19-3707; Rev 2; 6/09 Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL Features The MAX7031 crystal-based, fractional-N transceiver is designed to transmit and receive FSK data at factorypreset carrier frequencies of 308MHz †, 315MHz, or 433.92MHz with data rates up to 33kbps (Manchester encoded) or 66kbps (NRZ encoded). This device generates a typical output power of +10dBm into a 50Ω load, and exhibits typical sensitivity of -110dBm. The MAX7031 features separate transmit and receive pins (PAOUT and LNAIN) and provides an internal RF switch that can be used to connect the transmit and receive pins to a common antenna. o +2.1V to +3.6V or +4.5V to +5.5V Single-Supply Operation The MAX7031 transmit frequency is generated by a 16bit, fractional-N, phase-locked loop (PLL), while the receiver’s local oscillator (LO) is generated by an integer-N PLL. This hybrid architecture eliminates the need for separate transmit and receive crystal reference oscillators because the fractional-N PLL is preset to be 10.7MHz above the receive LO. Retaining the fixed-N PLL for the receiver avoids the higher current-drain requirements of a fractional-N PLL and keeps the receiver current drain as low as possible. The fractional-N architecture of the MAX7031 transmit PLL allows the transmit FSK signal to be preset for exact frequency deviations, and completely eliminates the problems associated with oscillator-pulling FSK signal generation. All frequency-generation components are integrated on-chip, and only a crystal, a 10.7MHz IF filter, and a few discrete components are required to implement a complete antenna/digital data solution. The MAX7031 is available in a small, 5mm x 5mm, 32pin, thin QFN package, and is specified to operate in the automotive -40°C to +125°C temperature range. † Consult factory for availability. o Integrated TX/RX Switch Applications 2-Way Remote Keyless Entry Security Systems Home Automation Remote Controls o Single-Crystal Transceiver o Factory-Preset Frequency (No Serial Interface Required) o FSK Modulation o Factory-Preset FSK Frequency Deviation o +10dBm Output Power into 50Ω Load o Integrated Transmit and Receive PLL, VCO, and Loop Filter o > 45dB Image Rejection o Typical RF Sensitivity*: -110dBm o Selectable IF Bandwidth with External Filter o RSSI Output with High Dynamic Range o < 12.5mA Transmit-Mode Current o < 6.7mA Receive-Mode Current o < 800nA Shutdown Current o Fast-On Startup Feature, < 250µs o Small, 32-Pin, Thin QFN Package *0.2% BER, 4kbps Manchester-encoded data, 280kHz IF BW Ordering Information PART TEMP RANGE PIN-PACKAGE MAX7031_ATJ__+ -40°C to +125°C 32 Thin QFN-EP** +Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHs-compliant package. **EP = Exposed pad. Note: The MAX7031 is available with factory-preset operating frequencies. See the Selector Guide for complete part numbers. Remote Sensing Smoke Alarms Garage-Door Openers Local Telemetry Systems Pin Configuration, Selector Guide, Typical Application Circuit, and Functional Diagram appear at end of data sheet. ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com. 1 MAX7031 General Description MAX7031 Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS HVIN to GND..........................................................-0.3V to +6.0V PAVDD, AVDD, DVDD to GND ................................-0.3V to +4.0V ENABLE, T/R, DATA, AGC0, AGC1, AUTOCAL to GND ................................-0.3V to (HVIN + 0.3)V All Other Pins to GND ..............................-0.3V to (_VDD + 0.3)V Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) 32-Pin Thin QFN (derate 21.3mW/°C above +70°C).............................................................1702mW Operating Temperature Range .........................-40°C to +125°C Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) .................................+300°C Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Typical Application Circuit, 50Ω system impedance, PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +2.1V to +3.6V, fRF = 308MHz, 315MHz, or 433.92MHz, TA = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +2.7V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 1) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS Supply Voltage (3V Mode) VDD HVIN, PAVDD, AVDD, and DVDD connected to power supply 2.1 2.7 3.6 V Supply Voltage (5V Mode) HVIN PAVDD, AVDD, and DVDD unconnected from HVIN, but connected together 4.5 5.0 5.5 V fRF = 315MHz 11.6 19.1 fRF = 434MHz 12.4 20.4 Receiver 315MHz 6.4 8.4 Receiver 434MHz 6.7 8.7 Deep-sleep (3V mode) 0.8 8.8 Deep-sleep (5V mode) 2.4 10.9 Receiver 315MHz 6.8 8.7 Receiver 434MHz 7.0 8.8 Transmit mode (Note 2) Supply Current IDD TA < +85°C, typ at +25°C (Note 3) TA < +125°C, typ at +125°C (Note 2) Voltage Regulator VREG Deep-sleep (3V mode) 8.0 34.2 Deep-sleep (5V mode) 14.9 39.3 HVIN = 5V, ILOAD = 15mA 3.0 mA µA mA µA V DIGITAL I/O Input-High Threshold VIH (Note 2) Input-Low Threshold VIL (Note 2) AGC0-1, AUTOCAL, ENABLE, T/R, DATA (HVIN = 5.5V) Pulldown Sink Current Output Low Voltage VOL ISINK = 500µA Output High Voltage VOH ISOURCE = 500µA 2 0.9 x HVIN V 0.1 x HVIN V 20 µA 0.15 V HVIN - 0.26 V _______________________________________________________________________________________ Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL (Typical Application Circuit, 50Ω system