56V Modules Manual

USER MANUAL
Maxwell Technologies®
BOOSTCAP® 56V UPS Energy Storage Modules
Models:
§
§
BMOD0130 P056 B02
BMOD0130 P056 B03
Document Number 1017025
Notice: The products described herein are covered by one or more of the following patents:
7307830, 7203056, 7027290, 7352558, 7295423, 7090946, 7508651, 7492571, 7342770,
6643119, 7384433, 7147674, 7317609, 7495349, 7102877
© 2010-11 Maxwell Technologies Inc.®
1. Introduction
The 56 Volt UPS energy storage modules are self-contained energy storage devices comprised of
twenty-three individual ultracapacitor cells. The module includes bus bar connections and
integrated cell voltage management circuitry. Units may be connected in series to obtain higher
operating voltage, in parallel to provide higher current or longer run time, or a combination of
series/parallel arrangements as needed. The module is intended for installation in a standard 19”
equipment rack or a 23” UPS rack.
The module is designed to provide short term backup power (module power ratings are for 15
second discharge) for graceful shutdown of systems, for ride through of power transients (sags,
spikes, dropouts), and for transition to a permanent backup solution such as a fuel cell or diesel
generator. The module is intended for occasional charge/discharge (typically less than once per
hour) as it contains no active cooling features.
To meet the lifetime requirements, the maximum operating temperature is 40°C/104°F and 56V
per module. The absolute maximum operating conditions are 65°C/149°F and 62V. The cell
voltage management provides the highest reliability for controlling overvoltage conditions. Passive
circuits are always operating to help prevent overvoltage conditions. An optional alarm circuit is
available which provides an open collector signal when the voltage exceeds 2.7V on any cell in the
module (see section 6.2).
Ultracapacitors function on electrostatic principles with no chemical reactions and no moving parts.
They avoid the lifetime issues associated with chemical storage in batteries or mechanical issues
associated with kinetic energy storage. The 56 Volt UPS modules are non-toxic and designed for
years of maintenance-free operation.
2. Unpacking
Inspect the shipping carton for signs of damage prior to unpacking the module. Damage to the
shipping carton or module should be reported to the carrier immediately.
Remove the module from the shipping carton and retain the shipping materials until the unit has
been inspected and is determined to be operational.
NOTE: The original shipping materials are approved for both air and ground shipment.
module should be removed from the shipping carton by lifting it by the body of the module.
The
The shipping container should contain the following:
§
§
1 x Energy Storage Module
1 x Accessory Kit consisting of:
§ M8 and M10 connector bolts
User Manual – 56V UPS Modules – Doc. No. 1017025.3
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§
1 x Users Manual
The following accessories are included with the B03 option:
§
§
§
1 x Deutsch connector shell
2 x crimp-on receptacles
1 x Deutsch wedgelock
If the unit is found to be defective or any parts are missing, contact your supplier. A Return
Material Authorization (RMA) number must be issued prior to returning the unit for repair or
replacement.
3. Safety
WARNING
DANGER – HIGH VOLTAGE HAZARD!
Never touch the power terminals as the module can be charged and
cause fatal electrical shocks. Always check that the module is fully
discharged before manipulating the module.
For more information about the discharge procedure, please refer to
Paragraph 7.1.
Do not operate unit above specified voltage.
Do not operate unit above specified temperature rating.
Do not touch terminals with conductors while charged. Serious
burns, shock, or material fusing may occur.
Protect surrounding electrical components from incidental contact.
Provide sufficient electrical isolation when working above 50 V DC.
Prior to installation on and removal from the equipment, it is
mandatory to fully discharge the module.
User Manual – 56V UPS Modules – Doc. No. 1017025.3
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4. Installation
4.1
Mechanical
Figure 1. Three modules mounted in a 24" rack.
Modules are intended for installation horizontally as shown in Figure 1. The module should be
mounted on a shelf. The modules should further be secured to the rack using the front or side
mounting holes. See the data sheet for available mounting locations.
User Manual – 56V UPS Modules – Doc. No. 1017025.3
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Figure 2. View of side and front mounting holes.
The 56V UPS Energy Module has eight M5 mounting holes. Four of these holes are shown in Figure
2. Refer to Figure 3 for the location of mounting holes.
Figure 3. Drawing with locations of mounting holes.
User Manual – 56V UPS Modules – Doc. No. 1017025.3
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Figure 4a. Example mounting bracket with hole.
Figure 4b. Example mounting bracket with slot.
Bracket must not
contact housing
50mm
m
Figure 4c. Example mounting bracket from
front. Must have wraparound to avoid contact
with plastic.
4.2
Figure 4d. 50mm max width to avoid contact
with plastic, or add spacer between bracket and
plastic housing
Mounting Bracket Requirements for Seismic Zone 4 Compliance
•
•
Minimum of 4 holes must be utilized to effectively mount the 56V Module.
o Two front AND two back OR
o Two left AND two right
Bracket must contact face of brass insert and not make contact with plastic housing.
User Manual – 56V UPS Modules – Doc. No. 1017025.3
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•
•
•
•
Maximum hole size of 6.0mm to ensure bracket tightens against face of brass insert.
