
ESD Waveform and Discharge Levels per IEC 61000-4-2
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
Introduction
ESD Protection - Board Layout
between the TVS and the protected line, and the path
from the connector to the TVS device. Additionally, The
TVS device should be placed as close to the connector
as possible to reduce transient coupling into nearby
traces. The secondary effects of radiated emissions can
cause upset to other areas of the board even if there
is no direct path to the connector. Long signal traces
will act as antennas to receive energy from fields that
are produced by the ESD pulse. By keeping line lengths
as short as possible, the efficiency of the line to act as
an antenna for ESD related fields is reduced. Minimize
interconnecting line lengths by placing devices with
the most interconnects as close together as possible.
Finally, avoid running critical signal lines near board
edges or next to protected lines.
ESD Protection Strategies - Board Layout
PC board layout is an important part of transient
immunity design. This is especially critical in portable
systems where the threat of ESD exists. Parasitic
inductance in the protection path can result in significant
voltage overshoot and may exceed the damage threshold
of the protected IC. This is especially critical in the case
of fast rise-time transients such as ESD or EFT. Recall
that the voltage developed across an inductive load
is proportional to the time rate of change in current
(V = L di/dt). An ESD induced transient reaches a
peak in less than 1ns (per IEC 1000-4-2). Assuming a
trace inductance of 20nH per inch and a quarter inch
trace, the voltage overshoot will be 50 volts for a 10A
pulse. The primary rule of thumb is to minimize the
effects of parasitic inductance by making the shunt
paths as short as possible. All inductive paths must be
considered including the ground return path, the path
Vcc
Vcc
L1
Protected
Vc = Clamping Voltage
of TVS
IC
GND
Vp1 = L1 * di/dt
L2
Vtotal =Vc+Vp1+Vp2
Vp2 = L2 * di/dt
* L1 represents the parasitic inductance of the trace between TVS and Vcc
* L2 represents the parasitic inductance of the trace between TVS and GND
* Vtotal represents the voltage that will be see between Vcc and GND
of the IC during a transient.
Effects of Parasitic Inductance
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
External Memory Interfaces
SIM Ports, microSD (SD or SPI Mode)
SIM Interface - EClamp® 2465T ESD Protection +
Filtering
EClamp2465T consists of three circuits that include
series impedance matching resistors for proper
termination of the SIM card interface. Termination
resistor value of 100 Ohms is included on the Reset and
Data lines and 47 Ohms on the CLK line. TVS diodes are
also included on each line for ESD protection in excess
of ±15kV (air discharge) and ±8kV (contact discharge)
per IEC 61000-4-2, level 4. An additional TVS diode
connection is included for protection of the voltage
(Vcc) bus. The EClamp2465T is in a 8-pin, RoHS/WEEE
compliant, SLP1713P8T package. It measures 1.7 x 1.3
mm with a nominal height of only 0.4mm. The leads
are spaced at a pitch of 0.4mm and are finished with
lead-free NiPdAu. The small package makes it ideal
for use in portable electronics such as cell phones and
digital still cameras. These packages are designed to
replace flip chip solutions in the same application. The
EClamp2455P/K are also available for SIM Interface
Protection.
Vcc (Pin 5)
(Pin 1)
Data to IC
(Pin 8)
47 Ω
CLK to Connector
CLK to IC
(Pin 7)
(Pin 2)
100 Ω
Reset to Connector
Reset to IC
(Pin 6)
(Pin 3)
GND TAB
Data to Connec tor
1
CLK to Connec tor
NC
8
4
Data to IC
CLK to IC
Gnd
Res et to Connector
Res et to IC
5
Vcc to Connec tor
SIM Protection using EClamp2465T
SIM Interface - Low Capacitance RClamp® 2504P &
RClamp® 3304P
In applications where lower capacitance is needed,
the RClamp series are ideal choices. A RailClamp
protection device utilizes surge-rated steering diodes
to compensate and lower the overall capacitance
seen by the circuit. The RClamp2504P provides
four lines of protection including the Vcc line with an
operating voltages of 2.5V and the RClamp3304P is
protecting lines with operating voltage of 3.3V. The
RClamp2504P/3304P presents a maximum capacitance
of <3pF per line. Note that one of the I/O pins are used
to protect the Vcc pin. This is done to provide complete
isolation for the SIM Vcc during ESD events on the I/O,
clock, or reset lines. The RClamp2504P/3304P are in
a 1.6 x 1.6 x 0.6mm RoHS compliant leadless package
(SLP1616P6). RClamp0504P is also available in the
same footprint for 5V circuits.
