PHILIPS 1648290

TDA5051A
Home automation modem
Rev. 5 — 13 January 2011
Product data sheet
1. General description
The TDA5051A is a modem IC, specifically dedicated to ASK transmission by means of
the home power supply network, at 600 baud or 1200 baud data rate. It operates from a
single 5 V supply.
2. Features and benefits
„ Full digital carrier generation and shaping
„ Modulation/demodulation frequency set by clock adjustment, from microcontroller or
on-chip oscillator
„ High clock rate of 6-bit D/A (Digital to Analog) converter for rejection of aliasing
components
„ Fully integrated output power stage with overload protection
„ Automatic Gain Control (AGC) at receiver input
„ 8-bit A/D (Analog to Digital) converter and narrow digital filtering
„ Digital demodulation delivering baseband data
„ Easy compliance with EN50065-1 with simple coupling network
„ Few external components for low cost applications
„ SO16 plastic package
3. Applications
„ Home appliance control (air conditioning, shutters, lighting, alarms and so on)
„ Energy/heating control
„ Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK) data transmission using the home power network
TDA5051A
NXP Semiconductors
Home automation modem
4. Quick reference data
Table 1.
Quick reference data
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
supply voltage
IDD(tot)
total supply current
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
4.75
5.0
5.25
V
-
28
38
mA
-
47
68
mA
-
19
25
mA
fosc = 8.48 MHz
Reception mode
Transmission mode;
DATA_IN = 0; ZL = 30 Ω
[1]
Power-down mode
[2]
fcr
carrier frequency
fosc
oscillator frequency
Vo(rms)
output carrier signal (RMS value)
Vi(rms)
input signal (RMS value)
THD
total harmonic distortion on CISPR16 load
with coupling network
Tamb
ambient temperature
DATA_IN = LOW;
ZL = CISPR16
[3]
-
132.5
-
kHz
6.08
-
9.504
MHz
120
-
122
dBμV
82
-
122
dBμV
-
−55
-
dB
−50
-
+100
°C
[1]
The value of the total transmission mode current is the sum of IDD(RX/TX)(tot) + IDD(PAMP) in the Table 5 “Characteristics”.
[2]
Frequency range corresponding to the EN50065-1 band. However, the modem can operate at any lower oscillator frequency.
[3]
The minimum value can be improved by using an external amplifier; see application diagrams Figure 19 and Figure 20.
5. Ordering information
Table 2.
Ordering information
Type number
TDA5051AT
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
Package
Name
Description
Version
SO16
plastic small outline package; 16 leads; body width 7.5 mm
SOT162-1
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Rev. 5 — 13 January 2011
© NXP B.V. 2011. All rights reserved.
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TDA5051A
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Home automation modem
6. Block diagram
DGND
AGND
VDDA
12
13
5
VDDD
VDDAP
3
11
modulated
carrier
6
ROM
D/A
CLK_OUT
OSC1
OSC2
DATA_OUT
1
10
9
DAC clock
10
DATA_IN
POWER
DRIVE
WITH
PROTECTION
CONTROL LOGIC
APGND
TDA5051A
15
filter clock
4
TX_OUT
PD
7
8
2
÷2
OSCILLATOR
DIGITAL
BAND-PASS
FILTER
DIGITAL
DEMODULATOR
14
A/D
RX_IN
8
5
PEAK
DETECT
16
TEST1
Fig 1.
H
U
L
D
U/D
COUNT
6
SCANTEST
002aaf038
Block diagram
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 13 January 2011
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TDA5051A
NXP Semiconductors
Home automation modem
7. Pinning information
7.1 Pinning
DATA_IN
1
16 TEST1
DATA_OUT
2
15 PD
VDDD
3
14 RX_IN
CLK_OUT
4
DGND
5
SCANTEST
6
11 VDDAP
OSC1
7
10 TX_OUT
OSC2
8
9
TDA5051AT
13 VDDA
12 AGND
APGND
002aaf039
Fig 2.
Pin configuration for SO16
7.2 Pin description
Table 3.
