Datasheet

austriamicrosystems AG
is now
ams AG
The technical content of this austriamicrosystems datasheet is still valid.
Contact information:
Headquarters:
ams AG
Tobelbaderstrasse 30
8141 Unterpremstaetten, Austria
Tel: +43 (0) 3136 500 0
e-Mail: [email protected]
Please visit our website at www.ams.com
Datasheet
AS1364
1 A L o w D r o p o u t L i n e a r Vo l t a g e R e g u l a t o r
1 General Description
2 Key Features
Low Dropout: 140mV @ 1A
Output Voltage Accuracy: Up to
2.0V to 5.5V Input Voltage
The ultra-low dropout device requires only 140mV dropout voltage
while delivering a guaranteed 1A load current and is therefore
perfectly suited for battery-operated portable applications.
lv
Fixed VOUT: 1.2V to 5.0V
Adjustable VOUT: 1.2V to 5.3V
Additionally the AS1364 offers extremely low 10µVRMS (100Hz to
100kHz) or 45µVRMS (10Hz to 1MHz) output voltage noise.
Low Ground Current: 35µA
Low Shutdown Current: 10nA
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Table 1. Standard Products
±0.75%
al
id
Guaranteed Output Current: 1A
The AS1364 is a low-dropout linear regulator (LDO) designed to
operate from 2V to 5.5V input, that delivers a wide range of highly
accurate (±0.75%) factory-trimmed output voltages as well as
adjustable output voltages (using an external resistor-divider
network).
Model
Output Type
BYP
SET
Low Output Noise: 45µVRMS (from 10Hz to 1MHz)
AS1364-AD
Adjustable
No
Yes
Thermal Overload Protection
AS1364-_ _
Fixed
Yes
No
Output Current Limit
Output discharge path during shutdown
The device features an internal PMOS pass transistor (for a low
supply current of only 35µA), reset output, a low-power shutdown
mode, and protection from short-circuit and thermal-overload
conditions.
8-pin TDFN 3x3mm Package
3 Applications
When in shutdown, a 5k (typ) discharge path is connected
between the output pin and ground. The AS1364 is available in a
8-pin TDFN 3x3mm package.
The device is ideal for laptops, PDAs, portable audio devices, mobile
phones, cordless phones, and any other battery-operated portable
device.
ca
Figure 1. AS1364 - Typical Application Diagram
ni
3
VIN
ch
CIN
4.7µF
Te
On
Off
www.austriamicrosystems.com
6
IN
OUT
IN
2
COUT
4.7µF
5
4
AS1364
OUT
1
POK
EN
7
8
VOUT
Reset Output
CBYP
10nF
SET/BYP
GND
Revision 1.8
1 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - P i n A s s i g n m e n t s
4 Pin Assignments
8 GND
EN 2
7 SET/BYP
AS1364
6 OUT
IN 4
5 OUT
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
IN 3
lv
POK 1
al
id
Figure 2. Pin Assignments (Top View)
4.1 Pin Descriptions
Table 2. Pin Descriptions
Pin Number
Pin Name
1
POK
EN
Connect a 100k pull-up resistor from this pin to OUT to obtain an output voltage (see Figure 1).
Active-Low Shutdown Input. A logic low disables the output and reduces the supply current to
0.1µA. In shutdown, the POK output is low and OUT high impedance.
VDD: Normal operation.
GND: Shutdown.
IN
2.0V to 5.5V Supply Voltage. Bypass with a 4.7µF input capacitor to GND (see Dropout Voltage on
page 11). These inputs are internally connected, but they also must be externally connected for proper
operation.
Regulator Output. Bypass with a 4.7µF low-ESR output capacitor to GND. Connect the OUT pins
together externally.
ni
3, 4
OUT
ch
5, 6
Note: Open-Drain POK Output. POK remains low while VOUT is below the POK threshold.
ca
2
Description
SET/BYP
8
GND
Exposed pad
Connect to
Substrate
Te
7
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Voltage-Setting Input. Connect to GND to select the factory-preset output voltage. Connect this pin to
an external resistor-divider for adjustable-output operation (see Figure 1) – (AS1364-AD only)
Bypass Pin. Connect a 10nF capacitor from this pin to OUT to improve PSRR and noise performance.
(AS1364-AD does not offer this feature)
Ground
Connect to PCB metal area for heatsink purposes. May be left open or connected to common ground.