 2009 Semtech Corp.
100Ω
Data to Connector
Gnd
1
SIM Protection using RClamp2504P/3304P
6
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
External Memory Interfaces
SIM Ports, microSD (SD or SPI Mode)
MicroSD Connector
microSD Interface - EClamp® 2410P ESD Protection +
Filtering
The EClamp2410P consists of six circuits that include
series impedance matching resistors and pull up
resistors as required by the SD specification. TVS
diodes are included on each line for ESD protection.
An additional TVS diode connection is included for
protection of the voltage (Vdd) bus. Termination resistor
value of 45 Ohms is included on the DAT0, DAT1, DAT2,
DAT3, CMD, and CLK lines. Pull up resistors of 15k
Ohms are included on DAT0, DAT1, DAT2, and CMD lines
while a 50k Ohm pull up is inlcuded on the DAT3 line.
These may be configured for devices operating in SD or
SPI mode . The TVS diodes provide effective suppression
of ESD voltages in excess of ±15kV (air discharge) and
±8kV (contact discharge) per IEC 61000-4-2, level 4.
The EClamp2410P is in a 16-pin, RoHS/WEEE compliant,
SLP4016P16 package. It measures 4.0 x 1.6 x 0.58mm.
The leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.5mm and are finished with lead-free NiPdAu.
DAT 1 OUT
DAT 0 IN
DAT 0 OUT
CLK IN
CLK OUT
Rup 15KΩ
Rup 15KΩ
VDD
Rup 50KΩ
CMD IN
CMD OUT
DAT 3 IN
DAT 3 OUT
DAT 2 IN
DAT 2 OUT
Host IC
EClamp2410P
microSD Protection using EClamp2410P
microSD Interface - Low Progile, Low Capacitance
RClamp® 0524T
The RClamp0524T is an ultra-low capacitance ESD protection device that may be used on microSD interfaces
that use external resistors. It has a typical capacitance
of only 0.30pF between I/O pins and 0.80pF between
any I/O pin and ground. Each device will protect up to
four lines and may be used to meet the ESD immunity
requirements of IEC 61000-4-2,
Level 4 (±15kV air, ±8kV contact discharge). The
RClamp0524T is in a 10-pin, RoHS/WEEE compliant,
SLP2510P8T package. It measures 2.5 x 1.0 x 0.40mm.
The leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.5mm. They are
designed for easy PCB layout by allowing the traces to
run straight through the device. The leadless design
and flow through layout minimizes impedance stubs for
maximum signal integrity.
Also available for microSD protection is the
RClamp0524P which is in a 10-pin, RoHS/WEEE compliant, SLP2510P8 package. It measures 2.5 x 1.0 x
0.58mm.
 2009 Semtech Corp.
DAT 1 IN
DAT 1
DAT 0
Gnd
SD Card
Conector
CLK
VDD
SD Card
Controller
RClamp0524P
CMD
DAT 3
Gnd
DAT 2
RClamp0524P
microSD Protection using RClamp0524T
7
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
LCD Display - Serial & Parallel Interface
R-C Filters
Parallel Interface - EClamp® 237xK RC Filter + ESD
Protection
The EClamp237xKseries is a RC filter consisting of TVS
diodes for ESD protection, and a resistor - capacitor
network for EMI/RFI filtering. A series resistor value
of 100Ω and a capacitance value of 10pF are used to
achieve 30dB minimum attenuation from 1.8GHz to
2.5GHz. The TVS diodes provide effective suppression
of ESD voltages in excess of ±15kV (air discharge) and
±8kV (contact discharge) per IEC 61000-4-2, level 4.
These devices are available in 4-line (EClamp2384K),
6-line (EClamp2386K), and 8-line (EClamp2388K)
versions for maximum design flexibility. Each is in a
RoHS/WEEE compliant SLP package with a lead pitch of
0.400mm.
The EClamp2374K measures 1.7 x 1.3 x 0.5 mm.
The EClamp2376K measures 2.5 x 1.3 x 0.5 mm.
The EClamp2378K measures 3.3 x 1.3 x 0.5 mm.
Also, available is the EClamo237xP family in a slighlty
larger package size but offereing similar performnce
characteristics of the EClamp237xK parts.
OUT
10pF
10pF
GND
EClamp237xK: R = 100 Ohms, C = 10pF
EClamp238xK: R = 200 Ohms, C = 12pF
RC Filter (Each Channel)
2.50
1.7 0
1 2
1 2
1.3 0
Parallel Interface - EClamp® 238xK RC Filter + ESD
Protection
The EClamp238xK series is a RC filter consisting of TVS
diodes for ESD protection, and a resistor - capacitor
network for EMI/RFI filtering. A series resistor value
of 200Ω and a capacitance value of 12pF are used to
achieve 30dB minimum attenuation from 800MHz to
2.7GHz. The TVS diodes provide effective suppression
of ESD voltages in excess of ±15kV (air discharge) and
±8kV (contact discharge) per IEC 61000-4-2, level 4.