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
Pin description
Symbol
Pin
Description
DATA_IN
1
digital data input (active LOW)
DATA_OUT
2
digital data output (active LOW)
VDDD
3
digital supply voltage
CLK_OUT
4
clock output
DGND
5
digital ground
SCANTEST
6
test input (LOW in application)
OSC1
7
oscillator input
OSC2
8
oscillator output
APGND
9
analog ground for power amplifier
TX_OUT
10
analog signal output
VDDAP
11
analog supply voltage for power amplifier
AGND
12
analog ground
VDDA
13
analog supply voltage
RX_IN
14
analog signal input
PD
15
power-down input (active HIGH)
TEST1
16
test input (HIGH in application)
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TDA5051A
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Home automation modem
8. Functional description
Both transmission and reception stages are controlled either by the master clock of the
microcontroller or by the on-chip reference oscillator connected to a crystal. This ensures
the accuracy of the transmission carrier and the exact trimming of the digital filter, thus
making the performance totally independent of application disturbances such as
component spread, temperature, supply drift and so on.
The interface with the power network is made by means of an LC network (see Figure 15).
The device includes a power output stage that feeds a 120 dBμV (RMS) signal on a
typical 30 Ω load.
To reduce power consumption, the IC is disabled by a power-down input (pin PD): in this
mode, the on-chip oscillator remains active and the clock continues to be supplied at
pin CLK_OUT. For low-power operation in reception mode, this pin can be dynamically
controlled by the microcontroller, see Section 8.4 “Power-down mode”.
When the circuit is connected to an external clock generator (see Figure 6), the clock
signal must be applied at pin OSC1 (pin 7); OSC2 (pin 8) must be left open-circuit.
Figure 7 shows the use of the on-chip clock circuit.
All logic inputs and outputs are compatible with TTL/CMOS levels, providing an easy
connection to a standard microcontroller I/O port.
The digital part of the IC is fully scan-testable. Two digital inputs, SCANTEST and TEST1,
are used for production test: these pins must be left open-circuit in functional mode
(correct levels are internally defined by pull-up or pull-down resistors).
8.1 Transmission mode
To provide strict stability with respect to environmental conditions, the carrier frequency is
generated by scanning the ROM memory under the control of the microcontroller clock or
the reference frequency provided by the on-chip oscillator. High frequency clocking rejects
the aliasing components to such an extent that they are filtered by the coupling
LC network and do not cause any significant disturbance. The data modulation is applied
through pin DATA_IN and smoothly applied by specific digital circuits to the carrier
(shaping). Harmonic components are limited in this process, thus avoiding unacceptable
disturbance of the transmission channel (according to CISPR16 and EN50065-1
recommendations). A −55 dB Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) is reached when the typical
LC coupling network (or an equivalent filter) is used.
The DAC and the power stage are set in order to provide a maximum signal level of
122 dBμV (RMS) at the output.
The output of the power stage (TX_OUT) must always be connected to a decoupling
capacitor, because of a DC level of 0.5VDD at this pin, which is present even when the
device is not transmitting. This pin must also be protected against overvoltage and
negative transient signals. The DC level of TX_OUT can be used to bias a unipolar
transient suppressor, as shown in the application diagram (see Figure 15).
Direct connection to the mains is done through an LC network for low-cost applications.
However, an HF signal transformer could be used when power-line insulation has to be
performed.
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 13 January 2011
© NXP B.V. 2011. All rights reserved.
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TDA5051A
NXP Semiconductors
Home automation modem
Remark: In transmission mode, the receiving part of the circuit is not disabled and the
detection of the transmitted signal is normally performed. In this mode, the gain chosen
before the beginning of the transmission is stored, and the AGC is internally set to
−6 dB as long as DATA_IN is LOW. Then, the old gain setting is automatically restored.
8.2 Reception mode
The input signal received by the modem is applied to a wide range input amplifier with
AGC (−6 dB to +30 dB). This is basically for noise performance improvement and signal
level adjustment, which ensures a maximum sensitivity of the ADC. An 8-bit conversion is
then performed, followed by digital band-pass filtering, to meet the CISPR16
normalization and to comply with some additional limitations met in current applications.
After digital demodulation, the baseband data signal is made available after pulse
shaping.
The signal pin (RX_IN) is a high-impedance input which has to be protected and
DC decoupled for the same reasons as with pin TX_OUT. The high sensitivity (82 dBμV)
of this input requires an efficient 50 Hz rejection filter (realized by the LC coupling
network), which also acts as an anti-aliasing filter for the internal digital processing;
(see Figure 15).
