AN-1204: Using the ADL5562 Differential Amplifier to Drive Wide Bandwidth ADCs (Rev. A) PDF

AN-1204
APPLICATION NOTE
One Technology Way • P.O. Box 9106 • Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A. • Tel: 781.329.4700 • Fax: 781.461.3113 • www.analog.com
Using the ADL5562 Differential Amplifier to Drive Wide Bandwidth ADCs
for High IF AC-Coupled Applications
CIRCUIT FUNCTION AND BENEFITS
Figure 1. Note that the ADL5562 has different input impedances for each gain setting (400 Ω, 200 Ω, and 133 Ω for gain
settings of 6 dB, 12 dB, and 15.5 dB, respectively). The 34.8 Ω
resistors provide an optimum match for a gain of 12 dB, but the
match is good enough to use the same values for a gain of 6 dB
or 15.5 dB. Figure 1 shows the ADL5562 connected for a gain of
6 dB. The outputs of the ADL5562 are ac-coupled to avoid
common-mode dc loading and to allow the amplifier to be
biased to an internally generated mid-supply level. The 33 Ω
series resistors help to improve the isolation between the
ADL5562 and any switching currents present at the analogto-digital sample-and-hold input circuitry.
This circuit provides high performance, high frequency sampling
using the ADL5562, a high performance, differential, low noise,
ultralow distortion, high output linearity, pin-strappable gain
amplifier, and high speed ADCs. The ADL5562 is optimized for
driving high frequency IF sampling ADCs. When coupled with
a high speed ADC like the AD9445, AD9246, or AD6655, it
provides exceptional SFDR performance beyond 100 MSPS at
its maximum gain.
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
Table 1. Devices Connected/Referenced
AD9445
There are several configuration options available to the designer
when using the ADL5562. Figure 1 shows a simplified wideband
interface with the ADL5562 driving an AD9445. The AD9445 is
a 14-bit, 105 MSPS/125 MSPS analog-to-digital converter with a
buffered wideband input, which presents a 2 kΩ||3 pF differential
load impedance and requires a 2 V p-p differential input swing
to reach full scale. This circuit provides variable gain, isolation,
and source matching for the AD9445. Using this circuit with the
ADL5562 in a gain of 6 dB, the wideband system response of
Figure 3 is obtained, which has a 3 dB bandwidth of approximately
700 MHz. The wideband frequency response is an advantage in
broadband applications such as predistortion receiver designs
and instrumentation applications. However, by designing for a
wide analog input frequency range, the cascaded SNR performance
is somewhat degraded due to high frequency noise aliasing into
the first Nyquist zone.
Description
3.3 GHz ultralow distortion RF/IF differential
amplifier
14-bit, 105 MSPS/125 MSPS analog-to-digital
converter
This circuit employs the ADL5562 high output linearity amplifier
to provide variable gain, isolation, and source matching to a
high speed ADC like the AD9445. Using this circuit with the
ADL5562 in a gain of 6 dB (minimum gain), an SFDR performance of 84 dBc is achieved with an input signal of 140 MHz
sampled at 125 MSPS, as indicated in Figure 2.