These devices are available in 4-line (EClamp2384K),
6-line (EClamp2386K), and 8-line (EClamp2388K)
versions for maximum design flexibility. Each is in a
RoHS/WEEE compliant SLP package with a lead pitch of
0.400mm.
The EClamp2384K measures 1.7 x 1.3 x 0.5 mm.
The EClamp2386K measures 2.5 x 1.3 x 0.5 mm.
The EClamp2388K measures 3.3 x 1.3 x 0.5 mm.
Also, available is the EClamo238xP family in a slighlty
larger package size but offereing similar performnce
characteristics of the EClamp238xK parts.
 2009 Semtech Corp.
100 Ω
IN
1.30
0.4 0 BSC
0.40 BSC
0.5 0
0.50
4-Line
6-Line
3.30
1
2
1.30
0.40 BSC
0.50
8-Line
8
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
LCD Display - Serial & Parallel Interface
5-Pole L-C Filters
Parallel Interface - EClamp® 239xP LC Filter + ESD
Protection
The EClamp239xP series is a LC filter consisting of
TVS diodes for ESD protection, and a 5-pole inductor capacitor network for EMI/RFI filtering. A typical inductor
value of 19nH and a capacitor value of 15pF are used
to achieve 30dB minimum attenuation from 800MHz to
2.7GHz. The TVS diodes provide effective suppression
of ESD voltages in excess of ±15kV (air discharge) and
±8kV (contact discharge) per IEC 61000-4-2, level 4.
These devices are available in 4-line (EClamp2394P),
6-line (EClamp2396P), and 8-line (EClamp2398P) versions for maximum design flexibility. Each is in a RoHS/
WEEE compliant SLP package, designed to replace comparable flip chip devices. The EClamp2394P measures
2.1 x 1.6 x 0.58 mm. The EClamp2396P measures 3.0 x
1.6 x 0.58 mm. The EClamp2398P measures 4.0 x 1.6
x 0.58 mm. The leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.5mm.
L1
L2
IN
OUT
C1
C2
C3
GND
EClamp239xP: L = 19 nH, C = 15pF
EClamp245xP: L = 28 nH, C = 15pF
5-Pole LC Filter (Each Channel)
2.1 0
3.00
1 2
1 2
1.6 0
Parallel Interface - EClamp® 245xP LC Filter + ESD
Protection
The EClamp245xP series is a LC filter consisting of of
TVS diodes for ESD protection, and a 5-pole inductor capacitor network for EMI/RFI filtering. A typical inductor
value of 28nH and a capacitor value of 15pF are used
to achieve 40dB minimum attenuation from 800MHz to
2.7GHz. The TVS diodes provide effective suppression
of ESD voltages in excess of ±15kV (air discharge) and
±8kV (contact discharge) per IEC 61000-4-2, level 4.
These devices are available in 4-line (EClamp2454P),
6-line (EClamp2456P), and 8-line (EClamp2458P) versions for maximum design flexibility. Each is in a RoHS/
WEEE compliant SLP package, designed to replace comparable flip chip devices. The EClamp2454P measures
2.1 x 1.6 x 0.58 mm. The EClamp2456P measures 3.0 x
1.6 x 0.58 mm. The EClamp2458P measures 4.0 x 1.6 x
0.58 mm. The leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.5mm.
1.60
0.5 0 BSC
0.50 BS C
0.5 8
0.58
4-Line
6-Line
4.00
1
2
1.60
0.50 BSC
0.58
8-Line
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
LCD Display - Serial & Parallel Interface
Low Capacitance MDDI/MIPI Port protection
MDDI Interface - Low Profile, Low Capacitance
RClamp® 0522T and RClamp® 0524T
The RClamp0522T and RClamp0524T are ultra-low
capacitance ESD protection devices that have been
optimized for use on next generation serial display interfaces. Each have a typical capacitance of only 0.30pF
between I/O pins and 0.80pF between any I/O pin and
ground. This allows it to be used on circuits operating in excess of 3GHz without signal attenuation. They
may be used to meet the ESD immunity requirements
of IEC 61000-4-2, Level 4 (±15kV air, ±8kV contact
discharge). The RClamp0522T is designed to protect
two lines, while the RClamp0524T will protect four lines.
The RClamp0522T is in a 6-pin, RoHS/WEEE compliant,
SLP1610P4T package. It measures 1.6 x 1.0 x 0.40mm.
