CY8CKIT-015 Kit Guide

CY8CKIT-015
PSoC® 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide
Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
Cypress Semiconductor
198 Champion Court
San Jose, CA 95134-1709
Phone (USA): 800.858.1810
Phone (Intnl): 408.943.2600
http://www.cypress.com
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Copyrights
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2
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
Contents
1. Introduction
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
Overview......................................................................................................................5
Prerequisites................................................................................................................5
Features.......................................................................................................................5
Kit Contents .................................................................................................................6
Development Kit Compatibility .....................................................................................6
Document History ........................................................................................................6
Documentation Conventions .......................................................................................6
2. Getting Started
2.1
2.2
A.2
A.3
11
Running the Example Firmware ................................................................................11
Example Project - Overview ......................................................................................12
PSoC 1 Power Supervisor Solution ...........................................................................14
Technical Details .......................................................................................................15
3.4.1 Voltage Sequencing .......................................................................................15
3.4.2 UV and OV Monitoring using Window Comparator ........................................17
3.4.3 Voltage and Current Measurements ..............................................................19
3.4.4 Regulator Trimming and Margining ................................................................19
3.4.5 Other Features ...............................................................................................20
3.4.6 Firmware Flowchart........................................................................................20
3.4.7 PSoC 1 Resource Usage Details ...................................................................23
A. Appendix
A.1
7
Software Installation ....................................................................................................7
Hardware Setup...........................................................................................................8
3. Example Project
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
5
25
PSoC Power Supervision EBK Hardware Overview..................................................25
A.1.1 2x20 Pin Interface Header .............................................................................26
A.1.2 EBK Headers and Jumpers............................................................................27
CY8CKIT-035 Schematics.........................................................................................28
A.2.1 Primary 12-V Power Input ..............................................................................28
A.2.2 DVK Connector and Debug Test Points.........................................................28
A.2.3 Voltage Regulator V1 = 5 V ...........................................................................29
A.2.4 Voltage Regulator V2 = 3.3 V ........................................................................29
A.2.5 Voltage Regulator V3 = 2.5 V ........................................................................29
A.2.6 Voltage Regulator V4 = 1.8 V ........................................................................30
A.2.7 I2C/SMBus/PMBus Interface Connector........................................................30
CY8CKIT-035 Board Layout ......................................................................................31
A.3.1 Top layer ........................................................................................................31
A.3.2 Ground Layer .................................................................................................31
A.3.3 Power Layer ...................................................................................................32
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
3
Contents
A.4
4
A.3.4 Bottom Layer ................................................................................................. 32
A.3.5 Top Silkscreen ............................................................................................... 33
CY8CKIT-035 Bill of Materials................................................................................... 34
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
1.
1.1
Introduction
Overview
Thank you for your interest in the CY8CKIT-015 PSoC® 1 Power Supervision Kit. This kit is part of
the PSoC development kit ecosystem and is designed to work with the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC
Development Kit (DVK) and CY8CKIT-035 Power Supervision Expansion Board Kit (EBK). It
enables you to evaluate the system power supervision functions and capabilities of PSoC 1 devices.
You can alter the example project, which is provided with the kit and described in this guide.
In general terms, power supervision is a combination of sequencing, monitoring, and control of
multiple regulators or point-of-load DC power converters in a system. Typical solutions for power
supervision include multiple devices, such as CPLDs, mixed-signal ASICs, and limited-functionality
and inflexible discrete devices. Power supervision solutions require:
■
Fault detection capabilities for high-availability systems
■
Accurate and reliable power rail sequencing of the power converters during power-on and poweroff events
■
Voltage and current measurement of the power converters to optimize power consumption and
for data logging
■
Closed-loop control of the power converters through trimming and, for development and margining of voltage rails (for manufacturing test purposes)
The PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit is used with the PSoC family of devices and is specifically
designed and packaged for use with the PSoC 1 device family. PSoC 1 is a programmable systemon-chip platform that combines programmable analog and digital logic with a proprietary M8C
processor. With the flexibility of the PSoC 1 architecture, you can easily create your own custom
power supervision solution on a chip with the exact functionality you need.
1.2
1.3
Prerequisites
■
CY8CKIT-001 PSoC Development Kit
■
CY8CKIT-035 PSoC Power Supervision EBK
Features
The CY8CKIT-015 Power Supervision Kit demonstrates how to develop PSoC 1 based power
system solutions with an example project, which describes a variety of functions including:
■
Voltage sequencing
■
Voltage and current measurement
■
Voltage trimming and margining
■
Over-voltage (OV) and under-voltage (UV) fault detection
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
5
Introduction
1.4
Kit Contents
You can download the CY8CKIT-015 Kit Setup executable file from http://www.cypress.com/go/
CY8CKIT-015. If you already have PSoC Designer and PSoC Programmer installed, download
CY8CKIT-015 Kit Only.
The executable file includes the following:
1.5
■
PSoC Designer™ 5.2 SP1 or later
■
PSoC Programmer 3.14 or later
■
Example firmware for the CY8C28645 PSoC 1 device (CY8CKIT_015_Example Project)
■
Kit guide (this document)
■
Quick start guide
■
Release notes
■
Application Note AN78646: Integrated Power Manager using PSoC 1
Development Kit Compatibility
This kit contains only downloadable materials from http://www.cypress.com/go/CY8CKIT-015 for
development purposes and requires Cypress development kit platforms to use it. This kit is compatible with the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK that hosts the CY8CKIT-020 processor module (CY8C28xxx
Family processor module) and CY8CKIT-035 PSoC Power Supervision Expansion Board Kit (EBK).
