AN91378 HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist.pdf

AN91378
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Authors: Prajith C, Rama Sai Krishna V
Associated Project: No
Associated Part Family: CYUSB330x, CYUSB331x, CYUSB332x
Software Version: NA
Related Application Notes: None
AN91378 provides hardware design and PCB layout guidelines for HX3, a high-performance USB 3.0 hub. These guidelines
will help to ensure best performance with respect to signal integrity and full electrical compliance with the USB 3.0
Specification.
Contents
Introduction
Introduction .......................................................................1
Schematic Design Requirements ......................................2
Power System ..............................................................2
Crystal Requirements ...................................................5
External Clock Input Requirements ..............................6
Reset Circuit .................................................................6
Port Power Management ..............................................6
Downstream VBUS and Shield Termination .................7
Suspend LED ...............................................................7
VBUS_DS and VBUS_US ............................................7
USB Precision Resistors ..............................................8
Configuration Options ...................................................8
Pin-Strap Configuration ................................................8
2
Configuration Using External I C EEPROM .................9
Connecting Two HX3s with One EEPROM ................ 10
2
Configuration Using External I C Master .................... 10
Electrical Design Considerations ..................................... 11
Power System Design ................................................ 11
Routing of USB Data Lines......................................... 11
Schematics and Layout Review Checklist ....................... 16
Summary ......................................................................... 17
Acronyms ........................................................................ 17
Appendix A: Power Consumption .................................... 18
Appendix B: HX3 Development Kits (DVKs) and BOM ... 19
Appendix C: PCB Layout Tips ......................................... 25
Appendix D: Differential Impedance of USB Traces ........ 26
Worldwide Sales and Design Support ............................. 28
HX3 is a family of USB 3.0 hub controllers compliant with
the USB 3.0 specification revision 1.0. HX3 supports
SuperSpeed (SS), Hi-Speed (HS), Full-Speed (FS), and
Low-Speed (LS) on all the ports. It has integrated
termination, pull-up, and pull-down resistors, and supports
configuration options through pin-straps to reduce the
overall BOM of the system.
www.cypress.com
HX3 includes the following Cypress-proprietary features:
Shared Link™: Enables extra downstream (DS) ports for
on-board connections in embedded applications. Shared
Link enables a USB 3.0 port to be split into an embedded
SS port and a standard USB 2.0 port.
For example, if one of the DS ports is connected to an
embedded SS device, such as a USB 3.0 camera, HX3
enables the system designer to reuse the USB 2.0 signals
of that specific port to connect to a standard USB 2.0
device. In this way, you can implement an application with
up to a total of eight devices (four SS-only and four
standard USB 2.0 devices) using a single HX3 enabled
with Shared Link support.
Ghost Charge™: Enables charging of devices connected
to the DS ports when no Host is connected on the
upstream (US) port.
Table 1 lists the HX3 product options.
This application note provides hardware guidelines for a
hub system based on HX3.
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
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HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Table 1. HX3 Product Options
Features
CYUSB3302
CYUSB3304
CYUSB3312
CYUSB3314
CYUSB3326
CYUSB3328
2 (USB 3.0)
4 (USB 3.0)
2 (USB 3.0)
4 (USB 3.0)
6 (2 USB 3.0, 2
SS, 2 USB 2.0)
8 (4 SS, 4 USB
2.0)
0
0
0
0
2
4
BC v1.2
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACA-Dock
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
External Power
Switch Control
Ganged
Ganged
Individual and
Ganged
Individual and
Ganged
Individual
Individual
Pin-Strap support
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
IC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Vendor command
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Port indicators
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
Packages
68-pin QFN
68-pin QFN
88-pin QFN
88-pin QFN
88-pin QFN
88-pin QFN
Temperature
Industrial and
range
Commercial
Industrial and
Commercial
Industrial and
Commercial
Industrial and
Commercial
Industrial and
Commercial
Industrial and
Commercial
Number of DS ports
Number of
Shared Link ports
2
Schematic Design Requirements
This section explains the schematic design requirements of HX3’s various blocks .
Power System
HX3 operates with two external power supplies, 3.3 V and 1.2 V. Figure 1 and Figure 2 show the recommended power supply
decoupling scheme for designs using HX3. Table 2 provides the maximum operating current for the two power supplies.
Table 2. HX3 Power Domains
Parameter
Description
Min
Typical
Max
AVDD12
1.2-V analog supply
1.14 V
1.2 V
1.26 V
DVDD12
1.2-V core supply
1.14 V
1.2 V
1.26 V
AVDD33
3.3-V analog supply
3V
3.3 V
3.6 V
VDDIO
3.3-V I/O supply
3V
3.3 V
3.6 V
Maximum Operating Current [1]
526 mA from combined 1.2-V power
supplies
286 mA from combined 3.3-V power
supplies
Note
1.
Test condition: All SS and USB 2.0 ports are active with data transfer, at maximum voltage and temperature = 85 °C.
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
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HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Figure 1. Power System Recommendation for 68-Pin QFN Package
V1p2
DVDD12
0.01uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
1uF
22uF
0.01uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
1uF
22uF
0.001uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
28
0.01uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
0.1uF
0.1uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
0.01uF
1uF
22uF
V3p3
0.001uF
DVDD12
0.001uF
DVDD12
19
27
7
13
37
43
49
0.01uF
1
3
0.01uF
BLM21PG221SN1D
V1p2
VDDIO
AVDD12
53
1uF
AVDD33
0.01uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
0.1uF
22uF
56
61
66
1uF
AVDD33
0.01uF
0.1uF
1uF
22uF
4
16
34
46
52
0.001uF
BLM21PG221SN1D
10
0.01uF
AVDD12
0.1uF
0.1uF
0.01uF
CYUSB330x
Table 3 lists the bulk capacitors that need to be connected for a group of power pins for a 68-pin QFN package along with the
decoupling capacitors per power pin.
Table 3. Decoupling and Bulk Capacitor Requirements for 68-Pin QFN Package
Power Domain (Pin Numbers)
Description
Bulk Capacitors for Group
Decoupling Capacitors per Pin
AVDD12 (10,16,34,46,52)
1.2 V for SS Rx
0.1 µF, 1 µF, and 22 µF
0.001 µF and 0.01 µF
AVDD12 (53)
1.2 V for crystal oscillator
1 µF
0.01 µF and 0.1 µF
DVDD12 (1,3,19,27)
1.2 V for core
1 µF and 22 µF
0.01 µF and 0.1 µF
DVDD12 (7,13,37,43,49)
1.2 V for SS Tx
0.1 µF, 1 µF, and 22 µF
0.001 µF and 0.01 µF
AVDD33 (56,61,66)
3.3 V for USB 2.0 PHY
1 µF and 22 µF
0.01 µF and 0.1 µF
AVDD33 (4)
3.3 V for SS PHY
1 µF and 22 µF
0.01 µF and 0.1 µF
VDDIO (28)
3.3 V for GPIOs
0.01 µF and 0.1 µF
Note A ferrite bead is required to isolate AVDD33 (3.3-V USB 3.0 PHY) from the noisy supplies VDDIO (3.3 V for GPIOs) and
AVDD33 (3.3 V USB 2.0 PHY), as shown in Figure 1. For the 1.2-V power supply, as shown in Figure 1, a ferrite bead is
required to isolate the noisy power supply (1.2-V core supply) from the domains that need clean power supply (1.2 V for SS
Rx, Tx and crystal oscillator). Failure to include these ferrite beads may result in compliance testing failure.
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
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HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Figure 2. Power System Recommendation for 88-Pin QFN Package
V1p2
DVDD12
DVDD12
0.01uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
1uF
22uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
1uF
22uF
0.001uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
0.01uF
21
44
56
62
0.001uF
AVDD33
AVDD33
0.1uF
1uF
67
AVDD12
0.01uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
0.1uF
15
0.01uF
0.1uF
1uF
10uF
9
70
75
80
1uF
CYUSB331x
CYUSB332x
AVDD12
BLM21PG221SN1D
10uF
VDDIO
0.01uF
10uF
0.1uF
66
88
0.01uF
34
0.01uF
0.001uF
0.01uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
0.1uF
0.1uF
0.01uF
0.1uF
0.01uF
1uF
10uF
V3p3
0.001uF
18
47
53
59
33
83
0.001uF
DVDD12
12
0.01uF
8
24
0.01uF
BLM21PG221SN1D
V1p2
Table 4 lists the bulk capacitors that need to be connected for a group of power pins for an 88-pin QFN package along with the
decoupling capacitors per power pin.
Table 4. Decoupling and Bulk Capacitor Requirements for 88-Pin QFN Package
Power Domain (Pin Numbers)
Description
Bulk Capacitor for Group
Decoupling Capacitor per Pin
AVDD12 (15,21,44,56,62)
1.2 V for SS Rx
0.1 µF, 1 µF, and 22 µF
0.001 µF and 0.01 µF
AVDD12 (67)
1.2 V for crystal oscillator
1 µF
0.01 µF and 0.1 µF
DVDD12 (8,24,33,83)
1.2 V for core
1 µF and 10 µF
0.01 µF and 0.1 µF
DVDD12 (12,18,47,53,59)
1.2 V for SS Tx
0.1 µF, 1 µF, and 22 µF
0.001 µF and 0.01 µF
AVDD33 (70,75,80)
3.3 V for USB 2.0 PHY
1 µF and 10 µF
0.01 µF and 0.1 µF
AVDD33 (9)
3.3 V for SS PHY
1 µF and 10 µF
0.01 µF and 0.1 µF
VDDIO (34,66,88)
3.3 V for GPIOs
10 µF, 0.01 µF and 0.1 µF
Note A ferrite bead is required to isolate AVDD33 (3.3-V USB 3.0 PHY) from the noisy supplies VDDIO (3.3-V for GPIOs) and
AVDD33 (3.3-V USB 2.0 PHY), as shown in Figure 2. For the 1.2-V power supply, as shown in Figure 2, a ferrite bead is
required to isolate the noisy power supply (1.2-V core supply) from the domains that need clean power supply (1.2 V for SS
Rx, Tx and crystal oscillator). Failure to include these ferrite beads may result in compliance testing failure.
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
4
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Power Requirement
The power system must be designed to meet the power
consumption requirement of HX3 and DS devices.
Table 2 shows the maximum power consumption of HX3
with four active DS ports. HX3’s total power consumption
will be less in applications requiring less than four ports.
Refer Appendix A for the expected power consumption
under various configurations. The power system must also
provide the required power to each DS port, depending on
the port configuration (whether BC is supported). Refer
Table 5 for DS port current requirement.
Table 5. DS Port Current Requirement
DS Port
Configuration
Battery Charging
None
BC v1.2
Apple
None
BC v1.2
Apple
USB 3.0
USB 2.0
Current (mA)
Where:
is the crystal frequency,
is the shunt capacitance of the crystal obtained from
the crystal data sheet,
is the load capacitance, for
section,
calculation, refer next
is the crystal ESR obtained from the data sheet of the
crystal,
is the maximum voltage on AVDD12 pin – 1.26 V.
900
1500
2100
500
1500
2100
The
parameters
of
the
crystal
(NX3225SA26.000000MHZ-G4 as shown in Figure 3) used in HX3’s
development kits are as follows:
= 26 MHz,
= 1.22 pF,
= 10 pF,
= 50 Ω.
Using Equation 1, the power dissipation for this crystal is
133 μW. This is less than the 200-μW crystal drive level.
Crystal Requirements
HX3 requires an external crystal with the following
parameters:



Equation 1. Power Dissipation of the Crystal
26 MHz ±150 ppm
Use of a crystal with a drive level less than the crystal’s
power dissipation may result in accelerated aging or even
burnout of the crystal.
The other recommended crystals are:
Parallel resonant, fundamental mode


200 μW minimum drive level
Figure 3. Crystal Circuit
NX3225SA-26.000MHZ-STD-CSR-1
TSX-3225 26.0000MF09Z-AC3
Note Do not connect any series resistor to the XTL_OUT
and XTL_IN pins of the crystal. Placing a series resistor
will add resistance to the crystal ESR, resulting in
increased crystal power dissipation and startup time.
Calculating Load Capacitance Values
Load capacitance
plays a critical role in providing
accurate clock source to HX3. The capacitors C1 and C2
(as shown in Figure 3) must be chosen carefully based on
the load capacitance value of the crystal.
The load capacitance is calculated using the following
equation:
Equation 2. Load Capacitance of a Crystal
C r ys t a l P o w e r D i s s i p a t i o n
The power dissipation of the crystal depends on

The voltage level of the XTL_OUT pin (maximum
voltage on AVDD12 pin is 1.26 V)


The operating frequency (26 MHz)
The equivalent series resistance (ESR) of the crystal
www.cypress.com
Cs is the stray capacitance of XTAL_OUT and XTAL_IN
traces on the PCB. Typically, Cs ranges between 2 pF and
5 pF.
For the crystal used in HX3 development kit,
= 10 pF.
PCB
= 5 pF. From Equation 2, =
= 10 pF.
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
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HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
External Clock Input Requirements
Port Power Management
HX3 operates with the external clock input as well. HX3
needs to be configured to use the external clock input and
this can be done using Cypress Blaster Plus tool. Blaster
Plus is a GUI-based tool to configure HX3. This tool allows
the following:
The USB specification requires overcurrent protection for
all DS ports of the hub. HX3 requires an external power
switch to detect over-current conditions and to turn off
power to the DS ports.

Download the Cypress-provided firmware from a PC
via HX3’s US port and store it on an EEPROM
connected to HX3’s I2C port.

Read the configuration settings from the EEPROM.
These settings are displayed in the Blaster Plus GUI.
Modify settings as required.