The RClamp0524T is in a 10-pin, RoHS/WEEE compliant,
SLP2510P8T package. It measures 2.5 x 1.0 x 0.40mm.
The leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.5mm. They are
designed for easy PCB layout by allowing the traces to run
straight through the device. The leadless design and flow
through layout minimizes impedance stubs for maximum
signal integrity.
For a complete solution, the power lines should also be
protected. Here a “general purpose” single line device
such as uClamp0501P will suffice.
MDDI_Data0+
MDDI_Data0Gnd
Gnd
MDDI_Data1+
MDDI Link
Controller
MDDI Link
Controller
MDDI_Data1RClamp0524T
RClamp0524T
MDDI_Stb+
MDDI_StbGnd
Gnd
RClamp0522T
RClamp0522T
Host Pwr
Host Gnd
HOST
uClamp0501P
uClamp0501P
Pin 1
DISPLAY
6
5
4
1
2
3
Pin 2
3, 4
RClamp0522T (1.6 x 1.0 x 0.40mm)
Pin 1
Pin 2
Pin 4
Pin 5
3, 8
10
9
8
7
6
1
2
3
4
5
RClamp0524T (2.5 x 1.0 x 0.40mm)
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Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
General Purpose ESD - 3.3V Multi-Line Arrays
Car Kit Connectors, Keypads, Data Ports
3.3V Leaded Package - uClamp® 3304A
The uClamp3304A is a 4-line TVS array constructed
using Semtech’s proprietary EPD process technology.
The EPD process provides low standoff voltages
with significant reductions in leakage currents and
capacitance over silicon-avalanche diode processes.
They feature a true operating voltage of 3.3 volts for
superior protection when compared to traditional pn
junction devices. This device is in an industry standard
SC-89 (SOT-666) package that requires less than
2.9mm2 of PCB area. They are unidirectional devices
and may be used on lines with positive signal polarities.
uClamp3304A
1.60
0.50
1.25
0.60
1.60
Data line Protection with uClamp3304A
3.3V Leadless Packages - uClamp® 3305P and
uClamp® 3306P
The uClamp3305P and the uClamp3306P are designed
to protect sensitive electronics from damage or latchup due to ESD. The uClamp3305P will protect up to 5
lines and the uClamp3306P will protect up to 6 data
lines operating at 3.3 volts. Each is constructed using
Semtech’s proprietary EPD process technology. The EPD
process provides low standoff voltages with significant
reductions in leakage currents and capacitance over
silicon-avalanche diode processes.
These devices are in a SLP1616P6, RoHS compliant
leadless package measuring 1.6 x 1.6 x 0.6mm.
1
3
5
4
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
Center Tab (GND)
Center Tab (GND)
1.6
1
1.6
0.6
6
0.5
uClamp3305P & uClamp3306P
Functional Schematics
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
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PROTECTION PRODUCTS
Flow Through ESD Protection Arrays
Car Kit Connectors, Keypads, Data Ports
3.3V Flow-Thru Design - uClamp® 3324P
The uClamp3324P is a 3.3 volt, 4-Line ESD protection
array designed to replace multiple single line discrete
devices. It features a flow thru design that simplifies
layout and reduces board space requirements when
compared to discrete devices. The µClamp3324P
may be used to meet the immunity requirements
of IEC 61000-4-2, level 4 (±15kV air, ±8kV contact
discharge). The flow-thru design further enhances ESD
performance due to reduced board trace inductance.
The result is lower clamping voltage and a higher level of
protection when compared to conventional TVS devices.
The µClamp3324P is in an 8-pin, RoHs compliant,
SLP2116P8 package measuring 2.1 x 1.6 x 0.58mm.
The leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.5mm.
18
1
2.1 0
1
8
2
7
3
4
6
5
1 2
1.6 0
0.5 0 BSC
0.5 8
GND
uClamp3324P reduces required board space by as
much as 77% over 0402 size discrete solutions
Line 1 in
5.0V Flow-Thru Design - uClamp® 0544P
The uClamp0544P is a 5.0 volt, 4-Line ESD protection
array designed to replace multiple single line discrete
devices. It features a flow thru design that simplifies
layout and reduces board space requirements when
compared to discrete devices. The uClamp0544P
may be used to meet the immunity requirements
of IEC 61000-4-2, level 4 (±15kV air, ±8kV contact
discharge). The flow-thru design further enhances ESD
performance due to reduced board trace inductance.
The result is lower clamping voltage and a higher level of
protection when compared to conventional TVS devices.
