DC1638A - Demo Manual

DEMO CIRCUIT 1638A
LTC5587
QUICK START
GUIDE
LTC5587
6GHz RMS Power Detector
with 12-bit Digital Output
DESCRIPTION
Demonstration circuit 1638A is a Mean-Squared Power
Detector with integrated 12-bit ADC featuring the
LTC®5587 IC.
The LTC5587 is a wide dynamic range Mean Squared
RF Power Detector, operational from 10MHz to 6GHz,
with sample rate up to 500ksps. The input dynamic
range at 2.14GHz, with ±1dB nonlinearity, is 40dB
(from –34dBm to +6dBm, single-ended 50 input).
The detector output, VOUT is also the input to the
internal ADC, the digital output slope is typically
70LSB/dB, and the typical output variation over
temperature is ±1dB at 2.14GHz.
LTC5587 has the internal 12-bit SPI compatible ADC.
DC1638A demonstrates the performance in
conjunction with DC590B Quick-Eval board. The
DC590B board samples the ADC at approximately
200Hz. Faster sampling rate is possible, contact LTC
applications for more information.
The 1638A Demo Circuit input is optimized for wide
frequency range of 1.75GHz to 2.2GHz. However,
input match can be shifted down to 10MHz or up to
6GHz with simple external matching.
Design files for this demo board are available. Call
the LTC factory.
LTC is a trademark of Linear Technology Corporation
Typical Performance Summary (VCC = VDD = OVDD = 3.3V, EN=3.3V, VREF =1.8V, VOUT =ADC OUTPUT(LSB) *1.8/4096,TA = 25°C, unless otherwise
noted. Test circuit shown in Figure 1.)
PARAMETER
CONDITION
TYPICAL VALUE
OVDD Supply Voltage
1.0 to VDD
VDD Supply Voltage
2.7V to 3.6V
VCC Supply Voltage
Should be equal to VDD
VREF Reference Voltage
2.7V to 3.6V
1.4 to VDD +0.05V
Total Supply Current
No RF input signal, ADC operational at 500ksps
3mA
Shutdown Current
EN = 0.3V, CONV=3.3V, ADC Sleep-Mode
0.2μA
EN Voltage
Low, Chip Disabled
HIGH, Chip Enabled
0.3V max
2V min
EN Input Current
VEN = 0V
VEN = 3.3V
0μA
20μA
Output Detector Voltage, VOUT
No Input Signal Present
0.18V
Rise Time(1000pF on VOUT)
0.2V to 1.6V, 10% to 90%, FRF = 2140 MHz
1μs
Fall Time(1000pF on VOUT)
1.6V to 0.2V, 90% to 10%, FRF = 2140 MHz
8μs
Input Frequency Range
With external matching components
10MHz to 6GHz
RF Input Power Range
CW input: Externally Matched to 50Ω Source
-34 to 6 dBm
Linear Dynamic Range, CW
±1 dB linearity error
40 dB
f = 880MHz
Output Slope
73LSB/dB
Logarithmic Intercept
-42dBm
1
LTC5587
Output Variation vs Temperature
PIN = -34 to +6dBm
±1 dB
Deviation from CW Response
EDGE 3π/8 Shifted 8PSK, PIN = -34 to +6dBm
±0.1 dB
RF Input Power Range
CW input: Externally Matched to 50Ω Source
-34 to 6 dBm
Linear Dynamic Range, CW
±1 dB linearity error
43 dB
f = 2140MHz
Output Slope
73 LSB/dB
Logarithmic Intercept
-42dBm
Output Variation vs Temperature
PIN = -34 to +6dBm
±1 dB
Deviation from CW Response
12 dB peak-to-average ratio (4 carrier WCDMA)
±0.5 dB
±1 dB linearity error
36dB
F=3500MHz
Linear Dynamic Range, CW
Slope
73LSB/dB
Logarithmic Intercept
-40dBm
Output Variation vs Temperature
PIN = -30 to +6dBm
±1 dB
Deviation from CW Response
WiMAX OFDM Burst; PIN = -34 to +4dBm
±0.5dB
ADC Resolution
(no missing code)
12 bits
Differential Linearity Error
EN=0V, Voltage on VOUT=0V to 1.8V, VREF=1.8V
±0.25
Measurement Resolution
1LSB= VREF/(4096*29mV/dB), VREF=1.8V
15mdB
ADC Resolution
Table 1. Jumper Description for DC1638A
JUMPER FUNCTION
JP1
VDD, ADC power supply voltage
JP2
VREF, ADC reference input voltage
JP3
OVDD, ADC output driver supply voltage
RANGE/SETTING (DEFAULT)
3.3V
VREG=1.8V
3.3V
DC590B QUICK START PROCEDURE
The DC590B is a USB controller board that allows PC to
communicate through serial data interface. The Quick
start guide for DC590B can be found here:
http://cds.linear.com/docs/Reference%20Design/dc590B.
pdf. Download and install the QuickEval software
supplied
for
DC590B
here:
http://www.linear.com/designtools/software/quick_eval.js
p. Connect DC590B to the host PC with the USB A/B
cable.
