DC1555C - Demo Manual

DEMO MANUAL DC1555C
LTC4365/LTC4365-1:
Overvoltage, Undervoltage and
Reverse Supply Protection Controller
Description
Demonstration circuit DC1555C is intended to demonstrate the performance of the LTC4365 and LTC4365-1
Undervoltage, Overvoltage and Reverse Supply Protection
Controllers.
The LTC®4365/LTC4365-1 protect circuits from input voltages that may be too high, too low or negative. It operates
by controlling the gates of two back-to-back connected
MOSFETs to keep the output in a safe range. The OV and
UV protection levels are adjusted by resistive dividers at
the OV and UV pins. Asserting the SHDN pin disables the
MOSFETs and places the controller in a low-current shutdown state. The FAULT pin is asserted when the Controller
is in shutdown mode or when the input voltage is outside
of the UV or OV level.
Regarding the supply protection parameters, the LTC4365
and LTC4365-1 are identical. The only differences are
in the gate fault recovery delay time and the delay from
turn-off to low-power operation. These delays are 36ms
(typ, both) for the LTC4365, while they are 1ms and 0.7ms
respectively for the LTC4365-1.
The DC1555C includes the controller, two back-to-back
connected power MOSFETs, three jumpers and three
LEDs to indicate the input and output voltages and the
FAULT pin signal.
Design files for this circuit board are available at
http://www.linear.com/demo/DC1555C
L, LT, LTC, LTM, Linear Technology and the Linear logo are registered trademarks of Linear
Technology Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
The LTC4365 and LTC4365-1 can withstand DC voltages
between –40V and +60V and have a valid operating range
of 2.5V to 34V.
Performance Summary
SYMBOL
(TA = 25°C)
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
30
V
2.2
2.4
V
10
25
50
150
µA
µA
–1.2
–1.8
mA
V
V
–30
UNITS
VIN
Board Input Voltage Range
VIN(UVLO)
Input Supply Undervoltage Lockout
VIN Rising
IVIN
Input Supply Current
SHDN = 0V
SHDN = 2.5V
IVIN(R)
Reverse Input Supply Current
VIN = –40V, VOUT = 0V
ΔVGATE
External N-Channel Gate Drive (GATE – VOUT)
VIN = VOUT = 5V, IGATE = –1µA
VIN = VOUT = 12V to 34V, IGATE = –1µA
3
7.4
3.6
8.4
4.2
9.8
IGATE(UP)
External N-Channel Gate Pull-Up current
GATE = VIN = VOUT = 12V
–12
–20
–30
µA
IGATE(FAST)
External N-Channel Fast Gate Pull-Down Current
Fast Shutdown, GATE = 20V, VIN = VOUT = 12V
31
50
72
mA
50
90
150
µA
IGATE(SLOW) External N-Channel Gentle Gate Pull-Down Current Gentle Shutdown, GATE = 20V, VIN = VOUT = 12V
1.8
VUV
UV Input Threshold Voltage
UV Falling → ΔVGATE = 0V
492.5
500
507.5
mV
VOV
OV Input Threshold Voltage
OV Rising → ΔVGATE = 0V
492.5
500
507.5
mV
tGATE(FAST)
External N-Channel Fast Gate Turn-Off Delay
CGATE = 2.2nF, UV or OV Fault
2
4
µs
tFAULT
OV, UV Fault Propagation Delay
Overdrive = 50mV, VIN = VOUT = 12V
1
2
µs
VSHDN
SHDN Input Threshold
SHDN Falling to ΔVGATE = 0V
0.75
1.2
V
0.4
dc1555cfd
1
DEMO MANUAL DC1555C
Operating Principles
The LTC4365/LTC4365-1 monitors the input rail voltage
and disconnects downstream circuits when the input voltage is too low, too high or negative. The LTC4365 provides
accurate overvoltage and undervoltage comparators to
ensure that power is applied to the system only if the input
supply is within the allowable voltage window. Reverse
2
supply protection circuit automatically isolates the load
from negative input voltages.
During normal operation, a high voltage charge pump
enhances the gate of external N-channel power MOSFETs.
The controller consumes 10µA during shutdown and
125µA while operating.
dc1555cfd
DEMO MANUAL DC1555C
Quick Start Procedure
Demonstration circuit 1555C is easy to set up to evaluate
the performance of the LTC4365/LTC4365-1. Refer to
Figures 1a and 1b for proper measurement equipment
setup and follow the procedure below.