8.3 Data format
8.3.1 Transmission mode
The data input (DATA_IN) is active LOW: this means that a burst is generated on the line
(pin TX_OUT) when DATA_IN pin is LOW.
Pin TX_OUT is in a high-impedance state as long as the device is not transmitting.
Successive logic 1s are treated in a Non-Return-to-Zero (NRZ) mode, see pulse shapes
in Figure 8 and Figure 9.
8.3.2 Reception mode
The data output (pin DATA_OUT) is active LOW; this means that the data output is LOW
when a burst is received. Pin DATA_OUT remains LOW as long as a burst is received.
8.4 Power-down mode
Power-down input (pin PD) is active HIGH; this means that the power consumption is
minimum when pin PD is HIGH. Now, all functions are disabled, except clock generation.
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 13 January 2011
© NXP B.V. 2011. All rights reserved.
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TDA5051A
NXP Semiconductors
Home automation modem
9. Limiting values
Table 4.
Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
supply voltage
4.5
5.5
V
fosc
oscillator frequency
-
12
MHz
Tstg
storage temperature
−50
+150
°C
Tamb
ambient temperature
−50
+100
°C
Tj
junction temperature
-
125
°C
10. Characteristics
Table 5.
Characteristics
VDDD = VDDA = 5 V ± 5 %; Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C; VDDD connected to VDDA; DGND connected to AGND.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
4.75
5
5.25
V
-
28
38
mA
-
47
68
mA
-
19
25
mA
Supply
VDD
supply voltage
IDD(tot)
total supply current
fosc = 8.48 MHz
Reception mode
Transmission
mode;
DATA_IN = 0;
ZL = 30 Ω
[1]
Power-down mode
IDD(RX/TX)(tot)
total analog + digital
supply current
VDD = 5 V ± 5 %;
Transmission or
Reception mode
-
28
38
mA
IDD(PD)(tot)
total analog + digital
supply current
VDD = 5 V ± 5 %;
PD = HIGH;
Power-down mode
-
19
25
mA
IDD(PAMP)
power amplifier
supply current
VDD = 5 V ± 5 %;
ZL = 30 Ω;
DATA_IN = LOW in
Transmission mode
-
19
30
mA
VDD = 5 V ± 5 %;
ZL = 1 Ω;
DATA_IN = LOW in
Transmission mode
-
76
-
mA
IDD(PAMP)(max) maximum power amplifier
supply current
DATA_IN and PD inputs; DATA_OUT and CLK_OUT outputs
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.2VDD + 0.9
-
VDD + 0.5
V
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
−0.5
-
0.2VDD − 0.1
V
VOH
HIGH-level output voltage
IOH = −1.6 mA
2.4
-
-
V
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
IOL = 1.6 mA
-
-
0.45
V
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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TDA5051A
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Home automation modem
Table 5.
Characteristics …continued
VDDD = VDDA = 5 V ± 5 %; Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C; VDDD connected to VDDA; DGND connected to AGND.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
OSC1 input and OSC2 output (OSC2 only used for driving external quartz crystal; must be left open-circuit when
using an external clock generator)
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7VDD
-
VDD + 0.5
V
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
−0.5
-
0.2VDD − 0.1
V
VOH
HIGH-level output voltage
IOH = −1.6 mA
2.4
-
-
V
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
IOL = 1.6 mA
-
-
0.45
V
MHz
Clock
fosc
oscillator frequency
6.080
-
9.504
fosc/fcr
ratio between oscillator and
carrier frequency
-
64
-
fosc/fCLKOUT
ratio between oscillator and
clock output frequency
-
2
-
-
132.5
-
kHz
Transmission mode
[2]
fcr
carrier frequency
fosc = 8.48 MHz
tsu
set-up time of the shaped
burst
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
see Figure 8
-
170
-
μs
th
hold time of the shaped
burst
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
see Figure 8
-
170
-
μs
tW(DI)(min)
minimum pulse width of
DATA_IN signal
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
see Figure 8
-
190
-
μs
Vo(rms)
output carrier signal
(RMS value)
DATA_IN = LOW;
ZL = CISPR16
120
-
122
dBμV
Io(max)
power amplifier maximum
output current (peak value)
DATA_IN = LOW;
ZL = 1 Ω
-
160
-
mA
Zo
output impedance of the
power amplifier
-
5
-
Ω
VO
output DC level at
pin TX_OUT
-
2.5
-
V
THD
total harmonic distortion on
CISPR16 load with the
coupling network (measured
on the first ten harmonics)
Vo(rms) = 121 dBμV on
CISPR16 load;
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
DATA_IN = LOW
(no modulation);
see Figure 3 and
Figure 22
-
−55
-
dB
B−20dB
bandwidth of the shaped
output signal (at −20 dB)
on CISPR16 load with the
coupling network
Vo(rms) = 121 dBμV on
CISPR16 load;
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
DATA_IN = 300 Hz;
duty factor = 50 %;
see Figure 4
-
3000
-
Hz
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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TDA5051A
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Home automation modem
Table 5.