1. Connect the DC1638A to the DC590B USB serial
controller board using the supplied 14conductor ribbon cable.
2
2. Set VCCIO on DC590B to 3.3V on the USB
controller board.
3. Set the JP4, the “EN”, which will enable the
EEPROM for DC590B to automatically recognize
the DC1638A board with LTC5587 when
connected.
4. Set JP5 to ON, for both ISO and SW, they
provide the VCCIO voltage to DC1638.
5. JP1, and JP2 are not used. Leave open.
LTC5587
DC1638A QUICK START PROCEDURE
Demonstration circuit 1638A is easy to set up to
evaluate the performance of the LTC5587. Refer to
Figure 2 for measurement equipment setup and follow
the procedure below:
1. Connect DC power negative (-) supply to GND
test point.
2. Connect DC power positive(+) supply to VCC
and EN.
3. Set JP1(VDD) to 3.3V. This will power the
LTC5587 Digital supply using the on board 3.3V
regulator. The on board 3.3V regulator receives
power from the DC590B board.
4. Set JP2(VREF) to VREG. This will supply the
VREF using the on board 1.8V regulator. The on
board 1.8V regulator receives power from the
VCC supply.
5. Set JP3(OVDD) to 3.3V. This will power up the
ADC output digital driver using the on board
3.3V regulator, which gets the power from
DC590B.
6. Connect the signal generator’s output to
J1(RFIN), using the SMA connector. A 3dB
attenuator pad may be used to improve
broadband match, which will shift the detected
power range up by 3dB.
7. The LTC5587 software control panel
automatically opens when the DC1638A demo
board is connected to the DC590B board. Using
the Quick Eval software, set the VREF voltage to
1.8V.
8. Click on Collect to start reading the ADC.
NOTES:
1. The voltage on the EN test point must never
exceed VCC + 0.3V.
Figure 1. Standard Demo Board Return Loss
2. For digitally modulated signals, an oscilloscope
can be used to observe the AC components of
the output.
3. If no DC power supply is available. DC1638A can
also be power up using the on board 3.3V
regulator. Connect the 3.3V test point to VCC
and EN.
4. Pin 6, CSQ is the Optional Low Frequency Range
Extension Capacitor.
Use this pin for
frequencies below 250MHz. Connect 0.01uF
from Pin 8 to ground for 10MHz operation.
5. The software can display either ADC count, or
the calculated voltage based on the ADC VREF
input. Go to tools=>options to select.
6. The vertical axis can be toggled between Auto
and Full by clicking on it at the upper left corner
of the control panel.
7. Do not exceed +15dBm, the absolute maximum
average RF input power.
8. Vout is the analog input voltage to the ADC.
VREF defines the full-scale output range of ADC,
0V to VREF.
3
LTC5587
9. The Software allows datalog of output data, and
saves the file as .adc format, which Microsoft
Excel® can be used to open. Equivalent output
voltage can be calculated from the ADC code
based on the VREF as follows.
=
Where VREF=1.8V for the standard demo board.
10. Linearity Error at any input power level can be
calculated from the Vout, given the best fit
slope and Log intercept, as follows:
Best fit slope is taken for Pin from -20dBm to 0dBm.
11. Averaging Function can be turned on by clicking
on the upper left hand corner on the front control
panel, Figure 3.
4
LTC5587
Figure 2. Proper test setup to connect DC1638A demo board to DC590A
5
LTC5587
2. Press “Collect” to
start reading ADC
1. Set the ADC Reference
Voltage to 1.8V
Press to turn on averaging
Toggle
Vertical
Axis
between “Full” and “Auto”
Figure 3. Front Control Panel for LTC5587. With no RF input signal.
6
Calculated Voltage Output (V)
LTC5587
Table 2. RF Input Modifications for various Frequency Ranges.
7
LTC5587
8
Similar pages