1.6
1.7
Document History
Revision
PDF Creation
Date
Origin of
Change
**
08/22/2012
KERI
Description of Change
Initial version of the kit user guide
Documentation Conventions
Table 1-1. Document Conventions for Guides
Convention
6
Usage
Courier New
Displays file locations, user entered text, and source code:
C:\ ...cd\icc\
Italics
Displays file names and reference documentation:
Read about the sourcefile.hex file in the PSoC Designer User Guide.
[Bracketed, Bold]
Displays keyboard commands in procedures:
[Enter] or [Ctrl] [C]
File > Open
Represents menu paths:
File > Open > New Project
Bold
Displays commands, menu paths, and icon names in procedures:
Click the File icon and then click Open.
Times New Roman
Displays an equation:
2+2=4
Text in gray boxes
Describes cautions or unique functionality of the product.
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
2.
Getting Started
This chapter provides details on how to set up the hardware for demonstration.
2.1
Software Installation
1. Download the executable file, as described in 1.4 Kit Contents and run the file to install the
PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit software.
Figure 2-1. Kit Installer Menu
After the installation is complete, the kit contents are available in the following location:
C:\Program Files\Cypress\PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit\1.0
When installing the kit software, the installer checks if your system has the required software. This
includes PSoC Designer, PSoC Programmer, Windows Installer, .NET framework, Adobe Acrobat
Reader, and Keil Compiler. If these applications are not installed, then the installer prompts you to
install all prerequisite software, which is also available in the CY8CKIT-015 ISO file at http://
www.cypress.com/go/CY8CKIT-015.
The software can be uninstalled using one of the following methods:
■
Go to Start > Control Panel > Add or Remove Programs; select the appropriate software package and click the Remove button.
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
7
Getting Started
■
Go to Start > All Programs > Cypress > Cypress Update Manager > Cypress Update Manager; select the Uninstall button for the appropriate software package.
■
Run the executable file and click Install CY8CKIT-015 button. In the CyInstaller for the PSoC 1
Power Supervision Kit 1.0 window, select Remove from the Installation Type drop-down menu.
Follow the instructions to uninstall.
Note This method will only uninstall the kit software and not all the other software that may have
been installed along with the kit software.
2.2
Hardware Setup
The kit includes an example project for the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK hardware platform to be used
with the CY8CKIT-020 (CY8C28 Family processor module). CY8CKIT-015 does not include any
hardware; it reuses Cypress CY8CKIT-035 PSoC Power Supervision EBK for demonstration. The
following sections describe how to set up the hardware to run the example project.
1. In the pin header or breadboard area of the PSoC DVK base board, use jumper wires to make
the following connections:
a. SW1 to P1_7
b. SW2 to P2_7
Figure 2-2. CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK Breadboard
2. Set the system to run at 5 V using SW3 and set J6 VDD ANLG and J7 VDD DIG to VDD = 5 V
using J6 and J7, as shown in Figure 2-3.
Figure 2-3. CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK Power Jumpers
8
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
Getting Started
3. Ensure that the LCD included with the PSoC DVK is attached and the LCD power jumper (J12) is
in the ON position.
Figure 2-4. CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK LCD Power Jumper
4. Set jumpers on the CY8CKIT-035 as follows.
Jumper
J5
Name
12V_Source
Setting
12V_DVK (2-3)
Figure 2-5. J6 to J13 Jumpers Placed (default position)
CAUTION Do not attach the CY8CKIT-035 EBK to the PSoC DVK until you have programmed the
PSoC 1 with the example project. The GPIOs routed to the EBK connect to the power regulator circuits. They may be damaged if firmware previously programmed into PSoC drives those pins. When
the PSoC 1 has been programmed, attach the EBK to port A of the PSoC DVK.
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
9
Getting Started
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CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
3.
Example Project
The PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit includes the CY8CKIT_015_Example_Project. This section provides instructions to run the example project.
3.1
Running the Example Firmware
1. Make sure the hardware is configured according to Hardware Setup on page 8.
2. If this is the first time that the example project firmware is being programmed into PSoC 1, make
sure the EBK is not connected to the PSoC DVK.
3. Connect the MiniProg3 first to a USB port on the PC and then to the PROG port on the CY8CKIT020 (CY8C28 Family processor module).
4. Open PSoC Programmer; connect to the MiniProg3 by clicking on the MiniProg3 device ID that
appears in the Port Selection tab.
5. Browse to the hex file located in the firmware section of the CD contents; load the file using the
File Load option; turn on AutoDetection; and select Power Cycle programming mode.
6. Select ISSP programming protocol and 5.0 V programming voltage.
Figure 3-1. PSoC Programmer
7. Click on the Program tab to start programming.
8. Remove MiniProg3 from the DVK and attach the EBK to port A of the DVK.
9. On the EBK, make sure the power jumper (J5) is set to DVK (default setting).
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
11
Example Project
10.Apply 12-VDC power to the PSoC DVK.
11. If the EBK cannot be detected by PSoC 1, an error message will be displayed on the LCD. If this
happens, check if all the jumpers are positioned as mentioned in Hardware Setup on page 8.
12.If PSoC 1 detects the EBK, it automatically sequences the four rails on the EBK and displays the
4+1 voltages on the LCD, as shown in Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-2. CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK with CY8CKIT-035 EBK
3.2
Example Project - Overview
This example demonstrates the following features:
■
Voltage sequencing
■
Under-voltage (UV) and over-voltage (OV) monitoring using the window comparator
■
Voltage and current measurement accurate to better than 1%
■
Trimming and margining accurate to better than 1%
If the project is running correctly, all four green LEDs on the EBK should be turned on and the debug
LCD should display the voltages similar to Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-3. LCD Display - Voltages
1 mV
1 1 4 6 5
3 3 0 2
2 5 0 2
5 0 0 4
1 8 0 3
The 1mV display in the top left corner indicates the units of the 4+1 power supply voltage measurements. The next two numbers on the first line indicate the measured 12-V primary input voltage
value and the measured 5-V rail value. The second line of the display indicates the measured 3.3-V,
2.5-V, and 1.8-V rail values. Note that regulator trimming is performed by PSoC 1 automatically to
regulate the four secondary voltages to the nominal output. The primary 12-V input supply cannot be
controlled by PSoC 1 so the voltage displayed may not be nominal.
