DC1057A - Demo Manual

DEMO CIRCUIT 1057
LT6411 AND LTC2249 ADC
QUICK START GUIDE
DESCRIPTION
Demonstration circuit 1057 is a reference design
featuring Linear Technology Corporation’s LT6411
High Speed Amplifier/ADC Driver with an on-board
LTC2249 14-bit, 80MSPS ADC. DC1057 demonstrates good circuit layout techniques and recommended component selection for optimal system
performance. The ADC driver input and output
networks are flexible, allowing for AC or DC coupling, gains of 0dB or 6dB, single-ended or differential configurations, and signal low-pass or bandpass filtering before the ADC.
LT6411 High-Speed
ADC Driver Combo
Board
DC1057 also allows the flexibility of selecting the
CMOS output supply voltage. DC1057 includes an
on-board 40-pin edge connector for use with the
DC718 Data Acquisition demo board and Linear
Technology’s QuickEval-II data processing software,
available
on
our
website
at
http://www.linear.com.
Design files for this circuit board are available.
Call the LTC factory.
, LTC and LT are registered trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation.
QUICK START PROCEDURE
Validating the performance of the LT6411 ADC
Driver-ADC combination is simple with DC1057,
and requires only two signal generators and some
basic lab equipment. Table 1 shows the function of
each I/O connector and selectable jumper on the
board. Refer to Figure 1 for proper board evaluation equipment setup and follow the procedure below:
1. Connect the power supplies as shown. The
power supply connector labeled VCC powers
the ADC driver. VDD powers the ADC, and
OVDD provides power to both the ADC output
stage and the two CMOS output buffers. The
entire board and all components share common
ground planes. Check the supply voltages before applying power, to avoid damage from overvoltage conditions.
2. Provide an encode clock to the ADC via SMA
connector J4. For best performance, a highquality sine wave synthesizer with an external
band-pass filter will provide a stable, low-phasenoise clock source. A crystal oscillator will also
provide good performance. DC1057 includes an
on-board clock amplifier/buffer IC to provide a
large-amplitude clock source to the ADC.
NOTE. A poor quality encode clock can significantly degrade the
signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the driver-ADC combination.
Table 1: DC1057 Connectors and Descriptions
REFERENCE
FUNCTION
Analog Input (50Ω termination impedJ1 (AIN+)
ance)
Analog Input (by default, tied to ground
J2 (AIN-)
via resistor R16 for single-ended-todifferential conversion)
Provides direct connection to DC718.
J3 (40-pin conn)
CMOS Output Buffers provide parallel
data output and clock signals (see schematic)
J4 (Encode
ADC Encode Clock. For best performance, use a high-quality low-jitter clock
Clock)
source.
JP1 (ENABLE)
Enable/Disable LT6411. Default is EN.
3. Apply an input signal to the board. DC1057 allows great flexibility in applying input signals
(see the section on Applying Input Signals). For
best results, use a low distortion, low noise signal generator with high order low-pass or band-
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LT6411 AND LTC2249 ADC
ing software. See Figure 2 for the general board
evaluation setup diagram.
pass filtering to avoid degrading the performance of the ADC driver and ADC.
4. Observe the ADC output with demo circuit
DC718, a USB cable, a Windows computer, and
Linear Technology’s QuickEval-II data process-
NOTE. Even a high-quality signal
synthesizer will still have noise
and harmonics that could be
attenuated with a low-pass or
band-pass filter. For good-quality
high order filters, see TTE, Lark
Engineering, or equivalent.
NOTE. See the DC718 Quick Start Guide for instructions on using
the DC718 QuickDAACS data acquisition demo board.
Amplifier Power Supply
ADC Power Supply
BPF
Signal
Generator
HP 8644B
or equiv
To DC718
Signal Generator
HP 8644B or equiv
BPF
Power Supply
CMOS Output
Figure 1. Proper Evaluation Equipment Setup
Input Signal Generator
with LPF, BPF
DC718
Windows PC
QuickDAACS USB w/ QuickEval-II
Data Acquisition
Processing
Board
Software
Figure 2. Evaluation Setup with DC718, Computer, and QuickEval-II Software
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LT6411 HIGH-SPEED ADC DRIVER COMBO BOARD
Figure 3. DC1057 Input Network, see Table 2 and text for configuration options
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Although the DC1057 demo board is ready to use,
it has additional flexibility built in for various types
of input networks, filtering configurations, and single-ended or differential inputs. Below is some information about configuring DC1057 to meet the
specific needs of any application.
APPLYING INPUT SIGNALS
The input network consists of various components
designed to allow either single-ended or differential
inputs, transformer-coupled or DC-coupled. Table
2 and Figure 4 show some possible input configurations, and which components to install. Linear
Technology’s ADC driver families are generally
characterized and designed for both single-ended
and differential input drive, but for optimal performance differential input drive (or transformercoupled drive) is recommended. By default, transformer drive is used on DC1057 so that only a single-ended input is needed. See the LT6411 data-
sheet for more comprehensive information on possible configurations.
Table 2: DC1057 Input Configuration Guide
CONFIGURATION
COMPONENTS NECESSARY
Single-Ended InInstall 0Ω jumper at R16 or R6.
put
Install transformer T1. Install 25Ω at R7
Transformer Drive
and R13 for impedance matching.
Establish DC bias by using R37 and R38
Gain = +2
or R2/R3 and R17/R18.