Revision 1.8
2 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - A b s o l u t e M a x i m u m R a t i n g s
5 Absolute Maximum Ratings
Stresses beyond those listed in Table 3 may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of
the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in Electrical Characteristics on page 4 is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Table 3. Absolute Maximum Ratings
Min
Max
Units
IN, EN, POK to GND
-0.3
+7
V
OUT, SET/BYP to GND
-0.3
VIN + 0.3
V
Comments
Electrical Parameters
Latch-Up
Infinite
-100
+100
mA
JEDEC 78
kV
HBM MIL-Std. 883E 3015.7 methods
Electrostatic Discharge
ESD
2
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Temperature Ranges and Storage Conditions
lv
Output Short-Circuit Duration
al
id
Parameter
Thermal Resistance JA
36.3
ºC/W
Operating Temperature Range
-40
+85
ºC
Storage Temperature Range
-65
+150
ºC
+125
ºC
Junction Temperature
+260
ºC
The reflow peak soldering temperature (body temperature)
specified is in accordance with IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020
“Moisture/Reflow Sensitivity Classification for NonHermetic Solid State Surface Mount Devices”.
The lead finish for Pb-free leaded packages is matte tin
(100% Sn).
Te
ch
ni
ca
Package Body Temperature
on PCB
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
3 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - E l e c t r i c a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
6 Electrical Characteristics
Note: All limits are guaranteed. The parameters with min and max values are guaranteed by production tests or SQC (Statistical Quality
Control) methods.
VIN = VOUT(NOM) + 500mV or VIN = +2.0V (whichever is greater),CIN = COUT = 4.7µF, EN = IN, TAMB = -40°C to +85ºC (unless otherwise
specified). Typical values are at TAMB = +25ºC.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
VIN
Input Voltage
VPOR
Power On Reset
Min
Typ
2.0
Max
Unit
5.5
V
1.95
V
Falling, 100mV hysteresis
1.79
IOUT = 250mA, TAMB = +25ºC
-0.75
IOUT = 250mA
-1.5
+1.5
-2
+2
1.2
5.3
V
1.23
V
IOUT = 1mA to 1A, VIN > (VOUT + 0.5V)
1
Adjustable Output Voltage Range
VSET/BYP
SET/BYP Voltage Threshold
(Adjustable Mode)
IOUT
Guaranteed Output Current (RMS)
ILIMIT
Short-Circuit Current Limit
VOUT = 0
In-Regulation Current Limit
VOUT > 96% of nominal value, VIN  2.0V
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
VOUT
+0.75
lv
Output Voltage Accuracy
(Preset Mode)
1.87
al
id
Table 4. Electrical Characteristics
VIN = 2.5V, IOUT = 250mA,
VOUT set to 2.0V
SET/BYP Input Bias Current
IQ
Ground-Pin Current
VIN - VOUT
Dropout Voltage
VLNR
Line Regulation
VIN from (VOUT + 100mV) to 5.5V,
ILOAD = 5mA
VLDR
Load Regulation
IOUT = 1mA to 1A
ca
Te
ch
ni
Ripple Rejection
Output Voltage Noise
www.austriamicrosystems.com
1.1
VSET/BYP = 1.20V
1.5
2.3
1.5
50
ISET
PSRR
1.20
1
SET/BYP Threshold
2
1.17
100
-100
nA
IOUT = 1A
75
200
IOUT = 250mA, VOUT = 3.3V
35
85
IOUT = 1A, VOUT = 3.3V
140
320
f = 1kHz, IOUT = 10mA
72
f = 10kHz, IOUT = 10mA, CBYP = 10nF
75
f = 10kHz, IOUT = 10mA
65
f = 100kHz, IOUT = 10mA, CBYP = 10nF
54
f = 100kHz, IOUT = 10mA
46
100Hz to 100kHz, COUT = 3.3µF,
CBYP = 10nF;
10
100Hz to 100kHz, COUT = 3.3µF;
50
10Hz to 1MHz, COUT = 3.3µF,
CBYP = 10nF;
45
10Hz to 1MHz, COUT = 3.3µF;
70
Revision 1.8
A
+100
150
78
A
mV
35
