Component - Pins V1.60 Datasheet.pdf

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PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
Pins
1.60
Features
 Rapid setup of all pin parameters and drive modes
 Allows PSoC Creator to automatically place and route signals
 Allows interaction with one or more pins simultaneously
General Description
The Pins component is the preferred way for hardware resources to connect to a physical portpin. It provides access to external signals through an appropriately configured physical IO pin. It
also allows electrical characteristics to be associated with one or more pins; these characteristics
are then used by PSoC Creator to automatically place and route the signals within the
component.
Pins can be used with schematic wire connections, software, or both. To access a Pins
component from component APIs, the component must be contiguous and nonspanning. This
ensures that the pins are guaranteed to be mapped into a single physical port. Pins components
that span ports or are not contiguous can only be accessed from a schematic or with the global
per-pin APIs.
Note There are #defines created for each pin in the Pins component to be used with global APIs.
A Pins component can be configured into any legal combination of types. For convenience, the
Component Catalog provides four preconfigured Pins components: Analog, Digital Bidirectional,
Digital Input, and Digital Output.
When to Use a Pins Component
Use the Pins component when a design must generate or access an off-device signal through a
physical IO pin. Pins are the most commonly used component in the Catalog. For example, they
are used to interface with potentiometers, buttons, LEDs, peripheral sensors such as proximity
detectors, and accelerometers.
Input/Output Connections
This section describes the various input and output connections for the Pins component.
Cypress Semiconductor Corporation • 198 Champion Court • San Jose, CA 95134-1709 • 408-943-2600
Document Number: 001-70225 Rev. *A
Revised November 8, 2011
Pins
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PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
Display of Pins
Pins can be configured into complex combinations of input, output, bidirectional, and analog.
Simple configurations with less than two internal hardware connections are generally shown as
single pins. More complex types of pins, arrays of pins, or buses are shown as standard
components with a bounding box.
The default, and most common, configurations are shown in the following sections.
Display of Locked Pins
When you assign a Pins component to a physical GPIO or SIO pin using the PSoC Creator
Design-Wide Resources Pin Editor, the tooltip for the Pins component shows the specific pin
assignments. If you lock a pin assignment, the display of the component indicates the
assignment, as shown in the following example:
Note If the Pins component is set to Display as Bus, the display of the component does not
display any locked pin assignments; however, the tooltip still displays this information.
Analog
Configure your Pins component as Analog any time your design requires a connection between
a device pin and an internal analog terminal connected with an analog wire. When configured as
analog, the terminal is shown on the right side of the symbol with the connection drawn in the
color of an analog wire.
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Pins
An analog Pins component may also support digital input or output connections, or both, as well
as bidirectional connections. It is possible to short together digital output and analog signals on
the same pin. This can be useful in some applications; however, it is an advanced topic and
should be used with care.
Digital Input
Configure a Pins component as digital input any time your design requires a connection between
a device pin and an internal digital input terminal, or if the pin’s state is read by the CPU/DMA. In
all cases using digital-input pins, the pin state is readable by the CPU/DMA. Additionally, if the
terminal is displayed it can be routed to other components in the schematic.
When visible, the terminal is shown on the right side of the symbol. The connection is drawn in
the color of a digital wire with a small input buffer to show signal direction.
A digital-input Pins component may also support digital output and analog connections.
Digital Output
Configure a Pins component as digital output any time a device pin is to be driven to a logic high
or low. In all such cases, the pin state is writeable by the CPU/DMA. Additionally, if the terminal
is displayed it can be routed from other components in the schematic. When visible, the terminal
is shown on the left side of the symbol. The connection is drawn in the color of a digital wire with
a small output buffer to show signal direction.
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Pins
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PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
A digital-output Pins component may also support digital input and analog connections.
Digital Output Enable
Select digital output enable when digital logic is to be used to quickly control the pin output driver
without CPU intervention. A high logic level on this terminal enables the pin output driver as
configured by the Drive Mode parameter on the General subtab. A logic low level on this
terminal disables the pin output driver and makes the pin assume the HI-Z drive mode. This
terminal is shown when a component is configured with digital output using a schematic
connection, and when the digital output enable has been selected. The digital output enable
appears on the left side of the symbol and connects to the digital output buffer. It is drawn in the
color of a digital wire.
When the pin is set to Display as Bus, only one output enable is provided regardless of the Pins
component width because all of the pins share the same output enable. When not displayed as a
bus, individual output enables are provided per pin.
A digital output enable Pins component may also support input and analog connections.
Digital Bidirectional
Configure a Pins component as digital bidirectional any time your design requires a connection
between a device pin and an internal digital bidirectional terminal. Digital bidirectional mode is
most often used with a communication component like I2C. When configured as digital
bidirectional, the terminal is shown on the left side of the symbol with the connection drawn in the
color of a digital wire with input and output buffers showing that the signal is bidirectional.
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Pins
A bidirectional Pins component may also support analog connections.
Vref
To configure a Pins component to use a Vref signal:

Use a digital input or bidirectional terminal and set the Threshold parameter to Vref on the
Input subtab, or

Use a digital output or bidirectional terminal and configure the Drive Level to Vref on the
Output subtab
Using a Vref requires an SIO pin, indicated with a pink outline. All pins can supply their
respective VDDIO supply voltages. SIO pins can also supply a programmable or analog-routed
voltage for interface with devices at a different potential than the SIO’s Vddio voltage. The Vref
terminal provides the analog routed voltage supplied to the SIO pin. SIO pins can also use the
Vref input as the input threshold for an SIO.
The Vref signal displays on the right side of the component, extending from the bottom of the
SIO single pin or the SIO pin pair, depending on how it is configured. Each SIO pin pair shares a
single Vref input.
Vref can only be used in conjunction with another digital input or output connection.
Note When using Vref, you cannot select Analog.
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Pins
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PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
IRQ
To configure a Pins component with an interrupt, you must use a digital input and configure the
Interrupt parameter on the Input subtab. When interrupts are used, the Pins component
displays with a bounding box, and the IRQ is displayed extending from the bottom of the
component. The typical use case is to connect an Interrupt component to this terminal.
An Interrupt can be used in all configurations of the Pins component, as long as you include
digital input.

Interrupt – This parameter selects whether the pin can generate an interrupt and, if selected,
the interrupt type. The pin interrupt may be generated with a rising edge, falling edge, and
both edges. If set to anything but None, the component must be configured to be contiguous
to ensure it is mapped into a single physical port. A single port is required because all pins in
a port logically OR their interrupts together and generate a single interrupt signal and symbol
terminal. The Interrupt parameter uses dedicated pin interrupt logic, which latches the pins
that generated interrupted events. After an interrupt occurs, the Pin_ClearInterrupt() function
must be called to clear the latched pin events to enable detection of future events. If more
than one pin in the Pins component can generate an interrupt, the Pin_ClearInterrupt() return
value can be decoded to determine which pins generated interrupt events.
While not the preferred method, any digital input hardware connection can also be connected to
an isr component, providing the ability to generate a pin interrupt on high or low logic level
versus on an edge event. Using the digital input connection for a level interrupt does not use the
dedicated pin interrupt logic configured with this parameter.




None - Default
Rising Edge
Falling Edge
Both Edges
Component Parameters
Drag a Pins component onto the design schematic and double click it to open the Configure
dialog. This dialog is used to set component-wide parameters, such as the power-on reset state
and physical pin mapping constraints. The parameters are organized into separate tabs called
subtabs.
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Pins
Pins Tab
The Pins tab has three areas: a toolbar, pin tree, and another set of subtabs. The toolbar is used
to determine how many physical pins are managed by the component and determine their order.
The subtabs are used to set the pin-specific attributes, such as type, direction, drive mode, and
initial state. The pin tree works with the subtabs to allow you to choose the specific pins to which
these attributes are applied.
Toolbar
Contains these commands:

Number of Pins – The number of device pins controlled by the component. Valid values are
between 1 and 64. The default value is 1.
Note Some configurations can only be placed into a single physical port; therefore, the
default maximum number of pins is limited to 8 or less. When the component is configured as
noncontiguous and spanning, the maximum number of pins can be set up to 64 because they
no longer need to be placed into a single physical port.


Delete Pin – Deletes selected pins from the tree.