Characteristics …continued
VDDD = VDDA = 5 V ± 5 %; Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C; VDDD connected to VDDA; DGND connected to AGND.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
82
-
122
dBμV
Reception mode
[3]
Vi(rms)
analog input signal
(RMS value)
VI
DC level at pin RX_IN
-
2.5
-
V
Zi
RX_IN input impedance
-
50
-
kΩ
RAGC
AGC range
-
36
-
dB
tc(AGC)
AGC time constant
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
see Figure 5
-
296
-
μs
td(dem)(su)
demodulation delay
set-up time
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
see Figure 21
-
350
400
μs
td(dem)(h)
demodulation delay
hold time
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
see Figure 21
-
420
470
μs
Bdet
detection bandwidth
fosc = 8.48 MHz
-
3
-
kHz
BER
bit error rate
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
600 baud;
S/N = 35 dB;
signal 76 dBμV;
see Figure 23
-
1
-
1 × 10−4
Power-up timing
td(pu)(TX)
delay between power-up
and DATA_IN in
transmission mode
XTAL = 8.48 MHz;
C1 = C2 = 27 pF;
Rp = 2.2 MΩ;
see Figure 10
-
1
-
μs
td(pu)(RX)
delay between power-up
and DATA_OUT in
reception mode
XTAL = 8.48 MHz;
C1 = C2 = 27 pF;
Rp = 2.2 MΩ;
fRXIN = 132.5 kHz;
120 dBμV sine wave;
see Figure 11
-
1
-
μs
Power-down timing
td(pd)(TX)
delay between PD = 0 and
DATA_IN in transmission
mode
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
see Figure 12
-
10
-
μs
td(pd)(RX)
delay between PD = 0 and
DATA_OUT in reception
mode
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
fRXIN = 132.5 kHz;
120 dBμV sine wave;
see Figure 13
-
500
-
μs
tactive(min)
minimum active time with
T = 10 ms power-down
period in reception mode
fosc = 8.48 MHz;
fRXIN = 132.5 kHz;
120 dBμV sine wave;
see Figure 14
-
1
-
μs
[1]
The value of the total transmission mode current is the sum of IDD(RX/TX)(tot) + IDD(PAMP).
[2]
Frequency range corresponding to the EN50065-1 band. However, the modem can operate at any lower oscillator frequency.
[3]
The minimum value can be improved by using an external amplifier; see application diagrams Figure 19 and Figure 20.
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 13 January 2011
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TDA5051A
NXP Semiconductors
Home automation modem
0
Vo(rms)
(dBV)
−20
002aaf054
132.5 kHz
−40
−60
−80
−100
105
106
f (Hz)
Resolution bandwidth = 9 kHz; top: 0 dBV (RMS) = 120 dBμV (RMS); marker at
−5 dBV (RMS) = 115 dBμV (RMS); the CISPR16 network provides an attenuation of 6 dB,
so the signal amplitude is 121 dBμV (RMS).
Fig 3.
Carrier spectrum
1500 Hz
−10
dBV
(RMS)
−20
002aaf057
20 dB
−30
−40
−50
−60
117.5
132.5
147.5
f (kHz)
Resolution bandwidth = 100 Hz; B−20dB = 3000 Hz (2 × 1500 Hz).
Fig 4.
Shaped signal spectrum
VRXIN
modulated sine wave 122 dBμV amplitude
V(I)
0
t
GAGC
+30 dB
8.68 dB
AGC range
−6 dB
tc(AGC)
(AGC time constant)
Fig 5.