f = 1kHz, IOUT = 10mA, CBYP = 10nF
A
150
IOUT = 100µA
-0.125
%
µA
mV
+0.125
%/V
0.001
%/mA
dB
µVRMS
4 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - E l e c t r i c a l C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
Table 4. Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
Typ
Max
EN = GND, VIN = 5.5V, TAMB = 25°C
0.01
0.5
EN = GND, VIN = 5.5V
0.1
15
Unit
Shutdown
Shutdown Supply Current
VIH
EN Input Threshold
VIL
2.0V < VIN < 5.5V
1.6
V
2.0V < VIN < 5.5V
0.6
EN = IN or GND, TAMB = +25ºC
1
TAMB = +85ºC
5
POK Output Low Voltage
POK sinking 1mA
0.05
Operating Voltage Range for Valid
POK Signal
POK sinking 100µA
ISHDNN
EN Input Bias Current
nA
V
5.5
V
nA
POK Threshold
lv
0.25
POK Output High leakage Current
Thermal Protection
V
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
POK Output
VOL
µA
al
id
IOFF
1.1
POK = 5.5V, TAMB = +25ºC
1
TAMB = +85ºC
Rising edge (referenced to VOUT(NOM))
5
90
94
98
%
TSHDNN
Thermal Shutdown Temperature
170
ºC
TSHDNN
Thermal Shutdown Hysteresis
20
ºC
4.7
µF
Output Capacitor
Output Capacitor
COUT
Load Capacitor Range
Load Capacitor ESR
1
500
m
Te
ch
ni
ca
1. Guaranteed by production test of load regulation and line regulation.
2. Dropout voltage is defined as VIN - VOUT, when VOUT is 100mV below the value of VOUT measured for VIN = (VOUT(NOM) + 500mV).
Since the minimum input voltage is 2.0V, this specification is only valid when VOUT(NOM) > 2.0V.
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
5 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - Ty p i c a l O p e r a t i n g C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
7 Typical Operating Characteristics
VIN = VOUT(NOM) + 0.5V, CIN = COUT = 4.7µF, TAMB = 25°C (unless otherwise specified).
3.31
140
3.309
Output Voltage (V) .
120
100
80
60
40
20
3.308
3.307
3.306
3.305
3.304
3.303
3.302
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Dropout Voltage (mV)
.
160
al
id
Figure 4. VOUT vs. IOUT; VOUT(NOM) = 3.3V
lv
Figure 3. VDROP vs. IOUT
3.301
0
3.3
0
200
400
600
800
1000
0
200
Load Current (mA)
Figure 5. VOUT vs. Temperature; VOUT(NOM) = 3.3V
3.32
600
800
1000
Figure 6. VOUT vs. VIN; VOUT(NOM) = 3.3V
3.5
3
Output Voltage (V) .
3.315
Output Voltage (V) .
400
Output Current (mA)
3.31
3.305
3.3
3.295
3.29
2.5
2
1.5
1
no load
0.5
ca
Iout = 1A
3.285
-45 -30 -15
0
15
30
45
60
0
75
90
0
1
Temperature (°C)
Quiescent Current (µA)
100
80
60
40
70
60
50
40
30
20
20
10
0
0
2
3
4
5
6
Vin = 3.8V
Vin = 5.5V
0
Input Voltage (V)
www.austriamicrosystems.com
6
80
Iout = 1A
120
1
5
90
no load
140
0
4
Figure 8. Quiescent Current vs. IOUT
Te
Quiescent Current (µA)
ch
.
160
3
.
ni
Figure 7. Quiescent Current vs. VIN
180
2
Input Voltage (V)
200
400
600
800
1000
Output Current (mA)
Revision 1.8
6 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - Ty p i c a l O p e r a t i n g C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
Figure 9. Quiescent Current vs. Temperature
Figure 10. Spectral Noise vs. Freq; IOUT = 10mA
90
10
COUT = 3.3µF
.
60
50
40
30
20
no load
10
Iout = 250mA
0
-45 -30 -15
0
15
30
45
60
75
90
1
al
id
70
0.1
0.01
0.01
Temperature (°C)
0.1
1
lv
Quiescent Current (µA)
.
Output Noise Density (µV/ Hz)
80
10
100
1000
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Frequency (kHz)
Figure 11. PSRR vs. Frequency; IOUT = 10mA
100
PSRR (dB) .
