DC1354A - Demo Manual

DEMO CIRCUIT 1 3 5 4
LT1641-1, LT1641-2, LT4256-1,
AND
LT4256-2
Q UICK
S TA RT
G UIDE
L T1 6 4 1 -1 , L T1 6 4 1 -2, L T4 25 6 -1 , a n d L T4 25 6 -2
P o s itiv e H ig h V o lta g e H o t S w a p Co n tro lle r
DESCRIPTION
The DC1354 contains one Hot Sw ap Controller, pow er
M OSFET, current sense resistor, enable circuit, input
voltage clamp, gate protection circuit, resistive output
voltage divider for feedback signal, and three LEDs to
indicate the presence of input and output voltages and
pow er good condition.
Demonstration circuit 1354 is a Positive High Voltage
Hot Sw ap Controller featuring either the LT1641-1,
LT1641-2, LT4256-1, or LT4256-2.
The board facilitates measurement of transient conditions, steady state operation w ith different loads, and
fault conditions. The Controller responds to fault conditions such as input undervoltage(UV), output pow er
good (PW RGD) fault, and overcurrent and response can
be verified by the output voltage (VOUT) LED state and
PW RGD pin signal.
Design files for this circuit board are available. Call the
LTC factory.
L, LTC, LTM , LT, Burst M ode, OPTI-LOOP, Over-The-Top and PolyPhase are registered
trademarks ofLinear Technology Corporation. Adaptive Pow er, C-Load, DirectSense, Easy
Drive, FilterCAD, Hot Sw ap, LinearView , µM odule, M icropow er Sw itcherCAD, M ultimode
Dimming, No Latency , No Latency Delta-Sigma, No R SENSE, Operational Filter, PanelProtect,
Pow erPath, Pow erSOT, SmartStart, SoftSpan, Stage Shedding, Sw itcherCAD, ThinSOT,
UltraFast and VLDO are trademarks ofLinear Technology Corporation. Other product names
may be trademarks ofthe companies that manufacture the products.
The LT1641-1 and LT4256-1 latch off, if M OSFET shuts
off under overcurrent condition, w hile LT1641-2 and
LT4256-2 automatically restart after time-out delay.
PERF ORM A NCE SU M M A RY
Specifications are atTA = 25°C
SYM BOL
VCC
PAR AM ETER
Operating Voltage
LT1641
VLKO
VCC Undervoltage Lockout
CON DITION S
M IN
9.0
10.8
7.5
LT4256
LT1641
LT4256
VUNLH
Undervoltage Threshold
LT4256
1.280
3.96
1.280
1.221
3.95
4.2
8
39
5.5
45
4.5
10
4.5
10
5
16
LT1641
35
LT4256
40
LT1641, O N pin voltage Low to High transition
LT4256, U V pin voltage Low to High transition
VFB
Feedback Voltage Threshold
LT1641, FB Low -to-High Transition,
FB High-to-Low Transition
LT4256, FB Low -to-High Transition,
FB High-to-Low Transition
VSENSETRIP SENSE Pin Trip-Voltage(VCC-VSENSE)
LT1641, VFB =0V
VFB =1V,
LT4256, VFB =0V,
∆VGATE
External N-Channel Gate Drive
VFB ≥2V
LT1641, VGATE- VCC, 10.8V ≤VCC≤20V
20 V≤VCC ≤ 80V,
LT4256, VGATE- VCC, 10.8≤VCC≤ 20V
20 V≤VCC ≤ 80V,
IGATEUP
IGATEDN
GATE Pin Pull-Up Current
GATE Pin Pull-Dow n Current
LT1641
TYP
8.3
9.8
1.313
4
1.313
1.233
3.99
4.45
12
47
14
55
8.8
11.6
10
32
70
62
M AX
80
80
8.8
1.345
4.04
1.345
1.245
4.03
4.65
17
55
22
65
18
18
12.5
12.8
20
63
100
80
UNITS
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
mV
mV
mV
mV
V
V
V
V
µA
µA
mA
mA
1
LT1641-1, LT1641-2, LT4256-1, AND LT4256-2
OPERA TING PRINCIPL ES
The LT1641-1, LT1641-2, LT4256-1, and LT4256-2 are
Positive High Voltage Hot Sw ap Controllers that have
absolute maximum supply voltage (VCC) 100V and operating range (9-80) V for LT1641 and (10.8-80) V for
LT4256. In the DC1354A any controller operates on the
+48V rail. Each board can easily be readjusted for any
rated voltage by replacing the enable circuit (R5, R11),
input voltage clamp (D1), gate protection circuit (R8,
R14, D3, D6), and resistive output voltage divider (R10,
R12). The DC1354A as supplied by the factory is assembled w ith the SUM 90N10-8m2p M OSFET in a D2PAK
package and 7mΩ current sense resistor (R1).