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CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
Example Project
Pressing and releasing SW1 on the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK displays the supply currents measured on the EBK by PSoC 1 (see Figure 3-4).
Figure 3-4. LCD Display - Currents
0 . 1 mA
1 2 1 7
2 0 3 8
5 0 2
4 4 5 0
4 8 3
The 0.1mA reading in the top left corner indicates the units of the 4+1 power supply current measurements. The next two numbers on the first line indicate the measured 12-V primary input load
current value and the measured 5-V rail load current value. The second line of the display indicates
the measured 3.3-V, 2.5-V, and 1.8-V rail load current values. Loads can be adjusted on EBK using
the potentiometers. The load currents measured by PSoC's ADC converter can be compared with a
digital multimeter (DMM) by removing the appropriate jumper and connecting the DMM configured to
measure current.
Pressing and releasing SW1 on the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK toggles the display between voltage
and current measurements. Pressing and holding the SW1 on the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK for a
longer period will enable manual trimming control. The following example shows the manual trimming display for rail 1 (+5 V nominal); see Figure 3-5.
Figure 3-5. LCD Display - Trimming
T R I M
1
+ 1 %
5 0 5 2
1 5 7 / 1 0 2 4
The top line displays the actual voltage of the rail currently measured by PSoC 1. The left side of the
second line shows the deviation from the nominal 5 V as a percentage. The right side of the second
line shows the current PWM duty cycle used by the trimming hardware to achieve the currently
selected voltage. In this mode, pressing and releasing SW1 on the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK will
trim the rail up in steps of approximately 2%. Pressing and releasing the SW2 on the CY8CKIT-001
PSoC DVK will trim the rail down in steps of approximately 2%. The actual voltages and PWM duty
cycles will update in response to switch presses.
Trimming below or above the nominal voltage by more than 6% will cause the UV or OV window
comparator fault detection circuit to trip; this turns off all regulators. The green LEDs on the EBK will
be turned off in that case and the LCD will display "Power Fail, Press SW1". To restart the regulators,
press SW1 on the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK. The regulators will be powered up again, indicated by
the green LEDs on EBK turning on. Note that all the regulators will turn on simultaneously and come
back to the same trim menu where the rail fail happened.
When the trimming menu is displayed, pressing and holding SW1 on the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK
for a longer period will enable manual trimming control for the next secondary regulator. To return to
the main voltage display menu, cycle through all four manual trim menus by pressing and holding
SW1 on the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK for a longer period.
When displaying voltages or currents on LCD, if you remove jumper J6 on the EBK, it cuts the power
to regulators 2 through 4. This causes an UV fault on rails 2 through 4 and the display appears as
shown in Figure 3-6.
Figure 3-6. LCD Display - Under Voltage
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
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Example Project
Note also that the PSoC 1 is programmed to shut down all rails on any fault condition. Therefore, all
four green LEDs on the EBK should turn off when jumper J6 is removed. To power the sequencer
again, replace J6 and press and hold the retry switch (SW1 on the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC DVK).
Note Apart from the signals intended for the expansion board kit, other internal analog and digital
signals from PSoC 1 are also routed to the GPIOs. Because of this, touching the port pins on the
development kit may cause undesirable change in the functionality of the project. If this happens,
reset the PSoC 1 device to restart by pressing the SW4 Reset switch on the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC
DVK.
3.3
PSoC 1 Power Supervisor Solution
The CY8CKIT-035 PSoC Power Supervision Expansion Board Kit (EBK) contains four DC voltage
regulator circuits. They all have enable inputs to allow PSoC 1 to control the power-up and powerdown sequencing of the regulators. They also have the necessary passive components to enable
PSoC 1 to measure their output voltage and load currents using its in-built analog-to-digital converter
(ADC). The regulators have a feedback option that allows PSoC 1 to trim (margin) their output voltage.
The EBK has the necessary passive components to enable PSoC 1 to detect under-voltage (UV)
and over-voltage (OV) fault conditions using its internal window comparator hardware.
The CY8CKIT-035 EBK also provides an I2C/SMBus/PMBus compatible header to support systems
that need to communicate with a host controller.
All of this functionality is implemented on a single PSoC. The EBK routes all the input/output signals
for power supervision to a PSoC 1 (CY8C28xxx processor module) mounted on a development kit
platform such as the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC Development Kit. PSoC 1 is not mounted on the EBK
itself.
Figure 3-7 shows a high-level overview of the 4+1 power supervision solution, which can be implemented using the EBK. Up to four secondary regulators can be sequenced through the logic-level
enable outputs (labeled as EN[4]). The four secondary voltage rails along with one primary input
power rail (labeled as V[4+1]) are multiplexed into a 10-bit, SAR ADC configured for a single-ended
input range of 0 mV to 4160 mV at 150 ksps with a 1.5% accurate internal reference. For load current measurements of 3.3-V, 2.5-V, and 1.8-V rails across a series shunt resistor (labeled as I[4+1]),
a 14-bit delta-sigma ADC is used along with an instrumentation amplifier with an input range of 0 mV
to 520 mV at 7.8 ksps. For load current measurements of supply rail and 5.0-V rail, a Current Sense
Amplifier (CSA) is used in the EBK. Another 14-bit delta-sigma ADC along with a PGA is used for the
current measurements of these two rails.