80
60
40
20
0
0.01
1
100
10000
Te
ch
ni
ca
Frequency (kHz)
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
7 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - Ty p i c a l O p e r a t i n g C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
200mA/Div
al
id
VOUT
100µs/Div
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
5µs/Div
lv
IOUT
20mV/Div
VIN
VOUT
20µs/Div
Te
ch
ni
ca
1ms/Div
1V/Div
1V/Div
Figure 15. Startup; VIN = 3.8V, IOUT = 100mA
1V/Div
VOUT
VIN
Figure 14. Startup; VIN = 3.8V, IOUT = 100mA
1V/Div
VIN
VOUT
50mV/Div
Figure 13. Load Transient Response;
VIN = 3.8V, IOUT = 50mA to 500mA
200mV/Div
Figure 12. Line Transient Response;
VIN = 3.8V to 4.3V, IOUT = 100mA
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
8 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
8 Detailed Description
The AS1364 output voltage is factory-trimmed or is adjustable from +1.2V to +5V, and is guaranteed to supply 1A of output current. The device
consists of a +1.20V internal reference, error amplifier, MOSFET driver, P-channel pass transistor, internal feedback voltage-divider and a
comparator (see Figure 16).
VIN
2.0V to 5.5V
lv
al
id
Figure 16. AS1364 - Block Diagram
4
IN
3
CIN
4.7µF
Thermal
Sensor
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
IN
5
MOSFET
Driver
w/ILIM
OUT
VOUT
1.2V to 5.0V
6
2
On
Off
EN
Shutdown
Logic
OUT
1.20V
Reference
+
Error
Amplifier
VOUT
Logic Supply Voltage
RPOK
100k
To Controller
COUT
4.7µF
5k
–
R1
1
7
POK
+
–
94%VREF
SET/BYP
+
–
+
–
100mV
R2
+
–
8
GND
ch
ni
ca
AS1364
Te
Figure 16 shows the block diagram of the AS1364. It identifies the basics of a series linear regulator employing a P-Channel MOSFET as the
control element. A stable voltage reference (1.2V REF in Figure 16) is compared with an attenuated sample of the output voltage. Any difference
between the two voltages (reference and sample) creates an output from the error amplifier that drives the series control element to reduce the
difference to a minimum. The error amplifier incorporates additional buffering to drive the relatively large gate capacitance of the series pass Pchannel MOSFET, when additional drive current is required under transient conditions. Input supply variations are absorbed by the series
element, and output voltage variations with loading are absorbed by the low output impedance of the regulator.
When in shutdown, a 5k discharge path is connected between the output terminal and ground.
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
9 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - D e t a i l e d D e s c r i p t i o n
8.1 Output Voltage Selection
At the factory trimmed versions of the AS1364 offering the bypass pin (see Figure ), the output voltage is then set to an internally trimmed voltage
(see Ordering Information on page 18).
For the adjustable AS1364-AD, an output voltage between +1.2V and +5V can be set by using two external resistors (see Figure 17). In this
mode, VOUT is determined by:
R1
V OUT = V SETBYP   1 + ------

R 2
al
id
(EQ 1)
Where:
VSET/BYP = 1.2V ±0.03V
A simplification of R1 and R2 selection is:
V OUT
R 1 = R 2   --------------------- – 1
V SETBYP
lv
(EQ 2)
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Since the input bias current at SET is less than 100nA, large resistance values can be used for R1 and R2 to minimize power consumption and
therefore increasing efficiency.
Note: Up to 125k is acceptable for R2. If the SET pin is connected to GND without a resistor, 3.3V will be set as output voltage.
In preset voltage mode, the impedance from SET to GND should be less than 10k or spurious conditions may cause the voltage at SET to
exceed the 50mV threshold.
Figure 17. Adjustable Output Voltage Typical Application
3
5
IN
VIN
CIN
4.7µF
On
Off
OUT
4
IN
2
6
AS1364
R1
OUT
COUT
4.7µF
VOUT
7
SET/BYP
EN
1
8
POK
Reset Output
R2
ni
ca
GND
ch
8.2 Shutdown
If pin EN is connected to GND the AS1364 is disabled. In shutdown mode all internal circuits are turned off, reducing supply current to 10nA
(typ). For normal device operation pin EN must be connected to IN. During shutdown, POK goes low.
Te
When in shutdown, a 5k (typ) discharge path is connected between the output pin and ground.
