PHILIPS MAC223A6

DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS
DATA SHEET
MAC223 series
Triacs
Product specification
July 2001
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Triacs
MAC223 series
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
Passivated triacs in a plastic envelope,
intended for use in applications requiring
high bidirectional transient and blocking
voltage capability and high thermal
cycling
performance.
Typical
applications include motor control,
industrial and domestic lighting, heating
and static switching.
PINNING - TO220AB
PIN
DESCRIPTION
1
main terminal 1
2
main terminal 2
3
gate
QUICK REFERENCE DATA
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
MAX MAX. UNIT
MAC223
VDRM
Repetitive peak off-state
voltages
RMS on-state current
Non-repetitive peak on-state
current
IT(RMS)
ITSM
PIN CONFIGURATION
A6
A8
400
600
V
25
230
25
230
A
A
SYMBOL
tab
T2
tab
T1
G
1 23
main terminal 2
LIMITING VALUES
Limiting values in accordance with the Absolute Maximum System (IEC 134).
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN.
MAC223
VDRM
Repetitive peak off-state
voltages
IT(RMS)
ITSM
RMS on-state current
Non-repetitive peak
on-state current
I2t
dIT/dt
IGM
VGM
PGM
PG(AV)
Tstg
Tj
I2t for fusing
Repetitive rate of rise of
on-state current after
triggering
Peak gate current
Peak gate voltage
Peak gate power
Average gate power
Storage temperature
Operating junction
temperature
full sine wave; Tmb ≤ 91 ˚C
full sine wave; Tj = 25 ˚C prior to
surge
t = 20 ms
t = 16.7 ms
t = 10 ms
ITM = 30 A; IG = 0.2 A;
dIG/dt = 0.2 A/µs
T2+ G+
T2+ GT2- GT2- G+
over any 20 ms period
MAX.
UNIT
A6
A8
4001
6001
V
-
25
A
-
190
230
180
A
A
A2s
-40
-
50
50
50
10
2
5
5
0.5
150
125
A/µs
A/µs
A/µs
A/µs
A
V
W
W
˚C
˚C
1 Although not recommended, off-state voltages up to 800V may be applied without damage, but the triac may
switch to the on-state. The rate of rise of current should not exceed 15 A/µs.
July 2001
2
Rev 1.000
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Triacs
MAC223 series
THERMAL RESISTANCES
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
Rth j-mb
Thermal resistance
full cycle
junction to mounting base half cycle
Thermal resistance
in free air
junction to ambient
Rth j-a
CONDITIONS
MIN.
TYP.
MAX.
UNIT
-
60
1.0
1.4
-
K/W
K/W
K/W
MIN.
TYP.
MAX.
UNIT
T2+ G+
T2+ GT2- GT2- G+
-
6
10
11
23
50
50
50
75
mA
mA
mA
mA
T2+ G+
T2+ GT2- GT2- G+
-
8
30
18
15
40
60
40
60
mA
mA
mA
mA
IT = 30 A
VD = 12 V; IT = 0.1 A
VD = 400 V; IT = 0.1 A; Tj = 125 ˚C
VD = VDRM(max); Tj = 125 ˚C
0.25
-
7
12
1.3
0.7
0.4
0.1
30
30
1.55
1.5
0.5
mA
mA
V
V
V
mA
STATIC CHARACTERISTICS
Tj = 25 ˚C unless otherwise stated
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
IGT
Gate trigger current
VD = 12 V; IT = 0.1 A
IL
Latching current
IH
Holding current
VT
VGT
On-state voltage
Gate trigger voltage
ID
Off-state leakage current
VD = 12 V; IGT = 0.1 A
VD = 12 V; IGT = 0.1 A
T2+
T2-
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
Tj = 25 ˚C unless otherwise stated
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN.
TYP.
MAX.
UNIT
dVD/dt
Critical rate of rise of
off-state voltage
Critical rate of change of
commutating voltage
Gate controlled turn-on
time
VDM = 67% VDRM(max); Tj = 125 ˚C;
exponential waveform; gate open circuit
VDM = 400 V; Tj = 95 ˚C; IT(RMS) = 25 A;
dIcom/dt = 9 A/ms; gate open circuit
ITM = 30 A; VD = VDRM(max); IG = 0.1 A;
dIG/dt = 5 A/µs
100
300
-
V/µs
-
10
-
V/µs
-
2
-
µs
dVcom/dt
tgt
July 2001
3
Rev 1.000
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Triacs
40
MAC223 series
Tmb(max) / C
Ptot / W
85
30
= 180
30
IT(RMS) / A
BTA140
91 C
25
95
1
120
90
20
60
20
105
30
15
10
115
10
5
0
0
5
10
15
IT(RMS) / A
20
125
30
25
0
-50
Fig.1. Maximum on-state dissipation, Ptot, versus rms
on-state current, IT(RMS), where α = conduction angle.
1000
0
50
Tmb / C
100
150
Fig.4. Maximum permissible rms current IT(RMS) ,
versus mounting base temperature Tmb.
ITSM / A
50
IT(RMS) / A
40
30
100
dI T /dt limit
20
I TSM
IT
T2- G+ quadrant
T
10
time
Tj initial = 25 C max
10
10us
100us
1ms
T/s
10ms
0
0.01
100ms
Fig.2. Maximum permissible non-repetitive peak
on-state current ITSM, versus pulse width tp, for
sinusoidal currents, tp ≤ 20ms.