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
002aaf058
AGC time constant definition (not to scale)
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TDA5051A
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Home automation modem
11. Timing
11.1 Configuration for clock
OSC1
CLK_OUT
7
fosc
TDA5051A
MICROCONTROLLER
XTAL
DGND
GND
5
002aaf042
For parameter description, see Table 6.
Fig 6.
External clock
CLK_OUT
CLK_OUT
1/ f
2 osc
4
DGND
5
C1
OSC2
TDA5051A
MICROCONTROLLER
GND
8
Rp
7
OSC1
XTAL
C2
002aaf043
For parameter description, see Table 6.
Fig 7.
Table 6.
Carrier
frequency fcr
Clock output frequency External components
1⁄ f
2 osc
6.080 MHz to
9.504 MHz
95 kHz to
148.5 kHz
3.040 MHz to 4.752 MHz
C1 = C2 = 27 pF to 47 pF;
Rp = 2.2 MΩ to 4.7 MΩ;
XTAL = standard quartz crystal
Calculation of parameters depending on the clock frequency
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Unit
fosc
oscillator frequency
with on-chip oscillator: frequency of
the crystal quartz
Hz
with external clock: frequency of the
signal applied at OSC1
Hz
clock output frequency
1⁄
2fosc
Hz
fcr
carrier frequency/digital filter tuning
frequency
1⁄
64fosc
Hz
tsu
set-up time of the shaped burst
23/fcr or 1472/fosc
s
th
hold time of the shaped burst
23/fcr or 1472/fosc
s
tW(DI)(min)
minimum pulse width of DATA_IN
signal
tsu + 1/fcr
s
fCLKOUT
Product data sheet
Clock oscillator parameters
Oscillator
frequency fosc
Table 7.
TDA5051A
Typical configuration for on-chip clock circuit
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TDA5051A
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Home automation modem
Table 7.
Calculation of parameters depending on the clock frequency …continued
Symbol
Parameter
tW(burst)(min)
minimum burst time of VO(DC) signal tW(DI)(min) + th
Conditions
Unit
s
tc(AGC)
AGC time constant
2514/fosc
s
tsu(demod)
demodulation set-up time
3200/fosc (max.)
s
th(demod)
demodulation hold time
3800/fosc (≈max.)
s
tW(burst)(min)
TX_OUT
tW(burst)
VO(DC)
tsu
th
0
tW(DI)(min)
tW(DI)
DATA_IN
(1)
(2)
(3)
002aaf044
(1) tW(DI) > tW(DI)(min)
(2) tW(DI)(min) = tsu + 1/fcr
(3) tW(DI)(min) < tsu; wrong operation
Fig 8.
Relationship between DATA_IN and TX_OUT (see Table 8)
Table 8.
Relationship between DATA_IN and TX_OUT
X = don’t care.
PD
DATA_IN
TX_OUT
1
X
high-impedance
0
1
high-impedance (after th)
0
0
active with DC offset
tW(burst)
tsu
th
100 %
002aaf045
Fig 9.
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
Pulse shape characteristics
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TDA5051A
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Home automation modem
11.2 Timing diagrams
90 % VDD
VDD
CLK_OUT
not defined
DATA_IN(1)
clock stable
HIGH
TX_OUT
td(pu)(TX)
002aaf046
(1) DATA_IN is an edge-sensitive input and must be HIGH before starting a transmission.