impedance, PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +2.1V to +3.6V, fRF = 308MHz, 315MHz. or 433.92MHz, TA = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +2.7V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 1) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS Frequency Range Maximum Input Level Transmit Efficiency (Note 5) Power-On Time fRF = 315MHz 308/315/433.92 0 32 fRF = 434MHz 30 ENABLE or T/R transition low to high, transmitter frequency settled to within 50kHz of the desired carrier 200 ENABLE or T/R transition low to high, transmitter frequency settled to within 5kHz of the desired carrier 350 ENABLE transition low to high, or T/R transition high to low, receiver startup time (Note 4) 250 PRFIN tON MHz dBm % µs RECEIVER 0.2% BER, 4kbps Manchester data rate, 280kHz IF BW, FSK ±50kHz deviation Sensitivity 315MHz -110 434MHz -107 dBm Image Rejection 46 dB POWER AMPLIFIER Output Power POUT Maximum Carrier Harmonics TA = +25°C (Note 3) 4.6 10.0 TA = +125°C, PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +2.1V (Note 2) 3.9 6.7 15.5 dBm TA = -40°C, PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +3.6V (Note 3) 13.1 With output matching network -40 dBc -50 dBc Reference Spur 15.8 PHASE-LOCKED LOOP Transmit VCO Gain KVCO Transmit PLL Phase Noise 340 10kHz offset, 200kHz loop BW -68 1MHz offset, 200kHz loop BW -98 Receive VCO Gain 340 Receive PLL Phase Noise Loop Bandwidth 10kHz offset, 500kHz loop BW -80 1MHz offset, 500kHz loop BW -90 Transmit PLL 200 Receive PLL 500 MHz/V dBc/Hz MHz/V dBc/Hz kHz _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3 MAX7031 AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS MAX7031 Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) (Typical Application Circuit, 50Ω system impedance, PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +2.1V to +3.6V, fRF = 308MHz, 315MHz. or 433.92MHz, TA = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +2.7V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 1) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS Reference Frequency Input Level MIN TYP 0.5 MAX UNITS VP-P LOW-NOISE AMPLIFIER/MIXER (Note 7) LNA Input Impedance ZINLNA Normalized to 50Ω High-gain state Voltage-Conversion Gain Low-gain state Input-Referred 3rd-Order Intercept Point IIP3 fRF = 315MHz 1 - j4.7 fRF = 434MHz 1 - j3.3 fRF = 315MHz 50 fRF = 434MHz 45 fRF = 315MHz 13 fRF = 434MHz dB 9 High-gain state -42 Low-gain state -6 dBm Mixer Output Impedance 330 Ω LO Signal Feedthrough to Antenna -100 dBm RSSI Input Impedance Operating Frequency fIF 330 Ω 10.7 MHz 3dB Bandwidth 10 MHz Gain 15 mV/dB 2.0 mV/kHz Maximum Data Filter Bandwidth 50 kHz Maximum Data Slicer Bandwidth 100 kHz Maximum Peak Detector Bandwidth 50 kHz FSK DEMODULATOR Conversion Gain ANALOG BASEBAND Maximum Data Rate Manchester coded 33 Nonreturn to zero (NRZ) 66 kbps CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR Crystal Frequency (fRF - 10.7) / 24 fXTAL MHz Maximum Crystal Inductance 50 mH Frequency Pulling by VDD 2 ppm/V 4.5 pF Crystal Load Capacitance 4 (Note 6) _______________________________________________________________________________________ Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL (Typical Application Circuit, 50Ω system impedance, PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +2.1V to +3.6V, fRF = 308MHz, 315MHz. or 433.92MHz, TA = -40°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +2.7V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) (Note 1) Note 1: Note 2: Note 3: Note 4: Note 5: Note 6: Note 7: Supply current, output power, and efficiency are greatly dependent on board layout and PAOUT match. 100% tested at TA = +125°C. Guaranteed by design and characterization over temperature. Guaranteed by design and characterization. Not production tested. Time for final signal detection; does not include baseband filter settling. Efficiency = POUT/(VDD x IDD). Dependent on PCB trace capacitance. Input impedance is measured at the LNAIN pin. Note that the impedance at 315MHz includes the 12nH inductive degeneration from the LNA source to ground. The impedance at 434MHz includes a 10nH inductive degeneration connected from the LNA source to ground. The equivalent input circuit is 50Ω in series with ~2.2pF. The voltage conversion is measured with the LNA input-matching inductor, the degeneration inductor, and the LNA/mixer tank in place, and does not include the IF filter insertion loss. Typical Operating Characteristics (Typical Operating Circuit, PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +3.0V, fRF = 433.92MHz, IF BW = 280kHz. 4kbps Manchester encoded, 0.2% BER deviation = ±50kHz, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) RECEIVER SUPPLY CURRENT vs. RF FREQUENCY FSK MODE SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 7.0 +85°C 6.8 6.6 +25°C 6.4 6.8 DEEP-SLEEP CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE +85°C 6.7 +25°C 6.6 -40°C -40°C 6.2 6.5 6.0 6.4 18 MAX7031 toc03 MAX7030 toc02 +125°C 6.9 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) +125°C 7.2 7.0 MAX7031 toc01 7.4 16 DEEP-SLEEP CURRENT (µA) SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE 14 VCC = +3.6V 12 VCC = +3.0V 10 VCC = +2.1V 8 6 4 2 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 3.3 3.6 0 300 325 350 375 400 RF FREQUENCY (MHz) 425 