8.3 Power-OK
The AS1364 features a power-ok indicator that asserts when the output voltage falls out of regulation. The open-drain POK output goes low
when output voltage at OUT falls 6% below its nominal value. A 100k pull-up resistor from POK to a (typically OUT) provides a logic control
signal.
POK can be used as a power-on-reset (POR) signal to a microcontroller or can drive an external LED to indicate a power failure condition.
Note: POK is low during shutdown.
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
10 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
9 Application Information
9.1 Dropout Voltage
Dropout is the input to output voltage difference, below which the linear regulator ceases to regulate. At this point, the output voltage change
follows the input voltage change. Dropout voltage may be measured at different currents and, in particular at the regulator maximum one. From
this is obtained the MOSFET maximum series resistance over temperature etc. More generally:
V DROPOUT = I LOAD  R SERIES
al
id
(EQ 3)
Dropout is probably the most important specification when the regulator is used in a battery application. The dropout performance of the
regulator defines the useful “end of life” of the battery before replacement or re-charge is required.
lv
Figure 18. Graphical Representation of Dropout Voltage
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
VIN
VOUT
VIN = VOUT(TYP) + 0.5V
Dropout
Voltage
VOUT
100mV
VIN
VOUT
VIN
ni
9.2 Efficiency
ca
Figure 18 shows the variation of VOUT as VIN is varied for a certain load current. The practical value of dropout is the differential voltage (VOUTVIN) measured at the point where the LDO output voltage has fallen by 100mV below the nominal, fully regulated output value. The nominal
regulated output voltage of the LDO is that obtained when there is 500mV (or greater) input-output voltage differential.
ch
Low quiescent current and low input-output voltage differential are important in battery applications amongst others, as the regulator efficiency is
directly related to quiescent current and dropout voltage. Efficiency is given by:
V
I
V IN  I Q + I LOAD 
LOAD
LOAD
Efficiency = ---------------------------------------  100 %
(EQ 4)
Te
Where:
IQ = Quiescent current of LDO
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
11 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
9.3 Power Dissipation
Maximum power dissipation (PD) of the LDO is the sum of the power dissipated by the internal series MOSFET and the quiescent current
required to bias the internal voltage reference and the internal error amplifier, and is calculated as:
PD  MAX   Seriespass  = I LOAD  MAX   V IN  MAX  – V OUT  MIN   Watts
(EQ 5)
Internal power dissipation as a result of the bias current for the internal voltage reference and the error amplifier is calculated as:
PD  MAX   Bias  = V IN  MAX  I Q Watts
al
id
(EQ 6)
Total LDO power dissipation is calculated as:
PD  MAX   Total  = PD  MAX   Seriespass  + PD  MAX   Bias  Watts
(EQ 7)
9.4 Junction Temperature
lv
Under all operating conditions, the maximum junction temperature should not be allowed to exceed 125ºC (unless the data sheet specifically
allows). Limiting the maximum junction temperature requires knowledge of the heat path from junction to case (JCºC/W fixed by the IC
manufacturer), and adjustment of the case to ambient heat path (CAºC/W) by manipulation of the PCB copper area adjacent to the IC position.
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Figure 19. Package Physical Arrangements
TDFN Package
Chip
Package
Bond Wire
Lead Frame
PCB
Exposed Pad
ni
ca
Figure 20. Steady State Heat Flow Equivalent Circuit
Te
ch
Junction
TJ°C
Package
TC°C
RJC
Ambient
TA°C
PCB/Heatsink
TS°C
RCS
RSA
Chip
Power
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
12 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
Total Thermal Path Resistance:
R JA = R JC + R CS + R SA
(EQ 8)
T J =  PD  MAX   R JA  + T AMB ºC
(EQ 9)
Junction Temperature (TJºC) is determined by:
9.5.1
al
id
9.5 Explanation of Steady State Specifications
Line Regulation
Line regulation is defined as the change in output voltage when the input (or line) voltage is changed by a known quantity. It is a measure of the
regulator’s ability to maintain a constant output voltage when the input voltage changes. Line regulation is a measure of the DC open loop gain
of the error amplifier. More generally:
lv
V
V IN
OUT
Line Regulation = ---------------- and is a pure number
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
In practise, line regulation is referred to the regulator output voltage in terms of % / VOUT. This is particularly useful when the same regulator is
available with numerous output voltage trim options.