Write back the updated settings on to the EEPROM.
In addition, an image file can be created for external
use.
The Blaster Plus tool, user guide, and the Cypressprovided firmware are available at www.cypress.com/hx3.
Table 6 lists the external clock input requirements.
Table 6. External Clock Input Requirements
Parameter
Amplitude
Maximum frequency
deviation
Duty cycle
Rise time/Fall time
Jitter (RMS)
Min
1.14
Specification
Typ
Max
1.2
1.26
Units
V
-
-
150
ppm
40
-
50
-
60
3
18
%
ns
ps
Reset Circuit
HX3 operates with two external power supplies, 3.3 V and
1.2 V. There is no power-sequencing requirement
between these two supplies. However, the RESETN pin
should be held LOW until both these supplies become
stable.
The RESETN pin can be tied to VDD_IO through an
external resistor and to ground (GND) through an external
capacitor (minimum 5 ms time constant), as shown in
Figure 4. This creates a clean reset signal for power-on
reset (POR).
HX3’s 68-pin QFN package supports ganged power
switching in which the power to all the four DS ports is
controlled with one power enable signal. HX3’s 88-pin
QFN supports individual or ganged power switching. In
individual power switching mode, each DS port power is
controlled by separate power enable signals.
In the ganged power-switching mode, the hub turns OFF
power to all the DS ports if the total current drawn by the
DS ports exceeds a preset current limit set by the external
power switch. In the individual power-switching mode, the
hub turns OFF power to a DS port if the current drawn by
that particular port exceeds the preset current limit set by
its power switch.
The preset current limit of a power switch is set based on
the port configuration. For example, if a DS port is
configured to support BC v1.2, the preset current limit of
the power switch should be set to 1.5 A.
In the 88-pin QFN, DSx_PWREN is used to control the
external power switches in individual power switching
mode. In ganged power-switching mode, DS4_PWREN is
the power enable signal to the external power switch. For
products supporting ACA-Dock (See Table 1),
US_PWREN is used to control the power switch on US
port.
DSx_OVRCURR is the overcurrent indicator input to HX3
from the external power switches in individual power
switching mode. DS4_OVRCURR is the overcurrent
indicator input to HX3 from the external power switch in
ganged power switching mode. For products supporting
ACA-Dock (See Table 1), US_OVRCURR is the
overcurrent indicator input from the power switch on the
US port.
Figure 5 shows how to connect a power switch to HX3 in
individual power switching mode.
Power switch schematic considerations:
HX3 does not support internal brown-out detection. If the
system requires this feature, an external reset should be
provided on the RESETN pin when supplies are below
their valid operating ranges.

The overcurrent inputs (DSx_OVRCURR) may need a
pull-up resistor because most switches provide an
open-drain output. The recommended value of the
resistor is 10 kΩ, as shown in Figure 5.
Figure 4. Reset Circuit

A 10-kΩ pull-up or pull-down resistor is required on
the power enable (DSx_PWREN) pin based on the
external power switch. A 10-kΩ pull-up is used in
Figure 5 as the external power switch inputs (
and
) are active LOW.

MOSFETs Q1 and Q2 are required for quick
discharge of the 150-µF capacitors connected on
VBUS of the DS ports (as shown in Figure 5) when
the power switch is turned OFF.
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
6
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Figure 5. Power Switch Connection to HX3
Downstream VBUS and Shield Termination
According to the USB specification, each DS port must
have a minimum capacitance of 120 μF on the VBUS pin,
to maintain stable voltage under maximum load condition.
The USB connector shield (SHD1 and SHD2) should be
terminated to GND with a parallel RC circuit to reduce the
EMI as shown in Figure 6.
Suspend LED
This pin is asserted (HIGH) when both the USB 2.0 and
SS hub controllers are in suspend state. It is deasserted
(LOW) when either of the hub controllers come out of the
suspend state. The suspend status is indicated using an
LED as shown in Figure 7. This pin should be connected
to GND via a 330-Ω resistor in series to meet the current
sourcing capability of this pin (4 mA, maximum).
Figure 7. Suspend LED
Figure 6. DS VBUS Connection and Shield Termination
VBUS_DS and VBUS_US
The VBUS_DS pin is used to power the Apple-charging
circuit in HX3. For BC v1.2 compliance testing, this pin
should be connected to GND. For normal operation, this
pin should be connected to local 5-V supply. Figure 8
shows the VBUS_DS pin connections.
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
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HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Figure 8. VBUS_DS Pin Connection
RREF_USB2: This pin should be connected to a precision
resistor (6.04 kΩ ±1%) to generate a current reference for
USB 2.0 PHY (as shown in Figure 10).
These resistors should be placed close to HX3 and the
resistors should be connected to GND using the shortest
path.
Figure 10. USB Precision Resistors
The VBUS_US pin should be connected to the VBUS from
the US port. This signal is used to detect the US port
connection to a Host or a hub.
For products supporting ACA-dock (see Table 1), connect
VBUS_US to a local 5-V supply. It is recommended to
connect a pair of resistors to the VBUS_US pin to
discharge VBUS faster in case of a disconnection event
(as shown in Figure 9).
Figure 9. Resistors Connected to VBUS_US Pin
Configuration Options
HX3 is highly configurable to meet varying hub design
requirements. The HX3 default configuration can be
modified by one of the following:
1.
Pin-strap (applicable to 88-pin QFN only)
2.
External I C slave such as an EEPROM
3.
External I C master
2
2
Pin-Strap Configuration
Pin-straps are supported for select product options (see
Table 1) to provide reconfigurability without an additional
EEPROM. The pin-strap configuration is enabled by
pulling the Pin #63 of 88-pin QFN HIGH. Table 7 shows
the configuration options supported through pin-straps and
the function of the pins after the initial sampling at powerup and reset. Figure 11 and Figure 12 show how the pins
need to be connected if pin-strap and LED connection are
required or only pin-strap is required.
VCC_5V is a 5-V local power supply. VBUS_PROTECT is
the VBUS from the US port.
USB Precision Resistors
RREF_SS: This pin should be connected to a precision
resistor (200 Ω ±1%) for SS PHY termination impedance
calibration (as shown in Figure 10).
HX3 samples pin-strap GPIOs at power-up. Floating
straps are considered as invalid and the default
configuration is used. If PIN_STRAP (Pin #63 of 88-pin
QFN) is floating, all strap inputs are considered invalid. A
GPIO is considered strapped “1” or “0” when connected
with a weak pull-up (10 kΩ) or pull-down (10 kΩ)
respectively. After the initial sampling at power-up and
reset, the GPIOs are used in their normal functions.
Figure 11. Pin-Strap and LED Schematics
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Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
8
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Table 7. Pin-Strap Pins
Number
of Pins
Pin-Strap Name
Pin Functionality After Initial Sampling at Power-Up
and Reset
Pin-Strap Purpose
1
PIN_STRAP
Enable pin-strap configuration
SS LED indicator for DS3 port
1
ACA_DOCK
Enable ACA-Dock
USB 2.0 AMBER LED indicator for DS1 port
2
PORT_DISABLE[1:0]
Select number of DS ports to be
disabled
NON_REMOVABLE[1:0]
Select number of non-removable
(hard-wired/embedded) devices
PORT_DISABLE[1] – SS LED indicator for DS1 port
2
PORT_DISABLE[0] – USB 2.0 GREEN LED indicator for
DS1 port
NON_REMOVABLE[1] – USB 2.0 GREEN LED indicator
for DS2 port
NON_REMOVABLE[0] – USB 2.0 AMBER LED indicator
for DS2 port
VID_SEL[2] – USB 2.0 AMBER LED indicator for DS3 port
3
VID_SEL[2:0]
Select preprogrammed custom VIDs
VID_SEL[1] – USB 2.0 GREEN LED indicator for DS3 port
VID_SEL[0] – USB 2.0 GREEN LED indicator for DS4 port
1
PWR_SW_POL
Select overcurrent and power enable
polarity
-
4
DSx_CDP_EN[3:0]
Enable/Disable CDP per DS port
-
1
PWR_EN_SEL
Select individual or ganged power
switching mode for DS ports
SS LED indicator for DS2 port
1
I2C_DEV_ID
Select I2C slave address
USB 2.0 AMBER LED indicator for DS4 port
Refer to the HX3 datasheet for more details on pin-strap configuration.
If pin-strap pin is also multiplexed as a port status LED
indicator then that particular pin should be connected to
VDD_IO or GND through a 10-kΩ resistor depending on
the configuration (as shown in Figure 11). This will ensure
that HX3 samples proper logic level (HIGH or LOW) on the
pin-strap pins at power-on.
Figure 12. Pin-Strap Schematics
2
HX3 can be configured from external I C slave such as an
EEPROM by setting the MODE_SEL[1:0] pins
appropriately. The MODE_SEL[1] should be pulled low
using 10 kΩ to GND and MODE_SEL[0] should be pulled
high using 10 kΩ to VDD_IO (as shown in Figure 13).
Figure 13. Selecting Configuration Using MODE_SEL
PORT_DISABLE[1:0],
NON_REMOVABLE[1:0],
DSx_CDP_EN[3:0], and VID_SEL[2:0] are group of pins
and if any one pin in a group is left floating, then that
specific
group
is
invalid.
For
example,
if
PORT_DISABLE[1]
pin
is
left
floating
then
PORT_DISABLE[1:0] group is invalid and the default
configuration will apply.
www.cypress.com
Configuration Using External I2C EEPROM
HX3 firmware image size is 10 KB and recommended
EEPROM size ranges from 16 KB to 64 KB.
Recommended EEPROMs: 24LC128 and AT24C16A.
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
9
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Figure 14. EEPROM Connection
The RESET deassertion can be implemented as follows:
HX3-1: Use R = 10 kΩ and C = 1.5 µF (as shown in Figure
15) to generate a 15-ms RESET pulse.
HX3-2: Use R = 100 kΩ and C = 4.7 µF (as shown in
Figure 15) to generate a 470-ms RESET pulse.
The RESET timing diagram is shown in Figure 16.
Figure 16. RESET Timing Diagram
470 ms
15 ms
SS
VDD_IO
SS
RESET for HX3-1
For configuring HX3 using EEPROM:
RESET for HX3-2