Note that the circuit on the DC1555C is optimized for 12V
operation. The Si4214 FET limits overvoltage and reverse
voltage to 30V and –30V, respectively. Refer to the LTC4365
data sheet for applications optimized for other voltages.
Reverse Voltage Test (Figure 1b)
1)Set JP1 to EN.
2)Set JP2 and JP3 to CONNECT LED.
3) Connect a power supply across VIN and GND in a
negative configuration (connect positive rail to GND
and negative rail to VIN).
Undervoltage/Overvoltage Test (Figure 1a)
8) Reverse the polarity of power supply connection across
VIN to GND (connect positive rail to VIN and negative
rail to GND).
9) Ramp supply up to 30V and verify green VIN LED, red
FAULT LED, green VOUT LED, and VOUT according to
Table 1 within the various voltage ranges.
10)Ramp supply down from 30V down to 0V and verify
green VIN LED, red FAULT LED, green VOUT LED, and
VOUT according to Table 1.
Table 1
VIN
VOUT
VIN LED
VOUT LED
FAULT LED
0V to 5.77V
= 0V
Off/Dim/On
Off
On
6.56V to 13.51V
= VIN
On
On
Off
15.47V to 30V
= 0V
On
Off
On
4) Connect voltmeters at the input and output and ammeter in series with supply.
Jumper Test
5) Ramp VIN down to –30V (referenced to GND).
11)Remove load and set supply to 9V.
6) Verify that the output voltage is between 0V and –0.5V,
all LEDs are off, and the input current is <1.8mA. (FET
leakage or other board leakage paths can pull VOUT
slightly negative, but it will be clamped by the internal
protection diode.)
12)Move jumpers and verify LEDs according to Table 2.
7) Ramp supply back to 0V.
Table 2
JP1
JP2/JP3
VIN LED
VOUT LED
EN
CONNECT LED
On
On
DIS
CONNECT LED
On
Off
EN
Open
Off
Off
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3
DEMO MANUAL DC1555C
quick start procedure
Figure 1a. Undervoltage/Overvoltage Measurement
Figure 1b. Reverse Voltage Measurement
4
dc1555cfd
Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed for its use. Linear Technology Corporation makes no representation that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights.
A
B
C
D
DIS
EN
5
E5
JP1
3
2
SHDN
1
OV
E4
E3
E2
E1
D1
GRN
VIN
CLD1
CMJ2000 TR
3
2
1
D7
DFLT40A
(OPT)
1N4148WT
D4
VIN
D6
DFLT20A
(OPT)
JP2
VIN
D3
RED
FAULT
CLD3
CMJ2000 TR
OPEN
CONNECT
LED
JP3
VOUT
LED DRIVE
R4
510k
GATE ON
OV PROTECTED
6V TO 15V
0V TO 6V
VOUT
REVERSE PROTECTED
UV PROTECTED
VIN
-30 TO 0V
15V TO 30V
UV
GND
SHDN
*
VIN
*
5
3
2
1
4
4
D2
GRN
VOUT
CLD2
CMJ2000 TR
R3
36.5k
1%
R2
54.9k
1%
R1
1M
1%
SHDN
FAULT
VOUT
GATE
LTC4365CTS8
GND
OV
UV
VIN
G2
D2
5
6
7
8
Q1B
Si4214DDY-T1-GE3
S2
3
THIS CIRCUIT IS PROPRIETARY TO LINEAR TECHNOLOGY AND
SUPPLIED FOR USE WITH LINEAR TECHNOLOGY PARTS.
CUSTOMER NOTICE
4
3
2
1
U1
Q1A
Si4214DDY-T1-GE3
G1
S1
Q2B
2N7002VC-7-F
(OPT)
BZT52C15T
(OPT)
D5
1000pF
0805
C3
(OPT)
1
2
-
2
SCALE = NONE
Vlad O.
RB
APPROVALS
C1
4.7µF
50V
(OPT)
2
U1
LTC4365CTS8
LTC4365CTS8-1
1
SHEET
1
OF
1
LTC CONFIDENTIAL - FOR CUSTOMER USE ONLY
HIGH VOLTAGE NFET DRIVER UV, OV AND
REVERSE SUPPLY PROTECTION
IC NO.
