AN-1203: Simplified 16-Bit, 4 mA-to-20 mA Output Solution Using the AD5420 (Rev. A) PDF

AN-1203
APPLICATION NOTE
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Simplified 16-Bit, 4 mA-to-20 mA Output Solution Using the AD5420
+15V
+
CIRCUIT FUNCTION AND BENEFITS
0.1µF
This circuit provides a 4 mA-to-20 mA output using the AD5420, a
single channel, 16-bit, serial input, 4 mA-to-20 mA current source
DAC. This circuit utilizes only the AD5420 product. The only
external components needed are decoupling capacitors on the
supply pins and reference input and a pull-up resistor for the
open-drain FAULT output, which alerts to a loss of compliance
voltage on the output or an over-temperature of the AD5420
device. This offers a level of integration that leads to savings in
both cost and board space. This circuit is well suited for both
programmable logic controllers (PLCs) and distributed control
systems (DCSes) in industrial control applications.
10µF
0.1µF
10kΩ
AVDD
CONTROLLER
DVCC
DVCC
SELECT
AD5420
BOOST
CLEAR
LATCH
SCLK
SDIN
IOUT
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
REFOUT REFIN RSET
08355-001
FAULT
SDO
GND
IOUT
0.1µF
Figure 1. Configuration of the AD5420
(Simplified Schematic)
0.020
4mA TO 20mA
0mA TO 20mA
0mA TO 24mA
0.015
Figure 2 shows that the typical accuracy of this circuit at 25°C
ambient temperature is better than 0.016%.
The circuit must be constructed on a multilayer PC board with
a large area ground plane. Proper layout, grounding, and
decoupling techniques must be used to achieve optimum
performance (see Tutorial MT-031, Grounding Data Converters
and Solving the Mystery of "AGND" and "DGND," and Tutorial
MT-101, Decoupling Techniques).
Rev. A | Page 1 of 2
0.010
0.005
0
–0.005
–0.010
TA = 25°C
RLOAD = 250Ω
–0.015
–0.020
0
10k
20k
30k
40k
50k
DAC CODE
Figure 2. Current Output Accuracy
60k
08355-002
CURRENT OUPUT ERROR (%FSR)
The AD5420 is a low cost, precision, highly integrated 16-bit
digital-to-analog converter offering a programmable current source
output designed to meet the requirements of industrial process
control applications. The current output can be programmed
with the ranges of 4 mA to 20 mA, 0 mA to 20 mA, or 0 mA
to 24 mA. The AD5420 contains an internal 5 V, 10 ppm/°C
maximum voltage reference. This leads to further savings in
both cost and board space. Operation is specified with an AVDD
supply up to 24 V. However, the AD5420 is capable of operating
with an AVDD supply of up to 40 V. The AD5420 contains an onchip regulated 4.5 V output (DVCC pin) capable of sourcing up
to 5 mA. This can be used as a termination for pull-up resistors
or to power digital circuitry, eliminating the need to generate a
logic power supply.
AN-1203
Application Note
LEARN MORE
REVISION HISTORY
Kester, Walt. 2005. The Data Conversion Handbook. Analog
Devices. Chapters 3 and 7.
4/13—Rev. 0 to Rev. A
MT-015 Tutorial, Basic DAC Architectures II: Binary DACs.
Analog Devices.
Changed Document Title from CN-0098 to
AN-1203 .............................................................................. Universal
7/09—Revision 0: Initial Version
MT-031 Tutorial, Grounding Data Converters and Solving the
Mystery of "AGND" and "DGND." Analog Devices.
MT-101 Tutorial, Decoupling Techniques. Analog Devices.
Voltage Reference Wizard Design Tool.
Data Sheets and Evaluation Boards
AD5420 Data Sheet.
AD5420 Evaluation Board.
©2009–2013 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
AN08355-0-4/13(A)
Rev. A | Page 2 of 2
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