PHILIPS CLRC66301HN

CLRC663
Contactless reader IC
Rev. 3.3 — 3 April 2012
171133
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
1. Introduction
This document describes the functionality and electrical specifications of the contactless
reader/writer IC CLRC663.
2. General description
The CLRC663 is a highly integrated transceiver IC for contactless communication at
13.56 MHz.
The CLRC663 transceiver IC supports the following operating modes
• Read/write mode supporting ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE
• Read/write mode supporting ISO/IEC 14443B
• Read/write mode supporting JIS X 6319-4 (comparable with FeliCa1 (see
Section 21.5) scheme)
•
•
•
•
Passive initiator mode according to ISO/IEC 18092
Read/write mode supporting ISO/IEC 15693
Read/write mode supporting ICODE EPC UID/ EPC OTP
Read/write mode supporting ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC Class-1 HF
The CLRC663’s internal transmitter is able to drive a reader/writer antenna designed to
communicate with ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE cards and transponders without additional
active circuitry. The digital module manages the complete ISO/IEC 14443A framing and
error detection functionality (parity and CRC).
The CLRC663 supports MIFARE Classic 1K, MIFARE Classic 4K, MIFARE Ultralight,
MIFARE Ultralight C, MIFARE PLUS and MIFARE DESFire products. The CLRC663
supports MIFARE higher transfer speeds of up to 848 kbit/s in both directions.
The CLRC663 supports layer 2 and 3 of the ISO/IEC 14443B reader/writer
communication scheme except anticollision. The anticollision needs to be implemented in
the firmware of the host controller as well as in the upper layers.
The CLRC663 is able to demodulate and decode FeliCa coded signals.The FeliCa
receiver part provides the demodulation and decoding circuitry for FeliCa coded signals.
The CLRC663 handles the FeliCa framing and error detection such as CRC. The
CLRC663 supports FeliCa higher transfer speeds of up to 424 kbit/s in both directions.
1.
In the following the word FeliCa is used for JIS X 6319-4
CLRC663
NXP Semiconductors
Contactless reader IC
The CLRC663 is supporting the P2P passive initiator mode in accordance with
ISO/IEC 18092.
The CLRC663 supports the vicinity protocol according to ISO/IEC15693, EPC UID and
ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC Class-1 HF.
The following host interfaces are supported:
• Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)
• Serial UART (similar to RS232 with voltage levels dependent on pin voltage supply)
• I2C-bus interface (two versions are implemented: I2C and I2CL)
The CLRC663 supports the connection of a secure access module (SAM). A dedicated
separate I2C interface is implemented for a connection of the SAM. The SAM can be used
for high secure key storage and acts as a very performant crypto coprocessor. A
dedicated SAM is available for connection to the CLRC663.
3. Features and benefits
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
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
High RF output power frontend IC for transfer speed up to 848 kbit/s
Supports ISO/IEC 14443 A/MIFARE, ISO/IEC 14443 B and FeliCa
P2P passive initiator mode in accordance with ISO/IEC 18092
Supports ISO/IEC15693, ICODE EPC UID and ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC
Class-1 HF
Supports MIFARE Classic encryption in read/write mode
Low-Power Card Detection
Compliance to “EMV contactless protocol specification V2.0.1” on RF level can be
achieved
Antenna connection with minimum number of external components
Supported host interfaces:
 SPI up to 10 Mbit/s
 I2C-bus interfaces up to 400 kBd in Fast mode, up to 1000 kBd in Fast mode plus
 RS232 Serial UART up to 1228.8 kBd, with voltage levels dependent on pin
voltage supply
Separate I2C-bus interface for connection of a secure access module (SAM)
FIFO buffer with size of 512 byte for highest transaction performance
Flexible and efficient power saving modes including hard power down, standby and
low-power card detection
Cost saving by integrated PLL to derive system CPU clock from 27.12 MHz RF quartz
crystal
3.3 V to 5 V power supply
Up to 8 free programmable input/output pins
Typical operating distance in read/write mode for communication to a
ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE Card up to 12 cm, depending on the antenna size and
tuning
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Rev. 3.3 — 3 April 2012
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Contactless reader IC
4. Quick reference data
Table 1.
Quick reference data
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
supply voltage
Conditions
VDD(TVDD)
TVDD supply voltage
VDD(PVDD)
PVDD supply voltage
Ipd
power-down current
IDD
supply current
IDD(TVDD)
TVDD supply current
Tamb
ambient temperature
Tstg
storage temperature
[1]
PDOWN pin pulled HIGH
[2]
[3][4]
no supply voltage applied
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
3
5
5.5
V
3
5
5.5
V
3
5
5.5
V
-
8
40
nA
-
17
20
mA
-
100
200
mA
25
+25
+85
C
40
+25
+100
C
[1]
VDD(PVDD) must always be the same or lower voltage than VDD.
[2]
Ipd is the sum of all supply currents
[3]
IDD(TVDD) depends on VDD(TVDD) and the external circuitry connected to TX1 and TX2.
[4]
Typical value: Assumes the usage of a complementary driver configuration and an antenna matched to 40  between pins TX1, TX2 at
13.56 MHz.
5. Ordering information
Table 2.
Ordering information
Type number
Package
Name
CLRC66301HN[1]
CLRC66301HN[2]
Description
HVQFN32 plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads;
32 terminals + 1 central ground; body 5  5  0.85 mm
[1]
Delivered in one tray, CLRC66301HN/TRAYB.
[2]
Delivered in five trays CLRC66301HN/TRAYBM.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
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Version
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Rev. 3.3 — 3 April 2012
171133
SOT617-1
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Contactless reader IC
6. Block diagram
The analog interface handles the modulation and demodulation of the antenna signals for
the contactless interface.
The contactless UART manages the protocol dependency of the contactless interface
settings managed by the host.
The FIFO buffer ensures fast and convenient data transfer between host and the
contactless UART.
The register bank contains the settings for the analog and digital functionality.
REGISTER BANK
ANTENNA
ANALOG
INTERFACE
CONTACTLESS
UART
FIFO
BUFFER
SERIAL UART
SPI
I2C-BUS
HOST
001aaj627
Fig 1.
Simplified block diagram of the CLRC663
25 PVDD
26 IFSEL0
27 IFSEL1
28 IF0
29 IF1
30 IF2
terminal 1
index area
31 IF3
32 IRQ
7. Pinning information
TDO
1
TDI
2
24 SDA
TMS
3
TCK
4
SIGIN
5
SIGOUT
6
19 XTAL1
DVDD
7
18 TVDD
VDD
8
17 TX1
(1)
23 SCL
22 CLKOUT
21 PDOWN
TVSS 16
20 XTAL2
TX2 15
VMID 14
RXN 13
RXP 12
AUX2 11
9
AVDD
AUX1 10
CLRC663
001aam004
Transparent top view
(1) Pin 33 VSS - heatsink connection
Fig 2.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
Pinning configuration HVQFN32 (SOT617-1)
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Contactless reader IC
7.1 Pin description
Table 3.
Pin description
Pin
Symbol
Type
Description
1
TDO
O
test data output for boundary scan interface
2
TDI
I
test data input boundary scan interface
3
TMS
I
test mode select boundary scan interface
4
TCK
I
test clock boundary scan interface
5
SIGIN
I
Contactless communication interface output.
6
SIGOUT
O
Contactless communication interface input.
7
DVDD
PWR
digital power supply buffer [1]
8
VDD
PWR
power supply
9
AVDD
PWR
analog power supply buffer [1]
10
AUX1
O
auxiliary outputs: Pin is used for analog test signal
11
AUX2
O
auxiliary outputs: Pin is used for analog test signal
12
RXP
I
receiver input pin for the received RF signal.
13
RXN
I
receiver input pin for the received RF signal.
14
VMID
PWR
internal receiver reference voltage [1]
15
TX2
O
transmitter 2: delivers the modulated 13.56 MHz carrier
16
TVSS
PWR
transmitter ground, supplies the output stage of TX1, TX2
17
TX1
O
transmitter 1: delivers the modulated 13.56 MHz carrier
18
TVDD
PWR
transmitter voltage supply
19
XTAL1
I
crystal oscillator input: Input to the inverting amplifier of the oscillator. This is pin is also the
input for an externally generated clock (fosc = 27,12 MHz)
20
XTAL2
O
crystal oscillator output: output of the inverting amplifier of the oscillator
21
PDOWN
I
Power Down
22
CLKOUT
O
clock output.
23
SCL
O
Serial Clock line
24
SDA
I/O
Serial Data Line
25
PVDD
PWR
pad power supply
26
IFSEL0
I
host interface selection 0
27
IFSEL1
I
host interface selection 1
28
IF0
I/O
interface pin, multifunction pin: Can be assigned to host interface RS232, SPI, I2C, I2C-L
29
IF1
I/O
interface pin, multifunction pin: Can be assigned to host interface SPI, I2C, I2C-L
30
IF2
I/O
interface pin, multifunction pin: Can be assigned to host interface RS232, SPI, I2C, I2C-L
31
IF3
I/O
interface pin, multifunction pin: Can be assigned to host interface RS232, SPI, I2C, I2C-L
32
IRQ
O
interrupt request: output to signal an interrupt event
33
VSS
PWR
ground and heatsink connection
[1]
This pin is used for connection of a buffer capacitor. Connection of a supply voltage might damage the device.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
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171133
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CLRC663
Product data sheet
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8. Functional description
SAM interface
SDA
SCL
I2C,
LOGICAL
FIFO
512 Bytes
EEPROM
8 kByte
SPI
host interfaces
RESET
LOGIC
Rev. 3.3 — 3 April 2012
171133
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IFSEL1
IFSEL0
PDOWN
I2C
IF0
REGISTERS
IF1
RS232
IF2
STATEMACHINES
IF3
SPI
ANALOGUE FRONT-END
VDD
TCK
TDI
TMS
TDO
BOUNDARY
SCAN
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
3/5 V =>
1.8 V
DVDD
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
3/5 V =>
1.8 V
AVDD
POR
RNG
VSS
PVDD
TVDD
TVSS
AVDD
DVDD
TIMER0..3
CRC
Fig 3.
Detailed block diagram of the CLRC663
SIGIN/
SIGOUT
CONTROL
SIGIN
SIGOUT
RX
DECOD
ADC
LPO
PLL
CLCOPRO
SIGPRO
CLKOUT
AUX1
RX
TX
RXP
VMID RXN
TX2
TX1
OSC
XTAL2
XTAL1
AUX2
001aam005
CLRC663
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IRQ
TX
CODEC
Contactless reader IC
INTERRUPT
CONTROLLER
TIMER4
(WAKE-UP
TIMER)
CLRC663
NXP Semiconductors
Contactless reader IC
8.1 Interrupt controller
The interrupt controller handles the enabling/disabling of interrupt requests. All of the
interrupts can be configured by firmware. Additionally, the firmware has possibilities to
trigger interrupts or clear pending interrupt requests. Two 8-bit interrupt registers IRQ0
and IRQ1 are implemented, accompanied by two 8-bit interrupt enable registers IRQ0En
and IRQ1En. A dedicated functionality of bit 7 to set and clear bits 0 to 6 in this interrupt
controller registers is implemented.
The CLRC663 indicates certain events by setting bit IRQ in the register Status1Reg and
additionally, if activated, by pin IRQ. The signal on pin IRQ may be used to interrupt the
host using its interrupt handling capabilities. This allows the implementation of efficient
host software.
The following table shows the available interrupt bits, the corresponding source and the
condition for its activation. The interrupt bit TimernIrq in register IRQ1 indicates an
interrupt set by the timer unit. The setting is done if the timer underflows.
The TxIrq bit in register IRq0 indicates that the transmission is finished. If the state
changes from sending data to transmitting the end of the frame pattern, the transmitter
unit sets the interrupt bit automatically.
The bit RxIrq in register IRQ0 indicates an interrupt when the end of the received data is
detected.
The bit IdleIrq in register IRQ0 is set if a command finishes and the content of the
command register changes to idle.
The waterlevel defines both - minimum and maximum warning levels - counting from top
and from bottom of the FIFO by a single value.
The bit HiAlertIrq in register IRQ0 is set to logic 1 if the HiAlert bit is set to logic 1, that
means the FIFO data number has reached the top level as configured by the bit
WaterLevel.
The bit LoAlertIrq in register IRQ0 is set to logic 1 if the LoAlert bit is set to logic 1, that
means the FIFO data number has reached the bottom level as configured by the bit
WaterLevel.
The bit ErrIrq in register IRQ0 indicates an error detected by the contactless UART during
receive. This is indicated by any bit set to logic 1 in register Error.
The bit LPCDIrq in register IRQ0 indicates a card detected.
The bit RxSOFIrq in register IRQ0 indicates a detection of a SOF or a subcarrier by the
contactless UART during receiving.
The bit GlobalIRq in register IRQ1 indicates an interrupt occurring at any other interrupt
source when enabled.
CLRC663
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Table 4.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
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Interrupt sources
Interrupt bit
Interrupt source
Is set automatically, when
Timer0Irq
Timer Unit
the timer register T0 CounterVal underflows
Timer1Irq
Timer Unit
the timer register T1 CounterVal underflows
Timer2Irq
Timer Unit
the timer register T2 CounterVal underflows
Timer3Irq
Timer Unit
the timer register T3 CounterVal underflows
TxIrq
Transmitter
a transmitted data stream ends
RxIrq
Receiver
a received data stream ends
IdleIrq
Command Register
a command execution finishes
HiAlertIrq
FIFO-buffer pointer
the FIFO data number has reached the top level as
configured by the bit WaterLevel
LoAlertIrq
FIFO-buffer pointer
the FIFO data number has reached the bottom level as
configured by the bit WaterLevel
ErrIrq
contactless UART
a communication error had been detected
LPCDIrq
LPCD
a card was detected when in low-power card detection
mode
RxSOFIrq
Receiver
detection of a SOF or a subcarrier
GlobalIrq
all interrupt sources
will be set if another interrupt request source is set
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8.2 Timer module
Timer module overview
The CLRC663 implements five timers. Each of four timers Timer0 to Timer3 has an input
clock that can be configured by register T(x)Control to be 13.56 MHz, 212 kHz, (derived
from the 27.12 MHz quartz) or to be the underflow event of a Timer. Each timer
implements a counter register which is 16 bit wide. A reload value for the counter is
defined in a range of 0000h to FFFFh in the registers TxReloadHi and TxReloadLo. The
fourth timer Timer4 is intended to be used as a wakeup timer and is connected to the
internal LPO (Low-Power Oscillator) as input clock source.
The TControl register allows the global start and stop of each of the four timers Timer0 to
Timer3. Additionally, this register indicates if one of the timers is running or stopped. Each
of the five timers implements an individual configuration register set defining timer reload
value (e.g. T0ReloadHi,T0ReloadLo), the timer value (e.g. T0CounterValHi,
T0CounterValLo) and the conditions which define start, stop and clockfrequency (e.g.
T0Control).
The external host may use these timers to manage timing relevant tasks. The timer unit
may be used in one of the following configurations:
•
•
•
•
•
Time-out counter
Watch-dog counter
Stop watch
Programmable one-shot timer
Periodical trigger
The timer unit can be used to measure the time interval between two events or to indicate
that a specific event has occurred after an elapsed time. The timer register content is
modified by the timer unit, which can be used to generate an interrupt to allow an host to
react on this event.
The counter value of the timer is available in the registers T(x)CounterValHi,
T(x)CounterValLo. The content of these registers is decremented at each timer clock.
If the counter value has reached a value of 0000h and the interrupts are enabled for this
specific timer, an interrupt will be generated as soon as the next clock is received.
If enabled, the timer event can be indicated on the pin IRQ (interrupt request). The bit
Timer(x)Irq can be set and reset by the host controller. Depending on the configuration,
the timer will stop counting at 0000h or restart with the value loaded from registers
T(x)ReloadHi, T(x)ReloadLo.
The counting of the timer is indicated by bit TControl.T(x)Running.
The timer can be started by setting bits TControl.T(x)Running and
TControl.T(x)StartStopNow or stopped by setting the bits TControl.T(x)StartStopNow and
clearing TControl.T(x)Running.
Another possibility to start the timer is to set the bit T(x)Mode.T(x)Start, this can be useful
if dedicated protocol requirements need to be fulfilled.
CLRC663
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8.2.1 Timer modes
8.2.1.1
Time-Out- and Watch-Dog-Counter
Having configured the timer by setting register T(x)ReloadValue and starting the counting
of Timer(x) by setting bit TControl.T(x)StartStop and TControl.T(x)Running, the timer unit
decrements the T(x)CounterValue Register beginning with the configured start event. If
the configured stop event occurs before the Timer(x) underflows (e.g. a bit is received
from the card), the timer unit stops (no interrupt is generated).
If no stop event occurs, the timer unit continues to decrement the counter registers until
the content is zero and generates a timer interrupt request at the next clock cycle. This
allows to indicate to a host that the event did not occur during the configured time interval.
8.2.1.2
Wake-up timer
The wake-up Timer4 allows to wakeup the system from standby after a predefined time.
The system can be configured in such a way that it is entering the standby mode again in
case no card had been detected.
This functionality can be used to implement a low-power card detection (LPCD). For the
low-power card detection it is recommended to set T4Control.T4AutoWakeUp and
T4Control.T4AutoRestart, to activate the Timer4 and automatically set the system in
standby. The internal low-power clock oscillator (LPO) is then used as input clock for this
Timer4. If a card is detected the host-communication can be started. If bit
T4Control.T4AutoWakeUp is not set, the CLRC663 will not enter the standby mode again
in case no card is detected but stays fully powered.
8.2.1.3
Stop watch
The elapsed time between a configured start- and stop event may be measured by the
CLRC663 timer unit. By setting the registers T(x)ReloadValueHi, T(x)reloadValueLo the
timer starts to decrement as soon as activated. If the configured stop event occurs, the
timers stops decrementing. The elapsed time between start and stop event can then be
calculated by the host dependent on the timer interval TTimer:
 T  Treload
value
 Timer
value
 * T Timer
(1)
If an underflow occurred which can be identified by evaluating the corresponding IRQ bit,
the performed time measurement according to the formula above is not correct.
8.2.1.4
Programmable one-shot timer
The host configures the interrupt and the timer, starts the timer and waits for the interrupt
event on pin IRQ. After the configured time the interrupt request will be raised.
8.2.1.5
Periodical trigger
If the bit T(x)Control.T(x)AutoRestart is set and the interrupt is activated, an interrupt
request will be indicated periodically after every elapsed timer period.
CLRC663
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8.3 Contactless interface unit
The contactless interface unit of the CLRC663 supports the following read/write operating
modes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
ISO/IEC14443A/MIFARE
ISO/IEC14443B
FeliCA
ISO/IEC15693/ICODE
ICODE EPC UID
ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC Class-1 HF
BATTERY/POWER SUPPLY
READER IC
ISO/IEC 14443 A CARD
MICROCONTROLLER
reader/writer
Fig 4.
001aal996
Read/write mode
A typical system using the CLRC663 is using a microcontroller to implement the higher
levels of the contactless communication protocol and a power supply (battery or external
supply).
8.3.1 ISO/IEC14443A/MIFARE functionality
The physical level of the communication is shown in Figure 5.
(1)
ISO/IEC 14443 A
READER
ISO/IEC 14443 A CARD
(2)
001aam268
(1) Reader to Card 100 % ASK, Miller Coded, Transfer speed 106 kbit/s to 848 kbit/s
(2) Card to Reader, Subcarrier Load Modulation Manchester Coded or BPSK, transfer speed
106 kbit/s to 848 kbit/s
Fig 5.
ISO/IEC 14443 A/MIFARE read/write mode communication diagram
The physical parameters are described in Table 5.
CLRC663
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Table 5.
Communication overview for ISO/IEC 14443 A/MIFARE reader/writer
Communication
direction
Signal type
Transfer speed
106 kbit/s
212 kbit/s
424 kbit/s
848 kbit/s
100 % ASK
ASK
ASK
ASK
modified Miller
encoding
modified Miller
encoding
modified Miller
encoding
modified Miller
encoding
bit rate [kbit/s]
fc / 128
fc / 64
fc / 32
fc / 16
card side
modulation
subcarrier load
modulation
subcarrier load
modulation
subcarrier load
modulation
subcarrier load
modulation
subcarrier
frequency
fc / 16
fc / 16
fc / 16
fc / 16
bit encoding
Manchester
encoding
BPSK
BPSK
BPSK
Reader to card (send
reader side
data from the CLRC663 modulation
to a card)
bit encoding
fc = 13.56 MHz
Card to reader
(CLRC663 receives
data from a card)
The CLRC663 connection to a host is required to manage the complete
ISO/IEC 14443 A/MIFARE protocol. Figure 6 shows the data coding and framing
according to ISO/IEC 14443A /MIFARE.
ISO/IEC 14443 A framing at 106 kBd
start
8-bit data
8-bit data
odd
parity
start bit is 1
8-bit data
odd
parity
odd
parity
ISO/IEC 14443 A framing at 212 kBd, 424 kBd and 848 kBd
start
8-bit data
start bit is 0
even
parity
8-bit data
odd
parity
burst of 32
subcarrier clocks
8-bit data
odd
parity
even parity at the
end of the frame
001aak585
Fig 6.
Data coding and framing according to ISO/IEC 14443 A
The internal CRC coprocessor calculates the CRC value based on ISO/IEC 14443 A
part 3 and handles parity generation internally according to the transfer speed.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
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Contactless reader IC
8.3.2 ISO/IEC14443B functionality
The physical level of the communication is shown in Figure 7.
(1)
ISO/IEC 14443 B
READER
ISO/IEC 14443 B CARD
(2)
001aal997
(1) Reader to Card NRZ, Miller coded, transfer speed 106 kbit/s to 848 kbit/s
(2) Card to reader, Subcarrier Load Modulation Manchester Coded or BPSK, transfer speed 106 kbit/s
to 848 kbit/s
Fig 7.
ISO/IEC 14443 A/MIFARE read/write mode communication diagram
The physical parameters are described in Table 6.
Table 6.
Communication overview for ISO/IEC 14443 B reader/writer
Communication
direction
Signal type
106 kbit/s
212 kbit/s
424 kbit/s
848 kbit/s
10 % ASK
10 % ASK
10 % ASK
10 % ASK
NRZ
NRZ
NRZ
NRZ
128 / fc
64 / fc
32 / fc
16 / fc
card side
modulation
subcarrier load
modulation
subcarrier load
modulation
subcarrier load
modulation
subcarrier load
modulation
subcarrier
frequency
fc / 16
fc / 16
fc / 16
fc / 16
bit encoding
BPSK
BPSK
BPSK
BPSK
Reader to card (send
reader side
data from the CLRC663 modulation
to a card)
bit encoding
fc = 13.56 MHz
bit rate [kbit/s]
Card to reader
(CLRC663 receives
data from a card)
Transfer speed
The CLRC663 connected to a host is required to manage the complete ISO/IEC 14443 B
protocol. The following Figure 8 “SOF and EOF according to ISO/IEC 14443 B” shows the
ISO/IEC 14443B SOF and EOF.
Start of Frame (SOF)
sequence
9.44 μs
UNMODULATED (SUB)
CARRIER
''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0''
''1'' ''1''
DATA
End of Frame (EOF)
sequence
9.44 μs
LAST CHARACTER
''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0'' ''0''
UNMODULATED (SUB)
CARRIER
001aam270
Fig 8.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
SOF and EOF according to ISO/IEC 14443 B
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8.3.3 FeliCa functionality
The FeliCa mode is the general reader/writer to card communication scheme according to
the FeliCa specification. The communication on a physical level is shown in Figure 9.
FeliCa READER
(PCD)
1. PCD to PICC 8-30 % ASK
Manchester Coded,
baudrate 212 to 424 kbaud
FeliCa CARD
(PICC)
2. PICC to PCD, >12 % Loadmodulation
Manchester Coded,
baudrate 212 to 424 kbaud
Fig 9.
001aam271
FeliCa read/write communication diagram
The physical parameters are described in Table 7.
Table 7.
Communication overview for FeliCa reader/writer
Communication
direction
Signal type
Reader to card (send
data from the CLRC663
to a card)
fc = 13.56 MHz
Transfer speed FeliCa
FeliCa higher transfer
speeds
212 kbit/s
424 kbit/s
reader side
modulation
8 % to 30 % ASK
8 % to 30 % ASK
bit encoding
Manchester encoding
Manchester encoding
bit rate
fc/64
fc/32
Card to reader (CLRC663 card side load
receives data from a
modulation
card)
bit encoding
30/H^1.2
30/H^1.2
(H = field strength [A/m]) (H = field strength [A/m])
Manchester encoding
Manchester encoding
The CLRC663 needs to be connected to a host to be able to support the complete FeliCa
protocol.
8.3.3.1
FeliCa framing and coding
Table 8.
FeliCa framing and coding
Preamble (Hex.)
00
00
00
Sync
(Hex.)
00
00
00
B2
Len
n-Data
CRC
4D
To enable the FeliCa communication a 6 byte preamble (00h, 00h, 00h, 00h, 00h, 00h)
and 2 bytes sync bytes (B2h, 4Dh) are sent to synchronize the receiver.
The following Len byte indicates the length of the sent data bytes plus the LEN byte itself.
The CRC calculation is done according to the FeliCa definitions with the MSB first.
To transmit data on the RF interface, the host controller has to send the Len- and databytes to the CLRC663's FIFO-buffer. The preamble and the sync bytes are generated by
the CLRC663 automatically and must not be written to the FIFO by the host controller.
The CLRC663 performs internally the CRC calculation and adds the result to the data
frame.
8.3.4 ISO/IEC15693 functionality
The physical parameters are described in Table 9.
CLRC663
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Table 9.
Communication overview for ISO/IEC 15693 reader/writer reader to label
Communication
direction
Signal type
Transfer speed
fc / 8192 kbit/s
fc / 512 kbit/s
Reader to label (send
data from the
CLRC663 to a card)
reader side
modulation
10 % to 30 % ASK or
100 % ASK
10 % to 30 % ASK 90 %
to 100 % ASK
bit encoding
1/256
1/4
bit length
4.833 ms
302.08 ms
Table 10.
