DC1317A-D - Demo Manual

QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1317A-D
ACTIVE RESET ISOLATED 18-72V INPUT TO 24V @5A DC/DC POWER CONVERTER
LT1952-1
DESCRIPTION
Demonstration circuit 1317A-D is isolated input to
high current output 1/8th Brick footprint converter
featuring the LT®1952 switching controller with Active Reset circuit. The Active Reset circuit can improve the efficiency in wide input voltage applications. Also, the Active Reset allows the implementation of self-driven synchronous secondary rectifiers
in some applications.
The DC1317A-D (Figure 7) converts isolated 18V to
72V input to 24V output and provides over 5A of output current depending on cooling. When determining
the cooling requirements the actual input voltage
range and continuous maximum output current must
be taken into account. The converter operates at
220kHz with the peak efficiency greater than 94%.
The DC1317 can be easily modified to generate output voltages in the range from 0.6V to 48V. The output currents are limited by total output power of up to
150W.
The available versions of DC1317A are:
DC1317A-F, 9-36Vin to 3.3V, 22A
* DC1317A-F5, 9-36Vin to 5V, 20A
DC1317A-G, 9-36Vin to 12V, 8A
* DC1317A-G18, 9-36Vin to 18V, 5A
DC1317A-H, 9-36Vin to 48V, 1.5A
* The *DC1317A-G18 is a slightly modified design
featuring 18V @6A output. Please contact the LTC
factory for details.
The DC1317 circuit features soft-start which prevents
output voltage overshoot on startup or when recovering from overload condition.
The DC1317 has precise over-current protection circuit that allows for continuous operation under short
circuit conditions. The low power dissipation under
short circuit conditions insures high reliability even
during short circuits.
The LT1952 can be synchronized to an external clock
of up to 400kHz. Please refer to LT1952 data sheet for
design details and applications information.
DC1317A-A, 34-75Vin to 3.3V, 35A
DC1317A-B, 18-72Vin to 5V, 25A
DC1317A-C, 18-72Vin to 12V, 8A-12A
Design files for this circuit board are available. Call
the LTC factory.
DC1317A-D, 18-72Vin to 24V, 5A
LT is a trademark of Linear Technology Corporation
DC1317A-E, 36-72Vin to 5V, 12A
Table 1. Performance Summary
PARAMETER
CONDITION
VALUE
Minimum Input Voltage
IOUT = 0A to 5A
18V
Maximum Input Voltage
IOUT = 0A to 5A
72V
VOUT
VIN = 18V to72V, IOUT = 0A to 5A (7Amax)
24V ±3%
Typical Output Ripple VOUT
VIN = 18V to 72V, IOUT = 0A to 5A
100mVP–P
Nominal Switching Frequency
220kHz
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QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1317A-D
ACTIVE RESET ISOLATED 18-72V INPUT TO 24V @5A DC/DC POWER CONVERTER
QUICK START PROCEDURE
Demonstration circuit 1317 is easy to set up to evaluate the performance of LT1952-1 circuit. Refer to Figure 1 for proper measurement equipment setup and
follow the procedure below:
NOTE: When measuring the input or output voltage
ripple, care must be taken to avoid a long ground lead
on the oscilloscope probe. Measure the input or output voltage ripple by touching the probe tip directly
across the Vin or Vout and GND terminals. See Figure
2. for proper scope probe technique.
1.
With power off, connect the input power supply to
Vin and GND. Make sure that the input power supply has sufficient current rating at minimum input
voltage for the required output load.
2.
Turn on the power at the input.
NOTE: Make sure that the input voltage does not
exceed 72V including transients.
3.
Check for the proper output voltage.
Vout = 24V.
If there is no output, temporarily disconnect the
load to make sure that the load is not set too high.
4.
Once the proper output voltage is established, adjust the load within the operating range and observe the output voltage regulation, ripple voltage,
efficiency and other parameters.
5.
The DC1317 is equipped with an output capacitor
CSYS (330uF) that approximates typical system
rail capacitance. If system board already has capacitance of similar value CSYS can be removed.