The uClamp0544P is in an 10-pin, RoHs compliant,
SLP2510P8 package measuring 2.1 x 1.0 x 0.58mm.
The leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.5mm.
1
Line 1 Out
Line 2 in
Line 2 Out
GND
Line 3 in
Line 3 Out
Line 4 in
Line 4 Out
2.50
1
2
1.00
0.50 BSC
0.58
Schematic and Package Dimensions (nominal in mm)
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
General Purpose ESD - 5V Multi-Line Arrays
Car Kit Connectors, Keypads, Data Ports
5V Protection - uClamp® 0504T, uClamp® 0505T,
uClamp® 0506T - 10pF Capacitance
The uClamp0504T, uClamp0505T, and uClamp0506T
are designed to protect sensitive electronics from
damage or latch-up due to ESD. This multi-line
protection family protects 4, 5, or 6 lines constructed
using Semtech’s proprietary process technology for
maximum protection of today’s digital circuits.
These devices are in a 6-pin, RoHS/WEEE compliant,
SLP1313P6T package. It measures 1.3 x 1.3 mm with a
nominal height of only 0.4mm. The leads are spaced at
a pitch of 0.4mm and are finished with lead-free NiPdAu.
Applications include keypads, carkit connectors, audio
ports, and side keys.
1
3
1
6
4
2
Center Tab (GND)
Center Tab (GND)
uClamp0504T
1
6
4
3
1.30
2 3
uClamp0505T
2
1
3
4
5
6
1.30
6
5
4
0.40 BSC
Center Tab (GND)
uClamp0506T
0.40
Nominal Dimensions (mm)
(SLP1313P6T)
5V Leadless Packages - uClamp® 0506P
The uClamp0506P is designed to protect sensitive
electronics from damage or latch-up due to ESD. The
uClamp0506P will protect up to 6 lines operating at 5
volts. Each is constructed using Semtech’s proprietary
process technology for maximum protection of today’s
digital circuits.
This device is in a SLP1616P6, RoHS compliant leadless
package measuring 1.6 x 1.6 x 0.6mm. Applications
include keypads, carkit connectors, and audio ports.
Baseband IC
1
2
3
6
Gnd
5
4
uClamp0506P
 2009 Semtech Corp.
13
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
ESD Protection - Single and Dual Line
Side Keys, Bottom Connectors, Battery Lines
3.3V, 5V, 12V Single Line Devices - uClamp® 3301P,
uClamp® 3311P, uClamp® 0501P, uClamp® 0511P,
uClamp® 1201P, uClamp® 1211P
These single line devices give the designer the flexibility
to protect single lines in applications where arrays are
not practical. Each is in a small 2-pin, RoHS/WEEE
compliant, SLP1006P2 package measuring 1.0 x 0.6 x
0.5mm. The leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.65mm and
are finished with lead-free NiPdAu. The uClamp3301P
and uClamp3311P may be used on data lines operating
at 3.3 volts, the uClamp0501P and uClamp0511P
are for use on 5 volt data and power lines, and the
uClamp1201P and uClamp1211P may be used on 12
volt data and power lines. Applications include keypads,
carkit connectors, audio ports, power rails, and side
keys.
uClamp3301P
uClamp0501P
uClamp1201P
uClamp3311P
uClamp0511P
uClamp1211P
1.0
0.60
0.50
0.65
5V Single Line Devices - uClamp® 0501T and uClamp®
0511T
The uClamp0501T and uClamp0511T are in a 2-pin,
RoHS/WEEE compliant, SLP1006P2T package. It
measures 1.0 x 0.6 mm with a nominal height of only
0.4mm. The leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.65mm
and are finished with lead-free NiPdAu. Each device will
protect one line operating at 5 volts with a maximum
capacitane of 10pF. It gives the designer the flexibility to
protect single lines in applications where arrays are not
practical. They may be used to meet the ESD immunity
requirements of IEC 61000-4-2, Level 4 (±15kV air, ±8kV
contact discharge). The combination of small size and
high ESD surge capability makes them ideal for use in
portable applications such as cellular phones, digital
cameras, and MP3 players.
uClamp0501T
uClamp0511T
1.0
0.60
0.65
0.40
 2009 Semtech Corp.
14
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
ESD Protection - Single and Dual Line
Side Keys, Bottom Connectors, Battery Lines
Low Capacitance Single Line Devices - RClamp®
0521P, RClamp® 0821P, RClamp® 1521P
These devces are intended for use in applications where
extremely low capacitance is critical. Each device
features a maximum capacitance of 0.5pF meaning they
may be used on lines operating to 3 GHz.