REV.
LTC4365CTS8/LTC4365CTS8-1
2
DEMO CIRCUIT 1555C
MODIFY DATE: Oct 26, 2015
N/A
SIZE
FAULT
GND
*
1630 McCarthy Blvd.
Milpitas, CA 95035 www.linear.com
Phone: (408)432-1900
Fax: (408)434-0507
DC1555C-A
DC1555C-B
TECHNOLOGY
TITLE: SCHEMATIC
E8
E7
E6
BOARD ASSEMBLY
C2
47µF
+ 35V
(OPT)
VOUT
VOUT
Vlad Ostrerov
Replaced Q1, LED's & CLD's.
Oct 26, 2015
DATE
Apr 15, 2015
APPROVED
Vlad Ostrerov
1
DESCRIPTION
Replaced LED's, Added -B Assembly
REVISION HISTORY
(LOW CURRENT MOSFET, SMALL PACKAGE OPTION)
REV
ECO
LINEAR TECHNOLOGY HAS MADE A BEST EFFORT TO DESIGN A
CIRCUIT THAT MEETS CUSTOMER-SUPPLIED SPECIFICATIONS;
HOWEVER, IT REMAINS THE CUSTOMER'S RESPONSIBILITY TO PCB DES.
VERIFY PROPER AND RELIABLE OPERATION IN THE ACTUAL
APPLICATION. COMPONENT SUBSTITUTION AND PRINTED
APP ENG.
CIRCUIT BOARD LAYOUT MAY SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECT CIRCUIT
PERFORMANCE OR RELIABILITY. CONTACT LINEAR
TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS ENGINEERING FOR ASSISTANCE.
(UV = 6V)
(OV = 15V)
D1
Q2A
2N7002VC-7-F
(OPT)
3
A
B
C
D
DEMO MANUAL DC1555C
Schematic Diagram
dc1555cfd
5
DEMO MANUAL DC1555C
DEMONSTRATION BOARD IMPORTANT NOTICE
Linear Technology Corporation (LTC) provides the enclosed product(s) under the following AS IS conditions:
This demonstration board (DEMO BOARD) kit being sold or provided by Linear Technology is intended for use for ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT
OR EVALUATION PURPOSES ONLY and is not provided by LTC for commercial use. As such, the DEMO BOARD herein may not be complete
in terms of required design-, marketing-, and/or manufacturing-related protective considerations, including but not limited to product safety
measures typically found in finished commercial goods. As a prototype, this product does not fall within the scope of the European Union
directive on electromagnetic compatibility and therefore may or may not meet the technical requirements of the directive, or other regulations.
If this evaluation kit does not meet the specifications recited in the DEMO BOARD manual the kit may be returned within 30 days from the date
of delivery for a full refund. THE FOREGOING WARRANTY IS THE EXCLUSIVE WARRANTY MADE BY THE SELLER TO BUYER AND IS IN LIEU
OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE. EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT OF THIS INDEMNITY, NEITHER PARTY SHALL BE LIABLE TO THE OTHER FOR
ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
The user assumes all responsibility and liability for proper and safe handling of the goods. Further, the user releases LTC from all claims
arising from the handling or use of the goods. Due to the open construction of the product, it is the user’s responsibility to take any and all
appropriate precautions with regard to electrostatic discharge. Also be aware that the products herein may not be regulatory compliant or
agency certified (FCC, UL, CE, etc.).
No License is granted under any patent right or other intellectual property whatsoever. LTC assumes no liability for applications assistance,
customer product design, software performance, or infringement of patents or any other intellectual property rights of any kind.
LTC currently services a variety of customers for products around the world, and therefore this transaction is not exclusive.
Please read the DEMO BOARD manual prior to handling the product. Persons handling this product must have electronics training and
observe good laboratory practice standards. Common sense is encouraged.
This notice contains important safety information about temperatures and voltages. For further safety concerns, please contact a LTC application
engineer.
Mailing Address:
Linear Technology
1630 McCarthy Blvd.
Milpitas, CA 95035
Copyright © 2004, Linear Technology Corporation
6
dc1555cfd
Linear Technology Corporation
LT 0416 REV D • PRINTED IN USA
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
(408) 432-1900 ● FAX: (408) 434-0507
●
www.linear.com
 LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 2011
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