Communication overview for ISO/IEC 15693 reader/writer label to reader
Communication
direction
Signal type Transfer speed
Label to reader
(CLRC663
receives data
from a card)
fc = 13.56 MHz
card side
modulation
6.62 (6.67) kbit/s 13.24
kbit/s[1]
not supported
26.48
52.96 kbit/s
(26.69) kbit/s
not supported single (dual)
subcarrier
load
modulation
single
subcarrier
load
modulation
ASK
ASK
bit length
(ms)
[1]
-
-
37.76 (3.746) 18.88
bit encoding -
-
Manchester
coding
Manchester
coding
subcarrier
frequency
[MHz]
-
fc / 32
(fc / 28)
fc / 32
-
Fast inventory (page) read command only (ICODE proprietary command).
pulse
modulated
carrier
~9.44 μs
~18.88 μs
0 1 2 3 4
. . . 2 . . . . . . . . . .
2
5
~4,833 ms
. . . . . . . . . . 2 2 2 2
5 5 5 5
2 3 4 5
001aam272
Fig 10.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
Data coding according to ISO/IEC 15693. standard mode reader to label
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8.3.5 EPC-UID/UID-OTP functionality
The physical parameters are described in Table 11.
Table 11.
Communication overview for EPC/UID
Communication
direction
Signal type
Transfer speed
Reader to card (send
data from the
CLRC663 to a card)
reader side modulation 10 % to 30 % ASK
Card to reader
(CLRC663 receives
data from a card)
card side modulation
single subcarrier load
modulation
bit length
18.88 ms
bit encoding
Manchester coding
26.48 kbit/s
bit encoding
RTZ
bit length
37.76 s
52.96 kbit/s
Data coding and framing according to EPC global 13.56 MHz ISM (industrial, scientific
and medical) Band Class 1 Radio Frequency Identification Tag Interface Specification
(Candidate Recommendation, Version 1.0.0).
8.3.6 ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC Class-1 HF functionality
The ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC Class-1 HF is not described in this document. For a
detailed explanation of the protocol, refer to the ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC Class-1
HF standard.
8.3.7 ISO/IEC 18092 mode
The CLRC663 supports Passive Initiator Communication mode at the transfer speeds
106 kbit/s, 212 kbit/s and 424 kbit/s as defined in the ISO/IEC 18092 standard.
• Passive communication mode means that the target answers to an initiator command
in a load modulation scheme. The initiator is active in terms of generating the RF field.
• Initiator: generates RF field at 13.56 MHz and starts the ISO/IEC 18092
communication.
• Target: responds to initiator command either in a load modulation scheme in Passive
communication mode or using a self generated and self modulated RF field for Active
Communication mode.
CLRC663
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8.3.7.1
Passive communication mode
Passive communication mode means that the target answers to an initiator command in a
load modulation scheme. The initiator is active meaning generating the RF field.
1. initiator starts communication
at selected transfer speed
host
host
NFC TARGET
NFC INITIATOR
2. targets answers using
load modulated data
at the same transfer speed
powered to
generate RF field
powered for
digital processing
001aan217
Fig 11. Passive communication mode
Table 12.
Communication overview for Passive communication mode
Communication
direction
106 kbit/s
212 kbit/s
424 kbit/s
Initiator  target
According to
ISO/IEC 14443A
100 % ASK, Modified
Miller Coded
According to FeliCa, 8 % to 30 % ASK
Manchester Coded
Target  initiator
According to
ISO/IEC 14443A subcarrier
load modulation,
Manchester Coded
According to FeliCa, > 12 % ASK
Manchester Coded
The contactless UART of CLRC663 and a dedicated host controller are required to handle
the ISO/IEC 18092 passive initiator protocol.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
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8.3.7.2
ISO/IEC 18092 framing and coding
The ISO/IEC 18092 framing and coding in Passive communication mode is defined in the
ISO/IEC 18092 standard.
Table 13.
8.3.7.3
Framing and coding overview
Transfer speed
Framing and Coding
106 kbit/s
According to the ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE scheme
212 kbit/s
According to the FeliCa scheme
424 kbit/s
According to the FeliCa scheme
ISO/IEC 18092 protocol support
The ISO/IEC 18092 protocol is not described in this document. For a detailed explanation
of the protocol, refer to the ISO/IEC 18092 standard.
8.3.8 EPC Class-1 HF and ICODE
8.3.8.1
Data encoding ICODE
The ICODE protocols have mainly three different methods of data encoding:
• “1” out of “4” coding scheme
• “1” out of “256” coding scheme
• “Return to Zero” (RZ) coding scheme.
Data encoding for all three coding schemes is done by the ICODE generator.
The supported EPC Class-1 HF modes are:
•
•
•
•
2 pulse for 424 Kbit subcarrier
4 pulse for 424 Kbit subcarrier
2 pulse for 848 Kbit subcarrier
4 pulse for 848 Kbit subcarrier
8.4 Host interfaces
8.4.1 Host interface configuration
The CLRC663 supports direct interfacing of various hosts as the SPI, I2C, I2CL and serial
UART interface type. The CLRC663 resets its interface and checks the current host
interface type automatically having performed a power-up or resuming from power down.
The CLRC663 identifies the host interface by the means of the logic levels on the control
pins after the Cold Reset Phase. This is done by a combination of fixed pin
connections.The following table shows the possible configurations defined by
IFSEL1,IFSEL0:
CLRC663
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Table 14.
Connection scheme for detecting the different interface types
Pin
Pin Symbol
UART
SPI
I2C
I2C-L
28
IF0
RX
MOSI
ADR1
ADR1
29
IF1
-
SCK
SCL
SCL
30
IF2
TX
MISO
ADR2
SDA
31
IF3
1
NSS
SDA
ADR2
26
IFSEL0
0
0
1
1
27
IFSEL1
0
1
0
1
8.4.2 SPI interface
8.4.2.1
General
READER IC
SCK
IF1
MOSI
IF0
MISO
IF2
NSS
IF3
001aal998
Fig 12. Connection to host with SPI
The CLRC663 acts as a slave during the SPI communication. The SPI clock SCK has to
be generated by the master. Data communication from the master to the slave uses the
Line MOSI. Line MISO is used to send data back from the CLRC663 to the master.
A serial peripheral interface (SPI compatible) is supported to enable high speed
communication to a host. The implemented SPI compatible interface is according to a
standard SPI interface. The SPI interface can handle data speed of up to 10 Mbit/s. In the
communication with a host CLRC663 acts as a slave receiving data from the external host
for register settings and to send and receive data relevant for the communication on the
RF interface.
On both data lines (MOSI, MISO) each data byte is sent by MSB first. Data on MOSI line
shall be stable on rising edge of the clock line (SCK) and is allowed to change on falling
edge. The same is valid for the MISO line. Data is provided by the CLRC663 on the falling
edge and is stable on the rising edge.The polarity of the clock is low at SPI idle.
8.4.2.2
Read data
To read out data from the CLRC663 by using the SPI compatible interface the following
byte order has to be used.
The first byte that is sent defines the mode (LSB bit) and the address.
Table 15.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
Byte Order for MOSI and MISO
byte 0
byte 1
byte 2
byte 3 to n-1 byte n
byte n+1
MOSI
address 0
address 1
address 2
……..
address n
00h
MISO
X
data 0
data 1
……..
data n  1
data n
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Remark: The Most Significant Bit (MSB) has to be sent first.
8.4.2.3
Write data
To write data to the CLRC663 using the SPI interface the following byte order has to be
used. It is possible to write more than one byte by sending a single address byte
(see.8.5.2.4).
The first send byte defines both, the mode itself and the address byte.
Table 16.
Byte Order for MOSI and MISO
byte 0
byte 1
byte 2
3 to n-1
byte n
byte n + 1
MOSI
address 0
data 0
data 1
……..
data n 1
data n
MISO
X
X
X
……..
X
X
Remark: The Most Significant Bit (MSB) has to be sent first.
8.4.2.4
Address byte
The address byte has to fulfil the following format:
The LSB bit of the first byte defines the used mode. To read data from the CLRC663 the
LSB bit is set to logic 1. To write data to the CLRC663 the LSB bit has to be cleared. The
bits 6 to 0 define the address byte.
NOTE: When writing the sequence [address byte][data1][data2][data3]..., [data1] is written
to address [address byte], [data2] is written to address [address byte + 1] and [data3] is
written to [address byte + 2].
Exception: This auto increment of the address byte is not performed if data is written to
the FIFO address
Table 17.
Address byte 0 register; address MOSI
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
address 6
address 5
address 4
address 3
address 2
address 1
address 0
1 (read)
0 (write)
MSB
8.4.2.5
LSB
Timing Specification SPI
The timing condition for SPI interface is as follows:
Table 18.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
Timing conditions SPI
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
tSCKL
SCK LOW time
50
-
-
ns
tSCKH
SCK HIGH time
50
-
-
ns
th(SCKH-D)
SCK HIGH to data input hold time
25
-
-
ns
tsu(D-SCKH)
data input to SCK HIGH set-up time
25
-
-
ns
th(SCKL-Q)
SCK LOW to data output hold time
-
-
25
ns
t(SCKL-NSSH)
SCK LOW to NSS HIGH time
0
-
-
ns
tNSSH
NSS HIGH time
50
-
-
ns
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tNSSH
tSCKL
tSCKH
tSCKL
SCK
th(SCKL-Q)
th(SCKH-D)
tsu(D-SCKH)
th(SCKL-Q)
MOSI
MSB
LSB
MISO
MSB
LSB
t(SCKL-NSSH)
NSS
001aaj641
Fig 13. Connection to host with SPI
Remark: To send more bytes in one data stream the NSS signal must be LOW during the
send process. To send more than one data stream the NSS signal must be HIGH between
each data stream.
8.4.3 RS232 interface
8.4.3.1
Selection of the transfer speeds
The internal UART interface is compatible to a RS232 serial interface.
Table 20 “Selectable transfer speeds” describes examples for different transfer speeds
and relevant register settings. The resulting transfer speed error is less than 1.5 % for all
described transfer speeds. The default transfer speed is 115.2 kbit/s.
To change the transfer speed, the host controller has to write a value for the new transfer
speed to the register SerialSpeedReg. The bits BR_T0 and BR_T1 define factors to set
the transfer speed in the SerialSpeedReg.
Table 19 “Settings of BR_T0 and BR_T1” describes the settings of BR_T0 and BR_T1.
Table 19.
Settings of BR_T0 and BR_T1
BR_T0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
factor BR_T0
1
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
range BR_T1
1 to 32
33 to 64 33 to 64 33 to 64 33 to 64 33 to 64 33 to 64 33 to 64
Table 20.
Selectable transfer speeds
Transfer speed (kbit/s)
Serial SpeedReg
Transfer speed accuracy (%)
(Hex.)
7.2
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
FA
0.25
9.6
EB
0.32
14.4
DA
0.25
19.2
CB
0.32
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Table 20.
Selectable transfer speeds
Transfer speed (kbit/s)
Serial SpeedReg
Transfer speed accuracy (%)
(Hex.)
38.4
AB
0.32
57.6
9A
0.25
115.2
7A
0.25
128
74
0.06
230.4
5A
0.25
460.8
3A
0.25
921.6
1C
1.45
1228.8
15
0.32
The selectable transfer speeds as shown are calculated according to the following
formulas:
if BR_T0 = 0: transfer speed = 27.12 MHz / (BR_T1 + 1)
if BR_T0 > 0: transfer speed = 27.12 MHz / (BR_T1 + 33)/2(BR_T0  1)
Remark: Transfer speeds above 1228.8 KBits/s are not supported.
8.4.3.2
Framing
Table 21.
UART framing
Bit
Length
Value
Start bit (Sa)
1 bit
0
Data bits
8 bit
Data
Stop bit (So)
1 bit
1
Remark: For data and address bytes the LSB bit has to be sent first. No parity bit is used
during transmission.
Read data: To read out data using the UART interface the flow described below has to be
used. The first send byte defines both the mode itself and the address.The Trigger on pin
IF3 has to be set, otherwise no read of data is possible.
Table 22.
Mode
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
Byte Order to Read Data
byte 0
byte 1
RX
address
-
TX
-
data 0
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ADDRESS
RX
Sa
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
RD/
NWR
So
DATA
TX
Sa
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
So
001aam298
Fig 14. Timing Diagram for UART Read Data
Write data:
To write data to the CLRC663 using the UART interface the following sequence has to be
used.
The first send byte defines both, the mode itself and the address.
Table 23.
Byte Order to Write Data
Mode
byte 0
byte 1
RX
address 0
data 0
TX
address 0
DATA
ADDRESS
RX
Sa
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
RD/
NWR
So
Sa
D0
RD/
NWR
So
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
So
ADDRESS
TX
Sa
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
001aam299
Fig 15. Timing diagram for UART write data
Remark: Data can be sent before address is received.
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8.4.4 I2C-bus interface
8.4.4.1
General
An Inter IC (I2C) bus interface is supported to enable a low cost, low pin count serial bus
interface to the host. The implemented I2C interface is mainly implemented according the
NXP Semiconductors I2C interface specification, rev. 3.0, June 2007. The CLRC663 can
act as a slave receiver or slave transmitter in standard mode, fast mode and fast mode
plus.
The following features defined by the NXP Semiconductors I2C interface specification,
rev. 3.0, June 2007 are not supported:
• The CLRC663 I2C interface does not stretch the clock
• The CLRC663 I2C interface does not support the general call. This means that the
CLRC663 does not support a software reset
• The CLRC663 does not support the I2C device ID
• The implemented interface can only act in slave mode. Therefore no clock generation
and access arbitration is implemented in the CLRC663.
• High speed mode is not supported by the CLRC663
PULL-UP
NETWORK
PULL-UP
NETWORK
MICROCONTROLLER
READER IC
SDA
SCL
001aam000
Fig 16. I2C-bus interface
SDA is a bidirectional line, connected to a positive supply voltage via a pull-up resistor.
Both lines SDA and SCL are set to HIGH level if no data is transmitted. Data on the
I2C-bus can be transferred at data rates of up to 400 kbit/s in fast mode, up to 1 Mbit/s in
the fast mode+.
If the I2C interface is selected, a spike suppression according to the I2C interface
specification on SCL and SDA is automatically activated.
For timing requirements refer to Table 248 “I2C-bus timing in fast mode and fast mode
plus”
8.4.4.2
I2C Data validity
Data on the SDA line shall be stable during the HIGH period of the clock. The HIGH state
or LOW state of the data line shall only change when the clock signal on SCL is LOW.
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SDA
SCL
data line stable;
data valid
change
of data
allowed
001aam300
Fig 17. Bit transfer on the I2C-bus.
8.4.4.3
I2C START and STOP conditions
To handle the data transfer on the I2C-bus, unique START (S) and STOP (P) conditions
are defined.
A START condition is defined with a HIGH-to-LOW transition on the SDA line while SCL is
HIGH.
A STOP condition is defined with a LOW-to-HIGH transition on the SDA line while SCL is
HIGH.
The master always generates the START and STOP conditions. The bus is considered to
be busy after the START condition. The bus is considered to be free again a certain time
after the STOP condition.
The bus stays busy if a repeated START (Sr) is generated instead of a STOP condition. In
this respect, the START (S) and repeated START (Sr) conditions are functionally identical.
Therefore, the S symbol will be used as a generic term to represent both the START and
repeated START (Sr) conditions.
SDA
SDA
SCL
SCL
S
P
START condition
STOP condition
001aam301
Fig 18. START and STOP conditions
8.4.4.4
I2C byte format
Each byte has to be followed by an acknowledge bit. Data is transferred with the MSB
first, see Figure 18 “START and STOP conditions”. The number of transmitted bytes
during one data transfer is unrestricted but shall fulfil the read/write cycle format.
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8.4.4.5
I2C Acknowledge
An acknowledge at the end of one data byte is mandatory. The acknowledge-related clock
pulse is generated by the master. The transmitter of data, either master or slave, releases
the SDA line (HIGH) during the acknowledge clock pulse. The receiver shall pull down the
SDA line during the acknowledge clock pulse so that it remains stable LOW during the
HIGH period of this clock pulse.
The master can then generate either a STOP (P) condition to stop the transfer, or a
repeated START (Sr) condition to start a new transfer.
A master-receiver shall indicate the end of data to the slave- transmitter by not generating
an acknowledge on the last byte that was clocked out by the slave. The slave-transmitter
shall release the data line to allow the master to generate a STOP (P) or repeated START
(Sr) condition.
DATA OUTPUT
BY TRANSMITTER
not acknowledge
DATA OUTPUT
BY RECEIVERER
acknowledge
SCL FROM
MASTER
2
1
8
9
S
clock pulse for
acknowledgement
START
condition
001aam302
Fig 19. Acknowledge on the I2C- bus
P
MSB
acknowledgement
signal from slave
acknowledgement
signal from receiver
Sr
byte complete,
interrupt within slave
clock line held low while
interrupts are serviced
S
or
Sr
1
2
7
8
9
ACK
1
2
3-8
9
ACK
Sr
or
P
001aam303
Fig 20. Data transfer on the I2C- bus
8.4.4.6
I2C 7-bit addressing
During the I2C-bus addressing procedure, the first byte after the START condition is used
to determine which slave will be selected by the master.
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Alternatively the I2C address can be configured in the EEPROM. Several address
numbers are reserved for this purpose. During device configuration, the designer has to
ensure, that no collision with these reserved addresses in the system is possible. Check
the corresponding I2C specification for a complete list of reserved addresses.
For all CLRC663 devices the upper 5 bits of the device bus address are reserved by NXP
and set to 01010(bin). The remaining 2 bits (ADR_2, ADR_1) of the slave address can be
freely configured by the customer in order to prevent collisions with other I2C devices by
using the interface pins (refer to Table 14) or the value of the I2C address EEPROM
register (refer to Table 34).
MSB
Bit 6
LSB
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
slave address
Bit 1
Bit 0
R/W
001aam304
Fig 21. First byte following the START procedure
8.4.4.7
I2C-register write access
To write data from the host controller via I2C to a specific register of the CLRC663 the
following frame format shall be used.
The first byte of a frame indicates the device address according to the I2C rules. The
second byte indicates the register address followed by up to n-data bytes. In case the
address indicates the FIFO, in one frame all n-data bytes are written to the FIFO register
address. This enables for example a fast FIFO access. For any other address, the
address pointer is incremented automatically and data is written to the locations [address],
[address+1], [address+2]... [address+(n-1)]
The read/write bit shall be set to logic 0.
8.4.4.8
I2C-register read access
To read out data from a specific register address of the CLRC663 the host controller shall
use the procedure:
First a write access to the specific register address has to be performed as indicated in the
following frame:
The first byte of a frame indicates the device address according to the I2C rules. The
second byte indicates the register address. No data bytes are added.
The read/write bit shall be logic 0.
Having performed this write access, the read access starts. The host sends the device
address of the CLRC663. As an answer to this device address the CLRC663 responds
with the content of the addressed register. In one frame n-data bytes could be read using
the same register address. The address pointing to the register is incremented
automatically (exception: FIFO register address is not incremented automatically). This
enables a fast transfer of register content. The address pointer is incremented
automatically and data is read from the locations [address], [address+1], [address+2]...
[address+(n-1)]
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In order to support a fast FIFO data transfer, the address pointer is not incremented
automatically in case the address is pointing to the FIFO.
The read/write bit shall be set to logic 1.
Write Cycle
I2C slave address
A7-A0
SA
0
(W)
Ack
CLRC663 register
address A6-A0
0
[0..n]
Ack
DATA
[7..0]
Ack
SO
Read Cycle
I2C slave address
A7-A0
SA
0
(W)
Ack
0
CLRC663 register
address A6-A0
Ack
SO
Optional, if the previous access was on the same register address
0..n
SA
1
(R)
I2C slave address
A7-A0
Ack
[0..n]
sent by master
DATA
[7..0]
Ack
DATA
[7..0]
Nack
SO
sent by slave
001aam305
Fig 22. Register read and write access
8.4.4.9
I2CL-bus interface
The CLRC663 provides an interface option according to of a logical handling of an I2C
interface. This logical interface fulfills the I2C specification, but the rise/fall timings will not
be according the I2C standard. Standard I/O pads are used for communication and the
communication speed is limited to 5 MBaud. The protocol itself is equivalent to the fast
mode protocol of I2C. The address is 01010xxb, where the last two bits of the address can
be defined by the application. The definition of this bits can be done by two options. With a
pin, where the higher bit is fixed to 0 or the configuration can be defined via EEPROM.
Refer to the EEPROM configuration in Section 8.7.
Table 24.
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Timing parameter I2CL
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
fSCL
0
5
MHz
tHD;STA
80
-
ns
tLOW
100
-
ns
tHIGH
100
-
ns
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Table 24.
Timing parameter I2CL
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
tSU;SDA
80
-
ns
tHD;DAT
0
50
ns
tSU;DAT
0
20
ns
tSU;STO
80
-
ns
tBUF
200
-
ns
The pull-up resistor is not required for the I2CL interface. Instead, a on chip buskeeper is
implemented in the CLRC663 for SDA of the I2CL interface. This protocol is intended to be
used for a point to point connection of devices over a short distance and does not support
a bus capability.The driver of the pin must force the line to the desired logic voltage. To
avoid that two drivers are pushing the line at the same time following regulations must be
fulfilled:
SCL: As there is no clock stretching, the SCL is always under control of the Master.
SDA: The SDA line is shared between master and slave. Therefore the master and the
slave must have the control over the own driver enable line of the SDA pin. The following
rules must be followed:
• In the idle phase the SDA line is driven high by the master
• In the time between start and stop condition the SDA line is driven by master or slave
when SCL is low. If SCL is high the SDA line is not driven by any device
• To keep the value on the SDA line a on chip buskeeper structure is implemented for
the line
8.4.5 SAM interface I2C
8.4.5.1
SAM functionality
The CLRC663 implements a dedicated I2C interface to integrate a MIFARE SAM (Secure
Access Module) in a very convenient way into applications (e.g. a proximity reader).
The SAM can be connected to the microcontroller to operate like a cryptographic
co-processor. For any cryptographic task, the microcontroller requests a operation from
the SAM, receives the answer and sends it over a host interface (e.g. I2C, SPI) interface
to the connected reader IC.
The MIFARE SAM supports a optimized method to integrate the SAM in a very efficient
way to reduce the protocol overhead. In this system configuration, the SAM is integrated
between the microprocessor and the reader IC, connected by one interface to the reader
IC and by another interface to the microcontroller. In this application the microcontroller
accesses the SAM using the T=1 protocol and the SAM accesses the reader IC using an
I2C interface. As the SAM is directly communicating with reader IC, the communication
overhead is reduced. In this configuration, a performance boost of up to 40% can be
achieved for a transaction time.
The MIFARE SAM supports applications using MIFARE cards. For multi application
purposes an architecture connecting the microcontroller additionally directly to the reader
IC is recommended. This is possible by connecting the CLRC663 on one interface (SAM
Interface SDA, SCL) with the MIFARE SAM AV2.6 (P5DF081XX/T1AR1070) and by
connecting the microcontroller to the S2C or SPI interface.
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I2C
μC
SAM
AV2.6
READER
IC
I2C
Reader
aaa-002963
Fig 23. I2C interface enables convenient MIFARE SAM integration
8.4.5.2
SAM connection
The CLRC663 provides an interface to connect a SAM dedicated to the CLRC663. Both
interface options of the CLRC663, I2C or I2CL can be used for this purpose. The interface
option of the SAM itself is configured by a host command sent from the host to the SAM.
The I2CL interface is intended to be used as connection between two IC’s over a short
distance. The protocol fulfills the I2C specification, but does support a single device
connected to the bus only.
8.4.6 Boundary scan interface
The CLRC663 provides a boundary scan interface according the IEEE 1149.1. This
interface allows to test interconnections without using physical test probes. This is done
by test cells, assigned to each pin, which override the functionality of this pin.
To be able to program the test cells, the following commands are supported:
Table 25.
Value
(decimal)
Boundary scan command
Command
Parameter in
Parameter out
0
bypass
-
-
1
preload
data (24)
-
1
sample
-
data (24)
2
ID code (default)
-
data (32)
3
USER code
-
data (32)
4
Clamp
-
-
5
HIGH Z
-
-
7
extest
data (24)
data (24)
8
interface on/off
interface (1)
-
9
register access read
address (7)
data (8)
10
register access write
address (7) - data (8)
-
The Standard IEEE 1149.1 describes the four basic blocks necessary to use this interface:
Test Access Port (TAP), TAP controller, TAP instruction register, TAP data register;
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8.4.6.1
Interface signals
The boundary scan interface implements a four line interface between the chip and the
environment. There are three Inputs: Test Clock (TCK); Test Mode Select (TMS); Test
Data Input (TDI) and one output Test Data Output (TDO). TCK and TMS are broadcast
signals, TDI to TDO generate a serial line called Scan path.
Advantage of this technique is that independent of the numbers of boundary scan devices
the complete path can be handled with four signal lines.
The signals TCK, TMS are directly connected with the boundary scan controller. Because
these signals are responsible for the mode of the chip, all boundary scan devices in one
scan path will be in the same boundary scan mode.
8.4.6.2
Test Clock (TCK)
The TCK pin is the input clock for the module. If this clock is provided, the test logic is able
to operate independent of any other system clocks. In addition, it ensures that multiple
boundary scan controllers that are daisy-chained together can synchronously
communicate serial test data between components. During normal operation, TCK is
driven by a free-running clock. When necessary, TCK can be stopped at 0 or 1 for
extended periods of time. While TCK is stopped at 0 or 1, the state of the boundary scan
controller does not change and data in the Instruction and Data Registers is not lost.
The internal pull-up resistor on the TCK pin is enabled. This assures that no clocking
occurs if the pin is not driven from an external source.
8.4.6.3
Test Mode Select (TMS)
The TMS pin selects the next state of the boundary scan controller. TMS is sampled on
the rising edge of TCK. Depending on the current boundary scan state and the sampled
value of TMS, the next state is entered. Because the TMS pin is sampled on the rising
edge of TCK, the IEEE Standard 1149.1 expects the value on TMS to change on the
falling edge of TCK.
Holding TMS high for five consecutive TCK cycles drives the boundary scan controller
state machine to the Test-Logic-Reset state. When the boundary scan controller enters
the Test-Logic-Reset state, the Instruction Register (IR) resets to the default instruction,
IDCODE. Therefore, this sequence can be used as a reset mechanism.