If a slot is used, a washer with a maximum hole diameter of 6.0 mm should be
included, as shown in Figure 4b.
M5 size screws with a maximum engaged thread length of 9 mm must be used.
Maximum torque is 3 N-m.
5. Electrical
WARNING
CAUTION
To avoid arcing and sparking the energy storage module
should be in a discharged state and the system power
disconnected during installation. The module is shipped
discharged and with a shorting wire. The shorting wire
should be removed prior to electrical connection.
WARNING
CAUTION
To provide the lowest possible ESR the energy storage
modules are not fused. Care should be taken within the
application to prevent excessive current flow as required.
Excessive current and/or duty cycle will result in overheating
the module which will cause irreparable damage. Please
consult the specific data sheet for each module for current
and duty cycle capabilities.
5.1
Output Terminal Posts
The output terminals of the module consist of internally threaded aluminum posts. Maximum
thread depth is 16 mm. They are designed to connect directly to a ring lug or a bus bar. Apply a
layer of high conductivity aluminum-aluminum anti-oxidant joint compound between the mating
surfaces. For example, Noalox® Anti-Oxidant Compound available from IDEAL is a viable choice.
There are many other vendors that supply an equivalent compound.. The positive terminal is
threaded for a M8 x 1.25 steel bolt (provided). The negative terminal is threaded for a M10 x 1.5
steel bolt (provided). When applying torque to the terminals, it is recommended to use a
maximum torque of 20 N-m / 14.8 ft-lbs for the M8 and 30 N-m / 22.1 ft-lbs for the M10 bolts.
User Manual – 56V UPS Modules – Doc. No. 1017025.3
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Anti-rotation features within the module prevent damage to the terminals when applying torque to
the bolts.
Attachment to the output terminals should be made with ring lugs or bus bars of an appropriate
size for the application current. The energy storage modules have low ESR. As a result, the
resistance of the cable connecting the energy storage module to the load can easily exceed the
ESR of the module.
Connection of modules in series or parallel or combination thereof should utilize the same gauge
wire (or equivalent bus bar) as determined for final output connections. When connecting in
series, connect the positive output terminal of one module to the negative output terminal of the
next module (as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 7). For parallel connections, connect positive
terminals together and negative terminals together (as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7). The
maximum operating voltage of a series connected system should not exceed 750V.
Figure 5. Series connected modules (horizontal or
vertical). In this example, the system would provide
30KW for 15 seconds at 168V maximum voltage.
User Manual – 56V UPS Modules – Doc. No. 1017025.3
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Figure 6. Parallel connected modules (horizontal or
vertical). In this example, the system would provide
30KW for 15 seconds at 56V maximum voltage.
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Figure 7. 3 Series x 2 Parallel connect modules. In this example, the system
would provide 60KW for 15 seconds at 168V maximum voltage.
5.1.1
Module to Module Balancing
The modules are equipped with a passive voltage management circuit that protects every cell
within the module. Module-to-module balancing is not required.
5.2
Thermal Performance
Low internal resistance of the energy storage modules enables low heat generation within the
modules during use. As with any electronic component, the cooler the part operates the longer
the service life. In most applications natural air convection should provide adequate cooling. In
severe applications requiring maximum service life, forced airflow may be required.
The thermal resistance, Rth, of the units has been experimentally determined assuming free
convection at ambient (~ 25 oC). The Rth value provided on the data sheet is useful for
determining the operating limits for the units. Using the Rth value a module temperature rise can
be determined based upon any current and duty cycle. The temperature rise can be expressed by
the following equation.
ΔT = I 2 Resr Rth d f
where:
I = current RMS AC or DC (amps)
Resr = resistance Rac for AC current or Rdc for DC current (ohms)
Rth = thermal resistance (oC/W)
df = duty cycle fraction
This ΔT plus ambient should remain below the specified maximum operating temperature for the
module (please refer to the module datasheet).
User Manual – 56V UPS Modules – Doc. No. 1017025.3
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6. Operation
6.1
General
The module should only be operated within specified voltage and temperature ratings. Determine
whether current limiting is necessary on input/output based on current ratings of ancillary devices.
Observe polarity indicated on module. Reverse polarity operation of the module(s) is not
recommended.
Electric isolation of the module is tested to 3500 VDC for maximum operating voltage of 750 VDC.
When several modules are connected in series for operating at higher voltage, care must be taken
to ensure proper creepage and clearance distances in compliance with national safety standards
for electrical equipment.
6.2
Overvoltage Logic output (B03 models only)
A single open collector logic output is available for overvoltage monitoring. This output will indicate
if any cell in the module has gone into an over voltage condition. The over voltage signal is
available via the connector supplied on the module.
The logic output is isolated from the capacitor voltages. When multiple modules are installed, the
logic outputs may be monitored individually or wire-or’d to provide a single fault line. A table
indicating the pin out, indication and maximum current is provided below. The maximum open
circuit voltage is 5.5 VDC.