450 -40 -15 -10 35 60 85 110 TEMPERATURE (°C) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5 MAX7031 AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (Typical Operating Circuit, PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +3.0V, fRF = 433.92MHz, IF BW = 280kHz. 4kbps Manchester encoded, 0.2% BER deviation = ±50kHz, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) RECEIVER 280kHz IF BW 0.2% BER -102 0.2% BER fRF = 434MHz -104 -106 -108 -110 -108 -106 -40 -104 10 35 60 85 1 110 TEMPERATURE (°C) RSSI vs. RF INPUT POWER RSSI AND DELTA vs. IF INPUT POWER RSSI (V) AGC SWITCH POINT 0.6 0.4 1.5 RSSI 1.2 0.5 0.9 -0.5 0.6 LOW-GAIN MODE -1.5 DELTA -2.5 0.3 0.2 AGC HYSTERESIS: 3dB 0 -3.5 0 -70 -50 -30 -10 10 -90 -70 RF INPUT POWER (dBm) SYSTEM GAIN vs. IF FREQUENCY 0 10 15 20 IF FREQUENCY (MHz) 6 46 fRF = 315MHz 44 10.5 25 10.6 10.7 10.8 10.9 11.0 NORMALIZED IF GAIN vs. IF FREQUENCY 0 -4 -8 -12 -20 42 5 10.4 -16 -20 0 0 IF FREQUENCY (MHz) LOWER SIDEBAND -10 0.4 10 fRF = 434MHz IMAGE REJECTION (dB) FROM RFIN TO MIXOUT fRF = 434MHz 10 0.8 IMAGE REJECTION vs. TEMPERATURE 30 45dB IMAGE REJECTION -10 48 MAX7031 toc10 UPPER SIDEBAND 20 -30 1.2 IF INPUT POWER (dBm) 50 40 -50 NORMALIZED IF GAIN (dB) -90 MAX7031 toc11 -130 -110 1.6 2.5 1.5 0.8 3.5 1.8 HIGH-GAIN MODE 1.0 FSK DEMODULATOR OUTPUT vs. IF FREQUENCY MAX7031 toc08 2.1 MAX7031 toc07 1.4 100 10 FREQUENCY DEVIATION (kHz) AVERAGE INPUT POWER (dBm) 1.6 1.2 -15 MAX7031 toc12 -110 FSK DEMODULATOR OUTPUT (V) -112 DELTA (%) -114 1.8 RSSI (V) -108 -112 -116 -102 -106 fRF = 315MHz 0.01 -100 -104 0.1 fRF = 315MHz -98 MAX7031 toc09 1 280kHz IF BW 0.2% BER -96 SENSITIVITY (dBm) SENSITIVITY (dBm) 10 fRF = 434MHz -94 MAX7031 toc05 -100 MAX7031 toc04 280kHz IF BW BIT-ERROR RATE (%) SENSITIVITY vs. FREQUENCY DEVIATION SENSITIVITY vs. TEMPERATURE 100 MAX7031 toc06 BIT-ERROR RATE vs. AVERAGE INPUT POWER SYSTEM GAIN (dBm) MAX7031 Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL 30 -40 -15 10 35 60 85 110 1 TEMPERATURE (°C) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 10 IF FREQUENCY (MHz) 100 Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz ASK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL RECEIVER S11 vs. RF FREQUENCY MAX7031 toc13 MAX7031 toc14 S11 SMITH PLOT OF RFIN 0 S11 (dB) -6 434MHz -12 433.92MHz -18 400MHz 500MHz -24 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 RF FREQUENCY (MHz) INPUT IMPEDANCE vs. INDUCTIVE DEGENERATION INPUT IMPEDANCE vs. INDUCTIVE DEGENERATION -220 90 -230 80 MAX7031 toc16 -240 60 -250 50 -260 40 -270 REAL IMPEDANCE 20 10 1 -160 IMAGINARY IMPEDANCE 70 60 -180 50 -190 40 -200 -280 30 -290 20 REAL IMPEDANCE -220 PHASE NOISE vs. OFFSET FREQUENCY MAX7031 toc17 fRF = 315MHz PHASE NOISE vs. OFFSET FREQUENCY -50 -70 -80 -90 -100 -110 fRF = 434MHz -60 PHASE NOISE (dBc/Hz) PHASE NOISE (dBc/Hz) 100 INDUCTIVE DEGENERATION (nH) INDUCTIVE DEGENERATION (nH) -60 -210 10 1 100 -50 -170 MAX7031 toc18 30 REAL IMPEDANCE (Ω) IMAGINARY IMPEDANCE 70 IMAGINARY IMPEDANCE (Ω) REAL IMPEDANCE (Ω) 80 -150 fRF = 434MHz fRF = 315MHz IMAGINARY IMPEDANCE (Ω) MAX7031 toc15 90 -70 -80 -90 -100 -110 -120 -120 100 1k 10k 100k OFFSET FREQUENCY (Hz) 1M 10M 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M OFFSET FREQUENCY (Hz) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 MAX7031 Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (Typical Operating Circuit, PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +3.0V, fRF = 433.92MHz, IF BW = 280kHz. 4kbps Manchester encoded, 0.2% BER deviation = ±50kHz, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (Typical Operating Circuit, PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +3.0V, fRF = 433.92MHz, IF BW = 280kHz. 4kbps Manchester encoded, 0.2% BER deviation = ±50kHz, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) TRANSMITTER SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE TA = +85°C TA = +125°C TA = -40°C TA = +25°C 10 TA = +85°C TA = +125°C 13 TA = -40°C 11 3.0 3.3 2.4 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. OUTPUT POWER 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6 -14 -10 OUTPUT POWER (dBm) 12 11 10 9 8 fRF = 315MHz 12 2 6 fRF = 434MHz TA = -40°C 12 TA = -40°C 10 8 TA = +125°C 6 -2 10 OUTPUT POWER vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE 14 TA = +25°C 7 -6 AVERAGE OUTPUT POWER (dBm) OUTPUT POWER vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE 14 MAX7031 toc22 fRF = 434MHz 13 7 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 14 8 4 2.1 3.6 OUTPUT POWER (dBm) 2.7 MAX7031 toc 23 2.4 9 5 TA = +25°C 2.1 10 6 9 8 fRF = 315MHz 11 15 MAX7031 toc21 fRF = 434MHz SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 14 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. OUTPUT POWER 12 MAX7030 toc24 MAX7031 toc19 fRF = 315MHz 12 17 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 16 MAX7031 toc20 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) TA = +25°C 10 8 TA = +125°C TA = +85°C 6 TA = +85°C 6 4 4 -14 -10 -6 -2 2 6 10 2.1 2.4 AVERAGE OUTPUT POWER (dBm) 2.7 3.0 3.3 TA = -40°C 35 3.0 EFFICIENCY vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE fRF = 434MHz TA = -40°C 35 EFFFICIENCY (%) TA = +25°C 30 25 2.7 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 40 MAX7031 toc25 fRF = 315MHz 2.4 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) EFFICIENCY vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE 40 2.1 3.6 MAX7031 toc26 5 EFFFICIENCY (%) MAX7031 Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL TA = +85°C TA = +25°C 30 TA = +85°C 25 TA = +125°C TA = +125°C 20 20 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 8 3.3 3.6 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3.3 3.6 Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz ASK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL TRANSMITTER fRF = 315MHz -50 -70 -80 -90 -100 -110 -60 -120 -70 -80 -90 -100 -110 -120 -130 -130 -140 -140 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M 100 1k 10k 100k 1M OFFSET FREQUENCY (Hz) OFFSET FREQUENCY (Hz) REFERENCE SPUR MAGNITUDE vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE FREQUENCY STABILITY vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE -45 434MHz -50 315MHz -55 -60 -65 10 10M MAX7031 toc30 MAX7031 toc29 -40 8 FREQUENCY STABILITY (ppm) 100 REFERENCE SPUR MAGNITUDE (dBc) fRF = 434MHz -50 PHASE NOISE (dBc/Hz) -60 PHASE NOISE (dBc/Hz) -40 MAX7031 toc27 -40 PHASE NOISE vs. OFFSET FREQUENCY (TRANSMIT MODE) MAX7031 toc28 PHASE NOISE vs. OFFSET FREQUENCY (TRANSMIT MODE) 6 fRF = 315MHz 4 2 0 -2 fRF = 434MHz -4 -6 -8 -70 -10 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 3.3 3.6 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6 SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) _______________________________________________________________________________________ 9 MAX7031 Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (Typical Operating Circuit, PAVDD = AVDD = DVDD = HVIN = +3.0V, fRF = 433.92MHz, IF BW = 280kHz. 4kbps Manchester encoded, 0.2% BER deviation = ±50kHz, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.) Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL MAX7031 Pin Description 10 PIN NAME FUNCTION 1 PAVDD Power-Amplifier Supply Voltage. Bypass to GND with 0.01µF and 220pF capacitors placed as close as possible to the pin. 2 ROUT Envelope-Shaping Output. ROUT controls the power-amplifier envelope’s rise and fall times. Connect ROUT to the PA pullup inductor or optional power-adjust resistor. Bypass the inductor to GND as close as possible to the inductor with 680pF and 220pF capacitors as shown in the Typical Application Circuit. 3 TX/RX1 Transmit/Receive Switch Throw. Drive T/R high to short TX/RX1 to TX/RX2. Drive T/R low to disconnect TX/RX1 from TX/RX2. Functionally identical to TX/RX2. 4 TX/RX2 Transmit/Receive Switch Pole. Typically connected to ground. See the Typical Application Circuit. 5 PAOUT Power-Amplifier Output. Requires a pullup inductor to the supply voltage (or ROUT if envelope shaping is desired), which can be part of the output-matching network to an antenna. 6 AVDD 7 LNAIN Analog Power-Supply Voltage. AVDD is connected to an on-chip +3.0V regulator in 5V operation. Bypass AVDD to GND with a 0.1µF and 220pF capacitor placed as close as possible to the pin. Low-Noise Amplifier Input. Must be AC-coupled. 8 LNASRC Low-Noise Amplifier Source for External Inductive Degeneration. Connect an inductor to GND to set the LNA input impedance. 9 LNAOUT Low-Noise Amplifier Output. Must be connected to AVDD through a parallel LC tank filter. AC-couple to MIXIN+. 10 MIXIN+ Noninverting Mixer Input. Must be AC-coupled to the LNA output. 11 MIXIN- Inverting Mixer Input. Bypass to AVDD with a capacitor as close as possible to the LNA LC tank filter. 12 MIXOUT 13 IFIN- Inverting 330Ω IF Limiter Amplifier Input. Bypass to GND with a capacitor. 14 IFIN+ Noninverting 330Ω IF Limiter Amplifier Input. Connect to the output of the 10.7MHz IF filter. 330Ω Mixer Output. Connect to the input of the 10.7MHz filter. 15 PDMIN 16 PDMAX Minimum-Level Peak Detector for Demodulator Output 17 DS- Inverting Data Slicer Input 18 DS+ Noninverting Data Slicer Input 19 OP+ 20 DF 21 RSSI Maximum-Level Peak Detector for Demodulator Output Noninverting Op-Amp Input for the Sallen-Key Data Filter Data-Filter Feedback Node. Input for the feedback capacitor of the Sallen-Key data filter. Buffered Received-Signal-Strength-Indicator Output Transmit/Receive. Drive high to put the device in transmit mode. Drive low or leave unconnected to put the device in receive mode. It is internally pulled down. 22 T/R 23 ENABLE 24 DATA 25 N.C. No Connection. Do not connect to this pin. 26 DVDD Digital Power-Supply Voltage. Bypass to GND with a 0.01µF and 220pF capacitor placed as close as possible to the pin. 27 HVIN High-Voltage Supply Input. For 3V operation, connect HVIN to AVDD, PAVDD, and DVDD. For 5V operation, tie only HVIN to 5V. Bypass HVIN to GND with a 0.01µF and 220pF capacitor placed as close as possible to the pin. Enable. Drive high for normal operation. Drive low or leave unconnected to put the device into shutdown mode. Receiver Data Output/Transmitter Data Input ______________________________________________________________________________________ Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL PIN NAME 28 AUTOCAL FUNCTION 29 AGC1 AGC Enable/Dwell Time Control 1. See Table 1. Bypass to GND with a 10pF capacitor. 30 AGC0 AGC Enable/Dwell Time Control 0 (LSB). See Table 1. Bypass to GND with a 10pF capacitor. 31 XTAL1 Crystal Input 1. Bypass to GND if XTAL2 is driven by an AC-coupled external reference. 