The internal pull-up resistor on the TMS pin is enabled.
8.4.6.4
Test Data Input (TDI)
The TDI pin provides a stream of serial information to the IR chain and the DR chains. TDI
is sampled on the rising edge of TCK and, depending on the current TAP state and the
current instruction, presents this data to the proper shift register chain. Because the TDI
pin is sampled on the rising edge of TCK, the IEEE Standard 1149.1 expects the value on
TDI to change on the falling edge of TCK.
The internal pull-up resistor on the TDI pin is enabled.
8.4.6.5
Test Data Output (TDO)
The TDO pin provides an output stream of serial information from the IR chain or the DR
chains. The value of TDO depends on the current TAP state, the current instruction, and
the data in the chain being accessed. In order to save power when the port is not being
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used, the TDO pin is placed in an inactive drive state when not actively shifting out data.
Because TDO can be connected to the TDI of another controller in a daisy-chain
configuration, the IEEE Standard 1149.1 expects the value on TDO to change on the
falling edge of TCK.
8.4.6.6
Data register
According to the IEEE1149.1 standard there are two types of data register defined:
bypass and boundary scan
The bypass register enable the possibility to bypass a device when part of the scan
path.Serial data is allowed to be transferred through a device from the TDI pin to the TDO
pin without affecting the operation of the device.
The boundary scan register is the scan-chain of the boundary cells. The size of this
register is dependent on the command.
8.4.6.7
Boundary scan cell
The boundary scan cell opens the possibility to control a hardware pin independent of its
normal use case. Basically the cell can only do one of the following: control, output and
input.
TDI
TAP
TCK
IC2
LOGIC
Boundary scan cell
LOGIC
IC1
TDI
TDO
TAP
TCK
TMS
TDO
TMS
001aam306
Fig 24. Boundary scan cell path structure
8.4.6.8
Boundary scan path
This chapter shows the boundary scan path of the CLRC663.
Table 26.
CLRC663
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Boundary scan path of the CLRC663
Number (decimal)
Cell
Port
Function
23
BC_1
-
Control
22
BC_8
CLKOUT
Bidir
21
BC_1
-
Control
20
BC_8
SCL2
Bidir
19
BC_1
-
Control
18
BC_8
SDA2
Bidir
17
BC_1
-
Control
16
BC_8
IFSEL0
Bidir
15
BC_1
-
Control
14
BC_8
IFSEL1
Bidir
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Table 26.
Boundary scan path of the CLRC663
Number (decimal)
Cell
Port
Function
13
BC_1
-
Control
12
BC_8
IF0
Bidir
11
BC_1
-
Control
10
BC_8
IF1
Bidir
9
BC_1
-
Control
8
BC_8
IF2
Bidir
7
BC_1
IF2
Output2
6
BC_4
IF3
Bidir
5
BC_1
-
Control
4
BC_8
IRQ
Bidir
3
BC_1
-
Control
2
BC_8
SIGIN
Bidir
1
BC_1
-
Control
0
BC_8
SIGOUT
Bidir
Refer to the CLRC663 BSDL file.
8.4.6.9
Boundary Scan Description Language (BSDL)
All of the boundary scan devices have a unique boundary structure which is necessary to
know for operating the device. Important components of this language are:
•
•
•
•
•
available test bus signal
compliance pins
command register
data register
boundary scan structure (number and types of the cells, their function and the
connection to the pins.)
The CLRC663 is using the cell BC_8 for the IO-Lines. The I2C Pin is using a BC_4 cell.
For all pad enable lines the cell BC1 is used.
The manufacturer's identification is 02Bh.
•
•
•
•
attribute IDCODEISTER of CLRC663: entity is "0001" and -- version
"0011110010000010b" and -- part number (3C82h)
"00000010101b" and -- manufacturer (02Bh)
"1b";
-- mandatory
The user code data is coded as followed:
• product ID (3 bytes)
• version
These four bytes are stored as the first four bytes in the EEPROM.
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8.4.6.10
Non-IEEE1149.1 commands
Interface on/off: With this command the host/SAM interface can be deactivated and the
Read and Write command of the boundary scan interface is activated. (Data = 1). With
Update-DR the value is taken over.
Register Access Read: At Capture-DR the actual address is read and stored in the DR.
Shifting the DR is shifting in a new address. With Update-DR this address is taken over
into the actual address.
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8.5
Buffer
8.5.1 Overview
An 512  8-bit FIFO buffer is implemented in the CLRC663. It buffers the input and output
data stream between the host and the internal state machine of the CLRC663. Thus, it is
possible to handle data streams with lengths of up to 512 bytes without taking timing
constraints into account. The FIFO can also be limited to a size of 255 byte. In this case all
the parameters (FIFO length, Watermark...) require a single byte only for definition. In
case of a 512 byte FIFO length the definition of this values requires 2 bytes.
8.5.2 Accessing the FIFO buffer
When the -Controller starts a command, the CLRC663 may, while the command is in
progress, access the FIFO-buffer according to that command. Physically only one
FIFO-buffer is implemented, which can be used in input and output direction. Therefore
the -Controller has to take care, not to access the FIFO buffer in a way that corrupts the
FIFO data.
8.5.3 Controlling the FIFO buffer
Besides writing to and reading from the FIFO buffer, the FIFO-buffer pointers might be
reset by setting the bit FIFOFlush in FIFOControl to 1. Consequently, the FIFOLevel bits
are set to logic 0, the actually stored bytes are not accessible any more and the FIFO
buffer can be filled with another 512 bytes (or 255 bytes if the bit FIFOSize is set to 1)
again.
8.5.4 Status Information about the FIFO buffer
The host may obtain the following data about the FIFO-buffers status:
• Number of bytes already stored in the FIFO-buffer. Writing increments, reading
decrements the FIFO level: FIFOLength in register FIFOLength (and FIFOControl
Register in 512 byte mode)
• Warning, that the FIFO-buffer is almost full: HiAlert in register FIFOControl according
to the value of the water level in register WaterLevel (Register 02h bit [2], Register
03h bit[7:0])
• Warning, that the FIFO-buffer is almost empty: LoAlert in register FIFOControl
according to the value of the water level in register WaterLevel (Register 02h bit [2],
Register 03h bit[7:0])
• FIFOOvl bit indicates, that bytes were written to the FIFO buffer although it was
already full: ErrIrq in register Irq0.
WaterLevel is one single value defining both HiAlert (counting from the FIFO top) and
LoAlert (counting from the FIFO bottom). The CLRC663 can generate an interrupt signal
if:
• LoAlertIRQEn in register IRQ0En is set to logic 1 it will activate pin IRQ when LoAlert
in the register FIFOControl changes to 1.
• HiAlertIRQEN in register IRQ0En is set to logic 1 it will activate pin IRQ when HiAlert
in the register FIFOControl changes to 1.
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The bit HiAlert is set to logic 1 if maximum water level bytes (as set in register WaterLevel)
or less can be stored in the FIFO-buffer. It is generated according to the following
equation:
HiAlert =  FiFoSize – FiFoLength   WaterLevel
(2)
The bit LoAlert is set to logic 1 if water level bytes (as set in register WaterLevel) or less
are actually stored in the FIFO-buffer. It is generated according to the following equation:
LoAlert = FIFOLength  WaterLevel
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8.6 Analog interface and contactless UART
8.6.1 General
The integrated contactless UART supports the external host online with framing and error
checking of the protocol requirements up to 848 kbit/s. An external circuit can be
connected to the communication interface pins SIGIN and SIGOUT to modulate and
demodulate the data.
The contactless UART handles the protocol requirements for the communication schemes
in co-operation with the host. The protocol handling itself generates bit- and byte-oriented
framing and handles error detection like Parity and CRC according to the different
contactless communication schemes.
The size, the tuning of the antenna, and the supply voltage of the output drivers have an
impact on the achievable field strength. The operating distance between reader and card
depends additionally on the type of card used.
8.6.2 TX transmitter
The signal delivered on pin TX1 and pin TX2 is the 13.56 MHz carrier modulated by an
envelope signal for energy and data transmission. It can be used to drive an antenna
directly, using a few passive components for matching and filtering, see Section 14
“Application information”. The signal on TX1 and TX2 can be configured by the register
DrvMode, see Section 9.8.1 “TxMode”.
The modulation index can be set by the TxAmp.
Following figure shows the general relations during modulation
influenced by set_clk_mode
envelope
TX ASK100
TX ASK10
(1)
(2)
1: Defined by set_cw_amplitude.
2: Defined by set_residual_carrier.
time
001aan355
Fig 25. General dependences of modulation
Note: When changing the continuous wave, the residual carrier also changes, while the
modulation index remains the same.
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The registers Section 9.8 and Section 9.10 control the data rate, the framing during
transmission and the setting of the antenna driver to support the requirements at the
different specified modes and transfer speeds.
Table 27.
Settings for TX1 and TX2
TxClkMode
(binary)
Tx1 and TX2 output
Remarks
000
High impedance
-
001
0
output pulled to 0 in any case
010
1
output pulled to 1 in any case
110
RF high side push
open drain, only high side (push) MOS supplied
with clock, clock parity defined by invtx; low side
MOS is off
101
RF low side pull
open drain, only low side (pull) MOS supplied
with clock, clock parity defined by invtx; high
side MOS is off
111
13.56 MHz clock derived
from 27.12 MHz quartz
divided by 2
push/pull Operation, clock polarity defined by
invtx; setting for 10% modulation
Register TXamp and the bits for set_residual_carrier can define the modulation index:
Table 28.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
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Setting residual carrier and modulation index by TXamp.set_residual_carrier
set_residual_carrier (decimal) residual carrier [%]
modulation index [%]
0
99
0.5
1
98
1.0
2
96
2.0
3
94
3.1
4
91
4.7
5
89
5.8
6
87
7.0
7
86
7.5
8
85
8.1
9
84
8.7
10
83
9.3
11
82
9.9
12
81
10.5
13
80
11.1
14
79
11.7
15
78
12.4
16
77
13.0
17
76
13.6
18
75
14.3
19
74
14.9
20
72
16.3
21
70
17.6
22
68
19.0
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Table 28.
Setting residual carrier …continuedand modulation index by
set_residual_carrier (decimal) residual carrier [%]
modulation index [%]
23
65
21.2
24
60
25.0
25
55
29.0
26
50
33.3
27
45
37.9
28
40
42.9
29
35
48.1
30
30
53.8
31
25
60.0
Note: When VDD(TVDD) < 5 V it is not recommended to use a residual carrier < 50 %
8.6.2.1
Overshoot protection
The CLRC663 provides an overshoot protection for 100% ASK to avoid overshoots during
a PCD communication. Therefore two timers overshoot_t1 and overshoot_t2 can be used.
During the timer overshoot_t1 runs an amplitude defined by set_cw_amplitude bits is
provided to the output driver. Followed by an amplitude denoted by set_residual_carrier
bits with the duration of overshoot_t2.
7.0
(V)
5.0
3.0
1.0
-1.0
2.50
3.03
3.56
4.10
time (μs)
001aan356
Fig 26. Example 1: overshoot_t1 = 2d; overhoot_t2 = 5d.
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7.0
(V)
5.0
3.0
1.0
-1.0
0
1
2
3
4
5
time (μs)
001aan357
Fig 27. Example 2: overshoot_t1 = 0d; overhoot_t2 = 5d
8.6.2.2
Bit generator
The default coding of a data stream is done by using the Bit-Generator. It is activated
when the value of TxFrameCon.DCodeType is set to 0000 (bin). The Bit-Generator
encodes the data stream byte-wise and can apply the following encoding steps to each
data byte.
1. Add a start-bit of specified type at beginning of every byte
2. Add a stop-bit and EGT bits of a specified type. The maximum number of EGT bit is 6,
only full bits are supported
3. Add a parity-bit of a specified type
4. TxFirstBits (skips a given number of bits at the beginning of the first byte in a frame)
5. TxLastBits (skips a given number of bits at the end of the last byte in a frame)
6. Encrypt data-bit (MIFARE encryption)
TxFirstBits and TxLastBits can be used at the same time. If only a single data byte is sent,
it must be ensured that the range of TxFirstBits and TxLastBits do not overlap. It is not
possible to skip more than 8 bit of a single byte! ( (8 - TxFirstBits) + (8 - TxLastBits) ) < 8
By default, data bytes are always treated LSB first. To make use of a MSB first coding, the
TxMSBFirst in the register CLCON1 needs to be set.
8.6.3 Receiver circuitry
8.6.3.1
General
The CLRC663 features a versatile quadrature receiver architecture with fully differential
signal input at RXP and RXN. It can be configured to achieve optimum performance for
reception of various 13.56 MHz based protocols.
For all processing units various adjustments can be made to obtain optimum
performance.
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8.6.3.2
Block diagram
Figure 28 shows the block diagram of the receiver circuitry. The receiving process
includes several steps. First the quadrature demodulation of the carrier signal of
13.56 MHz is done. Several tuning steps in this circuit are possible.
fully/quasi-differential
rcv_hpcf<1:0>
rcv_gain<1:0>
rx_p
mixer
rx_n
mix_out_i_p
out_i_p
mix_out_i_n
out_i_n
2-stage BBA
I-clks
rx_p
rx_n
clk_27 MHz
DATA
13.56 MHz
I/O CLOCK
GENERATION
TIMING
GENERATION
ADC
clk_27 MHz
Q-clks
Adc_data_ready
2-stage BBA
rx_p
mix_out_q_p
out_q_p
rx_n
mix_out_q_n
out_q_n
DATA
mixer
rcv_gain<1:0>
fully/quasi-differential
rcv_hpcf<1:0>
001aan358
Fig 28. Block diagram of receiver circuitry
The receiver can also be operated in a single ended mode. In this case the
Rcv_RX_single has to be set. In the single ended use case two receiver pins RXP and
RXN need to be connected and will provide a single ended signal to the receiver circuitry.
When using the receiver in a single ended mode the reading distance will be decreased
compared to a double ended antenna implementation.
Table 29.
Configuration for single or differential receiver
Mode
rcv_rx_single
pins RXP and RXN
Fully differential
0
provide differential signal from
differential antenna by separate
rx-coupling branches
Quasi differential
1
connect RXP and RXN together
and provide single ended signal
from antenna by a single
rx-coupling branch
The quadrature-demodulator uses two different clocks, Q-clock and I-clock, with a phase
shift of 90 between them. Both resulting baseband signals are amplified, filtered and
forwarded to a correlation circuitry.
The typical application is intended to implement the Fully differential mode and will deliver
maximum reader/writer distance. The Quasi differential mode can be used together with
dedicated antenna topologies that allow a reduction of matching components at the cost
of overall reading performance.
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8.6.4 Active antenna concept
Two main blocks are implemented in the CLRC663. A digital circuitry, comprising state
machines, coder and decoder logic and an analog circuitry with the modulator and
antenna drivers, receiver and amplification circuitry. For example, the interface between
these two blocks can be configured in the way, that the interfacing signals may be routed
to the pins SIGIN and SIGOUT. The most important use of this topology is the active
antenna concept where the digital and the analog blocks are separated. This opens the
possibility to connect e.g. an additional digital block of another CLRC663 device with a
single analog antenna front-end.
SIGIN
READER IC
(DIGITAL)
SIGOUT
SIGOUT
SIGIN
READER IC
(ANTENNA)
001aam307
Fig 29. Block diagram of the active Antenna concept
The Table 30 and Table 31 describe the necessary register configuration for the use case
active antenna concept.
Table 30.
Register configuration of CLRC663 active antenna concept (DIGITAL)
Register
Value (binary)
Description
SigOut.SigOutSel
0100
TxEnvelope
Rcv.SigInSel
10
11
Receive over SigIn (ISO/IEC14443A)
Receive over SigIn (Generic Code)
DrvCon.TxSel
00
Low (idle)
Table 31.
Register configuration of CLRC663 active antenna concept (Antenna)
Register
Value (binary)
Description
SigOut.SigOutSel
0110
0111
Generic Code (Manchester)
Manchester with Subcarrier (ISO/IEC14443A)
Rcv.SigInSel
01
Internal
DrvCon.TxSel
10
External (SigIn)
RxCtrl.RxMultiple
1
RxMultiple on
The interface between these two blocks can be configured in the way, that the interfacing
signals may be routed to the pins SIGIN and SIGOUT (see Figure 30 “Overview
SIGIN/SIGOUT Signal Routing”).
This topology supports, that some parts of the analog part of the CLRC663 may be
connected to the digital part of another device.
The switch SigOutSel in registerSigOut can be used to measure signals. This is especially
important during the design In phase or for test purposes to check the transmitted and
received data.
However, the most important use of SIGIN/SIGOUT pins is the active antenna concept.
An external active antenna circuit can be connected to the digital circuit of the CLRC663.
SigOutSel has to be configured in that way that the signal of the internal Miller Coder is
sent to SIGOUT pin (SigOutSel = 4). SigInSel has to be configured to receive Manchester
signal with sub-carrier from SIGIN pin (SigInSel = 1).
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It is possible, to connect a passive antenna to pins TX1, TX2 and RX (via the appropriate
filter and matching circuit) and at the same time an active antenna to the pins SIGOUT
and SIGIN. In this configuration, two RF-parts may be driven (one after another) by a
single host processor.
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xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx x x x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxx
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SIGOUT
TX bit stream
tri-state
LOW
HIGH
TX envelope
TX active
S3C signal
RX envelope
RX active
RX bit signal
CODER
DIGITAL MODULE
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RX bit stream
DECODER
0
1
2
Sigpro_in_sel 3
[1:0]
0, 1
2
SIGOUTSel[4:0]
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
tri-state
internal analog block
SIGIN over envelope
SIGIN generic
No_nodulation
TX envelope
SIGIN
RFU
0
1
2
3 TxCon.TxSel
[1:0]
TX2
MODULATOR
DRIVER
TX1
ANALOG MODULE
SUBCARRIER
DEMODULATOR
DEMODULATOR
SIGIN
RXN
RXP
001aam001
Fig 30. Overview SIGIN/SIGOUT Signal Routing
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8.6.5 Symbol generator
The symbol generator is used to create various protocol symbols. These can be e.g. SOF
or EOF symbols as they are used by the ISO14443 protocols or proprietary protocol
symbols like the CS symbol as used by the ICODE EPC protocol.
Symbols are defined by means of the symbol definition registers and the mode registers.
Four different symbols can be used. Two of them, Symbol0 and Symbol1 have a
maximum pattern length of 16 bit and feature a burst length of up to 256 bits of either logic
“0” or logic “1”. The Symbol2 and Symbol3 are limited to 8 bit pattern length and do not
support a burst.
The definition of symbol patterns is done by writing the bit sequence of the pattern to the
appropriate register. The last bit of the pattern to be sent is located at the LSB of the
register. By setting the symbol length in the symbol-length register (TxSym10Len and
TxSym32Len) the definition of the symbol pattern is completed. All other bits at
bit-position higher than the symbol length in the definition register are ignored. (Example:
length of Symbol2 = 5, bit7 and bit6 are ignored, bit5 to bit0 define the symbol pattern, bit5
is sent first)
Which symbol-pattern is sent can be configured in the TxFrameCon register. Symbol0,
Symbol1 and Symbol2 can be sent before data packets, Symbol1, Symbol2 and Symbol3
can be sent after data packets. Each symbol is defined by a set of registers. Symbols are
configured by a pair of registers. Symbol0 and Symbol1 share the same configuration and
Symbol2 and Symbol3 share the same configuration. The configuration includes setting of
bit-clock- and subcarrier-frequency, as well as selection of the pulse type/length and the
envelope type.
8.7 Memory
8.7.1 Memory overview
The CLRC663 implements three different memories: EEPROM, FIFO and Registers.
At startup, the initialization of the registers which define the behavior of the IC is
performed by an automatic copy of an EEPROM area (read/write EEPROM section1 and
section2, register reset) into the registers. The behavior of the CLRC663 can be changed
by executing the command LoadProtocol, which copies a selected default protocol from
the EEPROM (read only EEPROM section4, register Set Protocol area) into the registers.
The read/write EEPROM section2 can be used to store any user data or predefined
register settings. These predefined settings can be copied with the command
"LoadRegister" into the internal registers.
The FIFO is used as Input/Out buffer and is able to improve the performance of a system
with limited interface speed.
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8.7.2 EEPROM memory organization
The CLRC663 has implemented a EEPROM non-volatile memory with a size of 8 kB.The
EEPROM is organized in pages of 64 bytes. One page of 64 bytes can be programmed at
a time. Defined purposes had been assigned to specific memory areas of the EEPROM,
which are called Sections. Five sections 0..4 with different purpose do exist.
Table 32.
EEPROM memory organization
Section
Page
Byte
addresses
Access
rights
Memory content
0
0
00 to 31
r
product information and configuration
32 to 63
r/w
product configuration
1
1 to 2
64 to 191
r/w
register reset
2
3 to 95
192 to 6143
r/w
free
3
96 to 111
6144 to 7167
w
MIFARE key
4
112 to 128
7168 to 8191
r
Register Set Protocol (RSP)
The following figure show the structure of the EEPROM:
Section 0:
Production and config
Section 1:
Register reset
Section 2:
Free
Section 3:
MIFARE key area (MKA)
Section 4_TX:
RSP-Area for TX
Section 4_RX:
RSP-Area for RX
001aan359
Fig 31. Sector arrangement of the EEPROM
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8.7.2.1
Product information and configuration - Page 0
The first EEPROM page includes production data as well as configuration information.
Table 33.
Production area (Page 0)
Address 0
(Hex.)
1
00
ProductID
08
ManufacturerData
10
ManufacturerData
18
ManufacturerData
2
3
4
5
Version
ManufacturerData
6
7
ProductID: Identifier for this CLRC663 product
Version: Silicon Version identifier.
ManufacturerData: This data is programmed during production. The content is not
intended to be used by any application and might be not the same for different devices.
Therefore this content needs to be considered to be undefined.
Table 34.
Configuration area (Page 0)
Address 0
(Hex.)
20
I2C_Address
28
RxCRCPreset
30
-
38
-
1
2
Interface
3
4
5
6
I2C SAM_Address DefaultProtRx
DefaultProtTx
-
TxCRCPreset
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
I2C-Address: Two possibilities exist to define the address of the I2C interface. This can be
done either by configuring the pins IF0, IF2 (address is then 10101xx, xx is defined by the
interface pins IF0, IF2) or by writing value into the I2C address area. The selection, which
of this 2-information pin configuration or EEPROM content - is used as I2C-address is
done at EEPROM address 21h (Interface, bit4)
Interface: This section describes the interface byte configuration.
Table 35.
Interface byte
Bit
access rights
CLRC663
Product data sheet
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7
6
I2C_HSP
5
4
r/w
3
2
-
-
RFU
RFU
I2C_Address
Boundary Scan
Host
r/w
r/w
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Table 36.
Interface bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
I2C_HSP
when cleared, the high speed mode is used
when set, the high speed+ mode is used (default)
6, 5
RFU
-
4
I2C_Address
when cleared, the pins are used (default)
when set, the EEPROM is used
3
Boundary
Scan
when cleared, the boundary scan interface is ON (default)
when set, the boundary scan is OFF
2 to 0
Host
000b - RS232
001b - I2C
010b - SPI
011b - I2CL
1xxb - pin selection
I2C_SAM_Address: The I2C SAM Address is always defined by the EEPROM content.
: The Register Set Protocol (RSP) Area contains settings for the TX registers (16 bytes)
and for the RX registers (8 bytes).
Table 37.
Tx and Rx arrangements in the register set protocol area
Section
Section 4 TX
Tx0
Tx1
TX2
Tx5
Tx3
Section 4 TX
Tx4
Section 4 Rx
RX0
RX1
RX2
RX3
RX4
TX6
RX5
RX6
TX7
RX7
Section 4 Rx
RX8
RX9
RX10
RX11
RX12
RX13
RX14
RX15
TxCrcPreset: The data bits send by the analog module of the are automatically extended
by a CRC.
8.7.3 EEPROM initialization content LoadProtocol
The CLRC663 EEPROM is initialized at production with default values which are used to
reset the registers of the CLRC663 by copying the EEprom content to the registers. Note
that the addresses used for copying reset values from EEprom to registers are dependent
on the configured protocol and can be changed by the user.
Table 38.
Register reset values (Hex.) (Page0)
Address
0
Function
Product ID
00
00
Function
Factory trim values
08
XX
XX
Function
TrimLPO
Factory trim values
10
XX
XX
CLRC663
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1
2
3
Version
Factory trim values
01
01
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
4
6
7
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
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Table 38.
Register reset values (Hex.) (Page0) …continued
Address
0
Function
Factory trim values
18....
XX
1
XX
2
3
4
5
6
7
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
XX
Factory trim values
....38
XX
XX
The register reset values are configuration parameters used after startup of the IC. They
can be changed to modify the default behavior of the device. In addition to this register
reset values, the possibility to load settings for various protocols defined by the user. The
load protocol command is used for this purpose.
Table 39.
Register reset values (Hex.)(Page1 and page 2)
Address
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Command
HostCtrl
FiFoControl
WaterLevel
FiFoLength
FiFoData
IRQ0
IRQ1
40
40
00
80
05
00
00
00
00
Error_Reg
Status_Reg
RxBitCtrl
RxColl
TControl
T0ReloadHi T0ReloadLo T0Counter
ValHi
10
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
T0Counter
ValLo
T1Control
T1ReloadHi T1ReloadLo T1Counter
ValHi
T1Counter
ValLo
T2Control
T2ReloadHi
00
08
00
00
00
00
08
00
T2ReloadLo T2Counter
ValHi
T2Counter
ValLo
T3Control
T3ReloadHi T3ReloadLo T3Counter
ValHi
T3Counter
ValLo
00
00
80
00
00
48
50
58
60
68
70
78
80
00
00
00
T3ReloadHi T3ReloadLo T4Control
T4ReloadHi T4ReloadLo T4Counter
ValHi
T4Counter
ValLo
80
00
00
00
00
80
00
DrvMode
TxAmp
DrvCon
Txl
TxCRC
Preset
RxCRC
Preset
TxDataNum TxModWith
86
15
11
06
18
18
0F
27
TxSym10
BurstLen
TxWaitCtrl
TxWaitLo
FrameCon
RxSofD
RxCtrl
RxWait
RxThres
hold
00
C0
12
CF
00
04
90
3F
RcvReg
RxAna
RFU
SerialSpeed LPO_trimm
PLL_Ctrl
PLL_Div
LPCD_QMi
n
12
0A
00
7A
80
04
20
48
LPCD_
QMax
LPCD_IMin
LPCD
_result_I
LPCD
_result_Q
PadEn
PadOut
PadIn
SigOut
12
88
00
00
00
00
00
00
TxBitMod
RFU
TxDataCon
TxDataMod
TxSymFreq
TxSym0H
TySym0L
TxSym1H
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8.8 Clock generation
8.8.1 Crystal oscillator
The clock applied to the CLRC663 acts as time basis for generation of the carrier sent out
at TX and for the quadrature mixer I and Q clock generation as well as for the coder and
decoder of the synchronous system. Therefore stability of the clock frequency is an
important factor for proper performance. To obtain highest performance, clock jitter has to
be as small as possible. This is best achieved by using the internal oscillator buffer with
the recommended circuitry.