Move Up/Down – Moves the selected pins up or down in the tree.
Add/Change Alias – Opens a dialog to add or change the alias name for a selected pin in
the tree. You can also double-click a pin or press [F2] to open the dialog.
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Pins
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PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
Pair/Unpair SIOs – Pairs or unpairs selected SIO pins (identified by a pink outline) in the
tree.
This control specifies whether pins that require SIO should be placed in the same SIO pair on
the device. Pairing pins results in fewer physical SIO pins being “wasted.” This is because an
unpaired pin that requires SIO cannot share its SIO pair on the device with another pin that
requires SIO. For pins to share an SIO pair on the device, they must have their per-pair
settings configured the same way and be adjacent.
A pin requires SIO if Hot Swap is set to true, Threshold is set to anything but LVTTL or
CMOS, Drive Level set to Vref, and/or Drive Current is set to 25mA sink.
Pin Tree
This area displays all of the pins for the component. You can individually select one or more pins
to use with the toolbar commands and subtabs. Each pin displays its name which consists of the
Pins component name + ‘_’ + individual pin alias.
Type Subtab
This is the default subtab displayed for the Pins tab. This is where you choose the type of pins
for your component using the check boxes. The preview area shows what the selected Pins
component symbol will look like with various options selected for that specific pin.

Analog – Select Analog to enable the analog pin terminal to allow analog signal routing to
other components. Selecting analog forces the pin to be physically placed on a GPIO pin and
not an SIO pin.

Digital Input – Select Digital Input to enable the digital input pin terminal (optional) and
enable the Input subtab for additional configuration options related to inputs.
 HW Connection – This parameter determines whether the digital input terminal for an
input pin is displayed in the schematic. If displayed, the pin provides a digital signal to
the digital system interconnect (DSI) for use with hardware components. Independent
of this selection, all pins can always be read by the CPU through registers or APIs. If
this option is not selected, the terminal is not displayed and it is controlled only by
software APIs.

Digital Output – Select Digital Output to enable the digital output pin terminal (optional) and
enable the Output subtab for additional configuration options related to outputs.
 HW Connection – This parameter determines whether the digital output terminal for a
given output pin is displayed in the schematic. If displayed, the pin outputs the digital
signal supplied by hardware components through the DSI. If not displayed, the output
logic level is determined by CPU register or API writes. If this option is not selected,
the terminal is not displayed and it is controlled only by software APIs.
 Output Enable – This parameter allows the use of the output enable feature of pins
and displays the output enable input terminal. The output enable feature allows a
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Pins
hardware signal to control the pin’s output drivers without requiring the CPU to write
registers. A high logic level configures the output drivers, as set in the Drive Mode
parameter. A low logic level disables the output drivers and places the pin into the HI-Z
drive mode.

Bidirectional – Enabling the Bidirectional parameter is functionally equivalent to enabling
the Digital Input with HW Connection and the Digital Output with HW Connection
parameters. The difference is that only a single bidirectional terminal is displayed on the
component symbol rather than separate input and output terminals. Both Input and Output
subtabs are enabled for further configuration.

Show Annotation Terminal – Allows connections to Annotation Library Components to
illustrate circuitry external to PSoC.
General Subtab
The General subtab allows you to set up parameters that apply to all pins, such as the drive
move, initial state, and minimum supply voltage of the selected pin. The settings on this subtab
include:

Drive Mode – This parameter configures the pin to provide one of the eight available pin
drive modes. The defaults and legal choices are influenced from the selections on the Type
subtab. Refer to the device datasheet for more details on each drive mode. A diagram shows
the circuit representation for each drive mode as it is selected.
 If the type is Digital Input or Digital Input/Analog, the default is High Impedance
Digital.
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Pins
PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
 If the pin type is Analog, the default is High Impedance Analog.
 If the pin type is Bidirectional or Bidirectional/Analog, the default is Open Drain,
Drives Low.
 All other pin types default to Strong Drive.
The diagram for each drive mode is as follows:
Note If any of the three resistive drive modes (Resistive Pull Up, Resistive Pull Down,
Resistive Pull Up/Down) is used, setting the output drive level to Vref does not work.

Initial State – This parameter specifies the pin-specific initial value written to the pin’s data
register after power-on reset (POR). All pins default to a logic low (0) in hardware at POR.
The initial state is written to the pin just after the drive mode is configured, which occurs as
part of the configuration of the entire device. The initial state is configured high by default only
for the Resistive Pull Up and Resistive Pull Up/Down drive modes to ensure the pull-up
resistor is active.
Note This should not be confused with the reset state under the main Reset tab. That
attribute affects the state of the whole port of which the pin is a member, from the moment of
reset, before any other device configuration.