The ADL5562 should be driven differentially (for optimal
performance) by a wideband 1:1 transmission line balun (or
impedance transformer) followed by two 34.8 Ω resistors in
parallel with the input impedance of the ADL5562. This
provides a wideband match to a 50 Ω source as depicted in
3.3V
M/A-COM
ETC1-1-13
50Ω
AC
0.1µF A
VOP
0.1µF
33Ω
VIP1
34.8Ω
0.1µF B
34.8Ω
VIP2
VIN1 ADL5562
VIN2
VIN+
AD9445
0.1µF
33Ω
14
14-BIT ADC
VIN–
VON
Figure 1. Wideband ADC Interfacing Example Featuring the ADL5562 and the AD9445
(Simplified Schematic: Decoupling and All Connections Not Shown)
Rev. A | Page 1 of 3
08397-001
Product
ADL5562
AN-1204
Application Note
0
0
ADL5562 DRIVING THE AD9445 14-BIT ADC
GAIN = 6dB
INPUT = 140MHz
SAMPLING RATE = 125MSPS
SNR = 66.25dBc
SFDR = 84.2dBc
NOISE FLOOR = –109.5dB
FUND = –1.081dBFS
SECOND = –84.54dBc
THIRD = –84.54dBc
–20
–30
–40
–50
–2
–3
–4
–70
–80
–5
–6
–90
–100
–7
–110
FIRST POINT = –1.02dBFS
END POINT = –5.69dBFS
MID POINT = –1.09dBFS
MIN = –5.69dBFS
MAX = –0.88dBFS
–8
–120
–130
–9
–140
–10
2.00
0
6.25 12.50 18.75 25.00 31.25 37.50 43.75 50.00 56.25 62.50
FREQUENCY (MHz)
08397-002
–150
81.90
Figure 2. Measured Single-Tone Performance of the Circuit in Figure 1 for a
140 MHz Input Signal Sampled at 125 MSPS
641.20
481.40
801.00
321.60
161.80
561.30
721.10
241.70
401.50
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 3. Measured Frequency Response of Wideband Circuit in Figure 1
zero into the transfer function. The 1 nF ac coupling capacitors
introduce additional zeros into the transfer function. The final
overall frequency response takes on a band-pass characteristic,
helping to reject noise outside of the intended Nyquist zone.
Table 2 provides initial suggestions for prototyping purposes.
Some empirical optimization may be needed to help compensate
for actual PCB parasitics. Details of designing the interstage
filters can be found in application notes AN-827, A Resonant
Approach to Interfacing Amplifiers to Switched Capacitor ADCs,
and AN-742, Frequency Domain Response of Switched Capacitor
ADCs.
COMMON VARIATIONS
An alternative narrow-band approach is presented in Figure 4.
By designing a narrow band-pass antialiasing filter between the
ADL5562 and the target ADC, the output noise of the ADL5562
outside of the intended Nyquist zone can be attenuated, helping
to preserve the available SNR of the ADC.
In general, the SNR improves several dB when including a
reasonable order antialiasing filter. In this example, a low loss
1:1 (impedance ratio) input transformer is used to match the
ADL5562’s balanced input to a 50 Ω unbalanced source,
resulting in minimum insertion loss at the input.
The circuit in Figure 1 requires 1% resistors for the two 34.8 Ω
values (1/10 watt). Other resistors can be 10% (1/10 watt).
Capacitors should be 10% ceramic chips. The circuit in Figure 4
requires 1% resistors for the two 105 Ω values (1/10 watt).
Other resistors, capacitors, and inductors can be 10% values.
Coilcraft 0603CS or similar inductors are recommended.
The narrow-band circuit shown in Figure 4 is optimized for
driving some of Analog Devices popular unbuffered input
ADCs, such as the AD9246, AD9640, and AD6655.
Table 2 includes antialiasing filter component recommendations
for popular IF sampling center frequencies. Inductor L5 works
in parallel with the on-chip ADC input capacitance and a portion
of the capacitance presented by C4 to form a resonant tank circuit.
The resonant tank helps to ensure the ADC input looks like a
real resistance at the target center frequency. Additionally, the
L5 inductor shorts the ADC inputs at dc, which introduces a
Excellent layout, grounding, and decoupling techniques must be
utilized in order to achieve the desired performance from the
circuits discussed in this note. As a minimum, a 4-layer PCB
should be used with one ground plane layer, one power plane
layer, and two signal layers.