The measured voltages are used to increase or decrease the duty cycles of the pulse-width-modulator (PWM) outputs for regulator trimming and margining. The trim or margin PWM outputs from
PSoC 1 (labeled as TR[4]) are filtered with a single RC filter stage on the EBK and fed into the voltage feedback input of the regulators. A single time-multiplexed window comparator is implemented
in PSoC 1 using two voltage digital-to-analog converters (DAC) (to set the UV and OV limits for each
rail), two comparators, and two programmable glitch filters. This window comparator loops through
each channel that it monitors (labeled as V[4+1]).
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Example Project
Figure 3-7. PSoC 1 Power Supervision Functional Diagram
Note that the EBK hardware supports up to four secondary regulator circuits. The PSoC 1 Power
Supervisor solution can be easily extended to support up to eight secondary regulator circuits.
3.4
Technical Details
3.4.1
Voltage Sequencing
Voltage sequencing is a major function of any power supervisor IC. The supply voltages to different
sub-systems of a complex system are required to be sequenced depending on operating conditions,
such as power up, power down, and fault conditions to ensure proper operation of all the devices. As
the system becomes more complex, the number of different supply voltages in a single system
increases. Therefore, an accurate and reliable power sequencing solution is required.
When powering up the system, each of the voltage regulators needs to be powered one after the
other in a sequence with programmable delays between each of them. During sequencing, the controller enables the voltage regulator, monitors its rail for the voltage level, and proceeds to the next
rail only if the voltage level is within the user-defined UV/OV range. If a power rail does not reach the
expected voltage level, the controller must indicate a sequencing fail.
This implementation uses the following resources:
■
A 16-bit counter for generating user-defined delays. Two digital blocks of PSoC 1 are used to create a 16-bit counter with a 50-kHz internally generated clock as the time base, which gives the
maximum counting time interval of 1.31 seconds before overflowing. The API provided can be
used to generate a time delay from 1 to 1.31 seconds in steps of 1 msec.
■
Four GPIOs to enable or disable four voltage regulators on the CY8CKIT-035 board.
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
15
Example Project
■
A Power Good (PGOOD) signal that indicates the correctness of the voltage on a particular rail.
The PGOOD signal can be generated by either the regulator or the controller. Currently, it is generated by PSoC 1 using a window comparator. The window comparator is explained in detail in
the next section.
When a sequencing fails, all the regulators will be disabled simultaneously. An error message along
with the rail number that is faulty is displayed on the LCD. With some modifications to the firmware,
you can easily implement power-down sequencing in different orders when a power fail occurs.
Figure 3-8. Voltage Sequencer Flowchart
Start
Start Delay Counter to generate sequencing delays
Start Window Comparator block for generating PGOOD signal
Enable Regulator n
Execute Ramp delay for rail n
Execute Slot delay for rail n
Y
n = n + 1
n <= Number of Channels
N
Y
PGOOD[n] OK ?
N
Disable All Regulators, Display Error Message
Is restart switch pressed ?
Y
N
End Sequencing
The voltage sequencing algorithm works depending on the following parameters:
■
Sequencing Mode: This indicates the sequencing order in which the four rails must be powered
up. Six different modes are available.
■
Ramp Delay: This indicates the time that the sequencer must wait before monitoring the rail for its
goodness (checking the PGOOD) after the regulator is enabled.
■
Slot Delay: This indicates the time that the sequencer must wait before sequencing the next rail
after the current rail is verified with the correct voltage (PGOOD = 1).
To change the behavior of the voltage sequencer, change the parameters for the sequencer. To do
this, open the configuration.h file of the project in PSoC Designer 5.2 SP1. Change the definition of
DEFAULT_SEQUENCING_MODE by choosing any of the defined sequencing modes from
16
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Example Project
SEQUENCING_MODE_1 to SEQUENCING_MODE_6. This changes the sequencing order of the
rails.
Similarly, you can change the ramp delays and slot delays to be used for sequencing by changing
the default delays in the same header file. The entered delay must be in msec. from 1 to 1300.
3.4.2
UV and OV Monitoring using Window Comparator
To support under-voltage (UV) and over-voltage (OV) fault detection on the four secondary power
supply rails, eight comparators and eight programmable DACs are required. As the number of regulators in the systems expands, the number of comparators and DACs required becomes excessive.
To make more efficient use of analog hardware resources, an alternative implementation is provided.
As shown in Figure 3-9, a single window comparator and glitch filter are time-multiplexed across all
the rails requiring monitoring. The voltage regulator output for rail[n] (signal V[n]) of the power rail is
compared against the OV and UV thresholds using two hardware comparators. If the voltage level is
not within these thresholds, the appropriate comparator generates the fault signal.
Figure 3-9. Time Multiplexed OV and UV Fault Detection Hardware
UV Threshold DAC
UV Glitch Filter
+
_
UV Comparator
Scaled down rail voltages
NOR Gate
MUX
PGOOD Signal routed to a GPIO
OV Comparator
_
OV Threshold DAC
Inverter
+
OV Glitch Filter
OV Fault indicator routed to another GPIO
The UV comparator checks for under-voltage fault; output will be high if there is a fault. The OV comparator checks for over-voltage fault; output (after the inverter) will be high if there is a fault. Eight-bit
DACs are used to generate the user-defined UV and OV thresholds.
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
17
Example Project
When the inputs to the comparator become nearly equal, the comparator's output may contain
glitches leading to unstable fault detection output. To fairly detect the fault, you must ignore the rare
glitches (transitions from 0 to 1 and 1 to 0) in the comparator's output. To do this, glitch filters are
implemented at the output of the comparators. The glitch filter will indicate a fault only when the comparator indicates a fault for a sufficient amount of time. The time required to get an accurate PGOOD
signal is determined by trial and error. This time depends on the glitch filter's clock; for this reason, it
is programmable. In the current implementation, the glitch filter waits for four updates of the comparator output. If all four updates indicate a fault, the glitch filter asserts fault. This way, you can eliminate any glitches from the comparator whose time period is less than four updates.