Minimum Supply Voltage – This parameter selects the requested minimum high logic level
output voltage. The requested voltage must be provided by one of the V DDIO supply inputs.
This selection ensures that the Pins component will be mapped onto pins that can support its
required output voltage. If left blank, the component has no voltage requirements, allowing
placement to a pin supplied by any of the available V DDIO voltages.
Valid values are determined by the settings in the System tab of the <project>.cydwr file for
VIO0/VIO1/VIO2/VIO3, VIO3, and to a lesser extent VDDD. Depending on the selected device, you
could have two USB pins that will use V DDD as their voltage available for placement. The pin
cannot be placed if this value is not less than or equal to the maximum value set for those
settings. This range check is performed outside this dialog; the results appear in the Notice
List window if the check fails.
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Pins
Input Subtab
The Input subtab specifies input settings. If the pin type is not Digital Input or Bidirectional in
the Type subtab, this subtab is disabled because you do not need to specify input information.

Threshold – This parameter selects the threshold levels that define a logic high level (1) and
a logic low level (0). CMOS is the default and should be used for the vast majority of
application connections. The other threshold levels allow for easy interconnect with devices
with custom interface requirements that differ from that of CMOS. Thresholds that are derived
from Vddio or Vref require the use of an SIO pin.
 CMOS – Default
 LVTTL
 CMOS or LVTTL
 0.4 x Vddio – Requires SIO
 0.5 x Vddio – Requires SIO
 0.5 x Vref – Requires SIO
 Vref – Requires SIO

Hysteresis – Enables or disables the SIO differential hysteresis for the pin. This feature is
disabled if the Threshold is CMOS, LVTTL, or CMOS or LVTTL. Hysteresis control requires
you to use an SIO pin. GPIO pins always have hysteresis enabled.
 Disabled – Default
 Enabled
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Pins
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PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
Interrupt – This parameter selects whether the pin can generate an interrupt and, if selected,
the interrupt type. The pin interrupt can be generated with a rising edge, falling edge, or both
edges. If set to anything but None, you must configure the component to be contiguous so
that it is mapped into a single physical port. A single port is required because all pins in a port
logically OR their interrupts together and generate a single interrupt signal and symbol
terminal.
 None - Default
 Rising Edge
 Falling Edge
 Both Edges

Hot Swap – A pin configured for hot swap capability is mapped to an SIO pin that supports
this capability in hardware. Hot swap capability allows the voltage present on the pin to rise
above the pin’s VDDIO voltage, up to 6.0 V. Hot swap also does not allow a pin with any
voltage up to 6.0 V present to leak current into the PSoC device even when the PSoC device
is not powered. Hot swap is useful for connecting the PSoC device when unpowered to a
communications bus like I2C without shorting the bus or back powering the PSoC device.
 Disabled – Default
 Enabled – Requires SIO

Input Buffer Enabled – This parameter enables or disables the pin’s digital input buffer. The
digital buffer is needed to read or use the logic level present on a pin through DSI routing or a
CPU read. The input buffer is needed to use the pin as a digital input. Analog pins disable the
digital input buffer by default to reduce pin leakage in low-power modes. If the pin type is
Analog, the default is Disabled. All other pin types, including combinations that include
Analog, default to Enabled. You should disable the input buffers to reduce current when not
needed, especially with analog signals.
 Enabled
 Disabled

Input Synchronized – Input synchronization occurs at pins to synchronize all signals
entering the device to bus_clk. Input synchronization can be optionally disabled at the pin in
limited cases in which an asynchronous signal is required for application performance and
does not violate device operational requirements. Refer to the TRM or device datasheet for
use details.
 Enabled – Default
 Disabled
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Pins
Output Subtab
The Output subtab specifies output settings. If the pin type is not Digital Output or
Bidirectional this tab is disabled because you do not need to specify output information.

Slew Rate – The slew rate parameter determines the rise and fall ramp rate for the pin as it
changes output logic levels. Fast mode is required for signals that switch at greater than
1 MHz. You can select slow mode for signals less than 1 MHz switching rate and benefit from
slower transition edge rates, which reduce radiated EMI and coupling with neighboring
signals.
 Fast – Default
 Slow

Drive Level – This parameter selects the output drive voltage supply sourced by the pin. All
pins can supply their respective VDDIO supply voltages. SIO pins can also supply a
programmable or analog routed voltage for interface with devices at a different potential than
the SIOs VDDIO voltage.
 Vddio – Default
 Vref – Requires SIO
Note If any of the three resistive drive modes (Resistive Pull Up, Resistive Pull Down,
Resistive Pull Up/Down) is used, setting the output drive level to Vref does not work..