Pin
#
1
2
GRND
Overvoltage
3
4
Not used
No used
Name
Output
High – Inactive
Low – Active
N/A
N/A
Maximum
current
5 mA
N/A
N/A
NOTES:
1.
The Overvoltage pin will go active if any one cell goes into an over voltage condition, 2.7V
nominal threshold
2.
The signal “Overvoltage” (Pin 2) is an open collector output indicating when any cell voltage is
above the threshold voltage. A pull-up resistor (≥1kΩ) connected to a 5V supply should be
connected to Pin 2. In this configuration, the voltage at Pin 2 will be ~ 5V when the circuit is
not active. When a cell in the module goes into an over-voltage condition, the output of Pin 2
goes low. This signal can be used as a signal to the system electronics to stop charging in
order to allow the cell(s) to discharge to an acceptable voltage through the built-in passive
balancing system. Figure 8 shows a typical connection to use this system.
3.
The Overvoltage circuit can sink up to 5 mA with a VOL of no more than 0.4V. The leakage
current when the output is off is 50 nA. The proper value of the pull-up resistor should be
calculated based upon overall system circuit design.
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Figure 8. Typical connection to the monitor cable. (Users to verify values based on their circuit design).
The mating connector parts for the output logic are provided in the accessory kit. The connector
is designed for 22 gauge wire; if the wire length required is longer than 6 feet, a shielded cable is
recommended.
7. Safety
WARNING
DANGER – HIGH VOLTAGE HAZARD!
Never touch the power terminals as the module can be charged and
cause fatal electrical shocks. Always check that the module is fully
discharged before manipulating the module. Please refer to the step by
step instructions below for the manual discharge procedure.
•
Do not operate unit above specified voltage.
•
Do not operate unit above specified temperature rating.
•
Do not touch terminals with conductors while charged. Serious burns,
shock, or material fusing may occur.
•
Protect surrounding electrical components from incidental contact.
•
Provide sufficient electrical isolation when working above 50 V DC.
•
Prior to installation on and removal from the vehicle or equipment, it is
mandatory to fully discharge the module to guarantee the safety of the
personnel.
User Manual – 56V UPS Modules – Doc. No. 1017025.3
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WARNING
A fully discharged module may “bounce back” if it is stored without a
shorting wire connected to the + and – terminals. This bounce back can
be as much as 7.5V for the 56V module.
7.1
Discharge Procedure
Proceed as follow to discharge the module:
1. Using a voltmeter, measure the voltage between the 2 terminals.
2. If the voltage is above 2V, a resistor pack (not supplied with the module) will need to be
connected between the terminals. Proper care needs to be taken in the design and
construction of such a dissipative pack. e.g. At 56V, for a 2 Ohm pack, the module will be
discharged with a peak current of 28A and will take about 15 minutes to discharge. However,
in this case, the heat/power dissipated in the resistor pack will be ~ 3.9kW. The resistor pack
will need to be sized and provided with suitable cooling to handle this power dissipation.
Additionally, proper enclosure or other packaging is necessary to ensure safety. In all cases,
proper design of the dissipative resistor pack is necessary.
3. If the voltage is under 2V, connect the shorting wire provided by Maxwell (or similar wire) to
the + and – connectors.
4. The module is now safe for handling. However, leave the shorting wire connected at all times
until the module is installed in the system and the power cables are connected.
8.
Maintenance
Prior to removal from the system, cable removal, or any other handling ensure that the energy
storage module is completely discharged in a safe manner. The stored energy and the voltage
levels may be lethal if mishandling occurs. Maintenance should only be conducted by trained
personnel on discharged modules (Paragraph 7.1).
8.1
Routine Maintenance
8.1.1 Clean exterior surface of dirt/grime
8.1.1.1 Reason - Improve power dissipation performance.
8.1.1.2 Use a cleaning cloth dampened with a water/soap solution. Do not use high-pressure
sprays or immersion
8.1.1.3 Frequency
8.1.1.3.1 Annually
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8.1.2 Check mounting fasteners for proper torque
8.1.2.1 Reason - Avoid mechanical damage
8.1.2.2 Frequency
8.1.2.2.1 Annually
8.1.3 Inspect housing for signs of damage
8.1.3.1 Reason – allows potential internal damage to be identified
8.1.3.2 Frequency
8.1.3.2.1 Annually
8.1.4 Check signal/ground connections
8.1.4.1 Reason – avoid false signals or shock hazards
8.1.4.2 Frequency
8.1.4.2.1 Annually
9. Storage
The discharged module can be stored in the original package in a dry place. Discharge a used
module prior to stock or shipment. A wire across the terminals should be used to maintain short
circuit after having discharged the module.
10. Disposal
Do not dispose of module in the trash. Dispose of according to local regulations for general
electronics waste.
11. Specifications
Refer to datasheets at http://www.maxwell.com for specifications.
User Manual – 56V UPS Modules – Doc. No. 1017025.3
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Tel: +86 21 5836 8780
Fax: +86 21 5836 8790 www.maxwell.com User Manual – 56V UPS Modules – Doc. No. 1017025.3
©2010-11 Maxwell Technologies, Inc.
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