The PGOOD signal indicates whether the voltage is within the UV/OV range. This is a NOR'ed signal
of the OV and UV comparator outputs. If any fault exists, PGOOD becomes 0 to indicate the fault.
This is routed to a GPIO, and its falling edge interrupt is enabled. Whenever a fault occurs, the CPU
will be interrupted. After the PGOOD interrupt occurs, the OV fault indicator (which is routed to
another GPIO) is checked to find out whether the fault was UV or OV. Within the ISR, all rails are
monitored and checked for their PGOOD status to capture all faulty rails.
Note that on the EBK, the four secondary regulator output voltages are scaled down to normalized
value and routed out as signals C[4:1]. These are provided especially for rapid fault detection to
have an independent multiplexing loop apart from the voltage measurement loop. This provides the
best possible fault detection time. In this example project, those signals are not used because of the
I/O limitation on Port A of the DVK. The signals V[4:1] are used for both fault detection and voltage
monitoring. However, AN78646 - Integrated Power Manager Using PSoC 1, implements rapid fault
detection by using C[4:1] signals through a custom cable. Detailed user module (UM) and registerlevel implementation of comparators, glitch filters, and other finer details regarding the window comparator are discussed in the Appendix section of the application note.
The fault detection feature works based on the following parameters:
■
UV threshold percentage: This indicates the under-voltage threshold for the power rails in terms
of –ve percentage of deviation from nominal voltage.
■
OV threshold percentage: This indicates the over voltage threshold for the power rails in terms of
+ve percentage of deviation from nominal voltage.
Example:
If UV threshold = 5%, then the UV threshold voltage = Nominal voltage × 95%.
If OV threshold = 5%, then the OV threshold voltage = Nominal voltage × 105%.
These voltages are generated by the DAC. The window comparator detects the fault when the input
voltage crosses these two threshold voltages.
These UV/OV percentages can be changed for each rail by changing the definitions in the project’s
configuration.h file. The default values are 6%, as shown here.
18
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
Example Project
3.4.3
Voltage and Current Measurements
Voltage monitoring in a power supervision system is measuring all of the rail voltages. The measured rail voltages can be used for trimming and to regulate the power consumption based on the
load connected to the rail. Also, the voltages can be communicated to the host so that it can log the
information.
A dedicated 10-bit SAR ADC is used to measure voltages of four rails on the CY8CKIT-035. The four
rail voltages from EBK are multiplexed to the same SAR ADC. The reference for ADC is derived
from the on-chip reference generator multiplex (RefMux) and the conversion range is selected as
0 V to 4.16 V. Both the 5-V rail and 12-V power rail are scaled down to within the ADC range.
Because the measured voltage is used for trimming, the voltage measurement and trimming are
inter-related and occur sequentially.
4+1 current monitoring uses two 14-bit delta-sigma ADCs. The currents delivered by 12-V and 5-V
rail are measured by one of those ADCs in a single-ended mode along with a unity gain buffer. Both
these rails have an high-side current sense amplifier each on the EBK to provide single-ended signal
for current measurement. The currents delivered by 3.3-V, 2.5-V, and 1.8-V rails are measured using
the other delta-sigma ADC along with an instrumentation amplifier. These rails have series sense
resistors on high sides on EBK. The instrumentation amplifier converts the differential signal across
the sense resistor to single-ended signal. The two ADCs are used because of the different input
ranges, which cannot be accommodated with a single ADC. The delta-sigma ADCs works with the
same reference voltage as that of SAR ADC.
At the time of multiplexing, after the input to the ADC is changed, three samples of digital data must
be discarded. This is required because the delta-sigma ADC works by oversampling the input and
decimating the single-bit results. Because all output data is dependent on analog input over a period
of time, the conversions that happen after changing the input will be invalid.
3.4.4
Regulator Trimming and Margining
To trim (fine tune) each regulator output, apply a controlled analog voltage to the "feedback" (VFB) or
"adjust" (VADJ) analog control pin on the regulators. To support trimming on the four secondary
power supply rails, four additional DACs to the ones already being used are required for the UV or
OV window comparator circuit. As the number of regulators in the system expands, the number of
DACs required for trimming and margining becomes excessive. To make more efficient use of analog hardware resources, an alternative implementation is developed based on PWM blocks with
external RC filter networks to achieve the equivalent result. Because PSoC can measure the analog
voltage of each rail, a closed loop control system can be implemented to fine tune each regulator
output beyond the accuracy specifications of the regulators themselves.
The circuit in Figure 3-10 shows the detail of the trimming and margining circuit for the V3=2.5-V rail.
The output scaling network of R46 and R51 are the recommended values provided by the regulator
manufacturer to ensure that the regulator can sense its own output voltage and regulate it as the
load varies. The TR3 pin is a PWM output signal from PSoC that is filtered by R54/C15; that voltage
is summed into the FB pin of the regulator through R50.
If the PWM duty cycle controlled by PSoC 1 is reduced, the voltage applied to the FB will reduce and
the regulator will respond by increasing its output voltage. Conversely, if the PWM duty cycle is
increased, the voltage applied to the FB pin will increase and the regulator will respond by decreasing its output voltage. Typical power supplies respond in this manner; for others that do not, this circuit both internal to PSoC 1 and external can be customized for the specific power supply chosen
(for example, inverting the PWM output such that a decrease in PWM duty cycle decreases the regulator output voltage).
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
19
Example Project
Figure 3-10. Margin and Trim Circuit for the V3=2.5-V Rail
Margining is similar to trimming but is used for manufacturing test purposes. In this case, the rails
are intentionally set to their upper or lower limits to enable system designers to verify that their systems work at both extremes of the voltage rail tolerances. For example, if a 5-V rail is used in the
system and specified to have an accuracy of ± 5%, margining will set the rail to 5 V –5% to enable
system verification. Then the rail can be margined to the high side of 5 V +5% and the system verified again. This capability exists on all four rails controlled by PSoC 1 in this example project.