Fig 10. Timing diagram during power-up in Transmission mode
90 % VDD
VDD
CLK_OUT
not defined
clock stable
RX_IN
DATA_OUT
not defined
HIGH
td(dem)(h)
td(pu)(RX)
002aaf047
Fig 11. Timing diagram during power-up in Reception mode
PD
DATA_IN
TX_OUT
td(pd)(TX)
normal operation
wrong operation
TX_OUT
delayed by PD
002aaf048
Fig 12. Power-down sequence in Transmission mode
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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TDA5051A
NXP Semiconductors
Home automation modem
PD
RX_IN
DATA_OUT
td(dem)(su)
td(pd)(RX)
DATA_OUT delayed by PD
td(pd)(RX)
002aaf049
Fig 13. Power-down sequence in Reception mode
PD
RX_IN
DATA_OUT
tactive(min)
T
IDD
IDD(RX)
IDD(PD)
0
002aaf050
Fig 14. Power saving by dynamic control of power-down
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 13 January 2011
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TDA5051A
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Home automation modem
12. Application information
250 V (AC)
max
T 630 mA
2 μF
250 V (AC)
MOV
250 V (AC)
U
68 Ω
(2 W)
+5 V
7V5
(1.3 W)
470 μF
(16 V)
1 μF
(16 V)
VDDAP VDDA
VDDD
DATA_IN
DATA_OUT
3
1
11
13
14
2
TDA5051A
CLK_OUT
PD
47 μH
1N4006
100 μF
(16 V)
47 nF
47 μH
low RS
1N4006
3
78L05
2
MICROCONTROLLER
47 nF
(63 V)
1 mH
1
+5 V
47 nF/X2
250 V (AC)
10
4
RX_IN 10 nF
TX_OUT
SA5.0A
15
8
7
OSC1
5
9
12
OSC2 DGND APGND AGND
2.2 MΩ
XTAL
7.3728 MHz
27 pF
27 pF
002aaf059
fcr = 115.2 kHz for XTAL = 7.3728 MHz standard crystal.
Fig 15. Application diagram without power line insulation
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2011. All rights reserved.
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002aaf055
20
G
(dB)
−20
−60
−100
10
102
103
104
105
106
107
f (Hz)
a. Gain
002aaf431
103
Zi
(Ω)
102
10
10
102
103
104
105
106
107
f (Hz)
b. Input impedance
fcr = 115.2 kHz; L = 47 μH; C = 47 nF.
Main features of the coupling network: 50 Hz rejection > 80 dB; anti-aliasing for the digital filter >
50 dB at the sampling frequency (1⁄2fosc). Input impedance always higher than 10 Ω within the
95 kHz to 148.5 kHz band.
Fig 16. Gain (a) and input impedance (b) of the coupling network
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 13 January 2011
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Home automation modem
002aaf056
130
Vo
(dBμV)
120
110
100
1
102
10
Zline (Ω)
with coupling network; L = 47 μH; C = 47 nF.
Fig 17. Output voltage as a function of line impedance
250 V (AC)
max
T 630 mA
470 nF/X2
250 V (AC)
100 Ω
(0.5 W)
MOV
250 V (AC)
U
230 V
1
1 VA
47 μH
low RS
6
5
2
6V
+5 V
Newport/
Murata
78250
100 Ω
1
3
78L05
2
+
−
FDB08
100 nF
470 μF
(16 V)
(63 V)
22 μH
100 μF
(16 V)
47 nF
+5 V
DATA_IN
DATA_OUT
MICROCONTROLLER
3
1
11
13
14
2
TDA5051A
CLK_OUT
PD
1 μF
(16 V)
VDDAP VDDA
VDDD
10
4
RX_IN 10 nF
TX_OUT
SA5.0A
15
7
8
OSC1
5
9
12
OSC2 DGND APGND AGND
2.2 MΩ
XTAL
7.3728 MHz
27 pF
27 pF
002aaf060
fcr = 115.2 kHz for XTAL = 7.3728 MHz standard crystal.
Fig 18. Application diagram with power line insulation
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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250 V (AC)
max
T 630 mA
2 μF
250 V (AC)
MOV
250 V (AC)
U
68 Ω
(2 W)
+5 V
47 nF
(63 V)
1N4006
3
78L05
2
7V5
(1.3 W)
470 μF
(16 V)
1 μF
(16 V)
VDDAP VDDA
VDDD
DATA_IN
DATA_OUT
3
1
11
10 kΩ
13
14
2
TDA5051A
CLK_OUT
PD
47 μH
1N4006
100 μF
(16 V)
47 nF
MICROCONTROLLER
47 μH
low RS
1 mH
1
+5 V
47 nF/X2
250 V (AC)
10
4
15
150 kΩ
RX_IN 10 nF
10 nF
TX_OUT BC547B
1 kΩ
8
7
OSC1
5
33 kΩ
9
12
OSC2 DGND APGND AGND
2.2 MΩ
SA5.0A
XTAL
7.3728 MHz
27 pF
27 pF
002aaf061
fcr = 115.2 kHz for XTAL = 7.3728 MHz standard crystal.
Fig 19. Application diagram without power line insulation, with improved sensitivity
(68 dBμV typ.)
