DC1335B-C - Demo Manual

QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1335B-C
HIGH POWER, HIGH EFFICIENCY POE PD INTERFACE WITH INTEGRATED SWITCHING
REGULATOR
LTC4269IDKD-1
DESCRIPTION
Demonstration circuit 1335B-C is a high-power
supply featuring the LTC®4269IDKD-1. This
board acts as an IEEE 802.3at compliant, high
power Power-over-Ethernet (PoE), Powered
Device (PD) and connects at the RJ45 to a
compatible high power Power Sourcing
Equipment (PSE) device, such as the DC1366.
The LTC4269IDKD-1 provides IEEE802.3at
standard (PoE+) PD interfacing and power
supply control. When the PD is fully powered,
the PD interface switches power over from the
PSE to the switcher through an internal, low
resistance, high power MOSFET. The highly
integrated LTC4269IDKD-1 controls a high-
Table 1.
power, small-sized power supply that utilizes a
highly-efficient isolated flyback topology with
synchronous rectification. The DC1335B-C
supplies a 12V output at up to 2A.
DC1335B-C also demonstrates the use of an
auxiliary 48V wall adapter. When present, the
auxiliary supply becomes the dominant supply
over PoE to provide power.
Design files for this circuit board are available. Call the LTC factory.
, LTC and LT are registered trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation.
Performance Summary (TA = 25°C)
PARAMETER
CONDITION
VALUE
Port Voltage (VPORT)
At Ethernet port
37V – 57V
Auxiliary Voltage (VAUX)
From Aux- to Aux+ terminals
44V – 57V
Output Voltage (VOUT) Initial Set-point
VPORT = 37V to 57V, IOUT = 0A to 5A
12.1V ± 1%
Maximum Output Current
VPORT = 42V
1.8A
Typical Output Voltage Ripple
VIN = 50V, IOUT = 6.6A
60mVP–P (typ)
Output Regulation
Over Entire Input Voltage and Output Current Range ±0.25% (typ)
Load Transient Response
Peak to Peak Deviation with Load Step of 1A to 2A
±500mV (< ±5%) (typ)
Settling Time (within 1% of VOUT)
< 120us (typ)
Switching Frequency
Efficiency
250kHz (typ)
VPORT = 50V, IOUT = 2A, not incl. diode bridge
90.8% (typ)
OPERATING PRINCIPLES
A compatible high power PSE board, such as
the DC1366, is connected to the DC1335B-C at
the RJ45 connector J1 (see the schematic). As
required by IEEE802.3at, a diode bridge is used
across the data pairs and signal pairs. Schottky
diodes (D2-9) are used at the input to improve
efficiency over standard diode bridges. The
LTC4269IDKD-1 provides an IEEE802.3at
standard PoE 25k signature resistance and is
set for a power class 4. When the PD is pow-
1
QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1335B-C
HIGH POWER, HIGH EFFICIENCY POE PD INTERFACE WITH INTEGRATED SWITCHING
REGULATOR
ered and voltage is above the PoE “On Voltage”, the LTC4269IDKD-1 switches the port
voltage over to the power supply controller
through its internal MOSFET which lies between the VPORTN and VNEG pins. This voltage
charges C18/19 through a trickle charge resistor, R9 to power the bias pin, VCC, of the power
supply controller. Once the bias power gets to
its VCC(ON) threshold, the IC begins a controlled
soft-start of the output. As the output voltage
rises, bias power is taken over by the bias supply made up of T1’s bias winding and D11.
When the soft-start period is over, the output
voltage is regulated by observing the pulses
across the bias winding during the flyback time.
The Primary Gate drive (PG) and Synchronous
Gate (SG) drive is then Pulse Width Modulated
(PWM) in order to keep the output voltage constant. The synchronous gate drive signal is
transmitted to the secondary via the small signal transformer, T2. The output of T2 then
drives a discrete gate drive buffer, R22 and
Q6/7 in order to achieve fast gate transition
times, hence a higher efficiency.
The two-stage input filter, C5, L2, and C6 and
output filter, C1/3, L1, and C10 are the reasons
that this PoE flyback supply has exceptionally
low differential mode conducted emissions.
QUICK START PROCEDURE
Demonstration circuit 1335B-C is easy to set up
to evaluate the performance of the
LTC4269IDKD-1 in a PoE+ PD application. Refer to Figure 1 for proper equipment setup and
follow the procedure below:
NOTE: When
measuring the input or output voltage ripple, care must be taken to avoid a long
ground lead on the oscilloscope probe. Measure the output (or input) voltage ripple by touching the probe tip and probe ground directly
across the +VOUT and –VOUT (or VPORT_P
and VPORT_N) terminals. See Figure 2 for
proper scope probe technique.
1. Place
test equipment (voltmeter, ammeter,
and electronic load) across output.
2. Input
a. Connect
a PoE+ capable PSE with a CAT-5
cable to the RJ45 connector, J1. See Figure
1.
b. Or, connect a 37V to 57V capable power
supply (“Power Supply” in Figure 1) across
VPORT_P and VPORT_N.
c. If evaluating the auxiliary power supply
(“Auxiliary Supply” in Figure 1) capability,
connect a 44V to 57V capable power supply
across AUX+ to AUX-.
3. Check
for the proper output voltage of 12.1V.
4. Once
the proper output voltage is confirmed,
adjust the load within the operating range and
observe the output voltage regulation, ripple
voltage, efficiency and other parameters.
supplies:
2
QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1335B-C
HIGH POWER, HIGH EFFICIENCY POE PD INTERFACE WITH INTEGRATED SWITCHING
REGULATOR
Figure 1. Proper Measurement Equipment Setup
Figure 2. Measuring Input or Output Ripple
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QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1335B-C
HIGH POWER, HIGH EFFICIENCY POE PD INTERFACE WITH INTEGRATED SWITCHING
REGULATOR
MEASURED DATA
Figures 3 through 9 are measured data for a typical DC1335B-C.
Figure 3. Efficiency (not including Diode Bridge) and Output Voltage (V2) Regulation
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QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1335B-C
HIGH POWER, HIGH EFFICIENCY POE PD INTERFACE WITH INTEGRATED SWITCHING
REGULATOR
Figure 4. Input and Output Ripple (48Vport, 2A)
Figure 5. Load Transient Response (50Vport, 1A to 2A to 1A)
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QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1335B-C
HIGH POWER, HIGH EFFICIENCY POE PD INTERFACE WITH INTEGRATED SWITCHING
REGULATOR
Figure 6. Temp Data (37Vport, 2A, Top)
Figure 7. Temp Data (37Vport, 2A, Bottom)
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QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1335B-C
HIGH POWER, HIGH EFFICIENCY POE PD INTERFACE WITH INTEGRATED SWITCHING
REGULATOR
Figure 8. Stresses (57Vport, 2A)
Figure 9. Stresses (42Vport, 2A)
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QUICK START GUIDE FOR DEMONSTRATION CIRCUIT 1335B-C
HIGH POWER, HIGH EFFICIENCY POE PD INTERFACE WITH INTEGRATED SWITCHING
REGULATOR
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