The trimming feature works based on the ‘Trim Percentage’ parameter. This configurable parameter
indicates the amount to which the rail voltage must be trimmed in terms of percentage of nominal
voltage of that rail. Each of the rails can have a different trim percentage. By default, the trim percentages is set to ‘0’ to get the expected rail voltages. However, there will be trimming error of at
least 4 mV because of ADC measurement resolution of 4 mV. To change the trim percentages, the
definitions must be changed in the configuration.h file of the project, as shown here.
3.4.5
Other Features
■
I2C/SMBus/PMBus interface to a host CPU (available on the white 5-pin header on the EBK).
■
EEPROM for calibration/configuration parameters, fault logging, and so on.
Detailed description of how to make use of those features is not currently covered by this document.
Example projects covering these topics in more detail will be added in the future.
3.4.6
Firmware Flowchart
The firmware has the following initialization steps:
1. Display the introductory message and initialize the system parameters
2. Check for EBK connectivity and wait until it is connected
3. Initialize PWM trim/margin hardware
4. Initialize fault detection hardware
20
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
Example Project
When the initialization is complete, all the rails will be sequenced according to the specified order.
The main loop runs the following functions:
1. Measure supply voltage
2. Measure supply current
3. Measure all other secondary rail voltages
4. Trim each regulator
5. Measure all secondary rail currents
6. Display the voltages/currents on LCD
7. Handle user interface
In addition to the main loop flow, there is an additional thread that runs autonomously and asynchronously from the main loop. This is the fault interrupt service routine (ISR) thread (see Figure 3-12).
After the sequencing is complete, the fault detection ISR will be enabled; it generates an interrupt if
any fault occurs on any rail. That interrupt routine will find out the rails that have faults and shuts
down all the rails.
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
21
Example Project
Figure 3-11. Example Firmware Main Loop Flowchart
Start
Check for EBK and wait till it is connected
Initialize hardware namely counters, PWMs, Window comparators, ADCs & associated interrupts.
Sequence Channel n
n = n + 1
Y
n <= No. of Channels
Y
PGOOD[n] OK ?
N
N
Multiplex the input to window comparator and ADCs
Measure the voltages using SAR ADC
Trim the regulators using the measured voltages
Measure the currents using Delsig ADC
Disable All Regulators, Display Error Message
Handle User Interface switches & their functionalities
Is restart switch pressed ?
Y
Update LCD
N
22
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
Example Project
Figure 3-12. PGOOD ISR Flowchart
Start PGOOD ISR
Start PGOOD ISR
Clear PGOOD flag for present Clear PGOOD flag for present channel
channel
Set UV fault flag
Set UV fault flag
N
OV indicator = OV indicator = True ?
True ?
Y
Set OV fault flag
Set OV fault flag
Y
Increment Window Increment Window comparator Channel comparator Channel Number, n
Number, n
n < No, of n < No, of channels
channels
N
If PGOOD = 0
If PGOOD = 0
Change the input to window Change the input to window comparator depending on comparator depending on channel no.
channel no.
Y
N
End PGOOD ISR
End PGOOD ISR
3.4.7
PSoC 1 Resource Usage Details
The following table lists the resources used inside PSoC 1.
Table 3-1. Resource Usage
IP
Digital Blocks
Analog Blocks
Pins
16-bit counter
2
0
4
Voltage Measurement ADC
10-bit SAR ADC
0
0
5
Current Measurement ADC
2 14-bit Del-Sig ADCs, PGA,
and instrumentation amplifier
0
7
8
Window Comparator with Glitch
Filter
2 comparators, 2 DACs, and 2
PRS as glitch filters
2
6
4
PWM Trim/Margin
4 16-bit PWM blocks
8
0
4
Voltage Sequencer
Functions
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
23
Example Project
24
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
A.
A.1
Appendix
PSoC Power Supervision EBK Hardware Overview
Figure 0-1. EBK Hardware Components
The Power Supervision EBK board consists of a 12-V primary input power source and four secondary voltage rails: V1 = 5 V, V2 = 3.3 V, V3 = 2.5 V, and V4 = 1.8 V. Voltage rail V1 feeds power to the
other three rails V2, V3, and V4. Therefore, disabling V1 will disable V2 to V4. Each secondary rail
consists of a regulator with enable input, circuitry that enables PSoC 1 to apply a DC control voltage
to the regulator feedback or adjust pin, as well as fixed and adjustable (potentiometer) load elements. Two jumpers are provided for each rail to disconnect all loads or disconnect only the adjustable load.
The EBK provides an I2C/SMBus/PMBus connector. A 40-pin (2×20) header J1 is provided to connect this board with the host PSoC 1 on a development kit platform, such as the CY8CKIT-001 PSoC
DVK. The header carries voltage enables, regulator voltage, regulator load currents, and trim/margin
control signals for each regulator on the EBK. The I2C physical layer signals (SDA/SCL) from the
PSoC 1 are also routed across this header to allow connection to an external host or management
processor that supports standard I2C, SMBus, or PMBus protocol interfaces.
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
25
A.1.1
2x20 Pin Interface Header
The following table outlines the definition of the 40-pin J1 header interface.
