DC1225A - Demo Manual

QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1225
HIGH EFFICIENCY SEPIC
LTC1871-1
DESCRIPTION
Demonstration circuit 1225 is high efficiency nonisolated SEPIC (Single Ended Primary Inductor Converter) converter featuring the LTC1871-1 switching
controller. The DC1225 converts 5V to 20V input to
12V output and provides over 3A of output current.
The converter operates at 300kHz with efficiency over
94%. With proper amount of airflow, the DC1225
converter can generate over 3A of output current. The
DC1225 can be easily modified to generate output
voltages in the range from 1.23V to 48V.
Also, the DC1225 can be modified for other input
voltages like 5V-36V, 9V-36V, 36V-72V, and so on.
The wider input voltage range will decrease the converter efficiency. Therefore, narrow input voltage
range will be more desirable.
The LTC1871-1 can be synchronized to an external
clock of up to 400kHz. Please refer to LTC1871-1 data
sheet for design details and applications information.
Design files for this circuit board are available. Call
the LTC factory.
LT is a trademark of Linear Technology Corporation
Table 1. Performance Summary
PARAMETER
CONDITION
VALUE
Minimum Input Voltage
IOUT = 0A to 3A
5V
Maximum Input Voltage
IOUT = 0A to 3A
20V
VOUT
VIN = 5V to 20V, IOUT = 0A to 3A
12V ±3%
Typical Output Ripple VOUT
VIN = 5V to 20V, IOUT = 0A to 3A
100mVP–P
Nominal Switching Frequency
300kHz
QUICK START PROCEDURE
Demonstration circuit 1225 is easy to set up to evaluate the performance of LTC1871-1 circuit. Refer to
Figure 1 for proper measurement equipment setup
and follow the procedure below:
NOTE: When measuring the input or output voltage
ripple, care must be taken to avoid a long ground lead
on the oscilloscope probe. Measure the input or output voltage ripple by touching the probe tip directly
across the Vin or Vout and GND terminals. See Figure
2. for proper scope probe technique.
1. With power off, connect the input power supply to
Vin and GND. Make sure that the input power supply has sufficient current rating at minimum input
voltage for the required output load.
2. Turn on the power at the input.
NOTE: Make sure that the input voltage does not
exceed 20V.
3. Check for the proper output voltage.
Vout = 12V, +/-3%.
If there is no output, temporarily disconnect the
load to make sure that the load is not set too high.
4. Once the proper output voltage is established, ad-
just the load within the operating range and observe the output voltage regulation, ripple voltage,
efficiency and other parameters.
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QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1225
HIGH EFFICIENCY SEPIC
5. The DC1225 is equipped with an output capacitor
6. The input capacitor Cin4 is optional and is used to
CSYS (150uF) that approximates typical system
rail capacitance. If system board already has capacitance of similar value CSYS can be removed.
help with filtering when board is connected to lab
supply with long leads. The capacitor Cin4 can be
removed if the input power source is close and has
low
source
impedance.
Figure 1. Proper Measurement Equipment Setup
Figure 2. Scope Probe Placement for Measuring Input or Output Ripple
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QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1225
HIGH EFFICIENCY SEPIC
CHANGING THE OUTPUT VOLTAGE
To set the output voltage lower than 12V, change
the bottom voltage divider resistor connected to FB
pin of U1 (see the schematic on page 5). For example, to get 9V output, change R3 resistor value
to 17.4k. However, keep in mind that changing the
transformer as well may increase the efficiency.
To operate at higher input voltages the optional preregulator circuit Q2 can be used. Also, if the output
voltage is in the range from 5V-36 the bias power
for U1 can be diode-ORed from the output and input. Please contact LTC factory for details.
Figure 4. Fast transient response of DC1225 is
achieved with a small ammount of output capacitance.
SOFT START FUNCTION
LTC1871-1 12Vin to 12V @3A out Efficiency
The DC1225 features Q3 soft-start circuit that controlls the inrush current and output voltage ramp at
startup. The capacitor C5 controlls the startup period. The startup waveforms are shoen in figure 5.
91%
90%
89%
88%
87%
86%
85%
84%
83%
82%
81%
80%
8V in
5V in
12V in
15V in
0
1
2
3
4
5
Iout [A]
Figure 3. High efficiency of DC1225 allows the
board to be used in thermally critical applications
with outputs over 3A.
Figure 5. The DC1225 ramps the output slowly at
startup without generating an input current surge.
OUTPUT LOAD STEP RESPONSE
The load step response of DC1225 is very fast even
though relatively small amount of output capacitance is present (120uF ceramic and 150uF electrolytic). The load step transients are shown in Figure
4.
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QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1225
HIGH EFFICIENCY SEPIC
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