32 XTAL2 Crystal Input 2. XTAL2 can be driven from an external AC-coupled reference. — EP Exposed Pad. Solder evenly to the board’s ground plane for proper operation. Enable for FSK demodulator autocalibration (~1min cycle). Bypass to GND with a 10pF capacitor. Detailed Description The MAX7031 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz CMOS transceiver and a few external components provide a complete transmit and receive chain from the antenna to the digital data interface. This device is designed for transmitting and receiving FSK data. All transmit frequencies are generated by a fractional-Nbased synthesizer, allowing for very fine frequency steps in increments of fXTAL/4096. The receive local oscillator (LO) is generated by a traditional integer-Nbased synthesizer. Depending on component selection, data rates as high as 33kbps (Manchester encoded) or 66kbps (NRZ encoded) can be achieved. Receiver Low-Noise Amplifier (LNA) The LNA is a cascode amplifier with off-chip inductive degeneration that achieves approximately 30dB of voltage gain that is dependent on both the antenna-matching network at the LNA input, and the LC tank network between the LNA output and the mixer inputs. The off-chip inductive degeneration is achieved by connecting an inductor from LNASRC to AGND. This inductor sets the real part of the input impedances at LNAIN, allowing for a more flexible match for low-input impedances such as a PCB trace antenna. A nominal value for this inductor with a 50Ω input impedance is 12nH at 315MHz and 10nH at 434MHz, but the inductance is affected by PCB trace length. LNASRC can be shorted to ground to increase sensitivity by approximately 1dB, but the input match must then be reoptimized. The LC tank filter connected to LNAOUT consists of L5 and C9 (see the Typical Application Circuit). Select L5 and C9 to resonate at the desired RF input frequency. The resonant frequency is given by: f= where LTOTAL = L5 + LPARASITICS and CTOTAL = C9 + CPARASITICS. LPARASITICS and CPARASITICS include inductance and capacitance of the PCB traces, package pins, mixer input impedance, LNA output impedance, etc. These parasitics at high frequencies cannot be ignored, and can have a dramatic effect on the tank filter center frequency. Lab experimentation should be done to optimize the center frequency of the tank. The parasitic capacitance is generally 5pF to 7pF. Automatic Gain Control (AGC) When the AGC is enabled, it monitors the RSSI output. When the RSSI output reaches 1.28V, which corresponds to an RF input level of approximately -55dBm, the AGC switches on the LNA gain-reduction attenuator. The attenuator reduces the LNA gain by 36dB, thereby reducing the RSSI output by about 540mV to 740mV. The LNA resumes high-gain mode when the RSSI output level drops back below 680mV (approximately -59dBm at the RF input) for a programmable interval called the AGC dwell time (see Table 1). The AGC has a hysteresis of approximately 4dB. With the AGC function, the RSSI dynamic range is increased. AGC is not necessary for most FSK applications. AGC Dwell Time Settings The AGC dwell timer holds the AGC in a low-gain state for a set amount of time after the power level drops below the AGC switching threshold. After that set amount of time, if the power level is still below the AGC threshold, the LNA goes into high-gain state. 1 2π L TOTAL × C TOTAL ______________________________________________________________________________________ 11 MAX7031 Pin Description (continued) MAX7031 Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL Table 1. AGC Dwell Time Settings for MAX7031 AGC1 AGC0 0 0 AGC disabled, high gain selected DESCRIPTION 0 1 K = 11, short dwell time 1 0 K = 14, medium dwell time 1 1 K = 20, long dwell time The MAX7031 uses the two AGC control pins (AGC0 and AGC1) to enable or disable the AGC and set three user-controlled dwell timer settings. The AGC dwell time is dependent on the crystal frequency and the bit settings of the AGC control pins. To calculate the dwell time, use the following equation: Dwell Time = 2K fXTAL where K is an integer in decimal, determined by the control pin settings shown in Table 1. For example, a receiver operating at 315MHz has a crystal oscillator frequency of 12.679MHz. For K = 11 (AGC setting = 0, 1), the dwell timer is 162µs; for K = 14 (AGC setting = 1, 0), the dwell timer is 1.3ms; for K = 20 (AGC setting = 1, 1), the dwell time is 83ms. Mixer A unique feature of the MAX7031 is the integrated image rejection of the mixer. This eliminates the need for a costly front-end SAW filter for many applications. The advantage of not using a SAW filter is increased sensitivity, simplified antenna matching, less board space, and lower cost. The mixer cell is a pair of double-balanced mixers that perform an IQ downconversion of the RF input to the 10.7MHz intermediate frequency (IF) with low-side injection (i.e., fLO = fRF - fIF). The image-rejection circuit then combines these signals to achieve a typical 46dB of image rejection over the full temperature range. Lowside injection is required as high-side injection is not possible due to the on-chip image rejection. The IF output is driven by a source follower, biased to create a driving impedance of 330Ω to interface with an off-chip 330Ω ceramic IF filter. The voltage conversion gain driving a 330Ω load is