READER IC
XTAL1
XTAL2
27.12 MHz
001aam308
Fig 32. Quartz connection
Table 40.
Crystal requirements recommendations
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
max
Unit
fxtal
crystal frequency
-
27.12
-
MHz
fxtal/fxtal
relative crystal
frequency variation
250
-
+250
ppm
ESR
equivalent series
resistance
-
50
100

CL
load capacitance
-
10
-
pF
Pxtal
crystal power
dissipation
-
50
100
W
8.8.2 IntegerN PLL clock line
The CLRC663 is able to provide a clock with configurable frequency at CLKOUT from
1 MHz to 24 MHz (PLL_Ctrl and PLL_DIV). There it can serve as a clock source to a
microcontroller which avoids the need of a second crystal oscillator in the reader system.
Clock source for the IntegerN-PLL is the 27.12 MHz crystal oscillator.
Two dividers are determining the output frequency. First a feedback integer-N divider
configures the VCO frequency to be N  fin/2 (control signal pll_set_divfb). As supported
Feedback Divider Ratios are 23, 27 and 28, VCO frequencies can be
23  fin / 2 (312 MHz), 27  fin / 2 (366 MHz) and 28  fin / 2 (380 MHz).
The VCO frequency is divided by a factor which is defined by the output divider
(pll_set_divout). Table 41 “Divider values for selected frequencies using the integerN PLL”
shows the accuracy achieved for various frequencies (integer multiples of 1 MHz and
some typical RS232 frequencies) and the divider ratios to be used. The register bit
ClkOutEn enables the clock at CLKOUT pin.
The following formula can be used to calculate the output frequency:
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fout = 13.56 MHz  PLLDiv_FB /PLLDiv_Out
Table 41.
Divider values for selected frequencies using the integerN PLL
Frequency [MHz]
4
6
8
10
12
20
24
1.8432 3.6864
PLLDiv_FB
23
27
23
28
23
28
23
28
28
PLLDiv_Out
78
61
39
38
26
19
16
206
103
accuracy [%]
0.04 0.03 0.04 0.08 0.04 0.08 0.04 0.01
0.01
8.8.3 Low-Power Oscillator (LPO)
The Low-Power Oscillator (LPO) is implemented to drive a wake-up counter (WUC). This
wakes up the system in regular time intervals and eases the design of a reader that is
regularly polling for card presence or implements a low-power card detection.
The LPO is trimmed during production. Unless a high accuracy of the LPO is required by
the application and the device is operated in an environment with changing ambient
temperatures, trimming of the LPO is not required. For a typical application making use of
the LPO for wake up from power down, the trim values set during production can be used.
Optional trimming is supported by a digital state machine which compares LPO-clock to
a reference clock. As reference the 13.56 MHz crystal clock is available.
Table 42.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
Setting of lpo_trimm [7:0]
value (decimal)
LPO clocks
4
16
5
32
6
64
7
128
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8.9 Power management
8.9.1 Supply concept
The CLRC663 is supplied by VDD (Supply Voltage), PVDD (Pad Supply) and TVDD
(Transmitter Power Supply). These three voltages are independent from each other.
To connect the CLRC663 to a Microcontroller supplied by 3.3 V, PVDD and VDD shall be at
a level of 3.3 V as well, TVDD can be in a range from 3.3 V to 5.0 V. A higher supply
voltage at TVDD will result in a higher field strength.
Independent of the voltage it is recommended to buffer these supplies with blocking
capacitances close to the terminals of the package. VDD and PVDD are recommended to
be blocked with a capacitor of 100 nF min, TVDD is recommended to be blocked with 2
capacitors, 100 nF parallel to 1.0 F
AVDD and DVDD are not supply input pins. They are output pins and shall be connected
to blocking capacitors 470 nF each.
8.9.2 Power reduction mode
8.9.2.1
Power-down
A hard power-down is enabled with HIGH level on pin PDOWN. This turns off the internal
1.8 V voltage regulators for the analog and digital core supply as well as the oscillator. All
digital input buffers are separated from the input pads and clamped internally (except pin
PDOWN itself). The output pins are switched to high impedance.
To leave the power-down mode the level at the pin PDOWN as to be set to LOW. This will
start the internal start-up sequence.
8.9.2.2
Standby mode
The standby mode is entered immediately after setting the bit PowerDown in the register
Command. All internal current sinks are switched off except the LFO. Voltage references
and voltage regulators will be set into stand-by mode.
In opposition to the power-down mode, the digital input buffers are not separated by the
input pads and keep their functionality. The digital output pins do not change their state.
During standby mode, all registers values, the FIFO’s content and the configuration itself
will keep its current content.
To leave the standby mode the bit PowerDown in the register Command is cleared. This
will trigger the internal start-up sequence. The reader IC is in full operation mode again
when the internal start-up sequence is finalized (the typical duration is 15 us).
Alternatively, a value of 55h can be sent to the CLRC663 using the RS232 interface to
leave the standby mode. Then read accesses shall be performed at address 00h until the
device returns the content of this address. The return of the content of address 00h
indicates that the device is ready to receive further commands and the internal start-up
sequence is finalized.
8.9.2.3
Modem off mode
When the ModemOff bit in the register Control is set the antenna transmitter and the
receiver are switched off.
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To leave the modem off mode clears the ModemOff bit in the register Control.
8.9.3 Low-Power Card Detection (LPCD)
The low-power card detection is an energy saving modus when the CLRC663 is not fully
powered permanently.
The LPCD works in two phases. First the standby phase is controlled by the wake-up
counter (WUC), which defines the duration of the standby of the CLRC663. Second phase
is the detection-phase. In this phase the values of the I and Q channel are detected and
stored in the register map. (LPCD_I_Result, LPCD_Q_Result).This time period can be
handled with Timer3. The value is compared with the min/max values in the registers
(LPCD_IMin, LPCD_IMax; LPCD_QMin, LPCD_QMax). If it exceeds the limits, a LPCDIrq
is raised.
After the command LPCD the standby of the CLRC663 is activated, if selected. The
wake-up Timer4 can activate the system after a given time. For the LPCD it is
recommended to set T4AutoWakeUp and T4AutoRestart, to start the timer and then go to
standby. If a card is detected the timer stops and the communication can be started. If
T4AutoWakeUp is not set, the IC will not enter Standby mode in case no card is detected.
8.9.4 Reset and start-up time
A 10 s constant high level at the PDOWN pin starts the internal reset procedure.
The following figure shows the internal voltage regulator:
VDD
PVDD
1.8 V
GLITCH
FILTER
PDown
AVDD
INTERNAL VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
1.8 V
VSS
DVDD
VSS
001aan360
Fig 33. Internal PDown to voltage regulator logic
This internal procedure consists of two phases:
• Power on reset
• Startup time
When the CLRC663 has finished this two phases the reader IC is in Full mode and is
ready to be used. Refer to Section 13.1 “Timing characteristics”
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8.10 Command set
8.10.1 General
The behavior is determined by a state machine capable to perform a certain set of
commands. By writing the according command-code to register Command the command
is executed.
Arguments and/or data necessary to process a command, are exchanged via the FIFO
buffer.
• A data transmission of the TxEncoder can be started by a command. When started,
the communication is executed as defined in the TxFrameCon register. Therefore a
communication frame can consist of a start-symbol, a data-stream, and followed by
an end-symbol.
• Each command that needs a certain number of arguments will start processing only
when it has received the correct number of arguments via the FIFO buffer.
• The FIFO buffer is not cleared automatically at command start. Therefore, it is
recommended to write the command arguments and/or the data bytes into the FIFO
buffer and start the command afterwards.
• Each command may be interrupted by the host by writing a new command code into
register Command e.g.: the Idle-Command.
8.10.2 Command set overview
Table 43.
Command set
Command
No.
Parameter (bytes)
Short description
Idle
00h
-
no action, cancels current command execution
LPCD
01h
-
low-power card detection
LoadKey
02h
(keybyte1),(keybyte2), (keybyte3),
(keybyte4), (keybyte5),(keybyte6);
reads a MIFARE key (size of 6 bytes) from FIFO buffer
ant puts it into Key buffer
MFAuthent
03h
60h or 61h, (block address), (card
serial number byte0),(card serial
number byte1), (card serial number
byte2),(card serial number byte3);
performs the MIFARE standard authentication in
MIFARE read/write mode only
AckReq
04h
-
performs a query, an Ack and a Req-Rn for ISO/IEC
18000-3 mode 3/ EPC Class-1 HF
Receive
05h
-
activates the receive circuit
Transmit
06h
-
transmits data from the FIFO buffer
Transceive
07h
-
transmits data from the FIFO buffer and automatically
activates the receiver after transmission finished
WriteE2
08h
addressL, addressH, data;
gets one byte from FIFO buffer and writes it to the
internal EEPROM, valid address range are the
addresses of the MIFARE Key area
WriteE2Page
09h
(page Address), data0, [data1
..data63];
gets up to 64 bytes (one EEPROM page) from the FIFO
buffer and writes it to the EEPROM, valid page address
range are the pages of the MIFARE Key Area
ReadE2
0Ah
addressL, address H, length;
reads data from the EEPROM and copies it into the
FIFO buffer, valid address range are the addresses of
the MIFARE Key area
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Table 43.
Command set …continued
Command
No.
Parameter (bytes)
Short description
LoadReg
0Ch
(EEPROM ddressL), (EEPROM
addressH), RegAdr, (number of
Register to be copied);
reads data from the internal EEPROM and initializes the
CLRC663 registers. EEPROM address needs to be
within EEPROM sector 2
LoadProtocol
0Dh
(Protocol umber RX), (Protocol number reads data from the internal EEPROM and initializes the
TX);
CLRC663 registers needed for a Protocol change
LoadKeyE2
0Eh
KeyNr;
copies a key of the EEPROM into the key buffer
StoreKeyE2
0Fh
KeyNr, byte1,byte2, byte3, byte4,
byte5,byte6;
stores a MIFARE key (size of 6 bytes) into the EEPROM
ReadRNR
1Ch
-
Copies bytes from the Random Number generator into
the FIFO until the FiFo is full
Soft Reset
1Fh
-
resets the CLRC663
8.10.3 Command functionality
8.10.3.1
Idle command
Command (00h);
This command indicates that the CLRC663 is in idle mode. This command is also used to
terminate the actual command.
8.10.3.2
LPCD command
Command (01h);
This command performs a low-power card detection and or an automatic trimming of the
LPO. The values of the sampled I and Q channel are stored in the register map. The value
is compared with the min/max values in the register. If it exceeds the limits, an LPCD_Irq
will be raised. After the command the standby is activated if selected.
8.10.3.3
Load key command
Command (02h), Parameter1 (key byte1),..., Parameter6 (key byte6);
Loads a MIFARE Key (6 bytes) for Authentication from the FIFO into the crypto unit.
Abort condition: Less than 6 bytes written to the FIFO.
8.10.3.4
MFAuthent command
Command (03h), Parameter1 (Authentication command code 60h or 61h), Parameter2
(block address), Parameter3 (card serial number byte0), Parameter4 (card serial number
byte1), Parameter5 (card serial number byte2), Parameter6 (card serial number byte3);
This command handles the MIFARE authentication in Reader/Writer mode to enable a
secure communication to any MIFARE classic card.
When the MFAuthent command is active, any FIFO access is blocked. Anyhow if there is
an access to the FIFO, the bit WrErr in the Error register is set.
This command terminates automatically when the MIFARE card is authenticated and the
bit MFCrypto1On is set to logic 1.
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This command does not terminate automatically, when the card does not answer,
therefore the timer should be initialized to automatic mode. In this case, beside the bit
IdleIRq the bit TimerIRq can be used as termination criteria. During authentication
processing the bits RxIRq and TxIRq are blocked. The Crypto1On shows if the
authentication was successful.
The following data shall be written to the FIFO before the command can be activated:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Authentication command code (60h, 61h)
Block address
Card serial number byte 0
Card serial number byte 1
Card serial number byte 2
Card serial number byte 3
In total, 6 bytes are written to the FIFO.
Remark: When the MFAuthent command is active, any FIFO access is blocked. If there is
an attempt to access to the FIFO during MFAuthent being active, the bit WrErr in the Error
register is set.
This MFAuthent command terminates automatically when the MIFARE card is
authenticated and the bit MFCrypto1On in the Status register is set to logic 1.
This MFAuthent command does not terminate automatically when the card does not
answer, therefore the timer should be initialized to automatic mode. In this case, beside
the bit IdleIrq, the bit TimerIrq can be used as termination criteria. During authentication
processing the bit RxIrq and bit TxIrq are blocked. The Crypto1On bit is only valid after
termination of the authentication command (either after processing the protocol or after
writing IDLE to the command register).
In case there is an error during authentication, the bit ProtocolErr in the Error register is
set to logic 1 and the bit Crypto1On in register Status2Reg is set to logic 0.
8.10.3.5
AckReq command
Command (04h);
Performs a Query (Full command must be written into the FIFO); a Ack and a ReqRn
command. All answers to the command will be written into the FIFO. The error flag is
copied after the answer into the FIFO.
This command terminates automatically when finished and the active command is idle.
8.10.3.6
Receive command
Command (05h);
The CLRC663 activates the receiver path and waits for any data stream to be received.
The correct settings have to be chosen before starting this command.
This command terminates automatically when the received data stream ends. This is
indicated either by the end of frame pattern or by the length byte depending on the
selected framing and speed.
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Remark: If the bit RxMultiple in the RxModeReg register is set to logic 1, the Receive
command does not terminate automatically. It has to be terminated by activating any other
command in the CommandReg register (see Section 9.17.6 “RxMod”).
8.10.3.7
Transmit command
Command (06h);
The content of the FIFO is transmitted immediately after starting the command. Before
transmitting the FIFO content all relevant register have to be set to transmit data.
This command terminates automatically when the FIFO gets empty. It can be terminated
by any other command written to the command register.
8.10.3.8
Transceive command
Command (07h);
This command transmits data from the FIFO and receives data from the RF field once.
The first action is transmitting and after a transmission the command is changed to
receive a data stream.
Each transmission process starts by writing the command into CommandReg.
Remark: If the bit RxMultiple in register RxModeReg is set to logic 1, this command will
never leave the receiving state, because the receiving will not be cancelled automatically.
8.10.3.9
WriteE2 command
Command (08h), Parameter1 (addressL), Parameter2 (addressH), Parameter3 (data);
This command writes one byte into the EEPROM. If the FIFO contains no data, the
command will wait until the data is available
Abort condition: insufficient parameter in FIFO; Address-parameter outside of range
8.10.3.10
WriteE2PAGE command
Command (09h), Parameter1 (page address), Parameter2 (data0), Parameter3...65
[data1 ..data63];
This command writes up to 64 bytes into the EEPROM.
Abort condition: Insufficient parameters in FIFO; Page address parameter outside of
range.
8.10.3.11
ReadE2 command
Command (0Ah), Parameter1 (addressL), Parameter2 (addressH), Parameter3 (length);
Reads up to 256 bytes from the EEPROM to the FIFO. If a read operation exceeds the
address 1FFFh, the read operation continues from address 0000h.
Abort condition: Insufficient parameter in FIFO; Address parameter outside of range.
8.10.3.12
LoadReg command
Command (0Ch), Parameter1 (EEPROM addressL),Parameter2 (EEPROM addressH),
Parameter3 (RegAdr), Parameter4 (number);
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Read a defined number of bytes from the EEPROM and copies the value into the Register
set, beginning at the given address RegAdr.
Abort condition: Insufficient parameter in FIFO; Address parameter outside of range.
8.10.3.13
LoadProtocol command
Command (0Dh), Parameter1, (Protocol number RX), Parameter2 (Protocol number TX);
Reads out the EEPROM and copies the values to the RX-Protected area and to the TXprotected area. These are all important registers to a Protocol selection.
Abort condition: Insufficient parameter in FIFO
Table 44.
Predefined protocol overview[1]
Protocol
Number
(decimal)
Protocol
Transmitter
speed [kbits/s]
Modulation
Receiver
Modulation
speed [kbits/s]
00
ISO/IEC14443 A
106
Miller
106
Manchester SubC
01
ISO/IEC14443 A
212
Miller
212
BPSK
02
ISO/IEC14443 A
424
Miller
424
BPSK
03
ISO/IEC14443 A
848
Miller
848
BPSK
04
ISO/IEC14443 B
106
NRZ
106
BPSK
05
ISO/IEC14443 B
212
NRZ
212
BPSK
06
ISO/IEC14443 B
424
NRZ
424
BPSK
07
ISO/IEC14443 B
848
NRZ
848
BPSK
08
FeliCa
212
Manchester
212
Manchester
09
FeliCa
424
Manchester
424
Manchester
10
ISO/IEC15693
1/4
26
SSC
11
ISO/IEC15693
1/4
26
DSC
12
ISO/IEC15693
1/256
52
SSC
13
EPC/UID
Unitray
26
SSC
14
ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/
EPC Class-1 HF
Tari, ASK, PIE
2/424
15
ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/
EPC Class-1 HF
Tari, ASK, PIE
4/424
16
ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/
EPC Class-1 HF
Tari, ASK, PIE
2/848
17
ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/
EPC Class-1 HF
Tari, ASK, PIE
4/848
18
[1]
RFU
For more protocol details please refer to Section 8 “Functional description”.
8.10.3.14
LoadKeyE2 command
Command (0Eh), Parameter1 (key number);
Loads a MIFARE key for authentication from the EEPROM into the crypto 1 unit.
Abort condition: Insufficient parameter in FIFO; KeyNr is outside the MKA.
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8.10.3.15
StoreKeyE2 command
Command (0Fh), Parameter1 (KeyNr), Parameter2(keybyte1), Parameter3(keybyte2),
Parameter4(keybyte3), Parameter5(keybyte4), Parameter6(keybyte5), Parameter7
(keybyte6);
Stores MIFARE Keys into the EEPROM. The key number parameter indicates the first key
(n) in the MKA that will be written. If more than one MIFARE Key is available in the FIFO
then the next key (n+1) will be written as well and so forth until the FIFO is empty. If an
incomplete key (less than 6 bytes) is written into the FIFO, this key will be ignored and will
remain in the FIFO.
Abort condition: Insufficient parameter in FIFO; KeyNr is outside the MKA;
8.10.3.16
GetRNR command
Command (1Ch);
This command is reading Random Numbers from the random number generator of the
CLRC663. The Random Numbers are copied to the FIFO until the FIFO is full.
8.10.3.17
SoftReset command
Command (1Fh);
This command is performing a soft reset. Triggered by this command all the default values
for the register setting will be read from the EEPROM and copied into the register set.
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9. CLRC663 registers
9.1 Register bit behavior
Depending on the functionality of a register, the access conditions to the register can vary.
In principle, bits with same behavior are grouped in common registers. The access
conditions are described in Table 45.
Table 45.
Behavior of register bits and their designation
Abbreviation Behavior
Table 46.
Description
r/w
read and write These bits can be written and read via the host interface. Since
they are used only for control purposes, the content is not
influenced by the state machines but can be read by internal state
machines.
dy
dynamic
These bits can be written and read via the host interface. They
can also be written automatically by internal state machines, for
example Command register changes its value automatically after
the execution of the command.
r
read only
These register bits indicates hold values which are determined by
internal states only.
w
write only
Reading these register bits always returns zero.
RFU
-
These bits are reserved for future use and must not be changed.
In case of a required write access, it is recommended to write a
logic 0.
CLRC663 registers overview
Address
Register name
Function
00h
Command
Starts and stops command execution
01h
HostCtrl
Host control register
02h
FIFOControl
Control register of the FIFO
03h
WaterLevel
Level of the FIFO underflow and overflow warning
04h
FIFOLength
Length of the FIFO
05h
FIFOData
Data In/Out exchange register of FIFO buffer
06h
IRQ0
Interrupt register 0
07h
IRQ1
Interrupt register 1
08h
IRQ0En
Interrupt enable register 0
09h
IRQ1En
Interrupt enable register 1
0Ah
Error
Error bits showing the error status of the last command execution
0Bh
Status
Contains status of the communication
0Ch
RxBitCtrl
Control register for anticollision adjustments for bit oriented protocols
0Dh
RxColl
Collision position register
0Eh
TControl
Control of Timer 0..3
0Fh
T0Control
Control of Timer0
10h
T0ReloadHi
High register of the reload value of Timer0
11h
T0ReloadLo
Low register of the reload value of Timer0
12h
T0CounterValHi
Counter value high register of Timer0
13h
T0CounterValLo
Counter value low register of Timer0
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Table 46.
CLRC663 registers overview …continued
Address
Register name
Function
14h
T1Control
Control of Timer1
15h
T1ReloadHi
High register of the reload value of Timer1
16h
T1ReloadLo
Low register of the reload value of Timer1
17h
T1CounterValHi
Counter value high register of Timer1
18h
T1CounterValLo
Counter value low register of Timer1
19h
T2Control
Control of Timer2
1Ah
T2ReloadHi
High byte of the reload value of Timer2
1Bh
T2ReloadLo
Low byte of the reload value of Timer2
1Ch
T2CounterValHi
Counter value high byte of Timer2
1Dh
T2CounterValLo
Counter value low byte of Timer2
1Eh
T3Control
Control of Timer3
1Fh
T3ReloadHi
High byte of the reload value of Timer3
20h
T3ReloadLo
Low byte of the reload value of Timer3
21h
T3CounterValHi
Counter value high byte of Timer3
22h
T3CounterValLo
Counter value low byte of Timer3
23h
T4Control
Control of Timer4
24h
T4ReloadHi
High byte of the reload value of Timer4
25h
T4ReloadLo
Low byte of the reload value of Timer4
26h
T4CounterValHi
Counter value high byte of Timer4
27h
T4CounterValLo
Counter value low byte of Timer4
28h
DrvMod
Driver mode register
29h
TxAmp
Transmitter amplifier register
2Ah
DrvCon
Driver configuration register
2Bh
Txl
Transmitter register
2Ch
TxCrcPreset
Transmitter CRC control register, preset value
2Dh
RxCrcPreset
Receiver CRC control register, preset value
2Eh
TxDataNum
Transmitter data number register
2Fh
TxModWidth
Transmitter modulation width register
30h
TxSym10BurstLen
Transmitter symbol 1 + symbol 0 burst length register
31h
TXWaitCtrl
Transmitter wait control
32h
TxWaitLo
Transmitter wait low
33h
FrameCon
Transmitter frame control
34h
RxSofD
Receiver start of frame detection
35h
RxCtrl
Receiver control register
36h
RxWait
Receiver wait register
37h
RxThreshold
Receiver threshold register
38h
Rcv
Receiver register
39h
RxAna
Receiver analog register
3Ah
RFU
-
3Bh
SerialSpeed
Serial speed register
3Ch
LPO_Trimm
Low-power oscillator trimming register
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Table 46.
CLRC663 registers overview …continued
Address
Register name
Function
3Dh
PLL_Ctrl
IntegerN PLL control register, for microcontroller clock output adjustment
3Eh
PLL_DivOut
IntegerN PLL control register, for microcontroller clock output adjustment
3Fh
LPCD_QMin
Low-power card detection Q channel minimum threshold
40h
LPCD_QMax
Low-power card detection Q channel maximum threshold
41h
LPCD_IMin
Low-power card detection I channel minimum threshold
42h
LPCD_I_Result
Low-power card detection I channel result register
43h
LPCD_Q_Result
Low-power card detection Q channel result register
44h
PadEn
PIN enable register
45h
PadOut
PIN out register
46h
PadIn
PIN in register
47h
SigOut
Enables and controls the SIGOUT Pin
48h
TxBitMod
Transmitter bit modus register
49h
RFU
-
4Ah
TxDataCon
Transmitter data configuration register
4Bh
TxDataMod
Transmitter data modulation register
4Ch
TxSymFreq
Transmitter symbol frequency
4Dh
TxSym0H
Transmitter symbol 0 high register
4Eh
TxSym0L
Transmitter symbol 0 low register
4Fh
TxSym1H
Transmitter symbol 1 high register
50h
TxSym1L
Transmitter symbol 1 low register
51h
TxSym2
Transmitter symbol 2 register
52h
TxSym3
Transmitter symbol 3 register
53h
TxSym10Len
Transmitter symbol 1 + symbol 0 length register
54h
TxSym32Len
Transmitter symbol 3 + symbol 2 length register
55h
TxSym10BurstCtrl
Transmitter symbol 1 + symbol 0 burst control register
56h
TxSym10Mod
Transmitter symbol 1 + symbol 0 modulation register
57h
TxSym32Mod
Transmitter symbol 3 + symbol 2 modulation register
58h
RxBitMod
Receiver bit modulation register
59h
RxEofSym
Receiver end of frame symbol register
5Ah
RxSyncValH
Receiver synchronisation value high register
5Bh
RxSyncValL
Receiver synchronisation value low register
5Ch
RxSyncMod
Receiver synchronisation mode register
5Dh
RxMod
Receiver modulation register
5Eh
RxCorr
Receiver correlation register
5Fh
FabCal
Calibration register of the receiver, calibration performed at production
7Fh
Version
Version and subversion register
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9.2 Command configuration
9.2.1 Command
Starts and stops command execution.