Current – The drive current selection determines the maximum nominal logic level current
required for a specific pin. Pins can supply more current at the cost of logic level compliance
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Pins
PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
or can have a maximum value that is less than listed, based on system voltages. See the
device datasheet for more details on drive currents.
 4mA source, 8mA sink – Default
 4mA source, 25mA sink – Requires SIO

Output Synchronized – Output synchronization reduces pin-to-pin output signal skew in
high-speed signals requiring minimal signal skew. The output signal is synchronized to
bus_clk. See the TRM or device datasheet for use details.
 Disabled – Default
 Enabled
Mapping Tab
The Mapping tab contains parameters that define how the Pins component is displayed in the
schematic view and mapped on to physical pins.
Display as Bus
This parameter selects whether to display individual terminals for each pin or a single wide
terminal (bus). The bus option is only valid when pins are homogeneous. That means all pins in
the component have the same pin type, output/input HW connections, and SIO grouping. They
also must all either use or not use the SIO Vref. Displaying as a bus is useful when many of the
same types of pin are required. This saves schematic space and time to configure and route.
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Pins
Contiguous
This parameter forces placement in adjacent physical pins within a port. Actual pin placement is
package dependent according to the device datasheet. This option has the following restrictions:

If contiguous, port level APIs are generated for the component. If noncontiguous, port level
APIs are not generated.

If contiguous, the number of pins in the component must be less than or equal to 8.
Spanning
This parameter enables placement in multiple physical ports. This is currently controlled by the
contiguous selection, where contiguous implies nonspanning and noncontiguous implies
spanning. A future release of the software will support separate control of the Spanning
parameter.
Reset Tab
Power-On Reset
The Power-On Reset (POR) setting on a physical pin is a semipermanent attribute that you
should not rewrite frequently. The POR setting determines how the pin behaves out of reset. It is
not the same as the drive mode, which is set during the boot process. In almost all cases, the
hardware default of HI-Z is appropriate and you do not need to change this parameter. Note that
the Power-On Reset setting is a per-port setting, so all pins placed in the same physical port
must have the same value (or be set to Don't Care, in which case they will all end up with the
same value). Power-On Reset cannot be specified on PSoC 5 devices.
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PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
Warning: Be careful during development if this setting is changed. Excessive reprogramming of
the POR setting causes the pin to fail. See the device datasheet for the maximum number of
NVL write cycles. It is best to leave this as Don't Care, so that the pin is not reprogrammed
when you download the application. If the POR setting must have a specific value, be sure to
lock the pin so that it does not move and cause new pins to be programmed each time you
change your design.

Don't Care – Default. When left set to Don't Care, the POR is determined by the physical
port in which this component is placed. If all of the placed pins in the port are set to Don't
Care, the default POR of the part is used. Otherwise, whatever POR is specified for the other
pins placed in that physical port (they must all match) is used for the ones set to Don't Care.



High-Z Analog
Pulled-Up
Pulled-Down
Resources
Each Pins component consumes one physical pin per bit of the Number of Pins parameter.
API Memory
(Bytes)
Digital Blocks
Analog Blocks
Datapaths
Macro
cells
Status
Registers
Control
Registers
Counter7
Flash
RAM
Pins (per
External I/O)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
110
0
N/A
Application Programming Interface
Application Programming Interface (API) routines allow you to configure and use the component
using software. The Pins component enables access on a per-pin and component-wide basis.
Per-Pin APIs
You can access individual pins in the component by using the global APIs defined in the cypins.h
generated file (in the cy_boot directory). These APIs are documented in the System Reference
Guide (Help > Documentation) and include:



CyPins_ReadPin()
CyPins_SetPin()
CyPins_ClearPin()
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