approximately 20dB. Note that the MIXIN+ and MIXIN- inputs are functionally identical. Integer-N, Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) The MAX7031 utilizes a fixed integer-N PLL to generate the receive LO. All PLL components, including the loop filter, voltage-controlled oscillator, charge pump, asynchronous 24x divider, and phase-frequency detector are internal. The loop bandwidth is approximately 500kHz. The relationship between RF, IF, and reference frequencies is given by: fREF = (fRF - fIF)/24 Intermediate Frequency (IF) The IF section presents a differential 330Ω load to provide matching for the off-chip ceramic filter. The internal six AC-coupled limiting amplifiers produce an overall gain of approximately 65dB, with a bandpass filter-type response centered near the 10.7MHz IF frequency with a 3dB bandwidth of approximately 10MHz. The RSSI circuit demodulates the IF to baseband by producing a DC output proportional to the log of the IF signal level with a slope of approximately 15mV/dB. FSK Demodulator The FSK demodulator uses an integrated 10.7MHz PLL that tracks the input RF modulation and converts the frequency deviation into a voltage difference. The PLL is illustrated in Figure 1. The input to the PLL comes from the output of the IF limiting amplifiers. The PLL control voltage responds to changes in the frequency of the input signal with a nominal gain of 2.0mV/kHz. For example, an FSK peak-to-peak deviation of 50kHz FSK DEMOD MAX7031 TO FSK BASEBAND FILTER AND DATA SLICER PHASE DETECTOR IF LIMITING AMPS CHARGE PUMP LOOP FILTER 100kΩ 100kΩ 10.7MHz VCO 2.0mV/kHz DS+ OP+ DF CF2 Figure 1. FSK Demodulator PLL Block Diagram 12 CF1 Figure 2. Sallen-Key Lowpass Data Filter ______________________________________________________________________________________ Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL MAX7031 MAX7031 MAX7031 DATA SLICER DATA DS- PEAK DET PEAK DET DATA SLICER DS+ R PDMAX R DATA PDMIN R C C C Figure 3. Generating Data Slicer Threshold Using a Lowpass Filter Figure 4. Generating Data Slicer Threshold Using the Peak Detectors generates a 100mVP-P signal on the control line. This control voltage is then filtered and sliced by the baseband circuitry. The FSK demodulator PLL requires calibration to overcome variations in process, voltage, and temperature. This is done by using the AUTOCAL pin, or by cycling the ENABLE pin. If the AUTOCAL pin is a logic 1, calibration occurs approximately every minute. If the AUTOCAL pin is a logic 0, calibration occurs only after the MAX7031 is enabled. The configuration shown in Figure 2 can create a Butterworth or Bessel response. The Butterworth filter offers a very-flat-amplitude response in the passband and a rolloff rate of 40dB/decade for the two-pole filter. The Bessel filter has a linear phase response, which works well for filtering digital data. To calculate the value of the capacitors, use the following equations, along with the coefficients in Table 2: Data Filter The data filter for the demodulated data is implemented as a 2nd-order, lowpass Sallen-Key filter. The pole locations are set by the combination of two on-chip resistors and two external capacitors. Adjusting the value of the external capacitors changes the corner frequency to optimize for different data rates. Set the corner frequency in kHz to approximately 2 times the fastest expected Manchester data rate in kbps from the transmitter (1.0 times the fastest expected NRZ data rate). Keeping the corner frequency near the data rate rejects any noise at higher frequencies, resulting in an increase in receiver sensitivity. Table 2. Coefficients to Calculate C F1 and CF2 FILTER TYPE a b Butterworth (Q = 0.707) 1.414 1.000 Bessel (Q = 0.577) 1.3617 0.618 b a(100kΩ)(π)(fc ) a CF2 = 4(100kΩ)(π)(fc ) CF1 = where fC is the desired 3dB corner frequency. For example, choose a Butterworth filter response with a corner frequency of 5kHz: 1.000 ≈ 450pF (1.414)(100kΩ)(3.14)(5kHz) 1.414 CF2 = ≈ 225pF (4)(100kΩ)(3.14)(5kHz) CF1 = Choosing standard capacitor values changes CF1 to 470pF and CF2 to 220pF. In the Typical Application Circuit , C F1 and C F2 are named C16 and C17, respectively. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 13 MAX7031 Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL Data Slicer The data slicer takes the analog output of the data filter and converts it to a digital signal. This is achieved by using a comparator and comparing the analog input to a threshold voltage. The threshold voltage is set by the voltage on the DS- pin, which is connected to the negative input of the data-slicer comparator. Numerous configurations can be used to generate the data-slicer threshold. For example, the circuit in Figure 3 shows a simple method using only one resistor and one capacitor. This configuration averages the analog output of the filter and sets the threshold to approximately 50% of that amplitude. With this configuration, the threshold automatically adjusts as the analog signal varies, minimizing the possibility for errors in the digital data. The values of R and C affect how fast the threshold tracks the analog amplitude. Be sure to keep the corner frequency of the RC circuit much lower (about 10 times) than the lowest expected data rate. With this configuration, a long string of NRZ zeros or ones can cause