200
1.6
ITSM
T
150
10
Fig.5. Maximum permissible repetitive rms on-state
current IT(RMS), versus surge duration, for sinusoidal
currents, f = 50 Hz; Tmb ≤ 91˚C.
ITSM / A
IT
0.1
1
surge duration / s
VGT(Tj)
VGT(25 C)
1.4
time
Tj initial = 25 C max
1.2
100
1
0.8
50
0.6
0
1
10
100
Number of cycles at 50Hz
0.4
-50
1000
Fig.3. Maximum permissible non-repetitive peak
on-state current ITSM, versus number of cycles, for
sinusoidal currents, f = 50 Hz.
July 2001
0
50
Tj / C
100
150
Fig.6. Normalised gate trigger voltage
VGT(Tj)/ VGT(25˚C), versus junction temperature Tj.
4
Rev 1.000
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Triacs
5
MAC223 series
IGT(Tj)
IGT(25 C)
T2+ G+
T2+ GT2- GT2- G+
4
BTA140
IT / A
80
Tj = 125 C
Tj = 25 C
70
typ
60 Vo = 1.073 V
max
Rs = 0.015 ohms
50
3
40
2
30
20
1
10
0
-50
0
50
Tj / C
100
0
150
Fig.7. Normalised gate trigger current
IGT(Tj)/ IGT(25˚C), versus junction temperature Tj.
3
0
0.5
1
1.5
VT / V
2
2.5
3
Fig.10. Typical and maximum on-state characteristic.
IL(Tj)
IL(25 C)
10
2.5
BTA140
Zth j-mb (K/W)
1
unidirectional
bidirectional
2
0.1
1.5
P
D
1
tp
0.01
0.5
t
0
-50
0
50
Tj / C
100
0.001
10us
150
1ms
10ms
tp / s
0.1s
1s
10s
Fig.11. Transient thermal impedance Zth j-mb, versus
pulse width tp.
Fig.8. Normalised latching current IL(Tj)/ IL(25˚C),
versus junction temperature Tj.
3
0.1ms
IH(Tj)
IH(25C)
1000
dV/dt (V/us)
off-state dV/dt limit
2.5
100
2
1.5
dIcom/dt =
25 A/ms
10
1
20
15
12
9.0
7.0
0.5
0
-50
0
50
Tj / C
100
1
150
50
100
150
Tj / C
Fig.12. Typical commutation dV/dt versus junction
temperature, parameter commutation dIT/dt. The triac
should commutate when the dV/dt is below the value
on the appropriate curve for pre-commutation dIT/dt.
Fig.9. Normalised holding current IH(Tj)/ IH(25˚C),
versus junction temperature Tj.
July 2001
0
5
Rev 1.000
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Triacs
MAC223 series
Dimensions in mm
4,5
max
Net Mass: 2 g
10,3
max
1,3
3,7
2,8
5,9
min
15,8
max
3,0 max
not tinned
3,0
13,5
min
1,3
max 1 2 3
(2x)
0,9 max (3x)
2,54 2,54
0,6
2,4
Fig.13. SOT78 (TO220AB). pin 2 connected to mounting base.
Notes
1. Refer to mounting instructions for SOT78 (TO220) envelopes.
2. Epoxy meets UL94 V0 at 1/8".
July 2001
6
Rev 1.000
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Triacs
MAC223 series
DEFINITIONS
Data sheet status
Objective specification
This data sheet contains target or goal specifications for product development.
Preliminary specification This data sheet contains preliminary data; supplementary data may be published later.
Product specification
This data sheet contains final product specifications.
Limiting values
Limiting values are given in accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 134). Stress above one
or more of the limiting values may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only and
operation of the device at these or at any other conditions above those given in the Characteristics sections of
this specification is not implied. Exposure to limiting values for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Application information
Where application information is given, it is advisory and does not form part of the specification.
 Philips Electronics N.V. 2001
All rights are reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior written consent of the
copyright owner.
The information presented in this document does not form part of any quotation or contract, it is believed to be
accurate and reliable and may be changed without notice. No liability will be accepted by the publisher for any
consequence of its use. Publication thereof does not convey nor imply any license under patent or other
industrial or intellectual property rights.
LIFE SUPPORT APPLICATIONS
These products are not designed for use in life support appliances, devices or systems where malfunction of these
products can be reasonably expected to result in personal injury. Philips customers using or selling these products
for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Philips for any damages resulting
from such improper use or sale.
July 2001
7
Rev 1.000
Philips Semiconductors – a worldwide company
Contact information
For additional information please visit http://www.semiconductors.philips.com.
Fax: +31 40 27 24825
For sales offices addresses send e-mail to: [email protected]
SCA73
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2001
All rights are reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior written consent of the copyright owner.
The information presented in this document does not form part of any quotation or contract, is believed to be accurate and reliable and may be changed
without notice. No liability will be accepted by the publisher for any consequence of its use. Publication thereof does not convey nor imply any license
under patent- or other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Printed in The Netherlands
XXXXXX/700/02/pp8
Date of release: July
2001
Document order number:
9397 750 08942