Address pins A1 and A2 of the EEPROM should be
tied LOW and address pin A0 should be pulled HIGH
using 10 kΩ to VDD_IO (as shown in Figure 14).

I2C_DATA and I2C_CLK lines should be pulled HIGH
using 2 kΩ to VDD_IO.
Connecting Two HX3s with One EEPROM
In systems requiring two HX3s, one EEPROM can be
used to configure both the HX3s sequentially.
SS
Configuration Using External I2C Master
2
HX3 can be configured from external I C master such as
an ASSP by setting the MODE_SEL[1:0] pins
appropriately. The MODE_SEL[1] should be pulled HIGH
using a 10-kΩ resistor to VDD_IO and MODE_SEL[0]
should be pulled LOW using a 10-kΩ resistor to GND.
To ensure sequential access to the EEPROM, the RESET
deassertion of one HX3 should be delayed with respect to
the other HX3.
Figure 15. Two HX3s Connected with One EEPROM
VDD_IO
HX3-1
I2C_CLK
10K
RESETN
I2C_DATA
SCL
1.5 uF
EEPROM
SDA
VDD_IO
100K
HX3-2
RESETN
I2C_CLK
I2C_DATA
4.7 uF
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
10
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Take special care in component selection, location of
power supply decoupling capacitors, signal line
impedance, and noise when designing a board for
USB 3.0. This section explains PCB design guidelines for
routing power and USB signal lines.
Power Domain Routing
HX3 has four power domains: VDDIO, AVDD12, DVDD12,
and AVDD33. Use split planes on the power layer for
these domains. Use power traces for VDDIO and AVDD33
if the layer does not have enough space for split planes.
The following guidelines are recommended for power
traces:
Refer to Appendix C for general information on PCB layout
techniques.

Keep the power traces away from HS data and clock
lines.
Power System Design

Power trace widths should be
inductance.

Keep power traces short. Use larger vias (at least
30-mil pad, 15-mil hole) on power traces.
Electrical Design Considerations
Power supply to the HX3 chip must be clean and stable for
reliable hub operation. Improper layouts lead to poor
signal quality, especially on the USB signaling, resulting in
higher error rates and increased error-correction retries.
These symptoms can lead to hub enumeration failure.
Consider the following points while designing power
system network.



25 mils to reduce
Power domain routing
Placement of Power and Ground Planes
Place the power plane near to the ground plane for good
planar capacitance. Planar capacitance that exists
between the planes acts as a distributed decoupling
capacitor for high-frequency noise filtering, thereby
reducing the electromagnetic radiation.
Placement of power and ground planes
Routing of USB Data Lines
Placement of bulk and decoupling capacitors
Placement of Bulk and Decoupling
Capacitors
Place decoupling capacitors close to the power pins for
high-frequency noise filtering. It is recommended to place
them on the opposite side of the PCB directly under HX3
to reduce the planar inductance.
Place the bulk capacitor, which acts as a local power
supply to the power pin, near the decoupling capacitors.
Minimize the trace length between the bulk capacitor and
the decoupling capacitors.
Make the power trace width to have the same size as the
power pad size. To connect power pins to the power
plane, keep vias very close to the power pads. This helps
in minimizing the stray inductance and IR drop on the line
(as shown in the Figure 17).
Figure 17. Power Delivery Network
Pay attention while routing USB signal lines to achieve
good signal quality and reduced emission. Pay attention to
the following key factors while routing USB signal lines
during the PCB design phase.
Controlled Differential Impedance
The differential impedance of the USB signal lines should
be 90 Ω ±10%. Otherwise, it affects the signal eye pattern,
jitter, and crossover voltage measurements.
Refer to Appendix D to learn about the underlying theory
of differential impedance.
T yp i c a l 6 2 - M i l , 4 - L a ye r P C B E x a m p l e
The recommended stackup for a standard 62-mil (1.6-mm)
thick PCB is shown in Figure 18. When this stackup is
used with two parallel traces, each with a width (W) of
5.75 mils and a spacing (S) of 12 mils, the calculated
differential impedance,
, is 90 Ω.
Figure 18 shows the different layers present in the layout
of HX3 development kit.
Figure 18. Stackup Details
www.cypress.com
2.70 MILS
COPPER + PLATING
4.30 MILS
PREPREG
1.30 MILS
COPPER + PLATING
45.50 MILS
CORE
1.30 MILS
COPPER
4.30 MILS
PREPREG
2.70 MILS
COPPER + PLATING
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
TOP
GROUND
POWER
BOTTOM
11
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Impedance Matching
Maintain a constant trace width and spacing in differential
pairs to avoid impedance mismatches, as shown in Figure
19 and Figure 20.
Whenever two pairs of USB traces cross each other in
different layers, a ground layer should run all the way
between the two USB signal layers, as Figure 22 shows.
Figure 22. Ground Insertion
Figure 19. Differential Pairs Placements
g
W
S
W
g
Where ‘g’ is the minimum gap between the trace and other
planes (8 mils).
Figure 20. Differential Pairs Impedance Matching
Techniques
Not recommended
Trace Length
The USB signal trace length should be as short as
possible. Long traces increase insertion loss and
emission, and introduces Inter-Symbol Interference (ISI) to
the far-end receiver.
Note HX3 SS lines are characterized for a trace length of
up to 11 inches. It is recommended that the length of the
SS PCB traces be kept under 11 inches.
Not recommended
During PCB layout design, prioritize routing of USB signal
lines. Ensure that the following recommendations are met:
Recommended
All SS signal lines should be routed over an adjacent
ground plane layer to provide a good return current path.
Splitting the ground plane underneath the SS signals
introduces impedance mismatch, increasing the loop
inductance and electrical emissions. Figure 21 shows a
solid ground plane under the SS signal.
Figure 21. Solid Ground Plane Under the SS Signal
SS trace
Signal layer

Match the differential SS pair trace lengths within 0.12
mm (5 mils).