Table 47.
Command register (address 00h)
Bit
7
6
5
Symbol
Standby
Modem
Off
RFU
4
3
Command
2
Access
rights
dy
r/w
-
dy
1
0
Table 48.
Command bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
Standby
Set to 1, the IC is entering power-down mode.
6
ModemOff
Set to logic 1, the receiver and the transmitter circuit is powering down.
5
RFU
-
4 to 0
Command
Defines the actual command for the CLRC663.
9.3 SAM configuration register
9.3.1 HostCtrl
Via the HostCtrl Register the interface access right can be controlled
Table 49.
HostCtrl register (address 01h);
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
RegEn
BusHost
BusSAM
RFU
SAMInterface
SAMInterface
RFU
RFU
Access
rights
dy
r/w
r/w
-
r/w
r/w
-
-
Table 50.
HostCtrl bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
RegEn
If this bit is set to logic 1, the register can be changed at the next
register access. The next write access clears this bit automatically.
6
BusHost
Set to logic 1, the bus control enables the host interface. This bit
cannot be set together with BusSAM. This bit can only be set if the bit
RegEn was previously set.
5
BusSAM
Set to logic 1, the bus control enables the SAM interface. This bit
cannot be set together with BusHost. This bit can only be set if the bit
RegEn is previously set.
4
RFU
-
3 to 2
SAMInterface
0h:Interface switched off
1h:Interface SPI active
2h:Interface I2CL active
3h:Interface I2C
1 to 0
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9.4 FIFO configuration register
9.4.1 FIFOControl
FIFOControl defines the characteristics of the FIFO
Table 51.
FIFOControl register (address 02h);
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
Symbol
FIFOSize
HiAlert
LoAlert
FIFOFlush
RFU
WaterLevel
1
FIFOLength
0
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Table 52.
FIFOControl bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
FIFOSize
Set to logic 1, FIFO size is 255 bytes;
Set to logic 0, FIFO size is 512 bytes.
It is recommended to change the FIFO size only, when the FIFO
content had been cleared.
6
HiAlert
Set to logic 1, when the number of bytes stored in the FIFO buffer
fulfils the following equation:
HiAlert = (FIFOSize - FIFOLength) <= WaterLevel
5
LoAlert
Set to logic 1, when the number of bytes stored in the FIFO buffer
fulfils the following conditions:
LoAlert =1 if FIFOLength <= WaterLevel
4
FIFOFlush
Set to logic 1 empties the FIFO buffer. Reading this bit will always
return 0
3
RFU
-
2
WaterLevel
Defines the bit 8 (MSB) for the waterlevel (extension of WaterLevel).
This bit is only evaluated in the 512-bit FIFO mode. Bits 7..0 are
defined in WaterLevel.
1 to 0
FIFOLength
Defines the bit9 (MSB) and bit8 for the FIFO length (extension of
FIFOLength). These two bits are only evaluated in the 512-bit FIFO
mode, The bits 7..0 are defined in FIFOLength.
9.4.2 WaterLevel
Defines the level for FIFO under- and overflow warning levels.This register is extended by
1 bit in FIFOControl in case the 512-bit FIFO mode is activated by setting bit
FIFOControl.FIFOSize.
Table 53.
WaterLevel register (address 03h);
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
WaterLevel
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Table 54.
WaterLevel bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
WaterLevel
Sets a level to indicate a FIFO-buffer state which can be read from bits
HighAlert and LowAlert in the FifoControl. In 512-bit FIFO mode, the
register is extended by bit WaterLevel in the FIFOControl. This
functionality can be used to avoid a FIFO buffer overflow or underflow:
The bit HiAlert bit in FIFO Control is read logic 1, if the number of bytes
in the FIFO-buffer is equal or less than the number defined by
WaterLevel.
The bit LoAlert bit in FIFO control is read logic 1, if the number of bytes
in the FIFO buffer is equal or less than the number defined by
WaterLevel.
Note: For the calculation of HiAlert and LoAlert see register description
of these bits (Section 9.4.1 “FIFOControl”).
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9.4.3 FIFOLength
Number of bytes in the FIFO buffer. In 512-bit modem this register is extended by
FIFOControl.FifoLength.
Table 55.
FIFOLength register (address 04h); reset value: 00h
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
FIFOLength
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Table 56.
2
1
0
FIFOLength bits
Bit
7 to 0
Symbol
Description
FIFOLength
Indicates the number of bytes in the FIFO buffer. In 512-bit modem this
register is extended by the bits FIFOLength in the FIFOControl
register. Writing to the FIFOData register increments, reading
decrements the number of bytes in the FIFO.
9.4.4 FIFOData
In- and output of FIFO buffer. Contrary to any read/write access to other addresses,
reading or writing to the FIFO address does not increment the address pointer. Resulting
in an efficient data transfer from and to the FIFO buffer. Writing to the FIFOData register
increments, reading decrements the number of bytes present in the FIFO.
Table 57.
FIFOData register (address 05h);
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
FIFOData
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Table 58.
FIFOData bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
FIFOData
Data input and output port for the internal FIFO buffer. Refer to Section
8.5 “Buffer”.
9.5 Interrupt configuration registers
The Registers IRQ0 register and IRQ1 register implement a special functionality to avoid
the not intended modification of bits.
The mechanism of changing register contents requires the following consideration:
IRQ(x). Set indicates, if a set bit on position 0 to 6 shall be cleared or set. Depending on
the content of IRQ(x).Set, a write of a logical 1 to positions 0 to 6 either clears or sets the
corresponding bit. With this register the application can modify the interrupt status which
is maintained by the CLRC663
Bit 7 indicates, if the intended modification is a setting or clearance of a bit. Any 1 written
to a bit position 6...0 will trigger the setting or clearance of this bit as defined by bit 7.
Example: writing FFh sets all bits 6..0, writing 7Fh clears all bits 6..0 of the interrupt
request register
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9.5.1 IRQ0 register
Interrupt request register 0.
Table 59.
IRQ0 register (address 06h); reset value: 00h
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
Set
Hi AlertIrq
Lo AlertIrq
IdleIrq
TxIrq
RxIrq
ErrIrq
RxSOF
Irq
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Table 60.
IRQ0 bits
Bit
Symbol
7
Set
Description
1: writing a 1 to a bit position 6..0 sets the interrupt request
0: Writing a 1 to a bit position 6..0 clears the interrupt request
6
HiAlerIrq
Set, when bit HiAlert in register Status1Reg is set. In opposition to HiAlert,
HiAlertIrq stores this event and can only be reset if Set is cleared.
5
LoAlertIrq
Set, when bit LoAlert in register Status1 is set. In opposition to LoAlert,
LoAlertIrq stores this event and can only be reset if Set is cleared
4
IdleIrq
Set, when a command terminates by itself e.g. when the Command changes
its value from any command to the Idle command. If an unknown command
is started, the Command changes its content to the idle state and the bit
IdleIRq is set. Starting the Idle command by the Controller does not set bit
IdleIRq.
3
TxIrq
Set, when data transmission is completed, which is immediately after the last
bit is sent.
2
RxIrq
Set, when the receiver detects the end of a data stream.
Note: This flag is no indication that the received data stream is correct. The
error flags have to be evaluated to get the status of the reception.
1
ErrIrq
Set, when the one of the following errors is set:
0
RxSOFlrq
Set, when a SOF or a subcarrier is detected
FifoWrErr, FiFoOvl, ProtErr, NoDataErr, IntegErr
9.5.2 IRQ1 register
Interrupt request register 1.
Table 61.
IRQ1 register (address 07h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
Set
GlobalIrq
LPCD_Irq
Timer4Irq
Timer3Irq
Timer2Irq
Timer1Irq
Timer0Irq
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Table 62.
IRQ1 bits
Bit
Symbol
7
Set
Description
1: writing a 1 to a bit position 5..0 sets the interrupt request
0: Writing a 1 to a bit position 5..0 clears the interrupt request
6
GlobalIrq
Set, if an enabled Irq occurs.
5
LPCD_Irq
Set if a card is detected in Low-power card detection sequence.
4
Timer4Irq
Set to logic 1 when Timer4 has an underflow.
3
Timer3Irq
Set to logic 1 when Timer3 has an underflow.
2
Timer2Irq
Set to logic 1 when Timer2 has an underflow.
1
Timer1Irq
Set to logic 1 when Timer1 has an underflow.
0
Timer0Irq
Set to logic 1 when Timer0 has an underflow.
9.5.3 IRQ0En register
Interrupt request enable register for IRQ0. This register allows to define if an interrupt
request is processed by the CLRC663.
Table 63.
Bit
IRQ0En register (address 08h)
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
Irq_Inv
Hi AlertIrqEn
LoAlertIrqEn
IdleIrqEn
TxIrqEn
RxIrqEn
ErrIrqEn
RxSOFIrqEn
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Table 64.
IRQ0En bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
Irq_Inv
Set to one the signal of the IRQ pin is inverted
6
Hi AlerIrqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the High Alert interrupt Request (indicated by the
bit HiAlertIrq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
5
Lo AlertIrqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the Low Altert Interrupt Request (indicated by the
bit LoAlertIrq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
4
IdleIrqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the Idle interrupt request (indicated by the bit
IdleIrq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
3
TxIRqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the transmitter interrupt request (indicated by the
bit TxtIrq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
2
RxIRqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the receiver interrupt request (indicated by the bit
RxIrq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
1
ErrIRqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the Error interrupt request (indicated by the bit
ErrorIrq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
0
RxSOFIrqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the RxSOF interrupt request (indicated by the bit
RxSOFIrq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
9.5.4 IRQ1En
Interrupt request enable register for IRQ1.
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Table 65.
Bit
IRQ1EN register (address 09h);
7
6
5
4
3
2
Symbol
IrqPushPull
IrqPinEn
LPCD_IrqEn
Timer4IrqEn
Timer3IrqEn
Timer2IrqE
n
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Table 66.
1
0
Timer1IrqEn Timer0IrqEn
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IRQ1EN bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
IrqPushPull
Set to 1 the IRQ-pin acts as PushPull pin, otherwise it acts as
OpenDrain pin
6
IrqPinEN
Set to logic 1, it allows the global interrupt request (indicated by the bit
GlobalIrq) to be propagated to the interrupt pin
5
LPCD_IrqEN
Set to logic 1, it allows the LPCDinterrupt request (indicated by the bit
LPCDIrq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
4
Timer4IRqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the Timer4 interrupt request (indicated by the bit
Timer4Irq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
3
Timer3IrqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the Timer3 interrupt request (indicated by the bit
Timer3tIrq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
2
Timer2IrqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the Timer2 interrupt request (indicated by the bit
Timer2Irq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
1
Timer1IrqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the Timer1 interrupt request (indicated by the bit
Timer1Irq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
0
Timer0IrqEn
Set to logic 1, it allows the Timer0 interrupt request (indicated by the bit
Timer0Irq) to be propagated to the GlobalIrq
9.6 Contactless interface configuration registers
9.6.1 Error
Error register.
Table 67.
Error register (address 0Ah)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
EE_Err
FiFoWrErr
FIFOOvl
MinFrameErr
NoDataErr
CollDet
ProtErr
IntegErr
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Table 68.
Error bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
EE_Err
An error appeared during the last EEPROM command. For
details see the descriptions of the EEPROM commands
6
FIFOWrErr Data was written into the FIFO, during a transmission of a possible CRC,
during "RxWait", "Wait for data" or "Receiving" state, or during an
authentication command. The Flag is cleared when a new CL command is
started. If RxMultiple is active, the flag is cleared after the error flags have
been written to the FIFO.
5
FIFOOvl
Data is written into the FIFO when it is already full. The data that is already in
the FIFO will remain untouched. All data that is written to the FIFO after this
Flag is set to 1 will be ignored.
4
Min
FrameErr
A valid SOF was received, but afterwards less then 4 bits of data were
received.
Note: Frames with less than 4 bits of data are automatically discarded and the
RxDecoder stays enabled. Furthermore no RxIrq is set. The same is valid for
less than 3 Bytes if the EMD suppression is activated
Note: MinFrameErr is automatically cleared at the start of a receive or
transceive command. In case of a transceive command, it is cleared at the
start of the receiving phase ("Wait for data" state)
3
NoDataErr Data should be sent, but no data is in FIFO
2
CollDet
A collision has occurred. The position of the first collision is shown in the
register RxColl.
Note: CollDet is automatically cleared at the start of a receive or transceive
command. In case of a transceive command, it is cleared at the start of the
receiving phase (“Wait for data” state).
Note: If a collision is part of the defined EOF symbol, CollDet is not set to 1.
1
ProtErr
A protocol error has occurred. A protocol error can be a wrong stop bit, a
missing or wrong ISO/IEC14443B EOF or SOF or a wrong number of
received data bytes. When a protocol error is detected, data reception is
stopped.
Note: ProtErr is automatically cleared at start of a receive or transceive
command. In case of a transceive command, it is cleared at the start of the
receiving phase (“Wait for data” state).
Note: When a protocol error occurs the last received data byte is not written
into the FIFO.
0
IntegErr
A data integrity error has been detected. Possible cause can be a wrong
parity or a wrong CRC. In case of a data integrity error the reception is
continued.
Note: IntegErr is automatically cleared at start of a Receive or Transceive
command. In case of a Transceive command, it is cleared at the start of the
receiving phase (“Wait for data” state).
Note: If the NoColl bit is set, also a collision is setting the IntegErr.
9.6.2 Status
Status register.
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Table 69.
Status register (address 0Bh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Symbol
-
-
Crypto1On
-
-
ComState
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Table 70.
0
Status bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 6
-
RFU
5
Crypto1On Indicates if the MIFARE Crypto is on. Clearing this bit is switching the
MIFARE Crypto off. The bit can only be set by the MFAuthent command.
4 to 3
-
RFU
2 to 0
ComState
ComState shows the status of the transmitter and receiver state machine:
000b ... Idle
001b ... TxWait
011b ... Transmitting
101b ... RxWait
110b ... Wait for data
111b ... Receiving
100b ... not used
9.6.3 RxBitCtrl
Receiver control register.
Table 71.
RxBitCtrl register (address 0Ch);
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
ValuesAfterColl
RxAlign
NoColl
RxLastBits
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Table 72.
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RxBitCtrl bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
ValuesAfter
Coll
If cleared, every received bit after a collision is replaced by a zero. This
function is needed for ISO/IEC14443 anticollision
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Table 72.
RxBitCtrl bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
6 to 4
RxAlign
Used for reception of bit oriented frames: RxAlign defines the bit position
length for the first bit received to be stored. Further received bits are
stored at the following bit positions.
Example:
RxAlign = 0h - the LSB of the received bit is stored at bit 0, the second
received bit is stored at bit position 1.
RxAlign = 1h - the LSB of the received bit is stored at bit 1, the second
received bit is stored at bit position 2.
RxAlign = 7h - the LSB of the received bit is stored at bit 7, the second
received bit is stored in the following byte at position 0.
Note: If RxAlign = 0, data is received byte-oriented, otherwise
bit-oriented.
3
NoColl
If this bit is set, a collision will result in an IntegErr
2 to 0
RxLastBits
Defines the number of valid bits of the last data byte received in
bit-oriented communications. If zero the whole byte is valid.
Note: These bits are set by the RxDecoder in a bit-oriented
communication at the end of the communication. They are reset at start
of reception.
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9.6.4 RxColl
Receiver collision register.
Table 73.
RxColl register (address 0Dh);
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
Symbol
CollPosValid
CollPos
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Table 74.
1
0
RxColl bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
CollPos
Valid
If set to 1, the value of CollPos is valid. Otherwise no collision is detected or
the position of the collision is out of the range of bits CollPos.
6 to 0
CollPos
These bits show the bit position of the first detected collision in a received
frame (only data bits are interpreted). CollPos can only be displayed for the
first 8 bytes of a data stream.
Example:
00h indicates a bit collision in the 1st bit
01h indicates a bit collision in the 2nd bit
08h indicates a bit collision in the 9th bit (1st bit of 2nd byte)
3Fh indicates a bit collision in the 64th bit (8th bit of the 8th byte)
These bits shall only be interpreted in Passive communication mode at 106
kbit/s or ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE reader /writer mode or
ISO/IEC 15693/ICODE SLI read/write mode if bit CollPosValid is set.
Note: If RxBitCtrl.RxAlign is set to a value different to 0, this value is included
in the CollPos.
Example: RxAlign = 4h, a collision occurs in the 4th received bit (which is the
last bit of that UID byte). The CollPos = 7h in this case.
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9.7 Timer configuration registers
9.7.1 TControl
Control register of the timer section.
The TControl implements a special functionality to avoid the not intended modification of
bits.
Bit 3..0 indicates, which bits in the positions 7..4 are intended to be modified.
Example: writing FFh sets all bits 7..4, writing F0h does not change any of the bits 7..4
Table 75.
TControl register (address 0Eh)
Bit
Symbol
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6
T3Running T2Running
dy
dy
Table 76.
5
4
3
2
1
0
T1Running
T0Running
T3Start
StopNow
T2Start
StopNow
T1Start
StopNow
T0Start
StopNow
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TControl bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
T3Running
Indicates Timer3 is running.If the bit T3startStopNow is set, this bit and
the timer can be started/stopped
6
T2Running
Indicates Timer2 is running. If the bit T2startStopNow is set, this bit
and the timer can be started/stopped
5
T1Running
Indicates tTmer1 is running. If the bit T1startStopNow is set, this bit
and the timer can be started/stopped
4
T0Running
Indicates Timer0 is running. If the bit T0startStopNow is set, this bit
and the timer can be started/stopped
3
T3StartStop
Now
The bit 7 of TControl T3Running can be modified if set
2
T2StartStop
Now
The bit 6of TControl T2Running can be modified if set
1
T1StartStop
Now
The bit 5of TControl T1Running can be modified if set
0
T0StartStop
Now
The bit 4 of TControl T0Running can be modified if set
9.7.2 T0Control
Control register of the Timer0.
Table 77.
T0Control register (address 0Fh);
Bit
7
6
Symbol
T0StopRx
-
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5
4
3
2
T0Start
T0AutoRestarted
-
T0Clk
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Table 78.
T0Control bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
T0StopRx
If set, the timer stops immediately after receiving the first 4 bits. If
cleared the timer does not stop automatically.
Note: If LFO Trimming is selected by T0Start, this bit has no effect
6
-
RFU
5 to 4
T0Start
00b: The timer is not started automatically
01b: The timer starts automatically at the end of the transmission
10b: Timer is used for LFO trimming without underflow (Start/Stop on
PosEdge)
11b: Timer is used for LFO trimming with underflow (Start/Stop on
PosEdge)
3
T0AutoRestart 1: the timer automatically restarts its count-down from T0ReloadValue,
after the counter value has reached the value zero.
0: the timer decrements to zero and stops.
The bit Timer1Irq is set to logic 1 when the timer underflows.
2
-
RFU
1 to 0
T0Clk
00b: The timer input clock is 13.56 MHz.
01b: The timer input clock is 211,875 kHz.
10b: The timer input clock is an underflow of Timer2.
11b: The timer input clock is an underflow of Timer1.
9.7.2.1
T0ReloadHi
High byte reload value of the Timer0.
Table 79.
T0ReloadHi register (address 10h);
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T0Reload Hi
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2
1
0
Table 80.
T0ReloadHi bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T0ReloadHi
Defines the high byte of the reload value of the timer. With the start
event the timer loads the value of the registers T0ReloadValHi,
T0ReloadValLo. Changing this register affects the timer only at the
next start event.
T0ReloadLo
Low byte reload value of the Timer0.
Table 81.
Bit
T0ReloadLo register (address 11h);
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T0ReloadLo
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9.7.2.3
Table 82.
T0ReloadLo bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to0
T0ReloadLo
Defines the low byte of the reload value of the timer. With the start
event the timer loads the value of the T0ReloadValHi, T0ReloadValLo.
Changing this register affects the timer only at the next start event.
T0CounterValHi
High byte of the counter value of Timer0.
Table 83.
T0CounterValHi register (address 12h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T0CounterHi
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9.7.2.4
2
Table 84.
T0CounterValHi bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7to0
T0Counter
ValHi
High byte value of the Timer0.
This value shall not be read out during reception.
1
0
1
0
T0CounterValLo
Low byte of the counter value of Timer0.
Table 85.
T0CounterValLo register (address 13h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T0CounterValLo
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2
Table 86.
T0CounterValLo bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T0CounterValLo
Low byte value of the Timer0.
This value shall not be read out during reception.
T1Control
Control register of the Timer1.
Table 87.
T1Control register (address 14h);
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
T1StopRx
-
T1Start
T1AutoRestart
-
T1Clk
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Table 88.
T1Control bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
T1StopRx
If set, the timer stops after receiving the first 4 bits. If cleared, the timer
is not stopped automatically.
Note: If LFO trimming is selected by T1start, this bit has no effect
6
-
RFU
5 to 4
T1Start
00b: The timer is not started automatically
01b: The timer starts automatically at the end of the transmission
10b: Timer is used for LFO trimming without underflow (Start/Stop on
PosEdge)
11b: Timer is used for LFO trimming with underflow (Start/Stop on
PosEdge)
3
T1AutoRestart Set to logic 1, the timer automatically restarts its countdown from
T1ReloadValue, after the counter value has reached the value zero.
Set to logic 0 the timer decrements to zero and stops.
The bit Timer1IRq is set to logic 1 when the timer underflows.
2
-
RFU
1 to 0
T1Clk
00b: The timer input clock is 13.56 MHz
01b: The timer input clock is 211,875 kHz.
10b: The timer input clock is an underflow of Timer0
11b: The timer input clock is an underflow of Timer2
9.7.2.6
T1ReloadHi
High byte (MSB) reload value of the Timer1.
Table 89.
T0ReloadHi register (address 15h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T1ReloadHi
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1
0
Table 90.
T1ReloadHi bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T1ReloadHi
Defines the high byte reload value of the Timer 1. With the start event
the timer loads the value of the T1ReloadValHi and T1ReloadValLo.
Changing this register affects the Timer only at the next start event.
T1ReloadLo
Low byte (LSB) reload value of the Timer1.
Table 91.
T1ReloadLo register (address 16h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T1ReloadLo
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9.7.2.8
Table 92.
T1ReloadValLo bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T1ReloadLo
Defines the low byte of the reload value of the Timer1.With the start
event the timer load the value of the T1ReloadValHi and
T1ReloadValLo. Changing this register affects the timer only at the
next start event.
T1CounterValHi
High byte (MSB) of the counter value of byte Timer1.
Table 93.
T1CounterValHi register (address 17h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T1CounterValHi
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Table 94.
T1CounterValHi bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T1Counter
ValHi
High byte of the current value of the Timer1.
This value shall not be read out during reception.
1
0
1
0
1
0
T1CounterValLo
Low byte (LSB) of the counter value of byte Timer1.
Table 95.
T1CounterValLo register (address 18h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T1CounterValLo
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2
Table 96.
T1CounterValLo bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T1Counter
ValLo
Low byte of the current value of the counter 1.
This value shall not be read out during reception.
T2Control
Control register of the Timer2.
Table 97.
T2Control register (address 19h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
Symbol
T2StopRx
-
T2Start
T2AutoRestart
-
T2Clk
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Table 98.
T2Control bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
T2StopRx
If set the timer stops immediately after receiving the first 4 bits. If
cleared indicates, that the timer is not stopped automatically.
Note: If LFO Trimming is selected by T2Start, this bit has no effect
6
-
RFU
5 to 4
T2Start
00b: The timer is not started automatically.
01b: The timer starts automatically at the end of the transmission.
10b: Timer is used for LFO trimming without underflow (Start/Stop on
PosEdge).
11b: Timer is used for LFO trimming with underflow (Start/Stop on
PosEdge).
3
T2AutoRestart Set to logic 1, the timer automatically restarts its countdown from
T2ReloadValue, after the counter value has reached the value zero.
Set to logic 0 the timer decrements to zero and stops. The bit
Timer2IRq is set to logic 1 when the timer underflows
2
-
RFU
1 to 0
T2Clk
00b: The timer input clock is 13.56 MHz.
01b: The timer input clock is 212 kHz.
10b: The timer input clock is an underflow of Timer0
11b: The timer input clock is an underflow of Timer1
9.7.2.11
T2ReloadHi
High byte of the reload value of Timer2.
Table 99.
T2ReloadHi register (address 1Ah)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T2ReloadHi
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Table 100. T2Reload bits
9.7.2.12
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T2ReloadHi
Defines the high byte of the reload value of the Timer2. With the start
event the timer load the value of the T2ReloadValHi and
T2ReloadValLo. Changing this register affects the timer only at the
next start event.
T2ReloadLo
Low byte of the reload value of Timer2.
Table 101. T2ReloadLo register (address 1Bh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T2ReloadLo
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Table 102. T2ReloadLo bits
9.7.2.13
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T2ReloadLo
Defines the low byte of the reload value of the Timer2. With the start
event the timer load the value of the T2ReloadValHi and
T2RelaodVaLo. Changing this register affects the timer only at the next
start event.
T2CounterValHi
High byte of the counter register of Timer2.
Table 103. T2CounterValHi register (address 1Ch)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T2CounterHi
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0
1
0
Table 104. T2CounterValHi bits
9.7.2.14
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T2Counter
ValHi
High byte current counter value of Timer2.
This value shall not be read out during reception.
T2CounterValLoReg
Low byte of the current value of Timer 2.
Table 105. T2CounterValLo register (address 1Dh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T2CounterValLo
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Table 106. T2CounterValLo bits
9.7.2.15
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T2Counter
ValLo
Low byte of the current counter value of Timer1Timer2.
This value shall not be read out during reception.
T3Control
Control register of the Timer 3.
Table 107. T3Control register (address 1Eh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
T3StopRx
-
T3Start
T3AutoRestart
-
T3Clk
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Table 108. T3Control bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
T3StopRx
If set, the timer stops immediately after receiving the first 4 bits. If
cleared, indicates that the timer is not stopped automatically.
Note: If LFO Trimming is selected by T3Start, this bit has no effect
6
-
RFU
5 to 4
T3Start
00b - timer is not started automatically
01b - timer starts automatically at the end of the transmission
10b - timer is used for LFO trimming without underflow (Start/Stop on
PosEdge)
11b - timer is used for LFO trimming with underflow (Start/Stop on
PosEdge)
3
T3AutoRestart Set to logic 1, the timer automatically restarts its countdown from
T3ReloadValue, after the counter value has reached the value zero.