Each is in a small 2-pin, RoHS/WEEE compliant,
SLP1006P2 package measuring 1.0 x 0.6 x 0.5mm. The
leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.65mm and are finished
with lead-free NiPdAu. The RClamp0521P may be used
on circuits operating at 5 volts, the RClamp0821P is for
use on 8 volt circuits, and the RClamp1521P may be
used on 15 volt circuits.
Schematic
1.0
0.60
0.50
0.65
5V Two - Line Device - uClamp® 0502T
The uClamp0502T is in a 3-pin, RoHS/WEEE compliant,
SLP1006P3T package. It measures 1.0 x 0.6 mm with
a nominal height of only 0.4mm. The leads are spaced
at a pitch of 0.65mm and are finished with lead-free
NiPdAu. Each device will protect two lines operating at
5 volts with a capacitance less than 10pF. It gives the
designer the flexibility to protect single lines in applications where arrays are not practical. They may be used
to meet the ESD immunity requirements of IEC 610004-2, Level 4 (±15kV air, ±8kV contact discharge). The
combination of small size and high ESD surge capability
makes them ideal for use in portable applications such
as cellular phones, digital cameras, and MP3 players.
1.0
0.60
0.65
0.40
uClamp0502T
 2009 Semtech Corp.
15
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
USB Interfaces
USB 1.1, USB 2.0, USB OTG
Single Port USB 2.0 - RClamp® 0502A
The RClamp0502A is designed to protect a single USB
port. It features an ultra-low maximum capacitance of
<1pF meaning it can be used on ports operating at fullspeed (12Mb/s) or high-speed (480Mb/s) without signal
degradation. When the voltage on the data lines exceed
the bus voltage, the internal rectifiers are forward biased
conducting the transient current away from the protected
controller chip. The TVS diode directs the surge to
ground. The TVS diode also acts to suppress ESD strikes
directly on the voltage bus. Thus, both power and data
pins are protected with a single device.
The RClamp0502A is in a 6-pin, RoHS/WEEE compliant, SC-89 (SOT-666) package. It measures 1.6 x 1.6 x
0.6mm. The leads are finished with lead-free matte tin.
The flow through design simplifies PCB layout and improves ESD protection. This device may be used to meet
the ESD immunity requirements of IEC 61000-4-2, Level
4 (±15kV air, ±8kV contact discharge).
USB Controller
USB Connector
Vbus
Pin 1
D-
D-
D+
D+
Gnd
1.60
0.50
1.25
1.60
0.60
Protection of one USB Full-Speed or High-Speed Port
USB 2.0 Data Line Protection - RClamp® 0502B
The RClamp0502B is designed to protect a two USB data
lines where VBus protection is not needed. It features
an low maximum capacitance of 1.2pF meaning it can
be used on ports operating at full-speed (12Mb/s) or
high-speed (480Mb/s) without signal degradation.
The RClamp0502B is in a 3-pin, RoHS/WEEE compliant, SC-75 package. It measures 1.6 x 1.6 x 0.75mm.
These devices may be used to meet the ESD immunity
requirements of IEC 61000-4-2, Level 4 (±15kV air, ±8kV
contact discharge).
USB Controller
USB Connector
Vbus
DD+
DD+
Gnd
Protection of one USB Port
 2009 Semtech Corp.
16
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
USB Interfaces
Interfaces that use USB 2.0 with Battery Charging
Single Port USB 2.0 - RClamp® XX54P Family
The RClampXX54P is optimized for use on systems
that utilize the USB interface for battery charging. Low
capacitance protection is provided for the USB data
(DM, DP) and USB ID pins. The maximum capacitance
on these lines is <1pF for maximum signal integrity.
All three lines are referenced to an internal 5 volt TVS
device. A separate TVS device is used for protection
of the USB voltage bus. This allows battery charging
without signal clipping. Depending on the Vbus
voltage requirements Semtech offer three different
devices. The RClamp0854P protects the Vbus to 5.5V,
the RClamp1654P protects the Vbus to 12V, and the
RClamp3654P protects the Vbus to 28V.
The RClampXX54P is in a 6-pin, RoHS compliant,
SLP1616P6 package. It measures 1.6 x 1.6 x 0.58mm.
The leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.5mm and are finished with lead-free NiPdAu. They may be used to meet
the ESD immunity requirements of IEC 61000-4-2, Level
4 (15kV air, 8kV contact discharge).