Match the Hi-Speed (D+ and D–) signal trace lengths
within 1.25 mm (50 mils).

Adjust the Hi-Speed signal trace lengths near the USB
receptacle, if necessary.

Make adjustments for SS Rx signal trace lengths near
the USB receptacle, and adjustments for SS Tx signal
trace lengths near the device, if necessary.
Figure 23 shows an example of length matching for the SS
signal.
Ground layer
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
12
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Figure 23. SS Signal Length Matching
USB 3.0
Receptacle
Rx Lines
Voids for vias on SS signal traces should be common for
the differential pair. Common void, as shown in Figure 25,
helps better in matching the impedance compared to
separate vias.
Figure 25. Void Vias Placement for SS Traces
Tx Lines
Void in plane
for vias
USB 3.0
Device
Port-to-Port Isolation
Port-to-port isolation is required to minimize the effect of
the interference fringes of SS Tx lines of one port over the
Rx lines of another port.
Distance between each
via pair should be about
40 mils.
Fill the space between two differential pairs with ground.
Maintain a minimum of 2 space between the ground and
the differential pairs, where
= trace width.
Provide via stitched guard traces along the SS and HS
traces to ensure proper isolation between ports.
Figure 26 shows the routing of ground traces on both
sides of the USB data line pairs with stitching vias.
Signal Via Routing
It is recommended that the SS signals be routed in a
single layer. Vias introduce discontinuities in the signal line
and affect the SS signal quality.
If you need to route the SS signal to another layer,
maintain continuous grounding to ensure uniform
impedance throughout. To do so, place ground vias next
to signal vias as shown in Figure 24. The distance
between the signal and ground vias should be at least
40 mils.
Figure 24. Ground Vias
Differential impedance
should be maintained
at 90 ohms in these
sections
These four sections should
be routed as a single ended
trace. The impedance of
each individual trace should
be maintained at 45 ohms.
www.cypress.com
Ground vias
Distance between each
via should be about 40
mils (center to center)
SS signal vias
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
13
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
When using a standard-B receptacle (through-hole
receptacle), it is highly recommended that USB signal
Place the capacitor used in the RC reset circuitry as close
lines are connected to the receptacle pins on the opposite
as possible to the reset pin of HX3.
layer as the receptacle, as shown in Figure 27 and Figure
28. For example, if the standard-B receptacle is placed on
Place the crystal less than 1 cm from the HX3. Also, make
the top layer, the signal lines should be connected to the
sure that there is a solid ground plane under the crystal
receptacle pins on the bottom layer. This is to avoid pin
trace.
stubs (antennas).
Figure 26. Port-to-Port Isolation
Other Recommendations
Figure 27. Standard-B Receptacle Placement
HX3
USB trace is routed to bottom layer
to connect to the Std B receptacle
Figure 29. USB Signals Connected on the Opposite Side
of the Standard-B USB Receptacle to Avoid Stub on Line
Std B
Figure 28. Standard-B Receptacle Layout
Figure 29 illustrates the recommended layout. To avoid
vias, you can place the device on the opposite layer of the
standard-B receptacle. In this case, you can route the
USB traces entirely on the same layer.
www.cypress.com
The polarity of the SS differential pairs can be swapped.
Polarity detection is done automatically by the SS PHY
during link training, as defined in the USB 3.0
Specification, section 6.4.2. The polarity inversion
mechanism can be utilized to ensure that USB traces do
not cross each other.
On the USB signal lines, use as few bends as possible.
Do not use a 90-degree bend. Use 45-degree or rounded
(curved) bends if necessary, as illustrated in Figure 30.
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
14
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Figure 30. USB Signal Bends
SS traces require additional AC coupling capacitors
(0.1 µF) on the TX lines (on both US port and DS port as
shown in Figure 31). For DS ports, place these capacitors
symmetrically and near to the connector. For US ports,
place them near the device.
Figure 31. SS TX Line AC coupling Capacitors
Not recommended
Two immediate planes underneath the AC coupling
capacitors should have a cutout in the shape of these
capacitors to avoid extra capacitance on the lines created
by the capacitor pads. Figure 32 shows the proper layout
of the decoupling caps.
Figure 32. SS TX AC Coupling Capacitors Layout
Recommended
Plane cut out under caps
Recommended
Not recommended
Recommended
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
15
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Schematics and Layout Review Checklist
Table 8 is a checklist for all the important guidelines. Provide an answer to each checklist item to find out the extent to which
your hardware design meets these guidelines.
Table 8. Schematics and Layout Review Checklist
Sl.
No
Schematic checklist
1
Are the decoupling capacitors and bulk capacitors connected as per Figure 1 and Figure 2?
2
Does the crystal meet the specification in this application note?
3
Are all DS ports provided with 150-µF bulk capacitors?
4
Do the Power-on-Reset RC components meet the minimum reset time (5 ms)?
5
Do the USB precision resistors have 1% tolerance?
6
Are the I2C lines provided with pull-up resistors to the 3.3-V domain?
7
8
Do the LEDs connected to the pin-strap pins have a 10-kΩ parallel resistor?
Is it ensured that the DS port power switch has a MOSFET connected to the OUTPUT pin or selected a power switch with
fast discharge?
9
Is the VBUS_US pin provided with a 10-kΩ voltage divider network?
10
Is the US port provided with 1-µF bulk capacitor?
11
Are all port shields terminated properly?
12
Are the ferrite beads connected as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2?
Are MODE_SEL[1] and MODE_SEL[0] not pulled LOW when the pin-strap configuration is used with HX3? (For 88-pin
QFN only).
Are values of the resistors connected in series to the LEDs decided based on the HX3’s I/O current source/sink capability
(4 mA)?
13
14
Answer
(Yes/No/NA)
Layout Checklist
1
Is the crystal placed close to the chip (less than 1 cm)?
2
Are the decoupling capacitors and bulk capacitors placed close to the HX3 power pins?
3
Are the vias placed close to the HX3 power pins?
4
Are the power traces routed away from the high-speed data lines and the clock lines?
5
Is the capacitor in the RC reset circuitry placed close to the reset pin of HX3?
6
Is the 150-µF capacitor placed close to the DS port connector?
7
Are the USB SS and HS signal lines matched in length?
8
Are the USB data lines provided with solid ground plane underneath?
9
Are the SS traces provided with the guard traces along the USB data trace with stitching vias?
10
Are the SS traces provided with the AC decoupling capacitors (0.1 µF) on the TX lines?
11
Are the USB traces kept as short as possible?
12
Is it ensured that there are no stubs on all the USB traces?
13
Is it ensured that there are no vias on the SS traces?
14
Do the USB traces have few bends and no 90-degree bends?
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
16
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
About the Authors
Summary
USB SuperSpeed operation demands careful hardware
design to preserve HX3 signal integrity. By following the
guidelines in this application note, your HX3-based design
has a good chance of first-pass success.
Name:
Prajith C
Title:
Applications Engineer
Contact:
[email protected]
Name:
Rama Sai Krishna V
Title:
Applications Engineer Staff
Contact:
[email protected]
Acronyms
Table 9. Acronyms Used in this Document
Acronym
ACA
ASSP
BC
CDP
DCP
DS
EEPROM
FS
GND
HS
LED
LS
PCB
QFN
SDP
SS
SWD
US
USB
VID
Description
Accessory Charger Adaptor
Application Specific Standard Product