3.3V
AC
M/A-COM
ETC1-1-13
0.1µF A
1nF
4Ω
L1
L3
VIP1
34.8Ω
0.1µF B
34.8Ω
VIP2
105Ω
VIN1 ADL5562
VIN2
C2
1nF
4Ω
L2
C4
L4
CML
L5
105Ω
AD9246
AD9640
AD6655
08397-004
50Ω
08397-003
(dBFS)
–60
–1
(dBFS)
–10
Figure 4. Narrow-Band IF Sampling Solution for Unbuffered Switched Capacitor ADC Inputs
(Simplified Schematic: Decoupling and All Connections Not Shown)
Rev. A | Page 2 of 3
Application Note
AN-1204
Table 2. Interstage Filter Recommendations for Various IF Sampling Frequencies
Center Frequency
96 MHz
140 MHz
170 MHz
211 MHz
1 dB Bandwidth
28 MHz
33 MHz
32 MHz
30 MHz
L1
3.3 nH
3.3 nH
3.3 nH
3.3 nH
All IC power pins must be decoupled to the ground plane with
low inductance multilayer ceramic capacitors (MLCC) of 0.01 μF to
0.1 μF (this is not shown in the diagrams for simplicity). Follow the
recommendations on the individual data sheets.
The product evaluation boards should be consulted for
recommended layout and critical component placement. These
can be accessed through the main product pages for the devices.
Even though the ADL5562 and the AD9445 (or other ADC)
may be powered from different supplies, sequencing is not an
issue because the input signal to the ADC is ac-coupled.
The individual data sheet for the ADC should be consulted
regarding the proper sequencing of the AVDD and the DVDD
power supplies (if separate supplies are used).
The ADL5562 low distortion differential amplifier can be
replaced by the high IP3, low noise figure AD8375 variable gain
amplifier (VGA). The AD8375 is a digitally controlled, variable
gain, wide bandwidth amplifier that provides precise gain
control across a broad 24 dB gain range with 1 dB resolution.
The AD8376 is a dual version of the AD8375. (See CN-0002).
Another alternative differential amplifier is the AD8352 (See
CN-0046).
C2
47 pF
47 pF
56 pF
47 pF
L3
27 nH
27 nH
27 nH
27 nH
C4
75 pF
33 pF
22 pF
18 pF
L5
100 nH
120 nH
110 nH
56 nH
MT-031 Tutorial, Grounding Data Converters and Solving the
Mystery of "AGND" and "DGND." Analog Devices.
MT-073 Tutorial, High Speed Variable Gain Amplifiers (VGAs).
Analog Devices.
MT-075 Tutorial, Differential Drivers for High Speed ADCs
Overview. Analog Devices.
MT-101 Tutorial, Decoupling Techniques, Analog Devices.
Newman, Eric and Rob Reeder. AN-827 Application Note, A
Resonant Approach to Interfacing Amplifiers to SwitchedCapacitor ADCs. Analog Devices.
Reeder, Rob. AN-742 Application Note, Frequency Domain
Response of Switched Capacitor ADCs. Analog Devices.
Data Sheets and Evaluation Boards
AD6655 Data Sheet
AD8352 Data Sheet
AD8375 Data Sheet
AD8376 Data Sheet
AD9246 Data Sheet
AD9445 Data Sheet
LEARN MORE
CN-0002 Circuit Note, Using the AD8376 VGA to Drive Wide
Bandwidth ADCs for High IF AC-Coupled Applications.
Analog Devices.
CN-0046 Circuit Note, Using the AD8352 as an Ultralow
Distortion Differential RF/IF Front End for High Speed
ADCs. Analog Devices.
AD9445 Evaluation Board
AD9640 Data Sheet
High Speed ADC Evaluation Kits and Evaluation Boards
REVISION HISTORY
4/13—Rev. 0 to Rev. A
Kester, Walt. 2006. High Speed System Applications, Chapter 2
(Optimizing Data Converter Interfaces). Analog Devices.
Changed Document Title from CN-0110 to
AN-1204........................................................................... Universal
9/09—Revision 0: Initial Version
©2009–2013 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
AN08397-0-4/13(A)
Rev. A | Page 3 of 3
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