VBus
DM
DP
USB ID
GND
5
4
3
2
1
1
Mini USB
Gnd
6
1
2
3
5.5V
5.5V
GND
RClamp0854P
6
1
2
3
5.5V
12V
GND
RClamp1654P
6
1
2
3
5.5V
28V
GND
RClamp3654P
 2009 Semtech Corp.
17
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SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
Audio Ports - RC & LC Filter
Microphone, Speakers
Audio Port Protection - EClamp® 2422N
The EClamp2422N is a low pass filter array consisting of
two identical circuits comprised of TVS diodes for ESD
protection, and a C-L-C pi-filter for EMI/RFI filtering. A
typical inductor value of 2nH and a capacitor value of
100pF are used to achieve 20dB minimum attenuation
from 800MHz to 2.7GHz. It has a very low series
resistance of 2 Ohms, making it ideal for use on headset
audio interfaces. The TVS diodes provide effective
suppression of ESD voltages in excess of ±15kV (air
discharge) and ±8kV (contact discharge) per IEC 610004-2, level 4.
Vin +
Vin -
EClamp2422N
Differential Mode Protection with Speaker Output
The EClamp2422N is in a 6-pin, RoHS/WEEE compliant, SLP1510N6 package. It measures 1.45 x 1.0 x
0.58mm. The leads are spaced at a pitch of 0.5mm and
are finished with lead-free NiPdAu.
Vout +
Semtech also offers the uClamp0511T for Audio Port
Portection. See page 15 for additional details on this
part.
Vout -
EClamp2422N
Differential Mode Protection with Microphone Input
V2
V2
EClamp2422N
EClamp2422N
V1
V1
Protection of Single-Ended Mode Microphone
& Speaker Output
 2009 Semtech Corp.
Protection of Two Single-Ended Mode Speakers
18
www.semtech.com
SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
Part Selection Matrix
USB 1.1, 2.0, and OTG Protection
Semtech Part
Number
VRWM (V)
#
Lines
C (pF) max,
L-G
VR=0V
Pkg Size (mm)
RClamp0502B
5
RClamp0502N
5
RClamp0502A
RClamp0503N
Comment
2
1.2
1.6 x 1.6 x 0.6
No insertion loss to > 3GHz
3
0.5
1.2 x 1.0 x 0.6
Low Capacitance
5
3
0.9
1.6 x 1.6 x 0.6
Flow through package
5
4
0.5
1.45 x 1.0 x 0.6
Protects 3 I/O lines and 1 power line
RClamp0504F
5
5
3
2.0 x 2.1 x 0.9
Protects 4 I/O lines and 1 power line
RClamp0504N
5
4
3
2.0 x 2.0 x 0.6
Small package, 4 line protection
RClamp0504P
5
4
3
1.6 x 1.6 x 0.6
Low capacitance for high speed interfaces
RClamp0854P
RClamp1654P
RClamp3654P
5, 5
5, 12
5, 28
4
0.8
1.6 x 1.6 x 0.6
5Volt Vbus TVS protection
12Volt Vbus TVS protection
28Volt Vbus TVS protection
EMI Filter Devices for LCD and Camera Protection
Semtech Part
Number
# Lines
Lead
pitch
(mm)
R (Ω) /
L ( nH)
C (pF)
Filter Performance
Pkg Size (mm)