Battery Charging
Charging Downstream Port
Dedicated Charging Port
DownStream
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only
Memory
Full-Speed
Ground
Hi-Speed
Light-Emitting Diode
Low-Speed
Printed Circuit Board
Quad Flat No-Lead
Standard Downstream Port
SuperSpeed
Serial Wire Debug
UpStream
Universal Serial Bus
Vendor ID
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
17
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Appendix A: Power Consumption
Table 10 provides the power consumption estimates for HX3 under different conditions. Table 11 summarizes the power
consumption for various combinations of devices connected to DS ports.
For example, to calculate the HX3 power consumption for three SS devices connected to DS ports (and no device connected
to one DS port), and a US port connected to a USB 3.0 Host:
Power consumption = [a] + 2 [g] = 492.5 + 2 76 = 644.5 mW
[a] is the active power consumption for the US port connected to a USB 3.0 Host and the SS device connected to the DS port.
[g] is the incremental power consumption for an additional SS device connected to the DS port.
Table 10. Power Consumption Estimates for Various Usage Scenarios
Number and Speed of
DS Ports Connected
Device Condition
Host not attached
Suspend with Host attached [2]
Active power with USB 3.0 Host [3]
Active power with USB 2.0 Host [3], [4]
Incremental active power for additional DS port
Active power saving per disabled DS port [5]
No devices connected
1 SS
1 HS
1 FS
1 SS + 1 HS
1 HS
1 FS
1 SS
1 HS
1 FS
-
Typical Consumption
Supply Current (mA)
Power (mW)
1.2 V
3.3 V
18.0
6.0
41.4
42.0
12.0
90.0
204.1
75.0
492.5
51.2
45.2
210.7
51.2
34.0
173.7
218
103.4
602.9
51.2
45.2
210.7
51.2
34.0
173.7
39.4
8.7
76.0
7.0
19.8
73.7
7.0
14.2
55.2
10.6
9.6
44.4
Comments
[a]
[b]
[c]
[d]
[e]
[f]
[g]
[h]
[i]
[j]
Table 11. Power Consumption Under Various Configurations
Device Condition
USB 3.0 4-port hub (USB 3.0 Host)
USB 3.0 4-port hub (USB 3.0 Host) with one port
disabled
Shared Link with 8 DS ports
USB 3.0 4-port hub (USB 2.0 Host)
Number of DS
Devices Connected
with Data Transfer
4 SS devices
3 SS + 1 HS devices
3 SS devices
3 SS devices
2 SS + 1 HS devices
4 SS + 4 HS devices
4 HS devices
3 HS + 1 FS devices
Typical Consumption
Supply Current (mA)
Power (mW)
1.2 V
3.3 V
322
101
720
297
121
755
283
92
644
272
83
600
247
103
634
357
189
1052
72
105
432
72
99
413
Comments
[a] + 3 [g]
[d] + 2 [g]
[a] + 2 [g]
[a] + 2 [g] –[j]
[d] + [g] – [j]
[d] + 3 ([g] + [h])
[e] + 3 [h]
[e] + 2 [h] + [i]
Notes
2.
US port in low-power state (SS in U3 and USB 2.0 in L2).
3.
All four DS ports are enabled.
4.
US SS disabled using configuration options. Refer HX3 datasheet for configuration options.
5.
Power saving applicable only with a USB 3.0 Host. DS ports can be disabled through configuration options. Refer HX3 datasheet for configuration
options.
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
18
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Appendix B: HX3 Development Kits (DVKs) and BOM
Cypress‘s HX3 DVK provides the hardware that you need to get started. CY4609 is the DVK for 68-pin QFN and CY4603 is
the DVK for 88-pin QFN. CY4613 is also for 88-pin QFN, which helps in testing the Shared Link feature. The contents of these
DVKs help in designing your final hub product using HX3. Figure 33 shows the picture of CY4609, Figure 34 shows the
picture of CY4603 and Figure 35 shows the picture of CY4613. HX3 DVK schematics can be downloaded from the Cypress
webpage.
Figure 33. HX3 68-Pin QFN DVK (CY4609)
BOM Reduction to CY4609
CY4609 is designed to have several configuration and debugging options. In your final product design, these options are not
required. Also, HX3 design has been tested with the optimized decoupling capacitor values; thus in your final product, there is
a scope for reducing the BOM. Table 12 shows you the list of components that can be removed or changed.
Table 12. BOM Reduction to CY4609
Recommended
Components to
be Removed
Component
Value
Quantity
0.001 µF
10
C32, C39, C42, C43, C44, C46,
C47, C50, C57, C63
0.01 µF
10
C27, C30, C34, C35, C36, C37,
C38, C58, C60, C66
0.1 µF
2
C53, C61
Schematic Reference
C21, C54, C65, C68
Decoupling
capacitors
C70, C72
1 µF
8
C71, C77
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
Reason
One decoupling capacitor (0.01 µF) per pin is
enough to filter out the high frequency noise on
1.2-V SS Rx and Tx domains
One decoupling capacitor (0.1 µF) per pin is
enough to filter out the noise
The 22-µF bulk capacitor is enough for 1.2-V SS
Rx and Tx domains
The 1-µF capacitor is not needed because the
22-µF bulk capacitor serves the purpose.
The 22-µF bulk capacitor is enough for 1.2-V SS
Rx and Tx domains
On the DVK, an overvoltage protection IC is
used to provide additional protection. This is an
optional requirement and should be added only
when needed.
Input and output capacitors for overvoltage
protection IC. These are needed only if
overvoltage protection IC (U12) is used.
19
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Recommended
Components to
be Removed
Component
Value
Quantity
0Ω
1
R28
1 MΩ
1
R19
Reset switch
-
1
SW1
MOSFET for
reverse polarity
-
1
Q1 (SUD50P04-09L-E3)
ESD Diodes
-
15
Test Points
-
11
Headers
-
3
Schematic Reference
Resistors
U4, U6, U7, U8, U9, U10, U11,
U13, U14, U15, U16, U17, U18,
U20, U21
TP1, TP2, TP3, TP4, TP5, TP6,
TP7, TP8, TP9, TP10, TP13
J6, J7
J2
Overvoltage
protection IC
-
1
U12 (NCP361SNT1G)
Jumpers
-
3
881545-2 Mini Jumpers
Ferrite Bead
-
5
L2, L6, L7, L8, L9
Total
Recommended
Components to
be Replaced
Bulk Capacitors
3.3 V Regulator
Reason
MOSFET(Q2) gate pin does not require a
resistor and gate can be shorted to
pin of
power switch directly.
This is needed only if an overvoltage protection
IC (U12,
pin) is used.
No manual reset is required for normal hub
operation
On the kit, this is added to provide additional
protection for reverse polarity power connection.
This is only required if there is any chance of
connecting negative supply voltage to the hub
design.
On the kit, ESD diodes are added to provide
additional protection. This is optional; HX3 has a
built-in ESD protection of 2.2 kV.
Test points are only for debugging; they are not
required in the final product design.
Headers are provided on the DVK to select the
HX3 configuration options. These are not
required in the final product design.
This header is provided for debugging and not
needed for the final product design.
On the DVK, an overvoltage protection IC is
used to provide additional protection. This is an
optional requirement; it should be added only
when needed.
Headers are provided on the DVK to select the
HX3 configuration options. These are not
required in the final hub design.
One ferrite bead is added on the VBUS line of
US. Four are added on the VBUS line of the four
DS ports. This depends on the system.
72
Component
Value
22 µF to be
replaced with 10
µF
AOZ1021AI can
be replaced with
NCP3170ADR2G
or AOZ1015AI
Quantity
3
Schematic Reference
C9, C82, C85
Reason
HX3 DVK has been tested with the optimized
bulk capacitor values of 10 µF.
Low-cost regulator
1
U2
The components colored in green will be removed in the next revision of the DVK. Refer to http://www.cypress.com/hx3 for
schematics with the reduced BOM.
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
20
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Figure 34. HX3 88-Pin QFN DVK (CY4603)
BOM Reduction to CY4603
CY4603 is designed to have various configuration, debugging options and LED indicators. As listed in Table 13, there is a
scope for reducing the BOM in your final product.
Table 13. BOM Reduction to CY4603
Recommended
Components to
be Removed
Component
Value
Quantity
0.001 µF
10
C37, C40, C43, C44, C45, C50,
C55, C56, C61, C62
0.01 µF
10
C25, C28, C29, C36, C38, C39,
C42, C51, C66, C71
0.1 µF
3
Schematic Reference
C58, C73
Decoupling
capacitors
C13
C34, C68, C72, C75, C76, C77
1 µF
8
C18, C19
10 kΩ
26
226 Ω
8
270 Ω
4
300 Ω
7
0Ω
4
Resistors
www.cypress.com
