AN-1150: Controlling the AD5111/AD5113/AD5115 Using a Traditional Dial Interface (Rev. 0) PDF

AN-1150
APPLICATION NOTE
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Controlling the AD5111/AD5113/AD5115 Using a Traditional Dial Interface
by Miguel Usach
INTRODUCTION
The operation of the digital up/down interface is simple: when
the CS pin is pulled low, the part reads the status of the U/D
pin, incrementing or decrementing an internal counter at each
CLK falling edge, as shown in Figure 2.
Digital potentiometers are available in a variety of interfaces,
both digital and manual. The manual, or push-button, interface
is controlled directly by adding two push-button switches, such
as the AD5116 or the AD5228. Press the up button to increase
the resistance, and push the down button to decrease the
resistance, as shown in Figure 1.
CS
CLK
U/D
VDD
RWB
PUSH-UP
BUTTON
Figure 2. Up/Down Interface Operation
PU
The AD5111/AD5113/AD5115 digital potentiometers offer
guaranteed low resistor tolerance errors of ±8% and up to
±6 mA current density, making them ideal choices for a
mechanical potentiometer replacement.
ADAPTIVE
DEBOUNCER
Figure 1. AD5228 Push-Button Interface
The low current consumption (750 nA typical) and 2.3 V operation
increase the battery life, and the small package (2 mm × 2 mm
LFCSP) makes the AD5111/AD5113/AD5115 ideal for portable
applications.
The push-button interface includes an internal button
debouncer to filter the voltage glitches, as well as internal
resistors, making this interface suitable for a large number
of switches.
If the application requires another type of manual controller,
such as a rotary dial, the push-button interface is not suitable.
In such cases, a digital up/down interface can be used. This
interface is designed to increase or decrease the linear resistance
at high rates of speed, with a clock up to 50 MHz.
The digital up/down interface typically provides three input
pins, as follows:
•
•
•
The CS pin enables the part.
The U/D pin selects increment or decrement.
The CLK pin is the clock input.
ROTARY DIAL
The rotary dial or knob is a common mechanical potentiometer
controller. This type of controller can be emulated by using a
mechanical encoder.
The mechanical rotary encoder typically provides three pins:
one for ground (common) and two additional output pins for
generating square signals with a constant out-of-phase between
them, as shown in Figure 3.
CCW
CW
CHANNEL A
10569-003
PUSH-DOWN
BUTTON
10569-001
PD
10569-002
The digital potentiometer offers an optimal replacement for
a mechanical potentiometer due to its small package, better
reliability, and high accuracy with smaller voltage glitches.
CHANNEL B
Figure 3. Mechanical Encoder Pulses
Rev. 0 | Page 1 of 2
AN-1150
Application Note
CONNECTION WITH THE DIGIPOT
HYBRID INTERFACE
The mechanical encoder does not pull the output pin high, but,
instead, places the pin at high impedance. The signal pins require
external pull-up resistors.
In addition, the interface allows hybrid control between manual
and digital operation. The hybrid interface allows the use of the
extra functionality implemented in the part, such as the EEPROM
or shutdown mode.
The AD5111/AD5113/AD5115 offer extra features such as
shutdown and EEPROM memory. To ensure that these commands
are not executed, the U/D pin can be updated only when CLK
is low.
The hybrid interface can be implemented by adding an external
multiplexer between the mechanical encoder and the microcontroller.
Four GPIO pins are required for this interface: one to select the
controller and three additional pins to drive the CS, U/D, and
CLK pins. The CS pin is required to disable the part, ensuring a
controlled environment when the multiplexer switches between
lines.
By including a fast D-type flip-flop, as shown in Figure 4,
the U/D pin can be updated without concern for the CLK level.
The only requirement is that the propagation delay in the D-type
flip-flop must be <10 ns.
MECHANICAL
ENCODER
AD5111/AD5113/AD5115
VDD
VDD
VDD
R
R
CHANNEL A
U/D
Q
D
D-TYPE
CLK FLIP-FLOP
CHANNEL B
UP/DOWN
CONTROL
LOGIC
CS
EN
10569-004
CLK
Figure 4. Circuit Diagram Connection
MECHANICAL
ENCODER
ADG636
VDD
VDD
R
CHANNEL A
CHANNEL B
AD5111/AD5113/AD5115
VDD
VDD
R
Q
D
D-TYPE
CLK FLIP-FLOP
S1A
D1
S1B
U/D
UP/DOWN
CONTROL
LOGIC
CS
S2A
EN
D2
CLK
S2B
GPIO0
GPIO1
A0
GPIO2
A1
GPIO3
LOGIC
VDD
EN
Figure 5. Hybrid Interface Connection
©2012 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
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10569-005
MICROCONTROLLER
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