(default, not
Tie feedback resistors to AC ground
shown)
through 0.1µF at C5 and C9 (or replace
with 0Ω resistors if using dual supplies).
Single-Ended InInstall 0Ω jumper at R16. Install R6 for
put
impedance matching.
Single-Ended
Remove T1, C5, C9. Install 0Ω at R5, R10,
Drive
R39, R42.
Install 0.1µF at C33, C34. Establish DC
Gain = +2
bias with R17, R18 resistors.
(Figure 4a)
Install 0Ω at R5, R10.
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LT6411 HIGH-SPEED ADC DRIVER COMBO BOARD
Remove R16 and R6. Install 0Ω at R39,
R42.
Remove T1. Install 0.1µF at C33, C34.
Install R7 and R13 for impedance matching.
Establish DC bias by using R37 and R38
or R2/R3 and R17/R18.
Tie feedback resistors to AC ground
through 0.1µF at C5 and C9 (or replace
with 0Ω resistors if using dual supplies).
Remove R16 and R6. Install 0Ω at R39,
Differential Input
R42.
AC-Coupled
Remove T1. Install 0.1µF at C33, C34.
Gain = +1
Install R7 and R13 for impedance match(Figure 4c)
ing.
Establish DC bias by using R37 and R38
or R2/R3 and R17/R18.
Install 0Ω at R5, R14 to establish gain of
+1.
Differential Input
Remove R16 and R6.
AC-Coupled
Remove T1. Install 0.1µF at C33, C34.
Gain = -1
Install R7 or R13 for impedance matching.
Establish DC bias by using R2/R3 and
(Figure 4d)
R17/R18.
Install 0Ω at R40, R41 to establish gain of 1.
Differential Input
Remove R16 and R6
AC-Coupled
Remove T1. Install 0.1µF at C33, C34.
Gain = +3
Install R7 or R13 for impedance matching.
Establish DC bias by using R37 and R38
(Figure 4e)
or R2/R3 and R17/R18.
Install 0Ω jumpers in the positions shown
in Figure 4e, to establish gain of +3.
Differential Input
Remove R16 and R6.
DC-Coupled*
Remove T1. Install 0Ω at R39, R42.
(Figure 4f)
Install R7 or R13 for impedance matching.
Remove CIN+ and CIN-, replace with 0Ω.
Install 0Ω jumpers at C5, C9.
NOTE. * When driving the ADC driver with a direct DC-coupled
path, be aware of the increased input currents that may occur due to
the output common-mode voltage and internal resistor networks.
Differential Input
AC-Coupled
Gain = +2
(Figure 4b)
POWER SUPPLY BYPASS CAPACITANCE
Depending on the quality of the power supplies
provided to DC1057, it may be desirable to add
larger bulk capacitors at C1, C29, C30, and C31.
This will not be necessary with clean, lowimpedance power supplies.
FILTER NETWORKS
For narrowband input signals, L1 and C6 are included at the output of the ADC driver for easy
band-pass filter design. In addition, there are extra
pads for resistors, capacitors, and other filter network components at the output of the LT6411.
CHANGING THE ADC DRIVER’S OUTPUT
COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE
The output common-mode voltage of the ADC
driver must be set either at the input of the LT6411
(see Table 2), or by AC coupling the output of the
LT6411. R24 and R25 are optional resistors connected to the VCM output of the ADC that can be
installed to apply the proper common-mode voltage to the ADC inputs.
QUICKDAACS CIRCUITRY
Logic gate U6, installed on the back of DC1057,
enables the CMOS output buffers when DC1057 is
plugged into DC718, which pulls its input high. Device U5 is an EEPROM device that is used by the
QuickEval software, and does not affect board operation or performance.
USING QUICKEVAL-II SOFTWARE
The DC common-mode voltage requirements of
Linear Technology’s ADC drivers do not always
extend to ground (the negative supply voltage).
When replacing CIN+ and CIN- with 0Ω jumpers,
make sure to level-shift the inputs so that the ADC
driver’s input common-mode voltage requirement
is met.
QuickEval-II, downloadable from Linear Technology’s website http://www.linear.com/, processes
data from the DC718 QuickDAACS board and displays FFT and signal analysis information on the
computer screen. This section describes how to
use the software to view the output from DC1057.
Recommended 1:1 transformers for populating T1
are M-A/Com’s ETC1-1-13 and ETC1-1T.
The first step is to select the correct input board.
See Figure 5 From the Configure menu in the
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LT6411 HIGH-SPEED ADC DRIVER COMBO BOARD
toolbar, select DC718 (QuickDAACs). The next
step is to use the proper settings for the DC1057
output. See Figure 6 Select the correct device from
the menu bar, and select the “Randomized” option
if the output randomizer is turned on (via JP4). After configuration is through, the program should be
ready to collect and display data. See the Help file
for instructions on general software use.
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LT6411 HIGH-SPEED ADC DRIVER COMBO BOARD
A
B
C
D
E
F
Figure 4. Pictures of DC1057 input network configurations. Blocks show where components should be mounted, according to Table 2.
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LT6411 HIGH-SPEED ADC DRIVER COMBO BOARD
Figure 5. Selecting the correct input to QuickEval-II
Figure 6. Entering the correct device information for your ADC. Select the correct device for your board.
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LT6411 HIGH-SPEED ADC DRIVER COMBO BOARD
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LT6411 HIGH-SPEED ADC DRIVER COMBO BOARD
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