Table A-1. 2x20 Header (J1) Pin Definition
Description
26
Signal
Pin
Pin
Signal
Description
Voltage Regulator 4, Enable
V4EN
1
2
V3EN
Voltage Regulator 3, Enable
Voltage Regulator 2, Enable
V2EN
3
4
V1EN
Voltage Regulator 1, Enable
–
NC
5
6
NC
–
Power Rail Current (measured as singleIIN
ended voltage)
7
8
VIN
Power Rail Sensing Voltage
Analog Ground
AGND
9
10
NC
–
Voltage Regulator 4, Fault Sensing Voltage (Not Used)
C4
11
12
C3
Voltage Regulator 3, Fault
Sensing Voltage (Not Used)
Voltage Regulator 2, Fault Sensing Voltage (Not Used)
C2
13
14
C1
Voltage Regulator 1, Fault
Sensing Voltage (Not Used)
Voltage Regulator 4, Trim
TR4
15
16
TR3
Voltage Regulator 3, Trim
Voltage Regulator 2, Trim
TR2
17
18
TR1
Voltage Regulator 1, Trim
Analog Ground
AGND
19
20
NC
-
Voltage Regulator 4, Current (Measured
as differential voltage)
I4
21
22
V4
Voltage Regulator 4
Voltage Regulator 3, Current (Measured
as differential voltage)
I3
23
24
V3
Voltage Regulator 3
Voltage Regulator 2, Current (Measured
as differential voltage)
I2
25
26
V2
Voltage Regulator 2
Voltage Regulator 1 Current (Measured
as single-ended voltage)
I1
27
28
V1
Voltage Regulator 1
Analog Ground
AGND
29
30
NC
–
–
NC
31
32
/
Alert Signal (I2C/SMBus/
ALERT PMBus)
Serial Data (I2C/SMBus/PMBus)
SDAT
33
34
SCL
Serial Clock (I2C/SMBus/
PMBus)
unused
D3V3
35
36
VADJ
unused
Digital Ground
DGND
37
38
D5V
unused
Optional 12V Power from DVK
DVIN
39
40
DGND
Digital Ground
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
A.1.2
EBK Headers and Jumpers
A number of headers and jumpers are provided on the EBK. The following table outlines the function
of each item and the default configuration.
Table A-2. EBK Jumper Settings
PCB
Designator
Factory Default
Configuration
Description
J1
2×20 pin header for connecting to PSoC DVK
J2
5-pin header for connecting an external host or management proces–
sor via I2C/SMBus/PMBus
J3
Power jack
–
J4
2×20 pin header that replicates signals on J1 for easy connection to
a logic analyzer or oscilloscope
–
J5
3-pin header for primary input power source selection. Place jumper
in 1-2 position to source power from the DC power jack J3. Place in
2-3 position to source power from the PSoC platform DVK
2-3 position
J6
2-pin header for connecting all loads on V1=5-V rail (this includes the
fixed and adjustable loads on V1 as well as the load presented by the Installed
V2, V3, and V4 rails)
J7
2-pin header for connecting the potentiometer load on V1=5-V rail
Installed
J8
2-pin header for connecting both loads on V2=3.3-V rail (fixed and
adjustable)
Installed
J9
2-pin header for connecting potentiometer load on V2=3.3-V rail
Installed
J10
2-pin header for connecting ALL loads on V3=2.5-V rail (fixed and
adjustable)
Installed
J11
2-pin header for connecting variable potentiometer on V3=2.5-V rail
Installed
J12
2-pin header for connecting ALL loads on V4=1.8-V rail (fixed and
adjustable)
Installed
J13
2-pin header for connecting variable potentiometer on V4=1.8-V rail
Installed
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
–
27
A.2
CY8CKIT-035 Schematics
A.2.1
Primary 12-V Power Input
A.2.2
DVK Connector and Debug Test Points
28
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
A.2.3
Voltage Regulator V1 = 5 V
A.2.4
Voltage Regulator V2 = 3.3 V
A.2.5
Voltage Regulator V3 = 2.5 V
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
29
A.2.6
Voltage Regulator V4 = 1.8 V
A.2.7
I2C/SMBus/PMBus Interface Connector
30
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
A.3
CY8CKIT-035 Board Layout
A.3.1
Top layer
A.3.2
Ground Layer
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
31
A.3.3
Power Layer
A.3.4
Bottom Layer
32
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
A.3.5
Top Silkscreen
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
33
A.4
CY8CKIT-035 Bill of Materials
Item Qty.
34
Designator
Value
1
3
C1,C4,C9
0.1μF, 25V
2
3
C2,C5,C6
22μF, 25V
3
1
C3
3.3nF, 50V
4
7
C7,C10,C11,C13
C14,C16,C17
1.0μF, 25V
5
1
C8
39pF, 50V
6
3
C12,C15,C18
10nF, 50V
7
1
D1
8
4
D2,D3,D4,D5
9
1
J1
10
1
J2
11
1
J3
12
1
J5
13
8
J6,J7,J8,J9,J10,
J11,J12,J13
14
1
L1
15
2
R2,R8
16
3
R3,R11,R13
51kΩ
17
1
R4
22kΩ
18
15
R5,R6,R7,R9,
R10,R15,R17,
R18,R19,R23,
R32,R33,
R35,R45,R56
2.21Ω
19
1
R12
1kΩ
20
4
R14,R37,R48, R59
2kΩ
21
1
R16
422Ω
22
4
R20,R21,R22, R24
100Ω
23
1
R25
121kΩ
24
4
R26,R38,R52, R63
100Ω
25
4
R27,R39,R49, R60
330Ω
26
1
R28
22.1kΩ
22μH, 2.2A
Murata Electronics
North America
Murata Electronics
North America
Murata Electronics
North America
Manufacturer Part
No.