V
V IN
100
V OUT
OUT
Line Regulation = ----------------  ------------ % / V
9.5.2
Load Regulation
(EQ 10)
Load regulation is defined as the change of the output voltage when the load current is changed by a known quantity. It is a measure of the
regulator’s ability to maintain a constant output voltage when the load changes. Load regulation is a measure of the DC closed loop output
resistance of the regulator. More generally:
V
I OUT
OUT
Load Regulation = ---------------- and is units of ohms ()
(EQ 11)
In practise, load regulation is referred to the regulator output voltage in terms of % / mA. This is particularly useful when the same regulator is
available with numerous output voltage trim options.
V
I OUT
100
V OUT
OUT
Load Regulation = ----------------  ---------------- % / mA
9.5.3
Setting Accuracy
(EQ 12)
ca
Accuracy of the final output voltage is determined by the accuracy of the ratio of R1 and R2, the reference accuracy and the input offset voltage
of the error amplifier. When the regulator is supplied pre-trimmed, the output voltage accuracy is fully defined in the output voltage specification.
When the regulator has a SET terminal, the output voltage may be adjusted externally. In this case, the tolerance of the external resistor network
must be incorporated into the final accuracy calculation. Generally:
ni
R1  R1
V OUT =  V SET  V SET   1 + ---------------------

R2  R2
(EQ 13)
ch
The reference tolerance is given both at 25ºC and over the full operating temperature range.
9.5.4
Total Accuracy
Te
Away from dropout, total steady state accuracy is the sum of setting accuracy, load regulation and line regulation. Generally:
Total % Accuracy = Setting % Accuracy + Load Regulation % + Line Regulation %
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
(EQ 14)
13 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
9.6 Explanation of Dynamic Specifications
9.6.1
Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSRR)
V OUT
V IN
PSSR = 20Log ---------------- dB using lower case  to indicate AC values
(EQ 15)
Power supply rejection ratio is fixed by the internal design of the regulator. Additional rejection must be provided externally.
9.6.2
al
id
Known also as Ripple Rejection, this specification measures the ability of the regulator to reject noise and ripple beyond DC. PSRR is a
summation of the individual rejections of the error amplifier, reference and AC leakage through the series pass transistor. The specification, in
the form of a typical attenuation plot with respect to frequency, shows up the gain bandwidth compromises forced upon the designer in low
quiescent current conditions. Generally:
Output Capacitor ESR
lv
The series regulator is a negative feedback amplifier, and as such is conditionally stable. The ESR of the output capacitor is usually used to
cancel one of the open loop poles of the error amplifier in order to produce a single pole response. Excessive ESR values may actually cause
instability by excessive changes to the closed loop unity gain frequency crossover point. The range of ESR values for stability is usually shown
either by a plot of stable ESR versus load current, or a limit statement in the datasheet.
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Some ceramic capacitors exhibit large capacitance and ESR variations with temperature. Z5U and Y5V capacitors may be required to ensure
stability at temperatures below TAMB = -10ºC. With X7R or X5R capacitors, a 4.7µF capacitor should be sufficient at all operating temperatures.
Larger output capacitor values (10µF max) help to reduce noise and improve load transient-response, stability and power-supply rejection.
9.6.3
Input Capacitor
An input capacitor at VIN is required for stability. It is recommended that a 4.7µF capacitor be connected between the AS1364 power supply
input pin VIN and ground (capacitance value may be increased without limit subject to ESR limits). This capacitor must be located at a distance
of not more than 1cm from the VIN pin and returned to a clean analog ground. Any good quality ceramic, tantalum, or film capacitor may be used
at the input.
9.6.4
Noise
The regulator output is a DC voltage with noise superimposed on the output. The noise comes from three sources; the reference, the error
amplifier input stage, and the output voltage setting resistors. Noise is a random fluctuation and if not minimized in some applications, will
produce system problems.
9.6.5
Transient Response
The series regulator is a negative feedback system, and therefore any change at the output will take a finite time to be corrected by the error
loop. This “propagation time” is related to the bandwidth of the error loop. The initial response to an output transient comes from the output
capacitance, and during this time, ESR is the dominant mechanism causing voltage transients at the output. More generally:
ca
V TRANSIENT = I OUTPUT  R ESR
Units are Volts, Amps, Ohms.