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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250 V (AC)
max
T 630 mA
470 nF/X2
250 V (AC)
100 Ω
(0.5 W)
MOV
250 V (AC)
U
230 V
1
1 VA
1
3
78L05
2
+
6
100 Ω
−
FDB08
47 μH
low RS
5
2
6V
+5 V
Newport/
Murata
78250
100 nF
470 μF
(16 V)
(63 V)
22 μH
100 μF
(16 V)
47 nF
+5 V
DATA_IN
DATA_OUT
MICROCONTROLLER
3
1
11
10 kΩ
13
14
2
TDA5051A
CLK_OUT
PD
10
4
15
1 μF
(16 V)
VDDAP VDDA
VDDD
RX_IN
10 nF
TX_OUT BC547B
1 kΩ
7
8
OSC1
5
150 kΩ
10 nF
33 kΩ
9
12
OSC2 DGND APGND AGND
2.2 MΩ
SA5.0A
XTAL
7.3728 MHz
27 pF
27 pF
002aaf062
fcr = 115.2 kHz for XTAL = 7.3728 MHz standard crystal.
Fig 20. Application diagram with power line insulation, with improved sensitivity
(68 dBμV typ.)
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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13. Test information
DATA_IN
pulse
generator
300 Hz
50 %
1
10
TX_OUT
1 μF
TDA5051A
G
DATA_OUT
(to be tested)
2
14
7
Y1
RX_IN
10 nF
8
30 Ω
Y2
XTAL
fosc
OSCILLOSCOPE
DATA_IN
TX_OUT/RX_IN
DATA_OUT
td(dem)(su)
td(dem)(h)
002aaf051
Fig 21. Test set-up for measuring demodulation delay
coupling network(3)
OSC1
10
7
TX_OUT
33 nF 47 μH
250 nF
33 nF
TDA5051A
OSC2
10 μF
CISPR16 network(4)
47 μH
12, 5, 9 AGND, DGND, APGND
8
1
50 μH
50 Ω
13, 3, 11
DATA_IN
VDDA, VDDD, VDDAP
5Ω
250 nF
(1)
(2)
G
+5 V
POWER
SUPPLY
50 μH
SPECTRUM
ANALYZER
50 Ω
5Ω
002aaf052
(1) Square wave TTL signal 300 Hz, duty factor = 50 % for measuring signal bandwidth
(see Figure 3).
(2) DATA_IN + LOW for measuring total harmonic distortion (see Figure 3).
(3) Tuned for fcr = 132.5 kHz.
(4) The CISPR16 network provides a −6 dB attenuation.
Fig 22. Test set-up for measuring THD and bandwidth of the TX_OUT signal
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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TX_OUT
10
in
TDA5051A
1
DATA_IN
7
OSC1
12, AGND, DGND, APGND
5,
8 9
out +
COUPLING
NETWORK(1)
+
SPECTRUM
ANALYZER
50 Ω
OSC2
out
WHITE
NOISE
GENERATOR
XTAL = 8.48 MHz
OSC1
OSC2
7
8
14
RX_IN
TDA5051A
(to be tested)
2
in
out
12, AGND, DGND, APGND
5,
9
COUPLING
NETWORK(1)
PARAMETERS
600 BAUD
PSEUDO RANDOM SEQUENCE:
29−1 BITS LONG
DATA_OUT
DATA_IN
DATA_OUT
RXD
V24/TTL
INTERFACE
V24 SERIAL DATA
ANALYZER
TXD
002aaf053
(1) See Figure 22.
Fig 23. Test set-up for measuring Bit Error Rate (BER)
TDA5051A
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14. Package outline
SO16: plastic small outline package; 16 leads; body width 7.5 mm
SOT162-1
D
E
A
X
c
HE
y
v M A
Z
16
9
Q
A2
A
(A 3)
A1
pin 1 index
θ
Lp
L
8
1
e
detail X
w M
bp
0
5
10 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (inch dimensions are derived from the original mm dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (1)
e
HE
L
Lp
Q
v
w
y
mm
2.65
0.3
0.1
2.45
2.25
0.25
0.49
0.36
0.32
0.23
10.5
10.1
7.6
7.4
1.27
10.65
10.00
1.4
1.1
0.4
1.1
1.0
0.25
0.25
0.1
0.01
0.019 0.013
0.014 0.009
0.41
0.40
0.30
0.29
0.05
0.043
0.419
0.055
0.394
0.016
inches
0.1
0.012 0.096
0.004 0.089
0.043
0.039
0.01
0.01
Z
(1)
0.9
0.4
0.035
0.004
0.016
θ
o
8
o
0
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm (0.006 inch) maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
SOT162-1
075E03
MS-013
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
99-12-27
03-02-19
Fig 24. Package outline SOT162-1 (SO16)
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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15. Handling information
All input and output pins are protected against ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) under
normal handling. When handling ensure that the appropriate precautions are taken as
described in JESD625-A or equivalent standards.
16. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
16.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
16.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
16.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
TDA5051A
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• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
16.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 25) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 9 and 10
Table 9.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
≥ 350
< 2.5
235
220
≥ 2.5
220
220
Table 10.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 25.
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
temperature
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 25. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
17. Abbreviations
Table 11.
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
ADC
Analog-to-Digital Converter
AGC
Automatic Gain Control
ASK
Amplitude Shift Keying
CMOS
Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
DAC
Digital-to-Analog Converter
HF
High-Frequency
I/O
Input/Output
IC
Integrated Circuit
LC
inductor-capacitor filter
NRZ
Non-Return-to-Zero
RMS
Root Mean Squared
ROM
Read-Only Memory
THD
Total Harmonic Distortion
TTL
Transistor-Transistor Logic
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18. Revision history
Table 12.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
TDA5051A v.5
20110113
Product data sheet
-
TDA5051A v.4
Modifications:
•
Table 1 “Quick reference data”, Tamb, ambient temperature:
– Min value changed from −10 °C to −50 °C
– Max value changed from +80 °C to +100 °C
•
Table 4 “Limiting values”, Tamb, ambient temperature:
– Min value changed from −10 °C to −50 °C
– Max value changed from +80 °C to +100 °C
•
Table 5 “Characteristics”, descriptive line below title is changed from “Tamb = 0 °C to 70 °C”
to “Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C”
TDA5051A v.4
20100701
Product data sheet
-
TDA5051A v.3
TDA5051A v.3
20100422
Preliminary data sheet
-
TDA5051A v.2
TDA5051A v.2
(9397 750 05035)
19990531
Product specification
-
TDA5051A v.1
TDA5051A v.1
(9397 750 02571)
19970919
Product specification
-
-
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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19. Legal information
19.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
19.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
19.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or applications and
therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from national authorities.
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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Rev. 5 — 13 January 2011
© NXP B.V. 2011. All rights reserved.
27 of 29
TDA5051A
NXP Semiconductors
Home automation modem
Quick reference data — The Quick reference data is an extract of the
product data given in the Limiting values and Characteristics sections of this
document, and as such is not complete, exhaustive or legally binding.
Non-automotive qualified products — Unless this data sheet expressly
states that this specific NXP Semiconductors product is automotive qualified,
the product is not suitable for automotive use. It is neither qualified nor tested
in accordance with automotive testing or application requirements. NXP
Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
non-automotive qualified products in automotive equipment or applications.
In the event that customer uses the product for design-in and use in
automotive applications to automotive specifications and standards, customer
(a) shall use the product without NXP Semiconductors’ warranty of the
product for such automotive applications, use and specifications, and (b)
whenever customer uses the product for automotive applications beyond
NXP Semiconductors’ specifications such use shall be solely at customer’s
own risk, and (c) customer fully indemnifies NXP Semiconductors for any
liability, damages or failed product claims resulting from customer design and
use of the product for automotive applications beyond NXP Semiconductors’
standard warranty and NXP Semiconductors’ product specifications.
19.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
20. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: salesaddresses@nxp.com
TDA5051A
Product data sheet
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21. Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7.1
7.2
8
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.3.1
8.3.2
8.4
9
10
11
11.1
11.2
12
13
14
15
16
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
17
18
19
19.1
19.2
19.3
19.4
20
21
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Quick reference data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Transmission mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Reception mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Data format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Transmission mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Reception mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Power-down mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Configuration for clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Timing diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Application information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Test information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Handling information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Introduction to soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Wave and reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Legal information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Trademarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Contact information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2011.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: salesaddresses@nxp.com
Date of release: 13 January 2011
Document identifier: TDA5051A