Pins
CyPins_SetPinDriveMode()
CyPins_ReadPinDriveMode()
These APIs can be used with either physical pin register names or the pin alias from the
component. Accessing physical pins directly from software is not recommended because there is
no safeguard against the same pins being allocated to other functions by the tool. Even if a pin is
only accessed from software, Cypress strongly recommends the use of a Pins component. You
can use the generated aliases from the component with the above APIs to safely access
individual pins without a performance or memory penalty.
To use the above APIs, the component generates aliases for the pin registers in the
CyPins_aliases.h file. By default the alias is the component name with the pin number appended
to it:
CyPins_x
- x is the pin within the component (0 based)
If you provide an alias name in the Pins configuration dialog, then an additional #define is
created with the form:
CyPins_<AliasName>
Component APIs
These APIs access all pins in the component in a single function call. Efficient implementation of
component-wide APIs is only possible if all pins are placed in a single physical port on the
device. They are only generated if the component is configured to be contiguous. Noncontiguous
Pins components only allow access on the per-pin basis described above.
By default, PSoC Creator assigns the instance name “Pin_1” to the first instance of a Pins
component in a given design. You can rename it to any unique value that follows the syntactic
rules for identifiers. The instance name becomes the prefix of every global function name,
variable, and constant symbol. For readability, the instance name used in the following table is
“Pin.”
On PSoC 3 ES2 and PSoC 5, pins P15[7:6] are not available for software control.
The following table lists and describes the interface to each function. The subsequent sections
cover each function in more detail.
Function
Description
Pin_Read()
Reads the physical port and returns the current value for all pins in the component
Pin_Write()
Writes the value to the component pins while protecting other pins in the physical port if
shared by multiple Pins components
Pin_ReadDataReg() Reads the current value of the port’s data output register and returns the current value for all
pins in the component
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PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
Function
Description
Pin_SetDriveMode() Sets the drive mode for each of the Pins component’s pins
Pin_ClearInterrupt()
Clears any active interrupts on the port into which the component is mapped. Returns value
of interrupt status register
uint8 Pin_Read(void)
Description:
Reads the associated physical port (pin status register) and masks the required bits
according to the width and bit position of the component instance. The pin’s status
register returns the current logic level present on the physical pin.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
The current value for the pins in the component as a right justified number.
Side Effects:
None
void Pin_Write(uint8 value)
Description:
Writes the value to the physical port (data output register), masking and shifting the bits
appropriately. The data output register controls the signal applied to the physical pin in
conjunction with the drive mode parameter. This function avoids changing other bits in
the port by using the appropriate method (read-modify-write or bit banding).
Parameters:
uint8 value: Value to write to the component instance.
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
If you use read-modify-write operations that are not atomic; the Interrupt Service
Routines (ISR) can cause corruption of this API. An ISR that interrupts this API and
performs writes to the Pins component data register can cause corrupted port data. To
avoid this issue, you should either use the Per-Pin APIs (primary method) or disable
interrupts around this API.
uint8 Pin_ReadDataReg(void)
Description:
Reads the associated physical port’s data output register and masks the correct bits
according to the width and bit position of the component instance. The data output
register controls the signal applied to the physical pin in conjunction with the drive mode
parameter. This is not the same as the preferred Pin_Read() API because the
Pin_ReadDataReg() reads the data register instead of the status register. For output pins
this is a useful API to determine the value just written to the pin.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
The current value of the data register masked and shifted into a right justified number for
the component instance.
Side Effects:
None
Page 18 of 23
Document Number: 001-70225 Rev. *A
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Pins
void Pin_SetDriveMode(uint8 mode)
Description:
Sets the drive mode for each of the Pins component’s pins.
Parameters:
uint8 mode: Mode for the selected signals. Defined legal options are:
Pin_1_DM_STRONG
Strong Drive
Pin_1_DM_OD_HI
Open Drain, Drives High
Pin_1_DM_OD_LO
Open Drain, Drives Low
Pin_1_DM_RES_UP
Resistive Pull Up
Pin_1_DM_RES_DWN