EClamp2374P
EClamp2376P
EClamp2378P
4
6
8
0.5
100 Ohm
10
30dB from 1.8GHz
to 2.5GHz
2.1 x 1.6 x 0.6
3.0 x 1.6 x 0.6
4.0 x 1.6 x 0.6
EClamp2394P
EClamp2396P
EClamp2398P
4
6
8
0.5
19 nH
15
30dB from 800MHz
to 2.7GHz
2.1 x 1.6 x 0.6
3.0 x 1.6 x 0.6
4.0 x 1.6 x 0.6
EClamp2374K
EClamp2376K
EClamp2378K
4
6
8
0.4
100 Ohm
10
30dB from 1.8GHz
to 2.5GHz
1.7 x 1.3 x 0.5
2.5 x 1.3 x 0.5
3.3 x 1.3 x 0.5
EClamp2384P
EClamp2386P
EClamp2388P
4
6
8
0.5
200 Ohm
12
30dB from 800MHz
to 2.7GHz
2.1 x 1.6 x 0.6
3.0 x 1.6 x 0.6
4.0 x 1.6 x 0.6
EClamp2504K
EClamp2506K
EClamp2508K
4
6
8
0.4
17 nH
12
20dB from 800MHz
to 2.7GHz
1.7 x 1.3 x 0.5
2.5 x 1.3 x 0.5
3.3 x 1.3 x 0.5
EClamp2384K
EClamp2386K
EClamp2388K
4
6
8
0.4
200 Ohm
12
30dB from 800MHz
to 2.7GHz
1.7 x 1.3 x 0.5
2.5 x 1.3 x 0.5
3.3 x 1.3 x 0.5
EClamp2455P
EClamp2456P
EClamp2458P
4
6
8
0.5
28 nH
15
40dB from 800MHz
to 2.7GHz
2.1 x 1.6 x 0.6
3.0 x 1.6 x 0.6
4.0 x 1.6 x 0.6
Audio Protection
 2009 Semtech Corp.
Semtech Part
Number
VRWM (V)
# Lines
C (pF),
VR=0V
L (nH), typ
R (Ω), typ
Pkg Size (mm)
EClamp2422N
5
2
100
2
1.4
1.45 x 1.0 x 0.6
EClamp1002A
5
2
160
-
10
1.7 x 1.7 x 0.6
19
www.semtech.com
SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
Keypad, Connectors, and Sidekey Protection
Semtech Part
Number
VRWM (V)
# Lines
C (pF)
max,
VR = 0V
uClamp0505A
5
5
uClamp0511T
5
1
Pkg Size (mm)
Comment
75
1.7 x 1.7 x 0.6
5 Line ESD protection in SC-89 package
7
1.0 x 0.6 x 0.4
Bidirectional protection
uClamp0501T
5
1
10
1.0 x 0.6 x 0.4
Unidirectional protection
uClamp1201P
uClamp1211P
12
1
60
1.0 x 0.6 x 0.5
Unidirectional protection
uClamp3311P
uClamp3301P
3.3
1
15
1.0 x 0.6 x 0.5
Bidirectional protection
Unidirectional protection
uClamp0502T
5
2
10
1.0 x 0.6 x 0.4
Unidirectional protection
uClamp0504T
uClamp0505T
uClamp0506T
5
4
5
6
10
1.3 x 1.3 x 0.4
Unidirectional protection
uClamp0508T
5
8
10
1.7 x 1.3 x 0.4
Unidirectional protection
uClamp0801T
uClamp2401T
8
24
1
10
50
1.0 x 0.6 x 0.4
Unidirectional protection
uClamp3305P
uClamp3306P
3.3
5
6
20
1.6 x 1.6 x 0.6
Low Voltage multi line protection
uClamp3304A
3.3
4
22
1.7 x 1.7 x 0.6
Low Voltage multi line protection
uClamp0506P
5
6
60
1.6 x 1.6 x 0.6
Multline 5 V protection
uClamp0544P
5
4
10
2.5 x 1.0 x 0.6
Low Capacitance flow through package
uClamp3324P
3.3
4
25
2.1 x 1.6 x 0.6
Low Voltage flow through package
1
160
75
1.0 x 0.6 x 0.5
Unidirectional protection
Bidirectional protection
uClamp0501P
uClamp0511P
5
MMC, SIM, microSD, and LVDS
 2009 Semtech Corp.
Semtech Part
Number
VRWM (V)
# Lines
C (pF) max,
L-G
VR=0V
Pkg Size (mm)
RClamp0504P
5
4
3
1.6 x 1.6 x 0.6
MMC, SIM,MircoSD
RClamp0504F
5
5
3
2.0 x 2.1 x 0.9
SIM, HDMI, DVI
RClamp0522T
5
2
0.3
1.6 x 1.0 x 0.4
HDMI, LVDS
RClamp0524T
5
4
0.3
2.5 x 1.0 x 0.4
microSD, HDMI , LVDS
RClamp0522P
5
2
0.3
1.6 x 1.0 x 0.6
HDMI, LVDS
RClamp0524P
5
4
0.8
2.5 x 1.0 x 0.6
microSD, HDMI , LVDS
RClamp0521P
RClamp0821P
RClamp1521P
5
8
15
1
0.5
1.0 x 0.6 x 0.5
Ultra Low Capacitance
EClamp2455K
5
4
20
1.7 x 1.3 x 0.5
SIM
EClamp2455P
5
4
20
2.1 x 1.6 x 0.6
SIM
EClamp2465T
5
4
12
1.7 x 1.3 x 0.4
SIM
EClamp2410P
5
7
12
4.0 x 1.6 x 0.6
T-Flash, MicroSD
20
Comment
www.semtech.com
SI08-01
Protection Design Guide
for Portable Electronics
PROTECTION PRODUCTS
Watch Box - Please Contact Factory for Details.







USB 3.0
mini HDMI
microUSB
Fingerprint Sensors
Touch Sensors
FM/TV Antenna
Near Field Communications
Contact Information
Semtech Corporation
Protection Products Division
200 Flynn Rd., Camarillo, CA 93012
Phone: (805)498-2111 FAX (805)498-3804
 2009 Semtech Corp.
21
www.semtech.com
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