(EQ 16)
Thus an initial +50mA change of output current will produce a -12mV transient when the ESR=240m. Remember to keep the ESR within
stability recommendations when reducing ESR by adding multiple parallel output capacitors.
ni
After the initial ESR transient, there follows a voltage droop during the time that the LDO feedback loop takes to respond to the output change.
This drift is approx. linear in time and sums with the ESR contribution to make a total transient variation at the output of:
ch
T
V TRANSIENT = I OUTPUT   R ESR + ----------------

C LOAD
Units are Volts, Seconds, Farads, Ohms.
(EQ 17)
Te
Where:
CLOAD is output capacitor
T = Propagation delay of the LDO
This shows why it is convenient to increase the output capacitor value for a better support for fast load changes. Of course the formula holds for
t < “propagation time”, so that a faster LDO needs a smaller cap at the load to achieve a similar transient response. For instance 50mA load
current step produces 50mV output drop if the LDO response is 1usec and the load cap is 1µF.
There is also a steady state error caused by the finite output impedance of the regulator. This is derived from the load regulation specification
discussed above.
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
14 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - A p p l i c a t i o n I n f o r m a t i o n
9.6.6
Turn On Time
This specification defines the time taken for the LDO to awake from shutdown. The time is measured from the release of the enable pin to the
time that the output voltage is within 5% of the final value. It assumes that the voltage at VIN is stable and within the regulator Min and Max limits.
Shutdown reduces the quiescent current to very low, mostly leakage values (<1µA).
9.6.7
Thermal Protection
Te
ch
ni
ca
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
lv
al
id
To prevent operation under extreme fault conditions, such as a permanent short circuit at the output, thermal protection is built into the device.
Die temperature is measured, and when a 170ºC (AS1364) threshold is reached, the device enters shutdown. When the die cools sufficiently, the
device will restart (assuming input voltage exists and the device is enabled). Hysteresis of 20ºC prevents low frequency oscillation between startup and shutdown around the temperature threshold.
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
15 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - P a c k a g e D r a w i n g s a n d M a r k i n g s
10 Package Drawings and Markings
The device is available in an 8-pin TDFN 3x3mm package.
Figure 21. 8-pin TDFN 3x3mm Package
D
D2
B
D 2/2
al
id
A
SEE
DE TAIL B
aaa C
PIN 1 INDEX AREA
(D/2 xE/2)
4
lv
2x
E
E2
E2/2
NX L
NX K
PIN 1 INDEX AREA
(D/2 xE/2)
4
aaa C
7
2x
NX b
e
(ND -1) X e
5
bbb
C A B
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
TOP VIEW
N N -1
e
6
ddd
C
BTM VIEW
Term inal Tip
5
e/2
A
A3
ccc C
7
NX
0.08 C
C
SEATING
PLANE
A1
S IDE V IEW
D atum A or B
E VE N T E RMINAL S IDE
Typ
0.75
0.02
0.20 REF
Max
0.80
0.05
0.15
0.13
ca
0.15
0.10
0.10
0.05
0.08
0.10
Notes
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
Symbol
D BSC
E BSC
D2
E2
L

K
b
e
N
ND
Min
1.60
1.35
0.30
0º
0.20
0.25
Typ
3.00
3.00
0.40
0.30
0.65
8
4
Max
2.50
1.75
0.50
14º
0.35
Notes
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2
1, 2, 5
1, 2
1, 2, 5
ch
Notes:
Min
0.70
0.00
ni
Symbol
A
A1
A3
L1
L2
aaa
bbb
ccc
ddd
eee
ggg
Te
1. Figure 21 is shown for illustration only.
2. All dimensions are in millimeters; angles in degrees.
3. Dimensioning and tolerancing conform to ASME Y14.5 M-1994.
4. N is the total number of terminals.
5. The terminal #1 identifier and terminal numbering convention shall conform to JEDEC 95-1, SPP-012. Details of terminal #1 identifier are
optional, but must be located within the zone indicated. The terminal #1 identifier may be either a mold or marked feature.