Resistive Pull Down
Pin_1_DM_RES_UPDWN
Resistive Pull Up/Down
Pin_1_DM_DIG_HIZ
High Impedance Digital
Pin_1_DM_ALG_HIZ
High Impedance Analog
Return Value:
None
Side Effects:
If you use read-modify-write operations that are not atomic, the Interrupt Service
Routines (ISR) can cause corruption of this API. An ISR that interrupts this API and
performs writes to the Pins component Drive Mode registers can cause corrupted port
data. To avoid this issue, you should either use the Per-Pin APIs (primary method) or
disable interrupts around this API.
uint8 Pin_ClearInterrupt(void)
Description:
Clears any active interrupts attached with the component and returns the value of the
interrupt status register allowing determination of which pins generated an interrupt
event.
Parameters:
None
Return Value:
uint8: The right-shifted current value of the interrupt status register. Each pin has one bit
set if it generated an interrupt event. For example, bit 0 is for pin 0 and bit 1 is for pin 1
of the Pins component.
Side Effects:
Clears all bits of the physical port’s interrupt status register, not just those associated
with the Pins component.
Sample Firmware Source Code
PSoC Creator provides many example projects that include schematics and example code in the
Find Example Project dialog. For component-specific examples, open the dialog from the
Component Catalog or an instance of the component in a schematic. For general examples,
open the dialog from the Start Page or File menu. As needed, use the Filter Options in the
dialog to narrow the list of projects available to select.
Refer to the “Find Example Project” topic in the PSoC Creator Help for more information.
Document Number: 001-70225 Rev. *A
Page 19 of 23
®
Pins
PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
DC and AC Electrical Characteristics
The following values indicate of expected performance and are based on initial characterization
data.
Note For PSoC 5 silicon under certain conditions, an SIO pin may cause up to 1 mA of additional
current to be drawn from the related VDDIO pin. If an SIO pin’s voltage exceeds its V DDIO supply by
0.5 V, the trigger condition is set. After the trigger condition is set, the SIO pin causes increased
current when its voltage is between VSSD + 0.5 V and VDDIO – 0.5 V. The trigger condition is reset
when the SIO pin is brought within the range of VSSD to VSSD + 0.5 V. The trigger condition may
unknowingly be met during device power up because of differences in supply ramps.
Pins DC Specifications
Parameter
Description
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Units
–
–
5.5
V
0.5
–
0.52  VDDIO
V
VDDIO > 3.7
1
–
VDDIO – 1
V
VDDIO < 3.7
1
–
VDDIO – 0.5
V
0.7  VDDIO
–
–
V
SIO_ref + 0.2
–
–
V
VINMAX
Maximum input voltage
VINREF
Input voltage reference
(Differential input mode)
VOUTREF
Output voltage reference (Regulated output mode)
VIH
VIL
VOH
VOL
RPULLUP
Page 20 of 23
All allowed values of VDDIO
and VDDD
Input voltage high threshold
GPIO mode
CMOS input
Differential input mode
Hysteresis disabled
Input voltage low threshold
GPIO mode
CMOS input
–
–
0.3  VDDIO
V
Differential input mode
Hysteresis disabled
–
–
SIO_ref – 0.2
V
Output voltage high
Unregulated mode
IOH = 4 mA, VDDIO = 3.3 V
VDDIO – 0.4
–
–
V
Regulated mode
IOH = 1 mA
SIO_ref –
0.65
–
SIO_ref +
0.2
V
Regulated mode
IOH = 0.1 mA
SIO_ref – 0.3
–
SIO_ref +
0.2
V
VDDIO = 3.30 V, IOL = 25 mA
–
–
0.8
V
VDDIO = 1.80 V, IOL = 4 mA
–
–
0.4
V
3.5
5.6
8.5
k
Output voltage low
Pull-up resistor
Document Number: 001-70225 Rev. *A
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Parameter
Description
Pins
Conditions
RPULLDOWN
Pull-down resistor
IIL
Input leakage current (Absolute value)
Typ
Max
Units
3.5
5.6
8.5
k
1
VIH £ VDDSIO
25 °C, VDDSIO = 3.0 V,
VIH = 3.0 V
–
–
14
nA
VIH > VDDSIO
25 °C, VDDSIO = 0 V,
VIH = 3.0 V
–
–
10
µA
–
–
7
pF
Single-ended mode (GPIO
mode)
–
40
–
mV
Differential mode
–
35
–
mV
–
–
100
µA
1
CIN
Input Capacitance
VH
Input voltage hysteresis
1
(Schmitt-Trigger)
IDIODE
Min
Current through
protection diode to VSSIO
Pins AC Specifications
Parameter
TriseF
TfallF
1
Description
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Cload = 25 pF, VDDIO = 3.3 V
–
–
12
ns
Cload = 25 pF, VDDIO = 3.3 V
–
–
12
ns
Cload = 25 pF, VDDIO = 3.0 V
–
–
75
ns
Cload = 25 pF, VDDIO = 3.0 V
–
–
60
ns
3.3 V < VDDIO < 5.5 V, Unregulated output
(GPIO) mode, fast strong drive mode
90/10% VDDIO into 25 pF
–
–
33
MHz
1.71 V < VDDIO < 3.3 V, Unregulated
output (GPIO) mode, fast strong drive
mode
90/10% VDDIO into 25 pF
–
–
16
MHz
3.3 V < VDDIO < 5.5 V, Unregulated output
(GPIO) mode, slow strong drive mode
90/10% VDDIO into 25 pF
–
–
5
MHz
1.71 V < VDDIO < 3.3 V, Unregulated
output (GPIO) mode, slow strong drive
mode
90/10% VDDIO into 25 pF
–
–
4
MHz
3.3 V < VDDIO < 5.5 V, Regulated output
mode, fast strong drive mode
Output continuously
switching into 25 pF
–
–
20
MHz
Rise time in fast strong mode (90/10%)
Fall time in fast strong mode (90/10%)
1
1
TriseS
Rise time in slow strong mode (90/10%)
TfallS
Fall time in slow strong mode (90/10%)
Fsioout
SIO output operating frequency
