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User manual
The STPM3x evaluation software
Introduction
The STPM3x evaluation software is a graphical user interface to read, configure and
calibrate the STPM3x energy metering ICs, suitable for parallel and USB hardware
interfaces.
The application has a unique work area where the user can read the device’s registers and
write configuration and calibration parameters.
A specific device can be selected and application parameters (such as sensor sensitivity,
crystal oscillator frequency) can be configured to calculate measured power, current and
voltage.
Data acquisition can be customized to read either a single or a number of data samples
from the device. The reading data can be output in table format and saved as an excel file.
Wizard tools are provided to guide the user during the application design and automatically
calibrate the device.
At any time, the current session data can be saved in a project, an existing project can be
opened or a new project can be created.
Figure 1. STPM3x evaluation software screenshot
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Contents
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Contents
1
2
3
4
5
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Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.1
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.2
Hardware programmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Getting started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1
Application setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.2
Hardware setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.3
Application tour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Application work area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3.1
Device selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3.2
Calculated values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3.3
Status bits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.4
Log tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.5
Configuration bits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.6
Command area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.6.1
Read button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.6.2
The reading of samples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.6.3
Write button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.6.4
Single read and write transaction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.6.5
Reset button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.6.6
Clear SS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.6.7
Clear status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Application menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.1
File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.2
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.3
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.3.1
Design wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.3.2
Calibration wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.3.3
Sag and swell threshold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
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Introduction
1
Introduction
1.1
Prerequisites
This evaluation software is a window-based application and requires .NET framework 2.0.
It is possible to free download and install this framework from www.microsoft.com.
1.2
Hardware programmer
The STPM3x evaluation software can be used with:
•
Parallel hardware interface
•
USB isolated hardware interface (available as a separate evaluation board, the
STEVAL-IPE023V1)
•
UART board interface (available as a tool to connect evaluation boards or, for the
STPM3x evaluation board, by UART cable)
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Getting started
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2
Getting started
2.1
Application setup
The setup file guides through the software installation. Double-click on the setup file to start
the installation (Figure 2) and follow the guided process.
Figure 2. Welcome
GIPGLM0801141239
Application setup may also install virtual com drivers for the STEVAL-IPE023V1 USB
interface.
Note:
In the application folder, the file STPMxxProg.dfu is also downloaded. If the USB interface is
used, its firmware must be updated by DfuSe application (http://www.st.com).
2.2
Hardware setup
In case of parallel programmer, to communicate with the device through the evaluation
software, follow below steps:
1.
Connect the evaluation board to the parallel programmer
2.
Connect the programmer to the PC through a parallel cable
3.
Power on the evaluation board
In case of USB interface (STEVAL-IPE023V1), follow below procedure:
1.
Plug the USB port in the PC
2.
Do not power on the STPM3x board
3.
While the red led is lighted, connect the STPM3x board to the USB interface
This procedure assures that the STPM3x SPI (instead of UART) communication interface is
correctly selected when the device starts up.
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2.3
Getting started
Application tour
To start working with the STPM3x evaluation board:
1.
Open the STPM3x evaluation software
2.
Select the menu Option - Interface - Parallel, USB or UART according to the chosen
hardware programmer (see Section 1.2)
3.
Configure the application parameters selecting Option - Configuration menu (see
Section 4.2)
4.
Now you are ready to read, write (see Section 3.6) or calibrate your application (see
Section 4.3)
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Application work area
3
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Application work area
The application work area is divided into several sections logically grouping the relevant
information of the device.
In this way, the status of the device and the data of registers are always available to the user
at a single glance.
Figure 3. Application work area
GIPGLM0801141240
3.1
Device selection
On the top left of the work area, a group-box is available to select the device. The
application work area changes according to the selected device’s features.
3.2
Calculated values
On the topmost section of the work area, all data are available, such as:
1.
Energy and power values
2.
RMS and instantaneous (wide-band and fundamental) values of voltage and current
3.
Line voltage frequency
4.
Information about sag and swell events
Status and event bit check boxes are close to the information they refer to; event bits are
read only, because they are updated by the device DSP, while status bits are enabled since
they are set by the DSP but they must be cleared by the user. He can clear status bits either
unchecking the single check box and then pressing the "Write" button (the configuration and
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Application work area
status bits are written as shown in the GUI) or pressing the "Clear Status" button in the
command area.