R15, R37, R41, R46, R50, R66,
R67, R68, R69, R70, R71, R72,
R73, R74, R75, R76, R77, R78,
R79, R80, R81, R82, R83, R84,
R85, R86
R9, R10, R12, R13, R17, R19, R20,
R21
R11, R14, R16, R18
R22, R24, R25, R26, R27, R28,
R34
R32, R38, R47, R56
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
Reason
One decoupling capacitor (0.01 µF) per pin is
enough to filter out the high-frequency noise
on 1.2-V SS Rx and Tx domains.
One decoupling capacitor (0.1 µF) per pin is
enough to filter out the noise.
One 22-µF bulk capacitor is enough for 1.2-V
SS Rx and Tx domains
Decoupling capacitor for the SWD interface.
This SWD interface is not required in final
product design.
The 1-µF capacitor is not needed because the
22-µF bulk capacitor serves the purpose
Input and output capacitors for the overvoltage
protection IC. These are required only if the
overvoltage protection IC (U12) is used.
These resistors can be removed only if pinstrap configuration is not used. If you are
using an external EEPROM firmware for
configuration, then the pin-strap option has no
effect.
These resistors are used to limit the LED
current and can be removed if port indicators
are not required
MOSFET(Q2) gate pin does not require a
resistor and gate can be shorted to the
pin
of power switch directly.
21
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Recommended
Components to
be Removed
Component
Value
Quantity
1 MΩ
1
R36
Reset switch
-
1
SW1
MOSFET for
reverse polarity
-
1
Q5 (SUD50P04-09L-E3)
ESD Diodes
-
15
Test Points
-
16
Headers
-
18
LED
-
21
Schematic Reference
U3, U4, U5, U8, U9, U10, U11, U12,
U13, U15, U16, U17, U18, U19,
U20
TP1, TP2, TP3, TP5, TP6, TP9,
TP10, TP11, TP12, TP13, TP15,
TP16, T17, T18, T19, T20
J2, J3, J4, J5, J6, J9, J13, J14, J15,
J17, J18, J19, J20, J21, J22, J23,
J24, J25
D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, D6, D7, D8,
D9, D10, D11, D12, D13, D14, D15,
D16, D17, D18, D19, D20, D21
Overvoltage
protection IC
-
1
U6 (NCP361SNT1G)
Diode
-
1
TVS1
Jumpers
-
20
881545-2 Mini Jumpers
Ferrite Bead
-
5
L1, L2, L3, L4, L5
Total
Recommended
Components to
be Replaced
Regulator
Reason
This is required only if overvoltage protection
IC (U12,
pin) is used
No manual reset is required for normal hub
operation.
On the kit, this is added to provide additional
protection for reverse polarity power
connection. This is only required if there is any
chance of connecting negative supply voltage
to the hub design.
On the kit, ESD diodes are added to provide
additional protection. This is optional; HX3 has
a built-in ESD protection of 2.2 kV.
Test points are only for debugging and they
are not required in the final product design.
This header is provided for debugging and not
required for the final product design.
LEDs can be removed only if port indicators
are not required
On the DVK, an overvoltage protection IC is
used to provide additional protection. This is
optional; it should be added only when
required.
Headers are provided on the DVK to configure
HX3. These are not required in the final hub
design.
One ferrite bead is added on the VBUS line of
US. Four of these are added on the VBUS line
of the four DS ports. This depends on the
system.
180
Component
Value
Quantity
AOZ1021AI can
be replaced with
NCP3170ADR2G
or AOZ1015AI
1
Schematic Reference
Reason
Low-cost regulator
U22
The components colored in green will be removed in the next revision of the DVK. Refer to http://www.cypress.com/hx3 for
schematics with the reduced BOM.
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
22
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Figure 35. HX3 88-Pin QFN DVK with Shared Link Feature Support (CY4613)
BOM Reduction to CY4613
CY4613 is designed to have various configuration, debugging options and LED indicators. As listed in Table 14, there is a
scope for reducing the BOM in your final product.
Table 14. BOM Reduction to CY4613
Recommended
Components to
be Removed
Decoupling
capacitors
Component
Value
Quantity
0.001 µF
10
C51, C60, C56, C66, C67
0.01 µF
10
C31, C34, C35, C41, C43, C45, C48,
C57, C71, C76
0.1 µF
3
Schematic Reference
C80,C82
C106
C39, C40, C73, C77, C81, C82
1 µF
8
C14,C26
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
Reason
One decoupling capacitor (0.01 µF) per pin is
enough to filter out the high-frequency noise
on 1.2-V SS Rx and Tx domains.
One decoupling capacitor (0.1 µF) per pin is
enough to filter out the noise.
The 22-µF bulk capacitor is enough for 1.2-V
SS Rx and Tx domains
Decoupling capacitor for SWD interface. This
SWD interface is not needed in final product
design.
The 1-µF capacitor is not required because
the 22-µF bulk capacitor serves the purpose.
Input and output capacitors for Overvoltage
protection IC.
23
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Recommended
Components to
be Removed
Component
Value
Quantity
Schematic Reference
10 kΩ
28
R6, R43, R44, R45, R46, R50, R54,
R55, R56, R63, R64, R65, R71, R73,
R75, R78, R88, R89, R90, R91, R92,
R93, R94, R95, R96, R100, R101,
R102
These resistors can be removed only if pinstrap configuration is not used. If you are
using external EEPROM firmware for
configuration, then the pin-strap option has
no effect.
226 Ω
8
R79, R80, R82, R84, R85, R87, R98,
R99
270 Ω
5
These resistors are used to limit the LED
current and can be removed if port indicators
are not needed
300 Ω
8
0Ω
6
R13, R21, R22, R26, R34, R62
1 MΩ
1
R20
Reset switch
-
1
SW1
MOSFET for
reverse polarity
-
1
Q7
ESD Diodes
-
15
U4, U6, U7, U9, U10, U11, U12, U15,
U16, U18, U19, U20, U21, U22, U23
Resistors
R4, R77, R81, R83, R86
R59, R60, R61, R67, R70, R72, R74,
R76
TP1, TP2, TP3, TP4, TP5, TP7, TP8,
TP9, TP13, TP14, TP15, TP16,
TP18, TP19, TP22, TP23, TP25,
TP30
J2, J3, J4, J5, J6, J7, J8, J9, J10,
J11, J12, J13, J15, J16, J17, J18,
J19, J20, J23, J26, J27, J28
D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, D6, D7, D8, D9,
D10, D11, D12, D13, D14, D15, D16,
D17, D18, D19, D20, D21, D22
Test Points
-
16
Headers
-
18
LED [7]
-
21
Overvoltage
protection IC
-
1
U13
Diode
-
1
TVS1
Jumpers
-
20
Ferrite Bead
-
7
Total
Recommended
Components to
be Replaced
Regulator
Reason
MOSFETs (Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4) gate pin does
not require a resistor and the gate can be
shorted to the
pin of the power switch
directly.
This is needed only if overvoltage protection
IC (U12,
pin) is used
No manual reset is required for normal hub
operation
On the kit, this is added to provide additional
protection for reverse polarity power
connection. This is only required if there is
any chance of connecting negative supply
voltage to the hub design
On the kit, ESD diodes are added to provide
additional protection. This is optional; HX3
has a built-in ESD protection of 2.2 kV.
Test points are only for debugging and they
are not required in the final product design.
This header is provided for debugging and
not required for the final product design.
LEDs can be removed only if port indicators
are not required.
On the DVK, Overvoltage protection IC is
used to provide additional protection. This is
an optional requirement; it should be added
only when required.
L1, L2, L3, L4, L5, L6, L7
Headers are provided on the DVK to
configure HX3. These are not required in the
final hub design.
One Ferrite bead is added on the VBUS line
of US. Two of these are added on the VBUS
line of two USB 3.0 DS ports. Four of these
are added on Shared Link (2 USB 3.0 + 2
USB 2.0) DS ports. This depends on the
system.
195
Component
Value
Quantity
AOZ1021AI can
be replaced with
NCP3170ADR2G
or AOZ1015AI
1
Schematic Reference
Reason
Low-cost regulator
U25
The components colored in green will be removed in the next revision of the DVK. Refer www.cypress.com/hx3 for schematics
with the reduced BOM.
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
24
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Appendix C: PCB Layout Tips
There are many classic techniques for designing PCBs for
low noise and EMC. Some of these techniques include the
following:

Multiple layers: Although they are more expensive, it
is best to use a multilayer PCB with separate layers
dedicated to the VSS and VDD supplies. This provides
good decoupling and shielding effects. Separate fills
on these layers should be provided for V SSA, VSSD,
VDDA, and VDDD.
To increase the EMC performance, keep the trace lengths
as short as possible and isolate the traces with VSS traces.
To avoid crosstalk, do not route them near to or parallel to
other noisy and sensitive traces. For more information,
consult these references:

The Circuit Designer’s Companion, Second Edition
(EDN Series for Design Engineers), by Tim Williams

PCB Design for Real-World EMI Control (The
Springer International Series in Engineering and
Computer Science), by Bruce R. Archambeault and
James Drewniak
Component position: You should separate the
different circuits on the PCB according to their EMI
contribution. This will help reduce cross-coupling on
the PCB. For example, separate noisy high-current
circuits, low-voltage circuits, and digital components.

Printed Circuits Handbook (McGraw Hill Handbooks),
by Clyde Coombs

EMC and the Printed Circuit Board: Design, Theory,
and Layout Made Simple, by Mark I. Montrose
Ground and power supply: There should be a single
point for gathering all ground returns. Avoid ground
loops, or minimize their surface area. All componentfree surfaces of the PCB should be filled with
additional grounding.

Signal Integrity Issues and Printed Circuit Board
Design, by Douglas Brooks
It is recommended to use at least a four-layer PCB for
HX3.


The power supply should be close to the ground line
to minimize the area of the supply loop. The supply
loop can act as an antenna and can be a major
emitter or receiver of EMI.

Decoupling: The standard bulk decoupler for external
power is a 100-μF capacitor. Supplementary 0.1-μF
capacitors should be placed as close as possible to
the VSS and VDD pins of the device to reduce highfrequency power supply ripple.
Generally, decouple all sensitive or noisy signals to
improve EMC performance. Decoupling can be both
capacitive and inductive.

Signal routing: When designing an application,
analyze the following areas to improve EMC
performance:

Noisy signals, for example, signals with fast edge
times


Sensitive and high-impedance signals
Signals that capture events, such as interrupts and
strobe signals
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
25
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Appendix D: Differential Impedance of USB Traces
Microstrips are the copper traces on the outer layers of a
PCB. A microstrip has an impedance,
, which is
determined by its width ( ), height ( ), distance to the
nearest copper plane ( ), and the relative permittivity ( )
of the material (commonly FR-4) between the microstrip
and the nearest plane. When two microstrips run parallel
to each other, cross-coupling occurs. The space between
the microstrips ( ) as related to their height above a plane
( ) affects the amount of cross-coupling that occurs. The
amount of cross-coupling increases as the space between
the microstrips is reduced. As cross-coupling increases,
the microstrips’ impedances decrease. Differential
impedance,
, is calculated by measuring the
impedance of both the microstrips and summing them.
Figure 36 illustrates a cross-sectional representation of a
PCB, showing (from top to bottom) the differential traces,
the substrate, and the ground plane.
Equation 3 and Equation 4 provide the formulas necessary
to estimate differential impedance using a 2D parallel
microstrip model. Table 15 provides the definition of the
variables. These formulas are valid for the ratios 0.1 <
⁄
< 2.0 and 0.2 < ⁄
< 3.0. Commercial utilities can
obtain more accurate results using empirical or 3D
modeling algorithms.
Equation 3. Differential Impedance Formula
Equation 4. Impedance of One Microstrip
Table 15. Definition of Differential Impedance Variables
Variable
Figure 36. Microstrip Model of Differential Impedance
Description
Differential impedance of two parallel microstrips
over a plane
Impedance of one microstrip over a plane
T
εr
H
Width of the traces
Distance from the ground plane to the traces
Trace thickness (1/2 oz copper ≅ 0.65 mils)
Space between differential traces (air gap)
Relative permittivity of substrate (FR-4 ≅ 4.5)
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
26
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
Document History
Document Title: HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist – AN91378
Document Number: 001-91378
Revision
ECN
Orig. of
Change
Submission
Date
Description of Change
**
4298984
PRJI/RSKV
03/06/2014
New Application Note.
*A
4651225
PRJI
02/04/2015
Updated Table 4
Updated template
www.cypress.com
Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
27
HX3 Hardware Design Guidelines and Schematic Checklist
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Document No. 001-91378 Rev. *A
28
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