Set to logic 0 the timer decrements to zero and stops.
The bit Timer1IRq is set to logic 1 when the timer underflows
2
-
RFU
1 to 0
T3Clk
00b - the timer input clock is 13.56 MHz.
01b - the timer input clock is 211,875 kHz.
10b - the timer input clock is an underflow of Timer0
11b - the timer input clock is an underflow of Timer1
9.7.2.16
T3ReloadHi
High byte of the reload value of Timer3.
Table 109. T3ReloadHi register (address 1Fh);
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T3ReloadHi
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Table 110. T3ReloadHi bits
9.7.2.17
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T3ReloadHi
Defines the high byte of the reload value of the Timer3. With the start
event the timer load the value of the T3ReloadValHi and
T3ReloadValLo. Changing this register affects the timer only at the
next start event.
T3ReloadLo
Low byte of the reload value of Timer3.
Table 111. T3ReloadLo register (address 20h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T3ReloadLo
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Table 112. T3ReloadLo bits
9.7.2.18
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T3ReloadLo
Defines the low byte of the reload value of Timer3. With the start event
the timer load the value of the T3ReloadValHi and T3RelaodValLo.
Changing this register affects the timer only at the next start event.
T3CounterValHi
High byte of the current counter value the 16-bit Timer3.
Table 113. T3CounterValHi register (address 21h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T3CounterHi
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0
1
0
Table 114. T3CounterValHi bits
9.7.2.19
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T3Counter
ValHi
High byte of the current counter value of Timer3.
This value shall not be read out during reception.
T3CounterValLo
Low byte of the current counter value the 16-bit Timer3.
Table 115. T3CounterValLo register (address 22h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T3CounterValLo
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Table 116. T3CounterValLo bits
9.7.2.20
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T3Counter
ValLo
Low byte current counter value of Timer3.
This value shall not be read out during reception.
T4Control
The wake-up timer T4 activates the system after a given time. It can start a low-power
card detection
Table 117. T4Control register (address 23h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
Symbol
T4Running
T4Start
StopNow
T4Auto
Trimm
T4Auto
LPCD
T4Auto
Restart
T4AutoWakeUp
T4Clk
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Table 118. T4Control bits
9.7.2.21
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
T4Running
Shows if the timer T4 is running. If the bit T4StartStopNow is set, this
bit and the timer T4 can be started/stopped.
6
T4Start
StopNow
if set, the bit T4Running can be changed
5
T4AutoTrimm
If set to one, the timer activates an LPO trimming procedure when it
underflows. For the T4AutoTrimm function, at least one timer (T0 to
T3) has to be configured properly for trimming (T3 is not allowed if
T4AutoLPCD is set in parallel).
4
T4AutoLPCD
If set to one, the timer activates a low-power card detection
sequence. If a card is detected an interrupt request is raised and the
system remains active if enabled. If no card is detected the CLRC663
enters the Power down mode if enabled. The timer is automatically
restarted (no gap). Timer 3 is used to specify the time where the RF
field is enabled to check if a card is present. Therefor you may not
use Timer 3 for T4AutoTrimm in parallel.
3
T4AutoRestart
Set to logic 1, the timer automatically restarts its countdown from
T4ReloadValue, after the counter value has reached the value zero.
Set to logic 0 the timer decrements to zero and stops. The bit
Timer4Irq is set to logic 1 at timer underflow.
2
T4AutoWakeUp If set, the CLRC663 wakes up automatically, when the timer T4 has
an underflow. This bit has to be set if the IC should enter the Power
down mode after T4AutoTrimm and/or T4AutoLPCD is finished and
no card has been detected. If the IC should stay active after one of
these procedures this bit has to be set to 0.
1 to 0
T4Clk
00b - the timer input clock is the LFO clock
01b - the timer input clock is the LFO clock/8
10b - the timer input clock is the LFO clock/16
11b - the timer input clock is the LFO clock/32
T4ReloadHi
High byte of the reload value of the 16-bit timer 4.
Table 119. T4ReloadHi register (address 24h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T4ReloadHi
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Table 120. T4ReloadHi bits
9.7.2.22
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T4ReloadHi
Defines high byte of the for the reload value of timer 4. With the start
event the timer 4 loads the T4ReloadVal. Changing this register affects
the timer only at the next start event
T4ReloadLo
Low byte of the reload value of the 16-bit timer 4.
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Table 121. T4ReloadLo register (address 25h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T4ReloadLo
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Table 122. T4ReloadLo bits
9.7.2.23
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T4ReloadLo
Defines the low byte of the reload value of the timer 4. With the start
event the timer loads the value of the T4ReloadVal. Changing this
register affects the timer only at the next start event.
T4CounterValHi
High byte of the counter value of the 16-bit timer 4.
Table 123. T4CounterValHi register (address 26h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T4CounterValHi
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Table 124. T4CounterValHi bits
9.7.2.24
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T4CounterValHi
High byte of the current counter value of timer 4.
T4CounterValLo
Low byte of the counter value of the 16-bit timer 4.
Table 125. T4CounterValLo register (address 27h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
T4CounterValLo
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Table 126. T4CounterValLo bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
T4CounterValLo
Low byte of the current counter value of the timer 4.
9.8 Transmitter configuration registers
9.8.1 TxMode
Table 127. DrvMode register (address 28h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
Tx2Inv
Tx1Inv
-
-
TxEn
TxClk Mode
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Table 128. DrvMode bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
Tx2Inv
Inverts transmitter 2 at TX2 pin
6
Tx1Inv
Inverts transmitter 1 at TX1 pin
5
RFU
4
-
RFU
3
TxEn
If set to 1 both transmitter pins are enabled
2 to 0
TxClkMode
Transmitter clock settings (see 8.6.2. Table 27). Codes 011b and
0b110 are not supported. This register defines, if the output is
operated in open drain, push-pull, at high impedance or pulled to a fix
high or low level.
9.8.2 TxAmp
With the set_cw_amplitude register output power can be traded off against power supply
rejection. Spending more headroom leads to better power supply rejection ration and
better accuracy of the modulation degree.
With CwMax set, the voltage of TX1 will be pulled to the maximum possible. This register
overrides the settings made by set_cw_amplitude.
Table 129. TxAmp register (address 29h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
Symbol
set_cw_amplitude
-
set_residual_carrier
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Table 130. TxAmp bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 6
set_cw_amplitude
Allows to reduce the output amplitude of the transmitter by a fix
value.
Four different preset values that are subtracted from TVDD can
be selected:
0: TVDD -100 mV
1: TVDD -250 mV
2: TVDD -500 mV
3: TVDD -1000 mV
5
RFU
-
4 to 0
set_residual_ carrier
Set the residual carrier percentage. refer to Section 8.6.2
9.8.3 TxCon
Table 131. TxCon register (address 2Ah)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
OvershootT2
CwMax
TxInv
TxSel
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Table 132. TxCon bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 4
OvershootT2
Specifies the length (number of carrier clocks) of the additional
modulation for overshoot prevention. Refer to Section 8.6.2.1
“Overshoot protection”
3
Cwmax
Set amplitude of continuous wave carrier to the maximum.
If set, set_cw_amplitude in Register TxAmp has no influence on the
continuous amplitude.
2
TxInv
If set, the resulting modulation signal defined by TxSel is inverted
1 to 0
TxSel
Defines which signal is used as source for modulation
00b ... no modulation
01b ... TxEnvelope
10b ... SigIn
11b ... RFU
9.8.4 Txl
Table 133. Txl register (address 2Bh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Symbol
OvershootT1
tx_set_iLoad
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Table 134. Txl bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 4
OvershootT1
Overshoot value for Timer1. Refer to Section 8.6.2.1 “Overshoot
protection”
3 to 0
tx_set_iLoad
Factory trim value, sets the expected Tx load current.
9.9 CRC configuration registers
9.9.1 TxCrcPreset
Table 135. TXCrcPreset register (address 2Ch)
1
0
Symbol
Bit
RFU
7
6
TXPresetVal
5
4
3
TxCRCtype
2
TxCRCInvert
TxCRCEn
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Table 136. TxCrcPreset bits
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Bit
Symbol
Description
7
RFU
-
6 to 4
TXPresetVal
Specifies the CRC preset value for transmission (see Table 137).
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Table 136. TxCrcPreset bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
3 to 2
TxCRCtype
Defines which type of CRC (CRC8/CRC16/CRC5) is calculated:
•
•
•
•
00h -- CRC5
01h -- CRC8
02h -- CRC16
03h -- RFU
1
TxCRCInvert
if set, the resulting CRC is inverted and attached to the data frame
(ISO/IEC 3309)
0
TxCRCEn
if set, a CRC is appended to the data stream
Table 137. Transmitter CRC preset value configuration
TXPresetVal[6...4]
CRC16
CRC8
CRC5
0h
0000h
00h
00h
1h
6363h
12h
12h
2h
A671h
BFh
-
3h
FFFEh
FDh
-
4h
-
-
-
5h
-
-
-
6h
User defined
User defined
User defined
7h
FFFFh
FFh
1Fh
Remark: User defined CRC preset values can be configured by EEprom (see
Section 8.7.2.1, Table 34 “Configuration area (Page 0)”).
9.9.2 RxCrcCon
Table 138. RxCrcCon register (address 2Dh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
RxForceCRCWrite
RXPresetVal
RXCRCtype
RxCRCInvert
RxCRCEn
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Table 139. RxCrcCon bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
RxForceCrc
Write
If set, the received CRC byte(s) are copied to the FIFO.
RXPresetVal
Defines the CRC preset value (Hex.) for transmission. (see Table 140).
6 to 4
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If cleared CRC Bytes are only checked, but not copied to the FIFO.
This bit has to be always set in case of a not byte aligned CRC (e.g.
ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC Class-1HF)
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Table 139. RxCrcCon bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
3 to 2
RxCRCtype
Defines which type of CRC (CRC8/CRC16/CRC5) is calculated:
•
•
•
•
00h -- CRC5
01h -- CRC8
02h -- CRC16
03h -- RFU
1
RxCrcInvert
If set, the CRC check is done for the inverted CRC.
0
RxCrcEn
If set, the CRC is checked and in case of a wrong CRC an error flag is
set. Otherwise the CRC is calculated but the error flag is not modified.
Table 140. Receiver CRC preset value configuration
RXPresetVal[6...4]
CRC16
CRC8
CRC5
0h
0000h
00h
00h
1h
6363h
12h
12h
2h
A671h
BFh
-
3h
FFFEh
FDh
-
4h
-
-
-
5h
-
-
-
6h
User defined
User defined
User defined
7h
FFFFh
FFh
1Fh
9.10 Transmitter configuration registers
9.10.1 TxDataNum
Table 141. TxDataNum register (address 2Eh)
Bit
Symbol
7
6
5
4
3
RFU
RFU-
RFU-
KeepBitGrid
DataEn
TxLastBits
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Table 142. TxDataNum bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 5
RFU
-
4
KeepBitGrid
If set, the time between consecutive transmissions starts is a multiple
of the ETU.
3
DataEn
If cleared - it is possible to send a single symbol pattern
If set - data is sent
2 to 0
TxLastBits
Defines how many bits of the last data byte to be sent. If set to 000b all
bits of the last data byte are sent.
Note - bits are skipped at the end of the byte.
Example - Data byte B2h (sent LSB first).
TxLastBits = 011b (3h) => 010b (LSB first) is sent
TxLastBits = 110b (6h) => 010011b (LSB first) is sent
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9.10.2 TxDATAModWidth
Transmitter data modulation width register
Table 143. TxDataModWidth register (address 2Fh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
DModWidth
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Table 144. TxDataModWidth bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
DModWidth
Specifies the length of a pulse for sending data with enabled pulse
modulation. The length is given by the number of carrier clocks + 1.
A pulse can never be longer than from the start of the pulse to the end
of the bit. The starting position of a pulse is given by the setting of
TxDataMod.DPulseType. Note: This register is only used if Miller
modulation (ISO/IEC 14443A PCD) is used. The settings are also
used for the modulation width of start and/or stop symbols.
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9.10.3 TxSym10BurstLen
If a protocol requires a burst (an unmodulated subcarrier) the length can be defined with
this TxSymBurstLen, the value high or low can be defined by TxSym10BurstCtrl.
Table 145. TxSym10BurstLen register (address 30h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
RFU
Sym1Burst Len
RFU
Sym0Burst Len
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Table 146. TxSym10BurstLen bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
RFU
-
6 to 4
Sym1BurstLen Specifies the number of bits issued for symbol 1 burst. The 3 bits
encodes a range from 8 to 256 bit:
00h - 8bit
01h - 16bit
02h - 32bit
04h - 48bit
05h - 64bit
06h - 96bit
07h - 128bit
08h - 256bit
3
RFU
-
2 to 0
Sym0BurstLen Specifies the number of bits issued for symbol 1 burst. The 3 bits
encodes a range from 8 to 256 bit:
00h - 8bit
01h - 16bit
02h - 32bit
03h - 48bit
04h - 64bit
05h - 96bit
06h - 128bit
07h - 256bit
9.10.4 TxWaitCtrl
Table 147. TxWaitCtrl register (address 31h); reset value: C0h
Bit
7
6
Symbol
TxWaitStart
TxWaitEtu
TxWait High
TxStopBitLength
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Table 148. TXWaitCtrl bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
TxWaitStart
If cleared, the TxWait time is starting at the End of the send data
(TX)
If set, the TxWait time is starting at the End of the received data
(RX)
6
If cleared, the TxWait time is TxWait  16/13.56 MHz
TxWaitEtu
If set, the TxWait time is TxWait  0.5 / DBFreq (DBFreq is the
frequency of the bit stream as defined by TxDataCon)
5 to 3
TxWait High
Bit extension of TxWaitLo. TxWaitCtrl bit 5 is MSB.
2 to 0
TxStopBitLength
Defines stop-bits and EGT (= stop-bit + extra guard time EGT) to
be send
0h: no stop-bit, no EGT
1h: 1 stop-bit, no EGT
2h: 1 stop-bit + 1 EGT
3h: 1 stop-bit + 2 EGT
4h: 1 stop-bit + 3 EGT
5h: 1 stop-bit + 4 EGT
6h: 1 stop-bit + 5 EGT
7h: 1 stop-bit + 6 EGT
Note: This is only valid for ISO/IEC14443 Type B
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9.10.5 TxWaitLo
Table 149. TxWaitLo register (address 32h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
TxWaitLo
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Table 150. TxWaitLo bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
TxWaitLo
Defines the minimum time between receive and send or between two
send data streams
Note: TxWait is a 11bit register (additional 3 bits are in the TxWaitCtrl
register)!
See also TxWaitEtu and TxWaitStart.
9.11 FrameCon
Table 151. FrameCon register (address 33h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
TxParityEn
RxParityEn
-
-
StopSym
StartSym
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Table 152. FrameCon bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
TxParityEn
If set, a parity bit is calculated and appended to each byte
transmitted
6
RxParityEn
If set, the parity calculation is enabled. The parity is not transferred to
the FIFO
5 to 4
-
RFU
3 to 2
StopSym
Defines which symbol is sent as stop-symbol
•
•
•
•
1 to 0
StartSym
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1h: Symbol1 is sent
2h symbol2 is sent
3h Symbol3 is sent
Defines which symbol is sent as start-symbol
•
•
•
•
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0h: No symbol is sent
0h: No symbol is sent
1h: Symbol1 is sent
2h symbol2 is sent
3h Symbol3 is sent
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9.12 Receiver configuration registers
9.12.1 RxSofD
Table 153. RxSofD register (address 34h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
RFU
SOF_En
SOFDetected
RFU
SubC_En
SubC_Detected
SubC_Present
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Table 154. RxSofD bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 6
RFU
-
5
SOF_En
If set and a SOF is detected an RxSOFIrq is raised
4
SOF_Detected
Shows that a SOF is or was detected. Can be cleared by SW
3
RFU
-
2
SubC_En
If set and a subcarrier is detected an RxSOFIrq is raised.
1
SubC_Detected
Shows that a subcarrier is or was detected. Can be cleared by SW
0
SubC_Present
Shows that a subcarrier is currently detected.
9.12.2 RxCtrl
Table 155. RxCtrl register (address 35h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Symbol
RxAllowBits
RxMultiple
RxEOFType
EGT_Check
EMD_Sup
Baudrate
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Table 156. RxCtrl bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
RxAllowBits
If set, data is written into FIFO even if CRC is enabled, and no
complete byte has been received.
6
RxMultiple
If set, RxMultiple is activated and the receiver will not terminate
automatically (refer Section 8.10.3.6 “Receive command”).
If set to logic 1, at the end of a received data stream an error byte is
added to the FIFO. The error byte is a copy of the Error register.
5
RxEOFType
0: EOF as defined in the RxEOFSymbolReg is expected.
1: ISO/IEC14443B EOF is expected.
Note: Clearing this bit to 0 and clearing bit 0 and bit 1 in the
RxEOFSymbolReg disables the EOF check
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Table 156. RxCtrl bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
4
EGT_Check
If set to 1, the EGT is checked and if it is too long
a protocol error is set. (This is only valid for ISO/IEC14443 Type B)
3
EMD_Sup
Enables the EMD suppression according ISO/IEC14443. If an error
occurs within the first three bytes, these three bytes are assumed to be
EMD, ignored and the FIFO is reset. A collision is treated as an error
as well If a valid SOF was received, the EMD_Sup is set and a frame
of less than 3 bytes had been received. RX_IRq is not set in this EMD
error cases. If RxForceCRCWrite is set, the FIFO should not be read
out before three bytes are written into.
2 to 0
Baudrate
Defines the baud rate of the receiving signal.
2h: 26 kBd
3h: 52 kBd
4h: 106 kBd
5h: 212 kBd
6h: 424 kBd
7h: 847 kBd
all remaining values are RFU
9.12.3 RxWait
Selects internal receiver settings.
Table 157. RxWait register (address 36h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
RxWaitEtu
RxWait
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Table 158. RxWait bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
RXWaitEtu
If set to 0, the RxWait time is RxWait  16/13.56 MHz
If set to 1, the RxWait time is RxWait  (0.5/DBFreq)
6 to 0
RxWait
Defines the time after sending, where every input is ignored.
9.12.4 RxThreshold
Selects minimum threshold level for the bit decoder.
Table 159. RxThreshold register (address 37h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Symbol
MinLevel
MinLevelP
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Table 160. RxThreshold bits
Bit
Symbol
7 to 4
MinLevel
Description
Defines the MinLevel of the reception.
Note: The MinLevel should be higher than the noise level in the system
3 to 0
MinLevelP
Defines the MinLevel of the phase shift detector unit
9.12.5 Rcv
Table 161. Rcv register (address 38h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
Rcv_Rx_single
RFU
SigInSel
RFU
CollLevel
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Table 162. Rcv bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
Rcv_Rx_single
Single RXP Input Pin Mode;
0: Fully Differential;
1: Quasi-Differential
6
RFU
-
5 to 4
SigInSel
Defines input for the signal processing unit
0h - idle
1h - internal analog block (RX)
2h - signal in over envelope (ISO/IEC14443A)
3h - signal in over s3c-generic
3 to 2
RFU
-
1 to 0
CollLevel
Defines the strength of a signal to be interpreted as a collision:
0h - Collision has at least 1/8 of signal strength
1h - Collision has at least 1/4 of signal strength
2h - Collision has at least 1/2 of signal strength
3h - Collision detection is switched off.
9.12.6 RxAna
This register allows to set the gain (rcv_gain) and high pass corner frequencies
(rcv_hpcf).
Table 163. RxAna register (address 39h)
Bit
7
Symbol
VMid_r_sel
RFU
rcv_hpcf
rcv_gain
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5
4
3
2
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Table 164. RxAna bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7, 6
VMid_r_setl
Factory trim value, needs to be 0
5, 4
RFU
3, 2
rcv_hpcf
The rcv_hpcf [1:0] signals allow 4 different settings of the base band
amplifier lower cut-off frequency from ~40 kHz to ~300 kHz.
1 to 0
rcv_gain
With rcv_gain[1:0] four different gain settings from 30 dB and 60 dB
can be configured (differential output voltage/differential input voltage)
Table 165. Effect of gain and highpass corner register settings
rcv_gain
(Hex.)
rcv_hpcf
(Hex.)
fl (kHz)
fU (MHz)
gain (dB20)
bandwith
(MHz)
03
00
38
2,3
60
2,3
03
01
79
2,4
59
2,3
03
02
150
2,6
58
2,5
03
03
264
2,9
55
2,6
02
00
41
2,3
51
2,3
02
01
83
2,4
50
2,3
02
02
157
2,6
49
2,4
02
03
272
3,0
41
2,7
01
00
42
2,6
43
2,6
01
01
84
2,7
42
2,6
01
02
157
2,9
41
2,7
01
03
273
3,3
39
3,0
00
00
43
2,6
35
2,6
00
01
85
2,7
34
2,6
00
02
159
2,9
33
2,7
00
03
276
3,4
30
3,1
9.13 Clock configuration
9.13.1 SerialSpeed
This register allows to set speed of the RS232 interface. The default speed is set to
9,6kbit/s. The transmission speed of the interface can be changed by modifying the
entries for BR_T0 and BR_T1. The transfer speed can be calculated by using the
following formulas:
BR_T0 = 0: transfer speed = 27.12 MHz / (BR_T1 + 1)
BR_T0 > 0: transfer speed = 27.12 MHz / (BR_T1 + 33) / 2^(BR_T0  1)
The framing is implemented with 1 startbit, 8 databits and 1 stop bit. A parity bit is not
used. Transfer speeds above 1228,8 kbit/s are not supported.
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Table 166. SerialSpeed register (address3Bh); reset value: 7Ah
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
Symbol
BR_T0
BR_T1
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Table 167. SerialSpeed bits
Bit
Symbol Description
7 to 5 BR_T0
BR_T0 = 0: transfer speed = 27.12 MHz / (BR_T1 + 1)
BR_T0 > 0: transfer speed = 27.12 MHz / (BR_T1 + 33) / 2^(BR_T0  1)
4 to 0 BR_T1
BR_T0 = 0: transfer speed = 27.12 MHz / (BR_T1 + 1)
BR_T0 > 0: transfer speed = 27.12 MHz / (BR_T1 + 33) / 2^(BR_T0  1)
Table 168. RS232 speed settings
Transfer speed (kbit/s)
SerialSpeed register content (Hex.)
7,2
FA
9,6
EB
14,4
DA
19,2
CB
38,4
AB
57,6
9A
115,2
7A
128,0
74
230,4
5A
460,8
3A
921,6
1C
1228,8
15
9.13.2 LPO_Trimm
Table 169. LPO_Trim register (address 3Ch)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
lpo_trimm
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Table 170. LPO_Trim bits
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Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
lpo_trimm
Trimm value. Refer to Section 8.8.3 “Low-Power Oscillator (LPO)”
Note: If the trimm value is increased, the frequency of the oscillator
decreases
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9.13.3 PLL_Ctrl Register
The PLL_Ctrl register implements the control register for the IntegerN PLL. Two stages
exist to create the ClkOut signal from the 27,12MHz input. In the first stage the 27,12Mhz
input signal is multiplied by the value defined in PLLDiv_FB and divided by two, and the
second stage divides this frequency by the value defined by PLLDIV_Out.
Table 171. PLL_Ctrl register (address3Dh)
3
2
Symbol
Bit
7
6
ClkOutSel
5
4
ClkOut_En
PLL_PD
1
PLLDiv_FB
0
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Table 172. PLL_Ctrl register bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 4
CLkOutSel
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
0h - pin CLKOUT is used as I/O
1h - pin CLKOUT shows the output of the analog PLL
2h - pin CLKOUT is hold on 0
3h - pin CLKOUT is hold on 1
4h - pin CLKOUT shows 27.12 MHz from the crystal
5h - pin CLKOUT shows 13.56 MHz derived from the crystal
6h - pin CLKOUT shows 6.78 MHz derived from the crystal
7h - pin CLKOUT shows 3.39 MHz derived from the crystal
•
•
•
•
•
3
8h - pin CLKOUT is toggled by the Timer0 overflow
9h - pin CLKOUT is toggled by the Timer1 overflow
Ah - pin CLKOUT is toggled by the Timer2 overflow
Bh - pin CLKOUT is toggled by the Timer3 overflow
Ch...Fh - RFU
ClkOut_En
Enables the clock at Pin CLKOUT
2
PLL_PD
PLL power down
1-0
PLLDiv_FB
PLL feedback divider (see table 174)
Table 173. Setting of feedback divider PLLDiv_FB [1:0]
Bit 1
Bit 0
Division
0
0
23 (VCO frequency 312Mhz)
0
1
27 (VCO frequency 366MHz)
1
0
28 (VCO frequency 380Mhz)
1
1
23 (VCO frequency 312Mhz)
9.13.4 PLLDiv_Out
Table 174. PLLDiv_Out register (address 3Eh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
PLLDiv_Out
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Table 175. PLLDiv_Out bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
PLLDiv_Out
PLL output divider factor; Refer to Section 8.8.2
Table 176. Setting for the output divider ratio PLLDiv_Out [7:0]
Value
Division
0
RFU
1
RFU
2
RFU
3
RFU
4
RFU
5
RFU
6
RFU
7
RFU
8
8
9
9
10
10
...
...
253
253
254
254
9.14 Low-power card detection configuration registers
The LPCD registers contain the settings for the low-power card detection. The setting for
LPCD_IMax (6 bits) is done by the two highest bits (bit 7, bit 6) of the registers
LPCD_QMin, LPCD_QMax and LPCD_IMin each.