C0805C104K3RAC72
10
GRM31CR61E226KE
15L
GRM2165C1H332JA0
1D
GRM216R61E105KA1
2D
AVX Corporation
08055A390JAT2A
Description
CAP .1UF 25V
CERAMIC X7R 0805
CAP CER 22UF 25V
X5R 1206
CAP CER 3300PF 50V
5% C0G 0805
CAP CER 1.0UF 25V
10% X5R 0805
CAP CERM 39PF 5%
50V NP0 0805
CAP CER 10000PF 50V
10% X7R 0805
DIODE SCHOTTKY 2A
20V SMB
LED GREEN CLEAR
0805 SMD
CONN HEADER R/A
DUAL 40POS GOLD
CONN HEADER 5POS
.100 VERT TIN
CONN JACK POWER
2.1mm PCB RA
BERGSTIK II .100" SR
STRAIGHT
CONN HEADER 2 POS
.100 VERT TIN
COIL PWR CHOKE
22UH 2.2A SMD
RES 0.0 OHM 1/10W 5%
0805 SMD
RES 51.0K OHM 1/8W
0.1% 0805 SMD
RES 20.0K OHM 1/8W
0.1% 0805 SMD
RES 2.21 OHM 1/16W
0.1% 0603 SMD
RES 1/10W 1K OHM
0.1% 0805
RES 2.00K OHM 1/8W
1% 0805 SMD
RES 422 OHM 1/8W 1%
0805 SMD
RES 100 OHM 2W 1%
2512 SMD
RES 121K OHM 1/10W
1% 0603 SMD
TRIMPOT 100 OHM
6MM SQ SMD
RES 330 OHM 1/16W
5% 0402 SMD
RES 22.1K OHM 1/10W
1% 0603 SMD
Manufacturer
Kemet
Murata Electronics
GRM216R71H103KA0
North America
1D
Vishay/General SemiSS22-E3/52T
conductor
LITE-ON
LTST-C170GKT
3M
961240-5604-AR
Molex Inc
22-23-2051
CUI
PJ-102A
FCI
68000-403HLF
Molex/Waldcom Electronics Corp
22-28-4020
Panasonic - ECG
ELL-ATV220M
Panasonic-ECG
ERJ-6GEY0R00V
Susumu
RG2012P-513-B-T5
Susumu
RG2012P-203-B-T5
Stackpole Electronics
Inc
RNCF0603BKC2R21
Susumu
RG2012P-102-B-T5
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6ENF2001V
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6ENF4220V
Stackpole Electronics
Inc
RHC2512FT100R
Yageo
RC0603FR-07121KL
Bourns Inc.
3361P-1-101GLF
Yageo Corporation
RC0402JR-07330RL
Yageo
RC0603FR-0722K1L
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
Item Qty.
Designator
Value
27
5
R29,R44,R47,
R55,R66
100Ω
28
4
R30,R43,R54, R65
100kΩ
29
1
R31
20kΩ
30
1
R34
33Ω
31
1
R36
634kΩ
32
3
R40,R50,R61
1MΩ
33
1
R41
365kΩ
34
1
R42
715Ω
35
1
R46
475kΩ
36
1
R51
442kΩ
37
1
R53
1.07kΩ
38
1
R57
340kΩ
39
1
R58
51Ω
40
1
R62
698kΩ
41
1
R64
1.87kΩ
42
6
TP1,TP3,TP4,
TP8,TP9,TP10
43
4
TP2,TP5,TP6, TP7
44
1
U2
45
1
U3
46
1
U4
47
3
U5,U6,U7
48
4
See Assembly
Drawing
49
9
Description
RES 100 OHM .5W 1%
1206 SMD
RES 100K OHM 1/8W
5% 0805 SMD
RES 20K OHM 1/8W 5%
0805 SMD
RES 33 OHM 2W 1%
2512 SMD
RES 634K OHM 1/8W
1% 0805 SMD
RES 1M OHM 1/10W 5%
0805 SMD
RES 365K OHM 1/8W
1% 0805 SMD
RES 715 OHM 1/8W 1%
0805 SMD
RES 475K OHM 1/8W
1% 0805 SMD
RES 442K OHM 1/8W
1% 0805 SMD
RES 1.07K OHM 1/8W
1% 0805 SMD
RES 340K OHM 1/8W
1% 0805 SMD
RES 51.0 OHM 1/4W 1%
1206 SMD
RES 698K OHM 1/8W
1% 0805 SMD
RES 1.87K OHM 1/8W
1% 0805 SMD
TEST POINT 43 HOLE
65 PLATED RED
TEST POINT 43 HOLE
65 PLATED BLACK
IC AMP CURRENT
SENSE 8-SOIC
HIGH-SIDE CURRENT
MONITOR
IC CONV STP-DWN
SYNC 2A 14HTSSOP
IC REG LDO ADJ 200MA
SOT-23-6
BUMPER WHITE
.500X.23 SQUARE
SHUNT GOLD W/HANDLE, BLACK
Manufacturer
Vishay/Dale
Manufacturer Part
No.
CRCW1206100RFKE
AHP
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6GEYJ104V
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6GEYJ203V
Stackpole Electronics
Inc
RHC2512FT33R0
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6ENF6343V
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6GEYJ105V
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6ENF3653V
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6ENF7150V
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6ENF4753V
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6ENF4423V
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6ENF1071V
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6ENF3403V
Vishay/Dale
CRCW120651R0FKE
A
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6ENF6983V
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-6ENF1871V
Keystone Electronics
5000
Keystone Electronics
5001
Maxim Integrated
Products
MAX4080TASA+
Zetex
ZXCT1009FTA
Texas Instruments
TPS54226PWPR
Analog Devices Inc
ADP3331ARTZREEL7
Richco Plastics Co.
RBS-3R
Kobiconn
151-8030-E
Stackpole Electronics
Inc
RNCF0805BTC1K00
3M
961240-6404-AR
Zetex
ZXCT1009FTA
NONE
NA
No Load Components
50
1
R1
51
1
J4
52
1
U1
53
4
TV1,TV2,TV3, TV4
1kΩ
RES 1K 1/10W OHM
0.1% 0805
CONN HEADER VERT
DUAL 40POS GOLD
HIGH-SIDE CURRENT
MONITOR
TEST VIA 40 HOLE 20
PLATED
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
35
36
CY8CKIT-015 PSoC 1 Power Supervision Kit Guide, Doc. # 001-81218 Rev. **
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