the threshold to drift. This configuration works best if a coding scheme, such as Manchester coding, which has an equal number of zeros and ones, is used. Figure 4 shows a configuration that uses the positive and negative peak detectors to generate the threshold. This configuration sets the threshold to the midpoint between a high output and a low output of the data filter. Peak Detectors The maximum peak detector (PDMAX) and minimum peak detector (PDMIN), with resistors and capacitors shown in Figure 4, create DC output voltages equal to the high- and low-peak values of the filtered demodulated signal. The resistors provide a path for the capacitors to discharge, allowing the peak detectors to dynamically follow peak changes of the data filter output voltages. The maximum and minimum peak detectors can be used together to form a data slicer threshold voltage at a value midway between the maximum and minimum voltage levels of the data stream (see the Data Slicer section and Figure 4). Set the RC time constant of the peak-detector combining network to at least 5 times the data period. If there is an event that causes a significant change in the magnitude of the baseband signal, such as an AGC gain switch or a power-up transient, the peak detectors may “catch” a false level. If a false peak is detected, the slicing level is incorrect. The MAX7031 peak detectors correct these problems by temporarily tracking the incoming baseband filter voltage when an AGC state 14 switch occurs, or by forcing the peak detectors to track the baseband filter output voltage until all internal circuits are stable following an enable pin low-to-high transition. The peak detectors exhibit a fast attack/slow decay response. This feature allows for an extremely fast startup or AGC recovery. Transmitter Power Amplifier (PA) The PA of the MAX7031 is a high-efficiency, opendrain, switch-mode amplifier. The PA with proper output- matching network can drive a wide range of antenna impedances, which includes a small-loop PCB trace and a 50Ω antenna. The output-matching network for a 50Ω antenna is shown in the Typical Application Circuit. The output-matching network suppresses the carrier harmonics and transforms the antenna impedance to an optimal impedance at PAOUT (pin 5). The optimal impedance at PAOUT is 250Ω. When the output-matching network is properly tuned, the PA transmits power with a high overall efficiency of up to 32%. The efficiency of the PA itself is more than 46%. The output power is set by an external resistor at PAOUT, and is also dependent on the external antenna and antenna-matching network at the PA output. Envelope Shaping The MAX7031 features an internal envelope-shaping resistor, which connects between the open-drain output of the PA and the power supply. The envelope-shaping resistor slows the turn-on/turn-off of the PA. Envelope shaping is not necessary for FSK. For most applications, the PA pullup inductor should be tied to PAVDD instead of ROUT. Fractional-N Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) The MAX7031 utilizes a fully integrated, fractional-N PLL for its transmit frequency synthesizer. All PLL components, including the loop filter, are integrated internally. The loop bandwidth is approximately 200kHz. Power-Supply Connections The MAX7031 can be powered from a 2.1V to 3.6V supply or a 4.5V to 5.5V supply. If a 4.5V to 5.5V supply is used, then the on-chip linear regulator reduces the 5V supply to the 3V needed to operate the chip. To operate the MAX7031 from a 3V supply, connect PAVDD, AVDD, DVDD, and HVIN to the 3V supply. When using a 5V supply, connect the supply to HVIN only and connect AVDD, PAVDD, and DVDD together. In both cases, bypass PAVDD, DVDD, and HVIN to GND with a 0.01µF and 220pF capacitor and bypass AVDD to GND with a 0.1µF and 220pF capacitor. Bypass T/R, ______________________________________________________________________________________ Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL where: fP is the amount the crystal frequency is pulled in ppm. Cm is the motional capacitance of the crystal. CCASE is the case capacitance. CSPEC is the specified load capacitance. CLOAD is the actual load capacitance. When the crystal is loaded as specified, i.e., CLOAD = CSPEC, the frequency pulling equals zero. Chip Information PROCESS: CMOS Pin Configuration ENABLE T/R RSSI DF OP+ DS+ DS- TOP VIEW 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 N.C. 25 DVDD 26 15 PDMIN HVIN 27 14 IFIN+ AUTOCAL 28 13 IFIN- AGC1 29 12 MIXOUT AGC0 30 11 MIXIN- XTAL1 31 10 MIXIN+ XTAL2 32 9 LNAOUT 4 5 6 7 8 LNAIN LNASRC 3 AVDD 2 PAOUT 1 TX/RX2 MAX7031 PAVDD + 16 ROUT Crystal Oscillator (XTAL) The XTAL oscillator in the MAX7031 is designed to present a capacitance of approximately 3pF between the XTAL1 and XTAL2 pins. In most cases, this corresponds to a 4.5pF load capacitance applied to the external crystal when typical PCB parasitics are added. It is very important to use a crystal with a load capacitance that is equal to the capacitance of the MAX7031 crystal oscillator plus PCB parasitics. If a crystal designed to oscillate with a different load capacitance is used, the crystal is pulled away from its stated operating frequency, introducing an error in the reference frequency. Crystals designed to operate with higher differential load capacitance