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QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1317A-D
ACTIVE RESET ISOLATED 18-72V INPUT TO 24V @5A DC/DC POWER CONVERTER
Figure 1. Proper Measurement Equipment Setup
Figure 2. Scope Probe Placement for Measuring Input or Output Ripple
ACTIVE RESET CIRCUIT
The Active Reset circuit on DC1317A-D demo board
consists of a small P-Channel MOSFET Q13 and
reset capacitor C25. The MOSFET Q13 is used to
connect the reset capacitor across the transformer
T1 primary winding during the reset period when
Q1 MOSFET is off. The voltage across capacitor
C25 automatically adjusts with the duty cycle to
provide complete transformer reset under all operating conditions.
Also the active reset circuit shapes the reset voltage
into a square waveform that results in lower drain
voltages for Q1 and Q2 MOSFETs. The lower
MOSFET drain voltages allow lower voltage and
lower Rdson MOSFETs to be used. The MOSFETs
must be avalanche rated for the peak reset voltage.
If non-avalanche rated MOSFETs are used a proper
drain voltage derating should be used.
The main benefit of active reset circuit in the case of
DC1317A-D demo board is high efficiency (shown
in Figure 3), wide input range, high power density
3
QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1317A-D
ACTIVE RESET ISOLATED 18-72V INPUT TO 24V @5A DC/DC POWER CONVERTER
and small size. To achieve such high efficiency all of
the power components were carefully selected.
Please consult LT factory for assistance if any
changes to the circuit are required.
DC1317A-D 24V Output Efficiency
95%
Figure 5. Fast transient response of DC1317A-D is
superior to many competing power modules without the additional output capacitors.
Efficiency
93%
91%
89%
48V in
87%
SOFT START FUNCTION
24V in
85%
0
2
4
6
Iout [A]
Figure 3. High efficiency of DC1317A-D allows the
board to be used in thermally critical applications
OUTPUT LOAD STEP RESPONSE
The load step response of DC1317A-D is very fast
even though relatively small amount of output capacitance is present (22uF ceramic and 330uF electrolytic). This is thanks to fast error amplifier of
LT4430, optimal amount of current slope compensation of LT1952, fast opto coupler and fast error
amplifier of LT1952. If higher load steps need to be
handled more output capacitance can be added in
order to keep the voltage transients at the desired
level. The load step transients are shown in Figure
5.
The DC1317 features LT4430 opto coupler driver
that has soft start function which produces monotonic startup ramp shown if Figure 6. The rise time
of output voltage is controlled by capacitor C19 that
is connected to OC (Overshoot Control) pin of
LT4430. Also, the soft-start function will prevent
input current surges even with full load at the output.
Figure 6. The LT4430 opto coupler driver produces monotonic output voltage rise at startup
without output voltage overshoot.
DEBUGGING AND TESTING
The DC1317 can easily be tested and debugged by
powering the bias circuit separately from the main
power circuit. To place DC1317 into debug mode
4
QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1317A-D
ACTIVE RESET ISOLATED 18-72V INPUT TO 24V @5A DC/DC POWER CONVERTER
remove the resistor R1 and connect 12V, 100mA
power source to +Vb node (right side of R1). By
doing this, the primary PWM controller LT1952 can
be activated without the main primary power being
applied to +Vin.
To activate the secondary side control circuit
LT4430 diode OR a 5V, 100mA power source into
pin 1 of LT4430 controller.
If possible use solid ground planes on layers 2 and
n-1. The ground planes will prevent the switching
noise from coupling into sensitive lines.
Place sensitive lines on the inner layers that will be
shielded by grounds on layers 2 and n-1.
Keep the loop formed by Q1, RCS1, Cin and T1 tight.
Keep the loop formed by Q2, Q3 and T1 tight.
Once the primary and secondary controllers are
running the main power (+Vin) can be applied
slowly while observing the switching waveforms
and output voltage.
Keep noise sensitive nodes like SD/VSEC, ROSC, FB,
COMP, ISENSE, BLANK and DELAY as small as posible
by placing the associated components close to the
LT1952 and LT4430 chips.
The input current supplying the power transformer
T1 should not exceeded 200mA without the output
load. If one of the MOSFETs is damaged, the input
current will exceed 200mA.
Use local vias for all components that connect to
ground planes.
PCB LAYOUT
The PCB layout should be carefully planned to avoid
potential noise problems. The PCB layout for DC1317A
can be used as a guide. Since demo board DC1317A
has 8 versions the PCB layout has optional components that can be removed. The schematic in figure 7
is showing the circuit without any optional components. Also, the circuit in figure 7 does not show any
zero-ohm resistors. Please consult the schematic on
page 7 to determine if any of the options should be
included in your PCB layout.