Q U ICK STA RT PROCEDU RE
Demonstration circuit DC1354 is easy to set up to evaluate the performance of the LT1641-1, LT1641-2,
LT4256-1, and LT4256-2. Refer Figure 1 for proper
measurement equipment setup and follow the procedure
below .
The board test is performed in several steps by measuring some transient parameters and verifying successful
or failed pow er up actions under defined conditions. In
all test steps turn on sw itch SW _PS to connect demo
board to the +48V pow er supply, turn on sw itch SW _PS
to activate controller (connecting the ENABLE pin to the
VIN +48V) and turn +48V off for resetting controller after
fault.
1. It should be noted that loading parameters such as
Low Capacitive Load, H igh Capacitive Load, Low
R esistive Load, and H igh R esistive are different for
LT4256 and for LT1641. These parameters are
show n below separately for each controller:
LTC1641
●
Low Capacitive load 1000uF,
●
High Capacitive load 8700uF,
●
Low Resistive load 10 Ω, 50W ,
●
High Resistive load 5.5 Ω .
LTC4256
●
Low Capacitive load 250uF,
●
High Capacitive load 3500uF,
●
Low Resistive load 11 Ω, 50W ,
2
●
High Resistive load 5.0 Ω .
2. Place a scope probe to the VO U T turret, turn on
controller, and measure a pow er-up time w ith no
load. For LT4256 this time must be in the range
(13.7 - 54) ms, and for LT1641- (43 - 173) ms.
3. Connect Low Capacitive Load to the output of hot
sw ap circuitry (VO U T +48V turret). Turn on controller. This pow er up should be successful and tw o
LEDs (VO U T – green - and PW R GD - orange) must
light.
NOTE. The follow ing tests verify loaded Controller performance. The
transients w ith Low Load should be successfully completed, w hile
transients w ith High Load should fail. The LT1641-1 and LT4256-1 in the
overcurrent fault condition are latched off, w hile the LT1641-2 and
LT4256-2 provide retry. To avoid pow er M OSFET damage in the LT16412 and LT4256-2 High Load tests keep sw itch SW _ON in the on position
very short time.
4. Connect H igh Capacitive Load to the output of hot
sw ap circuitry (VO U T +48V turret). Turn on controller. This pow er up should be unsuccessful, and tw o
LEDs remaining offw ill confirm this.
For LT4256-1 and LT1641-1 the failed pow er-up is indicated by the VOUT (green) and PW RGD (orange)
LED lights remaining off. Disconnect the ENABLE turret from the VIN +48V turret for short time and connect them again. The controller should be latched off
in the shut offmode,
For LT4256-2 and LT1641-2 make short time connection of the ENABLE turret and VIN +48V. The VOUT
(green) and PW RGD (orange) LED w ill blink indicating
an autoretry in the failed pow er up.
LT1641-1, LT1641-2, LT4256-1, AND LT4256-2
5. Load output w ith Low R esistive Load. Controller
should successfully keep this load.
6. Turn controller on. Load output w ith H igh R esistive
Load. Controller should fail to keep this load.
NOTE. In the designing ofthe pow er-up transient w ith mentioned
Controllers special attention should be paid to correspondence betw een
pow er M OSFET safe operating area and transient parameters (current
limit level, duration ofthe transient, relationship betw een capacitive load
and resistive load and timer period).
7. Verify that controller alive after overload test.
Figure 1. Proper M easurem entEquipm entSetup
3
LT1641-1, LT1641-2, LT4256-1, AND LT4256-2
4
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