9.14.1 LPCD_QMin
Table 177. LPCD_QMin register (address 3Fh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
Symbol
LPCD_IMax.5
LPCD_IMax.4
LPCD_QMin
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Table 178. LPCD_QMin bits
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Bit
Symbol
Description
7, 6
LPCD_IMax
Defines the highest two bits of the higher border for the LPCD. If the
measurement value of the I channel is higher than LPCD_IMax, a
LPCD interrupt request is indicated by bit IRQ0.LPCDIrq
5 to 0
LPCD_QMin
Defines the lower border for the LPCD. If the measurement value of
the Q channel is higher than LPCD_QMin, a LPCDinterrupt request is
indicated by bit IRQ0.LPCDIrq
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9.14.2 LPCD_QMax
Table 179. LPCD_QMax register (address 40h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
Symbol
LPCD_IMax.3
LPCD_IMax.2
LPCD_QMax
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Table 180. LPCD_QMax bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
LPCD_IMax.3
Defines the bit 3 of the high border for the LPCD. If the measurement
value of the I channel is higher than LPCD IMax, a LPCD IRQ is
raised
6
LPCD_IMax.2
Defines the bit 2 of the high border for the LPCD. If the measurement
value of the I channel is higher than LPCD IMax, a LPCD IRQ is
raised
5 to 0
LPCD_QMax
Defines the high border for the LPCD. If the measurement value of
the Q channel is higher than LPCD QMax, a LPCD IRQ is raised
9.14.3 LPCD_IMin
Table 181. LPCD_IMin register (address 41h)
Bit
7
6
5
Symbol
LPCD_IMax.1
LPCD_IMax.0
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3
2
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Table 182. LPCD_IMin bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 6
LPCD_IMax
Defines lowest two bits of the higher border for the low-power card
detection (LPCD). If the measurement value of the I channel is higher
than LPCD IMax, a LPCD IRQ is raised.
5 to 0
LPCD_IMin
Defines the lower border for the ow power card detection. If the
measurement value of the I channel is lower than LPCD IMin, a LPCD
IRQ is raised.
9.14.4 LPCD_Result_I
Table 183. LPCD_Result_I register (address 42h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
Symbol
RFU-
RFU-
LPCD_Result_I
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Table 184. LPCD_I_Result bits
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Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 6
RFU
-
5 to 0
LPCD_Result_I Shows the result of the last low-power card detection (I-Channel)
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9.14.5 LPCD_Result_Q
Table 185. LPCD_Result_Q register (address 43h)
Bit
Symbol
7
6
RFU
LPCD_Irq_Clr
LPCD_Reslult_Q
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Table 186. LPCD_Q_Result bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
RFU
-
6
LPCD_Irq_Clr
If set no LPCD IRQ is raised any more until the next low-power
card detection procedure. Can be used by software to clear the
interrupt source
5 to 0
LPCD_Q_Result
Shows the result of the last ow power card detection (Q-Channel)
9.15 Pin configuration
9.15.1 PinEn
Table 187. PinEn register (address 44h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
SIGIN_EN
CLKOUT_EN
IFSEL1_EN
IFSEL0_EN
TCK_EN
TDI_EN
TDO_EN
TMS_EN
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Table 188. PinEn bits
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Bit
Symbol
Description
7
SIGIN_EN
Enables the output functionality on SIGIN (pin 5). The pin is then used
as I/O then.
6
CLKOUT_EN
Enables the output functionality of the CLKOUT (pin 22). The pin is
then used as I/O then. The CLKOUT function is switched off
5
IFSEL1_EN
Enables the output functionality of the IFSEL1 (pin 27). The pin is then
used as I/O then.
4
IFSEL0_EN
Enables the output functionality of the IFSEL0 (pin 26). The pin is then
used as I/O then.
3
TCK_EN
Enables the output functionality of the TCK (pin 4) of the boundary
scan interface. The pin is then used as I/O. If the boundary scan is
activated in EEPROM, this bit has no function.
2
TDI_EN
Enables the output functionality of the TDI (pin 2) of the boundary scan
interface. The pin is then used as I/O. If the boundary scan is activated
in EEPROM, this bit has no function.
1
TDO_EN
Enables the output functionality of the TDO (pin 1) of the boundary
scan interface. The pin is then used as I/O. If the boundary scan is
activated in EEPROM, this bit has no function.
0
TMS_EN
Enables the output functionality of the TMS (pin 3) of the boundary
scan interface. The pin is then used as I/O. If the boundary scan is
activated in EEPROM, this bit has no function.
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9.15.2 PinOut
Table 189. PinOut register (address 45h)
Bit
7
6
5
Symbol
SIGIN_OUT
CLKOUT_OUT
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IFSEL1_OUT IFSEL0_OUT
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3
2
TCK_OU
T
TMI_OUT
r/w
r/w
r/w
1
0
TDO_OUT TMS_OUT
r/w
r/w
Table 190. PinOut bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
SIGIN_OUT
Output buffer of the SIGIN pin
6
CLKOUT_OUT
Output buffer of the CLKOUT pin
5
IFSEL1_OUT
Output buffer of the IFSEL1 pin
4
IFSEL0_OUT
Output buffer of the IFSEL0 pin
3
TCK_OUT
Output buffer of the TCK pin
2
TDI_OUT
Output buffer of the TDI pin
1
TDO_OUT
Output buffer of the TDO pin
0
TMS_OUT
Output buffer of the TMS pin
9.15.3 PinIn
Table 191. PinIn register (address 46h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
SIGIN_IN
CLKOUT_IN
IFSEL1_IN
IFSEL0_IN
TCK_IN
TDI_IN
TDO_IN
TMS_IN
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0
Table 192. PinIn bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
SIGIN_IN
Input buffer of the SIGIN pin
6
CLKOUT_IN
Input buffer of the CLKOUT pin
5
IFSEL1_IN
Input buffer of the IFSEL1 pin
4
IFSEL0_IN
Input buffer of the IFSEL0 pin
3
TCK_IN
Input buffer of the TCK pin
2
TDI_IN
Input buffer of the TDI pin
1
TDO_IN
Input buffer of the TDO pin
0
TMS_IN
Input buffer of the TMS pin
9.15.4 SigOut
Table 193. SigOut register (address 47h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
Pad
Speed
RFU
SigOutSel
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Table 194. SigOut bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
PadSpeed
If set, the I/O pins are supporting a fast switching mode.The fast mode
for the I/O’s will increase the peak current consumption of the device,
especially if multiple I/Os are switching at the same time. The power
supply needs to be designed to deliver this peak currents.
6 to 4
RFU
-
3 to 0
SIGOutSel
0h, 1h - The pin SIGOUT is 3-state
2h - The pin SIGOUT is 0
3h - The pin SIGOUT is 1
4h - The pin SIGOUT shows the TX-envelope
5h - The pin SIGOUT shows the TX-active signal
6h - The pin SIGOUT shows the S3C (generic) signal
7h - The pin SIGOUT shows the RX-envelope
(only valid for ISO/IEC 14443A, 106 kBd)
8h - The pin SIGOUT shows the RX-active signal
9h - The pin SIGOUT shows the RX-bit signal
9.16 Transmitter configuration registers
9.16.1 TxBitMod
Table 195. TxBitMod register (address 48h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
TxMSBFirst
RFU
TxParity
Type
RFU
TxStopBitType
RFU
TxStartBitType
TxStartBitEn
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Table 196. TxBitMod bits
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Bit
Symbol
Description
7
TxMSBFirst
If set, data is interpreted MSB first for data transmission. If cleared,
data is interpreted LSB first.
6
RFU
-
5
TxParityType
Defines the type of the parity bit. If set to 1, odd parity is calculated,
otherwise even parity is calculated
4
RFU
-
3
TxStopBitType Defines the type of the stop-bit (0b: logic zero / 1b: logic one)
2
RFU
1
TxStartBitType Defines the type of the start-bit (0b: logic zero / 1b: logic one)
0
TxStartBitEn
If set to 1, a start-bit will be sent
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9.16.2 TxDataCon
Table 197. TxDataCon (address 4Ah)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Symbol
DCodeType
DSCFreq
DSCFreq
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Table 198. TxDataCon bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 4
DCodeType
specifies the type of encoding of data to be used
0h - no special coding
1h - collider datastream is decoded
2h - RFU 3h - RFU
4h - return to zero code - pulse at first position
5h - return to zero code - pulse at 2nd position
6h - return to zero code - pulse at 3rd position
7h - return to zero code - pulse at 4th position
8h - 1 out of 4 coding
9h - 1 out of 256 code (range 0 - 255) [ICODE SLI]
Ah - 1 out of 256 code (range 0 - 255; 00h is encoded with no
modulation, value 256 not used) [ICODE 1]
Bh - 1 out of 256 code (range 0 - 255; 00h is encoded with a pulse on
last position) [I Code quite value]
Ch- Pulse internal encoded (PIE) [ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC
Class-1HF]
Dh - RFU
Eh - RFU
Fh - RFU
3
DSCFreq
Specifies the subcarrier frequency of the used envelope.
0h - 424 kHz
1h - 848 kHz
Note: This setting is only relevant if an envelope is used which
involves a subcarrier, e.g. Manchester with subcarrier coding.
2 to 0
DBFreq
Specifies the frequency of the bit stream
0h - RFU
1h - RFU
2h - 26 kHz
3h - 53 kHz
4h - 106 kHz
5h - 212 kHz
6h - 424 kHz
7h - 848 kHz
9.16.3 TxDataMOD
Table 199. TxDataMod register (address 4Bh)
Bit
7
6
Symbol
Frame step
DMillerEn
DPulseType
DInvert
DEnvType
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4
3
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Table 200. TxDataMod bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
Framestep
If set to 1, at every start of transmission, each byte of data is sent in a
separate frame. SOF and EOF is appended to the data byte according
to the framing settings. After one byte is transmitted, the TxEncoder
waits for a new start trigger to continue with the next byte (trigger is
generated automatically). If set to 0, transmission is done in the used
way, where after a start trigger all data bytes are sent and the framing
is done for the complete data stream only once.
6
DMillerEn
If set, pulse modulation is applied according to modified miller code.
Note: This bit is intended to be set if DPulseType is 1h
5 to 4
DPulseType
Specifies which type of pulse modulation is selected.
0h - no pulse modulation
1h - pulse starts at beginning of bit
2h - pulse starts at beginning of second bit half
3h - pulse starts at beginning of third bit quarter
Note: If DMillerEn is set, DPulseType must be set to 1h
3
DInvert
If set the envelope of data is inverted.
2 to 0
DEnvType
Specifies the type of envelope used for transmission of data packets.
The selected envelope type is applied to the pseudo bit stream.
0h - Direct output
1h - Manchester code
2h - Manchester code with subcarrier
3h - BPSK
4h - RZ (pulse of half bit length at beginning of second half of bit)
5h - RZ (pulse of half bit length at beginning of bit)
6h - RFU
7h - RFU
9.16.4 TxSymFreq
Table 201. TxSymFreq (address 4Ch)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Symbol
S32SCFreq
S32BFreq
S10SCFreq
S10BFreq
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Table 202. TxSymFreq bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
S32SCFreq
Specifies the frequency of the subcarrier of symbol2 and symbol3
0b ... 424 kHz
1b ... 848 kHz
6 to 4
S32BFreq
Specifies the frequency of the bit stream of symbol2 and symbole3
000b ... RFU
001b ... RFU
010b ... 26 kHz
011b ... 53 kHz
100b ... 106 kHz
101b ... 212 kHz
110b ... 424 kHz
111b ... 848 kHz
3
S10SCFreq
Specifies the frequency of the subcarrier of symbol0 and symbol1
0b ...424 kHz
1b ...848 kHz
2 to 0
S10BFreq
Specifies the frequency of the bit stream of symbol0 and symbol1
000b ... RFU
001b ... RFU
010b ... 26 kHz
011b ... 53 kHz
100b ... 106 kHz
101b ... 212 kHz
110b ... 424 kHz
111b ... 848 kHz
9.16.5 TxSym0
The two Registers TxSym0H and TxSym0L create a 16-bit register that contains the
pattern for Symbol0.
Table 203. TxSym0H (address 4Dh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
Symbol0_H
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1
0
1
0
Table 204. TxSYM0H bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
Symbol0H
Higher 8 bits of symbol definition for Symbol0
Table 205. TxSym0L (address 4Eh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
Symbol0_L
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Table 206. TxSYM0L bits
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Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
Symbol0
Lower 8 bits of symbol definition for Symbol0
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9.16.6 TxSym
The two Registers TxSym1H and TxSym1L create a 16 bit register that contains the
pattern for Symbol1.
Table 207. TxSym1H (address 4Fh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
Symbol1_H
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1
0
1
0
2
1
0
2
1
0
Table 208. TxSym1H bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
Symbol1_H
Higher 8 bits of symbol definition for Symbol1
Table 209. TxSym1L (address 50h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
Symbol1_L
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Table 210. TxSym1L bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
Symbol1_L
Lower 8 bits of symbol definition for Symbol1
9.16.7 TxSym2
Table 211. TxSYM2 (address 51h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
Symbol2
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Table 212. TxSym2 bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
Symbol2
Symbol definition for Symbol2
9.16.8 TxSym3
Table 213. TxSym3 (address 52h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
Symbol3
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Table 214. TxSym3 bits
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Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
Symbol3
Symbol definition for Symbol3
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9.16.9 TxSym10Len
Table 215. TxSym10Len (address 53h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Symbol
Sym1Len
Sym0Len
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Table 216. TxSym10Len bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 4
Sym1Len
Specifies the number of valid bits of the symbol definition of Symbol1.
The range is from 1 bit (0h) to 16 bits (Fh)
3 to 0
Sym0Len
Specifies the number of valid bits of the symbol definition of Symbol0.
The range is from 1 bit (0h) to 16 bits (Fh)
9.16.10 TxSym32Len
Table 217. TxSym32Len (address 54h)
Bit
7
6
Symbol
RFU
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2
RFU
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1
0
Sym2Len
-
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r/w
Table 218. TxSym32Len bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
RFU
-
6 to 4
Sym3Len
Specifies the number of valid bits of the symbol definition of Symbol3.
The range is from 1-bit (0h) to 8-bits (7h)
3
RFU
-
2 to 0
Sym2Len
Specifies the number of valid bits of the symbol definition of Symbol2.
The range is from 1-bit (0h) to 8-bits (7h)
9.16.11 TxSym10BurstCtrl
Table 219. TxSym10BurstCtrl register (address 55h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
RFU
Sym1BurstType
Sym1BurstLe
nOnly
Sym1BurstEn
RFU
Sym0Burst
Type
Sym0Burst
Only
Sym0Burst
En
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Table 220. TxSym10BurstCtrl bits
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Bit
Symbol
Description
7
RFU
-
6
Sym1Burst Type
Specifies the type of the burst of Symbol1 (logical zero / logical
one)
5
Sym1Burst Only
If set to 1 Symbol1 consists only of a burst and no symbol
pattern
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Table 220. TxSym10BurstCtrl bits …continued
Bit
Symbol
Description
4
Sym1BurstEn
Enables the burst of symbol 1 of the length defined in
TxSym10BurstLen
3
RFU
-
2
Sym0BurstType
Specifies the type of the burst of symbol 0 (logical zero / logical
one)
1
Sym0BurstOnly
If set to 1, symbol 0 consists only of a burst and no symbol
pattern
0
Sym0BurstEn
Enables the burst of symbol 0 of the length defined in
TxSym10BurstLen
9.16.12 TxSym10Mod Reg
Table 221. TxSym10Mod register (address 56h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
RFU
S10MillerEn
S10PulseType
S10Invert
S10EnvType
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Table 222. TxSym10Mod bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
RFU
-
6
S10MillerEn
If set, pulse modulation is applied according to modified miller code.
Note: This bit shall be set only if S10PulseType is set to 1h
5 to 4
S10PulseType Specifies which type of pulse modulation is selected.
0h - no pulse modulation
1h - pulse starts at beginning of bit
2h - pulse starts at beginning of second bit half
3h - pulse starts at beginning of third bit quarter
3
S10Inv
If set. the output of Symbol0 and Symbol1 is inverted.
2 to 0
S10EnvType
Specifies the type of envelope used for transmission of symbol 0 and
symbol 1. The pseudo bit stream is logically combined with the
selected envelope type.
0h - Direct output
1h - Manchester code
2h - Manchester code with subcarrier
3h - BPKSK
4h - RZ return zero, pulse of half bit length at beginning of second half
of bit
5h - RZ return zero, pulse of half bit length at beginning of second half
of bit
6h - RFU
7h - RFU
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9.16.13 TxSym32Mod
Table 223. TxSym32Mod register (address 57h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
RFU
S32MillerEn
S32PulseType
S32Invert
S32EnvType
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Table 224. TxSym32Mod bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
RFU
-
6
S32MillerEn
If set, pulse modulation is applied according to modified miller code.
5 to 4
S32PulseType Specifies which type of pulse modulation is selected.
Note: This bit shall be set only if S32PulseType is set to 1h
0h - no pulse modulation
1h - pulse starts at beginning of bit
2h - pulse starts at beginning of second bit half
3h - pulse starts at beginning of third bit quarter
3
S32Inv
If set. the output of Symbol2 and Symbol3 is inverted.
2 to 0
S32EnvType
Specifies the type of envelope used for transmission of symbol 0 and
symbol 1. The bit stream is logically combined with the selected
envelope type.
0h - Direct output
1h - Manchester code
2h - Manchester code with subcarrier
3h - BPSK
4h - RZ return zero, pulse of half bit length at beginning of second half
of bit)
5h - RZ return zero, pulse of half bit length at beginning of bit)
6h to 7h RFU
9.17 Receiver configuration
9.17.1 RxBitMod
Table 225. RxBitMod (address 58h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
RFU
RFU
RxStopOnInvPar
RxStopOnLength
RxMSBFirst
RxStopBitEn
RxParityType
RFU
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Table 226. RxBitMod bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 6
RFU
-
5
RxStopOnInvPar
If set to 1, inverse parity bit is a stop condition
4
RxStopOnLength
If set to 1, data reception stops when the number of received
bytes reach the defined frame length. The value for the frame
length is taken from the first data-byte received.
3
RxMSBFirst
If set to 1, data bytes are interpreted MSB first for data
reception, which means data is converted at the CLCoPro
interface. If this bit is set to 0, data is interpreted LSB first
2
RxStopBitEn
If set, a stop-bit is expected and will be checked and
extracted from data stream. Additionally on detection of a
stop-bit a reset signal for the demodulator is generator to
enable a re-synchronization of the demodulator. If the
expected stop-bit is incorrect, a frame error flag is set and the
reception is aborted.
Note: A stop bit is always considered to be a logic 1
1
RxParityType
Defines which type of the parity-bit is calculated.
If cleared: Even parity
If set: Odd parity
0
RFU
-
9.17.2 RxEofSym
Table 227. RxEofSym (address 59h)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
RxEOFSymbol
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Table 228. RxEOFSym bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
RxEOF
Symbol
This value defines the pattern of the EOF symbol with a maximum
length of 4 bit. Every tuple of 2 bits of the RxEOFSymbol encodes one
bit of the EOF symbol. A 00 tuple closes the symbol. In this way
symbols with less than 4 bits can be defined, starting with the bit0 and
bit1. The leftmost active symbol pattern is processed first, which
means the pattern is expected first. If the bit0 and bit1 are both zero,
the EOF symbol is disabled. The following mapping is defined:
0h - no symbol bit
1h - zero value
2h - one value
3h - collision
Example:
1Dh: Zero-Collision-Zero
E8h: No symbol because two LSBits are zero
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9.17.3 RxSyncValH
Table 229. RxSyncValH register (address5Ah)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
RxSyncValH
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Table 230. RxSyncValH bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
15 to 0
RxSyncValH
Defines the high byte of the Start Of Frame (SOF) pattern, which must
be in front of the receiving data.
9.17.4 RxSyncValL
Table 231. RxSyncValL register (address 5Bh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
RxSyncValL
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Table 232. RxSyncValL bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
RxSyncValL
Defines the low byte of the Start Of Frame (SOF) Pattern, which must
be in front of the receiving data.
9.17.5 RxSyncMod
Table 233. RxSyncMode register (address 5Ch)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
SyncLen
SyncNegEdge
LastSyncHalf
SyncType
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Table 234. RxSyncMod bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 4
SyncLen
Defines how many Bits of registers RxSyncValHi and RxSyncValLo are
valid.
3
SyncNegEdge Is used for SOF with no correlation peak. The first negative edge of the
correlation is used for defining the bid grid
2
LastSyncHalf
The last Bit of the Sync mode has only half of the length compared to
all other bits. (ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC Class-1HF)
1 to 0
SyncType
0: all 16 bits of SyncVal are interpreted as burst.
1: a nibble of bits is interpreted as one bit in following way:
{data, coll} data = zero or one; coll = 1 means a collision on this bit.
Note: if Coll = 1 the value of data is ignored.
2: the synchronisation is done at every start bit of each byte (type B)
3: RFU
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9.17.6 RxMod
Table 235. RxMod register (address 5Dh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
RFU
RFU
PreFilter
RectFilter
SyncHigh
CorrInv
FSK
BPSK
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Table 236. RxMod bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 6
-
RFU
5
PreFilter
If set 4 samples are combined to one data. (average)
4
RectFilter
If set, the ADC-values are changed to a more rectangular wave shape
3
SyncHigh
Defines if the bit grid is fixed at maximum (1) or at minimum (0) value
of the correlation.
2
CorrInv
Defines a logical for Manchester coding:
1
FSK
If set to 1, the demodulation scheme is set to FSK
0
BPSK
If set to 1, the modulation scheme is BPSK
0: subcarrier / no subcarrier
9.17.7 RxCorr
Table 237. RxCorr register (address 5Eh)
Bit
7
Symbol
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5
CorrFreq
r/w
4
CorrSpeed
r/w
r/w
r/w
3
2
1
0
CorrLen
RFU
r/w
-
Table 238. RxCorr bits
Bit
Symbol
7, 6
CorrFreq
Description
0h - 212 kHz
1h - 424 kHz
2h - 848 kHz
3h - 848 kHz
5, 4
CorrSpeed
Defines the number of clocks used for one correlation.
0h - ISO/IEC 14443
1h - ICODE 53 kBd, FeliCa 424 kBd
2h - ICODE 26 kBd, FeliCa 212 kBd
3h - RFU
3
CorrLen
Defines the length of the correlation data. (64 or 32 values)
If set the lengths of the correlation data is 32 values. (ISO/IEC 18000-3
mode 3/ EPC Class-1HF, 2 Pulse Manchester 848 kHz subcarrier)
2 to 0
CLRC663
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-
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9.17.8 FabCali
Table 239. FabCali register (address 5Fh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
Symbol
FabCali
Access
rights
r/w
2
1
0
Table 240. FabCali bits
Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 0
FabCali
Fabrication calibration of the receiver
NOTE: do not change boot value
9.18 Version register
9.18.1 Version
Table 241. Version register (address 7Fh)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Symbol
Version
SubVersion
Access
rights
r
r
0
Table 242. Version bits
CLRC663
Product data sheet
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Bit
Symbol
Description
7 to 4
Version
Includes the version of the CLRC663 silicon
3 to 0
SubVersion
Includes the subversion of the CLRC663 silicon
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10. Limiting values
Table 243. Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
supply voltage
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
-0.5
+5.5
V
VDD(PVDD) PVDD supply voltage
0.5
+5.5
V
VDD(TVDD) TVDD supply voltage
0.5
+5.5
V
-0.5
+2.0
V
Vi(RXP)
input voltage on pin RXP
Vi(RXN)
input voltage on pin RXN
Ptot
total power dissipation
VESD
Tj(max)
-0.5
+2.0
V
-
1125
mW
electrostatic discharge voltage Human Body Model (HBM);
1500 , 100 pF;
JESD22-A114-B
-
2000
V
maximum junction
temperature
-
150
°C
per package
11. Recommended operating conditions
Table 244. Operating conditions
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
supply voltage
Conditions
[1]
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
3
5
5.5
V
VDD(TVDD)
TVDD supply voltage
3
5
5.5
V
VDD(PVDD)
PVDD supply voltage
3
5
5.5
V
Tamb
ambient temperature
25
-
+85
C
[1]
VDD(PVDD) must always be the same or lower than VDD.
12. Thermal characteristics
Table 245. Thermal characteristics
Symbol Parameter
Rth(j-a)
thermal resistance from junction to
ambient
Conditions
Package
Typ
in still air with exposed pin soldered on a
4 layer JEDEC PCB
HVQFN32 40
Unit
K/W
13. Characteristics
Table 246. Characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
-
2
100
nA
0.5
-
+0.3VDD(PVDD)
V
0.7VDD(PVDD)
-
VDD(PVDD) + 0.5 V
-
-
0.3
Input characteristics I/O Pin Characteristics IF3-SDA in I2C configuration
ILI
input leakage current
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
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output disabled
IOL = 3 mA
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Table 246. Characteristics …continued
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
IOL
LOW-level output current
VOL = 0.4 V; Standard mode,
Fast mode
4
-
-
mA
VOL = 0.6 V; Standard mode,
Fast mode
6
-
-
mA
Standard mode, Fast mode,
CL < 400 pF
-
-
250
ns
Fast mode +; CL < 550 pF
-
-
120
ns
0
-
50
ns
tf(o)
output fall time
tSP
pulse width of spikes that
must be suppressed by
the input filter
Ci
input capacitance
CL
load capacitance
-
3.5
5
pF
Standard mode
-
-
400
pF
Fast mode
-
-
550
pF
Analog and digital supply AVDD,DVDD
VDDA
analog supply voltage
-
1.8
-
V
VDDD
digital supply voltage
-
1.8
-
V
CL
load capacitance
AVDD
220
470
-
nF
CL
load capacitance
DVDD
220
470
-
nF
-
8
40
nA
Current consumption
[1]
Ipd
power-down current
PDOWN pin pulled HIGH
Istb
standby current
Standby bit = 1
-
3
6
A
IDD
supply current
modem on
-
17
20
mA
IDD(TVDD)
TVDD supply current
modem off
-
0.45 0.5
mA
-
100
200
mA
I/O pin characteristics SIGIN, SIGOUT, CLKOUT, IFSEL0, IFSEL1,
TCK, TMS, TDI, TDO, IRQ, IF0, IF1, IF2, SCL2, SDA2
ILI
input leakage current
-
50
500
nA
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
0.5
-
0.3VDD(PVDD)
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7VDD(PVDD)
-
VDD(PVDD) + 0.5 V
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
IOL = 4 mA, VDD(PVDD) = 5.0 V
-
-
0.4
V
IOL = 4 mA, VDD(PVDD) = 3.3 V
-
-
0.4
V
VOH
HIGH-level output voltage IOL = 4 mA, VDD(PVDD) = 5.0 V
4.6
-
-
V
IOL = 4 mA, VDD(PVDD) = 3.3 V
2.9
-
-
V
-
2.5
4.5
pF
50
72
120
K
Ci
output disabled
input capacitance
Pull-up resistance for TCK, TMS, TDI, IF2
Rpu
pull-up resistance
Pin characteristics AUX 1, AUX 2
Vo
output voltage
0
-
1.8
V
CL
load capacitance
-
-
400
pF
Pin characteristics RXP, RXN
Vi
input voltage
0
-
1.8
V
Ci
input capacitance
2
3.5
5
pF
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Table 246. Characteristics …continued
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Vmod(pp)
modulation voltage
Vmod(pp) = Vi(pp)(max)  Vi(pp)(mi
-
2.5
-
mV
-
-
1.65
V
n)
signal on RXP, RXN
Vpp
Pins TX1 and TX2
Vo
output voltage
Vss(TVSS)
-
VDD(TVDD)
V
Ro
output resistance
-
1.5
-
W
Current consumption
power-down current
Ipd
power-down
standby current
ILPCD
LPCD sleep current
IDD
supply current
-
8
200
nA
[1]
-
3
6
A
[1]
-
3
6
A
-
17
20
mA
-
0.45 0.5
mA
[2]
-
-
10
A
[3][4][5]
-
100
200
mA
modem off; transceiver off
IDD(PVDD)
IDD(TVDD)
PVDD supply current
no load on digital pin
TVDD supply current
Clock frequency Pin CLKOUT
fclk
clock frequency
-
27.1 2
MHz
clk
clock duty cycle
-
50
-
%
Crystal oscillator
Vo(p-p)
peak-to-peak output
voltage
pin XTAL1
-
1
-
V
Vi
input voltage
pin XTAL1
0
-
1.8
V
Ci
input capacitance
pin XTAL1
-
3
-
pF
Typical input requirements
fxtal
crystal frequency
-
27.1 2
MHz
ESR
equivalent series
resistance
-
50
100

CL
load capacitance
-
10
-
pF
Pxtal
crystal power dissipation
-
50
100
W
[1]
Ipd is the total current for all supplies.