3.3
Status bits
Tamper status bits, SPI and UART status bits are shown on the left of the form.
The user can clear status bits either unchecking the single check box and then clicking on
the "Write" button (the configuration and status bits are written as shown in the GUI) or
pressing the "Clear Status" button in the command area.
3.4
Log tab
The log tab displays registers and application messages as they are read from the device.
3.5
Configuration bits
In the configuration area, divided into several tabs, all device configuration bits can be read
and written.
These bits are automatically updated every time the device is read. To set or clear a
configuration bit, the user should select the desired value from the check box or combo-box,
then use the button "Write" from the command area.
Note:
All configuration bits are written at the same time.
3.6
Command area
The command buttons to read, write, reset the device, clear status bits and sag-swell event
information are in this area.
3.6.1
Read button
The “Read” button performs the latch and reading of all data, status and configuration
registers.
The device can be read once or continuously by checking/unchecking the “Continuous”
check box. The time (in ms) can be also set between two readings through the “Interval”
numeric text box.
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Application work area
3.6.2
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The reading of samples
To perform the reading of samples, the "Samples" check box has to be checked, then the
"Read" button has to be pressed. It is possible to choose:
•
the number of samples ("Readings" numeric text box)
•
the delay between samples readings ("Delay" numeric text box). If the USB interface is
selected, the reading interval is expressed in μs, since, in this case, the USB board
microcontroller can collect all readings and then download all values to the PC
•
First register is the first data register by default (configuration registers in the first part
of the memory are not sampled)
•
Last register is the last data register by default
After the samples reading is completed, a form (see Figure 4) is opened displaying in a grid
all data taken from registers and the corresponding energy values in two different tabs.
Data contained in the read registers are displayed only.
Sampled data can be filtered through the filter form opened by the "Filter" - "Filter Results"
menu item. All filters can be reset by the "Filter" - "Reset filters" menu item.
Sampled data can be exported to excel by selecting one of the "Export Data" menu options.
3.6.3
Write button
"Write" button allows the configuration and status bits, shown in the GUI, to be written.
3.6.4
Single read and write transaction
The "Write" button allows all configuration registers to be written at the same moment.
Thanks to this form, several read/write transactions can be performed by specifying read
and write addresses and hexadecimal content of the register to write. Selecting "None"
check box means that the correspondent address is the "dummy" 0xFF address.
The CRC (cyclic redundancy check) is automatically calculated by the GUI and displayed
when the "GO" button is pressed.
The "GO" button starts the single read/write transaction. The received data and CRC are
then displayed in the text box below.
Note:
The read address sets the device read pointer of the next transaction. This means that
received data during the second transaction are taken from the register, at the address sent
during the first transaction.
3.6.5
Reset button
The reset button performs a software reset of the device (sets all configuration bits to default
and restarts all energy counters).
The reset can be performed in different ways, according to the hardware interface:
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1.
Send two pulses onto SYN (for UART and parallel interfaces)
2.
Write the "SW RESET" bit in DSP_CR3 (for USB hardware interface)
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3.6.6
Application work area
Clear SS
This button sends the device the command to reset sag and swell event history bits, writing
"Clear SAG-SWELL" bits (bits n.4 in DSP_CR1 and DSP_CR2 for primary and secondary
channels respectively).
3.6.7
Clear status
This button clears both the DSP_SR1 and the DSP_SR2 status register.
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Application menu
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4
Application menu
4.1
File
From the "File" menu it is possible to:
•
Open: open an existing .stpm3x file
•
Save: save data in the current .stpm3x file
•
Save as: save data in a new .stpm3x file
•
Exit: quit the application
The file .stpm3x contains:
4.2
•
Configuration bits
•
Application parameters set as in the "Configuration" form (see Section 4.2 below)
Options
•
Interface: to open the communication with the device, select the proper hardware
interface:
–
“Parallel" for the parallel hardware interface. Select one of the default LPT ports or
insert a different port address.
–
“USB" if the STEVAL-IPE023V1 is used. When the board is plugged, virtual com
drivers map the USB interface as new com. Verify its number in the device
manager and select it; the small arrow button on the right refreshes the port list.
–
"UART" if the device is connected using UART. Select the proper com port, the
device default baud rate is 9600, so this value must be selected for the
communication.
Press "Open" to start the communication with the device or "Close" to close the
communication. Once the interface is selected "Advanced" button allows device parameters
to be written, impacting the communication (Baud Rate, CRC polynomial, etc).
