Component - Digital Logic Gates V1.0 Datasheet.pdf

PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Digital Logic Gates
1.0
Features
 Industry-standard logic gates
 Configurable number of inputs up to 8
 Optional array of gates
General Description
Logic gates provide basic boolean operations. The output of a logic gate is a boolean
combinatorial function of the inputs. There are seven basic logic gates: AND, OR, Inverter
(NOT), NAND, NOR, XOR, and XNOR.
When to Use a Logic Gate
Use logic gates when you want to perform basic logical operations. You can perform more
complex operations with various combinations of the basic logic gates.
Input/Output Connections
This section describes the various input and output connections for the Logic Gates. An asterisk
(*) in the list of I/Os indicates that the I/O may be hidden on the symbol under the conditions
listed in the description of that I/O.
Input 1
Every logic gate has at least one digital input
Input 2
All logic gates, except the Inverter (NOT), have a second digital input.
Inputs 3 - 8 *
All logic gates, except the Inverter (NOT), can be configured to have up to eight input terminals.
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Document Number: 001-50454 Rev. *E
Revised July 13, 2015
Digital Logic Gates
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Output
All logic gates have one output.
Component Parameters
Drag a logic gate onto your design and double-click it to open the Configure dialog.
Figure 1. Configure AND Dialog
Logic gates provide the following parameters:
NumTerminals
For all logic gates, except Inverter (NOT), this parameter determines the number of input
terminals. The minimum is 2 (default) and the maximum is 8. The Inverter (NOT) gate does not
have this parameter.
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Document Number: 001-50454 Rev. *E
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Digital Logic Gates
TerminalWidth
This parameter determines the array width of the input and output terminals (default is 1).
You can create an array of the logic gate, which may be useful when a logic function is
performed across buses of inputs and a bus of outputs. It defines the number of wires in the
buses that can be attached to the same number of discrete logic gates in parallel.
Figure 2 is a conceptual example of an AND gate with 2 inputs and an array width of 3. In
practice, only a single AND gate would be shown with 2 inputs and 1 output, each of which
would connect to a bus with a width of 3 wires.
Figure 2. Array Conceptual Example
Resources
All digital logic gates are converted to a sum of products and placed into a Universal Digital
Block (UDB) programmable logic. This process results in digital logic gates being automatically
optimized and placed into the PSoC device. Resource use depends on the specific logic created
and cannot be determined before project compilation in PSoC Creator.
Functional Description
This section describes each of the logic gates separately. The gate logic descriptions use the
following convention to describe logic levels:


True = 1 = high logic level
False = 0 = low logic level
AND Gate
The AND gate performs logical multiplication in the same way as the logical AND operator. It has
two or more inputs and one output. As shown in Table 1, the output is true when all inputs are
true. Otherwise, the output is false.
Document Number: 001-50454 Rev. *E
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Digital Logic Gates
Table 1. AND Truth Table
Input 1
Input 2
Output
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
OR Gate
The OR gate performs logical addition in the same way as the logical inclusive OR operator. It
has two or more inputs and one output. As shown in Table 2 the output is true if the inputs are
true. If all inputs are false then the output is false.
Table 2. OR Truth Table
Input 1
Input 2
Output
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
Inverter (NOT) Gate
The Inverter, also called a NOT gate, performs the basic logic function called inversion. In other
words, this gate changes one logic level (true/false) to the opposite logic level. The NOT gate
has only one input and one output. As shown in Table 3, the output is false when the input is true
and vice-versa.
Table 3. Inverter (NOT) Truth Table
Input
Output
1
0
0
1
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Document Number: 001-50454 Rev. *E
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Digital Logic Gates
NAND Gate
The NAND gate operates as an AND gate followed by a NOT gate. It acts in the manner of the
logical operation AND followed by negation. It has two or more inputs and one output. As shown
in Table 4, the output is false if all inputs are true. Otherwise, the output is true.
Table 4. NAND Truth Table
Input 1
Input 2
Output
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
NOR Gate
The NOR gate operates as an OR gate followed by a NOT gate. It has two or more inputs and
one output. As shown in Table 5, the output is true if all inputs are false. Otherwise, the output is
false.
Table 5. NOR Truth Table
Input 1
Input 2
Output
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
Document Number: 001-50454 Rev. *E
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PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Digital Logic Gates
XOR Gate
The XOR (exclusive-OR) gate is useful as a parity generator. It has two or more inputs and one
output. As shown in Table 6, the output is true when there are an odd number of true inputs.
Otherwise, the output is false.
Table 6. XOR Truth Table
Input 1
Input 2
Input 3
Output
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
XNOR gate
The XNOR (exclusive-NOR) gate operates as an XOR gate followed by a NOT gate. It has two
or more inputs and one output. As shown in Table 7, the output is true when there is an even
number of true inputs. Otherwise, the output is false.
Table 7. XNOR Truth Table
Input 1
Input 2
Input 3
Output
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
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Document Number: 001-50454 Rev. *E
PSoC® Creator™ Component Datasheet
Digital Logic Gates
Component Changes
This section lists the major changes in the component from the previous version.
Version
Description of Changes
1.0.e
Minor datasheet update.
1.0.d
Minor datasheet update.
1.0.c
Minor datasheet edits and updates
1.0.b
Minor datasheet edits and updates
1.0.a
Updated datasheet.
Reason for Changes / Impact
XNOR truth table was incorrect.
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Document Number: 001-50454 Rev. *E
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