always pull the reference frequency higher. ⎞ Cm ⎛ 1 1 − x 106 ⎜ 2 ⎝ CCASE + CLOAD CCASE + CSPEC ⎟⎠ TX/RX1 The switch state is controlled by the T/R pin (pin 22). Drive T/R high to put the device in transmit mode; drive T/R low to put the device in receive mode. fP = DATA Transmit/Receive Antenna Switch The MAX7031 features an internal SPST RF switch that, when combined with a few external components, allows the transmit and receive pins to share a common antenna (see the Typical Application Circuit) . In receive mode, the switch is open and the power amplifier is shut down, presenting a high impedance to minimize the loading of the LNA. In transmit mode, the switch closes to complete a resonant tank circuit at the PA output and forms an RF short at the input to the LNA. In this mode, the external passive components couple the output of the PA to the antenna to protect the LNA input from strong transmitted signals. In actuality, the oscillator pulls every crystal. The crystal’s natural frequency is really below its specified frequency, but when loaded with the specified load capacitance, the crystal is pulled and oscillates at its specified frequency. This pulling is already accounted for in the specification of the load capacitance. Additional pulling can be calculated if the electrical parameters of the crystal are known. The frequency pulling is given by: PDMAX THIN QFN ______________________________________________________________________________________ 15 MAX7031 ENABLE, DATA, AGC0-1, and AUTOCAL with 10pF capacitors to GND. Place all bypass capacitors as close to the respective pins as possible. Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL MAX7031 Typical Application Circuit AGC0 AGC1 AUTOCAL VDD Y1 VDD C22 2 27 26 25 N.C. 28 DVDD 29 HVIN PAVDD 30 AUTOCAL 1 31 AGC1 32 AGC0 VDD XTAL1 C23 C24 C19 C18 C20 C21 XTAL2 3.0V 24 DATA ROUT 23 ENABLE R3* C1 4 L1 5 VDD 6 C5 OP+ 19 C17 C6 L4 LNAIN LNASRC 9 11 10 C10 12 C12 C9 13 C13 15 14 PDMAX 8 PDMIN DS+ 7 IFIN+ L6 IFIN- L3 EXPOSED PAD AVDD MIXOUT C7 C8 20 DF PAOUT MIXIN- C4 C3 21 RSSI MAX7031 TX/RX2 MIXIN+ L2 TRANSMIT/ RECEIVE TX/RX1 LNAOUT C2 ENABLE 22 T/R 3 DATA DS- 16 C16 18 17 R1 C15 VDD L5 IN C11 GND Y2 R2 OUT C14 *OPTIONAL POWER-ADJUST RESISTOR Selector Guide PART CARRIER FSK DEVIATION FREQUENCY (MHz) FREQUENCY (kHz) MAX7031LATJ+† 308 ±51.413 MAX7031MATJ15+ 315 ±15.477 MAX7031MATJ50+ 315 ±49.528 MAX7031HATJ17+ 433.92 ±17.221 MAX7031HATJ51+ 433.92 ±51.663 +Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package. †Contact factory for availability. 16 ______________________________________________________________________________________ Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL MAX7031 Table 3. Component Values for Typical Application Circuit COMPONENT VALUE FOR 433.92MHz RF VALUE FOR 315MHz RF DESCRIPTION C1 220pF 220pF 10% C2 680pF 680pF 10% C3 6.8pF 12pF 5% C4 6.8pF 10pF 5% C5 10pF 22pF 5% C6 220pF 220pF 10% C7 0.1µF 0.1µF 10% C8 100pF 100pF 5% C9 1.8pF 2.7pF ±0.1pF C10 100pF 100pF 5% C11 220pF 220pF 10% C12 100pF 100pF 5% C13 1500pF 1500pF 10% C14 0.047µF 0.047µF 10% C15 0.047µF 0.047µF 10% C16 470pF 470pF 10% C17 220pF 220pF 10% C18 220pF 220pF 10% C19 0.01µF 0.01µF 10% C20 100pF 100pF 5% C21 100pF 100pF 5% C22 220pF 220pF 10% C23 0.01µF 0.01µF 10% C24 0.01µF 0.01µF 10% L1 22nH 27nH Coilcraft 0603CS L2 22nH 30nH Coilcraft 0603CS L3 22nH 30nH Coilcraft 0603CS L4 10nH 12nH Coilcraft 0603CS L5 16nH 30nH Murata LQW18A L6 68nH 100nH Coilcraft 0603CS R1 100kΩ 100kΩ 5% R2 100kΩ 100kΩ 5% R3 0Ω 0Ω — Y1 17.63416MHz 12.67917MHz Crystal, 4.5pF load capacitance Y2 10.7MHz ceramic filter 10.7MHz ceramic filter Murata SFECV10.7 series Note: Component values vary depending on PCB layout. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 17 Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL MAX7031 Functional Diagram LNAOUT MIXIN+ MIXIN9 10 MIXOUT IFIN+ IFIN- 12 14 13 11 IF LIMITING AMPS 0° LNAIN 7 LNA FSK DEMODULATOR Σ LNASRC 8 90° I Q 20 DF RSSI 100kΩ 19 OP+ RX FREQUENCY DIVIDER XTAL1 21 RSSI DATA FILTER 18 DS+ 31 CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR XTAL2 100kΩ RX VCO PHASE DETECTOR 32 TX FREQUENCY DIVIDER 15 PDMIN CHARGE PUMP 16 PDMAX TX VCO HVIN 27 3.0V REGULATOR ∆Σ MODULATOR LOOP FILTER 17 DSRX DATA AVDD 6 EXPOSED PAD MAX7031 30 AGC0 PA 29 AGC1 DIGITAL LOGIC 28 AUTOCAL 24 DATA 2 ROUT 18 1 5 3 4 PAVDD PAOUT TX/RX1 TX/RX2 22 T/R 26 23 DVDD ENABLE ______________________________________________________________________________________ Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. PACKAGE TYPE PACKAGE CODE DOCUMENT NO. 32 Thin QFN-EP T3255-3 21-0140 ______________________________________________________________________________________ 19 MAX7031 Package Information MAX7031 Low-Cost, 308MHz, 315MHz, and 433.92MHz FSK Transceiver with Fractional-N PLL Revision History PAGES CHANGED REVISION NUMBER REVISION DATE 0 5/05 Initial release — 1 9/08 Added + to each part to denote lead-free/RoHS-compliant package and explicitly calling out the odd frequency as contact factory for availability 16 2 6/09 Made correction in Power Amplifer (PA) section 14 DESCRIPTION Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. 20 ____________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 © 2009 Maxim Integrated Products Maxim is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.