1
1
Based on device characterization (Not production tested).
Document Number: 001-70225 Rev. *A
Page 21 of 23
®
Pins
PSoC Creator™ Component Datasheet
Parameter
Fsioin
Description
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Units
1.71 V < VDDIO < 3.3 V, Regulated output
mode, fast strong drive mode
Output continuously
switching into 25 pF
–
–
10
MHz
1.71 V < VDDIO < 5.5 V, Regulated output
mode, slow strong drive mode
Output continuously
switching into 25 pF
–
–
2.5
MHz
90/10% VDDIO
–
–
66
MHz
SIO input operating frequency
1.71 V < VDDIO < 5.5 V
Component Changes
This section lists the major changes in the component from the previous version.
Version
Description of Changes
1.60.a
Minor datasheet edits and updates
1.60
Added Annotation Terminal capability
Reason for Changes / Impact
Allows pins to connect to Annotation Components.
Added note about power-on reset for PSoC 5 Clarification
to datasheet
1.50.a
Added note about API availability for
P15[7:6] on PSoC 3 ES2 and PSoC 5 to
datasheet
Clarification
The summary has been changed for each of
the four pin macros.
Improved readability.
Added characterization data to datasheet
Improved interrupt information in datasheet
Added note regarding Vref drive level to
datasheet
Minor datasheet edits and updates
1.50
Added Keil function reentrancy support to the Add the capability for customers to specify individual
APIs.
generated functions as reentrant.
Added a sentence to the Reset tab in the
Configure dialog clarifying that Power-On
Reset applies to an entire physical port.
1.20
Clarification.
Display as Bus now gives an error if checked and the Pins component is not homogeneous. The
homogeneous check has been extended to include the HW connections settings.
The only changes needed to go from the older version to the new would come from having 'Display as
Bus' checked and having some HW connections unchecked.
Page 22 of 23
Document Number: 001-70225 Rev. *A
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Pins
© Cypress Semiconductor Corporation, 2011. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. Cypress Semiconductor Corporation assumes no responsibility for the use of
any circuitry other than circuitry embodied in a Cypress product. Nor does it convey or imply any license under patent or other rights. Cypress products are not warranted nor intended to be used
for medical, life support, life saving, critical control or safety applications, unless pursuant to an express written agreement with Cypress. Furthermore, Cypress does not authorize its products for
use as critical components in life-support systems where a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress products in lifesupport systems application implies that the manufacturer assumes all risk of such use and in doing so indemnifies Cypress against all charges.
PSoC® is a registered trademark, and PSoC Creator™ and Programmable System-on-Chip™ are trademarks of Cypress Semiconductor Corp. All other trademarks or registered trademarks
referenced herein are property of the respective corporations.
Any Source Code (software and/or firmware) is owned by Cypress Semiconductor Corporation (Cypress) and is protected by and subject to worldwide patent protection (United States and
foreign), United States copyright laws and international treaty provisions. Cypress hereby grants to licensee a personal, non-exclusive, non-transferable license to copy, use, modify, create
derivative works of, and compile the Cypress Source Code and derivative works for the sole purpose of creating custom software and or firmware in support of licensee product to be used only in
conjunction with a Cypress integrated circuit as specified in the applicable agreement. Any reproduction, modification, translation, compilation, or representation of this Source Code except as
specified above is prohibited without the express written permission of Cypress.
Disclaimer: CYPRESS MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARD TO THIS MATERIAL, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Cypress reserves the right to make changes without further notice to the materials described herein.
Cypress does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit described herein. Cypress does not authorize its products for use as critical components in lifesupport systems where a malfunction or failure may reasonably be expected to result in significant injury to the user. The inclusion of Cypress’ product in a life-support systems application
implies that the manufacturer assumes all risk of such use and in doing so indemnifies Cypress against all charges.
2
2
2
Purchase of I C components from Cypress or one of its sublicensed Associated Companies, conveys a license under the Philips I C Patent Rights to use these components in an I C system,
2
provided that the system conforms to the I C Standard Specification as defined by Philips.
Use may be limited by and subject to the applicable Cypress software license agreement.
Document Number: 001-70225 Rev. *A
Page 23 of 23
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