Do not place any traces on the layers 2 and n-1 to
avoid ground planes from being compromised.
If the PCB layout has to be done on 2 or 4-layer PCB
try to stay close to the guidelines outlined above. Also,
maximize the ground connections between components by placing the components tight together.
Please contact LT factory for additional assistance.
Also, the PCB layout has a common schematic that is
used just for the layout. The PCB layout schematic is
not included in this quick start guide but it is included
with PCB design files.
Please note that the actual circuit schematic on page 7
shows the component values. The PCB layout schematic included with design files does not show the
component values.
In some cases, a different component like a diode is
used in a place holder for a capacitor such as in the
case of C6. Please modify the reference designators in
your schematic to reflect the actual component used.
The following simple PCB layout rules should be helpful.
5
QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1317A-D
ACTIVE RESET ISOLATED 18-72V INPUT TO 24V @5A DC/DC POWER CONVERTER
2.2R
18V to 72V
Q10
PBSS8110
Cin
3x2.2uF
R11
82k
-Vin
D3
+Vr2
C21
470p
3
Boost
GND
TG
Inp
TS
6
Q1
HAT2173
5
R13
22K
1
Vfb
2
Q12
BC856T
R15
169k 3
4
C13
.47u
5
6
C10
0.1u
D1
BAS516
U1
LT1952-1
R14
33K
R22
7
13.3k
8
Comp
Sout
FB=1.23V
Vin
Rosc
Out
Sync
MaxDC
PGND
Delay
Vr=2.5V
OC
SD
Isense
GND
Blank
R28
309k
R32
187k
+Vr2
D10*
100p
14
C8
100p
C33
0.1u
C9
100p
11
R23
9
1.5k
U5
LTC3900
1
R21
10k
2
3
CG
4
D9
PDZ10B
CS+
Sync
CS-
Timer
CG
GND
Vcc
FG
R19
8
7
6
5
T2A
PE-68386
FG
56k
L4
10uH
R17
560R
C12
D11
BAS516
U4
LT4430
U6
PS2801-1
1
2
Vfb
C23
1uF
C7
220p
470p
C14
10u
R26
220R
R20
75k
C11
3.3n
R10
4.7k
Out
R16
221K
Vu1
R9
47R
12
D6
B0540
2.2R
R18
10k
Q9
BCX55
D14
BAS516
Cu1
4.7u
13
10
Q13
Si2325
Vu1
15
C19
1uF
R30
1.2k
3
Opto
GND
Comp
SS
FB
C17
15n
6
5
4
R34
13.7k
R35
237k +Vo1
R38
6.04k
C15
2.2nF, 2kV
This schematic shows only the components required for operation of -D version
of DC1317A demo board.
All optional components of DC1317A demo board have been removed.
Also, all zero-ohm resistors have been replaced with wires.
Please consult the full DC1317A-D schematic to decide if any of the optional
components should be included in your design.
R27
470R
Vcc
R24
47k
NOTE:
R2
560k
BAS516
C5
0.22u
GND
D7*
330p
C6*
BAS521
C34
0.22u
R45
10k
D17
16
R29*
PMEG3002
+Vb
R53
200R
L3*
BAS521
+Vo1
Rcs1
0.006R
+
CG
R8
R54
4.7R
4
Q3
RJK2055
FG
4, 5
Out
R3
287
Q2
HAT2173
2, 3
33n
2
Vcc
24V @5A
10, 11
6
G45R2-0408.004
C25
1
C3
1u
L1
T1
U2
LTC4440-5
Vu1
+Vout
D2
BAS516
L2
D5
PDZ10B 1.5mH
+Vin
R5
10R
HR-PQA2050-27 +Vo1
7, 8
1
270u, HVH
Vu1
Csys
+Vb
R1
Co1
22uF, X7R
+Vin
+Vin
Figure 7. Demo board DC1317A-D schematic
* Please change the ref designator to reflect the symbol.
6
QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1317A-D
ACTIVE RESET ISOLATED 18-72V INPUT TO 24V @5A DC/DC POWER CONVERTER
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QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1317A-D
ACTIVE RESET ISOLATED 18-72V INPUT TO 24V @5A DC/DC POWER CONVERTER
8
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