•
Configuration
This form allows the application
–
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Application: to correctly transform data coming from the device into meaningful
values, the basic parameters of the board have to be configured, such as:
resistors of the voltage divider, current sensor sensitivity, voltage and channel
amplification gains. As far as the STPM34 and STPM33 are concerned both
channels must be configured; each channel can be selected through a combobox. The "Apply" button is used to save the channel data and "Cancel" is used to
exit without applying changes. If a connection interface has been selected, the
"Apply" button also writes the channel gain configuration on the device.
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Application menu
Figure 4. Configuration - application tab
GIPGLM0801141241
–
STPM3x: in this tab, all internal device parameters with their values are reported.
These parameters are used in the conversion of registers.
Figure 5. Configuration - STPM3x tab
GIPGLM0801141255
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Application menu
4.3
Tools
4.3.1
Design wizard
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This tool helps the application design and it is a preliminary step of the calibration process.
By setting the application parameters and selecting a design method, all ratings of the meter
are calculated.
Figure 6. Application design
GIPGLM0801141258
As to the STPM34 and STPM33, the channel can be selected through a combo-box.
The user is asked to input the current sensor type (if CT/Shunt or Rogowski Coil), the
calibration working point (nominal voltage, current and frequency of the line), some board
parameters and the target value of P (number of pulses per kWh from the LED pin). This is
the default value; in fact it can be scaled by configuration bits.
The choice of a design method is required to calculate one of the analog front end
components. A target value is suggested for this component, and its real value should be
chosen as closer as possible to it.
Once all these data are input, the “Output” section gives some information about the meter
ratings, such as output frequencies, voltage and current maximum ratings and target values
of RMS registers at specified load (Xi and Xu).
Use the “Apply” button to save the channel data and “Cancel” to exit without applying
changes. If a connection interface has been selected, the "Apply" button also writes the
channel gain configuration on device.
The “Go To Calibration” button opens the calibration wizard form, if a hardware interface is
selected.
4.3.2
Calibration wizard
The calibration wizard consists of four steps. In the first one, shown in Figure 7, the user has
to insert the board parameters and the working point for calibration.
First three steps of calibration are those implemented in the design wizard.
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Application menu
One voltage/current channel can be calibrated at a time, through the channel combo-box.
Figure 7. Calibration wizard - working point setting
GIPGLM0801141300
In the second step (Figure 8), the user has to select a design method, choose mutually
compatible sensor sensitivities for voltage and current so to achieve the calibration.
Figure 8. Calibration wizard - design method
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Application menu
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The third step resumes some of the board parameters, the meter ratings and some target
outputs at the selected load: the frequency of LED pin and the hexadecimal values of RMS
voltage and current reading.
Figure 9. Calibration wizard - target values
GIPGLM0801141307
Filling in the mask, by indicating the value of the component mounted on the board, (R1 or
Ks according to the design method) allows a later correct calculation of voltage, current and
energy values.
The last step, in Figure 10, requires the board to be connected to PC through a
communication interface (selected by "Option" - "Interface" menu) and also connected to
the selected load.
Select the number of samples to average and the delay between two samples.
Pressing the “Calibrate” button, the calibration procedure starts and it consists of:
•
Writing device configuration bits and setting calibrators in the middle of the range
•
Reading and averaging samples of voltage and current RMS
•
Calculating the calibrators to reach the target measure calculated above
If the calibrators are out of range (error on one or both RMS values is greater than the
correction range) the user goes back and modifies board parameters and/or the constant
pulse to achieve calibration.
Once the calibration process is completed correctly, go back to the first page to calibrate the
other channel.
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Application menu
Figure 10. Calibration wizard - calibration completed
GIPDLM0801141312
To close the process, press “Write CFG” to write all calibrators in memory and return to the
main form.
4.3.3
Sag and swell threshold
Thresholds for voltage sag and current, voltage swell event detection inside the device are
referred to instantaneous values. The form, shown below, allows the user to calculate
thresholds from RMS values, and the sag time threshold as well.
Analog front end parameters set in the configuration form impact these calculations.
Use the "Apply" button to configure the device and "Cancel" to exit without applying
changes.
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Application menu
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Figure 11. Sag and swell threshold
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5
Revision history
Revision history
Table 1. Document revision history
Date
Revision
29-Jan-2014
1
Changes
Initial release.
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