[2]
IDD(PVDD) depends on the overall load at the digital pins.
[3]
IDD(TVDD) depends on VDD(TVDD) and the external circuit connected to pins TX1 and TX2.
[4]
During typical circuit operation, the overall current is below 100 mA.
[5]
Typical value using a complementary driver configuration and an antenna matched to 40  between pins TX1 and TX2 at 13.56 MHz.
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Vmod
Vi(p-p)(max)
Vi(p-p)(min)
VMID
13.56 MHz
carrier
0V
001aak012
Fig 34. Pin RX input voltage
13.1 Timing characteristics
Table 247. SPI timing characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
tSCKL
SCK LOW time
Min
Typ
Max Unit
50
-
-
ns
tSCKH
SCK HIGH time
50
-
-
ns
th(SCKH-D)
SCK HIGH to data input hold SCK to changing MOSI
time
25
-
-
ns
tsu(D-SCKH)
data input to SCK HIGH
set-up time
changing MOSI to SCK
25
-
-
ns
th(SCKL-Q)
SCK LOW to data output
hold time
SCK to changing MISO
-
-
25
ns
t(SCKL-NSSH)
SCK LOW to NSS HIGH
time
0
-
-
ns
tNSSH
NSS HIGH time
50
-
-
ns
before communication
Remark: To send more bytes in one data stream the NSS signal must be LOW during the
send process. To send more than one data stream the NSS signal must be HIGH between
each data stream.
Table 248. I2C-bus timing in fast mode and fast mode plus
Symbol Parameter
CLRC663
Product data sheet
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Conditions
fSCL
SCL clock frequency
tHD;STA
hold time (repeated) START
condition
tSU;STA
Fast mode
Fast mode
Plus
Min
Max
Min
Max
0
Unit
400
0
1000 kHz
after this period,
600
the first clock pulse
is generated
-
260
-
ns
set-up time for a repeated
START condition
600
-
260
-
ns
tSU;STO
set-up time for STOP condition
600
-
260
-
ns
tLOW
LOW period of the SCL clock
1300 -
500
-
ns
tHIGH
HIGH period of the SCL clock
600
-
260
-
ns
tHD;DAT
data hold time
0
900
-
450
ns
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Table 248. I2C-bus timing in fast mode and fast mode plus …continued
Symbol Parameter
Conditions
Fast mode
Fast mode
Plus
Min
Min
Max
Unit
Max
tSU;DAT
data set-up time
100
-
-
-
ns
tr
rise time
SCL signal
20
300
-
120
ns
tf
fall time
SCL signal
20
300
-
120
ns
tr
rise time
SDA and SCL
signals
20
300
-
120
ns
tf
fall time
SDA and SCL
signals
20
300
-
120
ns
tBUF
bus free time between a STOP
and START condition
1.3
-
0.5
-
s
SDA
tSU;DAT
tf
tSP
tr
tHD;STA
tf
tLOW
tBUF
SCL
tr
tHD;STA
S
tHIGH
tHD;DAT
tSU;STA
tSU;STO
Sr
P
S
001aaj635
Fig 35. Timing for fast and standard mode devices on the I2C-bus
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14. Application information
A typical application diagram using a complementary antenna connection to the CLRC663
is shown in Figure 36.
The antenna tuning and RF part matching is described in the application note Ref. 1 and
Ref. 2.
VDD
PVDD
TVDD
25
18
8
AVDD
9
13
14
PDOWN
MICROPROCESSOR
host
interface
21
17
16
32
15
DVDD
VMID
TX1
CRXN
R1 C
vmid
R2
C1
L0
Ra
antenna
READER IC
28-31
IRQ
RXN
C0
C2
C0
C2
Ra
TVSS
TX2
Lant
L0
C1
14
7
12
33
VSS
19
RXP
20
XTAL1
XTAL2
R3
R4
CRXP
27.12 MHz
001aam269
Fig 36. Typical application antenna circuit diagram
14.1 Antenna design description
The matching circuit for the antenna consists of an EMC low pass filter (L0 and C0), a
matching circuitry (C1 and C2), and a receiving circuits (R1 = R3, R2 = R4, C3 = C5 and
C4 = C6;), and the antenna itself. The receiving circuit component values needs to be
designed for operation with the CLRC663. A reuse of dedicated antenna designs done for
other products without adaptation of component values will result in degraded
performance.
For a more detailed information about designing and tuning the antenna please refer to
the relevant application notes:
• MICORE reader IC family; Directly Matched Antenna Design, Ref. 1 and
• MIFARE (14443A) 13.56 MHz RFID Proximity Antennas, Ref. 2.
14.1.1 EMC low pass filter
The MIFARE system operates at a frequency of 13.56 MHz. This frequency is generated
by a quartz oscillator to clock the CLRC663 and is also the basis for driving the antenna
with the 13.56 MHz energy carrier. This will not only cause emitted power at 13.56 MHz
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but will also emit power at higher harmonics. The international EMC regulations define the
amplitude of the emitted power in a broad frequency range. Thus, an appropriate filtering
of the output signal is necessary to fulfil these regulations.
Remark: The layout has a major influence on the overall performance of the filter.
14.1.2 Antenna matching
Due to the impedance transformation of the given low pass filter, the antenna coil has to
be matched to a certain impedance. The matching elements C1 and C2 can be estimated
and have to be fine tuned depending on the design of the antenna coil.
The correct impedance matching is important to provide the optimum performance. The
overall quality factor has to be considered to guarantee a proper ISO/IEC 14443
communication scheme. Environmental influences have to be considered as well as
common EMC design rules.
For details refer to the NXP application notes.
14.1.3 Receiving circuit
The internal receiving concept of the CLRC663 makes use both side-bands of the
sub-carrier load modulation of the card response via a differential receiving concept (RXP,
RXN). No external filtering is required.
It is recommended to use the internally generated VMID potential as the input potential of
pin RX. This DC voltage level of VMID has to be coupled to the Rx-pins via R2 and R4. To
provide a stable DC reference voltage capacitances C4, C6 has to be connected between
VMID and ground. Refer to Figure 36
Considering the (AC) voltage limits at the Rx-pins the AC voltage divider of R1 + C3 and
R2 as well as R3 + C5 and R4 has to be designed. Depending on the antenna coil design
and the impedance matching the voltage at the antenna coil varies from antenna design to
antenna design. Therefore the recommended way to design the receiving circuit is to use
the given values for R1(= R3), R2 (= R4), and C3 (= C5) from the above mentioned
application note, and adjust the voltage at the RX-pins by varying R1(= R3) within the
given limits.
Remark: R2 and R4 are AC-wise connected to ground (via C4 and C6).
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14.1.4 Antenna coil
The precise calculation of the antenna coils’ inductance is not practicable but the
inductance can be estimated using the following formula. We recommend designing an
antenna either with a circular or rectangular shape.
I1
1 8
L 1 = 2  I 1   ln  ------ – K N 1


D1
(4)
• I1 - Length in cm of one turn of the conductor loop
• D1 - Diameter of the wire or width of the PCB conductor respectively
• K - Antenna shape factor (K = 1,07 for circular antennas and K = 1,47 for square
antennas)
• L1 - Inductance in nH
• N1 - Number of turns
• Ln: Natural logarithm function
The actual values of the antenna inductance, resistance, and capacitance at
13.56 MHz depend on various parameters such as:
•
•
•
•
•
antenna construction (Type of PCB)
thickness of conductor
distance between the windings
shielding layer
metal or ferrite in the near environment
Therefore a measurement of those parameters under real life conditions, or at least a
rough measurement and a tuning procedure is highly recommended to guarantee a
reasonable performance. For details refer to the above mentioned application notes.
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15. Package outline
HVQFN32: plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads;
32 terminals; body 5 x 5 x 0.85 mm
A
B
D
SOT617-1
terminal 1
index area
A
A1
E
c
detail X
C
e1
e
1/2
e b
9
y
y1 C
v M C A B
w M C
16
L
17
8
e
e2
Eh
1/2
1
terminal 1
index area
e
24
32
25
X
Dh
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A(1)
max.
A1
b
c
D (1)
Dh
E (1)
Eh
e
e1
e2
L
v
w
y
y1
mm
1
0.05
0.00
0.30
0.18
0.2
5.1
4.9
3.25
2.95
5.1
4.9
3.25
2.95
0.5
3.5
3.5
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.05
0.05
0.1
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.075 mm maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
SOT617-1
---
MO-220
---
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
01-08-08
02-10-18
Fig 37. Package outline SOT617-1 (HVQFN32)
CLRC663
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Detailed package information can be found at
http://www.nxp.com/package/SOT617-1.html.
16. Handling information
Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL) evaluation has been performed according to
SNW-FQ-225B rev.04/07/07 (JEDEC J-STD-020C). MSL for this package is level 2 which
means 260 C convection reflow temperature.
Dry pack is required.
1 year out-of-pack floor life at maximum ambient temperature 30 C/ 85 % RH.
17. Packing information
The straps around the package of
stacked trays inside the piano-box
have sufficient pre-tension to avoid
loosening of the trays.
strap 46 mm from corner
tray
ESD warning preprinted
chamfer
barcode label (permanent)
PIN 1
barcode label (peel-off)
chamfer
QA seal
PIN 1
Hyatt patent preprinted
In the traystack (2 trays)
only ONE tray type* allowed
*one supplier and one revision number.
printed piano box
001aaj740
Fig 38. Packing information 1 tray
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18. Abbreviations
Table 249. Abbreviations
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
Acronym
Description
ADC
Analog-to-Digital Converter
BPSK
Binary Phase Shift Keying
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check
CW
Continuous Wave
EGT
Extra Guard Time
EMC
Electro Magnetic Compatibility
EMD
Electro Magnetic Disturbance
EOF
End Of Frame
EPC
Electronic Product Code
ETU
Elementary Time Unit
GPIO
General Purpose Input/Output
HBM
Human Body Model
I2C
Inter-Integrated Circuit
LFO
Low Frequency Oscillator
LPCD
Low-Power Card Detection
LSB
Least Significant Bit
MISO
Master In Slave Out
MOSI
Master Out Slave In
MSB
Most Significant Bit
NRZ
Not Return to Zero
NSS
Not Slave Select
PCD
Proximity Coupling Device
PLL
Phase-Locked Loop
RZ
Return To Zero
RX
Receiver
SAM
Secure Access Module
SOF
Start Of Frame
SPI
Serial Peripheral Interface
SW
Software
TTimer
Timing of the clk period
TX
Transmitter
UART
Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
UID
Unique IDentification
VCO
Voltage Controlled Oscillator
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19. References
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
[1]
Application note — MFRC52x Reader IC Family Directly Matched Antenna
Design
[2]
Application note — MIFARE (ISO/IEC 14443 A) 13.56 MHz RFID Proximity
Antennas
[3]
BSDL File — Boundary scan description language file of the CLRC663
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20. Revision history
Table 250. Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
CLRC663 v.3.3
20120403
Product data sheet
-
CLRC663 v.3.2
-
CLRC663 v.3.1
Modifications:
CLRC663 v.3.2
Modifications:
CLRC663 v.3.1
Modifications:
CLRC663 v.3.0
Modifications:
CLRC663 v.2.0
Modifications:
CLRC663 v.1.0
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
•
•
Description of SAM support added
General update
20120207
•
•
General update
Specification status changed into “Product data sheet”
20110926
•
Product data sheet
Preliminary data sheet
CLRC663 v.3.0
Specification status reversed from “Product data sheet” into “Preliminary data sheet”
20110919
Product data sheet
•
•
•
•
•
Section 5 “Ordering information”: updated
•
Table 246 “Characteristics”: updated
-
CLRC663 v.2.0
Section 8 “Functional description”. Section 9 “CLRC663 registers”: updated
Section 8.7.2.1 “Product information and configuration - Page 0”: updated
Section 8.10.2 “Command set overview”: updated
Table 18 “Command overview”, Table 57 “FIFOData register (address 05h);”Table 156
“RxCtrl bits”: updated
20110615
•
-
Preliminary data sheet
-
CLRC663 v.1.0
-
-
General update
20110308
Objective data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3.3 — 3 April 2012
171133
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
127 of 132
CLRC663
NXP Semiconductors
Contactless reader IC
21. Legal information
21.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
Definition
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
21.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
21.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3.3 — 3 April 2012
171133
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
128 of 132
CLRC663
NXP Semiconductors
Contactless reader IC
Quick reference data — The Quick reference data is an extract of the
product data given in the Limiting values and Characteristics sections of this
document, and as such is not complete, exhaustive or legally binding.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
Non-automotive qualified products — Unless this data sheet expressly
states that this specific NXP Semiconductors product is automotive qualified,
the product is not suitable for automotive use. It is neither qualified nor tested
in accordance with automotive testing or application requirements. NXP
Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
non-automotive qualified products in automotive equipment or applications.
In the event that customer uses the product for design-in and use in
automotive applications to automotive specifications and standards, customer
(a) shall use the product without NXP Semiconductors’ warranty of the
product for such automotive applications, use and specifications, and (b)
whenever customer uses the product for automotive applications beyond
NXP Semiconductors’ specifications such use shall be solely at customer’s
own risk, and (c) customer fully indemnifies NXP Semiconductors for any
liability, damages or failed product claims resulting from customer design and
use of the product for automotive applications beyond NXP Semiconductors’
standard warranty and NXP Semiconductors’ product specifications.
Translations — A non-English (translated) version of a document is for
reference only. The English version shall prevail in case of any discrepancy
between the translated and English versions.
21.4 Licenses
Purchase of NXP ICs with ISO/IEC 14443 type B functionality
This NXP Semiconductors IC is ISO/IEC 14443 Type B
software enabled and is licensed under Innovatron’s
Contactless Card patents license for ISO/IEC 14443 B.
The license includes the right to use the IC in systems
and/or end-user equipment.
RATP/Innovatron
Technology
Purchase of NXP ICs with NFC technology
Purchase of an NXP Semiconductors IC that complies with one of the Near
Field Communication (NFC) standards ISO/IEC 18092 and ISO/IEC 21481
does not convey an implied license under any patent right infringed by
implementation of any of those standards. A license for the patents portfolio
of NXP B.V. for the NFC standards needs to be obtained at Via Licensing,
the pool agent of the NFC Patent Pool, e-mail: [email protected]
21.5 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
I2C-bus — logo is a trademark of NXP B.V.
MIFARE — is a trademark of NXP B.V.
MIFARE Ultralight — is a trademark of NXP B.V.
DESFire — is a trademark of NXP B.V.
MIFARE Plus — is a trademark of NXP B.V.
ICODE and I-CODE — are trademarks of NXP B.V.
22. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3.3 — 3 April 2012
171133
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
129 of 132
CLRC663
NXP Semiconductors
Contactless reader IC
23. Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7.1
8
8.1
8.2
8.2.1
8.2.1.1
8.2.1.2
8.2.1.3
8.2.1.4
8.2.1.5
8.3
8.3.1
8.3.2
8.3.3
8.3.3.1
8.3.4
8.3.5
8.3.6
8.3.6
8.3.7
8.3.7.1
8.3.7.2
8.3.7.3
8.3.8
8.3.8.1
8.4
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.2.1
8.4.2.2
8.4.2.3
8.4.2.4
8.4.2.5
8.4.3
8.4.3.1
8.4.3.2
8.4.4
8.4.4.1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Quick reference data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Interrupt controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Timer module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Timer modes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Time-Out- and Watch-Dog-Counter . . . . . . . . 10
Wake-up timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Stop watch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Programmable one-shot timer . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Periodical trigger. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Contactless interface unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
ISO/IEC14443A/MIFARE functionality . . . . . . 11
ISO/IEC14443B functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
FeliCa functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
FeliCa framing and coding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
ISO/IEC15693 functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
EPC-UID/UID-OTP functionality . . . . . . . . . . . 16
ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC Class-1
HF functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
ISO/IEC 18000-3 mode 3/ EPC Class-1
HF functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
ISO/IEC 18092 mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Passive communication mode . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
ISO/IEC 18092 framing and coding . . . . . . . . 18
ISO/IEC 18092 protocol support. . . . . . . . . . . 18
EPC Class-1 HF and ICODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Data encoding ICODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Host interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Host interface configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
SPI interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Read data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Write data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Address byte. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Timing Specification SPI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
RS232 interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Selection of the transfer speeds . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Framing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
I2C-bus interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
8.4.4.2
8.4.4.3
8.4.4.4
8.4.4.5
8.4.4.6
8.4.4.7
8.4.4.8
8.4.4.9
8.4.5
8.4.5.1
8.4.5.2
8.4.6
8.4.6.1
8.4.6.2
8.4.6.3
8.4.6.4
8.4.6.5
8.4.6.6
8.4.6.7
8.4.6.8
8.4.6.9
8.4.6.10
8.5
8.5.1
8.5.2
8.5.3
8.5.4
8.6
8.6.1
8.6.2
8.6.2.1
8.6.2.2
8.6.3
8.6.3.1
8.6.3.2
8.6.4
8.6.5
8.7
8.7.1
8.7.2
8.7.2.1
8.7.3
8.8
8.8.1
8.8.2
8.8.3
I2C Data validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C START and STOP conditions. . . . . . . . . .
I2C byte format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C Acknowledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C 7-bit addressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C-register write access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C-register read access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2CL-bus interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAM interface I2C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAM functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAM connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boundary scan interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interface signals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Clock (TCK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Mode Select (TMS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Data Input (TDI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test Data Output (TDO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boundary scan cell. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boundary scan path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boundary Scan Description Language
(BSDL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Non-IEEE1149.1 commands . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing the FIFO buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controlling the FIFO buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status Information about the FIFO buffer. . . .
Analog interface and contactless UART . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TX transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overshoot protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bit generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Receiver circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Active antenna concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Symbol generator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EEPROM memory organization. . . . . . . . . . .
Product information and configuration Page 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EEPROM initialization content LoadProtocol.
Clock generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crystal oscillator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IntegerN PLL clock line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low-Power Oscillator (LPO) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
25
25
26
26
27
27
28
29
29
30
30
31
31
31
31
31
32
32
32
33
34
35
35
35
35
35
37
37
37
39
40
40
40
41
42
45
45
45
46
47
48
50
50
50
51
continued >>
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3.3 — 3 April 2012
171133
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
130 of 132
CLRC663
NXP Semiconductors
Contactless reader IC
8.9
Power management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.9.1
Supply concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.9.2
Power reduction mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.9.2.1
Power-down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.9.2.2
Standby mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.9.2.3
Modem off mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.9.3
Low-Power Card Detection (LPCD) . . . . . . . .
8.9.4
Reset and start-up time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10
Command set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.1
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.2
Command set overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3
Command functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.1 Idle command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.2 LPCD command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.3 Load key command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.4 MFAuthent command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.5 AckReq command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.6 Receive command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.7 Transmit command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.8 Transceive command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.9 WriteE2 command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.10 WriteE2PAGE command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.11 ReadE2 command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.12 LoadReg command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.13 LoadProtocol command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.14 LoadKeyE2 command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.15 StoreKeyE2 command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.16 GetRNR command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10.3.17 SoftReset command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
CLRC663 registers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.1
Register bit behavior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.2
Command configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.2.1
Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.3
SAM configuration register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.3.1
HostCtrl. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.4
FIFO configuration register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.4.1
FIFOControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.4.2
WaterLevel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.4.3
FIFOLength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.4.4
FIFOData . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.5
Interrupt configuration registers . . . . . . . . . . .
9.5.1
IRQ0 register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.5.2
IRQ1 register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.5.3
IRQ0En register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.5.4
IRQ1En . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.6
Contactless interface configuration registers .
9.6.1
Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.6.2
Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.6.3
RxBitCtrl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.6.4
RxColl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
52
52
52
52
52
52
53
53
54
54
54
55
55
55
55
55
56
56
57
57
57
57
57
57
58
58
59
59
59
60
60
63
63
63
63
64
64
64
66
66
66
67
67
68
68
69
69
70
71
73
9.7
9.7.1
9.7.2
9.7.2.1
9.7.2.2
9.7.2.3
9.7.2.4
9.7.2.5
9.7.2.6
9.7.2.7
9.7.2.8
9.7.2.9
9.7.2.10
9.7.2.11
9.7.2.12
9.7.2.13
9.7.2.14
9.7.2.15
9.7.2.16
9.7.2.17
9.7.2.18
9.7.2.19
9.7.2.20
9.7.2.21
9.7.2.22
9.7.2.23
9.7.2.24
9.8
9.8.1
9.8.2
9.8.3
9.8.4
9.9
9.9.1
9.9.2
9.10
9.10.1
9.10.2
9.10.3
9.10.4
9.10.5
9.11
9.12
9.12.1
9.12.2
9.12.3
9.12.4
9.12.5
9.12.6
9.13
9.13.1
Timer configuration registers . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T0Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T0ReloadHi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T0ReloadLo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T0CounterValHi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T0CounterValLo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T1Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T1ReloadHi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T1ReloadLo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T1CounterValHi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T1CounterValLo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T2Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T2ReloadHi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T2ReloadLo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T2CounterValHi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T2CounterValLoReg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T3Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T3ReloadHi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T3ReloadLo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T3CounterValHi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T3CounterValLo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T4Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T4ReloadHi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T4ReloadLo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T4CounterValHi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T4CounterValLo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmitter configuration registers. . . . . . . . .
TxMode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TxAmp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TxCon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Txl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CRC configuration registers. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TxCrcPreset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RxCrcCon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmitter configuration registers. . . . . . . . .
TxDataNum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TxDATAModWidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TxSym10BurstLen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TxWaitCtrl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TxWaitLo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FrameCon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Receiver configuration registers . . . . . . . . . .
RxSofD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RxCtrl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RxWait . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RxThreshold. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rcv. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RxAna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SerialSpeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
74
74
74
75
75
76
76
76
77
77
78
78
78
79
79
80
80
80
81
81
82
82
82
83
83
84
84
84
84
85
85
86
86
86
87
88
88
89
90
90
92
92
93
93
93
94
94
95
95
96
96
continued >>
CLRC663
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3.3 — 3 April 2012
171133
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
131 of 132
CLRC663
NXP Semiconductors
Contactless reader IC
9.13.2
9.13.3
9.13.4
9.14
9.14.1
9.14.2
9.14.3
9.14.4
9.14.5
9.15
9.15.1
9.15.2
9.15.3
9.15.4
9.16
9.16.1
9.16.2
9.16.3
9.16.4
9.16.5
9.16.6
9.16.7
9.16.8
9.16.9
9.16.10
9.16.11
9.16.12
9.16.13
9.17
9.17.1
9.17.2
9.17.3
9.17.4
9.17.5
9.17.6
9.17.7
9.17.8
9.18
9.18.1
10
11
12
13
13.1
14
14.1
14.1.1
14.1.2
14.1.3
LPO_Trimm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
PLL_Ctrl Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
PLLDiv_Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Low-power card detection configuration
registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
LPCD_QMin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
LPCD_QMax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
LPCD_IMin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
LPCD_Result_I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
LPCD_Result_Q . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Pin configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
PinEn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
PinOut. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
PinIn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
SigOut. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Transmitter configuration registers . . . . . . . . 103
TxBitMod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
TxDataCon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
TxDataMOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
TxSymFreq . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
TxSym0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
TxSym . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
TxSym2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
TxSym3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
TxSym10Len . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
TxSym32Len . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
TxSym10BurstCtrl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
TxSym10Mod Reg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
TxSym32Mod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Receiver configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
RxBitMod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
RxEofSym. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
RxSyncValH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
RxSyncValL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
RxSyncMod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
RxMod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
RxCorr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
FabCali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Version register. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Recommended operating conditions. . . . . . 115
Thermal characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Timing characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Application information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Antenna design description . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
EMC low pass filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Antenna matching. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Receiving circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
14.1.4
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
21.1
21.2
21.3
21.4
21.5
22
23
Antenna coil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package outline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Handling information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Packing information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Licenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
122
123
124
124
125
126
127
128
128
128
128
129
129
129
130
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2012.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 3 April 2012
171133