6. Dimension b applies to metallized terminal and is measured between 0.15mm and 0.30mm from the terminal tip.
7. ND refers to the maximum number of terminals on side D.
8. Unilateral coplanarity zone applies to the exposed heat sink slug as well as the terminals
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
16 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - P a c k a g e D r a w i n g s a n d M a r k i n g s
Revision History
Revision
Date
Owner
Description
-
-
-
Initial revisions
1.5
Sep 2011
1.6
18 Nov, 2011
1.7
12 Dec, 2011
1.8
03 Apr, 2012
Changes made across document
afe
al
id
Updated equations in Power Dissipation section
Corrected Figure 1, Figure 16, Figure 17
Te
ch
ni
ca
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
lv
Note: Typos may not be explicitly mentioned under revision history.
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
17 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - O r d e r i n g I n f o r m a t i o n
11 Ordering Information
The device is available as the standard products shown in Table 5.
Table 5. Ordering Information
Marking
Output
SET/BYP
Delivery Form
Package
AS1364-BTDT-AD
ASRF
Adjustable
(preset to 3.3V)
SET
Tape and Reel
8-pin TDFN 3x3mm
al
id
Ordering Code
ASRN
1.2V
BYP
Tape and Reel
8-pin TDFN 3x3mm
AS1364-BTDT-15
ASRG
1.5V
BYP
Tape and Reel
8-pin TDFN 3x3mm
AS1364-BTDT-18
ASRH
1.8V
BYP
Tape and Reel
8-pin TDFN 3x3mm
AS1364-BTDT-30
ASRJ
3.0V
BYP
Tape and Reel
8-pin TDFN 3x3mm
AS1364-BTDT-33
ASRI
3.3V
BYP
Tape and Reel
8-pin TDFN 3x3mm
AS1364-BTDT-45
ASRK
4.5V
BYP
Tape and Reel
8-pin TDFN 3x3mm
*Future product.
lv
AS1364-BTDT-12*
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
Non-standard devices are available between 1.4V and 4.6V in 50mV steps and between 4.6V and 5.0V in 100mV steps. For more information
and inquiries contact http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/contact
Note: All products are RoHS compliant.
Buy our products or get free samples online at ICdirect: http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/ICdirect
Technical Support is available at http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/Technical-Support
Te
ch
ni
ca
For further information and requests, please contact us mailto:[email protected]
or find your local distributor at http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/distributor
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
18 - 19
AS1364
Datasheet - O r d e r i n g I n f o r m a t i o n
Copyrights
Copyright © 1997-2012, austriamicrosystems AG, Tobelbaderstrasse 30, 8141 Unterpremstaetten, Austria-Europe. Trademarks Registered ®.
All rights reserved. The material herein may not be reproduced, adapted, merged, translated, stored, or used without the prior written consent of
the copyright owner.
All products and companies mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
al
id
Disclaimer
lv
Devices sold by austriamicrosystems AG are covered by the warranty and patent indemnification provisions appearing in its Term of Sale.
austriamicrosystems AG makes no warranty, express, statutory, implied, or by description regarding the information set forth herein or regarding
the freedom of the described devices from patent infringement. austriamicrosystems AG reserves the right to change specifications and prices at
any time and without notice. Therefore, prior to designing this product into a system, it is necessary to check with austriamicrosystems AG for
current information. This product is intended for use in normal commercial applications. Applications requiring extended temperature range,
unusual environmental requirements, or high reliability applications, such as military, medical life-support or life-sustaining equipment are
specifically not recommended without additional processing by austriamicrosystems AG for each application. For shipments of less than 100
parts the manufacturing flow might show deviations from the standard production flow, such as test flow or test location.
Headquarters
ca
Contact Information
am
lc s
on A
te G
nt
st
il
The information furnished here by austriamicrosystems AG is believed to be correct and accurate. However, austriamicrosystems AG shall not
be liable to recipient or any third party for any damages, including but not limited to personal injury, property damage, loss of profits, loss of use,
interruption of business or indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages, of any kind, in connection with or arising out of the furnishing,
performance or use of the technical data herein. No obligation or liability to recipient or any third party shall arise or flow out of
austriamicrosystems AG rendering of technical or other services.
austriamicrosystems AG
Tobelbaderstrasse 30
A-8141 Unterpremstaetten, Austria
ch
ni
Tel: +43 (0) 3136 500 0
Fax: +43 (0) 3136 525 01
For Sales Offices, Distributors and Representatives, please visit:
Te
http://www.austriamicrosystems.com/contact
www.austriamicrosystems.com
Revision 1.8
19 - 19
Similar pages
PDF